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Equilibrios de Complejación Log β

Cu+2(ac) + NH3(ac) → CuNH32+(ac) 4.04


Cu+2(ac) + 2NH3(ac) → Cu(NH3)22+(ac) 7.47
Cu +2
(ac)
+ 3NH3(ac) → Cu(NH ) 2+
3 3 (ac) 10.27
Cu +2
(ac)
+ 4NH3(ac) → Cu(NH ) 2+
3 4 (ac) 11.75

[Cu2+] 1
[NH4+] 1
LogK 9.25

pH Log(CuNH32+(ac)) CuNH32+(ac) Log(Cu(NH3)22+(ac)) Cu(NH3)22+(ac)


0 -5.21 6.16595E-06 -11.03 9.332543008E-12
1 -4.21 6.16595E-05 -9.03 9.332543008E-10
2 -3.21 0.000616595 -7.03 9.332543008E-08
3 -2.21 0.00616595 -5.03 9.332543008E-06
4 -1.21 0.0616595002 -3.03 0.000933254301
5 -0.21 0.6165950019 -1.03 0.09332543008
6 0.79 6.1659500186 0.969999999999999 9.33254300797
7 1.79 61.659500186 2.97 933.254300797
8 2.79 616.59500186 4.97 93325.4300797
9 3.79 6165.9500186 6.97 9332543.00797
10 4.79 61659.500186 8.97 933254300.797
11 5.79 616595.00186 10.97 93325430079.7
12 6.79 6165950.0186 12.97 9332543007970
13 7.79 61659500.186 14.97 9.33254301E+14
14 8.79 616595001.86 16.97 9.33254301E+16
m
1
2
3
4

Log( Cu(NH3)32+(ac)) Cu(NH3)32+(ac) Log(Cu(NH3)42+(ac)) Cu(NH3)42+(ac) Cu(II)


-17.48 3.311311215E-18 -25.25 5.623413252E-26 1.00000617
-14.48 3.311311215E-15 -21.25 5.623413252E-22 1.00006166
-11.48 3.311311215E-12 -17.25 5.623413252E-18 1.00061669
-8.48 3.311311215E-09 -13.25 5.623413252E-14 1.00617529
-5.48 3.311311215E-06 -9.25 5.623413252E-10 1.06259607
-2.48 0.0033113112148 -5.25 5.623413252E-06 1.71323737
0.52 3.3113112148259 -1.25 0.056234132519 19.8660384
3.52 3311.3112148259 2.75 562.3413251903 4869.56634
6.52 3311311.2148259 6.75 5623413.251904 9028667.49
9.52 3311311214.8259 10.75 56234132519.03 5.9555E+10
12.52 3311311214826 14.75 5.62341325E+14 5.6565E+14
15.52 3.311311215E+15 18.75 5.62341325E+18 5.6267E+18
18.52 3.311311215E+18 22.75 5.62341325E+22 5.6237E+22
21.52 3.311311215E+21 26.75 5.62341325E+26 5.6234E+26
24.52 3.311311215E+24 30.75 5.62341325E+30 5.6234E+30
X0(Cu2+) X1 (CuNH32+(ac) X2 Cu(NH3)22+(ac) X3 Cu(NH3)32+(ac) X4 Cu(NH3)42+(ac) ∑X
0.99999383 6.165912E-06 9.332485464E-12 3.311290798E-18 5.623378578E-26 1
0.99993834 6.1655698E-05 9.331967595E-10 3.311107051E-15 5.623066531E-22 1
0.99938369 0.00061621499 9.326791285E-08 3.309270426E-12 5.619947496E-18 1
0.99386261 0.0061281072 9.275265591E-06 3.290988421E-09 5.588900195E-14 1
0.94109138 0.05802722421 0.000878277579 3.116246446E-06 5.292145746E-10 1
0.58369028 0.35990050993 0.054473146512 0.0019327801736 3.282331661E-06 1
0.05033716 0.31037642748 0.469773733057 0.1666820103988 0.002830666661 1
0.00020536 0.01266221587 0.191650392549 0.6800012532833 0.115480781205 1
1.10758E-07 6.8293024E-05 0.010336567402 0.3667552512959 0.62283977752 1
1.67913E-11 1.0353409E-07 0.000156705182 0.0556010966533 0.944242094614 1
1.76787E-15 1.0900577E-10 1.64986902E-06 0.0058539561882 0.994144393834 1
1.77723E-19 1.0958329E-13 1.658610218E-08 0.0005884971128 0.999411486301 1
1.77817E-23 1.0964136E-16 1.659489189E-10 5.888089836E-05 0.999941118936 1
1.77827E-27 1.0964717E-19 1.659577135E-12 5.88840188E-06 0.999994111596 1
1.77828E-31 1.0964776E-22 1.65958593E-14 5.888433086E-07 0.999999411157 1
Chart Title
1.2

0.8
FRACCIÓN

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
pH

X0(Cu2+) X1 (CuNH32+(ac) X2 Cu(NH3)22+(ac) X3 Cu(NH3)32+(ac) X4 Cu(NH3


10 12 14 16

Cu(NH3)32+(ac) X4 Cu(NH3)42+(ac)
Log[Mn+]= -npH - nLog(Kw) + Log(Kps)
Compuesto Formula Kps (25⁰C) n
Hidroxido de Hierro (III) Fe(OH)3 2.79E-39 3
Hidroxido de Aluminio (III) Al(OH)3 3.00E-34 3
Hidroxido de Cobre (II) Cu(OH)2 4.80E-20 2
Hidroxido de Zinc (II) Zn(OH)2 3.00E-17 2
Hidroxido de Hierro (II) Fe(OH)2 4.87E-17 2 0.00E+00
0
Kw= 1.00E-14
-5.00E-01

pH Log(Fe3+) Log(Al3+) Log(Cu2+) Log(Zn2+) Log(Fe2+)


0 3.45E+00 8.48E+00 8.68E+00 1.15E+01 1.17E+01 -1.00E+00

1 4.46E-01 5.48E+00 6.68E+00 9.48E+00 9.69E+00

Log[Mn+]
2 -2.55E+00 2.48E+00 4.68E+00 7.48E+00 7.69E+00 -1.50E+00
3 -5.55E+00 -5.23E-01 2.68E+00 5.48E+00 5.69E+00
4 -8.55E+00 -3.52E+00 6.81E-01 3.48E+00 3.69E+00 -2.00E+00
5 -1.16E+01 -6.52E+00 -1.32E+00 1.48E+00 1.69E+00
6 -1.46E+01 -9.52E+00 -3.32E+00 -5.23E-01 -3.12E-01 -2.50E+00
7 -1.76E+01 -1.25E+01 -5.32E+00 -2.52E+00 -2.31E+00
8 -2.06E+01 -1.55E+01 -7.32E+00 -4.52E+00 -4.31E+00 -3.00E+00
9 -2.36E+01 -1.85E+01 -9.32E+00 -6.52E+00 -6.31E+00
10 -2.66E+01 -2.15E+01 -1.13E+01 -8.52E+00 -8.31E+00
11 -2.96E+01 -2.45E+01 -1.33E+01 -1.05E+01 -1.03E+01
12 -3.26E+01 -2.75E+01 -1.53E+01 -1.25E+01 -1.23E+01
13 -3.56E+01 -3.05E+01 -1.73E+01 -1.45E+01 -1.43E+01
14 -3.86E+01 -3.35E+01 -1.93E+01 -1.65E+01 -1.63E+01
Chart Title
Fe(III) Al(III) Cu(II) Zn(II) Fe(II)
0.00E+00
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

-5.00E-01

-1.00E+00
Log[Mn+]

-1.50E+00

-2.00E+00

-2.50E+00

-3.00E+00
pH
𝐸=𝐸^0−0,0591/2 𝑝𝐻=(−∆𝐺°)/2,303
log⁡〖 ([𝐶]^𝑐 [𝐷]^𝑑)/([𝐴]^𝑎 [𝐵]^𝑏
𝑂22+4𝐻++ + 4𝑒−− →2𝐻22𝑂 2𝐻+++ 2e−− →𝐻 2
2

pH pH
0 14 0 14
E⁰ 1.23 0.4026 E⁰ 0 -0.8274

Especies Consideradas G⁰(KJ/mol) Concentracion (mol/Lt)


Fe 0 0.1 F=
Fe3+ -4.7 0.1 R=
Fe2+ -78.9 0.1
Fe(OH)3 -696.6 1
Fe(OH)2 -486.6 1
H2O -237.12 1
[Fe]= 0.1
Equilibrios
pH
1 Fe 3+
(ac)
+ e → Fe
- 2+
(ac) m n 0
G⁰(KJ/mol)=-74.2 0 1 1
2 Fe2+(ac) + 2e- → Fe(s) m n 2
G⁰(KJ/mol)= 78.9 0 2 3
3 Fe3+(ac) + 3H2O(l) → Fe(OH)3(s) + 3H+(ac) m n 4
G⁰(KJ/mol)= 19.46 -3 0 5
4 Fe2+(ac) + 2H2O(l) → Fe(OH)2(s) + 2H+(ac) m n 6
G⁰(KJ/mol)= 66.54 -2 0 7
5 Fe(OH)3(s) + 3H+(ac) + e- → Fe2+(ac) + 3H2O(l) m n 8
G⁰(KJ/mol)= -93.66 3 1 9
6 Fe(OH)3(s) + H+(ac) + e- → Fe(OH)2 (s) + H2O(l) m n 10
G⁰(KJ/mol)= -27.12 1 1 11
7 Fe(OH)2(s) + 2H+(ac) + 2e- → Fe(s) + 2H2O(l) m n 12
G⁰(KJ/mol)= 12.36 2 2 13
14

6
7
𝑝𝐻=(−∆𝐺°)/2,303𝑚𝑅𝑇−1/𝑚
〖 ([𝐶]^𝑐 [𝐷]^𝑑)/([𝐴]^𝑎 [𝐵]^𝑏 ) 〗 log⁡〖 ([𝐶]^𝑐 [𝐷]^𝑑)/([𝐴]^𝑎 [𝐵]^𝑏 ) 〗
𝐸=𝐸°−0,0591/𝑛 log⁡〖 ([𝐶]^𝑐 [𝐷]^𝑑)/([𝐴]^𝑎
[𝐵]^𝑏 ) 〗− 0,0591 𝑚/𝑛 𝑝𝐻

1
96487 coulombs/equivalente
8.314 J/mol ⁰K 0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Eh
0
0
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 1.02966995 0.28103627 -0.0344915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 0.85236995 0.22193627 -0.0935915 -0.2

0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 0.67506995 0.16283627 -0.1526915


-0.4
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 0.49776995 0.10373627 -0.2117915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 0.32046995 0.04463627 -0.2708915
-0.6
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 0.14316995 -0.01446373 -0.3299915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -0.03413005 -0.07356373 -0.3890915 -0.8
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -0.21143005 -0.13266373 -0.4481915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -0.38873005 -0.19176373 -0.5072915 -1
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -0.56603005 -0.25086373 -0.5663915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -0.74333005 -0.30996373 -0.6254915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -0.92063005 -0.36906373 -0.6845915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -1.09793005 -0.42816373 -0.7436915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -1.27523005 -0.48726373 -0.8027915
0.7689 -0.40881 1.4696067 6.327926 -1.45253005 -0.54636373 -0.8618915 00,001
-1 1
00,001
X 0 1.4696067
Y 0.7689 0.7689 00,001
X
Y
00,000
X
Y
X 00,000
Y
X 00,000
0
Y
X 00,000
Y

00,000

-00,001
00,000
0

00,000

X
00,000
Y

-00,001

-00,001

-00,001
[𝐴]^𝑎 𝐸⁰=(−Δ𝐺)/𝑛𝐹

Eh-pH
1

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2
Eh

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

-0.2

-0.4

-0.6

-0.8

-1

pH

00,001

00,001

00,001

00,000

00,000

00,000
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

00,000

00,000

-00,001
00,000
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

00,000

00,000

-00,001

-00,001

-00,001
12 14

10 12 14
10 12 14