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Level 2 Questions

1. What is the length of the longest pencil that can ﬁt into a rectangular pencil-box of dimensions 3 cm × 4 cm × 12 cm?

 (a) 10 cm (b) 13 cm (Ans) (c) 15 cm

2. Let a, b, c, d be distinct integers. Then the product of the diﬀerences a b, a c, a d, b c, b d, c d is certainly divisible by

 (a) 6 (b) 12 (Ans) (c) 24

3. (easy) If the measures of the three angles of a triangle are in arithmetic progression, then one of the angles of the triangle is always

(a)

(b)

(c)

45

60 (Ans) 90

4. If

1

1

1

1 2 + 2 2 + 3 then what is the value of

2 +

(a)

(b)

(c)

π 2

8

π 2

9

π 2

12

(Ans)

1

1

1

1 2 + 3 2 + 5 2 +

up to inﬁnity = π 2

6

up to inﬁnity =?

5. What is the number of integer-sided triangles of perimeter 10 units? (Recollect Euclid’s deﬁnition of a triangle: Any three non-collinear points in a plane determine a unique triangle)

 (a) 2 (Ans) (b) 3

1

(c) 4

6. How many (real) roots does the following equation have:

 (a) One (Ans) (b) Two (c) Four

x x 2 = 0

4

7. Three distinct vertices of a cube are chosen randomly. What is the probability that an equilateral triangle is formed inside the cube by joining the three sides?

(a)

(b)

(c)

6

7

1

2

1

7 (Ans)

8. Following is the structure of roads in IIT Bombay. What is the number of ways to travel from A to B if the distance travelled is the least? (Note, you can walk only upwards or to the right) (a)

(b)

2 11

5!6! 11! (Ans)

2

(c) 5!× 6!

 9. A 0 B 0 C 0 is an equilateral triangle of unit side. Triangle A 1 B 1 C 1 is constructed by joining the mid-points of sides of A 0 B 0 C 0 . Further, for every positive integer n, points A n , B n , C n are the mid-points of sides B n−1 C n−1 , C n−1 A n−1 and A n−1 B n−1 respectively. What is the sum of perimeters of all such triangles? In other words, what is P( A 0 B 0 C 0 ) + P( A 1 B 1 C 1 ) + P( A 2 B 2 C 2 ) + · · · upto inﬁnity where P denotes perimeter. (a) 4 units (b) 6 units (Ans) (c) 9 units 10. You are given a beam balance and as many weights of 147 kilograms and 363 kilograms as you want. What is the minimum weight in kilograms that you can measure, assuming that weights can be put in both pans? (a) 1 (b) 3 (Ans) (c) 69 11. Given a triangle with vertices A(−3, 2), B(5, 6), C(1, −4) which among the following is the equation of a line joining A to the centroid of triangle ABC? (a) 7x − 6y + 1 = 0 (b) x − 2y + 7 = 0 (c) x + 6y − 9 = 0 (Ans) 12. What is the value of log tan 1 ◦ + log tan 2 ◦ + log tan 3 ◦ + · · · + log tan 89 ◦ ?
 (a) 0 (Ans) (b) 1 (c) ∞

3

13. Point P (α, β) is a point on the circle x 2 + y 2 = r 2 . What is the area

of the triangle formed by the tangent to the circle at P and the

coordinate axes?

(a)

(b)

(c)

r

4

αβ (Ans)

r

4

2αβ

r

2

αβ

14. S = {1, 2, · · · , 300}

A subset A of S with three elements is formed such that the sum of

elements of A is divisible by 3. Find number of diﬀerent such sets A.

(a)

(b)

(c)

3 × 100 C 3

300 C 3 3 × 100 C 3

None of these (Ans)

 15. the ﬁgure below, three squares of equal side are joined by their side In as shown below. What is the sum of measures of angles ∠ACD and

BCD? (a)

(b)

(c)

30

45 (Ans) 60

16. How many zeros are there at the end of 2010! ?

 (a) 201 (b) 402 (c) 501 (Ans)

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17. For how many real values of x does the following equation hold true:

5 x + 5 x = log 10 25

 (a) one (b) two (c) none (Ans)

18. A pincode is a six-digit number. ( So its ﬁrst digit cannot be a zero ). It is called good if it has even number of even digits. How many good pincodes are there?

 (a) 4,50,000 (Ans) (b) 5,00,000 (c) 5 6

19. α and β are angles in the ﬁrst quadrant (that is, between 0 and 90 ).

If tan α = degrees?

1

7

and sin β =

(a)

(b)

(c)

45 (Ans)

60

30

1

10 then what is the value of α + 2β in

20. If the quadratic equation (b 2 + c 2 )x 2 2(a + b)cx + (c 2 + a 2 ) = 0 has equal roots, then

 (a) a, b, c are in arithmetic progression (b) a, b, c are in geometric progression (c) None of these (Ans)

21. Numbers from 1 to 64 are written on a chess board such that the ﬁrst row contains 1, 2, · · · , 8 (in that order); the second row contains 9, 10, · · · , 16 and so on. Now, eight squares are chosen in such a way that no two are in the same row and no two are in the same column. What is the sum of numbers on these eight squares?

 (a) 512 (b) 240 (c) 260 (Ans)

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22. What is the minimum value of the following expression:

sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ + tan 2 θ + cot 2 θ + sec 2 θ + csc 2 θ

 (a) 6 (b) 7 (Ans) (c) 29 3

23. Suppose we dump a complete set of chess pieces into a hat- 16 black and 16 white pieces, shake the hat, then remove the pieces randomly in pairs. If both are black, we put them on the table to form a black pile. If both happen to be white, we put them on the table to form a white pile. If the two pieces fail to match in color, we throw them away. After all 32 pieces have been removed from the hat, what’s the probability that the number of pieces in the black pile will be exactly the same as the number in the white pile?

(a)

(b)

(c)

1

16

1

2

1 (Ans)

24. For n > 1, ﬁnd the value of 1.1! + 2.2! + · · · n.n!

 (a) (n + 1)! (b) 2(n!) + 1 (c) (n + 1)! − 1 (Ans)

25. We are given a small board with three rods A, B and C inserted in it

and a set of n disks of diameter 1, 2, 3,

so that they can ﬁt over the rods. (See ﬁgure). Initially all disks are on rod A, with the largest disk on the bottom, the second-largest disk above the largest disk, the third-largest disk above the second-largest disk, and so on. Arun is asked to move the tower from A to B (and using C) in such a way that during the entire process, no disk is above a disk smaller than itself on the same rod. What is the minimum number of moves that Arun has to make?

, n and with holes in them

6 (a) n 2 − n + 1 (b) 2 n − 1 (Ans) (c) 3 n − 4n + 2

26. For how many real values of x will the determinant of the following

n × n matrix be zero:

 (a) one (b) two (Ans) (c) three

. 1 x n

1

1

.

.

x

x

.

2

x

x

.

2

3

x 2n

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

x n

x

x

2n

.

n 2

27. A circle of unit radius is centered at (1, 0) and P is the origin. Let A(x, y) be any point on the circle diﬀerent from P . B is a point on ray P A (starting at P towards A) such that d(P, A) × d(P, B) = 4. What is the locus of B as A varies?

 (a) a circle (b) a straight line (Ans) (c) a parabola

28. If a, b, c are positive real numbers then which of the following statements is FALSE:

(a) (b + c)(c + a)(a + b) 8abc

7

(b)

(c)

bc

a

a b

c

+ ca + ab

c

+ b c +

b

a + b + c

c a

0 (Ans)

a b

29. Chuck and Wilson are standing on the beach of an island in Fiji, which is circular of radius 1 kilometers and surrounded by water on all sides. Wilson heads oﬀ tangentially away from the island and Chuck simultaneously and with the same speed, starts walking on the shore (circumference) of the island. As soon as Chuck covers half the island, Wilson’s boat starts drowning. In order to save him, Chuck now starts running in the (present) direction of Wilson. Approximately how much distance does he need to cover before he has to start swimming? [Use π 3 for ease in calculations]

(a)

(b)

(c)

13

13

4

4

13 (ans)

30. a 1 , a 2 , ··· a n , x are real numbers. Then the least value of the expression (x a 1 ) 2 + (x a 2 ) 2 + ··· + (x a n ) 2 occurs when x is the mean of the a n ’s.

 (a) arithmetic (Ans) (b) geometric (c) harmonic

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Tie-breaker Questions

( Attempting these questions is optional. Answers to these questions shall be evaluated only in case of a tie. )

1. The methane (CH 4 ) molecule has the shape of a regular tetrahederon with the Hydrogen atoms at the vertices. What is the H-C-H bond angle? (You are expected to write an expression for the answer and not necessarily the value in degrees. The picture of the methane

molecule is shown for referene.) 2. A knight is located at a black square of an inﬁnite chessboard. How many squares can it reach after exactly n moves? (n > 2) [Note:

n = 1 is done for you below.] (Write the expression in terms of n)

3. Into how many points do the curves y = π x and y = x 12 meet each other? Justify.

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