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TEACHING PERIOD: Trimester 2 YEAR: 2020
ONSHORE SITES:___________________________________________OFFSHORE SITES: _________VU Sydney____________
COLLEGE: __College of Engineering & Science________ DISCIPLINE_______________IT___________________________________

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NIT5110 Networking Systems

DURATION OF EXAMINATION 3 HOURS + 15 MINUTES READING TIME (Remove one option)


THIS EXAMINATION COUNTS FOR 45 % OF THE ASSESSMENT IN THIS UNIT
EXAMINATION PAPERS DETAILS
TOTAL NUMBER OF PAGES (Incl. this one): 16
NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: 4
NUMBER OF QUESTIONS TO BE ATTEMPTED: 4

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Page 1 of 17
Examination Paper Cover Sheet
CRICOS Provider No: 00124k
Question 1: What are the main benefits of layered open systems interconnection model? Use an example to illustrate how such a layered model help
the evolution of technology at one layer without complicated with other layers.
(10 arks)

Network communication is too complex – decompose the task into simpler tasks, such as physical connection, routing or
end to end flow control. For this purpose OSI model is being used.

Mian benefits of the OSI layer model are given below.

1) OSI model ia a generic model which acts as a guidance tool for the deployment of networks models.
2) It is a layered framework which is used for the design of network systems
3) Through OSI we can add multiple network models in a proper way.
4) OSI model prvent changes to effect other layers.

OSI model is helpful in cas of media . We can use any media and it will not effect the transmission. If we have used layed
model. If we use legacy then we have to use media for each type of service. If we have used leased line and used legacy
system then the quality will be low. But if we have used layed model then even on the lease line quality of service will not
be effected.

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Question 2: Using an example explain why network design using IPv6 is simpler compared to IPv4 network design.
(10 Marks)
Ipv6 uses 128 bit address as compared to rge ipv4 which used 32 bit address. Which gives a large number of address range
of address in ipv6 as compared with the IPv4. The network design implementation will be easier using ipv6 as compared to
ipv4 due to below mentioned features.

1) Address uses hexadecimal colon separated notations


2) Provides effective routing capability
3) Packet processing is done more efficiently
4) Due to simple header of IPv6 , packets handling is easier.
5) Flor label for QOS handling
6) Used own IPSec protocol security
7) IPv6 has autoconfiguration capabilities
8) Address tyes are anycast, unicast and multicast
9) Configuration is simplified

The difference is that it offers a 128 bit or 16-byte address, making the address pool around 340 trillion trillion trillion
(undecillion). In comparison to IPv6, which has plenty of addresses to go around, IPv6 computers can be accessed publicly
without additional configurations, saving resources. Which is why it is better suited for network design as compared to IPv4.

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Question 3: Routing
(5 + 15 = 20 Marks)
a) Use an example to elaborate on the algorithm which EIGRP applies to avoid routing loops.
(5 Marks)

Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) is an algorithm used by EIGRP to select and maintain the best route to each remote network.

DUAL selects routes that will be inserted into the routing table. If a route fails, and there is no feasible successor, DUAL chooses a replacement route,
which usually takes a couple of seconds.

Each router performs dijkstra algorithm  to find out  the shortest path from itself  to every other destination in the network.
As Dijsktra algorithm is in fact the determination of an optimal tree where the router is the root and every destination is a leaf, with optimal root to leaf
cost, there is by essence no possibility for any loop.

b) Using Dijkstra algorithm to determine the shortest paths from router R7 to all other routers as shown in Figure 1.

(15 Marks)

Figure 1 A Sample Network Topology

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Step Start S D(R5) , p(R5) D(R1) , p(R1) D(R2) , p(R2) D(R3) , p(R3) D(R4) , p(R4) D(R6) , p(R6)

0 R7 2,R7 1,R7 1,R7 1R7, 2R1 Inf inf


1 R7R1
2 R7R1R2 2, R1
3 R7R1R3
4 R7R1R3R4
5 R7R5
6 R7R1R5R6

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Question 4 60 marks
Company ‘Smart Software International’ has four regional offices D1 to D4 connected as shown in Fig. 2. D1 and D4 have both IPv4 and IPv6
available, while D2 and D3 are still on IPv4 network. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of using dual stack approach to design the IPv4 and
IPv6 networks, and create a network solution for the company to meet the following requirements:

D1 D2 D3

s0/0/1 R3
F0/0
F0/0 R2 F0/0 s0/0/0
s0/1/0
s0/0/0 R4
R1 s0/0/0 s0/0/0
s0/0/1 s0/0/1 F0/0

D4
Figure 2

a) Support all computers in each regional office:

D1: 200 computers,


D2: 1200 computers,
D3: 2100 computers,
D4: 650 computers;

b) The company has acquired from ISP an allocation of 10.32.0.0/12 and 2020:1::/48

Ans:

For the network we will be using the below mentioned networks. So that all the host requirement can meet.

D3: For this we reuiqre 2100 hosts we will be using the below mentioned network.

10.32.0.0/20

2020:1:1::/64

D2: For this we reuiqre 1200 hosts we will be using the below mentioned network.

10.32.16.0/21

2020:1:2::/64

D4: For this we reuiqre 650 hosts we will be using the below mentioned network.

10.32.24.0/22

2020:1:3::/64

D1 : Since we require 200 hosts for this network we will be using the belowm nentinoed network.

10.32.28.0/24
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2020:1:4::/64

c) The link between R1 and R2, the link between R2 to R4, the link between R3 to R4, R1 network and R4.D4 network support both IPv4 and IPv6.

For Link between R1 & R2

10.32.29.0/30

2020:1:5::/126

For Link between R2 & R3

10.32.29.4/30

2020:1:6::/126

For Link between R2 & R4

10.32.29.8/30

2020:1:7::/126

For Link between R3 & R4

10.32.29.12/30

2020:1:8::/126

d) R2.D2, R3.D3 networks and the link between R2 and R3 support only IPv4.

Note: You need to follow the answer guides 1) to 8) to provide an analysis to the solution selection and the design of the network
(connectivity design, network design, ip allocation, routing design, configuration design /scripts).

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Question 4 Answer Guide
1) Analysis the advantages and disadvantages in Question 4 context of using dual stack for network design. 5 marks

2) IPv4 network design (Mark networks to be designed on the diagram; propose and design a solution that meets the requirements with
corresponding network addresses, network masks, and IP ranges.)
10 marks

D1 D2 D3

s0/0/1 R3
F0/0

F0/0 R2 F0/0 s0/0/0


s0/1/0
s0/0/0 R4
R1 s0/0/0 s0/0/0
s0/0/1 s0/0/1 F0/0

D4

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3) IPv4 network IP allocations to all ports / equipment (mark on the diagram)
5 marks
D1 D2 D3

s0/0/1 R3
F0/0

F0/0 R2 F0/0 s0/0/0


s0/1/0
s0/0/0 R4
R1 s0/0/0 s0/0/0
s0/0/1 s0/0/1 F0/0

D4

4) IPv4 ip allocation configuration scripts for Router R3


10 marks
R3

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5) IPv4 routing design with EIGRP for router R3 with configuration scripts
8 marks
R3

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6) IPv6 network design
7 marks

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7) IPv6 address allocation (mark on the diagram) and configuration scripts for Router R2
8 marks
D1 D2 D3

s0/0/1 R3
F0/0
F0/0 R2 F0/0 s0/0/0
s0/1/0
s0/0/0 R4
R1 s0/0/0 s0/0/0
s0/0/1 s0/0/1 F0/0

D4
R2

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8) IPv6 routing design and scripts for router R2
7 marks

End of Paper

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