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ZZ 1003D BASIC ELECTRICAL SCIENCES

Tutorial-2 (AC circuit analysis)


1. A 230 v, 50 Hz voltage is applied to a coil of L=5H and R=2ohms in series with a capacitance
C. What should be the value of C in order that the potential difference across the coil shall be
250 V. Find also (a) the power factor of the coil (b) power factor of the circuit (c) real power
consumed by the circuit.
2. In the parallel circuit shown in Fig.1, the power in 5 resistor is 600W and the total circuit
takes 3000VA at a leading power factor of 0.707.Find the value of impedance.

j5 Fig.1
5

V 00
3. Find the sum of the currents i1=141.42 Sin(t + /2) , i2 = -70.71 Cos t , i3= 50 ej/3 ,
i4=100 -2/3 and i5= 50 (Cos /3 + j Sin/3)
4. Two coils A and B are connected in series across a 110V, 60Hz supply. The resistance of coil
A is 2  and inductance of coil B is 0.004H. If the input from the supply is 2.4kW and
1.8kVAR, find the inductance of coil A and resistance of coil B. Also calculate the voltage
across each coil.
5. Two impedances Z1 and Z2 are connected in parallel. The first branch takes a leading current
of 16 A and has a resistance of 5 Ω, while the second branch takes a lagging current at 0.8pf.
The applied voltage is 100+j200 V and the total power is 5 kW. Find branch impedances,
total circuit impedance, branch currents and total circuit current.
6. An inductor coil is connected to a supply of 230V at 50Hz and takes a current of 10A. The
coil dissipates 1500W. Calculate (i) the resistance and inductance of the coil and (ii) the power
factor of the coil.
7. A 200V, 50Hz sinusoidal supply is connected to a parallel network comprising of three
branches A, B and C as follows: A – a coil of resistance 3 and an inductive reactance 4
B – a series circuit of resistance 4 and capacitive reactance 3
C – a pure capacitor
Given that the power factor of the combined circuit is unity, find
(a) Capacitance of the pure capacitor in F
(b)The current taken from the supply
(c)The active power absorbed.
8. Two circuits having same numerical ohmic impedance are joined in parallel. The power factor
of one circuit is 0.8 lead and the other is 0.6 lag. What is the power factor of the combination?
9. Find the sum of the 5 voltages given below and express it in complex and polar form. V1=100
sin (ωt – π/2) V2=50 cos (ωt + π/2) V3=150 cos ωt V4=200 sin (ωt + 2π/3) and V5=100 cos (ωt
– π/6).
10. A coil is connected in series with a 100F capacitor across a 220V, 50Hz supply. The voltage
across the coil is 65V and voltage across the capacitor is 210V. Determine a) power consumed
by the coil, b) inductance of the coil and c) power factor of the whole circuit and the power
drawn from the source.

1
11. A pure capacitor is to be inserted in a series circuit as shown in Fig2 to make the power
factor equal to 0.9. If the total current in the circuit is to lag the source voltage, what value
of C should be used?

i 100
+
0.35H
e(t) e(t)=141.4 Sin( 2 x 60t)
C

Fig.2

12. A coil is connected in series with a 100F capacitor across a 220V, 50Hz supply. The voltage
across the coil is 65V and voltage across the capacitor is 210V. Determine a) power consumed
by the coil, b) inductance of the coil and c) power factor of the whole circuit and the power
drawn from the source.

3
( )
13. Draw the phasor diagram representing the three voltages v1 = 25 Sin  t +  , v2 = 15 Sin  t − 2  
3 
(
, v3 = 10 Cos  t + 
6
) and the sum of the three voltages. Express the resultant voltage in polar
and rectangular forms.
14. In the circuit shown in Fig. 3, Z1=10+j30 Ω, Z2=5+j10 Ω and Z3=4-j16 Ω. Determine: a) I1, I2,
I3, V1 (Voltage across Z1) and V2 (Voltage across Z2) in polar form and b) Active power drawn
from the source and the reactive power of the circuit.

VL VC
− + + −
10mH 100 F
+
12 VS 16 IS

Fig.3
Fig.4
15. In the circuit given in Fig. 2, let  = 800 rad / sec , VL = 6657 o volt and Vc = 50 − 85o volt ,
find VS and I S .

16. The sinusoidal current through a circuit with a supply voltage of 1000o volt, is given by
(3 + j 4) ampere. Identify the elements and their values if the circuit comprises of two
elements (i) in series (ii) in parallel
17. Find the value of resistance R and inductance L which when connected in parallel will draw
the same current at the same power factor from 100V, 50Hz source as drawn by the resistor
of 10 and inductor of 0.1H connected in series from the same source.