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Document No.: PMH-PXP100CA-1207 Revision No.

: 4
Date of Issue: 2015-04-27

PXP-100CA / For Human

High Powered Portable X-ray Unit

Product Manual (Operation & Service)

POSKOM Co., Ltd.


Room 262, 404~406, 415 Unitech Ville Bldg., 142, Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu,
Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 410-722, Korea
Tel : +82–31–906–9007, Fax : +82–31–908–4208
Http://www.poskom.com E-mail: sales@poskom.com

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I. OPERATION MANUAL


1 General Description --------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
2 Operational safety --------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
3 Operating Environment --------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
4 Radiation Safety --------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
5 Electromagnetic Compatibility Information --------------------------------------------------------------------- 11
6 System configuration --------------------------------------------------------------------- 15
7 Specification --------------------------------------------------------------------- 16
8 Operation Panel and Display --------------------------------------------------------------------- 21
9 Mode of Operation --------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
10 How to Operate --------------------------------------------------------------------- 25
11 Cleaning --------------------------------------------------------------------- 29

PART II. SERVICE MANUAL


1 Notice --------------------------------------------------------------------- 32
2 Regular Maintenance --------------------------------------------------------------------- 33
3 Block Diagram --------------------------------------------------------------------- 34
4 Calibration Procedures --------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
5 VR Info --------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
6 Calibration Code and Data --------------------------------------------------------------------- 42
7 Error Code --------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
8 Schematics --------------------------------------------------------------------- 45

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

PART 1: OPERATION MANUAL

Explanation of symbols

Refer to instruction manual/ booklet. NOTE: On ME EQUIPMENT "Follow instructions for use”

General warning sign

Radiation exposure symbol used on operator console. Lights to indicate that an exposure is in
progress. This is accompanied by an audible tone from the console.

Warning: ionizing radiation

X-Ray Source Assembly, Emitting

Non-ionizing radiation

Dangerous voltage
Dangerous voltage over 1000VAC or 1500VDC. (this symbol is used inside the system.)

Warning: dangerous voltage

This MANDATORY ACTION sign means that you must do

This PROHIBITION sign means that you must do not

TYPE B APPLIED PART

Caution

Protective earth
Identifies the point where the system safety ground is fastened to the chassis. Protective earth connected to conductive
parts of Class I equipment for safety purposes.(this symbol is used inside the system.)

Earth (ground)

Direct current

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

Alternating current

IPX0 Non-protected

The CE Mark is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product complies with the
requirements of the applicable European Union (EU) medical device directive and that the
product has been subject to conformity assessment procedures as provided in that directive.

Disposal instruction

Light indicator of radiation field

Manufactured Date

Manufacturer’s address

European representative

Serial number

Symbol for temperature limitation

ON (power)

OFF (power)

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

1. General Description

1.1 Overview

Thank you for purchasing the PXP-100CA high powered portable x-ray system. The PXP-100CA is the
most powerful, most compact sized high frequency x-ray machine in its class on the market today.
All POSKOM Portable series x-ray units are equipped with ripple free, high frequency generators that
produce up to 40~50% stronger power output efficiency when compared to conventional x-ray systems.
The ideal balance of power and portability makes this the perfect solution for all your indoor and outdoor
radiographic needs.

“WARNING: To avoid the risk of electric shock, this equipment must only be
connected to supply mains with protective earth.”

Contraindication: None
Features are;
- Compact sized body and light weight
- High frequency type x-ray generator
- High output 110kV / 100mA
- APR pre-set (30) memory PROM’s
- Remote control software
- Auto line compensation
- Reversible digital readout
- Power requirement: 220 VAC, 50 / 60 Hz
- Accessories: Aluminum carrying case, hand switch, power plug

1.2. Consolidated Manual

This consolidated manual consists of operating and service instructions. This operator’s manual provides
PXP-100CA operating instructions for X-ray technicians, radiologists and other medical personal trained
in the use of X-ray equipment. The service manual provides installation instructions, calibration and
routine maintenance directions for field service personnel.
This manual is not designed to replace or substitute certified training in the radiological or medical fields.
By reading this manual, the operator should be qualified in the use of equipment of this type. This
portable X-ray system is only to be used by licensed practitioners in diagnostic, operative and post-
operative procedures.
The PXP-100CA portable x-ray can be used in variety of diagnostic radiographic systems such as a
mobile stand or radiographic table integrated with an x-ray tube mounting device. Although many of the
features of these portable systems were developed with radiographic application in mind, operation is
described in general terms to permit the use of those features in various radiographic applications.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

1.3. Safety Requirement

This manual provides guidelines for the safe use and operation of this medical radiographic system. The
operator should be trained in the use of this equipment and refer to this manual in conjunction with that
training.
It is owner’s responsibility to ensure that the system is operated by properly trained and qualified
personnel who have obtained credentials from local, state, and federal authorities (where required).
Potential hazards exist in the use of medical electronic devices and X-ray systems. All users and
operators must understand all safety and emergency procedures and operating instructions found in this
manual.
This product is in compliance with the following standards:

1.EN 60601-1:2006 Medical electrical equipment - Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and
essential performance

2.EN60601-1-2:2007 Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-2: General requirements for basic safety and
essential performance - Collateral standard: Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements and tests.

3.EN60601-2-54:2009 Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-54: Particular requirements for the basic
safety and essential performance of X-ray equipment for radiography and radioscopy

4.EN60601-1-3:2008 Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-3: General requirements for basic safety and
essential performance - Collateral Standard: Radiation protection in diagnostic X-ray equipment

POSKOM and its distributors assume no responsibility or liability for post-sales operating and safety
practices, nor can it be responsible for personal injury or damage resulting from misuse of its x-ray
systems. Please direct any questions and comments regarding safety issues to POSKOM’s service
organizations or a local distributor.

1.4. Cautions and Warning

Possible hazards are associated with the unsafe operation of x-ray equipment. These hazards are
described in the following cautionary signs/warnings and the appropriate safety measures which should
be taken.

CAUTION
The X-ray radiation could be dangerous for patients and operators
unless following safety regulations are strictly observed.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

1.5 Product life

The PXP-100CA X-ray unit is designed for a service life of 7 years.

1.6 Disposal
1) Notice for disposal

This equipment and its accessories are to be disposed of safely. Please abide by
all local, regional and federal regulations when disposing this unit.
This equipment and its accessories are to be disposed of accordingly by the
regulations outlined in your area or consult a specialized waste service company to
dispose of it properly.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

2. Operational safety

The user’s safety, ease of operation and product reliability were our major concerns when designing this
x-ray system. We highly recommend observing the following instructions and guidelines for your
additional safety when operating this equipment:

A. This product should be operated only by or under the supervision of a properly trained and
qualified professional.
B. The PXP-100CA is designed for radiographic uses only and not intended for fluoroscopic
use or other associated applications.
C. The PXP-100CA should be used for the diagnosis purposes and is not intended for therapy
of any kind.
D. The PXP-100CA is specified as Class1, type B and IPX0 equipment under EN 60601-1
standards.

CAUTION
This equipment is not protected against ingress of water or liquid.

E. Do not make any modifications to this equipment. Any modification made to this unit
without the express authorization of POSKOM or an authorized dealer will void your
warranty. If any modifications are required, please contact POSKOM or an authorized
dealer immediately for service.
F. This system has been calibrated for optimal operation.
G. If you experience any problems with this equipment, turn off the power immediately and
notify POSKOM or an authorized dealer of assistance and/or service.
H. Before connecting this device to any secondary device made by other manufacturers, please
contact POSKOM or an authorized dealer for compatibility instructions.

Checking Before Operating

Make sure this unit is connected to a well-grounded power supply.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

3. Operating Environment

3.1. For proper operation and the longevity of your system, please avoid exposing this equipment to
the following conditions:

1) Exposure to water vapor.


2) Direct exposure to sunlight for prolonged periods of time.
3) Exposure to heavy air contaminants and/or dust.
4) Exposure to high humidity conditions.
5) Areas with poor air circulation and/or ventilation.
6) Exposure to a salty atmosphere.
7) Exposure to corrosive gases or harsh chemicals.

3.2. Keep a safe distance away from strong vibrations. Operate and store in a cool, dry environment.

Operational Environment
Temperature range 10°C ~ 40°C (50℉ ~ 104℉)
Humidity range 30% ~ 75%RH
Atmosphere Range 700 ~ 1060hPa

Optimal Working Environment


Temperature range 17°C ~ 23°C (63℉ ~ 73℉)
Humidity range 40% ~ 60%RH
Atmosphere Range 700 ~ 1060hPa

3.3 For safe storage and transportation, please maintain proper temperature, humidity and other
environmental conditions.

Storage and Transportation


Temperature range -25°C ~ +60°C (-13℉ ~ +140℉)
Humidity range 10% ~ 95%RH
Atmosphere Range 500 ~ 1060hPa

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

4. Radiation safety

CAUTION
Ionized radiation produced by the unit may be hazardous to patients and
operators unless the following safety regulations are strictly observed.

1) Users and operators are required to wear appropriate protective clothing and gear.
2) Users and operators are required to leave a minimum safe distance from any radiant source and
secondary radiation zones.
3) Users and operators are required to eliminate all unnecessary objects near the exposure areas.
4) Users and operators are required to leave a minimum safe distance of 20cm from the target.
5) Users and operators are requested to use minimum kV and mAs values for experimental use.
6) Users and operators are requested to use caution and not to exceed the appropriate radiograms
in the exposure area.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

5. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Information

This unit has been tested and found to comply with the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) limits for
medical devices to EN 60601-1-2:2007 (IEC 601-1-2). These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a typical medical installation.

Medical electrical equipment requires special precautions regarding EMC and must be installed and
operated according to these instructions. It is possible that high levels of radiated or conducted radio-
frequency electromagnetic interference (EMI) from portable and mobile RF communications equipment or
other strong or nearby radio-frequency sources could result in performance disruption of this system.

5.1 General regulation for safety acc IEC 60601-1-2

Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration – Electromagnetic Emissions


The PXP-100CA is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of
the PXP-100CA should assure that it is used in such an environment.

Emission test Compliance Electromagnetic environment - guidance

The PXP-100CA uses RF energy only for its internal function.


RF-emissions Group 1 Therefore, its RF emissions are very low and are not likely to cause
any interference in nearby electronic equipment.

RF – emission Class A
The PXP-100CA is suitable for use in all establishments, including
Harmonic emissions
Not applicable domestic establishments other than domestic and those directly
Acc. IEC 61000-3-2
connected to the public low-voltage power supply network that
Voltage fluctuations/ Voltage fluctuations
supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
Flicker emissions complies Flicker not
Acc. IEC 61000-3-3 applicable

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration – Electromagnetic Emission


The PXP-100CA is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of
the PXP-100CA should assure that it is used in such an environment.

IEC 60601
Immunity test Compliance level Electromagnetic environment - guidance
Test level

± 6 kV ± 6kV Floors should be wood, concrete or ceramic


Electrostatic Discharge
Contact Contact tile. If floors are covered with synthetic
(ESD) acc.
± 8kV ± 8kV material, the relative humidity should be at
IEC 61000-4-2
Air Air least 30%.
± 2kV
for Power supply ± 2kV
Electrical fast transient/
lines for Power supply lines Mains power quality should be that of a
bursts acc. IEC 61000-
± 1kV ± 1kV typical commercial or hospital environment.
4-4
for I/O lines for I/O lines
(input/output)
± 1kV ± 1kV
Surges acc. differential mode differential mode Mains power quality should be that of a
IEC 61000-4-5 ± 2kV ± 2kV typical commercial or hospital environment.
common mode Common mode
< 5% Ut <5% Ut
(>95% dip in Ut ) (>95% dip in Ut )
for 0,5 cycle for 0,5 cycle
Mains power quality should be that of a
Voltage dips, short 40% Ut 40% Ut
typical commercial or hospital environment.
interruptions and (60% dip in Ut ) (60% dip in Ut)
If the user of the PXP-100CA requires
voltage variations on for 5 cycles for 5 cycles
continued operation during power mains
power supply input 70% Ut 70% Ut
interruption, it is recommended that the
lines acc. IEC 61000- (30% dip in Ut ) (30% dip in Ut)
PXP-100CA be powered from an
4-11 for 25 cycles for 25 cycles
interruptible power supply or a battery.
<5% Ut <5% Ut
(>95% dip in Ut ) (>95% dip in Ut)
For 5 s for 5 s
Power frequency Power frequency magnetic fields should be
(50/60 Hz) magnetic at levels characteristic of a typical location
3 A/m 3 A/m
field acc. IEC 61000-4- in a typical commercial or hospital
8 environment.
NOTE Ut is the AC mains voltage prior to application of the test level.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration – Electromagnetic Emissions


The PXP-100CA is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of
the PXP-100CA should assure that it is used in such an environment.

IEC 60601 Compliance


Immunity test Electromagnetic environment – guidance
Test level level

Portable and mobile RF communications equipment


should be used no closer to any part of the PXP-100CA,
including cables, than the recommended separation
distance calculated from the equation applicable to the
frequency of the transmitter.
Recommended separation distance

Conducted RF
3 Vrms
Acc. IEC 3 Vrms d = 1,2 √P
150 kHz to 80 MHz
61000-4-6

Radiated RF
3 V/m
Acc. IEC 3 V/m d = 1,2 √P 80 MHz to 800 MHz
80 MHz 50 2,5 GHz
61000-4-3

d = 1,2 √P 800 MHz to 2, GHz

Where P is the maximum output power rating of the


transmitter manufacturer and d is the recommended
separation distance in metres (m).
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as
determined by an electromagnetic site survey a, should
be less than the compliance level in each frequency
range b.
Interference may occur in the vicinity of equipment
marked with the following symbol :

NOTE 1 : At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 : These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects and people.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

a : Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio ( cellular/ cordless) telephones and land
mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with
accuracy. To access the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey
should be considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which the PXP-100CA is used exceeds the
applicable RF compliance level above, the PXP-100CA should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal
performance is observed, additional measurements may not necessary such as reorienting or relocation the PXP-
100CA.
b : Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than [V1] V/m.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

6. System Configuration

6.1. The PXP-100CA is a radiological device for medical use only. It should be operated by qualified
practitioners for radiographic diagnosis only. Users must comply with all safety and health regulations
concerning ionization protection and the electrical/mechanical safety of all medical devices.

The PXP-100CA consists of the following accessories and parts. The following items should be firmly
fixed and connected for normal functionality:

6.2. PXP-100CA Main Components


1) Operation console
2) Power part included Capacitor
3) HV tank including x-ray tube
4) Collimator
5) Corded hand switch

6.3. Supplemental Accessories


1) Aluminum carrying case
2) Operation & service manual
3) Power cable
4) Corded hand switch (see diagram below)

st nd
Stand-by Ready (1 step, PREP mode) Exposure (2 step)

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

7. Specifications
7.1. Electrical Characters
Model PXP-100CA
Output power 5kW
Generator Type Inverter
Frequency 50kHz
Radiography Tube voltage current mAs
kV Range 20mA 0.1
In 1kV steps 40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
100mA 0.4 ~ 10
40kV ~ 50kV
80mA 12 ~ 32
60mA 36 ~ 80
50mA 100
20mA 0.1
40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
51kV ~ 60kV 80mA 0.4 ~ 8.0
50mA 9.0 ~ 80
40mA 100
20mA 0.1
40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
61kV ~ 70kV 50mA 0.4 ~ 8.0
40mA 9.0 ~ 80
30mA 100
20mA 0.1
40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
71kV ~ 80kV 50mA 0.4 ~ 8.0
40mA 9.0 ~ 21
30mA 25 ~ 64
20mA 0.1
40mA 0.2 ~ 8.0
81kV ~ 100kV
30mA 9.0 ~ 30
20mA 32 ~ 80
20mA 0.1
40mA 0.2 ~ 5.0
101kV ~ 110kV
30mA 6.4 ~ 12
20mA 15 ~ 64
mAs Range 0.1 ~ 100mAs in 38steps
0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4,0.6,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.4,1.6,1.8,2.0,2.2,2.5
2.9,3.2,3.6,4.0,4.5,5.0,6.4,8.0,9.0,10,12,15,18,21,25,30
32,36,40,45,50,64,80,100mAs

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

Lamp: 3.3V, LED


Collimator Timer: 30sec
X-ray Field Size: 47cm * 47cm @ 100cm SID
Type: Fixed anode
Focal spot size: 1.8mm
Heat Storage: 30kWs
X-RAY TUBE
Cooling rate: 250W
Inherent Filtration: 0.5mm Al
Target angel: 15°

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

7.2. Dimension
(1) Main Body

(2) CARRYING CASE

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

7.3. Tube Specifications

1) General Data
A. Operating Tube Voltage : 40 ~ 110kV
B. Focal Spot Size : 1.8 mm
C. Heat Storage: 30kWs
E. Cooling rate: 250W
F. Inherent Filtration: 0.5mm Al
G. Target angel: 15°

2) Filament volt curve

(1) Max. Output Curve

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

(2) Anode Heat Curve

(3) Dimension

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

8. Operation Panel and Display

Overlay Label of PXP-100CA

11
10 12
13

3
7

14

5 8
9
[1] kV up/down Switch [9] APR Region Selection
[2] sec& mAs up/down Switch [10] Ready LED
[3] APR Store Switch [11] Exposure LED
[4] APR Mode Selection Switch [12] Wait LED
[5] APR Size Selection [13] Error LED
[6] Density up/down [14] APR up/down switch
[7] Collimator Lamp Switch
[8] mAs/sec Selection Switch

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

Product Labels

Warning: This X-ray unit maybe dangerous to patient and operator


unless safe exposure factors and operation instruction are observed

* LED Collimator 사용 시 부착 Label

* LAMP Collimator 사용 시 부착 Label

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

9. Mode of Operation

9.1. Preparation

1) Wear a lead apron for x-ray exposures.


2) Leave at least 2 meters away from the unit or use extended hand switch cable in order to keep
safe distance.
3) Apply proper beam size and technical values to produce the best radiographic results while
minimizing exposure dose.
4) Be careful about the decimal point on the mAs display in order to acquire intended mAs values.
5) For the indoor radiography for the patient in the bed, ask visitors to leave the room for a while
and keep safe distance from the patient.
6) Pay attention to proper management of the equipment and careful maintenance.
7) Cumulative radiation dose should not exceed the recommended amount. Ask the guide and
advice of experts for the requirement of additional protective devices at frequent use of high kV
and mAs.

WARNING
Please check if the voltage and current of the power supply observe the
specifications written on the system labels, attached to backside of machine
body. The levels of voltage should move within ±10% of the standard values.

CAUTION
Please check up all the line connections before the operation and x-ray
exposures of machine.

9.2. Collimator Check-up

A. Place the loaded cassette on the patient’s backside.


B. Arrange the SID (Focal Spot to Image Receptor Distance) using a scale located on the side of the
collimator.
C. Turn on the collimator lamp by pushing collimator on switch.
D. Adjust the size of the x-ray beam in accordance with the film size using the x-ray field adjustment
knobs. Turn off the collimator and after 30 seconds on the timer.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

9.3. Preheat

1) Overview

All portable x-ray units require preheat procedure to protect the x-ray tube from an instant surge of
current and to secure long and safe operation of the system. Preheat of x-ray tube is required under
following situation.
A. Initial use or installation.
B. Non-use of the equipment over 1 month at low temperature
C. Temperature of x-ray tube is below 0℃ (32℉). (Cold tube)

2) Method to Preheat

Following preheat procedure is recommended.


A. Install the equipment at a safe place for radiation.
B. In case outdoor temperature is below 0℃ (32℉), move the equipment indoor and warm it up.
C. In order to preheat filament of x-ray tube, exposure x-rays in 15 second time intervals.
First: 3 exposures at 50 kV @ 0.2 mAs
Second: 3 exposures at 80 kV @ 5.0 mAs
Third: 3 exposures at 110 kV @ 5.0 mAs

CAUTION
Beep Sound will occur during x-ray exposures. Do not press exposure buttons
at wait mode after x-ray exposure is made.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

10. How to Operate

1) General Mode
A. Open the carrying case.
B. Connect Power supply cable and hand switch as following.

※Connect Power
Supply cable

※ Connect Hand Switch

※ CAUTION※
Please use designated electronic parts (Power plug and Hand switch) and be
careful not to apply other components.

※ CAUTION※

and on power switch represent ON and OFF,


respectively

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

C. Turn on the power on switch and initial conditions are displayed as follows.

D. Select kV settings by [1] kV up/down switch. The speed of increasing or decreasing values is
faster by keep pressing the buttons.
E. Select sec & mAs values by [2] sec & mAs up/down switch. The sec segment displays the
real value of sec without separate table.
st
F. After setting the radiography conditions, make the x-ray at prep position by pressing the 1
stage of hand switch.
nd
G. Press the 2 step of hand switch and make exposure as soon as the [10]ready LED is lighted
on. The [4] exposure LED is lighted on during exposures.
H. The [12] wait LED is lighted off for 0.5 seconds after the x-ray exposures.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

2) APR Mode

A. Turn on the power on switch and initial conditions are displayed as follows.

B. Select [4] APR Switch.


C. Select the kV values by [6] kV up/down switch.
D. Select sec & mAs values by [2] sec & mAs switch.
E. Selected kV and mAs values by [3] Store button.
st
F. After setting the radiography conditions, make the x-ray at prep position by pressing the 1 stage
of hand switch.
nd
G. Press the 2 step of hand switch and make exposure as soon as the [10]ready LED is lighted on.
The [4]exposure LED is lighted on during exposures.
H. The [12] wait LED is lighted off for 0.5 seconds after the x-ray exposures.
I. Return to the normal mode by pressing APR switch.

※ NOTICE※
Under APR mode, the last saved technique values are automatically selected
and display and saving of data is available only at x-ray exposures.

※ NOTICE※
As explained at previous pages, the exposure switch should be operated by 2
stages. It, however, instant exposure is available when the filament board is
heated enough.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

※ CAUTION
Class I equipment / Type B applied part
Mode of operation
( Continuous operation with intermittent:
1. Time interval between exposures: 3 min
(If accumulated mAs is higher than 50 mAs)
2. Time interval between exposures: 5 min
(If accumulated mAs is higher than 100 mAs)

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

11. Cleaning

Warning: Before cleaning the unit, unplug the unit and turn off the power.

To clean the unit, use distilled water and a soft cloth only.
Do not use coarse cloth, strong chemicals or organic solutions.
Do not use water, benzene, paint thinner or any alcohol based cleaning products. This may cause
discoloration, warping and/or electrical shorts in the unit.
Do not pour water directly into the unit. This will cause internal electric damage and void your
warranty.
- Cleaning Method of the Exterior and Control Part

cleaning.
h handling of the unit.
- Cleaning Method of the Parts

cleaning.
nd painting could be damaged due to rough handling of the unit.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

[Table1. Technique chart]

- X-RAY UINIT : PXP-100CA (POSKOM)

- Focal-Film Distance : 75cm

DR Film DISTANCE
PART DIRECTION kV
mAs (cm)

AP 76 6.0 5.0 75
SKULL
LAT 70 3.2 2.5 75
AP 90 2.0 1.8 75
CHEST
LAT 100 2.2 2.0 75

SHOULDER AP 70 2.2 2.0 75

ELBOW AP 64 1.4 1.2 75


AP 56 1.0 0.8 75
HAND
LAT 56 1.0 0.8 75
C-SPINE AP 70 2.9 2.5 75
AP 90 3.2 2.9 75
T-SPINE
LAT 96 4.5 4.0 75
AP 96 4.5 3.6 75
L-SPINE
LAT 96 9.0 8.0 75
AP ABDOMEN AP 80 8.0 6.4 75

AP PELVIS AP 96 4.5 3.6 75

LAT HIP AP 90 4.0 3.2 75

FEMUR AP 80 3.0 2.5 75

KNEE AP 70 2.2 1.8 75

ANKLE AP 60 1.0 0.8 75

FOOT AP 60 1.0 0.8 75

FOOT LAT 64 1.4 1.2 75

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

- Focal-Film Distance: 1m

DR Film DISTANCE
PART DIRECTION kV
mAs (cm)

AP 80 20 16.0 100
SKULL
LAT 80 12 10.0 100
AP 90 3 2.5 100
CHEST
LAT 110 5 4.5 100
SHOULDER AP 70 4 3.2 100
ELBOW AP 64 2 1.8 100
AP 56 1 0.8 100
HAND
LAT 56 1 0.8 100
C-SPINE AP 80 6 5.0 100
AP 90 12 10.0 100
T-SPINE
LAT 96 15 12.0 100
AP 96 18 16.0 100
L-SPINE
LAT 96 22 1.8 100
AP ABDOMEN AP 80 12 10.0 100
AP PELVIS AP 96 18 15.0 100
LAT HIP AP 90 12 10.0 100
FEMUR AP 80 10 8.0 100
KNEE AP 70 3 2.5 100
ANKLE AP 60 1.5 1.2 100
FOOT AP 60 1 0.8 100
FOOT LAT 64 1.35 1.2 100

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

PART II. SERVICE MANUAL

1. Notice
1.1. If the output calibration is needed after periodical inspection or repair, please observe following
rules and methods.

CAUTION
The ionized radiation could be dangerous to the operator unless following
safety measures are strictly observed.

1.2. This manual is designed to ensure correct use and operation of PXP-100CA. Please read all the
lines thoroughly before using this equipment.
1.3. Incorrect use and operation exceeding described conditions in this manual may cause damage of
the machine and shorten its life. Particular attention must be paid to all the warnings, cautions
and notes incorporated herein.
1.4. This equipment should be used only by the legally qualified persons and practitioners.
1.5. Regarding the AC cable and software, only the one developed and supplied by POSKOM should
be used.
1.6. No responsibility is taken by POSKOM for any infringement of patients or other rights of the third
parties which many results from the use of this manual.
1.7. Always keep the manual at hand for your reference.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

2. Regular Maintenance

2.1. Overview
Portable x-ray equipment should be inspected regularly according to following instruction. .

2.2. Periodical Inspection

1) Every 6 Month
A. Check all visual displays: display readout windows (FND), LEDs and other indication.
B. Check all functions: Operation switches, collimator, programmed.
C. Check all status of calibration according to section 4 of service manual.
D. Test the thermal switch of x-ray tube inside the equipment.
Remove the connection to tube thermal switch and check the display of error message. Test
normal operation of x-ray exposure as well.
E. Execute additional test required by laws and official regulation.

2) Every 12 Month
A. Check damages on the outer case: Operation console including buttons.
B. Check cable connections to main body: hand switch cable, collimator cable and other
connections.
C. Open the top cover of equipment and check visible damage: missing or loosened ground
connection,
D. Open the system cover and check the visible damage: missing or loose ground connections, oil
leakage, damaged cables and etc.

WARNING
This equipment should be handled and operated by the legally qualified persons
and practitioners only.

WARNING

Wait at least 5 minutes after turn off in order to discharge capacitors.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

3. Block Diagram

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

4. Calibration Procedures

▣ Preparation
Following instrument and tools are required.
A. Tools: Philips screwdriver No.1 & 2, Straight slot screwdriver
B. Testers: DVM, Digital Oscilloscope (Tektronics TDS 3032 or equivalent device)

1) Power Supply
-The power switch should be at off condition.
-Connect power cables to power consent.
-Power on the switch.

2) Calibration method is composed of three procedures.


-Setting and adjusting tube kV.
-Setting and adjusting tube mA
-Adjusting filament preheat.

A. Setting and adjusting tube kV


-Turn off the power switch.
-PCB HT board is located under control panel.
-All DIP switches on PCB HT board are at off conditions. (Note: DIP switch is located in this place
normally.)
-Chanel 1: connect the probe of oscilloscope to TP111 (IP F/B) and GND (TP116~120).
-Chanel 2: connect the probe of oscilloscope to TP110 (EP F/B) and GND (TP116~120).

Chanel 1: mA, 1V = 10mA


Chanel 2: kV, 1V = 25kV
Initial display of OP console is as follows.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

-Set the conditions as 40kV and 0.1mAs (20mA) and observe mA waveforms at Channel 1 of
Oscilloscope.
-If the value at channel 1 is not 2V (20mA), adjust the mA output with VR101 of HT board. And observe if
the waveform of Channel 2 is 40kV (1.625V).

-Set the conditions as 100kV and 0.2mAs (40mA) and observe mA waveforms at Channel 1 of
Oscilloscope.
-If the value at channel 1 is not 4 V (40mA), adjust the mA output with VR101 of HT board. And observe if
the waveform of Channel 2 is 100kV (4V).

※ CAUTION ※
As the kV value of channel 2 is automatically adjusted by standard parameters,
Additional calibration is not required.

B. Setting and adjusting tube mA


-Turn off the power switch.
-PCB HT board is located under control panel.
-All DIP switches on PCB HT board are at off conditions. (Note: DIP switch is located in this place
normally.
-Chanel 1: connect the probe of oscilloscope to TP111 (IP F/B) and GND (TP116~120).
-Chanel 2: connect the probe of oscilloscope to TP110 (EP F/B) and GND (TP116~120).

Chanel 1: mA, 1V = 10mA


Chanel 2: kV, 1V = 25kV

Initial display of OP console is as follows.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

-Set the conditions as 40kV and 0.2mAs (40mA) and observe mA waveforms at Channel 1 of
Oscilloscope.
-If the value at channel 1 is not 4V (40mA), adjust the mA output with adjustment data of OP B/D.
-Under normal mode, press [‘S’+‘L’+‘kV_Down’] Keys over 2 seconds till beep sounds.

The kV display segment of FND is displayed as CXX.

Calibration Code Calibration Data

Press kV up switch (Refer to the OP sheet) and it displays as follows.

Calibration Code Calibration Data

C01 represents calibration code of tube current (40mA at 40-50kV)


40 represents calibration data of tube current (40mA at 40 to 50kV)

- Adjust mA calibration data by the mAs up/down switch. (Refer to the OP sheet)
-Press the ‘Store Key’ over than 1 second after application. (Refer to the OP sheet)
-Go to exposure mode by pressing APR button then try to expose after saving the data.
-If the measured data is not 4V(40mA), go back to calibration mode by pressing APR button and
adjust the calibration data again. Set the mA values as this method.
-Table 1 represents calibration code and data of each tube current vales at 5kW
- To exit calibration mode, press [‘M’] Key one time.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

C. Filament preheat calibration

- The overshoot or the undershoot may occur from the tube current if the preheat calibration data or
VR101 is set by mistake.
-There are two way to adjust preheat calibration. The calibration data is possible to change in accordance
with the tube condition.
-The VR101 adjusts the whole range of tube current. Filament preheat calibration data adjusts each tube
current.
-Turn on the power switch.
- Under normal mode, press [‘S’+‘L’+‘kV_Down’] Key over 2 seconds till beep sounds.

-Press APR size selection Key [‘S’] Key one time and it displays as below.

Preheat Calibration Code Preheat Calibration Data

P00 represents filament preheat calibration code (preheat calibration code of 20mA)
28 represents calibration data (preheat calibration data of 20mA)
- Adjust data by the mAs up/down switch. (Refer to the OP sheet)
-Press the ‘Store’ key longer than 1 second (Refer to the OP sheet)
-Adjust the calibration data again if any over-shoot or under-shoot is observed.
Press kV up switch. (Refer to the OP sheet) and it displays as below.

Preheat Calibration Code Preheat Calibration Data

-P01 represents filament preheat calibration code (preheat calibration code of 40mA)
-30 represents the calibration data (preheat calibration data of 40mA)
- Adjust data by the mAs up/down switch. (Refer to the OP sheet)
-Press the ‘Store’ Key over than 1 second after application (Refer to the OP sheet)

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

- Go to exposure mode by pressing APR button then try to expose after saving the data.
-If any over-shoot or under-shoot is observed, go back to calibration mode by pressing APR button
and adjust the calibration data again.
-Table 2 represents calibration code and preheat data of each tube current vales at 5kW.
- To exit calibration mode, press [‘M’] Key one time.

D. kV calibration

-Turn on the power switch.


- Under normal mode, press [‘S’+‘L’+‘kV_Down’] Key over 2 seconds.

-Press APR size selection Key [‘S’] Key one time and it displays as below.

kV Calibration Code kV Calibration Data

C31 represents kV calibration code (40kV ~ 50kV)


10 represents calibration data (40kV ~ 50kV)

- Adjust data by the mAs up/down switch. (Refer to the OP sheet)


- Press the ‘Store’ key longer than 1 second. (Refer to the OP sheet)
- The range of 0 to 9 is shown as ‘-kV’. More than 11, it is indicated as ‘+kV’.
- To take example, 50kV, if the value of C31 Data lowered up to 8 (50kV-10kV) + ‘C31 Data’(8) = will
become 48kV .

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

kV Calibration Code kV Calibration Data

C35 represents kV calibration code (81kV ~ 90kV)


10 represents calibration data (81kV ~ 90kV)

- Adjust data by the mAs up/down switch. (Refer to the OP sheet)


- Press the ‘Store’ Key longer than 1 second after application (Refer to the OP sheet)
- The range of 0 to 9 is shown as ‘-kV’. More than 11, it is indicated as ‘+kV’.
- To take example of 85kV, the value of the C35 Data will be raised to the 13, (85kV-10kV) + ‘C31
Data’(13) = 88kV.

Table3 represents calibration code and data of each tube current vales at 3kW.
To exit calibration mode, press [‘M’] Key one time.

※ Notice※
Calibration data can be changed by tube conditions.

※ Notice※
If you press [‘S’=‘Cat’] Key consecutively, it repeats P -> C -> L _ Mode.
[ P: Preheat, C: mA for 5kW]

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

5. VR Info

VR102

VR101 VR103

Direction
Adjusted
VR Number LEFT RIGHT REMARK
Values
(Anticlockwise) (Clockwise)
VR101 Preheat Increase Decrease

VR102 mAs Decrease Increase

VR103 kV Replacement with OP Calibration

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

6. Calibration Code and Data


[Table 1. mA calibration data]
AC Power Code Data Tube kV Tube mA mAs
220V C00 20 40kV ~ 50kV 20mA 0.1
220V C01 40 40kV ~ 50kV 40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
220V C02 100 40kV ~ 50kV 100mA 0.4 ~ 10
220V C03 80 40kV ~ 50kV 80mA 12~32
220V C04 60 40kV ~ 50kV 60mA 36 ~ 80
220V C05 20 51kV ~ 60kV 20mA 0.1
220V C06 40 51kV ~ 60kV 40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
220V C07 80 51kV ~ 60kV 80mA 0.4 ~ 8.0
220V C08 50 51kV ~ 60kV 50mA 9.0 ~ 80
220V C09 40 51kV ~ 60kV 40mA 100
220V C10 20 61kV ~ 70kV 20mA 0.1
220V C11 40 61kV ~ 70kV 40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
220V C12 50 61kV ~ 70kV 50mA 0.4 ~ 8.0
220V C13 40 61kV ~ 70kV 40mA 9.0 ~ 80
220V C14 30 61kV ~ 70kV 30mA 100
220V C15 20 71kV ~ 80kV 20mA 0.1
220V C16 40 71kV ~ 80kV 40mA 0.2 ~ 0.3
220V C17 50 71kV ~ 80kV 50mA 0.4 ~ 8.0
220V C18 40 71kV ~ 80kV 40mA 9.0 ~ 21
220V C19 30 71kV ~ 80kV 30mA 25 ~ 64
220V C20 20 81kV ~ 100kV 20mA 0.1
220V C21 40 81kV ~ 100kV 40mA 0.2 ~ 8.0
220V C22 30 81kV ~ 100kV 30mA 9.0 ~ 30
220V C23 20 81kV ~ 100kV 20mA 32 ~ 80
220V C24 20 101kV ~ 110kV 20mA 0.1
220V C25 40 101kV ~ 110kV 40mA 0.2 ~ 5.0
220V C26 30 101kV ~ 110kV 30mA 6.4 ~ 12
220V C27 20 101kV ~ 110kV 20mA 15 ~ 64

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

[Table 2. Filament preheat calibration code and data]


AC Power Code Data Tube Current
220V P00 25 20mA(40 ~ 80kV)
220V P01 26 30mA
220V P02 27 40mA
220V P03 29 50mA
220V P04 31 60mA
220V P05 32 80mA
220V P06 34 100mA
220V P07 20 20mA(81 ~ 110kV)

[Table 3. kV calibration code and data]


AC Power Code Data Tube kV
220V C30 10 40kV ~ 110kV
220V C31 10 40kV ~ 50kV
220V C32 10 51kV ~ 60kV
220V C33 10 61kV ~ 70kV
220V C34 10 71kV ~ 80kV
220V C35 10 81kV ~ 90kV
220V C36 10 91kV ~ 100kV
220V C37 10 101kV~ 110kV

※ Notice ※
Do not use the machine in case of frequent errors. Please make contact to
POSKOM service team or authorized dealers for trouble shootings.

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

7. Error Code

1) Error at stand-by

Without hand switch operation, if hardware is over than EP=10kV, IP=5mA, FIL=0.1V F/B Check, it is in
error.
Error Code Contents Measures
Err. 10 FILAMENT FEEDBACK OVER Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 11 kV FEEDBACK OVER Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 12 mA FEEDBACK OVER Calibration or adjust VR.

2) Error at ready

With ready switch on, check the filament conditions and if hardware is over than FIL=0.35V F/B Check, it
is in error.
Error Code Contents Measures
Err. 14 FILAMENT FEEDBACK LOW ERROR Calibration or adjust VR.

3) Error at Exposures
EP, lP Low Error: Lower than minimum Value (30kV).
EP,IP Over Error: Higher than maximum Value (120kV).
EP,IP State Low Error: Lower than output kV (-10kV or -10mA)
EP,IP State Over Error: Higher than output kV (+10kV or +10mA )

Error Code Contents Measures


Err. 15 kV FEEDBACK LOW DETECT ERROR AT EXPOSURE Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 16 mA FEEDBACK LOW DETECT ERROR AT EXPOSURE Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 17 kV FEEDBACK OVER DETECT ERROR AT EXPOSURE Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 18 mA FEEDBACK OVER DETECT ERROR AT EXPOSURE Calibration or adjust VR.
-10kV kV FEEDBACK LOW DETECT ERROR AT Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 19
EXPOSURE
+10kV kV FEEDBACK HIGH DETECT ERROR AT Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 20
EXPOSURE
-10mA mA FEEDBACK LOW DETECT ERROR AT Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 22
EXPOSURE
+10mA mA FEEDBACK HIGH DETECT ERROR AT Calibration or adjust VR.
Err. 23
EXPOSURE

4) Inter_Lock Error
Error Code Contents Measures
Err. 21 Tank Thermal S/W Check

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Product Manual: PXP-100CA POSKOM Co., Ltd.

8. Schematics

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POSKOM Co., Ltd.


Room 262, 404~406, 415 Unitech Ville Bldg., 142, Ilsan-ro,
Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 410-722, Korea

Medical ECONET GmbH


Im Erlengrund 20
D-46149 Oberhausen, Germany

Tel: +49 (0) 208 377 890-0


Fax: +49 (0) 208 377 890-55

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