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ALGEBRA 2 PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS

Please solve the following problems:

(7−6.35 ) ÷ 6.5+9.9
x=
1. Find the value of 5 169
(1.2 ÷ 36+1.2÷ 0.25−1 )÷
16 24
2. Solve for x

x2 +1 x2 −1
− =23
x−4 x +3
1 1
3. Find the value of
√ 25 log 6 5
+ 49 log 8 7

(7−6.35 ) ÷ 6.5+9.9
x=
1: 5 169
(1.2 ÷ 36+1.2÷ 0.25−1 )÷
16 24
a) Arrange the fractions within each parenthesis to solve them

(7−6.35 )
+9.9
6.5
x=
1.2 1.2 5 169
( + −1 )÷
36 0.25 16 24
0.65
+9.9
6.5
x=
1.2 1.2 5 169
( + −1 )÷
36 0.25 16 24
0.1+ 9.9
x=
1.2 1.2 5 169
( + −1 )÷
36 0.25 16 24
10
x=
1.2 1.2 5 169
( + −1 )÷
36 0.25 16 24

b) Simplify the fractions with decimals numbers by multiplying both the numerator and
denominator by a number that makes the numerator equal to one

6
1.2=
5
ALGEBRA 2 PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS 2

5
Inverse the fraction to obtain the number that makes 1.2 equal to one:
6

10
x=
1.2∗5 1.2∗5
6 6 5 169
( + −1 )÷
36∗5 0.25∗5 16 24
6 6

10
x=
1 1 5 169
( + −1 )÷
30 1.25 16 24
6
5 4
Apply the previous procedure to make 1.25 = equal to one, being the inverse fraction:
4 5
10
x=
1 1 5 169
( + −1 )÷
30 1.25∗4 16 24
5
6∗4
5
10
x=
1 1 5 169
( + −1 )÷
30 1 16 24
24
5

a a∗c 1
= 5
Use the fraction rule b b to simplify 24 , the obtained result is
¿ 24
c 5
10
x=
1 1 5 169
( + −1 )÷
30 5 16 24
24
1
Follow the previous procedure to obtain the simplified form of 5
24
24
5
ALGEBRA 2 PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS 3

10
x=
1 24 5 169
( + −1 ) ÷
30 5 16 24

b a∗c +b
Convert the mixed number to a fraction using the rule a = , the obtained value is:
c c

5 ( 1∗16 ) +5 21
1 = =
16 16 16

10
x=
1 24 21 169
( + − )÷
30 5 16 24

Find the Least Common Multiple (LCM) of 30, 5, and 16

Prime factorizations:

30=2∗5∗3
5=5

16=24

LCM =24∗5∗3=240

Divide the LCM by each of the previous denominators and multiply the results with their
corresponding numerator:

240
=8 8∗1=8
30
240
=48 48∗24=115 2
5
240
=15 15∗21=315
16
ALGEBRA 2 PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS 4

10
x=
8+1152−315 169
( )÷
240 24
10
x=
845 169
( )÷
240 24
10
x=
845
240
169
24

c) Reduce terms
10 10
x= = =20
845∗24 1
169∗240 2

x2 +1 x2 −1
2: − =23
x−4 x +3
a c ( a∗d ) +(b∗c)
a) Apply the rule: + =
b d b∗d

[ ( x 2+1 ) ( X + 3 ) ]−[ ( x 2−1 ) ( X −4 ) ] =2 3


( X−4 ) ( X +3 )
b) Apply distributive property

[ x3 + x +3 x 2+3 ]−[ x 3−x−4 x 2+ 4 ]


=2 3
x 2+3 x−4 x−12

x3 + x +3 x 2+3−x 3+ x+ 4 x 2−4
=2 3
x2 +3 x−4 x−12
ALGEBRA 2 PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS 5

7 x2 +2 x−1
=23
x 2−x−12

c) Multiply both sides of the equation by the denominator and reduce terms

7 x 2+ 2 x−1=23 x 2−23 x−276

−16 x 2+ 25 x +275=0
This equation can be read in the form a x 2+ bx+ c=0 , thus it’s a quadratic equation

d) Find the values of X using the quadratic formula:

−b ± √ b2−4 ac
x=
2a
By using the known numbers, the values of the coefficients to be used are:
a= -16
b= 25
c= 275

−25 ± √252 −4 (−16∗275)


x=
2∗(−16)

−25 ± √625−4 (−4400)


x=
−32
−25 ± √625+17600
x=
−32
−25 ± √18225
x=
−32

−25+135 −55
x 1= =
−32 16
−25−135
x 2= =5
−32

1 1
3:
√ 25 log 5 + 49 log 7
6 8
ALGEBRA 2 PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS 6

1
a) Apply the logarithm base switch rule =log b a for both exponentials
log a b

1
=log 5 6
log 6 5

1
=log 7 8
log 8 7

√ 25log 6 +49 log 8


5 7

b) Convert 25 and 49 to their exponential forms and multiply the exponents by using the
c
product of powers rule: ( a b ) =a b∗c

2 log 5 6 log7 8
√ (5 ) + ( 72 )

√ 52 log 6 +7 2 log 8
5 7

c) Apply the logarithm power rule: n∗log b a=log b ( a n )

log 5 (62 ) log 7( 8 )


√5 +7
2

d) Solve the logarithms in the equation, since 5 and 7 are equal to the bases of their respective
n
logarithms it’s possible to apply: a log ( b ) =bn a

x=√ 62 +8 2=√ 36+64


x= √ 100=10