Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 271

OEUIECTBEHHOE t;JYIEIIiE r~u~~§ UBIH~

J H ~ [ ~ H X P H.~ If H

.

no GKH3HHIthilil GR. CGHHre3U"OSl.

H cmopuuo- 9lCSttemU1iUlf.oe tt8CAM08auU.

~

nepB&1A BDlUYCK'lIo.

M. BOrOrJOBesaro.

";:lIOoa-ooc.

BASiIL.

TBHO·.1HTorpaq,iB {1 M n EPA TO (> C K " roY HB8epCH·r~Ta..

1908. .1

";.:J """~

,

~-

./

Or~ J:&I&BCUrO JlTIOBBo·i(eBlfpB&rO J:o.nfll'& up. ns .. cn' ATIO ..

Bol Due.i. DeUl'an paaptmafl'fca:. II tupaaJ: UOS roola. qJleB'I Ko • ..,e'la, DPoteCCOPS IlMeA'6 .Rhne.p06'6.

.~

,

-. -

"

"'

-", r-~

•• ,1 \ .. :

.. 1:

~;: ... ,

" i'.,-!,~.~.

~_.:..o ..

Ii!:: - ,-

"~"$> .. - "",..f .. -"":~.

.1

J

BtbpyltZl 63 Otwua, t4~'am& :JICtl60tn'6 6tb'lUutl: a uooe He· 6tbpyemr, 83 GUlta, He 'g8puma :JfCU80ma, 11,0 ZU1b6o B09ICUJ npe6usaem?Jua HeJlli (lawn. 1/1,36 c'm.) .



, .

............ ·ii

...

.

OEm~CTB~HHOE" C]YlKEHIE,

rOCnOll:A HAIIIEI'OIHCYCA XP~.CTA'

no OEA8ARIHM~ OR' .BBAHPEJIH-<TrOB'b.

~. • • I

Up ell Y rOTO un TeJl' II hi 11 COublf·la

(MaTe. III-IV, II. Maplt. I, 1-13 B )IYK. III, 1-· 18. 21-22. ···IV, 1-13 CT.) .

I

~

. ~ .. '" "' 011 I",.

t> .... I . : <tV " ,. • , , , I 'ill •• i

( ~yn~~i, XpHC. Ta .. 07> .06meCTBeBB. oe cnymllsie

, . T8lt'D m,e, R8K'b 8 poxneano Ere, IIpelLmeCTBOB8JUJ BeJI3 I.tia H QYJlCCBblJI C06bl'riJI, BMeSHO: 1) aaneais I080HB Upe.D.Te1:Je: sa enYEeBie, era npono8tllb,KpelI1~mie napcaa B cBHl[tTeJIIJCTBO 0 X.pHCTt; 2) sperneaie I. 'XPOOT8 OT'!. loa:E{H8, comeersie as Hero Ca. 1(Y!\8, . H CB,H.I[t'TeJIIJCTBO Q HeM'll Bora OUJ;8; B) COPOKOllH8BH.IlIO lIoon 0: BORY" meaie I'ocnoaa samero earaaoro. Bet aTU cOIlLlTia aa .. XO.!tJlrCH H6Z.llY u060£0 B'll caalO'H TtCHOH caasa Be TO,,/lL'KO BpeMeaeOH, BO 9 ~pg1:JI3Baoit Ioaaas I1;OC~~B'li ~JI~ 0$ Bora BOSstCTBTb llapa8JIIO 0 HacTyn.JIeBU! soaaro ,nop4.1l~a eemea, 0 np1I6mHKeaiB napcTsaBomiH;. qapOTBB. ae6ec ... aaro; oaoem npolloot.n.ilO 0 nOK8.HHiH OB'L.ilOJI2KeB~~U1J'L iJ,PllrOTODI31'b 'JIIo.lleJi It'L npaaarim oaW;r.aeMaro Me~ciD:.

Be .•. K.Opt.: II.O.CJIt 3. T.oro .n.tB .. ·?.TBIIT6JIbH.<9.. SIBH. SeTCH. 06.tme~BLlB: BorOM~ Caacareas )upa - .. ·lBcyc'b Xp.a~·rq~'L. At~a

npHroToB.JIeBLB caoero X'D BeJIHR.OMY JJ.ilJIY c~YateBUL'--ocBO" BaTb 88 seMJIt napcrso ae6eelloe:- OS'L caasana npBBIiI'" MaeT'LKpemeaie OT'b 108B.9a, a nOTO)l'L nepeaoca'rs B:.C~I;'

<t, , •

meare OT'!. ,lI,laBOJIB.

"

.,.-'

-6-

B'L eB80reJliax'L MaTeea 1:1 JIYKB nossereeaaaia 000.. 3TI:IX'L npeJlyroToBBTeJIbSHX'L C06L1TiJIX'L CJlyacaT'L npe .. ItpaCBLlM'L nepeX01l0K'L on acropia ,D:hTCTBa I'oonoaa aamero It'b aeropia 06mecTBeooaro cJlyzeBia Ero j>0,lJ,Y qeJloBtlJeCKolty. B'I. eaaareaia ae MapEa 3TB C06b1TUI B COCTaBJJJlIOT'L eaaoe aaquo EBaareJIia. OOYCKaa BCTOpilO pOZ,lJ,eC~Ba B Jl~,TCTBa XpBCTq~, 00'1., BalJBB8eT'I. esoe eaaarene 0'1. roro MOlleBTS, KOr.l(8 ,l{tAcTBBTeJlbBO Baqa~ J10eL _' OTKpHToe (iJJaroBtCTie -, o ApIJJPeJ1meM-L HCKyoBTeJI'kB yqpe*Jtemu Ero aosaro (iJlaro1{a'TBatb-' 'napc1'B8. Ha aTO me BpeMJI, UK'L sa co(icTBesHoe B8lJ8JIO, ' eB8BreJlLCROB BCTOpiu, YX8i1L1Bae1''j) H CD. anOCTOJl'L Ilerps B'L eDoeD 6ect)J.t C'b KopHIUiell'L (.lI:tSB. X, 36 CT. H J{a~1).). CnpaBeJJ.JIBBO, I~:r.f, i( :a~, P".,!t". acropiro - 06ru.eCTBeBBaroCJIyaeBiJl rOcnOJ(8 aamero C'L yKaSaBBY~~_ npe,llyroTo_BU-

. TeJILaNX'b . co6~TiA. : ,~ -!' - "'"

JlB.IIenifJ loa Bua npt,llTt1JH na eJJ 1 menftl, ero npOlloBt)J,IJt Hpt~cDje napoA3 B fBB~tTeJ"cTBo 0 IplcTt

(MaTe. III, 1-12 CT. MapK. 1,1-8 H JIYK. III, 1-18 CT.).

"." ~~' - . 'If,'~. J' • ~~

.~....- .. .mor

"f"'B. IoaBB~ npe.ll.Te1Ja, COrJl8CBO npellcRaa8ailO SB. reJIa (JIYl. I~ 17),:nOBTopesHolly3axapiea (CT. 76),

aBlJJlCJlB3 cJlJseBie eaoe 6~ o!JX'Ib U CU.Ilfb 8Aiu.

Bi Hell'}" RaR'L nocJli;.I(sell'L upopoes serxaro aas1rJ;a, ~cpe.I(O'l'OqaJIBCL, - .03HO CKa38TL, Bet JIY1JU cssra, _ ROtopae ; npe.n.meCTBOB8J1B BOCXO.n.y COJJBua apaaereeaaaro 'Mipa. Bee, lITO! BeTX03astTBlle npopOKB Bo reseaie l1ilO.I'm;, stKOB'}, BosBtmaJlB 0 npameereia C08CI!ITeJIJI' tn. "'~Iipj! 'BC'k, yetl1:lnaia, yrposu H, aa&a3aaia, sasia B.Of"L

:_.1lti8~. 1JpeS'L B~i'}, cBOellY BapO.llY, BOO a10 COellOBJleTCJI 'Teriepb B1, '~pon()stA8 I1pe)lTe1JU, 'IT061.1 npq6YlJ.RTL. c_~p~ ,; •• JlSlIOInUX'L,:' BO.3(}Y!.U!Tb'_ B'L BUH maZllY CD~~~~lS, da~w . rnPeOcma6ttm~' -lbcntJiJy nopt»& npUlont06MteUliil(JIYK. _ I, -11:7).- ,.n;~'e aroro toaaH'}, ~e mezs. ~8'" )lOJl*eR'b 6LtJl1t "octancs B OCT8JJCJI Ilpeareseio MecClB. Ito rlla , sapoll'IJ, - uOTpSlCeHBLtA ero npooorilliIO 0 nosaaaia B npB6J1BZe~iH . nspcraa Be6ec.Hsro, 06pSTBJI'}, sa Hero COOD B30pLl B lIJ-

-7-

"

11 U'lt , B&- Oln JIB XpBCTOC'lJ, loaRIrL B'b OTBiln sa 3TH

- .lJ1lLl yuaHBaeT'J. Ha ppJlOYU4atO sa HUM~, tCOmopoMy 'OH~ HeOoemou,,~ no1Utmu u 06g8U (MaTe. III, 11). B aaT'h~'b C'D zBotAmeIO pU;OCTiIO Y1l8J1SJeTCR, rosopa: EM!! noiJo6aemapacmu, MHtb :JICe JJaAUmUCJI (I08a. III. 30) • .Jtalt'lt nOBBJJ,BIfOMY IOaOB'D DB 6J1031tO CTOBT'D It'!. ROBOMY 3aBtTY B npsllo llame X8caeTCJI ero, Ttll'!. Be Meute no CBoe.y nyxy R xapaarepy OB'L 6LlJl'lt Bcenim"o npe,IJ.CTaBBTeJlell'DS8KOBa B cnyz8JI'D TOALEO TOqltOm conpOltOCBOseaia MeElY BeTXBlI'lt B BOBLI.'}, saBtTon. KaK'D noc.rillBiA KalleBL' B'L nepBo.it 811a8iB (MaTe. XI, 9). 9TO 6J1U31tOO B 11'}) TOlle opella RenOCTUZB.O ,lJ,aJIeKOe pas .. CTOSBie JreZlY XpaCTOM'D a Ilpezresete secsaa BarJIH,ll,RO BHpaZSeT'L paSBOCT"b 060DX'h 3RBtTOB'h; SaKOR'L· B esaareaie CYTb llBa OT,II;im"bRLIX'L Kpyra ZBBRO, - KOTOpLle RBX8K'D Be .D.OJl2£BL16LITh crimoBaeMLI; TOJIhKO Btpa B'D locyca X pUCTa B OBa ellBBCTBeBHO TOJJhlto T8UBCTBeBBO COel1BBH~T'L OAHU'L a8BtT'JJ C'D llpyrBII'D. ECJUI sa Ioaaas eers ooc.nt.llBiA 3800pmUTe.1ThHHft KaVeBb BeTXoaaatTsaro s.RSBia, B cooepmeaao BltlpaZaeT'Ja ero xapasreps, TO no- 3TOII} OR'D 111 601t&1lU 8mx~, p0:JICOeH/HUXo 3ICeHUAlIt, :com", MeHbmiii 8a tfapcm6iu ne6ec'HOMa 60/tMu,e eeo (MaTe. XI, 11).--qTo KaCaeTCJI ,IJ.tsTeJIbBOCTB Ilpearesa, TO oaa Be OrpaBBliBBaJIaCL TOJJLItO nponoBt.lliIO DOMaRia, BO B Dp'OSBBJlBCb BO mrnmBel1'L o6psUJ.t, OMeBBO B'L spemeaia, soropoe CJ1YIIUJJJO CO.DOJIOK'll nosaaaia, 06pall'D aTOT'L 10aBH'L BBeJJ'b Be DO C06CTOOBBoA BOJIt, BO no BBymeBim CB. ,l{yxa, KOTOPLJA PYKOBOJtBJJ'L ero nit'll BO BCeM'D,TaK'D 0 8'11 yc'raaoBJIeaia sroro 06pSllS. CaM'D Ioaass roBOPBT'b 0 ce6t, QTO Olrb nocltaua 6&1Aa "pecmumb 6od01O

(108a. J, 3~). . -

,0 nponoBt.llBOlJecltoA .l1taTeJJLBOCTO Il pe)l.TelJS B spemeaia BIl'lt. napoaa ,lJ,O sBJIeBia Meccis DOatCTBjIOT'D Ban uepaae rpa eB8BreJlSCTa-MaTeeA", MapK'D B JIYlts. B'L e3110.'L rJIaBBOM.'L noB'kCTBonoiJl" ex']) eosepmeano COr HaCBLJ MeZ,II,j 006010; paaaocra ate xacamrca BtKOTOPLJX'L qaCTBOCTel, B88Ulf80 OOnOJlBJllOlIlBX'L B O(}'DJJCBSlIOlI{UX'}. ,npyf'L .If.pyra. TaR'L CB. JIym B'h caJlOK" Raqant CB06ro

/ I I

IJ

~

I

! I

I !

:' . I . I

I .

V

-8-

DoricTBOBaBia co DceIO TO'lSOCTiIo BCTQpil£aOR_pel,tJ]aeT~ SpeMJI BCTYOJIema Ioaaaa oa CJlyzesie. sero. Bit." y ApyraX'D eB8SreJIBCTOB'It. Toqste OB'b yKaaLJ83eT1t B H IItoTO npoDostJlBB'IeCKOD ero .atJJ:TeJlbBOC'V8. Ho .06'h o6paat lEBaBB Iosaaa B apemesia BM'b aapOJl8 os. ·J1yxa COBCY'}, Yll8JIQUBBeT'b. a rOBOpJI'n TOJlbKO nepaae JJ;IB eB801'e.JIBCr8. - ,n:aJlte OD. MaTeeii 8 JIy1t8 B'L .cpaBBemu C'L MapKOM'b llODOJlbBO nOllpo6BO 83J1aralOT'L oollepamaie npODoBtJR 0 nOJt8RBiB, B npHTOII':b y MaTOOJI aTa npoDOBt..nh oopameaa TOJlbltO K'L 4mPHOOJJII'L 8 QalUAjIteJlIl1t, a y JlYKD so BcellY uap01Y. B BJ, .. aCTROCTS K'LMYTa ... p.a~" U DOBB8»'},. Hssoaetrs BCt 'I'P" csaBreJJHCT& B3:JJaralOT'}, CBHlI.tTe.JIbCTBO Ioaaaa IIpeJlTeIJ8 0 Xpaers. 01'CIOlJ.8 aeao OTKPLlB8.6TCJI, 1110 KaEJl,wit esaaresacrs aeJJ8.'l'L Q8'1epT8TL .KpaTltiA o~paa'L ,D;taTeJlh~09Ta I~a RpeC1'BTeJI.u, K8K'L n peJlTe'lH MeccjB~ It TORLKO ·DpB CQnOCT3BJ1eBiu HX"L nostCTBOB8BiA o6pas'h ero 8YCTyoa6TL B'b BosllOmaoti noaaors, JlCBOCl'B R seaasia,

B" BUllY roro, lJTO eBaBreJlDC1'Ll B'L o6mell'h 00- rJJQCBO nOHtcTBYWT'L 06'b Ioaaat Ilpeares's, 0 P83B.8TCJf lIezAY C060l0 TOJJbKO B'h QaC1'ROCTaX'b 1). TO)(U CO"JUI 38 JJyqmee paaeaorpsrs 9TB noescrsoeaaia (p'aBBO ,JUWUI, B apyria nO,ll,06swa) COBJltcTBO. CUBOOTlflJeCKiA AB8JlB3:b CD. TeKCTa aecosassao llOJIZ6S,]) BLlBI-paTb B'l» 'UOJIBo1't H OT1JeTJlHBOCTR,-aTO C'L OllBOA CTOPOOH, a es llpyroD -BoopaseBi.u ttpHTDKU, .nt.11aellbUJ 60.lJLmelO qRCTiIo Da OCBOB8uiu lIBBMLlX']) npOTBBoptqiii eoaafeJThCltBX1> uossCTBOBaBiA, .D.O.D31BY UP" TaRO .. '" 80aJIB3'B BCQe3aTb C8aB 006010, 6e3'L seasaro onposepaeaia.

I} Do of'J..elleBilO' G ... ABrYCTBBa (de eoesens. Evang, lib. t 1, c. t9:l p ••• ocn at. casas.in .. eaaar8.lllcron oG .... ca.eTc .. ri ...... TO

c.. loa.... OPORsRocHn CliOR 6eei M ... pasBoe 'pe .. , - .pe.t.

01.B8... , .. 8.811:8.8 B:' 0P8.I,,,. ac aapo:a.o.lo. &I. - Ti , .I(:-'Q

CB. e.I.re,mcrb. Be Gy •• aUBo DOBTOp.lOTJ. ColoN SpeCT .. Te _TO"bIIO

nepe.t8lOn. M&lCA6, KOTOPYIO 0... son.... "'paSUTh alia, 'B.yibal' .tH." Be OC1'lR8il.1Hlane.l Ba 0 ... 01 6JlCd Oacaai.l, *0, DO 8U8- .O •• OCTB, apo •••• n no AYS." • CIIWc.r'lo .s. ...

r

-9-

OGwee oonepaaaie nootcTBoaaaiu 1I03tIlHl npeaoratnn'b 81) OJ1tllYIOLIleM'b nopa.uKt:

I} BpeMH BCTYIlJI.6Bia Ioaaaa Ilpearesa aa oJ1yatesie {JIYK. m. 1-2 C'£. Cpaoa. MaTs. III, 1).

2) MtcTO H8.lIeBia Ioaaaa ilpo)('l'sqa C'b nponos'BllilO ·0 nOKaHBh~ a npH6JIHllteai.3 napCTS8 ae6ecBlR'o. corJIaca~ u.popOIJeClwlI. y npellcKaa8BilO (Ma~II,. 1-3. MnP0, ..

1-4 _. _ -' 'c'

I) Bpe.8.BoTya~8ftiR loa""a npeATe'tM HacAymBHie.

Marre. III, 1 CT.

Roann tJlce O'H/bt nptuiJe ]olluno Bpe. ctJ·ZUme./t 11, •••

JIylt. III. 1-- . 2 CT.

Bs nil moe fJlCe 1:6aOtcnme .4ro-wo 6JlaObltteCmoa T1I6epill! 1iecapR. oOAa ... iJa1ou~:v llOumiitC1COllY J luAamy IUdemo, U. ~em8~pt:no8JUjcm(J!l1OUlY Pa ... ./6UAU1O HpoiJy, ~u.aunnY9IC6 ,tfpooll!j eeo 1tent(J6prnfJoJtaCtnffl}'lflUJY ]ffI,71peew 14 TpaXO'1tutnc1£olO C,rpa.1t01tJ, . u J!ucautIO A 61l/tuuie1O 'fIe(n6epmO{jNJ," em 6y 10UVJJ , npu apxiepeu -E:iT" tXflxtff2ECJV 1)- AnHr4 u lIaiatilb,OlUtW'b tM180It7J R09l(}3it "'0 loaHU'!/' 8ltXtJ,pi,my CMU!/60 nycl1Hitnu ..

1) IOIl"1O '1QT8eTC. 8'1> neKnOnlX'L py.ouoen'!. (Harrp. 1l'Y> PJK. R" 8'10 ny~l'>r8'fi;. ClaB. oepe*. H .lpyr.; tiD 60.lbWnHCTl~ .t«e· {A. K. u: .... pyr.} ~nJTaeTC.a: eJna(1x,e~eog. U 010 "feaie "pURn.aron 'odBllrWO:'

-10-

B'L OOriCTBOB8BiU eBaBreJIHCT&: MaTeea BpeMJI BCTY" naeaia Ioaaaa TIpe.ll.Te1JB sa cJJyseBie 060aaa1JeBO BeT01JBO.

,El'o Blilpazeaie: eo ONU 011&1 'IlpiuOe loaHHtJ H UP01f. CJlY- 3HT'h Be CTOJlbltO oopelltJreBie.'L speseaa, esoaseo CBJJShIO aacroamaro nOBtoTBOB8sia C'L Ope.!lLlllymHM'L I), Ii B'lt Kos'reKcT1r pt1fB' IlllteT'L TaRoA CIIHCJJ'It: B'D TO BpeMSl, Kor.aa . ,rOCOO)lb a8IIYbB8XOllBJlCJJeme lilt Haaape'J"h, lOaOR'L BLlCTYUBJI'h aa cJlyzeaie C80e. Ho aTa 8€TOqBOCTb

l C'L, Bs6wTItOII'h B03Sal'paZllaeTCJI JlRTOH 83'L TPeTbJlI'O Eeaaresia. CB. JIYKa llJlJl 60.rle rosasro onpe.lltneaiH , BpelteSB . BCTYOJleBia Ioaaaa DR cJlymeoie YK83YB8eT'L ro)l.'b 'n2tpCTBOB8aia paacaaro HIlOepa'l'opa TUBepiH It ups 3TO." llf'pe1JltCJlaeT'II em,e BCtX'h 0pSBRTeJIeii euaroa SeIlJlB. - KSK'lt ::oa'krpcBX'L, mltfl;! '-'8~ , JJ.YXOBBYX'b.· I .l(JISJ: BOTOpiB sooome Bj~'b qaCTBOCTB llJla'esa8r~6CGO. oe06eaBO~BO 8lltCb

. ' ,

yxussnie eBSSreJIBCT8 aa TO, 1('1'0 Ioaam BCTYOBJI'L B'}..

. CBOe cJIJzeuie B'b DHTS8.D.o:aTLli rolJ,'L npaaaenia Taaepia, Talt'}, Raft'L no 9TOH .!tart MOatBO C'b 60JJbmero llOCTOBtp" BOCTiro Onpe)l.tJrHTL 11 8atIa~1JO XPHCTisHCKOft apu. BoDpOC~ .~"b£O B'lI .'TOll')):. C'I». KaKoro BpeMeBH DeCTH etteT'b npaaaeaia TSBepjJl~ IIS'L acropia H3stCTBO, sro AorYCT'L aa ,D,Ba rOlla .eme .110 cMepTH 06'LJIBHJI'L Tooepis ') 080811'1. COOpa&BTeJIeM'L, HlfeSBO B'L ltosnt 764 HJut B'L Ba1JsJIi;

'765 1'. S). Be.D.SOTCIO.II8 C1J81"b, DSTHamaTl.1H ro)J,'b npas-

'ae.RO 88 ; ... ~ . .uH.Boe. So BEl B88i>POaTRO H nep.oe sreaie. Do apaA· Rei .lItp" ".uiD: n c.oe... A8A.aRiR ouaen. e.y npeA.DO'lTeRie. ya8a8Rie ..... 88 A.,S:" nepsoc •• ~eRR".OIl. esaare .. ucn. JlCHO .e .. 8.I .. AlT. DORaTl>, 'ITO T80a:paTi. opalO... a .. 9TO apella ... coaepmeHR.JA

).oaA.~H". ",TO nepKOIIH.I.H AiUO.H •• tCTO OAlloro oepaOCBaDJ;eBBHlCa ,~paU"'H A-II. Me.AY ROTOp.UUI .sa "IaCT"'''" c.i>Ralla nepeocea'Jqe.RH.OB'lo TPYARO lSbi.lO OT.lH"I"Tb aaROR.ara oep.OCB8weRRHR8 OT .. • e ..... BRaro ·(I'P88. A •••. XXIU, 5). BoTTo oO'le., OB1o H YDoTpe-

,GILl'" •• oacecn.noe '1Bc.lO .•• kTO e.l •• crsensaro. 1) Maldf)I)"~." TonD.api. sa Eoaar. JYSH.

') THBepift G.,n. 08fI>IBKO .... o.oep8Topa AarYCT3 ao meaii ero .I.Bio ,4 P18 0 ..... 1;; 00 COnTY 1II8Tep" DB" meRU.lC. Ra AO"lepu AB('ycnt lO.liu, . D. OOTO.Y ycft1aq8.1e... H.lt .. llasaa'le... apee.B •• O ....

. ') Tac. An~. I, _ 3._' Sveton.: A vg. 9. Tiber. 20. 21. Veil. Pater-

.cuJ:.. :103. ,I

'-, 11-



I f

neaia Tlifsepia MliI J[OJURH.LI 6Y.II.e)1o OTBeCTH sa xonem 779 r, BBa BarmJIO 780 r. ECJH~ lIte BeCTH ClJ:eT'}. eo eaepra AQrycTB,.. T. e. C'L 19 asrycta 767 r., TO 3TOT'b I'O,lJ,'b J(OJlllteB'b Da)laT~ aa 782 r. IIoC:Jlt;l.Bee csacaeaie, O)lSaKO, ensa JIe MOm~'ll'" 6liI1'b npHBH'I'O, nOTOMYliTO LXPBCT¥, paSHO ItaK'b IoaBRY ItpecToreJIro, 6b1Jl06]]1, Brb 9T,O, speMS, yme OKOJIO B, B Jlt1"h. [noaaraa f?,lJ,'b" pom, neCTBa BX'b B'b 749 r.) I}. Me,X\.ny 1'tMo nOCItaS8aUO roro ae eeaareaacra JIYXH (Hl, ~,3) I. XpHCTQC'h ItpeC'I'HJWH B HSq,aJI'b cBoeCJIyateaie o~.ao :T.p,HJ[,naT~Jlt,T'h" aeaaoro 6oJlte, IifJUI aeaaoro I£eete. a~: .,l'H.ay aroro. ,wp~tHmie H3CJlt.n.oBRTeJIH, Ka{t'b' j).83H..!Jep'D, ny~mT')J! I'oae, Illamrs, rO~Maa'.L, q.appap'b 11 11pyr. BellYT'h ClJeT'h, npaaseaia 'rBBepiH co apeseaa o6~an:JeBiSl ero COnpaB~ITeJJeM'b A.B" rycra, 0 aTOMY ClJUCJ1esuo BymBo O'1'11a'1'& npemovreare, Kalt'D 6oJI'BerOlJaoMY. IIo l3TOftlY c'nICJJ~Hiro IORSB'b BH" C1'ynDJI'b aa cJIymeBie BO nropoa nOlfOlHJB:B 779 r. H

lUleBBO OCeJThIO, KaK'l>_ 8TO yBR.,lI."lI,l~, sue. J

,CJItp.Ylp':mi{l. D;oxa.~Bio· esa B reJI.IJ~rra.. llJIH. ~ po B OJIOri.H eBRHfeJ1bcJtOB JYi. H;l!tIOT'D ocoeeaasro 8 S8'lJ8BJSI , no 33;TO OSB BamB]":!J B'D .l1py~o~1'D oraomesia, OBa lI.aI01"b BHl{t.Tb,. B'.I:. Kal{O~I'D llOJI02KeBliJ aaXO,ll,HJIBC.b B'll3TO speaa CB.3eMJIfl -II B'II IIOJlBTBlJeCKOII'L iii B':& IJ.epKOBB0I1'h~

a) BD nOJHl'I'HqeCKQM'b oraomeaia ilSJISCTOBI1 He BMi3JI3 reneps H TOM T1m3 C8MOCTO:RTe.1JbHOCTB, K8KOii nOJlb30BaJIQCh npa IIpo.at BeJIDKmn: OBa ()blJIa pa3.apot)JIeaa na QeTI.1pe 'laCTII,COfJI8CBO 06bnaIO PfllfJIHH'hAtJlIITb uoaopennua SaHJle aa T8K'b .a83bIBaelH.L1J1 rerpapxia x)" HI;I.'CJBJIO. BIIPO'" lJeM 'II , 8TOMY Jlpo6JIeailo nOJlOatB~l1:. Ca~l1l Hp OJI. 'h. OS'D.B"b CBOeM'll aaBtmaaiH paaAtJJ0JI'.& Bee caoe 11,apC'1'BO Mez.n.'y TpeMH ChlBo.BbJ1Mlla)-", ApxeJJaell'L, HponoM'b,' ·A.HTHODOH f:i

1) Bupo-rejrs, ijTY AaTY HOmBO ·C'I8781'1> 1'O.ll>"K,o UpHCi.tU8I'1T6.lbRO BepDon .. Eers tJ Apyria OCUQ08Bi.a AU Cio.a:1>e TO'lu8rO oopeAl-hAeaia rOA8 pom4ecna I. X,pIICT.a-eTO Tan 0881>1118611bl8 o8CIonUbJa A,ilTbl, 0 100-

TO phlX""L pi><Jb YBan fiY,der.r.DocJ:6. I

'} Blt.6IUep'L~ C.bronolog. ynops. d. Vier Ev. p.204. .

S) Y npoAa (ihl'[O A,eca'l~blIlieH1>, .1 on. nepOblX"L nrecra om. 011 ku • .aeOnTbCbJ.Hoa6i1J: C811btH cTapmi,ii 6bM1o ABTHOIiITP"J>, .HoTOpar&

)

-12-

9aJlUnnOM'fu ApXeJlRIO OR" 3fUrhmaJJ'L IYlf.ero, H:ayitcro 11 CaMapilO, C'J, 'I'ilTYJJOM'L napa 1). 9ro aaBtmaBie (9)10 no .. ,CJJ8Boe .. neparopy ABrycry sa YToepzlf.eaie.ABl'Yc'r'b XOTH " COfJl8CBJlCSI 88 38.0illU80ie,BO 'De YT8eplf.BJrL ApXeJIRSI B'L napetoM'L Jl.OCT014~CTBt. a'1faSil\iQOJl'L ero 3iiIspXOll'L '), ApxeJls:A, . &.l'HAKO, ae.llOJlfO BJl8CT80BaJI'L B'L eaoea otiJIac'tll. lJpe:i'b,lleCBTb mT'& (8'b '160 r.) OWL t1W'L BB~JI'OmeH'L II COCJJ&frL g"Bbeoy,:' B'b PaJlJlie. Ii C'b :rtx'L 'nop~ B'b IYJlero nOCTOJJBBO Ba3BaqaJt0eh npaBDT~JlI:I U3'L POMit; OB8 BUSL1BaJJBCh UPOKyp8TopaMH lUB 3m.TpoitthIB. M.tCTOnpe6~Bie HM1UJ(f 06LJKBOBeBBO D'L Recapio npaOpena- 3eMBO~'L MOpt (,ntRe. XXIII-XXV rJI., cpaB.loc.1I.peoB. XVIII,. 8. 1), a B'i,- IepJeM0M'L OB8 TOJIbKO npit31K3J1B ,IlB Dl!'8~tn.HRlr: .. ! I \~.IUI '-1I'8.6J~Jlem' ~a 'II0,Pll~~OJl~ !B:8ml:i-ROIO B' nolltm.aJJ8'Cb B'!l 6L1Bmeit'L -.D.80p1:(t Hpo.Ila, BJl8 B'L nperopia - -(MaTe. XXVII.' 27. M~pK. XV, 16. Iosa. XVIII, ~8). "nBJJaT'L, KOToparo ynoM8RaeT'L CD. JIyn, 6LIJ1'L no CqeTY meC1'1int'b #). EBaBreJt8CT'b npRllUCLlBne1''b eMY TBTYJI'LHreMOaa, npROalIJIeat88mifi co6CTBeBBO OMuePSTOpOKO.Y BaMtcTonKY BD Copia, KOTOp~a DMtn'L B~Cmin- Ba.n.3op1> II: :\jycinylO BJlaCTb aaA'b Bct.1! .n.pyrolfH 06J1aCTRl1u:' No T81t'b K&K'b B'L Jlftut npoayparcpa IYle'u cocpe)J.oTO'lDB8JI8Ch BJlaCTb BoeBU8H B rpaE1l8aclUUI, 1'0

OR" ReaaAO.lrO AO cBoeA CyepTH "pUKaaan y68Th DO nOA03p· ... ilo ... R8 .... I; '2·1 A"es.c8RA,p" H 3.A ApacTo.yn T8B166 lfaaR6.hl tiblAR 1IpOAO." ro.J.iI 8a TpH AO pOJKAOCn8 Xpucrola.4.A Hpo.n~U.lHnot. .y*1o BpOAilUlI.I, \JaweR.hIB OTdO." H8e..":4C'iI.. 5.b ApJ.e.aaA~ 6-'(1 H(MM1o Aanlona, 7-11 ~".HIOD", 8-. II po ..... : 9-D '.aClH .....

1) Ape ••. X'YII. 8. 1. Xl, 4. XVIU, 5. 6 • AP,,,.

'j ApCBB. XVIII, 8. 1. THTy .... 9TOT'lo 3Ba"l0 .... 6o.lbme, 'It.), Tlt'ry ..... Terp"px8, ao 8H$e (;:10 ... 10 TBryn uap ••.

3) foe. ,4» ..... Ape... XYIII, 2. 2: oep.bJ.'I. npo.-ypaTopOIII'l..

DO RU8.loJllewia "A,I:e.lIII., ISM .... KOOOBiA, BTOpftJ.lo-Mapan. Air6'lIiin, _ TpeTbU.'I. A •• i. Py ... , qeT.epTb .... THeepiA 8epOR~, 0.""11.:-.-88- .._..... , ,"" .. epiA fpftTlo B meCTb..... (0 779-789 ('.j Dukart. Ooatil:~iiA.'-

• OU.l8T']o. UK10 AJ1I81On., 1$ H •• , a.a •• .Ii. It.iil UpmJ8aBie~ il:oTopoe .0." OO.l,..lI.I.lo oT1oaooP1meai. Hoor.-e.. (pilQm~l:ou,e, A.p~TH.~). DJHI ,ro ... opeA.DO.laralOU, 'ITO 0 ... 6.u'i Bon.O"Toy~eRRH." H3~

, ..

j



I r

I'

I

I I

~

i i

~

-18 -

THTy~ Bre1l0H~ II 0 1''L , 6WTb UpaJlO~BII"', H ''hi IIwuvry:.- 3aM~~T~\~O, 1J-r:O. I;IaaHaq~~ie ero D~Kypa:rOp?H1»: .IYMB ~ (S'b 719 r.] COBaaJ]O. -co. Bpe~eBeIL'L ,BC1'YDJJeBUI loaBS&

an _cJJJateBie~ QO~ 'se ,BCe,:o: i OaXJlTBO· TO". . 'ITO" ilUJlaT'b! oCY.II.B~'b ,'Xpuc1;a. aa paCnJlT\~ -. JrnpaBJJeaie, em 6wJlo C&.., .

• oe m.e.c:roKoe H ,lWBaBBC'l'BOe, iy lIeJlN.:h}). ,3a CBOIO a.eCTOKOQ'I'b QB'L aasoaem, (U'L 789 1'.) ,Talt'Jd~~k KaJt'b D' ApxeJlIMi, 6h1JI'LCOCJJaB'b B'b, _BbeHY, .J';xt K KO~"IiIJI'b ZRaB&-.

c~'Moy6iii,CTBOM'b '). , . - , '

H'i'alt'b easaa fJI3BBaSl H~'k' q:er~pex'&. OOJI8CT.eQ ~IyJteJJ C'b CalJapiefl If ~~f~a:iN01UI~ ~llepb; no.ll."[ Beoocpe.{lc~B~,HB~Mlt;. ,J}~lI,Q~'b " ;1Ja~c:rBOIl1p ,: 8", pas}· Mt,eTCH, (ioJl~m~. m;tX'L TepntJIa OT'h sroro aaoaeaaaro

B~W1..hCT~, '

, -.' Hs'b .I1pyrOX'L TpeX'b o6J1acT.eA - .I1ot np88aue~aJUf"

eme <l>a)l0 Jlh;l, HpO.ll980a. _Ta~'b raJJHJleib~Jiolf): ~ooJJac'riJo.,

K'b K,~'ro'pofi: npOBa)lJlelEWl3 B Ilepes, - ,f.Dp_~BJ]JU.' C')._ TU", Tl'.JlQ)\.'b 'reTpap~. mectoa C~B~I tWlol\&:-:- tmQa'b ,ABTHUw\.. v O~it.~~ olffffl~, ,DO,XOE'b _fl~fQ~~~O~,o'l'~H.,I'~y~;l'XpB-,CTqe'lt ~_~r~: tJQr.~~Y~· XIII, 32) AUCM'fUl ',CKO.lbKO·,

3~ ero xarpoers, CrOJJblO~. It euie 6oJlto aa ero llY,P"B~,JJ .lI.tJ;lum. llaatc.Tao._ qTO OR'b c®"'~BBJI'b B.. OTBIUI'b

Y 6paTa' CBoero areay - }lpo.l1ilf.llY; _ BasteTBO ~_" i 1110.1 i. KOr.l1& • IQ~~~~: ~p_e.l1Te~a ,96.lUlllaJ1;b, _~rq 3$ 00',;t~'; ,()B'b,' no 3~;\'Wft l:call,Q~. l1pOflJ~.. YllltPTBRJI'It, . JotUIS3; '!l &aJltpe-";: ' B~_~ , ",ll~e y60.T+ H I. XPHQ'~l\'. ,(JJylt. - XUI~ , . ,31). . IlK ... -

...... ~,- .. _-

pafio... BtICoero DOBTie.a poAa (gens Ponti a ), oO'le.y fiy.no fiM H'

D83.I888Tc. IIoHmiuCKuM'O, (Cw. ~ .. ~,eal:eD~jJ',1QP~, _iGmM~AT. XI,

p. 663. Bu. 1859r.). '. ·'.1'. "'-",J ,:-

" '," :1) .• ",01110; ',co.pe.,eli •. H.~ ,~H:"Ta~\ o~."-'i~e.'qr\ .ere . '-:t ~"~T,(,t\"'·

Tat'CTn'",n,. fieac~~~~,~I'II_ ~acH~i8i~t .1~utq~H'IeCT':~I· ...• 1t, DO.~q"R"It~, .a8.~~,,' .. , .,pdrd ...... ~:-O;: ;s~~~~.l1_ ~!1'" 6e"q.iI,,~. ~",'" I!'., 1~J,fJ~' ~~tJn - kO~_~"" . iQtti. d .. l .. vw-. II. CB~p"a.'Io.1 _, ro.p()~Pt,. tIt,H.lq.';It,. ,~H, .11'

JRe"8"~' . C.a:U'8Tb , B~~~to (, ... ' yi'otJ: "t:B:~I:"~. _ oOt¥ft"~~~~, _, (P,~iIPJlr' , Le~., .1,tt'S". ~ (j ~eCT~-.qcT~" .. r~H.I~~~ ,ec~.. c.~~f;~q.-~~o If, ,_~ ,J:lllta,,- ' r8.l~: - . CR. _ ~ tIC~., t~,l1l, ~) t,~.qp'n",,? , W ' nr'!.1~~,!" ~J?1fMfnl,~, 9"",8 .tI~t':

Rsp;'GMnl - .. a .. itJ~'''' ..tsMe .0 ape •• 6oroen;""~ •. I.III.,rll""xlh;NW~"f'

DpH~?;neH.i.A ,~~, xp~.ok. i~p~e8,.1.~~!.1.'.'; .' " i ," ,

, r n-ep .. : .Hc!'_ ~C6'" Knlfl'a .' ... f .. ·.l.~ '., ".,,' , ,- t -: "j _~,'

-14 -

JUIB&II'L (}B'L' 6TapaJlCR - BCJlqeCItD - yroZJl&Tb D JlbOTDTb. TaR'L 1JJ'b '1eCT)) TasepiJJ HiloepaTopa'Om. OC&OBaJI'D tJIaB'" aSH I'OPO,ll,'L' B'J, raJlBJIeB -' THSepiaJlY aa aaOallBOIl'L 60- pery I'eaaacapeeeasro eaeps, B, IJTo6Ll npio6ptcTh 60Jlbmee 6J1aroBOJleaie ero, aa3B8JrL ca .. oe 3TO osepo TOBepiSJlCKD'II'},,; Bs-npaaseeie sroro TeTpapxa I. XPOCTOC'L Ba'l&JI1. a KOaqan:clk>e o6mooTBesBoe . cJlyzeaie. B'L 792 ,f. (qepe3!J.' 6OPOlt'}, ;!IDa rola) '&JraryJIa JIBIiIoJ1'b IIpolla BJlaC~ Bpars ero WBJIBOn'L, C811))1I0A ChllrL H_polla BeJIOK8ro, BJl8JltJ1'L -HTypeeIO~ TpaXOBUTlfJlOlO B BaTaueei. 060 .HTypet, Uk'h 1J8CTD rerpapaia 4)uJIlmna, IocBcIJ"b ~JlaBJI Be yno.naaen. Ho 9TO ae llaen BBtt8&OrO Dp883 co.atuTbCS B'L onpaael{J1880CTB nosaaaaia JIYKD I), DOTO.yqTO Iocst'L _ Be lltJlSeT'L:noJJ.p06saro nepesaa BctX'L .meTHot-Tel· 'tJJi <(liBJIBDQ~i 'nol , xapaii1ep);: ~HJrl) ~qme CDORn 61'a"heB,£~' 'so iiJt, y_ro.o;'JIDBOCIf'B·· ·83QqIlBRa..n;~'pB." JlSBa.'!, 011'), BBCKOJIhltO . Be YCTyniJrL' - un. D0J106BO If POllY ABTBDO'i' OB'b B83B8J1'L OJlBB'L 'ropOll'L KetapUiI (oastcTB8JI Becapia fPIIJIH0008a) '), lpyroAt BR6caHllY, 'ITO Jt'L ctBepo·80~OItY ,on ra..'1BJ[~aCK8ro oaeps, aa ... Boa_fL- 8'IJ''lJeoTI;:.lOtiepa· :AM'yeTa IOJJ1B_;..m.~uD~ 3a_ CSOIO" y~;JijUlBOCTD ,pH.UJaSan , OB~ • , ynp2LBJlJJJrb" CB~r ','_iJ'0TpSP- ' Del 'llO tIlllot clfepTB"(C'h 700-781 r.).-" '"",'

"lenepTaH' TeTpapxis npssa:JlJIeDJIa JlRcaDilo. ODa B83NB8QJ8Cb ABBJlHseteltolO ors ropoza ABRJILI, 'KOTOPLl:U:

B8J:O.iilJICHB8 ctoepo-asoaJ('L' OT'L ·.IJ:aIl8cK8, y nO,ll,OmBS

11

1) Dpo,.Bi .. ' 'KeAaa ' '8 .. mTpayca.

tJ B .. ApeuOCT. XVII, H, 4- r080parc.: 4c&lI!I.lDDD:to oG.l,.. .....

BB ..... _ n Tpaxo.u111A;OIO UAitpaBBTHA;Y n _qBCUIO T8 ..... 81>.u_aroAO •• • 3eBOAOpa i • Kellin. ... CBoe... 8oRRearapia, OCB08B· T8.1'.O J:o.aa: .... ~,' -liTO qaen:, q·pHBaue.a~mu A~.y 3eRoAopa,

• ectr.I'~lTypl!l"': ybon.Be.B'_i CR. A,..oJO,' BTypea -;: 8TO ApeB,iA rif:- ,.; .lallA" ali 8oeto't.ol 'crapo." IOpABRa - aaal.aie ceue oO.lyq • .I.~ OT-. lerypa- OAWOro • 'aa'l 'e •• BoaeA Balis • .I8 ' (BWT., xxv, US. 1 ~a,....., I,

3t - Cr.);, K riiepo:..8UCT08Y 'on. BTypeB .ie.a.l. Tpa:lo."'e..a crpa.at

yoo*iniaeli i.-wu! Ay.olD. ' : . ,

'} Un Ket-apia 8000801: l~Xp.croe1. ,~aepmB:''' ClOe DO·

c.a"ABee 01Temecnie lepyeu .....

_. ·15·-····

AUTHJlHB8n8. 06JISCTb BTB rpaHHQOJJ8 C'L Taaareea, rJIa8~ BL1M'b M'BCTOM,)) .1lrJiflTeJIbHOCTH 1. XpaC'T'3. II 009T01lY, Momen 6hl'fh, C8. JIy&a, K8K'L, CaMbia TOqOblH 1I00'hCTBODaTeJIL, He onYCT8J1'D a83BS'!'L 00 BMeHH BJI8AtTeJIH H 9TOH M8JIeOhKOB OC)JJaCTB.

Hexsaa BltOb Be 06pSTDTb HBRMlnia aa TO" nro atEtOTOphle DB')) Boatlimox'h eBcJIiI)toBaTe8eH O'l'pan.a1'e.1Jbaaro B8UpaBJIeoia (Illrpaycs I) B I{eiiM'L .) XO'f"'B.'1H BOenOJIb30B8TbCH B8CTOamOM'D :a3Bi3criell'LJIYE8 0 JIHooai'k, RaK'h 08MLlM'L Bar JISlllBLIM'll .lI.0K8a8TeJlhCTBOM'h Be)J.OCTOsspnocra eB8UreJlbCK8X'II noBtcTBon8Bi0. ,lI,tJlO 81) TOM'b, 4JTO B'.& ABB.IlWleH.cKoll 06JIRCTH IIOttTB3Q meCTb.ll.9CSIT'J) .Jlt1"L ltO onacaaaeaaro eB8areJlHCTOWL speseaa napcraoBaJI'L .[acaoiu. ObIO'b PI npOOMHHK'h IIToJIoMea napa X8JI" K8,IlCKaro. YMepWSJleOHblH AUTOoieM'L TpiYMBHPOM'h no

aaymeairo It.lreOnaTpLI. OCBOBLlsanCb aa 9TO)l'b ljJa K:Tt , .

KpB'rBEtR YStP,fHO'Ml, liTO JIYRa BDa.'I'b .3 Jlt O!; , D'b aaaxpoBeBM'L. B83S11JI'b J(aDBO YMepmaro JIII:aaalH, napa 8UBJlB" oeacsa.ro, 'l'erpapXOM'h 8UUJI8:Be:B:(HtHlf'L,'~ COBp9l1'eO,BHKOM'L HP0.!l8 AEiTBnuLI U 'CP8JIBOlIa. Ho 9TO ·otiuRHeBie. RaK'L yBBAHM'h. c.n:tnaHO CJIamKOM'b uocnbmao 8 otipamaerea B'b ClbllI.'}) .1lJIJI C8M0X'L 06BHUBTeJIt>H. B'L U8CTOHwee BpeMH omCK3SLl aeCoMHtuUblH .1l0Kaa8TeJJbC'P08t onpoaepramrnia 9TO J]OEBoe otiBHoeeie. Oom.1~lIca npeaae-ecero na 10- co4>o. tPJJaBiSI, soroparo KpBTHKH cs 60nhIDBMB ymJJllf1111J npHTHfBB810T'L K'b CBOeM! C0103Y npOTBB'L EBaurenia. Oalt 1'0BOPOT'L B'b OllHOM'h MtCTt, qTO' Al'panna no csepra 'I'asepia nOJI'yquJI'L rerpapxim WruHnua H TeTpapxilO Jla .. caain (Bal1t).ea xa{}tf17Y;fJ't,V aVTOV Tnc tPtht1rtr8''':-8-

'7" .. (!a~· xt.a~.,. dCJP. 7'j(Ja.u.e.vo~ .av'To x. at.· . 'T'1'J.!,J.' ),.£(1,. a. vt» T. eT.OQfl"

:I) H· ..' «:» -

xtu.v '. .. a 9TO IItcro, no onpaSellJlHSoMY aalliJIJI:I.HIEO

TacfJeJ18 t). III rpayc'L Be 06pa TDJ1'bBH,~ MauiH. tlezJJ.yr'lnl'L 3lf.tCL JlC.HO rOBopBTCS: 0 T6Tpapxt J1lfcsait, ecspeses-

\

1) Leben Jesu, p. 812.

t) Gescbicbte Jesu I, p.6tS.

3) ApeBo, XVIH,. 6. to.

4) Leben Jesu, gegen die Aogr.itro d. Strausz. 1865 1'. p, 6S.

i

- 16-

,I /

BBut .paJJoua&. Ba rlM 1> , asB.tpO.8TBO, Q<ro6:u 38 nepBLIM7P JlmaaUieM'D atOfJlO YTBep.llRThca allSBaBie aBHJlHBeHCItafO 1)" KOIi',llR OB'h, QaPOTBOB8JI'b Be OOJJte U.8'1'R )I·£T'},.. Hascaens, 1]110. o CO 15 eaa 0 BBlKBO, Ifb He,ll.R.BIlee CPSBBBTeJlbBO BpeMJlI BsillleHLl M8118JIb .8 a8.11JIHCb C'I> DMeBeM'h rerpapaa JI 0·" , caaia. tho OTK.pNTie,lJ!l.rBn8aHOe aBrJliB:CKHM'bDY1'eme~ CTseO.ELilR:.QM'h· P; ... 1loKOKK'Ji, Be OC1130JUJeT'll(relIepb 8£11£8- KQFO OOMB1una B':b HC'.fopHlJeCK-oa I10C'~B1JpBOC'PD 08H.nt-rreJIbC'fBa .,llymui 0 ,JIoooait rerpapxs aSHJUJB60CKOM'L ~).

Ha oeaoaaaia 3TBX'b .naSBb1X'b eCTeCTBeBRO c.Jl1urye1"b· cn:tJl8Tb '1'RKOO BhlBO,lJ,1>: Be JlYKa BDaJ1'h UD 8a8xpOB83M'b' HJUl lJ,On.YCTWUhOillo6KY 1 a .KPC'fUKfl o6Bspymrm3IOT'D seJlOOTfitrOI-lBo.8t.SBa,K,Oll01lBOJ Or,[, iWTopiell: IIaJIecTI1BbI BpeMeo'};

X.pl1e'l·a: ' G.oaC.BTIM.fhl I , I .

6} .BID nepK(j)BBOII~ OTB0meoi8COC'J1080ieCB. sellJUI· 6LfA();eme CiOOGrrp.,lLB(Iie, 1]1;11'1:. B'&' nOJnlTOtfeeKOM'b.

IIo aaKOo" y iYJleeB1l BCerJl.S ROHmeO'h 6b1JI'L6UTb OllDB'L UOpBOCBsmeHHBKn H npOTOM'D ao C3MOB CMepTR" (1!aCJI. XXXv,:. ~5).. HO'fenepb 6b1J10 Be TO., , Co spe- 11eas nO)LqBBeB1B ·pOll:CW»Y BJl811.bJlJeCTBY, p~MCKlC npOKY" Pl)ll'OPh1' I !OpOT08BBO 'CIfffiBJIJlH uepSOCBHmeUB i1ItOB'}, 0 Hal" 30008110 BOBJlU.!fJ,: 10.0, 'caOOMY ZeJl8.ailO H DOCBoeMY: yefMO" Tp;tBi.JO. loca.p1) «P.JI8sii. IUlmen B'L HCTOpiO .IlpeBBOCTew (XVIII. 4. 3) q,TOI nepBOCBJ.IlUeOlJ8K'h ABBa.. yaosaaaeMWit J.lYKOIO, JIOWeO'b 6b)JI'b .IlOJJ1KBOCTtJ Banepieas I'pa .. TOMI&· u 'iTO .S8 ero Jd'BC'UO ceaqf\Jla B83SaQeB'b 6 blJl '1r 118M8 RI1J'.L ,. .11 o.zrOIll'h aeaaoro enj 0'1'& Eneas a P'b, CLlB'.b A HOLI I qepea'I., JlO,ll;'L CHiMOB'hH. erne qepes'b rOJl'h3.R'l'b ABs,,!-Eai8.cpa o· T. .11'. Upa T8KOII-'h nopsIllK'.s lI;1)JIl., OSMO' (:0.6.010- pa~MteTcH., nepBo.C81I:1UeBC'l'BO norepa JIo. -DOliltia cliNch B ,3Sa"llecale. aBaDie. no nOJIYlJ8J1'h ae'1'OT'L I K'fO 61i1J1'b lIOCTQII.BfB· ero. a .KTO- t(}I:iJll·'I; 08MhlM'b nOKOpOliIM'L CJJJrmO" paHnSHfL. ,PO)I'L AOEiLI 6L1JrL TaKCYB'L, a Raia£fJa - 3SITb ero

1) ApeBH. XIX, 5, 1 u A.p ..

~) C .... o6'I> STOHl> Do.&poO"nile y .Bury-py. nero CTOT"iJ, nepeBe&eUlJoii: B'" Xpl1CT, qT. 11393r .. sa BU8. ~ .peBp •. , UOA'" 8~r . .Ialjell"lo~ J ncltllm H, ' '''lie,'oopoiJ 8-(lT-kA no A"'''lRIelitK in.

I

I

i

_ .. 17 --

npenocxonam, netx']) B'h aTO).!'!, OTBODlcoi3. OO'b 3360" 1'HJlCIJ 'fOJIbKO 0 J]JHBOM.'b 6J1ar()no iIjqio U 0 'IOM'h, qTOObl )TOJlJII'l'h plnlJlJlR8M'b, H STY Ba60TY CBOro oa'b KaK'fo OeJIh3Jl ;'1)' q me BhlpBRH Jl'h B'h costTt iy lU'j}M'L Y Mep'l'lm'I'h X pI! era: y-HB ecm». rOBOpHJl'b OB'b, ,i)lfllOJty v,eitOlffbHY YMf!8I1&U (IOHO. XVIII. 14). qt'II'J,.. PUoJI't e'1'l'.o , C:\ly Ii LLprrUM'h nU.llooB@M'b e~1 y n orep ll'B'l'b 'l1'O·Jj ~ on ors pH1IJJSlH'b. Bo'l"}, IU1IWBbt JIIwa CT0J1JH1 R'1, TO '"pe.Mfl flO fJlR.st .1lYXOBHaro y n pasaeaia. A Him 1I Ea iu<IHl no ~1 C'I' I~H'h f1r..:WH ealltbTe oeaBpa ncraea HMO H Of.'HIJ!HW H aue 0 raT'llilT€, Jl B U CY..nMl· qTOUbI noxasan, :)1'0. .1l0C'I'HTot)aO()WJJo. cs, JIYK'f;· Baana'l'b "X'D TO.lhKO no. H~leBI1. OO'h CTaBBT'h ABOY Btl nepnom, &1 t C'I't , l'tIO;J,wr'h 6h1Tb. nOTOl'Y. G'I'O A BBa.KAK'1J fJlBBa ui;.laro

'CBfJlI[eflBI1CJeCKsro pOJHl. 1,,8 K'b TeeTb Kaiat}lblH 6.rIlDKat1:mi~ PYlWBOllHTeJIb cro no BctX'b 6el3aaKOBiax'h. BM'tJl'h G()~lhrnOe uninaie an Bd; .IltJl8 I). ocooeaao B'1J CERe.npioe'B. rut OH'LllaaW npenC']in8Tf>.3bCTBODa,lIll (.utIlB. IV. 6); a M.o.,,;O'l''1 6bl'fb ~. norony, qTO A BBa oq~'raJI('JI DepBOIM'b llame de jure, - .'I'll Kflll'b OB'b lUOr'h 6h1'1'b OC06f1RHO B'b FJIIl38X'h. Cl'pOrHX'L ry.aeeB'h, KOTOpb1e B8SBaQenRI:iIX'h npol\YrnTopa~m nepnccaameaaasom, H0 npaasanaaa 33JWBBbD! 11. 91'lnn. no KpaJ1HCM ~r1p'h. ~lo.mBO 06'hSICBI1Tb. "nollf'My .Hyntt (j'l'tlIJHT'h ua DepBo3fb MtC'1"B ABBY. a llOl1Z" noernaro KUla(i)Y IHl B'l'0POM'h. Ii npH 8r0l1'h 060FlX'h Baa UI us. eT~ nqJfJOClJll'l(( ell H un au».

Y sasaa ShiH nepesem, DpnBll'1'eJIeB A) XOBBblX'h 11 cldiTCKI1X'1 CD B('~IO Oq elH1,llA ocriro 113e'l''h BElJ::krh. 'lJTO npesH.fIJ1 'feOKpannH Un nO,,'lH·]'HQeCKOII'h. 11 B'b UPPKOBHOM'I. OTl:IOmCBifl npamna U'b cosepmeanaa )"na)lOK'b B npaTO.M'h rorna, ROJ'tl8. B3'.nJle:JKa.!10 llB.HThCaToJlJ, R1'O .aOllJIWH'b <'DIn B08CTaaOBHTb ee Br:b en mOTi1BBOM.'b DEll'E H napC'I'BO Bpi1tie OC)3050liMrh 0'1''1> BpeMea.floB O()O.'lOlHtB. Bosro C3Moe npenn, KIl K'b GLI "3K'D' rOBOpBT'h esaareJIl1c'r'h, 1~, Obl.IJo?/UUlQlllA BO:JJfJi1'j,. ~C7J ]om.l'HY. c'bIny 8axafJtm~y' ea 'RycmWH1f, q'FOOLl OB'b SD'f3J](',ij B Dp~r01'OmlA'b

1) Joc. ~Jaa. B10 ApeBRocT. x VIII, 2. 2

I

) I

-18 -

v nyn I'ocnony. r.lMMA1J Bo:JJtiil sa JlSLlK.t BeTXarO saB'BT8 030aQaeT'L aooome npaaeaaie QeJloBt1t8 K'b BCDOJlaeairo BOJIR Boaiea (Iep. I, 14. MBX. I, 1. Hcaiu XXX\'III, 4. 5). BAtCh lEe BLlpazeaie :lTO aymao nOBDllaTh B'& CMblcnt noeersaia Boaia Ioaaay aaqaTb csoe npopose .. csoe CJlyateHie. ~aao aro nOBeJltsie IoaRsy B'L TOft C8Koii nyCTLlBt, B'L soropoa OB'L B03paCT&JI'b H rOTOBBJlCJ) K'L CBOeMY cJlyateoiro (Jlyft. I, 80 CT.).

2) MtcTo BBAell. 10aHH& npeAT8'I. II UILBHbll npeA.en. nponOB"". ero - 0 nOHJlRHl1i II npHd'IHHleHill qapCTB& Hed'ecHaro, corAaCHO npopo,ecRo.y npeAcHa3aHi~.

MaTe. III, 1-3. 1. (& OHU.?Iee 0"61) npiude loa""tJ lipecmumeA6, nponoofb-o oaa 8tJ nycmuHu Iy· deiicmtb1l,

2. H IAatOAS: no .. ttaumullt, np,wAu" i1IC u6oc/l, qapcm8ie He- 6ecnoe.

Maplt. I, 1-4.

CpSBBB CTBX'L ser sepTI:.nl.

JIYK. III, 3-6 CT.

3. H tpiuoe I) 60 cmpaHg IiJpdauc"1lfO, npono8nAaR "pe~Hie nOJ,aaHia I) 60 OCma8JteHie epnxoqa:

1. 8a'ta.lto J!)fta,," leAia lucyca Xpuema, ()WHa ]]0. :JItiJl a):

1) H npiude-"a, f}l{}w e" H 0 0pOIO ....... - ... pyce.o ...

CHUO .... oepeaon. TOIIII .... e 4' ........ 0 0 6ftJ T : 4B OB" opomu: .. 00

Bcd: OKpeCTIIOCTB lopAaB8 .• _

J) BbJp8l1leBie BTO .axOABTC8 eme y MapK. I, 4 B ... A" ••• XIII, 24. XIX, 4.

') 8'6 cu ••• oAeBcl • '1 .inroTopioJU, oepKo.B'. OHC8TueA (0,..-· ..eBa, 6,. Iepoa, H .. pyr.) aUOCT.en. ClO.'Jo: Ot..Ha Bo:HciR; ao 8TO oRy.eaie upOH80m.lO e.ryqaABo. Bo .ei.I: .. OPUIIIIHI:'Jo Ape,.·JoAmBJ. .. pyIC00 HC.:l'lo, 8 TRJC.e .0 acill'lo nepe10A8X ... , _1: .. OTQe ... nep ... oep'.11 CTal: .. eAar. Map.8 ~RTaeTCI: cooua, 6en ooy~eBi. C.lO"'~

CwHa BoaiR. .

i

l

-19-

3. Ceil 60 ecmb pe· 2. HlCo:JJCe ecmb 4. J1ICOJICt ecmb nuqeMuuli Hcaiuf1J npo- nUOOHO 60 npopo.. cano 80 "Hum C.lto-

p(}fCOA'~ , $./UttQ.ltlO... tf1'bX6 I): ce a91J 6«6 Hcaiu npoPlJlw,

tlfUM~: nocNAatO .A11Zt.IUJ 3.JtaZOAlOlqa:

ZAat1J 6onilOU§azo 66 MOtZO npe06 AU'" :Aaco 6oniJOUlazo 83 ngcmUHu.yzOm?Bftl~· ijeM6 mB?UM~, u:llCe nycmUHU: 1/ZomolJaiJme nymb rocnoiJeub, yzomOIJu,m7J nymb me nym'b rOCnfJiJeHb: "'pa8b1. moopumecme- m8mi npeiJ6 mooo'J{) npfldU tnOop"me cme .. 8U uo. (Max. S, 1 CT.). 8U no (Hcai0 40,

3. rAacb BonitO .. 3 CT.).

~azo 6Onycm61HU:. 5. BeRKa oe6pb j yzomoBallme ngmb ucnOAHUmCJJ. 11 6e1lToen?deUb, npao» 1(a eopa U X0.4M3 I) maopume cmee« CMUp,tmCIl: U 6y-

ezo. iJym1')cmponOmUaJl60

npu6aR, " ocmpiu·) 871 ngmu z.ltaolCU '), 6. 11 !J8pumo BeAKa

n.4om& . cnaeen;" Eo .. :xcie.

I ,

f

t.

1) Bt. RiiaOTophlXt. ICOA.6K('SX'll B oepe80AU'II •• icTo: 60 n~' qtbXJo-'IOTaerC8: y DpOpOIC8 BcaiH-a,. Haa'f!- '(Q nQOtprjft} - H BTO 'ITfJBie 04hl_.,oaeR"o OP1'SR8IOT'II 00 ..... " 88h111 ... ; 80 848 a .IH cora leA.IH.O. C8. Mail ... IIpH.OAUTIo QHTaThl Be H810 0",.01'0 HeftiH; a B Rn apop. Malaxill. 00a,0.1 e.y eCTecneB.ioe 4101.10 CBaSHU: y npopo- 80n., DpHTO." apR •• Toe 'ITeaie U8SUA.TC. 80 •• 01'81.10 I()4Ucan· (aaop. R.G. H A;p.J. Dflpe80Aal1>. 8 Ta_aU!! Y OTiten H ,!QKTN8A

nep.B. (C8. Ae8R8ct., 0pRreR8, tb. lep08.lIa H .Ip.). MH.I.lIIl, OT.lHll" .ltlill BBaTOKlo 8.piAHTon, .t. CB08 ... B8.I8Bio OTAaeTlo opeAOOIITe.ie 8TOilY 'lTeBilo, _a Ill. n 0..(.1 H •• OIIY •

') ,1fe6pb-~a"E-n BOB, Ba8"Tf~ sro e.JOIO BaSOA.BTC8 ·TO .... O B .... C ...

I} XoAM.-fJ8"~ 6_e XIII, 30- CT.

4) Ocrnplu ..;.,. ~guX!,QI. BO •• sa.. BUOABTc.I elite ... AlaB.

XXVII. ss.

'} r .. at1ttiu-%e,~ .crp .... aeTCB ... aOB, a88. Ton.o uk.,

2*



Cpa_OJlR CT" .. .., _ 4. B6tcm'b loa"HlJ Cpa.B8H CTAX'b

nep8hJu. "pamRM Ii; #y.. "'PeTitt em bI 'UI , 1t npon« ..

dlbOliS ujJ€tqe"i6

nOKUIlUiIJ 80 om-

nYf4eHU 'p16XOfRJ.

Mncmo nponoBtllQ:OqeCKOA J11iaTeJlbJlQcTQ Ilpearesa }Ka3L108IOT'b Bet rpa enaBre.'I8CTU~ Mapltb oaaYOae'I''b- 31'0 MtCTO noorime nyeruaero (C1\ 4), CD. MaTeeA onpe ... .ut,llJ1eT'h 1'0'101>6, rOBopa, QTO I03UB'b SlBU .. rea C'h nponoBt.n.iIP D'b O}'C1'LJBt iy.neHClwil (III, 1). Ho nycraaeio i}'Ju"'acl\oil He O'rplJfi8lJI:fJlaC~ ern nponoahas: no CBH.nt ... Te"ll.cTBY, CQ. {lr~.H JUt ra., I ~T.)~ 108801, npome.rs C'h CBflCro UpOJIOBt,l1I~ no neeii OKpeC1'BQCTH Iopaaaa 1). Ta-KHM'I;> _o6paaOM'b Bcn TIaJIeCTBSa OT'b 011001'0 KOBna no npyraro 6L1Jlt\ OJ'JIameBa nponossaho IORoHa. BODPOC'h reneps 'fOJIhlW B'h TOil 'h. B'h K8KOM'b MtCrt OYCTLIBU iy,lleAcKoA _ IOaRB'h Baqa.1fn COOIO nponoBt.nh~ TIyCTLlBJI iy ... ,ileHCK3S1 oseai, BeJIHKa. Oua 'I'SlHeTCSI no BeeR nocrouaoa sacra lYlLeH, OaQHBaSiCh nOQ1'U OKO .. 10 lepycazaaa H np"'" 6JIHaUUICb nOA')) pa3BL1MH uaaaaainsa K'bMepTBOMY 1I0PIOB [o3tooA ll},CTL1Bt, KOTOPhlSl COCTaBJlnIOT'b' en CtufLUl or,ll8J1eHHhIH rpasanu. I08SH'h l£IJJI'L, K8K'b lLY"RI01''b, D'b nYC1'Llot 6J1H3'L XenpOB8 - POlUIHQ cHQeA, 3,1l"tCb 08'}., 6e;i1J cQaIB1iain, POJIYIlQJI'b H nOCJlt.uee O'f¥pooeaie OT'L Bora. Ho Be Bn aTOM nyC1'LlBil 0811 SlBH~'lCSl, a B'b .apy .. ron, KOTOpaJl RaXOJlH'l'en B'L C'boepaoi 'I801'U MepTBaro·, JlOPIl. UpH BllS)lesiu n'b' aero JOP!l4R3. 9m nYCTLlBJf. DO' OmWamJJM'h oY'I'eIp'eCT~eBB8KOB'L? C&M~Ul 1(~'rI;lJHI; ~lltC., •. ", B6Jli1~Q_. ·~~p:rn~ro'QP~l, DpCltpaIJU,l6r,c.a· "~JUl# ~QaH~;'

1) 1op'.i8H'L ·iJepeT .. clue 88'1a.lO ... ("OP81.,. AUB8RCICHX... H8 d ... lIel}'" un. D8.1eeTflBbi .. Te'leT" no n" •• 0.1 OO'l1'U B8opa • .IeHilO "pt'II"1> B('IO Da .. eeTHBY 01''' et.opa '... :If)ry. Oepedura.: 1felulom08 03epo M~p~ .... ~, o~,~ .~~A~~ Dun.",1o .~ rl)'"ca,peTtIlO~.~~P.ft~, .,.8"1eJl8abJ88e'.oo I'a .. H .. dcKU.... Bbne.a. OTCI04.8. Jop..t.a... DPP"~~ .IU.lHIIOIO iOPA.8BCICO 10, 88 U P,cJu lite. iN 6o.Ji~e CTa 8epeT .. \ 11. ."8.t:.eT"~ no Mep1'1loo .ope.

_. 21 -

- 18HAutroTCH TO.:rbKO rroCLlc'&a.l b; CBOmr& DlUd3l'L OHa BOOJ1ut ol'o·hqa.1ltl ToR apnucmeuaon nfCTLIHH", xoropaa uapHJl8 B'L j&H3BH aaOOJICOIUU'b "OPOllOB'b iya.eHCKo'ff 3ellJUf, 0006e880 me '8D ea cl'o.ntat-Iepyca.1Bxt. 80'1'1, '0'& a'rOH UYCTLlot. BlUt.'JPI on' MHOI'OJllOlllI'Ltt'b l'OPOllORt. 81UI.1H '01'1, cye-ru vipCJI:oA. UPOMLlCJlY yrolRo 6h1J1o~ q'rOOlil Ioaaas JtBB.1C!1 C11 npouomulm CBOfllO- HelOCTtl1'fta lr&

cJlymaTeJlllx'h 311tCb He ltor.'Io -6b1'l'b. Iya.eR H}lt.iO, 06LlKBOseaie XOll.nTb 8'& nYCTllBfl llJIfl penrrioaauxs ()ec'lil'h 'CD ,CHiI'rLlMI! .yauum, EOOWHMI1 1'ttM'J,. n 'ra'Kate MltJIiJ CO ..

sepmeaia pe.!lHrio3BhlX'" ollooediit, ~~"b lfaopHlItp'L B'b B'b Dpi18A88&'b l'py6'b .. I1pn3118~K"b :lifo'r'b cosepmarea no OIWHQ8UiH nOJleBLlX'b pa()o·r'h. Db HallaJI'1> aoearo roau I), 'I'. e. B'L ceHTSI()pt. sorna, HHJO<lBO noaaran., H llB~flCJl Ion H RD nn 0 po n 0 Ut.lh. BaE80 10 0 C06eH no cri 10 n pa311H 11 "R 'J'py6'h 6&1.l1 0 ro. q TO 0 H'b CJlymMJI'h npemsep ie M'b .It 0 yx 'b llpyl'IJX'L B8matAmHX'h npa3.D,BHKOB'b_ (upaS!UiHk8. ollnme.aia H npaaaaasa Kymei) nepeas ltOTUPLT)ftt DCBfdii iYlleu, ,no ,aaKouy (Hcx~ XIX, 10. 1 Unp. XVI; 5. 2 Ilapax. XXX. l' 11 IIp.). OOnaaR'L (illJl'b tl(;rrO.I'fB~n'b 06pJIA1; mtoneain '), lJ'ro61J1 npeacran. lfl1CTbUl'b ci. mepT8oto Ilpel.'b Boros's (JIeB, XXIII. '27. lluc.'I. XXIX '1'.1.). llnJt no .. nonaeaia zrl'ufi: pe¥lHrio3HoA nepesueia aapo.J1.'h U;tJ1LUHI T().1lna"fI mf'.'1'b D'b yeJUOeSBWR )Itcll'a nyoruaa, R30/hl~'rlOlll.in 80.1010. If aeero tiOJlte. KOHCqUO.· ua Iopauas. B BO'l''& ua 6epery ATOM a8BtTHoH ptltR. aeaaJJetw, MO_eT'b (5UTb, O'."L 'foro MtC'I'n, rJIt B'hKor.n8 I. HaOHH'b -oo Bctar"b BapOllOJl'b aapaa .. 'JbCKHlI'L qYllecllO nepeme.rs .ero, T· e. aR ll8iRHex'& IOPllllRt '), "Mot·,to OOc1-o-RThCJl nepsoe .HBJlCBie Ilpearesa aapOlV cot npol'mtrnlli16. BD 'TO eaMOO BpeMJI, i\OrlL& co6pasmlecn Ba IrkltY cntmK.'lB

.cosepmarr, OlIOUOBiH 38 KOB8hlfl, ue Jl.YMa1r 0 Hp8BCTBea ..

I i

1) .lea. XXIII, 24. lIt.CoI. XXIX. 1.

2) Calm. L' Abbe Barret, p. 133.

') relliKu: iKUSH" H y .. eaie XPUCT8, ... PYCCII:. nepel ••• 111, II, .erp, 187.



- 22-

Boli 1JOCTOTt, 06'0 aenpaareaia cooei SB38U, Ioaam, oopsmaerca It'L BBM'L C'b uponoetaiio 0 "peUleHiu no .. 1<aIlHM 60 ocmao/I,1,U epnx061J. MOlleBT'!. 61lJl'b calfSi' y.u.06ULlii Be TOJJbKO .D.JlJI Toro, QTo6LI npH3BSTb BctX'D It'b spemeaiio B'L nosaaaie, ao H yltaa8n npU1JUHy rasoro DpB3L1oa: n01cmlmeCJl, rOBopB.II'I~ OB'lt BII'b, np'll6AU9I(;'1J6ocJl 'ijapcmao He6ecHoe (MaTe. III, 2). TopzecTBeaete B BBY" murersase sroro Dp83L1B8 TpY.llaO ce6t B npellcT8.BBTo 1JTo·uu6Yllb. B'b STUX'b BeMHOrUX'L CJlOBaX'L 38KJJlOQ8eTCJI aca CYWBOCTb nponoasaa Ioaaaa II peares II , nparorosJIJlBIDarO nyTh rOCDO.ny B'b cepllaaX'L lI~10BtqeeKHX'L. OCT8BOBUMCJI aa RBX'L. Il peatlle ucero, sro 3a81J1tT'L 'lCpe .. fl4tHie nox« IIHiJJ7 D pOCBJlmeSBLlH tit 1f.1J8 pers, )I DTp. .0- CKOBCKiii, rOBOpBT'D 8'L OADOB nponoataa I): "Upetl,feHie nonaJlUM, Kllt'b (iLl BH Bit TOJlJtOBaJlH eie BLJpaEeBie, .IlaeT'L paayMtTo, liTO OOKaJIBie B'L yqeBiB IOJloBa COCT8BJIBJIO rJl8BBYIO qepTY, Beo6xOllollYIO nOTpe6BOCTb" ..• Ioaaas X8K'L 6s 'faR'b rOBOpUJI'L: Be BBtmaee oxoaeaie B8ZHO, a asyrpeasee osauieaie .llymu nOK8J1uieM'b, "Pet4ellie no- 1WJlHiJl, DJlH Mpetqenie 63 nOHaJlnie, KaK'L C8M'D OD'D o6'l1- .sCHaeT'II ceM B'}, .llpyrOM'b .tcn (MaTe III. 11). OB'b Tpe60BaJI'lI~ QTo6Ll Kpem,aeMLlH, .OIlLlBIDa CBOIO .o.ymy cep .. .aeIJOLlM'.b paesaaaiea's, coaepmeaao nepeJltBI:JJl'L CBOB MHCJlH, 1JjBCl'B8, zen8Bi.a, BaBhlKH u nOCTjDKH. Ha 3TY .BCen.tJlYIO oepeMtay B'b 06paat 3tH3BH qeJloBtRR IRaaNBaaTh If ·caNoe MODO ntma.Jl.Hie-pE:ra'JOta; ua rpeQeCKOII'L .a3LlKt 000 03S81JaeT'D "MeBBO oepeMtSj B'D o6paat MllCJIeii qeJJOB'ES8 8 80 BCeM'b ero noseaeuia. Il pononJlya '('altoe Ilpetqenie rtO1mllHin, I08BB'b B03B'tmael''L OpH 3TOIl'b B HllilIomee 6LlTb ocma6AeHie ZPfbXO(J'{). B'L BeTXOII'L sast1't, r.nt l:J1leT'h ptllb 0 uoxanaia, Be rOBOpOTCJI aCRO o TOII'L, 6YJljT'b JlH nponieaa rptxa ()laB. IV, 24); a eCJIO 1'1t H BCTptqaeTCJI BaMeK'L aa npomeaie, TO TOJlbKO DO oruomeauo 1t'L U.tJIOMY corptmoomeMY aapo.n.y, 80 oe K'b K8m.nOMY rptmBHlty, B 0PHTOM'h u6~llLaealOe npomeaie sacaaoc» 'J'OJIbKO BpeXeUBSX'L CJI'h,llCTBlij rptxa B D.tJlO-

.I) To ... 111, up. 319. DSA. 1877 f.

r

i

l

.

i -

I

- 23-

, !

,

I I

xapaKTep'L OCDo6oatlleBia on opeMeBBLlX'L IJYOC;TBeOOLlX'L B8KaaaBla (Hcaia I, 16-31. lepe •• 2--9 rJl. Ie3eK. 6- 12rJl.). Become nOK8JJoie. I1pooootllyeMoe upoposasa, HllimO eaoeto ntJIiro YMOJlDTb Hosie lIoJJocepJJ.ie R JJ.OJIr~ repnssie It'b rptmoRKaJl'L. D peJJ.TeIJ8, BanpOTBB'h, .aaraerca nepSLUf'L BtCTBRKOM'h 6ealtOBeQSaro MOJloc~pl{iJl It'£. lJeJIo" BtItY, DOJI'L yc.nosieM'b co CTOPOSLl nOCJlt.D,8HI'O CO aepmeaaoa nf'pe'ltBLl rptxOBBOff 3tH3BD D'h atH3Bb BOOYlO, yrO.D,ByJO Bory; "'b ero 0pOoOBt.JlH 0 nOKa.HOiH Ka3JILdt rptmHRK'h CJJYWUT'b llJIst ce6a 6yp,ytnylO CBo6o.ll.Y o'r'h raerymaro ero 6peMeOH rpsxoss. 3AtCb BtT'b erne JItACTB8TeJlbBarO npomeaia rpnxom, napoaaaearo TOJlbKO nocm BeJ10IiOH 80803aotTaoR mepTBb1; no yme QYOCTByeTc8 6J1HaOCTb ero, DOHHMae-rcSJ B03MOatBOCT'lI 6Yllym81'o 6J1aro ... naraaro uparinaaeaia It'll Bory. .llpessie 'rOJlItOBHHKH co ... raacso 8'b 3TOlt'b mlL1cJIt a paaYMtIO'r'll OCl1u16.aenie tpnx080 !''L nponorrsaa Ioaaua 0 'lCptUleHiu nolCllRHiIJ. TaK'b TepTYJJJliaH'h B'b cosaaeaie 0 apeuieaia (rJI., X) rOBOpHT'b:

"KperueBie 10a88080 6L1J1o xpemeaie nOJUUJaia, KaK'.b 61i1 npe,llO&1faTie BMimmaro OOCJltlJ,OBaTb oruymealn H OCWlmeaia 80 XPHCTt. 060 ecna 10aBB'b npoooBtllLlS8Jl'L spemeaie nosaaaia DO OCTa8JIeaie rptxOO'L. TO pa3YMtJTh 6YlIymee OC1'RfJJIesie, Taft'b Kalt'll nosaaaie upezmeersyers, a OCTaBJIeHie nocJltlIyeT'h" '" Rpemcaie 108U8080, namers (iJl. Iepoaasrs, Be CTOJlbKO OTOYCKaJIO rpsxa, CKOJILltO tiUJlO KpemeBieM'b noxaaaia 80 OCTaBJIeaie rpsxoss. T. e. B'lI 6YlIym.ee orujtneaie, 1t0TOpOe .u.OJIatBO 6L1JJO nocrsaoBa'fb ... pess XPUCTOBO oceauieaie (Contr. Lucif. Dial.

c· Ill) R JlPyr. '

Ilponostas Ioaaaa 0 spemeaia nosaaaia BO OCTaD ... aeaie rptxOB'lI COCT8SJIJJJla TOJJLKO aaqa.'1o nponorrsae, Jlyqme csaaars, o.l1oy CTOPOBY ea. Caaoe xe rJI80Boe O'tl ero nponoataa nepeaaer-s CD. MaTeeR B npHTOM'L TOIJ .. ate BLlpaame'l''b CYllI.BOCTb en: n01taumeCIJ, rOBOpOT'b OR'b CJIOBaMH Ioauaa Ilpearesa, Ilpu6.aU9ICu60CIJ 'ij"pc1n8ie He ... 6tCHOt (HI. 2).

lYJleu .u,asso yata ozo.u,aJIU o03CT8aOBJIeoin Teo sparia, p,80BO YlEe XOrlJlH BH,IJ,tTb B3 npecroas ,1(8BB,IJ,OBO)l'b napa

,

l

I

I

~

!

-- 24 -

OCSo6oJlUTe .. 1Jl OT'L ura aaoaesaaro, napa aaeoeaaresa, C'h KOTOPLUI'b oae llYlIa.'I" rocnoacreonan, Ba,lJ,'h uctll'h MipOM'L. OSHJlYX3.1U 'rO .. l[bKO 0 3eXIlOX'L «apt. lOBBHn. KaK'b ObI orotIJ8R aa 3TII lI.YMLt. B3LlBaeT'L: IIOIUlumecn! T. e. nepe)JtoHT8 .ycmt aesaaa Ha aeoecaua. DOTOMYQTO npS6JJR3HnOCb nnpCTBO Be6eceoe.

Ilapcrso Boaie, K'L 003CTttnOTJ.'JenifO aoroparo OPRl'oToDJJeoiell'b CJIYZ8J1"L sees BeTxiii 3ao1n"b. see 60JKeC1'neOBOe llOMOCTpOnTeJlhCTBO 0 cnaeeaia JUOlJ,eu, Be Morno 6L1'I'h qyncTseHHo OJlO'rC1UUf'h, aCJlBLUI'L: ORO )for.110 II .llOJJif:ao (}LJTb TOJlhKO JlYXOOOLlM'b, Be()eCHLIM'b I). llJlR .aosaaarerscraa ~HO" )tWC.'O HaMo Htl''L ueorixoaaaoera BXOllATb 3l'UCh 8'1. noaporiaoe paespurie uaeo 0 napcref ,BolEie)l"L B'h 00l'XOM'b aaBe'rt l Hall'L .Il0CTtLTOqOO oy'· JJ.e'I''h YK33aTh TOJ1LKO 8alKBtilwie MOlieBTLI aerxoaasaraaro orsposeaia 0 1(apc'I'ot RomieK'}" soropue npOTOM'b COBnallafOT'L CD DfliftHtiilflBMfI MOMCHTUMH HCTOpHqeCKoQ sa3BB eupeilCK81'O aapom. TaK'L B'L nepioas aaaaucmaro paasari H MOHCeOBO'H TeOKpaTiH. B'L nepioirs npomrsraaia uapCKOM 1J.1aCTU. uapto ,1(a8liJlI.Y aaerca Be .. '11iJ1WC1'BOBHoe 06tToB80ie ., ot'laOCTB o.apCT08 D'L ero lIOTOMCTst: ,,6(}9~ cmatlA10 nOCAtb me6n CthM'" m006, rODOpRT'b I'oenoas .l(n ... DUlY. u ynpo~y ~pCm8? eeo. II ym8ep.y npecnloJtTJ eeo Ha 61&"". Jl oyuy EMY O,m{/Mlo. u OH7J 6yotma jt/.Je", Cu .. ttO.ltTJ, u npecmo.fl,o lJw 6.IjiJp,m'6 -6Jb'l(.UO (~ Ilap. VII. 12 - 1·1. Cpao. 1 Ilapnn. XVII, 11 - 14). Caw!. lI.aBUD.'L B'b CnJ1IIteHOhlX'h ntcBHX'h n npop01feCltDX'h Hapeqeainx'b, aa oeaonaaia a8Boaro elfY ootTOnlt8in. C031.aeT'b Be seate Be.1JHQeCTBeBRL1H 06pa3'b nap» np8oJl.hI H Mupa, ·ltoero

t) Ilapemoo 1)o:'JICie Ra8bIIl8ei'CJ uapCmBOMb HenllCNWMb HCK.lIO'1HTe.lbflO .... Ee. MaTge. H ;:tTO Dblpam.eaie eCTp"'laeTc. ... He •• 32 paaa iv, 3. 10. 19. 20. V.I, to. vu, :11, XVJ, '9. XVJII,3-4. 23. HAp.); roraa lCam. no ApyrHXlo eBa&re.lilfXlo nOCTO.HHO yDoTpeG~ .18 eTC. uaperao Soacie. B1. EB8Hre.riH ate MaTge8 STO .bJpa*eaie H8XOJ.HTC. n. qeTblpeu •• icTalTo (XII, 28, XIX. 2.t. XXI, 3t H 43).

') ell, no.tpoGH"e 810 Bliwert CTan.": R ... e. llapeTBa Bomi ••• ~ •• ft, .en, B Jlol.u.ha, ... Dpae. ColJ. 1887 r. BORGp",

-·25 _.

'1l.apCTBO nee OOElIDlaeT'b li eert, ntqHO. HO KOTOPh1fJ B'L l1(:·" OJIS esia Bo llweT sea a 0 if BO.TIlIJl.O eTA: 1'8 e'l''b CJ1a 8 61 C noe 1'0 napCTS3 r.ly6olul!I1b yaH3teBie~rL 1!1 noaopoas ;(31&0 )10 CPlfep'UI (TICflJI. 2, 71. 100 H .n;PYl'.). - Bb C.TtlYIOUlijj

.. ' ,,., ..

neplO.llb - So neprom, yuallJ\R 'I'eOKpa'I'UI. xorna [(apel'BQ

llsBIJJJ.a pa3.!1.tJll!1JIOCb aa ABa uaperaa fJ 8TH. napcrna Re~Ht Meil;.IY COOOIO KPOSHBYro BpaatllY. KorlIn rOCDO)lC'['BO HaJlo JIPynum aapoaanacraaoeeaocs nee aeS'BpOH:rate. a no.IJH1'.ipreCKSff Ca~fOC1'Ofl'1'p.J1baOCTh (lFJlC'rpO tma Ito Koeay,,!I..yX'l) npOpOKOI3'b VIn £I VII ntltOIn. OI~PIJ.lIlIeTCFI HRIlP.iK.llOH an csopoe npamecrsie uapcrsa Bom.in 8'bJUnrt Be.JIliKarO IIo'roMK3 .Ilal:l~llOlla; apello 0x.'h B30pa~II1 opelHOCl'lJIaCh yme Ilb rpaa,IU03H@X'L O'lep'l'aBWX,& HOBaa 'J'eo .. aparia, aeenipann, ayxouno- ApaO(;'I' sen aall , 11 nOT01IY utquaa, Hf·COl\pyrnI1Man.1l .. 1H M;-Jo6pamcsin (iY.J.YIlJ;aro II 0- . 'f'O~1 Ita l{a BI1,llOna HEro uapcrsa. 11 po POKH elisa Hell 0 ~ IUUI1 C!lOS8. 06pai~bl PI spacaa. Boscmanem« .. n03utlualOT'b

OAR:, 0 III ua C/th )luou aa, npe'.priCIU6J1, 1,1 OBA U 't8CJnOtU1tall, 1l.ap'b nplt80bt. HURSh jI/,upa. '1'. e. YMr1pO'I'BOP~TeJJ&. H aa.pCltyT'h. E:MY. IUHI: PncnoiJb. (Iernaa) ollpaoiJallie 1I6/'lue (HeaiH XL 1. IV, 2. Iepes. XXX nr. 15 -16). OR'h ely.aeT'b IIpamfl'b H nOO'Biit.lll'rb He 13FrBmeelO CH.10IO. IUU£'b aexuae uapn, ao "paRAnEO. soropaa no6YlI.1::\1''L Bet aa .. pOJI.h1 H uc1~xr, ILape0Jlo()poBOJlbBO H e'h paaccrito DOll'U3H.B"I'bCJ1 E~y. Ha Heli'b 1l0qj.eT'b)lyxb I'oenoaeas: .u.yX'b npeMYllpOCT~, l[Ix~ contrra II KptUQCTH. .uy~'h I3trrl:;aiH o o.lafotleC'I'IJI CRcam XI. I - 2); npenoaCaale:d'b qpec.!lo Ero 6Yl1.eT'.b npaaan, H npenoncaaiess CiellP'b ~ro 6y.ue1"J) UCTHBa (CT. 5). II 6p.e'l''b B'1> rort, .ueBb: I\.'b xopsro Iecceesy, IW'fOphlH craaert, Kalto 3aS1Ut· .IJ;.JJJI aapOJJ;OBc,

06 pa TJl rca off J L1 q a PI KIf. 11 as)I.lll Ha n OJIIHfTC~ u1;.I(ta i el1 'It

roeDon.a.fialt'b BOll,liI HanO.lBJU01"b nopa (CT. g - 10); M3py Ero Be 6YD,.e'l''h Ilpe.u.·lma aa npeorozf )lasallA. ~ napCTOO ero YTBepllliJ1"b CY,!{'L .3 npasaj aa BtK~ (21cai.3 IX, 7. Cpau. Iepes, XXIII, [) l1 ,!(. M.ax. V, 1-4).

B1) UH;J;Y paapymeaia napcraa iy.ueHcltaro fl Iepy .. ·C8JIInUl C'h xpaMOlf'L OpOpOK'L Iepenia npeJICKa3hJeaeT'b \(XXXI, ·31 U z.), . r!TO "rOCijO,llb 3.altJI[OQI1T'b (l']) IIdpa, ...

T

= 26 =

HJIeM'D HOELl" aantT'L. KOTOpSa 6YJ1eT'L COCTORTb B'b TOIl'L, 'ITO 38KOB'b CBOa OD'D J1aCT'L B'b MhlCJJ8 OX'}, D sa eepanax'D OX'b nanamer-s ero, 'ITO OB'b 6Y.IJ.eT'b ex'b BOrOM'h, a OBO Ero aapO)lOM'h" (cpao. Ieaes. XI, 19-20). 3aTtM'L KOrJ1a l1apaHJlb H8X0J18J1CR D'b DJl1my B crpatnso erpa,DJlJI'b DO)1'}, rBeTOM'b BcecstTBoii BaoHJloBcKOA IloBapxiu, Bor-s OTKPLlJl'b npoposr ,lI,aniRJlY Taaay onJ1tosaro HaByx0J10BOCOPOM'L CBa 01'OOCHTeJ1bBO 6Y.IlymeA cY.Ilb6L1 napcrm, aearRLlX'b, B OB'b ,l{oBioJJ'L 06'LHCB8Jl'b TO r,llam .. aeMY BJl8,!J,hlKt Mipa. 'ITO Dpee~ICToeHOO 6YllYT'b CJJt)lO· BaTb B ro60YTb lJeThlpe BcecBtTBLlX'b Mooapxiu, Ii liTO .nocaf OHX'L Bors Be6ecBLlti B03.Il8BI'Oe'l''b napCTBO. RO" ropoe DO BtKH Be paapymerca: OBO coapymat-s H paaPXmOT" net naperea, a C8MO 6YlleT'L CTOJlTb Bt1JBO

I t~aB. II, 44). B'L JlPyroll'L MtCTt .naoiRJI'L rOBOpBT'L: B B8.n.tJi'L H Bon BO'lOblX'L BHAtohlX'b, BOT'b es 06J18KtlMH

j BeOOCBh1MB meJl'b KaK'L 6LJ eLlU'b 1JeJIoutQecKiA, llome.ll'lt j ,lJ.O Berxaro J1eUMO II noaaenea's (11)1'0 K'b HeMY. H EMY _ lIaRa BJlaCTh, U caasa, 0 UapC1'BO, lITOOLl Be1. aapOllLJ. : HJIeJfeS8 H nOKo.IItsiJl CJJ}'J£HJIH EMY: BJ1n.llblgeC80 Ero

~ BJIaIlLl1JeCTBO Bt1JHOe, KOTOpO~ He o pea lIe1"D , II napCTBO Ero Be cOKpymsTCJI (.nas. VII. 13, 14). B'D saltJllOIJeBi8' aeero npOpOK'D MaJl8XiJl (n'L III H IV 1'.11,) npeJ1CKaa8J1'b o aaseaia II pe,n.TCqa Meccil~. KOTOPLlii, lUlK'D nocJltllHiA BeTXOaaB'tTBhIH npOpOK'L, crossmia aa py6eEt serxaro H BOBafO 38otTa, J10JlEeH'h 6uJI'h 01'KPW'fb 00 CJJt,lJ. 0 IOIO-

J aaBtey, BoariC'fD'I'b 0 ()Jl830C'fO uapcTB8 Boaia II YKll- 3iiTh Da I'paaymaro Ilapa sroro UaPCTB8.

- II B01''b, - KOrJ1R aaCTynUJIO BpeMJI BCDOJlBeBiH sctX'D 9TDX'b npOpOIJOOTB'D H o61>1'OBaniAt npeaae seero, coraacao Ope,lJ.CKaa80ilO npoposa 1tIsJl8xio, ROnJlCJI Ioaeas Ilpearesa C'h nponostaiio 0 npU6U8l1teshf uapCT08 Be .. 6eca8l'O. a 38 H8M'}, BLlCTY01fJI'b CLlH'b IJeJlori1JecKi if , I'ocnons B8m'L lucyc" XPHCTOC'ht Ilaps ae6a 0 aeJ(JlH. TaK'b KaK'D uaperao Ero nplu'OTOBJlHJlOCh epeaa 8a6paBaaro Borom aapo,na BSpaHJlhCKarO, TO 1Ja,lla AOpaa)(8 B.tJlB ocodeaaoe npeaa ymecrao aa scrynaeaie B'h aTO naperso, If ORB, 6en coaabaia, BOCOOJIb30B8JlHCh (')Ll

t

1

......

- 27-

&THM" npeasymeereoar; eCJU:I (iLl cs ,D.DCTOBBCTBDM'D C8D",,: ero pons coe)J,H811JlB ,IlDCTOH8L1ii o(ipaa'b MLICJIeA, .l\OCT0 ii ... BHA 06pa3'L 3£0388. HD DBH, It'll, CDm8J1taiIQ, BO coxpaBUJJO 3TQrO ,1I,OCTOBSCTB8, 8 I. XPUCTOC'b XOTJJ H .o6pa .. maerca K" BRM'L, onaaso no npOqRBt aestpiH UX'L, 6.0- ne H 6oJlte" cocpeaoroaaaaen, COOIO lltHTe"lhBOC1'L B'L TtCHOM'L Itpyry CBOHX'L yqeBHKOB'b, KOTOPLIX'b OS'b 00- e.llOBHeT'LB'L o6moBY (ExxA'r,a"ia), 'OS'b soropoa ,lJ.OJI1&BO 6L1JIO pa3BBThCJl 0 Jl,tDc'rOBTeJlbBO pa3BI:tJIOCb OO.lrBltOe napCTBO Boaie a;8 3eMJIt. TaK'b OCHQB3.RO 6L1JIo' oe6ecBoe IJ,HPCTBO H Talt" aaQSJl8Cb cnaraa •. f)JJarOllaTBaa, ae6ec .. aaH at038L aa aelln, KOTopaH ItO apeaeaa sroparo upameeraia rocito~a' samero ltO.1m-oa npeoripaaatsea B'.b HDBLIt pas. BOT'L nOqeMY OTIJ,LJ IJ,epKBB OO,IJ.'b ae6ecsLlM'L D,SPCTOOM'L PS3YM'hIOT'b »oonmo nepnoe B aropoe npu .. mecrsie I, Xpaera (co. 3JJa1'., 6J1. aeotf>~fJI. H ,1I,p.) , UJlO XpocTa B nepsoss. '"B'b soropoa OR'L DebBlI,lUIO nap- 1 cToyen u ItQTOPOIO 08" BAB~.JJ.RMO ynpaBJIJIeT'.b 1Jpes'n'

nacTll1peA, BellymnX'D CBQe opeexc1'8o . OT'},' anOCTQJlOB'b, .

CQXpaORIODlPix'L" BQ Bcea: 1JRC1'OTt' yqeaie XPRCTOBO R

·npenOJlaIOWHX'L ero naCOMLlM'b. II.epKoBL XPHCTOB3 H ecrs, TaKHM'b o6paao)l'1, 1'.0 llYXoBBG-BpaucTueBBoe napCTOO Boaie, KQTOpOe, pacnpocrpaaaaes no BceD aeM~lt, lIeur BCtllH BapO.ll8)(O, cymecreeaao OTJIOIJaeTCB OT'L napCT8'b aeMBhlX'L, 'I'aK" aa:lLlOaeML1X'L aao.rOBaJ]1;.BO"OQ .. JlUTaqeCKUX'b USpOTB'h, If aTO UMeUDO nspcrso, 8'b npoTHr;tOnOJI03tBQCTh qYBcTBeQBo· aeMBLlll'L n pe.llCTRBJlesiJJH'b iY.lleeB'b 0 Meccia, KaK'L napt uapcraa aeaaaro, Ioaaas asaueaers 14"pcm6oM6 ue6eCUWMlJ.

TaKOB'h CMLlC.II'L nponossaa Ilpeatesa 0 noxaaaia H Opo6J1Hzeaiu napcrsa Be6ecaaro! Ilpouustas 9Ta B'L co6cTBeBBOJl'L C)JLICJIt KQmeT,]) (iL1Tb naasaaa BaqUOM'L orspararo 6JJaroBtcTiJl .0 npameamesrs HCKYOBTeJlt II YllpeJ&lleBiB ErQ DODarO, 6~1Jar0.1U\1·HarQ napCTB8. OB. MapK'D, X8K'b a8l1t'leBQ BLlme, C'b 3TOrQ HMeBBQ IIDMeaTa H aa .. QHHael''b CBOe EoaBre~'1ie. II 11'1'.0 BCerQ aaMtqaTeJlbBte,

i

\

\ ~

.

• XaK'h 08"_, TaR'b U ,ll,pyne ,ll,Ba eaaareaacra BBlUIT'b B'b

3TOM" C06hl1'iu 6YKBaJlbHOe 'BCDOJlBeoie npoposecsaro

- 28-

npeacssaaaia, Bct OBH COrJJ8CUO npaaoaat-s orsocn .. uieeca It'b JOaBOY OpOpOqeCT80 Henin, 0 Z"U$Cfb 6'JniI0J,ijatO 6" nycm,ultu, 1\.'1> Ko'ropOMY ceepxs 'I'0l'0 esasreJlBC"''(, MapK'b npHCOeJlHBHeT'b eme npoposecrno MalIa-xiR. 1'0- nopa: ' 3av,aJW E6allte,,1ia Juc.yea Xp1tcma, Gwna BoJl(;iR! a7cf)!Hce ecm» nUC{fHO 60 npopOlfthZo: , ce aaa nOC6IlIa1O Ause .. ia MOUO npea" AU'l4eJtlJ m(JollAtlJ. U:xce yzom06Um'fJ nymh m(Joil npeiJ'6 tn0601O. a llante: Etata (JoniJOU#flZQ (Jo'nycmWH1t 8 "POq,

'HeCnp80ell.JHlBO atKoTOplile opRBUMalOT'L aaqaJJbBlifi C)IOBa ERaare .. lin Mapua aa nnanaes I), MJII:1 aaraasie '). Ha CS)lOM'b 'IW lI.t,;1't OBH uaXOlUlTCJI fl'b C8MOH 'I'tCBOH. opreaasecsoa CDn3" C'b CJI'lw,YlOuUnHI C.lIOBaMIf 2 H 3 CT., a nOTO"Y B Be MoryT'h 6h1'I~b OTlI,UeULI ors BHXb. B'h eSalOll'b aatiaJlt, csoero Eooore,li.a co. MapK~ ze..'1aeT1" K3K'L BOlBO, 06pal'ATh npeaajmecreeasoe saaaaaie qOTll:reJIetl aa TO. qTO EU30fc.'1ie 06'b IHcyct Xpaers, CLlRt BOildell'b' '). B8'J~.10Cb -1'"!lK'h. -K8K'b H8U~CaBO y npopof\on'L f). " 3W_I.'~~t~L-. q:~o(i.1iI acute YI\f\3aTb ii~, -jjHne~lIJl~J1.,'eqH, OB'L npexze ncero' npHROJlUT'L npOpOqeCTRO MaJIaxiu: ct aBo nOCUAalO auzt.!la Atoezo npedlJ . .4l1tfeMO tntJ?UM" •

• f4:IICe yzom06Unlo nymb moou npeoo. tu,0601() , (111,_ 1). CSM'b rOCnO,lJ,b OTBOCH'I''b aTO npOpOqeCT80 &'L 10880y, KaK'b - Be .. 1H~oMy ooc .. 'IaBHHKY Bomiro, sume soropnro He OLlJlO HHKoro H3'b pOdtll,eORLlX'b »;AualHI (MaTe. XI. 10 - 11. JIYK. VII, 27-2t». Ioaaas DOCJt8B'L tlb1Jl'L 01''U Bora - aoaustnars 0 npH(i.1JHEeBiH uapcrsa Boaia, 0 saseara

1) Ken ........ KOIIHcflTapiK, aa Ee. M:llUUI.

') TuwelU.o~'Io, A, HCKpacoBlo .'io qTeB. .rpes. TeRcT8,·

3) aaaR8.~aa esue E.anreJie ...... xpHcriaHlo un .al>t'laUKoRb . .ca, Map.,. "pallo y.aa"IB8eTlo aa TO. ..TU 1. XPUCTOClo ecrs .Iuue f)UJReet.e.JlOC 110 cBoell npnpo,d, eers Chin'!. 50.il,

4) B'Io TftwyfO Blle •• o ('Baa.. CT8B.n. uepBhIli ctOIt. 00 Irol'bU.l> if TpeThH.1t -ta •• Il'J zpe • ..-ie to.lIfOBHHKU: OpflreR'Io C. Cels. 2, 4: ftaQa ,'& 1:6>, ~apHfi), ... af1J1 1'8 ev. 1, Xp, ,H(t:t~ ylyganra, H .1.8.1, IIpl1- .,eA, 1I1, • O. O. XI, 8. XYI, 3 .. £UN •• LI, 6. 68&, 3Hr,j 6 .. , &eo..

Oat. B08.~· Ma.l.UOBan, fpuu,iii, J)UCOUUMo U Ap. ,

I

, ,

_. 29 _.

:r.dpy CnaC8'I~e~1n Mipa, a nOTOllY OB'b 11 aaauaaerca Rare" nOM'll ~l,'J', e. BtCTB0KOM'h" 1\,81\0 BtCTIUtK'b ORo )l.011~ JlWB'L OLlJl'h I1'uTH npell'b,,'IRneM'h I'ocnoaa (JIy~. 1. 17) M I'OTOBHTb ElIY UYTb B'b CPlluaX1J Jllo.lefI, IIpoooBt.a.y.f.l noaaaaie " KpeCT.8 rtx'b. 1\,1'0 np3ErI1MaJI'b nponoatus, oo']} ,11,tUC1'B" Te.~ hHO D pFJI OTQU.1JVI'b n YTb . K'b lfllpt BO Jli{'yca XPI1C-rA, I'i.1l1t'L rOBOpl1'r'b n nOCTOJI'b ilaBCJ1'b! ]'JaJl//1;& y6fJ «pecm« 1Cp~U~UtteAtli WJ1Utfllltift, JUOOe.UlJ Z.Jl.fl eon», aCt; 6(}?jJJlOyz(J(UO no nB.At{) fIIbl'y1Olnu, CtlP'b'fb 80Xpucmn, t; cyc,a (,lI,tSI8. X I X. 4).

Ilpoposecrao MaJJaxiu I\U~'b 9'11 .HCRO rOBOpHT'b o Ilpenrest, OARaRO OS@ He IihlJlO BOBLIM'O: 9'll aell'b no CYUlBOCTI1 Kpa'l'KO' nOB'fOpJ1CTtJl TO.'lb!\O TO. qTO rate paH'tetiLJlIO npeacxasaao npOpOIWM'b I1caiP[o 0 ZiUtClb 80· niPOu~rteo fl'O n.'tJcm.')tHu. Tali:'h I,UK'h ('8.)11, Ioaam., TIO conJlt'I.'(,JlJ)C'I'BY seraepruro l!BflHre.'lACrR (Iona, I, :!8), npaaaraert, K'b cetl1; npopO'1eC'I'RO McaiH, rnsopar , as» Z . .Jl.f./C7, 6oni1ou~a.tO 8'0 n'!lt:mbtw~ 11 II pOll '. TO :1'1'11]1'1. 3T~jKll,Y npoQF1M'h, H O,O'hlWHflCTCSl" nottexy Bet ;eRA:s:re~HCT.b1 npFfBO~( .1l.R'fIh ero. xotiJ. Hano(jHO a811111'rl1'l'b. Jl 'lia D RBOlI.BT'h ro- '.

paaJI.O TlOJlRte. II'fiM'h MD:reei:j .) n MnpK'h. _- ~ •

rAftC3 6oni1Olqrtt06u nycrnbluN, yzrnno(J(lume ny1nb rOC1WOeU'b, npao'bt Ijll(jt)pmne cmest: eeo. -~ 'l'8K'h cor JUlCRO t)flTRIOTcn 3'1'11 npoposeeaia caona y MaTees, MapKa Ii IYKu.

IIpnpOI\'h· MSJlRXi.fl aB3Bt1JJ1:, Il pC.ll'reqy Tocnonns

AmeJtOAMIiIlIH Bte'I'aHKOM'b; a [{popoin H'cai.fI Ha3110ael''b ero ~.Jl.aCOMa. 6oni70Uf,ae? BlJ nycm M U u, Taan. HMeBell'h 3B ~

1) Ill> lien: .. aa.II·~T·b f)rutl1> IIHe.Ho,)n. OT""'H'.~bl npAp.QnK..-,ArreH: , II M,uoxio, 48 U uri 8006me CUIlIDt'H IlI-tRII naal»oaJ;11 Cb T.1I.1> , 88!'~' .Ialll1 ter~IIMIIO""CTBa (Mu, H, '1.. CpUB. A DOll. Il, 1 H 'ap.),

~J YeBnnr. MaTeeR. (CT. 3) n'popo"lec,Tflo Deai", t;'J'3BJnCa QlT • n pH'IIII'II1 II e 0 fa 0 nrenie B1> nepBbllll1> .• n1.""r. CTI,X3M"I>. D1> nep BOlli ':L It' UTQPOII'h CT,0Kai33DO: tf.pluiJe 1. .K1?eemume.~t>. npOn081b(JaJl lib ny· I C1nf#1W 1yiJeiiexoz, U MaUl-In: ti01t'aUmo!lD.II 11 OPO'l.01> 8 0'1. e.OOHT6-· : .Inct:~ ttti(l(,BOBlJf"asn~ ~7y ".IC1I~ I:\I\TI\TO;" IW1b "",UP, peajlJ. NPO:IHf: ceil eem?_, pC1ftHHMU Heaies» nl101J01CoMb. UB'OA10UfflM1J 11 DPO"l,

- 30-

reJI8 YKa3LlsaeTCJI D8 COOACTBO ero c.'1yzeaiJJ; 3ItCL, ose .. BHIBO, onpenszaerca ero oraomeaie 1t'L 06tTooa8BOJlY ?tleccin, IHeyey XpOCTY. OqesB,IlBO, OB'b BR3h1BaeTC8 tAaCOMo oonilOl#ato B'b npOTUBOnOJI03tHOCTb OJlOSY (Jloroes Ioaa. I, 1)., CJlOBO cOllepiKBT'D B'D ee6t BllelO, KOTOPaJI JlUaeTCJI B3BtCTBOlO nocpexcreoxs lfJleBOpss.Il'bJlbBLlX'L SOYKOD'},; rOJIOC'L TOJInItO Bos6yat.IJ.aeT'L ,IltSlTeJIbBOCTb CJIYXS. IOaRB'D, RaR'}, 9'G)vYj:_rJISC1., Be OpBOeC'L ,CD c06010 DMKaKHX'L BOBYX'L Baee, Be ~aJI~ BBKaK8X'L ocot)yX'L sano" BtlleA B Be OCB008n peaaria II odmecraa: ORb 6LlJl'b TOJIbKO opraaoas Co . .nYX8 D'b AYXOBBOH nYCTLlut tteJIo", ot'leCTB8; OD'b Boa6YZ1l8JI'b nOTpe6BOCTb, KOTOPOH: Y.l108.JleTDOPUJI'L Onacareas. I1puBelJ,ell'L paaCYXlleBie 6J1. AoryCTDHS, 1rL KOTOPOM'L 001., xapasrepac BLlJlCBHeT'b OT80- meaie npellTe'lB K~ Mecciu XP_HC'l'y, a T&ltZ6 B caMblH CIILlCJ1'L npOpO'leCKHX'L CJlOD'L. "i1oocTacBoe CJIOB,O Rosie, rOBOpUT'h 08'1., ecrs CymecToo .IlYXOB80e; B'L Hell'b HtT'L

:' aasero rasoro, 'ITO )101')(0 ULl nOXO.l1HTb aa "0, 'lTO soaesao, DJIR 'lTO 1180aJIO 6L1 cpeacrso KOOe'lOblM'L TDOpeBiaM'b Benocpe)J.CTBeBBO OOCTHraYTb Ero, UJIH nOCTa8HTL

, celis B'b oraomeaia It'b HeMY, TaK'}, caaaars, JJoo.eK'L 1t'L.

JIOo,y. B'L Bors CJJODO 8SrJISrOJIaBO 6ea'L uoaoma opraoa; 000 Be BMtJIO BYZ.l1L1 B'b roaocs. 080 coeepmeaao Cavo 1rL Oe6t B 8CeIJ:hJJo OOOHTDO OTUY, KOTOPLlH npOHaDeJI'L

Ero D3'L Cooero Cyuiecrsa, He TO B'b 'leJlODt&t. Ero CJI080, KOTOpoe nepnoaasarsao pOEJl8eTCJJ B'L yllt, cjmecTByeT'lt ropaaao npeaae, 'It.'b JlOJlJIeTCJJ aaa 06BapyZllB8eTCH BOBot; 80 B'L aTO~'b COCTOSBiu- BBKTO _B6110- SeT'b nOCTH'lb ero. .nns roro, 'lT06y DByTpeosee CJIODO

qeJIontKa 1102&80 6LlJIO CJIL1maTb B noaars, 1fTo6u OBO JlorJlo nepesra B'J, llymy .npyroro, aysBo, QT06L1 CJIOBY npe.mmeeTBOB8Jrb rOJIOC'L. CJlOBO, npe(iLlBRIOm.ee B'b 8t~-

i.' pax'L Orna, upezmecrayers rJlacy .•• ~TOC'D \ / \1, (iYJI'}, D~3t.ne Ioaaaa RpeeTB:TeJl_JJ; BO B'bu'fBomeo18 1£'1.

.. aaM'}, rJl8e'L :ule'n J;lpez)J.e oaosa, - Dpe)J.Teqa BJlM'L npes.u.e XpBCTlLo... I08BB'b, npO.D,OJlDeT'b· 6n. ABrycT8B'L, npe.acT88J1HeT'L· 006010 BOo6m.e CBSmeBBoe HOlle _ rJIac& ~ BonilOm.aFo; :060 Be O.nOB'lt OR'b 6LlJn TaKOByn rJi:acOK'L.'

. ,

- 31

Beans, B03Btm.aIomifJ lIpyrOMY C)l080 caoe, eors rJla~'b cero caosa; I!I sro fJJaC'D yCT'L- Bam3X,:& no OTBomeHlIO It'}, Ham~&fy CHOBY, TO C3Moe EI rJIa(1) ecssaro nponoataBBRa BJJH oJJarOBilCTHHKa ITO oraomeuno .K'h TOMY ellOBY, o [tOTOPOM'b CKa:~aBO: 00 '1Urtea./Ub· 6n ().ftOOQ, U U/J,080 6n y Em", u Bozo 6l'b Csoeo (Ioaa, I, 1). Ooriepare BoeUIHO Bet fJI8Chl. (lJ)IBmie .110 Ioaasa, aoropue npenmecraoaaaa ,fjoa\ec'meBBo~IY U)(OBY. l'I. BC'];X'b HX'b iJSK,lIOtH!1'e U'D JHtO.t I08sSR;I!IOO OB'b BctX'b UK'll aaKJIIOQ3JI'b c0601O. 11 cie-ro 01180 JJBrlO CB. Ioaaaa npHBIL'JO CfUJlueBBhlH 3 TaBHCTBea ... BhlB xapasrep» npe..l{CTUSHTeJIJl BCtXD fJX'b; BCJrkJI;cTsle sero 11 lloopeHMymeCTOY.'l'3.K.'b H aaasaas OB'b: Psa COJI/o., Kal\'b ObI BC'ilX'b upeAweCTBOB8BillIU'beMY rJIRCOB'b neqaTbIO H'raHBBHKOM'b" '], Ioanat, Ba3h1 BaeTCR Y [I pcposa esacou» 6oniIO llplllft'O n OTO~ y , q TO c,n y rna TCJJ ~ ero 6 hI HI 8'b BpaBC1'Ue880M'h OTltaJIe8H1 01"b HerOH ymalm CSlHU1H. T,RiRKO CJILlmaJlB. ECJHI'rOJIbIW ncrrOMBHTb,(O uesa.n.soe II oeaOTpall.BOe B'h apaBCTB8BBOM'b 01'BOmeBiH cocroasie .tJ.eJIostqeC'I'Bll opell'}) s8JIf:laieM'b rOCUOD.a 1. XpUCT8,eCJIH BCUOMBH.Tb BCIOMepllOCTb B sanycTlmie Cpe.!1..H acero iy .. lleHC'I'ua, TO 06pSSBLlfl CJlOB8 npOpOqeCTS3 0 II pP)lTeqt, rOCIlOllseM'b, 1{8it'b 2.1UtCrb 6oni10'14fl80 ·fjo nycml./,'HIf, 0)' nY1''lJ BlIOJlHt nOHR1'BhI ICam.ll0lIY. IIOElH'raO llOJJ1&BO ow'rb ·3BUqe· nie 111 CJltAYIOtn[1X'b CJIOB'b upoposecres; YZO'lno8fu'i;me ny'mb Ioemoou, npaobt m60pume emes« eeo, tho Be 'rO'!"L nY'fh H He 'ft CTeaO. KOTOPbUI8COpaBJISUo.T'L ,1I;Jlfl npiaruaro nY'l'€'mec1'Bin '). llYTb I'ocuoaeas-« nyTb npaaau. Ml1pa H JIIOOI:HI, OyTh apaBCTS€'HBaI'O YCOBf'pWeFlCl'BOB8Hia,KO'" 'TOPIHI'b qeJIOB'iat'b npo.6JlHiKaeTCH K'b Bory. Ilpenresa POCnO.l1.eHb DO npoposeeray Hcaia yutmes.ae'r'b aa~.I1Y"

I) 8,1'1. Ciee-hnl5J, AoryeT. 0 r .. ac", II C .... ·.08'h" Us p. y.c(,'K, 88bl611 \ DbJA.eplRlI'H ual> 9THX'h O'ectAl> DpH8~",eRbJ 8'1> Boesp, lITeR, 1852-

53 r.cTp. 123-125' . "

~J B:. Apeni. epe.eaa, sa BOCTOSll, (ibJ.l'l> OO'bIQaH: lIf1r.s8 nap .. cotSupSJc. nYTemecT8on8n no couo.'" OO'J:aCT Sill t. , TO n8Ilel'tu." DO~ ..cbJ.la .. (~. B'hCTRl1lfb, KOTOPblU 0 oOy If(A8,n HI, UTeJ:eJi He n pa B U Tb D U [l q~ .rOTORIt TI> AU Unp. .40 pory,

3" ..

- -

,UBBmaXCR iy.u.eeB'h OTC1'8Th OT'L nOpOGOB'b, BllTH no uyn,-' npSBJlL1 •• uP" H JJl06B8. BcupnDuTL C8010 ZIt3HL, OTKPL11'}, CBOH eepaaa -.aJln npaasria I'pnayrnaro I'oenoaa.

CR, .u-YRa. KaK"b saMi;qel:ttJ ilLUDe, OPHBOllU'I"b UUTSTY H3'h npopOlUl Heain ),OpAAllO nOJlH1;e. CS83UU'L: YZ.?IHO- 6flilme nglll" Poc'IUJiJeHfj: "pasu 1nlJ()pume Clne911 6tO, OR'b npoao .. ,aae'l"b: 6CJl1m iJe6p6 !"n'1MUIIltCII, 11 6(;IUUJ eOlla if XMMi CAwp"lIIca: ,,6yiJymo cmpnMmHflJl, 63 nplttJlU. 11 Oc'''pitt 8~ nymu 8.1ttlO"". If yap" III 11 6CR1U, nJlonn, onoce'Hie hf):JICie. 91'" eJlOBR npopOKB 3nlCJlIOlfnJO'I"L lUUlLH1.i-· mee _ u306pszcuie I1cnpaD.!JeBiJI nyra rpll..i1YIUCMY I'ocnony. RnK'h.llJJJI Y llo(iBtHmaro tnecruin UIt PH, .D.O .. 1Ll DO B03· MOlKUOCTH usn OJlH.I JHf , T. P. aaCLJnS.1H :ieIIJJCIO. I"OPLJ. B XO,1()lLl epus.,IIiJ;· fltort'H- 6W.1U KpHDLI. npo.!Jal'a.'Ia. Dj)JIllte; HepOBH'OCTH DO aoporf cr.'l3ZtJ9aJlH. 'l'alt'h Ioauas Tpe6oeaJl'b nOllo68lilX'h lltficTlllif K'L npHHnTilo Ilap ... ·

J Xpacra B'h ll)"XOBROM'h CIKDlC.1t. H R'b qt'JlOotqeCKHX'b, I\, llymaX'h eort, )J;OJIhJ, eC1'h I'OPbI 1-1 XO.UILl, ,eC1'b &PUBH3BLJ H Oep08BLJe nyra; HanpHlitp'b 118J10.nymie, PO(iOC'I'L, onacenie TpY.D.BOC'I'ei an 0y"U J~'b co6CTUe8HO)f}' "cnpa8..1e~ BilO- Be6, 31'0 n0110080 .D.OJl8J11,. Hallo6HO JJa.lo.aymie 0'1· ... neprsyr»: H81106}f() HMtn, 1·B~P.llllO- ptmOJlOC'fb U sa,u.ea:llY na nOMOWL BOZ11O: (JeRI(lJ iJo.ll'a 1fC"O.4.umrR, c,,· ,nP)TOH CTOPCBL1. ropaocn. cU)'J0!\181mie. ),npnMC'I'no. ome-' croveaie, NOK'b B'h <l>ap"resnt'h H C31111YKenX'b. - nOllo6oLI rOpSM'b H XO.1JJlaM'h. K'ro )lB()ru llYlIse'f'h H cp()t, MelfTaeT'L(I CJJOHX'b KaKDX'h ... 'I~(io npeU)I!U\eC1'B8X'b, &1'0 He xOllle'n· c~yma1'b RaC'IllBJleHJH, ynop»o cJlt.n.yeT'h enOI'!!I'b Mat· BIStM'b H C1'p8C"J]tl'b: 1'O'1'lo 'KC cnoto(jeo'b DpBHH'I'b B'b ce6j( Ilapa- X pears; ero ayma 38XPL1T8 ",lUI C*'IOD& Hozis;OBa 'He npHBUMaeT'h ,D.06PLIX'L DBymeniH: OBa 0POTUBUTCJI JltHCTUiIo 6JJaro.nanf .IIyxa Onararo. D01'())lY ropaae It C3110llalltSl:llfllae JI{)Jl3lBt.I OMUVRThOJl, Q"o6w C,lIUa"bCH cnueof'JBl:iI1I8 ntpOI() ".'1l060BilO npaaart, B'b C8()l0 .D.ymyX PHCT3 ~ Ila pn,

JJ' 6yoy'nla NIlfMlOtlfHll.R· IN, '"paeaR, fl fJcmpiu ~o' nyrn" .~.lUJ()1C1i.:""-KPBBU3BLI BblOp311atrCJI Ii BcpOBB~e OJTO:' clltJJ3fOTtSJ rJI8.D.KHMH. KPHBHSH8M'h u eep0tlBOCTSUI,'b B'h-

- 33-

nyra nO,llOCiBLI llBOeJlymie. XBTPOCTL, 061188'&, npaerpaerie It'L 60raT~TBY, It'L 1JYBCTBeHBLlM'L YllOBOJlbCTBiall"L, BpaS,D,a, Mm.eBle II T. nO.i1.,-Bce aTO ttpBBH3BY B BePOBBOCTH B'L ,nymt 1JeJlOst'leCKoH. TaKOHO noposaaa DO lBB I08BBa C1'pa;J.8JlH Bet aooome, B ssrcmie Ii asamie KJI8CCLI 06meCTB8. 80 npeaaymeerseaao )fLl1'apH Ii BOHHLl. K'rO ateJl8eT'h ,IlOCTOHBO BCTP'BTHTh rOC UOJl8 , )l.OJDIteH'L 6L1Th coaepmeaao 'IOC'j"L no llym'B, ,llOJlZeB'L Bet eBOII MhlCJlH. QYBCT08 B 3t('JIsma YCTpeMOTL K'L Be6y, It'L Bory. B'L 3T0I1'L-npaltOT8 qeJlostK8. TaK'L llOJU&BO 6YJIO co ... nepmarsca uparoroeaeaie JJIOlleA, ~'L npBBSl'ilO CoaCH· TeJJJI. If Tor1l8. rOBOpOT'b .nPOPOIt'}" Y8pUm1J 6C.JU(a nAomI> cnllcenie B03ICie. B'h 3THX'L nocJIt,ll,HBX'L CJlOB8X'}, - 8CJ1 CBJJ8 npOpOqeCTBa, B OBD TaKate OPSllfO OTBOCJlTCJI It'L IIpellTe1J.t rOcn011BIO. YaptTb enaeeaie Boaie DO .IIBD npopOK8 Ilcaia, B paoie H nOCJJi. 6L1JJO TOJJhKO npea- 1ICTO)1'& nJJ8I1e8BLlX'b meJIaaiA:, 6Yllym.OIl'b B o.T,n,8.JleSRaM'L; 80 KOf,ll8 JlBBJJCa Ioaso'lt sa nponqBt.llL. Korla OB'IJ Be 06BOYJICb 06'h~BBJl'IJ, liTO npU6J1S3a.1IOCh Il8PCT80 Boo,ecROe, BCJIsiii YlKe lIor'!. B8.1(im:TLCSI YBR.II.tTL, T81t'IJ csa .. aars, CBOBMH OqaJ[B cnaanie BO[)fCie B nO~1JyqBTh ero. Bet YCTpeMDJJOCb K'L BeMY, u ItTO npDBUM3J1'b ero uponoot)lh 0 noaaaaia. B8ItTO Be 06M8BYJICJI B'b 9TOH (iJIa .. zeRHOH a811elKll'k. CaM'h Tocnoas aaCBolltTeJIbCTBOBaJl'b. aTO. CK88aB'b. 1J.TO .,on llHeA: Ioaaaa KpeCTrtTeJlR 110 .. BLlBi» napCTBO aeoecaoe COJIOJO 6epeTCJJ, B yOOTpOOJJJUOmie yeoJJie 80eXOma1OT'L ero" (MaTS. XI, Ii). To. sro Ioaaas nponost)l;LlBaJl'L speuteaie nosaaaia ML1T8.p~It'IJ H BOBU8lI'L BapHllj co 8.Ctllo 11pyrBMB, npOXOll,BOmOllO 1t'L oeMY,-3TBM'IJ OBD HCBO laBaJJ'L noaars, 'ITO soassmaeaoe BM'IJ n.aPCTBO Boaie ,IlOcTynBo BCtM'L JIlO.IUill'b, 6ca.uoit nAmnU, KaK'b BblP~zaeTCJ1 npOpOK'L. a Be OlBRM'L TOJlbK~ iYJleaM'IJ (108a. III. 16. X \r"] I, 2) I),

1) H".OTop •• e 6orOC.lOBbl (R80p. lliaBQ'Io n. Ko •• eaT. aB E.-, ,Jy.u) .IY.81On 8H.liTio 8'b paac.8TpH8ae.o... opopo'llooni> llcailt

npe4ClC888Rie 0 .o88pa~e.iH iY4ee8 .. H8~ 0 UlUouCRaro, H DO~

TOllY OTBOcn~ ClU8B ero 0 1·.l8C\ Bouilomaro OyCThlR'k ..... 108 •• Y

3



I l

- 34

3) 06pas'b ·flHSHM lnaaaa H HpeUl8H.ie HII'bHapoA8.

4, GaAfo oce Ioan7{/o UJMwe pU3y (;6010 om'O enac» 6BJt6AY.:HCiJo u noflCo YCJlte'lt'O o 1IpecJt'fbX'O CBOUX3: C'Hnd'b 31Ce eto 6rb npytJICte U MeGa

O'lt8iU. .

5. TO?oa ucxo3ICiJ'ame nli

1M!ltJj IepycaJFllita, 11 sen lyiJu" , U 6CrR cmpctnc" IopoaHcUt"rR,

6, 11 upe'lllaxyCJl 60 lopOU.1f/lb oma uezo, 'ltcn06niJa1OZijetp1oXUC60Jl,.

OO'la o6paat .aU.f3BD IoaBBR H spemesia BUD aapona rOBOpaT'b roasso A.sa eBQB.reJIHCTa MaTeeR H MapK'h.

MaTe. Ill, 4-6 CT.

CpaSH, CT. 5 H 6.

Maplt. I, 5-· f) 01'.

5. Jl 1,tcxoJJCiJaxy :1C'O ue",y Ben IyiJdic""UR cmpanu, U lepyco/t2MtA,J//lle: '!J, «peU!JflxyCJ1, 6CU, 60' lopoautb plbtf1b om'O 1teZQ ,UcnO'6l'6iJa1OUlIt zprb-

XZt CBOR.

6. Bib [}ICe Iou'H,'H/o 060'/1,-

~te'JfQ 6AaCbt 6f,A6Jt?/3Itou u.

none» YClItenr, 0' v,peCATbXo eeo, .flOW'll U1ipUOW 'U .~teiJ'O ih"6i'l~.

CpaSHZ CT. 5.

B'b QPooGpaaoo8.Te,JhHollli DJU TiJ.QHltJeC601ll·L CMbJI:J.'k. Ho ilToHRinie HCCllpalleI.JUBB. 8ali 9 CT, 40 r ..1. B11480, ItJTO unpoll'b iy I.eiics.iii H3- :XO.t.HTca ne D"L. o.J:hoy. a 81> ceOer1 BflIUi>,.· OJ, CIlOlU .. 'b l'(.lpOAan" TOJ.bliO Bl. OT'I:ymAeniu on. Bora, Ho Bon. Cffl8JUJCJI all.!"}. Rulllo HCOOBa ·RaK1.l5bJ lIoaopltmae-ru K"Ii URIl'M630UO« ua6bwo1CY'JO 1opy, 6Jlato-6tbcmey'lOUliu Oion?J a8bJotun'l> OpOpOB.'L, 603f1b2Cb Cb CU/1010 1MOC() maou, 6.4a1081bCmoyw'14iu IepY"'aAWtf"b! 6030baCo, He {joncs: Cf'Cao;cu MpodaMo IydIlUblM7J: 60mb Bo~u Batao U opo"J.. Ec.lu me 01> 3 CT. rODOplncn 0 l".I8ciloooirom8ro B1i QYCTblRl1, TO 9TO Yli3ShJDaeTl. TO.li>}l.O na to, "JTO aapoas, OCT8U..ItlBBblH ])orOM1>, 1I Bl. 118Ce..leBBbU"b rnpo..taxl. }l\IUeTl. liDJ;'}, Bl. QJCTl>Ju-k, OTCJO~8. O"leBDAHO, .'.kCTO ElTO By HUW' BOllo.aTl> Be 1C.8S1i DpooGprurl., 8 IIBn, opopO'leCTBO olh 1080-11. B1i T811:0..li CM'bIC..IiI ero U UpUBO.dan DC"b ea8are.rUCTbJ, lli TQHOH"If me II caM1> -IOaDSl. OTROC(:lr'Jo ero K1> ceO"t. (loaD. I, 23 CT • .) .

t I

- 51)-

l " ~6a 08B, XOTH KpaTKo, B~ B'b CBJlbBblX'L 8b1p~eBiHx:» 8306pazaJOT'b C811hJii CTponA, C8I1LlB CYPOBHil o6pan, saaHS I~Bsa. 'KOTOpWa Buonat OTBtq&l~ -ero nponoBtIB -0 nOUJImR. TaR'L o.n:ezlIY OB~ HOCBJI~ aas Oep6J1IOZLSrO 'SOJloca -_POl'" rpy60B BJlaCHHBUlaI. 03aaQalOweii CKop6L i4 UaP, VI, 30. lOB. XVI, 15. 3 nap. XXI, 27); .0nOBCL)·

BaJICH npOCTLlJI'L, KOmaaLIIl'L' nOSJCOM'L. BatmBla- BBJ1'L -ero aoonme aanOMBBaJJ'b seaasaro BeTX03aBtTsaro 60pn;a reosparia-, HJ1iIo, 0 KOTOPOM'h rOBOpoTcSJ, tITO OH'L HOCHJI'L BJl8CJ1SYIO OlleZ.llY U KOzaBLlfi: nOBC'h a8 'lfpeCJJ8X'll

'( 4 Ilsp, It 8). IT a m.e 10 CJJYDJl8 eMY attp811Lt a llBKiA MeJl'b. 'A.1tPS.ltY-3TO POll'L ('iOJlLIIIOit e_apsBqa 1), KOTOPOIO UBT8lOTCH sa' BOCTO&t 6t.llSLle JItO,IlB. no OIIUcaB1SJ)t'L nYTemeCTBe888KOB'L ') B8ctKoMoe 3TO 81lreT'L npiSTBhlii

{)ptxoBoA DKYC'L. OCOOOUBO BKycBoe 6JJIOllO COCT80JlSeT'L capaaqa, nemeBBaa ROSeK'L B KpLlJIbeBL B nOamapeOHaH ,sa KopOBbeM'b )lRcnt. Do 10SSR'h KpeCl'BTeJIh BeCo.staao npRBH.aJrL STY nRWY '6es'L ~pBiI~B'}.; CBapeBIWl se,

llPOCTO B'h BOAt OHa ,6H~~, CRYAB~,,~lIlelO. nOll'L .iut", Run.ellO .. '}.' 06YKSOOOBBO paaJ1ltIOT'b I lIeA'L r llIlItBX'}. nqeJJ'b, ltOTOP£llf 1I0&ao 6LIJIO HaUTU' Ta)[1, B MM.'L - B'h ,CKaJlBCTLlX'b YTecaX'b: aa BRyC1:. arcrs Mell'b seesaa ropess

H opOTHBeB'b (Aeau, BeJI.). Hseoropae, saposeas, llY" lIaIOT'h (aanp, IIIaaIJ,'L), xro llBRB .. ']) .• e.l10M'b BaSHBaeTCSJ 'Y. eBaBl'eJJ8CTOB'b COlt'}" BLIZlJlIaeJlLlA BS'}, JIHCTbeB'L xe.u;OBLlX''L aepees. TOJ1bKO '9Ton lIelJ,'}, 6h1BaeT'L Be ooer.l18; ero 1I0S80 .lJ.oliL1B8Tb Be 60rie &3&'L Di .at B horl j. Bo BCSlKOM'h CJlYlJat, BOO Y Ioaaaa liuJIO 6t~Ho B soero

1) YOOTpe(ilcBic n. DHuty H81tCTROA nOpOAbI capaa'lH A081U" leBO 6.1J0 sa .. oao ... (Jel. XI, 22). O.tUO .OUaeTMp' I'll. repaca.a -na lOpA .... p"a .. pac,,-n: a,qJuaw.. ORB BOXOA."" 8.8616BW • .4epeBua, _e"B'I8801O C .. oGla"lllWIll .ycn Ramel: capeRa, H O."IOJ"I> .pyr.lOBaThle, COIO_OB.Twe Ba •• yc-. .. aCTO" •• , .o~op.Je._oJll,.o -.cTh san, (l8.1aT1t H 811 ... DpBI.pOln •. no •• "aho EaBCR. Dop •• pia, aBB-TO H G8Ta.lC8 Ioaaa .. DpeA.Te ... , 8 He capaa .. elO, Ba8b188e"olO •• p.Ahl. C •• ,3;1pa. MaR. H.p04 •. Upoc. 1901 r. CeBT. erp, 178. '

: ') CM. OOHcaaia Riley' ..... YPH. 3aaBie 1876 r ••• B. CTp. 22. 3) C •• Ke •• eHT. KeA.u aa EI. MUle.,. CTp. 99, npHllio'l., , 1. '

3*



- 36-

r V

B'b 8e~o.CTaTKt, B'L ~KOTo.PLUJ Bpe)[eaa roaa i aero .or~o Be no.CTaBaTb aKPO~'L. ena Me~Yt B OOTo.)(y y npo.eraro aapoaa Co.CTaBBJlOCb MBtHie. IJTo. 10aDB'!, aasero Be t.n'LH Be OO.II'L, RaK'L 8 XPOCTOC'I. rOBo._POJl'b 0. Bell'h! npiuoe Ioanu1J 'ttl Jldwil, KU nMil (JIya, VII, 38); Oo.To.)(y 1:ITO OR'& ;ttiiCTB8TeJlb8o. Talt'b MaJIo. BltyIllaJl'L DOOJ,O, QTO. B'b opasaeaia C'.b .llpyrO&IH._ 0 aeQ'), Mo.ERo. esaaars, sro o.B'L BSIJerO He tJI'.b, se nUJI'L. TaKDIl'b o.6pa3o.lI'L C8J18J1 ero atB3Bb 6LlJla opoaoBt)liIo noxaHBiH 8 aoaaepsaaia a, 6e3'L cosasaia, IUltJra orposaoe BJJiauie ua 8SpO,lJ,'L; no. Kpaoaeii Mtpt. 'Xo.rlla OB'h asqaJI'L oponoBtllLlo3Tb II speCTOTb. TO. BCt aeYJf.eplltBIIQ YCTpeMBJlflCb K'L BeMY as Io.PJl8.~ lU\15.'L .6Y»'To. B'b)e~yca.'1IUI'L aa npa3,1lBDK'L Ilacxa: motda ,ucxo~ame fUi neM'U,le1!'!.lcu!-uMU. U 6C.R lyoea. U 6CJI cmpana IojlOQHCKOA (MaTe. III, 0). EBaSreJJDCT'b MaTeen ~JJJl . (i.o.ameD TOpzeCTOB880CTB ptqa - yno.TpettlJ1eT'J, aa" asaaie ropoaa B erpaaa B.tCTo. ZBTeJleii 1. IepycaJlo1t'h CTaSB1,,]) OR'), DB nepsoxs Mi3CTt norosy, qTQ ropoas 3TOT'b 6JilJl'D cpellOTOqieH'}, He TO.1JbKO SD Iy.aet. BQ U BO Beet IIsJIOOTBBt, Ilozs cmpaNOlO IopOttHc'KOlO (r; trE(Ji. XGJPO~ ~8 IO~tJtiv8) paayarteTCJl BeR JlOJIHS& no. 06tBK'L ('"To.POIl8K'L ptKH lop~aB3 o.T'L Tsoepia,1(bI ,'.0. MepTnaro MOpS.

Ilpaxonasmie K'b Io.1;I.B8Y BcnootJ1HBaJIB rptxH csoa B KpeCTBJlOCb: U "perqalOy~JJ 60 Iopaautb om" «eeo, ucno- 6tfJOtlfoeqe t~X" C80Jl, (MaTe. III, 6. Opaa Map. I. 5). Bpemeaie eoeepmasocs qpe3'L norpyaeaie B'L BOllY, K8K'b aTO n01tfL3HB8eT'L rJlarOJ1'h Ba:rTtl.et'l OT'L ,8a1l"TQ-nQrpylltalO. B'J, TaRO.'L CMYCn- yno.Tpe6JJseT'h ero B anoCTo.JI'L IIaoolJ'I. B'L no.CJJ. K'L PU)fJI. VI. 3.

HtxoTopue B3':(. Borillmax'L yqeBWX'L (JIa fT4-0T'D, Beareas ·8 llP yr .. ) JlYIl8IOn. qTO spemeaie I08sBOBO ecrs 88'1TO 14800. UIC'L OPOaeJIHTCltoe spemeaie; 80 310 Mst .. Hie Be orieT'b aaaasoro aeropasecaaro OCBOB8BiJi. HB

1) Y CD. Map.8 w·h .. T8ItO'"O TOpmef!T8eaRaro TORa. _ DpeAaa- 383 .. 811 caoe Ell8afeJIie .... a xpuCTi8B.. Hn ......... ".0.... 0 ... Dpe .... e Baab.88en. iYAeiIIC",*' etpa8Y, a .OTO ... JBHTe.Jefi r.la .. aro ropOAaiepyea .. H .... R'Io: u ucxOJICdawe "~HeMY 8CJl illaei1CtCaJI cmpaHa, U· iepycaAUAUAHe.

i

~

t

I

I



- 87-

'81. KBOTRX'b BeTXaTO sashTa, 88 Do ltRaraX'L aosaro 3&BtTa, HII y WU.lIosa, 8ft y Iococpa ()JlROW, 80 Y apesBtAmax1. TapryIlB6TO~'L utn. BBJl8JItAmaro aBlleKa ua 1'0, qT06L1 ,lJ.JUI OPBBJl'lU iY,1J,eAcTBa rpelioBaJIoco speme-Hie. UK'D oco6L1i caMOCTOJlT8JlbHLlA OOPS.ll'L. ,1(a 8 e81l8 iYlJ.eu Toro spe.euB (JanK y(J~eBH, 'ITO np8BO &peCTBTb 6YlJ.eT'L BMtTh TO~bKO Meeeia, ltorJt8, npolJ.eT'£, B npez-

"elf8 Ero- HJIiJl, 0.118 J(pyroA: E8KOH-JIu60 npopos's (I08s. I. -25 CT.). "B'L nepBya pa3'L, rOBOpftT'L Rein B'lt esoea 6a6)1. apxeozoria t), 080 (TO eers spenieaie np03eJIRTOB'L) HeRO JOOllHHaeTCJI 8'It B8BBHOBCftOi' reltapt H BBe)l;e'BO B'L ynOTpe6JJe8ie ae paute ERR'L no cottepmeBHOII'LYBUqToseaiu aepToessaro KrJlbTa, aa .toTo yJipaa.lloesBoA zePTBY, B TO TOJlLItO B'L rperseas C1'oJItTiB, &a&'b B'L ·CO(JCTBeBBOI1'L CMliICJ!t o6pH.D.'L npaaaria B'L pesarioaaoe -o6m.eCTBO, BLtBelf.eBBLlA DS'L o'lBm.eaiA DJiB OM oooaiii: , ItO-

TOPLlJl BO Bct spe.eaa MorJID COe.ItHBJlTLca· C'b o6ptsa ..

·Hie.'L Jl3LnS8K01rL, Talt']) K8~" ~da'L }1oBCeeB'L rpeoosan., OT'b Jl~n'h, ue'Qe~'L olloBe~,j., - . ~ ~-!\~" ~lt,£ O.qBCTJlTe.ahB~ro ·.epe4~TBa .llJlR npOR8TIH Yll8CTla B'L pifJI«n03BLlX'L TOpZeCTB8X'L (Hcx. XIX, 10). Ho eCJJB npoaesarcsoe apemeaie, cnpaOOlJI8BO 3sltJlioqaeT'L - KeiiJJh, ~Oa.l(BtB:m8rO npoBcxoueBiH. TO. eCreC'rOOBBO, BeJIh3'JI BWBOABTh B~ uero. Kpem.esia I08BBo.s8 B' x~Bcria~CK:aro.

-Osopse s806opOT'L lYlleD, noen YBHIITozeBUI BX'L xpa .. • ossro KYJlbT&t IlOfJIO 330llCTBOB8Th OT,1) xpacriaac&aro spemeaia BOBO;'L K'L TOllY, qT~6L1 yuoTpe6JIJlBmeeca y ,BDX'L AOTon npQCTOe osameme Rynau's.", K9TOpoe cosepm~ _ 00.11'11 0'1 a maeJlYi, npeolipaaOBaTb ~ .()V· Jl8JlLBOe ~p.ellle~e ~1t'L 06pflJl'L J;lPBii,aTi~, ~. peni'ioa:.

80e 06m.eSle". -

. - He BarteT'L HBllaro 06nmro IO&ll80'sO K~enteBie ' It ·c~ O~seaia.B; KOTOPIU'L Tpe60wi' '3aKOB'h Mt;)uteeu'L. ,IYlelc&is OJloseJJ,i.a 6Wb C$oJJhmelO qacTiro lJ.'ti1i&tBiitMft, .UlltIOII{BIIH "",JIiw. fl'JWlBTL moosLtJl ,Oc,K~pBe~~ 'If ~(J~~H .noBrppaTLCJI 9TOIb~~ pas'L, _CKO~ltQ T~~OBaDOc~'ro~~MH

J • ._

. . J) S.6.I. apleO.l,· Rea ...... pycCK. oepe .. ; K'm1 18'71. r, qacn

.'oepBa8, CTp. 399.

• • • j

OCBepBeBisIIU. Ho itperneBie ,l{OJlZBO- 6LlJro CO DepmanCJlJ TOJlbltO OlB83JlLt, HTB, 'ROTO~LJe HOXUS ero, .orJlB -DO-JIyqUTb ero TOJlbKO O'I"D pYKII Ioaaaa, TaKH .. 'b 06paso)t'J), spemeaie I08B80BO (SSJlO coaepmeaao HOBLIn,' ae8sBtcT" BLIM'L B'b Be1'XQS8BtTBOA npaKTBIti;, 06PJlllOM'L' B npexCTaBJI8eT'L cooopmeHBylO npOTBBOnOJlOZ80CTb oxoBesis.'L, H _ oqumeBisl)l'J), npel1nBC888bUi'b aaltOsoJl~.

Ho 6Y.l1yq8 BDOJl8t C&MOCTOSTeJILBYIrL no oraoureaho K'la iY.IleAcKBM'b olloBeBhnn~ spemesie 108880BO' He' ultimo caao 'no coot OOpllB1UJB8rom.aro 3B81JeoiJlllJIJI' lleJloriKa; OBO BLlpaz8JIO co60IO TOJIbKO o6miA CIILlC)l'b scero ~y3eBia npe.n.reqg, II KaXOL utJIb no CJlt,B,OJI r 0 coCTOJlJla 81. TOM'b, IITo61il. SpaBCTBeBBO OPOfOTOBJU)Tb .. uo~e" ,R'!. npassrrito' I'ps_ltymaro HCXYUBTeJlB. T8X'b H spemesie BIIVO TO~blEO' ttpafOTOBBTeJlbBOe - ap8-ScToesBoe· saaseaie, RaK'!. o6ps,U'L, npHBO)lJJmit Jt~lleft 'IX'b' llPyro.y BLlCme)fY ~yXOBBOMy RpemeBilO XpBCTOBY.- IIpellTeqa; )(0)1" j£eB~ 61i111'lt TOJILRO npeJJ;B81J8n TO, eosepmeaie H OltOBsaaie sero npBSa)UIeDJlO yme Iecycy XpBCTY. OTULI R lqBTeJIB uepssa, P~3CYZ.D.aJlH 0 c8nt B aaaseaia spemeaiaI08sBOBa, Ba3NB8IOT'L ero B006m.e npBfOTOBBTeJJbBLDI'L KpemeBieJi'L-:--pan:rtO",ua EtO'ayroytkOY. TSK'b no CJJOBaH' 6J1. ABrYCTDBa". nI08BB'L npen01l8B8JrL rssoe spemeaie, ItOTOpOe npBBJJBmarO OBoe no6YZ1l8J10' npll3B3Tb aeooso,D;BMLDI'L spemeaie I'ocnosa, Tt Be BoapOuaIOTClI. ItO· ropse KpemazoTCH xpememeif'£ I08aBOBLtIl'lt; un TOJILRO· ina rocnoAa JtlOllB 6L1JIB' npSfOT08JfeBII, STOJILKO B'Ir' He.'b O,DBO)f1; MorJIB nOJlY1JOTbtI'03po*.llesie" I). no CJlO'" B8lt'!. ROPHJIJt&' aleltc8B)J.pi~cKaro, "RaK.'L aalt()~'D MOBCeeB'b CJJYSBJI'1. aintoTOpLlM'L o6paao." nparoTo'ueitteJlf:L -R'£6y.1J.),J11.Blfb, 6JJa1'8M'L B .DJXORBOI1Y (iorono1JTeaiIo," 3&UIOqaw B'L. ~ CPltpOBeSBYIO BcTB!lY: TaK'},' B spenieaie Ioaaaoso, ' O'fJJOCfil~BO 1t'L ltpem.eBlIO XP.BC1'OBY, co.ttep.B'f'D B'b ceM DPB~r9B~TeJlbBY~,e8J1Y'" ')~.' "Rpenzeme 10888000- rQ~p_Bt~, .: ~B • .'~Jl':TOyC1'$, roJl~Konpelltroro~sJio ilpyroe(ltpemeUle XpliCTlaBcJtoe); OBO -T(\JIbtO lJ'L' aapO)lymt B o6tTOBa~iB .' aaKJIIOqaJIO TO, qro, nout.o.aee eosepmsao-

- j' " .

1) Contr. Donat. lib. V, c. x. ') In Joben. lib. II, c. 57.

r

I

I

!.

j-

r

I

I.

- 39-

CaMLlM'D ,1ltJIO)['D" I). TSK'D UK']) B'h spemenie Ioaaaa ae)J.OCTaBMO Boapo2£.zisromeii CBHLl llyxa Osararo. TO. B'b napanaen, C'D DBlt'b MOZeTL 6HTb cupaaeaaaeo nOCTaB~'1e80 spemenie yqeBHKOB'L rOCDO.1l8 (Ioaa, IV. 1-2) .!lO YCTaaOBJIeaiH HM,]) TaSBCTBa; BJ[B ze ero .OERQ 1'noJ(Q- 6BTb xpaeriaacsaas o rJIameaiJlll'b , npellBaplllOlUHM'!I ,'aB8- CTBO spemeaia: IUllt'b 1Jepes'b aTB oraameaia ntpYIOm.ie y6tl&llaroTCH B~ cBoeA BpaBcTBeHBoA aeqHCTOTE B Beo6- XO.llBJlOCTB 6JJarO.ll8TSSrO soapoazeaia us apaacrseaaoJJ.Q6poA SHaHB, TaK'b B B'L spemeaia IoaBBoBQnqeJIo", Btlt'b _ rJI1'6QKQ C03aaB8J1'b CBOro _ rpsxosaocn, B zeJJaJI'b BpascTBeBBaro . BCOpaBJJewJI. Ilpeayrorosareassoe 3Ha· seaie eeoero spemeaia eall'b Ioaaas HeOQ a&CBBlltTeJlbCTBOBaJI'}, B'b CJJOBaX'b: 'It aso He 6tbdtbXo eto: no iJa J£6UmCa H SpaU.ltt6U. ceeo paiJu npiuiJoxo ae» 600010 npecma (loan. I, iiI). T. e. H Kpemy BO.I1QIO. lITQ6L1 JlBBJlCJI Meccw; a T&K'D RaK" OD'D COe,llBSBJI'lt CBOe spemeaia C'L BCnQBt.lI.aBiell'L rptXQB'L, TO B a83HBaeT'h ero "petlIeHieM'6 no"a8uiJJ, " Be 6aHe1O (};()spo.oeHiJl, K8K:b B88LlBaeTCJI :lPS-

eriaaesoe spemeaie t an. Ilaaaa (TUT. III, 0). .

HcnoBt.aame rp'txOB'L npeamecraoaaso spemeaiio H CJlyacBJtQ, Talt'L csasars, uparoroaaeaieas It'll BeMy. Ha~TO He Mon ,nQJlY1JBTb OT'}, IOaBBa spemeaie llO T'hX'b nops, noss Be llOKaaaJl'J, cBOeA HCKpeSBOCTB CIIBpeBBLlII'L B BoosapOllBLlM'L BCDoot.D.asieM'L J) CBoex'}, rptxOB'L (MaTe-. III. 6. MapK. I, 0). Ta~HM'b OTKPLlTLl)f'L noltWlBieM'b &a3tllb1i nO&a3KBaJI'L, 'ITO JltftcTBRTeJlbSO llteJlaeT'D nepeari;BBTb SHaUb rptxoBSYlO aa zaRBb CBJlTYIO, 6oroyrollsylO.

HTaK':& BCKpeUBee, eepaesaoe BcnoBt.ll8Sie rpixotrJ" BCnQri.name upe.u,'L BotarH J11OJJ,'bMU, 6L1J1o seO{)XOlJ.BKUM'lt YCJloBieM'D spemeaia, )taR'b B ca1l0 spemeaie ue06XO,i(BMO 6wo ]I.JUI ntJJa ero aponossaa 0. nosaaaia H BriCTt AJIa TOro,llT06L1 DpefOTQBBTb JIIOlteA it'D npaaariio HCltYnBTeJ[JJ.

1) .6ectA8 24' - '. -

') Clo.o tsol'OMymJ ~t-U~lOute. YOOTpeG.eBRoe eaaare.IReTa.lI. C1t' y(lH.l ... W> ..... EX. y.aswaaen. alletlBO 118 TO. "ITO noIfa •• ie fi .. uo OT.p .. IThI.... BCea8poAu ......

40 -_

4) HaCT8BJle·Hie 4tapMc9H.b M caAAYK8RMb. paSHO HBHb M Bee.y HapOAY ..

Marre. III, 7-10 CT·

7. Blld 'fb6rJ :JICt (Ioaa 8:1)) J6'Rfi8U gJltP1lC6U 2l caQO,lj1l8U 8JJROY'U!liR 'lta 'lcpetlJenie eeo, pe« uJn~: lW:JJCdenillt 9XUOuoea, 1C1no C1WS{t fJa,;ua OrbJlcamu omooydyu!lGzo '//H/i'b6ff.

8. C01n60pUmB y60 n.aoiJo ilr;cmollub nOKaR1tiJl:

9, 11 'Itt Ull'ltUUaUme ?JUteosam» (7) ced1b: Of11qu ztMa'" ,,,u A6paa;ua. r.aiUOA10 60 easu, JUW ,;u09ICerno Bora om» J~aAtenift ceeo 8oS0mtZuym'll 'If,ada A6pa,aAty.

10, Y:JICB 60 UCrbKUpa np'tt Ji,f)p. (mu OP&8l6JM:JIC'U'II'I/O:. 8CJ1,.'£O yoo iJpe60. tJICe 'lte Jf1,80pUnrlJ n.. 'wiJa iJ()6pa., nocnnae.iUO 6 b/,eaem», U 60 OZ/t'b 8Jt'fb'llUUJJJtO.

JIy&. III. 7 - .. 14 CT.

7. PAlt-ZoAalUB :J/Cf, nczo-

o,nZ/luJ(,Q leapoiJoA,a 1Cpecmu~ tnUCIlt om7J neso: nopo3ICiJeuia 9XIlOIl.06.a. nmo cuasa 6 U"lt 0 6fb:Jl&am'le om» ZPftiJyzqa.eo 8'1t'ib8a.

8, Como'Jplune y60 n.aoab/, iJocmoUH"l·n01C(UeltiR.~ n 'Itt ua1/;/fuaume z.aazO.aa'JnU flo cef'itb·: omija 1.tJW.UU A6paaAUt:

ZA.UZO.aW 60 (J(M&lJ. ~'H.O JW" 9ICefftlJ BOlo om» uaAteni.n ceso fJOSOlJuznymu 'tado, A6~ pa(tAty,

- 9. YJlCe (fa n Cl'bUUplt. I) npu ",open'll OpeOC6lte:JICu'm'O: 6cJucoy60 Ope61J He m60pJtzq,ee '11..aooa iJo6pa, nocJ'b" 1((tcmCJ/. u 65 OZ'H/b 6AtemaemcR •

10, Jf (Jonpouwxy eeo 'Ita' poilu ZAaZOA1014e: wmo y60 comOopU)t'O;

I 1. 0 tntJeltlaoo oce vta ..

ZOAa Y·Mta: 'UJlt1'bfl,U iJon PU3:1b, OCt nooacm3 'He '1u'YU,ftJty: u. 'ltM·rbJtiJ 6pamua. mano:JICiJe oa m6opuma.

12. flpiuiJow.a {}fCC U MUmapu 1Cpecm/uffluc" oma Heeo '),

l} B1> P YCCK • De peBOAii: YOf()~ u Ctb1CUpa. DO (lIlt m:es'L 00,U08-

lIun y C~·"AyeT1' nep eaecra: BOT'h y'lRe ltci>u pa... .

~J B .. pycea. nepea .. : npU'tUAU 14· Mblmapu "Pecmumt.M, u C1(a.1a.ll:U eMV. C.rt..t,en: npam .... UMbl'f8PU .Bpe<ll'IJTbCJI on 88('0, H CK8SIU II e .. y ...

r !



f

41 -

U plbtua "{) fUMy: 14tnO CO" tntlOpUMI;

13. OHlJ:J/U pe1U "I NUMb:

HU'fmo:JJCe 60AIfbC omb no8e-

MbHHaIO tlaMiI m60pume- 1r(!at1l1E1'"e I).

14. Bonpotuaxy 3/Ce eeo u BOunu '), t.lUltOA'OU4e: U JIb/, 'Imo COm80Pl.lM(I: U pRe 1Co HUMI: H.tl1U)M):JICe ~Inf 8), Uft oKAe8emailme "): u 00- tIQ.46HU . otjollme 06pmc" 8atu'l4Mtt.

B'L UpOBe.1leOBLlX'b C1'BXaX'b MaTeeSl If J1YKH aaJtJllOsaerea cymaocTb BctX'L a8CTaBJleoie, IUlKia Ioaaas B1Im 06LJKHOBeaie )ltI18'rb ') npBXO)lRBWO.,£ &'b BellY speCTBThCH.

Y eB&BreJlBCTa MaTSen. IO&BB'l» o6pamaeTca, C'l. ,88- CTaBJIeaiallB &'.b taPB08aIl'LH03ll1lylt6JllI'L, a y _ J[Y&B B'b 1"krL ze CU:YX'h BSpazeSi.s.X'L OR'L o6p~maeTC8 Boo6me It'll Bapo)J.Y. Ho 9TO He Il'hmaeT'& BHltT,)) H Y JIyxo B'L nepBLlX'L CTRX&X'L ero (7-9) o6paoleaie npeHMyme'" crseaao 1t'L Upe)lCTaBUTeJUIM'b ,iy.u.eitclt8ro uapo,u.., Paaaa-

1) n~a(1(fE'" 8Jt C.Wc.I" TpeGoBaTilt ~.oran ...... Ho.o.~ 3adTf; 'B8X04QTC. elJl;e ... XIX, 23. B1> P,Yccv;, lIepeBO.t, ... ",TOT" CTHI .. "lH-raerea T8B .. : OB" 0,.. .. Q8 ........ : RBlfero Be TpeGylhe 40lte onpe .... - zeaaaro .S.'IIj BO 6.l1lm:e It'll Cla.I.CEOBlY H rpeqecao.y T8ICC1'y c.llI.t,ye.... uepeaeera TaR .. : 0.'1> OTriTH"" BBI'I>: Biiqero Be Tpe6ylhe ·60noae roro, '11'0 00.e .... 180 BBIII".

'}' BoUHW- a'f~a-cevOl'EJ'O'''''':'8'LBCTOPHq. ICBUraX'l> Be 'lICTpl'l8eTCa -eme, (STO iy .. el!~Rie COJ.,l8TbI Ra ,ClymG .. y pR ..... B'II. H ."pde COl ..

.t.8'1'1tl BPO.l8 AB1'BO •• ). '

8) -Othlthmw-~,"qtk1'J" (OTlo d'UZOtl.6W) aa:s:OAHTC. TO .... O,Uicl.. ') OItA~Qm"6-6t1"OIpa"r'1mJl'''' (an G'tnICIrponlGl) eate ...

XIX, 8 (:'1'.

5) Oat BTc,) 8<CBO yS8a.1'l8eM.\i~pa.eajeJy.H-(7 CT.): Ua$OAatUe'

-iN-ytl', "_ T •. e.· ,&8'1> 8111 .... '1> 06b~ICBO.e.ie '~OB.p·a'n.. _



- 42-

sie 3TO 06'1tSCBHeTCJl npoero o606meaieM'L MLlCJlB. zeJI8aieM'L eB8UreJlBCT8 JIYKO Y&&33'1"]) soodme lIJ[JI BctX'b, r JIy60ltyIO, paaarioaao- BpaBC1'BeHUYro Ba'l£BOCTb aaerasaeaiA KpeCTBTeJlJI. Buposees, CB: MaTeee secoMatuBO· OTJIB"q8eTCJI 3Jl'BCh 60JlhmeIO TO II aoeri 10, qt.'L JIYKa. G"'L rp030010 pttJbIO Deco.DSRO Ilpearesa o6paTBJlCJJ Be KO BeeM} a8pOl}. a TOJlhKO It'b tfmpaceaM'L H callJIytteHM'L •

• apacea B Call.IlylteU-aTO Aot napria, KOTOPLlH CTOHJlB TOT1l8, DO rJlaBt iYlleAcKaro aapoza. Ilspria "'8- pBCeeB'L, .uK'L nOKaaYBaeT'L C8Moe 8MB I), OTJI0 1JaJIaCb OT'L npoeroro SapO,ll8 u Y1JeOieM'L n atB3BiIO (cpan, JIYK. XVnI~ 11). BallaJlo ea BOCXO,llBT'L 1t'L nepBLl)('b apeMesall']) noen nJitaa B8BBJIQHcJtaro. BO 3Ha1JeBie OBa npio()ptJIa )l8D1h co Bpe'.eSIt .SKKaBOOB'L. «.Papucea 6bJ.1IH Be TOJIhEO eTpOrBJ(B peS811T8.lRJlB BeTx0888'tTaaro aa-' xoaa. .80 It aRpalY C'L CDBIn. nucaJrieM'L UPSBBMa.n. npeaeme crapnees, soropoe ORU JI03HO BOaSOJlBJlH· ltO·

BpeMea8M'b MOUCM. HenOJlBJIJI C'L nyHKTyaJIbHOIO TOll-

DOCTilO 8TO npeaaaie, BtPBte Y1JeBie KBBZHI1KOB'L, OBB· C'h Te1JeBiell'lt B~.eBH ace 60Jlte B 60Jlte CTaJIB 3a60- TBTbCJI 0 BBtmBeA npaOO.D.BOCTB B TmeTBOA c-!laBt 6JJaro"· 1JeCTIBOii aBaBB. 1'8&'1. 1JTO. 6YllY1JB llYXOBBLlIlB BOZlJlIfB' BapOJla. on CBOelO lIeJlOqaOIO, satmHelO 06p.allBOCTiIO' eosepmeaao nOllOpB8JJB B'L BeM'L (SJiaro1JecTie B BCTBBBoe

60rOD01JTeaie (MaTa, XV, 2-14). .

,l(pyraa napTia-eall~YKOOB'L DOJlYIJUR caoe UMB OT'L OS.D:OM--rJIaBliJ nepaocaamesaaaeesaro pOlla (2 CTOJI. I().

1) 0 ••• apaeea DPORC:104HTh on llJj~ OT.t.Wnlo, o6oco6l.T ....

KlB.eRT ..... fo ...... i. Xl. 28 Taw .. xapauep.8yeT" nx .. : 0 d',d'aoxa)..~ 'YfPW" e"""!: 'raw el' "II"''' tplll}lI1a1fiW xa, jlqappa'ufiW.· o. tun" acpo· ~Ulp"'O"t H£n 1'a .,op'pa IDS 'IqaPfACl"!t; rGW a.tAm" , nM«W ud'Ot!C o~ 8''lMy1.!V. l)1ua BameT": Pharisaei interprefaotur divisi, eo qued singt'larem sibi' prae ceteris scientiam legis et obse"aotiam mandaterum Dei viodicaba ••• ' Srides: fDo(NoautO" 0' '~fJ.1J.ItJO,..vo' GtpQ)~JU7o£' mt~a 'to ~,:!..,. '"" dcpo(>'Ctr" eavt:~ 'tilhi' aAMov wrCl1'TGW· ,,, tt 'to xa9'aqar.'a'to" 'f8 PUJ ~ aNl}f{J~cna'rOf' xa'''_ ora T'8 "01'8 B1'ral·· pa-ta. Cpa •• TepTy.lpraescr. Co 4'5. ~OB .•. OpoTHIf'i; eperer. XVI, 1 ..

r

- 43-

PoatJi. XpUCT.) 1); oaa ~LlJlB npUOOpZeS[(aMR. 9TOA OepBO'" CBHmBBBBlJeCKOA <fJaIfBJJlB B 60JlLmero. qaCTIIO 38SBJlaJlB naemia Jl.YXOBBLlSI. lOn;SSOCTH t)., R'L aasoay MOBceeBY caJJ.JJ.YKKea XOTJI B UnrUH YBazesie, 80 pezariio nO)J,IJuBRJlB )tiPCItBM'L ,BBTepeca)J'h. Bax01UUlBCL B'h COIOSt C'L S}SH'IeCKBMB BJl3CTJ)J(B U Ralt'}, npOTBBBBItB 4mpaCeeB'L' Be TOJ1LKO OTBepraJIB npeaaaie era pile B'L , soropoe KBDZBOKH OCB081i1BanH sa 3a&OH1:, BO 8'b enopf C'L CBOUMa ll.I!0THBBHK8MB D03BOJlHJla oo6t OTpBnaTL 6Llrie aRreJlOB'L (.QtaB. XXIII. 8), aocapeeeaie )tepTBblX'L . (MaTe. XXll,. :!a. Map. XII. 18), a taKata B 6eacllepTie. Ayma ').

06t era napria, TO eCTL c)apuceH .8 caruxYKeu, no C.80e1lY 06paay MhTCJJeA II DO CBOBII'L cep.n.eQSLlll'L QYBCTDaM'}, llaJleItO CTOJlJUf OT'L napcrsa Boaia, TtM'L Be MeHte H OB8 ZeJJaJ1B, DO BO,llH.OIlY, BLlpa3BTL csoe Y88- zeaie 1t'L IO~BBY B mJIU Blltcn C'L aap0.D;OIl'L npaaars OT'b aero spemeaie, Ho ~TO _.IJlIeSBO, TOJILW' no ,BDJJ.B.OIIY.· t)ap!3-ceu, .n.tJl8J.U:l aTO B~'L OOS3BBt. qTOt)y CBpBII'L paeao-: ~yml~II'b £'11;. ;~m-.BeJJJfB.lty ae BOStiY)J.BTb B'L BapO.D;t DO,IJ.O- 3p'kBlJl- OTBOCaTeJlLBO caoea CBJlTOCTB 8 Be ~BmBTLCJJ apaaereeasaro BJlumiJI aa aero. CauYltea-UOTOllY, qTOt)LI, Be OK.a3&TLCa B'L ouacaoas noaoaeaia 01'CT8BmHX'L OT'L t)OJlLmaBCTBa, If, 6YllYllB soodme aeJI106BMW BapOllOII'L, XOTtJIR DTD.'L nocTyn'KOJl'L UOKa3aTL CB010 Otim.BOCTb C'L RIUI'L. Ilpa CBoe." nOBepXHOCTBOII" B3rJIJI.If.t aa nosaaaie BO rptxax'b H Tt B Jlpyde ,lI;YMaJlB, ,KOBcqaO, sro npBB8Tb speuieaie OT'L Ioaaaa Be COCT&8BT'b R.8&aItOrO TPYJl& 4) ...

'1) CD. EriU.aBiA (OpOT. epee. t •• , '14) 0poBa.oAuT .. Raa.aaie CRAAy.eenon. ~ Q8ABR .. -upaaeARoeft: t1rollopaClli"" satt"', 2'ad'd'BXa18~' "'1tt'll ""0 "'"a,0"""'1~ 't7J~ E1t&"J.'Jf1UtJ~ OI!!-'wpe.'". D8sx ya{! lep1'.'· vaa, 8"xa,oav"1jI. '111 fte X(U LtallX '" tII~Opa xa'ta 'to naAruol1 WV'

tt(JEtlv. .

') Ilepsee .... e •• a.u ABBa .. Kaia.a th .... B cauy.eu, (A" ••. v, 17) • • ) Ioc, ~ .. aa. BoARD i~A. H, VIII, tt. ApeBB, XIII, 5.8 9.

4}~DpuJ.o~';' .apBeee ... -.. cauy.een loa8.' ,""'_ .petneBi•

He' CTORn ' ... 0POTBaopi .. ia C'Io B8p."Ui CDI;CUT8.i.: .ap8Clef' K'

aDBGRBaUb. codn BoadA GTBeproma 0 ce6i;, Be·spelllmeci . .on·

- 44-

-Ho Db :lTO)!')) oaa SeCTOKO 06MaaYJUICb. IOaHB", BII':UI , KpaABIOJO creneas eX'L oateCToqeaia, upaso o6pamaeTCJJ K'L HRII'b C'I) ot'SJIoqeBieM'L: napo:JtedeniJe eXudH06a, urn" - C1CltSa aa.Ui 01b.amu om» 6yOY144tO Zn'lMa. HaallOaO ~a4 : pOCeeB'D 8' calU~yKeeB" nOpOilleaiex'L 3XlIllB'L, TO eers 31dmOLlIl1. OTpo1f.iell':&, Ioaaas npJl)(O BLlCTaBJIJleT'L aa

BO,IJ,'L ax')) 3~106y 8 ltooaPCTBO I). Haupacao, Kalt'L (iLl TaR'lI rOBOpOT'h OH'L O)f'll~ aanpaeao BLl rOplJ.BTeCb nponCXOat.lleoie)l'L OT'b Aspaa)la, BLl aeaocroaaa Oft3LlB8TbCJI ero nOTOMKaM8; BLl yno.l106JISeTeCb 3XBl108M'L, KOTOPLlSI no outmaexy BOllY KpaCHBLl, a oUyTpn ROCSlT'b ry(ioTeJIhRL1i Sll". BonpOCOM'J): ,.KTO BBymD~l'b BaM'L 6tmRTb O'l"h

,6Y.11ymaro ratoa" ~ Ioauas lIaeT'L oM'L nCRO DOBSlTb, qTO ,8HK'ro Be, 1I0ZeT'b CK83aTb HMo, QTo6a oaa o36trJIlt raton ,Bozin, eCJlHUO oepeMta8'l"b cBOeK SHSRB, eC.'I8 Be olln-

eTaT'L csoea llymB noltaa8ieM'L. '

Y KRSaB'L na Roo6xOlllfMOCTh cosepmeaaaro apascraea ... naro 0600BJIeBin. I03BB'L ,l[arle aSqUB&eT'L 06~'nlqaTb - OCBOBaBie .10ZHOA c8MoyotpeBBOCTH <papocees'b II ca,luy-

-seem-. HMeRBO. sro OBIf B'L KaqeCTBt nOTOltKOB'L ABpaaMIl

. aenpexsaao npBllyT'b YlJaCTie B~ naperes Mec.;ht. STY rop.n.yro 'JlYC_'Ib rOaBB'L Ba.'lLlOaen lIeQToA H eosepmeaao paapymaerxee, rosopn: 'II ue na'lunuiSme Z.llat()~tamll' 61J

,ce6tb: omwlt U.naA4U A6paaMft. rltotWUIJ 60 aa.ua, ,R'KO »o- 9Itemli BOI'6 om» naMe",iJt, elM 608o6umymu ",aoa A61)aaMY· Hanpacao Rbi j1>tma'C'te teGH MLlCJIilO, qTO BLJ nOToJlirH orna BtpyIOIRnX'L Aopaua H aaCJJi)Ju:fHK8 roro 6narocJIoseaia, soropoe OB'h (fOJJyqBJI'II orsBora AJUI esoero no-

- TOMCTBa (BLlT. XVII, 1-] 6). 91'0 eCTeCTBeBBoe npo,HCXOZ.IleHie BOBce Be oCBo6oZ11aeT'L BaC'L 01''11 ae06XOlf.8" MOCT8 BpaBC'fBeOBblX'L' nOllBOfOB'L. 'ITo61il 6L1T'h, oeTH8- RY.B BaQJltllBOaalMB 06tTOBaBiA, ,UaUBhlX'L Aspaalilf, Be-

,Beru (AyK. VII, 30). nUTo.Y"ll'O 8.J.'kCIt Be (,OBOPHTC', 'lTolih.' ORII

,noCJi rpulJaaro o6.J .. · ... eaili 'oarrHIt riAol'lllTe .. "o Kpect' C ...

~) 'BDoc.. ..... cTa,i~ TaB;B,e o6pauta.ic'- c. "BUII8 H Ca Inc. Xpu-

. CTOn: n,?pD3ICd~i8 a;r;uOHw/' 1Iam. 6~ ~~~ WBOfjum'b do6poe~ O!l-

oY"u sAba (MaT&. XII, 34). '

, " . -",., If' . .. ..

r

- 46-

06XOAHII8 AyxOBuaJl, BpaBCTBeBBall CBSJ3L C'L BOil']" Be .. o6:XOJUU10 BMtTb T01'L ,n,YX'L BtPLl B ,npaBe.D,80CTH, EaI\HM'L BCnOJJHeo']) 6LlJJ,]) ABpaall'L (PHM'. IX, 8). He Hllta aroro lI.yxa ,BtPH 8 npaneaaoera ABpnalla, BLI repaere npaao cuararsca nOTOJlEallB ero, a BlltCTt C'lt nll'b H npaao 08 HacJl'k.llie 06'tTOB8BiA, lJ.8UBLlX'lt ABpaaHy. HanpoTHB'L, Be npoacxoaauiie OT'lt ABpaaxa, .MoryT'lt, no 6JJaro.D.a1'I~ Boadea, COJlimaTLCJl UCTOOB8MH qa,llallH ABpasJla, H noroxr B8CJI'BllHBKaMR .u;8UBLlX'b eMY 06tTOoaBift. rJUl$OAIO 60 6aJt'O, m£O MO:HCemr, BOtll oml) uaMtnin CUO 60808uzuymu ttaoa A8paa~tty. rOBOpJI aTD cJ[OB&, IOaBH'L, lIoaten 6L1Tb, yK83L1BaJI'L aa UIIOO JIe3W.oinie BOKPYI"L B'L 6earmCJlea.80M'L ltBOateCTBt 0 aaamie eMI cJlyqaD K'b T8KOMY o6paay Blil" paaeaia caoea MLlCJlH. Haeroamia CMLlCJI'b ax'L TaltaR: a B8M'D rosopro, QTO Bor-s 1I0Ze']"L B03,IJ.BoraYTL JItTeR AupaallY n Be 83'b iYlleeB'L, a 83',1, Sl3YQBOKOB'L, xoropae oy JlY1"b uoapaaan, ABpaaMY B'L 1l0t!P0,IJ.'hTeJUIX'L, X01'JI 31'0 Ball'h KruReTCSI aeS03IfOatHItIM'h.Talt'h H 6L1J10 800- CJIt,IJ.cTsiu. KarAa iY,IJ,ea OTOOPfJlH .nponori)J.beBaBfeJIb" CKYIO, aUOCTOJJLl' otipaTHJlHCb K~ SSh1QaUS8M'L C'b npono .. Bt,lliro n OBH-Sl3HQSHKIf. no. B'hpt DO. XpUCT8. ClltJJ8J1HCb U8 CJltlJ,BO Ka)l n o6t'l'O saBia I ,118BBh1X'L AopaaM Y •

'l'aK'b Ioaaes paapymuJI'D OCBOB8Bie JloatBoii easoyutpeBBoCTo <papHCeeB'b 0 Ca,IJ.,lJ.YKeeB'b. Ho liMO. roro. OB11 TOT1IaC'L 2le YK8SaJl'b BM'b as 6JU130CTb CTpama81'O CYlla Boaia: Y:JICe 60 1t Ctb1lUpa· npu noptKu iJpetJa A~um~:

UCJl-1CO y60 0pe80, e3ICt f(,e m60pumo 1t.!loda iJ~pa, nOC1bUaeJtO 6&l8aemr" U 60 OtHt 6MemaeAIO. CJ10B8110: BO~'b yze 8.ctKopa npa sopeaa JlelEBT'b, IoaBB'L BBymae'l''L ropJl.L1ll'h ope.n.CTa· BOTeJISlM'L iYJl~aCTEla. nOTepSBmUM'b BCSlXiA CTPax'L npeas BoI'OY'b, 'ITO nOfH6~'lh ex'L TaR'}, 6JJB3K8, Raft'b DOfo6eJJh onepeaa, UP" sopan soroparo Jle»tOT'b TODOP'J,. Byaes'b TOJiLKO yJlap'L, QT06L1 OBo. DUO· B'L npesaee BpeJiSl CY»''L :SOmB nopamaJl'L 1'0J1bKO OTJ1tJJbma EOJ1'ima ,D.Olla aapaazeea; TOJ1LKO BtTBB oTctKaJ1'b; 80 JJ.epeOO--AYXODBoe iYAeAcKoe odmecreo Bor-s W8JlUA'L; reneps B ero ()oJlte Be 6Y.lJ.eT'L; orctaeaaoe OT'L KOPHJl .uepeeO-Bca iYAe-aCE8a nepKOBI;. naaer-s. 06pa3'b (iYJJ'L )lODOJlbBO aceas; ne1JaJILHLUl nocJlt)lC'I'Dis OnpaBJI,8JIB 3TH CJJOBa.

-. 46 - ..

Kn 6e30JIOAHb1M'b lIepeBBM'1 IlpHBa)1,J1HiKl1'r'b acaaoe

zepeso. II raaoe, KaKoe nYCKaeT1l '1'OnbKO 3BJIeab1e .lI8CTbll, BO neaaer'}, fl..10.nOS'L, BTaKoe, sasoo np8HOCB'l''L DJIOllbl ropasie H 1I.llOBHTble. Ilepass 03BaqaIOT'bBipy 6e3'b, .a.o6 ~ PblX'b 111m'll, OOCJI'BABllI-·JIi.Keyqeaie. ltaK'b nepBLIH, TBK'.b

'H nocJIt,lJ,Elin na.JlaIO'T'b nO)l'bctKBPoro, K8K'b llepeBR 6e3~ nJIOllBIaSl.

Ilparosops Ioaaaa 08J1,'b aepaCKaSlBBE.lMH rptmBH-

K,aMB paaaaaca B'bymaX'b CJIymaTeJIea nOl(06ao OrJIYIDBTeJIbHuMY rpoay. H BOT'b On CTpaxt Opell'L CYllOM'b BoatiUM'h 6JIu.ze nO,lJ,CTyoaIOT'b It'll RpeCTBTeJIIO JllOll.B opo .. CThIe, aeKHS3tBL1e, 'l}To6h1 nOJ1Y'l}BTb OT'b Hero 60.l]te TO'!}BhIH aaC'l'aBJIeaia:.tho oripameaie ltD I08BOY npOCTh1X'b JIlOJIei'1 B ero aacraeaeaia BlI'b nepenaers OlUlB'b esaareJUlCT'L JIYKB (10-· . 14 cr.),

IiI nonpomaajero, rOBopH1"L om, sapoaa, raaro .. motne: liTO y60 corrBOpBM'b~ (10 CT.). Ha 5TOT,}) sonpoos HCXOJl.BSmiir, OqeOBllHO, npaeo a3'b cepana, npOBHKHYTaro iReJIaoieM'L nepelltslrrb 06pa3'L amaHl1, Ioaaai, .n;aeT'h'l'Q· KOB 0'1'8nT'L. KOTOPbIH se Tpe60B8.1]'b Qero-Jl.360 OC06884 saro, HOTOJIbKO .l1.06POBOJIbBarO HCnOJISeHis B8noBtUH n .rno6sH Itt, 6JUiJEH3M'h (Jles. XIX" 18. Opae. MaTe. XXlI ~9 a ca.): onUJrbtijaoo :JICe esaeosa U.U15: 'lU1irbR2't iJ61b PUS'Ib, aa n'Joacmo ueUJtYUl;8Jri;?J: u U)Hbll'l~ 6pamna, ma1£OJlciJe O(t m(Jopz~mo (11 CT',). Heaaoroe, Oq·eOb aeaaoroe, Kalt'h 6bI'ralt'h rOBOpBT'1l oa$,Tpe6yeTcH ors BaCD lIJISl yqa .. cria Bb uapcTBt MecciB: eC.JlR &TO BMi3eT'L list Olleat;U.>I,-··' OTlII.l.ii OJluy neuMymeMY, a eC.lHI KTO BMteT'.b aamaia KYCOKD xJlt6a, -. oDABa rOJIO,Il,HoMY· O,llHHM'L CJlOBOM'b., 1l0JIh .. aYSlcb ,!J;.OBOJIbCTBO.M'h. Be aa6Ii1Ban BJlKllalOmaroc.a opaTa "n .ntJIBCb C'b HIilM,]),. tftM1. Momemh. B'b STBX'b aeMHOrBX'b CJIOsaX'b, B3H.TLIX'h rrpJIMO B3,})Z03BF.I,. Ilpearesa TaRn npOCTO BTaR'h aarJIJIll.BO OCi'I:.SlCBSleT'b USpOJlY seJmKYlO xpBCTiaaCKYro JIoripOJ];tTeJIb JII06SH, O.nYXOTsopHlOmeB iKHSBb qeJIOBtK8 H no6YEAalomefiero 01'3bISaTbCHTeUJILIM'b lrBJ1- TeJIbBLl M'}) COl!} Y BCTai eM'.LKO BCH KOMY 'I ym.OMy 6t,llCT Hi ro. CostT'.L Ioaaaa UpSlMO yaB.qrOmaJI'L TO aenpaaapasoe

" pa s.rJ.'ilJtca ie, aasoe cyw.eCTHOBSJIO y iYJJ.eSl Mezlf;Y ~ro CJIY"

r

- 47-

1KeOieM'b Bory If eooereeaaoio .za3BilO. ~oceJlt iy,n,eii 1lYxu')) yrOZ,Il&Tb Bory TOJIbltO lIeJlOllBLlJl'L. 4JOp.UbBblJ('b acnomeaiess lIepTOLtX'L npasars, Be npaaoca Bory B'h zepTOY caoero eepana, soropoe OCT8BaJ10Cb y Hero sa JlOJIIO eCTeCTBeSBLlX'L CltJlOBBOCTeA B ,IJ,tJl8JIO BCIO ero BBYTpeBBIOIO atlJ3Hh cJIyzeaiell'L rptxy. IOBaR'L 0PB3L1- B8eT'b ero nOCBHTBTb ce6a BctJl'L CBOHM'L cymecTBOM'L Hory Ii CJlYZBTb E~y ca.OIO '3tB3BilO caoeto, O»YXOTOo-peOBOIO eJl,RBhlJl'L lEHBLlM'L naqUOII'L JlI06BB. n'pOCTOH ~OBtl"b Ioaaaa 0 lltaTeJlbOOa Jllo6BI! It'b 6J1H2KSeMV. 6WI'L BOOJlRt uoaareas llJlJl aapo,lls; TOJlbltO B'iltOTopi.te B8'L CJlyma1'eJ1eii 38TpY,llUSHOb COmCTHTb IIBJlocepJlie K'L (tJlBXseIlY C'L 06J13aS:dOCTJlIlB esoero asaaia. TaJtOBLI 6HJJB MLlT8pB U BOBBY. MhlTapB COCTaBJIHJnI KJlaec'b COODmBltOB'L noaarea B B'L 60JILmOll'b 'U1CJlt nOJlBBJIBCh

~ .

B'b ly.n.et C'b TtX'L nop'L, ttaKi oa8 - nepem.m nOl'}) , pUll ..

csoe BJla)l~qeCTBO. Ilpa c60pt DOllaTeA.·Q'h, nOAIIUHesHLIX'b Baudi Y PBIIJIJIB'b TOr)l8 rOCDQJtCTBOBaJla CBCTeM8 orsjna, 06L1KBOOe8BO, PBMCSoe -UP8BBTefJbCTBO ' nopyqUO' c60P'J» no.n.aTei' KaIO.Y JlB60 8B8THO.Y· pa.MBBsy C'b YCJloBiell'J), QT06Ll OB,. npeneraaar» B'h roejnapcraeaB)110 K83UY 83BtCTB)l1O CyM»y. 9TOT'L rJJaBBLlii orsynmlUt'D B'D C8010 OqepeJl,b Be ca.'h npOB3BO,llHJ1'L c60p'L, 8 - C,lJ.8.0U'D ero aa OTKYU'L KaltOMY-Ba6Y.D.b OlJ,BO.y BJ1iHTeJILBOIIY JlBny cs 06RaaTeJlLCTBOK'.L - npellCT8SHTL eMY CyMMy, 66JJhmylO Toa, ttaKylO OB'L llO.UteS'.L BHeCTO' B'L rocYJlapCTBeBBYIO sasay. 9TOT'.L nocJIi;,1lsil B'L C801O' osepellb T8KEe C'b npa6WblOllJlJl ce6J1 Clt8BaJI'b c60Pla Jl8HI! .IPYI'HIf'];.6oJlile MeJJK811'L OTlCyorn.HK8Jl'L. nocri.5;OB8T eJIbBhIA· pa,ll'L 3TUX'L oTKymnUROBlt aalillUJlCJl B'L Iy.u.ct .y .. TapSlII·U. llOBJl1'BO, C'D KQltBIIB 60JlLmB.U Tpe6oBaais.o ,nOJlatBLt 6YJ10 SlBJlJl'fhCJI IlhlTapa npe.ll.'L aapo.n.OH'L; DOIIBMO ·co(5cTseBBLlX'L 1JBTepeCOB'L, Pa.AB KOTOPLIX'h oaa npaHHIl8JIH oTKyn'L', B KOropae. npa 3TOA CDoreD. -Be 6WAB orpaa;r.eSH npeJJ.tJIBMB, , HII'h opn:ollaJIOOL nOKpHB8Tb KOPWOTBYro npa6YJIL . Bciix'L npeJl,meOTBOBaBmUX1., OTltynwuKOB'lt. Ilpa Taltol 06J13aSBOCTu BIl'L qaCTO, BMtOTO, ,u,1uI'L .R.lOCeplllJl, npBXO)lBJlOCb OJta3lt1BaTL 6JIIIZBB.la' OllHO TOJlhKO

\ ,

- 48-

3J10.-QaCTO BylltBO OYJlO. npa BBJl.t 6iJllBOCTB B erpanaRis, a8l'JI)'maTb B'L CBoe." eepnrs COqYBCTBie H OTBS" M8Th Y 6tllBSKa nOCJlt.u;sBe. 9'1'0 oraomeaie It'}. 6J1RZoeIlY. BLlTeKtllOmee B3'L 06S138SBOCTeli c.oyz61l, B BLISBaJJO B'L MLlTapaX'L selloy.tHie, KOrJl8 OBe YCJJb1maJlH COBtT'b Ilpearesa OT'}, sceA llywa JlI060Tb acasaro. llTO BaM'}, n;tJlan (JIyx. III. 12)~ cOpamOB8JJH OBH Iosaaa, He BYZRO JUl. JJ.YlJaJlR OBB, OCT&SBTb esoero BB8nia? IlpenTella 06'bSCBJJeT'b BM", IJTO o6B3aSSOCTb IIBJlOCep.DJJJ. 1t'L 6JJ02ltBBM" He npOTHBOptIJBT'b ax'b 06S13aBBOCTHM'b 06IUeCTBeSBLllt'D H BlIftCTt C'b Ttll'b YK8SLlBaeT'b_ TOT'L nyTb, X8KSM'It OHB ~lOryT'b 1l~6pOJlt1'eJlbBO B lJeC1'UO BIiIDOJIBJlTb csoe ·CJIyaeBIe. MecclJJ. KaK'L (iLl T8K'L rOBOpUT'L OB'L, Tpe6ye'l''It O'l'L CBO'aX'L B36paBBBKO.s'b Be nepell'tiiLI JI'BCT8;' a n~~epJlna; E.y 8ylBHH. JJlO.llB C'b 06BOBJIeSSLlM.n IJrBfRBaliB H C1.--~nJtiji1M'L paCDoJIoseaieM'L BCDOJJBBIOUlle COOK 061138880CTB. H Ba)f'h. IJTo6.L1 OCT8ThCJI Ero B36paa ... aBKa.e, Beo6xOlUfMO DRenTH D'b CBOIO ,IJ.taTeJIbBOCTb lie· CTYIO. 6eaKOph1CTSYIO .1lymy B. noaaumaa 0 Bors, DO costCTH BCnOJlBJJTb CDOH .nOJlr'b. Bu1tmo3ICe 6o.arbe onu. n08eA1bHHatO 8aM'O mtJOptime (er, 13), T. e. Be Tpe6YHTe ('ioJlie Toro, 1J.TO DOBeJltSO Ba II 'J.. Be 6epuTe zamasro, B03J1I06aT6 ()JUt2tSJ1I'O T8K'L, IJTo6u pallB ero 6JIara 38- 6LlTb csoa SeqaCTNe. sopueraae aarepeca B OCT8BaTb DeJ1Kin -BL1MOr8T~JlhCT88. XOTS till 08B B ties'll cypoaaro B8CBJlia BoalfO.8Ll liUJlH . "BOrNi 11llS BaC'll, oKasLlBsATe (iJlU2tUeMY 0T'b acspeaaaro cepllna IIHJIOCepJlie, CKOJJbKO 9TO aaBHCUT'J, 01"h ceJl'h samax1t H Be npOTHBoptqOT'b qeCTBOMY BCDOJlSeailO samero aozra, tho 6YlleT'L nepBUM'b H JIYllmBII'L DJlOlO.'}, oamero nOK8J1Bi.a. - Ilo.Ilo6soe' 36 sellopaaYlltaie BCnL1TLlB8JJ'L B JlpYl'oii uacC'l. JlJOlleiBOBSY. ih'O coeaosie 6wo OqeSh JlBOrOqoc.ueSBO B'L IYJ1et co BpelleBB aasoeaaaia ea PUIIJIJIBalUf. Bs BB1l8X'L j,llepDsia noaopeaaaxs CTpaB'L DO.ll'h csoeio BJl8criIO, pascsoe npa8UTeJIhCTBO 06li1KBOBeSHO COllepmaHO ope CBOBX'L aa)ftcTBBK8X'lt DOCTOBOBLlSl BoAcn. B ... naJleCTHst _CUB Ba.tCTBRKB BeptAKO B3~ nOABTBqeCKBX~ pa3C1J.eTO~ Joe· .IHIJSDaJlH BQeSSyIO C8JJY t X8)t'b BanpB.tp1t nocTynaJJ'b

r

- 49-

EO npeseea Ilpezresa Hpo.ll'b Aonma, 0118010 1!J3'L npa .. 1JI!JH'I:. UocJltJIYlOmen CChlJlKH aoroparn E'b r.aJImJO Kaa R8JIUrYJIB rrOCTRBHJI'nHMeaao He38KoHHoe yeHJIoqeoie Bol'lcK8 1).

Ilpa ceoeD MHOI'OqaCJleHElOCTlf if aeB03MOZHOCTI!

co6CTSeOBLIM'b TPY,IJ,OM']) lOOTaeST}' aeo6xolUlMoe trponoBOJ1LC'rBie, BOBCKB eC'PeCTBeBBO Tpe6oB8Jl0 l(JlSI csoero collepmaais 60JIbmBX'h BaJIOrOBoj, so TOp h18 Boom 'ramecTiro JlOm3JJHCb sa OBPOJl']). Bo apeaa BOBO'b OHa He TOJJh&O no npaBy COJJlll nOJIb30BB.JlHCbllOCTOSBieM'h 6JJHmSJJfO, 80 nocarana ,,IlBiKe DB ero a;03ff1). ·.l(a H Bo06018 npasABBsr 3.03Bb, BeB36tatHo coeaaaeaasa C'L paSlU1qHLUHI y.n;OBOJIbC'l'Bi.fIMH, Tpe6oBfl.JIB OT'll BOHBOB'I:. 60JIhmHX'b 83)lepmeK'L II Bept.l(ItOCT8BHJIa HX'I:. B'b BeoCixoJI,ln1OC'l'b BeqOCTblMH ay .. 'l'HMH .1l0CTBBBTbceOt neaera, KaK'Il HanpoMtp'D qpes'L )10- Boehl E RJIeBe'fIJ, KOTOpEJe B'L TO rpy60e npexa COCTaBJlBJnI OOL1tlBOe asaeaie, Xopomo npeJICT8BJIBSI C80ro atHBHb,. DOOBH upemaa B'b He.lloYMimie, npecJIou1J Ilperresa 0 M8JIOCep'" .!Ii», B nO.llo6so MLITapaM'h •. npocana y Ioassa passaceeaia, Bonpomaxy :!Me eeo .U60UUU, ZAQZO.ll/lOU4e:u .• iJfU "rna com60pU.JM~ (CT. 14). Ioaam H HM'E. OO'l:.IJCSSleT'b, tITO Bj3tBO pa3JIOQaTb o~naBBBocTh OT'b 3JIoyooTpe6JIeoia em, qTO H EX'I:. CJIym.eBle. BhlUOJIHlleMOe O'b QaCTL1M'D, CBJl.TLIM'b Ha .. crpoeaiees .n.ymH, Be npenarcrsyer-s 6Il1Tb MBJIOCepJl.LIM'b K'h 6mJJItBeMY. 11 pelle ~ro nU.U3: ~(,ZI/JC020 .9/C8 o6uiJurne, UU O1ule6emaume: u 0080ft,bHU 6'10mne06p01lU ea2UltJ"l(,U (CT. 14). He TPY,lJ,BO BBaM'I:. OXa3b1BRTh l\ulJIocepllie K'b OJIHmaeaty, 'OC1'aB3JJCh B'I:. CBOe~1'b ilBaoiH:ae 6Y.llbTe 6eaQeJIos1;guIJ; Be yooTpe6JI8HTe BO 3JIO CBoeH CaJILl Ta}l'b,. rllt . .n:OJIr'b Be BeJIl1l1''b BtlM'I:. Bpe . .llBTh JlPyroMy. B He TOJIbKO PYKaMB, rro B ,a8LI&O!I'b aasoro He o6BmaHTe. BYJIhTe .llOBOJIhHT:J CBO~JI'L JRaJJOB8HbeM'h. TaK.'L npOCTO II 'r'alt'L BBr~1JH.llHO nepe . .llaBaJl'b IoaHB'I:. BCHltOMj I cooopasao cs ero COCTOSIBie~I'L H 3BaBieM'b, BeJIBKYIO 3anOB'B.1(h, COCTflBJISlIomyro cymaocrs scero sasoaa B OpOpOSOB'L: ft,1a6uo/l;uJIC'IUtW, lJCan~ casoeo ce6/f, (Map. XII; sr. JIYK, x, 27). C'L BTEUUI

I) Ioe, «tt.lao. ly.4.. .ilpenH. H8.. XVUI, r.I. 7.

4

- 50-

oacTa8J1eHia~B Iosaaa oaXOlJ,BJIOCL B'h DOJ[BOM'h QOfJlaeia ero spememe nOIWIBUI, aoropoe CJIJat8J10 SHaKO .. '}. BJlH CBB,D;h'reJIbCTBO." nonaoA nepe»taLl B1) EBaRB qeJ[oaiUt3.

BJiaCTRoe, SSneqaT.riuBoe BLlmeqeJlostqeCKHM'h zoCTOBBCTBOII" CJIOBO IIpeJ1TeQU, ero HODoe, oTBtIJalOIIJ,OO B8 caMLle CBHTLle aaupooa )l.ymB yqeBie, B'L coeaaaeaia i3'L BRtmau." ero aeo611J11aABhlM'h BH.aOM'h D- 0&11010 6e3'ltJlCKYCTBeSHOIO UpOCTOTOIO nponoBtlf.H, npoB380,!(HJUI .110 Ta" Koli CTeneSB CBJlLBoe BIIeqaTJltuie sa aapona, qTO MBOlie Be){oYliinlaJlo 8 pa3l1lilmJlJlJlH 8'L c~e)l'L oepms, Be STO JIB B ecrs :MecchI, o6tmasShlH HapaWl101 9TO aaerpoeHie YIIOB'L, ,lI0 speseaa rasmeeea eme 81» .aymax'h CJlYmaTeJleii, npa CHJlbBin!imelf'» no 80.11t , Jler&o MorJIO BCDLIXByTL 06m.BII'» OTKpum.,» YBJIeqe8iell'h aapO,IJ.BLlX'L Macc'}" nepeATB rpasBULI B UPBBeCTH It'L Bpe.D.BhUI'L l\JUI Ioaaaa D ntJIa ero CJIyzeais nOCJltlJ.CTmaM'L. Orporo stPBLlB .cOoellY npaaasaiio, Be ZeJl8JI Be npBS3U6UJl\ei ce6t ~JUtBLI, 10888" npelJ.ynpeat.u.aeT'b BoallOZROCTL ,- TaKoro KpaUUJlro JBJleqesia a paa'£JlCSHeT'h ae)toy .. tBaIOlI(Ollb JlIOJUlK,£ B'.b KpaTltBX'.b, 80 CRJlbBLlX'L sapaaeaiaxr, DeTaS.BLIii CIlLlCJJ.'L esoero cJlyzeBiJl B CBOe oraomeaie It'h Meccia. 9TO CQCT8BJ1JIeT'b npe.alleT'L 3aKJJIOQeaia esaareasessro DOBUTOOBaBia 06'1. Ioaaat IIp6,lJ,T61Jt, COfJl8CBO .nepeAasaelloH Bc1JIIB 1'p8XJI COaSreJlBC1,&BUf.

5) C.KAtTeIIt0T80 toaaHa npe"T.1IK 0 Xp.CTt.

Me. m, 11-12 CT. MapK. It 7-8. JIYL III, 10-18 CT.

10. lJ"alOfquMJ 9IU AKJ08MlJ, U nOMWt!I.4S1fJUlUM~ 6CtbMlJ 60 cepdlfUXJ C60UXo 0 Ioa,,,utb; eiJa moilecm6 XPI4Cmo&o;

11. AS6 y60 "pe- 7. H nponomMa- 16. OmfJ1bUla6tlUle ~atO 6&1 6od(jt(J fJZno- file, tAatOMl! tpR" loa'N/u~ 6Cf&MlJ, e.lta~aJJHie: epaduu 3/Ce oem~ 1tprbMii Me- 10.'18: aBo goo 6OO{)f()

.,

I

- .. 51

·/ftO AHlfh, npnn.aiu ne, eM.Y3IC8 unCMb 'Ilpeu.f,a1O flU: zplZiJemo Jte1le ecm», eAtY{JI(;t oocmouno npea:JICt npnrtJliUAttnt, 'UrbCM'b oocmouJl,o ca .. 1C.IUJ'UOJ7, ptl8pnum .. tAtY[JICt '1J/I'bCM& 00" noau nouecmu: '1nfJu IfIttt pe.,~eu'b canozy cmoUUo om"pnulu,mu flU 1'ptcmU,1n'O )(.y- eeo. peltlt'llb canoe,!} eeo: $0)£0 C6JMZbtMo U ,8. Aso yoo npe .. mou eu 'Ilpecmu;mo

Ot-IUMia. cmuxc flU 800010: )1.YXOMiS 061f,'tUbtAto U mou :xee'Kpec(lt'll,1no oe~UM'O.

Obi, )/.YXOjlf7J GBIt-

mblJllJ 12, EAtY:JICt nona-

'Ina 8iS pyzf'l'beeo, 'II

-onzpeD1t1tz'lJ ZyAIUO C60e, u, cODepmn'lJ nUM'Htl'l{Y ·60 :JICwwmt'u,y, nJte8'bt .oce cOJ/CJ/CernlJ Oeu6)tlJ

1 7. EM,Y :NCB ..wnamatJ'O pyuy 1320., 'If, mnpeDu'1f1/(J eY"'Hoc(Joe, 11 (o6svemo rl/lJ."eHu1~y Of) :m;umuU1IY C601O: n.n,66U :J/te CO{)fC:JICemo

jleZaCa1Ofl§u,,,~o.. Ozut.illo 1tezaCrt'lOtqll}'&'l) ...

18. Muoza ()f(;e y60 11< f;f,Ua,. ymtbw,aRt" 6.n,a206rbCmOO.6aU!Je.41O .. OeJl[,O.

GBH.IrBTeJ1bC1'BO Ioaaaa RpeCTBTeJIH 0 XPHCTt CO~ r.1HCOO npHBOllHT,]) Bet 'TpH eeaarenacra. Ho rorns RaIt']) nepaae Ana IIpHBon.HT'L ero 6e8'L BCHKBX'1J MOTHBOB,]) 1), en, JIYK8. rOBOpHT'D, tITO IOBSH'b BLlCKaaa.ll'L· ero C'IJ nt ... JIUO npe.nynpe,n:8T"b Ii YCTp'a~a1"o J10ZHOe MatHie .. aapona, 6Yll.TO OH'b if 8CTb MeccuJ. "Kor,n:a oapO)l'D 6LIJI'll B'D .B6JlOYMtHia, H BCt nOtlhlm.n.a.JJB B'D cepanaxr, CHOUX'L 0(51; Ioaaas: Be XpnCTOC,]) JIB OH,])~ IOBUH'L OTST.QSn BCi5M'L

'rOBopH:H xpemy BaC'b BOROID,. ao e,n:eT'JJ CRJlbHiJimift MeaSI, Y KOToparo sr sellOCTOEfS'D paSS238Tb peaeas 06YBH. Ero. OR'D 6y.n;eT'h apecran, nBC,]) .IlYXOM'D OBHTLlM'L. H

1) Y en8Kr6.l0CTa M81'eea aSRJIO'1Hre.n.BDle £1'81:0 (t t-t2} Be n .. i;IOT1> BlIS8uoftc .. au 010 0 POA1bUym;uIl1>,' ,.8 .M apRl. OPOCTO couo ~

~'B8eT1.,CK8B8U1>: u npon06n.oatue, ua,,)Jt.R H npo .. , HeJb8.!1 De 60111-11.

TOTb, "ITO it e08ure.nICT·1> lOODB'], 0P1IDO",UTD CBIt,4·hT8.JbCrIlO. DpeAT.eqO o Meec)n, nO DO .a:pyrouy 00004Y It OPDTOM'L DOC.1t YlRe llpemeui.

Jucyca XpiiCT8 (~ 19 HC.liJA.). .

4*

~~,.~ .. ~~. ----~.~.¥~:~~ ...

- 52-

j OrRell,," (JIJs. III. 15-16). 3Jl'11cL 108118'1. npaao Oftp~ ,Men BapOJ1Y, liTO OD'D Be XPHCTOC'D; 'ITO OB'E. necpas-aeaao aHEe XpHCTa.

1480 goo 600010'fCpetl§a1O 6U (J1YK. III, 16), aJlB, ,UK'L· y eB&SreJInCTa MaTeeJl esasaao, "pe148tO IJU 1J(,d1JN) ell no/}taJIUU. Moe speuieaie, JtR.1t'E. 6L1 TaK'Ea OB'D rosopars, seM ... IROO speutesie; OBO C.lIJZBT'L TOJIJ.EO BBtmsHM'h SHaKOM'L, KOTOPhlM'L BLI ,n;OJIItUH CBo.n.'hTeJIbCTBOB8Th 0 CBOeM'Lpac· saania B'b npeaaaxs rptxax'b If 0 esoea rOTOBBOCTBaenpaears CBOIO atH3Bh. QTo6LI C.!l1WaTbCJI cnoco6uLUUI K'It npaaariro Hllymaro 3a MBOro.

FpJloemQ:JICt "p'Ibn.'I,iil 1) Meue, ]i)MY:JIC8 H11JCMb 00-

o cmO"H~ OmpJbUlUmU peMIHfJ CanOl!! Eso. 1I To6M HCRta' ',npeJ1C'f8BBTh OrpOIiBylO paSBOCTb MeallY co60ro u Cna ..

CBTeJI6M'», Ioaaas 6epeT'D npBlltp'h DB'll 3~SHB. IYlI.eR 06HKBOBeBBO CBBtl 8.1JO 06YBh C'L BOl'"L, KOf,1l.8 BXOJlBJlB, 8'L ,!lOM'h B.'18 Xp8M'L. CJJyrR B'L 3TO OpeMJI BaKJlORHJJ8CE. Ie", BOraJl'b CBOHX'b rocnozs. pa3B831.tBaJlH peMBIf y 06YBB -V:Tod7J.u a1"GJV -)-B BOCBJ1H ee sa BBMH 3). 9TY ze-

yCJlyry 0K83Yoa.Ba a3'L 6JJarOI'OotBiH yqeBBKB CBOBM'h

yqnreJUIM'L. Ioasas, YK83LIBaJI aa STOT'L DPOMtp'», BOY'" mOOT'}" qTO OB'h Be.llOC'fOHB'L 6LlTh caMIiIl'L DOCJlt.o.BBII'L CJIyrolO, HAB yqeOBKOJl'L CnaCB1'eJIJI.

'Iou 6U 1£pecmum~ l(yxoMa UJRUSbIM1J U otffeM~ (Jl};g., 16 CT. MaTe. 11). no TOJlKOBauilo C8. Ioaaas 3JIa'J'0- YCTa .), DOJl'» xpemeaieM'IJ ,I(YXOM'D CBJlTLI.·b paay.teTCJI,

1) KfJ1'b1'Uiil U.l1I CU.lhRt.Dmifl-81'O OA80 an B8H.eBONRiiifiora, HanCI.Oe BY, Beno ... 8U"1''' (Dcai. IX, 6).

. !) T1I'o6'1,ua-oGYBb, ca .... a .. ia, a.e (auora, Ha locroai .0-

can • .IerK'y1O 06y •• : BOA,IC.lUhlB81OT1t BOA'Io DOAomBY .4om;e1fR'y H3" Af'JpeB8, .op •• , U.lR BOJICH II OIIB8pto.l8IOT1t ee 81. Boril- peMB ••• 11.111 lUIIyp.aBH .

• ) EBa.re.lHCTt. MdleeA yoolpe6.18en l"ps2ICeaie: tlOHeCJnU • . JyRa: pa8'JI3amfJt a .Map"', O'leeHA-RO, 1.IOT8B.1fi'T1> aa IDAl. .88001" c.lyadbl~ npetrAOHCII p6aptlttUumtf. 'I ..... a.AwA el.are.lBtn- apBA8eT .. CBoD o1'Tho.... ..ICiH. &.In (fw OA8." 6I8Rre.1HCTTa' CDHew,N.i]o Y "'PYl'oro, Ran OpeADo .. aralOTlI pallioJt8..UCl'W1 '1'0 TaHI'Io ae" •• WI .. ,B8.i;weaib Be .or .... &.1 &tin •.

f) 6 .. XI 6ee. Da CB. M-aTeea.

r

1



I r

t

-53-

," B ornymeaie rptXOB'L, B OTHSlTie uaaaaaaia, B onpasnaaie, B oeaamenie, D o CBO(}OZlI,eoie. B YCHBOBJIeaie. B 6P8TCTBO, B yqacrie B'L RacJitlliil, B O(}BJIhBOe 8Smnme ·CS. .nyxa" , OllBBM'L CJlOBOM'L cooepmeBBoe aoaposaeaie

'1eJloota JlJ[JI RODOA (}nrOllaTBOA ZB3BB. lITO -ate K8CaCTCJI aaasesia eaosa: U ozneMz, soropoe OPBOOBJlJlIOT$ MaTaeA H JIyu, l1peBBi~ asaerera pa3S0rJIaCSIT'lt MeZllY c06010.

-Opareas. IIJl8plit B' IepoBBH'L p8aYJl1non tlY.llYlnee aaXRa8aie aa rpsxa, nocpeacrsoes soroparo Tocnoas 0'10· CT8T'b J1IOleA OM, rptXOB'L, CR. Bacaria BeJlBxiii H 108RB'}, ,n:allaOIt8B'L-B'hIJBldi. 8.n;cltit oreas, H a8KoueIfD CD. 3;m~' TOYCT'h B EBeo.i.A 3 ara6en , 1 OOBBM8101'1t' : 9TO CJJOBO B'O CMH:Cnt 06'1>Se1reBJn npellLlllymaro: KpeCTBT'L DItt ,I(YXOM'h Cu1'H'." 1). 8TOIIY noCJI'hJlBeMY 06'bHCHeailO CJltllYW1"lt n01JTB Bet npSBOCn&BSLle. 8 TaKate If K8TaJlOrB'IeCKie 6oro ... CJlOBLJ. B'L OI'BeSBL1X'L a3I1K8X'L, coureamaxt, sa anOCTO)lOB'}, 8'L .IleBh I1JlTBlleCaTBBD;Ll, oaa BB,lHT'L DO.IJ.'rBepatl(&Hie 9TOB IIL1CJ1B, aaMiiqeBBOU" yme ornaaa .nepesa, a Tame H B'J,' Ttx'J, .tCT8X'L Betxaro' aaBtTa, . i'.At' lrlulff~BOeTL - MecciWlll306paZaeTmr "U6'A'b 06pasoll'L oraa (Mu. Ifl, 2~-8. - Heaia IV. 4. XLI, IS). CnpSOe.IlJlBBOCTh TaKoro 06'hHO· neaia nOATBepZJl8eTCJ1 B riM'll, 'ITO eBaBreJUICTLl MapK$ a 1088RB'}, (I. 33 CT.), nepeaaaaa rime CJ]OBa TI peJlTeIJH, ynoMBB8IOT'L ow, OJlBO." TOJlhKO KpememB,1lYXOIl'b OM" TIl.'L' BO 0 spemeaia OrReM'L Y)JaJ[qB88101'1), sero ' BeJlh.'lR 6L1J1o 6Ll Cl(UaTh, eCJlB 6L1 B'L YKa38SEJOn aapeseaia .II;YX'L II oroas 6Y~111 Ope.IJ.MeTLt paaJlBqHLte.

BHJlCBIIB'b' T8KBIfb 06pa30M'It opeBOCXOllCTBO spemeHis XpaCTOBa npell'lt CRoon &pemeRieM'L, IIpe.n;TeqaB'b 38KJ1IOQeaie - CBQero CBBAtTeJlbCTBa o6pamaeT'b, _ BBB1I3aie' cnymareJleii as .n;pyroe B8sat'A-mee npeBlfymooTBO Meccia, no KOTOp~JlY Os'!. SBJIBerCR JIllnell'lr BCTHSHO Bo- 3eCTBeRBt.1JI1,,-'-9TO npaso Ero cYlaTb JllOltei B npoaasoART], m60p'L MEmIY B8MB .:lJlS eaoero .IlYXOBBaro naperea, llpa6J1B&aJI aTY aCTRSY It'll OOJlBlUUlilO- npoeraro B8po;llAr

1) Do oCh..caeuho CB. 3~aToycTa 0pH(58ueHie:' .. CoIOI8 U OtHBAli -c em;e dOJle .Mp_ataetc. npoBu'o;aKuqa. casa (Ii~aroAaTH ••

\

- C,4-

OD'D 8so6pamaeT'D 6YJtym.ylO )J.t.aTeJJbBOCTb rpSJtym,aro· Meceia no,IJ.'}, o6pasoll'L aellJIeJJ.tJlb.na. KOTOpwA O,T ,If,tJIJIeT'L-· mneaany OT'.b IDleBeJrb sa rYIlBt CBoeK'}, B, CJIO.BBmll' nepayro lJ,JJJl xpaaeaia B'J, at BTHBII.Y , Ope,lf,aeT'b nocztaaie orBIO. EMY :JICe AOnama 6~ pg'l4lJb eso, U ompe6umTl 'YMUO" C60et 14 cooepemTl nWeHU1fY 6i :NC14mHUtfy C601O: nAe6W {lICe co3/t:JICemz OZHeMTI nezacalOUlUMi (MaTa. Ilf, 12. JIYK •. III, 17). CIlLICJI'b 3TOB o6pasBoA ptqB Taltoi: OR'D eeeCBJIeB'b, rOBOpBT'L Ilpearesa. Bees .ip'b npOBa,If,JIeSB1"h EMY; OD'D OT.lltJIDT'L ,n06PLlX'L O'l"h 3JJIIX'b, opase,nBLIX'L.. O'I"L rptmBLlX'b; OJlBDX'b aarpaaar-s, ,npyrax'h aaUEeT'l,. qucTBile: ryxso 03SaIJaeT'b 3AtCb Mip'b, 8 npeaae seero oapOl'b iYlleacltiii; nmeBUIUl-JIIO,neA lIOCToiisYx'L YIJ8CTia B'L na pCTst XPBCTO BOM'L; nJleOOJILI- JIlOlIeij aeqeCTUBfilX'L; UO,IJ.'L 3BTBBnei paay.teTCJl npeaae scero uaPCTBO Meccia, TO eers nepltOBh XPDCTOB8, B'L JOTopoA co6opaeTca. sees BCTBBBIaA aapaaae, a rasae I1.tcTO cosepmeaaaro nOKOS B 6J1aZeaCTDa na se6t rlX'L, KTO CBSTO ZUBeT'L aa aellJlt. I'psrnaasoas se 02ltH,II;aeTt. Bt'lBOe MY1JeHie 8'])· orat. OrOBh 3Ton Ilpezresa BaaUBaeT'D BeyracHllfillI'D .. ,naBlUJ 3TBM'!. flOBJlT}', 1ITO a.D.cKiii Ol'OBb Be TOJlbKO BBltor,o.a Be MOseT'b noraearrs, 80 liTO OB'D BBKOrA& ae BOTPe6J1JleT'lt 1). Yuaasie sa rpoaaaa CJ,II;'h Bomii' IoaBJrD~ c,IJ,uaJI'L 6e3'L co.atRia lIJUI roro, '1T06u cWlbate BOlitA.· CTBOB8Th aa Jler1tOMLlCJIeBBLlX'}. rptmsBKOB'L, Be sa60TB8-' maXCH 0 CBOe .. ']) aonpaaseaia.

TaltOBO CBHlf:hTenCTBO IT pe,lJ,TeIJB 0 XPOOTt. Ha'L', 3T01'0 CBBlItTeJlbCTBa BCJJKii liOn. BB.IJ.tTb, tfTO OS'L Be TOJIbKO HeCpaBSeBBO npeeocxoaars Ioaaaa, BO 'ITO OR'}.· eC~h Bon" BQlOUJ,iA UpaBO CJADTh lIt.u:a aama, 38,: soTC?PWl ~3tJUilii: ua']) BaC'b nOJlYIJUT'L O:rJ, Hero npaaeaaoe-

B9.3AfUlBle BII 6y.aymei .'IltH3SB. .

, ' " OBB.Q.tTeJlbCTBOM'L IIp'e)J.Te'la o. XPB~Tt eB8BreJUICTL1,.

OItaS1JaBaIOn. CDOR KpaTKlH noricTBOB8SI.8. 0 ero npono-

1) «T ... uameml., rOllopHn 3uToycn, .aR" &.I.eBin oro ... JlO'" men. (fl>lU BeyracB •• Jln.? 80 Be IIB.lHml. ~H Thl ~Bne, ~r..t:a rop.lQee B .eyracalOui.ee? He BRAum. ~u UI .YOBBY, rop~ylO H &,8 .... , crapae.ylO. (1'It XI Dec. sa Male., •.

r

- 55-

BtJJ;BB'l8Cltoii JJ;tSTeJILHOCTII. Ho 'ITO nponoriJJ;& I08BHa lUlJIeKO Be orpaaasaaaes TtK'L, 1ITO )tY lIBTaeJI'L B'&) EssareJIiJJx'L, 1fTO OB'], ro'BOPBJI'J, B aaoe )fBOrOe B'J) yTtmeBie nIO,lI,JI)f'L, aa 3TO YltSSHsaeT'J. CS. JIysa B'J, CBOeM'& ooCJItAueM'It, aSUIOlIBTeJlbBO)f'], CTBxt, roeops: Muoto,:Nee f' y60 PI fINa, ymtbtUIJII, 6AaI06tb&tn808IJtae ANJOeM1J. 1:181) 3TBX'It " c.uOB'L BUllBO, 'ITO eBaBreJIBCTLI saDHC8J11! TOJIhItO BiutOTO- i« paa xapaSTepBCTB'Ieoaia aapeseaia Ioaaaa ITpe.D.TeqU,' " COCT8.BJlJlIomia CyumOCTb ero oponoBt.D.H It'}, aspolY DO' Bee BpeMJI ero c.1yateuia, AO caMaro- spemeaia I'ocnoza samero Iacyca XpSCTa 1).

KaRie OJlOAH npaaecaa oPOOOB'kJlBH1fOOUJI ,D,taTeJfbBOCn. Ilpezresa .n.nR BeJlBK8rO Jlua MecciB. :)TO BB,1I,BO B3'b CJlOB'L CnaCBTeJlJI: om1J oneu ioanHfJ .Kpecmutne./l.JJ, rOBOpST'b OH'b, doceA", f4aptm6ie 1U6ecHoe fl.yOumt8, u nysiJuuf,fW 6OCXUU4a10mll e (MaTe. XI, 12). T. e. co ope .. lIeRD saaeaia Ioaasa Da nponoot,D,b Y lIHOI'HX'b JJOBJ]8Cb peaaoers D08T8 B':L napcrso Bollia, B Y~JI_Jl_lOm.ie YCBJlie BOCXBID.8JOT'L ero- C~ONT6l(bHO., ' .fJlao'J. !Q!liIomaro B'L nYOTJD.II- __ ASLlJI'J, nYOT911" 8BYKOIl':L, Be npOO8JrL. 6e3CJ!!~O; OH'£, npOBOCBJJCJI BaJJ;'D .u~6'pJI~B D ropaaa, AocToraJl'J)-ceJrb B-TOPOOOB1:w-BDOJI.$ BJIIJlHleM'J) ero ,D,om oanOJIBJJJlHCb, ---XMIILI·- m;rp3BBBJl8Ch, ItpBBB8BH BHUPJlIlJIJIJUfCb B OTltPLIB8JI~JI fJla,lJ,Kia.' OyTL rpSJlyme.y HOltYOK" TeJIlO. Kooe1fao, Be Bot BllBOCHJlB oW}) nYCTLTRB apasCTBeBByIO nepeMtRY B' eepme, o6pam.eBBoe It" Jlo6py; BO aTO Be llOJDEBO Y,1l,BBJlHTb B8C'l., Itor.ua llY aBaell .. , qTO H ca.oe Conaue DpaB~Y Be p83orB8JJO BDOJJBt .paRa aa6JIYZJJ;eBiA II Be CllJlrqBJlO cosepmeaao ozeeroqeaia eepma aarpy6toDlBX'!. D'!. DOPOltt.

, ~

\ I

1) BT. Ee8Rt8.li.ri. HITee. R Jl8pB8 tOTQact. H c.dAyen 06- sknoB8Rie - 0 .pe~eai8 fOCaO.l.8 :aim:iero. MemAY ri... C.o JY.8- OTC1'YD8~ OT.. xpOB().IOrBQeel8ro 00p.AK8., Oa.. B80POTB... 810 utl.IJlO~ax'" -Allx" O'J'B1I8n (19--20) coofilQ.6T1t, 0 .C)-llil opopo-ree.o" ,dUe.I .... OCTB I. DpeATeqB, a ooro ... y.e 1'~'PPIiT" H o_ JC.peJqeRiuhroyC8 XTHcTao

- 56-

ll()J!4I1BIIOCTb B BCTOpallemUUI .l(OCToBtpaoCTb eeaareJILcru'lt cKa3aaiii 0 npOIIoBtllBRlleOKOR .l(tllTeJlbBOCl'H Ioeaaa Ilpearesa Be. Kozen nOll.JlCZBTL DB lIa.![tlimellY COKHi;ailO. B'L 9TOM'lt ylf,ocroB'kpalOT'L B&C'L BOOhMa Maorm B BeCbM3 ,ll,tBBL1J1 CBH.!ltTeJIhCT88.l(peBBOCTH. Co. IYCTHR'L JlYlJeOBIt'b B'L pa8rooop'k C'L TpacpOBOH'L iY!lOOIl'h He O)l;OH'b pa~ ynO.BsaeT')) 0 npODOBtaOBteOKOH .l(tSTeDhHOCTH Ioaaaa B npa 9TOIl'L rOBOpBTl. 6YKOaJIbBO CJlOBa.B, e88.B· rOJUICTOIfb. BOT'!» B!IDP. &altt, OD'D I'OBOPBT1J. B'b LXXXVIII rJl.! , ,,860 KOr,l(8 Ioaaas CH.l(tJI'L npa IoplI.aata nponoBt,n.L1BaJI'L spemeaie nosaaeia, BOCH TOJI&KO noaes ItozaRIai B O.l(eZlY D8')) Bep6JJI03tbBX'J, BOJlOC'L B aasero BO Bltymaa, KPOIlt aapOA'L' B .IBUrO lieD. TO JlIOlUI .aYMaJlD. 'ITO OB'It .xPUCTOO1a. ,BO' OB'D caM'D 061tHBJlHJI'b UM'L: "H Be XpBCTOC1t, 80: ro.lt)c'!, BoniIom.aro; BOO npBlen C8JU~-BtimlH, oezeJltt 1I, soropsro canoroB'b· JI BellOCTOKIJ1, noseera". HJIB eme B'D .llpyrOIf'b lI'1lc'rt (XLIX 1'.11.): "OH'h (IoaBH'},), CO,lJ,S npa ptltt Iopaeas, BOCltJlHnaJl'L: ,,11 Kpem,J Bac'}, BO,lJ,OlO ,lJ,JlII nosaaais, BO npaaer-s OUJIhBtifmia liens, y -RoToparo JJ Be1J;OCT088'L HOCUT& eaaora: OS'L 6Ylle'Mi KPOOTHTb BaC']) .lI:YXOM'b CSSlTlalX'L 8 OrlleH'L. Y HeroJlona~, B'J) PYlttEro. B OS'll ,01lBCTHT'll ryllao - CBOe, II. oo6epen nmeoany Bli zaTBHny.' a OO.1IO)1Y COZZ8'I"Li oraell'!, aeyracBIlLUrh" • EoaoreJIie MapltioBa~ KOTOPoe cnpaOO1J;JlBBO ClIUTaIOT'b BCltaZeOOLlM'L ea8areJrien JIYSB, asxaaaerca nepBYIIB 011088.8 III rJI8Bbl Eoaor. JIyltD: »B'D aaroe me aa· .rr.eCJITe nTO BJI81(LneCTBa. 'I'aaepia Jtecaps, o6J1a1l8lOwy llOBTiDcKOIlY IItlJI&TY Iy.aeelO" .... :' ITo OBBJJ;tTeJlbCTSY ,BtwtSBla (IIpoT~ epeoea XXX, 18), esaereaie EBioReeS'L, T. e. H.eJt8l1eBBoe· EsasMJIie }laTEl_; aaQUB8eTClI nepBfilMH CTUX8)fH III rJl. Ea&ar. MaTae.a: ,,80 lBB HpoJJ.a napa iYlleuclt'aro npaureas loa ao'L , specra Kpemeaie)f'll nouaaia BO Iopllaat ptKt....."1I BLtXOllBJlIJ" ~'J) BellY Bct, .• , U DpaXO.IJ;J!lJJR" 1t'L BeBY 1Papoooa, _. B spe~TB.lBCb, B ueCh. IepycaJUllI.,&. ,', If allMo - loaBa'L o,lleuy B3'J.. nep6J1I05bJll'O, BOJIOca B &02KasaY.H Boac.. sa. speeJIaX'D 'OBOHX'I', D' - llUIl\8IO ero, 'rOBGpJl'l"L, 6111:11'Jt JtBltiA: ·Jfe~'f;. BltyC'D soropsro dY3'L BKyC'L' MaBRLl, nOlJ,o(iso' -aKpBlallt,

B~ MacHt". .

J:."'" ' - .,''-

. HaXOllBJI,& CBBlltTeJlbCTB8 B y epeTHKOB'L. TaIt'&

BaCBJIBJ(iaoe (KJIOM. aaeseeanp. Strom. I, p. 408) yTOOpSla..'lH, Q1'O I. XPHCTOC'b KpeCTRJlCa: 6h nRmnaOlfamot Jl,fl)mo TU68piR Kecap"'. 04-0TLI Y1J:OJHI, qTO " II peMY.IJ.pOCTb B03BiWTHJlR qpea'D Ioeaas upameeraie Ero (XpHCTa)' B YCT8ROBRJJa apeureaie nOKasaia:" (HpBR. I, 30, 12). 'fincze B MapKociaae YTllepEllaJIH, 'ITO "I08aEfoM'!! BOBStiaeao spemeaie B'L rroaaaaie" (HpHO. I; 21, 2). Y I'epasaeoaa (Eel, proph. 25) npoB01l,8TCH cJltllYrom.OO M1mTO: »loaoaD rOBOpBT'L: JI spemy BaeD BOlIOIO. rpHlILlii ate aa )laolO KpeCTHT'L BaC'L .JJ.YXOM'b B OraeM'b". CB. IIpo:oeii UUTyeT'b (I, 3. 5) IItCTO, 6YltBaJlbBO npaB01J.8MOe BaJleBTBaiaaaaa: " IOaSB'L o6'LJI BOJlD, CKaaRO'b:" JIO nara B'L p Y KQX'& Bro, B O'iRCTU1"b rYMHO, H C06epeT'L omeHHUY B'h S8Taany CHOIO: COJIOMY ate C02t2ReT'h oraeas aeracaromOM'D" (MaTe. III, 12. JIYK. III, 17).

MLl MOmeM'b npBBeCTB acropasecaoe CBBJl'EreJIbTBO n COBepmeBBO aeaaBOCBMoe OT'& eB8Br8JIbCKBX'L nOBtcTBOBasii!, soropoe Ttll'L Be lIeste Bnonot nO~Toep2ltAaen. ox'}, B'b cymeCTBeBSblX,& nYBKTax'},. 9ro CBB,lJ,tTeJIbCTBO I JILl aaXOllOM'b y iYJ[eHCItaJ'O HCTOPHK8 Ioco4-& tltJIaBia, I KOTOPblH aa3LlBaeT'b Ioaaaa CBHTLlM'L MyseM'L, KpeCTHTeJIeM'L, K8KOBoe 11MB, 3arilJaeT'lt tltJI8BiD, OD'D nOJIY1fHJI'b OT'L sseaeaaaro HII'L speuteaia; .I1aJIte 08'L rOSOpBT'It" 1JTO BJIBCTb IOBBa8 oaJ('b iy.u;eSlM8 6blJla T81t'!! SeJIBO, 'ITO I ORB 1'0TOBbI 6L1J1R see clltJlaTb no ero CootTY, H q1'o (' call'L MPOll'L naps 60slJJca 9TOB BJlaCl'O neJIBKarO yqaTeJlJI aaJl,'II CBOOMB no.u;)l8.0BblIIH, aHaJI'}" qTO 088 caopse nOCJIymaIOTcSI Ioaaaa, qtat'}, ero caaoro, B nOTOIIY, B'& 6e3noKoitcTst aa co(icTBeaRYro MaCTb, 38&JUOqOJI'L ero B'L TeMBHay (Iy.u;. npeaa, XVUI, 5, 1-2). 3Jl'BCb MLI BBllOM'L nOJIROe coraaeie y Ioca4ta C'b nootCl'BOSamaMu eB8BreJI8CTOB'L. ECJlB se Ioca4>'L tltJI8sia ae KacaeTCJI lIecciaacKoft CTOPOBLI nponosaaa KpeCTIITeJIS, TO B'L STOM'b atn aasero crpaaaaro, MOJI1fame 3TO 06'LSlCBSeTCJI

-ero ynopBLUI'L sezeJl8aieM'L rosopars 1JTO Jl060 OTRO-

-CJlD\eeca K'L JIBay I. Xpaora,

- 68-

Hasoaem, no cnpaBeJUlBBOMY sa.tqsBilO Wappapa~ cBJILu1nlmu.':& ,D;OKa38TeJlLCTBOn n_pSS,D;OBOCTB e88BreJJb·~ CItBX1t nOBtcTBOBauiA 06':& loaan IIpe,D;Te1J'h CJIYZBn TO, ' liTO BB O,D;UR'lt 6BBHl'eJIBC1"£ He npUDUCH88eT'£ eMY Hif ozsoro 'Iy.aa •• 9'1'0, KO8e1l80, rOBOpUT'h OIrL, Be OT'L Be,D;OOT8T6qBaro eoaaaeia ero BeJl81Jjg RJIB aOOXOTLl K'D . DpBlUlTiIo lIy.u.eC'b, -9TO DOro.y, lITO OD'L Be TBOPBJl'LlIYJJ.OO'II, R nOTOMY, 111'0 eoaareJIBCTIi roBOPST'lt TOJThKO·

BCTRSY" 1). .

, .

1) ~8p. EBB... I XpUCT8 ... ·PYCcR., nepea, JOOyxHR8.' 1885 r.

DpH.-h. 195 B8 538 CTp.



I i i:

f

I

KPELUEHIE

r o cno.ax nxtuer-o IMCYCA XPI1CTA ..

,(MaT6. 8, 13-17. MapK~ 1. 9-11 B JIYK. S, 21-2'2 CT.).

~onoBtJ(b 108nn8 Ilpearoaa 0 np~6JIWEa1Ome.CII ~~~TBiH Bozielf'D, ero npB3L18'h It'!. DOK8JlsiIO.-

. ero CU:MSOJUl1JeCKiii 06pH.lI'D speureaia BO,lJ,OlO.ero, a8KOBeU'b, B'l;CTb 0 rpa,llymen, KoTOPblA 6y.neT'L speCTOT)) .uyx.oll'D CWlTYM'b H oraeas, -Bce 3TO, - B3JlTOe BarkeTt, np003BeJlO fJly6oltoe Boe1JaTJltBie Ha BctX.'L 3tDBymux,; B'L IY.D.et. Boa6YlUIJlO B'L BCl'DBBLlX'h 'Iall8X'h ABpaaMS CRBL-

Btim_110 Ba.ll.ezllY aa caopoe npamecreie 06tTOBaHBsro.·

H B()T'!. _ .B'lt TO caaoe spe.s, Korlla DYTh rocnoJ(Y 6HJ1'1,. yse yroTOB8H'b (MaTG. a, 3 R napaa.), KOPAa· oSBJI,ame Meccia aocrar J10 calloa BDicmeA cTeDeUR, BKCTYnae'{'1. I8cyc'h B3'L Haaapera a, cpeaa )tBoaeCTBa Ba-

, PO.ll.8, , npexo,lJ,lJT'L aa Iop~B'L KpeCTBTbCJ1 OT'b Ioaaaa.

. ,TIpossTie xpemeaia OT'L Ioaaaa AU Iaeyea XpRCTa, cS.~ T&Jt'b ,3te se06XO,lUlI10, 181t'h H acnoaaeaie BOOro, liTO,.peiSOBaJIa OT'!. Hero npaiJOtJ. Bo:JIeill. - nO)(0680 TO.J It&&l. .1Jpea'L pcaaeaie BOmeJl'L 08'& 8'L Kip'll, 1Jpe3'fJ 06- pt~Ie BCTYOBJI'I» B'L aaB'tTuylO, nO.It38KOBBYlO 3H3Bb- eep~aCJtafO BapO,IJ.a, TaK'L Qpe3:L spemeaie H8JlJleE8JIO.~ renepb uparorosan, Ce6a K'h BCTYIIJlesiIO B'L CJJyl1teBle

- 60-

'POllY qeJIOBtqeCKOMY. If BHK8KOe SeTX03aBtTHoe CBJlmeB .. BOJ1ticTBie Be MOrJIO TaK'b npHMO oTBtqaTb aToD ntJlH, Kalt'L spemeaie 10808080; TOJJbKO B'h BeM'L OJ1BOM'L BOO.1lB'k_ B HCBO O'I'DOqaTJli)J]aCb 1'a lues. JJ;JIJI ooymeerasssia KO·Lo poa I. XPOCTOC'b B npamezs 8S 36")1I0,-9TO oqomeaiEf J1IO.1lea OT'b rpnxoas. Ilpsaaa, I0808'L OT'b octX'b Tpe60" BaJI'L KpelueaiH, MK'L COMBOJ1a osameaia OTt. rpnxcas, DO BOKTO. xoaesao. B3'L ItpeCT80mUXCH He C03a8SaJJ'L If He 'IIYSCTBOOaJI'b B'b T8KOii: ereneaa oe06X0J1BMOCTR eroro osatneaia Jl,JJH eeoa, B'L KaJtoil QYBCTBOB8J1'b ee XPOCTOC'b .llJlH scero 'IIeJlostQeCTB8. IIo3TOMY ,!IJlS Hero spemeaie 10888080 oriJIO rrpeasymecrseaaoe aaasesie. 9TBM'b peJIHrioaHLlH'b 06pJI,lJ,01l'L OS'b TopseCTBeS80, npe.IJ.'b Jlol{ell'b Be6a, 8 se.JIB, aaCBBatTenLCTBOB~'b Be TOlbKO TO, ~TO BMteT'b C'b BaMB OllBY npnpoay, ao 'liTO B Bct rptxn Hamil npBH1!I)faeT'b 83 Ce6s. Ilpespscao BliIpaaUJ1'b aTY MHCJlb CD. Ioaaat, 3JIRTOYCT'b: "TaK'L Kalt'L Iacyes XPBCTOC'b 6JIarOBOJlOJI'L npoaJI'r~ na Ce6a Bpt Barna rptxB B npe'BeCTH Y.l10BJleTBOpeOle, aa BOOb MJP'D, '1'0 .l10JDEeaCTB088JIO EMf npBBHTb H apaR'L ItaIOlllarOCJI rpfnnaasa, 1JTo6y noJ1Y1J8TL on Ioaaaa spemeaie noaaaaia BO OCTaSJleBie rpiJxOB'h " • llOBCTBot I'ocnoas aBOJl'.L B'D 9TOM'}, aKTlf eaoe rJll~o"aamee C&MOYBOqOseoie B C8010 rOTOBHOCTb Ba' crpazame B KpeeTByIO eaeprs, JlJlJl soropoa OR'L Co'!. BnOCJIt.acTBiB yOO'I'p&lOJI'b oops3aoe BLlpazeaie upeUJ,eniJI (MaTe. 20, 22 0 JIYI. 12, !SO). BaMi;QaTeJIhBO, 'liTO CD. J08UB'L BOrOClOB'b B'L CSOeM'b OepBOM'b nocaaaia (5, 6) npaso OOnOCTaBJIJleT'J) 9TB }loa cO(}h1Tia, ltaE.'L ca.LIn sazatAmia B1. mB3aB rOCOO1l8, B BeCOlumaBO OOTO.Y, 'ITO ItaE.'1t B'I. spemeaia BOIOIO I. XpaCTOC'lt DOCBSTBJJ'b OeM' -Ba' cJlY2K6aie POllY qeJIoirkllecltOIlY, Talt'lt B'L spemeaia KpOBiIo~ OooelO cOBepmSJI'It 9TO c.1Jyxeaie, Halt'}, 1rL DepBOII'L - OR'L npBBaJJ1t aa Ce6a rpsxa Mipa, Talt']) B'h nocJJt,D,aeJl,]) nplI":' BeC'])· jllBJIOCTBBOTeJlLBYIO zapTBY aa rpsxa seero Qe3l0- 8"I;;'Iec1'8a. llOJlb3JSCb STBM'b COOOCT8BJleoiell'L. )ILl Be npe-: ytleJJBQa.'L. eeJIU enZeM'b, UO xpeuieaie I'ocnoaa onpeJf.1wIeT'}, Bee JJ,tJIO cJlyzeaia Ero POJIY qe.noBtqecltOIlJ~

- 61-c

lt8K'D Caaa Boaia, o6tmasHsro XpnCTU - CnaCBTeJIS· \

Mips I).

IloB·I3.c'rBytOT'D 0(1) Q'l'OM'b BeJHlKOM'b. D}Jellp'O'l'OBBTeJIbBOM'b C06bI'ril1 'J'OJThKO nepsae TpMeB8BI'8JIBCTS, 11 UpH" TOII'b ca. Mareei1 noatc'fByeT'b auaporiuse, lJ.'tM'b MapK'b HJIYKa "), 06m.ee conepaaaio fiX'!) OOlltc1'BOB8BiG MOatBO nepe,na1'b B'b CJI'Bn;YIQDl8M'L Ballt a nOpa.1:(Kt. Ilpesne seero eBaBreJIUCTEl B'b 06rnBX'b RhTpameninx'1 YKA8b1BaFO'r'D Bpe:\fSI HM'BCTO coobl1'ia (MaTe. 3. u. MapK. 1. 9 H J[YK. 8, 21). 3aTtM'L B'b EB8nreJIiB MaTeea rOBopBTCSI o TOM'b, q'fO Ioaaas OTKaSQ08JICII .1l0nYCT3Tb XPlifCT8 It'!:. apeuieairo:

JoanN?} 3H}e 6os6pa1Ulu,e 8Aty, e.aaeOA..a: as» mpe6yHJ mo601O "pecmumuc.R, u mbt .au ep.fl.iJezUl~ 1W JUf,1t, (MaTe. 3, 14-11'.i). thoa nO,Ll.p06aOC1'u, u3ol'5pamaIOl.Qei1 BlJ T3KHX'b apKIlX'h

, l

i

,

f I

~

1) Y CB. OTD;eB"J> JKU3bIDIJlOTCI U Apyria OC80Banill, OO"lCMY I. XpnCTOC'lo, '1HCThIU n 68Brpilooabli'l OT'!, pOJB.«eaia, .peCTlllca OT1:o Ioaana, BaopoH.il:p1>, CI. EnH'Il8Riu rOBopun: c rOCDOA.b "peCTrucJI on. 108B8a Be DOTO.Y, 'no HllliU1> RJ"I'R..4Y 81> 9TO,IoI1> oaoeeaia, ao .IUB Taro, "lTo6bIHCUO.lDHTb &0 aonna Dee, '1TO cBoftcneBUO 80cnpull11TO&lY Ru1:o "leJ.ooi;qeCICOMY eCTCCTSY. II DOH3B3Tb, "ITO 001> aOClU" HCTflRUYro DJ.OTT> H eCTb eCTtlHBblf:l 'I8J.OOi;I(1... 110 aToft: opU·.JHH·h 01:11> come,_" sa aOAM apemenia, BO ran., "ITO qpe:n, cie AapoIl8J."b UM .. n6cpallseBB 0 60.l:.I;e, neme.ru CK O.lbll" 0 Mon. BOCO PIJU8Tb. Be 1111',. lJ H" B1> "Ie.1> Hy.mAbJD 0 OPO"l, UOqTl1 TaRlo »'i.e paaCYlRAaen U CB. AM- 11 poci A:c HUH orza BOAbiB penrea is Be CD OCo6RbI 6bIJ. U 0:1» O"lH IllfITb rp-Ilxu '1e..1oBir'Jecsie, ec.Jfl 6hl ORi ue6b1.lU OCB8([(C8bI npuGocaooeBieHl> 1S"b T$.I:Y CnaC::HTe ... I». • norpYBU8WBCh D1> BOAE,. a811fi:l'136T"Jo,. 6~. ABrycntB1>,. CUaCIJTe.l& OOIl.OTU.l1, BO.l\&I, {ie8ARbJ II IUKl'lH Bckt~

HCTO'lflHROB1>. (eK, Bamassuaa, 1080111> UpIJATe'18. 1893 r., CTp.

162-163). .

Y BORi;uWllt1> 9KaereTonCio.J.-lie paSBuaaerca HI IfblC~&, "ITO '<IpeQ'!. spemsaie XpncToclol5&U1> TOpmeCTBeRUO DOCDItm;ealo B10 lllecCiSHClwe c.Jymeaie, 81> ItOTOPoe OO.'h .atUCTBHT6.lbRO U "CTyOU~'"L cs aroro spe.H6uH (Meyer, Krit. exeget, Comment. 1844 r. J, 98. Keil HAp. Hal> PyccRu:n A. B. ropcKiA B1> C.Boun aK8.4e.lIlH!CHU~1> .IeK~ nillXl». Dei; IH8 Imiuis aaC.lYRuIB8KlT1t, 1I:08e"l80, B1Hluania, UO ORR lUI'}; IOTl> BTO poere DeRB De aaa 'leu ie,

') EDaBreJIICT~ ]088U1. He R8caeTcs:aroro COCibJTia; 081> UP"_ BOA8T1o TOAbteD cBHA-lire.l&CTIlo IIpe.ueq·u a comeersia CD. /I.yxa B3' -XpUCTA opu aperaeaia (1, 82 ....... 34 CT.).



- 62-

qepTaX'L oraomeaie Ilpexresa K'L Meccie, BtT'L Y lPYrBX'.L eoaHfeJIHCTOB'.L. ORa COCTaBJI.8eT'L OT.IHqIITeJIhBYJO .oco6eSHOCTh Eeaureaia MaTeeR. Bs 38£JIIOlJeaie BCt 11'H eBaUreJIi\CT3 coeepmeaao, M02RBO CKa33Tb, COrJlaCHO non<'"TByIOT'b 0 speuieaia I'ocnoxa II 6LlBmUX'L npa 3roK'L "YJI.eCBLlX'h 3BaMeBiRX'L (MaTe. a, t6-i7. Map&. 1, g. to B it CT. JIylt. 3, BTOp· nOJJOB. 21 B 22 CT.).

llepeibeM'L K'h 3K3ereTOIJeCKO.Y aBUBSY TeKCTa.

1. BpeJu( I MicTO RpemelJia fOCIIO)l3.

MaTs. 3, 13. MapK. 1. 9. JIyx. 3, 2t CT.

Tozaa npuxoiJul1't~ H 6UCtn6 80 oun.,XO Bucm» .1ICe etau, IucYC1> om» ra..tu.. iJHeX1J, npjuiJe Iu- 1(peCm11UtaCR 8CU MU Ha 10pi)aft'fJ no cyC'fJ Ont'fJ Haaapema .luooie ....

IOa1t1IY ?£l!ecmu.. ra.n,U.4eUcnazo •• '.

mucJt om» Heeo.

Ha Bpe»eHII, DII MtcTa xpemeaia rOCnOJl,8 namero, EaR'L BDllHO Da'L npaseaesasro TeItCTa. DB O,.!lDB'b esaareJIRCn Be 'YKa3L1Baen C'b TOqaOcTiro. Ho 3TO He JlBmaen, B8C'L B03MOEBOCTH 31t3ereTS'IeCKUK'D nyTeM'h OTL1CKaTb D Onp6J1tJlHTb TO B .Ilpyroe.

JLna onpellimeBiJl BpeJ(eHH, 88 aellOCTaTKO)l'L DpRIILIX'L .118T'L~ aeo6XOllnHO 06pa1'HThCJI K'D ItOBTeKCTY ptqu. B'L nep8L1X'L .D.ByX'L eB8afeJJi»x'L nOBtcTBOBame 0 spemenia L XpHCTa C1'OBT'h B'L nCRoA CBJJSH C1t noricTBonameB'L o nponoBt.llRilnOOKOH JlUTeJlbROCTB Ioaaaa Ilpearesa DOo6me. To ziJa , rOBOpBT'lt esaar. MaT6efi, T. e. ltOrJl,a loaoB'lt csceio nponoehaim 0 nOKBJlBia B spemeaia npuroTOB.nSJI'L BapO,ll'L It'D upaasriro Tpaaymaro Mecciu, mozoa up. XOAHT'L Incyc'D H3'h ranUJleH Da IOPAaB'L X'L Ioaasy KpeCTHThCJl OT'L aero. Ilosra 1'&KZe BLlpazaeTca B esaar. IlaPK~; OH~ TOJlhKO TOqate onpeJl~aeT~ MicTO, OTKjla npamess XpaCTOC1) 1t'L Ioaaaj: fit 6ucm6 60 OHf6Xa duezr" .pluoe lucyc'fJ ont'fJ Hasapema PaJlu..teuctt.azo l- CM3b,

I) Baa.pen <ibl.n. TOJlr.1I:O OAUB". O .. eBII.IBO CB. MaplC:" Raaldeaen, ero ra.lH.leAcKU3I-.. ...... C8001-" QOTaTeJleA, IpHCTiaa1t p ••

r

_. 63 _.

'TaR. 06paaOM'L, aacroamaro nOBtcTBOBS·aia. C'L npelJ,blIlYm.BM'JJ y Ma'raea H MapK8, SlCBO ABeT'JJ BB.lltTL, TlTO Kpemeaie I'ocnona ·6bTJIO YJlte B'JJ Koau;t npOnOa'B.IlBHtIeCltOH .ll'ilaTeJIbBOCTH IIpe.nTetla, 6LlJIO 8aBepmemeM'h 3TOH ero r ,Il,t.a'feJJhBOCTH HQIIOJIHHB'L .nimo c~-npBaB8HiJ1, .Io8SH'L

He nponossayers yate onte rpH.llymen Meccm: OTceJlt OB'D B npe,lr& Y1JeHHX8MH B iIpe»:'L Bap0lJ,OM,:& Mor':& TOJlhKO CBB.u;tTeJIL.CTBOB8TL Ii .n.ilHCTBBTBJILBO cBolJ,13Te.JIhCTBOBSJI'L 0 XPBCTt, X8K'L OLlot BomieM'h II ArBo.'h Bo .. ZieM'L, KOTOPI.lH 6epeT'!I as Ce6s rptxa Mips (Ioaa, 1, 29); OTCeJIt OB'!. npeJICT8BJIHeT':L ceria Be 6 o]l'lie , K8lt'L .llpyrOJl'h ateSH;X8, KOTOPUB CTOH1":& H BBBMaeT':b EM~, KOTopLl"ff pallOCTlIOpall.yeTCH, C.llblma rOJIoc'!.meHl:~xa. l?aiJocm'b litVa, rOBOpBT'D 10 8HB ':b , ucnoJtuu/taCb. EAIY ooJt:JfC'HO pacmu, a MHtb ylt&aAfnn1JCJl (3, 29-30 Ioaa.).

M3'L lWHTeKCTa Pi;qB DD 'I'peT:&eM':b EaaareID« MDl MQ- 3eM'll Y1&e onpeAtJIBTb 9TO BpeMSI C'll 60.11bmero TOlJHOCTbID. CD. JIYK8 BatlHEIaeT'L caoe DOB$cCTBOB8Bie 0 spemeaia Talt'll: 6'6lcm1JCf&e Btaa "'pecm'U'lUac.R 8CU Jt1OiJie, u lucycy '1lpeUfWYCII II npos, CJIOBa 3TH He TO OaaafJ8IOT'b,. '1JTo6bl sees aapo.n;'L KpeCTBJICH BJIO, no Kpai!taei1 Mtp<t. npaC),TCTBOBaJ1'!. npa spemeaia IBC •. Xpaora (Meyer, Bleck)! HO TO, ·lITO B'b aro BpeMH BctMH OBJIR.n;1UlO aenpeonoaaeoe 1&6JIa ... Hie XpeCTHTDCH OT'L Ioaaaa, B BCt roJIa II ltpeCTHJIBC:&. £peCTBJICJI B I'ocnoas aaID':b. aro TRE'L me, lt8.K'L H Y nep .. lUJX']) eBRBre;UWTODD, YKaahlBReT'b sa KOHeU'll uponossaBHfJeCKOH .ut.sTeJIbHOCTB Ilpezresa, Ho OMBaB']) T8K'L, no ... 'BB.1J.HMOHY,. aeonpe)1;tJIeOBo· o DpeMeOH speineaia Xpaora; CR JIYlta TOTlJaC,])Ee nOCJIt aroro rosopars 0 B03pacTt Ero: u mou 6'b lucyc'"6 J{/ICOJ'l,tbml; mpuoeCJZmb (23 CTp.), TO eers IHcyey XpaCTY 6Ll.lIO B':b TO BpeMJI OKOJID TpH.lJ. ... naTHJriiT'L OT':b poaneaia, He 3t.BOrO 60JIteBJUI He aaoro MeHte. ECJUJ lite PO.ll;WICJI Os':&, no o6m;enpHBSlToMY .lIat ... -Biro, B'Il KORo;t 149 r. OT'L ocsoeaaia Palla 1), TO CJIt.u;,o-

CIHlX'Ji., RcaaaKOM.blX1> o}, D8~eOTOUCIiOU reorpa,z,ieii. MS1'geB me ae B8SBU" aroro ropo4a DOTOIIJ,. 'ITO OB:!> yoo.uBaJ.llo I? He~1lo ssnne "(2, 23 CT.).

1) CM. A-hTCTBO 1. XpUCTa. CTp. 88-91.

I

I

I

- 64-

BaTeJlhBO, .xpeCTBJJCJI B BCTynaJJ'L B'L 06m.eCTBeBHOe CJJyseBie B'L 700 r. ro,!J.'L spemesia rocnO,!J.a aamero n. 6J1BmaUmeM'L KOBTeKcTt ptqa CD. JIyltB onpe.IJ.tJISIeTCJJ, T8KHII'L 06paaOM'b. C'}. coaepmeaesameio, MomBO CK8san, T01JBOCThJO. - 1:ITO 3e KaC8eTCH roro, B'L K8Koe BpeJJJI rO,lla KpeCT8JJCS:I Iucye'}. XpaoToC],7 - oretH Da STon BOnpOC'L JILl M02KeM'L BaaTH B'b nepKoBHoll npaKTBKt B uepKOBBOJl'}. npeasaia. Ilepsoss C'b rJly60ltoU: Jl.peBBOCTB np83.IJ.syeT'D xpeuieaie Tocnoas 6-ro aasapa. Talt" 0 npa311BOBaBio speuteaia rOCnOllBJI 6-ro BBeRRO HBoaPJI yn~Jl8BaIOT'L yme llOCT8aOBJIeBis anOCTOJILCKin 1) FI 1£.'18- )leaT'h aJIeKC8BllpiiiCKiii 2). Opareas, yqeBIIK'L KJIHMeBTa. B'L KO.MeBTapia c~oe.'L aa sHBry upoposa Ieaesiaaa CTapa~CJJ ,ll8Ze .D.OKa38Tb, liTO meeroe .HSMpa B J(OJJZHO 6LlJlO 6STh ,1J;BeM'L' spemeaia rOC UO.D,SSJ , a He Jlpyroi KaKO.it JUI60 ,IleSL. ,lLJUI aToii nimH 00'11 uOJILayeTca nepBLlM'L CTBXOM'L uepsoa rJIaBLI npOpOqeCKOH KUHrs, rAt. OKaS8ao: ,,11 6L1JIO 8'h TPBJl.n.aTLIii ro,ll.'h, B'b qeTBepTLlD xtCB o.'h , B'h DJlTLlii )leBL M'ECJJua, KOr)la JI BAXO)lH .. 1)CJJ cpeaa nepeeeaesnees npa ptKt Xooapt, O'l'BepSJIHCb aeueca". Ha ·3TO IItCTO Opareas CMOTPOT'II lt81t'll sa OpOpOqeOKOO »tOTO 0 spemeaia I .. Xpacrs, Korla T3Kate· OTBeP3J1BCb Be6eca. "CqOT8IO reneps, rOBOpHT'L OB'h, O'M) aaqaJIa soaaro r0J18 (OT'II 'Pampa - nepasro Mtcana iYlleAcKaro roaa] qeTOOPTLul: JltCHlt'll B yasaro, q'l'O lucyc'L XpeCTBJICJI 8'11 qeTOOpTLlA .tCSIU,'L noaaro mas. H60 .'bean'll, KOTOPLlH Y PHIIJISB'L BaaLlBaeTCJI 8RBapeM ... H B'D ROTOPhlA, Mit'}, MLI aBaeK'}" eosepmaaees speuteaie

1) B .. lIocraaou8Bin .. anOCT. T8& .. rOIl0pHTCa: -ARU apa3ABU'UILle oo(JAIOAaihe, Gp8Tia, a, npem ... e acero, Aeob pO .... ecTII8 I'omOAB., eoaepma. ero n. AlIaAUaTh a.ThIIl "e.b Ae .. Taro ."cana \C"Ien. ... C.Q .... n OotTa.OlLleJritx ...... aRaeTeS e-. 8Up-U8). OOCl-k liMO Aa fSYAen. .ua BaQ see .. a .. ,n....... Aell. aue.i_, ... aoTOphIl focnOA" nOKASU ... a.1o BoaecT8o esoe, a Topmel}TB'yfiTe ere. 810 meclol Aeab Aecn8ro ."calla. ("88pS). PYCCK. nepe •. Kasaa .. 1St' r, crp. 150.

'J} Strom. 1, p. 140. C.. Tpy,,". Kie •. AyX. AlBA. 1882 r. :I.. 3. CTp. 304-306.

- 65-·

\ rOCH0J{8. eors 1J8TBepTLlH Jlilcao.'L aosaro rosa no. ClJeTY eBpeeB'b". Ha pa3BBilY lI,WI (T8Jl1. UHTldt, 11 a.u;1JcL nrecroa) Opareas se o.6pam,aen BHHM8B-!H, BllPOJJ.THO. nOTo¥y, sro nepsoas BaqBB8JI8 rrpaS)J.BO;B8me C$ rrpe,llWecTSYIOm;aro. B6lJepa.

" HaROBell'L, JrL1 MOllte!!']) COCJI8TLCH aa CB. I08SB8 3Horo-· yeTs, Ko.TOpHi 6I:i1J1'}, caMhlM'}) lRSprUIlI'L aaIIU1T.88.KO)['L nplls.nBOB8Bia xpemeaia I'ocnoaaa meCTOl'O nBBsp.s:. B'.L CHost aa Boroaaaeale, npOH8aeOOOHOM'L In 3ti7 r., OB'D I'OBOPOT'h: "lIBorie npll3JlBYlOT'L .I1Ba npaa.n88sa (PO-ZJ(8CTBO XpH.CTDBO I1 Kpemeuie) 1:1 SBUIOT'L :M~,'L 01leH8; 'ao oenoaaaia, no. 1t00TOpo.MY YCT8aOBJleBbl OElH, ae 3BaIOT'£. IIos!,eM'Y. Beo6XO.I(J!1I0 CK8saTb J1l06BIit BameA: QTO ooaosa .. mell'll llJIII sroro CJlYZBT'D Be oaao HBJIeme, a . .1188, B'L SaCTOSlIIl.8M'h B 6YaymeM'h .... IIo1JeMY iRe 9TO'r'L.ll.eSb aaaaBaeTCB l!1f,g;CtIJeta~ llo.TOMY. liTO. OR'b (IBoyC'b. XPRCTOC'b) hBABlfOJlBRJ1CH Be Imm:rt eaoero posaesia, BOTOJIbKO 'PO r1l8 , "&Or.l{BlOpscTBJICfl. HtiO.ltD arore ,.lIBS BapD.IX'L Be 3RaJ]'}) Em B BeHma~oTRYlla OR'b7"' ."Hapo.ll'}., runopDT'll B)l8To.YOT1» ~ TOJIKOS8aiH aa ESBer. Mal'9eH (12,-a 6ect.a.a), MOT"]) 6.61 CQaT8Tb Ioaaaa same Iacyea, soroparo OS'b BeaSaJI'b H aoroparo BB,il,tJI'L KpeCTlIBmOMOJJ OT']) Ioaasa, IIoTOMY"TO OTBepaJ1HCb ae6eca, .II:YX'L Ca. oomeJrb sa Heroa c.u;tJIaJI'L Ero BctM,}) 88BtOTHI1IM'L".

It'}) CK838aBo.MY 0. speseae rOl{R spemeaia rOCilona aanrero c·QS1'aro aeJl3lTJBl1l1'L npa6aSBn DIBO . 88M'tiQaaie. Y aacs MtCRU'b aaaaps-« caM.u.fi.cypOBLIi3I:1MRiu If,l;ORU'1l; DO. as BOCTOKt 3TOT'b lIilcau'L· lIaJIeKO se,£'8KOB'h, o co ... tieHBome B'b8BOfiBOB iop.n.8aCKoB . .llOJIBB11. TaM'b. IIO CDR .. .u:hTeJIbCTSY IIfTemeCTDeHBBKOB'L, aasorna Be 6LISae1''b 3ID1Ll 8 MOP030B'b. BOlts Db - IopllaEl'hBBltOr1l8 Be ()Lloaen. EJIHSe zecsra rpa.n.yCOB'b,a 81) nOJI.ll.eOL H B1) :SBBa:pt OBa

corpsaaerca ,[(0. IUlTJlB;lluaTH rpa.nycDB'L. '

IITl\&'D, BOq'To.:;ae lrhmaeT'L1l3J1'P J;lpaQHTb, ~TO Iacycs XpaCTOC'L KpeCTBJIC.fl B'llKOHUt uponoesnaaseCKoii .n.tSlTeJJbOOc.'ra 1. Ilpearesa, POBBO IIo.qTB qpea'b se-

l I

t

- 66-

Type Mi>cSlna no BeTYDJleHiB ero Ba cJlyzeBie 1), DeBKO meeroro aasapa ·780 r. OT'}, OCBOBsaiSl PIMa.

Teoeph Ha ... ocrserea roqate o n_pe.atJUJTL, B'b saKO." 111;(,.1''1; aa Iopll3ai1 It~CTRJlCSl Iacyc'L XP"CTOC'L~ CosmesB1rumHM'b M'hCTOM'J, aa Iopaaas C'L fJly6oKoii llpeo-BOOTD us 8CtX'h iYllee8'b, 6encolfHt8UJ:, 6HJJa Baeaeaps (.tcTO nepenpaaa), ,qTO npOTBS'L Iepaxoaa, no'roMY llTO 3.IltCL npa IHC}'C'B BasBRt, no nOBe.1tBilO Boziro, 6HJJ'L nepeaecem, qpea'b IopJlaB'L Itooqer'h 88otT3 H DOTON'b nepemere BeCI) - 83p8HJJbCKiA BapO,IJ.'b (Iae. HaD. S. t7). B'II aTOM'bCOJJmeBBOM'j, MtC1't, DO aaMtlJaBiro eeaareaacra IoaBB8. - Ilpearesa opeul1ymeCTBeBBO RpeC'fMJI'b aapOl'}. (I, 28): B 3.u:hChZ&; OB'b, . BCKOpt ;UOCJJt spemeaia X pacra, YKa3WBa..n ,Ba' Hero fOBOps.: ; ee J.'H61f~ Bo:Jtew, 83eJMJl.U tfJ1bXU Mipa (Ioaa. - -}, 29). CYJl8 no _ BC~My oTOMY, MOUO O'b .uOCTuBtPBOCTblO DOJlaraTb,4lro ; J3'L ButJatJllpt'b B· KpeCTB.ilCJI XP8CTOC'L. no onUC8BiaM'L- nYTemeCTUeBB8&OB'lt, Baeaaepa, o(}paIlJleBB8J1 KY08MH BB'b II rYCTL1X'b KycTapBOKOB'b, OTJJ8lJaeTCJ) ocorieaaoro KpaCOTOIO H apso OH1I.tJUI8TCSI Ba- Beell'L nporaxeaia ptKO. Ha 6epcl'Y npOTBB'L casaro .tCT2t spemeaia I. Xpaera, B'L p8acTOHHiH .llByx'}, lJepcn- 'OT'L IopJl8Ba. COXpaSUJlHCL OCT8TKB apenasro )10- aaerapa, 1t0TOPL1H :f)YJl'la nOCTpOeS'h napOnelO EJIes010 B'L 'leOTI, 108HU8 Ilpearesa,

2.0'IIODI08i8 UpeATe ... I'L leed. (MaTe. 3, 14-{5 QT.).

l~aHHi :lICe 6os6pllHRmt tJ'!J, ZAaBOAJl: a80 mpe6g1() modo1O 1CpeC~UIIIUCJl, II mw All epROetall "0 AtH",; 011l6f6" fi#a~ se Iuc!lcope..e "0 fleMY: ocma6U, HWH1b, mauo 60 nodo61U"'~ llaMa ueno.anumu 6CJl"Y npa~!J. TvziJa ocmu6U ao.

B'L npaaeaeaaaxs CTOXax'L. eaaar. MareeR coxpsBOJ(OCL AJla aaes ll]?arontHsoe u3BtcTie 06'b oraomeaia n~.l(TeqB K'It ~ecclu ,B'li TO~":L ~IlLlA .OlfeBT'L, KOr,ll8

_;_

J} J08B8~ 'CTyOB.I~ Ba Clymetlie 8'It oep.hUt. qUCJ:a:n OOBUGp. '179 r. (eM. i 3 erp.),

I

- 67 _.

I'OCDOlIb npOmeJl'b it'D BeMY sa IOpAa01l, IIJTo6Lt KpeCTH'l'hCJl

.Q'f'b aero. MOIfeB1"h 91'0 T'b , 6e3'& COM Bim iJI , 6I::M'b (llIHH'b

.H;l'& pallOC'I'BEOmHX'b B'bE03HB Ioaaaa; BO nMtcTt O'b -' pa.IIOC'Pllo ero 06'llHJI'b 8'& 91'OT'l> MOMeHT'b a aeOliL1KBOBeaflUB Tpeuen. By lJ.yqa uponoBt.1(HB.ltOMT:. uoaasais, OB'b

.ae 110r'b .n;onYCTETb ce6tB. MblCJU1, qTO(').S qBCTblK B 6ps'l'ptWBLlH OT'b pOiKJleBiH. UYZ.1l..8JICfl ffb ero spetneaia, qTO()bl BJlSJl.blKa nOllR.lJOBU'b rnaBY 08010 UO)l'1) pYKy pa6a, CTPI'lmacs 81'OHMLI C.JlB. 0 H'b nep3:B y JIt. 8036 pas 8Tb EM Y I ro OO.P')]:

(/,811 mpt6y1O fn06010 "peemumuC8. tU",U AU ?(JlliJeutt4 1£0 M,,'b,? Ilpespaeso Bhlpa3te03 sora MblOJIb B'L '(),llOOIl'b nepKOBaOlf'b . I .cT0Xt: . "'-peaeTe.H'b 6SCTb Ilpearesa, B'. BOSOOH. raaroaa: V JUJItO OPOCB"ETBT'b CBtTBJlbBHIt'h Uo'lJTa; KQKO PYK.y OOJIOzan sa BJISlllilK.)I; OCBSll"~ Mese i1 soaa, Ouaee, BaeM"

JHIH nipa rptx'h!" (IIoCJ1t.Il;oB. qacoB'b6 aas.), TaKoRo (lYJlO r~1y6oG.o-cm~peHHoe B rJly6oKO-6J1arOroB1:iUElOe orsomeDie Ilpeareaa It'1 TOMY, ROilY OR'}) oQHniJI1J cerla: Be ... llOCTOBBLlM'h paSBJI3M'b peMeBh 06yOH (Maps. I, 7 111 nRusH.) .

. illo Be, Ba3TO 06pODl&IOf"l, BJltCh oaoe BHBMaaie ;:ncae,;eTLI;

ex'll aaBBftlHSm.D.pyro-H BOnpOC'b: aeaJl']): JIB I08RB'b Xpa-

·OTa JJ,O apemeaisv aaa Be 3aaJI,])~ BOJIl)mI'JBCTBO a saerero B'Ii , '()CBOBblB811Ch aa T01l"&, q-ro lOBBB'h npHMO Ii ptmOTeJIbOO ,OTK8.ahlBa.llCHllOUYCTHTb XpBCTa K'L Kpem.esllo., BJilC&aSL1- <Baron II H1mie , qTO Ioaaas ae·8J1.'I:. JUprBO' Xplf:CTa flqTO OR'D ,Il.8me Be Mor'!) He SBaTh Ero: B'b,ll.tTCTst OB,]) CJJ.IiJ·maJI'L 0 HeM'L OT'I:. CBoe.H .MBTepB, a B'L rosoera B B'b 6oJIi3eaptJlh1e roaa OR'b MDr'b BBll'BTb Eroa BHll'BJl'll He paB'h 88 rrpaS.ll.BBKRX'L B'11epycaJuult. TaRoe Mateie 1I0zaD

(5J:,l C.qE:tT8Tb npaoJJ:,onD)l;o6sMM'b, eona 6u QUO Be npOTHBOP'l;qBJlO CBHJltTeJIhcrny oaaoro Ilpearesa, &D~OpOe DPD~ DOll,BTCa B'1 neTBepTOM'L E'saBTeJJin B B'L ltOTOPOM'DBCBO

Ii onpeJl.tJJeSBO rOBopHTCH, 'ITO. OB'L eouepmeaao ae 3SaJI'b XpUCTa )l.O Kpemeois:u a83 He 6tWth·[)Ja UO, uo ott seumc« 11,9Pau JWJU, ceeo paiJu npiuiJox3 as» OOOV1O '''peC7nR (1, ar). ;BaMilqaT.eJlbBo. 8rD OSHoe CBIJ,IJ;treJl})cTBo nOBTOpBeTCJI BMt,

1J eme pa3'L BOlKe: u ae« tle Mbt1nxo eeo:HO noc.aao&tu

M.R 1Cpecrntt1nu ooOmo, moll Af1;t'lb pe1lfe:1taiJo flUO fJlCC ysp'll"

UlU J(yxa .. exoi)Jlu/a u npe6uofJ.WUIU 1I,UHtAtZ,' ,noil tern"

"pecmJlu )J,.'!}XOJfo O(JJUnUlit7J (1, 33). 5·

I

......,

-68 -

lJTo6h1 OCJla6BT}' 3TO CBBJJ.tTeJJbCTBO B YCTP8BlI1'bBHAs.oe npoTBsopi;,'lie Mezl[Y eBaOfeJIBCTaMa MaTeeeM$ B 108880.'b, OJlBD B8'1» 3Kaer~TOB'b 1) rOBOpHft,.- 'ITO 10aBB$ XOTJJ B 88an I. Xpaers, 80 Be SHan, 'ITO On Mec .. em. Ilnasapeaie usym.eeruI. 108881. nOTollY ,8 OTK83W" BU$ ,XpOCTY .B'b speuieaia, liTO - npBSB888JJ'b 8'L HeM'!. MeeciIO. Jlpyrie I) npul[8IO'f"L ·MOBa,... -llpel[Te'ls: .s Be' 3Il8.JTh Ero~T8&oA CIOiIo.n: B0e--.oe apeaaee aB8Jlie 06'L 1. 'XpacT'h -6L1J1o -OOfiCTBeSHO a63usielf'b 'B'D cpaBBeaia .cs T'hIrb, 'ITO JI Tenep'b ySBruJ'I» 0 Hell.., UpH ,cotTt ~.e .. CTBeBBarO orspoaeais. Ho B 8TO o6'bscseme Oija3L1B8eTCJJ' CJlumltOIl'b aaTJlBY'fLlII'.b B BCItYCCTBeBBL1M,))! KOBT6KT'lI ptqa· He .I.8eT'b _ BIlIAKB1": oesOBaJliH K'J, TaKOIlY nORH.aailO. 'DPeTbB , ~),' ' ' BaWaea'L., JlIJJL,YOTpaB6aia.BBllaro -npOTBOO-· pssia Mealty .81'OOe.... B',IoaaIl0ll'L rosopsT'L,· 'TO 'S'L 60Jlte .u;peBsei: B 6o.l'ke KpaTKoi peAuniu eMaRrems M.a., .. eea Be 6wo 14 If 10 CTHXOB'h •. 'ITO OBII ,oocTfiBMlO1"£ D03lJ.UtOwyIO . o p .. D6aBItY , BaJlTYlO 83'L eeaarezia eSiOBe6B'b. rAt "3TB C"raXB CTOJfT'b ooc.at noescraoaaaia 0 xpemeaia I. XpocTa. B'I. JlOltuaTe.nbCTBO roro, 'lTO paacaarpasae .. MhlX'b _CT8XOB ... Be ·6h1JJO - BlJ lpeBBtAmee pellaEu.iB, coy .. 'Jl8IOTQJI'S& lycTBBa .y'leSH&a, KOTOpWa B'h paaroeopt,'oo., TpiCjK»lOM'bB6 _,uoMHsae-r'b 000.'· OTIt83t 108888 CpeCTHTb rOCDOlla (rHJJbreateJtblJ.'h).Ho llOI83aTeJlLCTBO aTO UOJlO 6h1 eme BiKOTOPOIO llOJIIO' 'BtP08THOCTU. eeaa 6L1 es Be .. COlIstBHOC'fblO tiLlJlO JlOUSllllO ;cymecTBOBaaie 60)lte Xpa'f7 ·KOB passeH H 60ne nOJJHoii o0311Beit pelJ.altuia ,EBaBrum MaT6ea., Ha- e&1I0M.'h sa lltJrh opeJJ.DoJlozeaia o P83BhlX'L pe,lJ;aJ£QiSJx'L EBaHreJJia Ma,cee.a eCTb BH.H~'b BOBtimei SPfl,TBKH., ECJl8 CD. IY<Yr;IlB'b OOxollHT"h ,1IoJJ1JaRie.'b 'OTIGI.81t· RpecTUT6.l!S, ro aro posao. all'iero -86 "aa'l'1IT'b~08'b ' .OVL '1'.It'lro JEe Y.O.HaTb 06,])"DTO.'h. KaK'It YMaJlqlll&IOT'.b eeaa-

. '

'., .. I) -A.ryCTM8~_ y )1."1»10". lom. 1.5t; ..... 0 .... 1011:1; ... : :ac..,.

'~~.V'\9nHBep ... ~. 1 atillap.18 W,isseosebanI. K.nt. d. Evaog.Ge&cb. p. 2'5 .

, -') lJeAB.4ep .. ;~Das Leben J. Christi,3 AnO., p. 79~80. .

3) JioBI8 "eM, y MeAepa' Tom. 1.-. Abth. :~~ p.' 99;&811" ll'APlr. '

~I

- 69-

'TeJJl?ICThl Maplt'b BJIYKS,TtM'D 6oJI'£e 'l'fO IycTBH'r Be . IJ HC8JI'&ffCTOpia xpemeaia I'ocnoaa, a, TOJlhKO- CC11.llSeTCn Sft aro co6I:i11'ie B'b llOK83a'fe.UbO'l'BU OOmeCTBe.BBOOT3 1. Xpacra, ,aJIB KaltOBOii U1UHi 6LlJIO COBepooeOBO ,aOCTa-

TOQBO YKR3aTb aa OABH .JUlWb QYlleCBLlJI :3 BlUteois. 6LIB~ min DpH apemesia I. Xpacra, .A tIre aacaeroa esaareain .esieaeeas, B'bltOTOPOM'h no CBR.1l'li'l'eJIbCTsy EmnpsBin (npo- 1'8 B'Lep ecea 30, 13)1 4 H 15 CT0X H no era B.1Jea hI () hVUJ nOC.':lt noBtcTBoB3Bia 0 spemeaia ,rOCnOlIS. TO COMo ate ElIuq,a'siu rOBOpBT'h, lITO 9'rH epe1"DKU Maoroe 8'D En3.Br. MaTeea mCK3SB.lJ3, 080e OO-y.CTBB'L. asoe B8MtSHB1t; CJI13- 1l0nSTeJlLBO. eBioBHTOKOe eeaarenie H eCTh J1,t.nC1'B.H'fe.1bBO DOsl1BtnmaH nepe1l1wK3 aamero aaaoaasecaoro Eeaareaia, Ho: nooome 00.110600. CE.a3aTb. liTO rasin M nOllol')oIllJ1 noDL1TJ:tI1 rrpaaapars MBHMoe npomaopssie EB80re;ria MaT-

-eea C'b EBaarenieM'll Ioeaaa OeTOJIbl£O ae .nOCTflraIOT'L u1mR. BO eme 60.II':I3e aRnYTLTRlIO[''b. 1109TOMJ' ooraerca

-npaaaare o1l0aCTseOBO 'BtPBLIM.1J'fO' OOalt)f'Clai~ soroparo BCel'J.( .Jlepm8JUWb ··oll'nLJ uepasa 1). a as sailJil D· JIY'1mie R8'b BOBtemOX'b 6tlfOCJ[OBOB'b. I), OMeaaQ. 'I'm Ioaatrs COBepmeBOO Be 1308J11J I. Xpacra nu eanaro spemeaia ·Ero. II :3TO BIIOJIE1t eCT80TBeoao. loa OR'!) paaeanmaaca Q'rlI8 B MaTepa, a C'L BRMB, IWSe'1HO, CKphlJIaCb J1,JIH nero IITa~Ha p01&JleaiSl Meccio. Ilocaf me CMepT[t POJlBTOJJeH OH'L B TfhM'b 60nte He MOr'D ima'l~b Ero. nOTOMY 'ITO npo .. BOIUUl'b ye.rU:lHeOElJIO ZB3E1b 13'b nycThlBJlX'b iy.a.eBCItHX'b (JIYK. 1, so). BnOJUl Or]''}, saaapeTCltHl:'b pOl1CTBeSBHIWB'B. MOlKBO .u.YM8Tb, liTO. BOaeCTSOOBOe IIpOBHIl'tBie oaMtpoBRO npeOSlTC1'BOB8JlO npeZD.eBpeMeaOOMY 8BaKOMCTBY ItpecT8~ TeJlH C'l) I'ocnonows, Q'1'Q6bl Be MOnIQ 6brrb lUi M8JI'lnimaro nOBOJ1,3 it'D OO.ll.ospt.airo B'L ope,nBapHTeJIbHOM'b ax,» COfJ[!\-

,meBiB Memllyco!5oIO. .

Bonpocs 'renepb B'hTOM'h: lt3K'b .3te IOB:HB'J) MOr'L YBBll.Th I'ocnons, e0480B,]) BBltOr)),8 BeBBll8JJ'b Ero npelltl1e~

I) CB. I. 3JDTOyCT1>, G.Ulil>. 8 eO<l! IUlHfT"h , EU811Mii'J3l1ra(jealt.

2) ::tl5pap.4lt, "'iss. Kril. p. 258-259; us ... PYCCK. npoT. A, B. trOpeS!U B1> Eaaal'. OCTopi",. CTp. 84.

- 70-

HeCOMS'BSBO, TyT'b ()L1JIO csoero - po.n.a 1Ij.IJ.o: - IOlsB'L Jlor'Er ]8BaTh I. XpuuTa no HOO()L1KSOBeBBOfi ltpacoTk R AO()poTh Eoo B8ope., a MOlEeT'b 6YTh B no BeOOHKBoOeBBOJlY B036ys.n.eailO. JIJxa, soropoe saCTaBMJIO ero COJlporBfThCJJ 00.-0680, : TO·Y, - DR'!. OR U'BEOTl[8 coJtPomy.lC8 '80 Qpe8tcsoel .'Tepa (JIYKH 1, ,t" ,,). A OOJlH 9TO T8K'L. 8'b "I~" eJl88 JIB IfOatBO eo.&tB8TbM~ TO seYllHBBTeJlbBO, 1J'fO IO&BO'b TOT1JaC'b 'set' Ult'b 'rOJlbKO npB6J1B3Bnca K'L BellY I. XpaCTOO'L. 6eaomB6omo YSBaJI'h B'L Bell'" M.eccho.Hey.aoBBTeJIbBO T8K3te B TO, qTO ero TOT1JaC'LZ6 OMSlJI1r ae06YKBOBeSBLlH TpeneT", 8' UL T~neTt OB~ Boa6pa8R~~ --dUKGJAte'l 1)_ EI!Y xpeersrsca. Ilpespaeao B30CipSSDJI'ftTpeUeTBOe eoeroaaie IIpe.D.TeQB -S'L arors MOlteDT'}, en. loaDS'), 3.oaTo'YCT'L: "qTO '.trh 6.D.iul&TLj qTO cOBepmHTh7"cOpamBBBeT'L 08'h on. JIIJua Dpen.Teq.a, D' T81.'L OTB'k-- 1J88'Mt! "If rpeneniy Te6.a, rOCDOllB, ,g,' OT,paCTBO "106J11O;' II 6tzaTb Be aepasro, H npB6JJB3BTLCS Be OTBa2£IiIB8IOCh~ B CTpamYCL lIaTD xpemeaie, H CTp8mRO aceJJ8IO nOJryqflTb. oceamenie. Aa'L Tpe6ylO To6olO KpeCTHTBCSI* l Ha 9'1'0 Tpe60B8oie Ilpearesa lucyc'}, XpaCTOC'L .I1M'L TaROa 0' ..... atT'L, KOTOPHii 006_y Jl8J1'L I08.BR&: 6eaopeKOOJIOBBO. acnon- 8BTh BOJlIO Ero: OflJ81bU4atlZ :Jtee ]IlcYClJ petie 1(1 '1~;,W!l: ot:tna8U 'Hbl"n,~ maICo 60 noof)6ae.m'l NaM~ ucntJ<4HUmu 8CIII,!! npawy. OcmaIJu HUHr6-a~~ a~-rt.. 9TO aapaaeaie TO.1- «rIOT'b OO.LJJtHOBeSBO Talt'b: TLl TenepL OCT8BL DORa CBOIf paa.lilmJleBin B speera MesH.CB. SJl3T0-YCT'h nameT'h:

"Caa'l8JIa .eeeepma spemeaie, B roraa yze (iorocJloBc1'8yA; CBaQSJI8 OKpecTB, H TOr,ll,a yze nOKJlOBBCb ~ '). Roo-fPC; aaaQ-BT'L Be ·'fOJIbKO OcmQ86, 80 R oonycmu, II npn TOM1»

1) .dU-HmAtEV ae BCTp .... aerca GO.J:le au 8 .. H080 ... 338i.ri, HU· Y ee.llAeC8TH, spo.· .. 7 CT. :12 n. 8 .. KR. IY.4U91>, Y If.laCCH"!eCKHX'h me- 8I1a1iTf>.IeA' o'J8nb "!aero: C.Ia BaBCItOe: 60slfpamnae CHJbBie IbJpallC.aeT .. • 1trIUt. oo,u.aa ••• , ...... pycaoe yckpotcUBCJ,4-?, a UOTOIIY Beotil()AU.O cOIpaRuu &TO C.lOUO H U'J. pyce.. oepeloA.i;, .alt.. COlepmeRRO UOR.TRoe Kam,4o.y.

t) 81. CIQ." 0 cu. loa.... Ilpu.:r. OaA. CoG. AyX. A8uellfitt 1896 r. CTp. 868,

~~d ./

- 71'-

13M CllJJ8 B'b 3TOM'J) BHpS'lReaia: Be"B'L CJlOBt arper;, a 131> QaCT8IJ,'B(XPTl,t 3aSQesie KOTOPOH rOpa3.1J,O yma q'BM'L VV'J, Tucnons K·&K'D' 6lj T8K'L roaapars IORBBY;Tellepb me, T.e. 6e3'D BC.8KarO 38Mf\l(Jleahr, ,n;OI1YCTI! MesH K'h spe .. meaho. - B'L pYCCJtOM'L nepeeors tJH1'aeTCJl UOQT8TaK'D me, KaK'L H B'D CJI8B,8aCKOM'b: ocrass reneps: so B'h coorssrorsie noc.at.!lBeMY npe.lVIOmeairo 15 CT8x,a: moziJa oCmatJAJtemo ezo-agJtY)6LY asrrov; soropoe IIO"PYCCK0 nepeseneao: moziJa loa1{/u~oonyc"ael'no Eto, If' nepsoe+« OC7na8~ menepb- BtpBte nepesecrs: 1l,OUyC'f3 reneps me.

B~CKaSaB'b TU&Q6! .n{}BsJItaie ,Io8BHY, salt']) ij.ll811lJK8, K8.K'h CbIS'b Boziu Ilil0ye1i XPH0T0C'll, T,QrqaC'L me CT8- BIfT'h Ce6JJ 'BapasBt C'L IoaBRuM~, KaRl> CbIB'b qeJIOBt.qecKia, roaopa: mano 60 norJo6aema naMiS ucnO)l.1:Uemu, 8CJl,Jf,Y npafJoy.

Bupaaeaie noOo6aemo -. 1rOE'1'TOV Ed71N -- utKoTOpble (MSJlbD.,oa.) nOHHMaIOT'L B'b BHaqeahJ "npBJIHq'HO". Ho 81'0 BeCoBctll'D T01l80. Iacyes XPOO'f'OC'h ae K0f'D, RpeCTBTbCfI n01'01IY TOJlbKO, lJTt) 8TO 6LlJrO IDMJ npBJIDqRQ. Bo Era lltE:eTBisx']';. . Be tiI.J.!JO H Be Jlor'JIO f)Yl'b aasero rssoro, liTO 6bI.'I0 ueaY7£Ho II. aaaamae, 6e3$ nero MOZBO 6ElJIO 060i1ToCb. HanpOTHB'b, K8K'DCKaa8ao YEe 6hllIO .sLlme, spemeuie 1. Xpaera 6@1I0 T8K''b llt.e oeQ6XOllHMO,&BLt'h HCaOJJ8eaie BCeI'O. 91'0 Tpe60BaJIU on· Hero. \ npasaa Eo .. aria,_ lITO OCHOB8BO 6bIJlO- aa BLl.cmeM'L DJIaBt 'BomecToeB" aaro .1l0MOcTpOBTeJIbCTsa.

Oaoao uan», DO 1'I.staiIO 6Jl. eeoq,niI8RT8, EBB. 3araoeua II. .J1pyrOX'b, O'fBOCBTCaell.HBOTBeBSO it'll, I. Xpncl'Y, 11.118 I'lJIBate BCel'O R'}. BeMY. .1I.tiicTBnr6JJbHO! C'L S'rOM1> MBtuieM'D 'BeJlbaa Be COrJJaCBTbCH, nOToMyqTO [,JJaBSOe, It'illloTBpomee J1RUe 31t.llCL lucye']), nut']) W'D OS'L rpe- 6yeT'L OT'h Iosaaa sperneaia ,a IoaRS'!. YlEe TOJlbKO HouolJIEUleT,]) Ero'rpe6oaaaie. O.r.r:aR.Ko, HeJlb3JI eoaepnreaao HCKJllOQaTb OTOJOllR B IOaBBR, UOTOMyqTO OB,}) TaKate yqa .. Cl'BOBaJI'D B'1l spemeaia 1. Xpaera, 8tpete nOBTO'.Y 'llY" MaTb, tITO cnOBO uaMa aa.aQ0T'.bBlltCb H Mat H Te6t. H Mat B Te6t, salt'L 6~ Talt'L rOBOp0JI'L XpO.OTOtYL,. 'HaJJ." JleZBT'!. H.C no~'1 BHTb 6CII'ICY1O npafJdy-·n(l.(JCl.v· fJ£xatodv'I1jv,

- 72-

qTO ~SJlIteTCB SItCh B'f. cJrOBat'f, XpaCT8 0011"6 6CRKmo npa8dotdl ptmeme 9TOro BODpOca: Beerlla np88J1eoo' JtaJJO OCOOOBBoe BBH.aaie 91t3e1'eTOB'L If BCerlla, B&.l{o6ao CK8.3aTL, SI.TPJ.lBJJJlO.

B... BeTXOll'h sarin. y ueltc&ttJlpiiCltIfX-" nepeaos'1MltOB'L e.DOBOJl'L &£xa£ot1vv1J BJlIt 8£xauJ,ua - npatJdaB8SL1BlllOTC1i 'Bet' nocraaoaaeaia, Bet 06pB.Illl MOBceesa 38&OH8 (BTOp038K. 4, s • .co. 6, f. 27, 10. llHCJf. iJ6, 13. Dean. 118. 6'. Ieaes. 11. f2 B .upyr.). Ha STon 00110- saaia 1I03BO .u.y.aTL, QTO CJJOB811a "BCnOJlBHTb BM1t'YIO npaBJlY" I'oenoas YIC83LtoaeT'I» Ba acaoxaeaie BeTX038riTB8ro 06pall;0B8rO S8(toaa. Talt'LAti:CTBHTeJlbBOB nOBBMatOT'It CRaoa rOCQOllB otKOropY& '1*OJJKO'BBl!ltB, npe8J1ymeCTBeBBO apesaie. 08JtT. 3J1aTOYCT'IJ ·roBOPwn,: "opaoll3 eCTh 8COOJl" aeaie 38008t1el; B XaK'I» (OS'h) yate BCnOJJBBJI'L Bet .D.PY;'" ria 38DOriJlH. a -oeraerea TOJlb&O OA80 &TO (To e. spemeaie), TO D,OJlZ80 O-PBf.OBOltjOHTb H cia". Y 6n. e~BJlaKTa '1B'raeJl~: "OpaB,IlOIO (I'ocnons) RaaLiBaeT'L saltOR'L. Q6JIo· BtqeCK8JJ npapona, rOBOpOT'L, DOllOeprJlaCb nposaariio. noTO.Y qTO Be MorJJa BCnOJlRBTb 3altORa. Iloeeay .H BCnOJlBBJI'It BCt, ope.l{oHcasiJJ aaXOR,.: OCT8eTca: OllBO, TO eClrIr ltpec.TIITboa.CoaepmSB'h aTO. H OCBo60BJ(J lJeJIon'le61tOO eCTeCTBO on KJlaIfSH. aro MoliltOJII"L". EB9BlliA Sara .. 6eS'L TalUKe. pa3yden. "DP8BAY 3aKOB8, KOTOpaS COCTOJJJJa B'b paaHoo6paasLtx'L BBtmBBX'h OMOBeahJx'It 8 nepesoaiaxs (Eop. 9. to), B ~~~XP8CTOC'h xoriJr1, HCnOJJBIITb, DO~ D,06ao TOMY UIt'b ~OTtJJ'L 6LJTb' otlptaaBBIUI'b.

Hn 0pHoo,aeSBYX'It o{i'hacae8iA .I1peoB8X'It TOJI&OBBUKOD'!» BBllBO. qTO Bet OBB oraoears spemeaie IoaBRoBO K'b BeTXoaaBtTBOJlY 06P.HJI,OBOJl-Y 88 KOSY 1 npopsBBBoamn ero KI}. OIfOBesiJlM'L 8 olJ8meUiJlII" 8 9TBJI'b Of'PaBRQIt-

B8JOT'J. Beef; CJlLlC.I'L B Dee aaaseaie CJlOB'II I'ocuoaa. Ho /

C'J. 3TH'" TOJJItOS8ateJl'lt BeJJb38 Boonas OOrJI8CRThCSI. Kpe~ mesie I08sBOBO BOBce Be npUBUJlelUJIO It'b qsuy Be1'X~ saBtTBYX'h 06pJfJlBocTeA: 0110 6hlJJo BODOBBeJ1esie.'h· B CTOJJJlO same BeTXOsaBtTBliIXIlJ o](oaemli H oQoDl.6aili ,DO CBOei BJ1OO1. ,HatrhCTBO, liTO loaBB'II OT'L ·CaMoro Bora DOJlJ1fiJJn DOOeJlme cooepman apemeaie (10&8. l .. -33).,

'is -

-a sroro Be 6hlJIO 6bI, eena 6H 080 npoe311JIeZBJlO it'D 06PH1l8M'L MOBceeBB aasoaa. TI09TOMY MB'13uie. tITO' [. XPH~ C'fOC'D npU.BSJI'L spemeaie MIt'b 06pSll'Dl npelJ.tJBC80BIifH: aBROHOM'll, HORaK'!. Be MOZer'll 6hITb npBBJITO.

TOIJBO T8Kme Be MozeT,]) 6hlTb npIDlHTO 06'bllCBeaie atKatwCivv'rj B'h CMlJCJIt B.EiI.cmeB,. eosepmeBBtHmeo npaBllbt. ·o6ospymeoBoH XPOCTOM'b DuTOM'L. '11'0 OD'b. 6YllYIJg: rOCrrO.llOM'D BCaqeCKOX'L, npBB.RJI'J:. spemeaie OT1) pa68. TOJIK03BIIKO, 06'.LHCaBron:der8K'b,. paaJtAqllIOn rpe OTe-neaa O.D.BOB 0 TaB .me OpaB,lUJ. "UepBRa, rOBOpST]) OBB, ,CQCTOBT'b Bn TOM'L, QT06s He CT8BHTb ceda BLJme pas'Bara DO I(OCTOBBCTBY B He PSBB.9Tbt'UI C'b Ttll1). ETO BL1me .aaes, )lPYI1UI crenem, npaara ooOT0I1'('',& B'b TOM'b. 111'060 .ae 'fO)'fb,EtO ae PSBBRTbC.R cs 1"B,ml. .KTO name aRC'L, 80 H ae npellnOQBTS1'b ceria "''EM'll. KTO Blaze USC'll. IIoJJoafJ ate H eoaepmeaaaa npSBJIB BblpaiKse'rcn: BD TOMb. ltOrllQ MDt nO'lPlT·aell'L ceria BOlKH JIam.eTtx'L, RTf) Buze a8Cb. Ror.a.B. 1980811 Itpec'I~HTenb rOBOpOJ1'b I. XpHCTY: Mut a81106ao xpeCTRTLOJI OT'L Te6H. TO OH-'lt BCaOnEUI.II'b npse.ay n'L IlpnM01t'LO CT:pOrOM'L CMhlcnt: oas CMHPHJICfI npell'b BblCmOM'L.HoTO. '11'0 COBepmBJI'h XpaCTOC'b, oblno upas)1.010 cOBepmeOBOIO; 860 OO'b nO.D.KJlOBRJlCJ) nOll» PYKV .pa6a U: (OM. Bamaaa. ilpHMt'l. 46. orp. 325- 326). ~rOJIKOBaBle (lTO, eeaa Mbl Dp8Me»'b ero, ItaK.'b H1UUICT3eSBO ,HCTHORoe. Be Mom.eT'h OBM'h 06'b.flCBBTb roro, 1t8K'I:. 3'I:. TaltOM'h CJIYtIa'b OTD'BT'b Xp3CTa OR BliICK8BaOBOe ElfY He)1.oYM$oie I030BOM'lI MOT"L 6L11'b DOBHl'b no CJ1t.D.HBM'b. H60 1IiJoY07;, 01'sllqSlIJ QTO EM! aeo6XO.lUUlO HCrrOJIHllTb Ben .. xylb npasllY, T.e.. (00 3TOMYTOJJKOS8airo) o6aapy3tHTh csoe fJly6o'laiimee CIfHpeHie. Ttll'b caXhlM'h eme He OT" BtTBJIl::I IOR.Elay aa ero ae.ll.oYM-Baie, Kalt'h 61'00' spemenie---:

CBIIBOJI'b noaaasia 80 rptxax'h, - MOme'l"ll npOJUllJeO'rOOnaT.b6earptmHOMY Meccio. Bonpocs I08HBa '1'BK'b H OC'I'8JJC.a 6a HepaaptmeBBhUI'.b. A Bem.a.y rial 'b , !ILl SBSeM'h, QToO Ioaass y6tJl.BJtCH U ocnoJtHBJI'D Tpe6oB8.11ie Iaejea Xpaora, 3aalJBT'h UOBH.Il'b Ero.

TSKiJI B no.n.o60T:.1H o6'LS!caeaia, 6YllYlJO cnpaoe.JlJIHBLt' .8 y:U;OBJr8TBOpHTeJIhBLI OTQaCTB, B'U ntJIOM':& OKa3L1BaIOTCSI

1

-74-

Bel(,CT8.TO'JBYlIB B .a~'I()06'iRCBJllOmBIIB, Talt'h UK'L YK8- 3YBIUO'J"!, JJBmb-" 1JaCTBNJI CTOPOBLI npSSlH H Be 06'LJ1C· BRIOn ea 800Jl8t. HTaK'I!, 'ITO ze AOJlZHO paay.tTb-, 3ltCL DOll'b Op8BlOlO?

R.u:101I'L K'J, ypaaYMtBho aroro npUKp0BeSBarQ BLIpa .. seBia ByZHO BCK8Tb B'lt· BOBOII'L 38siJT'£. 3J1.tCL OlleHI»lJ8CTO, ocodeaao B'll TtX'l. CJlJqa.sI'l.~ fllt BAen -pt'n, 0- cnaceaia lJeJIOB'BIta, upasAt BeTX03aB'hTBoH, nptt80lb sa- 1WHa-,jtK(!toC1V1J1j ,.~ vou« - OpOTBBOnOJIaraeTCJl npu,iJ.& BoziH-&txatoO'vv1j T8 BE~ (PUll. 10, 3-5. 3, 21 CT. B.D,p.) .. II paB.D,L1 aasoaaoa lJeJJOBtK'b, 0pB BctX'.b CBOUX'b YCBJJisx'}., Be 1l0f'L BCnOJIBHTb, a OOTOMY OCTaBaJIca 6eaOTB'])TBLlM'.brptmsHKOM'h ope,ll'b npsBocy.aiell'L Bomall'b .110 TtX'L nops; n0K8 B8KOSen'L CYB'b BoziAcBOelO Bcellip0Oo-UCKYOHTeJIb" BOlO xePTBOIO Be--YAOBJIeTBOPSJrJ, Bt'laoA DpaBJI,'h Bozieii sa rptxB JllO,Ileit

:HtT'L cOIIBtuiJl;' 1JTO 8'b CJlosaX'b I'ocnoaa, CKa3aBDUX'b ,HlI'h npem, OpBBSITieM'b spemeaia, CJIt.IJ;OBaTeJIbBO" npem C8)JLUI'b sa1JaJIOII'b cJIyaesiJl cnaceaho pO,n8 1Je,,10" B't1JeCKarO, JJ.OJlZSO paaYlitTh Kalt'b opaOJlY 33&088, TaKir B npaBllY BosilO. - n paUlY aaxone - nOTOMY. liTO OS'L-· npamess Be .aapymllTL "eI'O, 80 OCnOJlSBTh (MaTe. 5, u) .. npasllyBozuo-noToMY, sro us roro OS'h comoas aa 3611JIIO, BODJlOTHJlCH, 3M'll; CTp8;!l8J1'h B yltep'b sa speers,

1JTo6y npaseora YJJ.OBJIeTBopeoie np8Bll'h Bozieii 38 rptXB- /

JIlOlI.eA. Bors DOlleMY ,0S'h B CX&38JI'b: 6C/I,XY1O npatJoy,

T. e. npaB1J.Y sasoaa B npaBllY BomlO, npasposeaso YKa-

aSB'}, 3-TOII'h Da DCe, Jl.t.no csoero OJIyzeBin. A TRK'h hlt'},-

H I03HB'h npOBB)(U'h B'h 31'01l'L yqacTie, DperoTOBJlSi8 JllOlleA It'b OPUBJITiIo MecciJJ, TO -CJIOBa XpeCTS: 'Ro006atf'1n-

naMa ucnoAHUmf4 6CJI1(Y npaiJdy, 6YllYT'L 3S3lJDTL: noao- 6aen., B&JJ.J[elRBT'It BaX1t - Mat B Te6t - KaZAOll! 83'h, 88C'h-BCDOJl8BTh caoe, ocooeeaoe, aaaaaseaaoe Borosrs, cJlyzeaie. MH'iJ B3,nJle.DT'L BCnOJJSHTh Moe cJlyzesie.Moe

JltJIO, JIJlS soroparo ,.8 npamess sa 3e.JlIO, 8368B8'1'h· qe.nOBtKa OT'b rptxa. nposaaria H csepra, BCDOJlBBB'L as.

Hero neCh 3aKOB'L. Te6t B81AeZHT'h BCnOJlBBTb TBoe cnyateBie, '1'80e )l.t.1I0, Ba3BSQesBoe Te6t Bo 1'011 'h. Ioaaes-

r

- 75 _ .. C

DQB.BJJ'D. npBKpOBeSBJ)IH _ CMIilCJI'b 9TBX'D CJIOB':L I'ocnoaa II' HCnOJIBBJT'l> Era 'l'peoOBaoie. Tozoa. rOBopJaTI:. eeaaresacr-s, oomaeu 1f}w) TO eon ,,IJ,onYCTHJID Ero R':L xpemeairo,

3. ['pem,ente T. X pneTa H (ibI0Illi·8 npn 3TOM'L IIYAecor.UI 3ltaMCnln.

MaTH. 3, 16. 'i7. I Ma.PK. L 9-1.1. -\ JIYK •. 3, 2t -22. 11 upecnul6cn lu- it 1cpecm,ucn OJ/l'tJ'l lucycy 1lpeuflUY'"

cyClJ 63b1,.(}e a6ie om» 10 auuaoo lopoanJb. i Cft· U ~~O.a.ftl4yCR,-

aadw: nee O'f}UJ€.P30· H a6ie aocxod", 01n8epSeC.ft ne60.

'Utacs eltty J) '1ufieca. om» floil6/" 8U010 H cnuiJe J(yxo

11 (JU01b J(yxaBo?iciR pa860afiU~(lCf!., 'II,,6e- 06Rmbt~'l mnaec-

cxoiJlt'U~a mtoeo.ay- eft" u. J£yxc~ Jj.IW I 'ltU.UO 66pa3o.mJ,

6Jl, 11, e}J,noy~{tHCt 2OAy6J~ cxoomijlt ! II/JiD zo.ay6'b, 'lta'lt'b:

neeo J). Hau",. j

If ce esocs c» n8-1 If ssoc» 6UC112 b U zJ}acl1 C'O ue6ece oeee CiWZOAJl;' ctu eli 'Ileoece: muecu 6b1cm'b. 8.1UrZOAR;eCl"p GuN'll Mou 608- OU1t'O MoiJ 003./1,106 ... mw UU ()Ulf6 Mou A'IOOAe'H/JI/ui1, 0 ueM'O . .JlteUUUU, oue.uo see 608.4105.4eu1t'Wu. ,0 3ICe 6AUeOfJO.fl,u:&7J. O.ltaZOfJoJlliXo. 1 me6tb 6AUZO(JOAUXo.

o xpemesia 1. Xpacra es-aareJIBCTLI rOBOpJIT'b X01'H H Kpa'l'KO-,. HO Tart'll, tITO [(amALIa H3'b HHX'b nenpeasaao YRaSIifBaeT'b Ka~ylO JIB60 oco6yro tIe P '!'y.

H3'b noaraanam. aauprHttp'h, 'rCItCTa ]}saBr. Maps.a acao BOABO, liTO 1. XpaCT6C'D KpeCTPmCR lJpesl:. norpy .. zeaie B'll BOALl Inpnaaa, a Be Qpe3'L B03nilIBie. CK8a8UO:· epa1T7'tf18'f) eu: 1"')jv loe oa'l':v- norpyeanca B'L Iopzaas; a ae:ev :rGJ /o(JrJa':J"f).

ESRHreJ1P1CT'b MaTee» oCiparnaer'h BHB!J3Bie aa TO, [ITO I. X.pHCTUC'b T'()1'lJaC'L .ate DO KpeuteoioBNWeJl'L. DB'll

]'j EMy-af)friJ BlinifWTOpblX'I> 88n3ARb(l'J> SOAeSCllXli H yeB.

Hpnnel onyIQ.eRo, nOlJelfY SeVinC'lI1TIl6T':L eTO CSOIO UpHO'8:l!;SOrO nepe ... DMC'UJli:8,. no aro necUpaBeA.fHoo. Eo oC'llX'b DOC1'O'lal>U'Io PYUOUHCJlX'J., ODO JJM~6Tc.s.

2) H« ne'W-~:1r>lll1t'OV Docra.oJ:eHO 8M'heTO ~:n' eavt'ov. ..mIn,,, Banp. y Ioaa, 1, 47 II Ap.

'!""'! •• ~ ....... - -~- ""'I'~- . ....,., ...... -- .... ---.,..... . ..,........=,..........,.,.......-------= .. ~ --.----

-76 -

"BO)l,H. H 3TO UOII.8TBO n01JeJlY. ByltYlJlt 1:IBCT'L H 6e3rpt~ mess. Oa'L ae griJl'}, UYULl B'L RCDon.aRaiu rptxoWb, Ralt'}, JlPYl'ie, a TOJlbltO ItpeCTRJ1CH B nOTO.Y TOTqaC'h se BLImeJl'L sa'L BO..llLl.

EoaareJIBCT'It JIyIta npOOOBJIJleT'b It"" DTOIlY ·em.e O,lloy 1JepTY. OO'L rOBOpH1"b, vro I. XPUCTOC'L, ItpeC1'BOmIlCb, MOJJBJlCJI 1). MOJlBJJCJI are I'ocnom, 01le08,1180, sa 6epery pssa, OpeItJlOBIIB'L KOJltBa H B03Bellmo osa C80B aa 8e60. MOEBO .Ily.aTb, 1ITO B'L 3TH JlOBYTY' Oln npOHaBOO'}, npe.D,'L

,OrUell'L aeOOCaUM'L Tt )fOJlHTBeBBLlSI cnoaa , KOTOPLUI BtltOrJl8 OTKpL1TLI 6L1JUJ OPOPOKY )(808.1lY: ce BllY... eae corsopava 801110 TBOIO. BOEe.. (DcaJJ. ::J9, 8-9. Cpae, Esp. 10, 7). BUTh Mozen OS'L MOJJRJJCR Taure II 0 1'OM'b, 1IT06u Bers 6J1arOCJl08H.1I'h aalJ8TL1i HM'b B'J, Kpemeaia nO.D,BBrh o'll-nneais B BCKYOJJeBia lIfmoBt1:leCTBa OT'L rp·kXOB'J,.

H Be OKOBlIHJI'L erne rOCDO.ab cBoeit )fOJlBTBH, a DO E8aare_lJilO Mapu llUate eme passe, Kor.aa BLlXOjJ,BJI'b 83'L BOlLI, nocntlOBaJIU QYJleCBLlH aB~MeBiR: OTBepaJlOCb ae60. BBCmeJI'h aa Hero .llYX'b CBB'fhlit B'b B~U.t rOJIy6J1, H CJI_Il" maH'b 6YJI'L rJl8C'L Bora Orna, 06'hJlBJIHlOwia: Ero C80B"'h B03JJlO(b~BBhl.1J CMBOM'b.

Bes aTB Q:YJ1eCBLlfl aaaaeaia eBaOreJlHCTY nepeJl&tOT'h .ae 'l'mlh&O B'L 06UleM'b. 80 8 B'b 1IaOTBoo'r:ax'}, T8K.'L eoraaeao Mez.ay 006010, sro If,aze OTpOua'feJIbHOH KpOTHKt Be,llOCT86'1"h CKtJlOCTO oreeprars ,ll,tiCT801'eJ1bBOCTH ona-

,CYBaeJfHX'b .pItTOB'h.-Oa& crapaerca TOJlbltO oti'WICB'IJTL ax'll no oooolly. Oaa aonyesaer», sro H aeoo oraepasocs, u r0J1y6b HBBJlCR, H rUJlOC'b (iYJl'b CJIL1ma8'h. 80 KaK"t Bo apeaa speuieaia I. XPHCT8, Be60, nosparoe TYliaMB,

,6eaapepwBBo. oCBtmaJI8 MOJlBiB, TaJt'L. sro 080 KaaaJIOCL IUlK'L 6L1 OT&PLl1'YII'b, a Korlla OB'L BhlX01l8JI'h H3D BO,ll,hI, BJlPyr'& ryCTLJJJ oliJJa&a paa)l.t.rrUJJOCb, 6J1eCBYJl'h Jlyq'L COJlBua. H81:IJJCSI 3ltCI:. CJJYIJaD80 rOJly6b. B BOT'L B3'h acero .9TOfO COCTaBBJJOCb IlYllO 0 JJBJleBiH ,1(Y:lI)., CBJlT8fO Jr),'

"

,

') E.aBI" JyKa 'IaCTO ,Kaablaaen 88 .OAHUY I. XpHCT8. oee(ieHBO ... MIS.l.wax .. CAY "18 IS", RaDpH •• Dp. Dpeo6p.JB.,.i. 9, 29. rEm:e: 5, 16. 6, 12. 9, 18. 28. U, t. 21, 41 CT.

-··77 -

BOllt rO;lJy6.H lIn o.TSepCTLlX'L aeLiec'D, orzaaeaaae ate pacK8TLI rpoas 6llJ.1l8 npOBJITIll sa rosocs OrU.8 se6ec .. saro ').3.lJ.tCb ace o.T'b sa:qaJJ.8 .lI.o aoans BUlILlCeJI'D. Bs TOB nYCnIOSOH MtCTBOCTH iOPllsoCKOft, r.a;t xpeCT01JCH I. XPOCTOOlJ" no. aS6JIlOlleamJl'll oYTemeCTSeSBB&OS'h, piuuto 8HH . COBctll'll Be 61i1SSeT'b rp03LJ. A eCJ1l1 6llJ H 60mB rpoaa, 'I'OB'L eTO BpeHR 111'OU.L1 06LIKBOBeBSo npSqYTCR, ooodeaso 3e Taxis P06Kis H 60HBJHfBhlH, RaK'll rOJly6u. JJ:a H nOqeMY HMeHBO 80 BpeMH spemeaia XP:OCTQ Hon .. mRa 6b1naaa6JHfCT8Tb 1I0RaIH, CJIP18TbM rpOM'L H 'I'. n., a HaqYTh ae paatsH Be noame. II eCTbJUI ·B'.& 1'eX01't XOTb .It8KOH au6YAb B8Velt'L a8TYIJu B MORBiH~ Bee 3To. npOA.-YM&BO ItpHTHKOro TOJIbltO )IJI.fl roro, IIT061il orseprBy'Ph qy.!lO.

Tenepb BOnpOC'L Bo rOM'h, easoe iKe lomao 6blTb HCTHB90e nOBBM8oie lfYll.ecHIilX'L 3.EI8MeaiH IIpR spemeaia

I X ,(~ B·· ······0 R· 0..3 -OC-YllD'1il BH,.r.....,...Be· .y' 8'<](10-

. pac ra~ blJLB H.. 1l. T Q. _ bW M Bu .

zsairo, BotmaO)('b qYSOTBaIl'D, H.a:U 8tH i

0'1, !I?JIy60ltOH . .Il,p8BHOCTfl B .Iloceri aOJJTfJ OeTSeTIUI rOCUo.Jl.OT8yfOmlt.~' )'1'0. Matsie. q1'o. QY . .IleCHh18 3HalIeaifl. COnpORo.E1mOmiaHperu:eoie 1. XPBCTS, Be arlJJO Bb ceM BUIJero qYBCTBeEJOOrO, qTO eosepnaaie ax'll 6LIJIo. BHYTpen .. aee, .tJ.YXo.BHOe :I) •.

Ilpa BOOB: B8.1&HOC'rHT8IWfO nonaaaaia B'h 60Pb6t C'L OTpOllareJIb-BOIO RPRTBKOIO. eIlBS JHrKO.UO C1JffTa.Tb era UCTBBElHk'L. OBo. 8.BBO CTps,a;aen OBOBCTBeBHLUI'h IlpeBBeMY spexeaa CTpe1fJI60ieM'b 06'LJICEUITb 1IE10roe B'.& CMID. Ilaeaaia st, OJIJlerOpaqeCKOH'b, llYX08HOIf'b e M.LlCHil.,

.

1) T8R'(Je OpOrltH8.u,Boe 061oSCiR6Rie '11'" SD8l1eRiA opD'Kpemeoiff I, XPIJCT3. UpOHU.leaUIn. I\lOBoe.IIO, AMMOSY ., onac1'tJ DaB-lIoey ... ern II:OMlIell1'spi.H a8 nep.l .... TpU ES8are.lia {1800 -1802 r.);anl BpU'rU RH, SD pO'lean., OT PUUllIOT'I> TOJ LBO "IY AeC8. caM!>] Ii m.e",aKr~ Bpenxea i. OBO 0 pnSa8lOMiReColnl'lmuo .40CTOO$:p O!>lll" 00 6 blTiell,..

'} Opnren.1> npoTHn nen.ca 1, 10, §9:vDrJ'tt~'1 '8em!}u:r.; aeOJl.

MoucyeT6lfiu: 8EW!}tQ nl'tvp.ct'f'''''1 (CIII. BaTeM!)1 R8 BUBar. IOaBDa). '1110 '1'0"'10' me cM8rm ,6 . .1. JepaBOIll> If tJ.l. AltfyCTun; un R08b1I.'L ti8ne.lll. q",1IJpap1>. Ie •• opullii ... 204 &"1> 81'0 lJCTopiB); 881opyccu:n' BI:IID.UB.on'l (co •. I. DpeAY6"I8. {DBA .. 1893 r. cTp. t 69).

-78 -

;J «3K'L B'L llpyraX'L, T3K'L It B'L B8CTOJIDleJl'L CJl)'qat Be ·0 D pa ~ llL18aeTCJI 6 Ba&reJlbCKltJl'L TeKCTO.'L.

Bet qYlleCBLUI aaaseaia eOaBreJIBCTY;' us06paa\8IOT'L ~H8It'b OTBlO,lJ.b Be KaK'b BUYTpeBois, ,lJ.YXOBBYJI BB.Ir:bBiJl, 8

JtaK'b lltACTBBT6JJbBhUl aareaia, ,lJ.OCTYOBllur BstmsellY 88- . (iJllOJleairo , BBtmBBM'h qYUCTOOM'b. 0 BBJl.tBia B'h TOM'L .CMYC,JJt, B'L XSKOM'L aTO CJIOBO ynoTpe6JlaeTc.fJ B'L Be6ma . (BaopOM.. y upop, Ieaesiasa L 1: U II 8UOt6Jt1 6uOtbllia _Bf):JJtiI4) y 60aareJJDCTOB'h BtT'L B ptqa.

PaaCMOTpOM'L DO Dopnlll~Y qYlleCIIHJl 311allema.

Ilepsoe IJJJJ.eCBoe aaaseaie COCTOSJlO BI}, TOM'I., liTO ,OTBepS.tlBCL Be6ecn. Eeaarenaers Map K'L , rosopa 06'L .8TO.'It qYJJ.eCBOM'L JJ8J1eBio, ynoTpe6.1H6T'L, TaROe xapaarep-; aoe BLlpazeBie, soropoe ylt83h1BaeT'L B'L 0611'L ItAcTBH-

·Te,of,OOe &MeBie, 8 Be BBJ1taie: "a6le, 't»C~1I omiS 800U, .. 6110,. paSIJ06Ji14aCII He6ua. Ilpa t'lJlecKi .• oaeia CDOA'}, ae·-6ecBHH . PSCltpYB86TCJJ DllPyr'h. 31d;Cb 2t6 <iYJJO Be T8lt!J:a

B oe no 3TOti npasatrh. JIyq'}, 60ZeCTBeBOarO eB'BT8, npea-mecraoeaamia comecreiio C8. ,n:yxa, nOCTeneBBO pacma ..

· paJl'L, pa3BOIHJJ'L Be6eCBE.JH COO.ll~. ,l{JlB llYXOBBYX'h oqeii Pocnoss .Beoo BCeI'.Il8 69:)[0 OTKpYTO. Teneps On eoaep-

· D.8Jl'L rJly6BBH ero nJlecBh1MR CBOBMB BaOpallB. Bors 1JTO 3BSqan CJJOR8 en. Maplt8: 6U07b 1) pastJOORUf4CJ' He-

.6eea-aXt40J.lEYOV, 7'"8C Ovra·'(Jv~. EcJru DpBHHTbBO BOH· · .asie npeaaaie, eanaeaaaoe ,n:aBiwnOIl'lt nUOMBBltO.'}, I), ·'1TO IacyC'L XPBCTOC'L KpeCTBJJCJI BO'lbIO,. TO 110.80 npea.CT80HT& ce6t ace BeJlHKOJItuie qYlleCBaro BBJleBiH, a.eaRO

- KaK'b qYlIecBLJB cBtn pa311BBBYA'L BOOecBJilA CBOll'L B oaapOJJ'L~ BaCh Iopaaas I). Y esaar. MaT96JJ YKa3YB8eTCJI

1) B .. py~c.. oepeBoJ.... QDTam-c.: lI6UdtbA:& loaHH6 pa36epaarotlfiJJCJl Hel5'eca B A. OO4lew.alQee IoaHHlI BB~ceHO upo.8IOnHo. Pi;qb

.od .. J. Xpucr"; 0 BbIlOAH.I" 88 .. 1004&1, mAO •• 0& .. B ........... ".

II) 0 Ep.I. eT'l.A p ... u ....

3) Bea" eo Ri., AtACT8HTe.lbBhlA: ••• 1"1> uouy ...... ooaO ....

,.Rie... UpeA8Bj., &aOReaRH8ro ca. lYCTHRO'" .y.e... H "PY", '1ro ,~ .. TO .pe •• , .0r.18 1.. XpH.CTOC" _penIUCI, BOarop .... ca l~A8II'" (P88ro.lOP" ~ TpH.~HO."Io, rA. 88 B 103).

-79 -

llpyroA - lIOMeHT'L 3TOrO QY.1leCBSI'O' 3Ba.ema, SKeHBO KOTla {)S'& BLlmeJl'L H3'b Iopnaaa: lucgc'6 6Sbloe agle Otll'6' 8.: ,It ce fJmtJepSOUMlM eMU ne6eca. 3aml!TBHKW .aYXOBliaro coaepasaia "JAS 06po.maIOT'L 8TH- MOM eoaBreJJdCT8: B'L

CBOIO DOJlL3Y. OSR roBO(!RT'Ji: 6CJlH 'He6o o'rltpu.roCb 'TOnKO EMY OABOMY, T. e. 1. XpUCTY, TO O'l88811BO, 9TO 6L1J1o BSYTpeUBee, llYXOBSOO Bfllta,ie. OCROBaBie cJla6oe.

"0)10BO EMy-aV7"CiJ;' DO copSBe.!OJHBOMY 38JrlrQaailO 'MeAepa I), BY'ZBO nORH»8Th S.u.tCh RaK'L dativ, oommodi: 'JlJIJI Hero, psaa Hero, a Be: Elty_ He60 01'KPLlJlOc}" -palla Hero, PSIII Ero npOCJIBBJreHis, _..;.. 'TaItO'8& lIL1CJ1l,' 'eBSSreJlHOTa. 'HaRoBen" B'L EsasreJJiB JIYItH Be I'OOOP8'rC8 'RB 0 'roll", ,KO.Y ae60 6L1JJO OTKPL1TO, BB 0 Ton, 'lt1'O ero B8;D.iUJ'h OTKPLI'PUM'L, a nepeaaerca ,SK1"b ocheKTHBBo. OK838BO npocro: om6tpsup, ue6o. 3.RtCh yze BHUIt'L BeJIh3a npeznOJJO ran" IfT06L1 6LJJJS ptqb 0 BBlliloiB. On ,D,pe000X'L 'rOJlK08HDK01r.b T&K'D 6YKB8JIbBO B" nOBB,Jl8J1L· 8TO BYpazeaie -es, 1. 3J1aroycn, :saK'b Bb.llRO '91'0 ' 8~' ero TOJlKOB8uiA '). Bs 'TAK01I'II 21e' ClfYcri: m.18Bllaioil'!.; "R 's1lltOTBpLle Ba» BOBtlmH1'f,' 8Jt3ereTOB'b ')~ Ii nUtore) nOBB_BUt,: 'ItaltL MLI oHlltJia same, Tpe6yeT'b nps.oB CIIYC!JI'b eO&BrenClt8l'O

'1'eKc'ra. BBllUlloe nJla BctX'lt IJYJlOt soropoe 60JlTCS )10- 'nycTHTb Blf.tCb BtKoTOpble TOJlKOBBBItB, BeTO~ltO 6LUO -BnOJJ8t YMtCTBO, BO- B TpeOOBaJlOCb ntJUI)(B 60Z6CTBeB-

'BRr~ llOKOCTpOHTeJIbCToa. "

',,1(0 rptxonR,D,eBia )leZll} Boroll'»' B 1JeJJOB'h&O.'JJ, 'CKaZeM'L CJIOBaIlB O,lJ,BOrO B3'L samBX,); (jorOCJIOBOB'6, cy~ -meCTBOBaJlO TteBoe o()m.esie, BMtomee XapalCTeP'L BR,D,B" lIaro npaCYTCTBiJI Boaia B'L pa~. Ho KaRt. CROPO 'rptX'L -nOBpe.llBJI'L OP"POllY 1JeJfotrhKa, TO IJeJlOriK'D' rptXOII'Lt EaK'L (iLl nponacruo, O'fJlYIJBJJ'L coon orsBora ••• Ho Be60

. ,

,I) B. ClOg .. aOMIleB!8piH, CTp. t01.

I) fieclA8 12 aaEI. MdTee •• 'CTP'. 2~2-225. ' . ," - ,

') Meiep ... rOAe; H8 .. pyeea. KH6ap .. u-a1o n. eTa;"'" " lCpe~e.iH '1'0000 .. 8 fOpa •. _ OiJoap. ' 1885, 1'. -aa. 3). Ka8aH(~iA 0 &pelIl. rOCDOA8

, (~lTeB. OIJDl ... toli.' AYS.. upon. i8SS, r~ a a, '3). , ' --,' ,

• , • - • '_I r: __ , • " _,

- 80-

.ae aaBcerp aaKpBJJOCh JlJIJJ qeJIOJrkKa. C1t - ,oQBm.eaie.,,· .DJ)J(C&HX" CUJepn BJIB rptx081, oilO CHon ,JlOmKBO. OT.KpLlT"'.~JI. 11 Bon reneps 1Jpe3'b I. XPBCT8t wry BOBYIO' ,llBeph paa, ORO OTltpYJIOCh .lUIS '1eJ.(OBtqeeTea, . rP1»XH soropsro rUpBBB.aeft aa COOs ltpemaeMwi BO Jop.lf.aat ChiS'). : -BO&ii" I). TaKOBO 30aQeaie '1y.-ecaaro orsparia sefia· OpB spemesia L X paCTa.

BTOpyn 1JYJ100BWM" 8&a.eaie)J~ 6wo oomecrsie CD • .l{yxa B'J, BRJlt roJl)6s. 3RtCh •• 80 06paTBTb BIIH" Maaie aa TeKCT'h ED. MaT9e.a B JJYKB. Y M4'pP qHT&eTM 001JT8 coraacao C'& nepBw.". JJ tll/dn, rOBOpB'J"L CBIIT. M-aTeeA. ,Il,yxa Eo.is CxoOJlf4IJt RltO IOAy611 11 epRiJyr.qa Ha )""0. B'h 'BOJlJ)BBBOM'L.B c.1Jasa8cKOM'L TeKcn DpB rJl&" rOJJt _~ ,at_"" ·B8lIBI{O ,Qope .. waro. H1ntoTOpL1e ssaereTlIl l.ep~TCJI TOf.'O lUltBis, 1JTO BJliwb \pa8y.'keres IlpeaTe1)8 (ApxaM. Max. B'IJ TOJIK. Esasr. erp-: ,48), TaR'}.' , •• ,,ean ; oa'& rOBOpBJI'L 0 ce6t, '1ro lIBJltn )(yxa' Boau., (108a. 1. 32). MasRY Tt)l'L rpa •• aTS1JecKB, UO CBHSII· pilla, CJltllYeT'L paay.tTb Be Ioaaaa, a Iacyca XpaCT8. Es .. MaTOOi rooopOT'L 061» l, XPUCT't, a Be 06'L loaBst I). tIro ae la08eTM OBB)J;'kTeJlbOTOa Ilpearesa 0 TOK'lt, 1ITO' OS'llo B~lt.ll'lt "YMCBoe .aazeaie l(ym Boais, TO 9TO ··BOMOO· ae Dpo1'JROpt'lKT'L TOlly, sro aBJIeme )lyxa ·OBaT8rO B8- 1m" IucyC'L,o Bee aaseaie, . JtaIt'L yze csasaao SLIme, 6wo Be BSyTpessee. ,O:,X08Boe, so BnmBee, ,D,OCTYOBoe .ll.lB - :rJl88'J,. CJJt.llOBaTeJlbBO, DxteTi C'L IlIcycOJl'h BB.o;tJJ'h OOIDeoTBie ". CD. ·.1I:YX3 81, o6paat rOJJy6s B Ioaaa», a 'raare -.017 .. - 'BBjf:~Tlt if Bet apyrie, BaXO.lBDmieoa. npa ~eaiB I.XpBCT3 '). Ilpasasa, llO'Ie.y Be y BCU'L 8WlBreJIBCTOB'L QJI,BBaltOoO rOBOpBTCJI 061, 9TOM'b 'flee-

1) Dpa.. {)(Soap. 1866 1'. T. 19, erp. 9- U .

') 'lTe.ie pycc.. D"~O.48:. u ".u~'O I~ ,l{gza B»IciA .y •• o C'IIITBU .e4o.lle, sa ... c.o(5o ....... " '~oaa.,ie ... , SOYOP08-

•• BlOa. ... DOApa*aaie .".aa..o.y oepe80Ai.' - ..

'-., OoulA8.ro, .opo .. e ... , ••• 8e,,,0_8II.. lui ·~,".A.-r~1 BnoTp8-..an, DOTO-1 'ITO .0 TOil"lo, ,iJ~04 .. opHcyTcno ....... '· ..apon up ..

ICpe~e.i. I. XpBCT8, ..... eN! ae 1'0_PaT"Io Ra ... eaBBre.lHCnl, .

,

\

- 81-

BOM.'b JIBRaaiM, 3aKJIIOlJaeTCH B'b TOM']), lJ'I'O Ka2lt){LIH eaaareJlBeT'll Be Bee nepenaer-s. MaTee» e: MapK'L. nOBtcTBYH o I. XpecTt, rOBOpHT'1J, '1JTO OB'D BB){tJIu~yxa Bozia, cxozamaro Bn BO)J;t f'OJIyOJJ; I08aR'b ate, 1l0BtCTBYH o ItpecTHTeJIt e: ero CJIOBaMB., CKa:3aJI'!., QTO OR'!. BH1(~JI,]).

Ho, lJTO aSl\ltqSTeJIbHO. Bct oaa coraacao rOBOpHT'b,. lITO ,Uyx']) CBHTblH HIJCmeJI'b sa 1. XpaCT8, UU1flJ eOAy6'b-· w(Ju :Upt.(JTe(?av. Y uorperiaesie onaoro B roro ate ClIOBS; ae 1I.fOI'J1O UPOB30HTfI no R8KOH JIB60 ClIYlJ8BHOCTe:,-ORO MOrJlO (}LlTh B@3B8BO TO.IJhltu){tHcTBB'l'eJIbBOIO npauaaoio, KOTopaH Tpe6oB3.JIa :-lTOrO sapaaesia • a He !:fROrO aasoro. II B'D 9TOM'lJ Be OCT8BJIHeT'b HH.KaKOrO COMH1miH, cn:tJI8aHoe esaar, JIYKOIO npo6aBJl:eBie: m1bJMCH'bMt?i o6paso.;W6-· (fGJ part-KG) u&t, T.e. B'b Tt.uecaOlt'b BB){t rOJIy6H. JJ:yX'b CBHTLIH JIBBJIQH B'b BBJ(t rOJIyCla, no OO'bHcaeairo OBJITLlX'bOTu.eB'!. I}, llOTOMY, lJTO rOJIy6b CJIym.aTl, CBMBOJIOM'b "ttpo· THCTB, lJf1CT01'LI, ae00:BSOCTB, JII06Ba~, Boo(tm,eTRKBX'h CBOHeTB'b, KOTOPla!H6b1JH:f npacym,o 6earptmaOB: npBpo.JJ.t. Boroseaoesxa . B'L .neRb IIHTo.D;eoHTH:aUlI ~y x.'L Ca. HBO'J1CII B'L BH.D.t pa3.Jl"tJUIIOwaXCH OraeHHl»X'L H3IJKOB'L, aoropue OJ1yltBJIH CBMB0J10M'I. paSm~qBIJX'I. ).J;yXOBBblX'b lIapOB'L. paa.o.tJ1eBBlJ.X'It MeiK.uy anOOT0J1RM0. I. Xp3CTY. ero qeJIOB'BqeCKOH npapojrs, npa spemeaia cooomaSTCH Be qaCTI. TOJlI.KO 1(apOB'lJ CBSJ'l'arO ~yxa, 80 BeH nOJJBOT8 B.X'J:,· IIoBTOMY H CHMBOJI'L-lKBBOfi opraSH311'!., noncriie 1'0- J1y6H. B'L TaKOM'b HMeBHO CMlil:CJlt H IIOIDIJI'L 8TOT'L CHM" BOJ1'b l08aB'L ItpecTMTeJIb: JiJ20 {)Ice 60' nOCA[t Boss, rOBOpHT'b OB'L 06']) 1. Xpacrf (Ioaa. 3, 34), Z.fl,CltOltbf, BO:HCiR p,jl,azo.rtem7J: ue e» Mrbpy 60 Bozo iJaemo ,l{1.jXCt. A nOCTOJI'L Ilerps, B'b .IJ:'BJlH. 10,38, rOBOpSI, lJTO Bor-s nOMQ3QJI'I> Ero ,U;YXOM'b o B.JITLlM'lJ, pasYMteT'b 'l'RlUKe nOM838Bie npa spetneaia, Ha TOT'LZe MOMeHT'll aeCOMBi3HHO YKaablBae'f'h B Can J. XpHeTOC'lJ. sorna npBBOllBT'b npOpOlJeCTBO Hcala (61, fl: ..4y.x'O rocnoiJeu'b 'JUt Mnn: eso :HCt paiJu noJtasa JtJ1, 6AaZ06'1'bCmumu UU'UlUJf'O, nOCA" Jt.nUC·ij1bltUmU

1) CB. I. 3UTOYCT'l> lrlo 12 <Sec. 88 MaT€I.223 CTp.,B~aiK. e~04>lI~:

CTp. 80 0 "p.

6

- 82-

CQUPYUU"1'blJt cepdf4Ut~t npono{Jooamu nAtbneUHUM?) omny .. ~Hie, u eJlnnUMi5 nP!13~1bHie: omnycmulnu COUPYUUHH611f, 60 omvaOY (JIrK. 4, is) ).

ComecToie CO. ,l(yxa . sa I. Xpaera 6L1JJo, TaKOII'L o6paaOM'lt, TOpaeCTBeBULlK'L noceameaieas Ero B'b l1ec.. -, cisacsoe cJIyusiet soropoe B 6L1J1o TOTqaC'L sa" yTOOp- 2MBO ae6eCBLlII'JJ rOJlOCOK'b, o61,SJlIJlJllOmeM1> Ero CBOR.'L B03JJJ06JIeOBhlM'.b CHBOII'L ('I'PeTb6 QYllecsoe 3Ba.esie).

Y C8. MapKa B JlYKD rOllOC'L Bora Ooraa odpameas K'L I. XpOCTY: Tilt feu OUHa Moil 60s.luo6.4eHHUU; Y MaTeea It'b TpeThe)(y JIBUY, KaK'L CBA,lI,tTeJlbCTBO 06'1. 18cyc1; XpBcn: t'e'4 eemp, GuU?) Moli 603.11/1001IteHnuU. Pa3BOCTb B6CY meer BeBU&a. ECJDJ roaocs STOT'b 6L1J1'h CJlLlmaB'b aa ~BpeiicEOIl'b Sl3LlKt, TO OB'b MOI"L uxtTb COKpameSBjro (SJlJIsDTUqecKYIO) ~op.y ooa'L ceil ecmb, HJJH Th UIl; OllBH'L eBaBfeJIOCT'b nepellaeT'L ero TaR'}" a ,1lpyri~ ·,1lB3 RUaqe '), TaK'L IUlK'L 60aSreJI8CT'L MaTooa D8C8JI'L ceoe Esaareaie JI,JlSI eepeess, BWL KOTOPLlX'L xaorie 8Mi;JlB npeyaeaasea-: aoe nOBHTie o6'L Iossut Ilpenress, Jlame npe.n.nOQHT8JIH ero I. XpBCTY, "0 OB'b B YOOTpe60JrL TaltylO 4l0PMY, KOTO" paa eoaepmeaao IfCUlOIJ8JIa BCJJKYIO B03110EBOCTL 00.110(5.

Boi M"LICJlB. .

,lI;OOHBOH qJleB'L B'b CJ]OBaX'L nOJ1J1nBBarO TeKCTa:

o nno; J..l8 0 ay'a.1trJ,.o~ -Own1J· Moll 60S.4106MHHbtU-UOKa8L1 BaeT'L , IJ"O I. XpO·CTOC'b CLlS'L Bozia 8'h C06CTBeB-



1) 3Ai;ch .eAS. OpOITR .().I.aBie .... OARoro 8OSllallBe.i. WTpa-

yca, MOTOPoe 08:' ii.r8eT .. OPOTHn. BToro .y .... ee.aro a8a.eai •• EMy

ita_eTC. 8eOO.878 ~ero .80610AB.0 4JhUO comeCTBie C •.

Ays. au XpBC1"a ap. apeIne •• B, ec.an 0 ... 61t •. n, ew .... .so.iAf

DpeKp8CBh1l: 01'8"'" 88 "0 .0apaMeJrie A8eT .. 96paPA ... c,lyx ..

C.nhJA, roBopaT1o 0.", "'"YDB.... DpH Kpe_eaia "' BOBOe oraome.ie Kt. 1. Xp.CTY, ............. 0 .... lJ • .rn AGeen ... He.Yt oo .... 06ao TO.Y, 8a ... TOT" ·ace el . .4y1.1., Aaa.wD. em;e apR MRS •• rOCDOAa Ero yqeBHlCan,· n Aea. ·JbTBAecuBBnltJ ICTy....... n 8TH.... 00_ 4: .. iABH... ... BOloe oTBomeBie.. Wi&&enschaftl. Kril d. EvaDg

1850 1". p. 261. •

') TaRoe .aiaie •• lcsaah.88en r. KuGapA8.... a'Io c,oeD CTan" o spelI\eBiH I. XpIlCT8 (eM. Opal. OG. 1855 1'. 3 .a. 651 erp,

I

i.

, .

- 83-

BQM'b B RCKJIIOqOTeJlbHOM.'b CMIIICJl't 3TOI'O e.toea, TO ecn, E1(8HOP0lJ,BIiIA CYB-h Bozia.-BLlpaateoie: 0 1M,lto {)ICe

6AaJOtJOAUX1I B'L PYCCItOIl'L nepesoas nepessao ropaaao

.Hcate If ropaaao 6JIH3W It'b nOlJUfBBBKY: 1m "oJnopO~lJ Moe OAat080Muie-EV (iJ Evd'm(1jO'a 1). Ilpearors ev CD aopaCTBOIO .pop.OB: 03HaQaen o.eBBO: 6i HJHI Ko. Y ceaaaecara B'L 48 llC3JI. 4 CT.: 0'-£ Etld'oX'1O"ac EV a urou; nO'PYCCItB ooaepmeaao npaOBJlbBO uepeaeaeao: uti? Tu 6Aa8080/l/UII/6 "0 HUAli (no-eaaaaaees: 6i UUXI). II03TOllY npelJ,JlaraeMaa nonpaOK8 PYOCKaro nepeSOlJ,a: "qpe3~ KOTOparo H -HBBJlca: 6.1181'8."" .) npe.u;CTaBJIHeTCJl Be OnO.lst COOTBtTcTBYlOmelO nOllJUIBaOIfY TeKCTy. BlItCb Be T8 MLlCJlb • .. TO Bon qpeS'L I. XPUCT3 JlBBJICH 6JIarOIl'L, KO qTO K'b 1. XPBCTY~ KaK'b B08J1106J1eBBoMY Cuoy, Bee Ero 6)laI'0- BOJlBeBie. 3.lltCh. B'J, 3TOM'h CBBlItTeJlbCTBt Bora Orua, UOqTB ,~6YKB8JIbBO nOBTOpHeTCH TO, sro OS'b e~e sa at .. CltOJlhltO BtKOB'}, B08S'BCTBJJ'L qpea'}, npopoIta HcallO (42. 'I): l1om~ ompO"TJ Moil. us6paHHWU Moil., Jt3 K01nOJl!lMydAato- 60AUmQ dytaa MOil. JIoAO"';Y -dYXTJ Moil fUI Heeo, " «13- ,6IbCmUm& HUpoOaM1J C,Vah B npoq.

o aeecosepmeaaoa JIl06B8 K'L ~;e6t Bora Orna, 0 Ero ececoaepmeaaoaa 6JIarOSOJleBiu Call'D rOCIlO)J.h C88- lltTeJlbCTBOBaJl'D CBOHM'L yqeB8KaM'h, rOBOpS! 6CJJ MHlb ,npedat(u duma om&Omf§a Moao: U HUf(.mo:xee 61bCmb. "1110 ecmb C&tH&, mOltMo Omeijll: U ,WtO 8CmfJ Ome1J&, m01(JI'}

I} B .. Kell6pH.tl'lC Ko.teBcl (.4) H riKOTOPhll'Jo HT8 .. iftCKHX1o. a T8KJ8e H y lyttHa8 lIy"leaan (P.3roBOp"Io C10 Tp •• OB. r s, 88 a 103) csoaa: 0 HeMb 0166 OM>tOfOAUXl 38 .... aealtl APYI'UII8: an OneCb POdUXb mil (a3'1> 2'ro DC .... a). TaKYIO sa.oIo.y C.t .... 8 .. H esioaee .'10 CBoe ... aoo.pU+8'18ClCO ... eB8Rre.liH {Enu+aB. DpOTUn. epeceJil 30, 13) OR" _e .I001C.8.l8 pOHllAeaie Xpaera Be 1'011" , BO .tY •• .IH, "ITO IiomecTBo (,,C)6.tHHIUOC. e .. HH ... UpH spetneaia, U DOTO." .tU DO.4TBepmAeRia sroro eseere •• ".ia, •• 'CTO: 0 HeM? 3ICe 6.4aW60.4UXO .nee .. " Cl08a: an iJHeCb podu:n mR. ,OrCIOd.8 H P8t'DponpaHH.lOCb I)TO '1TeHie DO .t.OTop.I ... py.OORC .... , a T8lCme H BOm.lO n coqHHp.ni. CR. lyeT . .. y .. eBBKa, y .• oreparo, O'le8U..I.O, 6bl.lH DO .... PYK811H auo"pu.u"Ie .. .elCi. esaare .. i •.

-.) ":heRi. r.pe"l. TeRCTR. :Kaaan. f88M r. 24 CTp.

6*

1

- 84-

OUH'b, 1t eMY ., affe xtnqemo (Juno omtepwmu (.I1y~ 10, 22). / B'L TaltOn 'CJ(yeJIt nOS8J1'& rOJlOC'L Bora OTna aIlpearesa, H OTCIO,aa OD'L qepou'L CBOR 06'l1J1CBeDW, Daops .. Jltp": Ome~ 60 A1()6u~ OUHa, U 6en oaoe 61 PY'U/'b eeo(108a. 3, 35). TaltoB'L BByTJ)eBBm C)[YCJI'b B T8&OBO 38axeaie qy~ecDLlX'b 3Ha.eRiA, CODpOB01Q80maXIJt spemeaie

I. X1!_DCTa.

B" 38KJIIOQeme KOsell'L CU3aTh, liTO spemeaie I'oCDO.ll.8 asmero 6LIJ1o BaZBtAmSII'b cOOyTiell'£ Be TOJILKO'· B'b Ero lElI8RB, DO B B'L lKH8IDI aeero 'IeJ[on'lOOToa,;, B'Lt .spemeaia 08']) Top.eCTBe8BO npBBSUI,]) B8 Oe6s rptXH aeero .i~8, B'h spemeaia TOpSeCTBeBBO COBepmDJlOCb noeasmeaie Ero B1. .ecci8aCKoe CJlyzesie, a BMten C'b, T'B11'1t TYT'}. ae OTRpYJIOCL BBe.BJ1I1falmee TaBBCTBO XPH"': eTiascEol pe.DHriU-TpOBQaOCTL BoaecTB8: OTeQ'}" ' roso~BBmii C'L Be6&, CIilB'L, EpecTBBIDiAoa DO Iop.B:~at, Ir ,ltyx'}, CSBTY'ii, DHCme,1J;mia sa Hero B'J, BBJJ.t roJIy6UBt., BoT'}, nOlfe.y 080 C$ fJIY60Koi .D:peBHOCT,. a .!tocen sa- 3L1BaeTCa BoeOJUJAeHieMo.

l1Cf\YWEHIE rocnona HAWEfO OTo lUABOIlA.

(MaTH. 4, 1.- H. MapIt. I, 12-13 II JIYK. 4, 1-13 CT.).

es XpaCTOC'D npamees B'h mp'b paslf!jUlumfJ anita Bo.aa (I Ioaa. H, 8)., T. e. paspymaTb napCTBOTbIl6l, OCBO(')O)l.HTb qe.JIOB'BqeCTBO OT':& BJIaCTH afOCnO)lCTBa 00'" TRHhT. ]JOBrOMY BCa: ZBSBb Ero as seMJ.It6HJla6opL6oIO C'b KBJIaeM't. . Mips cero (108a. 14, 30); BOlO EDam 0:0010 -OR'» ctnupa.az, no BeTxosaBtTaOM.y BLlpaiKeBiIO, Uta8Y BAtin. Ho HaMiu ae oepeCTaB8JI'I!rJ.a10Cm'l'e Eeo nnmy 1) B. aana,n.aJl'D aa Hero. 0 )lBO rasoe a8oaneaie, H1l1mmee xapaKTep'D BCKymeaiu .BlIa o6oJ1bm.eala,. Cll'BJJaaO 61llJIO .u;issOJiOM'L aa Xpacra BCKOpt· nOCJ1t, spemeaia Ero OT'b Ioaaaa, B'I! TO eaaoe apesa, KOP1l8 OB'D rOTOBBJICa OLlcTy~aTb aa cJIyzeoie PO;l(Y qeJlootqeCKOMY •

• ]]OBrBCTBOB80ie O(')'b, 9TOM'b C06b1TiH, KaK'b B 0 spemeBIB, lIbT a8XO)lBll'L'l'OJIDKO Y 'l'pexl;. eB8afeJIBCTOB'b, C'b rrt.M'L, BUpOqeM'EI, paaJUJtIiSM'D, l1TO 8'll nepBOM'EI B TpeTbeM':& EBSareJIia 080 a3J10ZeaO nOJIate B 06CTOJIreJIbate, l1i>M':& BO BTOPOM''EI I).

1) Berr. 8, ·ftL

~) .EBanrelH.en .l08BU. eoadnn. lIe rOBopuT.. 0151. STOll" CO(SM~ TiD,. Y Hero ui;,Tl. 1(8me aa.eSB na aero. Ii no DO&IITlIO DOqe.y, 10- 8RRl> OOYCHlI:6n. BOO, 0 'Ie.'" yme B XRK'I>.HBOrO 6hUO CK8IJ8BO 8 .. .uepB.n;1> Tpel.'l.· EEl8Br6Jillx."J..

Orimee coaepsame eB8Bre.J.lbCKlIX'D no. B'13CTBoBa.siH

MQmlIO nepeaars U'b CJl'B.ayromeM'b BH.at H oopalutt.

Iloars spemeaia J. XPEIC'TOC'b TOTqac'L ate Y.I18JIllJlCa B'b OYCTblHIO .llJUl HCKymeaiti: OT'b .1IiaBOJI8. CB. esasre.JlHCT'b MaTsefi B'1l CallOll'b Haqan'B eaoero nOBi:cTBoB8ai.a co. seem JJCaOCl'hlO Onpell'BJJHeT'D STY n:tJJb, rOBOpJ1: rJw?iJa !UCYC36096eoeuo (juan'/) iJYXOJfo (jQnycmumo tlCuycumlU;Jl OJlto jjt~t60.aa (4. 1.) . .u:pyrie lIm eBaBreJIllCT~ C'b 'raK~1O me acaccmo YK83LJB8IQT'D as TO.. l!1'O acsymeme OT::b )l.laBOna npoaoasaaoos COPOK'b .ll.Heo: u 6'1h 65 nycmuuu, rOBDpHT'b MapE'L, ihteu v,e1mupeoecJZm'b. 1tC1CJl1.UaeJfl7J CUma1l01O (I) 13), TalQK:e sapaaaerca 11 .JIYK8 (4., 2). Os, MapK'b, BOPO-

qeM'b, B'b CBOeM'b KPSTKOM'b nOBtcTBOB8ai'H orpanasa-

BseTCJJ O.llRRM''b roasao 06n:UIM'b YK8saaieM'b a8CO{)OIWnseaaaa l11Cltymeoia I. XpIlCT8. Mem.JlYTtM'L n3'b }t]saar8JIiB MaTeeJI a JIylt.BBH)laO,qTO I. XPOCTOC'b COpOK'lt .JJ.Heii nOCTaJiCa BD nycraaa If qTO caaoe ptmsT8JIKBOe II canoe omeCTOlJeSBOe aananeaie sa Xpaera .l1.iaBOJJ'b C.lltJJ8JI'b K'h KOBDS Ero COPOKo.nB8SHnro nocra, Kor1I8 Ons, DOllq~S.aSlCh eCTeCTBeBHOH nO'l'peCiBOCTH fWIOJ],R. B3aJI-

l\8JI'b·, E'L TO. BpeMJJ, no. COPJl8CBOMj CBH.D;'kre.IIbCTBY M8T~ I

eea E .1IYI£B, TpH paaa npacTynaJJ'b K'b HeMY J.(iasoJI'b CD acsymeaisaa 1'1 TpH paaa 'fepntJI'b nopaseaie (MaTe. 4,

3-··10. JIyli.. 4, 3-· ·12). IIOCJI'B TpeThHrO uopsaeaia caraaa I

DTOmeJI'b OT'b XpBCTa (M.are. 4. ii. JIYK. 4.13)., H as-

reJlllI 0PBCTYUBJUI M CJlymBns FJ:MY (MaTe. 4. H. Opaa.

Maplt. I, 13). \.

'I'azono B'b 061U.BX'b QepT8X'I:. cO.l1.epamaiCen8areJJI:.· CKBX'b uoanersoaaaia 0. BeJIHKo.M'I. OO,lI,BHrt. 1. X,pf1CTa B'b nYCTI.iIHH.

Orpnareasnaa KpHTJilKa, CTapaJICb BCHlIeCK.B uonopB8'l'b BCTQPI!flleCKYIO)IOCTOBtPHOCTb eB8BTenbCKHX'b CK8- a8.aii1: aooome, aaXOlJ,BT'l> II B'J, 9TOM::b npOC'FOM'b pa3CKaat TpeX'b esa H ren H C'fO B'b Be DpI:I M ap PlMh1H up 0.''1'3 BO pt qin n aeceocpasaocra, KOTOPLlSI 6Yl1TO 6f.i1. ouposepraror-s HCTO" P HlJeCKYIO .lIOCTOBtPBOCTl> onacaaaesaro HMU co6L1TIH 1).

- 86 -... ,l

I

1) ell, y Tafel' OB'J, tl! 0 CO<IHH .. : DaB Leben jestI, gegen die A:o .. griJfe des Dr. Strauss, CTp. i 01-104-. 1865 r,

./

'-_ ! ! I U_ { ~ /t C"

___ 0.. ~·u . I

. VI,..I ~;. f

, - I r r +- 87 --- - ; . /~. { ,

- (

-,

ITPOTHBopi;:qja 3Te, no ell MEltBilO,3aItJ]IOTJaIOTCJl B'L TOM'll, BorrepBIlIX'b, qTO._~~ :MaTseft YM,aJIqH __ B,~eT'L .~~~~OI!Q_KOlIHeB· I Hhl~~~ .. ~~!~~~~_~~'1, .. .9 .!@TOPblX~ ro~opfIT1; __ ~PK'b . H \ ~[pt_j _ a nOBt~~.Bl~ __ TOJIbjt.9~ • .Q -P!! ItOTO~~ if" , sQ_- I mJIB 8'h ltOHIl't c.QlllUW.lIBeBHaro nocTa.; BOB'fOPHX'D B'D !

T·OM '1 , . q'fO' C8" ,a _ It'D. rOBO 0 ne 8L1X':O _ B~ Y DO.IHit.! 1/

B~ 0 nOCJl:tll~~X. 8KOB6D,'b KpBTHKR BB.lIB.T'b 60JIb" , _,

myro B€coo6paSBOC'I'b B nporasoptaie B"I,TOM'b, 'ITO JlB.

JIYKS CTaBJilT1J aa BTO OM'D - MtCTt yo HCKymeme. ltOTOpOe

_ STeeR crOFlT us T eTb M'h (::lTO _ CK -meBle aa Bhl-

COJwij r6pl):-il !la""'.rpeTbeM'bTO, 19V1"9.lll'fi .. j_ . aTee.a: CrOB'l"]) ,sa BTODOM_1> (8TO HCKsnienie-HB XpOBJIt XIl!!Ma).

EC.JIB BCMorpt1'LCJ1 6J1BXte B'b'reKCT1-. enaareJIbCKHX'1 nOBtcTBonaRifJ, TO ce11itI3 C'Lme MOlKBO BFJ'u'B'fh, qTO aJl'hCb O'rBIOJI.b no uporasoptain, a paSBOCTu l1IJUI oTJIuQla aeaa ... BHCHM1:JX']) .ll.p-yf'll OT'h llpyra cBRm,eSSl)Ix']) llHcaTeneif, XU" ropua npBTOM'b JIefItO nplnmplIlOTcR. Tatt'}" npeane scero, ' YMa;rQMB8el''1 JIB COBepmeBHO CS. MaTec~r 0 COPOKOlIBCBHllX'L llCKJmeBiSiX'h, 0 KOTOPL1X'D rOBOp.HT'D MapK'b H JIYKa~ qTo oasasaer-s ero BLJpal&~Bie, ynorpe6;reBBoe B'h C8MOM'b BStI8.rrt nOBtcTBOB8SiR: 'ucnyc'ltmucl/, ·6a nycmuH'U, KaX'1 He TO, 11TO BeRymesiS! rOCllO.lIS, 6LlJIB np0)10JIlKMTeJIbBLI.

a Be B'L KOHUt: TOJlbKO COpOKOJJ.BeIlBsro OOCTa' aootime aTO napaaeaie BB B'D K8KOM'L CJlyqat Be HCKJllOQaeT'D COPOltOJlHeBBhlX'b HCKymeaiB, paBao KaR']) H CJIOBa Map.Ka:

u 6'fb tr6 nycmbtkZI oneu ~tembtpeiJtCllm1J. ucxyuwe.1to cama'Hmo, BII B'}, nBKOM'b CJIyqat Be BCKJII09aeT'b 'rtx'b OCO- 6eBBbTX''b llcKymeoiiI. 0 KOTOPLIX'1 nOBtc'fBYIOT'L MaTsei1

B JIYKR. MonIJaoie M.aplw 061, 9THX'b DOC.JIt.lJ.HHX'L HCKY" meaiaxs 06'1RCnSeTCH KpaTltQcTiro ero nOB'BcTBoBRBia. TtM'L me c06cTBeBHo o6.'bBCOJleTCR ero )loJIlJaBie H 0 uocrs Iaeyea Xpacra; xOTHyme OllHOTO, tI.TO OD'b B.8XO.nUJICH B'L ae06B'raeMoB nyC'l'hlHt, fJI.t, no aRMi;qaaiIo cassro eSRBreJ1BC'ra, OKpyataJIB ere .n~Jlde 3stp'n,-·0,llBO 3'1'0 ae- 06X0)1BIIO aaCT8BJIlle'l''L trpeanoasrars, sro 1. XpaCTOO'L .nOJIjR-eB'D, 61:JJ1'b DOCTH'l'hCJ1. TIro KacaerM, HaSDHAn"", PJ!~-

aocra B'b no. JlKt a3Mtm;elrin HClt menia MaTeea H . _yKH, TO ~no BOBee aesaaaoe paaJ1r:tQ18.

- 88-

EaJt'b BOABO OS'L ero BLlpazeBia: moeOa, nomOM~-JJ.eplK8JICJI In cooeJl'b P8SCIt8S'B XpOBOJIOr01feCKaro UOps.lJ.K8, JIyu ate o6paDl8Jl'b BBo.aaie Be aB DOCJItJ(OBa,'eJlLBOCTL H'::KymeBia, a aa Tt JltCTROCTB, B'It KOTOPLIX'L oaa upoBCXOllBJ1B. llYTL BS'L nYCTI:ilRB D'It Iep YC8JlBJI 'It , r.lJ.t 6YJlO sropoe BCltymeme, JleDJI'D lIpeaoo ropa. H BOT'L CD. JIYK8, Be llepaaCb XPOBOJIOfBlIeCKBro DOPHJUta, CTaDBT'It Ra BTo-pOJl'b JltCTt acsymeaie aa BLlCOROft rops, a aa TpeTbeJl'D -acKymeaie aa XPOBri xpaaa iepYCaJlBIlCUrO 1). ECJIB TB 1t'L , TO BCt aenpaaapaaaa nporaaopssia CBOASJTCJI K'It Be6oJlbW1Ul'L OTJloqiSM'L, KOTopLlMe eB3Bl'eJIaCTH BaaDMBO (' ~OOOJlaS~T'b a 06'LJlCBH~T'L OllUB'L JlPyr~~j

I'opaaao rpYJlBte ,D,pyroB BOnpOC'It-O caJJOM'It BCKY" meaia I. XPUCT8 ,D,iaDOJIOM'b. STOT'L BOOPOC'b DOBCTBBt CJIy3BT'» JJ.JJJI aKSererOD'b Kallae." OPeTItB008BiJI. Bet cofJIaCB .. B" TOil", liTO eaaareaacra nOBtcTBYIOT'lt 06'1:1 aTOM.., co6L1riu, ESIt'L BecoliBimaOM'L BCTOpa'leCKOII'h 4fluTt U3'J, 2&B3HH I. Xpacra; Bcil T8KJKe 6e3'1:1 BcltJuo'leuia npBSB81OT'b nOBtcTBOB80UJ eB8BreJlBCTOB'b 6escnopBo nO,llJIBBBblMB '), B TtM'L Be .eute xaorie OTKa3SBalOTca nOOHMaTb TeKCTOO BX'L B'h 6YKBaJIbBOII'L C~L1CJlt; ,llJIJl lIUOrBX",

t) rOAe (n. esoe ... so ... earapia aa .Iy.y) XOTa B C'lbT8en nop8AO ... HCKymeaiA Y .IYICH ca.hl." 8'. pahl II", 80 C'L ero IIIHtHielll'" 8e.1 .. 88 COr.laCHT"C8 YlRe nOTO.,Y, 'ITO e488 .10 tShl earaaa OClliI.lu.lca uputS.lU8HTbCa CROBa ... rOC004Y ooc.d TOI'O. Ba ... OR'Io CRaSa.l .. e.y B3 BblCOKOi rOp'h:. OTolbB on MeR., C8TRaal.

2) Bn ApeIRHX'lt, Do.ilCTBOlLaRie 06 .. HCKymeRiB 1Horca XPIICT8,

-paSBO 881 .. U 0 apemeaiH Ero, oOlc .... 1> .... esoe ... eB8Ur81iu Map.

Kio ..... Do STO UORaTBO no .. e.y. OTpHlla. ace 'I81o.-L'IeCJCoe 80 Xp"m, OB1o He 1l0r'Jo AOOYCTU1'h HU Bpe~eBi., au Bc.yweBia, .'10 00.11- eTJoBftBin 0 KOTOpt>IX.. I. XPHCTOC'h UIJoC'ip8maeTca n.eaao Ba8 .. DeTOBRh •• "Iuo"'.'),. Do aalllir'laTe.lt.Ro. "ITO Hayp"', KOTOpt>JI'I ... CBonx .. OTPUQ8Biu'Jo DOA.laBBOCTH el8artUbC.OX'Jo Do.kTaoB8aii C ..... AYeT .. 10- ~tSlIle Map.ioay, a .... e .. oTCTynaen on Bero, oposHaaaa Beeo •• 'iiBRYIO OOA"H.~OCT'- Toro H Apyroro DOnOTB088Ri.. CII. H8C .... 40 •• DO.loTe4SBOBa a"lt qT. OtSIq • .IlOtS, AyX. apOC8. 1873 r.: Eaaar. OT'" AyaH apoTun Baypa. Halap •• CTp. 34-35.

\

!

89 -

JXute npB3BaromeX'b 6hlTie 3JIYX'b lIYXOB'b 1), KallteTCH neBtPOJlTBHM'L, lITOt)U lIiaBOJn S:lBJIJlJlCH XpBCTY BO BatmBen BRlIt, BeJI'!. C'b HDM'b 6ectlJ.Y, nepeBOlJ.BJI'L Ero C'b IItcTa 08 II'kCTO, a ceodeaao KaateTCH BeBtpOJlTBLlII'& TO, ,:EaR'L MOJ"L liaBOJI'L XOTJI 6L1 B C'L caMoff BHCOltoA ropa n0It838Tb XpaCTY BCt UapCTBa Mipa~ tho 0lJ.H8 CTOPOB3 BOapaateBiii, KaCaIOlIJ,BXCSJ BBtmBeA, TaR'!. csaaars, 06CTaBOBKD. Do eme 60ne B03BBSaeT'L BeJJ.oYMtoiA DpB pas-

-eaorptaia BCltjmeBiA C'b BBYTpeBBeA CTOPOHL1. E!CJlB,

I} cBo8.0JRBOCTb cy~eeTB088Bi. BpaBCTBeBBblX .. CYllleCTB .. , OT.rRIfBbU .. DO np"poAil. OT .. 'IUo.tRa, a priori Be HOlBen 61i>ITh OT'PH Ilae.a , rOBopHT .. I'oae (CM. ero RO"lfeRTapiFi 88 EB . .IY8H lilt dRROilY ."tTY). E,ua JU II 0 lBen. tiMn T8sme orpauaeaa U .08.omBOCTh oaAeaia CpeA" DRXlt. eCJu OB", .81'0" cBoO'OARhl. CYIllecTB8, 00.4- .reman HCDhIT8Ria .. lt. H RaSlt .0 &C".o.... otilllecnil.· • paBCTBeRRhlXlt qlllecTB.. 6hl salOn BbI481OIlli.c. .rUqROCTH. .OTOpbl. dlaro.(ap' eaee-

.y ReoTpa8HlloIIY Hi'Biro, OOCT8 .... IOTL neBTPTo, BOIepy ' KOToparo

c06apaere. IIBOmeCTIO DOCP6.4CTBeBHltIX1t """BooTeA, Ta Tome 00-

Hoe AO.lJRRO GblTh " u" &ToA ReHsBtcTHOi'l Rail,. .4Y1:0BBOi\ oti.l8CTD •• COC.la8WHCL 8aTtM .... B8 Keilla, BpaiiR8ro Dpe .... CT80UTeJII OTpUU8TeJb"O~ .pHTHRH, KOTOl'hlA, OAB8RO. 0pUSB8eT'h BOnpOC"" 0 cymeCTBo.aBiB a.loA CD.I .... oo6llle OTSPbITbIM'h C'1o HaY'IBOA CTOPOBhl,OB1o-rOAe ,.pOAO.l.aen: c8TOT1o Bepaapi>wRlrblA ...... RayaH BOOPOClt paap .. mea .... ,.e ..u8 Bipl>. CBHAiTcnCTBOM'h CoaCHTe..III, KOTOph.A .'10 0AHO .... il.en, rAil Be .omen (ShlTb P"«8 0 Dpucooco6.l~RiH ll'lo DOR.d.en •• aPOA8, "lIeHao B'h 44 CT. 8 ".I. Esaar. 10aBRa, ftlt a"0.O.lb8HX1o '1ep· TaXlt Hao6palftaen Bfl8BcTBeafloe cOCTo8Rie 8.10ro AYX8. B"It Apyroll ... • il.CTil. (.IYK. 22, 31 H 32 CT.), ... c.rOB8~": camaHa npocum~ 6~ iJafiw Cn.RA~ R1CO nmeHuuy: A3h 3ICe MOAUXCJI, iJa He oacyiJnem6 81'bpa tn60R (ne.Tpa). I. XPHCTOC1t 0PHROAIUlfIIHeTh saa-hey, .OTOp88 C.phlB8eT .. OT1o Han TO, qTO 0POHCXOABT'Io ... Re8HAHIIO." .ip .... C .. 606- .. eAc.oA TO .. 8B aptaia, c.a$-e..... on ceO'., 6hITie 8.I1>IX1o AYX0810 Be .0lReT" BOotillle DOA .. emaTh BY 118.I"AmellY CO Hail.Rho; .... aeropia HC8ymeaia IHcyca Xpacra 000 DOATBepJlliA8eTCa e •• hI.... a8rUABhlan. o6pa80.1o, DO e.CTI> Be _8.10 uo.&,o6aid1.1o .-ken. sa ........ BeTXO ... , T8K .. H B" ROBOII ... 88.itT". Y.ame .... iROTopbla .&,... opB""pa. B .. Ben. 38 ... ri: 1) bIT. 3, 1. .IeB. 15, 8. BTOp. 32, 17. Dca ... 105, 37. lOB. 1, 6 .. BcaiH 5', 16. 381. 3, 1. 8 .. BOB. 38B.: MaTe. 12, i6 H Col. -13, 39 . .Iy •. 8, 12. to, 17 II c.r. 21, 31 U liB. "PJr.

- 90-

rOBOpaT'II, HCKymeBiR 6hIJIH TOJlbXO BBtmBuMU, T. e. KaCaJU:Cb TOJIbItO BBtmBDX'L 1JYBCTB'L Xpaera. a Be aana,aa.oO B'b cepane H Be np083BO,IJ.BJIH B'b ,lJ.ymt BSYTpeHBeil 60ph6Wt TO qTO xe (lTO 6UJlB sa ucltymeBia1 rllt Bin 60Ph6H, TaM'!. Bt1''L HCKymeuiu, ut1"!' H no6t.llLI. ECJH1 Jlte JlOnYCTHTL BO XPHCTt BByTpeBBJOlO 60Ph6y, TO KaIt'll coTJI8CBT'L ee C'L oosrptruaOCTIro Ero? HtT'L SyZllLl roBOpHTL B llOKa3HB8Th, 'ITO B'L T8KBX'b H nO.IJ.06BLlX'II BeJlOYMtaiHX'b H COMHimiax'L CKBOSfiT'L aCKYCBTeJlbBLllI ItLICJU[ II JI:lalcTsia roro Jlte eanaro UCKYCDTeJJSI, KOTOPLlH BCXYmaJl'b 'XpHCTa. "If RaK'L saoro 6L1JlO npanoaeao CTaps" sis, CRaZeJl'b CJ}OBaIiH 3BrJI1HCKaro 6orocJIosa-TpeB1Ja, OC06eBBO B'L BOBtiimee Bpe.SI, 1JTo6L1 HCTOJIKOB8Tb acsymeaie llO nOJIBarO 01'pHU3Bu! ero cymecrsoaaaia". "JReJI8JJ8, rOBOpHT'b OH'L, OTHaTb Y Hero Bee aaltJJlO1JaIOmeeCS B'b aelf'b csepxsecrecraeaaoe H T8ltBJI'L 06P8S0M'b RH3BeCTB ero AO ypOBBJI npoacmecrsia, Morymaro 6h1'l'b 06'bSlCBeaBLIM'b 38 IWBaalB , 06L11JBO n.tiic'rOYIOmOMB BOKpyr'b HaC'b 8-

" B'L U8C'L •••

1JTo6LI OUJJ.tTb BeIO JJOmh If BCIO BeCOCTO,R'reJlbBOC'rb OTpBuaTeJlbBlilX'D 06'bJJCBeBiit HC'fOpiB BCKymeaia J. XpaCTa, JILl llOJDltBL1 XOTb Kpa1'KO KOCBjTLCSl HX'lt }

Oaaoe BOBtiimee 06'bJlCBeBie HCTOpiH BCKJmeBiR

XpOCTa npB08,tU1eZBT'h IDKOJIt KUeOJlOf'UCTOB'£. IlpescraBBTeJIH ea (W'rpayc'L, BpIOBo .. Bayeps, MefJep'b li np.) '),. np08HBBaH co BctMB llpyroMR nOlBUBBOCTL esaBreJIbCKU%$

. nostcTBOBaoiii, llYMaIOT'h O.LlBaKO, 'I'ro HCKymeaie XpHCr& JtiaSOJIOM'b Be lltiicTBBTeJIhRLlii RCTOpHqeCKiii: <Ila KT'L , a

1) Bt. Plce.oJi .IHl'epsTYfYk eCTh y .. e onpoJepmeHie PS8RhIX .. fIiOOTe81o OTPilU8Te.lbftoA lPUTHlClt, OTRocamuxca It .... acTo_meR eaaafe.lbCSOB uCTopiu, HaupuK ..... opeeocXOA,80U oepe.oABoA CT8Tb-t' yoolI.aYTafo 8Br.liillcxaro 60rOC.lOB1t Tpeasa; "UcKYDIeBie I'oenoaa .... D]CThIBia •• CII. 0p8 •• 06oap. Hl87 1'. III & pT1. H aop ... .Ib. CIII. eme COlinR. M. Tapieaa: IIcayweaie l)oro'leJioliR8. MOCK88. :1892 r, CTp. 393- 456.

') Cw. y Keli .... .,. Bo •• earapia S8 E.8Bf'. Mats. CTp. HS, a tume y Be6e .... Evang. Perikopen, Zwei~. Baud 1875 r., CTP: 86.

- 91-

JlerCEl1l8 BJIH MHelt, XOTOPI.ul 6Y)lTO 6b1 06paSOB8JICSl DO.ll1i· BJ1iJlBieM'h fOCII01l0TBOB8Bme1i B'h TO speaa Bllee 60pb6hl NeatlY MeceieA B caraaon. Ho, COpamBBtleTCSI, ecrs Jill XOTb K8Koe JIB60 OOBoBsBie llJIJI T8ltOfO )1Btmat PbmaTeJIhBO BBK8Koro. BUKTO us'» ynoIUlBYTLlX'L 83CJltllOB8- Te.rreB ae npBBOJIHT'L B Be .Ifozen npHBeCTB B'» noareepat.lleaie csoero ·Matais BB oaaoro CJIOBa U3'lt iYlleAcKaro· 60rOCJlODia roro apesesa, B'b KOTOPOII'b BLlCKa8L1BaJIaCb 6hl aaea JIHQBOA 60Pb6li1 MeZ.llY Meccieii B caTaBOIO I), Ilpaaaa, as OTCY1'OTBieM'b DOJIOatBTeJIbBLlX'b OBH.Il$TeJIbCTO'h, OBn CCLl .. '1aIOTCJI aa Beaareaie Map&a, B'b KOTOPOJl'b. RaIt'D .n.pe&atiimell'h, no OX'b Ifsimiro, B nepOOa8'i8J1bBOII'h, Be lOOMUUaeTCB 0 riX'h oc06eSHLlX'h acsymeaiaxs, 0 KOTOpax'L I'OBO~T'L MSTaei B JIYKa. 80 ero TOJIhltO argumentum e silentio H eCJlB 6L1 Ade cnpasezaaaa 6YJI8 MLlCJlh 01lpeBHOCTH 0 nepBOBaqaJIhHOCTB Esaarezia MapKs,. '('0 U TOr,lla MOJItf8aie ero 06'L BCKymeaiJlx'h I. XPBCT8 Be MOZeT'h CJlyatBTb ,IlOKaaSTeJILeTBOJl'b roro, tlTO nOBt ... C1'BOB8Bis 06'& 3T8X,& Hcaymeslax'b B'b ll~~TgX'b .D.ByX'L eBaBre.lJiJlx'L BII1UOT1t JlB90tleCbiH xapaKTer. TaKou: B3I'JJJl,lJ,'L, no cnp8oeJlJlBBoJlY 38M.iqaaiIo KeaJIa ), CTOBT'h B'b co ... septueaaows nporaaopssia C'b BC'fOpHlJeCKHM'b xapasrePOIl'b EBRSl'e.lJia H, K8K'b BD sa qeJl'b Be OCSOD8SBLlH. npea .. craasaers Oll,HB'h BLlI1L1C.lJ'b, c80iicToeSBoA STOH mKo.ri.

1) ruoTTDa .... n. C80HX"Io Horae Rebr. Up •• OAUT"Io un T0.l80 ..

BaHiA ua lliToKHuJlCie, Ha8hl.ae ..... x ... Pesieta, Ta.ia ... ,,.,;ep',UCB. KOTOpblll eoaepureaao oopOBepralOT"Io aTO B088p1>aie. BOT... 4.111 opuM'kpa· 0.180 UIAepauca: ait satan: Domine, permitte me tentare Meuiam et ejus generationem. Cui inquit Deus: non haberes ullam ad versos eum potestatem. Salan iterum ait: sine me, quia potestatem habeo; respondil Deus; Ii in hoe diulius perseveratis, satan, polius le de muadoperdam, quam aliquam animam generaliouis Messiae perdi permittam. ECoIH me "ITO H ro.opHTU 0 .Iu ... 06 (l:op .. 61> Mecdu C'h C8U801O, TO ara 60pt.lS8 Ope.lCTaB.laeTCa C8110A .poTICo.peM.eaHoA: Armillum improbum,-t&IC'Io Ba8h1.aeTca caT.BR.-dum advenerit Messias noster, oc-: eider, sieut dictum est: com balitu Iabiorum soorum interficiet impro-· bum. e.. y HtMSe Aft 86 CTp.

t) CIII. RO ••• KeA.lS aa Ee. Ma1e.

- 92-

..BOT'L noqellY IIstaie MB6B'IeCltoA mKOJILl 0 JIereB)J.apaOIl'L xapSKTept BOKymeaia I. XPOOT8 B OCTaeTCJI a8 88Da~ coaepmeaao OllHHOKBM'L.

- Bes .u.pyria:' oma:cacBia )lJIS ItP8TKOCTB 1I0ZS0 C'lt

(')OJlbWU.'L Yllo6cTBOII'L pa8.u.tJIuTb Ba TpH uacC8. K'L nepBOIlY Maooy OTBOCOTCR o6."acaeaie TtX'b, soropse eqU~aIOT'b HCTOpilO BCKymeaiA RD. BBlJ.taiell'L. RJID npoeTO l'JIy60KH)f'b, nOJlHYM'b lIe'lT8.TeJlhBOCTB, BOCTOqOLJll'lt CHOII'!J; ItO BTOPOIIY-T'bX'h, soropae OpOBS)falO'MJ ee aa npOTqy,-o It'L Tperhe. y, aaKOaen'b, 06'L8CaeBie TtX'D. KOropae CIIOTpaT'b aa Bee. UK'b aa CIUIBOJlBqeCltOO a306pazeBie 60ph6LJ I. Xpacra C'b co6cTBeuBLlMB BCKYCBTeJlh· BLlIfB lIYCJl8)[H.

Ilepeoe 06'L80BeBie, KaK'L B'II CMLlCJlt BH.II.taia, TaK'}, H B'L Cllyeri 008, ecrs csaoe apenaee; 080 Be,ll,eT'L csoe a:aqaJlO OT'L OpBreB8 t) II ,lJ.oceJlt eme _ pa3.llilJlJleTca MHO~ rSMS saoa)XBDlMH 3ltSereT8MH ").

06'ltRCBeBie 3TO, nOBBllUMOIfY, aerso paaptmaeT'L Bet aarpyaaeaia. B'b COCTOfiBiu JIB BHlJ.tHiH, RJIO WI. COCTOH· aia CHa, I. XPHCTOC'b JIerKO Mor'!. npeacraaars Ce6H B aa KPOBJlt xpaea B aa BLlCOKOA ropt; )for'b 011'1, BB,IJ,tTb B set UapCTM .ips. Ho, cnpamasaerca onars, ecrs JIll E8Roe Jlu60 OCBOB8Bie B'L TexcTt .D;JlJI rasoro nOBBJlBHia1 Htn.. Itor,ll,a csameaase OUeaTeJlH 800611(6 If B'L sacraccra 6saHreJlUCTLI C006m8IOT'.h 0 qell'lt JIB60 nO)lo6BOM'L, OBa aeeraa BLlpaZaIOT'b CBOIO )lLICJlb HeHO 0 onpeataeaao. Haupolltp'b DlllltBiH an. Ilerpa 0 an. IIaBJl8 B'b KH. ,Z(tBHiii onpe.u.ueBHO BaSL1BaIOTCa BH,n:taiaMH (9, t2. 10, 3. 10. II, 5. 18, 9. 22, 17); TaKate H CRLl npSMO aaaaB8IOTCJJ eaaaa (MaTe, 2, 12. 27, t9). HB BD.u.tBin:, aa CBb) Be BLl,lJ,aIOTcn: aa BBtmain: BCTOpaqecxia co6HTia.KpoMt Toro, qTO K8caeTCJI BBl(tBiD, C08CBTeJlh Bam'L no CBoeA 60aeCTB6BBoft npHpOlJ.t B Be .Orb aMiTh HX'L, no-

1) De priae. 4, 16.

t) Wetlteio, Jahn, Gabler, Pavius. HAp. C. y Rei"'. no Ito.· .eRT. aa EI. MaTe., crp. 118.

- .... ~3

I

I t

TOMY QTO OU'll aeeraa 6bIJI'Q 00 ,l{YXrb, Hip'» oe6ecsLtH> scerna OTKpDlT'b 6hIJI'L Ero OqaM'b . .lIYXOBHLIM'll (Ioaa. 5, ~ 9, 20).. .1ly XOB BhUI BOCXB[l.I.eaia .IJ.JIll . Hero Be TOJIbKO Be HMtJIB BHK3ItOrOBaaqeuin.. ao 3 npHMO 60lJIH sesoaM01RHbI.

ECJI£J me aenpaanononooao H .llame coaepmeaao JIomOO nOS.liU18Tb fJcKymeaia B'L CM@CJIt BFutimifi:, TO '.r'lnl'L t)OJIte ]JomBO BBJltTb B']) BfJX'b COB'1J, KOTOPEilB npencras,,'UmT'b BH3myro cTyueub BH.ltBuia. IocycyXpllCTY, &'8K'b OhlBY Bomoo. scerna npaejme 6blJIO nOJIUoe HOBO BBJJ;tBie· CaMIlII'D B6Icmax']) RCTllH'L. K'b TOllY Ee, o6'Lltcaeoie HORYmeoiH I. Xpaeta BB.n;tohnlfJ 80 cat Beaa~l'tTI:1O DO.llPLlB8eT'b Btpy B'b6earptmaoCTb Ero, 060 eena I'ocuom, aam']) 80 cat 60POJICH C'b 3JIIHUI MHC.1IfJMB., ro, 3SaqnT'L. H s'h 60.n.pCTBeHBOM'h COCl'OBBig OOH Be QYiR.l1.bl 6bI.JHI EMY;·· 388gBT'L., Oa'L OaM'b 6IJJI'D BHOOBHElROM'L HX.'ll •. BOT'h It'!. l.JeMY Be.u.eT'h 9Ta l'BIlOTeSB.

ITo npyrOMY 06'.bHCaesiIO nOBilCTBOBBaie 06'b HeRY'" meais.x'b e!e'}'b Be 60»te K8lt'},· UpHTlJa. 'B'b KOTOPOH roc[(O.ll,h [(pe.llJlOiR0J1'J) CBOHM'b yqeSHKaM'D TpH rJIBBHL1X'b npaBI.1J1a 6y.uyweif BX'b nt.fJTeJIbHOcTH: ao-nepsaxs, He TBOpH'rb 'IlY necs .lIJIn co6CTBeBBOH nOJIb3Erl, He csorpa .DB DB: saain CTtcHBTeJIbHllfff 06CTonTe.lIhCTSB (oripameaie KaMBeR' B'.b XJlt6ld); BO .. sropaxs, BBKorn.8 sasero Be npeanpaaa ... M8Th B'b SBReiK.n;'k SB ocorieasym 6om.eCTBeaByRJ nOM.OID,h, eOJIB. TOJlbItO 9TO ijOJlJlepm.BBaeT'.b cyestpie 81) JIlO,l1;JIX'b (6pOCHTbClI C'.b KPOBJIH xpaMB rra 3eM)1.£o) H, B'lJ rpeTbBx'},. HBROr.llB Be BXO.llB'rb B'}, o6rueaie C'.b a.'IL1M'DJIYXOM'Ir, XO'l'H 6hl OT'll sroro senoepeacraeaao npe}lCTOHJIB s8JJ11JlJalimaH JIOQ"a8B DOJfbSa (o6JIa.rr.8Hie BctMB napCTBaMB). 'I'auoro 06'bR.caemfJ .llepmaTCH MBorie aostiimie ssusneLIe yqell~e (illJleaepMSXep'Il, YCTepH, BJIeIt'D B ap.), Ho eCTL DR XOTL saxoe JIlI60 OCSOSBBie Bb TeKCT'h" 'ITO :3TOBM.eaBO npfilTtfa, 8. se HCTOpB1JeCKOe co6h1Tiel TaM'L. r.n.t rOCnOAb rOBOpHJI'h nparna. eSaBreJIB.CTLl npJUIO S8BLlB8IOT'b UJJOBa Ero nparsaaa. H.u.tCb ~e ODH rOBOpJIT'L ol"i'b acaymeaiax']) , KaK'L o6'b HCTOpa'leCKOM'L ¢Ii1KTt. lIo cupaaeam-

J

- 94-

'BO»Y 3aMi;QaoilO rase l), eCJlO yqeBHKH npOOSIJUJ npa'TOQBhlii pa3CKB3'L 38,IJ,taCTBHTeJIbBLli· BCTOpaQecKiA .paKT'L~ TO B'L T8KOlr'lt cJlyqat oaa CaH8M'}. rOCDOJ(O]['L aaeaeaa ·6L1JJR B'L aafbY2ltlleaie. Ho 803MOat80 JIB lonYCTOTb rasyro MLlCJlb. ae 6YlleT'b JIB 008 npo'rOBoptqBTL Bpa8CTBeOBOMY ~apaKTepf 1. XpOCTa, Ko'ropLJA: BBKor1l8 B DB B'L sa .. KOIl'L c~'1yqat ae llonyclt8JI'L UK .lisa, BI:I 06.aa8, .u.a u Be MOf'L ,D.onYCTBTL aroro no CBoeA 6earptmBoCTH.

Tperse 06'LJJcaeHie npaaaaers aesjmeaie It'huCTDU'' TeJIbBhlM'h 418&TOII'L. TOJIbKO 31'0 BCKymeBie 6L1JlO Be M3- Bst. a RByTpU, B'b C06CTOC8BOM'L C03B8aiH BoroqcJIoo1nm. Y JIMI8B'L Z). OltHR'L B3'b nepBYX'L B rJJaBBYX'L npeacraBHTeJIeA :noA raDOTeSLl. Ope.u.CTaBJISleT'L ,lJ,tJlO TaK'b: npa atBtlBB 1. XPBCTa XOJUlJlBpaSBHSI JlO&aHa nOBHTia iY,lleeu'L o Meccio, 0 Ero 3eMBOIl'L napCTBt; I. XPBCTOC'D Be MOI"bHe 3H8TL' liX'L, H OBB cJlymoJiB llJlJl Hero. e06JlaSBOIl'b. paJl.'LK01'OPLUI'L OO'L OllepmaJI'L COBepmeORYro no6tIlY. 3lltCb. no lIBtailO Y JIbMaO'I, 6LIJIS 6oPb6a C'b BSYTpes·HOMB HCKYCHTeJlbBLUIH MLlCJIHIIB, a Be C'b BBtinOOM'L apaI'O.'b, .IltAcTBie soroparo oas eoaepmesao OTpunae'I''b. ECJJH ate, npOllOJl&leT'L Y J1LII8S'J), nOBHII8Tb BeRymeBie '1'OJlbl£O Bs1,mSHK'b o6paaoll'L, T. e. liTO .n.iaBOJI'lICJltJl8J1'L DODLl'I'lty, Be j.n8CTCH -JIB eMY C06JJaaOBTb Iacyca, a }BCY(;'b orseprv ero CJlOBa, TO JI~ rflBOpOT'L, He noaaaaio, KaK'b HyEBO CMOTptTb aa Tt litem EBaHreJIia 0 anOCTOJJbCK8X'b DOCJIaBiA. r,llt rOBOpBTCJI 06'1. BcltymeaiJJx'h 0 0 BBYTpeHBeu 60pb6t. ae nOBHllA1O an. UaBJIs, KorJlS OB'h r080pT'L, tITO locycJ, CaIf'L «CKymeS'L <SHJJ'L BCaqeCKB, nOqeMY H MOzeT'L UOIlOqb uCKymaellYII'L (Esp. 2, is H 4, t5)" . Ii 'fa 1t'L , no Y J1b.aay, acsymeaia 6HJlB He BBt~8is .. a BSYTpeHoiJJ,-I. XPOCTOC'L Be.ll'L 60P.b6y C'h BBYTpeilBovo rptxoBBLlMO nO)lhlCJJaltB. - 06'LSCaeS16 8TO. K8K'b BHABO, npSMO ~caeTCJJ 6esrptmsoCTB I. Xpaera. lECJJB rOCDO,D,b S8JD1, BM'L· 60Pb6y C'L C06CTBeBBWIJB rpt-

1) Hcropia lucyea, erp. 320.

t) Sundlosigkeit Jesu, 7. edit. p. 1 t 3, 240 HAp.

- .. 95 - ....

XOBHlIM3 lihlCJISIMH, 38aI:£H1''b B'b H81l"h 61.1.13. Be TO.'IhltO H03MOiKH.OCTl) no rptxy. BO I] ,!I'I,HCTBHT8JIhBOe rpfixoenoo COCTOH81e.

JlOatb aroro O()'])l1CHeBiR. OqeBIJllBO. npOaCXO.1l3T'b

·OT"6 aeUpaBIilJIhOarO nOBHTIH 0 JII1I:I;t I, Xpacra '), OO'b 6LlJI'D 3CTHBHblH qeJIOB1m'b, BO BCeM'Il 1l01106BbJH BaM'L, mO/tbKQ ~'POM/tb ?'p~'bxa (PHM. 8. 3. EBp. 4. is). B'Il seaoBind:, co BpeMeBM naneais, i£3Be'l"b BO BBYTpeBBeM'h ero .n.ymlil rptx'h. nO'1ellY llJ10T'h BOloeT,]) "PO'l'HB'h llyxa,. a .IIYX'L B()3CTaeTo sa nno,'):" (ra.'t.D,. '17).. ,lliaBO.Th 1l0JJh~ ayer'cna'roro BSYTpeBBero 60Pb601O qeJIoat&a }if 6e3o TpYlla BCKymaen ero. Bs I. Xpaers nOJIHaJI rapaoaia .n:ymeBHb1X'L f) T'BJ1eCBlilX'h CHJIn. Bs Ero QaCl'OH CBRTOA .nymt H sa MI'BOBeaie Be MOrJ10 6hlTbCo6Jla3S8 ltaRHM'b ..r£060 BSyTpeSBfHlI'b UCltycBTe~'IhBL1M'b DOMhlCJIOMllo II ecsa B'h nepRUM'b A..n.aM'£ acsymeaie He ?!WfJIO 3apOJUiThCH B'b llymt, a. npHmJIO H3BOt,TO TtM'b 6oJI'Be 080 Be' Mor JIO aapoJU11'bCH B'b .lI.ymt sroparo Arr3.Ma; filM'b 60.JJte carasa Be MOf'}. B.JIoat~rrh B'b Ero 6eilrptmayro .n.ymy aasoro JHI60 rptaoeaaro IJOMhlCJIa;. OB'll MOf'b npa6JmSBTCa K'b HeMY TO.'lbKO B3BHt 11.1 11.IcKymaTb ero JHUJ,eM'h K'b Jmnyll). Ho

1) Dlo .3TOI!f'J; 06'l.llCneniu lIe.1b8B De !!Ju·hn. .Ji.aBi. aecropianOTero aa5.1YH!:Aenia:, aoropoe coeT08~O D'l. Y'l6"io 0 AIOilCTBeSIIOH .l1I'lUOCfU XpnCT8,T81>l. ~ITO eCT(~CT8l1 '1e.loo·h"!eCRoe cym;eCTBOB8.lO OTAil.lbBQ OT .... ftomecsaro lt6bbo AOCTyDBO rpi>xoPRbJH'I> DOHbICJ811'l., J)OK'J.CROPO aroro psuil.lcniB ntT1>, a nepKO!!b ero He AonYCKaen. T8K'ltTOT<JSC"r. me" ao .. e\180, 11 BOOPOC'b o BOYTPCUDCI1 60PbiHI C'ltUC.liyCl1Te.lhDbI.IIH nOl'dblC.l3111U A'h.taeTCR OpaaAlthll'd'b, U840eT1> C311'bco6olO. elY.. no Apo6aie 061> BTulI1> y Tpeaxa, Blo Opa.B. 0608 p. 1887 r. I, cTp.582-583.

J) npeRpacBo paacYiRAaeT'l> 80lla ARHUU8T'1. 0 h803Aeuin:1> AiasoJ8 UB '16.1 0 B'1iGa: Dicendum. roaopara On1>, quod diabolus in statu ianoeentiae nullam potestatem haheat in homine, node non poterat eins imagina.tiooem . com movere, per quem modum invisibiliter tentat et sic babe~lt necesse visibirer tentare, ,.{'hlkTB1ITe.lLRo. TO.lI>KO liar1> III 0 lR en..a;hlicTBOB8Th 811."1 e.lo .OiJB8 BayT peBBUII1.,AYXO 18 ~11II.'b o6paaoll1>, nOTOIllY ~ITO 'leJOni>K'b eCTb eouanle p OO'PS8'L Bomi~,. Momen. TaBme, DO BO.li> :6omiel'l:, ORaBbJB8Tb .... :l>iicTsie aa <Je.lOBiiB:8 II . .aOC'iPhl~ aarars, TaRlo BaK1> 'le.IOBi>S'lt, paay.ileTCJ 6.1arO"lecTOsbli:

l

- 96-

3TO Be SSS1IUT'io, 1IT06Ll aeaymeaie Be ltOCBYJIOCb cepJJ.n;a I'ocnoaa, Be Bos6YJJ.BJIO B'L HearL Talltltoii csopna B BeJIB)tUX'L crpaaaaia, KOp01Je npomao «)eS'L JJ.YXOBsaro 6opeBiH. Ilepaaa AllaM'll C06JIaSBBJICSl BCKymeBieM'II B naJI'II 6e3'b 60Pb6LJ. BTopoi AllaM'L oJJ.epzaJI'L Do6t.llY 6e3'11 lfaJItamaro co 6JI8SBa , BO aT3 Do6t.lla, 6e31t cOliutuiH, CTOOJI3 EMY MY1JeBii aa Bet acsymeaia B BCtX'b JlIOllei. MLl Be MO&eM'L )J.8ze II DOCToraYTb Beeu TaaeCTO Myqeaiu, xa!tyro DCOblTaJl'L I. Xp 0 CTOC'}, , KaK'b 6earptmBblu, npu O.llBOM'b npo6J1oa:emH BCKYCOTeJIH, nory6uBmaro BeCh Mip'b; BO K8K0B8 ze ,n:OJIZa8 6b1Jla npoo30BTB B'b BeM'L BBJrpeaaaa 6oPb6a C'L IIY1JOTeJIbRtamoMB c'rpa.llaaiSiMB AymH DpB C8I1LlX'L BCKymeBiax'L~ He MOr'll JUt OR'b TOT1JaC'h ate ororaers BCKyeUTeJ1J), QT06hl oa6SBOTb Cetia OT'h 9TOX,:& lIyqeBiii~ Mor'h, ltOBelJBO; 80 roraa OS'L Be UCOblTaJI'L 6h1 BctX'h BCKymeBii, 8 CJlt.aOBaTeJIbBO H Be OD,ep2R8J1'L 6L1 no6tJJ,LI a8JJ,'L BCKycoTeJIeM'L. Me3t.D.Y nM'b nepeaa Do6t.lla sa.ll'b BDM'L .llOJI2RB8 6SJJ8 CJIYZOTb BtpUllM'L SaJJorOIJ'L 6Yllymeii Ero n06tllhI 0 6Y,ll;ymaro samero cnaceaia, H60 CaM'L OB'b CKasan: 'lCa'ICo Mo:¥Cemo 'lCmo 8Hutnu 6" (jOMo «p'lbn'ICaZO, u cocyiJw eo pacxumumu, atqt He ,,!ep6tbe C6J1:J1eemZ 1Cptbnuazo, u motoa iJOMZ UO pacxumumo (MaTe. 12, 29. Opas. Map. 3, 27. JIytt. 11, 2t H 22). B'L &TO.'L aapeseaia rOCOO.ll8 CnpaBeJl.JlBBO BIIlJlT'L saorie acaoe yxasRoie Ero CaJlRrO sa Tt acsjmeaia, KOTOPSH Oa'h TaK'h TepntJIDBO nepeaees OT'h .JJ.iaBOJIa B'L nYCTLlBB (KeiiJIb, Toae B lPY!.)' BOT'b DOqe.y H SIIOCTOJl'L DaBen'}. )lor'}.. CK83aTb 0 Hess, 1JTO OR'L 6L1Jl'D HCKymaell1. BCJl1JeCKH,.

'Ie..IOB-kn., U AoGpwii Bare.... 0pU'IaCTab. Ayxy Bo_ho, ao earaaa, .IHmB.wile. 06~eRirll c.. Bol'o." H AOGpb.MB 8HI'e.raMU, Re Mo_en. BRyTpeaao .ddIlCTBOB8Tb Ha 'Ie.rOafIR8; OR" lfOacen AiiDcTBolnn 1'0 .. 10"0 aa "p"m881'0 'I8.lOB"88, npeaasmaroee nero 80.110. Iy .... 8.I0A AY"" .01''' B.lOJBHTb ... cepzae He'lHCTYIO .bIC .. b R He'lBCTOe 2UU8Bie, 80 He rOCOOAY. A,W8 Ero seer .. a 8 BeRs.iRRO co .. palli .... aCb 'I80TOIO, Be-

C.Oyp8 88 d CaY8RBBcRi. B08BH. Ca rOCDOAb, 88C.u .. d.Te..IbCTBO.8 ....

8TO. ope..- .. CBOHMn y.eRBICa.H, CH888 : tpROem71 fJo CeJO Mipa 1tHJI$6,

" 80 MHfb He "Mam71 HUileCIJ:J1C6 (108B. 1., 30).

r

- 97 _--

a nOTOllY'II'MOzetr:& nOXOqh BCKymaeMbUt'D (Esp. 2, i8,.

4, 10.). J

II 18&1l. eCJIHEtCTOpiH BCKymeaiH l.XPUCT8 Be ecrs Be ,1Ier~aJl.a, BB BBn.imie {e<L BKcrraat) •. HB OOR'L, BEl np,B,T"'Ia H 8300pb6a 0'1) rptxODH.Y'M.H .nOMLTC.J1aHH, TO BaM.» ocraerea nOBaMaTb ee T8K'll. Kalt':L nepenarors eB8sremWTLI H. K8K'b nOBBM8JUf .n.peo.sie orUbl II yqareJIB n:.epKBEI.a aa B8M3 H .Horie 8S8.ru:eaEl'l'LleTOJlKOBBBKH" T. e, l:t8K':L BHtmai5:

MCTOPl!!q:ecKiB tP.l!~T'}" BBtmiee' BCTOpBqeC~O~ __ Co61i11.'ie, paajHtetCH. I co6pLTie llYA~cBoe, coepx'beC'I'eC1'BeSBoe-.'), a ,ae _~aige JI~~ _~o~!.i!~._~(JC~~ ~~a_ - ec~ec'rBe!lBoe, It<1K'L n9~~OJlHlO1''JJ ce6t e'!le_.J;y~~:b .ailltOTOpLIe -I).

1) 1), B 08J.Lnoe Don HManie BTOI'O 'co6bl1'i 8 ,8 [J pJJTOIl1i RaR'L liC'U II ao "1Y.400U8rO, ".len C'J>caHOH r~Jt'ioBoH .a:peBROCnt,u8'UlJIal C1> 'YCTUDa 4>lUOCOC>8. CD. lym"B'!> B'LCD06M'L «Paarooo_p:il ell TPUofoOROilt1:.. :1:01'8 JJ .PJltK9" 84!_ppltMe.pRO ~_blp'aB~1i,- ~I!!!!R!0 800~~O.l,::c.~oeDoRlf.auie IJ'1Tpp~(~y'~~ia I., XpUCTa "ill.un.D. Bon ero DO.4'RrJlIbJl croeae • It ~o" STOT],' ..tie .BG.I:" .ain. 1'0.11>1.0 lucye']) 8M W6.I'L US'!> 10 paa fJ3 .•. K8.R'L

• " l, f _ I .i-~ ·L

saal:l.clii':th 'Ii"Jo .0911nlJ'foIx'l. 9DitCIIX'J) 800CTO.JhChUX'l. (T •. e. BD EB8.ur6.lillx'!>),

IIp"rue,n. 8'L Be.1 U "CRymB.n,n ..lame CRB3al'!> EMJ: DOIi.lOIlUCI:. .Hwb. no XPl!CTOCl> - uu'·uU1'Le.l:' "AU OpO-11> on MeRD,· COTal1a; I'oeOO . .4y ]5.01"1Iooe .. y OURJI.tO"lt·C.t; u E.y O.4UOIIY ~yffll1 (PYCCK.oepeBO.t;'lr TIl,ope~iQ, P!. ~y~TUB8. CTp. 3.9 B 856). B"l. TO~l> ate t'i1Bll8.1baOIll> ClfbIC.li> TO.lit~8U~:_, 8. Aeuaeiil B1> co·juB.tll1iu OPOTH8'b apia81> oratioprima;. CD .. 8~I{'ToycT1., EiK:08i Ii (demonstr. ev.), 6~a meo. geo,,"lu88T1:o(Aio8on. rOllOpUT1> 00'10 ••• u.le. Euy eo '1YBCTleBROIII'L 88":-1;,, DocellY 'lJ'aCTReR~ aO me OOR9BblBaJ1; ElIly C'l> ropbl -It Bcil o.apCT80)., C8. AHBpociiCbrislns quasi fortor facie ad faciem tentatar, to per homi.nemj-T8B:~ .a:elbll1lL ABryCTHB'J> H ·Ci.lulE. IeponuH'L. HSl> cpeAn0sisOBblXl>:90M8 AnuuaT"", JlOTep'I> H 4p •. ·Oa.1> aOObll.'L n BoriiiwltJ:l> 8H3er6TOB1o: 315'~ p3 pA1>, ,,"OBl> 1"'0,,"11881>. .,«e.l It q.'L. 'B e6 e, Reil~ b It .4p. Ilf:ll. PYCCK IIXl>:

A. B .. I'epcaia D1> eB8nfe.lbC&Otl lJCTOPU, ECmCSOD'lo MnX8IUl> B'L TO.lKOD CJII'], ·Baa B ['e.1i If : ..

. :I)lIl1enoo: t8~~n. Poseuauoue.p"l., . RrouR6Jb, l1a8..-rocl>,laure .4JIIA.I" Bu.d>Tb 8l> ncsycuT".I'1i "leJ'oailKa., n8opnuiipl>, cBam:.eRR~tBa. 4>apueea DJD 801'0 u"6Y.41> eme, ,du8smaro I"C1cy ·cot1.1aSRHTe.lbJlblS opeA . .lOmeHiJl. Bo Slo YCTS1_'L Qe.lOOim8T8sill col5.ia8a.nTe.lbBI>IJJ npearemaRia, nui. A.il.J8IOTCBO'!> HCRymeB,ifn:'J>. libJ.lltlSbl lipa ~Be cTpaBllbl, OJ YAOBUln;RbIHCOBepm6RBO Beyldu~fRbl.. ,ilOCT8TO'l HO BCD olin nTbTOUoSO

7

-98~

nepeib:eJl'b reneps K'It· 9K88teT8 .. 00RtU'Y ~ .«ulay.

TeKeTa ~ yKaaaDBoM~ HaMB 6YKB8lbDOM'D CMYCJt eroJ

-. .

_; . \

Y;o;aneBle ,rocno;o.a B'l» 'nY~h1HtG, :u - eopoxa)1;fl6S"' Hoe npeOJ:.1B'&Hte Ero B'!II .9TOA n YCTBlH H.' -'

, MaTe. 4, 1-2·

TorAa Iacyes B03- BelleD'}, 6acTb .tiyxon B~ nYCTLlBIO H~KyCB1'f~CJl OT'I. .!U8BOJIa.

If nOCTHBCH J).BiA lIeTL1peJ).eCSlTL, II amain 'JeTLJpeJ).ecare , no CJJtJI. B DaMRa·

~. ;

M.pK .. t. 12-t3 .-JIy&. 4., t~,2. ' H a15ie; »'yX'h 83';' ',' '1~cyc'J, 3e' 'acne,ll6 ero Bt. ny .. r ,i nOlBb ',l(l'ia:' iOlm.:. CTHBIO. II 6t B'L" TaBOaBP8:ifiri&i~h nYCTIilBB asia: qe- Iopaaaa:' B BeASTblpe)16CHTb Be-' mOCH ,I{YXOM'D" I) KymaeMb C8Ta- B'h nYCTLlDIO :), BOlO, B 6t co ,UsiA serapeae- 3~tPIlB., "PJlT~ "J,CltymaeJib

. . OT'h .lI.iaOOMu,lln se

,'Jlon . BSqeCOl£e ' BO lHB 'TLlS: B CltODqaBmBaiCJI_BM~, no~Jl't.J;lH B3~~ e , ;"

I _ ~ l i '_ , :

Bet TpB eOOSreJiRCTa coraacao nOBtTcTBJIOT'Ir, 1J'ro I'ocnoas aanrs rorsacs ze OOCJJt '- xpetneaia YU.irRJICJI Bon nYCTLltIlO, B npUTOM'b He CTOJlbKO' no CO(}CT_OOBBOMY no6ymJle.oilO, CKOJlbKO no BJI~qeBiro .omo iJyxa. ihy;; ,ilii.c.:ib O'h 0006ooao1O OUB01O BLlpaaUJI,'D ~~.M~PK'h:,fl, a6ut , ronopa,,'}, OD-",. iJyX'6 u36eOe-Ex{iaAAe.t-ezo 60 flgC?nWHJO. Ho KaKoit lite 3TO iJyxtJ paaYMtercH ~JJ.tOb~

o TpeO:o88~iH UOIuoaeBi8 U 0 coe"~HeaROIl" c .. RDII~ o(i"~~BiH ,~oc. noacrsa JI8,O lIIipOII"., B ... Ra~o.~e~ ,Bpe •• T8~O~O~ od~~cB"i8, 1C8n

enpaseasaeo a8 1IlIi1 "aeT'l. TpeH""», yw.(i! .ei CTbl~ .• tCIJ. . _ ".,

- 1} )J,yXOMO~t." 'to nvwpan Tome" "ITO ""i_ 't8_ nV€VHctTQ,,; _ UJiH

RllIt'lo ,v MaT8e8: ano 'f8 n vwp.CtT. 0". ..,,' . ._ ,,;'- ..

') B"I> Kell6pumcRoII"l> K04.eRCi (D) "R B~.OTOPbil:i. 4.pyrux'lo a808AKblx'L ICOAeKC8X"I> 'lIliCTO: E", Tf}lI efl,'I'}Po~ .. - (f!.~-) 'ij gcmwH",l .-iu;raeTc8:

tv 'r'IJ ~l?YJp.ro, BO aTO,' 01le8HAHO oWH6~Roe' "Iteare. - ,. "

= G9~--

no M!l:BBilO O.llBflX'},~TO .n:!}'~'D 3JlO6hl., a- no ~airti JlPyre:xlJ. ,a06C'1JOOHBLlHl lJ;YX1l Xpac'Pa.1,·tH ·TO :H 1,.IJ.pYV08 MBtaie, 0]JlHOOllHlJ. .II.YX'L, oo.n.ttIiJ!i rObnona, DIL :U,C'l'IlIBlO. JlBIiP, ID~)T.B80UO!laraeT.C8' :IlYXY l&1J(ilOhl (:VlJjg, 1.7'1:1 :T'tev#a· TOr;, 'lI.lv;n-o TH 'e'La.8QAB - MaTe. ·CT. _ .1)·!i JIPH'lIOM1J ,t,I)Y.Xih 3JIo6hl aasorna .BD.H()DQ.lI~ :3aat1'$, Be aaaaeeerca npOCTO:

TO, :TVEV,ua-JJ.YX'b, a BOOF.n.a~ C'J) nilll~aBJIllHieM'f"", HbJIh3H paapIT.TL 3l{iCb ~ C06C1fBeBBL1H .llYX'J) XpHCT3. 1. XpS· CTOC'h, .salt'll BBlJ,BO: Hill) .. nepBwx'!> CJ10B'h ca. J1

--~ ... - -----

1) A X1> a~o6hl Y MaTgea 0 .I KI:I_D3iJbIBaeTCH iJia8MOM7J, a y MapK8 cama.w.oJO,.. IRBOn.-ClOBO r pe .. e.£~. - n:n",lPCU'IflXUX1" a _~a!aD~-c.roDO eDpe~cioe- iifiTi: n Om}!8!1!,~lJj~!!a '-w~1 ~r 2. 1088' ~.J!t_ .~ -!~ a .. _. . ~II . e _ OTRo...~~!~. }Jl:_OQ! AJU ttl.

''1e~oBKy, a sropoe aa oTRom~le JJ .. 1> 91'1'

.. If O~m;"o-;ej;;-.lY';;;;f, l'l'rUBOpaTT.. q'TO I. XPUCTOC1> ueAtm'b . ()f)ll'Ji .4YXOY'b MIn.' 0YCTbIHIt n 0YCTbUUO, &0 STO ueailpOO! Oh.· seAeB'}. ~hU'L' De 11911' IlYCTblBU B1> DJCTblBIO, &0 C'J; 6eperolJ'l. ' JopA.aB8 B'Io 0YCThfRlO (K eii'n) . . .

') 00.4'10 38rbpMU MOiRDO pRBJMin H A.eMOl'lOB'lo, soropsie ub ·6uC).I6D.lKOMY 'Boasp-kho JJRCe.lIUOT'lo 0YCTblUUbIJl M'LCT8 {llcaill 13, !!r.

7*

1

I

- 100 - ..

no 'IIpe)l8a ito, 9TR nycTI:ilBJI aaXO,IXBl'CSJ lIez.n.y IepaxoBOil'll B IepycMBMOM':B; B8SliBBJJaCb oaa 06LIKBOBeBHDIepoxoacaoxi (Iac, HaB. 16~ i; 18, 12). B'L 9TOB ny(n~BtB -)lOce.rt:ylt8SR08IO'1"L OlJ..BY SblCOKYIO l1Upy~ aa KOTOpolb rOOnOJl" COOOpmHJI'D CBOH CopOKOllaeBBWH DO,lJ,BfJr1) 11· KOTOp~.a nOSTOMY Ba:U .. ;lBaeTCSI Rospaa1'sBOG I) •.

. IIO'![BIIf"b 60 b~~Q..'L. ian If~-B~.l!l~BTe.1IeM'b _ _QB~

Mareea- Jir"JIYK8 CT8BHT'I>. B"L T11C!lYM COJ1i.H:" C'b nOll.BBr01l1, ca, 'OKOJiEfifB1mT'O~ iIoca: .. - 0: L8Tae:--'osaSaB'b Q.

- ~-_..__.,. .... ~-~, ... - - ---------- -

TOM'!, Jro. _ BCTO.c:9~ ~BQ~Be.gel;l'R 6PfJI'b _ XOM~ B'.b UY,"

C'I'l'hIB.!.'?_ ~~LI UC1tJjC'll'lnClt O!~O ~iC!60J1a_, "fQ::!,.~.~~~ - ie- npB-'

~~a .' '1 !f. _ '!to~f!}Jt~£f!' . }Jj:Lu.._ 1(f1]UitpeOefJlm&, .. ~t ~ou+ii) ,,!!1nupeiJeCJl11Z'b. OmIT. JIy~~ _ ~~p_B:zaeTCHem:e !OIJBte: ,IHe,ff,f;mtJ :,en"6C03Me '60 lt14 mrJa Taltal orporia UOCT'h I. ... XpiCTi~· ... iI·j)Eel$ L1Th ,o6'hlIcO'eEl'L 8.8 JIaalJej KaK'L Ero· r JI y60KB M 'b 6na rorol3tfmo" M 0Jt0.1'Betml4 M'D, ,e~8epD.a B ieM'h, B'h scropoe Os']) uorpymeo'll ObI!']) ~. 'fe, . iu, BCtX']) COPOl(8,.. llueB. Bee a'I'O Bpe~Ul 1l .• 1JI Hero CJIHJIOCb· KaK hI B'n O1l0B'L -heRb, 'HI.K'h sro 001:. eonepmeaao Be omymaJl'h ronona .no caaaro KOau,a.-lITo I. XPUCTOC'O UOC1'11JlCJi.· COPOK'b llBe~i. a 118 oO'(l'lie Be MeS'Be, TRS'b eTO OOTO"}\ 1J,'I'O tJilCJlO. OOP_Q!}.;'l1 QIMO OBSWSOBbUJ'h '1nOJl·QM'h . ocra U MOJUlTBbI.-l1.3'b S8'rxoa8stTHO. ~. lEt -iBBtOTElO. liTO,

C~.'... ._. ea U.o.~H~mICh !vlon£~.;..B~.Ucx.. 34.28, . Tupoa .... " 9)' H-:a~at~e, . _g.~T~.J!~}~q,~Q9T;~JICSJ H XP3- Q ' ;, 0 He~coM~1'~I;IO •. _copoJta-!lEfll!!!{~B !l.Q~T~_ I.. _~pBCTa C'fOHT'O M.·-ripll~W)tb ~T!!qmeHlJ~_. K1_r~~l!qB~llB .Q ~g~Tt, naUBOH_ B~mB~'b .Dpap9.u;I1Te.1I~MD B'b_.P'~.!Q.:, _orno iJpefJa, f,:Jf{}e

.,

TOB .. 8,. 3. Bap .. 4,35. MaTs, 12, 43. JYR. 8, 29. j 1, 24. AnOKa·' .JUDC .. 18. 2).

I) r opa I\ IMl pa HTaua C'I. BOCTO 'I ROH CTOPOJU:'I80iR.blmaeTCJI DO 'IT kI

QepOeOA lU; yA aplIQ .Halta iu PIlaRCKOIQ AIU8Ho.il on. 1, 71 AD 2 I 5 C8 m..- (

Ba BOCTOOJ!Ju[i. lIUtCIOPOB:k i;noJ:'1 rophl UaXO.4HTC.I IIlIomOO1'BO oem;ep"lo., H8C~.II!HBblX"L npemA.6o),cTblllBHKIlIliR " aaaxoperaaa .. Teneps UJ.CI ....

11 .. lloJiyrop'li ycrpoeas rpe'lecKin QPUPC.laBlIb1U Moa8CTblpb B1i BOCno.uRanie C~pOKOAlJeBRal'o .DOCT8n BCRymeniu Iacjca XpUCT8.

-

_. 101 -_ ..

paaYMfbmu iJo6poe~, .It,1J"a60e, '1M CHfbcme omo 'lteeo (ELl1'. 2. 17):----siYr'1l, 1'frO~r(Y~6>p~Jrh' ,[10 sj'oiy :~·QQ~"O.lJ.Y u"9KoAF;JL1H

'cI>~3!'~:. M ",TPQU OJ) fI.1''f ,J\! 9C&0 ~~K i E:. "npe.I,lblD.eoi,~ 3~ gp~'llW!f!2;.JD aIllI,?, ..!H\P J .. Ql~B!§ sa IIOl}llW .Il.941 0 ~~, !I. e~!, . (~ . .n!1..M·t) :£~,b!'.~~ f!,e~j1c~.",q y'B.9:r.~~H~9MY .. !33.J1R. JU ~ QB~91·H}, saa'~ellr{l~ e~?_ Hall AJl;l~ c~g.~~, ~3B itT! ,)!'J,J ~.~.MH1!~,'" B., ft~JltJBl.lJ 0 (hi[ BO 811'b co "RefiM'b ,(Jprt01dCTBO![l) a.e..aO&W1tlT.UJ.l ~ eQ..jlfI j'j~

-c~ro ,H~3~eg~~~i~ B~ ?STaHoBp!.1!~,"~ !It:t_q!!E!L .. T!!_l!~ K_'b ... ~03- BLlweHlJO ChIB'h HOiKlH, C'raB'b c131reaeM'b meOR, II B'.b eaoeas "jiHii~ 'sHoRb" -d.Qc;raBBJ.i~·r> QeJIoB'f3liecTi;o' "'81> ·B~B·~.aemaHHoe" '. A" .ai· '" ,.. ..... ·8 .... -": .. C"-EJI8ameeCH ·· ... -6oJri~e

'I' lI.BblM'b aB 3e~t, BemeJlB" 6hlJiO B'b _a _. 8KB'h 0 a- 3·0)1'11, aeco J1IO M'1 iiaMOM'b .lIerRa~.9 .. .J1,W.W B'L~'"-a~ "iIa~DJfO~-·BTopOMy AlI.a.MY. acnpasats _B~,.ll~"pmSBJeM'b aa a6MJJB crporaro nocra, RC'hriM'L BII1;c1''I>

'-~-' - .._ ~J "_"""""'_ -~ .. -- '

QTpa:U1Tb ff HBaJIOl&BTb samero npeeoaaormaro. HCK· cp-

_ -<r~~a~ -.J:_:_:'llepltUlJ-. BOBo~~tfRaT-Bi 1:i0:w.~~Bie roc ..

flC!ft.y. lQTQJJ() 8JiJJ a_:._ n.~1.~ __ liB .. . ·hI,HaaL1Ba,6!_L1i_

oW ~ '." ..." \._~r¥ PQ npoc, _ .'.. ,'!V : ,:nqCJl~ .tlOl'OmmB'J·','8 'ItpemeBJSI rOCDO.llBJJ, DOJlOiR·BJIa lfT6Ble ~~aBreJliJl 060" HCKymeBl~-" (MaTH. 4, 1-11 CT.) I) .. -

t \ Q_~caTaE!.BBcKax.:b BCKYJpelliU'1 J~~ _1:egeBi~, COP'Q.KO-

;U:a. it:~r.=-~.~._"r!_:~"1!iTL TaK$ - npaMO ~

st, - .. . I,t. .J _!, uQ,OJl,Y" TiI-r.o "_eKymea.m" '. :aIll,J;\ 'L

:', rJ1ytoH, UPJ[foitoB,BT'eJJbHoil" .!I;'BSlTeJIhBOCTH .B

; ~. ~~], n'pB~~ynBJ.i~~- '.1f:~~ TOCnDlr! . ~~OJ~-K .. O-" • .,.-. :~rur :-,._ ~t~8

j' ~ B88JIKRJI'L. 0,))9T01'0 «mT~iJfn ti aaQn:BaIOT68. B'b

cll6cT'B~HOM'h CliEleJI'B '·era 'ecity·meBia:. 0 KOTOPQXrh ~K-'L ·'oll.p.0600 oOBtoTBjKEr'.L ""BaMt"· MaTgeii B Jly. It& R KOTO~

...... .

.im~ cOCTaOnJiIOT'L fiIaB'aoe conepmosie B::f'L ~ eaaerem-

_ ~,HU':.!LOB:kcxBOB8I3ili." '" ~ .,,-

---- ._-_. - ... --.~

" 1 ) .. I~II1. 4~ft U,BJ. •. ,1682, r .. ere·, a~~~~ l) Avgdit.- S.,rmo~.