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SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN MADAI, KUNAK

SCHEME OF WORK SCIENCE ( FORM 4 ) 2011

THEME : INTRODUCING SCIENCE


LEARNING AREA : 1. SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary


Objectives
1
Orientation Form 4

2 1.1 A student is able to: Carry out a scientific investigation, e.g. analyse – menganalisis
Analyzing investigate how surface area affects the rate apparatus – radas
method of • explain the steps in of cooling. conduct – jalankan
scientific scientific investigation, Students will: conclusion – kesimpulan
investigation • carry out a scientific a) identify the problem, determine – tentukan
investigation, b) identify the variables, hypothesis – hipotesis
• write a report on a scientific c) make a hypothesis, identify – kenal pasti
investigation, d) plan the investigation to: interpret – tafsirkan
• explain the importance of i. determine the apparatus and materials investigate – siasat
scientific investigation. needed, material – bahan
ii.determine the procedure of the observe – memerhati
investigation, the method of data planning – merancang
collection and data analysis. Procedure –
e) carry out the investigation, prosedur,tatacara
f) collect data, steps – langkah-langkah
g) analyse and interpret data, variables – pemboleh ubah
h) make conclusions,
i) write a report.

Discuss the importance of scientific


investigation method in acquiring scientific
knowledge.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

2 1.2 A student is able to: View a video or a computer simulation then noble values – nilai murni
Realizing the gather and interpret data on the scientific
need to • identify scientific attitudes and attitudes and noble values practiced by practice – mengamalkan
practice noble values practiced by scientists.
scientific scientists, scientific attitudes – sikap
attitudes and • explain the need to practice Discuss the need to practice scientific saintifik
noble values scientific attitudes and noble attitudes and noble values when carrying
when carrying values when carrying out a out scientific investigations.
out scientific scientific investigation,
investigations • practice scientific attitudes and
noble values when carrying
out a scientific investigation

THEME: MAINTENANCE AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE


LEARNING AREA: 1. BODY COORDINATION

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary


Objectives

3 2.1 A student is able to: Carry out activities to observe and discuss body coordination –
(18.1.10- Understanding • describe what body body coordination. koordinasi badan
22.1.10) body coordination is,
coordination • identify the body systems that Examine models, view charts or videos to endocrine system – sistem
control and regulate identify the body systems which control endokrin
coordination, coordination,i.e. the nervous system and the
• state the importance of body endocrine system. nervous system – sistem
coordination. saraf
Discuss the importance of body
coordination in daily activities.

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary

2
Objectives
A student is able to:
3 2.2 • identify the component parts Observe models, view charts or videos and axon – akson
(18.1.10- Understanding of the human nervous system. identify the human nervous system which
22.1.10) the human • state the function of each consist of: cell body – badan sel
nervous component part of the a) central nervous system :
system nervous system, brain and spinal cord, central nervous system –
• state what a neuron is, b) peripheral nervous system: sistem saraf pusat
• identify the parts of the cranial and spinal nerves and their
neuron, branches which link the receptors and motor neuron – neuron
• state the function of effectors with the central nervous system motor
each parts of the neuron.
Discuss the function of each
• identify the different types of myelin seath – salut mielin
component part of the nervous system
neuron
• state the function of each type peripheral nervous system –
View videos, charts or examine models and sistem saraf perifri
of neuron, discuss the following:
• compare and contrast the a) neuron as the basic unit of the nervous
different types of neuron relay neuron – neuron
system, perantaraan
b) parts of neuron namely cell body, axon,
dendron and myelin sheath sensory neuron – neuron
c) function of various parts of a neuron, deria
d) types of neuron namely the sensory
neuron, motor neuron, and the relay
neuron,
e) functions of various types of neurons,
Draw a labeled diagram of the sensory
neuron, the motor neuron, and the relay
neuron.
Carry out the activity to compare and
contrast the different types of neurons and
present the similarities and differences in a
graphic organizer.

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary

3
Objectives

2.3 A student is able to: Discuss the following: reflex action- tindakan
Analyzing • state what receptors and a) meaning of receptors and effectors, refleks
nervous effectors are, b) functions of receptors and effectors.
coordination • state the functions of reflex arc – arka refleks
receptors and effectors, Carry out activities to demonstrate the
• explain with examples what a reactions of sensory organs to various
reflex action is, stimuli.
• describe a reflex arc,
• illustrate the path taken by an Carry out activities and discuss reflex
impulse in the reflex arc. actions such as knee-jerk and reaction to
touching a sharp or hot object.
4
(25.1.10- View computer stimulations or charts
29.1.10) showing the path taken by an impulse in a
reflex arc.

Draw a diagram to show the path taken by


an impulse in a reflex arc

2.4 A student is able to: Carry out the following activities to show porprioceptors – reseptor
Understanding the importance of proprioceptors: regang
the role of • explain what proprioceptors a) stacking objects with both eyes
proprioceptors are, closed,
in maintaining • explain the importance of b) maintaining balance of the body.
balance and proprioceptors
coordination View charts, videos or computer
stimulations and discuss the following:
a) proprioceptors and their functions,
b) the importance of proprioceptors in
maintaining balance and
coordination.

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary

4
Objectives
A student is able to: Examine models, view videos or computer construction – penguncupan
5 2.5 • identify the main parts of the simulations to identify the structure of the
(1.2.10- Understanding human brain, human brain, i.e. the cerebrum, cerebellum dilation – pembesaran
5.2.10) the human • state the functions of each and medulla oblongata. Discuss the
brain and its main part of the human brain, functions of the various parts of the brain. heart beat – degupan
complexity • explain what voluntary action Draw and label the main parts of the human jantung
brain.
is,
Carry out activities and discuss the involuntary actions –
• give examples of voluntary
following: tindakan luar kawalan
action,
a) voluntary actions such as writing and
• explain what involuntary dancing, voluntary actions –
action b) involuntary actions such as dilation and tindakan terkawal
• explain the effects of injuries construction of the pupil and the beating of
to specific parts of the human the heart.
brain. Discuss the effects of injuries to specific
parts of the human brain

6 2.6 A student is able to: Carry out games such as “match and win” Only adrenaline, adrenal gland – kelenjar
(8.2.10- Understanding • describe what a hormone is, or puzzles to identify the following: insulin, thyroxine adrenal
12.2.10) hormonal • describe what endocrine a) hormones and the main endocrine oastrogen,
coordination in glands are, glands, i.e. the pituitary gland, thyroid progesterone, and ovary – ovari
the body • identify the main endocrine gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovary, and testosterone are
glands and their respective testis, required. pancreas – pancreas
locations in the body, b) the hormones secreted by each of the
• state the functions of main endocrine glands, pituitary gland – kelenjar
hormones secreted by the c) functions of the hormones secreted by pituitary
endocrine glands, each of the main endocrine glands.
• describe the effects of testes – testis
hormonal imbalance on Draw a labeled diagram to show the
health. location of the main endocrine glands in the thyroid gland – kelenjar
human endocrine system. tiroid

Discuss the effects of hormonal imbalance


on health and present the information in a
graphic organizer.

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary

5
Objectives

2.7 A student is able to: Carry out an activity to compare and response – gerak balas
Analyzing contrast nervous coordination with
coordination • compare and contrast hormonal coordination and present the stimulus - rangsangan
between the nervous coordination similarities and differences in a graphic
nervous with hormonal organizer.
system and the coordination,
endocrine • explain with examples the Simulate “fright and flight” situations or
system coordination between the relate an incident to discuss the following:
nervous system and the a) coordination between the nervous
endocrine system in system and the endocrine system in
response to a specific producing a response to a stimulus,
7 stimulus,
(15.2.10- • explain the importance of b) the importance of coordination between
19.2.10) coordination between the the nervous system and the endocrine
nervous system and the system in ensuring a smooth and
endocrine system in appropriate response to a specific stimulus.
response to a specific
stimulus.

2.8 A student is able to: Invite a representative from Agensi Dadah drug abuse –
Evaluating the Kebangsaan (ADK), Polis Di Raja penyalahgunaan dadah
effects of drug • define what drugs are, Malaysia (PDRM), Persatuan Mencegah
abuse on body • list examples of drugs, Dadah Malaysia (PEMADAM) or other
coordination • explain what drugs abuse is, appropriate institutions to give a talk or
and health. • describe the effects of drugs exhibition on drugs, drugs abuse and the
abuse on body coordination, effects of drugs abuse on body
• describe the effects of drug coordination and health.
abuse on health.
Students make presentations on drug abuse
through public speaking, exhibiting folio or
multimedia PowerPoint presentation.

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary

6
Objectives

2.9 A student is able to: Gather information from books, alcoholic drinks – minuman
Analyzing the • lists example of alcoholic newspapers, magazines, or internet and beralkohol
effects of drinks, discuss the following:
excessive • describe the effects of a) examples of alcoholic drinks, excessive consumptions –
consumptions excessive consumption of b) effects of excessive consumptions pengambilan berlebihan
of alcohol on alcohol on body coordination, of alcohol on body coordination
body • describe the effects of (effect on reaction times) and health. reaction time – masa tindak
coordination excessive consumption of c) the importance of avoiding excessive balas
and health alcohol on health, consumption of alcohol.
8 • justify the importance of
(22.2.10- avoiding excessive Present and exhibit the collected
26.2.10) consumption of alcohol. information.

2.10 A student is able to: Gather information from books, magazines, hormonal imbalance –
Realizing the newspapers and internet and discuss the ketidakseimbangan hormon
importance of • state what mind is, following:
sound and • identify factors that affect the a) the meaning of mind, mind – minda
healthy mind mind, b) factors that affect the mind, which
• explain how substance abuse include hormone imbalance, excessive mental stress – tekanan
that can affect the mind, consumptions of alcohol, drug abuse, mental
• justify the importance of a mental stress and brain injury,
healthy and sound mind c) how hormone imbalance, excessive healthy and sound mind –
consumptions of alcohol and drug abuse minda yang sihat dan baik
can affect the mind,
d) the importance of a healthy and sound
mind.

THEME: MAINTENANCE AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE

7
LEARING AREA: 2. HEREDITY AND VARIATION

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary


Objectives

9 3.1 A student will be able to: View videos, computer stimulations or Name of the phase cell division – pembahagian
(8.3.10- Understanding • state what genes, charts to study the following: of mitosis and cell
11.3.10) cell division deoxyribonucleic acids a) gene, DNA and chromosome meiosis are not
(DNA) and chromosomes are, b) mitosis and meiosis. required. centromeres – sentromer
• describe the relationship
between gene, DNA, and Simulate the process of mitosis and Only a brief chromosomes – kromosom
chromosomes, meiosis. discussion is deoxyribonucleic acid –
• state what meiosis is, required for the asid deoksiribonukleik
• state what mitosis is, Carry out activity to compare and contrast following:
• describe the process of mitosis with meiosis and present the a) separation and gene – gen
meiosis, similarities and differences in a graphic polarization of
organizer. chromosomes, polarization – pengutuban
• describe the process of
b) functions of
mitosis,
Discuss the importance of mitosis and spindle fibres and spindle fibres – gentian
• compare and contrast mitosis meiosis. centromeres, spindle/gelendung
and meiosis, c) formation of
• explain the importance of new cell.
mitosis and meiosis

10 USBF 1 (8.3.10 – 12.3.10)


CUTI PERTENGAHAN PENGGAL 1
(13.3.10 - 21.3.10)
11 3.2 A student is able: Observe and identify dominant and dominant – dominan
(22.3.10- Understanding • explain what dominant genes and recessive traits among students and their genotype – genotip
26.3.10) the principles recessive genes are, family members. inheritance – pewarisan
and Discuss the following: Mendel’s law – hukum
mechanism of
• identify dominant traits and a) dominant genes and dominant traits, Mendel
recessive traits in human,
inheritance b) recessive genes and recessive traits. monohybrid cross –
• illustrate the mechanism of View videos or computer simulations on kacukan monohibrid
inheritance of traits using genetic experiments carried out by Gregor phenotype – fenotip
schematic diagram, Mendel to study the mechanism of trait recessive traits – sifat
• predict the genotype and inheritance. resesif
phenotype ratios of a monohybrid
cross.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
Use schematic diagrams to illustrate
monohybrid crosses and predict the
following using the Mendel’s law.
a) genotype ratio to the ‘first filial’ or F1
generation and the ‘second filial’ or F2
generation,
b) phenotype ratio of the ‘first filial’ or F1
generation and the ‘second filial’ or F2
generation.

12 3.3 A student is able to: View computer simulations, videos or identical twins – kembar
(29.3.10- Understanding charts and discuss the following: seiras
2.4.10) sex • explain what sex a) sex chromosomes,
determination chromosomes are, b) determination of sex, non - identical twins –
and the • explain how sex is c) the occurrence of identical and non- kembar tak seiras
occurrence of determined, identical twins,
twins in • explain the formation of d) the occurrence of siamese twins. sex chromosomes –
human beings identical and non identical kromosom seks
twins, Use schematic diagram to illustrate the
• compare and contrast following : seks determination –
identical with non identical a) how sex is determined, penentuan seks
twins, b) how identical and non- identical twins
• explain what siamese twins are formed. siamese twins – kembar
are. siam
Carry out an activity to compare and
contrast identical twins with non- identical
twins and illustrate the similarities and
differences in a graphic organizer.

Read and interpret data from books,


articles, magazines, or internet on siamese
twins.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

3.4 A student is able to: View videos, computer simulations or Change in genes albinism – albinisme
Understanding • state what mutation is, charts and discuss the following: and chromosomes
mutation • state the types of mutation, a) mutation and types of mutation such as at the molecular colour blindness – buta
• list examples of mutation, chromosome mutations and gene level is not warna
• identify causes of mutation, mutations, required.
• state the advantages and b) consequences of chromosome mutation Klinefelter’s syndrome –
disadvantages of mutation. in human such as Down’s syndrome, sindrom Klinefelter
Klinefelter’s syndrome, Turner’s syndrome
and Thalassemia. Down’s syndrome –
c)consequences of gene mutations in sindrom Down
humans such as colour blindness and
albinism. Mutation – mutasi
13
(5.4.10- Carry out an activity to test colour Turner’s syndrome –
9.4.10) blindness among pupils. sindrom Turner

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages


of mutation.

3.5 A student is able to: Search the internet, read books, magazines, livestock – ternakan
Evaluating the and newspapers for informations on genetic
effects of • list the contributions of research and discuss the following: selective breeding –
genetic genetic research in various a) genetic research in the field of medicine, pembiakbakaan pilihan
research on fields. such as the discovery of various types of
human life. • explain the selective breeding hereditary diseases and the latest techniques
in plants and livestock for treating.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
Specific diseases
13 • state the importance of selective b) genetic research in the field of agriculture
(5.4.10- breeding in plants and livestock, such as genetically modified food (GMF),
9.4.10) • describe the technology used Human Genome Project and cloning,
for selective breeding, selective breeding in plants such as paddy,
• present arguments for and oil palm, papaya, durian, chilli and livestock
against genetic research. such as dairy cow and chicken.
Discuss the following:
a) selective breeding in livestock and plants,
b) the importance of selective breeding in
plants and livestock,
View videos or computer simulations on
the technology used for selective breeding
Debate on genetic research and its effects.
Carry out activities to identify and classify
14 3.6 A student is able to: variation among students in a class. continuous variation –
(12.4.10- Analyzing Discuss the following: variasi selanjar
16.4.10) variation • state what variation is, a) continuous variation and discontinuous
among • list variations in humans variation, discontinuous variation –
living • classify variation into b) examples of continuous variation and variasi tak selanjar
things continuous and discontinuous discontinuous variation,
variation, c) factors which cause variation, family tree – salasilah
• compare and contrast d) the importance of variation. keluarga
continuous and discontinuous Carry out an activity to compare and
variation, contrast continuous variation with left-handed – kidal
• identify factors that cause discontinuous variation and illustrate the
variation, similarities and differences in a graphic variation – variasi
organizer.
• explain the importance of
Construct a family tree based on variation
variation.
among family members such as having
straight or curly hair, being right –handed or
left-handed, the presence or absence of ear
lobes, and the ability to roll the tongue.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

3.7 A student is able to: Read books, articles, magazines, or search


14 Realizing the the internet and discuss how misuse of
(12.4.10- need to • explain how the misuse of knowledge in the field of genetics can
16.4.10) adhere to a knowledge in the field of endanger life.
code or ethics genetics can endanger life,
in genetic • describe the importance of Discuss the importance of establishing and
research establishing and adhering adhering to ethics and morals in scientific
to ethics and morals in research for the benefit of mankind.
scientific research for the
benefit of mankind.

THEME: MATTER IN NATURE


LEARNING AREA: 1.MATTER AND SUBSTANCE
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
15 4.1 A student is able to: Carry out an activity to observe changes in The kinetic theory absorbed – diserap
(19.4.10- Analyzing the states of matter when heat is absorbed of matter should be boiling – pendidihan
23.4.10) changes in explain the kinetic theory of matter, or released. explained in terms condensation – kondensasi
the states of relate changes in heat to changes in of particle freezing – pembekuan
matter kinetic energy of the particles View computer simulations or videos and movement. interconversion –
in matter, discuss the following: perubahan dari satu
explain the interconversion of the a) the kinetic theory of matter, keadaan ke keadaan yang
three states of matter based on b) changes in kinetic energy of particles in lain dan sebaliknya
the kinetic theory of matter. matter during heat change, kinetic energy – tenaga
c) changes in the state of matter involving kinetik
the absorption or release of heat, kinetic theory of matter –
d) changes in matter during melting, teori kinetik jirim
boiling, condensation, freezing, and melting – peleburan
sublimation based on the kinetic theory of particles in matter – zarah-
matter. zarah dalam jirim

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
4.2 A student is able to: Examine models, view computer released – dibebaskan
Understanding simulations and discuss the following:
the structure • describe the structure of an a) the structure of an atom, states of matter – keadaan
of an atom atom, b) the subatomic particles namely proton, jirim
• identify the subatomic electron, and neutron. sublimation –
particles, Draw a labeled diagram of a model of an pemejalwapan
• compare and contrast the atom.
subatomic particles. Carry out an activity to compare and charge – cas
contrast the subatomic particles in terms of
location, relative mass and charge, relative mass – jisim relatif
16 illustrate the similarities and differences of
(26.4.10- subatomic particles in a graphic organizer. subatomic particles – zarah-
30.4.10) zarah subatom
4.3 A student is able to: Collect and interpret data on the following: Only elements isotopes – isotop-isotop
Applying the • state what proton number is, a) proton number, with proton
idea of proton • state what nucleon number is, b) nucleon number, numbers in the make generalization –
number and • relate the number of protons, c) isotopes. range of 1-10 are membuat pengitlakan
nucleon neutrons and electrons in an Construct a table to show the relationship required.
number in atom to its proton number and between the number of protons, neutrons nucleon number – nombor
atoms of nucleon number, and electrons in an atom and its proton nukleon
elements • deduced the number of protons, number and nucleon number.
electrons and neutrons in atom Discuss and make a generalization that proton number – nombor
of different elements, atoms of different elements consist of proton
• make a generalization on the different numbers of protons and electrons.
numbers of protons and Discuss the following:
electrons in atoms of different a) isotopes,
elements, b) examples of isotopes such as isotopes of
hydrogen and carbon.
• state what isotopes are,
• give examples of isotopes.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

17 4.4 A student is able to: View computer simulations or charts and card game – permainan kad
(3.5.10- Understanding discuss the following aspects of the
7.5.10) the • describe the arrangement of Periodic Table: chemical properties – sifat
classification elements in the Periodic Table, a) arrangement of elements based on kimia
of elements in • describe what is meant by increasing proton number,
Periodic Table groups and periods in the b) group as vertical column containing group – kumpulan
Periodic Table, elements with similar chemical properties,
• identify the locations of metals, c) period of horizontal row containing horizontal rows – baris
non-metals, and semimetals in elements that change their chemical and mendatar
the Periodic Table. physical properties gradually from those
• state the importance of the reflecting metal to those reflecting non- metals – logam
Periodic Table metal,
d) locations of metals, non -metals and non-metals – bukan logam
semimetals
Carry out a card game to fill up the missing period – kala
elements in the Periodic Table. The card
contain the following details: Periodic Table – Jadual
a) proton number, Berkala
b) nucleon number,
c) metal, non-metal and semimetal. semimetals – separuh
Discuss the importance of the Periodic logam
Table in terms of:
a) assisting in an orderly and systematic verticle columns – turus
approach to the study of elements, menegak
b) knowing the properties of the elements,
c) predicting the properties and uses of
elements.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

18 4.5 A student is able to: View computer simulations or charts to boiling point – takat didih
(10.5.10- Understanding describe what atoms, molecules, study the following:
14.5.10) the properties and ions are, a) atoms, molecules and ions, electrical conductivity –
of substances identify the particles in substances b) substances which are made of atoms, kekonduksian elektrik
based on the as atoms, molecules, and ions, molecules, and ions
particles state examples of substances made c) physical properties of substances made forces of attraction – daya
present in of atoms, molecules and ions, of atoms, molecules and ions such as: tarikan
them compare and contrast substances i) physical state at room temperature,
that are made of atoms, ii) melting point, melting point – takat lebur
molecules and ions based on iii) boiling point,
their physical properties, iv) electrical conductivity. room temperature – suhu
relate the physical properties of d) arrangement of particles and their forces bilik
Week Learning Learning Outcomes
substances made up of atoms, of attractionLearning Activitiesin
between particles Notes Vocabulary
Objectives molecules, and ions to the substances made of atoms, molecules and
arrangement of particles
CUTIand ions.
PERTENGAHAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN
the forces of attraction between Carry out an- activity
(29.5.10 13.6.10)to study the melting
them. point and electrical conductivity of
A student is able to: substance
Carry out made up of:to identify objects in
an activity chlorine – klorin
4.6 a) atoms such as
the classroom which lead,are made of metals
Understanding list examples of metals and non- b) molecules
and non-metals,such as sulphur, copper – kuprum
the properties metals, c) ions such as lead bromide.
and uses of list the properties of metals and Carry out an activity to compare and ductility – kemuluran
Metals and non-metals, contrast substances
Collect and interpretthat
dataareonmade up of
the properties
non-metals atoms, molecules and ions based
list the uses of metals and non- and uses of metals such as iron, aluminium, on their electrical and heat
metals in daily life, physical properties. Illustrate the
zinc, copper, lead, tin, gold and non-metals conductivity –
21 compare and contrast metals and similarities
such as carbon,and differences
sulphur andin a graphic
chlorine. kekonduksian elektrik dan
(14.6.10- non-metals based on their organizer. haba
18.6.10) physical properties, Discuss the arrangement of particles and
relate the physical properties of Carry the forces of attraction
out an activity tobetween
compareparticles
and in gold – emas
relation to
metals and non-metals to their contrast thethe physicalof
properties properties of of
things made
uses in daily life. substances made up of
metal and non-metal andatoms, molecules
illustrate the iron – besi
and ions.
similarities and differences in a graphic
19 & 20 PEPERIKSAAN
organizer. PERTENGAHAN TAHUN lead – plumbum
(17.5.10 – 28.5.10)
Carry out an activity to study the physical luminosity – kekilauan
properties of metals and non-metals such
as: luminosity, ductility, malleability, malleability – ketertempaan
tensile strength, electrical and heat
conductivity. tensile strength – kekuatan
15 regangan
Discuss the physical properties of metals
and non-metals relating to their uses.
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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
Collect and interpret data on the following:
4.7 Analyzing A student is able to: a) characteristics of pure substances, cystallization –
method of • state the characteristics of pure b) different methods of purification of penghabluran
purifying substances, substances.
substances describe the different methods of distillation – penyulingan
purification of substances, Carry out activities to study the following:
relate the characteristics of a) how the presence of impurities such as distilled water – air suling
substances to the methods of salts affects the boiling point of water,
purification used, b) purification of substances by the impurities – bendasing
explain with examples the methods following methods:
of purification used to produce i. distillation, e.g. purifying alcohol from a petroleum fractions –
substances used in daily life. mixture of alcohol and water, pecahan petroleum
ii. crystallization, e.g. purifying salt from a
saturated solution of common salt. purification of substances –
22 penulenan bahan
(21.6.10- Gather information and discuss the
25.6.10) following: saturated solutions – larutan
a) factors to be considered when selecting tepu
the methods of purification. Examples are
as follow: solutes – zat-zat terlarut
i. separating a liquid from a solution of a
solid in a liquid, such as producing pure miscible – larut campur
water from sea water,
ii. separating a liquid from a mixture of
miscible liquids such as removing ethanol
from a mixture of ethanol and water,
iii. separating insoluble impurities from a
soluble substance such as removing sand
and other impurities from salt.
b) methods of purification used in
producing substances needed daily such as
salt, sugar, petroleum fractions and distilled
water.

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

4.8 A student is able to: Discuss the following:


22 Appreciating • describe how man uses various a) describe how man uses various
(21.6.10- the existence substances of different substances of different characteristics can
25.6.10) and uses of characteristics and states in be utilized to benefit mankind,
various everyday life, b) the importance of the existence of
substances of • justify the importance of the various substances of different
different existence of various substances characteristics.
characteristic of different characteristic and
s states that benefit mankind.

THEME: ENERGY IN LIFE


LEARNING AREA: ENERGY AND CHEMICAL CHANGES

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Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
5.1 A student is able to: Discuss the following in terms of physical chemical changes –
Understanding • explain what physical changes and chemical changes: perubahan kimia
physical and is, a) burning of paper,
chemical • explain what chemical changes b) melting of ice, copper carbonate salt –
changes is, c) change in colour of sliced apples, garam kuprum karbonat
23 • give examples of physical d) evaporation of water.
(28.6.10- changes in daily life, copper sulphate solution –
2.7.10) • give examples of chemical Carry out the following activities to study larutan kuprum sulphat
changes in daily life, physical and chemical changes:
• compare and contrast physical a) heating iron with sulphur, evaporation of water –
changes and chemical changes. b) burning magnesium in air, penyejatan air
c) mixing zinc with copper sulphate
solution, lead nitrate – plumbum
d) soaking clean iron nails in water until nitrat
they rust,
e) heating copper carbonate, physical changes –
f) mixing potassium iodine with lead perubahan fizikal
nitrate,

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary


Objectives
23 g) dissolving sugar in water, potassium iodine – kalium
(28.6.10- h) crystallizing sodium chloride from its iodida
2.7.10) saturated solution,
i) heating iodine crystals in a closed reaction – tindak balas
container,
j) slow heating of wax. rust - karat
saturated solution – larutan
Carry out a activity to compare and tepu
contrast physical change and chemical sodium chloride – natrium
change and illustrate the similarities and klorida
differences in a graphic organizer. wax - lilin

23 5.2 A student is able to: Carry out the following activities to study ammonium chloride –
(28.6.10- Analyzing heat changes in chemical reactions: ammonium chloride
2.7.10) heat change in • state the chemical reactions a) dissolving ammonium chloride in water,
chemical involve heat change, b) dissolving sodium hydroxide in water. chemical reaction – tindak
reactions • identify reactions involving balas kimia
heat loss, Discuss the following:
• identify reactions involving a) the relationship between heat loss or endothermic – serap haba
heat gain, heat gain and changes in temperature,
• relate changes in temperature b) exothermic and endothermic reactions exothermic – buang haba
of reactants to exothermic based on changes in heat. heat change – perubahan
reactions, haba
• relate changes in temperature View computer simulations then gather reactant – bahan tindak
of reactants to endothermic and interpret data on heat changes that balas
occur during industrial chemical reactions, sodium hydroxide –natrium
reactions, 19
such as: hidroksida
• explain through examples heat
a) the production of ammonia
changes that occur during
from ammonium products sulphuric acid – asid
industrial chemical reactions.
20
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

5.4 A student is able to: View computer simulations or videos on electrolysis – elektrolisis
Applying the • relate the position of metals in methods of extracting metals from their
concepts of the reactivity series to the ores and then carry out the following extraction – pengekstrakan
reactivity method of extraction of metals activities:
series of from their ores, a) relate the position of metals in the ore – bijih
metals • explain with examples the reactivity series to the method of extracting
process of extraction of a metal metals from their ores, such as using tin - timah
from its ore using carbon, carbon by electrolysis,
• state the importance of the b) discuss the process of extracting tins
reactivity series. from its ore.
Discuss the importance of the reactivity
25 series.
(12.7.10-
16.7.10)
5.5 A student is able to: Carry out activities on electrolysis and Chemical equation anode – anod
Understanding • state what electrolysis is, discuss the following: for reactions
electrolysis • state what anode, cathode, a) definition of electrolysis, occurring at cathode – katod
anion, cation and electrolyte b) what anode, cathode, anion, cation, and electrodes are not
are, electrolyte are, required. electrode – elektrod
• describe the electrolysis of an c) the process and product of electrolysis
electrolyte using carbon of an electrolyte using carbon electrodes, electrolyte – elektrolit
electrodes, d) use of electrolysis in electroplating
• explain the uses of electrolysis metal objects. electroplating –penyaduran
in industry. View computer simulations and study the elektrik
following process:
a) electrolysis of molten lead bromide lead bromide – plumbum
using carbon electrodes, bromida
b) electroplating objects made of iron with
copper. molten - lebur
View videos or computer simulations and
discuss the uses of electrolysis in industry,
including the extraction of metals,
purification of metals and electroplating.

21
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

5.6 A student is able to: Carry out an activity to study the Equations to show alkaline batteries – bateri
Understanding production of electrical energy by a simple the reactions at the alkali
the production describe how a simple cell works, cell. positive and
of electrical list the various types of cells and negative terminals lead-acid accumulators –
energy from their uses, Examine various types of cells such as dry of a simple cell are akumulator asid-plumbum
chemical state the advantages and cells, lead acid accumulators, alkaline not required
reactions disadvantages of various types batteries, silver oxide-mercury batteries nickel cadmium batteries –
of cells. and nickel-cadmium batteries and discuss: bateri nikel-kadmium
a) their uses,
26 b) their advantages and disadvantages in silver oxide-mercury
(19.7.10- using each of these types of cells. batteries – bateri argentum
23.7.10) oksida-merkuri
simple cell – sel ringkas

5.7 A student is able to: Discuss the following: Only a brief photographic paper – kertas
Understanding a) chemical reaction which require light for description of fotografi
chemical • give examples of chemical example photosynthesis in green plants, splitting of water photographic paper – kertas
reactions that reactions which require light, b) the effect of light on photosensitive molecules by light fotografi
occur in the chemicals. energy in
presence of • explain the effect of light on photosynthesis is photosensitive chemicals –
light photosensitive chemicals , Carry out an activity to study the effects of required. Chemical bahan kimia yang peka
• explain why certain chemicals light on photographic paper and silver equations are not cahaya
are stored in dark bottles. chloride. required.
photosynthesis –
Discuss how photosensitive chemicals are fotosintesis
stored by relating to the effect of light on
these chemicals. silver chloride – argentum
klorida

22
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

5.8 A student is able to: Prepare folio and scrap book on the
Appreciating following topics:
the innovative • describe how energy obtained a) how energy obtained from chemical
efforts in the from chemical reactions should reactions should be use efficiently to
design of be used efficiently to prevent prevent wastage,
26 equipment wastage, b) how equipment utilizing chemical
(19.7.10- using • describe how equipment reactions as sources of energy should be
23.7.10) chemical utilizing chemical reactions as disposed to reduce environmental pollution
reactions as source of energy should be
sources of disposed to reduce Carry out a brainstorming session on new
energy environmental pollution, ways of using chemical reactions as
• give suggestions on new ways sources of energy for equipment.
of using chemical reactions as
sources of energy for Carry out activities to illustrate good habits
equipment, of using and disposing equipment that uses
• put into practice good habits chemical reaction as a source of energy.
when using and disposing
equipment that uses chemical
reaction as a source of energy.

23
THEME: ENERGY IN LIFE
LEARNING AREA: 2. NUCLEAR ENERGY
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

6.1 A student is able to: View computer simulations, videos or Half-life is not penetration power – kuasa
Understanding charts and study: required. penembusan
radioactive state what radioactive substances a) radioactive substances,
substances are, b) radioactive radiations, radiation – sinaran
c) radioisotopes.
give examples of radioactive Discuss the following: radioactive decay –
substances, a) radioactive substances, pereputan radioaktif
describe the process of radioactive b) radioisotopes of carbon, cobalt and
decay, iodine, radioisotope – radiosotop
name the three types of radioactive c) the process of radioactive decay and the
27 radiations, emission of alpha particles, beta particles
(26.7.10- describe the characteristics of each and gamma reaction.
30.7.10) type of radioactive radiation, Carry out an activity to compare and
compare and contrast radioactive contrast the characteristic to the three types
radiations, of radioactive radiations i.e. alpha, beta and
explain what radioisotopes are, gamma radiation in terms of:
give examples of radioisotopes, a. type of particles,
explain the uses of radioactive b. charge,
substances. c. penetrating powers.
Illustrate the similarities and differences in
a graphic organizer.
View computer simulations, videos or
charts and discuss the uses of radioactive
substances in the following fields:
a) agriculture, b) medicine,
c) archeology, d) industry,
e) food preservation.
Access websites or visit Malaysian
Institute of Nuclear Technology (MINT) to
collect information on radioactive
substances and nuclear energy.
28
(2.8.10- USBF 2 / PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PMR
6.8.10)

24
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

6.2 A student is able to: View computer simulations, videos, and The concept of fission – pembelahan
Understanding charts and discuss the production of chain reaction is
the production • describe the production of nuclear energy through the following: not required. fusion – pelakuran
of nuclear nuclear energy through fission, a) fission,
energy and its • describe the production of b) fusion, nuclear energy – tenaga
uses nuclear energy through fusion nuklear
• state the uses of nuclear Discuss the process of generating
energy, electricity from nuclear energy.
29 • describe the process of
(9.8.10- generating electricity from Read articles, and do a group presentation
13.8.10) nuclear energy, on the following:
• explain the effects of nuclear a) the uses of nuclear energy,
energy production. b) the effects of nuclear energy production.

6.3 A student is able to: Read articles, view video or charts and radioactive wastes - sisa
Awareness of discuss the following: bahan radioaktif
the need for • state the effects of radioactive a. Chernobyl nuclear disaster and other
proper radiations on living things, nuclear disasters, nuclear power station –
handling of • describe the correct way of b. handling of radioactive substances and stesen tenaga nuklear
radioactive handling radioactive radioactive waste.
substances substances and radioactive Discuss the following:
waste, (i) the short term and long term effects of
• explain the need for proper radioactive substances on living things,
handling of radioactive (ii) the need for proper handling of
substances and radioactive radioactive substances and radioactive
waste waste.
Debate on the need to have nuclear power
stations.

25
THEME: ENERGY IN LIFE
LEARNING AREA: 3. LIGHT, COLOUR AND SIGHT

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary


Objectives
Carry out activities to observe the
7.1 A student is able to: following: concave lens – kanta
Synthesizing the • state the characteristics of a) images formed by a plane mirror, cekung
formation of image images formed by a plane b) images formed by convex and concave
by plane mirrors mirror, lenses. convex lens – kanta
and lenses • state the characteristics of Carry out an activity to compare and cembung
images formed by a convex contrast images of distant objects formed
lens, by convex lenses and concave lenses. distant object – objek
• state the characteristics of Illustrate the similarities and differences in jauh
images formed by a concave a graphic organizer.
lens, Use computer simulations, videos or charts focal length – panjang
• compare and contrast images to demonstrate the construction of ray fokus
of distant objects formed by diagrams.
30 convex lenses and concave Draw ray diagrams for light passing focal point – titik fokus
(16.8.10- lenses, through:
20.8.10) • draw a labeled ray diagram to a) convex lens with objects located at image – imej
show the formation of images various distances,
by light rays passing through b) concave lens image distance – jarak
a convex lens, Label the following on the ray diagrams: imej
a) principle axis, b) optical centre,
• draw a labeled ray diagram to
c) focal point, d) focal length, optical centre – pusat
show the formation of images
e) object distance, f) image distance. optik
by light rays passing through
Discuss how characteristics of images
a concave lens,
formed by convex lenses vary with objects plane mirror – cermin
• draw ray diagrams to explain distance, satah
how characteristics of images Plan and carry out an activity to determine
formed by convex lenses vary the focal length of a convex lens. principle axis – paksi
with object distance, utama
• determine the focal length of a ray diagram – rajah sinar
convex lens.

26
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

7.2 A student is able to: Investigate the image formed in a camera image formation –
Synthesizing the using a pin-hole camera with and without pembentukan imej
formation of image • identify the parts of optical lens.
by optical instruments involved I image magnifying glass – kanta
instruments formation, Construct a simple periscope and telescope. pembesar
• draw ray diagrams for light Discuss the formation of image by these
rays passing through an optical instruments. optical instrument –
optical instrument, alatan optik
30 • compare and contrast the
(16.8.10- mechanisms in focusing and Use computer simulations to demonstrate pin-hole camera –
20.8.10) controlling the amount of construction of ray diagrams for the light kamera lubang jarum
light that enters human eyes rays passing through the eye and optical
and a camera, instruments.
• explain the structure and
function of various parts of Based on simulations, draw and label ray
the eye using a camera as an diagrams to show the formation of images
analogy. in the following optical instruments:
a) camera,
b) periscope,
c) telescope,
d) eye.

Discuss the similarities and differences


between camera and eye in terms of
focusing and controlling the amount of
light.

Examine a model camera and relate its


structure and functions to those of the eyes.

27
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
7.3 A student is able to: Carry out activities to investigate the
Analyzing light following: light dispersion –
dispersion • state what light dispersion is, a) light dispersion using a prism, penyebaran cahaya
• explain through examples b) rainbow formation,
how dispersion of light Discuss what light dispersion is. phenomenon– fenomena
occurs. Use computer simulations to demonstrate
light dispersion. rainbow - pelangi
Discuss light dispersion in a phenomenon,
such as the formation of rainbow.
7.4 A student is able: Carry out an activity o study light
Analyzing light • state what light scattering is, scattering and its effects. light scattering –
scattering • give examples of Use computer simulations to demonstrate penyerakan cahaya
31 phenomenon related to light the process of light scattering.
(23.8.10- scattering, Discuss light scattering in phenomenon
27.8.10) • explain through examples such as blue skies and red sunset.
how scattering of light occurs
in natural phenomenon.
7.5 A student is able to: Carry out an activity to introduce primary
Analyzing the • identify primary and and secondary colours. coloured filter – penapis
addition and secondary colours, Carry out activities to: warna
subtraction of a) investigate the addition of primary
coloured lights • explain how addition of colours to form secondary colours, primary colour – warna
primary colours produces b) investigate the effects of primary and primer
secondary colours, secondary coloured filters on white and
coloured light. secondary colour – warna
Use computer simulations to demonstrate sekunder
• explain the subtraction of the addition and subtraction of coloured
colours by coloured filters. lights. subtraction of coloured
Discuss the following: light – penolakan cahaya
a) how secondary colours are obtained berwarna
from the addition of primary colours,
b) subtraction of coloured lights by
coloured filters.

28
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives
7.6 A student is able to: Carry out activities to observe and study the colour
Applying the • explain subtraction of coloured of objects under white and coloured lights. cone cell – sel kon
principle of lights by coloured objects, View computer simulations and discuss the
subtraction of • explain the appearance of coloured subtraction of coloured light by coloured objects. rod cell – sel rod
coloured light to objects under white light. Discuss the following:
explain the • explain the appearance of coloured a) functions of rod and cone cells,
appearance of objects under coloured lights b) the appearance of coloured objects under white
coloured objects • state the function of rod and cone and coloured light.
32 cells in the eye.
(30.8.10-
3.9.10)
7.7 A student is able to: Carry out activities to observe and study pigment
Analyzing the • state what pigment is, and the effect of mixing pigments. mixing of pigments –
effects of mixing • list the uses f pigments, View computer stimulations and discuss the percampuran pigment
pigments • compare and contrast the mixing of mixing of pigments on light,
pigments with the addition of Carry out an activity to compare and contrast the pigment - pigmen
coloured lights, mixing of pigments with addition of coloured
explain through examples the lights. Illustrate the similarities and differences in
effects of pigments on light, a graphic organizer.
• make conclusions about the mixing
of pigments.
7.8 A student is able to: View computer simulations or videos to gather
Evaluating the list the uses of colour in daily life, informations and discuss the following:
importance of state with examples the importance of a) the uses of colour printing, electrical wiring,
colour in daily life. colour to living things, traffic lights, symbols and signals
justify the importance of colour to livingb) the importance of colour to humans , animals
things. and plants.
Discuss what life is like without colour.
7.9 A student is able to: Discuss the advantage of having various kinds of
Appreciating the • relate the inventions of various optical instruments such as: optical instrument –
benefits of various types of optical instruments to their a) to overcome the limitation of the sense ofsight peralatan optik
types of optical contributions to mankind. b) extending the capability or power of vision,
instruments to c) increasing human knowledge and understanding
mankind. about nature.
CUTI PERTENGAHAN PENGGAL 2 (4.9.10 - 12.9.10)
33 CUTI AIDIL FITRI DAN CUTI BERGANTI (13.9.10 – 15.9.10)

29
THEME: TECHNOLOGICAL AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOCIETY
LEARNING AREA: 1. CHEMICAL IN INDUSTRY

Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary


Objectives
34 8.1 A student is able to: Examine things made of alloys and discuss alloy – aloi
(20.9.10- Understanding the • state what an alloy is, their composition, properties and uses.
24.9.10) properties of alloys • give examples of alloys, Collect and interpret data on the following: brass – loyang
and their uses in • explain how the formation of a) what an alloy is,
industry alloy can change the b) examples of alloys, bronze – gangsa
properties of metals c) composition, properties and their uses of
• relate the changes in the various alloys including steel, pewter, corrosion – pengkakisan
properties of metals when bronze, brass and duralumin.
they are converted to alloys to View videos or computer simulations and steel – keluli
the arrangement of particles discuss:
in the alloys, a) how formation of alloys can change the superconductor alloy –
• relate the properties of alloys properties of metals, such as to increase aloi superkonduktor
to their uses in daily life, hardness, prevent corrosive and improve
appearance,
• describe the importance of
b) what superconductor alloys are.
alloys in industry,
Discuss the importance of alloys in
• state what superconductor industry.
alloys are.
35 8.2 A student is able to: Collect and study product labels to identify ammonium salt – garam
(27.9.10- Analyzing the • list the uses of ammonia and the ammonium compounds present. ammonium
1.10.10) production and uses its compounds in daily life, catalyst – mangkin
of ammonia in • Discuss the uses of ammonia and its cleaning agent – agen
industry describe how ammonia is compound in the making of substances pencuci
produced in industry, such as fertilizers, nitric acid, colouring, colouring – pewarna
state the factors which affects the cleaning agents and explosives. explosives– bahan
production of ammonia in letupan
industry, View videos or computer simulations to fertilizers – baja
state the industrial uses of ammonia, gather and interpret data on the following: flow chart – carta aliran
describe how ammonia is used to a) the process of producing ammonia in pressure - tekanan
produce ammonium salt fertilizers and industry,
urea b) factors which affects the optimum

30
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

production of ammonia such as


temperature, pressure and catalysts.

Collect and interpret data on the large scale


uses of ammonia in industry such as
manufacturing fertilizers and nitric acid.

Carry out an activity to prepare ammonium


fertilizers such as ammonium sulphate,
ammonium nitrate and ammonium
phosphate.

36 8.3 A student is able to: View videos or computer simulations to environmental pollution –
(4.10.10- Analyzing the gather and interpret data on environmental pencemaran alam sekitar
8.10.10) effects of industrial • identify manufacturing pollution arising from:
waste disposal on activities which are sources of a) burning of fossil fuels, fossil fuels – bahan api
the environment pollution, b) disposal of industrial waste such as toxic fosil
• explain the effects of substances from the chemical industry,
improper industrial waste radioactive waste, oil palm and rubber industrial waste – bahan
disposal, waste from the agricultural industry, sisa industri
c) effects of improper industrial waste
• relate the effects of industrial
disposal on the environment
waste disposal to the survival
d) methods of controlling industrial waste
of living things,
disposal to avoid environmental pollution.
• state with examples the
methods of controlling Discuss and relate the effects of improper
industrial waste disposal to disposal of industrial waste to the survival
avoid pollution. of living things.

Select an industry and do a presentation on


how wastes are managed in the industry.

31
Week Learning Learning Outcomes Learning Activities Notes Vocabulary
Objectives

37 8.4 A student is able to: View videos or computer simulations environmental pollution –
(11.10.10- Realizing the need on industrial waste pollution and its pencemaran alam sekitar
15.10.10) for preservation • describe the consequences of effects on environment.
and conversation of uncontrolled and haphazard conservation –
the environment disposal of industrial waste, Discuss: pemuliharan
from industrial • explain the importance of a) consequences of uncontrolled and
waste pollution for practicing responsible way of haphazard disposal of industrial waste, preservation -
the well being of disposing industrial waste. the need to treat industrial pollution pemeliharaan
mankind seriously in order to preserve and
conserve the environment,
c) the importance of practicing
responsible way of disposing
industrial waste.

38-39 PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR TAHUN


40-42 UPGRADING PROGRAM
CUTI AKHIR TAHUN

32
Prepared by,

…………………………………..
( PN. MAH YI FUN)

Checked by, Checked by,

………………………………….. ………………………………
( PN. MAIMUN ABDULLAH )

Certified by,

………………………………….

33