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ASSIGNMENT

1. Chose the correct alternative.

i) If a set S contains n elements, then the number of elements in power set of S is


a) 𝑛2 ,
b) 2n,
c) 2𝑛 ,
d) 2𝑛 − 1.
𝑑𝑦
ii) An integrating factor of 𝑥 − 2𝑦 = 1 is
𝑑𝑥

a) x 2 ,
1
b) ,
𝑥2

c) −2𝑥,
1
d) − .
𝑥

iii) If for a sequence {𝑢𝑛 }, lim 𝑢𝑛 = 0 then


𝑛→∞

a) {𝑢𝑛 } converges to 1,
b) {𝑢𝑛 } converges to 0,
c) {𝑢𝑛 } is divergent,
d) none of these.

𝑑2𝑦 𝑑𝑦 3 𝑑𝑦
iv) The order and degree of the differential equation = √( ) − 2
𝑑𝑥 2 𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑥

a) (1,3),
b) (2,3),
c) (2,2),
d) (1,2).
v) A relation 𝜌 on a non-empty set S is said to be an equivalence relation on S if 𝜌 is
a) reflexive, symmetric and transitive ,
b) reflexive, anti-symmetric and transitive,
c) reflexive and transitive,
d) any of the above.
vi) If 𝑎 be an element of a group (𝐺, 𝑜), then which of the following is NOT TRUE
a) 𝑜(𝑎) = 𝑜(𝑎−1 ),
b) if 𝑜(𝑎) = 𝑛 then 𝑎, 𝑎2 , 𝑎3 , … , 𝑎𝑛 are distinct elements of G,
c) if 𝑜(𝑎) = 𝑛, then 𝑜(𝑎𝑝 ) = 𝑛 iff p is divisor of n.
d) if 𝑜(𝑎) = 𝑛 and 𝑎𝑚 = 𝑒, n is divisor of m.
vii) If 𝜔 be a root of the equation 𝑥 3 = 1, then which of the following is TRUE
a) 𝜔3 = 1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 1 − 𝜔 + 𝜔2 = 0,
b) 𝜔3 = −1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 1 − 𝜔 + 𝜔2 = 0,
c) 𝜔3 = 1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 1 + 𝜔 + 𝜔2 = 0,
d) 𝜔3 = −1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 1 − 𝜔 + 𝜔2 = 0 .
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viii) The series ∑∞
𝑛=1 is
√𝑛+√𝑛+1

a) convergent,
b) divergent,
c) oscillatory,
d) none of these.
ix) The order of the differential equation whose general solution is 𝑦 = 𝑎(𝑥 − 𝑎)2 , where 𝑎
is an arbitrary constant is
a) 1,
b) 2,
c) 3,
d) none of these.
x) ∑∞
𝑛=1(−1)
𝑛−1
𝑎𝑛 is convergent if
a) sequence {𝑎𝑛 } is monotonic decreasing,
b) lim 𝑎𝑛 = 0,
𝑛→∞

c) both a and b,
d) none of these.
𝛼
xi) , 𝛼, 𝛼. 𝑟 be the roots of 𝑥 3 − 𝑝𝑥 2 + 𝑞𝑥 − 𝑟 = 0, then value of 𝛼 is
𝑟
𝑝
a) ,
𝑞
𝑞
b) ,
𝑝

c) 𝑝𝑞,
d) 𝑝𝑟.
xii) Number of inverse element in a group of n elements is
a) more than one,
b) exactly one,
c) at most n,
d) exactly n.
xiii) A differential equation 𝑀𝑑𝑥 + 𝑁𝑑𝑦 = 0 is exact when
𝜕𝑀 𝜕𝑁
a) = ,
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦
𝜕𝑀 𝜕𝑁
b) ≠ ,
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦
𝜕𝑀 𝜕𝑁
c) = ,
𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑥
𝜕𝑀 𝜕𝑁
d) ≠ .
𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑥

Short-answer type question

𝑎−𝑖𝑏 2𝑎𝑏
2. Prove that, sin (𝑖 log ) = 𝑎2+𝑏2 .
𝑎+𝑖𝑏
𝑑𝑦 𝑦 𝑦
3. Solve = + tan
𝑑𝑥 𝑥 𝑥
𝑑
4. Solve (𝐷2 − 2𝐷 + 1)𝑦 = 𝑥𝑒 2𝑥 , 𝐷 ≡
𝑑𝑥
2𝑛 𝑛!
5. State D’ Alembert’s ratio test. Test the convergence of the series ∑∞
𝑛=1 .
𝑛𝑛

6. If the equation 𝑥 4 + 𝑎𝑥 3 + 𝑏𝑥 2 + 𝑐𝑥 + 𝑑 = 0 has three equal roots, then show that


6𝑐−𝑎𝑏
each of themis equal to .
3𝑎2 −8𝑏

7. Find the values of (1 + 𝑖)1/5 .


3
1 −𝑛 ⁄2
8. Discuss the convergence of the series ∑∞
𝑛=1 (1 + ) .
√𝑛

9. Apply Descartes’ rule of signs to find the nature of the roots of the equation
𝑥 4 + 16𝑥 2 + 7𝑥 − 11 = 0.
10. If 𝛼, 𝛽 , 𝛾 be the roots of the equation 𝑥 3 + 2𝑥 2 + 3𝑥 + 4 = 0, then find the
1 1 1
equation whose roots are 1 + , 1 + , 1 + .
𝛼 𝛽 𝛾
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11. Solve (𝑥𝑦 2 − 𝑒 1/𝑥 )𝑑𝑥 − 𝑥 2 𝑦 𝑑𝑦 = 0.
𝑑𝑦
12. Solve 𝑦 = 𝑝𝑥 + √𝑎2 𝑝2 + 𝑏 2 , where 𝑝 ≡ .
𝑑𝑥

13. Examine the convergence of the following series for different values of 𝑥:
∞ √𝑛
∑ 𝑥𝑛
𝑛=1 √𝑛2 +1
14. Test the convergence of the following series:
1 𝑥 2 1. 3. 5 𝑥 4 1. 3. 5. 7. 9 𝑥 6
1+ . + . + . + ⋯…………∞
2 4 2. 4. 6 8 2. 4. 6. 8. 10 12
15. Show that the map 𝑓: 𝑄 → 𝑄 defined by 𝑓(𝑥) = 3𝑥 + 2 is one-one onto, where Q is
the set of rational numbers.
16. If the elements 𝑎, 𝑏 and 𝑎𝑏 of a group be each of order 2, then show that 𝑎𝑏 = 𝑏𝑎.
𝑑2 𝑦
17. Solve: − 9𝑦 = 𝑥 𝑒 3𝑥 .
𝑑𝑥 2
𝑑
18. Solve: (𝑥 2 𝐷2 − 𝑥𝐷 − 3)𝑦 = 𝑥 2 log 𝑥, where 𝐷 ≡ .
𝑑𝑥

𝑑𝑦 𝑑𝑦 2
19. Solve: 𝑦 = 2𝑥 −( )
𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑥

20. If in a group G, 𝑥 2 = 𝑒, for all x in G, where 𝑒 being the identity element, then
prove that G is Abelian.
𝑛2
21. Discuss the convergence of the sequence { 𝑛 } .
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