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Research is
Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?
A common test in research demands much priority on
Action research means
A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal statement is called
Which of the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms?
The essential qualities of researcher are
In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by
A research paper is a brief report of research work based on
Reading centre’s, story hours, exhibitions and reading to literature are forms of 
Informal self education is possible in what kind of library?
Information is
Conference proceedings are considered as..................documents.
An appropriate source to find out descriptive information is................ 
Questionnaire is a :
A periodical evaluation of an employee is done through...........
“Controlled Group” is a term used in.............. 
Which of the following is not a “Graphic representation” ?
Which of the following is not covered under Intellectual Property Rights ?
Ontology is................. 
The transmission of receiver’s reaction back to the sender is known as................. .
A set of rules that govern overall data communications system is popularly known as...............
Which of the following is not true about e journals ?
Whether Library is a system?
Which of the following is not an essential element of report writing?
Testing hypothesis is a ________
What is the purpose of doing research?
Which method can be applicable for collecting qualitative data?
Which of the following is non-probability sampling?
 In group interview their are _______
Which of the following are associated with behavioral observation?
Which of the following is not an essential element of report writing?
When planning to do social research, it is better to:
We review the relevant literature to know:
A deductive theory is one that:
What does 'sampling cases' mean?
Which of the following is not a data-collection method?
Why is data analysis concerned with data reduction?
The core ingredients of a dissertation are
Which of the following is a component of ethnographic research?
What is a key informant?
What is the difference between "scratch notes" and "full field notes"?
Which of the following makes qualitative interviewing distinct from structured interviewing?
Which of the following is not a type of qualitative interview?
What is open ended question?
What is clossed ended questions?
Which of the following is not a type of life story?
Which of the following is an advantage of qualitative interviewing relative to participant observation?
Which of the following is a disadvantage of qualitative interviewing relative to participant observation?
The introductory section of a research report should aim to:
What is the purpose of the conclusion in a research report?
Which of the following is not normally included in a written account of qualitative research?
Before submitting your project, you should ensure that:
Probability sampling is rarely used in qualitative research because
The two levels of sampling used by Savage et al. (2005) for the Manchester study were:
Which of the following is not a type of purposive sampling?
The minimum sample size for qualitative interviewing is:
Why is an ethnographic study unlikely to use a probability sample?
Apart from people, what else can purposive sampling be used for?
What can be generalized from a purposive sample?
Which of the following is a problem associated with survey research?
The key advantage of structured observation over survey research is that:
. It may not be possible to use a probability sample to observe behaviour in public places because:
Which of the following is not a type of sampling used in structured observation?
One of the criticisms often levelled at structured observation is that:
What is a research design?
If a study is "reliable", this means that:
In an experimental design, the dependent variable is:
What is a cross-sectional design?
Cross cultural studies are an example of:
What is a 'grand theory'?
An inductive theory is one that:
The qualitative research strategy places a value on:
An important practical issue to consider when designing a research project is:
You can manage your time and resources best, by:
How can you tell if your research questions are really good?
Which of the following should be included in a research proposal?
Which of the following should you think about when preparing your research?
What practical steps can you take before you actually start your research?
Why do you need to review the existing literature?
A systematic literature review is:
What is the first stage of a systematic review?
The term "secondary analysis" refers to the technique of:
Why might secondary analysis be a particularly useful method for students?
Which of the following is not an advantage of secondary analysis?
The large samples used in national social surveys enable new researchers to:
Which of the following is not a disadvantage of using secondary analysis?
Starting point of research process
What is a "probing question"?
Which of the following is a component of ethnographic research?
Searching again and again
Searching sources of information to locate problem.
A longitudinal research
Deductive Reasoning
Socio-economic Status
Spirit of free enquiry
Statement of Objectives
Primary Data only
Extension service
National Library
Raw Data 
Research method
Job rotation
Survey research
Pie Chart
An Indexing Method
They are distributed through digital methods
Yes, it has various sections as sub-systems coordinating each other forming a system
Research Methodology
Inferential statistics
To identify problem
Artifacts (Visual)
One interviewer and one interviewee
Non-verbal analysis
Research Methodology
Approach the topic with an open mind
What is already known about the topic
Allows theory to emerge out of the data
Sampling using a sampling frame
Research questions
Because far too much data is collected than is required
Introduction; Data collection; Data analysis; Conclusions and recommendations.
Being immersed in a social group or setting
A group member who helps the ethnographer gain access to relevant people/events
Scratch notes are just key words and phrases, rather than lengthy descriptions
The procedure is less standardized
Unstructured interview
Descriptive answer
Descriptive answer
Naturalistic life stories
It allows you to find out about issues that are resistant to observation
It has a more specific focus
Identify the specific focus of the study
It explains how concepts were operationally defined and measured
An introduction, locating the research in its theoretical context
Your writing is free of sexist, racist and disablist language
Qualitative researchers are not trained in statistics
Random and purposive
Probability sampling
Because the aim of understanding is more important than that of generalization
That the findings are true for broadly similar cases
The problem of objectivity
It does not rely on the researcher's ability to take notes
The findings of such studies are not intended to have external validity
Focal sampling
It does not allow us to impose any framework on the social setting
A way of conducting research that is not grounded in theory
It was conducted by a reputable researcher who can be trusted
The one that is not manipulated and in which any changes are observed
A study of one particular section of society, e.g. the middle classes
Case study design
One that was proposed by one of the major theorists in the sociological tradition
Involves testing an explicitly defined hypothesis
Using numbers, measurements and statistical techniques
Which theoretical perspective you find most interesting
Working out a timetable
If they guide your literature search
Your academic status and experience
Your sample frame and sampling strategy
Find out exactly what your institution's requirements are for a dissertation
To make sure you have a long list of references
One which starts in your own library, then goes to on-line databases and, finally, to the internet
Assess the relevance of each study to the research question(s)
Conducting a study of seconds, minutes and other measures of time
It is relatively easy to do
It immerses the researcher in the field they are studying
Avoid using probability sampling
The researcher's lack of familiarity with the data
Formulation of research problem
One that inquires about a sensitive or deeply personal issue
Being immersed in a social group or setting
Finding solution to any problem
Survey of related literature
An applied research
Inductive Reasoning
Marital Status
Reliance on observation and evidence
Analysis of Data
Secondary Data only
Service of a public library
Public Library
Processed Data
Measurement technique
Performance appraisal
Historical research
Bar Chart
Classification of Internet based documents
They also have editors or editorial boards
No, it cannot be a system
Descriptive statistics
To find the solution
More than one interviewer and one interviewee
Linguistic analysis
Do a pilot study before getting stuck into it
What concepts and theories have been applied to the topic
Involves testing an explicitly defined hypothesis
Identifying people who are suitable for research
Unstructured interviewing
Because we need to make sense of the data
Executive summary; Literature review; Data gathered; Conclusions;
Participant observation, interviews, and/or documentary analysis
A senior level member of the organisation who refuses to allow rese
Full field notes are quicker and easier to write than scratch notes
"Rambling" off the topic is not a problem
Oral history interview
yes or no questions
yes or no questions
Researched life stories
It is more biased and value-laden
It is more ethically dubious, in terms of obtaining informed consent
Provide a rationale for the dissertation, or article
It contains a useful review of the relevant literature
An explanation of the design of the study
Other people have read your final draft
It is very old-fashioned
Convenience and snowball
Deviant case sampling
Because the researcher cannot control who is willing to talk to the
Timing of events
That the findings are true for the entire population
The problem of objectivity
The researcher is immersed as a participant in the field they are stu
It is not feasible to construct a sampling frame of interactions
Scan sampling
It only generates a small amount of data
The choice between using qualitative or quantitative methods
The measures devised for concepts are stable on different occasion
The one that is manipulated in order to observe any effects on the
One that is devised when the researcher is in a bad mood
Comparative design
One that is highly abstract and makes broad generalizations about t
Does not allow for findings to feed back into the stock of knowledg
Generating theories through inductive research about social meani
Whether or not you have time to retile the bathroom first
Finding out what resources are readily available to you
If they are linked together to help you construct a coherent argume
The difficulties you encountered with your previous reading on the
The ethical issues that might arise
Make sure you are familiar with the hardware and software you pla
Because without it, you could never reach the required word-count
One which starts in your own library, then goes to on-line databases
Define the purpose and scope of the review
Analysing your own data in two different ways
It saves time and money
It tends to be based on high quality data
Identify any bias in the question wording
It is a relatively expensive and time consuming process
Review of literature
One that encourages the interviewee to say more about a topic
Participant observation, interviews, and/or documentary analysis
working in a scintific way to search for truth
Identification of problem
A research initiated to solve an immediate problem
Abnormal Reasoning
Numerical Aptitude
Systematization or theorizing of knowledge
Selection of Research Tools
Both primary and secondary data
Both A and B
Specific Library
Input data      
Tool for data collection
Refresher course
Experimental research
Trade Marks
Cataloguing of Internet based documents
They are publications of serial nature
It is quite impossible
Data preparation
Both a and b
Media products ( Textual, Visual and sensory)
 One interviewer and more than one interviewee
Spatial analysis
Be familiar with the literature on the topic
Who are the key contributors to the topic
Allows for findings to feed back into the stock of knowledge
Literally, the researcher's brief-case
Postal survey questionnaires
Because of the repetitions in answers to questionnaires
Research plan; Research data; Analysis; References.
A written account of an ethnographic study
A participant who appears to be helpful but then blows the researcher's cover
Scratch notes are written at the end of the day rather than during key events
The researcher seeks rich, detailed answers
Structured interview
positive questions
Options to answer
True life stories
It is more likely to create reactive effects
It may not provide access to deviant or hidden activities
Grab the reader's attention
It outlines the methodological procedures that were employed
A discussion of the main findings in relation to the research questions
You have proof read it thoroughly
It is often not feasible
Statistical and non-statistical
Theoretical sampling
Because it is difficult to identify a sampling frame
That the opposite is true for people who are the opposite of those in the sample
The problem of omission
It does not impose any expectations of behaviour on the respondents
It is difficult to gain access to such social settings
Emotional sampling
It is unethical to observe people without an observation schedule
The style in which you present your research findings, e.g. a graph
The findings can be generalized to other social settings
A measure of the extent to which personal values affect research
The collection of data from more than one case at one moment in time
Experimental design
An intermediate level explanation of observed regularities
Uses quantitative methods whenever possible
Conducting research that is of a very high quality
How much time and money you have to conduct the research
Calculating a budget for likely expenditure
If they force you to narrow the scope of your research
Your choice of research methods and reasons for choosing them
Negotiating access to the setting
Apply for clearance of your project through an ethics committee
To find out what is already known about your area of interest
One which gives equal attention to the principal contributors to the area
Appraise the quality of studies from the previous step
Analysing existing data that has been collected by another person or organization
It does not require any knowledge of statistics
It provides an opportunity for longitudinal analysis
Evaluate the inter-coder reliability of the data
Hierarchical datasets can be very confusing
Collection of data
One that asks indirectly about people's opinions
A written account of an ethnographic study
D Correct Answer
None of the above option3
Searching for solutions to the problem option3
All of the above option4
A research with socio economic objective option3
Transcendental Reasoning option2
Professional Attitude option3
All the above option4
Collection of Data option3
None of the above option3
None of the above option3
College Library option2
Processed and Organised data option4
Tertiary option2
Dictionary option3
Tool for data collection option3
Work guide option2
Descriptive research option3
Histogram option3
Thesaurus option4
Documentation service option2
Source option2
Memorandum option1
 They are always free of cost option4
Library is separate from a system. option1
None of these option4
Data analysis option1
None of these option3
All of these option4
Stratified option1
More than One interviewer and more than one interviewee option3
 All of these option4
None of these option4
Forget about theory because this is a very practical undertaking can't have one withouoption3
All of the above option4
Uses qualitative methods whenever possible option2
Sampling people, newspapers, television programmes etc. option4
Participant observation option1
Because the sample size has been exceeded option2
Introduction; Literature review; Research methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion. option4
All of the above option4
Someone who cuts keys to help the ethnographer gain access to a building option1
Full field notes do not involve the researcher scratching their head while thinking option1
All of the above option4
Focus group interview option3
negative questions option1
None of the above option3
Reflexive and recursive life stories option3
None of the above option1
It does not allow participants to reconstruct their life events option3
All of the above option4
It summarizes the key findings in relation to the research questions option4
A decision to accept or reject the hypothesis option4
All of the above option4
Research questions are more important than sampling option3
Contexts and participants option4
Snowball sampling option1
It's hard to say option4
All of the above option4
All of the above option4
That purposive sampling is better than probability sampling option1
The problem of robustness option3
It allows you to observe people's behaviour directly option4
Researchers prefer not to use random samples whenever possible option2
Behaviour sampling option3
It does not allow us to understand the intentions behind behaviour option4
A framework for every stage of the collection and analysis of data option4
The methods are stated clearly enough for the research to be replicated option2
An ambiguous concept whose meaning depends on how it is defined option1
A comparison of two or more variables over a long period of time option3
Longitudinal design option2
A particularly satisfactory theory that makes the researcher feel happy option2
Allows theory to emerge out of the data option4
All of the above option2
Which colour of ring binder to present your work in option3
All of the above option4
All of the above option4
All of the above option3
All of the above option4
All of the above option4
To help in your general studying option3
A responsible, professional process of time-management for research option2
Survey all of the literature contained within a single library option2
Working part time on a project alongside other responsibilities option3
It only requires a half-hearted effort option2
It allows you to study patterns and social trends over time option 1
Conduct subgroup analysis option4
The researcher has no control over the quality of the data option2
Analysis of data option1
One that moves the conversation on to another topic option2
All of the above option4
Weightage (5 ScalModule
2 1
5 1
2 1
2 1
2 1
2 1
1 1
1 1
2 1
1 1
1 1
3 1
3 1
2 1
2 1
3 1
3 1
4 1
3 1
3 1
4 1
2 1
1 1
1 1
5 1
4 1
1 1
1 1
2 1
2 1
2 1
4 1
1 1
3 2
3 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
1 2
1 2
1 2
3 2
5 2
2 2
2 2
1 2
4 2
2 2
1 2
5 2
2 3
1 3
2 3
3 3
4 3
1 3
3 3
5 3
2 3
3 3
4 3
3 3
3 3
4 3
3 3
4 3
5 3
3 3
2 3
5 3
1 3
4 3
5 3
4 3
2 3
3 3
4 3
5 3
4 3
5 3
2 3
3 3
4 3
5 3
1 3
5 3
3 3
2 3
2 3