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Assignment-2 [5 Marks]

What is Cyber Crime? Explain briefly 3 types of cyber crime and security measures for each one also share
your experience with such situations.
Instructions:
 
1. All students should prepare and explain from their understanding. No copying from web resources
only information can be taken but expressed in your own words.
2. All questions should be answered in  first attempt
3. Only 40 % of matching is allowed, increasing percentage will lead to marks deduction.
Last Date of submission: on or before 1st December ’2020

Cybercrime is crime that either targets or uses a PC, a PC organization or an arranged gadget. Most, yet not all,
cybercrime is carried out by cybercriminals or programmers who need to bring in cash. Cybercrime is completed by
people or associations. Some cybercriminals are composed, utilize progressed methods and are exceptionally in fact
talented. Others are amateur programmers. Seldom, cybercrime intends to harm PCs for reasons other than benefit.
These could be political or individual.

 Types of cybercrime
1. Email and internet fraud.
Email misrepresentation (or email trick) is purposeful misdirection for either close to home addition
or to harm another person by methods for email. Nearly when email turned out to be broadly
utilized, it started to be utilized as a way to cheat individuals. Email extortion can appear as a "con
game", or trick. Certainty stunts will in general adventure the inborn ravenousness and
contemptibility of its casualties. The possibility of a 'deal' or 'something in vain' can be enticing.
Email extortion, similarly as with other 'bunco plans,' ordinarily targets gullible people who put their
trust in plans to get rich rapidly. These incorporate 'unrealistic' speculations or offers to sell well
known things at 'unimaginably low' costs. Numerous individuals have lost their life investment funds
because of extortion.
2. Identity fraud (where personal information is stolen and used).
Wholesale fraud is the conscious utilization of another person's personality, as a rule as a technique
to increase a budgetary bit of leeway or acquire credit and different advantages in the other
individual's name, and maybe to the next individual's hindrance or misfortune. The individual whose
personality has been expected may endure unfriendly outcomes, particularly on the off chance that
they are considered answerable for the culprit's activities. Data fraud happens when somebody
utilizes another's expressly distinguishing data, similar to their name, recognizing number, or charge
card number, without their authorization, to perpetrate extortion or different violations. The term
fraud was authored in 1964. Since that time, the meaning of fraud has been legally characterized all
through both the U.K. also, the United States as the robbery of by and by recognizable data, for the
most part including an individual's name, date of birth, federal retirement aide number, driver's
permit number, ledger or Mastercard numbers, PINs, electronic marks, fingerprints, passwords, or
whatever other data that can be utilized to get to an individual's budgetary assets.
3. Theft of financial or card payment data.
Mastercard misrepresentation is a comprehensive term for extortion submitted utilizing an
installment card, for example, a Visa or check card. The reason might be to acquire merchandise or
benefits, or to make installment to another record which is constrained by a crook. The Payment
Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is the information security standard made to assist
organizations with handling card installments safely and lessen card extortion.

Charge card extortion can be approved, where the certifiable client themselves measures an
installment to another record which is constrained by a lawbreaker, or unapproved, where the
record holder doesn't give authorisation to the installment to continue and the exchange is done by
an outsider. In 2018, unapproved monetary misrepresentation misfortunes across installment cards
and distant banking totalled £844.8 million in the United Kingdom. Though banks and card
organizations forestalled £1.66 billion in unapproved extortion in 2018. That is the proportional to
£2 in each £3 of endeavored misrepresentation being halted.

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