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EJEMPLO 1

n= 8
p= 0.04
Prob. Éxito P. Fracaso Prob. Acum CALC. MANUAL
X f(x)=P(X=x) 1-f(x) P(X≤x) P(X=x) P(X≤x)
0 0.721389579 0.278610421 0.721389579 0.721389578984 0.721389578984
1 0.240463193 0.759536807 0.961852772 0.240463192995 0.961852771978
2 0.035067549 0.964932451 0.996920321 0.035067548978 0.996920320957
3 0.0029222957 0.9970777043 0.9998426167 0.002922295748 0.999842616705
4 0.0001522029 0.9998477971 0.9999948196 0.000152202904 0.999994819609
5 5.0734301E-06 0.9999949266 0.999999893 5.073430118E-06 0.999999893039
6 1.0569646E-07 0.9999998943 0.9999999987 1.056964608E-07 0.999999998735
7 1.2582912E-09 0.9999999987 1 1.2582912E-09 0.999999999993
8 6.5536E-12 1 1 6.5536E-12 1
SUMA 1 1

Con la acum Con las exac


c) P(X>2)= 0.003079679 0.003079679
e) Entre 2 y 3 personas sufran dolores de cabeza:
P(2≤X≤3)= 0.0379898447 0.0379898447
0 0.721389578984 0.278610421016 0.72138957898 0.72138957898 0.72138957898
1 0.240463192995 0.759536807005 0.96185277198 0.24046319299 0.96185277198
2 0.035067548978 0.964932451022 0.99692032096 0.03506754898 0.99692032096
3 0.002922295748 0.997077704252 0.99984261671 0.00292229575 0.99984261671
4 0.000152202904 0.999847797096 0.99999481961 0.0001522029 0.99999481961
5 5.073430118E-06 0.99999492657 0.99999989304 5.07343012E-06 0.99999989304
6 1.056964608E-07 0.999999894304 0.99999999874 1.05696461E-07 0.99999999874
7 1.2582912E-09 0.999999998742 1 1.2582912E-09 1
8 6.5536E-12 0.999999999993 1 6.5536E-12 1

n= 20
p= 0.2 manual
prob éxito prob fracaso prob acum prob éxito prob fracaso
x f(x) = P(X=x) 1 - f(x) P(x <= x) f(x) = P(X=x) 1 - f(x)
0 0.011529215046 0.988470784954 0.01152921505 0.01152921505 0.98847078495
1 0.05764607523 0.94235392477 0.06917529028 0.05764607523 0.94235392477
2 0.136909428672 0.863090571328 0.20608471895 0.13690942867 0.86309057133
3 0.205364143008 0.794635856992 0.41144886196 0.20536414301 0.79463585699
4 0.218199401946 0.781800598054 0.6296482639 0.21819940195 0.78180059805
5 0.174559521557 0.825440478443 0.80420778546 0.17455952156 0.82544047844
6 0.109099700973 0.890900299027 0.91330748643 0.10909970097 0.89090029903
7 0.054549850487 0.945450149513 0.96785733692 0.05454985049 0.94545014951
8 0.02216087676 0.97783912324 0.99001821368 0.02216087676 0.97783912324
9 0.00738695892 0.99261304108 0.9974051726 0.00738695892 0.99261304108
10 0.002031413703 0.997968586297 0.9994365863 0.0020314137 0.9979685863
11 0.000461684933 0.999538315067 0.99989827123 0.00046168493 0.99953831507
12 8.656592484E-05 0.999913434075 0.99998483716 8.65659248E-05 0.99991343408
13 1.331783459E-05 0.999986682165 0.99999815499 1.33178346E-05 0.99998668217
14 1.664729324E-06 0.999998335271 0.99999981972 1.66472932E-06 0.99999833527
15 1.664729324E-07 0.999999833527 0.9999999862 1.66472932E-07 0.99999983353
16 1.300569784E-08 0.999999986994 0.9999999992 1.30056978E-08 0.99999998699
17 7.650410496E-10 0.999999999235 1 7.6504105E-10 0.99999999923
18 3.18767104E-11 0.999999999968 1 3.18767104E-11 1
19 8.388608E-13 0.999999999999 1 8.388608E-13 1
20 1.048576E-14 1 1 1.048576E-14 1
manual
prob acum 0.0025948274
P(x <= x)
0.01152921505 p(x >= 10) p(x<10) 1-p(x<10)
0.06917529028 0.99740517 0.0025948274
0.20608471895
0.41144886196 p(7 <= x <= 11)
0.6296482639 0.0865907848
0.80420778546
0.91330748643 p(x=8)
0.96785733692 0.02216087676
0.99001821368
0.9974051726
0.9994365863
0.99989827123
0.99998483716
0.99999815499
0.99999981972
0.9999999862
0.9999999992
1
1
1
1
Ejemplo 0) De pacientes en la enfermeria

λ= 6 λ= 10
CALC. MANUAL
X f(x)=P(X=x) P(X≤x) f(x)=P(X=x) P(X≤x) X f(x)=P(X=x)
0 0.002478752 0.00247875 0.0024787522 0.00247875 0 4.539993E-05
1 0.014872513 0.01735127 0.0148725131 0.01735127 1 0.0004539993
2 0.044617539 0.0619688 0.0446175392 0.0619688 2 0.0022699965
3 0.089235078 0.15120388 0.0892350784 0.15120388 3 0.007566655
4 0.133852618 0.2850565 0.1338526175 0.2850565 4 0.0189166374
5 0.160623141 0.44567964 0.160623141 0.44567964 5 0.0378332748
6 0.160623141 0.60630278 0.160623141 0.60630278 6 0.063055458
7 0.137676978 0.74397976 0.137676978 0.74397976 7 0.0900792257
8 0.103257734 0.84723749 0.1032577335 0.84723749 8 0.1125990321
9 0.068838489 0.91607598 0.068838489 0.91607598 9 0.1251100357
10 0.041303093 0.95737908 0.0413030934 0.95737908 10 0.1251100357
11 0.02252896 0.97990804 0.02252896 0.97990804 11 0.1137363961
12 0.01126448 0.99117252 0.01126448 0.99117252 12 0.0947803301
13 0.005198991 0.99637151 0.0051989908 0.99637151 13 0.0729079462
14 0.002228139 0.99859965 0.0022281389 0.99859965 14 0.0520771044
15 0.000891256 0.9994909 0.0008912556 0.9994909 15 0.0347180696
16 0.000334221 0.99982512 0.0003342208 0.99982512 16 0.0216987935
17 0.00011796 0.99994308 0.0001179603 0.99994308 17 0.0127639962
18 3.93201E-05 0.9999824 3.93201E-05 0.9999824 18 0.007091109
SUMA 0.999982403 0.999982403 19 0.0037321626
20 0.0018660813
21 0.0008886101
Ejerc. 4) a) P(X≤4) SUMA 0.9993003495
λ= 2 errores/pagina
CALC. MANUAL
X f(x)=P(X=x) P(X≤x) f(x)=P(X=x) P(X≤x)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
CALC. MANUAL
P(X≤x) f(x)=P(X=x) P(X≤x)
4.539993E-05 4.539993E-05 4.53999E-05
0.0004993992 0.0004539993 0.0004994
0.0027693957 0.0022699965 0.0027694
0.0103360507 0.007566655 0.01033605
0.0292526881 0.0189166374 0.02925269
0.0670859629 0.0378332748 0.06708596
0.1301414209 0.063055458 0.13014142
0.2202206466 0.0900792257 0.22022065
0.3328196788 0.1125990321 0.33281968
0.4579297145 0.1251100357 0.45792971
0.5830397502 0.1251100357 0.58303975
0.6967761463 0.1137363961 0.69677615
0.7915564764 0.0947803301 0.79155648
0.8644644226 0.0729079462 0.86446442
0.9165415271 0.0520771044 0.91654153
0.9512595967 0.0347180696 0.9512596
0.9729583902 0.0216987935 0.97295839
0.9857223864 0.0127639962 0.98572239
0.9928134954 0.007091109 0.9928135
0.996545658 0.0037321626 0.99654566
0.9984117393 0.0018660813 0.99841174
0.9993003495 0.0008886101 0.99930035
0.9993003495
Distribución Binomial

Ejericio 1
n= 15
p= 0.25
Función Manual
P. Éxito P. Fracaso P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Fracaso
x f(x) = P(x = x) 1 - f(x) P(x <= x) f(x) = P(x = x) 1 - f(x)
0 0.013363461 0.986636539 0.01336346101 0.013363461 0.986636539
1 0.0668173051 0.9331826949 0.08018076606 0.0668173051 0.9331826949
2 0.1559070451 0.8440929549 0.23608781118 0.1559070451 0.8440929549
3 0.2251990652 0.7748009348 0.46128687635 0.2251990652 0.7748009348
4 0.2251990652 0.7748009348 0.68648594152 0.2251990652 0.7748009348
5 0.1651459811 0.8348540189 0.85163192265 0.1651459811 0.8348540189
6 0.0917477673 0.9082522327 0.94337968994 0.0917477673 0.9082522327
7 0.0393204717 0.9606795283 0.98270016164 0.0393204717 0.9606795283
8 0.0131068239 0.9868931761 0.99580698553 0.0131068239 0.9868931761
9 0.0033980655 0.9966019345 0.99920505099 0.0033980655 0.9966019345
10 0.0006796131 0.9993203869 0.99988466408 0.0006796131 0.9993203869
11 0.0001029717 0.9998970283 0.99998763576 0.0001029717 0.9998970283
12 1.1441298E-05 0.9999885587 0.99999907706 1.1441298E-05 0.9999885587
13 8.8009983E-07 0.9999991199 0.99999995716 8.8009983E-07 0.9999991199
14 4.1909516E-08 0.9999999581 0.99999999907 4.1909516E-08 0.9999999581
15 9.3132257E-10 0.9999999991 1 9.3132257E-10 0.9999999991
Suma 1 1

a) P(3 <= x <= 6) 0.7072918788


b) P(x < 4) 0.4612868764
c) P(x > 5) 0.1483680774 0.14836807735
Ejericio 2
n= 7
p= 0.9
Manual Función Manual
P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Fracaso P. Acumulada P. Éxito
P(x <= x) x f(x) = P(x = x) 1 - f(x) P(x <= x) f(x) = P(x = x)
0.01336346101 0 1E-07 0.9999999 1E-07 1E-07
0.08018076606 1 6.3E-06 0.9999937 6.4E-06 6.3E-06
0.23608781118 2 0.0001701 0.9998299 0.0001765 0.0001701
0.46128687635 3 0.0025515 0.9974485 0.002728 0.0025515
0.68648594152 4 0.0229635 0.9770365 0.0256915 0.0229635
0.85163192265 5 0.1240029 0.8759971 0.1496944 0.1240029
0.94337968994 6 0.3720087 0.6279913 0.5217031 0.3720087
0.98270016164 7 0.4782969 0.5217031 1 0.4782969
0.99580698553 Suma 1 1
0.99920505099
0.99988466408 a) P(x = 5) 0.1240029
0.99998763576
0.99999907706
0.99999995716
0.99999999907
1
Ejercicio 3
n= 5
p= 0.6
Manual Función
P. Fracaso P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Fracaso P. Acumulada
1 - f(x) P(x <= x) x f(x) = P(x = x) 1 - f(x) P(x <= x)
0.9999999 1E-07 0 0.01024 0.98976 0.01024
0.9999937 6.4E-06 1 0.0768 0.9232 0.08704
0.9998299 0.0001765 2 0.2304 0.7696 0.31744
0.9974485 0.002728 3 0.3456 0.6544 0.66304
0.9770365 0.0256915 4 0.2592 0.7408 0.92224
0.8759971 0.1496944 5 0.07776 0.92224 1
0.6279913 0.5217031 Suma 1
0.5217031 1
a) P(x = 0) 0.01024
b) P(x < 2) 0.08704
c) P(x > 3) 0.33696
Manual
P. Éxito P. Fracaso P. Acumulada
f(x) = P(x = x) 1 - f(x) P(x <= x)
0.01024 0.98976 0.01024
0.0768 0.9232 0.08704
0.2304 0.7696 0.31744
0.3456 0.6544 0.66304
0.2592 0.7408 0.92224
0.07776 0.92224 1
1

0.33696
Ejercicio 4
λ= 2

Función Manual
P. Éxito P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Acumulada
x f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x) f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x)
0 0.1353352832 0.13533528324 0.1353352832 0.13533528324
1 0.2706705665 0.40600584971 0.2706705665 0.40600584971
2 0.2706705665 0.67667641618 0.2706705665 0.67667641618
3 0.1804470443 0.8571234605 0.1804470443 0.8571234605
4 0.0902235222 0.94734698266 0.0902235222 0.94734698266
5 0.0360894089 0.98343639152 0.0360894089 0.98343639152
6 0.012029803 0.99546619447 0.012029803 0.99546619447
7 0.0034370866 0.99890328103 0.0034370866 0.99890328103
8 0.0008592716 0.99976255267 0.0008592716 0.99976255267
9 0.0001909493 0.99995350192 0.0001909493 0.99995350192
10 3.818985E-05 0.99999169178 3.818985E-05 0.99999169178
11 6.943609E-06 0.99999863538 6.943609E-06 0.99999863538
12 1.157268E-06 0.99999979265 1.157268E-06 0.99999979265
13 1.780413E-07 0.99999997069 1.780413E-07 0.99999997069
14 2.543447E-08 0.99999999613 2.543447E-08 0.99999999613
15 3.391262E-09 0.99999999952 3.391262E-09 0.99999999952
Suma 1 1

a) P(x >= 4) 0.142876539 0.1428765395


b) P(x = 0) 0.1353352832
Ejercicio 5
λ= 5 (3 Días) → λ x 3 = 5 x 3

Función Manual Función


P. Éxito P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Acumulada P. Éxito
x f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x) f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x) x f(x) = P(x = x)
0 0.006737947 0.006737947 0.006737947 0.006737947 0 3.059023E-07
1 0.033689735 0.04042768199 0.033689735 0.04042768199 1 4.588535E-06
2 0.0842243375 0.12465201948 0.0842243375 0.12465201948 2 3.441401E-05
3 0.1403738958 0.2650259153 0.1403738958 0.2650259153 3 0.0001720701
4 0.1754673698 0.44049328507 0.1754673698 0.44049328507 4 0.0006452627
5 0.1754673698 0.61596065483 0.1754673698 0.61596065483 5 0.0019357881
6 0.1462228081 0.76218346297 0.1462228081 0.76218346297 6 0.0048394703
7 0.104444863 0.86662832593 0.104444863 0.86662832593 7 0.0103702935
8 0.0652780393 0.93190636528 0.0652780393 0.93190636528 8 0.0194443003
9 0.0362655774 0.96817194269 0.0362655774 0.96817194269 9 0.0324071672
10 0.0181327887 0.9863047314 0.0181327887 0.9863047314 10 0.0486107508
11 0.0082421767 0.99454690809 0.0082421767 0.99454690809 11 0.0662873875
12 0.0034342403 0.99798114837 0.0034342403 0.99798114837 12 0.0828592344
13 0.0013208616 0.99930201002 0.0013208616 0.99930201002 13 0.0956068089
14 0.0004717363 0.99977374632 0.0004717363 0.99977374632 14 0.1024358667
15 0.0001572454 0.99993099176 0.0001572454 0.99993099176 15 0.1024358667
16 4.91392E-05 0.99998013096 4.91392E-05 0.99998013096 16 0.096033625
17 1.445271E-05 0.99999458366 1.445271E-05 0.99999458366 17 0.0847355515
18 4.01464E-06 0.9999985983 4.01464E-06 0.9999985983 18 0.0706129596
19 1.056484E-06 0.99999965479 1.056484E-06 0.99999965479 19 0.0557470733
20 2.641211E-07 0.99999991891 2.641211E-07 0.99999991891 20 0.041810305
21 6.288597E-08 0.99999998179 6.288597E-08 0.99999998179 21 0.0298645036
Suma 1 1 Suma 1

a) P(x = 0) 0.006737947 0.674%


b) P(x > 3) 0.7349740665 73.5%
c) P(x₃ = 21) 0.0298645036 2.9865%

En una biblioteca hay 3 ejemplares del libro: 'Hágase millonario en sólo 24


horas', los cuales son prestados a los usuarios por un día. El número de
solicitudes diarias por un ejemplar, es una variable aleatoria con distribución de
Poisson de media 5. Calcular:

a) La proporción de días en los que la demanda por un ejemplar es cero.

b) La proporción de días en los que la demanda por un ejemplar del libro supera
la oferta.

c) Encuentra la probabilidad de que se presenten 21 solicitudes durante el


evento especial organizado por la biblioteca llamado "los tres días de la lectura"
que va entre lunes y miércoles de la próxima semana.
Ejercicio 6
15 λ= 5

Función Manual Función


P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Acumulada P. Éxito P. Acumulada
P(x <= x) f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x) x f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x)
3.0590232E-07 3.059023E-07 3.0590232E-07 0 0.006737947 0.006737947
4.8944371E-06 4.588535E-06 4.8944371E-06 1 0.033689735 0.04042768199
3.9308448E-05 3.441401E-05 3.9308448E-05 2 0.0842243375 0.12465201948
0.0002113785 0.0001720701 0.0002113785 3 0.1403738958 0.2650259153
0.00085664121 0.0006452627 0.00085664121 4 0.1754673698 0.44049328507
0.00279242933 0.0019357881 0.00279242933 5 0.1754673698 0.61596065483
0.00763189964 0.0048394703 0.00763189964 6 0.1462228081 0.76218346297
0.01800219315 0.0103702935 0.01800219315 7 0.104444863 0.86662832593
0.03744649348 0.0194443003 0.03744649348 8 0.0652780393 0.93190636528
0.0698536607 0.0324071672 0.0698536607 9 0.0362655774 0.96817194269
0.11846441153 0.0486107508 0.11846441153 10 0.0181327887 0.9863047314
0.18475179902 0.0662873875 0.18475179902 11 0.0082421767 0.99454690809
0.26761103339 0.0828592344 0.26761103339 12 0.0034342403 0.99798114837
0.36321784228 0.0956068089 0.36321784228 13 0.0013208616 0.99930201002
0.46565370894 0.1024358667 0.46565370894 14 0.0004717363 0.99977374632
0.56808957561 0.1024358667 0.56808957561 15 0.0001572454 0.99993099176
0.66412320061 0.096033625 0.66412320061 16 4.91392E-05 0.99998013096
0.74885875208 0.0847355515 0.74885875208 17 1.445271E-05 0.99999458366
0.81947171163 0.0706129596 0.81947171163 18 4.01464E-06 0.9999985983
0.87521878497 0.0557470733 0.87521878497 19 1.056484E-06 0.99999965479
0.91702908997 0.041810305 0.91702908997 20 2.641211E-07 0.99999991891
0.94689359354 0.0298645036 0.94689359354 21 6.288597E-08 0.99999998179
1 Suma 0.9999999818

a) P(x <= 3)
b) P(x > 1)
Manual
P. Éxito P. Acumulada
f(x) = P(x = x) P(x <= x)
0.006737947 0.006737947
0.033689735 0.04042768199
0.0842243375 0.12465201948
0.1403738958 0.2650259153
0.1754673698 0.44049328507
0.1754673698 0.61596065483
0.1462228081 0.76218346297
0.104444863 0.86662832593
0.0652780393 0.93190636528
0.0362655774 0.96817194269
0.0181327887 0.9863047314
0.0082421767 0.99454690809
0.0034342403 0.99798114837
0.0013208616 0.99930201002
0.0004717363 0.99977374632
0.0001572454 0.99993099176
4.91392E-05 0.99998013096
1.445271E-05 0.99999458366
4.01464E-06 0.9999985983
1.056484E-06 0.99999965479
2.641211E-07 0.99999991891
6.288597E-08 0.99999998179
0.9999999818

0.2650259153
0.95957 0.95957