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Huawei Microwave Installation

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Copyright © 2019 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Contents

1. Installation Preparation

2. Antenna Installation

3. ODU/Hybrid Coupler and Related Cable Installation

4. IDU and Related Cable Installation

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Preparation
 Document
 Web LCT(software)

 XX Site LLD

 XX Site Link Budget

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Preparation (Cont.)

 Checking Installation Conditions


 Installation Conditions of the IDU

 Installation Conditions of the Antenna/ODU/Hybrid coupler

 Lightning-Proof and Grounding System (Outdoor , Indoor)

 Power System

 Check the existing Network

 ODU “High” or “Low” site according to

the design

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Preparation (Cont.)

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Contents

1. Installation Preparation

2. Antenna Installation

3. ODU/Hybrid Coupler and Related Cable Installation

4. IDU and Related Cable Installation

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Pole Installation (1:38)

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Before Hoisting the Antenna
 Check the height and the position of
the antenna, it should comply with
the design document.
 Determine the azimuth of the
antenna by compass, GPS or
telescope.
 Verify the type and polarization of
the antenna.
 Adjust the polarization type of the
antenna if necessary.

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Hoisting the Antenna
 Bind the hoisting rope on one of the
hoisting ring.

 Use one or two stretching ropes, bind


them on the antenna.

 Persons on top may hoist the antenna


by pull the rope on the pulley.

 Caution:
 Nobody standing under the steel tower
when hoisting and installing the
antenna.

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Antenna & ODU Installation(together) (2:09)

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Antenna Installation Criteria
1 Height、position、azimuth、 polarization are right.

2 Fixation and side strut are well.

3 Antenna labeling or mark is clear.

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Antenna Installation Criteria

 Fixation and side strut are well, the angle is within 25

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Contents

1. Installation Preparation

2. Antenna Installation

3. ODU/Hybrid Coupler and Related Cable Installation

4. IDU and Related Cable Installation

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One ODU for Single-Polarized Antenna
 There are two types of installation, direct or separate
mounting.

Direct mounting Separate mounting

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Separate Mount Installation

 Components for ODU mount on the antenna by


waveguide or coaxial cable

Assemblied Waveguide-to- RF
ODU coaxial Cable
converter

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Two ODUs for Dual-Polarized Antenna
 Install two ODUs onto dual-polarized antenna.(1+0 XPIC )

Antenna

ODU
Antenna
ODU OMT
ODU ODU

Separate Install Direct Install

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Four ODUs for Dual-Polarized Antenna
 Install four ODUs onto dual-polarized antenna.(2+0 XPIC)

Feed boom on the up Feed boom on the


is V polarization down is H polarization

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ODU Grounding Cable Installation
 One end of the protection grounding cable of the ODU is
connected to the grounding stud of the ODU.
 The other end is connected to a grounding point.

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IF Cable Installation
 Make the N type connector on the IF cable

1 2 3
4 5 6

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IF cable make and test (1:30) practice

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RJ45 Connector Make process

1. Cut out surface 2. Line arrangement 3. Install RJ45 4.Press

5. Checking 6. Test

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RJ45 connector make and test (4:50) practice

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)
 Protect the IF connector to avoid the damage during
hanging
 Bind the IF cable to the lifting rope on the ground, then pull
up the lifting rope with the IF cable
 Make good waterproof curve
 Connect the IF cable to ODU’s IF cable port

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Connecting IF cable (2:16)

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)
 Cable tie

Outdoor—Use Indoor—Use
black cable tie ; white cable tie ;
cutting reserve cutting no
3mm reserve

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)

<1.2M Fix

<1.2M

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)
 Grounding the IF cable
 Determine the grounding point depending on the IF cable
length and ODU installation mode.

Huwei: 2 grounding point


Some project: 3 grounding point

Antenna

Grounding Points
IF Cable Grounding Point

IF Cable

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)
 Grounding the IF cable
1.The place about 1 m away from the IF interface of the ODU
2.The place about 1 m away from the point where the cable is routed onto the wiring frame
3.The place about 0.5 m to 1 m away from the cable entry (when the outdoor wiring frame is
longer than 20 meters)
4.The middle point of the cable (when the cable on tower is longer than 60 meters)

Antenna

IF Cable

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)

 Grounding the IF cable (cont.)


 The IF cable is grounded using cable grounding clips.

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IF cable grounding clip installation (1:36)

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IF Cable Installation (Cont.)

 Waterproof of the outdoor connectors

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Waterproof of the outdoor connectors (0:55)

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ODU Parts Installation Criteria
1 The latches of the ODU and
hybrid coupler should tightly
engage on the antenna. The
screws should be fastened
tight.

2 The IF connector of ODU


should be waterproofed and
face downward.

3 The ODU grounding cable


should be shortest length as
possible and attached to the
tower body by the cable clips

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ODU Parts Installation Criteria (Cont.)
4 the IF cable should be grounded to a minimum of 2 points.

5 All of outdoor connectors should be waterproofed.

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ODU Parts Installation Criteria (Cont.)

6 Leave 3 loops when connecting cables to the ODU

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Contents

1. Installation Preparation

2. Antenna Installation

3. ODU/Hybrid Coupler and Related Cable Installation

4. IDU and Related Cable Installation

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RTN 900 IDU Profile

 The IDU is used to receive and multiplexes services,


performs service processing and IF processing, and
provides the system control and communications function.

 The IDU 905 is case-shaped, not support the pluggable


board. So it will skip the board installation step.

Product Chassis height Pluggable board


IDU 905 1U Not supported
IDU 910 1U Supported
IDU 950/950A 2U Supported
IDU 980 5U Supported

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RTN 900 IDU Profile
 RTN 950A Layout

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RTN 900 IDU Profile
An ODU does not occupy a physical slot but has a
logical slot on the NMS. The logical slot ID of an ODU is
equal to the logical slot ID of the connected IF board
plus 20.
Two IF1 boards can be
configured as a 1+1
FD/SD protection group
only when being
housed in two paired
slots: Slots 1 and 2,
Slots 3 and 5, or Slot 4
and 6.
When forming an XPIC
group, the two ISV3
boards must be inserted
in two adjacent slots in
the same row or column.

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RTN 900 IDU Profile
 RTN 980 Layout
 Slot26 PIU  Slot27 PIU
 Slot13 ISV3  Slot14 ISV3
 Slot11 ISV3  Slot12 ISV3
 Slot9 ISV3  Slot10 ISV3
 Slot20 CSHL
 Slot28(FAN)
 Slot7 ISV3  Slot8 ISV3
 Slot15 CSHL
 Slot5 ISV3  Slot6 ISV3
 Slot3 ISV3  Slot4 ISV3
 Slot1 ISV3  Slot2 ISV3

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RTN 900 IDU Profile

 RTN 980 Layout

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Installing the IDU in a Cabinet
 Install the captive nut, grounding cable and IDU.

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Installation IDU subrack (1:12)

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Installing the Board

 When installing, inserting, or removing the board, wear an


antistatic wrist strap or antistatic gloves.

 Before you insert a board, ensure that the slot is correct. If it


is difficult to insert the board, stop the operation.

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Installing the Cables
 Install the power cable

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Installing the Cables (Cont.)

 Install IF cable to the IF board

To ODU

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Powering On the Equipment

 Before powering on the equipment, ensure that the


installation of the ODU is completed and the ODU switch on
the IF board is set to the off state.

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Installation check and power on (1:25)

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Checking the Installation

No. Item
The chassis should be installed firmly in the position specified in
1
the engineering design document.

Each chassis component does not have any paint drop, damage,
2
or stain. Otherwise, re-paint or clean the component.

When a board is inserted into the chassis, the screws on the front
3
panel of the board should be tightened.

4 Empty slots in the chassis should be covered with filler panels.

The routing of the cables should conform to the engineering design


5 document and should facilitate maintenance and expansion in the
future.

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Checking the Installation (Cont.)
No. Item
The cables should not be damaged, broken, or jointed in between.
6

Each core of the cables should be tested for connectivity.


7

The cables should be bundled closely with proper force. The


8 spacing between the cable ties should be even. After the cable ties
are fixed, the remaining part should be trimmed with no bur.

The signal cables should be routed correctly in the cabinet.


9

The cables outside the cabinet should be routed.


10

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Checking the Installation (Cont.)
No. Item

11 The cable turns should be smooth and have a big bending radius.

The cable labels should be filled in correctly and stuck firmly. They
12 should be aligned and face to the same direction. The labels need
to be stuck two centimeters away from the connectors.

The power cable and grounding cable should be routed separately


13
from the signal cables.

The unused cable connectors should be protected. For example,


14
the connectors should be installed with protective caps.

The protective tube for the fiber jumpers should be led into the
15
cabinet for 10 cm and bound tightly.
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Checking the Installation (Cont.)
No. Item
The cuts of the protective tube for the fiber jumpers should be
16
smooth. Otherwise, they should be wrapped by an insulating tape.

The fiber jumpers should not be bound over-tightly, and can be


17
moved freely in the cable tie.

The connecting points of the fiber jumpers should be clean. The


18 unused fiber connectors and optical interfaces should be protected
by protective caps (plugs).

For XPIC link, XPD values should not be less than 25 dBm.
19

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