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Mayar International Schools

First Semester 2020/2021


American Program H.S.D

Subject: Mathematics Level 1


Grade: 10 SAT

Mathematics Level 1
Practice Questions
(Past Papers)
Teacher: Dima Abu Aysheh
 Topics included
- Basic Arithmetic
- Linear Functions
- Inequalities
- Quadratic Equations
- Sequences
- Ratios and proportions
- Expressions and Equations

Student’s Name: ________________________________________

Grade: 10 International (H.S.D)


Section: Ds1/Es2

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 1


Mayar International Schools
First Semester 2020/2021
American Program H.S.D
Subject Syllabus
Subject: Mathematics Level 1
Name:____________________________

Welcome Letter
Dear Grade Ten Students,
On behalf of Mayar International Schools, I am happy to welcome you to the 2020/2021 school
year! We are looking forward to a productive partnership with you to ensure you can achieve
your highest potential. We recognize that in order to be successful in school, you need support
from both the home and school. We know a strong partnership with you will make a great
difference in your education. As partners, we share the responsibility of your success and want
you to know that we will do our very best to carry out our responsibilities. We ask that you:

1- Attend school daily and arrive on time, ready for the day’s learning experience.
2- Complete all homework assignments given by teachers.
3- Read daily to develop a love for reading and to improve literacy skills
4- Share school experiences with you so that you are aware of your school life.
5- Inform you if need additional support in any area or subject.
6- Know that we expect you to succeed in school and go on to college.

Please consider the syllabus content below which provides you with a clear plan to prepare
yourself for Mathematics Level 1 SAT SUBJECT TEST. Each chapter in your book covers
particular standards which lead to success in your tests. It is important that you are fully
informed with the test dates and the topics included in your external to ensure better
achievement!
Best of Luck!

* Monthly Assessment Tests

The following is the planned scheme for your total average (100):

First Month Assessment Second Month Assessment Third Month Assessment Final Exam
(20) (20) (20) (40)
September + October November Throughout the semester December/ January
 Full test  Full test  Project-based &  Full test
quizzes

1 Code: FIPP-13 Issue No.: 01


* Syllabus Content
Content:
Algebra 1 + Geometry
Common Core Standards
Ch. # Chapter Title/ Topic Month
You are expected to/ expected to finish:
- Basic Arithmetic
- Linear Functions
Past paper Algebra 1
August - Inequalities
Booklet
- Quadratic Equations

Identify angle relationships that occur


with parallel lines and transversal.
Parallel and
3 September Use slope to write equation of a line.
Perpendicular Lines
Find the distance between a point and a
line and between parallel lines
Find and use the sum of the measures of
the interior and exterior angles of a
September/
6 Quadrilaterals polygon.
October
Apply properties of quadrilateral
Compare quadrilateral
Identify similar polygons and use ratio
and proportions to solve problems.
Proportions and October/
7 Identify and apply similar triangles
Similarity November
Use scale models and drawing to solve
problems
Use the Pythagorean theorem
Right Triangles and Use properties of special right triangle
8 November
Trigonometry Use trigonometry to find missing
measures
Learn the relationships between central
December/ angles, arc, and inscribed angles.
10 Circles
February Use an equation to identify or describe a
circle
Find area of polygons
Area of Polygons
11 February Solve problems including area
and Circles
Find scale factor using similar figures

2 Code: FIPP-13 Issue No.: 01


Extending Surface Find lateral areas, surface area, and
12 March
Area and Volume volume of various solid figures.
Represent sample space.
Probability and
13 March Use permutations and combinations
Measurement
with probability.
Topics:
Algebra and functions, Percentage, ratio
Revising Algebra April/ May and proportion, complex numbers,
percentage, composite and inverse
functions
Topics:
Geometry and Measurements,
Revising Geometry May
Coordinate geometry/ transformation,
Three dimensional, Circle Theorem
Mock Tests May 16 to May 25
Break May 26 to June 4
External Test Saturday, June 5, 2020

* Notebooks and file

You are asked to keep (2) notebook for the subject and keep all your booklets, worksheets, quiz
papers, and test papers in your personal file.

Yours truly,
Teacher’s Name
Dima Abu-Aysheh
Afnan Haswah
American Program Coordinator
Mayar International Schools

3 Code: FIPP-13 Issue No.: 01


4 Code: FIPP-13 Issue No.: 01
5 Code: FIPP-13 Issue No.: 01
Acceptable and Unacceptable Calculators
Types of Calculators Unacceptable Calculators
Recommended Don’t bring these unacceptable calculators:
 Bring a calculator you’re accustomed to using. Most  Laptops or other computers, tablets, mobile phones, or
graphing calculators and all scientific calculators smartphones, smartwatches, or wearable technology
(assuming they have no unacceptable features noted  odels that can access the Internet, have wireless,
M
at right) are acceptable.
Bluetooth, cellular, audio/video recording and playing,
 We recommend the use of a graphing calculator camera, or any other smartphone-type feature
over a scientific calculator because a graphing  Models that have typewriter-like keypad, pen-input,
calculator may provide an advantage on some or stylus
questions.
 Models that use electrical outlets, make noise, or
have a paper tape (unless approved by College Board
as an accommodation)
In addition, the use of hardware peripherals such as
a stylus with an approved calculator is not permitted.
Some models with touch-screen capability are not
permitted (e.g., Casio ClassPad).

Graphing Calculators Permitted on the SAT Subject Tests in Mathematics

The following graphing calculators are permitted on the SAT Subject Tests in
Mathematics, Levels 1 and 2:
Casio Hewlett-Packard Other
FX-6000 series FX-9700 series HP-9G Datexx DS-883 TI-89 Titanium
FX-6200 series FX-9750 series HP-28 series Micronta TI-Nspire
FX-6300 series FX-9860 series HP-38G NumWorks TI-Nspire CX
FX-6500 series CFX-9800 series HP-39 series Smart 2 TI-Nspire CX II
FX-7000 series CFX-9850 series HP-40 series TI-Nspire CX II-T
FX-7300 series CFX-9950 series HP-48 series Texas Instruments TI-Nspire CM-C
FX-7400 series CFX-9970 series HP-49 series TI-73 TI-Nspire CAS
FX-7500 series FX 1.0 series HP-50 series TI-80 TI-Nspire CX CAS
FX-7700 series Algebra FX 2.0 series HP Prime TI-81 TI-Nspire CX II CAS
FX-7800 series FX-CG-10 TI-82 TI-Nspire CX II-T CAS
FX-8000 series FX-CG-20 series Radio Shack TI-83/TI-83 Plus TI-Nspire CM-C CAS
FX-8500 series FX-CG-50 EC-4033 TI-83 Plus Silver TI-Nspire CX-C CAS
FX-8700 series Graph25 series EC-4034 TI-84 Plus TI-Nspire CX II-C CAS
FX-8800 series Graph35 series EC-4037 TI-84 Plus CE
Graph75 series TI-84 Plus Silver
Graph95 series Sharp TI-84 Plus C Silver
Graph100 series EL-5200 TI-84 Plus T
FX-CG500* EL-9200 series TI-84 Plus CE-T
EL-9300 series TI-85
EL-9600 series* TI-86
EL-9900 series TI-89

*The use of the stylus is not permitted.

The SAT Subject Tests Student Guide 71


SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Numbers, Sequences, Factors
Integers: . . . , -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, . . . √ √
Reals: integers plus fractions, decimals, and irrationals ( 2, 3, π, etc.)

Order Of Operations: PEMDAS


(Parentheses / Exponents / Multiply / Divide / Add / Subtract)

Arithmetic Sequences: each term is equal to the previous term plus d

Sequence: t1 , t1 + d, t1 + 2d, . . .
The nth term is tn = t1 + (n − 1)d
Number of integers from in to im = im − in + 1
Sum of n terms Sn = (n/2) · (t1 + tn ) (optional)

Geometric Sequences: each term is equal to the previous term times r

Sequence: t1 , t1 · r, t1 · r 2 , . . .
The nth term is tn = t1 · r n−1
Sum of n terms Sn = t1 · (r n − 1)/(r − 1) (optional)

Prime Factorization: break up a number into prime factors (2, 3, 5, 7, 11, . . . )

200 = 4 × 50 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 5 × 5
52 = 2 × 26 = 2 × 2 × 13

Greatest Common Factor: multiply common prime factors

200 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 5 × 5
60 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 5
GCF(200, 60) = 2 × 2 × 5 = 20

Least Common Multiple: check multiples of the largest number

LCM(200, 60): 200 (no), 400 (no), 600 (yes!)

Percentages: use the following formula to find part, whole, or percent

percent
part = × whole
100

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 1
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Averages, Counting, Statistics, Probability

sum of terms
average =
number of terms

total distance
average speed =
total time

sum = average × (number of terms)

mode = value in the list that appears most often

median = middle value in the list (which must be sorted)


Example: median of {3, 10, 9, 27, 50} = 10
Example: median of {3, 9, 10, 27} = (9 + 10)/2 = 9.5

Fundamental Counting Principle:

If an event can happen in N ways, and another, independent event


can happen in M ways, then both events together can happen in
N × M ways. (Extend this for three or more: N1 × N2 × N3 . . . )

Permutations and Combinations:

The number of permutations of n things is n Pn = n!

The number of permutations of n things taken r at a time is n Pr = n!/(n − r)!



The number of combinations of n things taken r at a time is n Cr = n!/ (n − r)! r!

Probability:
number of desired outcomes
probability =
number of total outcomes

The probability of two different events A and B both happening is


P (A and B) = P (A) · P (B), as long as the events are independent
(not mutually exclusive).

If the probability of event A happening is P (A), then the probability of event A not
happening is P (not A) = 1 − P (A).

Logic (Optional):

The statement “event A implies event B” is logically the same as “not event B implies not
event A”. However, “event A implies event B” is not logically the same as “event B implies

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 2
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
event A”. To see this, try an example, such as A = {it rains} and B = {the road is wet}.
If it rains, then the road gets wet (A ⇒ B); alternatively, if the road is not wet, it didn’t
rain (not B ⇒ not A). However, if the road is wet, it didn’t necessarily rain (B 6⇒ A).

Powers, Exponents, Roots

xa · xb = xa+b xa /xb = xa−b 1/xb = x−b


(xa )b = xa·b (xy)a = xa · y a

n +1, if n is even;
√ √ √ (−1) =
0
x =1 xy = x · y −1, if n is odd.
√ √
If 0 < x < 1, then 0 < x3 < x2 < x < x < 3 x < 1.

Factoring, Solving

(x + a)(x + b) = x2 + (b + a)x + ab “FOIL”

a2 − b2 = (a + b)(a − b) “Difference Of Squares”

a2 + 2ab + b2 = (a + b)(a + b)
a2 − 2ab + b2 = (a − b)(a − b)

x2 + (b + a)x + ab = (x + a)(x + b) “Reverse FOIL”

You can use Reverse FOIL to factor a polynomial by thinking about two numbers a and b
which add to the number in front of the x, and which multiply to give the constant. For
example, to factor x2 + 5x + 6, the numbers add to 5 and multiply to 6, i.e., a = 2 and
b = 3, so that x2 + 5x + 6 = (x + 2)(x + 3).

To solve a quadratic such as x2 +bx+c = 0, first factor the left side to get (x+a)(x+b) = 0,
then set each part in parentheses equal to zero. E.g., x2 + 4x + 3 = (x + 3)(x + 1) = 0 so
that x = −3 or x = −1.

The solution to the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 can always be found (if it exists)
using the quadratic formula: √
−b ± b2 − 4ac
x= .
2a
Note that if b2 − 4ac < 0, then there is no solution to the equation. If b2 − 4ac = 0, there
is exactly one solution, namely, x = −b/2a. If b2 − 4ac > 0, there are two solutions to the
equation.

To solve two linear equations in x and y: use the first equation to substitute for a variable
in the second. E.g., suppose x + y = 3 and 4x − y = 2. The first equation gives y = 3 − x,
so the second equation becomes 4x − (3 − x) = 2 ⇒ 5x − 3 = 2 ⇒ x = 1, y = 2.

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 3
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Solving two linear equations in x and y is geometrically the same as finding where two lines
intersect. In the example above, the lines intersect at the point (1, 2). Two parallel lines
will have no solution, and two overlapping lines will have an infinite number of solutions.

Functions
A function is a rule to go from one number (x) to another number (y), usually written

y = f (x).

The set of possible values of x is called the domain of f (), and the corresponding set of
possible values of y is called the range of f (). For any given value of x, there can only be
one corresponding value y.

Translations:

The graph of y = f (x − h) + k is the translation of the graph of


y = f (x) by (h, k) units in the plane.

Absolute value: 
+x, if x ≥ 0;
|x| =
−x, if x < 0.
|x| < n ⇒ −n < x < n
|x| > n ⇒ x < −n or x > n

Parabolas:

A parabola parallel to the y-axis is given by

y = ax2 + bx + c.

If a > 0, the parabola opens up. If a < 0, the parabola opens down. The y-intercept is c,
and the x-coordinate of the vertex is x = −b/2a.

Compound Functions:

A function can be applied directly to the y-value of another function. This is usually
written with one function inside the parentheses of another function. For example:

f (g(x)) means: apply g to x first, then apply f to the result


g(f (x)) means: apply f to x first, then apply g to the result
f (x)g(x) means: apply f to x first, then apply g to x, then multiply the results

For example, if f (x) = 3x − 2 and g(x) = x2 , then f (g(3)) = f (32 ) = f (9) = 3 · 9 − 2 = 25.

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 4
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Inverse Functions (Optional):

Since a function f () is a rule to go from one number (x) to another number (y), an inverse
function f −1 () can be defined as a rule to go from the number y back to the number x. In
other words, if y = f (x), then x = f −1 (y).

To get the inverse function, substitute y for f (x), solve for x in terms of y, and substitute
f −1 (y) for x. For example, if f (x) = 2x + 6, then x = (y − 6)/2 so that f −1 (y) = y/2 − 3.
Note that the function f (), given x = 1, returns y = 8, and that f −1 (y), given y = 8,
returns x = 1.

Complex Numbers
A complex number is of the form a + bi where i2 = −1. When multiplying complex
numbers, treat i just like any other variable (letter), except remember to replace powers
of i with −1 or 1 as follows (the pattern repeats after the first four):

i0 = 1 i1 = i i2 = −1 i3 = −i
i4 = 1 i5 = i i6 = −1 i7 = −i

For example, using “FOIL” and i2 = −1: (1 + 3i)(5 − 2i) = 5 − 2i + 15i − 6i2 = 11 + 13i.

Lines (Linear Functions)


Consider the line that goes through points A(x1 , y1 ) and B(x2 , y2 ).
p
Distance from A to B: (x2 − x1 )2 + (y2 − y1 )2
 
x1 + x 2 y 1 + y 2
Mid-point of the segment AB: ,
2 2

y2 − y 1 rise
Slope of the line: =
x2 − x 1 run

Point-slope form: given the slope m and a point (x1 , y1 ) on the line, the equation of the
line is (y − y1 ) = m(x − x1 ).

Slope-intercept form: given the slope m and the y-intercept b, then the equation of the
line is y = mx + b.

To find the equation of the line given two points A(x1 , y1 ) and B(x2 , y2 ), calculate the
slope m = (y2 − y1 )/(x2 − x1 ) and use the point-slope form.

Parallel lines have equal slopes. Perpendicular lines (i.e., those that make a 90◦ angle
where they intersect) have negative reciprocal slopes: m1 · m2 = −1.

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 5
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas

a◦ b◦
l
a◦ b◦ a ◦
b◦ b◦
a◦ a ◦
b◦
m
b◦ a ◦

Intersecting Lines Parallel Lines (l k m)

Intersecting lines: opposite angles are equal. Also, each pair of angles along the same line
add to 180◦ . In the figure above, a + b = 180◦ .

Parallel lines: eight angles are formed when a line crosses two parallel lines. The four big
angles (a) are equal, and the four small angles (b) are equal.

Triangles
Right triangles:

√ 45◦
x 2
c 2x 60 ◦
x
b x
30◦ 45◦
a √
x 3 x

a2 + b 2 = c 2 Special Right Triangles

A good example of a right triangle is one with a = 3, b = 4, and c = 5, also called a 3–4–5
right triangle. Note that multiples of these numbers are also right triangles. For example,
if you multiply these numbers by 2, you get a = 6, b = 8, and c = 10 (6–8–10), which is
also a right triangle.

All triangles:

1
Area = ·b·h
2
http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 6
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Angles on the inside of any triangle add up to 180◦ .

The length of one side of any triangle is always less than the sum and more than the
difference of the lengths of the other two sides.

An exterior angle of any triangle is equal to the sum of the two remote interior angles.

Other important triangles:

Equilateral: These triangles have three equal sides, and all three
√ angles are 60 ◦ .
The area of an equilateral triangle is A = (side)2 · 3/4.

Isosceles: An isosceles triangle has two equal sides. The “base” angles
(the ones opposite the two sides) are equal (see the 45◦ triangle above).

Similar: Two or more triangles are similar if they have the same shape. The
corresponding angles are equal, and the corresponding sides
are in proportion. For example, the 3–4–5 triangle and the 6–8–10
triangle from before are similar since their sides are in a ratio of 2 to 1.

Trigonometry
Referring to the figure below, there are three important functions which are defined for
angles in a right triangle:

se
opposite

t e nu
p o
hy
θ
adjacent

opposite adjacent opposite


sin θ = cos θ = tan θ =
hypotenuse hypotenuse adjacent

“SOH” “CAH” “TOA”

(the last line above shows a mnemonic to remember these functions: “SOH-CAH-TOA”)

An important relationship to remember which works for any angle θ is:

sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 1.

For example, if√


θ = 30◦ , then (refer to the Special Right Triangles figure) we have sin 30◦ =
1/2, cos 30 = 3/2, so that sin2 30◦ + cos2 30◦ = 1/4 + 3/4 = 1.

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 7
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Circles
Arc
r
r n◦
(h, k)
Sector

Area = πr 2
Length Of Arc = (n◦ /360◦ ) · 2πr
Circumference = 2πr
Area Of Sector = (n◦ /360◦ ) · πr 2
Full circle = 360◦
Equation of the circle (above left figure): (x − h)2 + (y − k)2 = r 2 .

Rectangles And Friends


Rectangles and Parallelograms:

l
w h w
l
Rectangle Parallelogram
(Square if l = w) (Rhombus if l = w)
Area = lw Area = lh

Trapezoids:

base2

base1
 
base1 + base2
Area of trapezoid = ·h
2

Polygons:

Regular polygons are n-sided figures with all sides equal and all angles equal.

The sum of the inside angles of an n-sided regular polygon is (n − 2) · 180◦ .

The sum of the outside angles of an n-sided regular polygon is always 360◦ .

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 8
SAT Subject Math Level 1 Facts & Formulas
Solids
The following five formulas for cones, spheres, and pyramids are given in the beginning of
the test booklet, so you don’t have to memorize them, but you should know how to use
them.
1 2
Volume of right circular cone with radius r and height h: V = πr h
3
1
Lateral area of cone with base circumference c and slant height l: S = cl
2
4 3
Volume of sphere with radius r: V = πr
3
Surface Area of sphere with radius r: S = 4πr 2
1
Volume of pyramid with base area B and height h: V = Bh
3

You should know the volume formulas for the solids below. The area of the rectangular
solid is just the sum of the areas of its faces. The area of the cylinder is the area of the
circles on top and bottom (2πr 2 ) plus the area of the sides (2πrh).

r
d h
h
w
l

Rectangular Solid Right Cylinder

Volume = lwh Volume = πr 2 h


Area = 2(lw + wh + lh) Area = 2πr(r + h)


The distance between opposite corners of a rectangular solid is: d = l 2 + w 2 + h2 .

The volume of a uniform solid is: V = (base area) · height.

http://www.erikthered.com/tutor pg. 9
Part 1 – Basic Arithmetic

1- ( √ + √ )( √ - √ ) =
A) 5
B) 3.15
C) 2.24
D) 1
E) 0.32

2- If x = 3.75 is a solution of the equation = 5, what is the value of


k?
A) 1.75
B) 6.82
C) 13.75
D) 15.75
E) 23.75

3- If a = -2, b = -3, and c = 4, what is the value of | | | |


A) -9
B) -5
C) -3
D) -1
E) 1

4- What number is 6 more than the cube of the square root of 27?
A) 15
B) 81
C) 96.2
D) 134.3
E) 146.3

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 1


5- If x 2 = 36 and y 3 = 64, which of the following is a possible value of
?

A)
B)
C)
D) -
E) -

6- If a , then =
A) 0
B) 2a
C) 4a
D) 2a 2
E) 4a 2

7- Which of the following numbers CANNOT be the units digit of an


integer that is a perfect square?
A) 1
B) 2
C) 4
D) 5
E) 6

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 2


8- For all positive values of a, b, and c, which of the following
expressions are equivalent?

I. (a b) c
II.
III. (a c ) b

A) None
B) I and II only
C) I and III only
D) II and III only
E) I, II, and III

9- The least common multiple of two positive integers is 12 and their


product is 12. What is their greatest common divisor?

A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 6
E) 18

2
10- If x = 4, what is the value of + 6?

A) 6
B) 8
C) 10
D) 14
E) 22

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 3


11- If x = √ , then √ =

A) 10
B) 25
C) √ + 5
D) √
E) √

12- In the figure above, is equilateral. If H is the midpoint


of ̅̅̅̅, what fraction of is shaded?

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 4


13- a, b, and n are positive integers greater than 1, and p is a
prime number. Which of the following statements must be true?

I. p 2 has exactly three positive divisors.


II. If , then a has fewer positive divisors than b.
n
III. If a = b , then a has at most n + 1 positive divisor.

A) I only.
B) II only.
C) I and II.
D) I and III.
E) II and III.

14- In the figure above, the area of the shaded region is what
percent of the area of square PQRS?

A) 12 %
B) 20%
C) 25%
D) 33 %
E) 37 %

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 5


15- If x – y = 15, what is the value of ?

A) 30
B) 60
C) 225
D) 450
E) 900

16- If m is an odd integer, which of the following are even


integers?

I. 2m – 1
II. m2 – m
III. m3 – m2

A) II only
B) I and II only
C) I and III only
D) II and III only
E) I, II, and III

17- If x , then =

A) x
B)
C) x 2
D)

E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 6


18- If x = 0.1, which of the following expressions has a value
between 0 and 1?

A) x – x -2
B) 1 – x -1
C) (x - √ ) 3
D) x -x
E) x x

19- If x = 1 – a and y = - 1 – a, then xy =

A) -2a
B) a 2 – 1
C) 1 – a 2
D) a 2 + 1
E) -1 + 2a – a 2

20- A particle moves along the y-axis starting at 3 and moves


steadily downward to - 8, then steadily upward to 19, and finally
steadily downward to 7. What is the total distance that the particle
traveled?

A) 4
B) 21
C) 37
D) 45
E) 50

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 7


21- If x = √ , then √ =

A) 10
B) 25
C) √ + 5
D) √
E) √

22- In the figure above, the area of the shaded region is what
percent of the area of square PQRS?

A) 12 %
B) 20%
C) 25%
D) 50 %
E) 37 %

23- If and , what is the value of ?

A)
B) 6
C) 9
D) 18
E) 54

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 8


24- If x , then =

A) x
B) x 2
C)

D)
E) x 4

25- If x = a – 1 and y = a + 1, then xy =

A) -2a
B) a 2 – 1
C) 1 – a 2
D) a 2 + 1
E) -1 + 2a – a 2

26- In the figure above, R is the midpoint of segment QS, and Q is


of the way from P to R. What is the length of segment PS?

A) 18
B) 16
C) 12
D) 10
E) 8

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 9


27- A particle moves along the y-axis starting at 3 and moves
steadily downward to -7, then steadily upward to 10, and finally
steadily downward to 5. What is the total distance that the particle
traveled?

A) 4
B) 21
C) 32
D) 50
E) 35

28- A line and three distinct points P,Q, and R, lie in a plane. If
no point of lies in segment PQ and if exactly one point of lies in
segment QR, which of the following statements must be true?

A) P, Q, and R lie on the same line.


B) P, Q, and R do not lie on the same line
C) Line is parallel to the line through P and Q
D) Line is not parallel to the line through P and R
E) Q lies in segment PR or P lies in segment QR

29- | | | | | |

A)
B)
C)
D) 7
E) 10

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 10


30- Which of the following expressions is equivalent to
?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

31- If x is an odd integer, which of the following must be even?

A) x + 2
B) x + 5
C) 2x - 1
D) 2x + 3
E) x 2

32- If x 2 =6 and xy = 10, which of the following could be a value of y?

A) 0.24
B) 1.29
C) 2.45
D) 4.08
E) 24.49

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 11


33- The check digit d for a seven-digit number code is the digit that
makes the number code a multiple of 11. What is the check digit for
3,356,27d?

A) 2
B) 3
C) 4
D) 5
E) 6

34- If then s =

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

35- If 10 5 = x, then √

A) 6.3
B) 7.1
C) 13.1
D) 17.3
E) 17.8

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 12


36- For any real number k, which of the following must be a real
number?

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

37-

A) 9
B) 6
C) 3
D)
E)

38- Which of the following must be negative whenever x  y  0?

A) x 2 – 4xy + y2
B) x 2 – 2xy – y2
C) x 2 – xy – 2y2
D) y 2 – x 2 – xy
E) y2 – x 2 + xy

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 13


39- If 7x = – 6, then x(x – 1) =

A) –0.9
B) –0.2
C) –0.1
D) 1.6
E) 2.5

40- (ax – b)(b + ax) =

A) a 2 x 2 + 2abx – b 2
B) ax 2 – b
C) a 2 x 2 – b 2
D) b 2 – a 2 x 2
E) 0

41- If | | | | and √ what is the value of ?

A) 13
B) 14
C) 157
D) 169
E) 313

42- If the sum of five integers is an even integer, what is the greatest
number of these integers that can be odd?
A) Zero
B) One
C) Two
D) Four
E) Five

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 14


43- Which of the following statements is true for all real numbers c?

A) 8 + c  4 + c
B) 8 + 4c  4 – 4c
C) 4c  8c
D) 8c  4c
E) 8c 2  4c 2

44- If x , y, and z are nonzero integers, which of the following must


be the square of an integer?

A) xyz 2
B) x 2 y4 z
C) x 6 y3 z 3
D) x 6 y 2 z 10
E) x 7 y5 z 8

1 2

3 4

45- Each of the cards shown in the figure above has a number on each
side. The product of the pair of numbers on each card is even. How
many of these cards must have an even number on the side of the card
not shown?
A) None
B) One
C) Two
D) Three
E) Four

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 15


46

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51

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54

55

56

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59

60

61

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62

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64

65

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66

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Part 2 – Linear Functions and equations

1- In xy-plane what is the slope of the line that passes through the origin
and makes 42 angle with the positive x- axis?
A) 0.67
B) 0.74
C) 0.90
D) 1.11
E) 1.51

2- In the xy-plane, what is the distance between points (-1,2) and (-6,4)?
A) 2.24
B) 5.39
C) 7.28
D) 9.22
E) 10.44

3- If line has slope of 0, which of the following could be the graph of ?

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 22


4- In the xy-plane line contains points (3,2) and (3,6). Line
contains the point (7,4) and is perpendicular to line . What are the
coordinates of the point in which lines and intersect?
A) (2,4)
B) (2,7)
C) (3,4)
D) (3,7)
E) (4,3)

5- In the xy-plane, the graph of which of the following linear


equations has a negative x-intercept?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

6- If , then
A) 0
B)
C)
D)
E)

7- If = 3.75 is a solution of the equation what is the value of k ?


A) 1.75
B) 6.82
C) 13.75
D) 15.75
E) 23.75

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 23


8- The line best models which of the following scatterplot?

9- In the figure above, the coordinates of point P are

A) (5,4)
B) (4,5)
C) (4,4)
D) (2,4)
E) (2,2)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 24


10- Which two quadrants in the xy-plane above contain points having
coordinates (x,y) such that ?
A) I and II
B) I and III
C) I and IV
D) II and III
E) II and IV

11- In the xy-plane, which of the following is an equation of the line


contains points (3,4) and (6,7)?

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

12- If then
A)
B)
C) 1
D) 2
E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 25


13- In the xy-plane, the x-axis and the graphs of the lines , and
intersects to form a trapezoid. What is the sum of the slopes of
two nonparallel sides of the trapezoid?

A) -2
B) -1
C) 0
D) 1
E) 2

14- If f is a linear function and f (2)  f (3) which of the following must be
true?
A) f (-2)  f (-3)
B) f (-1)  f (1)
C) f (0)  f (-1)
D) f (3)  f (-2)
E) f (4)  f (3)

15- If , which of the following must be true?

A) and
B) and
C) x is the reciprocal of y
D) x is the negative of y
E) x is the negative reciprocal of y

16- In the xy-plane, what is the area of the triangle bounded by the graphs
of the lines and and by the y-axis?
A) 8.1
B) 16.2
C) 29.7
D) 40.5
E) 59.4

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 26


17- If , what does h equal, in terms of A, when b = 3 and
c = 5?

A)
B)
C)
D) 4A
E) 8A

18- In xy-plane, the lines and intersects at which of


the following points?

A) ( - 1, 1)
B) ( 0, - 1)
C) ( 0, 2)
D) ( 1, 1)
E) ( 1, 3)

19- In the xy-plane, what is the slope of the line segment with endpoints ( - 4, 3
) and ( 3, 4 )?

A)
B) 1
C)
D) - 1
E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 27


20- In the xy-plane, the line with equation intersects
the x-axis at point A and the y-axis at point B. What is the distance between
A and B?

A) 2.7
B) 3.1
C) 5.1
D) 5.8
E) 6.4

21- If √ and what is the value of y ?

A) - 3
B) - 1
C) 3
D) 4
E) 13

22- In the xy-plane, which of the following is an equation of a line whose


graph is perpendicular to the graph of ?

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 28


23- In the xy-plane, the midpoint of AC is (3,4). If point A has coordinates
(1,1), what are the coordinates of point C ?

A) (- 1, -2)
B) ( 2, 2.5)
C) ( 2, 3)
D) ( 4, 5)
E) ( 5, 7)

24- In the xy-plane, if line contains the point (1,2), then k =


A) -2
B) -1
C) 0
D) 1
E) 3

25- In the xy-plane, what is the slope of the line defined by the equation
?

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 29


26- What is the slope of a line that includes points (3,2) and (0, - 4)?
A) 2
B) – 2
C) 3
D) – 3
E) 1

27- In the xy-plane, what is the slope of the line that has an x-intercept of 3
and y-intercept of – 5 ?

A)

B)
C)
D)
E) 3

28- What is the slope of the line that contains the points with coordinates (3,5)
and (16, 2)?

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 30


29- In the xy-plane which of the following is an equation for the line with slope
equal to 2 and y-intercept equal to 3?

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

30- Which of the following is an equation of the line contains the point
( - 1 , 1) and is parallel to the x-axis?

A) y = 1
B) y = 0
C) y = - 1
D) x = 1
E) x = - 1

31- What is the slope of a line perpendicular to the line with equation
4x – 3y = 6?
A) – 4
B)
C)
D)

E) 4

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 31


32- Let n and p represent nonzero constants. The graphs of the equations y
= nx + 5 and y = px + 7 are parallel lines. Which of the following is
true?

A) n =

B) n =

C) n < p
D) n = p
E) n > p

33- In the xy-plane, which of the following points is collinear with ( 0, 0 )


and ( 2 , 1)?

A) ( 2 , 1 )
B) ( 2, 1 )
C) ( 1 , 2 )
D) ( 1, 2 )
E) ( 2, 1 )

34- What is the point of intersection of the graphs of the equations y = 3x


1
and y = 5x 1?

A) ( 1 , 4)
B) ( 1, 2)
C) ( 0 , )
D) ( 1, 2 )
E) ( , 0 )

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 32


35- For the linear function f, if f(2) = 2, and f(4) = 5, then for what value of
x is f(x) = 0?

A)

B)
C) 1
D)

E)

36- In the xy-plane, line l contains points (2,5) and (2,6). Line m contains
the point (3,7) and perpendicular to line l. what are the coordinates of
the intersection point of lines l and m?

A) (2,4)
B) (2,7)
C) (3,4)
D) (3,7)
E) (4,3)

37

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38

39

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41

42

43

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44

45

46

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48

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50

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Part 3 – Inequalities

1- If x is a real number, which of the following is the graph of the solution set
of (x - 3)(2 – x ) ≥ 0?

2- How many integers x are solutions to both and ?

A) None
B) One
C) Two
D) Three
E) Infinitely many

3- What are the values of x for which | |


A)
B) 2 < x < 12
C) x < 12 or x > 2
D) x< 2 or x > 12
E) All real numbers

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 39


4- What are the values of x for which | |
A) x < 1 or x > 5

B) x <

C) x > 5

D)

E)

5- The graph in the figure shows the solution to | |

A) 7

B) 14

C) 29

D) 44

E) 51

6- The graph in the figure is the set of all x such that

A) x < 3

B) 1< x ≤ 3

C) x ≤ 1 or x > 3

D) x ≤1 or x ≥ 3

E) x< 1 or x ≥3

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 40


7- Which of the following is the graph of all values of x which 1 ≤ x2 ≤ 4?

8- For which of the following values of x is (4 – x )(2x – 11 ) positive?

A) 5

B) 4

C) 3

D) 0

E) – 4

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 41


9- Which of the following must be negative x> y > 0?

A) x2 – 4xy + y2

B) x2 – 2xy – y2

C) x2 – xy – 2y2

D) y2 – x2 – xy
E) y2 – x2 + xy

10- What is the greatest integer value of x for which


A) 6
B) 8
C) 9
D) 25
E) 249

11- Which of the following values of x satisfies the inequality 2x + 3 > ?


A) – 2
B) – 1
C) 2
D) 3
E) 4

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 42


12- If – 10 < x3 ≤ 30, which of the following could NOT be a value of x?
A) – 3
B) – 2
C) 1
D) 2
E) 3

13

14

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16

17

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Part 4 – Quadratic equations

1- The figure above shows the graph of function f, where f(x) = x2 + 1. If the
graph of g is the same as the reflection of f about the x-axis, which of the
following is g(x)?

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

2- What is the least integer value of k such that x2 (3k+1) – 6x + 2 = 0 has no


real root?

A) 5

B) 2

C) 1

D) – 1

E) – 2

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 45


3- How many points does the graph y = x3 – 5x2 + 7x intersect the x-axis?

A) None

B) One

C) Two

D) Three

E) More than three

4- Which of the following is true of the equation y = x3 – 8x + 36?

A) It has exactly one real zero

B) The value of y decreases on the entire interval – 10 ≤ x ≤ 0

C) The value of y decreases on the entire interval 0 ≤ x ≤ 8

D) The value of y is positive for all the interval x ≥ 3

E) The value of y changes sign exactly three times

5- Which is the greatest zero of the function f where f(x) = x3 – 2x – 0.5?

A) – 1.27

B) 1.27

C) 0.59

D) 1.53

E) 2

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 46


6- What is the x-coordinate of the vertex of the graph of y = – 6x2 + 3x + 8?

A) – 0.5

B) – 0.25

C) 0.25

D) 0.5

E) 2

7- In the xy-plane what is the equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph
y = – x2 + 10x – 24?

A) x = –5

B) x = 1

C) y = 5

D) y = 1

E) x = 5

8- If f(x) = x2 + 6x + 9 what are the coordinates of the vertex of the graph f ?

A) (– 3, –3)

B) (– 3, 0)

C) ( 0, – 3)

D) ( 0, 3 )

E) ( 3, 0 )

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 47


9- If x2 + y – 2x = y2 and y = 0 which of the following could be the value of x?

A) 1
B) 2

C) 3

D) 4

E) 5

10- If (x + y)(x – y) = 1, then 2x2 – 2y2 =

A) 0

B) 1

C) 2

D) 4

E)

11- The sum of two roots of a quadratic equation is 5 and their product is – 6,
which of the following could be the equation?

A) x2 – 6x + 5 = 0

B) x2 – 5x – 6 = 0

C) x2 – 5x + 6 = 0

D) x2 + 5x – 6 = 0

E) x2 + 6x + 5 = 0

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 48


12- For what value of x does x + x = x * x?

A) x = 0 only

B) x = 1 only

C) All x values, x ≠ 0

D) x = 0 or x = 2

E) x = – 2 or x = 2

13- For which of the following equations is it true that the sum of the roots
equals the product of the roots?

A) x2 – 4 = 0

B) x2 – 2x + 1 = 0

C) x2 – 4x + 4 = 0

D) x2 – 5x + 6 = 0

E) x2 + 4x + 4 = 0

( )
14- For how many different values of x is

A) One

B) Two

C) Three

D) Four

E) An infinite number

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 49


15- x + y = 5 and x – y = 3, then x2 – y2 =

A) 9

B) 15

C) 16

D) 25

E) 34

16- If y – x = 2 and x + y = – 2, then (x + y)(x – y) =

A) – 4

B) – 2

C) 0

D) 2

E) 4

17- Which of the following is a list of all the values of x that are solutions to
both the equations?

A) – 3 only

B) 3 only

C) 5 only

D) 3 and 5 only

E) –3, 3 and 5

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 50


18- If ( ax + b )(cx +d ) = 6x2 + 11x – 10 for all values of x, what is the value of
ac – bd?

A) 16
B) – 4
C) – 10
D) – 11
E) – 16

19- If ( x + 7)( x – 3 ) = 0, what are all possible values of x – 3 ?

A) 0 only
B) 0 and – 10
C) 0 and 3
D) 0 and 10
E) 3 and – 7

20- If 2x2 + kx +9 = 0 has double root, which of the following is a possible


value of k?

A) – 8.49
B) 2.12
C) 5.61
D) 9.25
E) 72

21- Which of the following is a root of x2 + 4x – 21 = 0?

A) – 1
B) – 3
C) – 4
D) – 7
E) – 21

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 51


22- In the xy-plane, point (x,y) lies on the circle with equation x2 + y2 = 1 and
on the line with equation y = 2x, what is the value of xy?

A) – 0.45
B) – 0.40
C) 0.40
D) 0.45
E) 3.00

2.3x2 + kx + 5.1 = 0

23- For which of the following values of k does the equation above have two
distinct real solutions?

A) – 6.8
B) – 6.75
C) 6.67
D) 6.73
E) 6.91

24

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Part 5 –Sequences
Arithmetic Sequences

1- A sequence of integers begins with 3 and end with 21. Each term after the
first is 3 more than the preceding term. What is the middle term in the
sequence?

A) 9

B) 11

C) 12

D) 18

E) 15

2- In arithmetic sequence – 10 , –7 , – 4,……, the first term is – 10. What is


the first term exceeding 100?

A) The 30th term

B) The 37th term

C) The 38th term

D) The 100th term

E) The 104th term

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 58


3- The days of astronomical calendar are numbered in order, starting with
day 1. The planet mercury completes its first orbit around the sun on day 49
of this calendar, and completes orbits on days 137, 225 and 313 and every 88th
day thereafter. According to this pattern, on what day will mercury complete
15th orbit of the sun?

A) 1,232

B) 1,281

C) 1,320

D) 1,369

E) 1,401

4- If x, 3x +2, and 8x + 3 are the first three terms of an arithmetic sequence,


then x =

A) – 1

B)

C) 0

D)

E) 3

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 59


5- If the 21st term of an arithmetic sequence is 57 and the 89th term is 227,
what is the 333rd term?

A) 367

B) 417

C) 587

D) 793

E) 837

6- The sequence 0,1,5,14,30,… starts with 0, and the numbers increase by the
square of consecutive integers. What is the 6th number in the sequence?
(Different idea)

A) 46

B) 47

C) 55

D) 61

E) 66

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 60


8

Geometric Sequences

1- In the sequence 1,2,4,8,16, The first term is 1, and each term after the 1st term
is obtained by doubling the preceding term, which of the following is an
expression for the 10th term?

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

2- What is the 3rd term of the geometric sequence whose 5th term is 729, and
the 9th term is 9?

A) 81

B) 243

C) 2187

D) 6561

E) 60049

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 61


3

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 62


Part 6 – Ratio and Proportion

1- If n tokens can be divided between two children in the ratio of 4:3,


then in terms of n, how many tokens will the child with the smaller
share have?
A)
B)
C)
D) 3n
E) 4n

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.


2- In the figure above, l | m | n. What is the value of x?
A) 3.6
B) 5.4
C) 9.0
D) 15.6
E) 17.4

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 63


3- A city map of Bridgeport uses the scale above. If two points on the
map are 3.2 inches apart, what is the actual distance, in miles, between
the two corresponding locations?
A) 0.44
B) 2.29
C) 3.60
D) 4.48
E) 4.60

4- On a certain map, 1 inch represents 25 miles. If the distance on the


map from Appleton to Bay City is inches, what is the actual distance
between these two cities?

A) miles
B) miles
C) miles
D) miles
E) miles

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 64


5- If = , then =
A)
B)
C) 1
D)
E)

6- If y 2 x 2 = k for some constant k, which of the following is true?

A) y varies directly as x.
B) y 2 varies directly x 3 .
C) y 2 varies inversely as x 3 .
D) y varies inversely as x.
E) y 3 varies inversely as x 2 .

7- If y varies directly with the square of x and y = 4.3 when x = 5, what


is the value of y when x = 6?

A) 0.2
B) 3.0
C) 5.2
D) 6.2
E) 209.3

Code: FIPP-12 Issue No.: 01 65


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Part 7 – Expressions and Equations

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