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# GRADE 6 – MATHEMATICS

## Most Essential Learning No. of Days

Quarter Learning Competencies
Competencies (MELC) Taught
Quarter 1
1. Adds and subtracts simple fractions and mixed numbers
without or with regrouping.
1 • adds and subtracts simple similar fractions and mixed numbers 2
without or with regrouping.
• adds and subtracts simple dissimilar fractions
2. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving
addition and/or subtraction of fractions using 2
appropriate problem-solving strategies and tools.
2 3. Multiplies simple fractions and mixed fractions. 2
4. Solves routine or non-routine problems involving
multiplication without or with addition or subtraction of
2
fractions and mixed fractions using appropriate problem-
solving strategies and tools.
3 5. Divides simple fractions and mixed fractions. 2
Number and 6. Solves routine or non-routine problems involving division
Number Sense without or with any of the other operations of fractions and
2
mixed fractions using appropriate problem-solving
strategies and tools.
7. Adds and subtracts decimals and mixed decimals through
ten thousandths without or with regrouping.
• adds and subtracts decimals and mixed decimals
through ten thousandths without regrouping.
4 • adds and subtracts decimals and mixed decimals 2
through ten thousandths with regrouping.

## 9. Multiplies decimals and mixed decimals with factors up to

5
2 decimal places.
10. Multiplies mentally decimals up to 2 decimals places by 0.1,
0.01,10, and 100.
4
11. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving
multiplication of decimals and mixed decimals including
money using appropriate problemsolving strategies.

## 12. Solves multi-step problems involving multiplication and

addition or subtraction of decimals, mixed decimals and
6 whole numbers including money using appropriate 4
problem-solving strategies and tools.

## 13. Divides whole numbers by decimals up to 2 decimal places

7
and vice versa.
4
14. Divides decimals/mixed decimals up to 2 decimal places.

## 15. Divides decimals up to 4 decimal places by 0.1, 0.01, and

8
0.001.
4
16. Divides decimals up to 2 decimal places by 10, 100, and 1
000 mentally.
17. Differentiates terminating from repeating, nonterminating
9 2
decimal quotients.
18. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving division
of decimals, mixed decimals, and whole numbers including
2
money using appropriate problem-solving strategies and
tools.
19. Solves multi-step routine and non-routine problems
10 involving division and any of the other operations of 4
decimals, mixed decimals, and whole numbers

## Most Essential Learning No. of Days

Quarter Learning Competencies
Competencies (MELC) Taught
including money using appropriate problemsolving
strategies and tools.
Quarter 2

## 1. Expresses one value as a fraction of another given their

11 ratio and vice versa. 2
•visualizes the ratio of two given numbers.
2. Defines and illustrates the meaning of ratio and proportion
2
using concrete or pictorial models.
3. Finds a missing term in a proportion (direct, inverse, and
partitive).
12 •recognizes direct, inverse and partitive proportions. 2
Number and
Number Sense
4. Solves problems involving direct proportion, partitive
proportion, and inverse proportion in different contexts
2
such as distance, rate, and time using appropriate strategies
and tools
5. Finds the percentage or rate or percent in a given problem.
13 •defines percentage, rate or percent 2

## 6. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving finding

the percentage, rate and base using appropriate strategies 2
and tools.
7. Solves percent problems such as percent of
increase/decrease (discounts, original price, rate of
14 4
discount, sale price, marked-up price), commission, sales
tax, and simple interest.
8. Describes the exponent and the base in a number expressed in
15 exponential notation. 2
•multiplies whole number (by itself)
9. Gives the value of numbers expressed in exponential
2
notation.

16 2

## 11. Performs two or more different operations on whole

numbers with or without exponents and grouping symbols.
•performs the four fundamental operations in whole number 2

## 17 12. Describes the set of integers.

13. Compares integers with other numbers such as whole 4
numbers, fractions, and decimals.
18 14. Compares and arranges integers.
15. Describes and interprets the basic operations on integers
4
using materials such as algebra tiles, counters, chips,
and cards.
16. Performs the basic operations on integers.
•performs addition of integers.
•performs subtraction of integers.
19 •performs multiplication of integers. 4
•performs division of integers.
•performs combination of four fundamental operations on
integers.
17. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving basic
operations of integers using appropriate strategies and
20 tools. 4
•determine appropriate problem-solving strategy and tools.

Quarter 3
1. Visualizes and describes the different solid figures:
21 2
cube, prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone, and sphere.
Geometry 2. Differentiates solid figures from plane figures. 2
22 3. Identifies the faces of a solid figure. 4

## Most Essential Learning No. of Days

Quarter Learning Competencies
Competencies (MELC) Taught
4. Formulates the rule in finding the nth term using different
strategies (looking for a pattern, guessing and checking,
working backwards)
E.g.
23 4,7,13,16,…n 4
(the nth term is 3n+1)
•determines the missing term/s in a sequence of numbers

## 5. Gives the translation of real-life verbal expressions and

Patterns and
24 equations into letters or symbols and vice versa. 2
Algebra
6. Defines a variable in an algebraic expression and equation.
2
7. Represents quantities in real-life situations using algebraic
25 2
expressions and equations.
8. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving
different types of numerical expressions and equations
2
such as 7+ 9 =___ + 6.

## 9. Calculates speed, distance, and time. •Multiplies

26 2
and divides whole numbers.
10. Solves problems involving average rate and speed.
2
11. Finds the area of composite figures formed by any two or
more of the following: triangle, square, rectangle, circle,
27 and semi-circle. 2
•find the area of plane figures.
12. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving area of
composite figures formed by any two or more of the
2
following: triangle, square, rectangle, circle, and semi-
circle.
Measurement

28 4

## 14. Derives a formula for finding the surface area of cubes,

prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, and spheres. 1

## 15. Finds the surface area of cubes, prisms, pyramids, cylinders,

29 cones, and spheres. 3
•Performs series of two or more operations.
16. Solves word problems involving measurement of surface
30 4
area.
Quarter 4
1. Determines the relationship of the volume between
a. a rectangular prism and a pyramid;
b. a cylinder and a cone; and
Measurement 31 3
c. a cylinder and sphere.
•visualizes and describes the different solid figures: cube,
prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone, and sphere
2. Derives the formula for finding the volume of
1
cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres.
3. Finds the volume of cylinders, pyramids, cones, and
spheres.
32 •performs two or more different operations on whole 2
numbers with or without exponents and grouping symbols.

## 4. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving volumes of

3
solids.
5. Reads and interprets electric and water meter readings.
•reads and writes decimal numbers through hundredths.
33 1

## Most Essential Learning No. of Days

Quarter Learning Competencies
Competencies (MELC) Taught
6. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving electric and
water consumption. 4
•performs operations in decimals.
7. Constructs a pie graph based on a given set of data.
34 1

## 8. Solves routine and non-routine problems using data presented in

35 5
a pie graph.
9. Describes the meaning of probability such as 50% chance of
rain and one in a million chance of winning.
36 •describe experimental probability 4

## 10. Performs experiments and records outcomes. 1

11. Makes listings and diagrams of outcomes and tells the number
37 of favorable outcomes and chances using these listings and 5
diagrams.
12. Makes simple predictions of events based on the results of
38 5
experiments.
13. Solves routine and non-routine problems involving
39 5
experimental and theoretical probability.