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Graphs - Displacement-
Time & Velocity-Time
Question Paper 1

Level International A Level


Subject Maths
Exam Board CIE
Topic Kinematics of motion in a straight line
Sub Topic Graphs - displacement-time & velocity-time
Booklet Question Paper 1

Time Allowed: 56 minutes

Score: /47

Percentage: /100

Grade Boundaries:

A* A B C D E U

>85% 777.5% 70% 62.5% 57.5% 45% <45%


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1 A particle of mass 3 kg falls from rest at a point 5 m above the surface of a liquid which is in a
container. There is no instantaneous change in speed of the particle as it enters the liquid. The depth
of the liquid in the container is 4 m. The downward acceleration of the particle while it is moving in
the liquid is 5.5 m s−2 .

(i) Find the resistance to motion of the particle while it is moving in the liquid. [2]

(ii) Sketch the velocity-time graph for the motion of the particle, from the time it starts to move until
the time it reaches the bottom of the container. Show on your sketch the velocity and the time
when the particle enters the liquid, and when the particle reaches the bottom of the container.
[7]

2
v m s−1 

O t s
3 5 15

The diagram shows the velocity-time graph for the motion of a particle P which moves on a straight
line BAC. It starts at A and travels to B taking 5 s. It then reverses direction and travels from B to
C taking 10 s. For the first 3 s of P’s motion its acceleration is constant. For the remaining 12 s the
velocity of P is v m s−1 at time t s after leaving A, where

v = −0.2t2 + 4t − 15 for 3 ≤ t ≤ 15.

(i) Find the value of v when t = 3 and the magnitude of the acceleration of P for the first 3 s of its
motion. [3]

(ii) Find the maximum velocity of P while it is moving from B to C. [3]

(iii) Find the average speed of P,


(a) while moving from A to B,
(b) for the whole journey. [6]
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3
v m s−1 

Particle P

O t s
1.0 1.4 1.8

P Q
Particle Q
hm
−4

Fig. 1 Fig. 2

Particles P and Q have a total mass of 1 kg. The particles are attached to opposite ends of a light
inextensible string which passes over a smooth fixed pulley. P is held at rest and Q hangs freely, with
both straight parts of the string vertical. Both particles are at a height of h m above the floor (see
Fig. 1). P is released from rest and the particles start to move with the string taut. Fig. 2 shows the
velocity-time graphs for P’s motion and for Q’s motion, where the positive direction for velocity is
vertically upwards. Find
(i) the magnitude of the acceleration with which the particles start to move and the mass of each of
the particles, [5]
(ii) the value of h, [1]
(iii) the greatest height above the floor reached by particle P. [2]
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4
v (m s –1)

0.4

t (s)
O 5 24 28

An elevator is pulled vertically upwards by a cable. The velocity-time graph for the motion is shown
above. Find
(i) the distance travelled by the elevator, [2]
(ii) the acceleration during the first stage and the deceleration during the third stage. [2]

The mass of the elevator is 800 kg and there is a box of mass 100 kg on the floor of the elevator.

(iii) Find the tension in the cable in each of the three stages of the motion. [3]

(iv) Find the greatest and least values of the magnitude of the force exerted on the box by the floor
of the elevator. [3]

5 A car travels in a straight line from A to B, a distance of 12 km, taking 552 seconds. The car starts
from rest at A and accelerates for T1 s at 0.3 m s−2 , reaching a speed of V m s−1 . The car then continues
to move at V m s−1 for T2 s. It then decelerates for T3 s at 1 m s−2 , coming to rest at B.

(i) Sketch the velocity-time graph for the motion and express T1 and T3 in terms of V . [3]

(ii) Express the total distance travelled in terms of V and show that 13V 2 − 3312V + 72 000 = 0.
Hence find the value of V . [5]