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2.2.

2 †Kv-Gw·qvj K¨vej (Co-axial cable)


`yÔwU we`y¨r cwievnx Zvi I Acwievnx ev AšÍiK/civ‰e`y¨wZK c`v‡_©i mvnv‡h¨ G K¨vej (Zvi) ˆZwi Kiv nq| †fZ‡ii cwievnx
Zvi‡K Av”Qvw`Z Kivi Rb¨ I evB‡ii cwievnx Zvi †_‡K c„_K ivLvi Rb¨ G‡`i gvS Lv‡b Acwievnx ev AšÍiK c`v_©
(Insulator) _v‡K| evB‡ii cwievnx Zvi‡K cøvw÷‡Ki R¨v‡KU Øviv †X‡K ivLv nq| wfZ‡ii cwievnx ZviwU †mvRv ivLv nq
Ges evwn‡ii cwievnx ZviwU Pviw`K †_‡K †cuPv‡bv _v‡K| cwievnx Zvi ˆZwi‡Z mvaviYZ Kcvi (Cupper) e¨envi Kiv nq|
wPÎ-2.13 : †Kv-Gw·qvj K¨vej

G ai‡bi K¨ve‡ji †WUv UªvÝdvi †iU Zv‡ii ˆ`N¨© I e¨eüZ wd«‡Kv‡qÝxi Dci wbf©i K‡i| mvaviYZ †Kv-Gw·qvj K¨vej
e¨envi K‡i GK wK‡jvwgUvi ch©šÍ `~i‡Z¡ wWwRUvj †WUv †cÖiY Kiv hvq, G‡¶‡Î †WUv UªvÝdvi †iU 10 Mbps (Megabits per
second)1 ch©šÍ n‡Z cv‡i Ges UªvÝwgkb jm& A‡c¶vK…Z Kg nq|
†Kv-Gw·qvj K¨ve‡ji mvnv‡h¨ B_vi‡bU (Ethernet) ev¯Íevqb Kiv hvq| B_vi‡bU n‡jv Ggb GKwU cÖhyw³ cwievi hvi
mvnv‡h¨ Kw¤úDUvi †bUIqvK© ˆZwi Kiv nq| †Kv-Gw·qvj K¨ve‡ji B_vi‡bU cÖhyw³ cwiev‡ii g‡a¨ cÖavbZ `yÕwU cÖhyw³i †Kv-
Gw·qvj K¨ve‡ji ‡bUIqvK© †ek RbwcÖq n‡q‡Q| h_v-
1| w_K‡bU (thicknet): GwU w_K B_vi‡bU (thick Ethernet) bv‡gI cwiwPZ| Z‡e GwU
10BASE5 B_vi‡bU bv‡gB †ewk cwiwPZ| 10BASE5 ej‡Z eySvq †h, GB cÖhyw³‡Z m‡ev©”P
500 wgUvi (1,600 dzU) j¤^v Zv‡ii UzK‡iv e¨envi K‡i cÖwZ †m‡K‡Û 10 †gMvweU (Mbit) †WUv
Av`vb-cÖ`vb Kiv hvq| wiwcUvi (repeater) e¨envi K‡i Gi `~iZ¡ evov‡bv hvq| w_K‡bU e¨envi K‡i f¨v¤úvqvi U¨v‡ci
(vampire tap) mvnv‡h¨ m‡e©v”P 100 †÷kb mshy³ Kiv hvq| Gi Zv‡ii e¨vm mvaviYZ 0.5 Bw ch©šÍ n‡q _v‡K| GB
ai‡bi K¨vej fvix, †gvUv I bb-‡d¬w·ej nq| IEEE 1983 mv‡j IEEE 802.3 wk‡ivbv‡g w_K‡b‡Ui Av`k©gvb cÖeZ©b K‡ib|2
GwUB evwYwR¨Kfv‡e cÖvß cÖ_g B_vi‡bU| Z‡e eZ©gv‡b GwUi cÖPjb †bB ej‡jB P‡j|
2| w_b‡bU (thinnet): GwU wPcvi‡bU (cheapernet), w_b B_vi‡bU (thin Ethernet) ev
w_bIq¨vi (thinwire) bv‡gI cwiwPZ| Z‡e GwU 10BASE2 B_vi‡bU bv‡gB †ewk cwiwPZ|
10BASE2 ej‡Z eySvq †h, GB cÖhyw³‡Z m‡ev©”P 200 wgUvi (ev¯Íe †ÿ‡Î m‡e©v”P 185 wgUvi) j¤^v Zv‡ii UzK‡iv e¨envi
K‡i cÖwZ †m‡K‡Û 10 †gMvweU (Mbit) †WUv Av`vb-cÖ`vb Kiv hvq| wiwcUvi (repeater) e¨envi K‡i Gi `~iZ¡ evov‡bv hvq|
w_b‡bU e¨envi K‡i weGbwm (BNC) Kv‡b±‡ii mvnv‡h¨ m‡e©v”P 30wU †÷kb mshy³ Kiv hvq| Z‡e `ywU †÷k‡bi byb¨Zg `~iZ¡
50 †mw›UwgUvi n‡Z n‡e| GB Zv‡ii e¨vm mvaviYZ 0.25 Bw ch©šÍ n‡q _v‡K| GB ai‡bi K¨vej
nvjKv I †d¬w·ej ev bgbxq n‡q _v‡K| IEEE 1985 mv‡j IEEE 802.3a wk‡ivbv‡g w_b‡b‡Ui
Av`k©gvb cÖeZ©b K‡ib| evRv‡i wewfbœ ai‡bi ‡Kv-Gw·qvj K¨vej †`Lv hvq hvq| h_v- RG-6,
RG-8, RG-11, RG-58 and RG-59 BZ¨vw`| GLv‡b RG ej‡Z "Radio Guide" †K eySv‡bv
nq|
†Kv-Gw·qvj K¨vej †bUIqvK© Kv‡b±i : Bayonet-Neill-Concelman (BNC) ev weGbwm Kv‡b±‡ii
mvnv‡h¨ GB †bUIqv‡K© ms‡hvM cÖ`vb Kiv nq|

1
10 Mbps = 1000 Mbps/8 = 1.25 MBps (Mega Bytes per second)
2
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
†Kv-Gw·qvj K¨ve‡ji wKQz myweav-
1| A¨vbvjM Ges wWwRUvj Dfq †WUv UªvÝwgk‡b G K¨vej e¨eüZ nq|
2| GwU dvBevi K¨vej A‡c¶v Kg e¨qeûj Ges mn‡R enb‡hvM¨|
3| Gi evB‡ii w`‡K we`y¨r-Kzcwievnx Avei‡Yi Kvi‡Y UyB‡÷W †cqvi K¨vej A‡c¶v G K¨vej B‡jK‡Uªv g¨vM‡bwUK
B›Uvidv‡iÝ (EMI) Ges †iwWI wd«‡Kv‡qÝx B›Uvidv‡iÝ (RFI) G Kg ms‡e`kxj| d‡j G K¨ve‡ji gva¨‡g AwaK `~i‡Z¡
`ªyZMwZ‡Z †WUv †cÖiY m¤¢e|
†Kv-Gw·qvj K¨ve‡ji wKQz Amyweav-
1| †Kv-Gw·qvj K¨ve‡j †WUvi wbivcËv wbwðZ Kiv KwVb KvR| K¨ve‡ji ‡h †Kvb ¯’vb †K‡U Zv‡Z wU (T) Kv‡b±i Ges
weGbwm Kv‡b±i e¨envi K‡i †WUv Pzwi Kiv m¤¢e|
2| †Kv-Gw·qvj K¨vej UyB‡÷W †cqvi K¨vej A‡c¶v wKQzUv e¨qeûj|
3| GB K¨ve‡ji gva¨‡g †bUIqvK© wWfvB‡mi g‡a¨ ms‡hvM ¯’vcb Kiv †ek KwVb|
4| †h †Kvb GKwU ‡ewVK ev Abychy³ ms‡hv‡Mi d‡j cy‡iv †bUIqvK© mgm¨v n‡Z cv‡i Ges Zv mYv³KiY †ek Kómva¨
KvR|
†Kv-Gw·qvj K¨ve‡ji e¨envi: †Uwjwfkb †bUIqvK©, wWk wUwf ev K¨vej wUwf †bUIqvK©, wmwm wUwf †bUIqvK©, Kw¤úDUvi
†bUIqvK© BZ¨vw`‡Z eûj e¨eüZ nq|