Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 37

COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan

The COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused
by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Pakistan on COVID-19 pandemic in
26 February 2020, when two cases were recorded (a student in Karachi who had just returned from Iran and another person Pakistan
in the Islamabad Capital Territory).[2] On 18 March, cases had been registered in all four provinces, the two autonomous
territories, and Islamabad Capital Territory,[3] and by 17 June, each district in Pakistan had recorded at least one confirmed
case of COVID-19.

Pakistan currently has the 6th-highest number of confirmed cases in Asia, after India, Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and
Bangladesh, the 3rd-highest number of confirmed cases in South Asia after India and Bangladesh, and the 17th highest
number of confirmed cases in the world. On 15 June, daily new confirmed case numbers reached their peak, with 6,825 new
cases recorded, but since then, new daily cases and the percentage of people testing positive have trended downwards. In late
June, the number of active cases in Pakistan stabilized and beginning in July, started showing a significant decrease.[4] On 2 Map of confirmed cases per
July, recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time as 8,929 recoveries were recorded, meaning that 51% of all confirmed million inhabitants by
cases in the country to date had recovered. As of 5 September 2020, the recovery rate in Pakistan stands at 95.8%.[1] administrative unit
> 20,000 confirmed cases per
Despite the relatively high number of confirmed COVID-19 cases, the case fatality rate of COVID-19 in Pakistan stands at
about 2.12%. This fatality rate is slightly above the fatality rate across Asia, which stands at about 1.94%,[5] but is million
significantly lower than the global average at approximately 3.3% (as of 5 September 2020). While Pakistan has the world's > 10,000 confirmed cases per
17th highest case count, it only has the world's 23rd highest death count. As of 5 September 2020, there have been about million
299,000 confirmed cases, 286,000 recoveries, and 6,300 deaths in the country. Sindh has recorded the most cases at about > 5,000 confirmed cases per
130,000, and has also recorded the most deaths due to COVID-19, about 2,400 to date.[1] The country was put under a
million
nation-wide lockdown from April 1 and extended twice until 9 May.[6][7] Upon its end, the lockdown was eased in phases.[8]
> 2,000 confirmed cases per
The distribution of COVID-19 in Pakistan is heavily concentrated in a few key areas. The city of Karachi (as of 5 September million
2020) has recorded about 84,000 confirmed cases, making up about 28% of all cases of COVID-19 in Pakistan. Meanwhile, > 1,000 confirmed cases per
Lahore, the country's second-largest city, has recorded (as of 5 September 2020) 49,000 cases of COVID-19, making up
million
about 16% of the country's cases. Islamabad Capital Territory and Peshawar District have also both recorded over 10,000
cases. Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, and Peshawar account for about 163,000 cases, which make up nearly 55% of the > 500 confirmed cases per
country's total confirmed cases. million

Contents
Background
Timeline
February 2020 Map of confirmed cases by
March 2020 administrative unit
1–10 March – Early spread 100,000 - 199,999 confirmed
11–19 March – Outbreak cases
20–31 March – First deaths 50,000 - 99,999 confirmed
April 2020 cases
May 2020 20,000 - 49,999 confirmed
June 2020 cases
Raiwind Hotspot 10,000 - 19,999 confirmed
cases
Other cases
5,000 - 9,999 confirmed cases
Prevention measures and response
Federal government < 5,000 confirmed cases
March 2020
April 2020
Economic Relief Package
Regional governments
Punjab
Sindh
Balochistan
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Map of confirmed deaths by
Gilgit-Baltistan administrative unit
Azad Kashmir 2,000 - 4,999 confirmed
Islamabad deaths
Impact 1,000 - 1,999 confriemd
Politics deaths
Economy 500 - 999 confirmed deaths
Healthcare professionals 200 - 499 confirmed deaths
Sport 100 - 199 confirmed deaths
Religion
< 100 confirmed deaths
Unemployment
Statistics Disease COVID-19
National Virus SARS-CoV-2
Case Statistics strain
Fatality Rates Location Pakistan
Testing Statistics First Wuhan, Hubei, China
Positivity Rates outbreak
Regional
Index Karachi, Islamabad
District-Wise case (cases reported on
Historical Table same day)
See also Arrival 26 February 2020
Notes date (6 months, 2 weeks
References and 1 day)

External links Confirmed 299,855[1]


cases
Active 5,540[1]
Background cases
Recovered 287,950[1]
On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a
respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 Deaths 6,365[1]
December 2019.[9][10] Fatality 2.12%
rate
The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[11][12] but the transmission has been
Government website
significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[13][11]
www.covid.gov.pk (http://covid.gov.p
k)
Timeline
COVID-19 cases in Pakistan ()
Deaths Recoveries Active cases

February 2020 Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr May May Jun Jun Jul Jul
Aug Aug Sep Sep Last 15 days Last 15 days
On 26 February, Pakistan confirmed its first two cases of the
coronavirus. Zafar Mirza, the Prime Minister's Special Date # of cases # of deaths
2020-02-26 2 (n.a.)
Assistant on Health, stated in a tweet: "I can confirm first two
⋮ 2 (=)
cases of coronavirus in Pakistan."[14][15] The first patient was
2020-02-29 4 (+100%)
a student at the University of Karachi, Karachi in Sindh
province, while the second patient was from the federal ⋮ 4 (=)
2020-03-03 5 (+25%)
territory of the country.[16] Both patients had recently
2020-03-04 5 (=)
returned from Iran.[17][2]
2020-03-05 6 (+20%)
Within a week of the first two cases, Pakistan confirmed three ⋮ 6 (=)
more cases, including a case in Pakistan's capital, Islamabad 2020-03-09 7 (+17%)
2020-03-10 16 (+129%)
and also in Rawalpindi, Punjab.[18][19][20]
2020-03-11 19 (+19%)
2020-03-12 20 (+5.3%)
2020-03-13 21 (+5%)
March 2020
2020-03-14 28 (+33%)
2020-03-15 31 (+11%)
1–10 March – Early spread 2020-03-16 53 (+71%)
2020-03-17 187 (+253%)
The fifth case was also reported, on 2 March, from the federal 2020-03-18 241 (+29%)
2020-03-19 302 (+25%) 2 (n.a.)
area of the country,[21][22] of a 45-year-old woman from
2020-03-20 461 (+53%) 2 (=)
Gilgit-Baltistan, who had also travelled from Iran.[23] 2020-03-21 495 (+7.4%) 3 (+50%)
2020-03-22 646 (+31%) 3 (=)
On 6 March, Murtaza Wahab announced that the first patient 2020-03-23 784 (+21%) 5 (+67%)
in Karachi had fully recovered and was later discharged from 2020-03-24 887 (+13%) 6 (+20%)
hospital after testing negative.[24][25] On 8 March, Pakistan 2020-03-25 991 (+12%) 7 (+17%)
confirmed its seventh case of COVID-19, also in Karachi.[26] 2020-03-26 1,057 (+6.7%) 8 (+14%)
2020-03-27 1,197 (+13%) 9 (+12%)
The next day, Pakistan reported nine new cases in Karachi, 2020-03-28 1,408 (+18%) 11 (+22%)
meaning that there was a total of 16 cases of COVID-19, 2020-03-29 1,526 (+8.4%) 13 (+18%)
with Sindh having the highest number of cases, 13 2020-03-30 1,625 (+6.5%) 18 (+38%)
altogether.[27] Five of the new patients had travelled to Syria 2020-03-31 1,865 (+15%) 25 (+39%)
and some others patients had returned from London. Three 2020-04-01 2,039 (+9.3%) 26 (+4%)
new cases were confirmed on 10 March, including one in 2020-04-02 2,291 (+12%) 31 (+19%)
Hyderabad and the first case in Quetta, Balochistan.[28][29] 2020-04-03 2,450 (+6.9%) 35 (+13%)
2020-04-04 2,640 (+7.8%) 36 (+2.9%)
2020-04-05 2,818 (+6.7%) 41 (+14%)
11–19 March – Outbreak 2020-04-06 3,062 (+8.7%) 45 (+9.8%)
2020-04-07 3,556 (+16%) 51 (+13%)
On 11 March 76 suspected cases were reported in several 2020-04-08 4,005 (+13%) 55 (+7.8%)
districts of Punjab province, including Lahore, Gujranwala, 2020-04-09 4,207 (+5%) 61 (+11%)
Sargodha, Hafizabad and Lodhran. The Healthcare 2020-04-10 4,489 (+6.7%) 63 (+3.3%)
Department officials informed that ten patients were 2020-04-11 4,695 (+4.6%) 66 (+4.8%)
immediately cleared of the suspicion, while 55 patients were 2020-04-12 5,011 (+6.7%) 86 (+30%)
cleared after testing negative.[30] A second case in Gilgit- 2020-04-13 5,230 (+4.4%) 91 (+5.8%)
Baltistan was confirmed the same day in Skardu leaving the 2020-04-14 5,496 (+5.1%) 93 (+2.2%)
tally at 20.[31] A third case was confirmed in Gilgit-Baltistan 2020-04-15 5,837 (+6.2%) 96 (+3.2%)
in Shigar District on 12 March, who had a travel history of 2020-04-16 6,383 (+9.4%) 111 (+16%)
Iran and was reported to be under treatment at the Skardu 2020-04-17 6,919 (+8.4%) 128 (+15%)
2020-04-18 7,025 (+1.5%) 135 (+5.5%)
hospital.[32] The same day, Murtaza Wahab informed that the
2020-04-19 7,638 (+8.7%) 144 (+6.7%)
second patient of the virus had completely recovered. On 13
2020-04-20 8,348 (+9.3%) 168 (+17%)
March, the Sindh Health Department identified a 52-year-old 2020-04-21 8,418 (+0.84%) 176 (+4.8%)
patient as positive, which marked the first case of local 2020-04-22 9,565 (+14%) 201 (+14%)
disease transmission as the patient had travelled from 2020-04-23 10,076 (+5.3%) 212 (+5.5%)
Islamabad.[33][34] 24 of the 27 suspected cases in Khyber 2020-04-24 11,057 (+9.7%) 235 (+11%)
Pakhtunkwa were also cleared that day.[35] At the end of the 2020-04-25 11,940 (+8%) 253 (+7.7%)
day, the total number of cases had risen to 28, with six new 2020-04-26 12,723 (+6.6%) 269 (+6.3%)
cases in Taftan and another in Sindh.[36][37] By 14 March, 2020-04-27 13,328 (+4.8%) 281 (+4.5%)
the number of cases was 31 as two new patients were found 2020-04-28 13,915 (+4.4%) 292 (+3.9%)
positive in Karachi while one was reported in Islamabad.[38] 2020-04-29 14,612 (+5%) 312 (+6.8%)
2020-04-30 15,525 (+6.2%) 343 (+9.9%)
Five more cases were announced in Karachi the next day on 2020-05-01 16,817 (+8.3%) 385 (+12%)
15 March, including a second local transmission of the 2020-05-02 18,114 (+7.7%) 417 (+8.3%)
coronavirus in Sindh, while the other three had a travel 2020-05-03 19,103 (+5.5%) 440 (+5.5%)
history of Saudi Arabia and one had been to Balochistan.[39] 2020-05-04 20,186 (+5.7%) 462 (+5%)
2020-05-05 21,501 (+6.5%) 486 (+5.2%)
There was also a new case reported in Islamabad Capital
2020-05-06 22,049 (+2.5%) 514 (+5.8%)
Territory. Lahore Health Secretary, Mohammad Usman
2020-05-07 23,214 (+5.3%) 544 (+5.8%)
confirmed the first case of coronavirus in Punjab in the city of 2020-05-08 24,644 (+6.2%) 585 (+7.5%)
Lahore. The infected patient had returned from United 2020-05-09 26,435 (+7.3%) 599 (+2.4%)
Kingdom on 10 March and was shifted to Mayo Hospital in 2020-05-10 28,736 (+8.7%) 636 (+6.2%)
an isolation ward.[40] The National Institute of Health 2020-05-11 30,334 (+5.6%) 659 (+3.6%)
reported 11 new cases in Sindh and 6 new in a mobile lab at 2020-05-12 30,941 (+2%) 667 (+1.2%)
the Taftan border area. and the first case in Punjab, increasing 2020-05-13 32,674 (+5.6%) 724 (+8.5%)
the tally to 53.[41][42] On 16 March, a total of 134 new 2020-05-14 34,336 (+5.1%) 737 (+1.8%)
positives cases were registered, the majority of them, 116 in 2020-05-15 35,788 (+4.2%) 770 (+4.5%)
Sindh. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa also reported its first 15 2020-05-16 37,218 (+4%) 803 (+4.3%)
cases[43] while 3 were found in Balochistan. This marked the 2020-05-17 38,799 (+4.2%) 834 (+3.9%)
sharpest increase so far as not only were more than a 100 2020-05-18 40,151 (+3.5%) 873 (+4.7%)
cases were reported in a province within a day but also the 2020-05-19 42,125 (+4.9%) 903 (+3.4%)
2020-05-20 43,966 (+4.4%) 939 (+4%)
number across the country reached 187.[44][45][46] The tally
2020-05-21 45,898 (+4.4%) 985 (+4.9%)
had shot up to 237 with 25 new cases in Punjab, 12 in Sindh
2020-05-22 48,091 (+4.8%) 1,017 (+3.2%)
and 4 in Islamabad on 17 March.[47][48][49] 2020-05-23 50,694 (+5.4%) 1,067 (+4.9%)
2020-05-24 52,437 (+3.4%) 1,101 (+3.2%)
By 18 March, the first case of coronavirus was reported from 2020-05-25 54,601 (+4.1%) 1,133 (+2.9%)
Azad Kashmir. The provinces of Sindh and Gilgit-Baltistan 2020-05-26 56,349 (+3.2%) 1,167 (+3%)
saw an increase of cases by 36 and 10 respectively. New 2020-05-27 57,705 (+2.4%) 1,197 (+2.6%)
cases were also reported in other provinces. A patient from 2020-05-28 59,151 (+2.5%) 1,225 (+2.3%)
Hyderabad was also discharged after recovering in Sindh 2020-05-29 61,227 (+3.5%) 1,260 (+2.9%)
province, making the total number of recovered cases 5. A 2020-05-30 64,028 (+4.6%) 1,317 (+4.5%)
total of 302 positive cases were confirmed in Pakistan on 18 2020-05-31 66,457 (+3.8%) 1,395 (+5.9%)
March.[50][51] The first two deaths due to the virus in the 2020-06-01 69,496 (+4.6%) 1,483 (+6.3%)
country were also confirmed on the day. Both were reported 2020-06-02 72,460 (+4.3%) 1,543 (+4%)
from the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the first being a 2020-06-03 76,398 (+5.4%) 1,621 (+5.1%)
50-year-old man who had recently from Saudi Arabia to 2020-06-04 80,463 (+5.3%) 1,688 (+4.1%)
Mardan District after performing Umrah in Mecca, while the 2020-06-05 85,264 (+6%) 1,770 (+4.9%)
second victim was a 36-year-old from Hangu District. Both 2020-06-06 89,249 (+4.7%) 1,838 (+3.8%)
had been hospitalised in Peshawar.[52] 2020-06-07 93,983 (+5.3%) 1,935 (+5.3%)
2020-06-08 98,943 (+5.3%) 2,002 (+3.5%)
The cases doubled by more than half from 33 to 80 in 2020-06-09 103,671 (+4.8%) 2,067 (+3.2%)
Punjab; and from 23 to 81 in Balochistan on 19 March. The 2020-06-10 108,317 (+4.5%) 2,172 (+5.1%)
2020-06-11 113,702 (+5%) 2,255 (+3.8%)
rise in cases led the provincial government of Balochistan to
2020-06-12 119,536 (+5.1%) 2,356 (+4.5%)
declare a health emergency and impose a ban on public
2020-06-13 125,933 (+5.4%) 2,463 (+4.5%)
transport. The provincial government spokesperson Liaquat
2020-06-14 132,405 (+5.1%) 2,551 (+3.6%)
Shahwani stated that a relief package will be provided to the 2020-06-15 139,230 (+5.2%) 2,632 (+3.2%)
employees of transport companies.[53] With a total of 159 2020-06-16 144,478 (+3.8%) 2,729 (+3.7%)
new cases, the number confirmed cases jumped to 461.[54] 2020-06-17 148,921 (+3.1%) 2,839 (+4%)
2020-06-18 154,760 (+3.9%) 2,975 (+4.8%)
2020-06-19 160,118 (+3.5%) 3,093 (+4%)
20–31 March – First deaths 2020-06-20 165,062 (+3.1%) 3,229 (+4.4%)
2020-06-21 171,666 (+4%) 3,382 (+4.7%)
On 20 March, the first death was reported in Sindh. The 2020-06-22 176,617 (+2.9%) 3,501 (+3.5%)
patient was a 77-year-old who had acquired the virus through 2020-06-23 181,088 (+2.5%) 3,590 (+2.5%)
local transmission.[55] The patient was a cancer survivor and 2020-06-24 185,034 (+2.2%) 3,695 (+2.9%)
had other underlying medical problems such as hypertension 2020-06-25 188,926 (+2.1%) 3,755 (+1.6%)
and diabetes.[56] While in other provinces, the increase in 2020-06-26 192,970 (+2.1%) 3,903 (+3.9%)
number of new cases was lower compared to the past few 2020-06-27 195,745 (+1.4%) 3,962 (+1.5%)
days at 34 and the tally stood at 495.[57] 2020-06-28 198,883 (+1.6%) 4,035 (+1.8%)
2020-06-29 202,955 (+2%) 4,118 (+2.1%)
On 22 March, the third death in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was 2020-06-30 206,510 (+1.8%) 4,167 (+1.2%)
announced. The first death in Gilgit-Baltistan and Balochistan 2020-07-01 209,337 (+1.4%) 4,304 (+3.3%)
were also announced on that day, meaning that the number of 2020-07-02 213,470 (+2%) 4,395 (+2.1%)
deaths increased to 6. The number of cases had also increased 2020-07-03 217,809 (+2%) 4,473 (+1.8%)
to 784 with 138 new cases.[58][59] The fatality at DHQ 2020-07-04 221,896 (+1.9%) 4,551 (+1.7%)
Hospital in Gilgit was a doctor who contracted the virus after 2020-07-05 225,283 (+1.5%) 4,619 (+1.5%)
screening pilgrims returning from Iran.[60][61] On 22 March, 2020-07-06 228,474 (+1.4%) 4,712 (+2%)
Gilgit-Baltistan went under lockdown for an indefinite 2020-07-07 231,818 (+1.5%) 4,762 (+1.1%)
period.[62] 13 new pilgrims from Taftan via Dera Ghazi Khan 2020-07-08 234,509 (+1.2%) 4,839 (+1.6%)
were put in quarantine at Mirpur. Also on that day, Descon 2020-07-09 237,489 (+1.3%) 4,922 (+1.7%)
2020-07-10 240,848 (+1.4%) 4,983 (+1.2%)
donated 10,000 hand sanitisers to hospitals in Punjab,
2020-07-11 243,599 (+1.1%) 5,058 (+1.5%)
whereas in Balochistan 26 drivers who transported the
2020-07-12 246,351 (+1.1%) 5,123 (+1.3%)
positive COVID-19 cases to hospitals were kept in 2020-07-13 248,872 (+1%) 5,197 (+1.4%)
quarantine.[63] 2020-07-14 251,625 (+1.1%) 5,266 (+1.3%)
2020-07-15 253,604 (+0.79%) 5,320 (+1%)
On 23 March, many doctors across the nation complained 2020-07-16 255,769 (+0.85%) 5,386 (+1.2%)
about the lack of proper equipment for battling the virus. A 2020-07-17 257,914 (+0.84%) 5,426 (+0.74%)
spokesman for Doctors' Union in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa said, 2020-07-18 259,999 (+0.81%) 5,475 (+0.9%)
"We do not have personal protective equipment (PPE), or 2020-07-19 261,917 (+0.74%) 5,522 (+0.86%)
goggles, and even [face] masks we are buying from our own 2020-07-20 263,493 (+0.6%) 5,568 (+0.83%)
funds".[64] Arrangements were made on the day by the 2020-07-21 265,083 (+0.6%) 5,599 (+0.56%)
Foreign Office to bring 72 Pakistanis stranded at the Doha 2020-07-22 266,096 (+0.38%) 5,639 (+0.71%)
International Airport in Doha, Qatar as it had decided to 2020-07-23 267,428 (+0.5%) 5,677 (+0.67%)
temporarily ban travellers from Pakistan and 14 other 2020-07-24 269,191 (+0.66%) 5,709 (+0.56%)
countries early in the month. The passengers were subject to 2020-07-25 270,400 (+0.45%) 5,763 (+0.95%)
strict screening upon arrival.[65] Another flight was arranged 2020-07-26 271,887 (+0.55%) 5,787 (+0.42%)
to bring 150 citizens for the UAE stranded at Dubai and Abu 2020-07-27 273,113 (+0.45%) 5,822 (+0.6%)
2020-07-28 274,289 (+0.43%) 5,842 (+0.34%)
Dhabi International Airport.[66] The Sindh Education
2020-07-29 275,275 (+0.36%) 5,865 (+0.39%)
Minister Saeed Ghani tested positive for the virus and self-
2020-07-30 276,300 (+0.37%) 5,890 (+0.43%)
quarrantined for 14 days that day.[67] He recovered from the 2020-07-31 277,300 (+0.36%) 5,919 (+0.49%)
virus on 30 March.[68] 2020-08-01 278,305 (+0.36%) 5,951 (+0.54%)
2020-08-02 279,146 (+0.3%) 5,970 (+0.32%)
On 24 March, Sindh and Balochistan observed lockdown 2020-08-03 280,029 (+0.32%) 5,984 (+0.23%)
until 7 April, while Azad Kahmsir went under it until 13 2020-08-04 280,461 (+0.15%) 5,999 (+0.25%)
April respectively.[69][70][71] Punjab also imposed lockdown 2020-08-05 281,136 (+0.24%) 6,014 (+0.25%)
on 24 March, but only until 6 April.[72] In Sindh, the local 2020-08-06 281,863 (+0.26%) 6,035 (+0.35%)
police detained 472 people in various districts of the province 2020-08-07 282,645 (+0.28%) 6,052 (+0.28%)
the same day in violation of the lockdown, with 222 of them 2020-08-08 283,487 (+0.3%) 6,068 (+0.26%)
in Karachi alone and a total of 72 FIRs were registered on 24 2020-08-09 284,121 (+0.22%) 6,082 (+0.23%)
March. The cases pertained to hoarding and profiteering of 2020-08-10 284,660 (+0.19%) 6,097 (+0.25%)
safety masks and hand sanitisers, large gatherings, opening 2020-08-11 285,191 (+0.19%) 6,112 (+0.25%)
shops and restaurants and travelling in passenger buses.[73] 2020-08-12 285,921 (+0.26%) 6,129 (+0.28%)
The provincial government of Sindh allowed 640 pilgrims 2020-08-13 286,674 (+0.26%) 6,139 (+0.16%)
2020-08-14 287,174 (+0.17%) 6,153 (+0.23%)
quarantined in Sukkur to return home after being tested
2020-08-15 288,041 (+0.3%) 6,162 (+0.15%)
negative for the virus. The Chief Minister issued directives
2020-08-16 288,716 (+0.23%) 6,168 (+0.1%)
for the relevant deputy commissioners to receive the pilgrims
2020-08-17 289,215 (+0.17%) 6,175 (+0.11%)
on their return and monitor their health conditions for the next 2020-08-18 289,829 (+0.21%) 6,190 (+0.24%)
10 days.[74] 2020-08-19 290,442 (+0.21%) 6,201 (+0.18%)
2020-08-20 290,958 (+0.18%) 6,209 (+0.13%)
On 25 March, several restrictions were imposed in the capital 2020-08-21 291,539 (+0.2%) 6,219 (+0.16%)
territory of Islamabad. These included closing of the 2020-08-22 292,174 (+0.22%) 6,231 (+0.19%)
outpatient departments of hospitals, complete bans on intra- 2020-08-23 292,765 (+0.2%) 6,235 (+0.06%)
city, inter-district and inter-province public transport as well 2020-08-24 293,261 (+0.17%) 6,244 (+0.14%)
as gatherings in public and private places.[75] Three new 2020-08-25 293,711 (+0.15%) 6,255 (+0.18%)
recoveries were announced as well as the eighth death in the 2020-08-26 294,193 (+0.16%) 6,267 (+0.19%)
country. The number of positive cases in the nation crossed 2020-08-27 294,638 (+0.15%) 6,274 (+0.11%)
1,000 as the tally increased to 1,057.[76] On 26 March 140 2020-08-28 295,053 (+0.14%) 6,283 (+0.14%)
new cases were tested positive across Pakistan. One new 2020-08-29 295,372 (+0.11%) 6,284 (+0.02%)
death was reported in Punjab, meaning that the death toll 2020-08-30 295,636 (+0.09%) 6,288 (+0.06%)
increased to 9. The total number of cases reached 1,197. 2020-08-31 295,849 (+0.07%) 6,294 (+0.1%)
2020-09-01 296,149 (+0.1%) 6,298 (+0.06%)
Meanwhile, the number of recoveries increased by 2.[77]
2020-09-02 296,590 (+0.15%) 6,318 (+0.32%)
On 27 March, Pakistan reported a total of 211 new cases, the 2020-09-03 297,014 (+0.14%) 6,328 (+0.16%)
2020-09-04 297,512 (+0.17%) 6,335 (+0.11%)
first time the number crossed 200. Punjab also overtook
2020-09-05 298,025 (+0.17%) 6,340 (+0.08%)
Sindh as the province with highest number of cases at 490,
2020-09-06 298,509 (+0.16%) 6,342 (+0.03%)
while two deaths were also reported there.[78] The National 2020-09-07 298,903 (+0.13%) 6,345 (+0.05%)
Institute of Health (NIH) distributed N95 masks across Sindh, 2020-09-08 299,233 (+0.11%) 6,350 (+0.08%)
while in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, screeing teams were deputed 2020-09-09 299,659 (+0.14%) 6,359 (+0.14%)
at all district entry and exit points for screening of visitors of 2020-09-10 299,855 (+0.07%) 6,365 (+0.09%)
COVID-19 patients. In Gilgit-Baltistan, the local government Cases: The number of cases reported by the Government
decided that all travellers coming from the Taftan border Sources: Official reports from the National Institute of Health and Government tracker (http://co
would be tested for COVID-19. The total number of positive vid.gov.pk/)
cases in the country reach 1408, while 3 patients were
discharged, making the recovered cases a total of 26 and two
deaths occurred, taking the total number of deaths to 11.[79] The NIH initiated district level trainings of high-dependency unit, isolation and quarantine staff across
Punjab.[80]

On 28 March, the Foundation set up by the Chinese billionaire Jack Ma and the Alibaba Group sent a second aircraft carrying various medical supplies to Pakistan.
The aircraft was received in Karachi with at least 50,000 testing kits, large number of face masks, ventilators and personal protective equipment (PPE), which were
combined around two tonnes of supplies worth Rs 67 million.[81] The same day, Pakistan allowed Thai Airways to resume its flight operation for Islamabad to bring
back 175 Pakistanis stranded in Bangkok, Thailand.[82] Meanwhile, the Government of Punjab announced a Rs 10 billion relief package for financial support of
2.5 million families of daily-wage earners.[83]
The country reported an additional 118 cases on 29 March, taking the total to 1,526. One death each was reported in the provinces of Sindh and Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa, taking the total number of deceased to 13. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa developed and disseminated quarantine discontinuation guidelines.[80] Also on the
day, five Pakistani nationals visiting India on medical visas returned home via the Wagah border after being stranded in Noida and New Delhi due to the countrywide
21-day lockdown imposed by the Indian government.[84] Two of them tested positive for the virus on 31 March.[85] As the cases neared 500 in Sindh, the CM of the
province said that the data showed 25% of cases were due to local transmission. He stated, "the local transmission ratio is worrisome and needs to be contained
further."[86]

On 30 March, Pakistan reported the highest number of new cases in a single day for March at 240. The total number reached 1,865 while total recoveries stood at 58
with 25 deaths.[87] the Federal Minister for Science and Technology Chaudhry Fawad Hussain said that locally manufactured ventilators and testing kits would hit the
market in the coming days. The coronavirus testing kits were developed by Pakistan's National Institute of Virology based in Karachi University and the National
University of Science and Technology (NUST) have been handed to the Drug Regulatory Authority (DRAP) for final approval. While the Pakistan Engineering
Council (PEC) developed ventilators, in collaboration with NED University of Engineering and Technology and Pakistan Engineering Board, which were handed
over to DRAP later in the week. He also said that the capacity of Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) for production of hand sanitizers
was enhanced.[88]

On 31 March 82 total recoveries were announced, as well as the 26th death in the country. 174 new cases were tested positive, meaning that the total number of
positive cases had increased to 2,039.[89]

April 2020

On 1 April 252 new cases were confirmed, bringing the total number of cases to 2291, while the total number of recoveries
in the country surpassed 100.[90] A further 159 new cases were confirmed on 2 April, bringing the tally to 2450. Four deaths
were reported, two from Sindh and one each from KP, and Gilgit increasing the total to 35.[91] The total cases increased to
2708 after 258 new cases were confirmed on 3 April, making Punjab the first province to cross 1,000 confirmed cases. Five
deaths were reported.[92][93]

The number of confirmed cases crossed 3,000 around the nation on 5 April.[94] The country recorded nearly a 1000 cases
over the next two days and the tally reached a total of 4,005 on 7 April with 54 deaths and 429 recoveries.[95] Sindh became
the second province to cross 1,000 confirmed cases after Punjab on 8 April.[96] On 11 April, the total cases surged over Confirmed cases by districts in
5,000 leaving over 80 dead so far.[97][98] The total number of recoveries in Pakistan reached abover 1,000 on 12 April.[99] Pakistan since 17 June 2020
Confirmed cases
The federal government decided on 14 April to extend the ongoing lockdown for two more weeks until 30 April.[100] On 15 Suspected cases
April, the national death tally surpassed 100 and the number of cases crossed 6000.[101][102] On 16 April, it was reported that
58% of the cases had been locally transmitted in Pakistan.[103]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa crossed the mark of 1,000 confirmed cases on 18 April.[104] A report released on 21 April stated that over 2,000; 27% of the total positive
cases in the country were linked to the religious congregation of the Tablighi Jamaat.[105] Pakistan crossed a critical mark of the outbreak in the country as the total
number of cases surged above 10,000 on 22 April.[106] On 24 April, the federal government once again extended the lockdown in the country, this time until 9
May.[6]

In late April, a group of senior doctors in Pakistan, and abroad, wrote to religious leaders and to the prime minister "pleading" not to open mosques during ramadan,
particularly as 80% of the people attending would be mostly in their 60s and 70s. This could result in an "explosion of Covid-19".[107] The governor of Sindh, Imran
Ismail revealed on 27 April that he had tested positive for COVID-19 via Twitter.[108]

May 2020

By 7 May, COVID-19 had infected more than 500 Pakistani healthcare workers.[109] On 9 May, the lockdown ended in Pakistan.[110] On 18 May 16 new fatalities
were recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, bringing the death toll to 334 in the province. The next day, a further 11 fatalities were reported in the province, bringing the
death toll to 345.[111] On 19 May, it was reported that a 64-year-old patient in Hyderabad, Sindh, recovered after undergoing plasma therapy.[112] On 21 May, the
number of positive cases passed 48,000, after 2,193 new cases were announced. 32 new fatalities were recorded. The death toll reached 1,017, as the number of
recoveries reached 14,155. Planning Minister Asad Umar said that Pakistan could test 25,000 people a day.[113]

On 22 May, Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 crashed on approach to Jinnah International Airport, killing 97 of the 99 people on board.[114][115] The crash
further stretched health resources, and led to a three-day long decline in testing.[116]

On 29 May, it was announced that 900 children under the age of 10 had tested positive in Sindh. Most cases were asymptomatic.[117]

June 2020

In early June, after testing began to pick up once again, case numbers began rising far faster, after levels of new cases in 24
hours breaking 3,000 on 31 May 3 June was the first day in which more than 4,000 people tested positive for COVID-19.
The ratio of positive cases to tests also increased, hovering around 20 - 25% in the first few days of June.

On 1 June 2020, it was reported that Punjab's chief minister, Usman Buzdar, had been told in a summary that there were an
estimated 670,000 cases of COVID-19, most of them asymptomatic, in Lahore and that COVID-19 had reached every single
COVID-19 Equipment
area of Lahore.[118]

On 13 June 2020, veteran Pakistani cricketer and former captain of Pakistan national cricket team Shahid Afridi confirmed
that he has been tested positive for COVID-19 through his official Twitter account after experiencing severe body pain since 11 June 2020.[119][120] He was actively
involved in social service helping people across Balochistan in the remote areas during the lockdown imposed in the country prior to contracting with the
coronavirus.[121]

On 17 June 2020, Shaheed Sikandarabad District, Sherani District, and Barkhan District, all in Balochistan, all recorded their first case of COVID-19. This meant that
every single district in the four provinces of Pakistan had at least one confirmed case of COVID-19.[122]

Raiwind Hotspot
Raiwind in the city of Lahore acts as the headquarters of the Tablighi Jamaat in Pakistan, an evangelical organisation that promotes proselytism by all its members.
According to scholar Barbara Metcalf, the annual congregation at Raiwind attracts some two million and odd attendees.[123] The Tablighi Jamaat congregations are
popular with Muslims of other sects and also cuts across socio-economic classes, ranging from high-level politicians to the middle and lower classes.[124] On 10
March, a congregation of the organisation took place in Raiwind Markaz and resulted as a coronavirus super-spreader event with more than 539 confirmed cases
linked to it reported across the country so far.[125]

According to a report by the Punjab Special Branch approximately 70,000 to 80,000 members may have attended the congregation, with the majority being from
various parts of Pakistan and 3,000 attendees from 40 foreign countries. The Jamaat's management claimed 250,000 attendees. The event carried on despite the strong
opposition and warnings by the Government of Punjab. But according to the police, it was cut short from six days to three days.[125][126] A cluster spread became
apparent in the following days as cases traced back to the event were reported across the country.[127] By 31 March 143 infections and three deaths were
reported.[128]

On 2 April, Pakistani authorities placed the entire city of Raiwind under quarantine, and shut down all general and medical stores after 40 Tablighi Jamaat participants
tested positive for coronavirus.[129] As of 8 April 539 infections were reported, of which 404 were in the Raiwind Markaz and 31 in Hafizabad.[125]

In Punjab, 10,263 attendees of the Tablighi Jamaat event were quarantined in 36 districts of the province. Efforts are under way to trace thousands of other
participants.[125] The government of Sindh also announced a quarantine of all the attendees of the event. Bara Kahu in Islamabad has been quarantined as some
returning attendees there tested positive for the coronavirus.[124] Approximately 50 participants of the Tablighi Jamaat, including five Nigerian women, were admitted
to a quarantine centre in Kasur while some 38 participants have also tested positive in Hyderabad.[127]

A report in late April revealed that the event had caused over 2,000; 27% of the country's total positive cases.[105]

Other cases
On 29 January, four Pakistani students studying in China tested positive for COVID-19. Two more were later confirmed making the total number 6. Four of the
students had recovered on 12 February while the other two recovered on 14 February after being hospitalised in Guangzhou.[130]

On 11 March, the Pakistani consulate in Milan announced the first death of a Pakistani from COVID-19 in Brescia, Italy.[131]

A Pakistani national tested positive at the Torkham border between Pakistan and Afghanistan on 12 March. It was reported that the patient was an employee of
Pakistani embassy in Afghanistan.[132]

On 20 March, the Palestinian Health Ministry announced a new case in Salfit Governorate, Palestine, which originated from Pakistan.[133][134] On 21 March,
Palestinian sources confirmed the first two cases in Gaza City, Gaza; the two Palestinians had travelled from Pakistan and entered Gaza through Egypt. Once they
had tested positive for the virus they were placed in quarantine in Rafah since their arrival on 19 March.[135][136][137] On 22 March, a patient in Zambia had travelled
to Pakistan and had contracted COVID-19.[138]

On 28 March, Pakistani squash player Azam Khan died of COVID-19 in London, England, at the age of 95.[139]

Prevention measures and response

Federal government

March 2020

The national carrier, PIA decided to suspend the flight operation between Pakistan and China till 30 January due to the outbreak. After confirmed reports of hundreds
of cases in neighbouring China, the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) introduced screening measures at four major airports: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore and
Peshawar for every passenger arriving from China.[140] Screening was also started for domestic travellers at Karachi's airport on 21 March.[141]

On 13 March, President Dr. Arif Alvi in a special tweet, advised the public to avoid participation in mass gatherings, handshaking or hugging in addition to taking
other precautionary measures if they observe symptoms of flu or coronavirus infection.[142][143] Pakistan also stopped all international flights, except those at
Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore airports on the day.[144]

It was also decided on 13 March at the National Security Council meeting with Prime Minister Imran Khan that all schools and universities would be closed until 5
April. However, the faculty and staff will go to work as usual. The lectures and classes will be held online in some institutions i.e., Riphah International University,
FAST NUCES University, Institute of Space Technology.[145][146] The Pakistan Day Parade, scheduled to be held on 23 March was also cancelled along with all
public events[147] and proceedings of the Senate were postponed for two weeks on the day.[148]

Pakistan closed its borders to travellers from Afghanistan at the Chaman border from 2 until 21 March.[149] The border was only partially reopened later after 21
March for transportation of food items while pedestrian movement remained suspended.[150] The Durand Line border was sealed from 16 March for at least two
weeks. The same time period also applied to the land border with Iran after reopening it on 7 March from a previous closure.[145][151][152][153] All land borders,
including the China-Pakistan border with China were shut from 16 March.[154]

Lieutenant General Muhammad Afzal, the NDMA chairman, announced that the government was working on securing more PPEs and other resources for healthcare
workers on 20 March.[64]

On 21 March, all international flights were suspended for two weeks. The Civil Aviation Authority stated, "[The] government of Pakistan has decided to suspend
operation of all international passenger, chartered and private flights to Pakistan, effective from March 21 till April 4".[155][156] This led to many citizens being
stranded in the Middle East, Thailand and Malaysia.[157] The Railways Minister Sheikh Rasheed Ahmed declared the suspension of 42 trains.[158]

The health ministry announced that 14 metric tonnes of PPE, "including face masks, thermometers, gloves [and] gowns", had been dispatched to Pakistan on 22
March.[64] The federal government offered financial assistance to Sindh by allotting the province $10 million from the non-development funds of the World Bank the
same day. Imran Ismail, the Governor of Sindh stated that the federal government was taking "vigorous measures" to control the outbreak and that rations will be
provided to the families of patients.[159]
On 23 March, the nation celebrated Pakistan Day without any public gatherings or military parade. The Prime Minister Imran
Khan and President Dr. Arif Alvi urged the nation to demonstrate unity, discipline and passion in fighting the coronavirus
pandemic.[160] The PM also stated that a complete lockdown of the country was not feasible as 25% of the population lives
below the poverty line and would make their lives miserable.[161] The government has over 35 hospitals across the country
set up to deal with the outbreak, equipped with more than 118,000 beds as of the day.[64]

The National Assembly speaker Asad Qaiser summoned a meeting of the parliamentary leaders of the Senate and the Lower
house to review and discuss the role of the Parliament in containing the spread of the pandemic across the country for 25
March on the day.[162]

On 24 March, the Chief of the Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa ordered the deployment of troops nationwide and
military's medical resources to fight the ongoing outbreak alongside the national health infrastructure after the Ministry of
Interior approved the action on the previous day. The Ministry had received requests in this regard from the provincial
governments over the past two days amid surging number of patients.[163][164]

The State Bank of Pakistan issued a statement the same day declaring that it would be providing disinfected cash to all banks
for circulation while ensuring to "clean, disinfect, seal and quarantine all cash being collected from hospitals and clinics and
to block circulation of such cash in the market." It was further assured that banks could re-issue cash which remained in
quarantine for 15 days and all ATMs as well as call centres and helplines would be running 24/7. Banks could close branches
only if a staff member tested positive for the virus or "where requisite human resources [were] not available" to avoid
congestion as it would be counterproductive to social distancing.[165] The federal capital territory of Islamabad was placed COVID-19 Equipment in Pakistan
under virtual lockdown starting on 24 March.[166]

On 26 March, Pakistan decided to seek $3.7 billion additional financing from three multilateral creditors including another loan of $1.4 billion from the International
Monetary Fund to cope with the challenges being posed by the novel coronavirus outbreak. Adviser to the PM on Finance Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh announced at a
news conference that the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank would also extend loans of $1 billion and $1.25 billion respectively to the country.

The PM announced formation of youth force labelled ‘Corona Relief Tigers’ to help government in fight against the spread of coronavirus nationwide on 27 March.
The force was distributed across the country and would be used to supply food items to people in their houses in case COVID-19 cases sharply rose in a locality. The
recruitment began on 31 March.[167]

Due to various lockdowns imposed by the regional governments, the goods transport system came to a halt in later March. Thus, the federal government decided on
29 March that highways and roads across the country would remain open to ensure the transportation of goods and also increased the number of freight trains to avert
a shortage of food and other essential supplies. Chairing a meeting, the Prime Minister asked the provincial governments to take strict action against hoarders and
profiteers who were trying to exploit the ongoing crisis.[168] By late March, many regions in Pakistan had considered releasing under-trial prisoners to curb the
outbreak in jails. However, on 30 March, the Supreme Court refrained high courts and federal and provincial governments to pass any order regarding the release of
under-trial prisoners.[169]

Also on 30 March, the State Minister for Health, Dr Zafar Mirza announced that the Higher Education Commission (HEC) was inviting proposals from researchers,
scientists, technicians, manufacturers and other experts that could assist the government in its fight against COVID-19, adding that the commission would provide
generous funding to prospective researchers if their ideas are accepted. Meanwhile, the Lt. Gen. Afzal said that Sindh had been provided 20,000 testing kits, Punjab
5,000, Balochistan 4,800 and that up to 37,000 kits had been put into reserve.[170] The Federal Minister for Inter Provincial Coordination Dr. Fehmida Mirza
announced to create a fund to cover all medical expenses of sports persons infected with COVID-19 on that day.[171]

April 2020

On 1 April, Special Assistant on Information and Broadcasting Dr. Firdous Ashiq Awan said that protective kits would be provided to the journalists covering
vulnerable areas including quarantine centers. She also announced the launching of an app called COVID-19 Care for Media to help the journalists affected by the
virus. Furthermore, newspapers hawkers would also be registered in Ehsaas Emergency Cash program; part of the economic relief package announced by the federal
government, as their sales had also been affected due to the outbreak.[172]

On 2 April, the Federal Minister for Planning and Development Asad Umar announced that the country was extending the ongoing lockdown for another two weeks
until 14 April to curb the spread of the pandemic in the country.[7] On 14 April, the Prime Minister announced that the ongoing lockdown would be extended for two
more weeks until 30 April.[100] On 24 April, the federal government once again extended the lockdown in the country until 9 May.[6]

Some clerics took conservative position that mosques should remain open and operational during the holy month of Ramadan since congregational prayers are
believed to be obligatory for Muslim men. The Minister of Science and Technology, Chaudhry Fawad Hussain expressed his disappointment over conservative
stance, while the Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) along with the Pakistan Bar Association (PBA) demanded a complete lockdown in the country. The federal
government upon the warning of PMA and senior doctors that relaxing the lockdown could cause a spike in the cases, decided to extend the lockdown until the
middle of Ramadan.[173][173] However, permission was granted under the leadership of the President, Arif Alvi in consultation with the ulama and state
representatives for Mosque congregations.[174][175][176]

Economic Relief Package

On 24 March, the Prime Minister approved a Rs 1.2 trillion economic relief package. Of this, a total of Rs 150 billion was allotted for low-income groups, particularly
labourers while 280 billion rupees ($1.76 billion) was assigned for wheat procurement. Loan interest payments for exporters were deferred temporarily, while a
package of 100 billion rupees ($63 million) was provided to support small industries and the agriculture sector. There was also a significant deduction in petroleum
prices and the public couple pay electricity and gas bills below a certain amount in instalments.[177][178] Under the package the monthly stipend of the Benazir
Income Support Programme (BISP) was increased from Rs 2,000 to Rs 3,000. It was decided that the funds of the government's Ehsaas programme would be
distributed among the poor according to the available data of the BISP and through the under progress National Socio-Economic Registry (NSER) of the BISP. The
total number of BISP beneficiaries was 5.2 million but the number was increased under the package.[179] The relief package also included a special package for
healthcare professionals. According to which, if a doctor or a paramedic died while treating coronavirus patients, they would be considered martyrs and their families
would receive the package that is given to martyrs.[168]

The federal cabinet reviewed and approved the economic relief package on 31 March. The Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) finalised the package,
including a Rs 100-billion supplementary grant for an Emergency Relief Fund to combat the pandemic. It also approved a special package for relief to 12 million poor
families through cash assistance under the Ehsaas Programme, where cash grants would be provided under the Kafalat Programme and emergency cash assistance to
the poor on the recommendation of the district administration. The financial assistance was provided for four months as a one-time dispensation. The cash would be
provided either in one Rs 12,000 instalment through Kafalat partner banks, Bank Alfalah and Habib Bank Limited after biometric verification or in two instalments of
Rs 6,000 each.[180] Since its launch, a total of Rs 22.466 billion has been disbursed among 1.77 million individuals as of mid April.[181]

Regional governments
Current lockdown regions A
Punjab Province or Territory Start Date End Date

Punjab[72]
The Government of Punjab declared a health emergency on 12 March in a cabinet meeting. A quarantine facility
was established in the Dera Ghazi Khan district for the pilgrims returning from Iran.[146] Sindh[69]

Azad Kashmir[71] 24 March


On 22 March, the government decided to close down shopping malls, markets, parks and public gathering places
for two days till 24 March. Punjab Chief Minister, Sardar Usman Buzdar urged people to stay at home, practice Balochistan[70] 9 May[100]
social distancing and avoid unnecessary travel.[184] Despite this, local media reported that many residents in
Islamabad
Lahore had failed to practice the measures and downright defied it by opening up businesses and gathering in
large numbers on various public grounds. This led to the local police and city administration to forcibly vacate Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[182] 23 March
them.[185] Gilgit-Baltistan[183] 22 March

On 23 March, The Chief Minister announced a 14 days lockdown from 24 March till 6 April. All markets,
shopping malls and public places were closed and pillion riding was banned.[72] He also stated that a 1,000 bed
hospital would be set up in Lahore while five other hospitals were designated for coronavirus patients across the
province the next day on 23 March while the local government and rescue services started disinfecting towns
and cities. Public bus services were also temporarily suspended to disinfect all buses and stations.[186] The
Secretary Home Department of Punjab wrote a letter one the day to the Ministry of Interior seeking the
assistance of the military under Article 245.[162] The Punjab University manufactured coronavirus protection kits
along with large amounts of hand sanitisers, disinfectants and antiseptic wet-tissues for the public. The sanitisers
are for national usage. An online initiative was started for online purchases for home deliveries.[187] Also on the
day, more than 150 pilgrims arrived in Faisalabad from Iran via the Taftan border to be quarantined at a centre.
More arrangements were made to quarantine another 450 pilgrims returning at a centre established in the campus
of the Agricultural University. The government established the largest quarantine centre in the nation in Multan
at Multan Industrial Estate to isolate the returning pilgrims with 3000 rooms. It had 1,247 pilgrims in quarantine
as of the day. A companion 50 bed hospital was also set up to aid the centre.[188]

The provincial government decided to close down the regional motorways except for private vehicles with up to
two passengers as a preventive measure on 26 March.[189] The NIH initiated district level training of high-
dependency unit, isolation and quarantine staff across the province on 27 March.[80]

The Chief Minister of the province announced a Rs 10 billion relief package for financial support of 2.5 million
Map of districts with confirmed cases in Punjab,
families of daily-wage earners on 28 March. Each family was entitled to Rs 4,000 financial assistance excluding
[190][191] Pakistan
the beneficiaries of the Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP). The government also decided to
remove provincial taxes to the tune of Rs 18bn. The CM said that the Punjab government had decided to grant a
90-day imprisonment rebate to prisoners in jails across the province which would benefit some 3,100 prisoners. Furthermore, the Punjab Infectious Diseases
Prevention and Control Ordinance, 2020, was implemented to allow the civil administration and health department to implement government measures with complete
ease and under the cover of law. It was also declared that the government would provide a month's additional salary to all healthcare workers across Punjab.[83][192]
The Punjab Minister for Finance Hashim Jawan Bakht said that the economic package would also help the health sector and the Provincial Disaster Management
Authority (PDMA) cope with the crisis with an immediate funding of Rs 11.5 billion. To aid the medical professionals, a textile owner from Lahore offered to
manufacture PPE voluntarily and free of cost.[193] Also in the meeting, the CM stated that laboratories around the province would test 3,200 people every day for
coronavirus and 10,000 doctors and paramedics were being recruited to fight the pandemic.[168]

The Chief Minister Insaf Imdaad Programme (CMIIP) was launched on 1 April to help the daily wagers and the poor communities of the province affected by the
pandemic. Furthermore, Zakat funds worth Rs 870 million were also released to help around 170,000 families. A 1,000-bed field hospital was completed at the
Lahore Expo Centre and the Punjab government also announced on the day that it had released Rs 620 million for the establishment of eight new diagnostic labs at
divisional level to speed up the testing process for COVID-19.[194] Starting from 2 April, the lockdown in the province was extended until 14 April as per directions
by the federal government.[7] On 14 April, the lockdown period was further extended for two weeks, until 30 April by the federal government.[100] The same day,
Lahore police reported that a total of 13,498 cases had been registered against lockdown violators since 16 March.[195]

By early April, the province suspended regular prayer services in places of worship to stop the spread of COVID-19.[196] Punjab Chief Secretary, Azam Suleman
Khan relayed to media on 6 April that field hospitals for coronavirus patients were being established across the province and two of these would be functional in
Rawalpindi and Jhelum in the next three days.[197]

On 8 April, the Lahore District Jail Superintendent urged authorities to not send any new inmates to the prison after 49 positive cases emerged there in addition to
over 150 suspects.[198] On 10 April, the Punjab Minister for Law, Parliamentary Affairs and Social Welfare Muhammad Basharat Raja stated that a transfer plan had
been made to shift 3,500 prisoners from overcrowded jails to others to curb the spread of coronavirus in prisons of the province.[199] Also on the day, the provincial
Information Minister, Fayyazul Hassan Chohan declared a relief package for media workers and personnel. Under the package, the government would pay Rs 1
million to any journalist who died due to COVID-19 while his widow would get Rs 10,000 as monthly pension for life. Rs 100,000 would also be provided to any
media worker diagnosed with the coronavirus.[200]

At least 1,700 pilgrims returning from Iran were quarantined at a centre in Multan on 16 April.[201]

Sindh

On 1 March, Chief Minister of Sindh, Syed Murad Ali Shah, announced the closure of all educational institutes in Sindh until 13 March,[202][203] which was later
extended until 30 May.[204] On 12 March, the Government of Sindh also announced that the remaining PSL matches at National Stadium, Karachi would be held
behind closed doors.[205] The Sindh government announced on 13 March that all educational institutions will remain closed until 30 May[146] imposed a temporary
ban on marriage halls, shrines and festivals in the province on 14 March.[206]
On 20 March, the Pakistan Army helped set up a 10,000-
bed field hospital at Karachi's Expo Centre to isolate and
treat confirmed patients. ALl expenses for its establishment
were born by the provincial government.[207] On 21
March, the Government of Sindh announced a lockdown in
the province for 14 days from morning of 24 March,
ordering all public transport, markets, offices, shopping
malls, restaurants, and public areas to be shut
down.[69][208] The Sindh government announced paid
leave for all workers during the lockdown, and said no
"Flatten the curve" campaign in Sindhi on social would be laid off during the period under Section 3 of the
distancing . Sindh Epidemic Diseases Act (2014) and other relevant
labour laws.[209] The province banned intra-city transport
to minimise the outbreak and multiple violators were issued
fines, impounded and cancelled.[210] The national army was called to enforce the lockdown.[211] On 23 March, Map of districts with confirmed cases in Sindh
an isolation and quarantine centre was completed at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical College in Karachi which
also provided free tests of suspected cases with results in 8 hours of sample submission.[187]

The Pakistan Cricket Board, on request from the Sindh Government, agreed to convert its Hanif Mohammad High Performance Centre into a temporary living area
for paramedic staff working at the makeshift hospital at Expo Centre, Karachi on 24 March.[212] The local police detained 472 people in various districts of the
province on the day, with 222 of them in Karachi alone and a total of FIRs were registered. The cases pertained to hoarding and profiteering of safety masks and hand
sanitisers, large gatherings, opening shops and restaurants and travelling in passenger buses. Multiple violations of the lockdown were observed in several places
across the province such as gatherings on the beach, residents being out and major markets, shopping centres, bazaars and restaurants remained open.[73] As a result,
a taskforce meeting led by the Chief Minister was held on the next day on 25 March to take more stringent measures to ensure that all residents abided by the
government orders of. It was resolved that all grocery stores and shops apart from pharmacies and medical stores to remain closed between 8 pm and 8 am. The Sindh
Inspector General of Police, Javed Ahmed Mahar was directed to make measures taken in connection with the lockdown and make certain that people were not
allowed to roam freely in the city unnecessarily. Additionally, the Chief Secretary and Karachi Commissioner were ordered to ensure that big factories remained
closed during the lockdown and direct banks to keep only important branches operational.[213]

On 25 March, the provincial health department officials began coronavirus case mapping as per directives by the Chief Minister. He further tasked them with sharing
the data with deputy commissioners so necessary measures could be taken to contain the outbreak in their respective areas. Orders were also given to improve
sampling arrangements, upon which 18 vehicles of the Indus Hospital were dedicated for collecting samples from homes. The health officials briefed the Chief
Minister about a new machine made at the Wuhan Institute of Virology in China, which could test secretions from the nose instead of testing throat secretion as was
the current procedure. At this, the CM directed the provincial Chief Secretary to consult with medical experts whether procuring the machine would be feasible and if
they deemed it to be beneficial, place an order for 100 machines. The CM further stated that he would request the federal government for a special aircraft to transport
the machines if the government decided to procure them.[74]

On the same day, the local government also arranged to launch a mobile service across the province to provide rations to the needy along with daily wages to those
affected by the pandemic. A number was dedicated for the service and those in need could text there. Moreover, a warehouse was established for storage of ration
bags and a helpline set up for people to register for acquiring the bags. The CM also ordered to release Rs 341 million for carrying out administrative work under
district administrations and spending on facilities provided to pilgrims.[214] Shortly afterward, reports emerged that rations were being denied to minority Hindus and
Christians in the coastal areas of Karachi. The Saylani Welfare Trust, carrying out the relief work, said that the aid was reserved for Muslims alone.[215][216] On 14
April, the US Commission on International Religious Freedom expressed concern with the discrimination. Other organisations, including Edhi Foundation, JDC
Welfare Organization and Jamaat-e-Islami are reported to have stepped forward to provide relief to the minorities.[217]

On 27 March, public holidays were extended till 5 April in the province while markets and shopping malls were to remain closed till 10 April. Ajmal Wazir, the
adviser to the CM stated that the government the government had decided on tax exemption to facilitate the business community and protect jobs with Rs 17.5 billion
reserved for wheat procurement. An amount of Rs 8 billion was also approved for district hospitals to enable them by the urgent supplies.[218] To further enforce
lockdown, the Sindh govt restricted movement between 8 am and 5 pm, while all grocery stores were ordered to be closed by 5 pm. These restrictions went into force
on 28 March.[219] Sindh Province also received 500,000 K N95 masks from China.[77] On 29 March, the Sindh CM approved a proposal to release about 4,000
convicts from prison to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus outbreak in the province's jails.[220]

On 30 March, the Chief Minister, Syed Murad Ali Shah made public a mobile application, namely the Sindh Relief Initiative, on which welfare organisations could
register to work with the provincial government for the distribution of ration among daily-wagers at their doorstep.[221] Also on the day, the Mayor of Karachi, Wasim
Akhtar designated five cemeteries in the city for burials of those who died due to coronavirus. He said that only a few close relatives of the deceased could enter the
cemetery for burial, adding that the body would be brought into the cemetery with protective measures and no last sighting would be allowed. The mayor also wrote
to the National Disaster Management Authority, the provincial government and the Governor Imran Ismail requesting funds to provide essential equipment and
ventilators to Karachi Metropolitan Corporation hospitals.[222] The Sindh government issued a circular directing private schools across the province to pay full
salaries to its teachers on time the same day. Another directive was also declared for factories and other private entities operating in the province to disburse salaries to
their employees by 31 March.

On 2 April, the Sindh government extended the lockdown until 14 April. It also announced new restrictions, closing down shrines and other holy sites while
suspending inter and intra-city public transport. There was also a restriction on from movement of people from 5:00 pm to 08:00 am except for armed forces
personnel, doctors and health professionals, persons requiring immediate medical care and persons on goods transport.[223][7] The local government purchased 50,000
testing kits for the province in early April.[224]

Balochistan

The Balochistan Government constituted a 14-member technical committee in late January to tackle the outbreak.[225] All schools have been closed till 31 March.
Balochistan Minister Sardar Yar Mohammad Rind stated that "action will be taken against schools that do not comply with the decision". Matric exams have also
been postponed.[146][226] The province like others also requested for the army to be deployed.[208]

On 24 March, the Balochistan government imposed a complete lockdown in the entire province until 7 April. It included a complete ban on public getting out of their
homes, all kinds of social and religious gatherings or any public or private event. All public and private offices were ordered closed. Exemptions included essential
services such as personnel of hospitals, laboratories and medical stores, law enforcement agencies, people in need of urgent medical care with one attendant, one
person per family going out to buy grocery and medicines within the vicinity of their residence and burials of people that had passed away. Only one person was
allowed to travel in a private vehicle. Media personnel authorised by concerned media houses and newspaper hawkers were allowed to move freely as well. Public
and private telecom companies, essential staff of banks with limited public dealing, defence-related manufacturing industries, food items manufacturing industries and
distribution offices, grocery shops, petrol pumps and auto workshops and welfare organisations providing
services were given permission to operate. Similar to Gilgit-Baltistan and Islamad, Section 144 was also
enforced.[70] A state of emergency was imposed in five districts which bordered Iran on 24 March.[75]

Fumigation was carried out across the entire central jail of Quetta on 30 March, while spray pumps and
disinfectants were distributed to 10 districts of the province.[87] On 31 March, the provincial government
released Rs 500 million for upgrading, rehabilitation & establishment of quarantine centres in the areas of Quetta,
Chaman, Taftan & other areas of Balochistan.[227]

Starting from 2 April, the lockdown in the province was extended until 14 April as per directions by the federal
government.[7] On 7 April, the provincial government increased the lockdown period by adding another week,
making it last until 21 April.[228] Provincial Finance Minister, Zahoor Buledi announced on 8 April that a tax
relief of Rs 1.5 billion would be given during the lockdown.[229]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Map of districts with confirmed cases in


Balochistan
The provincial Government has closed all educational institutes until 5 April and postponed all public gatherings
until further notice as a preventive measure.[230][146] All inter-district public transport was banned for seven
days on 22 March.[231] The province announced a partial lockdown for three days on 23 March.[182]

On 24 March, the Peshawar High Court decided to shut down all courts in the province until 28 March. Only
essential staff were allowed to come to courts with no more than one official in the office.[232] On 27 March,
screening teams were deputed at all district entry and exit points for screening of visitors of COVID-19
patients.[79]

The Chief Minister of the province Mahmood Khan announced on 26 March that the government had appointed
at least 1,300 new doctors on contractual basis across the province to help stem the spread of coronavirus. The
KP Public Service Commission also approved the recruitment of 635 more doctors to join the province's health
force.[233]

On 29 March, the government approved a Rs 32 billion stimulus economic package to provide relief to the
masses and the business community amid the coronavirus crisis.[234] Provincial Information Minister Ajmal
Wazir, announced at a press conference that the relief package include Rs 11.4 billion benefiting 1.9 million
deserving families, Rs 3,000 would be given under the Ehsaas programme and Rs 2,000 by the KP government.
He added that the business community had also been exempted from taxes worth Rs 5 billion and the provincial
Map of confirmed cases of COVID-19 by district of
government had ramped up its testing capacity with 500 new diagnostics kits.[235] Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Equipment and supplies including oxygen concentrators, cardiac monitors, infusion pumps, dialysis catheter and
other PPE were distributed among all districts of the province on 30 March.[87]

The Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) dispatched 50,000 N95 masks to departments involved
in the fight against coronavirus in the province. A total of 8,000 surgical kits and caps were also given to the
health departments, along with 750 litres of sanitizers and 5,000 testing kits.[227] An additional 20,000 testing
kits were also provided in early April.[236]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) traders’ association Sarhad Chamber of Commerce (SCC), were not same page with
the government, on one hand was concerned despite business losses on account of lock down other arm of the
government cutting electricity supplies on the other hand trading associations not willing to co-operate
government's lockdown timing restrictions during Ramzan to recoup their losses.[237]

Gilgit-Baltistan

On 12 March, the region's Government declared medical emergency in the province after more cases of were
reported. Educational institutes were further closed until 5 April as a preventive measure.[238][146] Similar to
Islamabad, Section 144 was also imposed on 21 March.[239] Map of confirmed cases of COVID-19 per million
inhabitants by district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The provincial government decided to put the entire region on lockdown for an indefinite period on 22 March
and suspended intercity transport services. Para-military forces were also tasked to ensure the lockdown.[183]

On 27 March, the Chinese government handed medical equipments and 10 tonnes of other goods to the Gilgit-
Baltistan government to help it fight COVID-19. The equipment included five ventilators, 2,000 N95 masks,
200,000 face masks, 2,000 testing kits and medical protective kits.[240] The same day, the government decided
that all suspected travellers coming from the Taftan border would be tested for COVID-19.[79]

The local government announced that all education institutions would further remain closed till 5 April as a
preventive measure.[87] On 31 March, the World Health Organization staff got involved in the regions's handling
of the outbreak by providing support in terms of data management at district level.[87] Starting from 2 April, the
lockdown in the region was extended until 14 April as per directions by the federal government.[7] On 8 April,
the local government decided to extend the lockdown until 21 April.[241] Map of districts with confirmed cases in Gilgit-
Baltistan

Azad Kashmir

On 14 March, the local Government declared a health emergency after a meeting of the National Security Council. It also announced closure of educational
institutions until 6 April and secondary examinations were postponed. AJK Prime Minister Raja Farooq Haider also stated that screening mechanisms were installed
at all 11 points of entry while quarantine facilities were being established in all 10 districts.[242] On 21 March, a suspension of all inter-provincial transport for three
days was imposed. No public transport vehicles were allowed to either enter or leave the province. It warned that violators would be punished under the Epidemic
Diseases Act.[243]
On 23 March, The AJK Prime Minister announced a 3-week lockdown for the region. Movement was restricted and special
passes were issued for journalists and people travelling under inevitable circumstances while only one person from each family
was allowed to go out to get food essentials.[71]

Two virology labs at Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences in Muzaffarabad started PCR testing for COVID-19 on 30 March.[87]
Starting from 2 April, the lockdown in the region was extended until 14 April as per directions by the federal government.[7]

Islamabad

On 21 March, the city administration imposed Section 144 on the region for 15 days. All restaurants and shopping malls were
ordered to be closed and violators could face legal consequences.[239] The local Union Council in the Bhara Kahu region was
sealed after 11 suspected cases emerged from there on 23 March.[244]

On 25 March, the national government shut the outpatient departments of hospitals in the capital territory to stem the spread of
Map of districts with confirmed
the virus, only the emergency services remained optional. The capital's Deputy Commissioner, Hamza Shafqat issued a
cases in Azad Kashmir
notification declaring 'a complete ban on intra-city, inter-district and inter-province movement of people by public transport.
However, the metro bus service will be functional but at a distance of one seat between passengers.' Furthermore, gatherings of
all kinds at public and private places were banned no one was allowed to move out of their respective union councils.[75]
Starting from 2 April, the lockdown in the region was extended until 14 April as per directions by the federal government.[7]

Impact

Politics

On 15 March, in video conference of SAARC nations on coronavirus issue, country's State Minister of Health Zafar Mirza urged India for immediate lifting of the
lockdown in Indian-administered Kashmir to allow virus containment measures.[245][246]

On 22 March, Prime Minister Imran Khan urged the United States President Donald Trump to temporarily lift sanctions on Iran. He stated on Twitter, 'I want to
appeal to President Trump on humanitarian grounds to lift the sanctions against Iran till the COVID-19 pandemic is over.'[247]

The same day, the Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi raised the issue of external debt faced by the country and how it should be relieved in repayment of
loans on the phone with Heiko Maas, the German Foreign Minister. Qureshi reportedly told Maas that united efforts were required for dealing with the pandemic and
that debt relief could help Pakistan in better handling of the outbreak in the country. He further stated that sanctions on Iran should be lifted immediately so it could
use its own resources to fight the ongoing outbreak there. In response, Maas assured him that the issues would be raised at the forthcoming G7 meeting and the
European Union Foreign Ministers’ Conference next week.[248] He also echoed the need to lift sanctions on Iran on calls with the French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves
Le Drian[249] and the Spanish Foreign Minister Arancha Gonzalez[250] on 24 March.

According to news report of Benazir Shah in Arab News, as of 16 June at least 97 members of national and provincial assemblies across political lines tested positive
for COVID-19 and six of them succumbed to death.[251]

Economy

On 2 April, the Government of Pakistan announced that the Pakistani economy had lost Rs 2.5 trillion due to the coronavirus pandemic.[252] Some government
programs were mainted through the crisis to keep people employed. For example, the Plant for Pakistan reforestation program was maintained through the pandemic
employing 60,000 people.[253] On 2 June, it was reported that mango exports had declined due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[254] On 5 June, the Pakistani
Government announced plans to privatize a number of state-run industries, including the state-run Pakistan Steel Mills. Such actions led to the lay off and subsequent
unemployment of over 9300 employees.[255]

On 20 June, Pakistan's Ministry of Interior announced that the Torkham and Spin Boldak borders would open for six days a week under strict health measures.[256]
On 22 June, Pakistan opened its border crossings with Afghanistan, allowing exports for the first time in three months.[257] On 15 July, Pakistan allowed Afghan
exports to India through the Wagah border, after taking COVID-19 measures.[258] On 17 July, China applauded the resumption of trade relations between
Afghanistan and Pakistan after five land crossings had opened. The five land crossings were Torkham, Chaman, Ghulam Khan, Angur Ada and Dand-e-Patan.[259]

Healthcare professionals

The federal government's economic relief package also benefited the healthcare professionals in the country. It was decided that if a doctor or a paramedic died while
treating coronavirus patients, they would be considered martyrs and their families would receive the package that is given to martyrs.[168]

Making a landmark, the Pakistani Law enforcement presented the Guard of honour as a mark of respect from 27–29 March to the doctors and para medical staff
fighting on the front lines of the global COVID-19 outbreak across the nation in Sukkur, Quetta,[260] and Dera Islamil Khan.[261] The medical staff of a Mayo
hospital in Lahore were given a guard of honour by the Lahore police for their efforts to help Pakistan fight the coronavirus pandemic.[262] Observing social distance
(home-quarantined) citizens of Pakistan together with celebrities raised white flags on 27 March across Pakistan from their balconies, rooftops expressing love for the
doctors and para-medics who are combating without fearing from the epidemic COVID-19 virus.[263]

The Government of Punjab announced a one-month honorarium for the healthcare workers at the end of March. This meant that in case a healthcare worker lost their
life, a martyr package was included in the regional government's relief package. Medical professionals across the province were also provided with one-month
additional salary in recognition of their services.[83][193]

The Guardian interviewed a doctor, who said that the country's mishandling of the outbreak to be "depressing and disturbing".[264] Doctors in Pakistan have
complained about the lack of personal protection equipment (PPE) required to deal with the coronavirus, and that without protection doctors have become infected
and in turn were infecting other patients.[265] On 6 April, police broke up protests in Quetta by more than 100 doctors, who were demanding better safety equipment.
Police arrested 53 doctors involved in these protests,[266] and doctors reported being "beaten and humiliated" by the police.[265]
By 7 May, COVID-19 had infected more than 500 Pakistani healthcare workers.[109] Human Rights Watch criticised the closing of maternity wards in various
hospitals due to some healthcare workers becoming infected while attending maternity wards. They alleged this put the already challenged reproductive health of
Pakistani women at more risk.[109]

Sport

Fears of the coronavirus disease spreading alarmed the Sindh provincial government, who announced on 13 March that remaining matches of the 2020 Pakistan
Super League (PSL), scheduled in Karachi, would be played behind closed doors.[267][268][269] Similarly, Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) offered international players
participating in PSL to leave for their home countries (if they wish so), while PSL continues as per schedule.[270] 10 international players and one international staff
member opted to leave the tournament.[271] The Final match in Lahore, was rescheduled to 18 March instead of 22 March.[272]

On 17 March 2020, the knockout fixtures (both Semi-finals and Final) of Pakistan Super League (PSL) were indefinitely postponed due to the sudden spike in
coronavirus cases in Pakistan.[273][274]

After six years, when Pakistan Football Federation League returned, the matches were played before 16 March 2020. On 16 March 2020, the Pakistan Football
Federation released a notification announcing that the matches were postponed.

The Federal Minister for Inter Provincial Coordination Dr. Fehmida Mirza on 30 March announced to create fund to cover all medical expenses of sports persons
infected with COVID-19 in Pakistan.[171]

Religion

Social distancing being important step to be followed by all to combat COVID-19 pandemic, some religious activities came under critical lens in Pakistan. Returning
devotees from Iran, a Tablighi Jamaat religious gathering and prayer congregations became a cause of concern due to their potential to exacerbate the outbreak in the
country.However, sops were followed during Eid Ul Adha and hence there was no spike in the cases reported.[275]

Cardinal Joseph Coutts of the Catholic Church implored the faithful to follow proper measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus and encouraged interfaith
solidarity amidst the pandemic:[276]

"I also call upon my Christian brethren who would want to come to churches on Friday and Sunday to avoid large gatherings. In the end, the Almighty
will reward you for your intentions. If we can’t go to a church, mosque or temple, we can pray or worship at home with our families, God shall hear us.
We, the people of all faiths, should pray to God to save us from this plague."[276]

Unemployment

The Ministry of Planning has estimated that 12.3 million to 18.5 million people will become jobless due to pandemic.[277] Moreover, it is estimated that the number of
unemployed people in Pakistan will reach 6.65 million in the 2020-2021 fiscal year, compared to 5.80 million in the previous fiscal year. The COVID-19 pandemic is
cited to be one of the largest factors causing the increase in the unemployment rate, particularly among vulnerable employment groups[278] and daily wage workers.

Statistics
Below you can find many detailed tables and graphs that show the historical spread and trends of COVID-19 in Pakistan. Data (covering the national and provincial
level) from 26 February (the day of the first two cases) - 9 March was taken by compiling news reports about the pandemic in Pakistan that minutely covered the
pandemic. From 10 March - 2 April, data was taken from the NIH's daily reports on COVID-19 that were published from 11 March - 3 April (these reports were
published early in the day and thus reflected the previous day's cases). Since 3 April, data has been taken from the federal government's live tracker (https://covid.gov.
pk/stats/pakistan). A more detailed list of sources and data covering the national and provincial levels can be found here. Sources regarding the district level can be
found in their subsection.

National

Case Statistics

The three line graphs below give a detailed overview of the current and historical case, recovery, and death counts throughout the Pakistan. The first two show the
exponential growth of the pandemic in the country by using a linear scale for their Y-Axes. The third plot uses a Logarithmic scale for its Y-Axis to show relationships
between the trends. On a Logarithmic Scale, data that shows exponential growth will plot as a straight line. Each major division is a factor of ten. This makes the
slope of the plot the relative rate of change anywhere in the timeline, which allows comparison of one plot with the others throughout the pandemic.
The latest data on the three graphs below pertains to 5 September 2020
Cumulative Confirmed Cases Active Cases Cumulative Recoveries Cumulative Deaths

Daily New Confirmed Cases Daily New Recoveries Daily New Deaths
Cumulative Confirmed Cases
Cumulative Recoveries
Cumulative Deaths
Daily New Confirmed Cases
Daily New Recoveries
Daily New Deaths
Active Cases
Fatality Rates

The chart below displays the Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of COVID-19 within Pakistan. The two different trendlines represent different methods of measuring CFR
during a pandemic. The first line shows the CFR when calculated using the most common method (Dividing the total number of deaths by the number of confirmed
cases) and the second line shows the CFR when deaths are divided by the number of closed cases (the number you get when you add the number of recoveries and
the number of deaths). By the end of the pandemic, barring any major demographic shifts, the Case Fatality Rate should end up somewhere between the two values
(as they stand currently).
The latest data on the graph below pertains to 5 September 2020

Case Fatality Rate: Deaths ÷ Confirmed Cases


Fatality Rate: Deaths ÷ Closed Cases (Recoveries + Deaths)

Testing Statistics

The two charts below display historical COVID-19 testing data since 3 April, when reliable testing data became available in Pakistan. The first chart covers raw data
of numbers of cumulative tests, new tests, and cumulative confirmed cases and new confirmed case counts for comparison with testing numbers. It can be viewed on
a linear or logarithmic scale. The second chart shows different types of test positivity rates in Pakistan since the same date. In the second chart, the total positivity rate
(Cumulative Confirmed Cases ÷ Cumulative Tests Performed), the daily positivity rate (Daily New Confirmed Cases ÷ Daily New Performed Tests), and a Seven-
Day Positivity Rates (Confirmed Cases over the last seven days ÷ Performed Tests over the last seven days) are all compared.
The latest data on the graph below pertains to 5 September 2020
Cumulative Tests Performed
Cumulative Confirmed Cases
Daily New Performed Tests
Daily New Performed Tests (seven-day moving average)
Daily New Confirmed Cases

Positivity Rates

The latest data on the graph below pertains to 5 September 2020

Total Positivity Rate (Cumulative Confirmed Cases ÷ Cumulative Performed Tests)


Daily Positivity Rate (Daily New Confirmed Cases ÷ Daily New Performed Tests)
Seven-Day Positivity Rate (Confirmed Cases over the last seven days ÷ Performed Tests over the last seven days)

Regional

The chart below shows the total number of cumulative confirmed cases in each one of Pakistan's seven administrative units. It can be viewed on either a linear scale,
or a logarithmic scale, to better differentiate between each administrative unit and their trajectory.
The latest data on both the graph and the chart below pertains to 5 September 2020
Punjab
Sindh
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Balochistan
Islamabad Capital Territory
Azad Jammu & Kashmir
Gilgit-Baltistan
District-Wise

The data in this section has been taken from many different sources. The data for the districts of Punjab,[279] Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,[280] and Balochistan[281] can be
found on Twitter pages usually run by provincial governments, where official data is frequently posted and updated. Gilgit-Baltistan[282] had the same setup until 30
June, when updates on the situation there abruptly ended, and now it is the only administrative unit of Pakistan where district-wise data on COVID-19 is not
available. The data for Sindh's districts can be found on the website of Sindh's health department, where a "Daily Situation Report"[283] is released daily. The districts
of Azad Jammu & Kashmir all have data released on a live dashboard, similar to the federal government's.[284]

The latest data on the two tables below pertains to 6 September 2020 in the case of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 5 September 2020 in the cases of Punjab, Sindh,
Azad Jammu & Kashmir, and the Islamabad Capital Territory, and 4 September 2020 in the case of Balochistan. No district-wise data is available for
Gilgit-Baltistan, but the territory as a whole had a population of approximately 1,301,000 and (on 5 September) had confirmed 2,979 COVID-19 cases.

District-wise distribution of confirmed cases as of latest data (top 20 districts)


Districts Number of confirmed cases Population of District (2017) [285]
Karachi,
Sindh
84,232 16,051,521
(combined
districts)
Lahore
District, 48,971 11,126,285
Punjab
Islamabad
Capital 15,734 2,006,572
Territory
Peshawar
13,691 4,269,079
District, KPK
Quetta
District, 9,582 2,275,699
Balochistan
Rawalpindi
District, 7,739 5,405,633
Punjab
Multan
District, 6,023 4,745,109
Punjab
Faisalabad
District, 5,961 7,873,910
Punjab
Hyderabad
District, 4,832 2,199,463
Sindh
Sukkur
District, 3,820 1,487,903
Sindh
Gujranwala
District, 3,725 5,014,196
Punjab
Ghotki
District, 3,544 1,646,318
Sindh
Swat District,
3,044 2,309,570
KPK
Khairpur
District, 3,029 2,404,334
Sindh
Gujrat 2,929 2,756,110
District,
Punjab
Sialkot
District, 2,499 3,893,672
Punjab
Larkana
District, 2,163 1,524,391
Sindh
S.B. District,
Sindh 1,937 1,612,847
(Nawabshah)
Shikarpur
District, 1,766 1,231,481
Sindh
Bahawalpur
District, 1,791 3,668,106
Punjab
District-wise distribution of confirmed cases as of latest data (20 most populous districts)
Districts Number of confirmed cases Population of District (2017) [285]
Karachi,
Sindh
84,232 16,051,521
(combined
districts)
Lahore
District, 48,971 11,126,285
Punjab
Faisalabad
District, 5,961 7,873,910
Punjab
Rawalpindi
District, 7,739 5,405,633
Punjab
Gujranwala
District, 3,725 5,014,196
Punjab
Rahim Yar
Khan District, 1,314 4,814,006
Punjab
Multan
District, 6,023 4,745,105
Punjab
Muzaffargarh
District, 1,054 4,322,009
Punjab
Peshawar
13,691 4,269,079
District, KPK
Sialkot
District, 2,499 3,892,672
Punjab
Sargodha
District, 1,370 3,703,588
Punjab
Bahawalpur
District, 1,766 3,668,106
Punjab
Sheikhupura
District, 1,238 3,460,426
Punjab
Kasur District,
687 3,454,996
Punjab
Okara District, 420 3,039,139
Punjab
Bahawalnagar
District, 537 2,981,919
Punjab
Khanewal
District, 360 2,921,986
Punjab
Vehari District, 680 2,897,446
Punjab
Dera Ghazi
Khan District, 1,707 2,872,201
Punjab
Gujrat District,
2,929 2,756,110
Punjab
Historical Table
Timeline of cases and deaths in Pakistan
COVID-19 cases in Pakistan by provinces and territories ()
Province or Territory Confirmed Deaths Recovered Tests
Date Gilgit- Azad
New Cml New Cml New Cml New Cml
Punjab Sindh KPK Balochistan Baltistan Kashmir Islamabad
February
February 26 1 1 2 2
February 27 0 2
N/A N/A
February 28 0 2
February 29 2 2 2 4
March
March 01 0 4
March 02 0 4
March 03 1 1 5
March 04 0 5
March 05 3 1 6
March 06 0 6 1 1
March 07 0 6 0 1
March 08 4 1 7 0 1
March 09 13 9 16 0 1
March 10 14 1 2 2 3 19 0 1
March 11 3 1 20 1 2
March 12 15 1 21 0 2
March 13 16 6 3 7 28 1 3
March 14 18 4 3 31 0 3
March 15 1 34 11 22 53 0 3
March 16 150 15 14 134 187 1 4 N/A N/A
March 17 26 172 17 15 8 54 241 0 4
March 18 33 208 19 23 13 1 5[1] 61 302 2 2 1 5

March 19 80 245 23 81 21 10 159 461 0 2 0 5


March 20 96 253 30 11 34 495 1 3 0 5
March 21 152 292 31 104 55 11 151 646 0 3 0 5
March 22 225 333 108 71 15 138 784 2 5 1 6
March 23 249 394 38 110 80 103 887 1 6 0 6
March 24 296 407 78 81 18 104 991 1 7 12 18
March 25 323 413 80 131 84 25 66 1,057 1 8 3 21
March 26 408 417 123 91 2 140 1,197 1 9 2 23
March 27 490 457 180 133 107 39 211 1,408 2 11 3 26
March 28 558 481 188 138 116 43 118 1,526 2 13 2 28
March 29 593 508 195 144 128 6 51 99 1,625 5 18 4 32
March 30 652 627 221 153 148 58 240 1,865 7 25 26 58
March 31 708 676 253 158 184 54[2] 174 2,039 1 26 24 82

April
April 01 845 743 276 169 187 9 62 252 2,291 5 31 25 107
N/A
April 02 920 783 311 190 68 159 2,450 4 35 19 126 N/A
April 03 1,072 839 343 175 193 11 75 258 2,708 5 40 4 130 32,930
April 04 1,163 864 372 185 206 12 78 172 2,880 5 45 40 170 1,955 34,885
April 05 1,493 881 415 191 210 15 82 407 3,287 5 50 87 257 990 35,875
April 06 1,918 932 500 202 211 18 83 577 3,864 4 54 172 429 3,308 39,183
April 07 2,030 986 529 206 212 19 92 210 4,074 4 58 38 467 2,976 42,159
April 08 2,171 1,036 555 212 213 28 102 243 4,317 5 63 105 572 2,737 44,896
April 09 2,279 1,128 617 219 215 33 107 281 4,598 3 66 155 727 9,810 54,706
April 10 2,336 1,214 652 220 34 113 186 4,784 5 71 35 762 3,130 57,836
April 11 2,425 1,318 697 228 216 35 119 254 5,038 15 86 264 1,026 3,965 61,801
April 12 2,594 1,411 744 230 224 40 131 336 5,374 7 93 69 1,095 3,313 65,114
April 13 2,826 1,452 800 231 233 43 342 5,716 3 96 283 1,378 4,814 69,928
April 14 2,945 1,518 862 240 234 46 140 269 5,985 11 107 68 1,446 3,511 73,439
April 15 3,217 1,668 935 280 237 145 543 6,528 17 124 199 1,645 5,540 78,979
April 16 3,276 2,008 984 303 245 154 488 7,016 11 135 120 1,765 5,725 84,704
April 17 3,391 2,217 1,075 335 250 48 163 463 7,479 8 143 67 1,832 7,844 92,548
April 18 3,649 2,355 1,137 376 257 171 514 7,993 16 159 36 1,868 5,974 98,522
April 19 3,721 2,537 1,237 432 263 49 181 427 8,420 17 176 102 1,970 5,780 104,302
April 20 4,195 2,764 1,276 465 281 50 185 796 9,216 16 192 96 2,066 7,504 111,806
April 21 4,328 3,053 1,367 495 283 51 194 555 9,771 17 209 90 2,156 6,214 118,020
April 22 4,590 3,373 1,453 552 290 204 742 10,513 15 224 181 2,337 6,529 124,549
April 23 4,767 3,671 1,541 607 300 55 214 642 11,155 13 237 190 2,527 6,816 131,365
April 24 5,046 3,945 1,708 656 307 223 785 11,940 16 253 228 2,755 6,782 138,147
April 25 5,378 4,232 1,793 722 308 235 783 12,723 16 269 111 2,866 6,218 144,365
April 26 5,446 4,615 1,864 781 318 59 245 605 13,328 12 281 163 3,029 6,391 150,756
April 27 5,640 4,956 1,984 853 320 65 261 751 14,079 20 301 204 3,233 6,467 157,223
April 28 5,827 5,291 2,160 915 330 297 806 14,885 26 327 192 3,425 8,688 165,911
April 29 6,061 5,695 2,381 978 333 66 313 942 15,827 34 361 627 4,052 8,249 174,160
April 30 6,340 6,053 2,627 1,049 339 343 990 16,817 24 385 263 4,315 7,971 182,131
May
May 01 6,733 6,675 2,799 1,136 340 365 1,297 18,114 32 417 400 4,715 11,728 193,859
May 02 7,106 7,102 2,907 1,172 356 67 393 989 19,103 23 440 102 4,817 9,166 203,025
May 03 7,524 7,465 3,129 1,218 364 71 415 1,083 20,186 22 462 773 5,590 9,486 212,511
May 04 8,103 7,882 3,288 1,321 372 464 1,315 21,501 24 486 192 5,782 9,893 222,404
May 05 8,420 8,189 3,499 1,495 386 76 485 1,049 22,550 40 526 435 6,217 10,178 232,582
May 06 9,077 8,640 3,712 1,659 388 521 1,523 24,073 38 564 247 6,464 12,196 244,778
May 07 10,033 9,093 3,956 1,725 394 78 558 1,764 25,837 30 594 1,066 7,530 12,469 257,247
May 08 10,471 9,691 4,327 1,876 421 79 609 1,637 27,474 24 618 226 7,756 12,778 270,025
May 09 11,093 10,771 4,509 1,935 430 86 641 1,991 29,465 21 639 267 8,023 13,492 283,517
May 10 11,568 11,480 4,669 2,017 442 679 1,476 30,941 29 668 189 8,212 11,377 294,894
May 11 11,869 12,017 4,875 2,061 457 716 1,140 32,081 38 706 343 8,555 10,957 305,851
May 12 13,225 12,610 5,021 2,158 475 88 759 2,255 34,336 31 737 257 8,812 11,848 317,699
May 13 13,561 13,341 5,252 2,239 482 91 822 1,452 35,788 33 770 883 9,695 13,051 330,750
May 14 13,914 14,099 5,423 2,310 501 105 866 1,430 37,218 33 803 460 10,155 13,700 344,450
May 15 14,201 14,916 5,678 2,457 518 108 921 1,581 38,799 31 834 725 10,880 14,814 359,264
May 16 14,584 15,590 5,847 2,544 527 112 947 1,352 40,151 39 873 461 11,341 14,146 372,410
May 17 15,346 16,377 6,061 2,692 540 997 1,974 42,125 30 903 581 11,922 13,925 387,335
May 18 15,976 17,241 6,230 2,820 550 115 1,034 1,841 43,966 36 939 567 12,489 12,957 400,292
May 19 16,685 17,947 6,554 2,885 556 133 1,138 1,932 45,898 46 985 612 13,101 13,962 414,254
May 20 17,382 18,964 6,815 2,968 579 148 1,235 2,193 48,091 32 1,017 1,054 14,155 15,346 429,600
May 21 18,455 19,924 7,155 3,074 602 158 1,326 2,603 50,694 50 1,067 1,046 15,201 16,387 445,987
May 22 18,730 20,883 7,391 3,198 607 171 1,457 1,743 52,437 34 1,101 1,452 16,653 14,705 460,692
May 23 19,557 21,645 7,685 3,306 619 197 1,592 2,164 54,601 32 1,133 545 17,198 12,915 473,607
May 24 20,077 22,491 7,905 3,407 209 1,641 1,748 56,349 34 1,167 284 17,482 10,049 483,656
May 25 20,654 22,934 8,080 3,468 630 211 1,728 1,356 57,705 30 1,197 832 18,314 7,252 490,908
May 26 21,118 23,507 8,259 3,536 638 214 1,879 1,446 59,151 28 1,225 828 19,142 8,491 499,399
May 27 22,037 24,206 8,483 3,781 651 219 2,015 2,241 61,392 35 1,260 1,089 20,231 8,687 508,086
May 28 22,964 25,309 8,842 3,928 658 227 2,100 2,636 64,028 57 1,317 2,074 22,305 11,931 520,017
May 29 24,104 26,113 9,067 4,087 660 234 2,192 2,429 66,457 78 1,395 1,826 24,131 12,020 532,037
May 30 25,056 27,360 9,540 4,193 678 251 2,418 3,039 69,496 88 1,483 1,140 25,271 14,993 547,030
May 31 26,240 28,245 10,027 4,393 711 255 2,589 2,964 72,460 60 1,543 812 26,083 14,106 561,136
June
June 01 27,850 29,647 10,485 4,448 738 271 2,893 3,872 76,332 78 1,621 1,027 27,110 16,838 577,974
June 02 29,489 31,086 10,897 4,853 779 284 3,188 4,244 80,576 67 1,688 1,813 28,923 17,370 595,344
June 03 31,104 31,869 11,373 5,354 824 285 3,544 3,777 84,353 82 1,770 1,205 30,128 20,167 615,511
June 04 33,144 33,536 11,890 5,582 852 299 3,946 4,896 89,249 68 1,838 1,070 31,198 22,812 638,323
June 05 35,308 34,889 12,459 5,776 897 331 4,323 4,734 93,983 97 1,935 1,383 32,581 22,185 660,508
June 06 37,090 36,364 13,001 6,221 927 361 4,979 4,960 98,943 67 2,002 884 33,465 23,100 683,608
June 07 38,903 38,108 13,487 6,516 932 396 5,329 4,728 103,671 65 2,067 890 34,355 22,225 705,833
June 08 40,819 39,555 14,006 6,788 952 412 5,785 4,646 108,317 105 2,172 663 35,018 24,620 730,453
June 09 43,460 41,303 14,527 7,031 974 444 5,963 5,385 113,702 83 2,255 1,290 36,308 23,799 754,252
June 10 45,463 43,790 15,206 7,335 1,018 488 6,236 5,834 119,536 101 2,356 2,083 38,391 26,573 780,825
June 11 47,382 46,828 15,787 7,673 1,030 534 6,699 6,397 125,933 107 2,463 1,856 40,247 28,344 809,169
June 12 50,087 49,256 16,415 7,866 1,044 574 7,163 6,472 132,405 88 2,551 9,809 50,056 29,850 839,019
June 13 52,601 51,518 17,450 8,028 1,095 604 7,934 6,825 139,230 81 2,632 1,679 51,735 29,546 868,565
June 14 54,138 53,805 18,013 8,177 1,129 647 8,569 5,248 144,478 96 2,728 1,986 53,721 29,085 897,650
June 15 55,878 55,581 18,472 8,327 1,143 663 8,857 4,443 148,921 111 2,839 2,669 56,390 25,015 922,265
June 16 58,239 57,868 19,107 8,437 1,164 703 9,242 5,839 154,760 136 2,975 2,047 58,437 28,117 950,782
June 17 60,138 59,983 19,613 8,794 1,213 740 9,637 5,358 160,118 118 3,093 778 59,215 31,230 982,012
June 18 61,678 62,269 20,182 8,998 1,225 769 9,941 4,944 165,062 136 3,229 2,168 61,383 29,094 1,011,106
June 19 64,216 65,163 20,790 9,162 1,253 803 10,279 6,604 171,666 153 3,382 2,121 63,504 31,681 1,042,787
June 20 65,739 67,353 21,444 9,328 1,278 813 10,662 4,951 176,617 119 3,501 4,388 67,892 28,855 1,071,642
June 21 66,943 69,628 21,997 9,475 1,288 845 10,912 4,471 181,088 89 3,590 3,566 71,458 30,520 1,102,162
June 22 68,308 71,092 22,633 9,587 1,326 869 11,219 3,946 185,034 105 3,695 2,283 73,471 24,599 1,126,761
June 23 69,536 72,656 23,388 9,634 1,337 892 11,483 3,892 188,926 60 3,755 4,013 77,754 23,380 1,150,141
June 24 71,191 74,070 23,887 9,817 1,365 930 11,710 4,044 192,970 148 3,903 3,553 81,307 21,835 1,171,976
June 25 71,987 75,168 24,303 9,946 1,398 962 11,981 2,775 195,745 58 3,961 2,861 84,168 21,041 1,193,017
June 26 72,880 76,318 24,943 10,116 1,417 1,003 12,206 3,138 198,883 74 4,035 2,738 86,906 21,123 1,214,140
June 27 74,202 78,267 25,380 10,261 1,423 1,027 12,395 4,072 202,955 83 4,118 5,718 92,624 25,013 1,239,153
June 28 74,778 80,446 25,778 10,355 1,442 1,049 12,643 3,536 206,491 68 4,186 2,783 95,407 23,009 1,262,162
June 29 75,501 81,985 26,115 10,426 1,470 1,065 12,775 2,846 209,337 118 4,304 3,096 98,503 20,930 1,283,092
June 30 76,262 84,640 26,598 10,476 1,489 1,093 12,912 4,133 213,470 91 4,395 2,299 100,802 22,418 1,305,510
July
July 01 77,740 86,795 26,938 10,608 1,511 1,135 13,082 4,339 217,809 78 4,473 3,892 104,694 22,128 1,327,638
July 02 78,956 89,225 27,170 10,666 1,524 1,160 13,195 4,087 221,896 78 4,551 8,929 113,623 23,135 1,350,773
July 03 80,297 90,721 27,506 10,717 1,536 1,214 13,292 3,387 225,283 68 4,619 11,471 125,094 22,052 1,372,825
July 04 81,317 92,306 27,843 10,766 1,545 1,288 13,409 3,191 228,474 93 4,712 4,736 129,830 25,527 1,398,352
July 05 81,963 94,528 28,116 10,814 1,561 1,342 13,494 3,344 231,818 50 4,762 1,819 131,649 22,271 1,420,623
July 06 82,669 96,236 28,236 10,841 1,587 1,383 13,557 2,691 234,509 77 4,839 3,308 134,957 24,530 1,445,153
July 07 83,599 97,626 28,681 10,919 1,595 1,419 13,650 2,980 237,489 83 4,922 6,008 140,965 21,951 1,467,104
July 08 84,587 99,362 29,052 11,052 1,605 1,459 13,731 3,359 240,848 61 4,983 4,346 145,311 24,333 1,491,437
July 09 85,261 100,900 29,406 11,099 1,619 1,485 13,829 2,751 243,599 75 5,058 3,781 149,092 23,421 1,514,858
July 10 85,991 102,368 29,775 11,128 1,630 1,532 13,927 2,752 246,351 65 5,123 4,042 153,134 23,569 1,538,427
July 11 86,556 103,820 30,078 11,157 1,658 1,564 14,023 2,505 248,856 74 5,197 3,566 156,700 24,211 1,562,638
July 12 87,043 105,533 30,486 11,185 1,671 1,599 14,108 2,769 251,625 73 5,270 5,217 161,917 22,532 1,585,170
July 13 87,492 106,622 30,747 11,192 1,694 1,655 14,202 1,979 253,604 49 5,319 8,739 170,656 21,020 1,606,190
July 14 88,045 107,773 31,001 11,239 1,708 1,688 14,315 2,165 255,769 67 5,386 2,154 172,810 21,749 1,627,939
July 15 88,539 108,913 31,217 11,322 1,750 1,771 14,402 2,145 257,914 40 5,426 5,927 178,737 24,244 1,652,183
July 16 89,023 110,068 31,486 11,385 1,775 1,808 14,454 2,085 259,999 49 5,475 5,000 183,737 23,907 1,676,090
July 17 89,465 111,238 31,669 11,405 1,796 1,840 14,504 1,918 261,917 47 5,522 14,772 198,509 23,011 1,699,101
July 18 89,793 112,118 31,890 11,424 1,807 1,888 14,576 1,579 263,496 46 5,568 5,767 204,276 22,559 1,721,660
July 19 90,191 113,007 32,086 11,436 1,849 1,915 14,599 1,587 265,083 31 5,599 1,653 205,929 19,108 1,740,768
July 20 90,444 113,553 32,243 11,441 1,868 1,922 14,625 1,013 266,096 40 5,639 2,101 208,030 17,783 1,758,551
July 21 90,816 114,104 32,523 11,469 1,878 1,937 14,701 1,332 267,428 38 5,677 2,438 210,468 18,331 1,776,882
July 22 91,129 115,213 32,753 11,517 1,896 1,961 14,722 1,763 269,191 32 5,709 2,707 213,175 22,408 1,799,290
July 23 91,423 115,883 32,898 11,523 1,918 1,989 14,766 1,209 270,400 54 5,763 6,608 219,783 22,006 1,821,296
July 24 91,691 116,800 33,071 11,550 1,942 2,012 14,821 1,487 271,887 24 5,787 16,813 236,596 23,630 1,844,926
July 25 91,901 117,598 33,220 11,578 1,952 2,023 14,841 1,226 273,113 35 5,822 838 237,434 23,254 1,868,180
July 26 92,073 118,311 33,397 11,601 1,989 2,034 14,884 1,176 274,289 20 5,842 3,592 241,026 22,056 1,890,236
July 27 92,279 118,824 33,510 11,624 2,010 2,040 14,938 936 275,225 23 5,865 1,410 242,436 19,610 1,909,846
July 28 92,452 119,398 33,724 11,654 2,042 2,055 14,963 1,063 276,288 27 5,892 2,447 244,883 21,256 1,931,102
July 29 92,655 120,052 33,845 11,708 2,090 2,065 14,987 1,114 277,402 32 5,924 1,248 246,131 21,628 1,952,730
July 30 92,873 120,550 33,958 11,732 2,105 2,073 15,014 903 278,305 27 5,951 2,447 247,177 20,507 1,973,237
July 31 93,057 121,039 34,056 11,743 2,135 2,084 15,033 841 279,146 19 5,970 850 248,027 22,930 1,996,167
August
August 01 93,173 121,309 34,160 11,762 2,157 2,086 15,052 553 279,699 6 5,976 550 248,577 14,003 2,010,170
August 02 93,197 121,486 34,223 11,774 2,180 2,093 15,076 330 280,029 8 5,984 296 248,873 11,026 2,021,196
August 03 93,336 121,705 34,253 11,777 2,198 2,097 15,095 432 280,461 15 5,999 524 249,397 10,759 2,031,955
August 04 93,571 122,016 34,324 11,780 2,218 2,105 15,122 675 281,136 15 6,014 4,889 254,286 11,915 2,043,870
August 05 93,847 122,373 34,359 11,793 2,234 2,116 15,141 727 281,863 21 6,035 1,772 256,058 15,002 2,058,872
August 06 94,040 122,759 34,432 11,821 2,287 2,124 15,182 782 282,645 17 6,052 2,041 258,099 20,461 2,079,333
August 07 94,223 123,246 34,539 11,835 2,301 2,129 15,214 842 283,487 16 6,068 1,505 259,604 24,366 2,103,699
August 08 94,360 123,546 34,635 11,884 2,321 2,134 15,241 634 284,121 14 6,082 644 260,248 23,390 2,127,089
August 09 94,477 123,849 34,692 11,906 2,334 2,141 15,261 539 284,660 15 6,097 516 260,764 20,495 2,147,584
August 10 94,586 124,127 34,755 11,921 2,371 2,150 15,281 531 285,191 15 6,112 482 261,246 18,227 2,165,811
August 11 94,715 124,556 34,859 11,956 2,382 2,157 15,296 730 285,921 17 6,129 1,947 263,193 20,631 2,186,442
August 12 94,865 124,929 34,947 12,044 2,402 2,164 15,323 753 286,674 10 6,139 389 264,060 19,222 2,205,664
August 13 94,993 125,289 35,021 12,062 2,426 2,167 15,342 626 287,300 14 6,153 1,155 265,215 23,745 2,229,409
August 14 95,203 125,632 35,091 12,144 2,452 2,179 15,346 747 288,047 9 6,162 409 265,624 23,722 2,253,131
August 15 95,391 125,904 35,153 12,224 2,486 2,181 15,378 670 288,717 6 6,168 677 266,301 24,022 2,277,153
August 16 95,447 126,182 35,215 12,295 2,502 2,184 15,390 498 289,215 7 6,175 2,786 269,087 22,448 2,299,601
August 17 95,611 126,425 35,337 12,321 2,538 2,199 15,401 617 289,832 15 6,190 922 270,009 17,612 2,317,213
August 18 95,742 126,743 35,401 12,370 2,565 2,212 15,412 613 290,445 11 6,201 2,119 272,128 22,859 2,340,072
August 19 95,800 127,060 35,468 12,403 2,583 2,219 15,425 513 290,958 8 6,209 676 272,804 23,680 2,363,752
August 20 95,958 127,381 35,545 12,424 2,604 2,223 15,453 630 291,588 10 6,219 775 273,579 25,613 2,389,365
August 21 96,057 127,691 35,602 12,473 2,638 2,241 15,472 586 292,174 12 6,231 1,738 275,317 25,537 2,414,902
August 22 96,178 127,965 35,720 12,507 2,657 2,245 15,493 591 292,765 4 6,235 591 275,836 24,956 2,439,858
August 23 96,233 128,284 35,766 12,527 2,682 2,254 15,515 496 293,261 9 6,244 993 276,829 23,655 2,463,513
August 24 96,391 128,456 35,796 12,560 2,720 2,257 15,531 450 293,711 11 6,255 1,596 278,425 24,231 2,487,744
August 25 96,466 128,676 35,831 12,664 2,745 2,265 15,546 482 294,193 12 6,267 482 278,939 24,593 2,512,337
August 26 96,540 128,877 35,893 12,721 2,773 2,272 15,562 445 294,638 7 6,274 622 279,561 23,441 2,535,778
August 27 96,636 129,081 35,923 12,742 2,816 2,277 15,578 415 295,053 9 6,283 376 279,937 23,483 2,559,261
August 28 96,699 129,179 35,971 12,804 2,832 2,290 15,597 319 295,372 1 6,284 403 280,340 22,434 2,581,695
August 29 96,741 129,268 36,017 12,842 2,863 2,294 15,611 264 295,636 4 6,288 207 280,547 21,434 2,603,129
August 30 96,769 129,348 36,044 12,869 2,896 2,298 15,625 213 295,849 6 6,294 135 280,682 18,017 2,621,146
August 31 96,832 129,469 36,118 12,879 2,903 2,299 15,649 300 296,149 4 6,298 288 280,970 20,882 2,642,028
September
September
96,921 129,615 36,265 12,899 2,922 2,302 15,666 441 296,590 20 6,318 489 281,459 20,480 2,662,508
01
September
96,983 129,827 36,340 12,935 2,935 2,305 15,689 424 297,014 10 6,328 466 281,925 21,744 2,684,252
02
September
97,044 130,041 36,414 13,045 2,948 2,306 15,714 498 297,512 7 6,335 343 282,268 23,218 2,707,470
03
September
97,118 130,253 36,498 13,157 2,960 2,313 15,726 513 298,025 5 6,340 285 282,553 24,855 2,732,325
04
September
97,166 130,483 36,591 13,229 2,979 2,327 15,734 484 298,509 2 6,342 3,345 285,898 25,384 2,757,709
05
Total 97,166 130,483 36,591 13,229 2,979 2,327 15,734

Gilgit- Azad 298,509 6,342 285,898 2,757,709


Government Punjab Sindh KPK Balochistan Baltistan Kashmir Islamabad
Sources[3][4]
[286][287][288][289][290][291][292][293][294][295][49][296][297][298][299][300][301][302][303][304][305][306][307][308][309] Confirmed Deaths Recoveries Tests

Daily sources
>>February
Feb 26 [310][311] * Feb 29 [312]
>>March

March 3 [313] * March 5 * March 6 [314] * March 8 [315] * March 9[316] * March 10[317][286] * March 11 [287] * March 12 [288] * March 13 [289] * March 14 [290] * March 15 [291] * March 16 [292] * March
17 [293] * March 18 [294] * March 19 [295] * March 20 [49] * March 21 [296] * March 22 [297] * March 23 [298] * March 24 [299] * March 25 [300] * March 26 [301] * March 27 [302] * March 28 [303] * March
29 [304] * March 30 [305] [309] * Apr 01 [306] [309]
>>April

Apr 1 [306] [309] * Apr 2 [308] * Apr 3 and onwards [309]

Notes:
>>.Empty boxes denote same number of cases as the previous day.
1,2.^ Data was adjusted due to a previous error.
3.^ The daily reports (used before April 03) were published by the National Institute of Health (NIH) early in the day and reflect the cases of the previous day.
4.^ The government tracker (in use from April 03) publishes data that pertains to the previous day at around 10:00 A.M. PKT daily.
For example, data for the day May 31 was published on the government tracker's website in the early hours of June 1

See also
Timeline of the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Pakistan
2020 Tablighi Jamaat coronavirus hotspot in Pakistan
Daily COVID-19 Pakistan cases
COVID-19 pandemic in Asia
COVID-19 pandemic in South Asia
2020 in Pakistan
COVID-19 pandemic in Jammu and Kashmir

Notes
A. ^ As of 27 April 2020

References
11. "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus" (https://www.imperial.ac.uk/
1. "Coronavirus in Pakistan - Confirmed Cases" (http://covid.gov.pk/).
news/196137/crunching-numbers-coronavirus/). Imperial News.
covid.gov.pk/. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200319084913/https://www.i
2. "Pakistan prepares to fight back as two coronavirus cases emerge in mperial.ac.uk/news/196137/crunching-numbers-coronavirus/) from
country" (https://arab.news/rawae). Arab News PK. 26 February the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
12. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and
3. "Coronavirus updates, March 18: Latest news on the coronavirus information about high consequence infectious diseases and their
outbreak from Pakistan and around the world" (https://www.geo.tv/lat management in England" (https://www.gov.uk/guidance/high-conseq
est/277853-coronavirus-updates-march-18-latest-news-on-the-coron uence-infectious-diseases-hcid). Government of the United Kingdom.
avirus-outbreak-from-pakistan-and-around-the-world). Geo News. 18 Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200303051938/https://www.
March 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020. gov.uk/guidance/high-consequence-infectious-diseases-hcid) from
4. Coronavirus v. Pakistan: Early Successes in the Epidemiological the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
Battle. (https://casstt.com/post/coronavirus-v-pakistan-early-successe 13. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus"
s-in-the-epidemiological-battle/247) Centre for Aerospace and (https://www.wfsahq.org/resources/coronavirus). wfsahq.org.
Security Studies (CASS) Reports. Accessed 2 September 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200312233527/https://www.
5. "COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC" (https://www.worldometer wfsahq.org/resources/coronavirus) from the original on 12 March
s.info/coronavirus/#countries). Coronavirus Update (Live). 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
worldometers.info. 14. "Two coronavirus cases confirmed in Pakistan - Pakistan Today" (htt
6. Shehzad, Rizwan (24 April 2020). "Countrywide lockdown stretched ps://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/02/26/sindh-health-two-corona
till May 9" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2206167/1-countrywide-lockd virus-cases-confirmed-in-pakistan-confirms-first-coronavirus-case-in-
own-stretched-till-may-9/). The Express Tribune. Retrieved 25 April karachi/). Pakistan Today. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202
2020. 00228064051/https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/02/26/sindh-h
7. Coronavirus pandemic: Pakistan to extend lockdown for 2 more ealth-two-coronavirus-cases-confirmed-in-pakistan-confirms-first-cor
weeks as death toll reaches 31 (https://www.thestatesman.com/worl onavirus-case-in-karachi/) from the original on 28 February 2020.
d/coronavirus-pandemic-pakistan-extend-lockdown-2-weeks-death-t Retrieved 4 March 2020.
oll-reaches-31-1502872742.html) Archived (https://web.archive.org/w 15. Mirza, Zafar [@zfrmrza] (26 February 2020). "I can confirm first two
eb/20200408000401/https://www.thestatesman.com/world/coronaviru cases of coronavirus in Pakistan. Both cases are being taken care of
s-pandemic-pakistan-extend-lockdown-2-weeks-death-toll-reaches-3 according to clinical standard protocols & both of them are stable. No
1-1502872742.html) 8 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine, The need to panic, things are under control. I will hold press conf
Statesman, 2 April 2020 tomorrow on return from Taftan" (https://twitter.com/zfrmrza/status/123
8. 7 May, Omer Farooq Khan | TNN |; 2020; Ist, 23:20. "Pakistan 2707169163841537) (Tweet) – via Twitter.
announces to ease lockdown from Saturday - Times of India" (https://t 16. "Two more coronavirus cases confirmed in Pakistan" (https://thefronti
imesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/pakistan/pakistan-announces-to-e erpost.com/two-more-coronavirus-cases-confirmed-in-pakistan/). The
ase-lockdown-from-saturday/articleshow/75609807.cms). The Times Frontier Post. 29 February 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w
of India. Retrieved 7 May 2020. eb/20200301143334/https://thefrontierpost.com/two-more-coronaviru
9. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center" (https://www.elsevi s-cases-confirmed-in-pakistan/) from the original on 1 March 2020.
er.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center). Elsevier Connect. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200130171622/https://www. 17. "Pakistan Detects First Coronavirus Cases, Links to Iran Outbreak |
elsevier.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center) from the Voice of America - English" (https://www.voanews.com/science-healt
original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020. h/coronavirus-outbreak/pakistan-detects-first-coronavirus-cases-links
10. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close -iran-outbreak). Voice of America. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w
is it to becoming a pandemic?" (https://www.wired.co.uk/article/china- eb/20200306011154/https://www.voanews.com/science-health/coron
coronavirus). Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978 (https://www.worldcat.org/i avirus-outbreak/pakistan-detects-first-coronavirus-cases-links-iran-ou
ssn/1357-0978). Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200305104 tbreak) from the original on 6 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
806/https://www.wired.co.uk/article/china-coronavirus) from the
original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
18. "3 coronavirus cases detected in Rawalpindi" (https://nation.com.pk/2 31. "Pakistan's tally of coronavirus rises to 20 as second case emerges
8-Feb-2020/3-coronavirus-cases-detected-in-rawalpindi). The in Gilgit Baltistan" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/627631-gilgit-b
Nation. Pakistan. 28 February 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.or altistan-reports-second-case-pakistan-tally-rises-to-20). The News
g/web/20200304153943/https://nation.com.pk/28-Feb-2020/3-corona International. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020031115085
virus-cases-detected-in-rawalpindi) from the original on 4 March 5/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/627631-gilgit-baltistan-reports-s
2020. econd-case-pakistan-tally-rises-to-20) from the original on 11 March
19. "Five suspected cases of coronavirus reported in Pakistan" (https://w 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
ww.deccanherald.com/international/world-news-politics/five-suspect 32. "Coronavirus cases in Pakistan rise to 21 after GB reports third case"
ed-cases-of-coronavirus-reported-in-pakistan-803062.html). Deccan (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/628096-coronavirus-cases-in-pa
Herald. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020. kistan-rise-to-21-after-gb-reports-third-case). The News International.
20. "Panic in Pakistan after fifth confirmed coronavirus case" (https://ww Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200312174016/https://www.t
w.businesstoday.in/current/world/panic-in-pakistan-after-fifth-confirme henews.com.pk/latest/628096-coronavirus-cases-in-pakistan-rise-to-
d-coronavirus-case/story/397468.html). businesstoday.in. Archived (h 21-after-gb-reports-third-case) from the original on 12 March 2020.
ttps://web.archive.org/web/20200304160956/https://www.businessto Retrieved 12 March 2020.
day.in/current/world/panic-in-pakistan-after-fifth-confirmed-coronaviru 33. "First locally transmitted case of coronavirus" (https://www.dawnnew
s-case/story/397468.html) from the original on 4 March 2020. s.tv/news/1122234). dawnnews.tv (in Urdu). 13 March 2020.
Retrieved 4 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200314135121/https://www.
21. "Pakistan Confirms Fifth Coronavirus Case" (https://www.nytimes.co dawnnews.tv/news/1122234/) from the original on 14 March 2020.
m/reuters/2020/03/02/world/asia/02reuters-health-coronavirus-pakist Retrieved 13 March 2020.
an.html). The New York Times. Reuters. 2 March 2020. ISSN 0362- 34. "#CoronaVirusPakistan" (https://twitter.com/SindhHealthDpt/status/1
4331 (https://www.worldcat.org/issn/0362-4331). Retrieved 4 March 238325888145555457). twitter.com/SindhHealthDpt. Archived (http
2020. s://web.archive.org/web/20200313061146/https://twitter.com/SindhH
22. "Panic rises in Pakistan as country confirms fifth Coronavirus Case" ealthDpt/status/1238325888145555457) from the original on 13
(https://www.bolnews.com/health/2020/03/panic-rises-in-pakistan-as- March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
country-confirms-fifth-coronavirus-case/). BOL News. 3 March 2020. 35. "24/27 KPK" (https://nation.com.pk/13-Mar-2020/24-out-of-27-suspcte
Retrieved 4 March 2020. d-coronavirus-cases-cleared-in-kpk). The Nation. Pakistan. 13 March
23. "Pakistan confirms fifth coronavirus case" (https://arab.news/b5hqz). 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200313191600/http
Arab News. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020. s://nation.com.pk/13-Mar-2020/24-out-of-27-suspcted-coronavirus-ca
ses-cleared-in-kpk) from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved
24. "Pakistan's first coronavirus patient recovers, tests 'negative':
13 March 2020.
Murtaza Wahab" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/624788-pakista
ns-first-coronavirus-patient-recovers-tests-negative-murtaza-wahab). 36. "Dr Zafar Mirza confirms 28 coronavirus cases in Pakistan" (https://w
The News International. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200 ww.geo.tv/latest/277182-pakistan-has-28-confirmed-cases-of-corona
309081127/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/624788-pakistans-first virus-dr-zafar-mirza). geo.tv. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20
-coronavirus-patient-recovers-tests-negative-murtaza-wahab) from 200314151403/https://www.geo.tv/latest/277182-pakistan-has-28-co
the original on 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020. nfirmed-cases-of-coronavirus-dr-zafar-mirza) from the original on 14
March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
25. "Pakistan confirms 7th coronavirus case" (https://www.aa.com.tr/en/a
sia-pacific/pakistan-confirms-7th-coronavirus-case/1758933). 37. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
aa.com.tr. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200309151959/ht rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
tps://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-confirms-7th-coronavirus 14-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 14 March 2020. Archived (http
-case/1758933) from the original on 9 March 2020. Retrieved s://web.archive.org/web/20200320185333/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-
9 March 2020. content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-14-Mar-2
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved
26. Tribune.com.pk (8 March 2020). "Pakistan's 7th coronavirus case
20 March 2020.
surfaces in Karachi" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2171931/1-fourth-co
ronavirus-case-surfaces-karachi-tally-hits-7-country/). The Express 38. "Another coronavirus patient emerges in Sindh, Pakistan's affected
Tribune. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200312035400/http toll rises to 31" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/277293-islamabad-reports-fi
s://tribune.com.pk/story/2171931/1-fourth-coronavirus-case-surfaces- rst-coronavirus-case-tally-rises-to-29). geo.tv. Archived (https://web.ar
karachi-tally-hits-7-country/) from the original on 12 March 2020. chive.org/web/20200315135737/https://www.geo.tv/latest/277293-isl
Retrieved 9 March 2020. amabad-reports-first-coronavirus-case-tally-rises-to-29) from the
original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
27. Tribune.com.pk (9 March 2020). "Nine new coronavirus cases
emerge in Karachi as Pakistan's tally jumps to 16" (https://tribune.co 39. "Coronavirus cases in Pak reaches 33" (http://www.daijiworld.com/ne
m.pk/story/2172615/1-5th-coronavirus-case-emerges-karachi-tally-so ws/newsDisplay.aspx?newsID=684671). daijiworld.com. Archived (ht
ars-8-pakistan/). The Express Tribune. Archived (https://web.archive. tps://web.archive.org/web/20200326031106/http://www.daijiworld.co
org/web/20200312081955/https://tribune.com.pk/story/2172615/1-5th m/news/newsDisplay.aspx%3FnewsID%3D684671) from the original
-coronavirus-case-emerges-karachi-tally-soars-8-pakistan/) from the on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020. 40. "Pakistan records spike in number of coronavirus cases as the
28. "Pakistan records 11 new coronavirus cases bringing the total tally to government takes preventive measures" (https://gulfnews.com/world/
18" (https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/pakistan-records-11-ne asia/pakistan/pakistan-records-spike-in-number-of-coronavirus-case
w-coronavirus-cases-bringing-the-total-tally-to-18-1.70279643). Gulf s-as-the-government-takes-preventive-measures-1.70403993). Gulf
News. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200310124434/http News. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200315164329/http
s://gulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/pakistan-records-11-new-coron s://gulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/pakistan-records-spike-in-numb
avirus-cases-bringing-the-total-tally-to-18-1.70279643) from the er-of-coronavirus-cases-as-the-government-takes-preventive-measur
original on 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020. es-1.70403993) from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved
15 March 2020.
29. "Coronavirus updates: Latest news on the coronavirus outbreak from
Pakistan and around the world" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/276505-cor 41. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
onavirus-updates-latest-news-on-the-coronavirus-outbreak-from-paki rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
stan-and-around-the-world). geo.tv. Archived (https://web.archive.org/ 16-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 16 March 2020. Archived (http
web/20200311142207/https://www.geo.tv/latest/276505-coronavirus- s://web.archive.org/web/20200317064911/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-
updates-latest-news-on-the-coronavirus-outbreak-from-pakistan-and- content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-16-Mar-2
around-the-world) from the original on 11 March 2020. Retrieved 020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved
10 March 2020. 20 March 2020.
30. "76 suspected coronavirus patients reported in Punjab" (https://www.t 42. "Pakistan coronavirus tally reaches 53 | SAMAA" (https://www.sama
henews.com.pk/print/627575-76-suspected-coronavirus-patients-rep a.tv/living/health/2020/03/pakistan-coronavirus-tally/). Samaa TV.
orted-in-punjab). The News International. Archived (https://web.archi Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200316213048/https://www.
ve.org/web/20200311122749/https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/6275 samaa.tv/living/health/2020/03/pakistan-coronavirus-tally/) from the
75-76-suspected-coronavirus-patients-reported-in-punjab) from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
original on 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
43. "First 15 cases of coronavirus reported in KP province: Taimur 56. "Pakistan reports 730 active coronavirus cases; shuts all
Jhagra" (https://arynews.tv/en/coronavirus-cases-kp-province-taimur-j international flights" (https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-
hagra/). 16 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200 politics/pakistan-reports-730-active-coronavirus-cases-shuts-all-inter
317145936/https://arynews.tv/en/coronavirus-cases-kp-province-taim national-flights/story/398878.html). businesstoday.in. Archived (http
ur-jhagra/) from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March s://web.archive.org/web/20200322085915/https://www.businesstoda
2020. y.in/current/economy-politics/pakistan-reports-730-active-coronavirus
44. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o -cases-shuts-all-international-flights/story/398878.html) from the
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
17-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 17 March 2020. Archived (http 57. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
s://web.archive.org/web/20200320185344/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp- rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-17-Mar-2 03-April-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 2 April 2020. Archived (https://
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved web.archive.org/web/20200407232055/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-co
20 March 2020. ntent/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-03-April-20
45. "Coronavirus tally crosses 130; Sindh reports sharp increase, KP 20.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April
reports first cases" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/277536-pakistans-coron 2020.
avirus-tally-crosses-100-as-sindh-reports-88-cases). 16 March 2020. 58. "Coronavirus: Pakistan reports 4th death due to COVID-19 on
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200317145539/https://www. Sunday as the country heads towards lockdown" (https://gulfnews.co
geo.tv/latest/277536-pakistans-coronavirus-tally-crosses-100-as-sind m/world/asia/pakistan/coronavirus-pakistan-reports-4th-death-due-to-
h-reports-88-cases) from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved covid-19-on-sunday-as-the-country-heads-towards-lockdown-1.7055
16 March 2020. 2122). Gulf News. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202003221
46. "Coronavirus cases shoot up to 186 in Pakistan; more likely to come 31837/https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/coronavirus-pakistan
up" (https://www.businesstoday.in/latest/trends/coronavirus-case-186 -reports-4th-death-due-to-covid-19-on-sunday-as-the-country-heads-t
-pakistan-more-likely-come-up/story/398382.html). businesstoday.in. owards-lockdown-1.70552122) from the original on 22 March 2020.
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200318172141/https://www. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
businesstoday.in/latest/trends/coronavirus-case-186-pakistan-more-li 59. "Pakistan reports sixth death from coronavirus, number of confirmed
kely-come-up/story/398382.html) from the original on 18 March 2020. cases rise to 803" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/278713-pakistan-reports-
Retrieved 17 March 2020. sixth-death-from-coronavirus-number-of-confirmed-cases-rise-to).
47. "237" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2177847/1-10-new-covid-19-cases geo.tv. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200323081407/http
-confirmed-as-pakistans-tally-hits-194/). The Express Tribune. 17 s://www.geo.tv/latest/278713-pakistan-reports-sixth-death-from-coron
March 2020. avirus-number-of-confirmed-cases-rise-to) from the original on 23
March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
48. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- 60. "Pakistan's fifth Coronavirus death confirmed in Gilgit Baltistan" (http
18-Mar-2020-1.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 18 March 2020. Archived (http s://nation.com.pk/22-Mar-2020/pakistan-s-fifth-coronavirus-death-con
s://web.archive.org/web/20200318063435/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp- firmed-in-gilgit-baltistan). The Nation. 22 March 2020. Archived (http
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-18-Mar-2 s://web.archive.org/web/20200323151715/https://nation.com.pk/22-M
020-1.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved ar-2020/pakistan-s-fifth-coronavirus-death-confirmed-in-gilgit-baltista
18 March 2020. n) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
49. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o 61. "Doctor who led fight against coronavirus in Gilgit-Baltistan passes
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- away" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/278684-gb-doctor-passes-away).
21-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 21 March 2020. Retrieved Geo News. 22 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20
21 March 2020. 200323122834/https://www.geo.tv/latest/278684-gb-doctor-passes-a
way) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
50. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- 62. "GB Govt decides to observe lockdown for indefinite period" (http://w
19-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 19 March 2020. Archived (http ww.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/gb-govt-decides-to-observe-lockdown-fo
s://web.archive.org/web/20200319075847/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp- r-indefinite-period). radio.gov.pk. Archived (https://web.archive.org/we
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-19-Mar-2 b/20200323083737/http://www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/gb-govt-deci
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved des-to-observe-lockdown-for-indefinite-period) from the original on
19 March 2020. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
51. "Coronavirus updates, March 18: Latest news on the coronavirus 63. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
outbreak from Pakistan and around the world" (https://www.geo.tv/lat rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
est/277853-coronavirus-updates-march-18-latest-news-on-the-coron 23-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 23 March 2020. Archived (http
avirus-outbreak-from-pakistan-and-around-the-world). geo.tv. 18 s://web.archive.org/web/20200323055757/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-
March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032107572 content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-23-Mar-2
5/https://www.geo.tv/latest/277853-coronavirus-updates-march-18-lat 020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved
est-news-on-the-coronavirus-outbreak-from-pakistan-and-around-the 23 March 2020.
-world) from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 64. "Pakistani doctors decry lack of supplies as lockdown looms" (https://
2020. www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/pakistani-doctors-decry-lack-supp
52. "Pakistan confirms two deaths from coronavirus" (https://www.geo.tv/l lies-lockdown-debate-rages-200323110940130.html). Al Jazeera. 23
atest/277989-one-patient-passes-away-in-mardan-kp-health-minister March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032410301
-jhagra). geo.tv. 18 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/we 4/https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/03/pakistani-doctors-decry-l
b/20200321074541/https://www.geo.tv/latest/277989-one-patient-pas ack-supplies-lockdown-debate-rages-200323110940130.html) from
ses-away-in-mardan-kp-health-minister-jhagra) from the original on the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 65. "Pakistanis stranded at Qatar airport to be brought home tonight" (htt
53. "March 19: Pakistan's coronavirus cases jump to 454" (https://tribune. ps://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/03/23/pakistanis-stranded-at-q
com.pk/story/2179414/1-pakistans-coronavirus-tally-reaches-330-ne atar-airport-to-be-brought-home-tonight/). Pakistan Today. 23 March
w-cases-emerge-k-p-sindh/). The Express Tribune. 19 March 2020. 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200324095440/http
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200319225737/https://tribun s://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/03/23/pakistanis-stranded-at-qat
e.com.pk/story/2179414/1-pakistans-coronavirus-tally-reaches-330-n ar-airport-to-be-brought-home-tonight/) from the original on 24 March
ew-cases-emerge-k-p-sindh/) from the original on 19 March 2020. 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
Retrieved 21 March 2020. 66. "Pakistanis stranded in UAE to be brought back via special flight" (htt
54. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o ps://arynews.tv/en/pakistanis-stranded-uae-brought-back/).
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- arynews.tv. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20
20-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 20 March 2020. Archived (http 200324145656/https://arynews.tv/en/pakistanis-stranded-uae-brough
s://web.archive.org/web/20200320110819/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp- t-back/) from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-20-Mar-2 2020.
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved
20 March 2020.
55. "Sindh reports first coronavirus-related death" (https://tribune.com.pk/
story/2180094/1-sindh-reports-first-coronavirus-related-death/). The
Express Tribune. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
67. "Sindh Education Minister Saeed Ghani tests positive for 81. China sends another aircraft carrying medical supplies to Pakistan (h
coronavirus" (https://arynews.tv/en/sindh-minister-saeed-ghani-tests- ttps://tribune.com.pk/story/2186088/1-china-sends-another-aircraft-ca
positive-for-coronaviru/). arynews.tv. 23 March 2020. Archived (http rrying-medical-supplies-pakistan/) The Express Tribune, 28 March
s://web.archive.org/web/20200324153749/https://arynews.tv/en/sindh 2020
-minister-saeed-ghani-tests-positive-for-coronaviru/) from the original 82. Special Thai Airways flight to bring back stranded Pakistanis (https://t
on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020. ribune.com.pk/story/2186118/3/) The Express Tribune, 28 March
68. Sindh minister Saeed Ghani recovers from coronavirus (https://www. 2020
dawn.com/news/1545038/sindh-minister-saeed-ghani-recovers-from- 83. "Punjab unveils Rs10bn relief package for daily-wage earners" (http
coronavirus) Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020033123511 s://www.dawn.com/news/1544624/punjab-unveils-rs10bn-relief-pack
0/https://www.dawn.com/news/1545038/sindh-minister-saeed-ghani-r age-for-daily-wage-earners). Dawn. 29 March 2020. Archived (https://
ecovers-from-coronavirus) 31 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine, web.archive.org/web/20200329221653/https://www.dawn.com/news/
Dawn, 30 March 2020 1544624/punjab-unveils-rs10bn-relief-package-for-daily-wage-earne
69. "Sindh decides to go into COVID-19 lock down" (https://tribune.com.p rs) from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
k/story/2181138/1-sindh-govt-mulls-total-lockdown-provincial-covid-1 84. Five Pakistanis stranded in India return via Wagah border (https://trib
9-tally-crosses-350/). The Express Tribune. 21 March 2020. Archived une.com.pk/story/2186906/1-five-pakistanis-stranded-india-return-via
(https://web.archive.org/web/20200324215630/https://tribune.com.pk/ -wagah-border/), The Express Tribune, 29 March 2020
story/2181138/1-sindh-govt-mulls-total-lockdown-provincial-covid-19
85. Two Pakistani nationals test positive for COVID-19 after returning
-tally-crosses-350/) from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved
from India (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2188079/1-two-pakistani-natio
22 March 2020.
nals-test-positive-covid-19-returning-india/), The Express Tribune, 31
70. "Balochistan goes into lockdown untill [sic] April 7" (https://tribune.co March 2020
m.pk/story/2183565/1-balochistan-goes-lockdown-untill-april-7/). The
86. 17 new COVID-19 cases of local transmission surface in Karachi (htt
Express Tribune. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
ps://nation.com.pk/29-Mar-2020/17-new-covid-19-cases-of-local-tran
71. "Azad Jammu and Kashmir PM announces three-week lockdown to smission-surface-in-karachi) Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2
combat virus" (https://arynews.tv/en/azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pm-loc 0200331054317/https://nation.com.pk/29-Mar-2020/17-new-covid-19
kdown/). ARY News. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.or -cases-of-local-transmission-surface-in-karachi) 31 March 2020 at
g/web/20200323154151/https://arynews.tv/en/azad-jammu-and-kash the Wayback Machine, The Nation, 29 March 2020
mir-pm-lockdown/) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 87. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
23 March 2020.
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
72. "CM Punjab Usman Buzdar announces lockdown in Punjab" (https:// 31-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 30 March 2020. Archived (http
arynews.tv/en/cm-punjab-usman-buzdar-lockdown-punjab/). ARY s://web.archive.org/web/20200407232106/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-
News. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202003 content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-31-Mar-2
23154147/https://arynews.tv/en/cm-punjab-usman-buzdar-lockdown- 020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 30 March
punjab/) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
2020.
88. "Pakistani manufactured coronavirus testing kits, ventilators to hit
73. "Over 450 held across Sindh on first day of lockdown" (https://www.d markets soon" (https://www.brecorder.com/2020/03/30/584835/pakist
awn.com/news/1543279/over-450-held-across-sindh-on-first-day-of-l ani-manufactured-coronavirus-testing-kits-ventilators-to-hit-markets-s
ockdown). Dawn. 24 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w oon/). Business Recorder. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
eb/20200324171611/https://www.dawn.com/news/1543279/over-450
89. "NIH 01/04/20" (https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/
-held-across-sindh-on-first-day-of-lockdown) from the original on 24 COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-01-April-2020.pdf) (PDF). Archived
March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
(https://web.archive.org/web/20200407232107/https://www.nih.org.p
74. "Homecoming at last: 640 pilgrims cleared of infection to return home k/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-01-
from Sukkur" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2183538/1-homecoming-la April-2020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 7 April 2020.
st-640-pilgrims-cleared-infection-return-home-sukkur/). ARY News.
90. "NIH 02/04/20" (https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/
25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
COVID-19-DailyUpdatedSitRepNew02-April-2020-1.pdf) (PDF).
75. "COVID-19:Pakistani hospitals suspend outpatient clinics" (https://w nih.org.pk/. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200402180632/
ww.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/covid-19pakistani-hospitals-suspend-ou https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily
tpatient-clinics/1778600). Anadolu Agency. 25 March 2020. Archived UpdatedSitRepNew02-April-2020-1.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 2
(https://web.archive.org/web/20200325102005/https://www.aa.com.tr/ April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
en/asia-pacific/covid-19pakistani-hospitals-suspend-outpatient-clinic
91. "NIH 03/04/20" (https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/
s/1778600) from the original on 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March
COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-03-April-2020.pdf) (PDF).
2020. nih.org.pk/. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200407232055/
76. "NIH Daily Report 26 March" (https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uplo https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily-
ads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-26-Mar-2020.pdf) Updated-SitRep-03-April-2020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 7 April
(PDF). nih.org.pk. 25 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/ 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
web/20200326080315/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/20
92. "Number of COVID-19 cases rise to 2,708 in Pakistan" (https://aryne
20/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-26-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF)
ws.tv/en/covid-19-cases-rise-to-2708-in-pakistan). ARY News. 4
from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
April 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200406175340/
77. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o https://arynews.tv/en/covid-19-cases-rise-to-2708-in-pakistan/) from
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- the original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
27-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 27 March 2020. Archived (http
93. Pakistan records 2,700 coronavirus cases; Punjab crosses 1,000
s://web.archive.org/web/20200327075701/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-
mark (https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/pakistan/pakistan-rec
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-27-Mar-2
ords-2700-coronavirus-cases-punjab-crosses-1000-mark/articlesho
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 27 March 2020. Retrieved
w/74979582.cms), The Times of India, 4 April 2020
27 March 2020.
94. "Pakistan's Coronavirus Cases Cross 3,000" (https://www.newsweek
78. Punjab overtakes Sindh in virus cases (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2
pakistan.com/pakistans-coronavirus-cases-cross-3000/). Newsweek.
185974/1/) The Express Tribune, 28 March 2020
6 April 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020040719522
79. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o 1/https://www.newsweekpakistan.com/pakistans-coronavirus-cases-c
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- ross-3000/) from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
28-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 28 March 2020. Archived (http 95. "Coronavirus cases cross 4,000 in Pakistan with death toll at 54" (htt
s://web.archive.org/web/20200328092723/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp- ps://theprint.in/world/coronavirus-cases-cross-4000-in-pakistan-with-
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-28-Mar-2
death-toll-at-54/397149/). The Print. 7 April 2020. Archived (https://we
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 28 March 2020. Retrieved
b.archive.org/web/20200407195219/https://theprint.in/world/coronavi
28 March 2020.
rus-cases-cross-4000-in-pakistan-with-death-toll-at-54/397149/) from
80. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
96. Sindh reports 2 more deaths, coronavirus cases jump to 1036 (https://
29-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). nih.org.pk/. 29 March 2020. Archived (http
www.brecorder.com/2020/04/08/587532/sindh-reports-2-more-deaths
s://web.archive.org/web/20200329074650/https://www.nih.org.pk/wp-
-coronavirus-cases-jump-to-1036/), Business Recorder, 8 April 2020
content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-29-Mar-2
020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved
30 March 2020.
97. "Coronavirus cases jump above 5000 in Pakistan, 77 dead" (https://a 116. "Pakistan plane crash: Khan calls for an investigation after Airbus jet
rynews.tv/en/coronavirus-cases-pakistan-dead/). arynews.tv/. comes down near Karachi, killing dozens" (https://www.independent.
Retrieved 12 April 2020. co.uk/news/world/asia/pakistan-plane-crash-today-update-pia-karach
98. "Pak to take decision on lockdown on Monday as coronavirus cases i-airport-jinnah-lahore-a9527941.html). The Independent. 22 May
cross 5,000 mark" (https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stor 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
ies/pak-to-take-decision-on-lockdown-on-monday-as-coronavirus-ca 117. "Hundreds of children in Pakistan's Sindh infected with COVID-19"
ses-cross-5-000-mark-120041200001_1.html). arynews.tv/. (https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/hundreds-pakistan-childre
Retrieved 12 April 2020. n-10-sindh-covid-19-200529062729494.html). Al Jazeera. Retrieved
99. Pakistan awaits clinical trials for COVID-19 treatment (https://www.a 30 May 2020.
a.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-awaits-clinical-trials-for-covid-19-tre 118. "670,000 may be infected with Covid-19 in Lahore alone, CM told" (ht
atment/1802977), Anadolu Agency, 13 April 2020 tps://www.thenews.com.pk/print/666456-670-000-may-be-infected-wit
00. "COVID-19: Pakistan extends lockdown until May 9" (https://tribune.c h-covid-19-in-lahore-alone-cm-told). The News International.
om.pk/story/2206167/1-countrywide-lockdown-stretched-till-may-9/?_ Retrieved 3 June 2020.
_cf_chl_jschl_tk__=3f97bcf87c6dc27472e2ac78e5e968e3749c6630 119. "Shahid Afridi tests positive for Covid-19 | ESPNcricinfo.com" (https://
-1589742868-0-ASeeZXmhxCv1sJABoqufocUuMS4k1M_Uu50AiU www.espncricinfo.com/story/_/id/29305647/shahid-afridi-tests-positiv
wzG2jyrHrv6X334VV58xHTbHS5WGF2SVVLw3gveRAOQxNBNG9 e-covid-19). ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
6InADew3lPzrnlhWmMVU7rftPin3e4Vkf9gnk5_qR0Jt9_eQO9bgGg_ 120. "Shahid Afridi tweets to say he has tested positive for Covid-19" (http
mC6NyO3NCpj5cQj8M52-qPc3DK9LxqpLAuFTLKNODIud43CnQR s://www.hindustantimes.com/cricket/former-pakistan-captain-shahid-
YB_0narF8p0JTWBJbICNJkCqqJOxm9MtcON74YHMZ6snJeDIBm afridi-says-he-has-tested-positive-for-covid-19/story-p5juKPxQ3SnJ7
6Hhha5MyZIOISJEqt6ft5jXGwQgXvOPc62ULpXXx7WICKBLqcvCo Ld8Z0Bk9O.html). Hindustan Times. 13 June 2020. Retrieved
SLdL0NzQKJremNmxilp3RWtx2CBmlVDWjtVfccznWEsczN0Rqlt6c 13 June 2020.
LVuGUQJgyXSBAOXh9). Anadolu Agency. 14 April 2020. Retrieved
121. "Pakistan great Shahid Afridi tests coronavirus positive" (https://www.
15 April 2020.
newindianexpress.com/sport/cricket/2020/jun/13/pakistan-great-shah
01. Sajid, Islamuddin (15 April 2020). "COVID-19: Pakistan's cases near id-afridi-tests-coronavirus-positive-2156165.html). The New Indian
6,000, deaths top 100" (https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/covid-1 Express. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
9-pakistans-cases-near-6-000-deaths-top-100/1805422). Anadolu
122. Asim Ahmed Khan. "All 33 districts of #Balochistan have reported
Agency. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
#Covid_19 cases now. New cases in last 24 hours: Jaffarabad 66,
02. "Pakistan extends lockdown as Covid-19 cases cross 6,000" (https://t Chagai 46, Sohbatpur 27, Nasirabad 14, Quetta 150" (https://twitter.c
imesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/pakistan/pakistan-extends-lockdo om/leokhanasim/status/1273308517420630016/photo/1). Retrieved
wn-as-covid-19-cases-cross-6000/articleshow/75160547.cms). The 22 June 2020.
Times of India. 15 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
123. Metcalf, Barbara D. (2009), Islam in South Asia in Practice (https://bo
03. Junaidi, Ikram (16 April 2020). "58pc of Pakistan's coronavirus cases oks.google.com/books?id=pR0LzVCpfw8C), Princeton University
are now locally transmitted" (https://www.dawn.com/news/1549680). Press, p. 240–241, ISBN 978-1-4008-3138-8
Dawn. Pakistan. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
124. Ayesha Siddiqa, Like India, Pakistan has a Tablighi Jamaat Covid-19
04. Pakistan- Coronavirus cases in KP cross 1,000 (https://menafn.com/1 problem too. But blame Imran Khan as well (https://theprint.in/opinio
100043849/Pakistan-Coronavirus-cases-in-KP-cross-1000), n/pakistan-tablighi-jamaat-covid-19-problem-blame-imran-khan-as-w
MENAFN, 18 April 2020 ell/394229/), The Print, 3 April 2020.
05. "27% of Pakistan's Covid-19 cases linked to Raiwind Ijtima: report" 125. Chaudhry, Asif (8 April 2020). "Tableeghi Jamaat in hot water in
(https://tribune.com.pk/story/2203599/9-27-pakistans-covid-19-cases- Pakistan too for Covid-19 spread" (https://www.dawn.com/news/1547
linked-raiwind-ijtima-report/). The Express Tribune. Retrieved 354). DAWN. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020040804191
21 April 2020. 0/https://www.dawn.com/news/1547354) from the original on 8 April
06. "Coronavirus cases cross 10,000 in Pakistan" (https://www.wionews. 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
com/pakistan/coronavirus-cases-cross-10000-in-pakistan-294058). 126. "250,000 Ijtimah in Raiwind despite coronavirus warnings - Pakistan
wionews.COM. 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020. Today" (https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/03/13/250000-ijtima
07. "Pakistani doctors warn of catastrophe if mosques remain open h-raiwind-despite-coronavirus-warnings/). Pakistan Today. 13 March
during Ramadan" (https://www.gulftoday.ae/news/2020/04/22/pakista 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200402003238/http
ni-doctors-warn-of-catastrophe-if-mosques-remain-open). Gulf Today. s://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/03/13/250000-ijtimah-raiwind-de
22 April 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2020. spite-coronavirus-warnings/) from the original on 2 April 2020.
08. Governor Sindh Imran Ismail tests positive for COVID-19 (https://ww Retrieved 9 April 2020.
w.geo.tv/latest/285270-governor-sindh-imran-ismail-tests-positive-for- 127. "Coronavirus Outbreak: Pakistan places Raiwind city under complete
covid-19), Geo News, 27 April 2020 lockdown after 40 Tablighi Jamaat preachers test positive" (https://w
09. "Closing Pakistan's Maternity Wards Puts Women at Risk" (https://w ww.firstpost.com/health/coronavirus-outbreak-pakistan-places-raiwin
ww.hrw.org/news/2020/05/09/closing-pakistans-maternity-wards-puts d-city-under-complete-lockdown-after-40-tablighi-jamaat-preachers-t
-women-risk). Human Rights Watch. 9 May 2020. Retrieved 10 May est-positive-8220201.html). Firstpost. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
2020. 128. Reuters, India and Pakistan Crack Down on Muslim Group Emerging
10. Shehzad, Rizwan (24 April 2020). "Countrywide lockdown stretched as COVID-19 Cluster (https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2020/03/31/w
till May 9" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2206167/1-countrywide-lockd orld/asia/31reuters-health-coronavirus-southasia.html?searchResult
own-stretched-till-may-9/). The Express Tribune. Retrieved 25 April Position=10), The New York Times, 31 March 2020.
2020. 129. "Pakistan places Raiwind under complete lockdown after Tablighi
11. "11 more fall prey to COVID-19 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa" (https://aryn Jamaat members tested coronavirus positive" (https://www.deccanhe
ews.tv/en/covid-19-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-11/). Ary News. 10 June rald.com/international/pakistan-places-raiwind-under-complete-lockd
2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020. own-after-tablighi-jamaat-members-tested-coronavirus-positive-8204
12. "Female COVID-19 patient recovers after receiving plasma therapy 33.html). Deccan Herald. 2 April 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.
org/web/20200406011117/https://www.deccanherald.com/internation
in Sindh" (https://manzilnews.pk/female-covid-19-patient-recovers-aft
al/pakistan-places-raiwind-under-complete-lockdown-after-tablighi-ja
er-receiving-plasma-therapy-in-sindh/). Manzil News. 20 May 2020.
maat-members-tested-coronavirus-positive-820433.html) from the
Retrieved 5 September 2020.
original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
13. "Pakistan's Covid-19 tally crosses 48,000; PM Imran Khan says learn
130. "A timeline of the spread of coronavirus in Pakistan" (https://www.ge
to live with coronavirus" (https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-new
o.tv/latest/276711-a-timeline-of-the-emergence-of-the-coronavirus-in-
s/pakistan-s-covid-19-tally-crosses-48-000-pm-imran-khan-says-lear
pakistan). geo.tv. 11 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w
n-to-live-with-coronavirus/story-utJw3ACV1NZ6aO3JrDpCHI.html).
eb/20200311202854/https://www.geo.tv/latest/276711-a-timeline-of-t
Hindustan Times. 21 May 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
he-emergence-of-the-coronavirus-in-pakistan) from the original on 11
14. "Pakistani passenger jet crashes near Karachi airport" (https://www.d March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
w.com/en/pakistani-passenger-jet-crashes-near-karachi-airport/a-535
131. "Coronavirus: One Pakistani in Italy dies of the epidemic" (https://ww
31686). Deutsche Welle. 22 May 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
w.thenews.com.pk/latest/627660-coronavirus-one-pakistani-in-italy-d
15. Saifi, Sophia; Raja, Adeel; Laura, Smith-Spark (22 May 2020). ies-of-the-epidemic). The News International. Archived (https://web.ar
"Dozens killed as Pakistani airliner crashes in Karachi" (https://www. chive.org/web/20200322203513/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/6
cnn.com/2020/05/22/asia/pakistan-plane-crash/index.html). CNN. 27660-coronavirus-one-pakistani-in-italy-dies-of-the-epidemic) from
Retrieved 22 May 2020. the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
32. "Two test positive for coronavirus at Torkham border, including a 144. "Number of coronavirus cases in Pakistan jumps to 28: officials |
Pakistani national" (https://nation.com.pk/12-Mar-2020/two-test-positi SAMAA" (https://www.samaa.tv/living/health/2020/03/number-of-coro
ve-for-coronavirus-at-torkham-border-including-one-pakistani-nationa navirus-cases-in-pakistan-jumps-to-28-officials/). Samaa TV.
l). The Nation. Pakistan. 12 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archiv Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200313234050/https://www.
e.org/web/20200313153229/https://nation.com.pk/12-Mar-2020/two-t samaa.tv/living/health/2020/03/number-of-coronavirus-cases-in-pakis
est-positive-for-coronavirus-at-torkham-border-including-one-pakista tan-jumps-to-28-officials/) from the original on 13 March 2020.
ni-national) from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 13 March 2020.
2020. 145. "Pakistan set to seal border with Afghanistan, Iran to prevent
33. " ً 17 ‫ء‬ … ٕ : coronavirus spread" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/277163-pakistan-set-to
" ٓ "" (http://pnn.ps/news/498848). Archived (https://web.ar -seal-border-with-afghanistan-iran-to-prevent-coronavirus-spread).
chive.org/web/20200321151753/http://pnn.ps/news/498848) from the geo.tv. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200314134353/http
original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020. s://www.geo.tv/latest/277163-pakistan-set-to-seal-border-with-afghan
34. "Palestine confirms new coronavirus case, recovery of 17 others" (htt istan-iran-to-prevent-coronavirus-spread) from the original on 14
p://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=j3upWja115452397665aj3upWj). March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
WAFA. 20 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200 146. "Schools, colleges and universities in Pakistan to remain closed till
404065814/http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=j3upWja115452397 April 5 amid coronavirus outbreak" (https://dailytimes.com.pk/575542/
665aj3upWj) from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 20 March schools-colleges-and-universities-in-pakistan-to-remain-closed-till-a
2020. pril-5-amid-coronavirus-outbreak/). dailytimes.com. 13 March 2020.
35. "First coronavirus cases confirmed in the Palestinian Gaza Strip" (htt Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200322184837/https://dailyti
ps://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-corona-palestinians-gaza/first- mes.com.pk/575542/schools-colleges-and-universities-in-pakistan-to
coronavirus-cases-confirmed-in-the-palestinian-gaza-strip-idUSKBN -remain-closed-till-april-5-amid-coronavirus-outbreak/) from the
219004). 22 March 2019. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020 original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
0322220129/https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-corona-palesti 147. "Pakistan Day Parade cancelled amid coronavirus fears" (https://ww
nians-gaza/first-coronavirus-cases-confirmed-in-the-palestinian-gaza w.geo.tv/latest/277199-government-decides-to-cancel-pakistan-day-p
-strip-idUSKBN219004) from the original on 22 March 2020. arade-amid-coronavirus-fears). geo.tv. Archived (https://web.archive.
Retrieved 22 March 2020. org/web/20200314133721/https://www.geo.tv/latest/277199-governm
36. "Palestinians announce first two cases of coronavirus in Gaza Strip" ent-decides-to-cancel-pakistan-day-parade-amid-coronavirus-fears)
(https://www.timesofisrael.com/palestinians-announce-first-two-cases from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
-of-coronavirus-in-gaza-strip/). The Times of Israel. 21 March 2020. 148. "Pakistan closes schools, universities over coronavirus" (https://www.
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200322140612/https://www.t aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-closes-schools-universities-over-c
imesofisrael.com/palestinians-announce-first-two-cases-of-coronavir oronavirus/1765276). aa.com. 13 March 2020. Archived (https://web.
us-in-gaza-strip/) from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved archive.org/web/20200323133550/https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-paci
21 March 2020. fic/pakistan-closes-schools-universities-over-coronavirus/1765276)
37. "Palestinians confirm first coronavirus cases in Gaza" (https://www.a from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
a.com.tr/en/latest-on-coronavirus-outbreak/palestinians-confirm-first-c 149. "Pakistan opens border with Afghanistan to allow essential goods to
oronavirus-cases-in-gaza/1774636). aa.com.tr. Archived (https://web. pass through" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/278438-pakistan-opens-bord
archive.org/web/20200323182149/https://www.aa.com.tr/en/latest-on er-with-afghanistan-despite-coronavirus-fears). geo.tv. Archived (http
-coronavirus-outbreak/palestinians-confirm-first-coronavirus-cases-in s://web.archive.org/web/20200321100345/https://www.geo.tv/latest/2
-gaza/1774636) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 78438-pakistan-opens-border-with-afghanistan-despite-coronavirus-f
22 March 2020. ears) from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
38. "Zambia confirms third coronavirus case" (https://diggers.news/breaki 150. "Pak-Afghan border at Chaman opened for transportation of essential
ng/2020/03/22/zambia-confirms-third-coronavirus-case/). News food items" (https://www.radio.gov.pk/21-03-2020/pak-afghan-border-
Diggers. 22 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020 opened-for-transportation-of-food-items). radio.gov.pk. 21 March
0322164152/https://diggers.news/breaking/2020/03/22/zambia-confir 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200323095354/http
ms-third-coronavirus-case/) from the original on 22 March 2020. s://www.radio.gov.pk/21-03-2020/pak-afghan-border-opened-for-trans
Retrieved 22 March 2020. portation-of-food-items) from the original on 23 March 2020.
39. "Squash Legendary Azam Khan Dies Of Coronavirus Aged 95" (http Retrieved 23 March 2020.
s://www.urdupoint.com/en/sports/squash-legendary-azam-khan-dies- 151. "Turkey and Pakistan close borders with Iran over coronavirus
of-coronaviru-877132.html). UrduPoint. Archived (https://web.archive. deaths | Coronavirus outbreak | The Guardian" (https://amp.theguardi
org/web/20200329091910/https://www.urdupoint.com/en/sports/squa an.com/world/2020/feb/23/turkey-and-pakistan-close-borders-with-ira
sh-legendary-azam-khan-dies-of-coronaviru-877132.html) from the n-over-coronavirus-deaths). The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020. 152. "Coronavirus: Pak-Afghan border to remain closed for another week"
40. "Pakistan on high alert amid coronavirus outbreak in China" (https://g (https://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/535901-Coronavirus-Pak-Afghan-
ulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/pakistan-on-high-alert-amid-corona border-remain-closed-another-week). Dunya News. Archived (https://
virus-outbreak-in-china-1.69234333). Gulf News. Archived (https://we web.archive.org/web/20200320093508/https://dunyanews.tv/en/Paki
b.archive.org/web/20200126044517/https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/ stan/535901-Coronavirus-Pak-Afghan-border-remain-closed-another
pakistan/pakistan-on-high-alert-amid-coronavirus-outbreak-in-china- -week) from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
1.69234333) from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 153. "Coronavirus: After 14 days, Pakistan opens Taftan border with Iran
4 March 2020. for trade" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/625285-coronavirus-aft
41. "Karachi airport starts coronavirus screening of domestic travellers" er-14-days-pakistan-opens-taftan-border-with-iran-for-trade). The
(https://www.samaa.tv/news/pakistan/2020/03/karachi-airport-starts-c News International. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200312
oronavirus-screening-of-domestic-travellers/). samaa.tv. 21 March 042316/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/625285-coronavirus-after-
2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200322114820/http 14-days-pakistan-opens-taftan-border-with-iran-for-trade) from the
s://www.samaa.tv/news/pakistan/2020/03/karachi-airport-starts-coron original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
avirus-screening-of-domestic-travellers/) from the original on 22 154. "Pakistan Shuts Borders Amid Coronavirus Outbreak" (https://skift.co
March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020. m/2020/03/13/pakistan-shuts-borders-amid-coronavirus-outbreak/).
42. "First locally transmitted case of coronavirus" (https://www.dawnnew Skift. 13 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020031
s.tv/news/1122234/). dawnnews.tv (in Urdu). 13 March 2020. 7161936/https://skift.com/2020/03/13/pakistan-shuts-borders-amid-co
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200314135121/https://www. ronavirus-outbreak/) from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved
dawnnews.tv/news/1122234/) from the original on 14 March 2020. 14 March 2020.
Retrieved 13 March 2020. 155. "Pakistan suspends international flights for two weeks" (https://www.t
43. "Tweet" (https://twitter.com/ArifAlvi/status/1238288917658587138?ref heguardian.com/world/2020/mar/21/pakistan-suspends-international-
_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E123 flights-for-two-weeks-to-stem-covid-19-spread). The Guardian. 21
8288917658587138&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.dawnnews.t March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032211481
v%2Fnews%2F1122234). twitter.com/ArifAlvi (in Urdu). Retrieved 6/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/21/pakistan-suspend
13 March 2020. s-international-flights-for-two-weeks-to-stem-covid-19-spread) from
the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
56. "Coronavirus: Pakistan suspends international flights for 2 weeks" (ht 171. Fehmida announces to create fund for sports persons (https://www.ra
tps://www.khaleejtimes.com/coronavirus-outbreak/coronavirus-pakist dio.gov.pk/30-03-2020/fehmida-announces-to-create-fund-for-sports-
an-suspends-international-flights-operations-for-2-weeks). persons), Radio Pakistan, 30 March 2020
khaleejtimes.in. 21 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/we 172. Protective kits will be provided to journalists covering vulnerable
b/20200322114818/https://www.khaleejtimes.com/coronavirus-outbr areas: Firdous (https://www.radio.gov.pk/01-04-2020/protective-kits-w
eak/coronavirus-pakistan-suspends-international-flights-operations-f ill-be-provided-to-journalists-covering-vulnerable-areas-firdous)
or-2-weeks) from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200401235546/http://www.r
2020. adio.gov.pk/01-04-2020/protective-kits-will-be-provided-to-journalists
57. "Pakistan gets clearance for expats stranded in Doha, will return -covering-vulnerable-areas-firdous) 1 April 2020 at the Wayback
tonight" (https://arynews.tv/en/pakistan-doha-expats/). arynews.tv. 23 Machine, Radio Pakistan, 1 April 2020
March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032409544 173. Sigamony, Terence J. (25 April 2020). "PBC backs PMA demand to
2/https://arynews.tv/en/pakistan-doha-expats/) from the original on 24 enforce complete lockdown" (https://www.brecorder.com/2020/04/25/
March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020. 592357/pbc-backs-pma-demand-to-enforce-complete-lockdown/).
58. "Railways Minister announces to suspend 42 trains" (https://www.rad Business Recorder. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
io.gov.pk/21-03-2020/railways-minister-announces-to-suspend-42-tra 174. Ahmad, Rameeza (15 April 2020). "Fawad Chaudhry Just Threw
ins). radio.gov.pk. 21 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/ Major Shade At Mufti Muneeb & Honestly, It Was Pretty Savage" (http
web/20200323095353/https://www.radio.gov.pk/21-03-2020/railways s://www.mangobaaz.com/fawad-chaudhry-just-threw-major-shade-at-
-minister-announces-to-suspend-42-trains) from the original on 23 mufti-muneeb-honestly-it-was-pretty-savage). MangoBaaz. Retrieved
March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020. 26 April 2020.
59. "Centre to give Sindh govt $10m from WB funds to fight coronavirus" 175. "Govt allows Ramzan congregational prayers but conditions apply -
(https://www.dawn.com/news/1542702/centre-to-give-sindh-govt-10m Pakistan Today" (https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/04/18/govt-
-from-wb-funds-to-fight-coronavirus). Dawn. Pakistan. 22 March allows-congregational-prayers-but-conditions-apply/). Pakistan
2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200322060631/http Today. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
s://www.dawn.com/news/1542702/centre-to-give-sindh-govt-10m-fro
176. Virk, Saqib (19 April 2020). "PTI govt, Ulema agree on SOPs for
m-wb-funds-to-fight-coronavirus) from the original on 22 March 2020.
Ramazan amid coronavirus outbreak |" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2
Retrieved 22 March 2020.
201694/1-pti-govt-ulema-agree-sops-ramazan-amid-coronavirus-out
60. "President Alvi, PM Imran urge unity as nation marks Pakistan Day break/). The Express Tribune. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
with pledge to fight coronavirus" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/278714-pr
177. "M announces record economic relief package" (https://nation.com.p
esident-alvi-pm-imran-urge-unity-as-nation-marks-pakistan-day-with-
k/25-Mar-2020/pm-announces-record-economic-relief-package). The
pledge-to-fight-coronavirus). geo.tv. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://
Nation. Pakistan. 25 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w
web.archive.org/web/20200323081421/https://www.geo.tv/latest/278
eb/20200328182553/https://nation.com.pk/25-Mar-2020/pm-announc
714-president-alvi-pm-imran-urge-unity-as-nation-marks-pakistan-da es-record-economic-relief-package) from the original on 28 March
y-with-pledge-to-fight-coronavirus) from the original on 23 March
2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
178. "COVID-19: Pakistan unveils economic relief package" (https://www.
61. "PM appeals nation to observe self-discipline and quarantine to fight aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/covid-19-pakistan-unveils-economic-relief-p
Coronavirus pandemic" (https://www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/pm-to-
ackage/1777961). aa.com.tr. 24 March 2020. Archived (https://web.ar
address-nation-on-challenges-posed-by-coronavirus). radio.gov.pk.
chive.org/web/20200325105033/https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacifi
22 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200322192
c/covid-19-pakistan-unveils-economic-relief-package/1777961) from
853/https://www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/pm-to-address-nation-on-ch
the original on 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
allenges-posed-by-coronavirus) from the original on 22 March 2020.
Retrieved 23 March 2020. 179. "Multi-billion rupee relief package approved" (https://www.dawn.com/
news/1543282/multi-billion-rupee-relief-package-approved). Dawn.
62. "Asad Qaiser summons meeting of NA, Senate parliamentary
Pakistan. 24 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202
leaders" (https://arynews.tv/en/na-speaker-asad-qaiser-parliamentary
00324095439/https://www.dawn.com/news/1543282/multi-billion-rup
-leaders-meeting-coronavirus/). arynews.tv. 23 March 2020. Archived
ee-relief-package-approved) from the original on 24 March 2020.
(https://web.archive.org/web/20200323133550/https://arynews.tv/en/ Retrieved 24 March 2020.
na-speaker-asad-qaiser-parliamentary-leaders-meeting-coronavirus/)
from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020. 180. Coronavirus relief fund approved by federal cabinet (https://www.then
ews.com.pk/latest/637393-federal-cabinet-discusses-economy-appro
63. "Troops deployed to fight virus" (https://www.dawn.com/news/154329 ves-coronavirus-relief-package) Archived (https://web.archive.org/we
3/troops-deployed-to-fight-virus). Dawn. Pakistan. 24 March 2020.
b/20200401000325/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/637393-feder
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200324095441/https://www.
al-cabinet-discusses-economy-approves-coronavirus-relief-package)
dawn.com/news/1543293/troops-deployed-to-fight-virus) from the
1 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine, The News, 31 March 2020
original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
181. "Rs22.466 billion disbursed under Ehsaas Emergency Programme:
64. "Pakistan deploys army to assist in COVID-19 measures" (https://ww
Dr Sania Nishtar" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2196508/1-rs22-466-bi
w.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-deploys-army-to-assist-in-covid-
llion-disbursed-ehsaas-emergency-programme-says-pms-aide/). The
19-measures/1776226). aa.tr. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.a
Express Tribune. 12 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
rchive.org/web/20200324180955/https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacifi
c/pakistan-deploys-army-to-assist-in-covid-19-measures/1776226) 182. "Coronavirus: KP govt announces three-day partial lockdown" (http
from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020. s://arynews.tv/en/coronavirus-kp-govt-partial-lockdown/). ARY News.
22 March 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
65. "SBP to ensure provision of 'disinfected cash', availability of ATMs
amid virus crisis" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2182617/1-sbp-ensure- 183. "GB Govt decides to observe lockdown for indefinite period" (https://
provision-disinfected-cash-availability-atms-amid-virus-crisis/). The www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/gb-govt-decides-to-observe-lockdown-
Express Tribune. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020. for-indefinite-period). radio.gov.pk. 22 March 2020. Archived (https://
web.archive.org/web/20200323083729/https://www.radio.gov.pk/22-0
66. Islamabad placed under virtual lockdown to curb spread of 3-2020/gb-govt-decides-to-observe-lockdown-for-indefinite-period)
coronavirus (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/634351-islamabad-p
from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
laced-under-virtual-lockdown-to-curb-spread-of-coronavirus), The
News, 25 March 2020 184. "Punjab Govt decides to close malls, markets, parks till Tuesday" (htt
ps://www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/punjab-govt-decides-to-close-mall
67. PM announces formation of ‘corona relief tigers’ to fight virus (http://w
s-markets-parks-till-tuesday). Radio Pakistan. 22 March 2020.
ww.aaj.tv/english/national/pm-announces-formation-of-corona-relief-ti
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200322192847/https://www.
gers-to-fight-virus/), Aaj News, 27 March 2020
radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/punjab-govt-decides-to-close-malls-markets
68. Centre decides to open roads across country (https://tribune.com.pk/s -parks-till-tuesday) from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved
tory/2187077/1-centre-decides-open-roads-across-country/), The 22 March 2020.
Express Tribune, 30 March 2020
185. "Punjab govt's repeated pleas for social distancing fall on deaf ears"
69. COVID-19: SC refrains high courts, federal and provincial govts from (https://www.geo.tv/latest/278721-punjab-govts-repeated-pleas-for-so
releasing UTPs (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2187264/1-covid-19-sc-r cial-distancing-fall-on-deaf-ears). Geo News. 23 March 2020.
efrains-high-courts-federal-provincial-govts-releasing-utps/), The Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200323081413/https://www.
Express Tribiune, 30 March 2020 geo.tv/latest/278721-punjab-govts-repeated-pleas-for-social-distanci
70. New infections fall as more patients recover (https://tribune.com.pk/st ng-fall-on-deaf-ears) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved
ory/2187677/1-new-infections-fall-patients-recover/), The Express 23 March 2020.
Tribune, 31 March 2020
86. "Punjab Local Govt, Rescue 1122 jointly working to disinfect cities, 204. "Sindh govt extends closure of educational institutions till May 30
towns" (https://www.radio.gov.pk/23-03-2020/punjab-local-govt-rescu amid coronavirus fears" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/628126-
e-1122-jointly-working-to-disinfect-cities-towns). Radio Pakistan. 23 govt-extends-educational-institutions-holidays-till-may-30-amid-coro
March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032308372 navirus-fears). The News International. Archived (https://web.archive.
5/https://www.radio.gov.pk/23-03-2020/punjab-local-govt-rescue-112 org/web/20200313125047/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/62812
2-jointly-working-to-disinfect-cities-towns) from the original on 23 6-govt-extends-educational-institutions-holidays-till-may-30-amid-cor
March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020. onavirus-fears) from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved
87. "JPMC designates ward for coronavirus quarantine, conducting free 13 March 2020.
tests" (https://arynews.tv/en/jpmc-designates-ward-for-coronavirus/). 205. "Coronavirus: PSL 2020 matches in Karachi to take place without
ARY News. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20 crowd, says Murtaza Wahab" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/276984-coron
200323135117/https://arynews.tv/en/jpmc-designates-ward-for-coron avirus-psl-2020-matches-in-karachi-to-take-place-without-crowd-say
avirus/) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March s-murtaza-wahab). geo.tv. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
2020. 206. "Coronavirus: Sindh govt closes wedding halls, shrines across
88. "More than 150 pilgrims from Taftan reach Faisalabad" (https://aryne province" (https://arynews.tv/en/wedding-halls-shrines-closed-in-sind
ws.tv/en/more-than-150-pilgrims-from-taftan-reach-faisalabad/). ARY h/). ARY NEWS. 14 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w
News. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202003 eb/20200322133804/https://arynews.tv/en/wedding-halls-shrines-clo
23133556/https://arynews.tv/en/more-than-150-pilgrims-from-taftan-re sed-in-sindh/) from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved
ach-faisalabad/) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
23 March 2020. 207. "Coronavirus: Pakistan Army helps set up field hospital at Karachi's
89. Motorways closed to curb mobility (https://tribune.com.pk/story/21850 Expo Centre" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/631969-coronaviru
13/1-motorways-closed-curb-mobility/),The Express Tribune, 27 s-pakistan-army-helps-set-up-field-hospital-at-karachis-expo-centre).
March 2020 The News. 20 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20
90. Punjab govt relief package not for BISP beneficiaries: Awan (https:// 200321170828/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/631969-coronavir
www.thenews.com.pk/latest/636482-bisp-beneficiaries-not-included-i us-pakistan-army-helps-set-up-field-hospital-at-karachis-expo-centre)
n-punjab-govt-relief-package-awan) Archived (https://web.archive.or from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
g/web/20200330161953/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/636482- 208. "Coronavirus: Pakistan reports 4th death due to COVID-19 on
bisp-beneficiaries-not-included-in-punjab-govt-relief-package-awan) Sunday as the country heads towards lockdown" (https://gulfnews.co
30 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine, The News, 29 March 2020 m/world/asia/pakistan/coronavirus-pakistan-reports-4th-death-due-to-
91. Fighting COVID-19: Punjab govt announces Rs10b relief package (h covid-19-on-sunday-as-the-country-heads-towards-lockdown-1.7055
ttps://tribune.com.pk/story/2186491/1-fighting-covid-19-punjab-govt-a 2122). Gulf News. 22 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/
nnounces-rs10b-relief-package/),The Express Tribune, 29 March web/20200322131617/https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/coro
2020 navirus-pakistan-reports-4th-death-due-to-covid-19-on-sunday-as-the
-country-heads-towards-lockdown-1.70552122) from the original on
92. Punjab gov passes Infectious Disease Prevention & Control
22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
Ordinance 2020 (https://www.bolnews.com/pakistan/2020/03/punjab-
gov-passes-infectious-disease-prevention-control-ordinance-2020/), 209. Sindh govt bars employers from laying off workers during lockdown
Bol Network, 29 March 2020 period (https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/633533-sindh-govt-bars-e
mployers-from-laying-off-workers-during-lockdown-period) Archived
93. "Fighting COVID-19: Punjab govt announces Rs10b relief package"
(https://web.archive.org/web/20200325205544/https://www.thenews.
(https://tribune.com.pk/story/2186491/1-fighting-covid-19-punjab-govt
-announces-rs10b-relief-package/). The Express Tribune. 29 March com.pk/print/633533-sindh-govt-bars-employers-from-laying-off-work
ers-during-lockdown-period) 25 March 2020 at the Wayback
2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
Machine, The News, 24 March 2020
94. Fighting COVID-19: Rs620m allocated for new diagnostic labs (http
s://tribune.com.pk/story/2189035/1-fighting-covid-19-rs620m-allocate 210. "Sindh observing lockdown in effort to prevent spread of
Coronavirus" (https://www.radio.gov.pk/23-03-2020/sindh-observing-l
d-new-diagnostic-labs/), The Express Tribune, 2 April 2020
ockdown-in-effort-to-prevent-spread-of-coronavirus). Radio Pakistan.
95. Police register 13,498 cases over lockdown violation (https://tribune.c 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200323083
om.pk/story/2197420/1-police-register-13498-cases-lockdown-violati 728/https://www.radio.gov.pk/23-03-2020/sindh-observing-lockdown-i
on/), The Express Tribune, 14 April 2020 n-effort-to-prevent-spread-of-coronavirus) from the original on 23
96. Religious groups forced to stay away from places of worship (https://tr March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
ibune.com.pk/story/2192361/1-religious-groups-forced-stay-away-pla 211. "Intra-city public transport is banned in Sindh: Awais Shah" (https://ar
ces-worship/), The Express Tribune, 8 April 2020 ynews.tv/en/intra-city-public-transport-banned-sindh-awais-shah/).
97. ‘Field hospitals ready to fight coronavirus’ (https://tribune.com.pk/stor ARY News. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20
y/2191678/1-field-hospitals-ready-fight-coronavirus-lahore-city/), The 200323135116/https://arynews.tv/en/intra-city-public-transport-banne
Express Tribune, 6 April 2020 d-sindh-awais-shah/) from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved
98. District jail declines to accept new prisoners (https://tribune.com.pk/st 23 March 2020.
ory/2193046/1-district-jail-declines-accept-new-prisoners/), The 212. "PCB converts Karachi High Performance Centre into sanctuary for
Express Tribune, 8 April 2020 paramedics" (https://dailytimes.com.pk/581559/pcb-converts-karachi-
99. ‘3,500 prisoners to be shifted from overcrowded jails’ (https://tribune.c high-performance-centre-into-sanctuary-for-paramedics/). Daily
om.pk/story/2195423/1-3500-prisoners-shifted-overcrowded-jails/), Times. 24 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200
The Express Tribune, 11 April 2020 324103838/https://dailytimes.com.pk/581559/pcb-converts-karachi-hi
00. Punjab govt announces relief package for media workers amid gh-performance-centre-into-sanctuary-for-paramedics/) from the
pandemic (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2195212/1-punjab-govt-annou original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
nces-relief-package-media-workers-amid-pandemic/), The Express 213. "Toughening lockdown: Sindh govt takes stricter measures" (https://tri
Tribune, 10 April 2020 bune.com.pk/story/2183525/1-toughening-lockdown-sindh-govt-take
01. Multan quarantine centre to host 1,700 more pilgrims (https://tribune.c s-stricter-measures/). The Express Tribune. 25 March 2020.
om.pk/story/2191657/1-multan-quarantine-centre-host-1700-pilgrim Retrieved 25 March 2020.
s/), The Express Tribune, 6 April 2020 214. "Sindh govt to launch mobile service for ration distribution" (https://tri
02. "Schools to remain closed in Sindh till March 13" (https://nation.com. bune.com.pk/story/2183520/1-sindh-govt-launch-mobile-service-ratio
pk/01-Mar-2020/schools-to-remain-closed-in-si). The Nation. 1 March n-distribution/). The Express Tribune. 25 March 2020. Retrieved
2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200304123506/http 25 March 2020.
s://nation.com.pk/01-Mar-2020/schools-to-remain-closed-in-si) from 215. COVID-19: Hindus denied food supplies in Pakistan's Karachi (http
the original on 4 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020. s://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/covid-19-hindus-de
03. "Sindh extends closure of all educational institutions till March 13 nied-food-supplies-in-pakistan-s-karachi-120033000041_1.html)
amid virus fear" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2167367/1-coronavirus-t Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200403212904/https://www.
hreat-educational-institutions-sindh-remain-shut-till-march-13/). The business-standard.com/article/news-ani/covid-19-hindus-denied-foo
Express Tribune. March 2020. d-supplies-in-pakistan-s-karachi-120033000041_1.html) 3 April 2020
at the Wayback Machine, Business Standard, 30 March 2020.
216. Shafique Khokhar, Coronavirus: Karachi NGO denies food to poor
Hindus and Christians (http://asianews.it/news-en/Coronavirus:-Kara
chi-NGO-denies-food-to-poor-Hindus-and-Christians-49699.html),
Asia News (Italy), 30 March 2020.
17. USCIRF says ‘troubled’ by denial of food to Pakistani Hindus, 231. "KP Govt decides to ban all inter-districts public transport for seven
Christians amid Covid-19 crisis (https://www.hindustantimes.com/indi days" (http://www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/kp-govt-decides-to-ban-all
a-news/uscirf-says-troubled-by-denial-of-food-to-pakistani-hindus-chr -inter-districts-public-transport-for-seven-days). Radio Pakistan. 23
istians/story-E4XHUc6GOs2TfURkTelnFK.html), Hindustan Times, March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032308372
14 April 2020. 7/http://www.radio.gov.pk/22-03-2020/kp-govt-decides-to-ban-all-inter
18. KP allows private hospitals to conduct coronavirus tests (https://www. -districts-public-transport-for-seven-days) from the original on 23
24newshd.tv/27-Mar-2020/kp-allows-private-hospitals-to-conduct-cor March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
onavirus-tests) Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202003271855 232. "The Peshawar High Court" (https://www.peshawarhighcourt.gov.pk/i
16/https://www.24newshd.tv/27-Mar-2020/kp-allows-private-hospitals mage_bank/Orders/Notification_24032020.pdf) (PDF). 24 March
-to-conduct-coronavirus-tests) 27 March 2020 at the Wayback 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200324103438/http
Machine, 24News, 27 March 2020 s://www.peshawarhighcourt.gov.pk/image_bank/Orders/Notification_
19. Sindh govt. restricts movement between 8am-5pm as coronavirus 24032020.pdf) (PDF) from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved
cases surge to 440 (https://www.oyeyeah.com/news/sindh-restricts-m 23 March 2020.
ovement-between-8-am-5-pm/), Saman Siddiqui, OyeYeah News, 27 233. "KP hires 1,300 contractual doctors to fight Covid-19" (https://www.da
March 2020 wn.com/news/1543841/kp-hires-1300-contractual-doctors-to-fight-co
20. Sindh CM approves release of 4,000 convicts (https://www.pakistanto vid-19). Dawn. 26 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/we
day.com.pk/2020/03/29/sindh-cm-approves-release-4000-convicts/) b/20200331013617/https://www.dawn.com/news/1543841/kp-hires-1
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200330143359/https://www. 300-contractual-doctors-to-fight-covid-19) from the original on 31
pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/03/29/sindh-cm-approves-release-4000- March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
convicts/) 30 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Pakistan Today, 234. KP chief minister announces Rs32bn package (https://www.dawn.co
29 March 2020 m/news/1544619/kp-chief-minister-announces-rs32bn-package)
21. Welfare organisations can register with govt via mobile app for Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200330173451/https://www.
rations distribution (https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/636777-welfar dawn.com/news/1544619/kp-chief-minister-announces-rs32bn-pack
e-organisations-can-register-with-govt-via-mobile-app-for-rations-dist age) 30 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Dawn, 29 March 2020
ribution) Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200331154354/http 235. K-P govt announces Rs11.4b relief package to ward off coronavirus
s://www.thenews.com.pk/print/636777-welfare-organisations-can-regi crisis (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2186294/1-k-p-approves-rs11-4-bill
ster-with-govt-via-mobile-app-for-rations-distribution) 31 March 2020 ion-relief-package-ward-off-coronavirus-crisis/) The Express Tribune,
at the Wayback Machine, The News, 30 March 2020 28 March 2020
22. Five graveyards designated for coronavirus victims in Karachi (http 236. "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa gets 25,000 more coronavirus testing kits" (htt
s://tribune.com.pk/story/2187564/1-five-graveyards-designated-coron ps://arynews.tv/en/kp-coronavirus-testing-kits/). 11 April 2020.
avirus-victims-karachi/), The Express Tribune, 30 March 2020 237. "KP traders refuse to close shops at 4pm - Pakistan Today" (https://w
23. "Coronavirus: Sindh government issues notification extending ww.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/04/25/kp-traders-refuse-close-shops-
lockdown till April 14" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/280651-coronavirus- 4pm/). Pakistan Today. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
sindh-government-issues-new-directives-for-lockdown). geo.tv. 238. "Medical emergency declared in Gilgit Baltistan to contain
Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200404003653/https://www. coronavirus" (https://arynews.tv/en/medical-emergency-gilgit-baltista
geo.tv/latest/280651-coronavirus-sindh-government-issues-new-dire n-coronavirus-outbreak/). arynews.tv. 12 March 2020. Retrieved
ctives-for-lockdown) from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
3 April 2020.
239. "Section 144 imposed in Islamabad amid rising coronavirus cases"
24. "Sindh set to ramp up Covid-19 testing as 50,000 kits reach Karachi" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/278525-section-144-imposed-in-islamabad
(https://arynews.tv/en/sindh-covid-19-testing-kits-karachi/). 11 April -as-precautionary-measure-against-coronavirus). Geo News. 21
2020. March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032216023
25. Nagri, Ikram Junaidi | Jamil (27 January 2020). "Coronavirus fear: GB 2/https://www.geo.tv/latest/278525-section-144-imposed-in-islamaba
seeks delay in opening of border crossing" (https://www.dawn.com/n d-as-precautionary-measure-against-coronavirus) from the original
ews/1530743). Dawn. Pakistan. Retrieved 4 March 2020. on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
26. "Balochistan, Sindh education institutes to reopen in March as 240. G-B receives medical aid from China to fight spread of coronavirus (h
coronavirus cases confirmed" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/274487-balo ttps://tribune.com.pk/story/2185641/1-g-b-receives-medical-aid-china
chistan-shuts-down-schools-till-march-15-after-two-coronavirus-case -fight-spread-coronavirus/), Ihsan Dawar, 24News, 27 March 2020
s-confirmed). Geo News. 27 February 2020. Archived (https://web.arc 241. "Gilgit-Baltistan extends lockdown till April 21" (https://www.brecorde
hive.org/web/20200227210155/https://www.geo.tv/latest/274487-bal r.com/2020/04/08/587539/gilgit-baltistan-extends-lockdown-till-april-2
ochistan-shuts-down-schools-till-march-15-after-two-coronavirus-cas 1/). Business Recorder. 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
es-confirmed) from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved
242. "Health emergency imposed across Azad Jammu Kashmir amid
22 March 2020.
coronavirus fears" (https://www.samaa.tv/news/pakistan/2020/03/hea
27. Coronavirus updates, March 31: Latest news on the coronavirus lth-emergency-imposed-across-azad-jammu-kashmir-amid-coronavir
pandemic from Pakistan and around the world (https://www.geo.tv/lat us-fears/). Samaa. 14 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/
est/280043-coronavirus-updates-march-31-latest-news-on-the-coron web/20200322192843/https://www.samaa.tv/news/pakistan/2020/03/
avirus-pandemic-from-pakistan-and-around-the-world) Archived (http health-emergency-imposed-across-azad-jammu-kashmir-amid-coron
s://web.archive.org/web/20200401133257/https://www.geo.tv/latest/2 avirus-fears/) from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved
80043-coronavirus-updates-march-31-latest-news-on-the-coronaviru 22 March 2020.
s-pandemic-from-pakistan-and-around-the-world) 1 April 2020 at the
243. "AJK Suspends Inter-provincial Transport For Three Days Amid
Wayback Machine, Geo News, 31 March 2020
Coronavirus Fears" (https://www.urdupoint.com/en/business/ajk-susp
28. "Pakistan to raise testing capacity as corona cases cross 4,000" (http ends-inter-provincial-transport-for-t-870620.html). Urdu Point. 21
s://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/04/07/daily-coronavirus-testing-c March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020032216041
apacity-to-reach-25000-by-months-end-says-umar/). Pakistan Today. 1/https://www.urdupoint.com/en/business/ajk-suspends-inter-provinci
7 April 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2020040716340 al-transport-for-t-870620.html) from the original on 22 March 2020.
3/https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/04/07/daily-coronavirus-tes Retrieved 22 March 2020.
ting-capacity-to-reach-25000-by-months-end-says-umar/) from the
244. "UC of Islamabad being sealed after 11 coronavirus suspects
original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020. emerge" (https://arynews.tv/en/uc-of-islamabad-being-sealed/). ARY
29. Balochistan announces Rs 1.5b tax relief amid coronavirus lockdown News. 23 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202003
(https://nation.com.pk/09-Apr-2020/balochistan-announces-rs-1-5b-ta 23133604/https://arynews.tv/en/uc-of-islamabad-being-sealed/) from
x-relief-amid-coronavirus-lockdown), The Nation, 9 April 2020 the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
30. "KP govt announces to close all educational institutions amid 245. "Coronavirus: Pakistan asks India to lift blockade in Held Kashmir" (h
coronavirus fears" (https://arynews.tv/en/coronavirus-fears-kp-educati ttps://nation.com.pk/20-Mar-2020/coronavirus-pakistan-asks-india-to-l
onal-institutions-closed/). arynews.tv. 13 March 2020. Archived (http ift-blockade-in-held-kashmir). The Nation. 20 March 2020.
s://web.archive.org/web/20200314150417/https://arynews.tv/en/coro
246. "Pakistan uses SAARC video conference on coronavirus to raise
navirus-fears-kp-educational-institutions-closed/) from the original on
Kashmir, calls for lifting of 'lockdown' " (https://economictimes.indiati
14 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
mes.com/news/politics-and-nation/pakistan-uses-saarc-video-confer
ence-on-coronavirus-to-raise-kashmir-calls-for-lifting-of-lockdown/arti
cleshow/74640486.cms). 15 March 2020 – via The Economic Times.
47. Pakistani PM Khan urges US to lift sanctions on Iran (https://nation.c 263. News Desk (28 March 2020). "White flag' tribute paid to doctors
om.pk/22-Mar-2020/pakistani-pm-khan-urges-us-to-lift-sanctions-on-i fighting coronavirus in Pakistan" (https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2
ran) Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200328015516/https://n 020/03/27/white-flag-tribute-paid-doctors-fighting-coronavirus-pakista
ation.com.pk/22-Mar-2020/pakistani-pm-khan-urges-us-to-lift-sanctio n/). Pakistan Today. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200328
ns-on-iran) 28 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine The Nation, 22 141422/https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/03/27/white-flag-trib
March 2020 ute-paid-doctors-fighting-coronavirus-pakistan/) from the original on
48. "Pakistan seeks debt relief to fight Covid-19" (https://www.dawn.com/ 28 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
news/1542810/pakistan-seeks-debt-relief-to-fight-covid-19). Dawn. 264. "Pakistan coronavirus camp: 'No facilities, no humanity' " (https://ww
Pakistan. 22 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202 w.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/19/pakistan-coronavirus-camp-n
00322060644/https://www.dawn.com/news/1542810/pakistan-seeks- o-facilities-no-humanity). The Guardian. 19 March 2020. Archived (htt
debt-relief-to-fight-covid-19) from the original on 22 March 2020. ps://web.archive.org/web/20200407190958/https://www.theguardian.
Retrieved 22 March 2020. com/world/2020/mar/19/pakistan-coronavirus-camp-no-facilities-no-h
49. "Foreign Minister holds telephone conversation with Foreign Minister umanity) from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
Jean-Yves Le Drian of France on the COVID-19 Pandemic" (http://mo 265. Hannah Ellis-Petersen Shah Meer Baloch (9 April 2020). "Pakistan
fa.gov.pk/foreign-minister-holds-telephone-conversation-with-foreign- doctors beaten by police as they despair of 'untreatable' pandemic"
minister-jean-yves-le-drian-of-france-on-the-covid-19-pandemic/). (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/09/pakistan-doctors-be
mofa.gov.pk. 24 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/2 aten-police-despair-untreatable-pandemic). The Guardian.
0200324095442/http://mofa.gov.pk/foreign-minister-holds-telephone- 266. "Pakistan arrests doctors protesting over lack of virus safety
conversation-with-foreign-minister-jean-yves-le-drian-of-france-on-th equipment" (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/06/pakista
e-covid-19-pandemic/) from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved n-arrests-doctors-protest-lack-coronavirus-safety-equipment). The
24 March 2020. Guardian. 6 April 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200
50. "Foreign Minister holds telephone conversation with Foreign Minister 407174034/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/06/pakistan
Arancha Gonzalez Laya of Spain on the Covid-19 Pandemic" (http:// -arrests-doctors-protest-lack-coronavirus-safety-equipment) from the
mofa.gov.pk/foreign-minister-holds-telephone-conversation-with-forei original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
gn-minister-arancha-gonzalez-laya-of-spain-on-the-covid-19-pandem 267. "Covid-19: PSL matches in Karachi to be played in empty stadium"
ic/). mofa.gov.pk. 24 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/w (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2174849/1-coronavirus-fears-psl-matche
eb/20200324095445/http://mofa.gov.pk/foreign-minister-holds-teleph s-karachi-played-empty-stadium/). The Express Tribune. 12 March
one-conversation-with-foreign-minister-arancha-gonzalez-laya-of-sp 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200312225453/http
ain-on-the-covid-19-pandemic/) from the original on 24 March 2020. s://tribune.com.pk/story/2174849/1-coronavirus-fears-psl-matches-kar
Retrieved 24 March 2020. achi-played-empty-stadium/) from the original on 12 March 2020.
51. "Virus infects 97 politicians in Pakistan" (https://arab.news/v46nf). Retrieved 13 March 2020.
Arab News. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020. 268. "PSL matches in Karachi to be held without the crowd" (https://www.a
52. "Pakistan economy to loose 2.5 trillion due to coronavirus: report" (htt aj.tv/english/latest/psl-matches-in-karachi-to-be-held-without-the-cro
ps://www.geo.tv/latest/280697-pakistan-economy-to-loose-25-trillion- wd/). Aaj News. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
due-to-coronavirus-report). geo.tv. Archived (https://web.archive.org/ 269. "Coronavirus: PSL matches in Lahore to be played behind closed
web/20200405073529/https://www.geo.tv/latest/280697-pakistan-eco doors" (https://www.brecorder.com/2020/03/13/579762/coronavirus-p
nomy-to-loose-25-trillion-due-to-coronavirus-report) from the original sl-matches-in-lahore-to-be-played-behind-closed-doors/). Business
on 5 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020. Recorder. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
53. "Pakistan's virus-idled workers hired to plant trees" (https://www.aljaz 270. "PCB offers international players to return home" (https://jang.com.pk/
eera.com/news/2020/04/pakistan-virus-idled-workers-hired-plant-tree news/745194). jang.com.pk (in Urdu). Archived (https://web.archive.o
s-200429070109237.html). Al Jazeera. Retrieved 29 April 2020. rg/web/20200313154214/https://jang.com.pk/news/745194) from the
54. "Pakistan's mango exports 'hugely' hit by coronavirus restrictions" (htt original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
ps://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistans-mango-exports-hugely- 271. Ghaffar, Abdul (13 March 2020). "PCB cuts short PSL after some
hit-by-coronavirus-restrictions/1861683). aa.com.tr. Retrieved 3 June foreign players opt to leave Pakistan over coronavirus" (https://www.d
2020. awn.com/news/1540607). Dawn. Pakistan. Archived (https://web.arc
55. Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Coronavirus: Pakistani government hive.org/web/20200313183649/https://www.dawn.com/news/154060
lays off thousands of workers to revive economy | DW | 05.06.2020" 7) from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
(https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-pakistani-government-lays-off-th 272. "Coronavirus scare: PCB reschedules PSL 2020, final to be played
ousands-of-workers-to-revive-economy/a-53699236). DW.COM. on March 18" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/628633-coronaviru
Retrieved 14 July 2020. s-scare-pcb-reschedules-psl-2020-final-to-be-played-on-march-18).
56. "Pakistan to Reopen Routes for Afghan Exports" (https://tolonews.co The News International. 13 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archiv
m/index.php/business/pakistan-reopen-routes-afghan-exports). e.org/web/20200313152441/https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/6286
TOLOnews. Retrieved 23 June 2020. 33-coronavirus-scare-pcb-reschedules-psl-2020-final-to-be-played-o
57. "Pakistan Opens Crossing Areas to Allow Afghan Goods" (https://tolo n-march-18) from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March
news.com/index.php/business/torkham-crossing-opens-afghan-expor 2020.
ts). TOLOnews. Retrieved 23 June 2020. 273. "PCB 'postpones' PSL 2020 amid coronavirus outbreak" (https://ww
58. "Afghan Goods Enter India Through Wagah Border" (https://tolonews. w.geosuper.tv/amp/4433-pcb-decides-to-call-off-psl-2020-amid-coron
com/business/afghan-goods-enter-india-through-wagah-border). avirus-outbreak-report). Geo Super. Archived (https://web.archive.org/
TOLOnews. Retrieved 19 July 2020. web/20200322135239/https://www.geosuper.tv/amp/4433-pcb-decid
es-to-call-off-psl-2020-amid-coronavirus-outbreak-report) from the
59. "China Welcomes Afghanistan-Pakistan Trade Resumption" (https://t
olonews.com/business/china-welcomes-afghanistan-pakistan-trade-r original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
esumption). TOLOnews. Retrieved 19 July 2020. 274. "PSL play-offs postponed amid coronavirus fears" (https://www.espnc
ricinfo.com/story/_/id/28914779/psl-called-semi-final-day).
60. Khan, Naimat (28 March 2020). "Police present ceremonial salute to
medics in Balochistan, Punjab" (https://www.arabnews.pk/node/1648 ESPNcricinfo. 17 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/
20200317082749/https://www.espncricinfo.com/story/_/id/28914779/
966/pakistan). Arab News. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202
psl-called-semi-final-day) from the original on 17 March 2020.
00329003105/https://www.arabnews.pk/node/1648966/pakistan)
Retrieved 17 March 2020.
from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
275. "COVID-19: Why Ramzan could be a disastrous month for Pakistan -
61. "Policemen present guard of honour to medical staff at DI Khan
Pakistan Today" (https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2020/04/25/covid
hospital" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/636367-policemen-prese
-19-ramzan-disastrous-month-pakistan/). Pakistan Today. Retrieved
nt-guard-of-honour-to-medical-staff-at-di-khan-hospital). The News.
26 April 2020.
29 March 2020. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/20200329231
513/https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/636367-policemen-present-gu 276. Hussain, Zahid. "Virus-hit Pakistan province reaches out to Catholic
ard-of-honour-to-medical-staff-at-di-khan-hospital) from the original community - UCA News" (https://www.ucanews.com/news/virus-hit-p
on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020. akistan-province-reaches-out-to-catholic-community/87473). Union of
Catholic Asian News. Archived (https://web.archive.org/web/202003
62. Mahmood, Aisha (27 March 2020). "Watch: Lahore police gives
18011808/https://www.ucanews.com/news/virus-hit-pakistan-provinc
guard of honor to medical staff combating coronavirus" (https://www.b
recorder.com/2020/03/27/584069/watch-lahore-police-gives-guard-of e-reaches-out-to-catholic-community/87473) from the original on 18
March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
-honor-to-medical-staff-combating-coronavirus/). Business Recorder.
Retrieved 28 March 2020.
77. "Coronavirus forecast to render 18.5m jobless in Pakistan" (https://tri 298. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
bune.com.pk/story/2189904/2-coronavirus-forecast-render-18-5m-job rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
less/). The Express Tribune. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020. New24-Mar-2020-1.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 24 March 2020.
78. Mian, Bakhtawar (17 June 2020). "Number of jobless people to reach Retrieved 24 March 2020.
6.65m in 2020-21" (https://www.dawn.com/news/1564053). 299. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
DAWN.COM. Retrieved 20 July 2020. rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
79. "PDMA Punjab Official (@PdmapunjabO) / Twitter" (https://twitter.co 25-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 25 March 2020. Retrieved
m/PdmapunjabO). Provincial Disaster Management Authority 25 March 2020.
(PDMA) Government of the Punjab. 300. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
80. "Health Department KP (@HealthKPGovt) / Twitter" (https://twitter.co rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
m/HealthKPGovt). Health Department KP. 26-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 26 March 2020. Retrieved
26 March 2020.
81. "Asim Ahmed khan (@leokhanasim) / Twitter" (https://twitter.com/leok
hanasim). Asim Ahmed Khan. 301. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
82. "Health Department Gilgit-Baltistan (@healthdepartmentgb) / Twitter"
27-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 27 March 2020. Retrieved
(https://twitter.com/healthdeptgb?lang=en). Health Department Gilgit-
27 March 2020.
Baltistan (@HealthDeptGB) / Twitter. Health Department,
Government of Gilgit-Baltistan. 302. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
83. "Daily Status Report / Twitter" (https://www.sindhhealth.gov.pk/daily_
28-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 28 March 2020. Retrieved
situation_report). Health Department, Government of Sindh.
28 March 2020.
84. "CORONAVIRUS IN AZAD KASHMIR" (https://covid19.ajk.gov.pk/#s
303. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
tatistics). Latest Coronavirus Updates | AJK Official Portal. AJ&K
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
Information Technology Board.
29-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 29 March 2020. Retrieved
85. "PROVINCE WISE PROVISIONAL RESULTS OF CENSUS - 2017" 29 March 2020.
(https://web.archive.org/web/20200616161839/http://www.pbs.gov.p
304. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
k/sites/default/files/PAKISTAN%20TEHSIL%20WISE%20FOR%20W
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
EB%20CENSUS_2017.pdf) (PDF). PAKISTAN TEHSIL WISE FOR
WEB CENSUS_2017.pdf. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Archived 30-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 30 March 2020. Retrieved
30 March 2020.
from the original (http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/PAKISTA
N%20TEHSIL%20WISE%20FOR%20WEB%20CENSUS_2017.pdf) 305. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
(PDF) on 16 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020. rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
31-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 31 March 2020. Retrieved
86. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
31 March 2020.
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
11-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 306. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
20 March 2020. rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
01-April-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 1 April 2020. Retrieved
87. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
1 April 2020.
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
12-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 307. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
20 March 2020. rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-DailyUpdatedSitRepN
ew02-April-2020-1.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 2 April 2020.
88. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
Retrieved 2 April 2020.
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
13-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 308. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
20 March 2020. rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
03-April-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 3 April 2020. Retrieved
89. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o
3 April 2020.
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep-
14-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 309. "Pakistan Case Details" (http://covid.gov.pk/stats/pakistan).
20 March 2020. www.covid.gov.pk/. 11 April 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
90. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o 310. "Pakistan prepares to fight back as two coronavirus cases emerge in
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- country" (https://www.arabnews.pk/node/1633656/pakistan).
15-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 15 March 2020. Retrieved www.arabnews.pk. 26 February 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
20 March 2020. 311. "Pakistan Detects First Coronavirus Cases, Links to Iran Outbreak"
91. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o (https://www.voanews.com/science-health/coronavirus-outbreak/paki
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- stan-detects-first-coronavirus-cases-links-iran-outbreak).
16-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 16 March 2020. Retrieved www.voanews.com. 26 February 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
20 March 2020. 312. "Two more coronavirus cases confirmed in Pakistan" (https://thefronti
92. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o erpost.com/two-more-coronavirus-cases-confirmed-in-pakistan/).
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- www.thefrontierpost.com. 29 February 2020. Retrieved 20 March
17-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 2020.
20 March 2020. 313. "Panic in Pakistan after fifth confirmed coronavirus case" (https://ww
93. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o w.businesstoday.in/current/world/panic-in-pakistan-after-fifth-confirme
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- d-coronavirus-case/story/397468.html). www.businesstoday.in. 3
18-Mar-2020-1.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 18 March 2020. March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
Retrieved 18 March 2020. 314. "Pakistan's first coronavirus patient recovers, tests 'negative':
94. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o Murtaza Wahab" (https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/624788-pakista
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- ns-first-coronavirus-patient-recovers-tests-negative-murtaza-wahab).
19-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 19 March 2020. Retrieved www.thenews.com.pk. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
19 March 2020. 315. "Pakistan's 7th coronavirus case surfaces in Karachi" (https://tribune.
95. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o com.pk/story/2171931/1-fourth-coronavirus-case-surfaces-karachi-tal
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- ly-hits-7-country/). www.tribune.com.pk. 8 March 2020. Retrieved
20-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
20 March 2020. 316. "Nine new coronavirus cases emerge in Karachi as Pakistan's tally
96. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o jumps to 16" (https://tribune.com.pk/story/2172615/1-5th-coronavirus-
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- case-emerges-karachi-tally-soars-8-pakistan/). www.tribune.com.pk.
22-Mar-2020-1.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 22 March 2020. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
Retrieved 22 March 2020. 317. "Coronavirus updates: Latest news on the coronavirus outbreak from
97. "COVID-19 Daily Situation Report – NIH Pakistan" (https://www.nih.o Pakistan and around the world" (https://www.geo.tv/latest/276505-cor
rg.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID-19-Daily-Updated-SitRep- onavirus-updates-latest-news-on-the-coronavirus-outbreak-from-paki
23-Mar-2020.pdf) (PDF). www.nih.org.pk/. 23 March 2020. Retrieved stan-and-around-the-world). www.geo.tv. 10 March 2020. Retrieved
23 March 2020. 14 March 2020.
External links
Official website (http://computerhost.pk/)
NIH (https://www.nih.org.pk/novel-coranavirus-2019-ncov/)

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=COVID-19_pandemic_in_Pakistan&oldid=977669836"

This page was last edited on 10 September 2020, at 07:14 (UTC).

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.