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# Solutions to Assignment 9

1. 1.13cos(2t+45) V

Since the frequency of the source is a constant 2 rad/s, replace each element with
its equivalent impedance:

## The 1H Inductor is replaced with an impedance of value jωL= j(2*1)=2j;

Now, we use superposition and Voltage division rules to find the Voltage across
the central 0.5F capacitor.

## From V1 alone, the voltage across the 1H inductor is :

VL= V1*(6j/6j-j);

## By symmetry, the voltage across the capacitor due to V2 is (2*V2)/5 in the

opposite direction.

## Net Voltage = 0.4*(V1-V2) = 0.4 (2- (-2j))=0.8(1+j)

This can be expressed as 0.8*sqrt(2)*cos(2t+45).

2. 8cos(t)/5

Assume that the mesh currents in the 2 loops are I1 and I2 respectively (clockwise
direction).

## 2= jI1 + 0.25j*I2+ (I1-I2)/j; and

(I1-I2)/j= j*I2+ 0.25j*I1

## V1=1.6j/j=1.6 ; which implies 1.6cos(ωt)

3.108cos(1000000t + 37.87) V

As a first step, we convert the current source is parallel with the 10ohm resistor
into a voltage source V2= I1*10Ω =100exp(j0); with a series resistor R2=10Ω

## The parallel combination of resistor and capacitor has an equivalent inductance

of (5*-10j)/ (5-10j) = 4-2j

## Now, we can write the voltage equations as follows :

V1-Va =Ix*(4-2j);
Va-V2= Iy(10-10j);

Va= jwL*(Ix-Iy)=5j(Ix-Iy).

We have 3 equations and 3 unknows (Va,Ix and Iy). Solving, we get the answer.

## 4. A=1/3, Phi = -90 degrees

Assume that the mesh currents in the 2 loops are I1 and I2 respectively (clockwise
direction). Given the frequency of the circuit is 2rad/s ( from value of V3), we
have : jωC= j(2*0.5)= j;

## The phasor equations are :

V1=I1+(I1-I2)/jωC;

(I1-I2)/jωC=I2+V2;

V2=I2/jωC.

V1/V2= 3j;

5. 1/sqrt(LC)

## ZC=(RC+1/jωC) and ZL= (RL+jωL).

Since the Voltage is the same, the 2nd condition (on the currents) implies :

|ZC|=|ZL|

Squaring we have

|ZC|2=|ZL|2

RC2+(1/ωC)2= RL2+(ωL)2.

## Since RC=RL, ω4=1/(LC)2

ω=1/sqrt(LC)

5. 14.19
To find the effective resistance, short the voltage source and find the effective
resistance across the terminals of RL

## Reff = *(26*5/31)Ω++10Ω = 14.19Ω

7. 1 Ohm
Here , the only the frequency of the voltage source is important. Since the
frequency of the source is a constant 2 rad/s, replace each element with its
equivalent impedance:

## The 0.5H Inductor is replaced with an impedance of value jωL= j(2*0.5)=j;

The 2 capacitors are in parallel (when viewed from the terminals of Zx), So the
effective value of this impedance is -2j*-2j/-4j = -j. This is in series with a 1Ω
resistor, so the effective impedance of this branch is (1-j)Ω.

Also, the value of the impedance due to the resistor and inductor in series with
the Voltage source V1 is (1+j)Ω

## (1+j)*(1-j)/ (1+j +1-j)= 1Ω.

The maximum power is transmitted when Zx= (Zeff)’ . Here, since Zeff=1, Zx=1Ω.
8. 75V, 10kOhms

## Assume that the Thevenin equivalent voltage is V1 and Thevenin equivalent

resistance is R1 for the given circuit. In the first case, by voltage division, we
have:

## Substituting in one of the equations, we have, V1= 75V

9. 86.4 V, 43.2kOhms
10. 35 Ohms, 315W
We first find the Thevenin equivalent with respect to the terminals of RL.

Assume the current entering the coil on the left is I1 and the voltage across the
coil is V1. Similarly, the voltage across the 2nd coil (+ve terminal at the dot) and
current flowing to the load through the transformer be I2

## The thevenin voltage VTh in this open circuit case is –V2;

VTh= -210exp(j0).

For the short circuit case (RL is removed and the terminals are shorted):
The mesh equations (given currents I1 and I2) are:

840exp(j0)= 80I1-20I2+V1;

0 =20I2-20I1+V2.

The mesh equations, combined with the constraint equations for the ideal
transformer gives:

I2=-6A.

## Pmax= I2R=(V/(RTh+RL))2 *RL= 315W

11. 80 Ohms
12. |Zab| = 56.91, arg(Zab) = 13.28 degrees