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Nombre del alumno: __________________________________________________________________.

GROUP: ____________________________________ 2ND SEMESTER 2020

EXAMS’ DATES
1ST _____________ 2ND____________ 3RD__________ Extraordinary _____________
Evaluation for the 3 mid-term:
40% Continuous evaluation 20% Speaking 40% Exam

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 1


1.1 Propósito de la Unidad de Aprendizaje o Intención educativa

El dinámico avance científico y tecnológico de las principales potencias del mundo, ha sido determinante para que en diversos campos
comerciales y laborales se impongan algunos de sus rasgos socioculturales, entre los cuales sobresale el uso de la lengua inglesa.

El inglés es el idioma de mayor uso en libros, periódicos y revistas; información en Internet; conferencias académicas; encuentros
científicos y tecnológicos; competencias deportivas, artísticas, educativas y de cualquier índole; música popular, cine, manuales técnicos,
aeropuertos y hasta en equipos de uso cotidiano como radios, televisores, hornos de microondas y videojuegos.

Por todo lo anterior, es prioritario fomentar en los educandos el dominio de una segunda lengua, en este caso el inglés, que les permitan
responder a las necesidades de la vida contemporánea, teniendo acceso a la información, facilitando la convivencia e intercambio entre
personas de diversas naciones y culturas y logrando una formación académica con la que obtengan mejores oportunidades educativas
y profesionales.

La unidad de aprendizaje Inglés II, su antecedente Inglés I y su consecuente Inglés III están orientadas a que el educando logre los
conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes correspondientes a un nivel B1 (Independent User: Threshold), A2 (Waystage Basic User) y B2
(Independent User: Vantage) respectivamente según los criterios del Marco Común Europeo para las Lenguas Extranjeras (Common
European Framework of Reference for Languages) para manejar el idioma inglés como una valiosa herramienta de comunicación y de
trabajo, que refuerce su desempeño académico en el resto de las unidades de aprendizaje del plan de estudio y que fortalezca su futuro
ejercicio profesional.

Para cursar esta unidad de aprendizaje el alumno deberá acreditar Inglés I. Se aplicará una evaluación diagnóstica al inicio del curso
para conocer la situación del grupo y adecuar los contenidos con base en los resultados obtenidos.

Objetivo General o Propósito General

Se comunica en inglés con soltura de forma argumentada al utilizar estructuras lingüísticas a nivel intermedio, fónicas, gramaticales,
léxicas y textuales en un contexto de respeto, honestidad, responsabilidad y compromiso social.

Fuentes de Consulta

Richards, Jack C. et al. Interchange 3 Third Edition. Cambridge University Press United Kingdom. 2005.

McCarthy, Michael, Felicity O'Dell y Ellen Shaw. Intermediate Vocabulary in Use. Cambridge University Press. United Kingdom. 2001.

Raymond, Murphy. Intermediate Grammar in Use.. Cambridge University Press United Kingdom. 2000.

UNIDAD TEMÁTICA COMPETENCIA EVIDENCIAS DE DESEMPEÑO CRITERIOS DE


EVALUACIÓN
I. El pasado y el futuro Describe acontecimientos y  Diseño de propuesta de bien o Producción oral 40%
planes al utilizar estructuras servicio  Presentación
complejas  Línea de tiempo  Contenido
 Redacción de correo electrónico  Uso adecuado del
II. Bienes y servicios Expone los  Organizador gráfico tema
factores que determinan el éxito  Escrito que incluya las razones  Producción escrita 60%
de un producto a través del de éxito del bien o servicio  Gramática
diseño de un bien o servicio  Reporte escrito  Puntuación
III. Retos y logros Explica los retos y logros a través Redacción del proceso  Ortografía
de la descripción de un proceso Organizador gráfico  Vocabulario
Redacción de reseñas  Estructura del
ensayo
 Organización
 Estilo
Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 2
Diagnostic evaluation

1. My mother ___________ me to explain her about the environmental problems.


a. has b. gets c. ask

2. I can ___________ my English teacher explain me the lesson.


a. have b. get c. ask

3. Where can I have my ______________?


a. watch fix b. watch fixing c. watch fixed

4. Can you tell me ___________ understand Maths?


a. how can I b. how to c. how I can

5. Tony has _____________ his girlfriend because she is very stubborn.


a. break up with b. broken with c. broken up with

6. My little sister ________________ our pets while I was in the hospital.


a. took care off b. cared c. take care off

7. There is no room in this car, what about ____________ to the library?


a. going b. go c. to to

8. You have failed your Chemistry exam. One thing you could do is _____________.
a. take extra classes b. to take extra classes c. crying

9. World War I began _________ 1914. Over a century ago.


a. during b. since c. in

10. I have studied an engineering ___________ a year ago.


a. Since b. From c. During

11. I will ______________ a Master degree by 2020.


a. be study b. study c. be studying

12. She ___________________her major in two more years.


a. will have finished b. will finish c. will be finish

I. What are they?


1- Who repair cars? _______________ 8- Who sells houses? _______________
2- Who drives a taxi? _______________ 9- Who writes novels? _______________
3- Who catches criminals? _______________ 10- Who works with cells? _______________
4- Who makes bread? _______________ 11- Who works with prosthesis? _______________
5- Who repairs clothes? _______________ 12- Who works in the food industry? _______________.
6- Who picks up the garbage? _______________ 13- Who helps the environment? _______________
7- Who works in a newspaper? _______________ 14- Who know about medicines? _______________

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 3


1.2 Causatives
Use the causative to show that one person causes another person to do something.
Have
[have + person + verb]
USE
This construction means "to give someone the responsibility to do something."
Examples:
 Dr. Smith had his nurse __________ (take) the patient's temperature.

 Please have your secretary ___________ (fax) me the information.

 I had the mechanic ______________ (chick) the brakes.


Get
[get + person + to + verb]
USE
This construction usually means "to convince to do something" or "to trick someone into doing something."
Examples:
 Susie got her son ___________ (to take) the medicine even though it tasted terrible.
 How can parents get their children ___________ (to read) more?

 The government TV commercials are trying to get people _____________ (to stop) smoking.

Get vs. Have


Sometimes "get someone to do something" is interchangeable with "have someone do something," but these expressions do
not mean exactly the same thing.
Examples:
 I got the mechanic ____________ (to check) my brakes.
AT FIRST THE MECHANIC DIDN'T THINK IT WAS NECESSARY, BUT I CONVINCED HIM TO CHECK THE BRAKES.
 I had the mechanic ____________ (check) my brakes.
I ASKED THE MECHANIC TO CHECK THE BRAKES.
Fuente de consulta: http://goo.gl/BN1wMW

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u53xdjlHn0g (Explanation)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tY8ch2SdTw8 (Explanation)
https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/causatives-exercise-1.html (Exercises-passive form)
https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/causatives-exercise-2.html (Exercise-active form)

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 4


II. Change the setnences so that they use the streucture “have someone do something” or “get someone to do something”.
1. The cleaner cleaned the house (get) _________________________________________.
2. The taxi diriver picked us up. (have) _________________________________________.
3. Jim and I arrived on time (get) _________________________________________.
4. The mechanic fixed the car. (have) _________________________________________.
5. The teacher explained us the lesson. (get) _________________________________________.
6. My mother looked after me and my sister (have) _________________________________________.
7. The waiter brought some drinks. (get) _________________________________________.
8. The nurse took me temperature. (have) _________________________________________.
9. The dentist cleaned my teeth. (get) _________________________________________.
10. The secretary typed my report (have) _________________________________________.

III. Imagine you want to have someone do these things for you. Write questions using the active form of have and get.
1. Explain my Calculus lesson ____Do you know where I can get someone to explain my Calculus lesson?
2. Fix my bike ____________________________________________________?
3. Borrow a book ____________________________________________________?
4. Type my essay ____________________________________________________?
5. Take care of my pet ____________________________________________________?
6. Explain my English homework _________________________________________________________?
7. Repair my cellphone _________________________________________________________?
8. Get my passport _________________________________________________________?

IV. Rewrite these sentences using have or get using the passive.
1. The mechanic changed the oil in my car.
___I had the oil changed by the mechanic_____________________________________
2. The hairdresser cut my hair in a completely different style.
_______________________________________________________________________
3. A decorator has repainted our house.
_______________________________________________________________________
4. A friend of mine, who´s an electrician, is going to repair my DVD player next week.
_______________________________________________________________________
5. My jacket is being cleaned at a specialist cleaner´s.
_______________________________________________________________________
6. My teacher has explained me the lesson
_______________________________________________________________________
7. My best friend organized my birthday party.
_______________________________________________________________________
Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 5
V. Match each phrasal verb in these sentences with its meaning.
Phrasal verbs Meanings
1. Jennifer has broken up with her boyfriend. a. Be excited for something to happen
2. Kevin came up with a great idea for our class reunion. b. End a romantic relationship
3. I’m not looking forward to typing my essay. Maybe I’ll get it done c. to do whatever is necessary to stay
professionally. equal with sth
4. My doctor says I’m overweight. I should cut down on fatty foods. d. Tolerate something you don’t like
5. Rob can’t keep up with the students in his Mandarin class. He should get
e. Reduce the quantity of something
a tutor.
f. Have a good relationship with
6. I can’t put up with the noise on my street! I’ll have to move
someone
7. My girlfriend doesn’t get along with her roommate. They’re always
g. Be responsible for something
fighting
8. Bill can’t take care of his own finances. He has an accountant manage his
h. Think of something; develop an idea
money.

VI. Choose the appropriate options to complete the sentences


1. Sally made me ---- my shoes before I went into her 5. Her dress was too long, so she had it ----.
house. She said she wanted to keep the carpet clean. a. shorten b. shortened
a. take off b. to take off 6. You'd better have a plumber ---- the leak in the
2. I see that you have no time to clean the house on bathroom. a. repair b. repaired
your own so you had better get somebody ---- it for 7. Instead of buying a new pair of shoes, I had my old
you. a. done b. to do ones ----. a. repair b. repaired
3. What you should do before an emergency occurs is 8. I got everyone in the family ---- Mary's birthday card
to get your fire alarm ---- that will also make you feel before I sent it to her. a. sign b. to sign
safer. a. to fix b. fixed 9. I didn't have any time so I had my sister ---- my paper
4. She had to have her phone number ---- because she last night. a. type b. to type
was receiving obscene calls from a stranger. 10. The teacher got the students ---- the first quatrain of
a. change b. changed the poem to make it easy to memorize.
a. write b. to write
1.3 Making suggestions
There are some expressions that can help you make suggestions with gerunds, infinitives, modals plus verbs, and negative
questions.
 There is no room in the classroom. What about studying in the library?
 You have a lot of problems with calculus. Have you thought about joining a math club?
 Yesterday I had a terrible stomachache. It might be a good idea to go to the doctor.
 You haven’t attended to the classes. One thing you could do is (to) ask for the notes to someone in the class.
 There is no internet here. Maybe we could go to CAE.
 You haven’t eaten breakfast. Why don’t you join us in the cafeteria?

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 6


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cWSOjLYHLFg (Explanation)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2zyca6fGo4A (Example)
VII. Think about some solutions for these problems:
1. How can I build self-confidence? _____________________________________________________
2. What could help me be easygoing? _____________________________________________________
3. How can I lose weight? _____________________________________________________
4. What can I do to save money? _____________________________________________________
5. How can I improve my English? _____________________________________________________
6. How can I get along with my mom? _____________________________________________________

VIII. Listen to three different suggestions for each problem in the chart. Write down them.
PROBLEM BEST SUGGESTION

IX. Complete the letter that best complete the next paragraph using the quiz on line.
TEXT 1
Aspirin (1) ---- to lower fever, relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and thin the blood. Common conditions (2) ----
with aspirin include headache, muscle and joint pain. Aspirin is believed to act against fever, pain, and
inflammation by interfering (3) ---- the synthesis of specific prostaglandins in the body. (4) ---- its ability to inhibit
the formation of blood clots, aspirin is also used in law doses to prevent heart attack and stroke and to control
unstable angina. The drug's usefulness in preventing certain cancers, the dangerous high blood pressure (5) ----
sometimes occurs during pregnancy and migraine headaches is also under investigation.

TEXT 2
History, (6) ---- its broadest sense, is the story of humanity's past. It also refers (7) ---- the recording of that past.
The (8) ---- sources of history include books, newspapers, printed documents, personal papers (9) ---- oral
accounts. Historians use this material to form coherent narratives and uncover linked sequences and patterns in
past events. (10) ---- histories are concerned with causality, that is, why certain outcomes happened as they did,
and how they are linked to earlier events.

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 7


X. Fill in the puzzle with the appropriate word.

WEAPONS
4 9
3 5
6

2
10

1
1. Arco
2. Flecha
3. Daga VERBS
4. Pistola 2
5. Gatillo 3 9
6. Bala 8
7. Espada 6
8. Cuchillo 7
9. Escudo
10. Lanza 4
5 1
10

1. Abrazar
2. Superar
3. Afeitarse
4. Empapar
5. Apostar
6. Barrer
7. Tartamudear
8. Bostezar
9. Cargar
10. Masticar

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 8


XI. Discuss the following five statements and decide if they are true of false.
1. INTERPOL is an international police force.
2. It is more than 100 years old.
3. It is based in the United States.
4. More than 150 countries are members.
5. It investigates international criminal cases.

Read the information below and check your answers.

XII. Complete the text with an appropriate verb from the box.
Lived has lived has been living was living had lived used to live
Melvin Patterson 1. _____________________ in luxurious rented apartment in different parts of the world but
since November 15, 2000, the 2. _____________________ in a prison near Toronto. He 3. _________________ in
almost all capitals of Europe and Latin America as well as New York, and now Toronto.
He appeared to be a respectable businessman, but he was really a swindler, who tricked people into investing in
companies which did not exist. From March to October, 2000, he 4. ______________________ in a penthouse in
Toronto. What he did not know was that a policeman 5. _________________________ in the building across the
street. In his computer he had a collection of photographs and descriptions of Patterson from the INTERPOL
database collected from all the countries he 6. __________________________ and swindled in. It was the end of
the road for one more international criminal.

1.4 Time expressions


Complete the following sentences:

1. World War I began __________ 1914 / ________ the 1900s / over a century ______.
2. The United Nations has been in existence _______ 1945 / _________ the last 80 years
3. The Beatles were together _______ 10 years/ ________1960 ______ 1970.

During, ago, are used to refer to a point of time in the past.


Since, for, are used to refer to a period of time that continues into the present.
From…to, are used to refer to a period of time in the past.

XIII. Complete the paragraphs with words from the grammar box.
Rock music has been popular ________ more than 50 years. The Beatles were a well-known English band
__________ the 1960s. They performed together _________ ten years -_________ 1960 ___________ 1970.
In 2003, the Beatles released another album, even thought two of the original member had already die.
The album was recorded _________ 1969, nearly 40 years __________.

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 9


____________ 2003, the United States launched two Mars exploration spacecraft. Their mission,
which lasted ___________ more than a year, was a gather information about the rocks, soil, and
atmosphere on Mars using rovers called Spirit and Opportunity. The rovers functioned longer
than anyone expected – scientist thought they would last ___________ only four months on
Mars. ___________ that time they have sent back thousands of live pictures of the surface of
Mars.

The history of video games goes as far back as the early 1950s, when academic computer scientists began
designing simple games and simulations as part of their research. Video gaming did not reach mainstream
popularity 1._________ the 1970s and 1980s, when video arcade games and gaming consoles using joysticks,
buttons, and other controllers, along with graphics on computer screens and home computer games were
introduced to the general public. 2.________ the 1980s, video gaming has become a popular form of
entertainment and a part of modern popular culture in most parts of the world. One of the early games was
Spacewar!, which was developed by computer scientists. Early arcade video games developed 3._______ 1972
_____ 1978. 4._________ the 1970s, the first generation of home consoles emerged, including the popular game
Pong and various "clones". The 1970s was also the era of mainframe computer games. The golden age of arcade
video games was 5_______ 1978 ______ 1982. Video arcades with large, graphics-decorated coin-operated
machines were common at malls and popular, affordable home consoles such as the Atari 2600 and Intellivision
enabled people to play games on their home TVs. 6__________ the 1980s, gaming computers, early online
gaming and handheld LCD games emerged; this era was affected by the video game crash of 1983. 7_______
1976 _____ 1992, the second generation of video consoles emerged.

XIV. Define the following words and give an example per each one.
1. Achievement The ___________ of a body in the undergrowth started a murder enquiry
2. Assassination If you don't patent your ___________, other people may make all the profit out of it.
3. Disaster An Olympic silver medal is a remarkable _______________ for one so young.
4. Discovery Crime and poverty are __________ in the city.
5. Epidemic President Kennedy's ________________ had far-reaching repercussions.
6. Invention Everything was going smoothly until suddenly ___________ struck

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 10


FUTURE TENSES
There are several different ways in English that you can talk about the future. This page is an introduction to the
most important ones:
- Predictions/statements of fact (will)
- Intentions (be going to / future progressive)
- Arrangements (future perfect)
Predictions/statements of fact
The auxiliary verb will is used in making predictions or simple statements of fact about the future.
 The sun will rise at 6.30 tomorrow.
 Lunch break today will be 10 minutes longer than usual.
 In the year 2050 all students will have their own computers in school.
 If you help me, I will help you.
 Do you think she will come soon?
 You won't pass your exams if you don't start working harder.
 I know my parents won't let me go to the party.
 Will it snow for Christmas?
 I know she's sick, but will she be back in school tomorrow?

Intentions
The auxiliary verb going to is used in talking about intentions. (An intention is a plan for the future that you have
already thought about.)
 We're going to buy a new car next month.
 I'm going to work in a bank when I leave school.
 In the new year I'm going to stop eating so much junk.
 He's not going to go to the dance. He's got too much work.
 I'm not going to watch TV until my science project is finished.
 Are you going to play basketball after school?
 What are you going to have for lunch today?

Future progressive
We use will/wont + be + verbing (present participle) when we know that an action will be in progress at some
time in the future or to describe something that has been pre-arranged.
1. Don’t phone me before 12:00. I will be meeting with a client.

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 11


2. You can take my car tomorrow. I won’t be using it.
3. This time next year, we will be living in our new home.
Arragements
Future perfect
It expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that
something will happen before a specific time in the future.
Examples:
 By next November, I will have received my promotion.

 By the time he gets home, she is going to have cleaned the entire house.
 I am not going to have finished this test by 3 o'clock.

 Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing?

 Sam is probably going to have completed the proposal by the time he leaves this afternoon.

 By the time I finish this course, I will have taken ten tests.
 How many countries are you going to have visited by the time you turn 50?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7gk5yJEeBE (Explanation)

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 12


XV. Put the verbs into the correct form (future I progressive or perfect).
1. At midnight we (sleep) __________________________.
2. By 9 o'clock we (cook) _________________________ dinner.
3. This time next week we (sit) ___________________________ at the beach.
4. They (eat) ___________________________ by then.
5. At nine I (watch) ___________________________ the news.
6. In one week he (cross) _______________________the Atlantic by boat.
7. Tonight we (cram up) ___________________________ for our English test.
8. She (go) _________________________________ home at noon.
9. They (dance) ______________________________ all night.
10. Jane (not / finish) _________________________ her work.
11. He (not / play) _________________________________all afternoon.
12. The sun (not / rise) ________________________ by 4 o'clock.
13. I (not / work) _________________________________all day by then.
14. Fred (not / return) ______________________from his holiday by Monday.
15. (eat / you) ___________________________ at six?
16. (do / you) ________________________ the washing up by six o'clock?
17. (drive / she) ________________________ to London next month?
18. Our boss (not / leave) _____________________ the office yet.
19. (fight / they) _________________________ again?
20. (buy / she) _______________________ the new car by 2025?

XVI. Complete the sentences using the future continuous or perfect.


1. They got married in May of 1970. By June of 2020, they will have been married for over 50 years.
2. I have been studying for five years, next year I will be finishing my major.
3. His last exam is next 16. By the end of the month, he _____________________________________________.
4. Her new job starts next month. In December, she ________________________________________________.
5. She’s 50 and her children graduate from high school this year. By the time she’s 52, her children
________________________________________________________________________________________.
6. This exercise normally takes 15 minutes. In 15 minutes, we _________________________________________.
7. We bought this house nine years ago. Next year, we ______________________________________________.
8. Her driving test is tomorrow at 3:00 pm. At 4:00 pm, I hope she _____________________________________.

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 13


XVII. Complete the conversation with the phrases below

Frederick: So, Mike, when do you finish your major?


Mike: 1. ______________________________.
Frederick: Great! 2. ______________________ right away.
Mike: Un, not exactly , sir. I think I’ll probably do some traveling.
Frederick: Ah, excellent. Check out job opportunities in other cities, right?
Mike: Uh, no, not really. When I graduate 3. ___________________. 4. _____________________, so I’d like
to take a break first.
Frederick: Oh, I see. Well, a short break is probably a good idea. 5. _____________________, I guess.
Mike: No, sir. In September I will have just started my trip. I plan to take a year to backpack from Canada to
Brazil.
Frederick: Oh! Well, it’s not what we did in my day. Still, you’ll be seeing a lot of different places and things on
your trip. 6. _______________________, I’m sure.

a. You’ll be looking for a job in the fall then


b. I will have been in school for 23 years
c. I’ll be working for the rest of my life
d. I graduate in June , sir
e. It will be very educational
f. I suppose you’ll want to get a job

XVIII. Find information about a RELATIVE you admire and answer these questions:
 When and where was he/she born?
 Where did he lived his/her childhood?
 What did he /he study (most important studies)?
 What is this person important for you or why you admire him/her?
 How and when did he or she become famous?
 What are his or her most important achievement?
With the information you have got, write a biography about the person you chose and upload your writing to
classroom. THE WRITING SHOULD BE DONE BY HAND.

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 14


XIX. Answers according to what the interviewer wants to know about you.

1. What do you enjoy most/least about engineering?

2. Where do you see yourself ten years from now?

3. What new engineering specialty skills have you developed during the past year?

4. What do you get out of engineering that you couldn’t get from any other kind of work?

5. On your last project assignment, what problems did you identify that had been previously overlooked?

6. What personal characteristics do you feel are necessary to be a successful engineer?

7. Describe an experience with a difficult classmate. How did you handle the situation?

JUST TO KNOW
What does a job-interviewer wants to know with these questions:

1. The interviewer is trying to gauge your general attitude towards work.


2. Your potential employer will want to be sure that you aren’t going to move on to another job too soon.
3. As an engineer, it’s important to keep up to date with changes in the industry and technological
advances. This question is designed to find out if you are proactive in procuring new knowledge or
learning new skills.
4. The employer wants to gain an understanding of what motivates you to move forward in your career.
5. Your potential employer will want to determine what you contribute to a team.
6. This question is really an assessment of your values. Your potential employer may be trying to get a feel
for your character.
7. They want to analyze your emotional stability and how you act under pressure, as well as how you treat
classmates.
Fuente: https://goo.gl/FKILAV

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 15


XX. Study the passage, and then read the questions. Look at the sentences below each question and decide which one is the
correct answer to the question. Click on the correct answer.
Chemists design materials to fit specific needs. Often they find inspiration in nature. In 1948, while hiking through
the woods of his native Switzerland, George de Mestral took a close look at the pesky burrs that stuck to his
clothing. When he looked at the burrs under magnification, he saw that each burr was covered with many tiny
hooks that could latch on to tiny loops in the woven cloth of his clothing. George had a weaver make two cloth
tapes. On the surface of one tape were hooks, and on the surface of the other tapes were loops that the hooks
could fit into. In 1955 George patented the design for his hook-and-loop tapes. These tapes are used as fasteners
for items such as shoes and gloves.
This story illustrates two different ways of looking at the world - the macroscopic view and the microscopic view.
The burrs that George de Mestral used as a model for his tapes are small compared to many objects in nature.
However, they were large enough for George to see. Burrs belong to the macroscopic world, the world of objects
that are large enough to see with the unaided eye. George needed more than his own vision to see the hooks on
a burr. The hooks belong to the microscopic world, or the world of objects that can only be seen under
magnification.

1. What is a burr? 4. How did the Mestral discover burrs were


a. A small flying insect that sucks the blood from covered in hooks?
people. a. The hooks were left in his clothing.
b. A large strong animal with thick fur. b. He could see them clearly with his bare eyes.
c. A net of thin threads made by a spider. c. He used a magnifying glass or a microscope.
d. The seed container of a plant, covered in sharp d. He consulted an encyclopedia of plants.
point.
5. How is the Mestral’s discovery useful?
2. The text tries to do all these except: a. It proved that the burrs’ hooks could only be
a. Explain how an idea became an invention seen under magnification.
b. Explain the benefits of hiking as a way of b. It allowed him to prevent burrs getting stuck to
becoming inspired. clothing..
c. Explain the difference between macroscopic c. It allowed him to invent fasteners for clothes.
and microscopic vies of the world. d. It changed the way scientists look at things.
d. Explain that chemists often get ideas from
observing nature.

3. The purpose of the story about George of


Mestral is to:
a. show that annoying things is nature can be
changed into useful inventions.
b. show that there are two different ways of
looking at the world.
c. explain that scientist must not forget to use
their microscopes.
d. explain that ideas can come to scientist at any
time.

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XXI. Listen to the Word, followed by a short conversation. Choose the letter of the definition of the Word as it’s used in
the conversation you hear. Finally register your answer in the quiz on line.
Word ____________ Word _____________
1. A. encounter 4. A. seven days
B. animal fresh B. fatigued
Word _____________ Word ______________
2. A. exchange for goods for money. 5. A. letters
B. sheet of canvas used to catch the wind. B. man
Word _____________
3. A. people who work on a ship or plane
B. trip on a ship

XXII. Read the following words and the four possible meanings for each. Listen to the spoken sentence and circle the
letter of the meaning that is used the sentence you heard. Remember to register your answers on line.
1. Simple 6. Degree
A. Easy A. Step
B. Plain B. Academic qualifications
C. Innocent C. Angle
D. Feebleminded D. Level of heat
2. Board 7. Major
A. Piece of wood A. Army officer
B. Get on a transportation vehicle B. Musical scale
C. Meals supplied on a regular basis C. More important
D. Group of people controlling a business D. A university student’s specialization
3. Kid 8. Spring
A. Baby goat A. Time of year
B. Young child B. Stream
C. Tease C. Leap
D. Leather D. Coil
4. Beat 9. Volume
A. Route A. Loudness
B. Rhythm B. Large mass
C. Hit C. Amount of space
D. Defeat D. One of a set of books
5. Common 10. Sound
A. Ordinary A. Noise
B. Ill-bred B. Healthy
C. General C. Dependable
D. Shared D. Body of water.

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 17


Study guide English II 1st mid-term

I. Complete each sentence with the passive causative.

1. We _____________________________ (have/the sign/enlarge) tomorrow the printer is closed today.


2. Don’t ___________________________ (get/your film/process) there. They’ve lost my film twice!
3. Last week I ___________________________ (have/my blouse/dry-clean), and now it looks like new.
4. Bill’s pants were too long, but then yesterday he _________________________ (get/them/shorten).

II. Circle the word or phrase that best completes each sentence.

1. You can have someone do / does / to do that for you


2. The lawyer will have them signed / sign / to sign the papers.
3. She got a service to clean / cleaned / clean her house before the party
4. Why don’t you get someone helped / to help / help you?
5. Mrs. Oliver always has people to do / did / do whatever she wants.

III. What can I do…?

1. If I lost the tickets for next weekend concert? ___________________go with someone who got them too_.
2. If my girlfriend is pregnant? _______________________________________taking care of the baby_.
3. If I have troubles with math? ______________________________________________________________.
4. If my friends ask me to rob a cell phone? _____________________________ talk to him not to do so.
5. If I need to make some money? ______________________________to get a part time job.

IV. Write a sentence with each of the following three-word phrasal verbs.

1. Break up with __________________________________________________.


2. Come up with __________________________________________________.
3. Look forward to __________________________________________________.
4. Cut down on __________________________________________________.
5. Keep up with __________________________________________________.
6. Put up with __________________________________________________.
7. Get along with __________________________________________________.
8. Take care of __________________________________________________.

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V. Circle the best verb from in the text.

Things are changing very quickly right now. In twenty years time, I think a. we’ll be using / we’ll have used
electric cars and b. we won’t need / we won’t have needed to do things ourselves so much. Scientists c. will
have improved / will improve other forms of energy production, like solar energy, and d. we won’t be using /
we won’t have used so much oil. Because of things like electric cars, the atmosphere e.will have become / will
be becoming much cleaner. Most people f. will have / will have had videophones. I’m not sure if our house
g.will have changed / will be changing very much but h. we’ll have lived / we’ll be living in much easier times.

VI. Complete the text using the verbs in parentheses.


I can’t wait! By the time next week, I 1.___________________ (finish) all my exams and I 2._________________
(sit) in the park with my friends. I 3.__________________ (try) to study two or three hours every evening before
the exams. I think I 4._____________________ (work). I get good enough grades, I 5._______________ (apply)
for a job at a large multinational company. I hope I 6.____________________ (not/live) at home anymore.
The human race 7._______ probably ________________..

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 19


Answer key Unit I 7. I have the teacher explain me the lesson. I have the lesson
Diagnostic evaluation explained by the teacher.
1. B 2. A 3. C 4.C 5. C 6. A 7. A 8. B 9. C 10. A 11. C 12. A
Exercise V
Exercise I 1. Put up with
1. A mechanic 2. Cut down on
2. A taxi driver 3. Look forward to
3. A policeman 4. Take care of
4. A baker 5. Broken up with
5. A tailor 6. Get along with
6. A dustman 7. Come up with
7. A journalist 8. Keep up with
8. An state agent
9. A novelist Exercise VI
10. A biotechnology engineer 1.a; 2.b; 3.b; 4. b; 5. b; 6. a; 7. b; 8. b; 9. a; 10. b;
11. A biomedical engineer
12. A food engineer Exercise VII
13. An environmental engineer
14. A pharmaceutical engineer Exercise VIII
1.How to overcome shyness-to see a therapist, to get some books, to
join a club and do activities to meet people 2. How to stop biting your
Exercise II
fingernails-to wear bright nail polish, to find someone else to do when
1. I got the cleaner to clean the house. you’re stressed. 3. How to organize a busy schedule-to make a list, to
2. We had the taxi driver pick us up. use a bulleting board to organize your schedule, to write your activities
3. I got him to arrive on time. on slips of paper, to get professional help.
4. I had the mechanic fix the car.
5. We got the teacher to explain us the lesson. Exercise XIX
6. My sister and I had my moeher look after us. WEAPONS VERBS
7. I got the waiter to bring some dirnks. 1. Bow 1. Hug
8. I had the nurse take temperature. 2. Arrow 2. Overcome
9. I got the dentist to clean my teeth. 3. Dagger 3. Shave
10. I had the secretary type my report. 4. Gun 4. Soak
5. Trigger 5. Bet
Exercise III 6. Bullet 6. Sweep
1. Do you know where I can get someone to explain my 7. Sword 7. Stammer
Calculus lesson? 8. Knife 8. Yawn
2. Do you know where I can get someone to fix my bike? 9. Shield 9. Load
3. Can you tell me where I can have someone borrow a book 10. Spear 10. chew
form?
4. Do you know where I can get someone to type my essay? Exercise X
5. Can you tell me where I can have someone take care of my 1F; 2F; 3F; 4T; 5F
pet?
6. Do you know where I can have someone explain my English Time expressions
homework? in/during; for; from-to; in; ago. In; for; for; in/during
7. Can you tell me where I can get someone to repair my
cellphone?
Exercise XIII
8. Do you know where I can have someone get my passport?
1. Until
Exercise IV 2. Since
1. I have the mechanic change the oil in my car./ I have the oil 3. From /to
changed by the mechanic. 4. During
2. I get the hairdresser to cut my hair in a completely 5. During
different style. / I get my hair cut by the hairdresser. 6. From / to
3. I have a decorator repaint our house. / I have my house
repainted by a decorator. 1. Until
4. I get a friend of mine to repair my DVD player. / I get my 2. During
DVD player repaired by a friend of mine. 3. From – to
5. I have a specialist cleaner’s clean my jacket. / I have my 4. During
jacket cleaned by a specialist cleaner’s. 5. From – to
6. The council get someone to rebuild the town hall. The 6. During.
council get the Town hall rebuilt. 7. From - to

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10. Will have not finished
Exercise XIV 11. Will be playing
1. Discovery 12. Won’t have risen
2. Invention 13. Won’t have worked
3. Achievement 14. Will be returning
4. Epidemic 15. Will – have eaten
5. Assassination 16. Will – be doing
6. Disaster 17. Will – drive
18. Won’t have left
Exercise XV 19. Will they fight
1. Will be sleeping 20. Will she buy
2. Will have cooked
3. Will be sitting Exercise XVII
4. Will have eaten 1-d; 2-f; 3-b; 4-c; 5-a; 6-e
5. Will be watching
6. Will have crossed
7. Will be cramming up
8. Will have gone
9. Will be dancing .

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 21


Fuentes de consulta

 The Heinemann ELT TOEFLS Preparation course. M. Kathleen Mahnke & Carolyn B. Duffy. Ed. Macmillan
Heinemann.1996
 Cambridge Preparation for the TOEFL test. Jolene Gear y Robert Gear. Ed. Cambridge University Press.
1996.
 Crucigramas para aumentar vocabulario Juega en Inglés. Víctor Hugo Chávez. Ed. Selector. 2004
 Intermediate Grammar in Use. Martin Hewings. Ed Cambridge University Press.1999
 Intermediate Vocabulary and Idioms. B.J Thomas. Ed Longman. 1988
 Face2face Intermediate Student’s book. Nicholas Tims with Chris Redston & Gillie Cunningham. Ed.
Cambridge. 2006.
 Top Notch Workbook. Jan Saslow, Allen Ascher with Wendu Pratt Long. Ed Pearson Longman. 2006
 American Framework Advanced 1, Teacher’s book. Jon Riddle. Ed. Richmond Publishing. 2006
 Skyline 3 Teacher’s guide. Carol Lethaby and Margarita Matte. Ed. Macmillan. 2001
 Skyline 3 Grammar Resource Book. Lindsay Clandfield, Simon Brewster, Paul Davies and Mickey Rogers.
Ed. Macmillan. 2004
 Skyline 3 Workbook. Kate Fuscoe, Simon Brewster, Paul Davies, Mickey Rogers. Ed Macmillan. 2001

Elaborado por: M en E Ma. del Rosario L. de Guevara Inglés II 22