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CHIMNEY H=211.

19 m

1. If the actual draft required

for a furnace is 6.2 cm of water 2. The density of a gas in
and the friction losses in the stack chimney is 0.79 kg/m3 and the
is 12% of theoretical draft, density of air is at atmospheric.
calculate the required stack height Determine the computed height of
in meters. Assume that the flue the chimney if the driving
gas have an average temperature temperature is 0.23 kpa.
of 149°C and molecular weight of
30. Assume air temperature of
21°C. h w =H (ρa −ρg )

h w =6.2+0.12 hw KN 9.81 KN

9.81
0. 23
m 2
=H ( 1.2−0. 79 ) (
1000 m3)
h w =7.05 cm H 2 O
(
100
KPa ) H=57.18 m
1 cm H 2 O
3. The DENR is very strict in
h w =0.691 KP a terms of air pollution. The height
of the chimney’s is by then
m P regulated to be at 65m to 100m.
=
V RT Compute the mean draft pressure
if the gas density is determined to
101.325
¿ be at 0.91 kg/m3.
0.287(21+273)
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
kg
¿ 1.2 3
m 9.81
h w =100 ( 1.2−0. 91 ) ( 1000 )
h w =0.284 KP a
m P
=
V RT h w =H (ρa −ρg )
101.325 9.81
¿
8.314
(149+ 273)
h w =65 ( 1.2−0. 91 ) ( 1000 )
30
h w =0.185 KPa
kg hw 1 + hw 2
¿ 0.866 3 h´w =
m 2

h w =H (ρa −ρg ) 0.284+0.185

h´w =
2
KN 9.81 KN
0.691
m 2 (
=H ( 1.2−0.866 )
1000 m3) h´w =235 P a
4. A steam generator uses 6. In a steam power plant, 5 kg
1800 kilogram of coal per hour. If of coal is consumed per second
ash loss is 11% while the air-fuel and it was later found that 25 kg of
ratio is 15 kg/kg, determine the
dry flue gas is produced per kg of
mass of gas entering the chimney.
coal fired. Air enters at 25°C. The
m a +m f =m ash +m g average temperature of the flue
15 ( 1800 ) +1800=0.11 (1800 )+ mg gas inside the chimney is 250°. A
draft of 5 cm of water at the base
kg
m g =2 8602 of the chimney is needed. The
hr
gage fluid specific volume is
0.0025m3/ kg. if the molecular
weight of the gas is 30, calculate
the height of the chimney.

5. If the air required for

combustion is 20 kg per kg of coal
and the boiler uses 3000 kg of coal 7. A 15 kilograms enters a
per hour, determine the mass of chimney at 10m/s. is the
gas entering the chimney. Assume temperature and pressure of a gas
an ash loss of 15%. are 26°C and 100kpa respectively,
what is the diameter of the
m a +m f =m ash +m g chimney?
20 ( 30 00 ) +30 00=0.15 ( 30 00 ) +mg

kg PV =mRT
m g =62550
hr 10 0 V =15 ( 0.287 )( 26+273 )
m3
V =12 . 87
s
Q= AV
m3 π m
s 4 ( )( )
12.87 = d 2 10
s

d=1.28m

8. The DENR is very strict in

terms of air pollution. The height
of chimney’s is by then regulated and it was later found that 25 kg of
to be at 65m to 100m. Compute the dry flue gas is produced per kg of
maximum draft pressure in kg/cm 2 coal fired. Air enters at 25°C. the
if the gas density is determined to average temperature of the flue
be at 0.88kg/m3. gas inside the chimney is 250°C. A
draft of 5 cm of water at the base
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
of the chimney is needed. The
h w =100 ( 1.2−0. 88 ) gage fluid specific volume is
0.0025m3/kg. If the molecular
kg m2
h w =32 2 (
m 1002 cm2 ) weight of the gas is 30, calculate
the volumes of flue gas assuming
kg
h w =0.0032 an ash loss of 12%.
c m2
P
ρ g=
RT

101.325
¿
8.314
(250+ 273)
30

kg
¿ 0. 699
m3

m
ρ=
v

5(25)
0. 699=
v

m3
v=178.81
s

10. A 15 kilograms gas enters a

9. In a steam power plant, 5 kg chimney at 10m/s. If the
of coal is consumed per second temperature and pressure of a gas
are 26°C and 100 Kpa respectively, constant of 0.288KJ/KgK.
what is the theoretical draft Determine the chimney diameter if
pressure of the chimney? Express the mass of flue gas is 70000
in Kpa. pounds per hour.

PV =mRT
hw lb 1hr 1 kg

V= 2 g ( )
ρg (
99 V = 70,000

KJ
hr )( 3600 s 2.205lb )
)(
hw
(0.288 KgK )( 25.8+273 ) K
10
0.4 √
= 2(9.81)
100
(
0.287(26+ 273)

kg 0.00981 KN
) V =7.67
Q= AV
m3 π
m3
s

h w =37.12
m2 ( 1 Kg ) s 4 ( )
7.67 = d 2 ( 8 )

d=1.105 m
h w =0.364 KP a
12. The pressure of a certain
gas is 80Kpa and the temperature
is at 21°C. The theoretical velocity
is 12.5 m/s. Determine the required
diameter if the miss flow gas is
40,000kg per hour.

PV =mRT
40,000
80 V = ( 0.287 ) ( 21+273 )
3600
m3
V =11.72
s
Q= AV
m3 π
s ( )
11.72 = d 2 ( 12.5 ( 0.4 ) )
4
d=1.728m

11. The actual velocity of gas 13. A 15 kilograms gas enters a

entering in a chimney is 8m/s. The chimney at 10m/s. if the
gas temperature is 25.8°C and temperature and pressure of a gas
pressure of 99Kpa with a gas are 26C and 100kpa respectively,
determine the frictional draft if the with molecular weight of 10. The
actual draft us 200Pa. air required for combustion is 14
kg per kg coal at barometric
m P
=
V RT
pressure of 98kpa. Assuming an
ash loss of 10% and allowable gas
100 velocity if 7.5m/s, find the diameter
¿
0.287(26+ 273) of chimney?
kg
¿ 1.17 m a +m f =m ash +m g
m3

hw 2500+14 (25 00)=0. 1 ( 25 00 )+ mg

2
V =2 g ( ) ρg
kg 1 hr
10 2 hw
m g =37250 (
hr 3600 s )
( ) 0.4
=2 ( 9.81 )
1.17 ( ) m g =10.3 5

kg
(
h w = 37.12
m2 )( 9.811 kgKN ) PV =mRT

h w =364.16 Pa
98 V =10.35 ( 8.314
10 )
( 250+273 )

m3
V =45.91
h w =ha +h f s
Q= AV
364.16=200+h f m3 π
s 4 ( )
45.91 = d 2 ( 7.5 )
1 KPa
h f =164.16 Pa
1000 Pa ( ) d=2. 79 m
h f =0.164 KPa

15. A power plant situated at an

14. A water tube boiler with a altitude having an ambient air of
heating surface of 4 square meters 98.2kpa and 22°C. Flue gas at a
uses 2500kg of coal per hour. The rate of 4kg/s enters the stack at
flue gas temperature is 250°C and 180°C and leaves at 150°C. The
flue gases gravimetric analysis are
18%CO2, 6%O2, and 76%N2. diameter of stack in meters for a
Calculate the height of stack driving pressure of 220Pa.
necessary for a driving pressure
of 0.25kpa.
hw

0.18 9

V= 2 g ( ) ρg

CO 2= =
44 2200 220

O 2=
0. 06
32
=
3
16 00

¿ 2(9.81) ( )
9.81
0.814

m
0. 76 19 V =23.24
N 2= = s
28 700
m
¿ 0.033 ρ=
v
m P
= 7
V RT 0. 814=
v
98.2
¿ m3
8.314 180+150 v=8.59

( )(
1
0.033
2
+273 )
Q= AV
s

m3 π
¿ 0.814 8.59 = d 2 ¿
s 4 ( )
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
d=1.08m
9. 81
0.25=H ( 1.15−0.814 ) (
1 000 )
H=73.78 m

17. A steam generator with

16. A power plant having an economizer and air heater has an
ambient air of 97.1kpa and 23°C. overall draft loss of 19.6cm of
Flue gases ate a rate of 7kg/s water. If stack gases are 180°C and
enters the smokestack at 190°C if the atmosphere is at
and leaves at 150°C. the gas atmospheric with 26°C
gravimetric analysis are 17%CO2 temperature, what theoretical
8%O2 and 75%N2. Calculate the height of stack In meters is
needed when no draft fan are of water at the chimney base is
used? Assume gas constant is the needed when the barometric
same as that of air. pressure is 29.92 inch Hg.
Determine the height of the
P
ρ g= chimney.
RT
P=29.92 inHg ¿
101.325
¿ P=101.32 Kpa
0.287(180+273)

¿ 0.77 9 h w =H (ρa −ρg )

2.5
ρ g=
P
RT
994.78 ( 100 )=H ( 0.287101.32
( 33+273 ) )

101.325 −101.32
¿ 0.287(270+273)
0.287(26+ 273)

¿ 1.18 H=49.38 m

h w =H (ρa −ρg )

19.6 ( 9.1 0081 )=H ( 1. 18−0.78) ( 19.00081 )

H=488.28 m

18. A steam boiler plant 19. 2.8Kg coal per second are
consumes 10000kg of coal per consumed by a steam boiler plant
hour and produces 15kg dry flue and produced 17.52kg of dry flue
gas per kg or coal fired. Outside gas per kg of coal fired. The air
air temperature is 33°C, average temperature outside is 31°C, the
temperature of dry flue gas in the average temperature of the flue
chimney is 270°C. The gage fluid gases entering the chimney is
density 994.78Kg or cubic meter 324°C and the average
and the theoretical draft of 2.5cm temperature of the flue gas in the
chimney is 270°C. The gage fluid m a +m f =m ash +m g
specific volume is 1.005x10-3 m3
per kg and theoretical draft of 3.2 4500+ 30(25 00)=0. 07 ( 45 00 )+ mg
cm of water at the chimney base is kg 1 hr
needed when the barometric
m g =139185 (
hr 3600 s )
pressure is atmospheric. Find the
kg
diameter of the chimney in meters. mg =38.66
s
Assume molecular weight of 30.
P
ρ g=
RT
101.325
¿
8.314
(270+ 273)
30
¿ 0.673

hw
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg

3.2 1

¿ 2(9.81)(( 100 0.001005 )

)( )
0. 673

m
V =30.46
s

Q= A V

17.52(2.8) π 2
0.673 4 ( )
= d ( 0. 4 (30.46 ) )

21. In a steam power plant, 5 kg

d=2.76 m
of coal is consumed per second
20. If the air required for
and it was later found that 25kg of
combustion is 30 kg per of coal
dry flue gas is produced per kg of
and the boiler uses 4500kg of coal
coal fired. Air enters at 25°C. The
per hour, determine the mass of
average temperature of the flue
gas entering the chimney in kg per
gas inside the chimney is 250°C. A
second. Assume an ash loss of
draft of 5 cm of water at the base
7%.
of the chimney is needed. The
gage fluid specific volume is h w =H (ρa −ρg )
0.0025m3/kg. If the molecular
400
weight of the gas is 30, calculate 1000 ( 100 )0 =H ( 0.287101.32
( 26+273 ) )
the diameter of the chimney.
−101.32
P 0.27 7 (25 0+273)
ρ g=
RT
H=830.99m
101.325
¿
8.314
(250+ 273)
30 23. What is the height of the
¿ 0.699 chimney if the driving pressure is
500Pa and the gas and air
hw

V= 2 g ( )
ρg
densities are 2kg/m3 and 2.8kg/m3
respectively?
h w =H (ρa −ρg )

5 1

¿ 2(9.81) (( )(
100 0.0025
0 .699
) ) 500 ( 1100 )=H ( 2.8−2 ) ( 0.00981
1 )
m H=63.71m
V =23.69
s

Q= A V

5(25) π 2
0.699 4 ( )
= d ( 0.4 ( 23.69 ) )

d=4.9 m

24. A 16 kilograms gas enters a

22. The overall draft loss of chimney at 10m/s. If the
steam generating unit is 400mm temperature and pressure of a gas
H2O. Air enters at 101.325Kpa, are 26°C and 100Kpa respectively,
26°C and the average flue gas determine the volume of the gas.
temperature is found to be to be
PV =mRT
250°C, if no draft fans are to be
100 V =16 ( 0.287 )( 26+ 273 )
installed, what is the height of the
m3
chimney? Use gas constant of V =13.73
s
0.277KJ/kgK.
25. A steam generator with a meter and the theoretical draft of
economizer and air heater has an 2.157cm of water at the chimney
overall draft loss of 21.78cm of
base is needed when the
water. If stack gases are at 177°C
and if the atmosphere is at barometric pressure is 1.033kg/m2.
atmospheric with 26°C Determine the height of the
temperature, what theoretical
chimney in meters.
height of stack in meters is
needed when no draft fan are
used? Assume gas constant is the kg 1002 cm2
same as that of air. P=1.033
cm 2 (m2 () 0.00981
1 kg
KN
)
KN
h w =H (ρa −ρg ) ¿ 101.34
m2

1000 ( 21.78
100 ) =H
101.32
( 0.287 ( 26+273) ) 995.68 ( 2.157 )=H
101.3 4
( 0.287 ( 31+273) )
100
−101.32
0.28 7 (177+273) −101.34
0.28 7 (260+273)
H=550 m
H=43.03 m

26. A steam boiler plant

consumes 8500kg of coal per hour 27. A 150,000kg of coal supplied

and produces 19kg of flue gas per to two boilers. One has the

kg of coal fired. Ambient air capacity of 350 kg/hr and the other

temperature is 31°C and the boiler has a capacity of 100kg/hr.

average temperature of dry flue Air fuel ratio of boilers are 15 and

density is 995.68kg per cubic 11% to both. The pressure and

temperature of the gas as it directs
to chimney is 98kpa and 130°C. ash loss of 7%. Determine the
Use molecular weight of gas of height if the difference of their
30kg/kgmol. Determine the height densities is 25%?
of the chimney of the most
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
consumed fuel if the draft
pressure is 2.89cm H2O. 1000 ( 3.67
100 )
=H (0.25)

h w =H (ρa −ρg ) H=146.8 m

10 00 ( 2.89
100 ) 94

( 8.314 (130+273 ) )
=H ( 1.2 )−
30

H=89.6 m

29. A steam generator

evaporated 20,000kg of water per
28. A typical steam generator
hour from feed water with enthalpy
with an efficiency of 75% is
of461.3 KJ/kg of steam with
producing 10kg/s of steam. The
enthalpy of 2706.3KJ/kg. Coal
fuel used has heating value of
consumption is 2100 kg/hr and
42,150KJ/kg. the A/F ratio by
produces 16 kg of flue gas per kg
weight is 14. Actual specific
of coal fired. The gas pressure and
evaporation is 1.2. A draft of 3.67
temperature are 97Kpa and 57°C
cm H2O is needed at the base of
respectively as it enters the
the chimney and considering an
chimney at 37.7315ft/s. Determine
the diameter of the chimney in 31. A fire tube boiler which has

meters. a heating surface area of 2960

sq.ft consumed 10000 kg of coal

m a +m f =m g per hour which produces 19kg of

flue gas per kg of coal fire.
16+2100=mg
Assume an ash loss of 5%
kg 1 hr
m g =35700 (
hr 360 0 s ) determine the volume flow rate of
the gas if gas pressure and
kg
m g =9.92 temperature are 98Kpa and 33°C
s
respectively.
Q= A V

PV =mRT
9.92(0.278)(57+273) π 2 37.33
97
= d
4 3.281 ( )( ) 98 V =
10,000(19)
3600
( 0.287 )( 33+273 )

d=1.04 m m3
V =47.296
s

32. A fire tube boiler which has

a heating surface area of 2960
30. The density of a gas in sq.ft consumed 10000 kg of coal
3
chimney is 0.99kg/m and the per hour which produces 19kg of
density of air is at atmospheric. flue gas per kg of coal fire. The
Determine the computed height of gas if gas pressure and
the chimney if driving temperature temperature are 98Kpa and 33°C
is 310Pa. respectively. Assume an ash loss

h w =H (ρa −ρg ) of 5%, determine the diameter of

the chimney if the actual velocity
9.81
310=H ( 1.2−0.99 ) ( )
1 is 6.6m/s.
H=150.48 m Q= AV
m3 π 2 ( ) h w =H (ρa −ρg )
47.296
s 4 ( )
= d 6.6
98

d=3.02m
180=H 1.2−
( 0.287 ( 33+273 ) )( 9.811 )
H=218.15 m

34. A draft of 3.4 cm of water is

needed at the base of the chimney.
The gas temperature and pressure
are 150°F and 14.5psi,
respectively. Assume a molecular
weight of 30.2kg/kgmol. Determine
the height of the chimney.

33. A fire tube boiler which has 150 ℉=65.56 ℃

a heating surface area of 2960 14.5 psi=99.95 KPa
sq.ft consumed 10000 kg of coal
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
per hour which produces 19kg of
3.4
flue gas per kg of coal fire. The 1000 ( 100 )=H (( 1.2)− 8.314 (99.95
65.56+ 273 ) )
gas if gas pressure and 30.2
temperature are 98Kpa and 33°C H=266.34 m
respectively. Assume an ash loss
of 5%, determine the diameter of 35. The pressure of a certain
the chimney if the driving pressure gas is 32ft of H 2O and the
is 180Pa. temperature is at 23°C. By design
the velocity is set to be 11m/s. kg
¿ 0.892
m3
Determine the chimney diameter if
the mass flow rate of gas is
m
ρ=
48,000kg per hour. Use gas v
constant of 0.279KJ/kgK. 19
0. 892=
v

Q= A V m3
v=21.31
s
( 48,000
3600 )
(0.279)(23+273)
π
=( d ) ( 11 )
2

32 9.81 4
( 3.381 ) ( 1000 )
( 1000 )
V= 2 g
√ hw
( )
ρg
d=1.15m
36. If the actual draft required

8.62
for a furnace is 7.5 cm of water ¿ 2(9.81)
( 100 )
( (1000 )
)
0.892
and the frictional losses in the
m
stack is 13% of theoretical draft. V =23.69
s
Calculate the diameter of the
Q= A V
chimney if gas molecular weight is
30, mass of 19kg/s and 137°C m3 π 2

temperature.
21.31
s 4 ( )
= d ( 0.4 ( 43.55 ))

d=1.25m
h w =ha +h f

h w =7.5+0.13 hw

h w =8.62 cm H 2 O

P
ρ=
RT

101.325
¿
8.314
(137 +273)
30
( 82800
3600 ) π
=( d ) ( 0.4 ( 24.13 ) )
2
0.789 4

d=1.96 m

37. The height of the chimney is 38. In steam power plant, 5 kg of

57.18m and the mass of the gas is coal is consumed per second and
82800kg per hour. Determine the it was later found that 25kg of dry
diameter of the chimney if the flue gas is produced per kg of coal
driving temperature is 0.23Kpa. fired. Air enters at 25°C. The
average temperature of the flue
100
0.23 KPa ( )
9.81
=2.34 cm H 2 O
gas inside the chimney is 250°C. A
draft of 5cm of water at the base of
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
the chimney is needed. The gage
2.34
1000 ( )
100
=57.18 ( ( 1.2 )− ρg ) fluid specific volume is
0.0025m3/kg. If the molecular
ρ g=0.78 9
weight of the gas is the same as
hw that of air, calculate the diameter
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg of flue gas assuming an ash loss
of 12%.

2.34

¿ 2(9.81)
100
( ( )
( 1000 )
) P
0 .789 ρ g=
RT
m 101.325
V =24.13 ¿
s 0.287(250+273)

Q= A V ¿ 0.675
hw
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg 7.02
m3 π 2
s ( )
= d ¿
4

5 1

¿ 2(9.81)(( 100 0.0025 )

)( ) d=1.01m

0.675

m
V =24.11
s
40. The theoretical velocity is
Q= A V
15m/s. Determine the required
12(25) π 2 diameter if the mass flow of gas is
0.675
= d ¿
4 ( ) 35,000kg per hour. Assume
d=4.94 m atmospheric conditions.

39. The theoretical velocity of Q= A V

gas entering in a chimney is
35,000 π
22m/s. The gas temperature is
3600(1.2) 4( )
= d2 ¿

82°F and pressure of 28.8 in Hg a

d=1.31m
gas constant of 0.278KJ/kgK.
Determine the chimney diameter if
mas of flue gas is 65000 pounds
per hour.

28.8∈Hg≈ 97.53 KP a
82 ℉=27.78 ℃

PV =mRT
65,000
97.53 V = ( 0.287 )( 27.78+273 )
3600(2.205)

m3
V =7.02
s
Q= A V
42. A power plant situated at an
altitude having an ambient air
41. A water tube boiler with a
98.2kpa and 22°C. Flue gas at a
heating surface of 4 square meters
rate of 4kg/s enters the stack at
uses 2500kg of coal per hour. The
180°C and leaves at 150°C. The
flue gas temperature is 250°C and
flue gases gravimetric analysis are
with molecular weight of 30. The
18%CO2, 6%O2 and 76%N2.
air required for combustion is
Calculate the diameter of stack
14kg per kg coal at barometric
necessary for a driving pressure
pressure of 98kpa. Assuming an
of 0.25Kpa.
ash loss of 10% and allowable gas 1
mg = =30.2
velocity of 7.5m/s, find the 0.18 0.06 0.76
+ +
44 32 28
theoretical draft.
P
P ρ g=
ρ g= RT
RT
98.2
98 ¿
¿ 8.314 180+150
8.314 ( +273)
(250+ 273) 30.2 2
30
¿ 0.814
¿ 0.676
hw

hw
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg

V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg

1

¿ 2(9.81) ( 0.25 ( 0.00981 ) )

hw 0.814
7.5
0.4 √
= 2(9.81)
0.676 ( )
V =24.78
m
kg s
h w =12.12 Q= A V
m2
220
=H (1.14−0.795)
4 π 9.81
= d2 ¿
0.814 4 ( ) H=64.5m
d=0.794 m

43. A power plant having an

44. A steam generator with
ambient air 97.1Kpa and 23°C. Flue
economizer and air heater has a
gases at a rate of 7kg/s enters the
driving pressure of 250Pa. If stack
smokestack at 190°C and leaves at
gases are at 180°C and if the
150°C. The gas gravimetric
atmosphere is at atmospheric with
analysis are 17%CO2, 8%O2 and
26°C temperature, what is the
75%N2. Calculate the height of
diameter of stack in meters?
stack in meters for a driving
Assume gas flow rate of 3kg per
pressure of 220Pa.
sec and gas constant is same as
1
mg = =30.16 air.
0. 17 0. 08 0.75
+ +
44 32 28
P
ρ g=
P RT
ρ g=
RT 101.325
¿
97 .1 0.287(180+273)
¿
8.314 19 0+150
( +273) ¿ 0. 779
30.2 2
hw
¿ 0. 795

ρa =
P
RT
V= 2 g
√ ( )ρg

250
ρa =
97 . 1
¿ 2(9.81)
( 9. 81 )
( )
0.287 ( 23+ 273 ) 0.779

¿ 1.14 m
V =25.33
s
Q= A V
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
3 π
= d2 ¿ ( )

2.5
0.779 4
¿ 2(9.81)(( 100 )
(994.78)
)
0. 65
d=0.696 m
m
V =27.395
s
Q= A V

10000(15) π
45. A steam boiler plant
= d2 ¿
3600(0.65) 4 ( )
consumes 10000kg of coal per d=2.73 m
hour and produces 15kg of dry 46. 2.8kg of coal per second are

Outside air temperature is 33°C, and produced 17.52kg of dry flue

average temperature of dry gas in gas per kg of coal fired. The air

chimney. kg and theoretical draft of 3.2 cm

of water at the chimney base is
2 9.92∈Hg =101.32 Kp a
needed when the barometric
P
ρ g= pressure is atmospheric. Find the
RT
height of the chimney in meters.
101.325
¿
0.287(270+273) Assume molecular weight of 30.
¿ 0. 65 P
ρa =
RT
hw
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg ¿
101.325
0.287(31+273)
¿ 1.16 20,000
(17.25)
3600 π
ρ g=
P
RT
1
= d2 ¿
4 ( )
101.325 d=3.52m
¿
8.314
(270+ 273)
30
¿ 0.673

h w =H (ρa −ρg )

3.2 1
(
100 0.00 1 005 )
=H (1.16−0. 6 73)

H=65.5 2 m
48. A 15 kilograms gas enters a
47. 20000kg of coal per hour is
chimney at 10m/s. If the
being delivered to the furnace and
temperature and pressure of a gas
produces 17.25 kg of flue gas per
are 26°C and 10.1 m H2O,
kg of coal fired. Ash loss of 8%.
respectively. Determine the height
What is the diameter of the
of the chimney if the driving
chimney if the driving pressure is
pressure is 2.35cm H2O.
300Pa and the gas and air
densities are 1kg/m3 and 1.5kg/m3, 10.1 H 2 O=99.081 KP a
respectively? P
ρ g=
RT
hw
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg ¿
99.081
0.287(26+ 273)
¿ 1.15

300

¿ 2(9.81)
9.81
1 (( )) ρa =
P
RT

m 99.081
V =24.49 ρa =
s 0.287 ( 21.11+ 273 )
Q= A V
¿ 1.17
h w =H (ρa −ρg )

2.35
(1000)=H (1.17−1.15)
100
H=1224.42 m

50. A 150,000 kg of coal

supplied to two boilers. One has a
capacity of 350 kg/hr and the other
boiler has a capacity of 100 kg/hr.
Air fuel ratio of boilers are 15 and
10 respectively with an ash loss of
49. A 150,000kg of coal supplied 11% to both. The pressure and
to two boilers. One has a capacity temperature of the gas as it directs
of 350kg/hr and the other boiler to chimney is 98kpa and 130°C.
has a capacity of 100kg/hr. Air fuel Use molecular weight of gas of
ratio of boilers are 15 and 10 30kg/kgmol. Determine the
respectively with ash loss of 11% diameter of the chimney of the
to both. The pressure and most consumed fuel if the draft
temperature of the gas as it directs pressure is 2.79cm H2O.
to chimney is 98kpa and 130°C.
m a +m f =m ash +m g
Use molecular weight of gas of
30kg/kgmol. Determine the height 15 ( 35 0 ) +350=0.011 ( 3 5 0 ) +m g
of the chimney of the less kg 1 hr
consumed fuel if the draft
m g =5561.5 (
hr 3600 s )
pressure is 2.79cm H2O. kg
m g =1.54
s
h w =H (ρa −ρg )
P
ρ g=
2.79 98 RT
100
(1000)=H 1. 2−
(8.314
30
( 130+ 270 ) ) ¿
8.314
98
(130+ 273)
H=86.5 m 30
¿ 0. 877

hw
V= 2 g
√ ( )
ρg

2.69

¿ 2(9.81)(( 100 )
(1000)
)
0 .877

m
V =24.53
s

Q= A V

10000(15) π
= d2 ¿
3600(0.65) 4 ( )
d=0.48 m

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