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PROJECT : Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: 0 2/7/2001 Area

DOC. NO: Dept CIVIL

2.1 SLAB-S1& SLAB-S3:


These slabs are supporting in one-way like beams between B1 and PB1.
Load calculations are done per metre width of the slab.
Thickness of the slab is = 300.00 mm
Clear cover to main reinforcement = 30.00 mm
Dia meter of the reinforcement bar = 12.00 mm
Effective depth of the slab is = 264.00 mm
Clear Span of the slab = 1.60 m
Effective span of the slab is = 1.86 m
Moment / Shear force due to Dead Load:
Self weight of slab 1.00 x 0.30 x 25.0 = 7.50 kN/m
Weight of the screed 1.00 x 0.05 x 25.0 = 1.25 kN/m
Total UDL due to dead load = 8.75 kN/m
Maximum Bending moment( wl2/8 ) = 3.80 kNm
Shear force ( wl/2) = 8.16 kN
Moment / Shear force due to Live load:
Liquid load (1.30-0.20-0.05 = 1.05) 1.00 x 1.05 x 10.0 = 10.50 kN/m
Total UDL due to live load = 10.50 kN/m
Maximum Bending moment( wl2/8) = 4.56 kNm
Shear force ( wl/2) = 9.79 kN
Factored Design Moment (1.5xMd +1.5x Ml) = 12.54 kNm
Factored Design Shear Force (1.5xSFd +1.5x SFl) = 26.91 kN
DESIGN FOR BENDING:
Check for required effective depth:
Effective depth required, dr = sqrt(Mu/(0.138xfckx1000)) = 33.58 mm
Provided effective depth d = 264.00 mm
Since d > dr the provided efffective depth is OK
Main Reinforcement:
Mu/bd2 = 0.18
Reinforcement to keep Crack width less than 0.2mm:
From Table B27 of Design Tables to BS 8007 By R.cheng(Design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
% of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbdd)))/(fy/fck)) = 0.05
Area of reinforcement required, Ast = = 132.74 mm2
Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section) = 360.00 mm2
Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller
Provide T10 at 125 c/c. or T12 at 200 c/c (AT BOTTOM)
Distribution Reinforcement:
Minimum reinforcement is provided in accordance with Cl.26.5.2., 26.3.3 of IS 456:2000&Table15 for spacing
Max. spacing for dis. Reinforcement as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 5 times d or 450mm whichever is smaller
Provide T10 at 125 C/C or T12 at 200 c/c.

DESIGN FOR SHEAR:


Factored Design shear force Vu = (1.5SFd +1.5SFl)) = 26.91 kN
Nominal shear stress,ζv = 0.10 N/mm2
Concrete shear strength (From table 19 & 40.2.1 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.55 & conrete M25) ζc = 0.51 N/mm2
As Concrete shear strength 0.5ζcmax > Design shear stress ζv
No shear reinforcement is required in slab.

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:


Check for Span to Effective depth ratio as per IS 456:2000:
Effective Span of the slab = 1.86 m
Basic Span to effective depth ratio ( from 23.2 of IS 456:2000) = 20.00
Modification factor due to % of tensile steel(Fig.4 of IS 456:2000) = 1.56
Modification factor due to % of compression steel(Fig.5 of IS 456:2000) = 1.00
Span to effective depth ratio to be provided, lef/d = 31.20
Effective depth required, dr = 59.74 mm
Effective depth provided, d = 264.00 mm
Effective depth provided is more than required, Hence safe.

1
PROJECT : Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: 0 2/7/2001 Area

DOC. NO: Dept CIVIL

2.3 SLAB S5 & S6:


Clear dimensions of the slab = 3.5x5.15 m
Clear span in Short direction = 3.5 mm
Clear span in long direction = 5.15 mm
Thickness of slab, Df = 300mm, Thickness of the wall/beam supporting the slab = 300 mm
Effective depth of the slab d = (300 -30-12 / 2) = 264 mm
Effective span in shorter direction, lx = 3.76 m
Effective span in longer direction, ly = 5.41 m
ly/lx = 1.44
Dead load:
Self weight of the slab 0.3 x 1x 25 = 7.5 kN/m2
Weight of the screed 1.0 x 0.05 x 25 = 1.25 kN/m2
Total UDL due to dead load wd = 8.75 kN/m2
Live load:
Liquid weight 1.0 x 2.15 x 10 = 21.5 kN/m2
Total UDL due to live load wl = 21.5 kN/m2
Slab is considered designed as an Interior pannel
Co-efficints for Bending moments are taken from table 26 of IS 456:2000.
i) Shorter direction moments:
a) Positive moment at mid span
Positive moment at mid span due to dead load (3.74x3.74 =14.0)αx .w lx2 0.04 x 8.75 x 14.2 = 4.90 kNm
Positive moment at mid span due to live load αy.w.lx2 0.04 x 21.5 x 14.2 = 12.03 kNm
Reinforcement as per BS 8007:(BS Code of Practice for Design of Concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Reinforcement to keep Crack width less than 0.2mm:
From Table B27 of Design Tables to BS 8007 By R.Cheng(Design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Service Bending Moment (Md + Ml) = 16.93 KNm
Ultimate Bending Moment (1.5x(Md +Ml)) = 25.39 KNm
Mu/bd2 = 0.36
% of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbd2)))/(fy/fck)) = 0.10
Area of reinforcement required, Ast = = 271.16 mm2
Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section) = 360.00 mm2
Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller
Provide T10 at 125 c/c or T12 at 200 c/c(From SP16 of IS 456:2000)
b) Negative moment at continuous support
Negative moment at support due to dead load αx .w lx2 0.05 x 8.75 x 14.0 = 6.31 kNm
Negative moment at support due to live load αy .w lx2 0.05 x 21.5 x 14.0 = 15.50 kNm
Reinforcement as per BS 8007:(BS Code of Practice for Design of Concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Reinforcement to keep Crack width less than 0.2mm:
From Table B27 of Design Tables to BS 8007 By R.Cheng(Design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Service Bending Moment (Md + Ml) = 21.81 KNm
Ultimate Bending Moment Mu = (1.5xMd + 1.5xMl) = 33.63 KNm
Mu/bd² = 0.48
% of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbd2)))/(fy/fck)) = 0.14
Area of reinforcement required, Ast = = 361.25 mm2
Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section) = 360.00 mm2
Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller
Provide T10 at 125 c/c or T12 at 200 c/c

ii) Longer direction moments:


a) Positive moment at mid span
Positive moment at mid span due to dead load 0.02 x 8.75 x 14.0 = 2.94 kNm
Positive moment at mid span due to live load 0.02 x 21.5 x 14.0 = 7.22 kNm
Reinforcement as per BS 8007:(BS Code of Practice for Design of Concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Reinforcement to keep Crack width less than 0.2mm:
From Table B30 of Design Tables to BS 8007 By R.Cheng(Design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Service Bending Moment (Md + Ml) = 10.16 KNm
Ultimate Bending Moment Mu = (1.5xMd + 1.5xMl) = 15.25 KNm
Mu/bd² = 0.23

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PROJECT : Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: 0 2/7/2001 Area

DOC. NO: Dept CIVIL

% of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbd2)))/(fy/fck)) = 0.06


Area of reinforcement required, Ast = = 164.86 mm2
Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section) = 360.00 mm2
Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller
Provide T10 at 125 c/c or T12 at 200 c/c
b) Negative moment at continuous support
Negative moment at support due to dead load αx .w lx2 0.03 x 8.75 x 14.0 = 3.92 kNm
Negative moment at support due to live load αy .w lx2 0.03 x 21.5 x 14.0 = 9.63 kNm
Reinforcement as per BS 8007:(BS Code of Practice for Design of Concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Reinforcement to keep Crack width less than 0.2mm:
From Table B30 of Design Tables to BS 8007 By R.Cheng(Design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids)
Service Bending Moment (Md + Ml) = 13.55 KNm
Ultimate Bending Moment Mu = (1.5xMd + 1.5xMl) = 20.33 KNm
Mu/bd² = 0.30
% of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbd2)))/(fy/fck)) = 0.09
Area of reinforcement required, Ast = = 220.61 mm2
Min. main reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.2.1 of IS 456:2000(0.12% of total cross section) = 360.00 mm2
Max. spacing as per 26.3.3.b of IS 456:2000: 3 times d or 300mm whichever is smaller
Provide T10 at 125 c/c or T12 at 200 c/c

DESIGN FOR SHEAR ALONG SHORTER DIRECTION:


Effective span in shorter direction, lx = 3.76 m
Effective span in longer direction, ly = 5.41
ly/lx = 1.44
Total Design Ultimate load per unit area (1.5x(Dead load + Live load)) = 45.38 kN/m2
Maximum Shear Force as per IS 456:2000 Vu = w lx/2 = 85.40
Ultimate Design shear force Vu = 85.40
Design shear stress, ζv = 0.32 N/mm2
Concrete shear strength (From table19 & 40.2.3.1 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.13 & conrete M25) ζv = 0.29 N/mm2
As per Cl. 40.2.3.1 nominal shear stess shall not exceed Half the value in Table 20 ζcmax = 1.55 N/mm2
As Concrete shear strength ζv is more than 0.5ζcmax
No shear reinforcement is required in slab.

DESIGN FOR SHEAR ALONG LONGER DIRECTION:


Shear check along shorter direction is done considering shear strength for minimum longitudinal reinforcement,
Hence shear check along longer edge is not required.

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:


Check for Span to Effective depth ratio as per BS 8110:
Effective Span of the slab = 3.76 m
Basic Span to effective depth ratio ( from CL.24.1 of IS 456:2000) = 26.00
Modification factor due to % of tensile steel(Fig.4 of IS 456:2000) = 1.34
Modification factor due to % of compression steel(Fig.5 of IS 456:2000) = 1.00
Span to effective depth ratio to be provided = 34.84
Effective depth required = 108.04 mm
Effective depth provided = 264.00 mm
Effective depth provided is more than required, Hence safe.

3
PROJECT : MODEL BLDG.

DOC TITLE : DESIGN OF SUPER STRUCTURE

DOC. NO : XXXXXXXXXXXXX
Design of Two-Way Slab
Grade of Concrete fck 25 1. Interior panels
Grade of Steel fy 415 2. One short edge discontinuous
Clear Cover C 30 3. One long edge discontinuous
MEMBER INFORMATION

SlabSlab Type
Direction Df Dia d lox lx loy ly ly/lx

S1 1 Shorter 150 12 114 4 4.11 4.5 7.00 1.702


1 Longer 150 10 103 4 4.10 4.5 4.60 1.122

S2 Shorter
Longer

S3 Shorter
Longer

S4 Shorter
Longer

S5 Shorter
Longer

S6 Shorter
Longer

S7 Shorter
Longer

S8 Shorter
Longer

S9 Shorter
Longer
S10 Shorter
Longer

S11 Shorter
Longer

S12 Shorter
Longer

S13 Shorter
Longer

Df =Thickness of slab lx =Effective span in Shorter direction


C =Clear cover to reinforcementloy =Clear span in longer direction
Dia =Diameter ly =Effective span in Longer direction
d =Effective depth of slab
lox =Clear Span in shorter direction

MEMBER INFORMATION
Slab
Slab Direction Df Dia d lox lx loy ly ly/lx
Type

S1 1 Shorter 150 12 114 4 4.11 4.5 4.61 1.122


1 Longer 150 10 103 4 4.10 4.5 4.60 1.122

S2 Shorter
Longer

S3 Shorter
Longer

S4 Shorter
Longer

S5 Shorter
Longer

S6 Shorter
Longer
S7 Shorter
Longer

S8 Shorter
Longer

S9 Shorter
Longer

S10 Shorter
Longer

S11 Shorter
Longer

S12 Shorter
Longer

S13 Shorter
Longer

Df=Thickness of slab lox =Clear Span in shorter direction


C=Clear cover to reinforcement lx =Effective span in Shorter direction
Dia=Diameter loy =Clear span in longer direction
d=Effective depth of slab ly =Effective span in Longer direction
InfoMile Solutions

SLAB TYPE - LEGEND


4. Two adjacent edges discontinuous 7. Three edges discontinuous (one long edge continuous)
5. Two short edges discontinuous 8. Three edges discontinuous (one short edge continuous
6. Two long edges discontinuous 9. Four edges discontinuous
POSITIVE
M BENDING MOMENT (BOTTOM REINFT.)
l
wd wl Md Mu/bd2 % steel Ast Reinforcement
Mx or
αx or αy My Dia Sv

#VALUE! 2.5 30 ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 10.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! 2.5 30 ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 10.00 #VALUE!
αx =Co-efficient for Bending Moment along shorter span
αy =Co-efficient for Bending Moment along longer span
wd =Dead load in kN/m2
wl =Live load in kN/m2

DESIGN FOR SHEAR


lx/2
wd wl SFd SFl Vu ζv % Steel ζc (or)
ζcmax/2 Remarks

0.500 1 10 2.06 20.57 33.94 0.298 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


0.500 1 10 0.5 20.52 31.52 0.306 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
αx =Co-efficient for Shear force along shorter span SFl =Shear force due to live load
αy =Co-efficient for Shear force along longer span Vu =Factored Shear force
wd =Dead load UDL in kN/m2 ζ=Design shear stress
wl =Live load UDlin kN/m 2
ζc=Parmissible Shear strength of concrete
SFd =Shear force due to dead load ζcmax= Max. Shear strength of concrete
Rev Designed Checked Approved Page of

0 xx

Dept Civil/Structural

ne long edge continuous)


ne short edge continuous)

NEGATIVE BENDING MOMENT (TOP REINFT.)


Ml
αx or Md Mu/bd2 % steel Ast Reinforcement
Mx or
Astp αy My Sv A'sp
Dia

#VALUE! ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 10 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 10 #VALUE! #VALUE!
Md=Moment due to dead load
Ml=Moment due to live load
Mu=Ultimate bending moment

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION


From
Chart Provide
Remarks lx lx/d Bt Bc d lx/d dr d Remarks

#VALUE! 4.11 35 1.23 1 43.05 95.56 114 Safe


#VALUE!
lx =Effective span of the slab
Bt =Modification factor due to % of tensile steel
Bc =Modification factor due to % of compression steel
gth of concrete dr =Effective depth required
of concrete
PROJECT : MODEL BLDG.
DOC TITLE : DESIGN OF SUPERSTRUCTURE

DOC. NO : xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Design of One-Way Slab
Grade of Concrete fck 25
Grade of Steel fy 415
Clear Cover C 30
MEMBER INFORMATION DESIGN FOR BENDIN

Slab Df C ∅ d l lef wd Md wl Ml Mu
S1 & S3 300 30 12 264 1.6 1.86 8.75 3.80 10.5 4.56 12.54
Df=Thickness of slab wd =Dead load UDL
C=Clear cover Md =Moment due to dead load
∅=Diameter wl =Live load UDL
d =Effective depth of slab Ml =Moment due to live load
l =Clear span of the slab Mu =Factored design moment
lef =Effective span of the slab b =width of slab=1000mm
Infomile Solutions

Department

DESIGN FOR BENDING MOMENT DESIGN FOR SHEAR

Main Distribution
Mu/bd² %steel Reinforcement Reinforcement SFd SFl Vu ζ %steel
0.18 0.12 T12 at 200 c/c ( BOT) T12 at 200 c/c 8.16 9.79 26.91 0.10 0.12
SFd=Shear force due to dead load
SFl=Shear force due to live load
Vu=Factored design Shear force
ζ= Nominal shear stress
ζc= Permissible Concrete shear strength
ζcmax = Max. shear stength of concrete
Rev Designed Checked Approved Page of

0 XX XX XX 3 3

Department Civil/Structural

OR SHEAR CHECK FOR DEFLECTION

From
ζc or Chart Remark
ζc,max Remarks lef bw/d Bt Bc Lef/dr dr dp s
### #VALUE! 1.86 20 1.56 1 31.2 59.74 264 Safe
load lef/d=Basic span to effective depth ratio
oad Bt=Modification factor due to % of tensile steel
ce Bc=Modification factor due to % of compression steel
dr=Effective depth required
ar strength dp=Effective depth provided
crete lef=Effective span of the slab
Table 26 Bending moment coefficients for rectangular panels supported on four sides with
provision for torsion at corners
Long span
Type of panel and momentsShort span coefficients,αx coefficients, αy
considered Values of ly/lx for all values of
1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.75 2.00 ly/lx
Interior panels
1.44
Negative moment at 0.032 0.037 0.043 0.047 0.051 0.053 0.060 0.065 0.032 0.05
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.024 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.039 0.041 0.045 0.049 0.024 0.04

One short edge


discontinuous

Negative moment at 0.037 0.043 0.048 0.051 0.055 0.057 0.064 0.068 0.037 0.06
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.028 0.032 0.036 0.039 0.041 0.044 0.048 0.052 0.028 0.04

One long edge


discontinuous

Negative moment at 0.037 0.044 0.052 0.057 0.063 0.067 0.077 0.085 0.037 0.06
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.028 0.033 0.039 0.044 0.047 0.051 0.059 0.065 0.028 0.05

Two adjacent edges


discontinuous

Negative moment at 0.047 0.053 0.060 0.065 0.071 0.075 0.084 0.091 0.047 0.07
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.035 0.040 0.045 0.049 0.053 0.056 0.063 0.069 0.035 0.05

Two short edges


discontinuous

Negative moment at 0.045 0.049 0.052 0.056 0.059 0.060 0.065 0.069 -------- 0.06
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.035 0.037 0.040 0.043 0.044 0.045 0.049 0.052 0.035 0.04

Two long edges


discontinuous

Negative moment at -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- 0.045
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.035 0.043 0.051 0.057 0.063 0.068 0.080 0.088 0.035 0.07

Three edges
discontinuous (one long edge
continuous)

Negative moment at 0.057 0.064 0.071 0.076 0.080 0.084 0.091 0.097 -------- 0.08
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.043 0.048 0.053 0.057 0.060 0.064 0.069 0.073 0.043 0.06

Three edges
discontinuous (one short edge
continuous)

Negative moment at -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- 0.06
continuous edge

Positive moment at mid-span 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.1 0.04 0.07

Four edges discontinuous

Positive moment at mid-span 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.1 0.11 0.06 0.09
Table 3.15 Shear force coefficient for uniformly loaded rectangular panel supported on four sides with provision for torsion at corn

Type of panel and location βvx for values of ly/lx βvy


1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.75 2.00
Four edges continuous
Continuous edge 0.33 0.36 0.39 0.41 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.5 0.33

One short edge discontinuous


Continuous edge 0.36 0.39 0.42 0.44 0.45 0.47 0.5 0.52 0.36
Discontinuous edge _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 0.24

One long edge discontinuous


Continuous edge 0.36 0.4 0.44 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.55 0.59 0.36
Discontinuous edge 0.24 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 _____

Two adjacent edges discontinuous


Continuous edge 0.4 0.44 0.47 0.5 0.52 0.54 0.57 0.6 0.4
Discontinuous edge 0.26 0.29 0.31 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.38 0.4 0.26

Two short edges discontinuous


Continuous edge 0.4 0.43 0.45 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.52 0.54 _____
Discontinuous edge _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 0.26

Two long edges discontinuous


Continuous edge _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 0.4
Discontinuous edge 0.26 0.3 0.33 0.36 0.38 0.4 0.44 0.47 _____

Three edges discontinuous


(one long edge discontinuous)
Continuous edge 0.45 0.48 0.51 0.53 0.55 0.57 0.6 0.63 _____
Discontinuous edge 0.3 0.32 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.39 0.41 0.29

Three edges discontinuous


(one short edge discontinuous)
Continuous edge _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 0.45
Discontinuous edge 0.29 0.33 0.36 0.38 0.4 0.42 0.45 0.48 0.3

Four edges discontinuous


Discontinuous edge 0.33 0.36 0.39 0.41 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.5 0.33