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Organisation of the Islamic Conference

second largest international (or intergovernmental) organisation after the United

Nations with a permanent delegation to the United Nations, with 57 member
states, mostly from the Middle East, North, West and Southern Africa, Central Asia,
Europe, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and South America, which have
decided to pool their resources together, combine their efforts, and speak with
one voice to safeguard the interests and secure the progress and well-being of
their peoples and of all Muslims in the world
attempts to be the collective voice of the Muslim world (Ummah) and attempts to
safeguard the interests and ensure the progress and well-being of Muslims
aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst
member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and
political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education,
particularly in the fields of science and technology
has consultative and cooperative relations with the UN and other inter-
governmental organisations to protect the vital interests of the Muslims and to
work for the settlement of conflicts and disputes involving member states
OIC Office in Geneva, as a subsidiary organ of the General Secretariat, is a
Permanent Observer Mission accredited to the United Nations Offices in Geneva
and Vienna as well with the following main duties:
1. to represent the OIC to various meetings within the UN system and other
inter-governmental organisations and Institutions;
2. to facilitate activities and coordination of the OIC Ambassadorial groups in
Geneva and Vienna;
3. to follow, coordinate and promote institutional relations between the OIC
General Secretariat, in one side, the UN system and others international
Institutions and NGO’s, in another side.
official languages are Arabic, English and French

OIC was established shortly after the 1967 Arab-Israeli War met in Rabat, Kingdom
of Morocco on 12 Rajab 1389H (September 25, 1969) when the First meeting of
the leaders of the Islamic world was held in the wake of the criminal Zionist arson
of the Blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque, the third holiest shrine of Islam in Jerusalem after
Mecca and Medina, on August 21, 1969 in the occupied city of Al-Quds which was
perpetrated by an Australian Christian fanatic
The Muslim world took this as an attack on Islam by Israel. The Muslims felt that
effective steps should be taken to protect the Muslims from the aggression of the
non-Muslim forces. Thus, the formation of OIC with the avowed objective, inter
alia, of safeguarding the holy cities of Islam, liberating Jerusalem from the Jewish-
dominated Israel and uniting the entire Muslim community.
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam – adopted by OIC to serve as a
guidance for the member states in the matters of human rights in as much as they
are compatible with the Sharia, or Quranic Law; provides an overview on the
Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic Shari'ah as its sole

Objectives of OIC under its Charter

1. enhance and consolidate the bonds of fraternity and solidarity among the
Member States;
2. safeguard and protect the common interests and support the legitimate
causes of the Member States and coordinate and unify the efforts of the Member
States in view of the challenges faced by the Islamic world in particular and the
international community in general;
3. respect the right of self-determination and non-interference in the domestic
affairs and to respect sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of each
Member State;
4. support the restoration of complete sovereignty and territorial integrity of
any Member State under occupation, as a result of aggression, on the basis of
international law and cooperation with the relevant international and regional
5. ensure active participation of the Member States in the global political,
economic and social decision-making processes to secure their common interests;
6. promote inter-state relations based on justice, mutual respect and good
neighbourliness to ensure global peace, security and harmony;
7. reaffirm its support for the rights of peoples as stipulated in the UN Charter
and international law;
8. support and empower the Palestinian people to exercise their right to self-
determination and establish their sovereign State with Al-Quds Al-Sharif as its
capital, while safeguarding its historic and Islamic character as well as the Holy
places therein;
9. strengthen intra-Islamic economic and trade cooperation; in order to achieve
economic integration leading to the establishment of an Islamic Common Market;
10. exert efforts to achieve sustainable and comprehensive human development
and economic well-being in Member States;
11. protect and defend the true image of Islam, to combat defamation of Islam and
encourage dialogue among civilizations and religions;
12. enhance and develop science and technology and encourage research and
cooperation among Member States in these fields;
Principles of the OIC
1. All Member States commit themselves to the purposes and principles of the
United Nations Charter;
2. Member States are sovereign, independent and equal in rights and
3. All Member States shall settle their disputes through peaceful means and
refrain from use or threat of use of force in their relations;
4. All Member States undertake to respect national sovereignty, independence
and territorial integrity of other Member States and shall refrain from interfering in
the internal affairs of others;
5. All Member States undertake to contribute to the maintenance of
international peace and security and to refrain from interfering in each other’s
internal affairs as enshrined in the present Charter, the Charter of the United
Nations, international law and international humanitarian law;
6. As mentioned in the UN Charter, nothing contained in the present Charter
shall authorize the Organisation and its Organs to intervene in matters which are
essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any State or related to it;
7. Member States shall uphold and promote, at the national and international
levels, good governance, democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms,
and the rule of law.
8. Member States shall endeavor to protect and preserve the environment.

Organisational Structure
1. Islamic Summit (or Islamic Conference of Kings and Heads of State) – largest
and supreme body of the OIC attended by the Kings and the Heads of State and
Government of the member states and convenes every three years to deliberate,
take policy decisions and provide guidance on all issues pertaining to the
realization of the objectives and consider other issues of concern to the member
states and the Ummah; entrusted with defining strategies for the OIC policies and
2. Council of Foreign Ministers (or Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers) –
meets once a year to consider the means for the implementation of the general
policy of the Organisation defined by the Islamic Summit by, inter alia, adopting
decisions and resolutions on matters of common interest in the implementation of
the objectives and the general policy of the Organisation, and reviewing progress
of the implementation of the decisions and resolutions adopted at the previous
Summits and Councils of Foreign Ministers
3. Standing Committees – chaired by Kings and Heads of State and Government
and are established in accordance with decisions of the Summit or upon the
recommendation of the Council of Foreign Ministers and the membership of such
a. Al-Quds (Jerusalem) Committee
b. Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs
c. Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Co-operation
d. Islamic Commission for Economic, Cultural, and Social Affairs
e. Standing Committee for Scientific and Technological Co-operation
f. Permanent Finance Committee
g. Financial Control Organ
h. Ad hoc Committee on Afghanistan
i. Ad hoc Committee on Southern Africa and Namibia
j. Committee of Islamic Solidarity with the Peoples of the Sahel
k. Committee on the Situation of Muslims in the Philippines
l. Six-member Committee on Palestine
m. Contact Group on Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo
4. Executive Committee – comprised of the Chairmen of the current, preceding
and succeeding Islamic Summits and Councils of Foreign Ministers, the host
country of the Headquarters of the General Secretariat as well as the Secretary-
General as an ex-officio member
5. Committee of Permanent Representatives – consists of the ambassadors
accredited to the OIC
6. International Islamic Court of Justice – principal judicial organ of the
Organisation which adjudicates intra-OIC disputes and, on the reference of the
ICFM, provides religious edicts (fatāwa); envisioned to have 7 members elected by
the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers
7. Independent Permanent Commission on Human Rights – tasked with
promoting the civil, political, social and economic rights enshrined in the
organisation’s covenants and declarations and in universally agreed human rights
instruments, in conformity with Islamic values
8. General (or Permanent) Secretariat – executive and administrative organ of
the Organisation, entrusted with the implementation of the decisions of the two
preceding bodies; headed by the Secretary-General appointed by the Foreign
Ministers Conference for a period of four years renewable once only; located in
Jeddah pending the liberation of Jerusalem
The Secretary General is responsible to the Conference for their work and
submits reports to the Conference on the execution of his duties.
The task of the General Secretariat are divided among general departments
headed each by an Assistant Secretary General, who is responsible to the
Secretary General for the functioning of his department.
9. Subsidiary organs
a. Executive Bureau of the Islamic Solidarity Fund and its Waqf
b. Al-Quds Fund
c. Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture
d. Islamic Centre for Vocational and Technical Training and Research
e. Islamic Foundation for Science, Technology, and Development (liquidated
f. World Centre for Islamic Education
g. Islamic Centre for the Development of Trade
h. The Islamic Institute of Technology
i. Islamic Civil Aviation Council
j. International Islamic Law Commission
k. International Commission for the Preservation of Islamic Cultural Heritage
l. Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic
m. Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture
n. Islamic University of Technology
o. Islamic Fiqh [Jurisprudence] Academy
p. International Commission for the Preservation of the Islamic Heritage
q. Islamic University in Niger
r.Islamic University in Uganda
10. Specialized institutions
a. Islamic Development Bank
b. Islamic Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation
c. Islamic States Broadcasting Organisation
d. International Islamic News Agency
e. Organisation of the Seats (Capitals) of Islamic Countries
f. Islamic Unity Fund
11. Affiliated institutions
a. Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry
b. Organisation of Islamic Capitals and Cities
c. Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation
d. Islamic Committee of the International Crescent
e. World Federation of Arabo-Islamic International Schools
f. Organisation of the Islamic Shipowners Association
g. Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation
h. International Union of Muslim Scouts
i. Federation of Consultants from Islamic Countries
j. Islamic World Academy of Sciences
k. General Council for Islamic Banks and Financial Institutions
l. Federation of Contractors from Islamic Countries
m. OIC Computer Emergency Response Team
n. Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic Countries
o. World Islamic Economic Forum
p. Sports Federation of Islamic Solidarity Games
q. World Federation of International Arab-Islamic Schools
r.International Association of Islamic Banks
s. Islamic Cement Association
12. Other international institutions with whom OIC has either Cooperation
Agreement or Memorandum/Protocol of Agreement/Understanding
a. International Committee of the Red Cross
b. UN Conference on Trade and Development
c. UN Development Programme
d. UN Department of Technical Co-operation for Development
e. UN Environment Programme
f. UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
g. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
h. UN Population Fund
i. UN High Commissioner for Refugees
j. UN Children's Fund
k. UN Industrial Development Organization
l. The International Fund for Agricultural Development
m. World Health Organization
n. World Intellectual Property Organization
o. International Organization for Migration
p. International Telecommunication Union

Member State Joined Notes
1. Afghanistan 1969 Suspended 1980 - March 1989
2. Algeria 1969
3. Chad 1969
4. Egypt 1969 Suspended May 1979 - March 1984
5. Guinea 1969
6. Indonesia 1969
7. Iran 1969
8. Jordan 1969
9. Kuwait 1969
Lebanon 1969
Libya 1969
Malaysia 1969
Mali 1969
Mauritania 1969
Morocco 1969
Niger 1969
Pakistan 1969 Blocking India from membership
represented by
the Palestine 1969
Saudi Arabia 1969
Senegal 1969
Sudan 1969
Somalia 1969
Tunisia 1969
Turkey 1969
From 1990 as Republic of Yemen united
Yemen 1969 with People’s Democratic Republic of
Bahrain 1970
Oman 1970
28 Qatar 1970
Syria 1970
30 United Arab
. Emirates
Sierra Leone 1972
Bangladesh 1974
Gabon 1974
Gambia 1974
Guinea-Bissau 1974
Uganda 1974
Burkina Faso 1975
Cameroon 1975
Comoros 1976
Iraq 1976
Maldives 1976
Djibouti 1978
Benin 1982
Brunei 1984
Nigeria 1986
Azerbaijan 1991
Albania 1992
Kyrgyzstan 1992
Tajikistan 1992
Turkmenistan 1992
Mozambique 1994
Kazakhstan 1995
Uzbekistan 1995
Suriname 1996
Togo 1997
Guyana 1998
Côte d’Ivoire 2001

State Joined Withdrawn
1. Zanzibar Jan. 1993 Aug. 1993

Observer States
N Year of
o. Accession
1. Bosnia and Herzegovina 1994
2. Central African Republic 1997
North Cyprus as ‘Turkish
3. 1979
Cypriot State’
4. Thailand 1998
5. Russia 2005

Observer Muslim Organisations and Communities

N Year of
Organisation Notes
o. Accession
Moro National Liberation Blocking membership of the
1. 1977
Front Philippines

Observer Islamic Institutions

N Year of
o. Accession
1. Parliamentary Union of the OIC member states 2000
Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue
2. 20005
and Cooperation

Observer International Organisations

N Year of
o. Accession
1. League of Arab States 1975
2. United Nations 1976
3. Non-Aligned Movement 1977
4. Organisation of African Unity (African Union) 1977
5. Economic Cooperation Organisation 1995

Membership attempts
1. India
its candidacy is supported by some OIC members including Saudi Arabia, but
Pakistan strong opposed and threatened to boycott the OIC
Pakistan Foreign Office argued that India’s inclusion in OIC would be against the
rules of OIC, which state that an aspirant should not have an ongoing conflict with
a member state. Moreover, although India is home to more than 175 million
Muslims, they form just over 10% of India's total population.
Another factor affecting India's induction into the OIC is the Kashmir dispute. The
OIC supports Pakistan’s claim over the entire region of Kashmir.

2. Philippines
membership into the OIC was opposed by the Moro National Liberation Front
because, inter alia, because Muslims make up only 5% (4.5 million) of its 90
million population in what is a predominately Christian country
Its inclusion in the OIC is supported by, inter alia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Iran, United
Arab Emirates, Syria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Morocco, Libya, Bahrain,
Kuwait, Jordan, Oman, Iraq, Turkey, Uganda, Bangladesh and Brunei Darussalam
Note: An OIC observer must be a non-Muslim state with a significant Muslim
population but not necessarily the dominant group. An OIC observer country must
have Muslim organizations or communities and established Islamic institutions.
The Philippines, home to an estimated 8 million Muslims living mainly in the
southern region of Mindanao, belong to the non-Muslim state category.
application for observer status seeks to formalize the effort of the Philippine
government to implement economic development and stability in Muslim regions
in the country

A Map of member states

Countries in red are member states; countries in yellow are observer states.

adopted by the OIC in 1981
The center has an upward-facing red crescent enveloped in a white disc. The
colors are those of the pan-Arab movement and the inscription in the centre reads
“Allah u Akbar” (“God is Great”). The same inscription appears on the flags of Iraq
and Irân.

Functions of the OIC Secretary General

a. bring to the attention of the competent organs of the Organisation matters
which, in his opinion, may serve or impair the objectives of the Organisation;
b. follow-up the implementation of decisions, resolutions and recommendations
of the Islamic Summits, and Councils of Foreign Ministers and other Ministerial
c. provide the Member States with working papers and memoranda, in
implementation of the decisions, resolutions and recommendations of the Islamic
Summits and the Councils of Foreign Ministers;
d. coordinate and harmonize, the work of the relevant Organs of the
e. prepare the programme and the budget of the General Secretariat;
f. promote communication among Member States and facilitate consultations and
exchange of views as well as the dissemination of information that could be of
importance to Member States;
g. perform such other functions as are entrusted to him by the Islamic Summit
or the Council of Foreign Ministers;
h. submit annual reports to the Council of Foreign Ministers on the work of the

Secretaries General of the OIC

No Country of
Name Term
. Origin
1. Tunku Abdul Rahman Malaysia 1971–1973
2. Hassan Al-Touhami Egypt 1974–1975
3. Amadou Karim Gaye Senegal 1975–1979
4. Habib Chatty Tunisia 1979–1984
5. Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada Pakistan 1985–1988
6. Hamid Algabid Niger 1989–1996
7. Azeddine Laraki Morocco 1997–2000
8. Abdelouahed Belkeziz Morocco 2001–2004
9. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu Turkey 2005–present

Islamic Summit Conferences

No. Date Country Place Decisions
1. The incidents
of burning of the
Masjid Al-Aqsa
were discussed.
2. Middle East
September situation.
1st Morocco Rabat
22–25, 1969 3. Emphasis was
laid on the need
for maintaining
close relations
among Muslim
1. Middles East
2. It was
demanded that
Israeli troops
should be
withdrawn from
occupied Arab
February 22–
2nd Pakistan Lahore Territory.
24, 1974
3. A committee
was set up to find
ways and means
to eliminate
poverty, disease
and ignorance.
4. S.S.C also set
up Muslim Itehad
Fund and Islamic
3rd January 25–29, Saudi Makkah Al 1. The
1981 Arabia Mukarramah and Conference paid
Taif special attention
to the
intervention in
Jerusalem and
Iraq war.
2. It was decided
to create Islamic
Centre for Trade
Exchange and to
set up an
Academy for
Islamic Fiqah.
1. Various
problems like
Iran Iraq war,
Kashmir Issue,
Lebanon problem
etc were
January 16–19,
4th Morocco Casablanca 2. Decisions were
taken for the
safeguard of the
rights of the
Palestine people.
3. Decisions
about Egypt’s re-
entry in the OIC
were also taken.
As usual a few
resolutions were
January 26–29, passed and more
5th Kuwait Kuwait City
1987 or less the same
issues were dealt
Resolutions were
passed on many
problems like
December 9– Palestine etc. and
6th Senegal Dakar
11, 1991 serious concern
was also
expressed on
American threat
of military action
against Libya.
7th December 13– Morocco Casablanca stressed the
15, 1994 need for
Islamic solidarity
and unity of the
Islamic Ummah in
an atmosphere of
brother hood and
1. Discussions on
the various
confronting the
Organization of
the Islamic
Conference in the
March 23, 21st century were
Extraordina Pakistan Islamabad
1997 made.
2. A statement
was issued on
the Jerusalem
issue and
disputes between
India and
December 9–
8th Iran Tehran
11, 1997
1. The
Conference had a
discussion and
consultation on
issues and
challenges faced
by Islamic
countries in the
economic, social
and cultural
fields, the
November 12– Palestine-Israel
9th Qatar Doha
13, 2000 conflict, the
present situation
in Palestine, the
Iraq question, the
strengthening of
solidarity among
the Islamic
countries and
2. Some
consensus were
reached on these
Extraordina March 5, 2003 Qatar Doha
An agreement
was made to
start concrete
efforts in
restructuring the
OIC mainly in
October 16– four aspects:
10th Malaysia Putrajaya
17, 2003 structure
increase financial
ability and
It accommodated
those efforts
referred to in the
10th conference
and compiled
them into the
Declaration and
OIC 10 Years
3rd Program of
December 7– Saudi Makkah Al
Extraordina Actions which
8, 2005 Arabia Mukarramah
ry stresses the
reformation and
process of the
OIC, also
formulating the
new OIC Statute
which is planned
to be carried out
by the year 2015.
11th March 13–14, Senegal Dakar 1. It produced the
2008 new OIC Charter
emphasizes OIC
commitment to
means of
cooperation not
only in the
realms of politics.
2. It also
produced the
which highlighted
issues on politics,
minorities such
as Kosovo,
economy, social
cultural issues,
law, and
3. Resolutions
have also been
produced in
issues pertaining
global security:
Resolutions on
the Cause of
Palestine, the
City of al-Quds Al
Sharif, and the
Resolutions on
Political Affairs,
Resolutions on
Communities and
Minorities in Non-
OIC Member
12th 2011 Egypt Cairo

Some Conventions of OIC

1. General Agreement for Economic ,Technical and Commercial cooperation
among member states of the Organization of The Islamic Conference
2. Agreement for the promotion, protection and guarantee of investment among
member states of The Organization of the Islamic Conference
3. Framework Agreement on Trade Preferential system among the member
states of the Organization of The Islamic Conference
4. Protocol on the Preferential Tariff Scheme for TPS-OIC
5. TPS-OIC Rules of Origin
6. Statute for the Islamic Civil aviation Council
7. Statute of Islamic States Telecommunication Union
8. Statute for the Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic countries
9. Covenant on the rights of child in Islam
10. OIC Convention to Combat Terrorism (1999-1420H)
11. Agreement on Immunities and privileges for The Organization of The Islamic

Some Controversial Issues Involving OIC

1. Israel/Palestine
The conference used its influence within United Nations to push for the
controversial 2009 Goldstone report on the status of Gaza that accuses Israel of
major human rights abuses. The OIC also continues to push for greater access to
Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem.
The May 2010 Turkish-sponsored flotilla incident, in which Israeli forces raided a
ship attempting to breach the blockade of Gaza, has also been heavily criticized
by OIC members. Egypt had aided the blockade by also closing its border to
Gaza with little public criticism from OIC countries. Following the flotilla incident,
Egypt opened its border for the first time to allow shipments of non-medical aid
and food.
2. Human Rights
In 2010, Freedom House, a U.S.-based international human rights and
democracy watchdog, listed nine OIC member countries among the worst human
rights violators in the world, including a few that sit on the UN Human Rights
The OIC also is pushing a resolution on the defamation of religions within the
HRC, which has an emphasis on protecting Islam from being insulted or
stereotyped as a religion of terrorism. Advocates say such action is needed to
combat growing Islamophobia.
The defamation resolution is an offshoot of the disagreement over the definition
of human rights by Islamic countries. The UN adopted a universal declaration on
human rights in 1948, but the OIC adopted its own Cairo Declaration on Human
Rights in Islam in 1990. The UN universal human rights declaration, for example,
recognizes the right to change religions, but the Cairo declaration does not. All
rights in the Cairo declaration are to be read and understood through sharia law
—which does not allow conversion from Islam.
The OIC has been criticised for diverting its activities solely on Muslim minorities
within majority non-Muslim countries but putting a taboo on the plight, the
treatment of ethnic minorities within Muslim-majority countries, such as the
oppression of the Kurds in Syria, the Ahwaz in Iran, the Hazars in Afghanistan,
the Baluchis in Pakistan, the 'Al-Akhdam' in Yemen, or the Berbers in Algeria.
3. Terrorism
The OIC adopted the Convention on Combating International Terrorism in 1999,
but defining terrorism has been a struggle for the conference. The Convention
defined terrorism as “any act or threat of violence carried out with the aim of,
among other things, imperiling people’s honor, occupying or seizing public or
private property, or threatening the stability, territorial integrity, political unity or
sovereignty of a state.”
Following a 2002 meeting, OIC ministers rejected the idea that Palestinian
suicide bombers should be considered terrorists because of their struggle
against Israeli occupation.
In 2008, Human Rights Watch, noting that international law prohibits attacks
against civilians no matter the circumstances, asked the OIC to amend its
definition of terrorism to clarify that its condemnation of terrorism makes no
exemptions, even if in the name of causes that OIC member states endorse.

Permanent Observer Missions of the Organisation of the Islamic

Conference to the UN in Geneva
established to help further improvement of solidarity and coordination among OIC
member States

1. to consolidated the spirit of solidarity among the members states;
2. to enhance the Group’s potential by the involvement of their ambassadors
and experts in negotiations and decision making process;
3. to coordinate the position and views of the OIC countries and harmonize their
positions in the different foras and International meetings of the UN Agencies and
specialized institutions;
4. to contribute, as cross-regional Group to international decision making
5. to increase the effectiveness of the work of the OIC Missions aimed at
promoting efficient cooperation and coordination among Members States on
issues concerning Muslim Ummah

Some keys factors in advancing the objectives:

1. Maintaining a clear vision on the work of the OIC Group
The principles and goals enshrined in the OIC Charter, the guidance of the OIC
conferences; and the indicative spirit of the Group, materialized through its
dealing with United Nations Agenda in Geneva constitutes the main component
of the vision. In addition, resolution n° 40/30-P of the 31ICFM, entitled “Adoption
by the Islamic States of a Unified Stand at International For a” also serves as a
directive on Various aspect of the Group’s activities including defining mandates
and scope of work as well as setting priorities and submitting of
2. Active and closer coordination
Outputs of the established mechanism of the Group for coordinating on 5
thematic issues of UNOG which are: human rights and humanitarian issues;
economics and trade issues; social and related issues; technology issues and
disarmament issues, could manifest in joint statement and initiatives at various
conferences and for a in Geneva with great contribution to the credibility and
influence of the Group.
3. Follow up, review and evaluation
Joint endeavors of the Chairman and coordinators in determining appropriate
follow-up measures for decision of the Group as well as, timely reporting on their
implementation would have a reassuring impact on maintaining consistency
within the Group. Occasion such as the transfer of the Group’s Chairmanship;
visits by the Secretary General or other relevant dignitaries; and the conclusion
of important meetings, like the general Conference, are appropriate times for
reflection of the Group on its performance

Functions of the UN Observer Missions:

1. following all matters of interest to the Islamic Conference at the United
nations and reporting to the headquarters in Jeddah;
2. supporting activities and coordination of the informal group of the OIC
member states at the U.N.;
3. maintaining close contacts with the UN Secretariat and other International
Organisation in Geneva and Vienna;
4. creating, maintaining and strengthening working relations with the UN
specialized bodies and institutions as well as others International organisations in
Geneva and Vienna; and
5. creating, maintaining and strengthening contacts with member states
accredited to the UN in Geneva, Vienna and Paris (UNESCO)

OIC Groups in Vienna and UNESCO (Paris)

composed by the 52 members States which have Permanent Representation
accredited to the United Nations Office in Geneva, 3 Observers States and 4
Observers from international organisations
OIC Delegation in Geneva is accredited to the United Nations Office in Vienna
(UNOV) since 1992
UNOV, established since 1980, is serving as liaison Office with permanents
missions, and governments, intergovernmental and non governmental
organisations in Vienna
working closely with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) which
is associated with the UNOV, and is participating also in the work of the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), located in Vienna
OIC members represented in Vienna have created in 2005 an OIC Group in Vienna
functioning as the OIC Group in Geneva, aiming to collaborate and to strengthen
the position of the OIC States while dealing with the issues (crime, terrorism,
corruption, drug control, etc.) or with other issues of common interest related to
the work and activities of the UN Offices and other organisations based in Vienna
holds monthly Ambassadorial Meeting on the first Tuesday of each Month to
discuss the OIC and UN Agenda and matters of common interests among the
members States
The Chairman of the OIC Group convenes the meeting and timely distributes,
through the OIC Office in Geneva the Agenda of the meeting to the Members
States. A report issued after each meeting is circulated among the OIC Members
States and a copy is send to the OIC Secretary General in Jeddah for information,
as well as to the OIC Office in New York for matter of coordination with the OIC
Group in New York.
The Chairman can convey additional meeting, at Ambassadorial or expert level if
needed and according to the Agenda of the UN and other international
Organisations and specialized Agencies to facilitate the process of decision-


has been established since 2005 to strengthen the OIC cooperation between OIC
and UNESCO and achieve the common goals in term of socio-economics, cultural
and scientific development and to face challenges in the field of education,
illiteracy and knowledge
protecting the holy site in Jerusalem and elsewhere, promoting intercultural
dialogue and cultural diversity, combating islamophobia are among its main
OIC Group (Vienna and UNESCO) Composition
OIC Group Chairmanship – The Chairman of the Group is the representative of the
Country which has Chairmanship term of the Islamic Conference of Foreign
OIC Group Coordinators – elected at the first Ambassadorial meeting following the
ICFM’s annual Conference
Until the next ICFM, the Coordinators of the OIC Group in Geneva are:
a. Republic of Pakistan – Coordinator on Human rights and humanitarian issues
b. Islamic Republic of Iran – Coordinator on Economic and Development issues
c. Republic of Algeria – Coordinator on Disarmament and related issues
d. Republic of Tunisia – Coordinator on Information, Technology and ITC’s
related issues
e. Republic of Senegal – Coordinator on Social and related issues
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam,
declaration-islam-93e.pdf (last accessed Jan. 24, 2010).
Cavalli, G., The New Organisation of the Islamic Conference Charter, 1 Perspectives
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