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Bocnpowssemenne 2-paspAnHoro KON HEMCNpSBHOCTH C NOMOLUbIO CHTHanbHOA Tamnoykw Mn CeeTOAMORA. FnMTeNbHOCTs BCNLILUGK ODMHEKOBS ANA DECATKOB H @AMHML 4reune Koqo8 HeucnpasHocTen Koni HenonpasHocTeli MoxHO HaeneYb 13 B3Y 4epea suxonHo passem (nocnenosa- TenbHei NopT}, NOAKMO4WB K HeMy NOBXOAALLAH cumTupaten Kono8, nH6o BpyYHVO. NPM NOMOWA CooTBeTCTEyOLUeM NpoUeAYPH, MMeNLUEM CBOM xapaktepHe ocOGeHHOCTH ANA Kaxknow KOHKpeTHOW cuctemy [TSKOM cnocoé bun OCHOBHUM B PAHHX MOsIeNAX, B COBPEMEHHEX MORENAX py4HOM cnocoB, KaK npasKno HenpymexHnm), Cunrupatenb kofos wnv CKaHep TioocbeccnoHansetait MACTpyMeHT, cron syemuli nA waBne4eHHA KONO HeMcnpaBHacTelt M9 AMArHOCTHYECKHX CHCTeM aBToMobunel, HocHT HagpaHMe “cuMTueaTent KonoB”. ViHOrna SToT npHGop HaskeaIoT “cKaHepoM’, Mepoul Tepwwit vaule ynorpeGnneTcn 8 esponeiicKmx cTpatiax, Tor na xaK sTopoinpowcxonit 43 CLA. TipvHunnnansHow pasHMuy Mexay STHMK TepMwHaMM HeT H o6a TepMuHe BgenMosa- MeHReMu, OSTOMY Mil & TO! KHHre ByneM flonbaceaTecr ofoMmu, oTmasan Bce xe Npemywiectso esponevickomy BapwaHTy “cuwmugatens”, Py4Haa npouerypa wasne4eHnA, konos (“Muraiowune Kony”) Hexotopue patie Monenn auarHocTH MeCknx CHCTem NpenycmatpHean py4Hoe wapne4eHne KON08, JTOT METOD XOpOL TeM, 4TO He TpeSyeTcnoxHorc OBopynoBaHHA, HO,aMeCTe ¢ Tem, OH padoTaeT O4eH» MemneHHo, 4nCnO KogOB BHEMOr paHA4eHO, aNpOUeCC MSBNeYEHHA CONpAXEH © GONbLOK BepORTHOCTHID OLLWGOK. O6Ho 8 Taxnx cMCTeMaX npoUecc CHMTHBHHA SenycKaeTCA nepeMBKaHHeM onpeneneHHon Mapu KOMTAKTOB B AMarHOCTHYECKOM pasbeme. ‘SaTem Ha4MHaeTCA C4MTEBAHKE KOM0B, KOTOPHE SOCNPOMSBOAATCA BCrULKAMM CHrHANbHOn namnouKn Ha naHenw npwopos, n6o BcruLuKAMM cheuManbHoro CBeTOAMONA Ha kopnyce BY. Nonyaemue Takum opasom Kone HOCAT HagBSHHe "MMraIOLUKX KONOB" (cM. PHC. 1.7- 1.9), Cocuwtas ecnuiuKn 4 o6paTHaALUMch K ‘TaGnue Konos (Takne TaGnvui NpMaogATcA B KOHUe K@KNOM raat), MOxKHO ONPeRENHTd BHA, HeucnpasHoctn. Hexoropue cuctemu He OCHAWEHH CHrHanbHoM namno4KoA unK CBETORMONOM - B STHK CRyYARK AINA CHMTUBAHMA KOMOB MOXHO KcnonbgoBaTb NepeHocHon CBETOAMOA HN Laxe NpocTO aHanorosyA soneTweTp (cm, npeaynpexneHve N? SB KOHUe kHurH), YaaneHue konos “3 namMaATH flo Mepe coBepweHcTBoBaHMA cMCTeM. AvarHocTuKH cnocobtiynaneHMAKonOsManaMaTH B3Y menannce, B cepeanve 8O-x ronos Kopt He XPAHANCS ONTO WM BUKMIOMEHWA SEXkMr AHA cOpactisanncb, 3atem nawams BY nonxnownn K kKyMyNETOPY MMHYA SBMOK SEXKHTAHHA, TO mO3BONMNO COXpeHATS KOOL pH BuKMOYeHHOM: saxurann. O6u4HO KOAL B TakKX CHCTeMaX YMANAIOTCR CNOMOWUBIO CuMTEBaTenAKog08 (CK), (ORHAKO 8 HEKOTOPHX CHCTeMAX NPEYCMOTPEHO 1 wx pysHoe cOpacuBaHne, HanpHMep nyTem otknoveHna B3Y ot akkymynatopa wn pasmukaHnem pasbema B3Y. B cospemeHHix BSY namATb MMeeT CBOA MCTOYHMK NMTeHHA (TH, Fault codes Beegenve 8 CamoguarHoctuKky 1e5 ‘sHeproHeaapHcuMoe NuTaHHe), “TO NogBONRET [iscnren poet IpoMaBOAATCA Eqnuvuu BocnponsBonATCA ‘sxcnayrope. B Tone. eres pe serediag BCNULUKAMM ANMTenbHOCTbIO 1.5 c BCNILUKAMM LAKTeNbHOCTEO MOXKHO TONBKO C WCONBSOBSHMeM CHHTHBATENA fom. pre. 1.10). Tipumeriatne: Koa oGrsarenHoHano ynannts, eCnh BUNONHANEC’ NpOBepKA MIM 3aMeHa snementos CYL. Pyunoe ynanenne KonoB Yacto Gusset BO3MOXxHO yaannTb Kony HencnpasHocTel, Mcnonbsya npouenypy. Tet KanOB, TecTaposave snemexHTos 4 UCNONHATENbHEX YCTpOACTB (CK moxnomcnonesogats ANA TeCTMpOBSHMA Npoapoe W KOMNOHEHTOR 8 UeNAK HeKOTOPEX ononHITeNbHAX . Hanpumep, c ero TOMOLUL MOXHO BKTHBASHPOBATe KnanaH ynpasnenua xonocTus xonom. Ecnk Knanait AKTMBMaMpOBANCA, SHAYAT ero Len HeTpasHa, O6u4Ho mocTyna ANA aKTMBHaaUMK TecTuposaHia C noMouo CK uena TonnwsHEx cbopcyrok, pene, aTaMKOS W McnONHATenbHEX YeTPOVCTS CuCTeMu BKTONS, 8 TaKKE APYTME enn 4 cacTeMi. BYBaeT BOIMOXHUM TAKE npoTecTHposaTs cHrHaned MBTHAKOB, Hanpwmep, MOXxHO nposepwTs naTanK NonoxeHMA ApOCCENbHOM SBCNOHKM, NONHOCTHIO ee OTKpuB, agaTeMnONHOCTHO aakpyb. Ech TpeK NoTeHuMoMETpa HMeeT NecpexT, TO CHATUBATEN NoKaxeT HEUCTpABHOCTS. Py4Han nposepKa aaT4nKos Kh KTHBKSELIMA SN@MeHTOB O6uso aktwangauma anemeHToe MoxeT ume punonHeHa Tonexo ¢ homo CK. OnHaKo 8 HeKOTOpHX cHcTeMax npeaycmMoTpeHa BOSMOKHOCTE BUNONHATE NpoRepKH Gea aTorO NpwGopa. B Tex cny¥anx, Koraa TaKhe NpoBepKh BOSMO>KHe, NpOUeAypH NPOBepOK GyAyT ONMCBHE 8 COOTBETCTBYIOUUMK rnaBax. Perynuposkn cuctem B GonbuinHcTee CospemeHHix ApuraTenel HEBOSMOXHOBENONHMTE KAKyIO-NMGONOACTPOHKY cucTeMu xonocToro xona MnM onepexeHVA gaxnranua. Bmecte c Tem, 8 HEKOTOpHX CMCTEMaX PBHHMK KOHCTPYKUMA Take Perynmposkn npeaycmotpeH. Npamepamn MOryT ChyKiTe aBToMo6unn Ford c cAcTeMoH ynpasnetiva EEC IV, Rover 800 SPi u Gonee PakHve manenx Rover c crctemoli MEMS. B 9TMX aBTOMOBMNAX BOSMOXxHa perynuposKa cwcTeMy xonacToro Xone M SaxKHraHHA C wcnonbsosaHnem CK, Kogyposarne BY B HexoTopiix cuctemax npeaycmorpexa ‘BO3MO>KHOCTE KOAMPOBSHMABGY DNABENONHEHMA PASNHYHEX OnepauNi. 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DnnTenbHOCTe BCNuILUEK, MaDOpEKeIOLUNX AECATKK, Gonbie, 4em ana enn Bensiwkv anTenbHocTen 1c Koporaa naysa 1 2 2 3 ("lpwmep socnponasenenma kone 1223) Puc. 1.9, Bocnponsserenve 4-paspraHoro Kosa HeEXCnpaBHOCTH C NOMOLUbI CHrHEMbHOA AEMNOYKH MAH CaeTOAMOAS ViCNONHHTENbHEMM yoTpOvicTBAaMH 8 aHHul MOMeHT, Takiie 18HHue MOTYT ObiTb | a ancnnee CK, Sra cyxunnocobeHHononesHa ‘ana GycTpoh nposepkw nonospuTensHoro aTawKa Wn HCNONHMTeNbHOrO SNeMeHTa, Tposepxa MoxeT GuTb sunoMHeHa Ha pasHux ‘oG0poTaX ABMTaTeNa M NpH pasHx sHaYEHMAK Temneparypy. Hanpumep, npoBepky cHrHana aT4nkaTeMnepaTypai ABHraTeNAMOXHOHSYaTS ‘Tip xONOAHOM ABMratene, 8 saTem HAGMODaTS ero waMeHEHiA 8 npouecce nporpesa. Mo6ue NorpewHocth 8 pa6ote maTunKa craHyt CoBepWweHHO CHeBMoHMN, KoHe4HO, CHrHanh DaTYHKOB MOXHO HaGnionate 4 C NOMOLUbIO OCUMNNOCKONS WK umeppoeoro MynbTumerpa (TecTepa), nonKniO4aA npwOop Kk cooTseTcTayouied Uenv. OnHaKo wcnonbsogaHne ana stxuenelt CK sHa4HTenbHo npowe w yaobHee. Hexctopue CK MoxHO OAKMOUNTS K OBUMHOMY TIepCOHANbHOMY KOMMbIOoTepy M SAHECTH B ero NaMAT BCE wuTepecyoume Bac npoueccu. Satem c MomMowbo nopxoaAuero nporpaMMHoro M@HMMA MO>KHO CHOBA NPOCMOTPETS BCO sanncaHHyO aL. Hae we Puc. 1.10. OGuutwit nonbacsatenbcKni CuMTBATeNb KODOB 1°6 Beegenve B CaMomMarHocTnKy @ynkuna “nyTesou pexopaep” Hexotopye CO cnoco6y qaxcupasar> 1 COXpaHaTe sHaYeHMA NapameTpoB 8 Npouecce paGoru jsnratena,Tlapamerpy samM/cuBaIOTCR B uncpposoi chopme 8 BARE epi "MrHOBeHHEX cHimKos” Wna Kanpos. Ecnw HevicnpaBHocTe Fosnaetca cnyyaiHuM o6pasom # cHOBS wevesae’r, ee npwunny GusaeT O4eHS TpynHO o6HapyxnTe. B atom cny4ae "MrHOBeHHbH CHMMOK" napameTpos paoTy ABMraTenA B MOMeHT NORBNeHWA HeMcnpaBHocTH MOXxeT CurbHo o6nerunts ee oGHapyKeHHe. Qna sunonHeHuAa Taxok senucn Hano nonkniownTs CK K nar HOCTH4ecKOMy pasbeMy Ht BHBECTH BBTOMOGHN’ HE MOPOXKHYE HCNHTSHAA, B camom Ha¥ane vcnuTaHnit CI cnenyeT Nepewectu 8 pexne “nyresoro pexopaeps”. COL HatiteT San/cusaTb "Mr HOBeHHLe CHAMKM Hepes onpenenevHile KopoTKHe MHTepeani BpeMeHH. Tlockonexy namars Cf or paninveria, 4Hcno TaKHX cHvMKos He MoxeT 6uTb GecKoHe4HuM. Mp BOSHUKHOBEHMMHEMCNpaBHOCTHGHIEAYETHEDKST xnonky Ka CK, Torna B NAMATH COxpaHATCA weckonko Kanpos no M nocne noABNeHMA HevonpaBHOCTH, SaTeM, BEpHYBLUCh B rapar, MOXHO He ToponAce PPOCMOTpETb STH KaNIpH c ‘SanWCAMM M HaliTH peLUeHne npoGnemy. ChenyeTsameTaTs, sTocbysKunelt nyresoro pexopnepa" oGnanait He sce C1 W CK. 3 Crpaterua orpanny4eHHon ynpasnAemocTnh Bonbuumricteo coppemenHix CZ cnocoGHu NepesonuTs BSY B PeXNM OrpaHAYEHHOH ynpasnemocTn (wapecTHult Kak pExnm “limp home" -“xpomaii nomoit"), Crpsteria cocromt 8 ‘TOM, 4TO Mp BOSHMKHOBEHMM HEMCNPABHOCTH B enw Kakoro-To AaT4Mka BY sameHuT cirHan Toro aTHNKa Ha AOCTOAHHOe SHaYeHHe, xpaHAueecl B naMaT. To nossonaeT abTOMOBWN NPOROMAHTS NBMxEHNE B CTOPOHY Fapaxa wn PeMoHTHOR MacTepcKoi, Mocne ycTpaHeHna HemcnpasHocrT BOY BepHeTcA 8 O6t4H0e COCToRHHe, Nip nepexone 8 pexwm orpaHW4eHHol ynpasnremocta asHraTen. npomomKaeT patorars, xoTA Mc MeHBUeH s¢xbexTHBHOCTBN. Hexotopue CY Hacronexo “coobpasnrensHi", MTO BORWTeNb Ke MOKET He SBMETHTb, 4TO NpononMKaet exaTe c HEMCNpaBHocTEIO. TonbKo TOpRULaA CHrHaNLHaA NaAMNO4Ka FOBOHT OTOM, STO c aBMratenem He BCe B NOPANKE. Tlockonexy o6HYHO noncTasnremue SHaYeHMA NapaMeTpos coOTSeTCTBYOT TporpeToMy Wn NonynporpeToMy aBHraTend, paGora xonogHoro asHrarena 6yaeT He BONHe yoosneTeopyTenbia, pu HeucnpaBkocTH oco60 BexHOrO RaTHMKa, TEKOrO KeK MATHMK pacKana Bo3syxa wn AaTHnNk aBneHMARKonnexTope, BY MoxeT — OFpaHW4MT —_MHaMM4eCKHe xapakrepvoTikn asvrarena. Hanpwmep, ecr cucTeMaEEC VasTomo6unaFordobHapyxveaet cepbesHyo HeucnpasHocTs 8 BSY, ova yeTeHapnieaer yron onepeXeHMA S2xMr BHAA Ha TocTorHHoM ypoake 10". BexoTopuxcucTemaxnpurievcnpaBHocTh AaTawKa TeMMepatypl Bosmyxa Mn oxnaxnamuie xWaKOCTH EGY sameHAeT NoKasaHWA ORHOTO AaTYAKa NoKassHKAMM npyroro. Kpome Toro, ycTaHosneHy ea SHaYeHWA TeMNepaTypy “NO YMONYaHHIO”: ANA XOMOAHOFO NeMraTENAnpH ero rycKe Mnporpese wana nporpetoro apirarena. Bropoe sHa¥eHne eknowaeTcA nocne Toro, Kak pevraTeny npopa6oran 10 sannyr. 4 Agantusuan cbyHkunAn Bo mHorux cospemenhux CYD npeny- cmorpesanpucnocobnremocts(ananraunnl BOY kvameHerwionapameTposasurarena.IInacsoeh ananteunn cMcTeMe NocTOAHHO cneaMT 3a paannsrumMxapekTepHoTHKaMMaaHraTenaMco BPeMeHeM BLUMCNAET Hx cpenHMe SHa4eHHA, Tp HopmansHol paSore BSY oOpauisetcr K pagnwuHliM TpexMepHUM KapTaM nA onpeneneHua ontamantHoro onepexeHKA BaXWTaHHA, BNPYCKA TonnMea, xonoCTHX oGoporos 4 7.1. B sasMcMMocTH OT noKasaHHit naTHAKOB pacxowa BOsnyxa, TemnepatypH, CKOPOCTY HT. BSY NOCTORHHO KOppeKTupyeT ynpaenAouKe curHany Ha HCnonHMTenbHue oprans. Vicnonsaya HakonnerHyio wucbopMmauino © cpenHnx sHayeHmax, BSY Moxer OucTpee Apwcnoco6uTeca npakTu4eckH K mObKM vSMeHEHHAM yCROBMi nBWKeHHA, Nlo mepe wsHoca aeTanei aswratena cpenHne sHaYeHMA napaMeTpon MeHROTCA 1 afantweHan cuctema npucnocaGnmpaertcn K HoBUM ycnosHAM, Eck aflanthposaHHuit RapaMeTp BuXONHT 3a AONYCTHMYe npeneNs, ORBNAETCA cArHaN HeMcNpaBHOCTH. AmerraaHoe ynpennarKe Hcnonwayeron & ypaeneHine cocTagom cMecH; ynpaenenne c oOpatHo canseo no ‘AeTOHAUMH, yrpasnerine nponyeKoil yronbHoro ¢buaneTpe: PeUMpKynAUNA ra3oB. 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HayMHan © 3Toro MomeHTa Ha GonbuuHHCTBe pabounx PexnMos cocTas CMech ByfeT nexaTe o4eHe Gnusko k A= 1 Cictema ynpasneHua xonocTuM xon0M TakKe SanOMMHaeT BHELIHMe Har pyskM Ha AburaTene W BCTPO YCTAHBBNMBAeT HAMMYMILYO cKopocts, Tipw nponyske yronsHoro cbunerpa (an- copSepa napos Tonnusa) 8 KaMepy cropaHiA nocTynaeT MWHCe TONNES, 4TO KOMNEHCHpy ‘STCACOGTBETCTBYIOLLMM YMCHELUEHHEM BnpRICKB. Tlonpapka Ha anpuck TakKe sanomMHaeTcA ADAMTMBHOM CHCTeMOli No paHee NoNyYeHHLM, cvrHanam faTunka Kucnopoga. Anantupnue sHa4eHnn cbopupyotca a 59Y 3a onpemenenMuA nepwon spemeHn 1 ycpeaHmorcr no 6onbwomy 4ucny HaMe- peti, Sto osHa¥aer, 470, enw npowacuiNS kakoe-To sHegankoe MaMeHeHHe, TO anantnsHol cuctemenotpebyeTcaHeKOTOpoe BpeMA, uTo6W K Hemy npHcnocobuTEcR, Takne waMeHeHMA MOryT npowsoaTh B cnyyae sHeganHOn HeMCNpaBHOCTH, 8 TAKXxe B CMyYae gaMeHl Kakoro-HiGyas oneMeHTa. 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OSu4HO aTOT NpoUecc npo- WCXORHT aOCTaTOYHO BuCTpO, HO Nepsoe BpeMa XONOCTOA xon MOXeT GuTb HenO- cTaToYHo ycrol4neuM, He ace cvcTeMil TepAIOT ceon anarTuBHue YeTaHOBKM pH OTKMOMeHAN aKKymynaTOpa. Tpnmepom Taxol cnctema Moxer cnyxiTe CYDL Rover MEMS, 8 KoTopoi umeerca sHepro- HegasvcHMan MeMATS, noSBONADLIAA COxpaHATS YeTEHOBKM pH OTKNOYeHN BHELIMET ONMTaHMA, Wanocta ananrusyex cucTeM Ecnu 8 npouecce paGoTu cucremu 8 ee TleMATe nonameT KaKOV-HMByne CLIABOMHA curHan, To OH MOXeT HcKaaHTs ananTH- POBAHHLe YCTAHOBKH M MaHraTenb B TeYeHne HekoToporo apemeHn GyneT McnuTHBATE ApoGnemu c ynpasnennem. Ecnw npn atom OUIMGOMHA CHrHAN He HaCTONbKO OnaceH, ro6u creHepyposaTe KoA HeMcnpasHocTH, Bu naxe ue GyaeTe aHaTe, 470 cnyunnocs ¢ agwratenem. Brexoropsx cny4anx SY moxer nagaTs c60v M Torna anantmposaHnue ycTaHonKn MOryT CinbHO HcKegHTECA. Oats MoryT NoRBHTCA npobneMu c ynpaBneHnem ABre~ TefleM, acHCTeMa NHArHOCTHKM He OSHApYxMT HuxaKoli HencnpasHocta. 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B MonenAX aTomo6uneyicasTomaTHueckumu Kopokamnnepeia4BGY 4acTosa0nHo SUNONHRET 4 cbyHKLIMH ypaBNEHKA KOpOGKO! Nepenay. Kpome Toro, BOY MOrYT YNPaBhATs BHTAGNOKMPOBOYHEMM TOPMOSHYMM CMCTeMAMm, yetpolicrsamm GesonacHocTu, KOHAMUMOHMpOBaHHeM eosnyKa 4 Np. BoneuwicTso cospementixB3Y o6nanaiot byHKumeli caMoaMar HOCTAKM, AossOAAOWEM ONPeneNATe HEMCNPABHOCTA AATHHKOB M CHCTeEM, HaxonAluaxca non ynpasneHnem B3Y, B Buxnontie rash Tipu. cropann pabovericmech sunnnHapaxnenrarenayrnesonopony TonnWBa, COBAMHARC ¢ KCNOPOAOM BOSMyxa, ROMKHY O6pasosHBaTe yrnexwcnu ras CO, W soy HO. Ecna coctae TonnvBo-BosnywHor cMech BTOMHOCTM COOTBETCTBYET CTOXMOMETPHYECKOMY OTHOLEHMO™ . a TONMBO TUJaTeNbHO NepeMELUBHO C BOSAYXOM, TO B PesynbTaTe cropaHiA cMECH BuxnonHue rag GynyT COCTORTe TONbKO M3 GesepenHux KOMNOHEHTOS - yrnexvcnoro raga W sol. Kaxawi cropesiul nTp GeHavia AaeT NpK 3TOM MTP BOA, KOTOPHA NPA HOpManbHOA pabouel Temnepatype enraTenf noKMageT BuxNoNHy!D Tpyby 8 BANE napa. K coxkaneHio, Takix nneanbHex AavraTenen HE CYLeCTByeT M8 CMY Pans NpH4NH NONHOrO CropaHMA TONNMBa He NPOWCXOOMT Nake B CAMEX conepwerrtx nanrarensx. MosToMy Kpome CO, 1 H,0 suxnonHue rash conepxer HeKaTopoe KanMYecTao oKinch yr nepaita CO. yrnesonoponaHC, kwcnopona ©, oxwcnoa agora NO,. OnHi wa atx coctasnaDuinx Gezepentes (CO,,H,01 0,), npyrve Renaotca spent garpasHiTenAMA aTmoctpeps (CO, HC NO, ]. Menee moe 4 copepuleHHue nenrarenn, Kak NPABHNO, MMeICT B CBOEM BUXNONE GONLUE EPELHLX COCTABNEDLLUX. Dna ymerbiseria spenrix Bu6pocoe HeOBxORMMO MaCTO H TLUATENbHO O6cny>kHBaTs ABMraTent M perynMposaTs cocTas CMEC r TnasHoe pene Pene, nonaiowiee nvtarwe Ha anemeHTa BSY, axTuananpyoune cbyrxunm ynpasnenna navratenem. Vivoraa Yepes rnasHoe pene nonyaioT TWTAHME TAKKE HEKOTOPHE DATYMKH W MCNONHHTENbHwe YCTPOMICTBA cacTeMbL FnasHoe pene OOb4HOBKMIO4aeTCAOBHOBPEMeHHOC BKNIOYeHHEM SaXKHraHUR, O Qasnenwe Tonnvuea pw anextporHom ynpasneHAi anpLickOM ToniMea BaxHOe sHaYeHHe wweer nonllep:xalMe NOCTORHHOTO NaBneHMA 8 TonnMBHOR cucreme. Jia STOR UeNK B HarHeTaOUIeA MarMCTpanh TORAMBHOM CHCTeMH UMeeTCA PerynaTop naaneHwA TonnMea, OSwHHO slasneHve TONnMea B CHCTeMAK anpuicka nonnepxmsaeTca Ha yposte or 1.0 n0 3.0 bap. Datank Yerpotictso, npenvasHayeHHoe Ana NpeobpasosaHHA HEKOTOpO cbuanueckor (He sneKTpHHeckod) BenMUAHE B SneKTPHYECKYO. OCHOBOH RaTunka ABNAeTCA NpeobpasoBaTeNb HESNeKTPHYECKOA BENWYAHE B SNEKTPAYECKY)O, OCHOBaHHUH Ha KAKOMNHGO cbusnyecKoM adxbexTe HaauBaeMul NO MMeHH sTOrG adxbexTa (HanpHMep: MHAYKUMOHH, cbotosnextpwueckii, reso, Xonna 1 np). Mpeo6pasosarenn naTanKos TenaTcAa nser pyres reHepaTopHuie (He TpeGyoLue BHELUHer OnMITaHHA) w napamerpuyeckne (Tpe6youume nxTaHHA). 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Darunk kucnopona (0K) TaTank pacnonoxen 8 Buxnonlon TpyGe Ha Buxone 13 BuXNONHOrO KonnexTopa w MpenHaaHaveH JANA U3MepeHHMA KoNMMeCTsa CBoBORHOTO KMCNOPOMA B BbXNONHBIX rasax, Tarun npeactasnaer co6oi nea nnetHHosux gnexrpona, PasneneHH4ix ABYOKMCHIO UMPKOHAA W BULITAMNOBEHHX B BNE CTaKaHA, Hapyxsannosepmocrs crakata obpellieva 8 CTOpoHy BuxNONHEK ra208 NOKPUTa NOpHCTOA KepaMMKOH. BHYTPeHHAR NoBepxHOcTs cTekaHa o6pauieHa 8 nonkanoTHoe NPOCTpAHCTEO H HMeeT KOHTAKT C OBWYHLIM arwocebepHiun eoanyxoM. Paguwua 8 KOMIeHTpaUMM KHCNOpona Ha sneKrponex NopoKRaeT NlORBReHHe Ha HAX 9.0.c., OGpatHo NPonopuMoHanHoA conepxaHiN0 xkwcnopoga 8 Bexnonix regex. Konwecrso caobonHoro Kucnopona 8 BuXNONHX TagaX ABNRETCA NpeKpacHuM MHAMKATOPOM MabuTKA UNA wenocraTka Boanyka 8 TonneHOH cMecn (GenvaA - Goraran). Ciaran AaT4uka kwcnopona nocryneer Ha BOY. KOTOpwA cooTeeTCTayOLUMM BpasomnoppextupyeT nnuTensHocTeenpucka* Torvwea, TakHMo6pac0M, 5Y cnomoubo naT 4a KcnoponanonnepxnBaeT KoscbibruMeHT HabETKa sosayxa } (namGna]*s ysKom Kopuzope oT 0.97 no 1.03, now koTopOM oBecnenaaerca HanBonee nonHoe cropanne pabouel cmecn K HanMeHbiLiee 2arpraHeHne aTwoctbepy, OnNospeMeHHO STO CHHOKAET Har pyaky Ha KaTanituecnlinpeo6pagosarensuyaerwunsaeT eropecypc. Virorna nara chopona rassbaor NaN 90" Qaruuk napametpuyeckoro tuna Matunk*, 8 ocHose KoTOporo nexKUT NpeobpasoBaHve HeKOTOpOA chvanyeckoi Benn4HHe BnapaMeTp sneKTpHY4eCKOA ueNM (CoNpoTHANeHHe, eMKOCT, MHayKTHBHOCTE),[Ipeo6pasosaTenH,a cnenoBaTeNLHO, AAATHAKH sToro Tyna Tpe6yor ana caoeit paGoTa anexTpuyeckoronuTaHia, LaTunk O6sHO BKNOBETCA B-MaMEPHTENbHYO Wen’ TaKMM O6pasom, 4To6k Foul codes waMeHeHne ero napaMeTpa npwsoAMno K HaMEHEHMO BAXCAHO! HanpAokeHina, [ocKonbky SLXODHOe HANPAKEHWe SABHCHT OT HANPAKEHS TMTAHMA DATHNKA, NMTaHMe ero OCYLIECTBNAETCA CTASMNMaMpOBAHHS, (aTanoHHuM) HanprxKeHMEM onpeneneHHOrO yposHA.MpocTevMi naTH ‘STO pyres ~ KOHTAKTHEMA - YaCTO VicnonbayeTcA B KAYECTBe METH KpaliHwx nonoxeHWi [HanpHMep, npoccensHok sacnoHKy). So 2aTH CONPOTWEREHKAC REYMA sHaYEHHMAMK RapaMeTpa: Hynb H GeCKOHEMHOCT Ewe onHim HanpasneHiem HcnonbsosaHMA AaTHNKOB STOM rpynr RBNRIWTCA BCEBOSMOXHKE HATHHKn Temneparypu*. DaTanKn c np o6pagsogaTenaMn eMKOCTHOF OH MHAYKTHBHOF O THNGB pefko BCTPeYaNOTC 8 npaKTHKe aBTOMO6UNECTPORHIA, NOCKONEXY ANA Wx nHTaHMA TpeGyeTc NepeMeHHOe HANPAKEHME BHCOKOM “acTOTH, KOTOporo HeT Ha op” apromo6une. Qartunk nonoxkeHuA poccenbHod 3acnoHKK B GonbuimncTae CospemeHHlx CHCTeM ynpasneHAA neHraTenem kavecTbe aT4nKa NONOKEHIA SACNOHKH VCnONbsyeTCA NOTeHUMOMETD Qu naer BY cHrHan 0 TeKyLLIEM NONOxeHKH gacnoHKK, 0 NONOKeHY xonocToro xona Wnk NonHOl Harpyskit, Ocb 3ACNOHKH CBAIHA C ABMKKO NOTeHUMOMETpa, ¢ KOTOPOrO CHMMaeTCA Ha BGY HanpAKeHH! NponopunokantHoe yrny nosopora sacnoHKr. Ha HexoTopex monenr NonoxeHwe BaT4wKe MOXHO OTperynMposats, Ha ApyrMx TaKO BOIMOKHOCTH HET. HanexoTopermonennx AMeloTCRONMMNM NBAKOHTAKTHEAXLATHAKa kpaliuxnonoxerii ApoccenbHoH sacnoHky, KoTOpe onosewaoT BOY pexwMe XonoCTOro xONa 0 pexkvMe NonHOM HarpyaKK. EcnM cMCTeM OCHALLIEHA TONbKO OHM sLaT4HKOMNONOxeHMA, TO STO MATHMK XONOCTOF xona. B OnHMx Chy¥aRx KOHTAKTHYe MATHMKA yCTaHOBNEHY Ge ROTEHIMOMETpa 1 ABNADTCA EDVHCTBEHHEMM aTUAKaMA NONOKEHMA, Apyrux cnyyarx oH (WAM OMMH Ma HHX) ycTaHOBNeH emecTe NoTeHuMomerpom. 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Datuk pacxona soanyxa c HarpeTum NposonoM Ha sxone 8 KOpnyc ApoccenbHow sacnoHKA pacnonoxeH hamepwTensHan TpyBka, OpMeHTHpOBAHHAR BON’ BOSMyLUMOTO NOTOKA. | TpyOKe HaTAHYT NnaTHHOBL NPOBOR TONUAMHOA NpHMepHO 70 MxM PeavcTop c nnaTHHoBOHi neHKOH ConpoTHEneHHeM npAMEpHO SOO Om. | TposoAy NonseneH Tox, B peaynbTaTe Yero NpoBOR Harpesaerca Noro sosnyxa OxnaxRaeT NPOBOR MW MAA NORAEPXSHAA B HEM NOCTORO ‘Temneparypi (o6u4HO oT 100 no 200°C) TpebyeTcA ysenuunTe TOK Yes WHTeHCHBHee NOTOK BosAyxa, Tem Conbwi TOK TpeGyerca nA opnep>xakia ero Temnepatypu. Viamepwe ToK 8 HarpesaeMoM nposon MOXKHO, TakKHM O6paaom, onpeslenvTs pacxon Bosiyxa. MnaTHHow PesHcTOp B MaMepuTenLHOM TpyKe He HarpeBaeTcA, a CMYKMT AN TemnepatypHo KoMneHcaunm. Mposon 4 pesncTop BKnio4eHY vaMepiTenbHa oct YuTcToa, KOTOpHA NoanepxHBaeTcA PBHOBECHOM COCTORHMM, TIpn yeenuueHnn pacxone sosnyxa HarpeTav npoBon cxnaKnaeTcr ero conpoTuaneHie yaenaunaaerca. MOCT BLXOBMT Ma paBHOBECHAM EB er WaMepHTenbHoll AMaraHani oABNAeTCA PasHOCT. NOTEHUMANOB, KOTOPS BACTABNAT BKMOYEHHL B TY AMATOHAN’ YCHNMTENb NOBUCHT Tow Harpesaicuti vaMepuTensHuli nposoR, TakMM o6pasom, nposon ecern, wMeeT onHy 4 Ty Ke TeMnepaTypy OTHOCHTeNbHO TeMnEpatyp npoxonArwiero yepes aaTunkBosnyxa. Tok, Har pessiOoUuAlinposOL, NpoxoDK Taloke Hepes STANOHHu PESHCTOP, NaNeHMe HANPAKEHMA Ha KOTOPOR CHMMaeTCA Kak CHTHaN saTHnKa Ha BOY. Takmm o6pasom, HanpaxkeHne noctynaouiee Ha BSY, nponopunoHareHo MaCCOBOMy pacKony BOSNyxe pwviem c y¥eTom ero TemnepaTypy. Harpesaemuti nposomlnocTeneHHo sarpAsHAeTcA Hero TennooTasY YAyALLIAeTCA, 4TO MOXKET NPHBECTHK CHIDKEHMIO TONHOCTH MaMepeHHA [In Toro, 4TO6u STOrO He NPOMCXOAWNO, NM BUKNIOYEHMM 3aXxKHrSHHANPOBO) pagorpeaaercr 0 TemnepatypynphmepHo 1000'CHe ony cexyraly. Mp: ‘9TOM BCA FpAab Ha NOBEPXHOCTH NpoBONA cropeer. * - om, CNOBAPb TEXHV4ECKMX TEPMVHOE ne4 Cnopapb TexH“4ecknx TEPMMHOB QaTunk pacxofa sosayxa c 3acnoHkor Marunk pacnonoxen Mexay eoanyxcoNNcTHTeneM ™ KopnycoM ApoccensHo# gacnonkn. OH npencTapnaet coboM sacnoHKy, nepexprsalu yo Bosnyxo30n, KOTOPEANOA HenopoM BOSAYKACTKPUBAETCR Tem Gonbue, 4em Gone pacKos BosAyKa. Qo BaCnOHKH CBRgaHa C NOTeHUMOMeTPHYeCKHM aT4WKOM, KOTOpM nonaeTHaBSY curHansemne HeNPAKEHIA, NPONOPUAOHANLHOTO Yrny OTKpUTHA sacnOHKA. DaTHAK He HuTuBaET NNOTHOCTH M TeMNepaTypH BOsn\xXa MNOSTOMY RANAETCA MeHee TONHUM, HEM JISTHMK C Har peTHM NpoBOnOM. Datuk Temnepatypy Q6w4Ho ocHoBy TaKoro AaT4MKa CocTaBNAeT pesHctop (cam NpeoGpasoBaTent HHOra HasuBAIDT TepMopeaMcTopoM], HaroTOBNeHHEN va MaTepwana, yflenbHOe CONPOTHBNeHWe KOTOPOT O SHAYUTENLHO 3ABMCHT oT Temnepatypy. 31a sasMcuMocTs MOxeT GuTs OTPMUATENbHOM H TONOXMTENHOH (7.2. POcTOM TeMnepaTypHO/HA MaTepHaNYMEHLLUBOT conpoTuanerie, pyre yeenuaweainT). STO MoryT 6tiTe OSLKHOBEHHIE NpoBoAHKOsHe MaTepvantl-Menb, KENeSO, 8 TAKE NOMYNPOBOAHHKOBHE MaTepwany, TepmMopesicTop Ha OcHOBe NONYNPOBODHHKOBLX MaTepHanos: HaguiBaioT TEDMMCTOPOM, Datuuk Xonna Darunk, ocHosareiui Ha adxpexre Xonna, cyte KoTapora cocrToMr 8 cnepyouiem. K neyM npoTMEononOKHuM rpaHAM KPeMHHEsOH NnaCTAHKH onbeneHo HanpRxeHHenMTaHn (OGu4HO HaNpRKEHMe GOpTOBOHCETH V2 B). EcnunnacTarky nomecTHT» 8 MarHATHoe None TAK, “ToGw ero cHnose Mian Nepecexann NacTwHKy B NoNepesHOM HanpasneHiM, TO CTs Ha ByX APyrMK TpaHAX MNACTHHKM BOSHMKHET HeOONbUIOe HaNpRKeHHE. O6u4HO 8 naTHHKEKPeMHMeBAANNACTHHKA MNOCTORHHEM Mar HAT-HCTOYHAK MarHWTHOrO NOAA - saKpenneHy HenonsixHo. Mexay MarHATOM 1 MNACTHHKOM NOMeWeH NBWKYLIMVICR SkpaH, MarOTOBNEHHAA Ma MarHuTonposonaLiero MaTepwana {HanpHMep, Xxenesa). B oKpaHe MIM@OTCA OKHa, KOTOPHE OTKPHBANT ROCTYN Mar HATHOO Nana K AACTHHE naTuvKa, Kora MeXNY MaTHATOM H TIaCTHHOM OKa3uBBETCR SKP3H, OH TepexpuwaeT MarHMTHi NOTOK. TakMM O6paa0M, NPM ABHOKEHHN SKpaHA MarHiTHyi NoTOK To MonanaeT Ha NacTMy, To HeT. B cooTeercTaMn c MaMeHeHHEM MarHATHOTO NOTOKA B SOHE NNACTMHKM, HENPAKEHME Ha buxone naTuNKa TO NoREnAeTcA, TO McYesaeT. Yale BcerO NONBMKHEA ‘2kpaH BuNONHAETCA B AME BSUIBIOWErOCA OGTOPSTOpS, Torna MaTHMK ToasonreT OTCnexXMBaTb yron ero noBopoTa. Ha atom OCHOBaHY MHOFONMCReHHe BapMaHTH aTHMKOB yrria NoBOpoTa KONIeHMaTOrO Bana BUraTenA Hn sanaoUK reHepsTopos*. Qetonauna Bapusoe cropatve TonnMeo-sosAyLLIHOM CMecK 8 UKTMHADE, xapakTepHSYOLEECR CBEPXSBYKOBOK CKOPOCTHIO PacnpocTpaHeHKA Mnamenu. fletovauma conposoxmaerca —cneuntbu4ecKumn ‘BUCOKONACTOTHLMM LLIYMOBEIMM HMIYTRLCAMM, XOPOLLIO pagnM4aeMeMiM Ha cbove ocTanbHux WyMos meMratena. BosHMKHOBeHMO AeTOHAUAN cnoco6crayeT paiHee saxuranve cMecn B uMNuHApe [GonbWCe onepexerme), Genii cocTas cMeCn, HASKOe OKTaHOBOE YACNO Besa. Dnwtensian paGota 8 pexnMe MeTOHAUMK MOXeT BuaBaTb CepbesHie NospexneHnA nenratens. [nA CHWKeHHA BepOATHOCTH MeTOHOUAK OcoGeHHO BaxXHO McnoMbsosaTb GeHSMH C OKTSHOBYM 4HCNOM, CoOTeTCTBYOWIMM CTeneHH GxKATHA AeHraTenn. YeM Bue CTeNeHE ‘©X@THMA, TeM Gorlee BUCOKOe OKTaHOBDE 4UCNO ROMKEHMMeTE GeHaHeH. pM Hanw4nn naTHnka neTOHAUAM BY nuTaeTcA McKMOYMT paboTy nBATaTeENA 2 3TOM PeXHMe, yMeHbLLIAA OnepeKEHHE SEXHTBHMA. QnwtentHocts BnpucKe Bpema, 8 Te4eHve KOTOpOrO cbopeyHKa HaxORMTCA B OTKPUTOM COCTORHMM, EInMTeNBHOCTE BNPLICKa NPHNOCTORHHOM NABNeHAM a TONMBHOM CHCTeMe apHOSHaYHO OnpeflenrieT KONMYECTBO TONES, NOCTNBIWEF OB UnnMHnpy BBHraTenA ANA cropaHMA, 7.2, COCTAB CMeCH unin KoadxpAUNeHT wa6urka poanyxa (naMGna), EY Moxey & LUMpOKAX Npenenax WaMeHATE AnwrengHocts enpucKa (o6u4Ho oT 1.5 no 10 mc) n TakMM o6pasom perynuposaTe cocTas cmech. 3 Sanaownii reHepatop Senaoumi renepatop, ycTaHosnenHuh Ha apuratene KvHeMaTH4eCKH CBRGaHHU C KONeHYaTHM sanom, nonaeT B BOY onopHue vvnynecy, no KaTopym BSY onpeslenreT MOMeHT SaxKMraHHA CMECH 8 uwnwnpax. O644HO ONOPHBE MMNyNbCH COOTBETCTBYOT MOMEHTEM, B KOTOpuNOpLUHM UMnMHApoS HaxonATcAB BMT, anhHe nocTHraoT BMT Ha onpeneneHHuit yron, pasHuA Ha¥anbHoA ycTaHoeke onepaxeHuA gaxwranma, Mo cyulectay, sanaimouiMi reHepaTop BuNONHReT 8 GeckOHTaKTHOK CHCTeMe SAxXMFAHMA PONb KOHTAKTOS NpepwBATENA B pexume xonocroro xona. BSY su4ncnaeT onepexeHve SaxHraHHA OTHOCKTeNbHO CNOPHEX MMTYNecOB B 3aBMCHMOCTH OT PexMMa paboTe AbwraTenA - CKOpOCTH BpaWieHHA, HarpyskH, TEMNepSTypU. Yauie Bcero B Ka¥ecTBe salaoulero rehepatopa HcnonayoTcA STHMKK WHOYKUMOHHOFO M OTTHMecKOrO THNOB*, a TaoKe naT4MK Xonna*. TeHeparop Ha ocHoBe ontmeckoro flaT4nKa wn naT4nKa Xonna OBuMHO pacnonoxeH @ KOpMyce PacnpeMENKTeNa SAXMTSHAR, & MHDYKUMOHHE TaTUMk - no Ha MaxOBUKe, niWGO TaKXe BHYTpM PacnpenenurenA. VU VnnyKuMoHHEl qaT4MK TaTankraochoae ninyxunoHHor onpeobpasosarena, O6u4HOcocTOMT va nocToRHHoro MarHATa C aNeKTpHYeCkKOH OOMOTKOM MayOYaTOrO AKCKA. Tpv pa wera avcka HanpoTMa MarHirra OKasuBaeTCATO 3y6, TO BNaAMHD, TO NPHEOAUT kK MaMeHEHVO MarHATHOTO NOTOKa B CHCTeMe MarHAT-ICK. Sto WaMeHeHMe MarHMTHOrO noTOKa MHAyUMpyeT 8 OGMOTKE Tpeo6pagosatenanepeMeHHyo 9.2.c,,4acTOTa KOTOpOMINpONOpUMOHANtHS ‘CKOPOCTH BpaLIEHWA nwcKa H MMcry sy6bee MnM BCTYNOB Ha HEM. Ha ocHoe mnyxiinoHHoro npeoOpasosaTena BUNONHAOTCA RATHAKH yrna nosopora KoneHvaToro sana, sananuie reHepatopy cHCTeEMH S@XKHraHAR, RBTHMKM CKOPOCTH BpALLIeHMA KONeC asTOMOGUNAc ABC T.A. VcnoniutenbHoe ycTpovicTso Yerpoiicrso, ynpasnnemoe EGY. Mpumepe: cbopcyrka, Knanak YApABNeHNA XONOCTHM XGNOM, KnianaH NPOAYEKH yronbHOFG cbuneTpa wnp. K Kapta snpyicka TpexmepHan Ta6inwua, xpannuiarca e namata B3Y, a Koropoa NOMELeHs! ONTMMANBHEIE SHBMEHMA ATIMTENGHOCTA BNpLCKA TONNMBA B ‘3ABMCHMOCTH OT CKOpOCTH 4 HarpyaKH naHraTenn. Monyune cHrHankt ‘COOTRETCTByOUWAKAATHMKOB, SY obpauiseTCAK STON Tab nMue,43KOTOPOH M BuGupaeTcA Tpe6yemMoe SHaYeHMe ANHTeNbHOCTH BNpHCKA, COOTBETCTEYOLUIES TeKVLLIAM ycriosHAM padoTH Asurarenr, [nA ocobuX yenoswii paGory, TaKWx Kak NYCK, nporpes NEWraTeNA, PEXHM NOAHOH parpyaxh Kp. BSY KoppexTupyer mniTenbHocTe BnpuCKa No OTHOLUEHIAG x HaMReHHOd no Kapre, An OGor awieHWE CMECK, Tip paGote apuratena Ha xonocTex Ooporax BSY nepexonut Ha ‘cheunanuityio KapTy xonocToro xona. Kapta 3@kHraHHA Tpexmepnan TaGnuua, xpaHauiarca e naman B3Y, 8 KoTOpod NOMeLIEHY ONTHMANbHHe SHEMEHMA ONepexXeHWA daxKHTaHMA B SABMCHMOCTH OT CKOPOCTH 4 HArpyskM ABKraTenn. Fonyune cHrHanit cooTseTcTByOWWHx naT4MKo8, BSY OOpalLuaeTCAK STO TaGNMUe, MSKOTOPOM 4 BuBupaeTcA Tpebyemoe SHaYeHHe ONEPEXEHNA, COOTRETCTBYOLUEE TeKywuwm ycnosHAM paGoTu AeHrarenr. B HeKOTOpEX cnhy¥anx, npH NocTyMMeHHK AONOAHUTeNLHOA KHKbopMauiMK c AaTHHKOD, BOY Koppextupyet onepexexve. HanpwMep, ecnM C AaTHnKa neTOHALM noctynaer vexbopMaunn 0 HavaNe seTOHAUMM 8 KBKOM-TMGO UAAKHApE, BY ymenbulaet onepexerwe. AnropiTM TaKoit KOppexTmposkm aaeMcuT or Monenm BSY. Hexorope BY meHAOT onepexenne ANA TOHKOH Perynmposx o6opcTos xonocToro xona. * - cm. CHOBAPb TEXHMIYECKIIX TEPMVIHOB Fault codes Cnosapb TexHn4eckux TepMKHOB nes Katanummyecknh npeobpasosatenb Kamepa, BXOMALUAA 8 COCTSD BUXNONHOM CHCTeMY, B KOTOPOM powexonirT NpeobpasoBaHMe BPEAHEX COCTABNAIOLUNK BLXNONHEX T8308 B Gesepennuie: okuce yrnepona CO u yrnesonopons HC npeobpasyotca 8 ‘nByoKnce yrnepona CO, w sony HO, 2 oxncn agora NO, -@ 4AcTui aacT, Tpeobpasosatens ner CToaneH 13 KepaMMKn C MHOXKECTEOM NPOAONHE kaHanos anh nponycKa ragos. MosepxHocTH KaHaNOB NOKPHTH TOHKOH neHKoH Sar oponHex MeTannos - nnSTHHOH M ponveM. Np HOpManbHoi pa6oTe npeoGpagosarena GnaroponHue MeTannu He PACXORVOTCA - OHH Miu chocoOcTeyioT HeliTpanngauNnn BpeAHuX BeLIECTB, KaranngaTop overs 4yacTeHTeneHk CONePXAHD B BLXNONHEX rasaX CBMHIa, NOSTOMY BNA aBTOMOGUneM, OSopynoBaHH KATaNMTH4ECKHM npeo6pasosatenem, KaTeropweckM He PeKOMeHAYETCA NONbIOBATECA ‘STHNMpOBSHHEM GeH3KHOM. Knanax ynpasneHua xonocteim xof0m (KYXX) Cospementise Goprosiie cHcTeMu ynpaBNeHMA ABHTaTeneM, Kak TpaeVno, He AOMYCKAIOT PyYHOrO perynMpoBaHMA OGopoTos M cocTaBa (emech xonoCTOr 0x08. OOu4HO ZINA ynpaBNeHMAXONOCTYMXOLOM CHCTeMa wmeeT nepenycKHo sosnyHE KAHAN 8 OGxO APOCCENLHOM SACnOHKI, KOTOpW saKpUT KnaNaHOM, KnianaH CHA6XKeHaneKTPOMarHMTOM, KOTOPE OTKpuiBaeT aanopHea OPraH KnanaHa; SaKPHBAeTCA KNaNaH C NOMOLLINO Npykikes [pw oTKpHTOMKknanaHe Bo BnyCKHO KOMNeKTOpnonepenycKHOMy KaHany NOCTYnaeT AOMONHMTeNbHE BOSMyX, Ha KOTOPHA BSY nonaer ‘anexseTHoe KoNM4ecTeO AONONHMTenHOTO Tonnwea. B peaynsTaTe, oGopoTu neHraTena so3pacTairT. [pv sakpyTOMKnanaHe NONONHHTeNbHeAA BOSAYX 8 KONINeKTOp He NOCTynaeT W OGopoTH ABHraTenA NagaOT. BQY nonaer Ha aneKTpoMarHHT KnaneHa ynpaBnAOLIMe HMITYNECH MOCTORHHO} YaCTOTH.C NepeMeHHOH CKBaXHOCTHI [BpeMeHeM OTKpHTOTO cocToRHMA KnanaHa]. MeHAa cKBaxHocTs wmnynecos, BSY MoxeT perynposate oSopoTuxonocToroxoNs B LLMpOKHXnpenenax.8 TOM 4Hcne Tp BkMNOYeHHH AONONHHTeNbHEX NoTpebuTeneA aHEprHn - chap, Gor pesaTeneii, KOMRMIMOHEpA Mp. B HeKoTopax cMcTeMax MA ynpaBneHHA KnanaHOM HchonbayeTcA warosisi nswrsTen. Koa HevcnpasHocteA BonbuwicTso cospemeHHux CMcTeM sneKTpoHHoro ynpasneHHA apToMouneM cBnanaoT cbyHKelt CAMOBMArHOCTMKH, T.2. NOCTORHHO CneAAT 3a COCTORHMEM BATHMKOB, MCNONHKTeNbHUX yCTPOHCTE 1 ynpasnanuix ueneli. Hexoropue CHcTeMu HE OrpaHKYBaNTCA [Bitar HOCTHKOM TONbKo NBM aTENA, HO CNERAT TaXKe 3B COCTORMEMKOPOGKH Nepesey, nonseckn, TopMosos # np. B cny¥ae BOSHMKHOBEHHA HevcnpaBHOcTa Bo6o% ns KORTPOAMpyeMEX CHCTEM, BOY aaHOcHTB.CBOO ama. Kon HevicnpaBHOCTH,NOKOTOpOMY MOXKHO OnpeNlenksTS HEMCNpABHyO lent ini yoTPOHCTBO, a WHO Na - H BHI HeMCTpBBHOCTH. Kon HevcnpasocTh, 8 3a8HCHMOCTHOT CHCTeMi, MOXETCOCTOATE 43 ecKonekMxuMcpp- oT nayx no nan, Lina Wsene4eHMA Kono ManaMATM BOY eCTb paanmuHuie cnocobt, KOTOpHe SBMCAT OT TNs ChCTeMH axe Fone ee panycka. Kon, KoTopue copmupyer 63Y, Gueait “OuCTPUMH” 1 “MenreHHuMn’, "MenneHHue” ann “Mur ajoUINe” KO! MOXHO Hane C TOMOWbO Mira1oLeM NaMNONKH, PaCnONOKeHHOH Ha NpHEOPHO! naHENn, nv60 KOHTPONbHOA namnouKH (ceeTonmonal, nonknovaemon K AvarHocTHveckwM rHesnam BOY. Lna waeneveHHA “6ucTpEX” Kon0B HeoGxogMMo WMeTE cneuManbHuA cuHTaBaTeNs KonoS*. HexoTopue BOY cbopsanpyorr kone O6oHx BHV108, ORHAKO TeHNIeHUKA TaKO8a, 4TO B OynyLLieM B9Y craryr paGotaTe Tonexo C “ClicTpuMi” KonaM, B nocnesHes BpeMA RORBMANCS CHCTeMts, KOTOpHE BOOBLLE He reHepHpyioT UAdpOBER KOAOB, a cbopmupyor v xpaHAT 8 ceoeii naMaTH MHbOpMallNd O HEvCnpaBHOCTAK B MalunHlix Konax. [Ina o6HapyxeHna H MneHTubaKauMn HencnpaBHOCTel B TaKMx cHCTeMax HEOBXOAMM CNeUMaNbHYM CHMTHBATeNb, KOTOPHI cnocober oTo6paxkaTs Ha caoeM nncree COOBLIEHIA o HeNcTpaBHOCTAX 8 cnosecoi cbopme. KonTaktHai naT4nk O6u4HO npenctasnaet coBoH napy SneKTPMYECKMX KOHTaKTOR, ‘3aMwKBEMK HEKOTOPUM NOMBHXHEIM YCTPOMICTBOM, Pons TaKOTO MATHHKA Yaulle BCero BUNOMHAET CTaHAEpTHWA MMKpOBUKKOYaTeNb. Camu PacnpoctpaHeHnidl NaTUMK TaKOrO Twna - BEKTIONATeMs CTon-cHrHana. B ABTOMATHMECKHX TPBHCMMCCHAK KOHTEKTHYE RATUMKA MCROLIYOTCA AIA OAa4 CHrHANGS o aKnOYeHHOR Nepenave, ONONOKeHMM ceneKTOpa MND, Ha GonbwwHcTae COapeMeHHLX aBTOMOGKNeA c oNeKTPOHHUM YNpasnerWeM KOHTaKTH¥e MATHHKM MCnonbayOTCA ANA OnpeneneHA KpaviHMx NonOXeHMM BPOCCENbHOM SACnOHKH - NONHOCTIO saKpuTOe (xonocToA xon) n nonHocTsIo cTKpuTOe (nonHaA HarpyaKa). KoHTaKTHAE ATHHKATAOKE 4CTO YCTAHaBNMBAIOTCAB rMApOTPACcAXANACHTHANHsauaH © Hann ® H¥X AasneHAA (HANPUMep, B rMnponpHEoRe pyneBoro yApasnevn, 8 CHCTeMAx CMaSKM RaMraTenR M TpaHCMMCcMA M Np.) Koadxpvunent v36uTka Bospyxa Ecnicoctas cmecn To4HOCTHCOOTETCTBYET CTOXHOMETPUYECKOMY OTHOWeHIID, sHaYHT HAKaKOrO MaOuITKa BOSHyxa B Tako cMecn Her. Ech B CMeCH COfep»xMTcA Bosnyxa Gonbilie, 4eM TeopeTH4eckn HeO6x024Mo, To KoodrbrumeHT HabEmTKa Conse 1, ecnM MeHbLLIe HeOOXORMMOTO, TO H koscibmuveHt wabuTKa MeHbie 1, B TeopHH newraTene BHYTpeHHETO ‘cropatinaxoadhcbrumelt waGuTKa BOsnyxe NpMHATOOGOsHaYaTEr peYeCKO! Gyxaoh ) (nawGna).fpn ) <1 cMecs HasusaeTca GoraToa.npn \ > ~Ger- Ho”. BSY cospemen-tixasTomo6nnel ynepxnsaerKoodxpyuneHT w36uTKa Bosnyxa a “kopunope” 0.97... 1.03. i NamG6aa Co. Koscheprunent na6uTKa Bosnyxa. M “Muranouni” Kon Kons HevcnpasHocTeli, KoTOpHe reHEpHpyeT M CoxpaHReT B aMATH ChCTeMa CAMOAMarHOCTHKH, MOTYT 8 HEKOTOPEX ChyaRx GuTe npOYMTEHs! © ROMOWULO MHraWeH CHrHANbHOK NaMno4KH MnM cBeTORMORA, ‘BKMIOYSEMOr0 ONpeMeNeHHUM OOpaaom B AMArHOCTMYECKHiA pagbem. Kon MepenaercA 8 ewfe acnuweK faMno¥KH onpemeneHHOK NPOAOMKMTeNHOCTH c ONpeAeNeHHUMA HHTepsanamn. MpaBnna wapneveHin W NPOYTeHHA “MATaIOUIMK” KONOB BBBMCAT OT THNa CHCTEME, yhpasnenwn 4 roga synycka asTomoGwna. B nocneaHee epema POMSBOAMTENM ABTOMOBHNeH BCe YALLIE OTKASHBAIOTCA OT MCNONSOBSHVA “Muraou’ KONOB DAA nMarHOCTYKH HEMCNpasHOCTeH M NepexoNAT K Gonee cosepLeHHOll CHCTeMe AMaTHOCTHHECKOA ennapaTypl, KOTOPAA OpneHTMpoBaHa Ha NpHMeHEHHe CheuManbHeX CHHTHBaTENe! KONO8. MynbTumetp Yrweepcanseui npHGop, 48CTO HAsuBaeMulh TecTepOM, KOTOPHIA (MoXT HaMepATE HENPAOKeHVe, TOK H conpoTHEneHNe. BuBaeT LiAbposore ¥ avanorosoro ucnonHeHMA. BunycKalTcA cneuMannsMpoBaHHHe MynbTHMeTPH Ania MCnONesOBaHKA B PAsHM4HEX OGNECTAX TeXHHKH, B YaCTHOCTH, CYLUIECTBYOT MyNbTHMeTpY, NpesAHasHAYeHHWe JANA NPOBEPKH ueneli asTomoCunsHoro snexTpooSopynosaHin. Takwe MynbTAMeTpE kpome o6usren chyrRuni MoryT HaMepATs HacTaTy (HaNpAMEp cKopocTe BpauleHwa psMrarens), yron H BpeMA aKnIOYeHHOFO COCTORHAA M APYTHE napametpy paGotu nsurarena. HeKcTopue cospeMeHHue MYNbTHMeTpLy viMeOT HEGONBLOH akpaH M MOryT BANONHATS chyHKuAK OcuMNnocKONA, H HayanbHan yCT@HOBKa ONEPEXeHHA 3aXKKTaHUA Ha cospemennix nexratenax, ocHawieHHix B3Y, onepexeHne gaxuraHnA B 3aBnCAMOCTA OT yCnoBKit paGoTu ABHraTeNR onpenenAeTcA vf yeraHasnusaeTca KoMneoTepom, BMecTe c TeM, KOMMIOTep MOXET TWiLlb ChAMHYTe OnepexeHHE Bnepen HMM HAAN ND OTHOWENAD K ero HaMansHol ycraHoaKe, HavansHan yCTaHoaKa onepexeHnA MOXET sunonsatTacn Kak Ha OCTaHosneHHOM, Tek M Ha peboTANU.eM yaMrarene. 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B COOTBETCTEMH C STAM MeTOROM 4aCTb BHXNONHLX rag0B HANPABNAETCA CHOBA BO BNYCKHOM Konnextop M CMe”UMBZeTCA C paboYel cMeCbO. STHM cHHKaeTCR Temnepatypa 8 KaMepe CTOpSHKA M yCNOAKA MIA Obpas0saHAA OKHCNOS agota cTaHoaaTcA MeHee GnaronpraTHuMn, K COKANeHMWO, NOK STOM (CHWKaETCA M MOLUMOCTS ABHraTeNA. OxraHosoe 4ncno Xapaxrepucruka GevanHa, osHaYaIOLIGA CTeneHs CTOAKACTH TONBa x neToHauni Yen GonbiLse oKTaHOBDe YHCNO, TeMBELJe CTOMKOCTS TONE k merovaunn, CospemeHHie piratenn co creneHbo oxaTua 9... 10 ‘peor ncnon.soBaHiA Tonnmsa cOKTaHOBUM 4ACnOM He MeHee S2...95. Oktat-koppextop Yerpolictao ANA noAcTpoAIKH HaYaNLHOA ycTsHOBKH MoMeHTa SaXKnraHMRBSEBMCMMOCTMOTOKTaHOBOTO 4McraMCnonbayeMOrOTONNMES. Onruseckuii aaTunKk Tarank weet ocaeTwrent (o6i4H0 - cseTonnon) 1 choTonpneMHnK (o6u4Ho-choronvon), Mexay KoTOpUMM pacnonoxeH HenpospaMi AMCK C oTBepcTHAMH Hn NpopeaAMan, LMck SaKpErvieH Ha Bay H BpALIAeTCA emecte c Hum. 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