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 Chemical  Engineering  Thermodynamics  

Date:      20.09.2018  

1. In a closed vessel, 3 kJ of work is done on 2 moles of a gas by some series of irreversible

operations. In this process, pressure increases from 10 bar to 20 bar and temperature from
300 K to 320 K. The gas obeys the equation of state: P(v – b) = RT, where b = 5x10-5
m3/mol. At 10 bar over the temperature range of interest, the specific heat capacity of the gas
at constant volume can be calculated as Cv = 0.1 T (where T is in K).

(a) Calculate the net heat interaction of the given system with the environment.

(b) Determine the change of enthalpy ΔH and change of Helmholtz free energy ΔA for the
system mentioned above.

2. In an isentropic process, an oxygen gas at 150 K is compressed from 30 bar to 100 bar with
an efficiency of 80%. Estimate the power required for the compressor if the gas flow rate is
10 kg/s. Assume that the above system obeys the Peng-Robinson equation of state with
Tc = 154.6 K, Pc = 50.46 bar, Cp = 29.3 J/mol K and an acentric factor of 0.021.

3. In an enhanced oil recovery operation, an adiabatically compressed CO2 is cooled at constant

pressure and then flooded into an oil-bearing reservoir encased with steel pipe as given in
below figure. Estimate the work and cooling requirements of CO2 with T0 = 25 °C while
assuming that the CO2 obeys van der Waals EOS.

Specific heat of CO2 at constant pressure is given as (T is in K):

𝐶!! 𝑇 = 𝑎 + 𝑏𝑇 + 𝑐𝑇 ! + 𝑑𝑇 ! 𝐽 𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝐾 ,

where a = 19.8, b = 0.07344, c = 0.5602 x 10-4, d = 1.715 x 10-8.

4. The vapor pressure of liquid ammonia near the triple point isgiven by 𝑙𝑛𝑃 = 24.38 − !
which is the equation of liquid-vapor boundary curve in a P-T diagram, where P is in Pa,
Similarly, vapor pressure of solid ammonia is given as 𝑙𝑛𝑃 = 27.92 − !
, where P is in Pa.

Estimate/Determine the following:

i) Temperature and pressure at triple point

ii) Latent heats of sublimation and vaporization
iii) Latent heat of fusion at the triple point

5. A constant latent heat of vaporization of 5×10! 𝐽 𝑚𝑜𝑙 exists along the coexistence curve for
a particular material. Consider one mole of this material is in a liquid-vapor equilibrium at
300K and 105 Pa. On heating at constant volume V of 0.01 m3, system pressure increases to
2×10! 𝑃𝑎 (Note that this is not a small ΔP). Find the initial and final mole fractions of vapor
phase (𝑥 ≡ ! )
! !!!

Assume the following,

• Vapor phase is mono-atomic ideal gas

• Molar volume of liquid is much lower than the Molar volume of gas