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The Sense of Being Community in the Early the Catholic faith from the aggressive were invented thus

were invented thus making travel

Church proselytizing of the Protestants led by a lot easy.
❖ Church is part and parcel of our Christian Martin Luther and other Protestant ✓ Up to the last decade of the
life. leaders like King Henry VIII of England. 19th century, machines even took
❖ Filipinos truly are engaged in activities (Ines, J. et. al. 2007) the place of humans in factories
superheaded by their own parishes. ❖ The Council of Trent- 19th ecumenical leaving so many jobless in
❖ We were introduced to the community council Europe.
since we were a kid. ✓ Protestant Reformation ✓ A document decrying the
Theology ✓ Embodiment of the Counter- inhuman working conditions of
❖ Theology would mean the study of God Reformation workers. (Ines, J. et. al. 2007)
(basic form). ✓ Concilium Tridentinum (Latin) ✓ Wake of capitalism and
❖ We do theology when we reason and ❖ Vatican I: endorsing the power & industrialization
discourse about the nature, will, and authority of the Chair of Peter & ✓ Revolted to Socialism and
purposes of God. endorsed faith as the main avenue by Communism as ideologies
❖ We cannot study God. God cannot and is which we can express our relationship ✓ Foundational text of Modern
not the direct object of human research. with God. Catholic Social Teaching
❖ Study of Christianity. ❖ Humanists: philosophy as the main ❖ The Second Vatican Council: 21st
The Role of the Vatican II in the avenue general ecumenical council of the
Transformation of the Church in the 20 th
✓ Age of Enlightenment Roman Catholic Church
Century ✓ Reason: the main weapon in ✓ Took place between October 11,
❖ Protestantism: movement that began in faith 1962 to December 8, 1965
Northern Europe in the early 16th Century ❖ Rerum Novarum: Rights and Duties of ✓ Took place in 4 separate
as a reaction to medieval Roman Catholic Capital Labor sessions in St. Peter’s Basilica in
doctrines and practices. ✓ Response to social conflict Rome
❖ Many Catholics were converted into ✓ Europe became highly ✓ It was called by Pope John
Protestants. industrialized. Life’s pace was XXIII (23rd). He died after the
❖ The Church, with the advent of becoming fast because machines first session and his successor
Protestantism, enclosed herself to protect Paul VI(6th) was left to finish it.
✓ The disastrous event of 1920 and The Purpose of the Council ❖ Resourcement (Ad Fontes)
two world wars in 1914-1917 ❖ Engage in and with the modern world. ✓ Resourcing (Going back the
and 1939-1945, brought the ❖ Modernize and shape the Roman sources)
world to its knees and were one Catholic Church to fit the society and its ✓ Hughes uses the Latin equivalent
of the reasons why the church in people. “Ad Fontes”, return to the
1962 convened Vatican II. ❖ Create new dialogue between the spring, where everything is
✓ relied upon Aggiornamento and Catholic Church modern world. fresher.
Ad Fontes meaning to open up ❖ Called to promote reconciliation, peace, ✓ Minding and using our tradition
and to go back to the source of and ease discord. which can help us.
our faith. ❖ Its approach was pastoral and positive. ✓ Use of scriptures, music,
✓ The council produced what we ❖ It sought to reach out in dialogue to all literature to help us be the most
now know 16 documents of people of good will. effective church and faith in the
Vatican II. Pope John XXIII and His ideas for the Council present.
Reaction to Current Society ❖ Aggiornamento ✓ In order to be up to date, look at
❖ Cultural changes in the aftermath of ✓ Updating the church, bringing it and use the best of what the
World War II enforced the need to up to date. Church has.
reconsider church practices. ✓ Throwing open windows and The Results of the Second Vatican Council
❖ World War 2: led to 73 million people letting in the fresh air. ❖ Declaration that the Church includes
dead, wounded, or missing. ✓ The Church had to be formed by ALL people of God, not simply the
❖ Atomic Bomb: mass destruction very bringing it up to date by asking hierarchy or higher ups of the Church.
quickly and in a large area the questions: ❖ Hierarchy of truths: not all official
❖ Holocaust: massive death and a. Where are we? Church teachings are equally blinding on
destruction b. Where do we need to be? all Catholics or essentially to the integrity
❖ Christian nations engaging in massive c. What needs to be done? of the Catholic faith.
destruction. ❖ The mass was altered, and the language
of delivery changed from Latin to the
❖ The first medium that was used in the ❖ It aims to work for unity and harmony ❖ Acts 11: 1
Philippines is Kapampangan. while respecting diversity and to ✓ Disciples continued Jesus’s
❖ Produced the most and widest changes in recognize indigenous peoples’ identities, Ministry
the Roman Catholic Church. spiritualities and ancestral domain. ✓ Continued the mission of Jesus
Misconceptions about the Church that have Development of the Clergy and Laity after his ascension
been corrected ❖ Luke 2: 41 – 55 ❖ “Samahan”
❖ Before: The Pope is infallible in all ✓ Presentation of Jesus in the ✓ “Samahan” of believers
things. Temple (Old Title) ✓ Community
❖ Now: Roman Catholics believe that only ✓ Finding of the Boy Jesus in the ✓ Equal in Dignity and
under certain circumstances is the pope Temple (New Title) Responsibility
infallible. ✓ Jesus was 13 years old ❖ Early Church
Three conditions under which the Pope is ✓ When boys turn 13, they will be ✓ Strong community
infallible: presented in the temple (during ❖ Synagogue
1. The Pope must be making a decree on the Passover) ✓ Synagein - “to bring together”
matters of faith or morals. ✓ Scholars: educated people, ✓ Greek origin
2. The declaration must be binding on the teach in the temples ✓ “place of assembly”
whole church. ✓ Jesus taught according to how ❖ Bet ha-tefilla
3. The Pope must be speaking with the full his Father wanted him to teach ✓ “house of prayer”
authority of the Papacy, and not in a (this baffled the scholars at the ✓ Consecrated place for prayer
personal capacity. temple) ✓ reading of the Tanakh
Extra information: ✓ Jesus’s Ministry started when he ❖ “House of Assembly”
❖ CBCP announced that the Year of was 30 years old ✓ Minyan
Ecumenism, Interreligious Dialogue, and ❖ Christians ✓ Learning
Indigenous Peoples will replace the Year ✓ Originally known as disciples or ❖ “House of Study”
of the Youth. followers of the way ✓ Hebrews 10: 28 – anyone who
❖ The theme for the year 2020 is: Dialogue ✓ Jesus had 72 followers in his rejected Moses died without
Towards Harmony. ministry (the 12 core disciples mercy on the testimony of 2 or 3
were called the Apostles) witnesses
✓ Interpreting ✓ Start of preaching Theological Distinctions
✓ Teaching and Sharing ❖ Clergy: those who represent Jesus in the ❖ Christianity: illicit and persecuted
Verses About the Ascension of Jesus church (ROMAN EMPIRE)
❖ Mark 16: 19 – 20 ✓ “Kleros” ✓ Were forced to worship the
❖ Luke 24: 50 – 53 ✓ the educated people emperor (or be killed)
❖ Acts 1: 9 ✓ wore a special dress (Social ✓ Torture
Verses About the Life of The Apostles After distinction) ❖ Constantine: Western Roman Emperor
the Ascension of Jesus ✓ were given privileges ✓ had a vision about the cross of
❖ Acts 2: 42b (Devotion to prayer) ✓ “littera” – literate Christ
❖ Acts 2: 46 (Daily breaking of the bread) ✓ “an educated clergy-” ✓ signed the Edict of Milan with
❖ Acts 2: 42a (Devoted themselves to the ❖ Laity: the followers or people Licinius, Eastern Roman
teachings) ✓ “Laikos” Emperor
❖ Acts 2: 42 (Divided their belongings ✓ Those who do not know ✓ Edict of Milan: ensured the
equally) (layman’s term) tolerance for Christians
Origin of the Church ✓ “idiota” – illiterate ✓ Christianity became recognized
❖ Originated in Roman Judea (first century ✓ “- and an ignorant laity” as a community of believers
A.D.) Characteristics of the Church as an Early ✓ Became the only religion in the
❖ Founded on the teachings of Jesus of Christian Community empire
Nazareth 1. Share in common ✓ Official religion of the roman
❖ Disciples are later known as the 2. Called and commissioned Empire
Christians 3. “Of one heart and soul” ✓ Christians were honored and
❖ Pentecost: birthday of the church 4. Sacraments privileged
(signified by the descent of the Holy Development of the Clergy and Laity (Part 2) ✓ The church became the moral
Spirit) ❖ Among authority
❖ James the Just ✓ “Boss” ✓ Church “laws” became more
✓ Early leader of the Jerusalem ✓ Being a member or being powerful than Roman Law
Church members of a larger group
✓ Apostolic Age The Rise Ascetism and Monasticism
❖ Ascetism ❖ Saint Peter: considered to be the first ✓ Priest: say
✓ Askesis: exercise, training, and pope ✓ People: hear
practice ✓ Right hand of Jesus ❖ A priest is not defined primarily by what
✓ Renounce all worldly pleasures ✓ Appointed by Jesus to be the he does, but who he is
✓ Meditated on heavenly realities leader ❖ “the priest is a living and transparent
✓ Practiced self-denial ❖ Bishop: diocese (have 2 or more image of Christ the priest”
✓ Renounced the world parokyas) ❖ Jesus Christ – “great high priest”
(committed to poverty and non- ❖ Archbishop: has bigger territory than ❖ 2nd Vatican Council Document:
marriage) the bishops “Lumen Gentium”
Dualism ❖ Synod: meeting of all bishops in the ✓ Through priests our Lord Jesus
❖ From the influence of Aristotle and Plato world Christ, the supreme high priest,
❖ All realities are divided into two ❖ Conclave: meeting of all cardinals is present in the midst of those
❖ Worldly: body; trials and temptations ❖ Most Rev. Florentino G. Lavarias, who believe
❖ Spiritually: soul; salvation D.D. (October 24, 2014): archbishop of ❖ Priests only came from the tribe of Levi
Educational Distinctions San Fernando, Pampanga ❖ Jesus as a lay person (disciples = friends)
❖ Church became the foundation of society ❖ Catholic Bishops Conference of the Negative Practices
❖ Focus: Survival and Defense Philippines (CBCP): association of ❖ Triumphalism: excessive exultation
❖ Least of their concerns: learning and bishops in the country ❖ Clericalism: increasing power of
preserving culture ❖ Parish: territory headed by a priest religious authority
❖ the distinctions between the clergy and ❖ Jesus: considered to be a priest ❖ Legalism: direct/indirect attachment of
the laity became more pronounced ❖ Priest: “another Christ” – symbolizing behaviors, disciplines and practices
around the 4th and 5th century when the presence of Jesus; cultic tradition – to
“barbarians” invaded Western Europe offer sacrifice
Pyramidal Church ❖ Eucharist: as a sacrifice (breaking bread
❖ Pope = bishop and sharing cup)
❖ Jorge Mario Bergoglio: Pope Francis ❖ Medieval Period: “Mass”
(current pope) ✓ (Ite Missa Est) – go the mass is