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# 助教諮詢值班報名表

## 1 Problems Sections 11.1, 11.2 and 11.3 1.1

(F) True or False
(1) If lim n→∞
an = L, then lim n→∞
f(an) = f( lim n→∞
an) = f(L).
(2) lim n→∞|an| = 0 if and only if lim n→

an = 0.
(3) Every bounded, monotonic sequence is
convergent.
(4) If lim n→∞
an = 0, then
∞ X n=1
an is convergent.
(5) If lim n→∞
an doesn’t exist, then
∞ X n=1
an is divergent.
(6)
∞ X n=1
1 np
is convergent if and only if p > 1.
(7) Let f(x) = 1 x2 , for x > 0 . Let Sn =
∞ X n=1
1 n2
and Rn = S − Sn , where
Sn =
n X k=1
1 k2
then
1 n + 1 ≤ Rn ≤
1 n
(8) If
∞ X n=1
an (an 6= 0) is known to be a convergent
series, then
∞ X n=1
1 an
is a divergent
series.
(9) If
∞ X n=1
an is convergent series, then
∞ X n=1
c an = c
∞ X n=1
an where c is a constant.
(10) If
∞ X n=1
an is divergent and c 6= 0, then
∞ X n=1
c an is divergent.
1.2
Determine whether the sequence converges or
diverges. If it converges, ﬁnd the limit.
(1) an = e
1 n (2) an =rn + 1 9n + 1
(3) an =
(−1)n+1n n +√n
(4) an = 2−n cosnπ (5) an = (lnn)2 n
(6) an =
n! 2n
Calculus (II) — 2020.3.9 Sections 11.1,
11.2 and 11.3 1
1.3 (F) Show that the sequence deﬁned by
a1 = 2 an+1 =
1 3−an satisﬁes 0 < an ≤ 2 and is
decreasing. Deduce that the sequence is
convergent and ﬁnd its limit.
1.4 (F) Let a and b be positive numbers with
a > b. Let a1 be their arithmetic mean and
b1 their geometric mean: a1 = a + b 2 b1 =
√ab Repeat this process so that, in
general,
an+1 =
an + bn 2
bn+1 =panbn
(a) Use mathematical induction to show that
an > an+1 > bn+1 > bn
(b) Deduce that both {an} and {bn} are
convergent. (c) Show that lim n→∞ an = lim
n→∞ bn. Gauss called the common value of
these limits the arithmetic-geometric mean
of the numbers a and b.
1.5 (F) (a) Show that if lim n→∞
a2n = L and lim n→∞
a2n+1 = L, then {an} is convergent and
lim n→∞
an = L.
(b) If a1 = 1 and
an+1 = 1 +
1 1 + an ﬁnd the ﬁrst eight terms of the
sequence an. Then use part (a) to show that
lim n→∞ an = √2. This gives the continued
fraction expansion √2 = 1 + 1 2 + 1 2+···
Calculus (II) — 2020.3.9 Sections 11.1,
11.2 and 11.3 2
1.6 (F) → (?) Determine whether the series
is convergent or divergent. If it is
convergent, ﬁnd its sum.
(1)
∞ X k=1
k(k + 2) (k + 3)2
(2)
∞ X k=1
1 + 2k 3k
(3)
∞ X k=1
k √2
(4)
∞ X k=1
(cos1)k (5)
∞ X k=1
arctank (6)
∞ X k=1 1 ek
+
1 k(k + 1)
(7)
∞ X k=2
2 k2 −1
(8)
∞ X k=1
ln
k k + 1
(9)
∞ X k=2
1 k3 −k
1.7 (F) → (?) Find the values of x for
which the series converges. Find the sum of
the series for those values of x.
(1)
∞ X n=0
2n xn
(2)
∞ X n=0
sinn x 3n
(3)
∞ X n=0
enx
1.8
Find an and
∞ X n=1
an.
(F) (1) If the nth partial sum of a series
∞ X n=1
an is sn =
n−1 n + 1
(2) If the nth partial sum of a series
∞ X n=1
an is sn = 3−
n 2n
1.9
What is wrong with the following
calculation? 0 = 0 + 0 + 0 +··· = (1−1) + (1
−1) + (1−1) +··· = 1−1 + 1−1 + 1−1 + ... = 1
+ (−1 + 1) + (−1 + 1) + (−1 + 1) +··· = 1 +
0 + 0 + 0 +··· = 1 (Guido Ubaldus thought
that this proved the existence of God
because “something has been created out of
nothing.”)
Calculus (II) — 2020.3.9 Sections 11.1,
11.2 and 11.3 3
1.10
In Example 9 (*) we showed that the harmonic
series is divergent. Here we outline another
method, making use of the fact that ex > 1+x
for any x > 0 .(See Exercise 4.3.84.) If Sn
is the nth partial sum of the harmonic
series, show that eSn > n + 1. Why does this
imply that the harmonic series is divergent?
(*):In the textbook (James Stewart: Calculus
early transcendentals 8e) 1.11 (F) → (?)
Use the Integral Test to determine whether
the series is convergent or divergent.
(1)
∞ X k=1
1 k5
(2)
∞ X k=1
1 √k + 4 (3)
∞ X k=1
k2e−k3
1.12 (F) Find the values of p for which the
series is convergent.
(1)
∞ X n=2
1 n(lnn)p
(2)
∞ X n=1
n(1 + n2)p
1.13 (F)
Find all positive values of b for which the
series
∞ X n=1
b lnn converges.
1.14 (F) Find all values of c for which the
following series converges.
∞ X n=1
c n −
1 n + 1
.
2 Problems Plus
1. A sequence that arises in ecology as a
model for population growth is deﬁned by the
logistic diﬀerence equation pn+1 = kpn(1−pn)
where pn measures the size of the population
of the nth generation of a single species.
To keep the numbers manageable, is a
fraction of the maximal size of the
population, so 0 ≤ pn ≤ 1. Notice that the
form of this equation is similar to the
logistic diﬀerential equation in Section
9.4. The discrete modelwith sequences
preferable for modeling insect populations,
where mating and death occur in a periodic
fashion.
Calculus (II) — 2020.3.9 Sections 11.1,
11.2 and 11.3 4
An ecologist is interested in predicting the
size of the population as time goes on, and
asks these questions: Will it stabilize at a
limiting value? Will it change in a cyclical
fashion? Or will it exhibit random behavior?
Write a program to compute the ﬁrst n terms
of this sequence starting with an initial
population p0, where 0 < p0 < 1. Use this
program to do the following. 1. Calculate 20
or 30 terms of the sequence for p0 = 1 2 and
for two values of k such that 1 < k < 3.
Graph each sequence. Do the sequences appear
to converge? Repeat for a diﬀerent value of
p0 between 0 and 1. Does the limit depend on
the choice of p0? Does it depend on the
choice of k? 2. Calculate terms of the
sequence for a value of k between 3 and 3.4
and plot them. What do you notice about the
behavior of the terms? 3. Experiment with
values of k between 3.4 and 3.5. What
happens to the terms?