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МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:

УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ 2018 - SPEAKING


ПРОВЕРИМ ЗВУК

• 1 – вообще не слышно
• 2 – слышно очень плохо, помехи
• 3 – качество связи не на высоте, но слушать
можно
• 4 – почти хорошо
• 5 – отлично слышно!

НАПИШИТЕ НУЖНУЮ ЦИФРУ В ЧАТ


СЕРИЯ ВЕБИНАРОВ
«МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ»

Орлова Светлана Андреевна,


репетитор-эксперт PROFI.RU
к.п.н., CELTA,

IELTS Academic 8.5,


результаты учеников: от 6.0 до 8.5.
ПРОГРАММА ВЕБИНАРА
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
SPEAKING
• 11 - 14 минут
• наедине с кандидатом
• может быть проведено в день письменного
экзамена, в течение 7 дней ДО или ПОСЛЕ
• состоит из 3 частей
СТРУКТУРА

• 1 часть: знакомство. Вопросы общего характера.

• 2 часть: карточка. 1-2 мин на подготовку и 2


минуты монолог.

• 3 часть: дискуссия. Вопросы по теме карточки,


имеющие более обобщённый и сложный
характер
SPEAKING TASK 1

Проверяется способность кандидата выражать мнение


и общаться на повседневные темы (в режиме диалога).
4-5 минут
SPEAKING TASK 2

Проверяется способность кандидата грамотно построить


длинное логически связанное высказывание на заданную
тему.
3-4 минуты.
+ 2 дополнительных вопроса по теме карточки
SPEAKING TASK 3

Проверяется способность кандидата выражать мнение,


поддерживать его аргументами, анализировать и обсуждать
проблемы.
4-5 минут.
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
• NATURAL
• COHERENT
• COMPLEX
КРИТЕРИИ ОЦЕНИВАНИЯ

Fluency and
Coherence Pronunciation

Grammatical
Lexical Range and
Resource Accuracy
FLUENCY AND COHERENCE
9 Speaks fluently with only rare repetition or self correction; any hesitation is content-related;
Speaks coherently with fully appropriate cohesive features;
Develops tasks fully and appropriately

8 Speaks fluently with occasional repetition or self correction; hesitation is usually content-
related;
Develops topics coherently and appropriately
7 Speaks at length without any noticeable effort or loss of coherence;
May demonstrate language related hesitation at times and/or some repetition and/or self-
correction;
Uses a range of connectives and discourse markers with some flexibility
6 Is willing to speak at length, though may lose coherence at times due to occasional
repetition, self-correction or hesitation;
Uses a range of connectives and discourse markers but not always appropriately
5 Usually maintains a flow of speech but uses repetition, self correction and/or slow speech
to keep going; may overuse certain connectives and discourse markers; produces simple
speech fluently, but more complex communication causes fluency problems
4 Cannot respond without noticeable pauses and may speak slowly , with frequent
repetition and self correction
3 Speaks with long pauses; has limited ability to link simple sentences; gives only simple
responses and is frequently unable to convey basic message
2 Pauses lengthily before most words; little communication possible
ОЦЕНИВАЕМ ТОЛЬКО FLUENCY
(ВИДЕО)

8-9
consistently maintains full length speech with a flowing rate without unnatural
pauses, repetition, self correction or utterances; hesitation is usually content-
related and only rarely to search for language
6-7
uses a sufficient rate of speech to be able to give a clear idea with somewhat
extended answers; demonstrates language-related hesitation at times, or
occasional repetition and/or self-correction
4-5
demonstrates a mediocre rate of speech to be able to communicate; pauses, self
correction, repetition are noticeable, but do not completely affect understanding
3-2
has a choppy uneven rate of speech; self correction, repetition, utterances,
pausing and hesitation are frequent, cause difficulty in understanding for the
listener and obscure meaning
FLUENCY – САМОЕ ВАЖНОЕ

• Быстрый темп речи


• Избегать повторов Избегать повторов,
• Не делать исправлений, избегать пауз,
errrs/ums/ahs и «ложных стартов»
• Заполнять паузы филлерами: Let me think,
actually, well, if my memory serves me right, it’s a
good question…
• Использовать русские слова и объяснять их “I
don’t know how to say it in English but in my
language we say ‘….’, which means something
like…”,“There is an expression in my language ‘…’
which is something like…”
РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО РАЗВИТИЮ
FLUENCY
technique 4/3/2:
repetition – reducing time - (change of audience)

Индивидуально:
1) Повтор предложения за преподавателем (Piling
up)
2) Повтор предложения за спикером (аудио,
сериалы, подкасты)
3) Follow-up questions à удлинение
предложений+повтор
4) Question words as prompts:
САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНО

• lip-syncing
• Думать вслух
• Переводить ТВ передачи
• Сначала начать говорить, потом думать
• Отвечать на вопросы IELTS несколько раз с
таймером.
РАЗВЕРНУТЫЕ ФИЛЛЕРЫ
That’s a(n) interesting/tough/difficult question.

Well, I’ve never thought about that before


but now that you are asking I could say that…

Frankly speaking, it is difficult to answer this question,


because I actually don’t have an opinion, so bear
with me, I’ll be thinking out loud… sorry if I sound a bit
silly but this is because I don’t have an opinion.

I haven’t given it much thought, to be honest, so


you’ve caught me a bit off guard, but … off the top
of my head I could say that…
COHERENCE/COHESION – САМОЕ
ВАЖНОЕ
• Чтобы получить высокий балл по первому
критерию, нужно связно излагать свои мысли и
правильно использовать разнообразные
простые и сложные средства связи!
• effective use of a wide range of basic + complex
cohesive devices and discourse markers (addition,
comparison, contrast, enumeration, concession,
exemplification, inference, summary/conclusion,
time/sequence, result, reformulation, replacement,
transition)
Активные ссылки на все ресурсы в письме
РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО РАЗВИТИЮ
COHERENCE
• Разобрать функции различных способов связи
• При работе с чтением и аудированием находить
в тексте и определять их функцию
• Написать список
• Тренировать ответы на вопросы экзамена и
отмечать использованные линкеры в списке
TASK RESPONSE

• Не является официально заявленным критерием


оценивания, но, по словам экспертов, играет
роль в оценивании

• extends answers fully to give a clear understanding


of their views and reasons, gives relevant answers,
does not digress; in Task 2 speaks about all the
bullet points
LEXICAL RESOURCE
9 Uses vocabulary with full flexibility and precision in all topics4 uses idiomatic language
naturally and accurately

8 Uses a wide vocabulary resource readily and flexibly to convey precise meaning; uses less
common and idiomatic vocabulary skillfully, with occasional inaccuracies; uses paraphrase
effectively as required
7 Uses vocabulary resource flexibly to discuss a variety of topics; uses some less common and
idiomatic vocabulary and shows some awareness of style and collocation, with some
inappropriate choices;
Uses paraphrase effectively
6 Has a wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length and make meaning clear in spite
of inappropriacies; generally paraphrases successfully.
5 Manages to talk about familiar and unfamiliar topics but uses vocabulary with limited
flexibility; attempts to paraphrase but with mixed success
4 Is able to talk about familiar topics but can only convey basic meaning on unfamiliar topics
and makes frequent mistakes in word choice
3 Uses simple vocabulary to convey personal information; has insufficient vocabulary for less
familiar topics
2 Only produces isolated words or memorised utterances
• Vocabulary Range
• Accuracy
• Repetition
VOCABULARY RANGE

• 8-9
consistently maintains a wide range of complex vocabulary
(Advanced/Proficiency level), including idioms and phrasals
• 6-7
uses a wide range of common vocabulary, occasionally uses more
complex vocabulary (Upper-Intermediate level)
• 4-5
uses a wide range of common vocabulary, rarely attempts at more
complex vocabulary – 3-4 Upper-Intermediate words/phrases and
maybe 1-2 Advanced words/phrases (Intermediate level)
• 3
uses a (wide) range of common vocabulary (Pre-Intermediate
level)
ACCURACY

8-9
• consistently skillfully uses complex vocabulary and idioms, there might
be some non-systematic mistakes and/or slips of the tongue
6-7
• lexical gaps can cause some word usage errors and/or formation
errors when it comes to more complex vocabulary, which however
does not significantly inhibit meaning or understanding
4-5
• word usage and formation mistakes (both complex and common
vocabulary) are more frequent and noticeable, can impede
effective communication of ideas
3
• word usage and formation mistakes are frequent and obscure
meaning and understanding
REPETITION

8-9
avoids repeating the same words/phrases within 1
block of questions, there is no word-lifting from the
questions
6-7
tries to vary vocabulary (synonyms/opposites etc.),
however there might be repetition of some
words/phrases within 1 block of questions
4-5
frequent repetition of certain vocabulary within 1
block of questions, which grates on your ears
ЧЕМ ПОВЫСИТЬ КРИТЕРИЙ
LEXICAL RESOURCE

• Idioms: on the fence, not my cup of tea, out of the


blue
• Phrasal verbs: come across, break down
• Lexical chunks: will be there for me, it’s not exactly
the point I was trying to make…
• Paraphrase.
НА ЗАНЯТИИ

• Перифраз (игра definitions, taboo, анти-плагиат)


• Oxford Word Skills Idioms Advanced
• www.idioms4you.com
• 2-3 идиомы записать и включать их в ответ на
каждый вопрос
• Учить не только слова, но и лексические цепочки
• Не разрешать использовать слова из вопроса
GRAMMATICAL RANGE AND
ACCURACY
9 Uses a full range of structures naturally and appropriately; produces consistently accurate
structures apart from ‘slips’ characteristic of native speaker speech

8 Uses a wide range of structures flexibly; produces a majority of error-free sentences with only
very occasional inappropriacies or basic/non-systematic errors

7 Uses a range of complex structures with some flexibility; frequently produces error-free
sentences, though some grammatical mistakes persist

6 Uses a mix of simple and complex structures, but with limited flexibility;
May make frequent mistakes with complex structures, though these rarely cause
comprehension problems
5 Produces basic sentence forms with reasonable accuracy; uses a limited range of more
complex structures, but these usually contain errors and may cause comprehension
problems
4 produces basic sentence forms and some correct simple sentences but subordinate
structures are rare; errors are frequent and may lead to misunderstanding
3 attempts basic sentence forms but with limited success, or relies on apparently memorised
utterances; makes numerous errors except in memorised expressions

2 Cannot produce basic sentence forms


GRAMMAR RANGE

• 8-9
consistently and effectively uses a wide range of basic + complex
grammar structures
• 6-7
uses a wide range of basic grammar structures and a range of
complex grammar structures (different verb tenses including some
perfect tenses, some conditionals, some passives, some modals
etc.)
• 4-5
demonstrates a wide range of basic grammar structures and
attempts at some complex grammar structures (simple and
continuous tenses dominate, maybe tries but mostly fails in perfect
tenses usage; uses some comparatives and superlatives; uses only
Conditional 0, 1; very occasional use of passives, qualifiers,
quantifiers; modals are limited to can/should/have to etc.)
• 3
uses mainly simple sentences, subordinate structures are rare
ACCURACY

• 8-9
produces a majority of error-free sentences (errors are few and
difficult to spot) with only very occasional inappropriacies or
non-systematic errors
• 6-7
frequently produces error-free sentences, though some
grammatical mistakes persist, which however does not
significantly alter or inhibit understanding of meaning
• 4-5
grammatical errors are more frequent and noticeable and may
cause some comprehension problems
• 3
simple grammar is easy to understand, but lack of control of
more advanced grammar causes frequent errors and often
may lead to misunderstanding
ЧЕМ ПОВЫСИТЬ КРИТЕРИЙ
GRAMMATICAL RANGE
consistently and effectively uses a wide range of basic +
complex grammar structures

• Passives: I am often criticized for…


• Conditionals: If it weren’t for my phone,
• Modals: She might’ve called
• Inversion: Had I had more time, I would’ve…
• Gerund: I can’t stand being praised in public
• Clauses: … which made me take up diving
• Cleft sentences: What she did was to text him
• Simple, Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous

• Используйте Grammar Grid


GRAMMAR GRID

Present Simple Present Perfect Present Continuous Present


Perfect
Continuous
Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect would/used
to

Passive Ving (в начале) Might/must/couldn’t But for…,


have V3

If +Pr.S., will V If+ Past S., INVERTED: Had I V3, I wish …


would V Would have V3
PRONUNCIATION
9 Uses a full range of pronunciation features with precision and subtlety; sustains flexible use of
features throughout; is effortless to understand

8 Uses a wide range of pronunciation features; sustains flexible use of features, with only
occasional lapses; is easy to be understood throughout; L1 accent has minimal effect on
intelligibility
7 Shows all the positive features of Band 6, and some, but not all, of the positive features of
Band 8

6 Uses a range of pronunciation features with mixed control; show some effective use of
features but this is not sustained; can generally be understood, though mispronunciation of
individual words or sounds reduces clarity at times
5 Shows all the positive features of Band 4, and some, but not all, of the positive features of
Band 6
4 Uses a limited range of pronunciation features; attempts to control features but lapses are
frequent; mispronunciations are frequent and cause some difficulty for the listener
3 Shows some of the features features of Band 2, and some, but not all, of the positive features
of Band 4

2 Speech is often unintelligible


ОБЩИЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ

• Заготовить несколько сложных конструкций


(пассив, инверсия, условные, модальные) и
научить модифицировать их применительно к
ситуации.
• Пополнять запас фразовых глаголов, идиом,
лексических цепочек. Вести словарик с
синонимами, идиомами, коллокациями.
• Выучить несколько вводных фраз и филлеров.
• Регулярно тренировать перифраз.
• Расширять topic-related vocabulary.
ВЕСТИ СЛОВАРНЫЕ ЗАПИСИ

Lexical item translation collocations example


Upheaval переворот/ Political * Moving to a different school
переполох Economical* can be a big upheaval for
/ʌpˈhiːv(ə)l/ Social* young children
Emotional*
ВЫДУМЫВАЙТЕ

Экзамен проверяет владение


английским,
а не соответствие
действительности.

В выдуманной истории легче


использовать подходящие слова.
ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ НАСТРОЙ

• Дыхательные упражнения помогают справиться


со стрессом во время экзамена.
• Необходимо создать правильный настрой:
«экзаменатор – старинный друг, с которым
давно не виделись».
• Более высокий тон показывает
заинтересованность.
• Body Language
• Eye contact
ПРОЦЕДУРА

• Если ученик четко знает, что ожидает


.на экзамене, то ему легче

преодолеть волнение
и настроиться на победу.

• www.youtube.com àIELTS speaking


• ID = паспорт
• What’s your name? – еще не оценивают
ВОПРОСЫ
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
PART 1

• 4-5 минут, 10-11 вопросов, 3 темы


• Вопросы могут быть «детскими».
• Внимательно слушать вопрос экзаменатора.
• Не раздумывать и отвечать быстро.
• Фокус на fluency, а не на грамматике и лексике.
• Ответ – 15 сек, 2-3 фразы, затем нужно
остановиться или экзаменатор остановит сам.
SAMPLE QUESTIONS
Work/study
Do you work or are you a student?
What are you studying? Or What’s you job?
Why did you choose this subject? Or Why did you choose this
job?
Have you made many friends on this course? or Do you plan to
stay in this job for a long time?
Health and fitness.
What do you do to stay healthy? Do you do any exercise? How
active were you when you were a child? How important is it for
children to be active?
Weather.
What kind of weather do you like best? Why? Have you noticed
any changes in the weather recently in your country? What do
you like to do in winter?
РАСШИРЕННЫЕ ОТВЕТЫ – PART 1

• What - nouns
• Who - names
• When – time/period
• Where - places
• How - style
• Why - reasons
ЕСЛИ НЕПОНЯТНО,
ПЕРЕСПРАШИВАЙТЕ

• Could you say that in other words, please?


• I’m not sure what you mean exactly.
• Do you mean ***?

• Не рекомендуется спрашивать How do you


say…? и просить, чтобы экзаменатор подсказал
нужное слово.
ИЗБЕГАЙТЕ ОДНОСЛОЖНЫХ
ОТВЕТОВ
- Do you have a large family?
- Yes, I think it can be called quite big – my Mum, my Dad, and 2 sisters. Moreover,
our grandpa died last year and our grandma moved in with us, so there are 6 of us
under one roof. I would say it gets a little noisy at times.

- Do you do any sports?


- Yes, actually, quite a lot. First of all, I have been into belly dancing for the last 6
years, then, last year I took up swimming and I must say it is really doing me a lot of
good since it is so relaxing. Also I have just enrolled at a diving school because I
have always loved the sea.

СТРАТЕГИЯ:
- Сказать почему.
- Привести пример.
- Чувства.

ВАЖНО: не более 3 предложений на каждый ответ.


НО НЕ ПРЕДВОСХИЩАЙТЕ ВОПРОСЫ

- What’s your job?


- I work for a market research company. We do
market research for businesses that are planning to
develop new products.

• NOT: I work for a market research company. We do


market research for businesses that are planning to
develop new products. My job is very demanding. It
requires strong communication and interpersonal
skills to get the right results. The best thing about my
job is the team I work with. My work starts at 9 and
finishes at 7.
НА ПРОСТЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ – ПРОСТЫЕ
ОТВЕТЫ
• Do you like flowers? – Прямой ответ и причина. Yes,
I do, because they are so fresh and they smell so
nice.
ИСПОЛЬЗУЙТЕ СИНОНИМЫ

Приучите
учеников
пользоваться
- What’s the most interesting thing about your одноязычными
hometown? словарями и
- Well, a lot of people who visit Moscow think that the тезаурусом.
most fascinating thing about it is its architecture.
КАК РАСШИРИТЬ ОТВЕТ:
НАЗАД В ПРОШЛОЕ И ВПЕРЕД В
БУДУЩЕЕ
Do you like sport?
I used to be more active in the past – I went in for
tennis and rugby then, but now I am keen on
football, because that’s what all my friends are in.

Do you do any sport?


Not really, to be honest, but I hope I have a chance
to be more active in the future when I have more
free time – that is, when my kid starts school, I
believe.
ПРОТИВОПОЛОЖНЫЕ МНЕНИЯ

Is your hometown a nice place for tourists to visit?

Yes, it has a really nice beach, although it is getting


really busy these days, so it’s not as pristine as it
used to be.
НЕ ЗАБЫВАЙТЕ О ПРЕЛЮДИИ

- What do you like doing in your free time?

- Frankly speaking, I often work long hours and thus


suffer from sleep deprivation, actually, let me think, I
haven’t been getting enough sleep for the last 3
months – oh my! - so in my leisure time I prefer to
sleep
ИСПОЛЬЗУЙТЕ ВВОДНЫЕ ФРАЗЫ

Actually, I think/suppose/would say that…


Well, I guess that…
Talking about/As for *** I could mention that…
Frankly speaking, …
I know this may sound obvious but …
This may sound strange but …
If my memory serves me right/If I am not mistaken
What I mean is …
What I want to say is …
What I’m trying to say is …
НО ПОМНИТЕ, ЧТО

Нужно
разнообразие
РАССКАЖИТЕ О СВОИХ ЧУВСТВАХ =)
ПРИ ЭКСТРЕННОЙ ПОДГОТОВКЕ

Вопрос в Present Simple: Дать жесткую


Do you do any sports? структуру
ответа.
Ответ:
1. Прямой ответ+ пример + причина.
2. How Long (Present Perfect Continuous).
3. Отношение.

Yes, I do. Actually, I do quite a lot of sports, for example,


judo, because it helps me to keep fit. If my memory
serves me right, I have been doing judo for about 10
years now and I have to say it’s really rewarding.
ВОПРОС В ‘PRESENT PERFECT’

• Вопрос в Present Perfect: Have you always lived at the


same place you are living now?
• Ответ:
• 1. Прямой ответ в Present Perfect.
• 2. Причина в Past Tenses.
• 3. Отношение.

• Have you always lived at the same place you are living
now?
• No, of course I haven’t. In the past I used to live in the
suburbs of Moscow and I went to school there, but when I
was 18, I entered the university and moved to Moscow. To
be honest, I don’t enjoy living here at all.
ЕЩЕ ПРИМЕР

• Have you ever travelled abroad?

• Of course, I have. First of all, I visited Malta when I


was 18 and I did a language course there and I can
say that it was really helpful. Then, in 2015 I travelled
to Europe with my parents and I must say we
thoroughly enjoyed it.
ВОПРОС С ‘WOULD’

• Вопрос с “would”:
How would you reduce traffic problems in your area?

1. Прямой ответ (с использованием глаголов could/would


2. if+had+Past participle, some years ago → would во второй
части
3. Отношение

Well, I don’t know. I think it could be something about improving


the road system or something.
You see if we’d done something about this some years ago we
wouldn’t get so many jams today…especially in the morning.
I hate them.
МОЖНО НЕ ЗАКАНЧИВАТЬ
ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ
• … and things like that.
• Anyway

Well, people have to make different choices at


different stages of their lives. They have to choose a
career or a partner or…Well, and things like that.
// Anyway, I hope you know what I mean.
ПРИ ПОДГОТОВКЕ: ОБРАЗЦЫ
ОТВЕТОВ ДЛЯ ОПОРЫ
- Do you have any children?
• Yes, I do. I have a daughter, she is three years old and we are expecting a baby
boy in August.
or
• No, I don't. But we are planning to start a family as soon as we have our own
house, actually, we have just applied for a mortgage so I think it’s a matter of the
next few months.

- Tell me about your grandparents.


• Actually, my grandparents passed away when 1 was a child, but my Mom has told
me a lot about our family history, so I can say that my grandparents were really
interesting people. For example, …
• or
• My grandmother is about eighty years of age, fortunately still hale and hearty. She
used to tell me lots of heart-warming stories when I was a child, but unfortunately I
did not have the privilege of seeing my grandfather.

- Do your grandparents live with you?


• Yes, my grandmother on my mother’s side does. She's been living with us for ten
years. She is such a blessing in our family.
ПРИ ТРЕНИРОВКЕ ДАВАЙТЕ TOPIC
VOCABULARY И GRAMMAR GRID
ЛЕКСИКА
Лексические примеры выводить в говорение:
Tell me about your hometown. What’s it like? Do you like living
there? Is there anything you don’t like about it? What would
you change about your city?
ВОПРОСЫ
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
PART 2 CUE CARD
1-2 минуты на подготовку, можно делать записи,
говорить 2 минуты нон стоп, экзаменатор сам остановит
кандидата, когда время закончится.
О ЧЕМ ГОВОРИТЬ?
ВЫБЕРИТЕ ВЕРНЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

1. Стоит тщательно обдумать выбор темы.


2. Следует быстро решить, о чем говорить.
3. Часто лучше выдуманное, чем настоящее.
4. Нужно всегда говорить только правду, не
рассеиваться на выдумывание.
5. Игнорируйте детали (an interesting building, a
popular sport, a song that you liked recently, etc.)
6. Четко придерживайтесь всех деталей задания.
7. Не обязательно говорить по всем пунктам карточки
8. Нужно обязательно говорить обо всех пунктах
задания в карточке.
О ЧЕМ ГОВОРИТЬ?
ВЫБЕРИТЕ ВЕРНЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

1. Стоит тщательно обдумать выбор темы.


2. Следует быстро решить, о чем говорить.
3. Часто лучше выдуманное, чем настоящее.
4. Нужно всегда говорить только правду, не
рассеиваться на выдумывание.
5. Игнорируйте детали (an interesting building, a
popular sport, a song that you liked recently, etc.)
6. Четко придерживайтесь всех деталей задания.
7. Не обязательно говорить по всем пунктам карточки
8. Нужно обязательно говорить обо всех пунктах
задания в карточке.
• *С каждым учеником нужно пробовать оба способа
ВАЖНО

• Есть два мнения экзаменаторов по поводу всех


пунктов карточки.

1) Хотя в критериях и нет пункта Task Response, но


нужно затронуть все пункты карточки, хотя бы
немного сказать по каждому.
2) Необязательно говорить по плану, важно ответить на
основной вопрос

На всякий случай учим затрагивать все пункты и


обозначать переходы между пунктами:
I am going to talk about…Okay, first,.. Now, moving on
to…, Finally, …
5 ОСНОВНЫХ КАТЕГОРИЙ

• Describe an object (a gift, something you use etc.)


• Describe a person (someone you admire, a family
member etc.)
• Describe an event (a festival, celebration etc.)
• Describe an activity (e.g. a hobby)
• Describe a place (somewhere you visited, a holiday
etc.)
ЕСТЬ ВРЕМЯ СДЕЛАТЬ ЗАМЕТКИ

• Записать опорные слова и фразы, например:

• lively, bustling, hectic, thriving


• cosmopolitan, multicultural
• fascinating, unique
• a special atmosphere
• sightseeing, entertainment
• an unforgettable experience
• enjoyed every minute
• the time flew by
• countless things to see and do
• it was over too quickly

Продумать возможности для использования более сложной


грамматики.
ХОРОШЕЕ НАЧАЛО – БЫСТРОЕ
НАЧАЛО
Выбираем введение в зависимости от
уровня, если не может сказать быстро –
упрощаем. Нельзя тратить много времени
на введение – теряется task response.

So, my task is to speak about something interesting I did. Frankly speaking, when I first
saw this card a minute ago it just made my mind go blank because there have been
so many fascinating things that I’ve done in my life that I could be sitting here talking
about them for hours, since each of them is unique in its own way, but as I have to
pick up just one thing it would probably be drawing.
So, my task is to speak about something fascinating I did. Frankly speaking, there have
been so many exciting things that I’ve done in my life that it is difficult to pick up just
one, but today I reckon I will speak about drawing.
So, my task is to speak about something interesting I did.
СТРУКТУРА ОТВЕТА

• Introduction
• Past
• Description
• Opinion
• Future

ПЛЮСЫ: дает возможность продемонстрировать


разнообразие грамматических конструкций,
легко тренировать и модифицировать, много
клише.
СТРУКТУРА ОТВЕТА

1. Introduction
Anyway,
2. Past (Used to + infinitive, Would + infinitive,Past
Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect)
So, let me tell you about *** in more detail.
3. Description (topic vocabulary)
In my opinion,
4. Opinion
As for the future,
5. Future (Present continuous, Be going + to +
infinitive, Will+ infinitive, Future Perfect)
ПРИМЕР
Describe a teacher that you know.
You should say:
• what the teacher looks like
• what sort of person this teacher is
• what the teacher helped you to learn
and explain why this teacher is popular.

So my task is to speak about an educator I am acquianted with… Being a teacher myself I have been lucky
to meet a great number of brilliant teachers so I could be sitting here talking about them for hours since
each of them is unique in their own way but since I have to pick up just one it would probably be my art
teacher Ksenia. Anyway, I first met her when I came to enrol at the art school – I had been dreaming of
learning how to paint and draw for years – and there she was sitting there helping the applicants to fill in the
forms – actually hadn’t it been for her I would have never been able to complete the application
myself…Let me tell you a few words about her appearance. The most striking feature of hers is a mane of
curly red hair and she also has piercing blue eyes – extremely attractive. As for her personality, I can say that
she is very approachable and is always ready to give some really good advice. I reckon this is a necessary
quality for any teacher. Which brings me to my next point – she has taught me a lot of things in the last 3
years but the most complicated point for me has always been shades and that kind of things – completely
over my head - and Ksenia took great pains to make sure I am alright with them. I can’t say how grateful I
am to her for this. Probably, all things that I said make her popular with her students and we are always
looking forward to our next class. Actually, I am going to see her again this Saturday at class.
DESCRIBE A PERSON (SOMEONE YOU
ADMIRE, A FAMILY MEMBER ETC.)
• 1. Introduction
• 2. Past (e.g. the first/last time you saw them)
Lily and I first met when we were doing a course in Paris, I
can still remember that day very vividly. We were
standing in a queue in a supermarket, when she said
hello. I immediately realized that I had seen her before.
• 3. Appearance
• 4. Personality + actions
• 5. Opinion
• 6. Future

• В пунктах 3 и 4 – используйте заготовки с less common


vocabulary
DESCRIBE AN OBJECT (A GIFT,
SOMETHING YOU USE ETC.)
• 1. Introduction
• 2. Past
I can still remember that day 3 years ago very vividly
when I was staying at home watching a soap opera on
TV when I got a call from my cousin who told me that
she had bought something really special for me…
• 3. Appearance
• 4. Functions
• 5. Opinion
• 6. Future

• В пунктах 3 и 4 – используйте заготовки с less common


vocabulary
DESCRIBE AN EVENT (A FESTIVAL,
CELEBRATION ETC.)
• 1. Introduction
• 2. Past (e.g. how you got it involved in it)
I can still remember that day 3 years ago very vividly when I
was staying at home watching a soap opera on TV when I got
a call from my cousin who told me that she had bought 2
tickets to a music festival for us and that we were to set off in
30 minutes…
• 3. What, where, why + people
• 4. Activities
• 5. Opinion
• 6. Future

• В пунктах 3 и 4 – используйте заготовки с less common


vocabulary
DESCRIBE A PLACE (SOMEWHERE YOU
VISITED, A HOLIDAY ETC.)
• 1. Introduction
• 2. Past (e.g. the last/first time you went there)
E.g.
I used to visit Sochi quite often when I was a kid… the last time I went
there was 3 years ago, quite unexpectedly I must admit. …. I was staying
at home watching a soap opera on TV when I got a call from my friend
who told me that she had bought 2 tickets to Sochi for us and that we
were to set off in 2 days …

• 3. Appearance
• 4. Activities/Function
• 5. Opinion
• 6. Future

• В пунктах 3 и 4 – используйте заготовки с less common vocabulary


ЕСЛИ ОСТАЛОСЬ ВРЕМЯ

• “I forgot to mention…”
• “Before I go on,…”
• “To go back to… for a minute”
• “…, which brings me back to…”
ТРЕНИРОВКА

• Дать основное задание карточки – ученик пишет


4 пункта.
• Ответить так, чтобы преподаватель или другие
студенты могли четко определить, какие пункты
были в карточке
• Тренироваться с таймером.
ВОПРОСЫ
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
SPEAKING TASK 3

Вопросы связаны с темой карточки из части 2.


Проверяется способность кандидата выражать мнение,
поддерживать его аргументами, анализировать и обсуждать
проблемы.
Около 45 сек на ответ
4-5 минут.
ТРЕБУЕТСЯ

• Сравнить раньше и сейчас


• Дать предсказание на будущее
• Проблемы и решения
• Причины и следствия
• Преимущества и недостатки
• Две точки зрения
СТРУКТУРА ОТВЕТА
• 1. Прямой ответ
• 2. Объяснить почему.
• 3. Пример
• 4. Альтернатива/Заключение

• Do you think that it's better to have clear aims for the future, or is it
best to take each day as it comes?

• (Answer) I think it’s best to have a good idea of what you want to
do with your life, especially in terms of studies and
career. (Why) Having aims allows you to plan what you need to
do today and tomorrow in order to achieve longer-term
objectives. (Example) For example, if you want to become a
doctor, you need to choose the right subjects at school, get the
right exam results, and work hard at university. (Opposite) Without
a clear aim, it would be impossible to take the necessary steps
towards a career in medicine, or any other profession.
ХОРОШИЕ ЗАГОТОВКИ

Вопросы на сравнение прошлого и настоящего:


If somebody from the past had invented a time
machine and found themselves here, in the 21st
century, they would be really surprised to find out
that…

Решение проблем:
Were I a president, I would suggest …
ЕСЛИ ВОПРОС НЕПОНЯТЕН

1. Если вопрос не совсем понятен: Pardon? Can


you paraphrase it for me, please? I’m afraid I
didn’t quite get it – максимум два раза.
2. Если вопрос не понятен совершенно:
Oh, well. I see what you mean. Talking about that I
would say that, you know, I might not have given
it much thought. It appears as if I don’t really have
much to say about it. I don’t know…a bit
confused…Максимум 1 раз – не теряется
fluency, но снижается балл за
нерелевантность ответа.
МНЕНИЕ ДРУГИХ ЛЮДЕЙ

• Most/some/the majority of people, teachers, experts


take the view/ feel/argue that …
• it is common knowledge,
• it is (generally/often etc)believed/suggested/claimed
that …
• Most experts agree that…
• ____ are often thought/believed/claimed to be ____
ОБОБЩЕНИЯ

• By and large,
• As a rule,
• Generally speaking,
• Tend to…
• Have a tendency to…
• Are liable to…

• Понижаем градус уверенности: might


СОБСТВЕННОЕ МНЕНИЕ

• I (personally) tend to believe/think/feel…


• From my point of view/in my opinion,
• I (personally) would take the view that…
• My (personal) opinion is that…
• I (personally) would suggest that…
• As far as I’m concerned, …
ВОПРОСЫ
МЕТОДИКА ПОДГОТОВКИ К IELTS:
УСПЕШНЫЙ СТАРТ: SPEAKING

Анализ критериев Рекомендации по


Overview Часть 1 Часть 2 Часть 3 самостоятельной
оценки
работе
САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНО

• Использовать сборники заданий


для IELTS Speaking

1. Набросать план
2. Записать на диктофон
3. Прослушать и записать скрипт
4. Улучшить
ПОВЫШАТЬ FLUENCY

• lip-syncing
• Думать вслух
• Переводить ТВ передачи
• Сначала начать говорить, потом думать
• Проигрывать реальные диалоги на английском
• Отвечать на вопросы IELTS с таймером с
интервалами.
ПЕРЕД ЭКЗАМЕНОМ

• Не говорить по-русски.
• С утра слушать интервью, презентации на TED,
смотреть сериалы.
• Взять тетрадку с клише и проговаривать фразы с
ними.
ВОПРОСЫ

• www.Svetlanaorlovaenglish.online
• Svetlana.orlova.english@mail.ru
• Instagram English: @svetlana.english.online

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