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Problems 879

15.19 The shaft of the distributed mass system is simply the system acting on the ground at bearings A and
supported by the bearings at A and B and has B are (F21 )A = 250î + 75ĵ N and (F21 )B = 80î −
a constant speed of 550 rev/min. The reaction 125ĵ N, respectively. Determine the magnitudes
forces acting on the bearings at A and B are FA = and orientations of the correcting masses that must
−17.5î + 30.3ĵ N and FB = −25.0î − 43.3ĵ N, be removed in the correction planes 1 and 2 to
respectively. Using the graphic approach determine ensure moment (dynamic) balance of the system.
the magnitudes and angular orientations of the 15.21 The shaft, simply supported by bearings at A and
reaction forces at bearings A and B. B, has a constant speed of 300 rev/min. Using
15.20 The distributed mass system, denoted as body 2, the graphic approach determine the magnitudes
is simply supported bearings at A and B and has and orientations of the reaction forces at bearings
a constant speed of 240 rev/min. The forces from A and B.

y y
a b c d
m2
m2
R2 m1
40° R1 ω m1
20° x z A B

70° 1 1 1
R3
m3
m3

Figure P15.19 a = 1.2 in, b = c = 1.0 in, d = 0.8 in, R1 = 0.80 in, R2 = 0.80 in,
R3 = 0.60 in, m1 = 15.4 lb, m2 = 26.5 lb, and m3 = 17.6 lb.

x
a
b
c
ω
z B 2 A

1 1
1 2
Figure P15.20 a = 250 mm, b = 200 mm, c = 75 mm, and RC1 = RC2 = 30 mm.

y y
a b c d

80° m1
m2
R1 ω m1
R2 30° m2
x z A B

R3
1 1 m3 1
60° m3

Figure P15.21 a = 40 mm, b = c = 15 mm, d = 25 mm, R1 = 10 mm,


R2 = 35 mm, R3 = 15 mm, m1 = 17 kg, m2 = 4 kg, and m3 = 8 kg.
880 BALANCING

15.22 The angular speed of the continuous mass system, 15.23 The constant angular velocity of the two-cylinder
denoted as 2, in the simply supported bearings at engine crankshaft is ω = 200 rad/s counterclock-
A and B is a constant 360 rev/min. The forces wise. Determine the x and y components of the
from the system acting on the ground at bearings primary shaking force acting on the crankshaft
A and B are specified as (F21 )A = 73î − 79ĵ lb bearing in terms of the crank angle θ. Then,
and (F21 )B = 63î+118ĵ lb, respectively. Determine determine the magnitudes and orientations of the
the magnitudes and orientations of the masses that correcting masses that must be added at the radial
must be removed in the correcting planes 1 and 2 distance RC = 40 mm from the crankshaft axis.
to ensure dynamic balance of the system. Determine the answers when the reference line
(attached to crank 1) is specified at the crank angle
θ = 30◦ , as shown on the figure to the right.

b
c
ω 2
z B A

1 2 1 1

Figure P15.22 a = 30 in, b = 27 in, c = 7 in, and RC1 = RC2 = 2 in.

y
y
1
m1
–ω
45°
L Ref. Line
Ref. Line
θ
R 30°
1 x x
ω
120°
60°
R

L
m2
1

Figure P15.23 R1 = R2 = R = 80 mm, L1 = L2 = L = 160 mm, and m1 = m2 = m = 15 kg.


Problems 881

15.24 The two-cylinder engine crankshaft is rotating primary shaking force, then determine (a) the
counterclockwise with a constant angular veloc- magnitudes and orientations of the inertial forces
ity ω = 45 rad/s. Determine the magnitude and created by these correcting masses, (b) the mag-
direction of the primary shaking force in terms of nitudes and orientations of the correcting masses
crank angle θ . If correcting masses are required to if RC1 = RC2 = 200 mm, and (c) determine
balance the primary shaking force, then determine: the answers when the reference line (attached to
(a) the magnitudes and orientations of the inertial crank 1) is specified at crank angle θ = 0◦ .
forces created by these correcting masses, and (b) 15.26 The crankshaft of the three-cylinder engine (Fig.
the magnitudes and orientations of the correcting P15.26, next page) is rotating with a constant
masses if RC1 = RC2 = 6 in. Determine the answers angular velocity ω = 50k̂ rad/s. Determine the x
for parts (a) and (b) when the reference line and y components of the primary shaking force,
attached to crank 1 is at crank angle θ = 210◦ . the magnitude(s) of the correcting force (or forces)
15.25 The crankshaft of the two-cylinder engine (Fig. created by the correcting mass (or masses), and the
P15.25, next page) is rotating counterclockwise orientation(s) of the correcting force (or forces).
with a constant angular velocity ω = θ̇ = 45 rad/s. Determine the answers when the reference line
Determine the magnitude and orientation of the (attached to crank 1) is specified at crank angle
primary shaking force in terms of crank angle θ. θ = 0◦ .
If correcting masses are required to balance the

y
y

1
θ = 210°

x
R2
θ x
ω
Ref. Line
150°

–ω 45° R1
60°

L1 L2
Ref. Line

m2
m1

Figure P15.24 R1 = R2 = R = 3 in, L1 = L2 = L = 24 in, and m1 = m2 = m = 13.25 lb.


882 BALANCING

m1

y 1

m2
Ref. L
1 Line

L
45° 45°
R
–ω
θ

x
1 Ref. Line
R ω ω
x

Figure P15.25 R1 = R2 = R = 100 mm, L1 = L2 = L = 550 mm, and m1 = m2 = m = 5 kg.

m1 = 2m
1

Ref. Line
L

–ω
R
θ

45° ω
45° Ref. Line
1 x
R

1
L
L
m2 = m
1
m3 = m

Figure P15.26 R1 = R2 = R3 = R = 6 in, L1 = L2 = L3 = L = 30 in, m1 = 2m = 22 lb, and m2 = m3 = m = 11 lb.


Problems 883

y
1
y
Ref. Line
m1 = 3m
L
–ω

R
60° θ
1
ω
x Ref. Line
1 x
m2 = m
150°
L R

Figure P15.27 R1 = R2 = R = 120 mm, L1 = L2 = L = 450 mm, m1 = 3m = 60 kg, and m2 = m = 20 kg.

15.27 The crankshaft of the two-cylinder engine (Fig. shaking force acting on the ground bearing, and
P15.27, page 883) is rotating counterclockwise the magnitudes and orientations of the correcting
with a constant angular speed ω = 330 rev/min. masses that balance the primary shaking force.
Determine the x and y components of the primary The radial distances of the correcting masses are
shaking force on the crankshaft bearing, and the RC1 = RC2 = 16 in. Determine the answers when
magnitudes and orientations of the inertial forces the reference line (attached to crank 1) is specified
created by the correcting masses that balance the at the crank angle θ = 60◦ .
primary shaking force. Determine the magnitude 15.29 The constant angular velocity of the crankshaft of
and orientation of the primary shaking force when the two-cylinder engine (Fig. P15.29, next page) is
the reference line (attached to crank 1) is specified ω = 250k̂ rad/s. Determine the x and y components
at crank angle θ = 0◦ . of the primary shaking force in terms of the
15.28 The two cranks of the two-cylinder engine (Fig. crank angle θ, and determine the magnitudes and
P15.28, next page) are oriented at 240◦ to each orientations of the correction masses. The correc-
other, and the crankshaft is rotating counter- tion masses are to be added at a radial distance
clockwise with a constant angular speed ω = RC = 50 mm from the crankshaft axis. Determine
690 rev/min. Both pistons are in the same xy plane. the answers when the reference line (attached to
Determine the x and y components of the primary crank 1) is specified at the crank angle θ = 30◦ .
884 BALANCING

y
45°

m1
Ref. Line
1 L1 y
Ref.
Line
R1 –ω
m2 240° θ
1 x
ω 60°
L2 R2 x
1

Figure P15.28 R1 = 12 in, R2 = 6 in, L1 = L2 = L = 26 in, m1 = 22 lb, and m2 = 110 lb.

y
y Ref. Line
75°

–ω

R
θ Ref. Line
R
ω
30°
x x
L

1
L

30° 45°

m2
1 m1
1

Figure P15.29 R1 = R2 = R = 150 mm, L1 = L2 = L = 300 mm, and m1 = m2 = m = 20 kg.

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