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Trees on The Public Road

Benefits of street Trees
Trees provide many benefits in urban
Choosing the Right Tree
This brochure highlights the tree species
that are available for planting by the City.
Property owners can submit a tree planting
request for the City-owned road allowance
Urban Forestry will plant and maintain the
tree on the City-owned road allowance. every
settings. They clean the air, reduce
The City of Toronto owns a portion of land stormwater runoff, provide habitat for birds Trees grow best when they are planted in front of their home or business by calling Newly planted trees are very sensitive to
between roadways and private property, and other wildlife, and enhance the urban in the right growing conditions. Amount 311 or visiting toronto.ca/311. The City’s the difficult growing conditions along urban
known as the public road allowance. Urban landscape. Street trees have an enormous of sunlight, soil type and moisture, and Urban Forestry staff will then visit the streets. Property owners can assist by

Forestry plants and maintains trees on this impact on our urban environment. Street available room to grow are the key site to confirm the right tree species and watering newly planted trees during the first
land to help grow Toronto’s urban forest trees benefit property owners by providing considerations for selecting the right tree. determine the ideal planting location. The two to three years after planting.
and to reach the City’s goal of increasing shade, reducing heating and cooling costs, actual planting will take place during the
the tree canopy to 40 per cent. and increasing property values. next planting season (typically spring or fall).

Help Grow Toronto’s

Street Tree Canopy

1. black Maple 2. red
 Maple 3. Silver maple 4. Sugar Maple 5. ohio buckeye 6. Hackberry
 7. Kentucky coffeetree 8. tulip tree 9. cucumber tree 10. black gum 11. ironwood
 12. white spruce *
Acer nigrum Acer rubrum Acer saccharinum Acer saccharum Aesculus glabra Celtis occidentalis Gymnocladus dioicus Liriodendron tulipifera Magnolia acuminata Nyssa sylvatica Ostrya virginiana Picea glauca



Large Medium Large Large Medium Medium Large Large Medium Medium Medium Medium NATIVE TO NORTH AMERICA
Hardy Hardy Very Hardy Sensitive Sensitive Very Hardy Very Hardy Sensitive Sensitive Sensitive Hardy Sensitive
Gorgeous fall colour, Brilliant fall colour, Attractive winter buds, Brilliant fall colour Showy white flowers, Interesting bark and Interesting leaves, Large flowers, Interesting seed pods, Brilliant fall colour, rare Interesting bark, Excellent shade tree,
creates deep shade excellent shade tree fast growing, excellent attracts hummingbirds leaves creates dappled shade attractive seed pods, rare in Toronto in Toronto attractive form, showy great winter bird habitat NATIVE TO EUROPE/ASIA, HYBRIDS
shade tree gorgeous fall colour seed pods AND CULTIVARS

13. white pine * 14. white oak 15. swamp white oak 16. bur oak 17. Chinquapin Oak 18. red oak 19. Northern Catalpa 20. yellow-wood
 21. Sweet gum 22. black locust 23. freeman maple 24. Ruby red horse chestnut Only appropriate for sites of
Pinus strobus Quercus alba Quercus bicolor Quercus macrocarpa 
Quercus muehlenbergii Quercus rubra Catalpa speciosa Cladrastis kentukea 
Liquidambar styraciflua 
Robinia pseudoacacia Acer x freemanii Aesculus x carnea a certain size due to sightline
‘Briotii’ concerns

For definitions of the terms used in

this brochure and more information
on tree species, their features,
Large Large Medium Medium Large Large Large Small Medium Medium Medium Medium attributes, and benefits, visit
Sensitive Sensitive Hardy Hardy Hardy Hardy Hardy Moderately Hardy Sensitive Hardy Very Hardy Moderately Hardy
Provincial tree of Majestic form when Interesting bark and Majestic tree, leaves Interesting leaves, rare Majestic tree, vibrant Showy white flowers, Showy white flowers in Brilliant fall colour, Showy white fragrant Brilliant fall colour, Showy red flowers,
Ontario, great shade mature, rare in Toronto leaves, rare in Toronto stay on tree over winter in Toronto fall colour attractive seed pods hanging clusters, small attractive seed pods flowers, creates attractive red winter interesting seed pods
tree bean-like pods dappled shade buds, fast growing

25. horse chestnut 26. japanese katsura 27. turkish hazel 28. european beech 29. ginkgo
 30. Skyline Honey Locust 31. dawn redwood * 32. london plane-TREE 33. english oak 34. redmond linden 35. little leaf linden 36. valley forge elm
Aesculus Cercidiphyllum Corylus colurna Fagus sylvatica Ginkgo biloba Gleditsia triacanthos Metasequoia Platanus x acerifolia Quercus robur Tilia americana Tilia cordata Ulmus americana
hippocastanum japonicum ‘Skyline’ glyptostroboides ‘Redmond’ ‘Valley Forge’

Medium Moderately Hardy Medium Large Large Medium Large Large Large Large Large Large
Hardy Brilliant fall colour, Moderately Hardy Sensitive Very Hardy Very Hardy Sensitive Moderately Hardy Hardy Hardy Hardy Hardy Sources:
Showy white flowers, attractive form, Interesting leaves and Majestic tree, attractive Unique foliage, Gorgeous fall colour, Brilliant fall colour, Attractive leaves, Majestic tree, leaves Attractive, fragrant Attractive, fragrant Interesting form, fast
interesting seed pods bark smooth bark, slow interesting pyramidal fast growing, creates majestic tree, attractive interesting bark and fruit stay on tree over winter flowers flowers growing, resistant to • Trees in Canada (John Laird Farrar)
interesting seed pods
growing form dappled shade bark Dutch Elm Disease • Native Trees of Canada (R.C. Hosie)