Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

Activity 17

Practice Exam #2 - PHYS 1

This activity does NOT cover all of the topics that may
appear on the exam, but it has a similar format and level of
difficulty.

Part A
Circle the letter of the correct answer. Numerical answers have been rounded to the digits
shown.

1. The unit kg·m2/s can be used for:


A. angular momentum
B. rotational kinetic energy
C. rotational inertia
D. torque
E. power

2. A 1.2-kg projectile collides elastically with a second object that is at rest. After the collision
the projectile continues in the same direction but its speed has been reduced from 0.8 m/s to 0.2
m/s. In order to solve for the mass of the second object I must apply:

A. conservation of mechanical energy only


B. conservation of momentum only
C. conservation of mechanical energy and momentum conservation
D. conservation of potential energy only
E. more information is needed

3. A 020-kg particle moves along the axis due to its interaction with a stationary
object. The potential energy is given by
() = (80 Jm2) 2 + (20 Jm4) 4,
where is the coordinate of the particle. If the particle has a speed of 50ms when it is
at = 10 m, what is its speed when it is at the origin?

A. 0
B. 25 ms
C. 57 ms
D. 79 ms
E. 11 ms
4. A ball on the end of a string is rotating with constant speed in a horizontal plane. When the
ball is moving North it is located to the East of the pivot point. At that time the angular velocity
of the ball points in what direction?
A. up
B. down
C. East
D. West
E. North

5. A metal disk rotates on an axis through its center (I = 0.2 kg·m2) with angular
velocity -3.3 radians/s and a torque equal to +1.6 Nm is applied
to it by pushing on its outer rim. What is the resulting angular
acceleration of the disk?

A. -4.0 radians/s2
B. +4.0 radians/s2
C. -8.0 radians/s2
D. +8.0 radians/s2
E. none of the above

6. A wheel with a diameter of 12 m rotates about its center and has a constant angular
acceleration of 50 radianss2. The magnitude of the tangential acceleration of a point on
its rim is:

A. 50 rads2
B. 30 ms2
C. 50 ms2
D. 60 ms2
E. 12 ms2

7. A ball on the end of a string is rotating with constant speed in a horizontal plane. When the
ball is moving North it is located to the East of the pivot point. At that time the angular
momentum of the ball points in what direction?
A. up
B. down
C. East
D. West
E. North
8. A 2-kg book is pushed 20 cm up a frictionless incline ()
by applying a constant horizontal force of magnitude 20 N. It
starts from rest. What is the kinetic energy of the book at the end
of the displacement?

A. 0.075 J
B. 2.42 J
C. 2.66 J
D. 3.09 J
E. none of the above

9. Which one of the following statements is true?

A. the center of mass of an object must lie within the object


B. all the mass of an object is actually concentrated at its center of mass
C. the center of mass of an object cannot move if there is zero net force on the object
D. the center of mass of a cylinder with uniform mass density must lie on its axis
E. none of the above

10. A 0.2-kg ball moving at 2.0 m/s perpendicular to a wall rebounds from the wall at 1.5
m/s. The impulse given to the ball is:

A. zero
B. 3.5 N·s away from wall
C. 3.5 N·s toward wall
D. 0.7 N·s away from wall
E. 0.7 N·s toward wall

11. A spring-loaded toy is moving in the positive x direction on a frictionless table. It


then breaks into two equal-mass pieces, with one piece still moving in the positive x
direction. In what direction does the other piece move?

A. It is stationary.
B. positive x
C. negative x
D. positive y
E. More information is needed.
Part B
Circle the letter of the correct answer.
This graph shows the potential energy function for a particle moving on the x axis from B to G
under the influence of a conservative force.

1. In which region will the particle have the smallest


mechanical energy?
a. BC
b. DE
c. EF
d. FG
e. These regions have the same mechanical energy.

2. In which region will the particle have the largest kinetic energy?
a. BC
b. CD
c. DE
d. FG
e. These regions have the same kinetic energy.

3. In which region will the particle experience the largest magnitude of acceleration?
a. CD
b. DE
c. EF
d. FG
e. These regions have the same acceleration.
Part C – Numerical Problem
A playground merry-go-round has a radius of 30 m and a rotational inertia of
600 kg·m2. It is initially spinning at 080 radians/s when a 20-kg child crawls from its
center to the rim. Treat the child as a point mass. Show formulas and your work to
receive credit.

(a) What is the rotational inertia of the child when he is at the center of the carousel?

Answer:___________ kg·m2

(b) What is the final magnitude of the carousel's angular velocity?

Answer:___________ rad/s