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The work scope of each disciplines would have a direct effect on the tank design, one example is

the tank foundation which is designed by the civil staff. The foundations are to be designed to
withstand the load of the tank with its content. Improper design would result in foundation
sagging or excessive soil settlement which in turn induces extra stresses to bottom of tank and
tank shell.

Hence it is essential for the engineers or tank designer to know how and what effects each inter-
discipline’s design would have on one’s tank that affected the tank integrity, and taking all these
consideration into his design.

1.2 Research Goal

1.2.1 Project Aims

The aim of this project is to develop basic rules and procedures, highlighting the concerns in
designing, construction and operation of a floating roof.

1.2.2 Project Objective

The main objective of this project is “HOW TO DESIGN A NEW FLOATING ROOF TANK”.

Taking an existing Oil Development Project with it’s readily available information as a base, to
design the tank, and identify the problematic and lesson learnt throughout the project.

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1.3 Research Methodology

1.3.1 Literature Review

Literature review is conducted to study the basic design and requirement of the floating
roof storage tank in the storage tank design code (API 650 – Welded Steel Tanks for Oil
Storage).

Further studies on the tank design were made from other reference book, company
standard specification and information from different disciplines.

1.3.2 Case Study

Case studies on the previous project for the lesson learnt will be carried out.

1.3.3 Product Enquiries

Research and study the role and application of the tank fittings and accessories by
searching information and sending technical enquiries to the product supplier, attending
the technical presentation conducted by the product supplier will be carried out.

1.3.4 Design Approach

Upon completion of the literature review, design approach is then developed. The storage
tank design consists of two major designs, that is (1) the shell design analysis and (2) the
floating roof design.

In the shell design analysis, shell stress design will be performed taking into
consideration of all the considerably loading including hydrostatic pressure, wind loading
and seismic loading.

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In the roof design, it consists of two sections, that is (1) roof stress design and the (2) roof
fitting and accessories design.

Design calculation sheet using excel will be establish in the project.

Evaluation of the different type of roof fitting from different supplier with be carried out
and selection of the fitting base the evaluation result.

1.3.5 Consequential effect of the design failure

The relative importance of each fittings and accessories will be defined as well as the
consequential effects it would have in case of malfunction.

1.3.6 Special Design and Construction

Upon completion of the tank design, special consideration on the design and construction
will be addressed base on the case study on the lesson learn and design process.