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# ELEMENTS IN THERMODYNAMICS (PIPE) a.

Cp – Cv
b. Cp + Cv
c. Cv – Cp
1) During an interaction, energy can be change d. Cp/Cv
from one form to another but the total amount of 9) The energy in transit from one mass to another
energy remains constant. because of a temperature difference between the
a. Zeroth Law two.
b. Second Law of Thermodynamics a. Flow Work
c. First Law of Thermodynamics b. Enthalpy
d. Third Law of Thermodynamics c. Work
2) The mass or region outside the system. d. Heat
a. boundary 10) Both the system and the surroundings may be
b. surroundings returned to their original states.
c. external region a. Irreversible Process
d. space b. Reversible Process
3) These are examples of extensive properties c. Steady flow
except ___________. d. Open System
a. density 11) By definition, enthalpy is ______________.
b. mass a. U + PV + KE
c. volume b. PE + Q
d. momentum c. Q + KE
4) Properties that are dependent on the size or d. U + PV
extent of the system 12) A statement that conversion of heat to work is
a. dependent properties limited by the temperature at which conversion
b. Intensive properties occurs.
c. Extensive properties a. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
d. None of these b. First Law of Thermodynamics
5) The ratio of the density of a substance to the c. Second Law of Thermodynamics
density of water at 4 degree C. d. Third Law of Thermodynamics
a. density ratio 13) Any change that system undergoes from one
b. volume equilibrium state to another is called a
c. Specific weight a. Process
d. specific gravity b. Path
6) The increment of length in a unit of length for a c. Cycle
rise in temperature of 1 deg. d. Change of state
a. Coefficient of linear expansion 14) When a process proceeds in such a manner that
b. Coefficient of cubic expansion the system remains infinitesimally close to an
c. Coefficient of area expansion equilibrium state at all times, it is called a
d. Coefficient of temperature a. infinitesimal process
7) The ratio of the amount of heat transferred to b. quasi-dynamic process
raise unit mass of a material 1 deg to that c. steady flow process
required to raise unit mass of water 1 deg at d. quasi-static or quasi-equilibrium, process
some specified temperature. 15) A process where in pressure remains constant.
a. heat capacity a. isobaric process
b. heat b. isometric process
c. specific heat c. isentropic process
d. entropy d. isochoric process
8) Gas constant R is equal to
16) A large number of engineering devices operate 24) The mechanical energy of a working fluid can be
for long periods of time under the same expressed as
conditions, and they are classified as a. PE + KE + Flow Work
a. uniform flow devices b. PE + KE + Heat
b. constant flow devices c. PE + KE
c. steady-flow devices d. change in internal energy
d. mechanical devices 25) A process during which there is no heat transfer
17) If two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with a is called ______________.
third body, they are also in thermal equilibrium a. isopiestic process
with each other. b. adiabatic process
a. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics c. isothermal process
b. First Law of Thermodynamics d. isochoric process
c. Second Law of Thermodynamics 26) The transfer of energy between a solid surface
d. Clausius Statement and the adjacent fluid that is in motion, and it
18) 1 atm is equivalent to ____________. involves the combined effects of conduction and
a. 101,325 Pa fluid motion
b. 101,325 kPa a. multi-mode of heat transfer
c. 9.81 psi b. convection
d. 14.7 mm Hg c. conduction
19) Gage pressure can be positive or negative, but d. radiation
pressures below atmospheric pressure are called 27) The transfer of energy from the more energetic
___________. particles of a substance to the adjacent less
a. negative pressure energetic ones as a result of interaction between
b. absolute pressure particles
d. vacuum pressure b. Convection
20) The actual pressure at a given position. c. Conduction
a. gage pressure d. Heat
b. absolute pressure 28) At a given pressure, the temperature at which a
c. atmospheric pressure pure substance changes phase is called the
d. vacuum pressure _________.
21) The sum of all the microscopic forms of energy a. critical temperature
a. kinetic energy b. subcooled temperature
b. internal energy c. superheat temperature
c. potential energy d. saturation temperature
d. heat 29) The amount of energy absorbed during melting.
22) The energy that a system possesses as a result a. latent heat of fusion
of its motion relative to some reference frame. b. latent heat of vaporization
a. kinetic energy c. melting energy
b. internal energy d. sensible heat
c. potential energy 30) The point at which the saturated liquid and
d. heat saturated vapor states are identical.
23) The energy that a system possesses as a result a. mixture region
of its elevation in a gravitational field is called b. critical point
a. kinetic energy c. saturation point
b. internal energy d. boiling point
c. potential energy 31) An ideal gas whose specific heats are constant.
d. heat a. perfect gas
b. superheated vapor b. the atmospheric pressure
c. saturated vapor c. the absolute pressure
d. real gas d. the gage pressure
32) A substance is in the liquid-vapor region if its 39) A substance whose properties are uniform
pressure is throughout a sample is _____________.
a. greater than the saturation pressure a. a liquid
corresponding to its temperature b. an ideal substance
b. less than the saturation pressure c. a pure substance
corresponding to its temperature d. a standard substance
c. equal to the saturation pressure
corresponding to its temperature
d. less than the saturation temperature 40) Heat exchanger that remove the heat of
corresponding to its temperature vaporization from fluids.
33) A measure of the energy that is no longer a. boiler
available to perform useful work within the b. condenser
current environment. c. expansion valve
a. entropy d. evaporator
b. flow work 41) The measure of the fluid’s resistance to flow.
c. heat loss a. mass density
d. enthalpy b. viscosity
34) The third law of thermodynamics is also known c. compressibility
as __________. d. surface tension
a. Gibbs Theorem 42) This is caused by surface tension between the
b. Clausius Theorem liquid and a vertical solid surface.
c. Nernst Theorem a. Kinematic Viscosity
d. Watts Theorem b. Stress
35) The Cp of water is approximately equal to c. Capillary action
_________. d. Dynamic viscosity
a. 4.19 kJ/kgK 43) Hg – Hf = Hfg is called as
b. 4.17 kJ/kgK a. enthalpy of saturated vapor
c. 1.0062 kJ/kgK b. Sensible Heat
d. 0.287 kJ/kgK c. Latent heat of fusion
36) The universal gas constant is approximately d. Latent heat of vaporization
___________. 44) Which among the following does not measure
a. 1545 ft lbf/lbmol R relative humidity?
b. 1545 kJ/kmol K a. Piezometer
c. 8.314 ft lbf/lbmol R b. Psychrometer
d. 1.96 kJ/kmol K c. Humeter
37) If the volume of an ideal gas is doubled and the d. Hygrometer
temperature is halved, what will happen to the 45) The lowest temperature at which oil will flow
pressure P? under pressurized conditions.
a. P is halved a. Ignition Point
b. P is doubled b. Cloud point
c. P is quadrupled c. Pour point
d. P is quartered d. Flash point
38) The liquid boils when its vapor pressure is equal 46) Pneumatic device are simply powered to
to ___________. ________.
a. the surrounding pressure a. Air
b. Liquid fuel
c. Electricity
d. Magnetic waves
47) Intercoolers are primarily used with
_____________.
a. Boiler
b. Superheaters
c. Steam Generators
d. Gas compressors
48) Chemical composition of fuel _______________.
a. 75% carbon, 25% hydrogen
b. 85% carbon, 15% hydrogen
c. 65% carbon, 35% hydrogen
d. 50% carbon, 50% hydrogen
49) What is the effect of high altitude on engine
power?
a. No effect
b. power will decrease
c. power will increase
d. needs to be calculated