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MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TOWING — SERVICING
1. Nose Landing Gear Towing With Towbar — Servicing
NOTE: Towing procedures are basically the same as those used for other aircraft equipped with tricycle
landing gear. Gulfstream aircraft may be towed forward or be pushed aft on hard surfaces using
Gulfstream approved towbars attached to nose gear. Provisions for forward towing are provided
by bushings pressed into both ends of hollow nose gear axle fitting. Forward towing is
accomplished with specially designed towbars and towing vehicles.
For towing an aircraft in wet or dry conditions up to a maximum ramp weight of 100,000 pounds,
tow vehicle shall have a minimum drawbar pull of 12,000 pounds and a minimum manufacturer’s
rated tow capacity of 120,000 pounds. For towing an aircraft in wet or dry conditions at a
reduced aircraft weight of up to a maximum of 83,500 pounds, tow vehicle shall have a minimum
drawbar pull of 10,000 pounds and a minimum manufacturer’s rated tow capacity of 100,000
pounds. For all ice and snow conditions, refer to tow vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations
for revising towing capacity and tow vehicle configuration required.
A. Preparation
SPECIAL TOOLS AND TEST EQUIPMENT

Headset and communication cord ......................................................... GSE2300099 or equivalent


Multihead towbar .................................................................................... GSE0920588 or equivalent
Multihead towbar .................................................................................... GSE0900963 or equivalent
Multihead towbar .................................................................................... GSE0920742 or equivalent
Portable telescoping towbar ................................................ GSE0920730 or equivalent (see Note)
Safety lock pins kit ................................................................................. GSE3220626 or equivalent
Shear pin (3/4 in. nominal diameter) ............................................................................ NASM17985
Towbar attachment head ....................................................................... GSE0920589 or equivalent
Towbar attachment head ....................................................................... GSE0920743 or equivalent
Towing tractor, 16,000 pounds drawbar pull .......................................... GSE0920631 or equivalent
NOTE: Stows in aircraft tail compartment.
(1) Reference(s)
• Main Landing Gear Towing - Servicing, 09-10-00, Servicing
• Nose Landing Gear Towing Without Towbar - Servicing, 09-10-00, Servicing
• Nose Landing Gear Shock Absorber - Servicing, 12-10-01, Servicing or Code 122210
• Defueling Procedure - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121301
• Refueling Procedures - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121300
• Safe Ground Maintenance Procedure, 20-00-00, Maintenance Practices
(2) Aircraft Preparation
(a) Prepare aircraft for safe ground maintenance. See Safe Ground Maintenance
Procedure, 20-00-00, Maintenance Practices.
WARNING: FAILURE TO INSTALL ALL LANDING GEAR SAFETY DEVICES
BEFORE WORKING IN ANY WHEEL WELL MAY RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
(b) Ensure main landing gear and nose landing gear safety pins are installed.

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CAUTION: NOSE WHEEL TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL BE


DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO DISCONNECTING THE UPPER TORQUE
ARM ASSEMBLY.
NOSE WHEEL STEERING UPPER TORQUE ARM ASSEMBLY SHALL
BE DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO TOWING AIRCRAFT. ROTATION OF
NOSE WHEEL BEYOND NORMAL LIMITS OF TRAVEL (82°) MAY
CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO STEERING UNIT WITH STEERING
UNIT TORQUE LINKS CONNECTED. WHEN DISCONNECTED NOSE
WHEELS ARE FREE TO ROTATE 360°.
USE OF PLIERS, LEVERS, ETC., TO REMOVE PIP PIN MAY RESULT
IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT OR EQUIPMENT.
NOTE: If aircraft is to be towed from soft sand, earth or mud, main gear shall be used
to tow aircraft. See Main Landing Gear Towing - Servicing, 09-10-00,
Servicing.
(3) Disconnect Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) cable from aircraft and store on upper
torque arm assembly dummy connector. See Figure 301.
(4) Install TPMS protective caps on upper connectors (one TPMS protective cap is on scissors
and one is at nose wheel steering actuator).
(5) Remove steering safety (pip) pin from upper torque arm and steering collar unit as follows:
(a) Remove safety lanyard for pip pin from landing gear structure.
(b) Remove safety pin from right side of pip pin.
(c) Depress pip pin plunger. Remove pip pin from nose wheel steering upper torque arm
and steering unit collar.
NOTE: Nose wheel steering upper torque arm is spring-loaded to lie forward. This
prevents torque arm from falling back while aircraft is being towed.
(d) Slowly lower nose wheel steering upper torque arm.
CAUTION: DEFECTIVE OR IMPROPERLY INSTALLED PIP PIN MAY RESULT IN
DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT OR EQUIPMENT.
(6) Insert and inspect pip pin in steering collar unit as follows:
(a) Ensure balls work freely when plunger is depressed.
(b) Ensure balls cannot be moved when plunger is released.
(c) Discard pip pin that fail this inspection.
CAUTION: TO PREVENT POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT, SECURE PIP PIN IN
NOSE WHEEL STEERING COLLAR.
(d) Insert pip pin in nose wheel steering collar unit.
(e) Inspect for position of locking balls by attempting to withdraw pip pin without depressing
plunger.

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WARNING: VISUALLY INSPECT NOSE GEAR SHOCK STRUT FOR MINIMUM OF 2


INCHES AND MAXIMUM OF 9 INCHES EXTENSION FROM STOP TO
BOTTOM OF GLAND NUT PRIOR TO TOWING THE AIRCRAFT.
EXCEEDING MINIMUM / MAXIMUM EXTENSION MAY CAUSE SERIOUS
INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.
(7) Verify dimension X is within specified limits of 2 inches minimum extension and 9 inches
maximum extension from stop to bottom of gland nut. See Figure 302.
(a) If dimension X is not within limits, do not tow aircraft until corrected.
(b) If aircraft has not been refueled / defueled, consider adding or removing fuel to enable
change in gross weight to lower or raise aircraft. See Defueling Procedure - Servicing,
12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121301 or Refueling Procedures - Servicing, 12-13-00,
Servicing or Code 121300.
(c) If dimension X is still incorrect, inflate / deflate nose strut as required. See Nose
Landing Gear Shock Absorber - Servicing, 12-10-01, Servicing or Code 122210.
B. Procedure
CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TOW AIRCRAFT WITH TOWBARS THAT ARE NOT
APPROVED FOR USE ON THIS AIRCRAFT. USE OF TOWBARS OTHER THAN
APPROVED TOWBARS MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT OR
EQUIPMENT.
IF TOWBAR IS NOT EQUIPPED WITH SHEAR PROTECTION, EXTREME CARE
SHALL BE TAKEN TO ENSURE MAXIMUM TOWING LOAD IS NOT EXCEEDED.
NOTE: The following procedure is used in conjunction with Figure 301.
(1) Connect towbar to nose landing gear axle.
(2) Connect towbar to towing vehicle.
(3) Disconnect ground wire from aircraft to ground.
(4) Position a qualified person in cockpit during all towing operations to watch for hazardous
conditions and to stop aircraft in event towbar becomes disengaged from towing vehicle.
NOTE: It is desirable to establish communication between tow vehicle operator and person
in cockpit.
(5) Check hydraulic brake accumulator gage in cockpit for available brake pressure.
NOTE: With a fully charged accumulator (3000 psi) up to six full applications of parking and
emergency brake systems are available.
(6) If cockpit gage indicates less than 3000 psi minimum required pressure, select AUX PUMP
switch to ON to replenish hydraulic brake pressure.
(7) Select AUX PUMP switch to OFF / ARM after brake accumulator is fully charged.
(8) Ensure flight control surfaces will not move.
NOTE: Gust lock is provided by hydraulic pressure on this aircraft.
CAUTION: TAIL COMPARTMENT LADDER SHOULD BE STOWED OR SUPPORTED
BEFORE TOWING. DAMAGE TO LADDER / AIRCRAFT MAY RESULT IF IT IS
NOT STOWED OR SUPPORTED.
(9) Stow tail compartment ladder and close door.

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(10) Remove aircraft chocks.


(11) Ensure landing gear is free of obstructions.
(12) Release parking brake.
CAUTION: BEFORE PROCEEDING TO TOW AIRCRAFT, ENSURE THERE IS ENOUGH
CLEARANCE AT WING TIPS IN EVENT A TURN IS REQUIRED. DUE TO
WING SWEEPBACK, WHEN AIRCRAFT IS TURNED, WING WILL SWING
OUT AS IT COMPLETES AN ARC. ON SHARP TURNS, TAIL WILL REQUIRE
MORE CLEARANCE THAN WINGS.
(13) Position wing and tail walkers as necessary to ensure clearance between aircraft and
adjacent structure equipment. See Figure 301.
CAUTION: USE EXTREME CARE TO PREVENT AIRCRAFT FROM OVERRIDING
TOWING VEHICLE.
(14) Tow aircraft in low gear only, making smooth starts and stops with towing vehicle.
(15) When destination is reached, apply aircraft parking brake.
(16) Install chocks in front and behind left and right main landing gear tires.
(17) Connect ground wire from aircraft to ground.
(18) Disconnect towbar from towing vehicle.
(19) Install steering pip pin as follows:
(a) If necessary, release parking brake.
(b) Depress plunger on pip pin handle and remove from steering collar unit.
(c) Using towbar, move nose wheels to align holes of nose wheel steering upper torque
arm and steering collar unit.
(d) Install pip pin by depressing plunger and inserting pin into nose wheel steering upper
torque arm and steering unit from left to right.
(e) Inspect for position of locking balls by attempting to withdraw pip pin without depressing
plunger.
(20) Secure pip pin by connecting safety lanyard to landing gear structure.
(21) Install safety pin in right side of pip pin.
(22) Connect TPMS to aircraft removed in Step 1.A.(3).
(23) Disconnect towbar from nose landing gear axle.
C. Follow On
(1) Inspect for presence of foreign objects.
(2) Secure aircraft as required.
(3) Record all maintenance actions in accordance with current governing authority.

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61.08 FT.
(18.62 M)

46.32 FT.
(14.12 M)

82

53.81 FT.
52.86 FT. (15.91 M)
(16.11 M)

MINIMUM TAXI STRIP


FOR 180 TURN:
62.06 FT. (18.92 M)

Minimum Turning Circle Diameter: 114 FT. (34.14 M)

TIL-001926

Towing Provisions and Turning Radii


Figure 301 (Sheet 1 of 2)

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REMOVE PIP PIN


BEFORE TOWING

TPMS DUMMY
CONNECTOR

TPMS CABLE
CONNECTOR

NOSE LANDING GEAR

TOWBAR

TIL-001927

Towing Provisions and Turning Radii


Figure 301 (Sheet 2 of 2)

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TIL-005784

Nose Landing Gear Dimension X


Figure 302

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2. Nose Landing Gear Towing Without Towbar — Servicing


NOTE: The Jetporter electric towbarless tug lifts up the aircraft nose landing gear onto a tray and moves
the aircraft without the use of a towbar. Towing procedures are basically the same as those used
for other aircraft equipped with tricycle landing gear. See Figure 303.
A. Preparation
SPECIAL TOOLS AND TEST EQUIPMENT

Headset and communication cord ......................................................... GSE2300099 or equivalent


Nose landing gear hold-down adapter, Lektro tug ................................ GSE0920833 or equivalent
Safety lock pins kit ................................................................................. GSE3220626 or equivalent
Towbarless tug, electric aircraft tow tractor ........................................... GSE0900078 or equivalent
Towbarless tug, jetporter electric ........................................................... GSE0920375 or equivalent
(1) Reference(s)
• Nose Landing Gear Shock Absorber - Servicing, 12-10-01, Servicing or Code 122210
• Defueling Procedure - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121301
• Refueling Procedures - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121300
• Safe Ground Maintenance Procedure, 20-00-00, Maintenance Practices
(2) Aircraft Preparation
(a) Prepare aircraft for safe ground maintenance. See Safe Ground Maintenance
Procedure, 20-00-00, Maintenance Practices.
WARNING: FAILURE TO INSTALL ALL LANDING GEAR SAFETY DEVICES
BEFORE WORKING IN ANY WHEEL WELL MAY RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
(b) Ensure main landing gear and nose landing gear safety pins are installed.
CAUTION: NOSE WHEEL TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL BE
DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO DISCONNECTING THE UPPER TORQUE
ARM ASSEMBLY.
NOSE WHEEL STEERING UPPER TORQUE ARM ASSEMBLY SHALL
BE DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO TOWING AIRCRAFT. ROTATION OF
NOSE WHEEL BEYOND NORMAL LIMITS OF TRAVEL (82°) MAY
CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO STEERING UNIT WITH STEERING
UNIT TORQUE LINKS CONNECTED. WHEN DISCONNECTED NOSE
WHEELS ARE FREE TO ROTATE 360°.
USE OF PLIERS, LEVERS, ETC., TO REMOVE PIP PIN MAY RESULT
IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT OR EQUIPMENT.
(3) Disconnect the tire pressure monitoring system cable from aircraft and store on upper torque
arm assembly dummy connector.
(4) Remove steering safety (pip) pin from upper torque arm and steering collar unit as follows:
(a) Remove safety lanyard for pip pin from landing gear structure.
(b) Remove safety pin from right side of pip pin.
(c) Depress pip pin plunger. Remove pip pin from nose wheel steering upper torque arm
and steering unit collar.

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NOTE: Nose wheel steering upper torque arm is spring-loaded to lie forward. This
prevents torque arm from falling back while aircraft is being towed.
(d) Slowly lower nose wheel steering upper torque arm.
CAUTION: DEFECTIVE OR IMPROPERLY INSTALLED PIP PIN MAY CAUSE
EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.
(5) Insert and inspect pip pin in steering collar unit as follows:
(a) Ensure balls work freely when plunger is depressed.
(b) Ensure balls cannot be moved when plunger is released.
(c) Discard pip pins that fail this inspection.
NOTE: Inserting pip pin in power steering unit after torque arm has been
disconnected will keep pip pin from being lost or damaged while aircraft is
being towed.
(d) Insert pip pin in nose wheel steering collar unit.
(e) Inspect for position of locking balls by attempting to withdraw pip pin without depressing
plunger.
WARNING: VISUALLY INSPECT NOSE GEAR SHOCK STRUT FOR MINIMUM OF 2
INCHES AND MAXIMUM OF 9 INCHES EXTENSION FROM STOP TO
BOTTOM OF GLAND NUT PRIOR TO TOWING THE AIRCRAFT.
EXCEEDING MINIMUM / MAXIMUM EXTENSION MAY CAUSE SERIOUS
INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.
(6) Verify dimension X is within specified limits of 2 inches minimum extension and 9 inches
maximum extension from stop to bottom of gland nut. See Figure 302.
(a) If dimension X is not within limits, do not tow aircraft until corrected.
(b) If aircraft has not been refueled / defueled, consider adding or removing fuel to enable
change in gross weight to lower or raise aircraft. See Defueling Procedure - Servicing,
12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121301 or Refueling Procedures - Servicing, 12-13-00,
Servicing or Code 121300.
(c) If dimension X is still incorrect, inflate / deflate nose strut66 as required. See Nose
Landing Gear Shock Absorber - Servicing, 12-10-01, Servicing or Code 122210.
B. Procedure
(1) Disconnect ground wire from aircraft to ground.
(2) A qualified person shall be stationed in cockpit during all towing operations to watch for
hazardous conditions and to stop aircraft in event aircraft becomes disengaged from towing
vehicle.
NOTE: It is desirable to establish communication between tow vehicle operator and person
in cockpit.
(3) Check hydraulic brake accumulator gage in cockpit for available brake pressure.
NOTE: Six full applications of parking and emergency brake system may be made with a
fully charged accumulator (3000 psi).
(4) If cockpit gage indicates less than 3000 psi minimum required pressure, press AUX PUMP
switch to ON to replenish hydraulic brake pressure.

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(5) Depress AUX PUMP switch to OFF / ARM after brake accumulator is fully charged.
(6) Ensure flight control surfaces will not move.
NOTE: Gust lock is provided by hydraulic pressure on this aircraft.
CAUTION: TAIL COMPARTMENT LADDER SHOULD BE STOWED OR SUPPORTED
BEFORE TOWING. DAMAGE TO LADDER / AIRCRAFT MAY RESULT IF IT IS
NOT STOWED OR SUPPORTED.
(7) Stow tail compartment ladder and close door.
(8) Using Jetporter electric towbarless tug, lift aircraft nose landing gear and secure to tug. See
Figure 303.
(9) Remove aircraft chocks.
(10) Ensure landing gear is free of obstructions.
(11) Release parking brake.
CAUTION: BEFORE PROCEEDING TO TOW AIRCRAFT, ENSURE THERE IS ENOUGH
CLEARANCE AT WING TIPS IN EVENT A TURN IS REQUIRED. DUE TO
WING SWEEPBACK, WHEN AIRCRAFT IS TURNED, WING WILL SWING
OUT AS IT COMPLETES AN ARC. ON SHARP TURNS, TAIL WILL REQUIRE
MORE CLEARANCE THAN WINGS.
(12) Position wing and tail walkers as necessary to ensure clearance between aircraft and
adjacent structure equipment. See Figure 301.
CAUTION: USE EXTREME CARE TO PREVENT AIRCRAFT FROM OVERRIDING
TOWING VEHICLE.
(13) Tow aircraft, making smooth starts and stops with towing vehicle.
NOTE: Tow in low gear only.
(14) When destination is reached, apply aircraft parking brake.
(15) Install chocks in front and behind left and right main landing gear tires.
(16) Connect grounding wire from grounding point to aircraft.
(17) Install steering pip pin as follows:
(a) Depress plunger on pip pin handle and remove pip pin from steering collar unit.
(b) Using Jetporter electric towbarless tug, move nose wheels to align holes of nose wheel
steering upper torque arm and steering collar unit.
(c) Install pip pin by depressing plunger and inserting pin into nose wheel steering upper
torque arm and power steering unit from left to right.
(d) Inspect for position of locking balls by attempting to withdraw pip pin without depressing
plunger.
CAUTION: TO PREVENT POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT, SECURE PIP PIN
HANDLE IN AN UPRIGHT POSITION BY ROUTING LANYARD AND
CLIP ASSEMBLY AROUND FORWARD SIDE OF NOSE LANDING
GEAR NUTCRACKER SWITCH.
(18) Secure pip pin by connecting safety lanyard to landing gear structure.
(19) Install safety pin in right side of pip pin.

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(20) Disconnect the tire pressure monitoring system cable from dummy connector and attach to
aircraft.
(21) Using Jetporter electric towbarless tug, lower nose landing gear and release from tug.
C. Follow On
(1) Inspect for presence of foreign objects.
(2) Secure aircraft as required.
(3) Record all maintenance actions in accordance with current governing authority.

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Nose Landing Gear Towing With Jetporter Electric Towbarless Tug


Figure 303

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3. Main Landing Gear Towing — Servicing


NOTE: Before performing this procedure, contact Gulfstream Customer Support for further information
on availability of towing sling.
Towing aircraft out of soft sand, mud or earth, is accomplished by using 3/4 inch steel cables
attached to each main gear with a separate tow vehicle for each cable. It is desirable that the
aircraft be defueled when towing in this configuration. Limit each towing vehicle to 11,700
pounds maximum pull.
A. Preparation
SPECIAL TOOLS AND TEST EQUIPMENT

Headset and communication cord ......................................................... GSE2300099 or equivalent


Safety lock pins kit ................................................................................. GSE3220626 or equivalent
Steel cable, 60 feet, 3/4 inch diameter ........................................................................ Standard (2)
Towing sling .................................................................................................................. Standard (2)
Towing tractor, 16,000 pounds drawbar pull .................................... GSE0920631 or equivalent (2)
(1) Reference(s)
• Defueling Procedure - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121301
• Refueling Procedures - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code 121300
• Safe Ground Maintenance Procedure, 20-00-00, Maintenance Practices
(2) Aircraft Preparation
(a) Prepare aircraft for safe ground maintenance. See Safe Ground Maintenance
Procedure, 20-00-00, Maintenance Practices.
WARNING: FAILURE TO INSTALL ALL LANDING GEAR SAFETY DEVICES
BEFORE WORKING IN ANY WHEEL WELL MAY RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
(b) Ensure main landing gear and nose landing gear safety pins are installed.
CAUTION: NOSE WHEEL TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL BE
DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO DISCONNECTING THE UPPER TORQUE
ARM ASSEMBLY.
NOSE WHEEL STEERING UPPER TORQUE ARM ASSEMBLY SHALL
BE DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO TOWING AIRCRAFT. ROTATION OF
NOSE WHEEL BEYOND NORMAL LIMITS OF TRAVEL (82°) MAY
CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO STEERING UNIT WITH STEERING
UNIT TORQUE LINKS CONNECTED. WHEN DISCONNECTED NOSE
WHEELS ARE FREE TO ROTATE 360°.
USE OF PLIERS, LEVERS, ETC., TO REMOVE PIP PIN MAY RESULT
IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT OR EQUIPMENT.
(c) Disconnect the tire pressure monitoring system cable from aircraft and store on upper
torque arm assembly dummy connector. See Figure 301.
(d) Remove steering safety (pip) pin from upper torque arm and steering collar unit as
follows:
1 Disconnect safety lanyard from pip pin handle.
2 Remove safety pin from right side of pip pin.

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3 Depress pip pin plunger. Remove pip pin from nose wheel steering upper torque
arm and steering unit collar.
NOTE: Nose wheel steering upper torque arm is spring-loaded to lie forward.
This prevents torque arm from falling back while aircraft is being towed.
4 Slowly lower nose wheel steering upper torque arm.
CAUTION: DEFECTIVE OR IMPROPERLY INSTALLED PIP PIN MAY RESULT IN
DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT OR EQUIPMENT.
(e) Insert and inspect pip pin in steering collar unit as follows:
1 Ensure balls work freely when plunger is depressed.
2 Ensure balls cannot be moved when plunger is released.
3 Discard pip pin that fail this inspection.
NOTE: Inserting pip pin in power steering unit after torque arm has been
disconnected will keep pip pin from being lost or damaged while aircraft
is being towed.
4 Insert pip pin in nose wheel steering collar unit.
5 Inspect for position of locking balls by attempting to withdraw pip pin without
depressing plunger.
WARNING: VISUALLY INSPECT NOSE GEAR SHOCK STRUT FOR MINIMUM OF 2
INCHES AND MAXIMUM OF 9 INCHES EXTENSION FROM STOP TO
BOTTOM OF GLAND NUT PRIOR TO TOWING THE AIRCRAFT.
EXCEEDING MINIMUM / MAXIMUM EXTENSION MAY CAUSE SERIOUS
INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND EXTENSIVE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.
(3) Verify dimension X is within specified limits of 2 inches minimum extension and 9 inches
maximum extension from stop to bottom of gland nut. See Figure 302.
(a) If dimension X is not within limits, do not tow aircraft until corrected.
(b) If aircraft has not been defueled, consider removing fuel to enable change in gross
weight to raise aircraft. See Defueling Procedure - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or
Code 121301 or Refueling Procedures - Servicing, 12-13-00, Servicing or Code
121300.
(c) If dimension X is not achieved, contact Gulfstream Customer Support for assistance.
(4) Loosen main landing gear harnesses and brake lines to allow for inserting of cables / straps
and protective rubber pads around gear.
B. Procedure
NOTE: The following procedure is used in conjunction with Figure 304.
(1) Route towing slings between main post and hydraulic and electrical lines.
NOTE: Avoid wrapping towing slings around fairing linkage.
(2) Connect cables to towing sling and tow vehicles.
(3) Ensure aircraft grounding wire(s) are disconnected.
(4) A qualified person shall be stationed in cockpit during all towing operations to watch for

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hazardous conditions and to stop aircraft in event aircraft becomes disengaged from towing
vehicle.
(5) Check left and right hydraulic brake accumulator gage in cockpit for available brake pressure.
NOTE: Six full applications of parking and emergency brake system shall be made with a
fully charged accumulator (at least 3000 psi on left and right accumulator).
(6) If cockpit gage indicates less than 3000 psi minimum required pressure, press AUX PUMP
switch to ON to replenish hydraulic brake pressure.
(7) Depress AUX PUMP switch to OFF / ARM after brake accumulator is fully charged.
(8) Ensure gust lock is on.
NOTE: Gust lock is provided by hydraulic pressure on the aircraft.
CAUTION: TAIL COMPARTMENT LADDER SHOULD BE STOWED OR SUPPORTED
BEFORE TOWING. DAMAGE TO LADDER / AIRCRAFT MAY RESULT IF IT IS
NOT STOWED OR SUPPORTED.
(9) Stow tail compartment ladder and close door.
(10) Remove aircraft chocks.
CAUTION: USE EXTREME CARE TO PREVENT AIRCRAFT FROM OVERRIDING
TOWING VEHICLE.
WHEN TOWING FROM MAIN GEAR, PULL STRAIGHT AHEAD ONLY.
(11) Position wing and tail walkers as necessary to ensure clearance between aircraft and
adjacent structure equipment.
NOTE: It is desirable to establish some form of communications between towing vehicle
operators and the qualified person in the cockpit.
WARNING: FAILURE TO OBSERVE AND CORRECT ORIENTATION OF NOSE WHEEL
DURING TOWING OPERATIONS MAY RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY TO
PERSONNEL AND DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT / COMPONENTS.
(12) Tow aircraft in low gear only, making smooth starts and stops with towing vehicles.
(13) When destination is reached, apply aircraft parking brake.
(14) Install chocks in front and behind left and right main landing gear tires.
(15) Connect grounding wire from ground to aircraft.
(16) Disconnect cables from towing slings and tow vehicles.
(17) Install steering pip pin as follows:
(a) Depress plunger on pip pin handle and remove pip pin from steering collar unit.
(b) Move nose wheels to align holes of nose wheel steering upper torque arm and steering
collar unit.
(c) Install pip pin by depressing plunger and inserting pin into nose wheel steering upper
torque arm and power steering unit from left to right.
(d) Inspect for position of locking balls by attempting to withdraw pip pin without depressing
plunger.

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CAUTION: TO PREVENT POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT, SECURE PIP PIN


HANDLE IN AN UPRIGHT POSITION BY ROUTING LANYARD AND
CLIP ASSEMBLY AROUND FORWARD SIDE OF NOSE LANDING
GEAR NUTCRACKER SWITCH.
(18) Secure pip pin by connecting safety lanyard to landing gear structure.
(19) Disconnect towing slings from main landing gear and remove protective pads, if installed.
C. Follow On
(1) Inspect for presence of foreign objects.
(2) Secure harnesses and lines loosened in Step 3.A.(4).
(3) If required, connect nose wheel steering and tire pressure monitoring system cable removed
in Step 3.A.(2)(c) thru Step 3.A.(2)(e).
(4) Secure aircraft as required.
(5) Record all maintenance actions in accordance with current governing authority.

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SEE DETAIL A

SEE
DETAIL B

UPPER BAND CLAMP


FOR LOOSENING / REMOVING TOWING SLING
OF STRAP ATTACHMENT

STEEL ROUTE BETWEEN


CABLE HARNESS / HYDRAULIC LINES
AND MAIN POST

DETAIL B DETAIL A
TIL-001929B

Main Gear Towing Provisions


Figure 304

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