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Your UANet ID: _____________________ Chemical Thinking U3 M1: Discussion 10 | 1

Charge Distribution and IMFs


Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) is used in the production of liquid-crystal displays and thin-film solar cells.

1. Complete the following table for this molecule:

Lewis Electron Domain Molecular Partial Charges on Molecular Polarity


Structure Geometry Geometry Each Atom (Draw Dipole Moment)
 = |A - B|/|A+B|

NF3

Relevant data: (N) = 3.0; (F) = 4.0

2. Sketch the electrostatic potential map showing


areas of higher and lower electron density in
the molecule.

3. Identify and describe the types of intermolecular forces (IMFs) exist between molecules of NF 3. Justify your
reasoning.

Consider the following functional groups present in a variety of molecules:

4. Assign partial charges (+ or ) to the visible C, H, O, and N atoms in these functional groups;

5. Determine the relative magnitude and direction of relevant bond dipoles assuming that R1 and R2 groups
represent hydrocarbon chains; (H) = 2.1;(C) = 2.5; (N) = 3.0; (O) = 3.5

6. Determine the direction of the net dipole moment of each functional group.

7. Identify the types of IMFs that will exist between molecules with these functional groups.
Your UANet ID: _____________________ Chemical Thinking U3 M1: Discussion 10 | 2

Fluorocarbons are molecules that are composed of fluorine and carbon and are important for the polymer industry,
as well as in refrigerants.
CH4 CH3F CH2F2 CHF3 CF4
8. Draw the Lewis structures of these molecules and represent their molecular geometry. Then, arrange the
molecules in order of a) increasing polarizability and b) molecular polarity.
Relevant data: (H) = 2.1;(C) = 2.5; (F) = 4.0

9. Identify and describe the types of intermolecular forces (IMFs) exist between each of the molecules above. Justify
your reasoning.

10. Use all of the data above to build an explanation for the CH4 CH3F CH2F2 CHF3 CF4
boiling points in the table. 162 C 78 C 52 C 82 C 128 C

Alkanes and ethers can be used as


solvents in chemical synthesis labs.

11. Build an explanation for the


trends in boiling points within
and across the groups.

12. Hexane is hydrocarbon that has multiple isomers. Given the structures of three of
the isomers, rank these isomers in order of increasing boiling points and justify your I
reasoning.

II

III

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