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Т.Г. Галкина, И.В.

Бреус

ME AND MY WORLD: I AM A STUDENT

Учебно-методическое пособие

Модуль 1

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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное
учреждение высшего профессионального образования
«Сибирская государственная автомобильно-дорожная академия
(СибАДИ)»

Т.Г. Галкина, И.В. Бреус

ME AND MY WORLD: I AM A STUDENT

Учебно-методическое пособие

Модуль 1

Омск
СибАДИ
2011

4
УДК 44
ББК 81.432.1
М 45

Рецензенты:
доктор филологических наук, профессор Л.О. Бутакова
(ФГБОУ ВПО «Омский государственный университет им. Ф.М. Достоевского»);
кандидат филологических наук, доцент И.Н. Ефименко
(ФГБОУ ВПО «Сибирская государственная автомобильно-дорожная
академия (СибАДИ)»)

Работа одобрена редакционно-издательским советом академии в


качестве учебно-методического пособия для студентов 1, 2 курсов всех
специальностей.

Галкина Т.Г., Бреус И.В.


М 45 Me and My World: I am a student. Модуль 1: учебно-методическое
пособие.  Омск: СибАДИ, 2011. – 52 с.

Учебно-методическое пособие «Me and My World» направлено на


обучение навыкам устной и письменной речи. Задания, предлагаемые в пособии,
построены таким образом, чтобы активизировать мыслительную деятельность
обучаемых, оптимизировать учебный процесс за счет экономии времени, усилий
педагога и правильной организации самостоятельной работы студентов.
Учебно-методическое пособие предназначено для студентов 1, 2 курсов высших
учебных заведений.

Ил. 12. Библиогр.: 21 назв.

 ФГБОУ ВПО «СибАДИ», 2011

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Hello!!!
Do you speak English?
1. Read the text and fill in the gaps 1-6 using sentences A-G. One of
them is unnecessary.

Do You Speak English?


When I arrived in England I thought I knew English. After I’d been
here an hour I realized that I did not understand one word. In the first week
I picked up a tolerable working knowledge of the language and the next
seven years convinced me gradually but thoroughly that I (1)
___________, let alone perfectly. This is sad. My only consolation being
that nobody speaks English perfectly.
Remember that those five hundred words an average Englishman uses
are (2) _____________. You may learn another five hundred and another
five thousand and yet another fifty thousand and still you may come across
a further fifty thousand (3) __________________ .
If you live here long enough you will find out to your greatest
amazement that the adjective nice is not the only adjective the language
possesses, in spite of the fact that (4) _____________________. You can
say that the weather is nice, a restaurant is nice, Mr. Soandso is nice, Mrs.
Soando’s clothes are nice, you had a nice time, (5)
____________________.
Then you have to decide on your accent. The easiest way to give the
impression of having a good accent or no foreign accent at all is to hold an
unlit pipe in your mouth, to mutter between your teeth and finish all your
sentences with the question; “isn’t it?” People will not understand much,
but they are accustomed to that and they will get a (6)
____________________.

A. whatever it costs
B. most excellent impression
C. you have never heard of before, and nobody else either
D. in the first three years you do not need to learn or use any other
adjectives

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E. would never know it really well
F. far from being the whole vocabulary of the language
G. and all this will be correct

2. Study the following personal vocabulary calendar, make your own


one to study English language.

September
a word a day
personal vocabulary calendar 2010 - 2011

Write at least one new word in your list every day, and then write the
translation. Keep this personal vocabulary calendar in your life. After one
month, you’ll have about 30 new words. And after one year, you’ll have …
a lot of new words!!!

M T W T F S S
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30

English Russian English Russian


1. Acquaintance 1. знакомство 16. 16.
2. 2. 17. 17.
3. 3. 18. 18.
4. 4. 19. 19.
5. 5. 20. 20.
6. 6. 21. 21.
7. 7. 22. 22.
8. 8. 23. 23.
9. 9. 24. 24.
10. 10. 25. 25.
11. 11. 26. 26.
12. 12. 27. 27.
13. 13. 28. 28.
14. 14. 29. 29.
15. 15. 30. 30.
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ACQUAINTANCE
1. Introduce yourself to the people on either side of you like in a first
meeting.
How would you greet these people? What would you say? What would
you do, e.g. shake hands, hug them?
 a friend you see often;
 a relative you haven’t seen for a while;
 a visitor from another country.

2. Match the pairs of sentences. Put the correct letters in the boxes.

1. How do you do. a. Pleased to meet you.


2. How are you? b. Thank you.
3. This is Anna. c. Fine, thanks. And you?
4. Come in. d. Yes, please. How much is this?
5. Can I help you? e. How do you do.

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3. “How do you do” is formal and now quite rare. It is being replaced by “Pleased/Nice to meet you”. “How are
you?” is not used for the first meeting, only for greeting someone you already know. Think of possible replies to
these introductions. It is the first meeting.
1. Pleased to meet you. My name is Alex Strauss.
2. Hello, my name’s Susan – Susan Atkins.
3. I’m sorry, I didn’t catch your name.

4. Rita (R) is meeting a visitor (V) at the airport (Pic. 1). Match Rita’s sentences with the replies.

Pic. 1

1. Welcome to Russia. a. Yes, thank you.


2. Excuse me. Are you Mr. Miller? b. No, I was here last year.
3. Hello. Nice to meet you. c. Thank you. It’s nice to be
4. Let me help you with your here.
luggage. d. Yes, that’s right.
5. Is this your first visit to Russia? e. Thank you.
6. Did your have a good flight? f. Nice to meet you, too.

5. Put the conversation in a logical order.

6. Work in pairs. Read the dialogue aloud. Take turns to be A and B.

7. Find and underline phrases in the dialogue that have a similar meaning to phrases 1 – 4 below.
1. How was your journey?
2. Pleased to meet you.
3. Have you been here before?
4. Can I give you a hand?

8. Victor Pavlov meets a client at the airport. Complete the conversation using these words:
in call from trip a do way get bags abroad kind
Victor: Hello, I’m Victor Pavlov (0) from the Siberian Automobile and Highway Academy.
Susanne: Hello, my name’s Susanne Moore.
Victor: Did you have a good (1)……..?
Susanne: The flight was long but not too bad.
Victor: Can I help you with your (2)……..?

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Susanne: Thanks? That’s very (3)……..?
Victor: Do you travel (4)…….. a lot, Susanne?
Susanne: No, about twice (5)……..year. How do we (6)……..to your office, Mr. Pavlov?
Victor: Oh, please (7)……..me Victor. We can get a taxi. This (8)……..!
Susanne: So, what do you (9)……..at the Academy, Victor?
Victor: I work (10)……..the information technology department.

9. Susanne is at the New Year party at the Academy. She’s talking to some students and teachers. Complete her
responses using the sentences in the bubbles.

That
Thank I have.
would
you for How are
How’s be nice!
inviting you,
business Natasha?
at the me.
moment?

Nice to And
but I’ve
meet you?
visited
Russia
you.
before.

1. Hello, I’m Nicolay. – Hello, I’m Susanne. Nice to


meet you.
2. Have you been to Omsk before? – No,…………
3. Have you met Natasha before? – Yes,…………
4. How are you? – Pretty good thanks………….
5. Would you like a cocktail? – Yes, please………….
6. Thank you for coming today. – Not at all………….
7. Hello, Susanne. Nice to see – Nice to see you too…………
you again.

10. In the dialogue below there are three people. The host knows both Student B and Student C and introduces
them to each other. Practise a similar dialogue, using your real names and jobs.
Host: Student B, have you met Student C?
Student B: No, I don’t think so.
Host: I know Student C from school. We’ve done a lot of work together.
Student B: Really? Nice to meet you, Student C.
Student C: Nice to meet you too.
Student B: So, Student C, what faculty do you study at?
Student C: I study at the Automobile Transport Faculty. And you?
Student B:

11. Walk around. Introduce yourself to other people and introduce people to each other.
12. When a visitor comes to your office you introduce yourselves then make some ‘small talk’ to create a
friendly atmosphere. Write replies to the questions below. Add an example of your own.

1. May I take your coat? – Oh, thanks.


2. Would you like a drink? - …………
3. White or black? - …………
4. Did you have any problems getting here? - …………
5. So, how was the weather in …? - …………
6. Is this your first visit to …? - …………
7. How long are you here for? - …………
8. ………………………………………...

13. Work with a new partner: decide who the host is and who the visitor is. The visitor has just arrived from
his/her country and knocks on the host’s office door. Make small talk together and stop when the business
discussion begins:
Host: Shall we get down to business?
Visitor: As you know, I’m here because....

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14. When you start a conversation try to reply in a way that develops the conversation.
1. How are you? – Fine thanks. And you? You’re looking well.
2. Nice to see you again. – Nice to see you too. How are you?
3. It’s been a long time, hasn’t it? – Yes, I think we last met two years ago in Manila.
4. Nice weather today, isn’t it. – Yes, lovely. I hope it stays like this for the weekend.
5. Terrible weather isn’t it. – Yes, awful. I think it’s rained every day since I arrived.
6. That’s a nice shirt/blouse. – Thanks. I bought it from Harrods.
7. This coffee’s a bit weak. – Yes, it is. Not like the coffee you get in Italy.
8. Did you get that report I sent you? – Yes, I did, thanks. It was very useful.

15. Now cover the replies with a piece of paper. Start conversations with a partner and continue naturally for a
few lines.

16. Look at these topics of conversation. Which ones are suitable when you meet someone for the first time?
Why?

The visitor’s clothes


The visitor’s trip
Politics
Families
Hobbies and interests
The city you are in
Your countries
The weather
Religion
Personal details

17. Read this extracts from the conversation between Victor and Susanne. Which topics do they talk about?
A. …So, how was your journey?
B. It was fine, thanks. The train wasn’t full.
A. Well, not many people come to Siberia at this time of year.
B. No, I guess not. Is it always this cold in November?
A. Well, not usually this cold. How was the weather in Washington?
B. Actually, it was quite warm. About 20 degrees.

B. Where in Russia are you from?


A. From Vladivostok, in the east. Have you been there?
B. Yes, I have. It’s a beautiful city.
A. What about you? Do you live in Washington?
B. Yes, I do, but I was born in Chicago.

B. …That’s an amazing building – what is it?


A. It’s the new hockey stadium “Arena-Omsk”. Are you interested in hockey?
B. I don’t know much about it, but my brother loves it.
A. Your brother? Do you have a big family?
B. No, just one brother. What about you? Do you have any brothers or sisters?
A. Yes, I have two sisters.

18. Underline the questions the speakers use to introduce the topic.
19. Work in pairs. Imagine you come from different countries.
Role play a conversation. Take turns to be the host and the visitor.

20. Find fifteen verbs in the puzzle. Use each letter once only.
W A N T S I N G
A T S T O D A A
R H T A F R S C
R I A K F I K C
I N Y E E N S E
V K G O R K I P
E V I S I T T T
L I V E T A L K
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21. Complete these sentences with six of the verbs in the puzzle.
1. We often ……..friends on Saturdays.
2. We usually ……..a small gift for our host or hostess.
3. We don’t usually ………about religion or politics.
4. We don’t usually ……..personal questions.
5. We usually ……..coffee at the end of a meal.
6. We don’t often ……...to restaurants with friends.

22. Tell the visitor about Russian customs using the words in the puzzle.
E.g. We often sing when we have a party.

Pic. 2

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MY FAMILY
WHAT’S YOUR NAME?

1. Look at the picture (pic. 3).


What name would you give this baby girl?
What name do you like for a boy?
Which names are typical in Russia?
Which name is the most unusual
among your friends?
Which name do you like best?

Pic. 3
2. Read the text about Anfisa and write down the different names that people call her. Which name does she like
best/ least?
My first name is Anfisa, but the only person who calls me Anfisa is my grandfather. So does my sister when she is
angry with me, but fortunately it doesn’t happen very often now.
My old friends call me Belka, because my surname is Belkina, and I was always called Belka at school. I used to hate
it.
Most of my friends call me Fisa, and so do my relatives.
My colleagues call me Anfisa Vasilyevna and it’s rather funny, because I’m only 22.
My Mоm and Dad call me Anyutka and it’s really nice.
My boyfriend calls me Kiska, but that’s another story…

3. Write different names that people call you. Tell your partner which of your names you like best/ least?

4. How did your parents choose your name?


Nikita, 16 – My parents choose my name because it was fashionable.
Magnolia, 19 – My mum called me Magnolia because she thinks it’s unusual and original, she wanted to show how
special I am.
Olga, 34 – I named my daughter Emilia because my husband’s name is Oleg, and Emilia Olegovna sounds good.
Ivan, 21 – I’d like to have an unusual name – it would make me feel special, but my dad named me after my
grandfather.
Victoria and David Beckham decided to call their son Brookline because they were in New York when they
discovered that Victoria was going to have a baby.
Norma Jean Baker changed her name because Marilyn Monroe sounds so much more glamorous.

5. What are the reasons for choosing a name? Think about people you know. Brainstorm ideas!

6. Read the list of reasons.


People can choose a name because:
It sounds good. It’s fashionable. It sounds the same in two languages. It’s unusual or original. It’s the name of a place.
It’s a religious name. It’s a name of a famous person. It’s the name of another member of the family.

7. Write the words in the questions in the correct order.


1. name What your mean
2. Where born you were
3. grow Where did you
4. do what do you
5. old how you are
6. languages you any speak can

8. Ask your partner. Tell about him/her to the class.

9. Look at the example questions, then write one more for each group.

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1. Sports and hobbies.
So, what do you do in your free time? Are you interested in sport?
Do you collect anything?
2. Cultural interests and holidays.
What sort of music/films do you like? Do you read books about management?
Where do you go for your holidays?
3. Home.
So, where do you live? Do you live in a house or a flat?
Do you live in the centre or the suburbs?

10. Make some notes about yourself. Use the ideas below and add more ideas of your own.
1. Sports and hobbies.
I play a little ………
I used to play ………but now ………
I like to go ……… (+ verb with -ing)
I collect ………
2. Cultural interests and holidays.
(books) I like ………
(music) I like ………
(films) I like ………
(magazines) I read ………
(holidays) On my last holiday I went to………
3. Home.
I live near ………
I was born in ………
I’m married with two children. Their names are………
My husband/wife/partner………
I’m single at the moment./I’m divorced.

11. Use the questions to find out about other people. Then tell about them.

PEOPLE AROUND YOU

Pic. 4

12. Check the meaning and pronunciation of the words in the box in your dictionary or with your teacher. Then
write the words in the correct column below.
Best friend; parent; colleague; dean; relative; stranger; flatmate;
neighbour; step-mother; husband; classmate; wife; daughter; mother;
son; acquaintance; father; children; uncle; niece; ex-boyfriend; nephew;
aunt; father-in-law; mother-in-law; boss; brother-in-law; student;
grandparents; son-in-law; lecturer; daughter-in-law; granddaughter;
sister-in-law.

Family Friends Work University Other

Can you add any other words to each group?


13. Study the family tree.
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Alex + Helen

Eugene + Olga Max + Kate

Victor Laura Oleg Mary

14. Complete the gaps in the following sentences with information you have learned from the family tree.

Alex is Helen’s …. Victor is Max’s ….


Helen is Alex’s …. Mary is Olga’s ….
Eugene is Victor’s …. Alex is Kate’s ….
Kate is Mary’s …. Helen is Eugene’s ….
Max is Alex and Helen’s …. Eugene is Max’s ….
Laura is Olga’s …. Kate is Olga’s ….
Max and Kate are Mary’s …. Eugene is Alex’s ….
Victor and Laura are Olga’s …. Kate is Alex’s ….
Eugene is Mary’s …. Mary is Helen’s ….
Kate is Laura’s …. Alex and Helen are Laura’s ….

15. Draw your own family tree and tell you partner about your family, ask him/her to draw your family tree.

Pic. 5

Read the text and try to draw a family tree of the speaker.
Два приятеля встретились в баре и разговорились. Через некоторое время один из них сказал: "Ты думаешь, у
тебя семейные проблемы? Послушай про мою историю. Несколько лет назад я встретил молодую вдову со
взрослой дочерью, и мы поженились. Недавно мой отец женился на моей падчерице. Это сделало мою
падчерицу моей мачехой, а мой отец стал моим пасынком. Кроме того, моя жена стала тещей собственного
свекра. Идем дальше, у дочери моей жены (моей мачехи) родился сын. Этот мальчик мне единокровный брат,
потому что он сын моего отца, но он также сын дочери моей жены, что делает его внуком моей жены. Это
делает меня дедушкой моего единокровного брата. Это было бы еще терпимо, пока у нас с женой не родился
сын. Теперь сестра моего сына, моя теща, стала еще и бабушкой. Это делает моего отца шурином моего
ребенка, сводная сестра которого - жена моего отца. Я шурин моей мачехи, моя жена - тетя ее собственного
ребенка, мой сын - племянник моего отца, а я свой собственный дедушка, а ты тут жалуешься на семейные
проблемы!"
16. Read the following letters to a newspaper. Fill in the gaps with the expressions from the list below (make
changes if necessary).
break the ice mark (verb) virtually
draw out outlook widespread
fill the void take things as wind up
in the first place think of

Each week the Star Daily summarizes responses to a question we pose to our readers. Here are some of our
favorite responses to the question: Birth order: does it matter?

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1. I’m the youngest of five children. I know that ___________ (1. most) all later-born children are reserved, but not
necessarily aloof. I have a positive ____________ (2. point of view) on life and ____________ (3. accept experiences)
as they come.
2. I’m the firstborn in my family. My siblings complain that I’m arrogant, but I don’t ___________ (4. consider)
myself that way. At social gatherings, I _______________ (5. end up) being the life of the party. I see my role as
___________ (6. encouraging) my more introverted friends.
3. I realize that acceptance of this birth order theory is becoming more and more
___________ (7. common), but I just can’t buy it. _____________ (8. First of all) I think personality traits are
determined by genetics. Second, theories like birth order are actually harmful in that they may ________ (9. label)
people unfairly, that is, lead to misattributions about people’s personalities.

4. I’m an independent, only child. So I spent a great deal of time alone. To ____
_______________ (10. overcome loneliness) I had to learn more skills. For example, I learned how to lose my
awkwardness and self-consciousness. In fact, nowadays. I’m usually the one to __________________ (11. get people
socializing and enjoying themselves) at social occasions.

17. Read the article written by Lucille K. Forer. For questions (1 – 8), choose the correct answer (A, B or C).

How Your Birth Order Influences Your Life Adjustment


When we are born into a family unit or brought into it through adoption or as step-child, we take a certain place in
the family hierarchy. We become only child, oldest child, middle child, or youngest child.
The first and most obvious effect of taking a certain position in the family is the relationship we have with respect
to the people already there. If there are only adults present, we are in a very close and often intense relationship with
them, as anyone knows who has had a child or who has watched first-time parents hovering over their infants. This
constant and close relationship gives the first child in the family an opportunity to imitate and learn from these adults
to the fullest possible extent. The first child imitates their physical mannerisms and learns speech from them. He learns
many more things and much of the learning takes place on an unconscious level. That is, neither the parents nor the
child verbalize that thus and so is the way to do something. The child observes and imitates.
Relationship with parents
From the beginning the parents treat the child in accordance with his place in the family and soon the child recognizes
that place. He is the child in the family, and he tends to think of himself as a child in relation to adults. The only child
never has any reason to change such perception of his role and tends to carry into adulthood a strong feeling of being a
child in relation to other people.
The first child, who becomes the older or oldest child, does not have this unlimited time to view himself as the
child in the relationship with his parents. When a sibling arrives, he tries to suppress the view himself as the child and
he struggles to be parental. We shall find that in both childhood and adulthood the older or oldest child’s emphasis
upon being “parental” offers him both advantages and problems.
Children who follow the first child in the family come into a situation where the relationship with the parent is,
except in most unusual cases, shared with another child. The parents themselves have been changed by the preceding
child or children in many ways. They are more experienced as parents. They may not welcome their later children
with as might delight as they did their first child, but they are probably less tense and anxious about being able to care
for them properly. The later children enjoy many advantages as a result of having more relaxed parents. They benefit
from the tendency of parents to try out ideas on their first child and to be more tolerant with later children.
The first child serves as a barrier between later children and the parents. He is one of the models for his siblings.
Later children in a family do not feel the same dependency on the parents for sustenance and companionship as did the
first child. They do not have such intense feelings of loneliness when the attention of the parents is directed elsewhere,
nor do they seem to feel so inadequate when they do not meet the standards of their parents.
Extremely important to differentiating later children from first children is the extent to which direct identification
with the parents is diluted for the later children. The later children seem more content to move gradually from child to
adult. They do not seem to try as hard, as does the oldest child, to be parental and adult even during childhood.
The child becomes known as the family’s only child, oldest child, middle child, or youngest child, depending on
his birth order. He is thought and talked about as having that place in the family. Both in his mind and in the minds of
other people an important part of his identity is his family position.
The other members of the family assume certain attitudes toward each child in terms of his birth order. Parents
usually expect their oldest child to be more capable and more responsible than the younger children. The oldest child
comes to think about himself in the same way. These ways of seeing himself, of thinking about himself because of his
sibling role, become part of his self-concept.
Older or oldest brother or sister tends to develop a self-concept that includes the belief that “I can do many things
better than my siblings can. I am more adequate than other people in many situations.”
The middle child comes to think of himself as sometimes better able to do things than other people because he is
more capable than his younger sibling or siblings. Sometimes, though, he must turn to his older sibling or to his
parents for help and so he comes to think of himself as able to obtain help when he needs it.

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The youngest child tends to think, “I am less able to do many things than other people. But I need not be concerned
because there are always others around to take care of me.”
The role we take as the result of being in a certain place in the family not only causes us to think about ourselves in
certain ways, but it also causes us to think about other people in certain ways. The oldest tends to expect other people
to be relatively less capable. The middle child has less specific expectations about the capabilities of other people. The
youngest may see others as more adequate while the only child tends to think, “I am most secure when there are
parents around to take care of me, but when they are not there, I have no one to turn to for help. So I’d better learn to
take care of myself as much as possible.”
The place in the family establishes for the child a specific role to be played within the family group. It influences
him to develop certain attitudes toward himself and toward other people and helps him develop specific patterns of
behavior.

1. When we are born we take a certain place in …


a) the family hierarchy;
b) the local population;
c) the certain position.

2. The first child imitates …


a) his/her parents’ behaviour;
b) his/her friends’ habits;
c) his/her youngest brother/sister’s mannerisms.

3. The parents treat the child in accordance with …


a) his/her appearance;
b) his/her school marks;
c) his/her place in the family.

4. … parents become probably less tense and anxious about being able to care for their children properly.
a) After the birth of their second child;
b) Having spent two years in Paris;
c) When their first child starts attending grade school.

5. The later children enjoy many advantages...


a) of having more relaxed parents;
b) of loneliness;
c) of their parents’ intense feelings.

6. The child becomes known as the family’s only child, oldest child, middle child, or youngest child, depending on…
a) his birth place;
b) his birth order;
c) his name.

7. Parents usually expect ...


a) their youngest child to be more capable and more responsible than the older children.
b) their oldest child to be more capable and more responsible than the younger children.
c) their oldest child to be less capable and less responsible than the younger children.

8. … causes us to think about other people in certain ways.


a) A certain place in the family;
b) The role in the family;
c) Our capabilities.

18. What was the writer’s purpose? How much do you agree with his point? Give the summary of the article.
Compare with your partner’s.

19. Work with a partner. Discuss birth order theory.


Student A: Read statements 1 and 2 aloud, and ask the related questions.
Student B: Cover the left-hand column. Answer the questions. Speak at length using the new vocabulary in
any order. The first one has been done for you. Then switch roles after question 2.

Student A Student B
1. Mr. Smith says, “I’m a firstborn from a big wind up
17
family, so my job was making all the other break the ice
kids feel comfortable.” mark
think of oneself as

How do you think being “firstborn” affected Mr. Smith? Does this apply to the firstborn in families you
know?

E.g. “Being the oldest Mr. Smith always breaks the ice at family gatherings. He was marked as the gregarious one.
My brother is the firstborn in my family, and he also thinks of himself as the leader of the group.

Student A Student B
2. According to Frank Sulloway, professor and in the first place
author of Born to Rebel: Birth Order, Family tend to think
Dynamics, and Creative Lives, later-born sibling
children are more adventurous and receptive to virtually
innovation.

Why do you think later-born children have this temperament? How does this apply to your family?

Now switch roles


Student A Student B
3. It is said that only children are selfish, in the first place
arrogant, and self-absorbed. widespread
wind up
think of oneself as

Why do you think only children may be like this? Can you apply this idea to a family you know?

Student A Student B
4. Some psychologists say that the middle widespread
children have the worst reputation. They are parents
either very strange or troublemakers. They go (in)adequate
out of their way to be different and get people sibling
to pay attention to them. help

Why do you think middle children turn out this way? Do you know any real-life examples of middle children
like this?

GENERATION GAP

20. Generation gap is a difference in attitude, or a lack of understanding, between young people and older
people. Is there a big generation gap between teenagers and parents in your country? What kinds of things
teenagers argue about? You are going to practise a negotiation between a teenager and a parent.
Work in pairs. A-students are Teenagers and B-students are Parents. The teenager will start the activity
outside the classroom, which is now a living room. The teenagers come into the living room in turn. The parent
is sitting down in the living room, perhaps watching TV.
Student A: Teenager
You need to borrow your parents’ car next Saturday to go out for the day with some friends. Persuade your parent to
let you have the car. You are really looking forward to the trip which has been planned for some time. You haven’t
asked your parents before now because one of your friends was going to take his car, but unfortunately it’s not
working and is being repaired.
• The last time you borrowed the car a small mark appeared on the door while it was parked. You offered to pay but
your parents refused.
• You often wash the car and your parents appreciate this. Next Sunday you are free and can wash the car.

Student B: Parent
Think of one aspect of your son/daughter’s behaviour that you are not happy with and want to talk to him/her about: –
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– .
Next Saturday afternoon you have planned a visit to your parents (your son/daughter’s grandparents).
You want your son/daughter to go with you, but you haven’t told him/her yet. Your parents are getting quite old and
they asked especially to see your son/daughter this time.
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• Your son/daughter keeps asking to borrow your car. You don’t like this. The last time it came back with a small
mark on the door. You had to pay, of course.
• Very occasionally your son/daughter offers to clean your car for you, which you appreciate very much. Next Sunday
would be a good day for him/her to clean the car.

21. Would you like to marry a prince/princess? Why? What would you do if you were this prince? Would YOU
marry the eldest king’s daughter?

One day a young prince arrived at the castle of king Ottar and fell in love with the king’s youngest daughter, who was
very beautiful. “You can only marry my daughter”, said the king, “if you can recognise her, and you must marry the
woman you choose”. “That’s easy”, said the prince, and King Ottar put all his daughters behind the wall that has some
space at the bottom, so the prince could only see seven pairs of feet, and the feet all looked the same. Suddenly, one of
the feet moved and so the prince said “that’s the woman I love”.
Unfortunatelly, it was not; it was King Ottar’s eldest daughter who was not at all beautiful, but the prince had to marry
her. In fact, she was extremely intelligent and had a good sense of humuor, so that very soon the prince did fall in love
with her and they lived happily ever after. The moral of this story is that love is a very unreliable thing.

22. Check the meaning and pronunciation of the words in the box in your dictionary or with your teacher. Then
write the words in the correct column below.
Long; round; dark-skinned; auburn; clever; sociable; gregarious;
straight; bold; slim; good-looking; scruffy; beautiful; handsome; stocky;
easy-going; reliable; jealous; down-to-earth; stupid; tense; ill-mannered;
rude; skinny; blond; fair; crew-cut; beard; chubby; honest; generous;
bossy; aggressive; moustache; broad-minded; pushy; extravagant; nosy;
pretty; pessimistic; optimistic; foolish; brainy; brainless; ugly; well-
built; talented; relaxed; bright; sly; gifted; sharp; upset; cruel;
quarrelsome; ambitious; self-assured; economical; stubborn; pig-heady;
mean; arrogant; frank; happy; unhappy; extroverted; plump; anorexic;
elegant; stout; introverted; wrinkled; white.

Hair, face, Height General Intellectual Attitudes Attitude


skin, and appearance ability towards towards
complexion build life other
people

Describe each of these people, giving information about their appearance and character:
- a man/woman of your dream;
- your future husband/wife;
- a man/woman you’d never marry.

19
DAY AND NIGHT

23. This diagram (Pic. 6) shows the cycle of a 24-hour day and the words we use to describe its parts. The day
starts at midnight (at the bottom of the diagram).
There are 24 hours in a day. The day is divided into "day(time)" and "night(-time)". Daytime is from sunrise (this
varies, but we can say approximately 6am) to sunset (we can say approximately 6pm). Night-time is from sunset to
sunrise.
Every day starts precisely at midnight. AM (Ante-Meridiem = before noon) starts just after midnight. PM (Post-
Meridiem=after noon) starts just after noon. This means that 12am and 12pm have no meaning.

Pic. 6

24. Read what Anfisa says about a typical working day.


I usually get up at 7 o'clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about half an hour. I start
work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o'clock. I'm always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in
the evening. I don't usually go out. I go to bed at about 11 o'clock. I always sleep well.

25. Tell about a typical working day for you.

26. Tell about the most interesting place you have ever lived. Use used to live.
E.g. I used to live on a boat. My brother used to live in a tent.

Pic. 7

20
HOMES and HOUSES
1. What kinds of accommodation do you know? Brainstorm ideas!

Accommodation

2. Match the beginning of the sentences with their endings.

1. A detached house … a) stands in its own grounds.


2. A semi-detached house … b) is a large and usually
3. A terraced house … luxurious country residence.
4. A flat … c) is in a terrace of houses.
5. A cottage … d) is a house with only one floor.
6. A bungalow … e) is usually a small house in the
7. A sky-scraper … country.
8. A villa … f) is a block of flats part.
g) is a very tall multistorey
building.
h) is joined to another one.

3. Use the adjectives to describe each house. Give reasons.

 economical;
 impractical;
 fashionable;
 comfortable;
 attractive;
 expensive;
 eccentric;
 airy;
 cold;
 luxurious;
 traditional;
 secure.

Ex. A flat is economical because it doesn’t cost very much to maintain.

What types of houses are widespread in your city, town and region? What house do you live in? Have you ever
been to other cities? What houses did you see there?

4. Match the expressions to the numbers in the picture (pic. 8):


the ground floor
the first floor
the top floor
the basement
Pic. 3

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Pic. 8

5. Draw the following parts of a house.


Roof steps garage chimneys front door gate fence balcony hedge lawn stairs

6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in…


Accommodation Advantages Disadvantages
basement
flat
hotel full service
cave
high-rise flat
caravan no water supply
tree house

7. Rooms

Pic. 9

8. What do you usually do


- in the bathroom? - in the living room - in the spare
- in your bedroom? /lounge? room?
- in the dining room? - in the kitchen?

9.

22
Pic. 10
10. Check the meaning and pronunciation of the words in the box in your dictionary or with your teacher. Then
complete the definitions by filling in the correct word from the box.

Sink; sofa; armchair; bathtub; wardrobe; cooker; basin; refrigerator;


coffee table; dressing table; cupboard; bookcase; dishwasher;
television; desk; chair; lamp; picture; rug; kettle; cabinet; fireplace;
four-poster bed.

1. A … is a device that uses electricity, oil or gas to produce light.


2. A … is a fixed large open container in a kitchen that has taps to supply water and that you use for washing
dishes.
3. A … is a floor covering, smaller than a carpet and made of thick wool or of other material, such as an animal
skin.
4. A … is a large bed with a tall post at each of the four corners, a cover over the top and curtains around the sides.
5. A … is a large long container that you put water in and then get into to wash your whole body.
6. A … is a large piece of equipment for cooking food, containing an oven and gas or electric rings on top.
7. A … is a large piece of furniture for hanging clothes. It can be built into the wall.
8. A … is a long comfortable seat with a back and arms for two or more people to sit on.
9. A … is a low table, on which newspapers may be placed and coffee served.
10. A … is a metal or plastic container with a handle and spout for boiling water.
11. A … is a piece of bedroom furniture with a mirror and a set of drawers for clothes, cosmetics, etc.
12. A … is a piece of electrical equipment in which food is kept cold so that it stays fresh.
13. A … is a piece of electrical equipment with a screen on which you can watch programmes with moving pictures
and sounds.
14. A … is a piece of furniture containing shelves for books, often fitted with glass doors.
15. A … is a piece of furniture containing shelves, cupboards, or drawers for storage or display.
16. A … is a piece of furniture with a writing surface and usually drawers or other compartments.
17. A … is a piece of furniture with doors and shelves used for storing dishes, food, clothes, etc.
18. A … is a seat with a back on which one person sits, typically having four legs and often having arms.
19. A … is a visual representation of something, such as a person or scene, produced on a surface, as in a
photograph, painting.
20. A … is an electrically operated machine for washing, rinsing, and drying dishes and cutlery.
23
21. A … is an open space for a fire in the wall of a room.
22. An … is a comfortable chair with sides on which you can rest your arms.

11. Complete the sentences by filling in the correct word from the box in Ex. 10.
1. An old man asleep sitting in an … and reading his newspaper.
2. Don’t just leave your dirty plates in the … and don’t leave the tap running.
3. Each room I've stayed in has a cracked … in the bathroom.
4. Once opened, this product should be kept in the … .
5. Put this magazine and the cup on the … in front of the sofa.
6. She always sits at the … while she comb her hair in the morning.
7. She could see the rain in the light of the street … .
8. The … ’s boiled! Do you want some tea?
9. The dog jumped onto the … and smudged the cover.
10. We don’t do much in the evenings except watch … .
11. You can find everything you need for your summer holidays in your …: a swimming costume, a skirt, two T-
shirts and jeans.

12. What’s your favourite room? Why? Draw its plan. Let your partner guess what objects are in your room.
E.g. Is there a sofa in your room? – Yes, there is.

13. Describe the room of your partner.

14. Do you live in a flat or in a house? Do you rent it? Do you have any problems? What problems can happen
between flatmates? Brainstorm ideas with the class about these issues:
housework money TV music
bathroom telephone friends food

15. Before you start reading:


Explain the words in bold and then suggest synonyms for the highlighted words in Ex.17.

16. Complete the sentences with a word from the box.

tenant deposit furnished advance landlord share

1. A …….. is a person who has the use of a house, flat, etc., subject to the payment of rent.
2. A …….. is money given in part payment or as security.
3. In ……... means beforehand.
4. To ……… is to join with others in the use of something.
5. A man who owns property is called a ………
6. …….. means provided with furniture, carpets, etc.

17. Complete the following text with the words from Ex. 16.
When I was a student, my girlfriend and I decided to (1……..) a flat. We didn’t have any stuff of our own, so we
tried to find a nice (2……..) flat. We soon found somewhere that we both liked and we decided to take it. It was in a
nice location and the house was really charming outside. Inside, the flat is modern and comfortable. It has two rooms
and a kitchen with all modern equipment.
We had to pay a (3……..) of $500 and one month’s rent in (4……..) – a total of $1000. We were lucky because
the previous (5……..) had left the place really clean and tidy. So we moved in the next day.
Our (6……..) said we could paint the rooms if we wanted to. So I painted mine bright red!

18. In small groups, design your dream home and garden. Plan your ideal home:
 where the house is;
 the number of rooms;
 upstairs and downstairs;
 the furniture;

24
 the colours;
 the garden;
 any pets.
Include information about the rooms, décor, furniture, equipment, facilities, location and staff. Use your
imagination! Draw a plan of the house and label it. Prepare a short presentation to the class. Do some
illustrations or print out some images from the Internet. Have a class vote for the best house.

19. Has your house got brick walls, glass windows, a roof and a front door? Read about these houses. They
haven’t!
Aslak lives in the North of Canada. Sometimes he lives in a normal north Canadian house. But he is a hunter, and
he often goes on long hunting trips. Then he makes an igloo out of the snow and the windows out of ice. It doesn’t
have a front door – it has a tunnel instead.
Coober Pedy in South Australia is very hot. Sometimes the temperature there is over 50 degrees Celsius. That’s
where Janet lives. You can’t see her house because she lives underground. It’s not so hot there. She has a living room,
a kitchen, a bathroom and a bedroom but no windows, no roof, and the walls are rock!
Hashim lives in Malaysia. His house is above the ground, not on it. It’s got windows but there isn’t any glass in
them. Malaysia is a very hot country and Malaysians like the air to blow through their houses.

Is your house typical of your country? Describe it!

20. Project task. Use the Internet or encyclopedias to search for “weird houses” e.g. igloo, clay-walled hut, cave,
caravan, etc. Bring a printout and description to the next class. Prepare a short presentation.

25
WEATHER
1. When would you expect to see a rainbow?
Role-play the dialogue.
- What’s the weather like in Omsk?
- Lovely! It’s 28 degrees and sunny! And what was the weather like in Washington?
- It was rather hot, about 25 degrees.

2. Match the words and the pictures (pic. 11a – 11r):


foggy raining sunny cloudy snowing windy hot freezing cool boiling warm
cold spring summer autumn winter

Pic. 11a ____________ Pic. 11b ____________ Pic. 11c ____________

Pic. 11d ___________ Pic. 11e ____________ Pic. 11f ____________

Pic. 11g ____________ Pic. 11h ____________ Pic. 11i ____________

Pic. 11j _____________ Pic. 11k ___________ Pic. 11l __________

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Pic. 11m ____________ Pic. 11n ____________ Pic. 11o ____________

Pic. 11p ____________ Pic. 11q ____________ Pic. 11r ____________

3. Look at the photos (Pic. 11s – 11t) and ask your partner about the weather.

Pic. 11s Pic. 11t

E.g. - What’s the weather like in Surgut?


- It’s freezing and windy.
- Is it always this cold in autumn?
- No, yesterday it was cool and foggy.
- ______________________________ .

A breeze is a fairly strong wind. It’s not as strong as a gale.


Fog is much thicker than mist. It’s often misty in the mornings in the mountains.
Drizzle is a very fine rain.
If it is overcast, it is very dull.
Wintry showers is used on weather forecasts to mean a little snow.
Unusually hot weather is called a heatwave.

4. True or false? If a sentence is false, write a true sentence about the weather conditions.
a. In winter it is usually hot.
b. It often pours with rain in the desert.
c. December and January are the coldest months.
d. A shower is a strong wind.
e. When it is freezing, roads become icy.
f. In autumn it rains a lot.

5. Match the sentences on the left with the related sentences on the right:

27
1. It was sunny and very hot. a) We had thunder and lightning.
2. We had a lot of rain. b) There were a few wintry
3. It snowed on and off. showers.
4. It was very windy. It was quite misty.
5. It was dull and cloudy. d) It was very overcast.
6. We had some light rain. There was a bit of drizzle.
7. It was a bit foggy. There was quite a breeze.
8. There was the most awfulg) We had a bit of a heatwave.
storm. h) It was very wet.

6. Put the following adjectives into the correct pattern below:


lovely miserable beautiful horrible fabulous glorious terrible foul
What ………/………/………/………weather! It hasn’t stopped raining all day.
What ………/………/………/………weather! Let’s go down to the beach!

7. Look at the photo of Siberia (pic. 12). What’s the weather like? Do you like living in Siberia? Why/Why not?

Pic. 12
8. Read what Victor says about the weather in Siberia. Put one of these adverbs in each sentence:
always even never normally often sometimes still usually
Here in the most parts of Siberia the winter is ___________1) very long and freezing! Rain turns to snow in
November and the snow doesn’t _____________2) disappear until May. The temperature is ____________3) about -
25 degrees centigrade, but it’s ______________4) much colder. When it’s – 35 degrees children can’t go to school,
but adults __________5) go to work! We wear a lot of warm clothes: socks and boots, sweaters, hats, and fur coats.
All the houses have central heating so it’s __________6) cold inside. In winter, we close all the windows to stop the
wind from getting in, and we don’t open them again until spring.
In spring it’s a little warmer, but it rains a lot, and we hardly ever see the sun. The weather is terrible and there are
a lot of huge puddles. When the temperatures fall below zero the roads become icy. In summer it’s __________7)
about 25 degrees, but the weather’s very changeable. One day it’s 30 and the next day it’s chilly – about 10. A day can
start warm and dry but end cool and humid. People say that the weather was _________8) colder in the past. They
think it changed after Chernobyl.

9. Find the words in the text that mean:


 extremely cold.
 producing a pleasant feeling of coldness.
 moderately hot.
 moist, damp.
 causing or feeling cool or moderately cold.

10. Use these words to complete the sentences:


1. It’s absolutely ………out. I’d put a coat on if I were you.
2. We’ve had lovely sunshine. It’s been so ………I’ve been on the beach every day.
3. I was on holiday in Thailand last month. It was so ………all the time. My clothes were always wet. Thank
goodness the hotel had air-conditioning.
4. It was pretty hot down at the beach but there was a lovely ………breeze.
5. It’s a bit ………in here. I think I’ll put the heating on.
11. Is it true or false?
In Siberia
 In winter drivers have to take extra-care.

28
 In spring you’d better take a raincoat or an umbrella when you go for a walk.
 In summer you can catch a cold.

12. Match the words:


1) strong; 2) pouring with; 3) icy; 4) cloudless; 5) weather;
a) rain; b) sky; c) wind; d) forecast; e) roads.

13. Read the weather forecast and write your own one for the next two days.
Weather: England and Wales will start cloudy without breaks of rain. However, brighter, showery weather already
over Scotland and Northern Ireland will slowly spread south and east throughout the day. The showers will be heaviest
and most frequent in the north, falling as sleet or snow over hills and mountains, with drifting occurring in places. It
will feel cold in the blustery and strong westerly wind. "Daily Express"

14. Role-play the following anecdotes.


1. A traveler in Scotland was caught in the rain and, wet to the skin, he took shelter in a shepherd’s hut. “Your country
is very fine,” said the traveler to the shepherd, “but there are often storms and it rains always.”
“No, sir,” said the shepherd, “the weather in Scotland is not so bad; it does not always rain, it snows sometimes.”
2. -Why, Tommy, why do you have your umbrella open? It isn’t raining.
-Well, you see, when it rains, Dad always takes the umbrella. I get it only when we have fine weather.
3. -What do we see over our heads in fine weather?
-The blue sky, sir.
-And when it rains?
-An umbrella, sir.
4. MOTHER: Get up, you lazy boy. See, the sun is up and you are still in bed.
BOY: Yes, but the sun goes to bed at six o’clock, and I go to bed at nine.
5. “How did you find the weather in London?” asked the friend of the returned traveler.
“You don’t have to find the weather in London,” replied the traveler. “It bumps into you at every corner.”
6. A local forecaster of the weather was so often wrong in his predictions that he became the laughing stock of the
community. He, therefore, asked headquarters to transfer him to another station. A brief correspondence ensued.
“Why,” asked headquarters, “do you wish to be transferred?”
“Because,” the forecaster promptly replied, “the climate doesn’t agree with me.”
7. “Is this a healthy climate?” asked a stranger of a native of a certain region in the West.
“It sure is,” replied the native. “When I came here I couldn’t utter a word; I had scarcely a hair on my head. I hadn’t
the strength to walk across the room, and I had to be lifted from my bed.”
“That is wonderful,” exclaimed the stranger. “How long have you been here?”
“I was born here.”
8. “It was so cold where we were,” boasted the Arctic explorer, “that the candle froze and we couldn’t blow it out.”
“That’s nothing,” said his rival. “Where we were the words came out of our mouths in pieces of ice, and we had to fry
them to see what we were talking about.”
9. An American and a Scotchman were discussing the cold experienced in winter in the north of Scotland.
“Why, it’s nothing at all compared to the cold we have in the United States,” said the American. “I can recollect one
winter when a sheep, jumping from a hillock into a field, became suddenly frozen on the way, and stuck in the air
like a mass of ice.”
“But, man,” exclaimed the Scotchman, “the law of gravity wouldn’t allow that.”
“I know that,” replied the American, “but the law of gravity was frozen, too.”
10. - What is the weather like?
- It’s so cloudy I can’t see.

15. Study the following dialogue. Underline the correct word to complete each sentence. The first one has been
done for you.
STUDENT FROM SIBERIA: Oh! The heat/hot is just awful! I’m being roasted alive by this sun/moon.
STUDENT FROM AFRICA: But it’s not so hot!
STUDENT FROM SIBERIA: Suppose you will laugh at me, but I love the cold/coldest. I’ve lived all my life in
Siberia, and although the winters/winds are severe, they are exhilarating.
STUDENT FROM EGYPT: Is it really so coldest/cold there?
STUDENT FROM SIBERIA: Not to me, of course. I’m used to it, and can bear the cold very well, whereas I can’t
stand the heat. Where I live it’s never very hot. You sleep/see, we’re exposed to the cold north wind, and snow.
STUDENT FROM FRANCE: That’s so. I remember enough of my chemistry/geography to know that. You have
extremes in summer and winter temperatures which we of Western Europe haven’t got.
STUDENT FROM CRIMEA: Now, we, on the southern shore/shoe of the White/Black Sea, have an exceptionally
warm climate, because there we are protected from the northern winds by mountains. It’s like the Mediterranean/

29
Meditirranean climate, with a maximum of rainfall/snowfall in winter and a minimum in summer. That just suits
me; I don’t mind the heat at all. How about you?
STUDENT FROM EGYPT: I don’t mind/kind it either. Not a bit. On the contrary, I enjoy it.
STUDENT FROM THE FAR NORTH: Well, no wonder, the greater part of Africa is within the tropics/topics. We
all like the climate we are accustomed to.
STUDENT FROM EGYPT: Of course, I fully agree with you. But the scorching heat of the Desert of Subaru/Sahara
is too much even for me. Where I live, however, on the Mediterranean, close to the bank of Nile, it is simply
wonderful. You would call it hot, no doubt, but there are cool breezes/freezes from the sea, - at least we consider
them cool.
STUDENT FROM THE FAR NORTH: There is much mixture/moisture, isn’t there?
STUDENT FROM EGYPT: Oh, yes, and because of that the soil is remarkably fertile/versatile. You should see the
luxuriant vegetation/vegetables! You have never seen the like of it. You must all come and visit us!

16. Circle in the text the synonyms to the words in italics.


1. I can’t stand the heat. 2. We are separated from the warm southerly winds by mountains. 3. We have a great
amount of rainfall in winter, and a small amount in summer. 4. I don’t object to the heat at all. 5. This climate is just
what I like. 6. And what is your opinion? 7. We get used to our own climate and like it. 8. I have the same opinion as
you. 9. I’ve never seen anything like this luxuriant vegetation.
17. Compose short dialogues (about climate) between:
1) an inhabitant of Siberia and a guest from Cuba;
2) a student from the Crimea and a student from California;
3) an inhabitant of Georgia and a guest from Romania;
4) a student from Latvia and a guest from England.
18. Read the following letter from a London student.
April 28th, 2009
Dear Helen,
I have just come back from Russia. Every one of us had such a wonderful time, and
learned so much about your country and people!
You promised to come in the autumn, and so I’ll be expecting you. If you could
manage to pay us a visit in the spring, or even in the winter, it would be so much
better. I don’t say it will be cold in November; not at all. You know that our
climate is much milder than yours, on the whole. I must admit that sometimes I
shivered with cold in Moscow and in St. Petersburg. In the Crimea it was more
pleasant, of course. I think the climate of London is about the same as that of the
Crimea and the south of Russia. But London has a more even climate than either of
these places.
All the same, whenever you come, you will be welcome. We’ll make a trip to
Ireland, where the climate is just perfect. I often spend my summer holidays there.
You know Ireland is called “The Emerald Isle” because the grass is green there
almost all the year round.
Well, anyway, in spite of the fact that a London fog, especially in November, is as
thick as pea-soup; it’s worth seeing!
When a fog appears suddenly, the traffic gets hopelessly disorganized, the streets
lamps are lighted even in broad daylight, fog signals are heard on the Thames and
the trains are out of schedule.
But never mind; after all, it’s not so bad as I’m painting it. Anyhow, it will be a
great experience for you and we’ll go sightseeing together. I’ll show you
everything worth seeing in and about London.
Give my love to your mother.
Your friend,
Sam.

19. Study the rules of writing letters


a) Envelope

RETURN ADDRESS

ADDRESS
Name and surname
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Number and name of the street
Name of the town
Post code/ Zip code
Country

b) What a letter looks like

SENDER’S ADDRESS
DATE
SALUTATION

BODY OF THE LETTER

COMPLIMENTERY CLOSE
SIGNATURE

c) How to begin a letter


Thank you for your letter, which arrived yesterday.
Thanks for your letter. It was good to hear from you.
It was very kind of you to write.
Forgive me not writing earlier, but…
I’m sorry for not writing for so long.
How are things with you and your family?

d) How to end a letter


I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.
I hope we’ll see each other very soon.
Have a good time and write often.
Take good care of yourself.
Best regards.
Please give my love to everyone.

f) Complimentary close

More official Non-official

Yours faithfully, Yours,


Yours sincerely, With love,
Yours very truly, With best love,
Cordially, Your loving friend,
Sincerely, Your sincere friend,

20. Complete the letter.

Box No 653
57 Regent St.
London 76888
(1) _______________

(2)____________ Jane,
(3) ___________ for your (4) _________. It was good to (5) ______________ from you.
All is well with me here in London. The weather is fine. It is not raining. The sun is shining brightly.
It has been a very hot summer here in London, and autumn has not arrived yet.
Have a good time and (6) _______________ often.
Please (7) ________________ my love to everyone.
(8) ________________,
Mike

21. Write a letter to your friend in London. Include a description of the climate in your region.

22. Be ready to discuss some interesting facts about nature and climate. Student A, B, C, …, you are
geographers (you will have to prepare a short presentation concerning the climate). Student D, F, G, …, you

31
are tourist agents (you will advertise your tours using the information presented by the geographers). The
information below can be helpful.
1. In the Strait of Gibraltar the strong winds, the light winds, the foggy winds, nearly always blow from the west or
from the east. Because of the mountains, the winds scarcely ever blow from the north or south at sea level, though they
quite often do so at heights above the mountains tops. For this reason the airport at Gibraltar needs to have only one
runway, which lies from east to west; aircraft can then land and take off facing the wind.
2. In the equatorial belt, on either side of the Amazon River, there are dense tropical forests, where giant trees spring
up and grow so close together that they no branches except at the top. The struggle is not for moisture, of which there
is much at all seasons, but for light and air.
3. Water retains heat longer than the land. The temperature of the air over and near the sea is more uniform than that
over the land, while the climate near the sea is subject to less extremes of temperature.
4. The higher the land, the rarer the air and the lower the temperature.
5. Dog-days are the hottest days of the summer. They cover a period of 40 days, from July 3d to August 11th, when
Sirius, or the dog-star, rises and sets with the sun. The ancient superstition was that this star exercised a direct
influence on dogs.
6. Sometimes the clouds are so low in the mountains that an airplane pilot can see only the tops of high mountains.
When it is raining in the valleys, it may be snowing higher up in the mountains. The nights are cold in the mountains;
in the valleys it may be stifling hot.
7. The beautiful colour effect, which we call a rainbow, is visible to the observer when he stands with his back to the
sun and faces a rain shower. A rainbow is caused by the refraction and reflection of sunlight in minute water droplets
in the air. From high in the air it would be possible to see a rainbow as a complete circle. From the ground the most
that can be seen is a semi-circle when the sun is just on the horizon; the higher the sun is, the smaller the arc of the
rainbow.
8. There are no thunder-storms and lightning in Polar Regions because the clouds all freeze too quickly.
9. Sunday, in ancient times, was the day on which the sun was worshipped. The first Sunday law, establishing Sunday
a rest day, was made by Constantine the Great (Roman emperor from 323 A. D.) in 321 A. D., in which it was decreed
that all should rest from their labours upon “the day of the sun”.
10. February, when first introduced into the Roman calendar, about 713 B. C., was the last month of the year and
preceded January. It was not until 450 B. C. that it became the second month.
11. In the old Roman calendar, March (named after Mars, the god of war) was the first month. May, named after the
goddess Maia, was the third month. September was the 7th month; the name was changed several times by different
emperors, but none of the new names survived for long. October was the 8th month. November was the 9th; but from
713 B. C., when January and February were added, it became the 11th month. December was originally the 10th month.
12. The Harvest Moon is the full moon that occurs nearest to the autumnal equinox, in September. It rises for several
nights running about the same time, and yields an unusual series of moonlight nights.

32
Self-Assessment
Module 1
1. Look through Module 1 to find the answers to the questions 1 – 20.
1. How do you usually greet someone you already know. Think of possible greetings and replies used for the first
meeting.
2. Which topics of conversation are suitable when you meet someone for the first time? Why?
3. What do you do in your free time?
4. What sort of music/films do you like?
5. Do you live in the centre or the suburbs? Describe the houses in your neighbourhood.
6. Describe your boyfriend/girlfriend (both appearance and character).
7. Draw your own family tree and tell about your family.
8. How do you think being “firstborn” affected people?
9. Tell about a typical working day for you.
10. What’s your favourite room? Why?
11. Describe a house of your dream.
12. What are springs like in Omsk?
13. What is winter like in Omsk?
14. How do you spend your summer holidays?
15. What types of letters do you know? What are the reasons to write them?
16. What is the structure of a typical letter?
17. List the rules of writing a letter.
18. What do you write to begin and end a formal/informal letter?
19. Who were March and May named after in the old Roman calendar?
20. Where do you go for your holidays?

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2. There are at least 20 hidden words. Find them!
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T
1 U P S E T G M K V Q D W U B O S S Y H S
2 C M M A Z K O J R A I G X R U I O O Z E
3 I I X S T R U K E O S V O O B A W I R L
4 E E F Y J P S F F P H F I A E C N L Y F
5 X X U - P E T V R J W S I D L Q D L F -
6 U T D G R H A B I J A Q C - C U P - T A
7 G R L O I P C U G B S Y G M H A H M S S
8 J O Q I H T H C E V H W F I G I D A W S
9 P V S N H H E K R V E X F N B N M N O U
10 K E S G M G G C A S R U C D B T N N M R
11 X R V I P R E T T Y Y S L E L A W E N E
12 H T B X R Q K P O F Z C G D U N K R Y D
13 C E X - B O Y F R I E N D J F C O E D R
14 C D U N Z X N X Y C E Z H E E E M D P B
15 F I A G O O D - L O O K I N G P H U F V
16 O H M U U X M L O I K T I C O V O C F D
17 G I F T E D X D A R K - S K I N N E D D
18 G G V B H F D O G C F O P G G I E X B I
19 Y Q G R A N D P A R E N T S W S S K I G
20 J B O Q H N Q P J Q F W P I A U T U M N

34
Bibliography

1. Adrianova Irina, Toumanova Natalia. Learn and celebrate. – Новосибирск: «Инфолио-пресс», 1992. – 159c.
2. Dale, D. The little book of Australia. - Allen & Unwin, Australia. – 2010. – 261 p.
3. Hornby, A. S. Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary / A.S. Hornby - Oxford University Press, 2000. – 1540 p.
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_the_United_Kingdom&action=history
5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
6. http://eng.1september.ru
7. http://news.bbc.co.uk
8. http://www.bbclearningenglish.com
9. http://www.ciee.org/wat/
10. http://www.daad.de/de/index.html
11. http://www.magazine-deutschland.de
12. http://www.onestopenglish.com
13. http://www.toefl.org
14. Jon Nauton. Profile 1. Student’s Book. Intermediate. – Oxford: Oxford university Press, 2005. – 143c.
15. Jon Nauton. Profile 2. Student’s Book. Intermediate. – Oxford: Oxford university Press, 2005. – 175c.
16. Neil Wood. Business and Commerce Workshop. – Oxford: Oxford university Press, 2005. – 40c.
17. Powell, Martinez, Jillett. New Business Matters. Coursebook. – Thomson HEINLE. – 2004. – 2000c.
18. Speak Out. Журнал для изучающих английский язык. – 2005. – №1.
19. Speak Out. Журнал для изучающих английский язык. – 2005. – №4.
20. Speak Out. Журнал для изучающих английский язык. – 2005. – №6.
21. Speak Out. Журнал для изучающих английский язык. – 2008. – №4.
22. Sue Kay, Vaughan Jones, Philip Kerr. Inside Out. Student’s Book. Pre-intermediate. – Oxford: Macmillan
Publishers Limited, 2006. – 143c.
23. Virginia Evans, Genny Dooley. Enterprise 3. Course Book. Pre-intermediate. – Berkshire: Express Publishing,
2002. – 142c.
24. Кузовлев, В.П. English. 10-11 классы. Activity Book – M.: Просвещение, 2006. – 112 с.

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Contents
Do you speak English?.................................................................................3
Acquaintance…………….…….………………………..……….………...5
My family……………...…..……………………………………………..12
Homes and Houses………………………………………………………..27
Weather …………………………………………………………………..35
Self-Assessment Module 1………...……………………………………..48
Bibliography ……………………………………………………………..50

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Учебное издание

Татьяна Геннадьевна Галкина, Ирина Владимировна Бреус

ME AND MY WORLD: I AM A STUDENT

Учебно-методическое пособие

Модуль 1

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Редактор И.Г. Кузнецова

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Подписано к печати 22.09.11


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