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INTELLECTUAL REVOLUTIONS

MR. JONAS T. HINGCO


STS 1 INSTRUCTOR
COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nicolaus-Copernicus
https://www.livingpaintings.org/factsheet-charles-darwin
LEARNING OUTCOME
• At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:
• describe the different paradigm shifts in history

https://lms.tuit.co.za/courses/108/pages/learning-outcomes-of-modern-project-management-module
OUTLINE

• Intellectual Revolutions
• Copernican Revolution
• Darwinian Revolution
• Freuidian Revolution

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1999/10/beyond-the-information-revolution/304658/
INTRODUCTION

• Intellectual Revolution is a period in the history of


Science & Technology when people's perceptions and
traditional beliefs are changed in favor of an opposite
and novel idea.
• Described by the philosopher Thoman Kuhn in his
book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions as a
"paradigm shift".

https://www.ilikewallpaper.net/iphone-8-wallpaper/realistic-solar-system-planets-rendering/34726
http://web.colby.edu/continuingrevolutions/events/darwinian-revolution/
https://www.pinterest.ph/pin/465981892672924031/
THE COPERNICAN REVOLUTION

• Its main principle is Earth is not special in a cosmological sense.


• Seriously challenged the traditional Ptolemaic model
• Rediscovered by Nicolaus Copernicus, authored in De Revolutionibus
• It was not well accepted by scholars or the public. It violated the religious teaching of the time.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cellarius_Harmonia_macrocosica_1708_Scenographia_systematis_Copernicani.jpg
http://scuolastudisuperiori.unimc.it/it/news/seminario-guy-consolmagno-studying-planets-from-medieval-to-modern-times/image/image_view_fullscreen
THE COPERNICAN
REVOLUTION
Galileo Galilei's observations of the sun,
the moon and the planets Venus and
Jupiter provided the necessary evidence
to prove Copernicus' theory.
Unfortunately, these findings led to his
house arrest later in his life.

https://www.biography.com/news/galileo-discoveries-theories-modern-physics-astronomy
https://canvas.instructure.com/courses/1227496/pages/galileo-galilei?module_item_id=14981398
DARWINIAN
REVOLUTION
The Darwinian revolution challenged
traditional views of a young Earth
inhabited by unchanging species
Charles Darwin's journey on the
Galapagos Island led to his publication of
the book On the Origin of Species, which
focused on the process of natural
selection

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-Darwin/The-private-man-and-the-public-debate
https://paulbondart.com/paintings/description/a-bemused-charles-darwin-adorned-by-six-magpies/
“Release the unconscious” FREUDIAN The Freudian Revolution may be viewed
as the discovery of a way of locating in
became the key
REVOLUTION the mind objective entities which can be
studied like physical things.

https://corewellceu.com/event/live-psychotherapy-in-action-1
CONCLUSION

These Intellectual revolutions


created what we called a
"paradigm shift" that changed
our perspectives and view of
the world as what it is and
helped shaped our society as
what it is today.

https://www.sciencea-z.com/main/ProcessResource/unit/87/process-science/grades-3-4/draw-conclusions
https://favpng.com/png_view/have-you-got-any-questions-clip-art-question-mark-image-png/zJ2t5sw5
REFERENCES
• McNamara, D.J., Valverde, M.S., & Beleno, R.B. (2018).Science, Technology and Society. C
& E Publishing, Inc.

• Bautista, D.H.S., Burce, N.S., Dungo, J.M., Garcia, C.S., Imson, J.B., Labog, R.A., Salazar,
F.J.B. & Santos, J.L. (2018). Science, Technology and Society. Maxcor Publishing House,
Inc.
QUESTIONS?
"If you don't like something, change
it; if you can't change it, change the
way you think about it."
- Mary Engelbreit
THANK YOU!
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