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BUKIDNON STATE UNIVERSITY

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Reading List for CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I

INTRODUCTION
I. DEFINITIONS
a. Political Law v. Constitutional Law
 Macariola v. Asincion, Adm. Case No. 133-J, 31 May 1982
b. Constitutional v. Law
II. THE 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION
a. Classification of a Constitution
b. Qualities of a Good Written Constitution
c. Essential Part of a Good-Written Constitution
d. Doctrine of Constitutional Supremacy
 Manila Prince Hotel v. Government Service Insurance System, G.R. No
122156, 3 February 1997
III. INTERPRETATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE CONSTITUTION
 Francisco, Jr. v. House of Representative, G.R. No. 160261, 10 November
2003
 Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary, G.R. Nos, 83896, 83896, 22
February 1991

AMENDMENT & REVISION


I. DEFINITIONS
a. Amendment v. Revision
 Lambino v. Comission on Elections, G.R. No. 174153, 25 October 2006
II. POPOSAL STAGE
a. Article 17, Sections 1-3, 1987 Constitution
b. Constitutional Assembly
c. Constitutional Convention
 Imbong v. Ferrer, G.R. No. L-32432, 11 September 1970.
 Mabanag v. Lopez Vito, G.R. No. L-1123, 5 March 1947
 Gonzales v. Comission on Elections, G.R. No. L-28196, November 9,
1967
d. People’s Initiative
 Defensor Santiago v. Comission on Elections, G.R.No 127325, 19 March
1997
 Lambino v Comission on Elections, G.R. No 174153, 25 October 2006.
III. RATIFICATION STAGE
a. Article 17, Section 4, 1987 Constitution
b. Doctrine of Fair and Proper Submission
 Sanidad v. Commission on Elections, G>R. No. L-44640, 12 October
1976.
 Almario et. Al. v. Alba, G.R. No. L-66088, 25 January 1984
 Tolentino v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. L-34150, 4 November
1971.
 Gonzales v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No L028196, 9 November
1967
___________________________________________________
JUDICIAL REVIEW

I. THEORY OF JUDICIAL REVIEW


 Article 8, Section 1, 1987 Constitution

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 Marbury vs. Madison, 5 US 137 (1803)


 Garcia v. ExecutiveSecretary, G.R. No 157584, 2 April 2009
 Biraogo v. Philippines Truth Commission of 2010, G.R. Nos
192935 & 192936, 7 December 2010
II. POLITICAL QUESTION
 Estrada v. Arroyo, G.R. No 146738, 2 March 2001
 Integrated Bar of the Philippines v. Zamora, G.R. No 141284, 15
August 2000
 Francisco vs. House of Representatives, G.R. No. 160261, 10
November 2003

III. FUNCTION OF JUDICIAL REVIEW


 Salonga v. Panom G.R.No 59524, 18 February 1985.
 David v. Macapagal Arroyo-G.R. No 171396,3 May 2006
 ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corp v. Commission on Election,
G.R. 133486, 28 January 2000
IV. WHO MAY EXERCISE JUDICIAL REVIEW
 YNOT V. Intermediate Appellate Court, G.R. No 74457, 20 March
1987.
 Garcia v. Drilon, G.R. No. 17926, 25 June 2013
 Spouses v. Mirasol v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No 128448, February
1, 2001
V. CONDITION FOR THE EXECISE OF JUDICIAL REVIEW
 Funa v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 184740, 11 February 2010
 Southern Hemisphere Engagement Network, Inc v. Anti-Terrorism
Council, G.R.No 178552, 5 October 2010.
A. Actual Case or Controversy, Moot and Academic, Exceptions to the
Moon and Academic Rule, Premature Controversies
 Spouses Imbong v. Ochos, Jr., No. 204819, 8 April 2014
 Belgica v. Executive Secreatary, G.R. No. 208566, 19 November
2013
 John Hay People’s Alternative Coalition v. Lim, G.R. 119775, 24
October 2003
 Pormento v. Estrada, G.R. No 191988 (Resolution), 31 August
2010
 Philippines Association of Colleges and Universities v. Secretary
of Education, G.R.No. L- 5279, 31 October 1955
 Lacson v. Perez, G.R.No 147780, 10 May 2001
 David v. Macapagal Arroyo, G.R. No 192302, 4 June 2014
 Province of Batangas v. Romula, G.R. No. 152274, 27 May 2004
 Sanlakas V. Reyes, G.R. No 159085 3 February 2004
 Alunan IIIv Mirasol, G.R. No 108399, 31 July 1997
 Aralo v. Aquino III, G.R. NNo 209287, 1 July 2014
 Tanada v. Angara, G.R. No 118295, 2 May 1997
 Philippines Press Institute Inc. v Commission of Elctronics, G.R.
No 119694 (Resolution), 22 May 1995
B. Legal Standing; Legal Standing as a Procedural Techniciality
 Chamber of Real Estate and Builders Association, Inc v. Energy
Regulatory Commission, G.R. No 174697, 8 July 2010
 Advocates for Truth in Lending Inc v. Banko Central Monetary
Board G.R.No. 192986, 15 January 2013
 Integrated Bar of the Philippines v. Zamora, G.R. No 141284, 15
August 2000
 Philippines Constitution Association v. Enriquez G.R. No

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1131105 19, August 1994.


 Akbayan v.Aquino, G.R. No 170516, 16 July 2008
 Oposa v. Factoran, G.R. No 101083,30 July 1993.
 Resident MarineMammals of the Protected Seaascape Tanon
Strait, eg Toothed Whales, Dolphins, Porpoises, and other
cetacean species v. Secretary ASngelo Reyes G.R. No. 180771, 21
April 2015
 Alan Paguia v. Office of the President G..R.No 124360, 5
Novemer 1997.
 Information Technology Foundation of the Philippines v.
Commission on Elections G.R. No. 159139, 13 January 2004
C. Timeliness
 Matibag c. Benipayo, G.R. No 149036, 2 April 2002
D. Lis Mota
 Kalipunan ng Damayang Mahihirap, Inc v. Robredo, G.R. No
200903, 22 July 2014
 Laude v. Ginez-Jabalde, G.R. No 217456, 24 November 2015
 Hacienda Luisita,, Inc v. Presidential Agrarian Reform Council,
G.R.No 171101, 5 July
VI. EFFECT OF DECLARATION OF UNCONSTITUTIONALITY
A. Two views, Orthodoz & Modern
 Republic v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No 792732, 8 November 1993.
 De Agbayani v. Philippines National Bank, G.R. No L023127, 29
April 1971
B. Doctrine of Operative Fact
 Araullo v. Aquino III, G.R. No 209287, 1 July 2014.
 Belgica v Ochoa, G.R. No 208566, 208493, 209251, :-207768, 19
November 2013
 Hacienda Luisita v. Presidential Agrarian Reform Council, G.R.
No 171191, 22 November 2011
 League of Cities of the Philippines represented by LCP National
President Jerry P. Trenas, et al vs. Commission on Elections, et al,
G.R. No 176951/G/R/ No 177499/ G.R. No. 178056 24, August
2010
C. Partial Unconstitutionally
 Tatad v. Secretary of the Department of Energy, G.R. No 124360
( Resolution), 3 December 1997
 Disini v. Sandiganbayan G.R. No 169823-24, 174764, September
11, 2013
__________________________________________________________
THE PHILIPPINES AS A STATE
I. DEFINITION OF A STAT; ELEMENTS OF A STATE
a. Article 1, Montevideo Convention
b. Case Laws
 The Province of North Cotabato vs. Government of the Republic of the
Philippines, G.R. No 183491, 14 October 2008
 Collector of Internal Revenue v. Campos Ruedam G.R. No L013250, 29
October 1971.
II. PHILIPPINES TERRITORY
a. Article 1,1987
b. The Philippine Archipelago
 Article 1m 1935 Constitution
 Article 3m treaty of Paris 10 December 1898
 Treaty of Washington, 7 November 1900

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 1930 Treaty between US and Great Britain, 2 January 1930


c. Internal/ Archipelagic Waters, Archipelagic Doctrine
 Article 1, 1973 Constitution
 Article 1, 1987 Constitution
 Article 46, UNCLOS III
 Right of Innocent Passage, Article 52, UNCLOS III
 Right of Archipelagic Sea Lanes Passage, Article 53, UNCLOS III
d. Other Territories
 Batanes- Article 1, 1935 Constitution (“over which the present GPI
exercises jurisdiction”)
 Article 1, 1973 Constitution (“by historical right or legal title”)
 Article 1, 1987 Constitution (“has sovereignty or jurisdiction”)
 Section 2, R.A. 5466
 P.D. 1596
 Section 2, R.A 9522
e. Components of Territory
 See Comment of Commissioner Adolfo Azcuna of the 1986 Constitutional
Commission Journal of July 2, 1986, 1 RECORD 305
f. Baseline and Maritime Zones
 Normal Baseline (Article 5, UNCOS III) v. Straight Baseline (Article 7,
UNCLOS III)
 Anglo Noregian Fisheries, U.K v. Norway, Order 1951 I.C.J. 117 (Jan 18)
 R.A. 3046
 R.A. 5446
 Article 47, UNCLOS III
 R.A 9522
 Magallona, et al vs Emita, et al, G.R. No 187167, 16 Aufust 2011
 Territorial Sea, Articles 2 and 3, UNCLOS III
 Right of Innocent Passage over Territorial Sea, Articles 17 and 19,
UNCLOS III
 Contiguous Zone, Articles 33 and 48 UNCLOS III
 Exclusive Economic Zone, Article 6 56-68, UNCLOS III
III. PEOPLE/CITIZENSHIP
a. Modes of Acquisition, Citizens of the Philippines
 Citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of the 1987
Constitution
1. Article 4, Section 1 (1), 1987 Constitution
a. Poe-Llamanzares v. Commission on Elections, G.R. Nos.
221697 & 221698-700, 8 March 2016
2. Article 4, Section 1, 1973 Constitution
3. Article 3, Section 1, 1935 Constitution
a. Section 4, Philippines Bill of 1902
b. Section 2, Jones Law of 1916
c. Valles v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No 137000, 9
August 2000
d. Tecson v. Comission on Eection, G.R. No 7011, 30
October 1912
e. Teotimo Rodriguez Tiam V. Republic, G.R. NO L- 9602,
25 April 1957.
f. Caram, Jr. Laureta, G.R. No L-9602, 25 April 1957.
g. Caram, Jr. v. Laureta, G.R. No L-28740, 24 February 1981
h. Chiongbian v. de Leon G.R. No. L-2007, 31 January 1949.
 Children of Filipino Fathers or Mothers
1. Article 4, Section 1 (3), 1987 Constitution
2. Commonwealth Act 625

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3. Cuenco v. Secretary of Justive, G.R. No L-18068, 26 May 1962


4. Co V. House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal, G.R. No.
92191, 30 July 1991
5. In re: Application of Ching, Bar Matter No. 914, 1 October 1999
6. Vilahermosa v. Commissioner of Immegration, G.R. No. L-1663,
31 March 1948
7. Republic v. Chule Lim, G.R. No 153883, 13 January 2004
b. Naturalization Judicial, Administrative, Legislative
 Article 4, Section 1(3), 1987 Constitution
 Article 4, Section 2, 1987 Constitution
 Judicial Naturalization uner Commonwealth Act 473
1. Qualifications
a. Republic v. Huan Te Fu, G.R. No 2000983, 18 March 2015
b. Disqualifications
c. Procedure
2. Procedure
a. Republic v. Li Ching Chung, G.R. No. 197450, 20 March
2013
b. Republic v. Hamilton Tan Keh, G.R.No 1447742, 11
November 2004
c. Republic v. Michael Hong, G.R. No 168877 , 23 March
2006
d. Sy v. Republic, G.R. No L-322287, 28 February 1974.
e. Ong Chua v. Republic, G.R. No 127240, 27 March 2000
f. Republic v. Kerry Lao Ong, G.R. No 175430, 19 June 2012
g. Republic v. Dela Rosa, G.R. No. 103654 105715 &
105735, 06 June 1994
3. Effects of Naturalization
a. Moy Ya Lim Yao v. Commissioner of Immigration, G.R.
No. L-21289, 4 October 1971
4. Denaturalization
a. Republic v. Li Yao, G.R. No 34947, 20 Octover 1992
b. Republic v. Guy, G.R. L-413399, 20 July 1982
5. Effects of Denaturalization
a. Republic v. Li Yao, G.R. No 34947, 20 Octover 1992
 Administrative Naturalization under Republic under Republic Act No.
9139
a. So v. Republic, G.R. No. 170603, 29 January 2007
b. Special Committee on Naturalization
c. Qualifications
d. Disqualification
e. Procedure
f. Status of Alien Wife and Minor Children
g. Cancellation of Certificate of Naturalization
 Legislative Naturalization
c. Loss and Reacquisition of Citizenship
 Article 4, Section 3, 1987 Constitution
 Loss of Citizenship
1. By taking the Oath of Allegiance under RA 9225
a. Maquiling v. Comission on Electrons, G.R. No 195649, 16
April 2013
b. Lopez v. Commission on Electrons, G.R. 182701, 23 July
2008
2. By naturalization
3. By repatriation under PD 725 and RA 8171
a. Frivaldo v. Commission on Elections, G.R> No 120295, 28

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June 1996
b. Alterejos v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 163256,
10 November 2004
c. Bengqon III v. House of Representative Electoral Tribunal,
G.R. No 142840 7 May 2001
d. Tiabas v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No 125793, 29 August
2006
d. Dual Citizenship and Dual Allegiance
IV. SOVEREIGNTY
 Laurel v. Misa G.R. No L-409 (Resolution), 30 January 1947
 Peralta v. Director of Prisons, G.R. No L-49, 12 November 1945
 Tiamco v. Diaz, G. R. No L-4, 22 January 1946
 People v Perfecto, G.R. No. 18463, 4 October 1922
A. Sovereign Immunity/ Doctrine on Non-Suability of State, Basis
 Article 16, Section 3, 1987 Constitution
 Republic v. Villasor, G.R> No L-30671, 29 November 1973
B. Immunity of Other States and International Organs
 Minucher v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 206510, 16 September
2014
 Arigo v. Swift, G.R. No. 206510, 16 September 2014
 World Health Organization v. Aquino, G.R. No. L-35131, 29
November 1972
 Lasco v. Unieted Nations Revolving Fund for Natural Resources
Exploration, G.R. No. 109095-109107, 23 February 1995
 SEAFDEC v Acosta, G.R. No 106483, 22 May 1995
 Callado v. IRRI, G.R. No 106483, 22 May 1995.
C. What constitutes a Suit against the State
 Sanders v. Veridiano, G.R. No. L-46930, 10 June 1988.
 Republic v. Feliciano, G.R. No. 70853, 12 March 1987
 Tan v. Director of Forestry, G.R. No. L-24548, 27 October 1983
 Veterans Manpower and Protective Services, Inc v. Court of
Appeals, G.R. No. 91359 25 September 1992
 Liwayway Vinzons-Chato v. Fortune Tobacco Corporation, G.R.
No. 141309, 23 December 2008.
D. Suit against Government Agencies
 Municipality of San Fernando v. Judge Firme, G.R. No L-52179, 8
April 1991
 Air Transportation Office v. Spouses Ramos, G.R. No 159402, 23
February 2011
 National Elctrification Adminstration v. Morales, G.R. No 154200,
24 July 2007
 Lockhead Detective &Watch Agency v University of the
Philippines, G.R. No. 185918, 18 April 2012
 Farolan v, Court of Tax Appeals, G.R. No. 42204, 21 January
1993.
 Civil Aeronautics Administration v. CA,l G.R> No L-51806, 8
November 1988
 Sanders v. Vendiano, G.R> No. L-46930, 10 June 198.

E. Suit against Public Officials


 Department of Health v. Philippines Paharmawealth, G.R. No
182358, 20 February 2013.
 Veterans Manpower and Protective Services, Inc v. Court of
Appeals, G.R. No 91359, 25 September 1992
 Sanders v. Verdiano, G.R. No. L-46930, 10 June 1988

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 Republic v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No 142476, 20 March 2001


 Lansang v. Court of Appeals, G.R.No 102667, 23 February 2000.
F. Forms of Consent
 Commonwealth Act 327, as amended by President Decree No.
1445
 Act No. 3038
 Republic v. Feliciano, G.R.No. 70853, 12 March 1987.
 Merrit v. Government of the Philippines Island, G.R. No. L-11154,
21 March 1916.
 Republic v Porisima, G.R. o L-36084, 31 August 1977.
 Amigable v. Cuenca, G.R. No. L-26400, 29 February 1972
 Delos Santos v. IAC, G.R. No. L-71998, 2June 1993.
 Froilan v. Pan Oriental Shipping, G.R. N. L-6060, 30 September
1950
 Limv. Brownwell, G.R. No. L-8587, 22 May 1985.
 Republic of Indonesia v. Vnzon, G.R. No. 154705, 26 June 2003.
 U.S. v. Guinto, G.R. no. 76607, 26 February 1990.
 Republic (PCGG) v. Sandiganbayan,G.R.No. 129406, 6 March
2006.
G. Suability v. Execution v. Liability
 Republic v. Villasor, G.R. No. L-30671, 28 November 1973.
 Lockheed Detective and Watchman Agencyv. UP, G.R. No.
185918, 185918, 18 April 2012.
 UP v. Dizon, G.R. No 171182, 23 August 2012.
 Municipality of San Miguel, Bulacan v. Fernandez, G.R. No. L-
614744, 25 June 1984.
 Municipality of Makati v. CA, G.R. No 89898-99, 1 October 1990.
 Merrit v. Government of the Philippines Islang, G.R. No. L-11154,
21 march 1916
V. GOVERNMENT
a. Government in general Defined
 U.S. v. Dorr, 2 Phil 322 (at 339)
b. Government of the Philippines, Defined
 Section 2, Administrative Code of the Philippines
c. Kinds of Government
 Co Kim Cham v. Tan Keh, G.R. No. L-5, 17 September 1945.
 Lawyers League for a Better Philippines v. Corazon C. Aquino, G.R. No
73748, 22 May 1986.
d. Function of a Government Constituent and Ministrant
 Shipside Inc v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No 143377, 20 February 2001.
 Peopl’s Homesite and Housing Corp v. Court of Industrial Relations, G.R.
No. L-31890, 29 May 1987.
 Agricultural Credit v. Confederation of Union in Government Corp. &
Officers, G.R.No. L-21484, 29 November 1969.
e. Doctrine of Parents Patriae
 Government of the Philippines Islands v. El Monte de Piedad, G.R. No
9959, 13 December 1916.
 Samahan ng mag Progresibong Kabataan v. Quezon City, G.R. No.
225442, 8 August 2017.

PRINCIPLES & STATE POLICIES OF THE PHILIPPINE


GOVERNENT
I. NATURE OF PROVISIONS

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 Tanda v. Angara, G.R.No. 118295,, 2May 1997.


 Oposa v. Factorian, G.R.No 101083, 30 July 1993.
 The Province of North Cotabato v. The Government of the Republic of the
Philippines Peace Panel on Ancestra Domain, G.R. No. 1833591, 14
October 2008.
II. PRINCIPLES (Article 2, Sections 1-6, 1987 Constitution)
a. Republicanism
 Note; Specific manifestation of Republicanism shall be discussed in
several topics scattered across the Syllabus.
b. Incorporation Clause
 Kim chan v, Valdez Tan Keh, G.R. No L-5, 17 September 1945.
 Pharmaceutical and Health Care Association of the Philippijes v. Doque,
G.R. Mo. 173934, 9 October 2007
 Icong v. Hernandez, G.R. No. L-7995, 31 May 1957.
 Gonzales v. Hechanova v. Lantion, G.R. No. 21897, October 22, 1963
 Secreatary of Jusve v. Lantion, G.R. No. 139465, 18 January 2000
 Philip Morris, Inc v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 91332, 16 July 1993.
c. Civilian supremacy
 See. Article VII, Section 18; Article XVI, Section 5(1), (4), (5), (6), (7);
Article XVI, Section 6
 Alih v. Castro, G.R. No L-69401, 23 June 1987.
d. Government as Protector of the People, People as Defenders of the State
 People v. Tranquilino Lagman, G.R. No. L-45892, 13 July 1938.
 People v. Primitivo De Sosa, G.R. No. L-45893, 13 July 1938
 Chavez v. Romulo, G.R. No. 157036, 9 June 2004
e. Separation of Church and State
 Note; Specific manifestation of the Separation of Church and state shall be
discuss in ceveral topics scatters across the syllabus
III. STATE POLICIES
a. Independent Foreign Policy and Nuclear-Free-Philippines
b. Just and Dynamic Social Order
c. Promotion of Social Justice
d. Respect for Human Dignity and Human Rights
e. Family and Youth
f. Fundamental Equality of Men and Women
g. Promotion of Health and Ecology
h. Priority to Education, Science Technology, Etc.
i. Protection to Labor
j. Self-Reliant and Independent Economic Order
k. Land Reform
l. Indigenous Cultural Communities
m. Independent People’s Organizations
n. Commonication and Information in Nation-Building
o. Autonomy of Local Governments
p. Equal Acces of Opportunities for Public Servic
q. Honest Public Service and Full Public Disclosure

SEPARATION OF POWERS
Pangasinan Transportation Co. v. Public Service Commission, G.R. No. 47065, 26 June 1940.
 La Bugal-B’Laan Tribal Association v. Ramos, G.R. No 127882,
1December 2004.
 Bengzon v Drilon, G.R. Np 103524, 15 April 1992
 Fort Bonifacio Development Corparation v. Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, G.R. No. 173425, 4September 2012
 Maceda v. Vasquez, G.R. No 102781, 22 April 1993.

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LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT
I. THE SENATE(Article 6, Section 2-4, 1987) Constitution)
a. Composition
b. Qualifications
 Poe-Llamanzares vs. Comelec, G.R. No. 221697, March 8, 2016
c. Term of Office
II. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE
a. Composition (Article 6, Section 5, 1987 Constitution)
 District Representatives
o Macias v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. L-18684, 14
September 1961.
o Aldaba v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 188078, 15 March
2010.
o Aquino III v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 189793, 7 April
2010
o Mariano v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No 118577, 7 March
1995
o Montejo v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No 118702, 16 March
1995.
o Serna v. Comission on Elections, G.R. No. 177597, 16 Jully 2008.
 Party-list Representatives
o Sections 11 and 12, Republic Act 7941 (The Party-List System
Act)
o Veterans Federation Party v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No.
126781, 6 October 2000.
o Ang Bagong Bayani v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No.
147589, 26 June 2001.
o BANAT v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No 179271, 21 April
2009
b. Qualifications
 Article 6, 1987 Constitution
 RA 7941 (The Party-List System Act)
o Who may participate in the Party List Election
a. Atong Paglaum v. Comission on Elections, G.R. No.
203766, 2 April 2013
b. Section 6, Refusal and/ or Cancellation of Registration
c. Philippines Guardians Brotherhood, Inc v. Commission on
Elections. G.R. No. 190529, 29 April 10.
d. Ang Ladlad LGBT Party v Comossion on Elections, G.R.
No. 190582, 8 April 2010
o Who may become Party-List Representatives
a. Aection 8, Nomination of Party List Representatives
b. Section 9, Qualifications of Party List Nominees
c. Section 13, How Party List Representatives are chosen
d. Section 15, Effect of Change of Affiliation
e. Atong Paglaum v. Commission on
c. Term of Office
 Article 6, Section 7, 1987 Constitution
 Section 14, RA 7941
III. ELECTION
 Article 6, Sections 8 and 9, 1987 Constitution
 Tolentino, et al. v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 148334, 21
January 2004.
 Macalintal v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 10 July 2003

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IV. SALARIES
 Article 6, Sections 10, 1987 Constitution
 Article 18, Section 17, 1987 Constitution
V. PARLIAMENTARY IMMUNITIES
 Article 6, Section 11, 1987 Constitution
 Freedom from arrest
o People v. Jalosjos, G.R. No 132875, 3 February 2000
o Trillanes v. Judge Pimentel, G.R. No. 179817, 27 June 2008.
 Privelage of Speech and of debate
o Osmena v. Pendatun, G.R. No. L-17144, 28 October 1960
o Jimenez v. Cabangbang G.R. No 15905, 3 August 1966
VI. DISQUALIFICATIONS
 Article 6, Section 13, 1987 Constitution
 Incompatible Offeco
o Adaza v. Pacana Jr.G.R. No 68159, 18 March 1985
o Dante Liban v. Senator Richard Gordon, G.R. No. 17532, 18
January 2011
 Forbidden Office
VII. OTHER INHIBITIONS
a. Regular and Special Sessions
 Article 6, Section 15, 1987 Constitution
VIII. Joint Sessions
 Voting Separately
o Article 6, Section 23, 1987 Constitution
o Article 7, Section 4, 1987 Constitution
o Article 7, Section 9, 1987 Constitution
o Article 7, Section 11, 1987 Constitution
o Article 7, Section 1, 1987 Constitution
o Article 17, Section 1, 1987 Constitution
 Voting Jointly
o Article 7, Section 18, 1987 Constitution
b. Adjournment
 Article 6, Section 16, (5), 1987 Constitution
IX. ORGANIZATION, PROCEEDING RECORDS
a. Election of Officers
 Article 6, Section 16, (1), 1987 Constitution
b. Quorum
 Article 6, Section 16 (2), 1987 Constitution
 Avelino v. Cuenco, G.R. No. L-2821 (Resolution), 4 March 1949
 Arroyo v. De Venecia, G.R. No 127255, 26 June 1998
c. Rules of Proceedings
 Article 6, Section 16 (3) 1987 Constitution
d. Discipline and Books of Accounts
 Article 6, Section 16 (3) 1987 Constitution
 Osmena v. Pendatun, G.R. No. L-17144, 28 October 1960.
e. Records and Bookds of Accounts
 Article 6, Section 20, 1987 Constitution
f. Legislative Jurnal and the Congressional Record
 Article 6, Section 16(4), 1987 Constitution
 Enrolled Bill Theory
o Mabang v. Lopez Vito, G.R.No, L-1123, 5 March 1247
o Arroyo v. De Venecia, G.R. No. 127255, 26 June 1998.
o Casco Philippine Chemical Co. Inc. v. Gimenez, G.R. NoL-17931,
28 February 1963.

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 Probate Value of Journal


o U.S. v. Pons, G.R. No 11530, 12 August 1916
 Journal Entry Rule v. Enrolled Bill Theory
o Astorga v. Villegas, G.R. No. L-23475, 30 April 1974
o Morales v. Subido, G.R. No. L-29658, 27 February 1969.
X. CONSTITUTIONAL ORGANS WITHIN CONGRESS
a. Electoral Tribunbals (Article 6, Sections 17, 1987 Constitution)
 Composition
o Bondoc v. Pineda, G.R. No 97710, 26 September 1991.
o Pimentel v House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal, G.R. No.
141489, 29 November 2002.
 Power
o Sampayan v. Daza, G.R. No. 103903, 11 September 1992.
o Aquino v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No 120265, 18
September 1995.
o Vinzons-Chato v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 172131, 2
April 2007.
o Waiden Bello and Lorenta Ann Rosales v. Comission on Elections,
G.R. No. 19198 7 December 2010.
o Renald Vilando v. House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal,
G.R. No. 192147, 23 August 2011.
o AngaraElectoral Comission, G.R. No. 45081, 15 July 1936.
o Pena v. House of Represntatives Electoral Tribunal, G.R. No.
123037, 21 March 1997.
b. Commission on Appointment (Article 6, Sections 18, 1987 Constitution)
 Composition
o Costeng v. Mitra, Jr., G.R. No. 86649, 12 July 1990.
o Daza v. Singaon, G.R. No. 86344, 21 December 1989.
o Guingona Jr. v. Gonzales, G.R. No. 106971, 20 October 1992
 Powers
o Sarmiento III v. Mison, G.R. No. L-79974, 17 December 1987.
o Quintos-Deles v. Commission on Constitutional Comission, G.R.
No. 83216, 4 September 1989.
o Bautista v. Salonga, G.R. No. 84639, 13 April 1989.

POWER OF THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT


I. GENERAL (PLENARY) LEGISLATIVE POWER
A. Nature
 David v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 171396, 3 May 2006
 Review Center Association of the Philippines v. Ermita, G.R. No. 180046,
2 April 2020.
 Gonzales v. Hechanova, G.R. No. L-21897, 22 October 1963.
B. Substantive Limitaions
 Express Limitations
o Bill of Rights (Article 3, 1987 Constitution)
o Appropriation (Article 6, Sections 25, and 29, 1987 Constitution)
o Taxation (Article 6, Sections 28 and 29 1987 Constitution, Article
14, Section 4, 1987 Constitution)
o Constitutional Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court (Article
6, Section 30, 1987 Constitution)

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o Non-grant of tittle of royalty or nobility (Article 6, Section 31,


1987 Constitution)
 Implied Limitations
o Non-Delegation of Powers
a. General Rule: Non-Delegation
i. Jaworso v. PAGCOR, G.R.No. 144463, 14 January
2004.
ii. Lim v. Pacquing, G.R> No 11504, 27 January 1995.
iii. Jesus Garcia v. Hon. Ray Alan Drilon, G.R. No
179267, 25 June 2013
b. Permissible Delegation
i. Tariff Powers to the President
 Article 6, Section 28 (2), 1987 Constitution
 Garcia v. Executive Secreatary, G.R. No
100883, 2 December 1991.
 Philippine Interisland Shipping Association
v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No 100481, 22
January 1997
ii. Emergency Powers to the President
 Article 6, Section 23, (2), 1987 Constitution
 David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, G.R. No.
171396, 3 May 2006
iii. Delegation to the People
iv. Delegation to Local Government Units
v. Delegation to Administrative Bodies or “Power of
Subordinate Legislation”
 Conference of Maritime Manning Agencie,
Inc. v. Poea, G.R. No. 114714, 21 April
1995.
 Osmena v. Orbo, G.R. No. 99886, 31 March
1993
 Ibong v. Ochoa, G.R. No 204829, 8 April
2014.
 Kilusang Mayo Uno Labor Center v. Garcia,
G.R. No. 115381, 23 December 1994
 Pelaez v. Auditor General, G.R. No. L-
23825, 24 December 1965
c. Tests for Valid Delegation
i. Completeness Test
 U.S. Ang Tang Ho, G.R. No. L-17122, 27
February 1922.
ii. Sufficient Standards Test
 Ynot v. Intermediate Appellate Court, G.R.
No.
 Chionnbian v. Orbos, G.R. No. 96754, 22
June 1995.
 Tatad v. Secretary of the Department of
Energy, G.R.Nos 124360 and 127867, 5
November 1997 and 3 December 1997.
 Gerochi v. Department of Energy, GR. No
159796, 17 July 2007.
o Prohibition against the passage of Irrepealable Laws
C. Legislative Process
 Bills that must originate exclusively in the House of Represntatives
o Article 6, Section 24, 1987 Constitution

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o Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, G.R. Nos 115455, et. Al., 25


August 1994 and 30 October 1995.
o Alvarez v. Guingona, G.R. No 118303, 31 January 1996.
 One-subject-one title Rule
o Article 6, Section 26(1), 1987 Constitution
o Benjamin Cawaling, J.R. v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No.
146319, 26 October 2001.
 Three readings on separate days
o Article 6, Section 26 (2), 1987 Constitution
o Exception, Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, G.R. No 188179, 22
January 2013.
 Three readings on separate days
o Article 6, Section 26 (2), 1987 Constitution
o Exception: Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, G.R. Nos. 115455,
et. Al. 25 August 1994 and 30 October 1995
o Philippines Judges Association v. Prado, G.R. No. 105371, 11
November 1993.
 Approval of Bills
o Article 6, Section 27, 1987 Constitution
o Bolinao Elections Corporation v. Valencia, G.R. No. L-20740, 30
June 1964.
o Gonzales v. Macaraig.,Jr. G.R. No 87636, 19 November 1990.
o Bengzon v. Drilon, G.R. No. 103524, 15 April 1992
 Effectively of Laws
o Article 2, Civil Code
o Tanada v. Tuvera, G.R. No 63915, 24 April 1985.

II. POWER OF LEGISLATIVE INVESTIGATION


A. Nature
 Article 6, Section 21, 1987 Constitution
 In the matter of the petition for Habeas Corpus of Camilo L. Sabio,
Miguel V. Gordon, g.R. No. 174340, 17 October 2006.
 Philcomsat Holdings Corporation v. Senate of the Philippines, G.R. No.
180308, 19 June 2012.
B. Limitations
 In aid of legislation
Bengson v. Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, GR No. L-89914, 20
November 1991.
Standard Chartered Bank v. Senate Committee on Banks, G.R. No.
167173, 27 December 2017.
 In accordance with duly published Rules of Procedure
o Neri v. Senate Committees, G.R. No. 180643, 25 March 2008.
o De La Paz v. Senate, G.R. No. 184849, 13 February 2009.
 Right of persons appearing in, or affected by such, inquiry shall be
respected
o Standard Chartered Bank v. Senate Committee on Banks, G.R.
No. 167273, 27 December 2007.
o Senate v. Ernita, G.R. No. 169777, 20 April 2006.
o Romero v. Estrada, G.R. No. 174105, 2 April 2009.
o In the matter of petition for Habeas Corpus of Camilo L. Sabio,
Miguel v. Gordon, G.R. No. 174340, 17 October 2006.
o Standard Chartered Bank v. Senate Committee on Banks,
Financial Institutions and Currencies, G.R. No. 167173, 27

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December 2007.
o Gudani v. Senga, G.R. No. 170165, 15 August 2006.
C. Power to punish contempt
 Arnault v. Nazareno, G.R. No. L-3820, 18 July 1950.
III. QUESTION HOUR
A. Article 6, Section 22, 1987 Constitution
B. Senate of the Philippines vs. Ermita, GR No. 169777, 20 April 2006

IV. POWER OF APPROPRIATION


A. Need for Appropiation
 Article 6, Section 29 (1), 1987 Constitution
 TESDA v. Commission on Audit, G.R. No. 196418, 10 February 2015.
 Commission on Elections v. Judge Quijano-Padilla and Photokina
Marketing, G.R. No. 151992, 18 September 2002.
 Araullo v. Aquino III, G.R. No. 209287, 1 July 2014.
B. Appropriation Law, Defined; Classifications
 Belgica v. Ochoa, G.R. No. 208566, 11 November 2013.
 General Appropriation Law
 Special Appropriation Law
C. Implied Limitation on Appropriation Measures
 Pascual v. Secretary of Public Works and Communication, G.R. No. L-
10405, 29 December 1960.
 Guingona, Jr. v. Carague, G.R. No. 94571, 22 April 1991
D. Constitutional Limitation on Special Appropriation Measures
 Must specify the public purpose for which the sum is intended.
 Must be supported by funds actually available as certified to by the
National Treasurer, or to be raised by a corresponding revenue proposal
included therein.
E. Constitutional Rules on General Appropriations Law (Article 6, Section 25, 1987
Constitution)
 Congress may not increase the appropriations recommended by the
President for the operation of the Government as specified in the budget.
 The form, content and manner of preparation of the budget shall be
prescribed by law.
 No provision or enactment shall be embraced unless it relates specifically
to some particular appropriation therein. Any such provision or enactment
shall be limited in its operation to the appropriation to which it relates.
o Garcia v. Mata, G.R. No. L-33713, 30 July 1975
 Procedure for approving appropriations for Congress shall strictly follow
the procedure for approving appropriations for other departments and
agencies.
 Prohibition against appropriations
o Article 6, Section 25 (5), 1987 Constitution
o Philippine Constitution Association v. Enriquez, G.R. Nos.
113105, et. al., 19 August 1994.
o Araullo v. Aquino III, G.R. No. 209287, 3 February 2015.
 Prohibition against appropriations for secretarian benefit
o Article 6, Section 29 (2), 1987 Constitution
o Aglipay v. Ruiz, G.R. No. 45459, 13 March 1937.
o Manosca v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 106440, 29 January 1996.
 Discretionary funds
o Article 6, Section 25 (6), 1987 Constitution
 Automatic reappropriation
o oArticle 6, Section 25 (7), 1987 Constitution

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F. Impoundment
 Philippine Constitution Association v. Enriquez, G.R. Nos. 113105, et. al.,
19 August 1994.
G. Appropriation Reserves
H. The Pork Barrel Scam
 Belgica v. Ochoa, G.R. No. 208566, 11 November 2013.
 Philippine Constitution Association v. Enriquez, G.R. Nos. 113105, et. al.,
19 August 1994.
 Lawyers Against Monopoly and Poverty v. Secretary of Budget and
Management, G.R. No. 164987, 24 April 2012.
V. POWER OF TAXATION
VI. WAR POWERS (Article 6, Section 23 (1), 1987 Constitution)
VII. POWER TO ACT AS BOARD OF CANVASSERS (Article 4, Section 4, 1987
Constitution)
 Ruy Elias Lopez v. Senate of the Philippines, G.R. No. 164556, 8 June
2004.
 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. v. Joint Committee of Congress of Canvass, G.R.
No. 163783, 22 June 2004.
 Brillantes v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 163193, 15 June 2004.
VIII. POWER TO CALL A SPECIAL ELECTION FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-
PRESIDENT (Article 7, Section 10, 1987 Constitution
IX. POWER TO JUDGE PRESIDENT’S PHYSICAL FITNESS (Article 7, Section 11, 1987
Constitution)
X. POWER TO REVOKE OR EXTEND SUSPENSION OF THE PRIVELEGE OF THE
WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS OR DECLARATION OF MARTIAL LAW (Article 7,
Section 18, 1987 Constitution)
XI. POWER TO CONCUR IN PRESIDENTIAL AMNESTIES (Article 7, Section 19, 1987
Constitution)
XII. POWER TO CONCUR IN TREATIES OR INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS
(Article 7, Section 21, 1987 Constitution)
XIII. POWER TO CONFIRM CERTAIN APPOINTMENTS/NOMINATIONS MADE BY
THE PRESIDENT (Article 7, Section 9 and 16, 1987 Constitution)
XIV. POWER OF IMPEACHMENT (Article 11, Section 2, 1987 Constitution)
XV. POWER RELATIVE TO NATURAL RESOURCES (Article 12, Section 2, 1987
Constitution)
XVI. POWER TO PROPOSE AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION (Article 17,
Sections 1 and 2, 1987 Constitution)
________________________________________________________________________
_____________EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT
I. THE PRESIDENT
A. Qualifications, Election, Term, Oath
 Article 7, Sections 1, 2, 4, 5, 1987 Constitution
 Makalintal v. Comission of Elections, G.R. No. 15013, 10 July 2003
 FPJ vs. Arroyo, P.E.T. Case No. 002, March 29, 2005
 Legarda vs. De Castro, P.E.T. Case No. 003, March 31, 2005
 Atty. Romulo B. Macalintal vs. Presidential Elctoral Tribunal, G.R. No.
191618, 23 November 2010; GR No. 191618, 7 June 2011 (En Bane)
 Pormento v. Estrada,, G.R. No 191988, 31 August 2010.
B. Privileges (Article 7, Section 6, 1987 Constitution)
 Official Residence
 Salary
 Immunity from Suit
o Soliven v. Makasiar, G.R. Nos 82585, et. al., 14 November 1988.
o Estrada vs. Disierto, G.R. No. 14710-15, 2 March 2001.

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o Romualdez vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. NO 152259, 29 July 2004.


o Neri v. Senate Committees, G.R. No. 180643, 25 March 2008.
C. Prohibitions/Inhibitions
 Article 7, Sections 6 and 13, 1987 Constitution
 Republic v. Sandiganbayan,G.R. No. 152154, 15 July 2003.
 Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary Alberto Agra, G.R. No
191644, 19 February 2013
 National Amnesty Comission v. Comission on Augit, G.R. No. 156982,
8 September 2004.
 Bitonio v. Comission on Audit, G.R. No. 147392, 12 March 2004.
o Article 7, Sections 18, 1987 Constitution
o Lagman v. MMedialdea, G.R. No 231658, 5 December 2017
G. Emergency Powers by Delegation
 Aticle 7, Section 23 (2), 1987 Constitution
 Article 6, Section 28 (2), 1987 Constitution
H. Borrowing Power
 Article 7, Section 20, 1987
I. Diplomatic Power
 Article 7, Section 21, 1987 Constitution
 Commissioner of Customs v. Eastern Sea Trading, G.R. No. L-14279, 31
October 1961.
 Bayan v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 138570, 10 October 2000
 Pimentel v. Executive Secretary. G.R. No. 158088, 6 July 2005
J. Budgetary Power
 Article 7, Section 22, 1987 Constitution
K. Information Power
 Article 7, Section 23, 1987 Constitution
L. Other Powers
 Call Congress to a special session (Article 6, Section 15, 1987
Constitution)
 Power to Approve or Veto Bills (Article 6, Section 27, 1987 Constitution)
 To consent to deputation of government personnel by the Commission on
Elections (Article 9-C, Section 2 (4), 1987 Constitution)
 To discipline such deputies (Article 9-C, Section 2 (8), 1987 Constitution)
 Emergency Powers by delegation (Article 6, Section 28 (2), 1987
Constitution)
 General Supervision over LGUs and Autonomous Government (Article
10, 1987 Constitution)
______________________________________________________________________________
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
I. THE JUDICIAL POWER
A. Definition
 Article 8, Section 1 (2), 1987 Constitution
 De Leon v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No 127182, 5 December 2001.
 Metropolitan Manila Development Authority v. Concerned Residents of
Manily Bay, G.R. No. 171947, 15 February 2011.
 Limketkai Sons Miling v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 118509, 5
September 1996
B. Where Vested
 Article 8, Section 1, 1987 Constitution
C. Jurisdiction
 Article 8, Section 2, 1987 Constitution
 Article 8, Section 5, 1987 Constitution
 Article 6, Section 30, 1987 Constitution

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 Fabian v. Desierto, G.R. No. 129742, 16 September 1998.


 Villavert v. Desierto, G.R. No. 133715, 13 February 2000.
D. Deliberative Process Privilege
 In re: Production of Court Records and Documents and the Attendance
of Court Officials and Employees, Notice 14 February 2012
II. APPOINTMENT TO THE JUDICIARY
A. Qualifications
 Article 8, Section 7, 1987 Constitution
B. Procedure for Appointment
C. Rules on Succession
 Article 7, Section 7 and 8, 1987 Constitution
 Estrada v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 146738, 2 March 2001
D. Removal
 Article 11, Section 2 and 3, 1987 Constitution
III. POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT
A. The Executive Power
 Article 7, Sections 1 and 17, 1987 Constitution
 National Electrification Administration v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No.
143481, 15 February 2002.
 Villena v. Secretary if Interior, G.R. No. 45670, 21 April 1939.
 Mondano v.Silvosa, G.R. No. L-7708, 30 May 1955.
 Marcos v. Manglapus, G.R. No. 88211, 15 September 1989.
 Almario v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 189028, 16 July 2013.
B. Power of Control
 Article 7, Section 17, 1987 Constitution
 Section 31, Administrative Code of the Philippines
 Banda v. Executive Secretary Ermita, G.R. No. 166620, 20 April 2010.
 Malaria Employees and Worjers Association of the Philippines v.
Romulo, G.R. No. 160093, 31 July 2012.
 DENR v DENR Region XII Employees, G.R. No. 149724, 19 August
2003.
 Hontiveros-Baraquel v. Toll Regulatory Board, G.R. No. 181293, 23
February 2015.
 Gloria v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 119903, 15 August 2000.
 Tan v. Director of Forestry, G.R. No. L-24548, 27 October 1983.
C. Power of General Supervision over LGSs and Autonomous Regions
 Article 10, Section 17, 1987 Constitution
 Judge Dadole v. Comission on Audit, G.R. No. 125359, 3 December
2002.
 Drilon v. Lim G.R. No. 112497, 4 August 1994
 Pimentel v Aguirre, G.R. No. 112497, 4 August 1994.
 Datu Zalde Uy Ampatuan v. Hon Ronaldo Puno, G.R. No. 190259, 7
June 2011.
 Province of Negros Occidental v. The Commissioners, Commission on
Audit, G.R. No. 182574, 28 September 2010.
 Liga ng Mga Barangay v. Judge Paredes, G.R. No. 130775, 29
September 2004
D. Power of Appointment
 Article 7, Section 16, 1987 Constitution
 Appointments Classified
o Permanent v. Temporary
a. Valencia v. Peralta, Jr., G.R. No. J-20864, 23 August
1963.
b. Bina,ira v. Garrucho., G.R. No. 92004, 30 July 1990.
o Regular v. Ad Interim

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a. Pamantasan ng Lingsod ng Maynila v. Intermediate


Appellate Court, G.R. No. L-65439, 31 July 1986.
b. Matibag v. Benipayo G.R. No. 149036, 2 April 2002.
 Appointment with the consent of the Comission on Appointments
o Article 7, Section 1o, 1st Sentence 1987 Constitution
o Sarmiento III, Mison, G.R. No. L—79974, 17 December 1987.
a. Head of Executive Departmens
b. Ambassadors, other Public Ministers and Consuls
c. Officers of the Armed Forces from the rank of Colonel or
Naval Captain
d. Other Officers whose Appointments are vested in the
President by the Constitution
i. Chairmen and Members of the Constitutional
Commissions
ii. Regular Member of the Judicial and Bar Council
(Article 8, Sec. 8(2), 1987 Constitution)
iii. Sectoral Representatives (Article 18, Sec 7, 1987
Constitution)
 Quintos-Deles v. Committee on
Constitutional Commissions, G.R. No.
83216, 4 September 1989.
 Appoinment without the consent of the Commission on Appointments
o Article 7, Section 16, 1st Sentence, 198 Constitution
a. All other officers of the Government whose appointments
are not otherwise provided by law
b. Those whom the President may be authorized by law to
appoint
o Sorian v. Lista, G.R. No. 153837, 24 March 2003.
o Mary Concepcion Bautista v. Saonga, G.R. No. 86439, 13 April
1989.
o Calderon v. Carale, G.R. No 91636, 23 April 1992.
o Manalo v. Sistoza, G.R. No. 107369, 11 August 1999
o Rufino v. Endriga, G.R. No. 113956, 21 July 2006
 Upon recommendation of the judicial and Bar Council
o Members of the Supreme Court and all ther ciurts (Article 8, Sec,
9, 1987 Constitution)
o Ombudsman and Deputies (Article 11, Sec 9, 1987)
 Appointment of Vice President as Cabinet Member (Article 7, Section 3,
1987 Constitution)
 Steps in the Appointing Process
o Lacson v. Romero, G.R. No. L- 3081, 14 October 1949.
 Constitutional Limitations on the Presidents.s Appointing Power
o Article 7, section 13, 1987 Constitution
o Article 4, Section 14, 1987 Constitution
o Article 4, Section 15, 1987 Constitution
a. De Rama v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 131136, 28
February 2001.
b. Arturo de Castro v. Judicial and Bar Council, G.R. no.
191002, 17 March 2010.
E. Pardoning Power
 Article 7, Section 19, 1987 Constitution
 Limitations on Exercise of Pardon
o Article 8, Section 19, 1987 Constitution
o Article 9-C, Section 5, 1987 Constitution
o People v. Salle, G.R. No. 103567, 4 December 1995.

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o People v. Nacional, G.R. No. 11294, 7 September 1995.


 Absolute Pardon v. Conditional Pardon
o In re: Torres v, Director, Bureau of Corrections, G.R. No
122338, 29 December 1995.
 Pardon v. Amnesty
o People v. Patriarca, G.R. No. 13547, 29 September 2000.
o Vera v. People of the Philippines, G.R. No. L-181184, 31
January 1963.
o People v. Casido,G.R> No. 116512 March 1997.
F. Military Powers
 The Commander-in-chief Clause
o Article v. Senga,G.R. No. 170165, 15 August 2006.
o David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, G.R. No. 171396, et. al., May 2006.
o Dato Zaldy Uy Ampatuan v. Hon Ronaldo Puno, G.R. No.
190259, 7 June 2011.
o Integrated Bar of the Philippines v. Zamora, G.R. No 141284, 15
August 2000.
o Lacson v. Perez., G.R. No. 147780, 10 May 2001.
o Sanlakas v. Reyes, G.R. No. 159085, et. al., 3 February 2004.
o Jamar Kulayan v. Gov. Abdusakur Tan, G.R. No. 187298, 3 July
2012.
 Suspension of the Privilage of the rit of Habeas Corpus
o Article 7, Section 18, 1987 Constitution
 Martial Law
 Article 8, Section 4, (1), 1987 Constitution
 Article 8, Section 9, 1987 Constitution
o In Re: Seniority Among the Four Most Recent Appointment in
the Position Associate Justices of the Court of Appeals, A.M.
No. 10-4-22-SC, 20 September 2010.
o De Castro v. Judicial and Bar Councl, G.R. No 191002, 17
March 2010.
G. The Judicial and Bar Council
 Composition
o Article 8, Section 8 (1), 1987 Constitution
o Francisco Chavez v. Judicial and Bar Council, G.R. No 202242,
17 July 2012.
o Resolution on the Motion for Reconsideration, Francisco Chavez
v. Judicial and Bar Council G.R. No. 202242, 16 April 2013.
 Appointment
o Article 8, Section 8 (2), 1987 Constitution
 Power and Functions
o Article 8, Section 8 (2), 1987 Constitution
o Francis Jardeleza v. Maria Lourdes Sereno, G.R. No. 213181, 19
August 2014.
IV. THE SUPREME COURT
a. Composition
 Article 8, Section 4 (1), 1987 Constitution
b. En Bane/ Division Case
 Article 8, Section 4 (2) and (3), 1987 Constitution
 Fortich v. Corono, G.R. No 131457, 19 August 1999.
 Resolution on Motion for Reconsideration in Arturo de Castro v. Judicial
and Bar Council, G.R. No. 191002, 20 April 2010..
 Limketkai Sons Miling v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 118509, 5
September 1996.

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c. Powers
 Original Jurisdiction
o Article 8, Section 5(1), 1987 Constitution
o Francsco., Jr. V, Troll Regulatory Board, G.R. No 106910, 19
October 2010.
o Appellate jurisdiction
o Article 8, Section 5(2), 1987 Constitution
o Order Change of Venue
o Article 8, Section 5(4) 1987 Constitution
o Rule Making Power
a. First Lepanto Ceramics v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No.
110571, 10 March 1994.
b. In re: Request for Creation of a Special Division, A.M. No.
02-1-09-SC, 21 January 2002.
c. In re: Atty Marcia Edilon, A.C. No. 1928, 3 August 1978.
d. Atty. Aileen Maglana v. Atty. Jose Vicente, B.M. No.
2713, 10 June 2014
e. The Writ of Habeas Data, A.M. No. 08-1-16-SC
f. Rulles of Procedure for Environment Cases, A.M. No. 09-
6-8-SC
i. The writ of Kalikasan
ii. The Writ of Continuing Mandamus
iii. Strategc Lawsuit Against Public Participation
(SLAPP)
o Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, G.R. No. 132601, 19 January
1999.
 Power of Appointment
o Article 8, Section 5 (6), 1987 Constitution
 Power of Administrative Supervision
o Article 8, Section 6, 1987 Constitution
o Fuentes v. Office of the Ombudsman-Mindanao, G.R. No, 124295,
23 October 2001.
o Dolalas v. Office of the Ombudsman, G.R. No. 118808, 24
December 1996.
V. TENTURE OF JUDGES/JUSTICES
a. Supreme Court
 Article 11, Section 2, 1987 Constitution
 In re: First Endorsement from Hon. Raul M. Gonzalez, A.M. No. 4-5433,
15 April 1998.
 Republic v. Sereno, G.R. No. 237428, 11 May 2018 and 19 June 2018.
b. Lower Courts
 Article 8, Section 11, 1987 Constitution
 People v. Judge Gacott, Jr., G.R. No. 116039, 13 July 1995.
 Judge Caoibes v. Ombudsman, G.R. No. 132177, 17 July 2001.
 Dayot v. Judge Garcia, A.M. No. MTJ-00-1282, 1 March 2001.
VI. SALARIES (Article 8, Section 10, 1987 Constitution)
______________________________________________________________________________
NATIONAL ECONOMY & PATRIMONY
I. GOALS (Article 12, Section 1, 1987 Constitution
II. NATURAL RESOURCES
A. The regalia Doctrine
 Article 12, Section 2, 1987 Constitution
 Sunbeam Convenience Food v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 50363, 21
January 1990.
 Republic v. Sayo, G.R. No. 60413, 31 October 1990.

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 Republic v. Register of Deeds of Quezon, G.R. No. 74974, 21 May


1995.
B. Citizenship Requirments
 Co-Production, Joint Venture of Production Sharing Agreements
 Article 12, Sectio 2(1), 1987 Constitution
 Initiatives for Dialgogue and Empowerment through Alternative Legal
Services (Ideals) V. Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management
(PSALM), G.R. No. 192088, 9 October 2012.
 Use and Enjorment of the Nation’s Marine Wealth in its Archipelagic
Waters, Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone.
o Article 12, Section 2(2), 1987 Constitution
 Alienable Lands of the Public Domain
 Certain Areas if Investment
o Article 12, Section 10, 1987 Constitution
 Franchise, Certificate or Any Other Form of Authorization for the
Operation of Public Utility
o Article 12, Section 11, 1987 Constitution
o JG Summit Holdings v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 124293, 24
September 2003.
o Gamboa v. Teves, G.R. No. 176579, 28 June 2011.
o Philippine Telephone Corporation v. National Telecomminations
Commission, G.R> No. 138295, 28 August 2003.
o Associated Communication & Wireless Services-United
Broadcasting Networks v. National Telecommunications
Commission, G.R. No. 144109, 17 February 2003.
C. Classification of Lands of the Public Domain
 Article 12, Section 3, 1987 Constitution
 Republic v. Emperial, G.R> No. 173423, 5 March 2014.
 Palomo v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 95608, 21 January 1997.
D. The Stwardshp Concept
 Article 12, Section 6, 1987 Constitution
III. PRIVATE LANDS
A. General Rule
 Article 12, Section 7, 1987 Constitution
 Muller v. Muller, G.R. No. 149615, 29 August 2006.
 Chesman v. Intermediate Appellate Court, G.R. No. 74833, 21 January
1991.
 Philip Matthews v. Benjamin Taylor and Joselyn Taylor, G.R. No. 164584,
22 June 2009.
 Frenzel v. Catito, G.R. No. 143958, 11 July 2003.
 Halili v Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 113539, 12 March 1997.
 Lee v. Director of Lands, G.R. No. 128195, 3 October 2001.
B. Exceptions
 Article 12, Section 7, 1987 Constitution
 Article 12, Section 8, 1987 Constitution
IV. PREFERENCE FOR FILIPINO LABOR, ETC. (Article 12, Section 12, 1987
Constitution)
V. PRACTIVE OF PROFESSION (Article 12, Section 14, 1987 Constitution)
VI. COOPERATIVE (Article 12, Section 15, 1987 Constitution)
VII. MONOPOLIES (Article 12, Section 19, 1987 Constitution)
VIII. CENTRAL MONETARY AUTHORITY (Article 12, Section 20, 1987 Constitution)
o

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