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Republic of Zambia

SIXTH NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2011-2015


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

“Sustained economic growth and poverty reduction”

Ministry of Finance and National Planning


P.O. Box 50062
Lusaka

JANUARY 2011
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Macroeconomic Policies and Structural Reforms 1
1.2.1 Macroeconomic Developments 1
1.2.2 External Sector Developments 2
1.2.3 Social Developments and Constraints to Growth 2
1.2.4 SNDP Objectives and Strategies 2
1.2.5 Growth Areas in the SNDP 3
1.2.6 Monitoring the Implementation Framework of the SNDP 3
1.2.7 Economic Management during the SNDP 3
1.3 Cross-Cutting Issues 4
1.3.1 Governance 4
1.3.2 Human Immune-Deficiency Virus and Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome 5
1.3.3 Gender 5
1.3.4 Nutrition 6
1.3.5 Disability and Development 7
1.3.6 Environment 8
1.3.7 Disaster Risk Management 9
1.4 Financing 10
2.1 Transport 13
2.2 Energy 14
2.3 Housing 16
2.4 Health 17
2.5 Education and Skills Development 19
2.6 Water and Sanitation 21
2.7 Child, Youth and Sports Development 23
2.8 Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 23
2.9 Mining 26
2.10 Tourism 27
2.11 Manufacturing 28
2.12 Commerce and Trade 29
2.13 Science, Technology and Innovation 30
2.14 Information and Communications Technology 31
2.15 Natural Resources 31
2.16 Local Government and Decentralisation 33
2.17 Social Protection 34
3.1 Central Province 36
3.2 Copperbelt Province 38
3.3 Eastern Province 39
3.4 Luapula Province 41
3.5 Lusaka Province 42
3.6 Northern Province 44
3.7 North-Western Province 45
3.8 Southern Province 46
3.9 Western Province 48
4.1 Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Institutional Arrangement 50
TABLES
Table 1: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Governance........................................................... 4
Table 2: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – HIV and AIDS...................................................... 5
Table 3: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Gender.................................................................. 5
Table 4: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Nutrition................................................................ 6
Table 5: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Disability and Development................................. 7
Table 6: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Environment......................................................... 8
Table 7: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Disaster Risk Management.................................. 9
Table 8: Total Allocations of SNDP Resources by Sector 2011-2015................................................ 10
Table 9: Broad SNDP Allocations K’ Billions for Priority Sectors................................................... 12
Table 10: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Roads, Bridges and Railways............................ 13
Table 11: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Maritime and Inland Waterways........................ 13
Table 12: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Air Transport...................................................... 14
Table 13: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Energy................................................................ 14
Table 14: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Housing.............................................................. 16
Table 15: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Health................................................................. 17
Table 16: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Education and Skills Development................... 19
Table 17: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes -
Water Resources Management and Development.............................................................. 21
Table 18: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Water Supply and Sanitation.............................. 22
Table 19: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Youth, Child and Sports
Development...................................................................................................................... 23
Table 20: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Crops.................................................................. 24
Table 21: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes Livestock and Fisheries........................................ 25
Table 22: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Mining................................................................ 26
Table 23: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Tourism.............................................................. 27
Table 24: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Manufacturing.................................................... 28
Table 25: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Commerce and Trade........................................ 29
Table 26: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Science, Technology and Innovation................ 30
Table 27: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Information and Communication Technology.. 31
Table 28: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Natural Resources.............................................. 32
Table 29: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Local Government and
Decentralisation.................................................................................................................. 34
Table 30: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Mining................................................................. 35
Table 31: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Central Province................................................. 36
Table 32: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Copperbeltl Province.......................................... 38
Table 33: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Copperbelt Province........................................... 40
Table 34: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Luapula Province............................................... 41
Table 35: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Lusaka Province................................................. 43
Table 36: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Northern Province.............................................. 44
Table 37: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – North-Western Province..................................... 45
Table 38: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Southern Province.............................................. 47
Table 39: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Western Province................................................ 48
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACROYNMS
ACC Anti-Corruption Commission
ADCs Area Development Committees
AIDS Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome
ABS Access Benefit Sharing
APR Annual Progress Report
APRM African Peer Review Mechanism
ARV Anti-Retro Viral
ART Anti-Retroviral Therapy
BHCP Basic Health Care Package
BO Budget Office
CBPP Contagious Bovine Pleuro-Pneumonia
CBC Community Based Care
CBU Copperbelt University
CCS Commitment Control System
CCT Confidential Counselling and Testing
CDF Constituency Development Fund
CDM Clean Development Mechanisms
CEC Copperbelt Electricity Corporation
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
CEEC Citizens Economic Empowerment Commission
CFI Commission for Investigation
COSETCO Coppebelt Secondary Teachers’ College
CPs Cooperating Partners
CPD Continuous Professional Development
CSO Central Statistical Office
CSOs Civil Society Organisations
CT Counselling and Testing
CVRI Central Veterinary Research Institute
DDCCs District Development Coordinating Committees
DEC Drug Enforcement Commission
DFZ Disease Free Zone
DIP Decentralisation Implementation Plan
DMMU Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit
DoL Division of Labour
DPP Director of Public Prosecution
DPOs Disabled Persons Organisations
DS Decentralisation Secretariat
DTTM Digital Terrestrial Television Migration
DWA Department of Water Affairs
EAZ Economics Association of Zambia
ECCDE Early Childhood Care, Development and Education
ECF East Coast Fever
ECZ Electoral Commission of Zambia
ECZ Environmental Council of Zambia
EER Environmental Emergency Response
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment
EMoC Emergency Obstetric Care
ENRMMP Environmental and Natural Resources Management, and Mainstreaming
Programme
EPAs Economic Partnership Agreements
FANTA Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance
FD Forestry Department
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FIs Financial Institutions
FMD Foot and Mouth Disease
FNDP Fifth National Development Plan
FTA Free Trade Area
FTAs Free Trade Agreements
FTCs Farmer Training Centres
FTI Farmer Training Institute
FSDP Financial Sector Development Programme
GBV Gender Based Violence
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GHG Green House Gas
GIDD Gender in Development Division
GMA Game Management Area
GMPs Game Management Plans
GNI Gross National Income
GPI Gender Parity Index
GRZ Government of the Republic of Zambia
GS Governance Secretariat
Ha Hectares
HARID Home Affairs Research, Planning and Information Department
HBC Home Based Care
HCAZ Hotel and Catering Association of Zambia
HFIAS Household Food Insecurity and Access Scale
HIV Human Immune-Deficiency Virus
HQ Headquarters
HRC Human Rights Commission
HTTIT Hotel and Tourism Training Institute Trust
IAD Internal Audit Department
ICT Information and Communications Technology
IDPs Integrated Development Plans
IFMIS Integrated Financial Management Information System
IKS Indigenous Knowledge System
ITCP Inter-Agency Technical Committee on Population
IWRM-WEP Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Efficiency Plan
JASZ Joint Assistance Strategy for Zambia
KPIs Key Performance Indicators
Kw Kilowatts
K-Economy Knowledge and Innovation Economy
LAs Local Authorities
LCHs Low Capacity Households
LCMS Living Conditions Monitoring Survey
LDT Livestock Development Trust
LSEN Learners with Special Education Needs
MACO Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
M & E Monitoring and Evaluation
MCDSS Ministry of Community Development and Social Security
MCT Ministry of Communication and Transport
MCTI Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
MEWD Ministry of Energy and Water Development
MFEZ Multi-Facility Economic Zone
MHA Ministry of Home Affairs
MIBS Ministry Of Information and Broadcasting Services
MICE Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions
MIS Management Information Systems
MLFD Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development
MLGH Ministry of Local Government and Housing
MLSS Ministry of Labour and Social Security
MMMD Ministry of Mines and Minerals Development
MNCH Maternal New-born and Child Health
MoESPs Ministry of Education Strategic Plans
MOE Ministry of Education
MoFNP Ministry of Finance and National Planning
MoH Ministry of Health
MoJ Ministry of Justice
MPs Members of Parliament
MPSAs Ministries, Provinces and other Spending Agencies
MSc Master of Science
MSME Micro, Small and Medium-scale Enterprises
MSTVT Ministry of Science Technology and Vocational Training
MSYCD Ministry of Sport, Youth and Child Development
Mt Metric Tonnes
MTCT Mother To Child Transmission
MTEF Medium-Term Expenditure Framework
MTENR Ministry of Tourism Environment and Natural Resources
MNTE Maternal Neonatal Tetanus Elimination
MTR Mid-Term Review
MWS Ministry of Works and Supply
NAC National AIDS Council
NACP National Anti-Corruption Policy
NBSAP National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
NDP National Development Plan
NDP National Decentralisation Policy
NDPs National Development Plans
NDCC National Development Coordinating Committee
NEAC National Economic Advisory Council
NEPAD New Economic Partnership for African Development
NER Net Enrolment Ratio
NFNC National Food and Nutrition Commission
NGOs Non–Governmental Organisations
NGOCC Non-Governmental Organisation Coordinating Council
NHA National Housing Authority
NHCC National Heritage Conservation Commission
NIFs National Implementation Frameworks
NISIR National Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research
NMB National Museum Board
NPE National Policy on Environment
NRDC Natural Resources Development College
NRWSSP National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme
NTEs Non-Traditional Exports
NTIMP National Transport Infrastructure Master Plan
NUWSSP National Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Programme
NWASCO National Water Supply and Sanitation Council
OAG Office of the Auditor General
ODA Official Development Assistance
OSBP One Stop Border Post
OVC Orphans and other Vulnerable Children
OVP Office of the Vice President
PDCCs Provincial Development Coordinating Committees
PDI Provincial Development Index
PEMFA Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability
PFM Public Financial Management
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
PMTCT Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission
PPPs Public Private Partnerships
PS Prison Services
PRSP Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
PSDRP Private Sector Development Reform Programme
PSMD Public Service Management Division
PSRP Public Service Reform Programme
PTR Pupil Teacher Ratio
PWAS Public Welfare Assistance Scheme
PWDs Persons with Disabilities
R & D Research and Development
RDA Road Development Agency
RDP Research Development Programme
RDI Research, Development and Innovation
REMP Rural Electrification Master Plan
ROADSIP Road Sector Investment Programme
RSZ Railway Systems of Zambia
RWSS Rural Water Supply and Sanitation
SADC Southern African Development Community
SAGs Sector Advisory Groups
SCCI Seed Control and Certification Institute
SEED Support to Economic Expansion Diversification
SGBV Sexual and Gender Based Violence
SCTs Social Cash Transfers
SNDP Sixth National Development Plan
STI Science, Technology and Innovation
STR Simplified Trade Regime
SME’s Small and Medium Scale Enterprises
SWAPs Sector Wide Approach Programmes
TADs Trans-boundary Animal Diseases
TAZARA Tanzania-Zambia Railways Authority
TB Tuberculosis
TCZ Tourism Council of Zambia
TDAU Technology Development Advisory Unit
TDRC Tropical Diseases Research Centre
TEVET Technical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training
TMD Trunk, Main and District Roads
TNDP Transitional National Development Plan
TSA Treasury Single Account
UNCRPD United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities
UNZA University of Zambia
UPP Uniform Petroleum Prices
UTH University Teaching Hospital
UWSS Urban Water Supply and Sanitation
VAT Value Added Tax
VCT Voluntary Counselling and Testing
VSU Victim Support Unit
WMO World Maritime Organisation
WRMD Water Resources Management and Development
WSS Water Supply and Sanitation
WHO World Health Organisation
ZABS Zambia Bureau of Standards
ZACSMBA Zambia Chambers of Small and Medium Business Association
ZADP Zambia Association of Persons with Disabilities
ZAMISE Zambia Institute of Special Education
ZAPD Zambia Agency for Persons with Disabilities
ZARI Zambia Agricultural Research Institute
ZDA Zambia Development Agency
ZDHS Zambia Demographic Health Survey
ZAMISE Zambia Institute of Special Education
ZAMTEL Zambia Telecommunications Company Limited
ZAWA Zambia Wildlife Authority
ZNS Zambia National Service
ZP Zambia Police
ZRA Zambia Revenue Authority
ZRL Zambia Railways Limited
1. Overview of SNDP Goals and Strategies

1.1 Introduction
The Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP) 2011–2015 is the successor to the Fifth National
Development Plan (FNDP), aimed at actualising the aspirations of the Vision 2030 of becoming “a
prosperous middle-income nation by 2030”. While the FNDP set the pace for improving economic
infrastructure and investing in human development, the SNDP aims to build on the gains of the FNDP
in the process of attaining the Vision 2030.

The theme of the SNDP is “sustained economic growth and poverty reduction”. The objectives of
the SNDP are to accelerate: infrastructure development; economic growth and diversification; rural
investment and poverty reduction and enhance human development.

While recognizing the importance of all sectors, the SNDP contains only sector programmes that
have been identified as critical to achieving the overall objectives of the Plan. In view of this, the
Plan contains the following sections: Economic and Social Developments; Infrastructure; Human
Development; Growth sectors; Support sectors; Regional Development and Monitoring and Evaluation
Institutional Arrangement. Cross-cutting issues such as Governance, Human Immune-Deficiency Virus
and Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome, Gender, Disability, Nutrition, Environment and Disaster
Risk Management have been mainstreamed.

1.2 Macroeconomic Policies and Structural Reforms

1.2.1 Macroeconomic Developments

During the FNDP period, economic growth improved averaging 6.1 percent per annum over the period
2006-2009 compared with an average of 4.8 percent attained during the Poverty Reduction Strategy
Paper (PRSP)/Transitional National Development Plan (TNDP) period. However, the growth was still
below the envisaged average growth target of 7.0 percent.

Annual inflation was much lower, averaging 11.3 percent as compared to 20 percent during the PRSP/
TNDP period, however, it was still below the FNDP target of single digit inflation. With regard to
lending rates, they declined to 27.3 percent from 46.2 percent during the PRSP/TNDP period. Over the
review period, the high levels of lending rates and the limited availability of long-term finance remained
the major constraints to growth, particularly for small to medium-scale enterprises. The exchange rate
of the Zambian Kwacha against major currencies steadily appreciated during the FNDP period.

The implementation of the envisaged fiscal outlays proved to be a challenge, mainly due to shortfalls in
domestic revenues and grants from Cooperating Partners. Over the FNDP period, current expenditures
were actually higher than domestically generated revenues. As a result, fiscal deficit averaged 1.9
percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) during the period against the FNDP average target of 1.7
percent. Domestic debt increased by 25.9 percent to K10, 455.22 billion as at end-December 2009 from
K7,720.42 billion at the beginning of the FNDP period. However, as a proportion of GDP, domestic debt
fell from 20 percent in 2006 to 16.2 percent in 2009.

The labour force increased by 10 percent from 4.9 million in 2005 to 5.4 million in 2008 while total
employment grew by 26.4 percent to 5.2 million in 2008 from 4.1 million in 2005. In the formal
sector, male employment accounted for 71 percent compared to 29 percent for females. The level of

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unemployment remained around 15.5 percent of the total labour force of which 70 percent were in urban
areas and 30 percent were in rural areas.

1.2.2 External Sector Developments

The external balances of the country improved significantly during the FNDP period. The current
account deficit averaged 4.8 percent of GDP compared to 11.3 percent of GDP during the PRSP/TNDP
period, and in 2009 it further narrowed to 3.2 percent of GDP. The increase in export earnings coupled
with a significant increase in FDI contributed to the favourable balance of payments position throughout
the FNDP period. The increase in exports contributed to the rise in international reserves to US $1.8
billion in 2009. In terms of import coverage, this represented an increase to over 4 months in 2009 from
1.5 months in 2005.

Total national external debt increased by 16.1 percent from US $2, 014.4 million in 2006 to US $3, 407.3
million at end 2009. This was mainly on account of a higher increase in private and parastatal debt of
over 100 percent from US $1, 084.0 million in 2006 to US $2, 250.4 million in 2009 while the public
debt increased by 24.4 percent from US $930 million in 2006 to US $1, 156.9 million in 2009. As a
proportion of GDP, external debt remained at around 9 percent and was sustainable.

1.2.3 Social Developments and Constraints to Growth

The country has made progress towards the attainment of the Vision 2030. The country’s per capita
Gross National Income increased from US $680 in 2006 to an estimated US $970 in 2009, only slightly
below the lower middle-income threshold of US $995. Progress has also been made with regard to
social developments in the country as indicated by improvements in the attainment of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) as the country is most likely to achieve all the goals except the one relating
to environmental sustainability. However, the challenge for the country is to improve the quality of life
for the majority of the population which has remained low especially in rural areas. The SNDP, therefore,
will focus on development strategies that address poverty, by ensuring that minimum requirements
including provision of health, education, water and sanitation and access roads are in place.

The population of Zambia stood at 9.9 million in 2000, estimated at 13.3 million in 2010 and is projected
to increase to 15.5 million by 2015 and to double by 2030. Zambia has a young and dependant population,
with 46.0 percent of the population being under the age of 15. This highly dependent population poses
a great socio-economic burden on the family and the entire nation. Further, the economic growth
experienced during the last decade has not translated into significant reductions in poverty and improved
general living conditions of the majority of Zambians. Job creation was not commensurate with the
gains registered from economic growth. In addition, economic growth and poverty reduction was further
constrained by several factors, among which were the following: poor infrastructure; low quality of
human capital; high cost of financial services; inefficiencies in public expenditure management and
limited access to land. However, if fully utilised, the population can contribute to economic growth for
sustainable development. Therefore, the focus of the SNDP will be on deliberate interventions that will
promote the creation of decent jobs and skills development particularly for young people.

1.2.4 SNDP Objectives and Strategies

In an effort to build on the successes and address the challenges identified during the FNDP period, the
SNDP will seek to attain the following objectives: accelerate infrastructure development, economic
growth and diversification; promote rural investment and accelerate poverty reduction and enhance
human development. Pursuant to these objectives, the Plan focuses on policies, strategies and programmes
that will contribute significantly to addressing the challenges of realising broad based pro-poor growth,
employment creation and human development.

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The strategic focus of the SNDP is, therefore, to address the constraints of infrastructure and human
development. In order to reduce the high poverty levels in the rural areas and promote rural development,
focus will be on stimulating agriculture productivity and promotion of agro-businesses, improving the
provision of basic services such as water and sanitation, health, education and skills development. In
addition, investments in key economic infrastructure such as feeder roads, water canals, tourist access
roads and electricity access will be undertaken. The SNDP will also entrench cross-cutting issues of
Governance, HIV and AIDS, Gender, Disability, Nutrition, Environment and Disaster Risk Management.

1.2.5 Growth Areas in the SNDP

Zambia is endowed with natural resources which could provide an impetus to economic development.
However, while mining still remains important and will continue to be promoted, there is need to
aggressively diversify the economy to other sectors, in order to cushion against the negative effects
of external shocks. In line with the objectives and strategic focus of the SNDP, the growth areas will
be agriculture, tourism, manufacturing, mining and energy. The development in these areas will be
augmented by human development particularly in health, education and skills development, and water
and sanitation.

1.2.6 Monitoring the Implementation Framework of the SNDP

To achieve the goals and objectives of the SNDP, there is need to strengthen oversight for monitoring and
evaluation of programmes. Measures such as enforced multi-level performance audits and evaluation
and monitoring will be put in place to provide a clear and strong mechanism for tracking progress. Each
Programme in the SNDP is expected to address a particular objective whose output/outcome should
be demonstrated through a link between resources spent and outputs realised. Further, a programme
implementation monitoring matrix has been developed in each sector to show what outputs will be
generated from various SNDP programmes. To further bring out the benefits being realised from
the SNDP programmes, Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) or any such proxy indicators have been
designated at outcome/impact levels as results manifest in different sectors.

1.2.7 Economic Management during the SNDP

The macroeconomic environment is expected to remain stable and conducive to growth over the SNDP
period. In this regard, emphasis will continue to be placed on maintaining a business-friendly and
growth-promoting environment. The key macroeconomic objectives, therefore, are as follows: sustain
single-digit inflation; enhance domestic revenue mobilisation; maintain a stable and competitive
exchange rate; reduce commercial bank lending rates; maintain public debt sustainability and increase
decent and productive employment.

Zambia’s economic growth prospects during this Plan period are positive. The GDP growth rate is
projected to be in the range of 6 to 7 percent per annum. Implementation of policies and investments
outlined in this Plan are expected to contribute to the positive growth. It is envisaged that the average
inflation rate will be single digit during the Plan period. A favourable external economic environment
is also envisaged. However, it is important that management of public finance should be sound with a
view to consolidate macroeconomic stability. In particular, the level of Government domestic borrowing
will be contained at sustainable levels, given its high cost both in absolute terms (interest payments) and
the potential crowding-out effect that it has on the private sector.

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1.3 Cross-Cutting Issues

Governance, HIV and AIDS, Gender, Nutrition, Disability, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
are essential cross-cutting issues to the achievements of Zambia’s desired socio-economic development.
Cross-cutting issues that have already been mainstreamed in the Plan are outlined below.

1.3.1 Governance

Good governance remains the cornerstone for prudent management of public affairs and ensuring that
development outcomes benefit the people of Zambia. The focus during the SNDP period will be on
human and infrastructure development for governance institutions to enhance their delivery capacities.
In addition, governance institutions will be decentralised to provincial levels as well as streamlining good
governance practices in both public and private sectors, facilitate the domestication of provisions of the
international human rights instruments into law and ensure the implementation of the new Republican
Constitution. Other areas of focus will be the implementation of Parliamentary reforms, Access to
Justice Programme, the National Anti-Corruption Policy and the African Peer Review Mechanism
National Plan of Action. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for Governance
during the SNDP period:

Table 1: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Governance


No Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To enhance governance and increase a) Develop additional infrastructure for Administration of justice
access to civil and criminal justice justice institutions;
b) Increase human capacity in governance
institutions;
c) Accelerate the decentralization of
governance institutions to Provincial
and/or district levels;
d) Develop and implement Case Flow
Management (CFM) system; and
e) Improve access to justice for the
vulnerable, especially women and
children.
2 To facilitate the promotion of human Construct Offices for Human Rights Human Rights
rights Institutions.
3 To promote broad-based participation in Invest in technology for continuous Democratization
public affairs voters’ registration.
4 To put in place effective mechanisms a) Construction and rehabilitation of Accountability and
that prevent corruption transparency and accountability Transparency
institutions;
b) Streamline good governance practices
in sectors; and
c) Enhance coordination amongst the
governance institutions.

1.3.2 Human Immune-Deficiency Virus and Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome

The Human Immune-Deficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic presents major challenges to the achievement
of desired infrastructure and human development aspirations of the SNDP. HIV and Acquired Immune-
Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) have the capacity to negate efforts to promote human development and
progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). During the SNDP period,
concerted effort will be targeted at the following six key drivers of new infections: high rates of multiple
concurrent sexual partners; low and inconsistent use of condoms; low rates of male circumcision;
mobility; vulnerable groups with high risk behaviours and Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT). The
following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for HIV and AIDS during the SNDP period:

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Table 2: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – HIV and AIDS
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To reduce the rate of new a) Promoting prevention, intensifying and Prevention Response
infections every year (HIV accelerating prevention of sexual transmission
Incidence) of HIV in family settings including MTCT;
b) Integrating prevention in all aspects of care at
all health care settings; and
c) Expanding and scaling-up access to and use of
VCT services.
2 To expand access to a) Promoting universal access to quality ART and Treatment, Care and
appropriate care, support and Confidential Counseling and Testing; Support
Treatment for people living b) Scaling-up of treatment for TB/STIs/OI
with HIV and AIDS, their including cancers; and
caregivers and their families, c) Strengthening Home and Community-Based
including services for TB, STIs Care and provide access to palliative care.
and other opportunistic
infections
3 To provide improved social a) Scaling-p support services for Orphans and Mitigation
support services for orphans Vulnerable Children Promoting Programmes of
and vulnerable children, people food ; and
living with HIV and their b) Security and income/livelihood generation for
caregivers and families PLHA and their caregivers and families.
4 To strengthen the capacity for a a) Promoting practices which reduce stigma and Coordination and
well-coordinated and discrimination through structural and Management
sustainably managed HIV and community measures;
AIDS multi-sectoral response b) Strengthen mainstreaming, decentralisation and
community HIV and AIDS response;
c) Enhance resourcing and tracking of a sustained
national response;
d) Strengthen monitoring, evaluation and
Research; and
e) Streamline and align the HIV and AIDS
Institutional Arrangements in line with the
Decentralisation Policy and other legal
instruments.

1.3.3 Gender

Gender involves attempts, on the basis of analytical findings, to formulate and implement policies in
a more gender-sensitive way by taking into account the special needs of each gender type. Therefore,
unless gender is considered, the government’s overall objectives in respect of development are unlikely
to be fully achieved. In this regard, Government will continue to advance the gender mainstreaming
into policies and legislation, and support the socio-economic empowerment of all, especially women.
Further, government will undertake to comprehensively integrate, into national policies and programmes,
important international and regional Conventions and Treaties on gender to which Zambia is party.
During the SNDP period, attention will be paid to interventions in agriculture, land, energy, commerce,
trade and industry, access to finance, education and skills training, governance and social protection
sectors and HIV and AIDS. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for Gender
during the SNDP period:

Table 3: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Gender


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To develop gender responsive a) Domesticate appropriate and relevant Gender Responsive Policies
policies and legal framework provisions contained in the Convention and Legislation
on the Elimination of all forms of
Discrimination Against Women
(CEDAW);
b) Facilitate the enactment of the Gender-
Based Violence (GBV) Bill;
c) Facilitate awareness raising on gender
and development issues;
d) Promote the review and harmonization
of customary and statutory land
ownership laws, procedures and
5 practices; and
administrative
e) Facilitate the review of all pertinent
legislation to enhance women and girls’
rights.
2 To enhance capacity of women to a) Devise appropriate poverty reduction Empowerment of Women
1 To develop gender responsive a)
Domesticate appropriate and relevant Gender Responsive Policies
policies and legal framework provisions contained in the Convention and Legislation
on the Elimination of all forms of
Discrimination Against Women
(CEDAW);
b) Facilitate the enactment of the Gender-
Based Violence (GBV) Bill;
No. Objectives Strategies
c) Facilitate awareness raising on gender Programmes
and development issues;
1 To develop gender responsive a)
d) Domesticate appropriate
Promote the review and relevant
and harmonization Gender Responsive Policies
policies and legal framework provisions
of customary contained in the land
and statutory Convention and Legislation
on the Elimination
ownership of all forms
laws, procedures andof
Discriminationpractices;
administrative Against Women
and
(CEDAW);
e) Facilitate the review of all pertinent
b) legislation
Facilitate the enactment
to enhance of theand
women Gender-
girls’
Based Violence (GBV) Bill;
rights.
2 To enhance capacity of women to c)
a) Facilitate awarenesspoverty
Devise appropriate raising reduction
on gender Empowerment of Women
participate in national development and development
programmes issues; for women;
and projects
d) Facilitate
b) Promote the reviewbuilding
capacity and harmonization
in
of customary and statutory
entrepreneurship, landlife skills
survival and
ownership
among women;laws, procedures and
administrative
c) Promote girls’ practices; andin science
participation
e) and
Facilitate the review of all pertinent
technology;
legislationwomen
d) Enhance to enhance women
and girls’ and girls’
training in
rights.
leadership skills; and
2 To enhance capacity of women to a)
e) Devise
Reduce appropriate poverty
the vulnerability of reduction
women to Empowerment of Women
participate in national development programmes and
Gender-Based projectsand
Violence forHIV
women;
b) infection.
Facilitate capacity building in
3 To strengthen institutional entrepreneurship,
a) Facilitate monitoring survival and life
of Gender andskills Coordination for Gender
capacities for effective Gender among women;
development programmes and Mainstreaming
mainstreaming c) activities;
Promote girls’
and participation in science
and technology;
b) Promote and build capacity of systems
d) for
Enhance women
collecting and girls’
Gender training in
disaggregated
leadership skills; and
data.
e) Reduce the vulnerability of women to
Gender-Based Violence and HIV
infection.
1.3.4
3
ToNutrition
strengthen institutional a) Facilitate monitoring of Gender and Coordination for Gender
capacities for effective Gender development programmes and Mainstreaming
Good nutrition is an important element of economic
mainstreaming activities; anddevelopment and will contribute towards achieving
most of the MDGs and the Vision 2030. b) Good
Promotenutrition
and build capacity
also leads of systems
to enhanced education and health
for collecting Gender disaggregated
outcomes that consequently contribute to data. improved productivity and overall national socio-economic
development. During the SNDP period, the Nutrition sector will focus on guiding and expanding the
scope of implementation of, and monitoring the nutrition related interventions under various sectors
as per the National Food and Nutrition Policy. The selected strategies within the key sectors will
contribute towards improvement in the nutrition status of the population, thus adding value to the human
capital required for social and economic development. The following are the objectives, strategies and
programmes for Nutrition during the SNDP period:

Table 4: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Nutrition


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To improve the nutritional a) Amend the National Food and Nutrition Food and Nutrition
status of the Zambian Commission Act of 1967; Coordination and
population through the b) Expand proven high impact and cost effective Management
provision of quality nutrition food and nutrition interventions focusing on
services and increased under-served areas and vulnerable population
availability, access and groups;
utilization of quality and safe c) Advocate for the promotion of nutritious diet
foods through crop diversification, adequate food
processing, storage and utilization;
d) Ensure adequate quality and safety of local and
imported food and food products;
e) Enhance effective utilization of food by
advocating for control, prevention and treatment
of diseases having an impact on nutrition and
specifically community-based interventions; and
f) Support expansion of the school feeding
programme and other school nutrition services.

6
1.3.5 Disability and Development

Persons with disabilities face numerous barriers in realising equal opportunities and are more often
the poorest of the poor. In this regard, the Plan focus will be to accelerate mainstreaming of disability
issues in national development in order to improve the lives of Persons with Disabilities. This will be
done through the development and implementation of legislation, policies and programmes in line with
the UN Convention of Rights for Persons with Disability (UNCRPD). The following are the objectives,
strategies and programmes for Disability and Development during the SNDP period:

Table 5: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Disability and Development


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To enable persons with disabilities a) Identify and eliminate obstacles and Accessibility
participate fully in all aspects of barriers to accessibility in the
life physical environment,
transportation and information
communication technology; and
b) Provide training to Disabled
Persons Organisations (DPOs)
Inspectors on issues of accessibility
by Persons with Disabilities.
2 To ensure that health services are Provide free medical & health Medical Care
accessible to persons with services to vulnerable persons with
disabilities disabilities.
3 To ensure persons with disabilities a) Provide assistive technology to the Rehabilitation and
have access to quality disabled; Independent Living
rehabilitation services to attain b) Rehabilitate existing rehabilitation
their full functional capacity centres; and
c) Establish, promote and support
community-based rehabilitation for
persons with disabilities.
4 To provide inclusive education a) Strengthen and implement training Education and Skills
and skills training at all levels programmes for teachers in special Development
needs education;
b) Provide education opportunities and
skills development to vulnerable
persons with disabilities;
c) Provide adequate educational
facilities, services, equipment and
materials to persons with
disabilities in learning institutions;
and
d) Promote the employability of
PWDs.
5 To create equal employment a) Provide incentives to organizations Employment Promotion
opportunities for Persons with and individuals to enhance for PWDs
Disabilities in decent employment employment opportunities for
persons with disabilities;
b) Provide micro-credit to persons
with disabilities to enable them
undertake entrepreneurial activities;
and
c) Develop a mechanism for PWDs to
access funds from financial
institutions.

7
1.3.6 Environment

While socio-economic development is important in addressing poverty in Zambia, economic growth


can result in the deterioration of the environment if uncontrolled. During the Plan period, the National
Policy on Environment (NPE) and Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act (EPPCA) will
be reviewed to address emerging issues on climate change and Strategic Environmental Assessment
(SEA). In addition, other sector policies that have a bearing on the environment will be strengthened to
promote environmental sustainability. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for
Environment during the SNDP period:

Table 6: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Environment


No. Objectives a) Strategies Programmes

1 To strengthen policy and b) Harmonize sector policies and legislation Environmental Protection and
legal framework for effective to ensure adequate coverage of Pollution Control
environmental management environmental and natural resources
concerns in selected sectors (Agriculture,
Health, Education, Energy, Water, Land,
Infrastructure, Mining, Local
government and MoFNP);
c) Review existing policy and legal
framework for environmental
management;
d) Strengthen enforcement of
environmental regulations;
e) Domesticate Multilateral Environmental
Agreements;
f) Develop long-term environment and
climate change; mainstreaming and
response strategies respectively for
implementation at national, sector and
sub-national levels; and
g) Strengthen institutional capacity at
national, provincial, district and
community levels to effectively
implement the policy and legal
framework.
To strengthen environmental a) Improve data and information
protection and management management systems and equipment and
human capacity for environmental
accounting and pollution mitigation and
control;
b) Promote sustainable land management
and facilitate rehabilitation of degraded
lands in open areas;
c) Improve management of waste,
chemicals and effluent;
d) Information management systems and
equipment for air quality monitoring
installed across the country;
e) Improved environmental emergency
response capacity; and
f) Facilitate environmental Research and
Development
2 To promote effective a) Carry out systematic and targeted Environment and Climate Change
management of the training in application of tools for Mainstreaming
environment and natural integration of environment and natural
resources in key sectors resources management in selected
sectors and provinces;
b) Facilitate the development and
implementation of sector and provincial
specific environmental integration and
climate change adaptation and
mitigation guidelines and programmes;
c) Develop and implement a sector wide
environmental education, public
awareness and advocacy campaign on
key environmental issues;
d) 8
Create an environment fund for
promoting resource mobilization and
investment for effective environmental
management; and
e) Develop an investment framework and
c)
Improve management of waste,
chemicals and effluent;
d) Information management systems and
equipment for air quality monitoring
installed across the country;
e) Improved environmental emergency
response capacity; and
No. Objectives a) Facilitate
f) Strategiesenvironmental Research and Programmes
Development
21 strengthen
To promote policy and
effective b) Harmonize
a) sector policies
Carry out systematic and legislation Environmental
and targeted Environment andProtection
Climate and
Change
legal framework
management for effective
of the to ensureinadequate
training application coverage
of toolsoffor Pollution Control
Mainstreaming
environmental
environment and management
natural environmental and natural resources
integration of environment and natural
resources in key sectors concerns
resources in selected sectors
management (Agriculture,
in selected
Health, Education,
sectors and provinces; Energy, Water, Land,
b) Infrastructure, Mining, Local
Facilitate the development and
government
implementation and of MoFNP);
sector and provincial
c) Review
specific existing
environmental policy integration
and legal and
framework
climate change for environmental
adaptation and
management;
mitigation guidelines and programmes;
d) Strengthen
c) Develop andenforcement
implement of a sector wide
environmental education,
regulations;public
e) Domesticate
awareness and Multilateral Environmental
advocacy campaign on
Agreements;
key environmental issues;
f) Develop
d) Create anlong-term
environment environment
fund for and
climate
promoting change;
resource mainstreaming
mobilizationand and
response
investment strategies respectively
for effective for
environmental
implementation
management; and at national, sector and
e) sub-national levels; andframework and
Develop an investment
g) Strengthen institutional
financing strategy capacity atland
for sustainable
national,
management.provincial, district and
community levels to effectively
1.3.7 Disaster Risk Managementimplement the policy and legal
framework.
To strengthen environmental a) Improve data and information
Zambiaprotection
has continued to experiencemanagement
and management a numbersystems of hazards over and
and equipment the FNDP period. Some of these,
human capacity
especially droughts and floods have increased for environmental
in frequency, intensity and magnitude during the FNDP
accounting and pollution mitigation and
period and have adversely affected human control;development, especially that of rural communities. During
the Plan period, the main aim is b)to reducePromote the socio-economic
sustainable land management impact of disasters by enhancing and
building strong disaster risk management and facilitate rehabilitation
mechanisms at of degraded
community, district and national levels as
lands in open areas;
well as building infrastructure that can withstand natural
c) Improve management of waste,
disasters. The following are the objectives,
strategies and programmes for Disaster Risk Management
chemicals and effluent; during the SNDP period:
d) Information management systems and
equipment
Table 7: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes for air quality
– Disaster monitoring
Risk Management
No. Objectives installed across the country;Strategies Programmes
e) Improved environmental emergency
1 To mainstream disaster risk response
a) Developcapacity;earlyand warning information system Disaster management
management in priority sectors f) Facilitate environmental
and information Research and
dissemination; mainstreaming
Development
b) Establishment of district-based
2 To promote effective a) Carry vulnerability
out systematic and and targeted
risk profiles; Environment and Climate Change
management of the training in application
c) Formulate of tools
and update for and
district Mainstreaming
environment and natural integration of environment
provincial and naturalplans;
disaster management
resources in key sectors resources management
d) Participate in selected of land use
in the formulation
sectorsplans;
and provinces;
b) Facilitate the development
e) Mainstreaming disasterandrisk management
implementation of sector
in infrastructure and provincial
development, Agriculture,
specific environmental
Health and Local integration
Government and
and
climate change Energy
Housing, adaptation andandEducation; and
mitigation
f) To enhanceguidelines and programmes;
coordination.
2 To build capacity for disaster c) Develop and implement aofsector
a) Institutionalization wide and
Provincial Capacity building
management environmental education, public
District Preparedness Plans;
awareness and advocacy
b) Enhancement campaign
of Disaster on
Preparedness at
key environmental
all levels; andissues;
d) Create an environment
c) Strengthening fund for prevention and
of Disaster
promoting resource mobilization and
mitigation.
investment for effective environmental
management; and
e) Develop an investment framework and
financing strategy for sustainable land
management.

9
1.4 Financing
Over the SNDP period, Government projects to increase domestic revenues as a share of GDP to an
average of 18.6 percent from the FNDP target of 17.7 percent. In view of the envisaged increase in
domestic revenues, grants from Cooperating Partners are expected to reduce from an average of 3.3
percent of GDP in 2010 to an average of 2.1 percent over the SNDP period. Projected Government
expenditures are expected to broadly remain at an average of 23.8 percent of GDP during the Plan
period. Government’s intention during the SNDP period is to create more fiscal space to allow for
increased spending on core programmes. In this regard, Government projects expenses and liabilities to
decline from 17.2 percent of GDP in 2011 to 14.0 percent of GDP by 2015.

In line with the SNDP’s strategic focus of facilitating economic development through increased
investments in infrastructure, Government’s resource allocation towards capital expenditures is projected
to substantially increase from 6.1 percent of GDP in 2011 to 8.3 percent of GDP by 2015. The bulk of
these resources will go towards infrastructure development particularly in roads, health and education
and skills development. Financing of the HIV and AIDS interventions have been provided for within
the provisions for the Health Sector, and are wholly financed by Government. However, it is expected
that the efforts of combating HIV and AIDS will be complimented by external financing. Similarly, the
financing for Nutrition programmes have been included in the provisions for the Health and Agriculture,
Livestock and Fisheries sectors. In addition, Government will also commit a significant share of its
domestic resources to the rural electrification programme.

Total resources for the SNDP (2011-2015) are projected at K132.2 trillion and expected to average K26.4
trillion per annum. Of the total resources, non-discretionary expenditures such as Personal Emoluments,
Debt Service and Grants to Institutions will account for K78.7 trillion or 59.5 percent of the total
resources. The remaining balance of K53.6 trillion representing 40.5 percent of the total resources will
be applied on discretionary expenditures. Of the discretionary resources, K48.0 trillion or 89.6 percent
is earmarked for the strategic focus of the SNDP and will be applied on roads, health, education and
skills development, water and sanitation programmes and foreign financed capital projects. The balance
of K5.6 trillion will be directed to the rest of the SNDP programmes.

In the Plan period, Government will endeavour to facilitate Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects
across all areas of economic development and social service delivery for the benefit of the general
population. Total SNDP allocations per sector and for Priority Sectors over the SNDP period are as
follows:

Table 8: Total Allocations of SNDP Resources by Sector 2011-2015


TOTAL

GRZ Foreign Financing Total


SNDP RESOURCES 40,204.99 13,357.56 53,562.56
TOTAL 40,204.99 13,357.56 53,562.56

CROSS CUTTING ISSUES 525.26 201.67 726.93


Governance 234.10 137.00 371.10
Gender 45.94 - 45.94
Disability and Development 61.90 - 61.90
Environment 12.30 64.67 76.97
Disaster Risk Management 171.02 - 171.02

INFRASTRUCTURE 16,317.65 10,449.09 26,766.73


Transport Infrastructure 15,055.93 8,444.84 23,500.77
o/w Roads
1013,397.34 8,444.84 21,842.18
Rail 1,269.93 - 1,269.93
Air 301.98 - 301.98
Water 86.69 - 86.69
CROSS CUTTING ISSUES 525.26 201.67 726.93
Governance 234.10 137.00 371.10
Gender 45.94 - 45.94
Disability and Development 61.90 - 61.90
Environment 12.30 64.67 76.97
TOTAL
Disaster Risk Management 171.02 - 171.02
GRZ Foreign Financing Total
SNDP RESOURCES
INFRASTRUCTURE 40,204.99
16,317.65 13,357.56
10,449.09 53,562.56
26,766.73
Transport
TOTAL Infrastructure 15,055.93
40,204.99 8,444.84
13,357.56 23,500.77
53,562.56
o/w Roads 13,397.34 8,444.84 21,842.18
CROSS CUTTING ISSUES 525.26 201.67 726.93
Rail 1,269.93 - 1,269.93
Governance 234.10 137.00 371.10
Air 301.98 - 301.98
Gender 45.94 - 45.94
Water 86.69 - 86.69
Disability and Development 61.90 - 61.90
Energy 1,159.82 2,004.25 3,164.07
Environment 12.30 64.67 76.97
o/w Rural Electrification 859.23 164.25 1,023.48
Disaster Risk Management 171.02 - 171.02
Others 300.59 1,840.00 2,140.59
Housing 101.89 - 101.89
INFRASTRUCTURE 16,317.65 10,449.09 26,766.73
Transport Infrastructure 15,055.93 8,444.84 23,500.77
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 17,264.46 868.34 18,132.79
o/w Roads 13,397.34 8,444.84 21,842.18
Health 7,164.47 - 7,164.47
Rail 1,269.93 - 1,269.93
Education and Skills Development 8,164.50 868.34 9,032.84
Air 301.98 - 301.98
Water and Sanitation 1,787.35 - 1,787.35
Water 86.69 - 86.69
o/w Water Development 317.35 - 317.35
Energy 1,159.82 2,004.25 3,164.07
Water Supply and Sanitation 1,470.00 - 1,470.00
o/w Rural Electrification 859.23 164.25 1,023.48
Youth and Sports Development 148.14 - 148.14
Others 300.59 1,840.00 2,140.59
Housing
GROWTH SECTORS 101.89
4,766.73 1,617.48- 101.89
6,384.20
Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 4,319.51 1,585.00 5,904.51
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 17,264.46 868.34 18,132.79
Mining 66.30 10.80 77.10
Health 7,164.47 - 7,164.47
Tourism 225.91 14.17 240.08
Education and Skills Development 8,164.50 868.34 9,032.84
o/w Arts and Culture 52.10 - 52.10
Water and Sanitation 1,787.35 - 1,787.35
Manufacturing 113.96 1.10 115.06
o/w Water Development 317.35 - 317.35
Water Supply
Commerce and Sanitation
and Trade 1,470.00
41.04 6.41- 1,470.00
47.45
Youth and Sports Development 148.14 - 148.14
SUPPORT SECTORS 767.88 220.99 988.87
GROWTH SECTORS
Science, Technology and Innovation 4,766.73
101.29 1,617.48- 6,384.20
101.29
Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 4,319.51 TOTAL
1,585.00- 5,904.51
Information and Communications Technology 188.77 188.77
Mining
Natural Resources 66.30
52.09 10.80
GRZ Foreign Financing
5.99 77.10
Total
58.08
Tourism
Local Government and Decentralisation 225.91
58.23 14.17
1.10 240.08
59.33
o/w Arts
Social and Culture
Protection 52.10
367.50 213.90- 52.10
581.40
Manufacturing 113.96 1.10 115.06
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT 563.02 - 563.02
Commerce
Regional and Trade
Development 41.04
563.02 6.41- 47.45
563.02

SUPPORT SECTORS 767.88 220.99 988.87


Science, Technology and Innovation 101.29 - 101.29
Information and Communications Technology 188.77 - 188.77
Natural Resources 52.09 5.99 58.08

11
Table 9: Broad SNDP Allocations K’ Billions for Priority Sectors
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 TOTAL

Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign


GRZ Financing Total GRZ Financing Total GRZ Financing Total GRZ Financing Total GRZ Financing Total GRZ Financing Total

SNDP RESOURCES 4,734.49 2,260.12 6,994.61 6,214.89 5,362.55 11,577.45 7,628.92 2,402.70 10,031.62 10,031.62 2,067.53 12,099.15 11,595.07 1,264.66 12,859.73 40,204.99 13,357.56 53,562.56

TOTAL 4,734.49 2,260.12 6,994.61 6,214.89 5,362.55 11,577.45 7,628.92 2,402.70 10,031.62 10,031.62 2,067.53 12,099.15 11,595.07 1,264.66 12,859.73 40,204.99 13,357.56 53,562.56

INFRASTRUCTURE
1,713.92 1,687.53 3,401.45 2,060.56 4,906.34 6,966.91 2,852.28 1,879.29 4,731.57 4,239.66 1,463.17 5,702.83 5,451.23 512.75 5,963.98 16,317.65 10,449.09 26,766.73
Transport
Infrastructure 1,555.07 1,523.28 3,078.35 1,846.57 3,066.34 4,912.91 2,635.22 1,879.29 4,514.51 3,933.86 1,463.17 5,397.03 5,085.21 512.75 5,597.96 15,055.93 8,444.84 23,500.77

o/w Roads 1,520.70 1,523.28 3,043.98 1,740.34 3,066.34 4,806.68 2,394.73 1,879.29 4,274.02 3,372.16 1,463.17 4,835.33 4,369.41 512.75 4,882.16 13,397.34 8,444.84 21,842.18

Rail 2.96 - 2.96 54.97 - 54.97 180.70 - 180.70 453.30 - 453.30 578.00 - 578.00 1,269.93 - 1,269.93

Air 29.83 - 29.83 39.06 - 39.06 45.59 - 45.59 82.60 - 82.60 104.90 - 104.90 301.98 - 301.98

Water 1.59 - 1.59 12.20 - 12.20 14.20 - 14.20 25.80 - 25.80 32.90 - 32.90 86.69 - 86.69

Energy 154.82 164.25 319.07 191.13 1,840.00 2,031.13 193.20 - 193.20 280.93 - 280.93 339.74 - 339.74 1,159.82 2,004.25 3,164.07
o/w Rural
Electrification 150.00 164.25 314.25 150.00 - 150.00 159.90 - 159.90 169.33 - 169.33 230.00 - 230.00 859.23 164.25 1,023.48

Others 4.82 - 4.82 41.13 1,840.00 1,881.13 33.30 - 33.30 111.60 - 111.60 109.74 - 109.74 300.59 1,840.00 2,140.59

12
Housing 4.03 - 4.03 22.86 - 22.86 23.86 - 23.86 24.86 - 24.86 26.28 - 26.28 101.89 - 101.89

HUMAN
DEVELOPMENT 2,016.87 220.50 2,237.37 2,918.16 161.96 3,080.12 3,472.55 161.96 3,634.51 4,241.41 161.96 4,403.37 4,615.46 161.96 4,777.42 17,264.46 868.34 18,132.79

Health 802.44 - 802.44 1,287.53 - 1,287.53 1,471.70 - 1,471.70 1,754.97 - 1,754.97 1,847.82 - 1,847.82 7,164.47 - 7,164.47
Education and Skills
Development 1,059.14 220.50 1,279.64 1,407.80 161.96 1,569.76 1,568.64 161.96 1,730.60 1,962.14 161.96 2,124.10 2,166.79 161.96 2,328.75 8,164.50 868.34 9,032.84

Water and Sanitation 140.46 - 140.46 192.63 - 192.63 399.73 - 399.73 489.90 - 489.90 564.63 - 564.63 1,787.35 - 1,787.35
o/w Water
Development 20.46 - 20.46 42.63 - 42.63 49.73 - 49.73 89.90 - 89.90 114.63 - 114.63 317.35 - 317.35
Water Supply
and Sanitation 120.00 - 120.00 150.00 - 150.00 350.00 - 350.00 400.00 - 400.00 450.00 - 450.00 1,470.00 - 1,470.00
Youth and Sports
Development 14.83 - 14.83 30.20 - 30.20 32.49 - 32.49 34.40 - 34.40 36.23 - 36.23 148.14 - 148.14
2. Sectoral Plans

2.1 Transport
Transport infrastructure serves as a central delivery mechanism in the generation of quality socio-
economic development. The Vision of the Transport sector is to have “a well developed and maintained
socio-economic infrastructure by 2030”. Its goal is “to enhance economic development of the prioritised
economic sectors through provision of improved quality of transport infrastructure”. During the SNDP
period, emphasis will be on road and railway transport maintenance and rehabilitation. However, efforts
will be made to invest in other transport infrastructure components namely air and water transport. In
the SNDP period, the Government will seek to strongly address the challenges in transport infrastructure
as these remain the major constraint to growth, economic diversification and human development. The
key focus will be on construction, rehabilitation and maintenance of physical infrastructure. The SNDP
objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 10: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Roads, Bridges and Railways
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To coordinate and a) Develop and implement a National Transport and Public Road Transport
strengthen transport Communications Master Plan; Infrastructure Development
infrastructure development b) Human and institutional capacity development; and Management
and
c) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the sector.
2 To maintain and rehabilitate a) Strengthen human capacity development for local Development of Design
road transport infrastructure contractors; Standards and Codes of
b) Promote Public Private Partnerships; Practice for Infrastructure
c) Enforce standards; and Adapted to Climate Change
d) Replace pontoons with bridges. Resilience
3 To maintain rehabilitate and a) Enhance investment in rail infrastructure; Railway Transport
upgrade rail transport b) Re-capitalize TAZARA ; Infrastructure Development
infrastructure c) Develop a strategy on Railway Systems of Zambia and Rehabilitation
(RSZ) Expand railway network; and
d) Promote Public Private Partnerships.

Table 11: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Maritime and Inland Waterways
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To bring the core canal a) Develop a rehabilitation and maintenance plan for Canals and Waterways
network to navigable canals; Rehabilitation and
condition in order to b) Secure financial resources for labour based Maintenance in all
improve water transport methods; and Provinces
facilities c) Procure dredging equipment.
2 To build capacity in the a) Develop a training school master plan; Establish Marine Training
sector and produce b) Secure financial resources; Schools
qualified and skilled c) Encourage PPP in maritime training;
personnel. d) Collaborate with other countries offering maritime
training courses e.g. (Malawi, Tanzania); and
e) Secure technical assistance from the World
Maritime Organization (WMO).
3 To enhance safety of a) Secure financial resources and procure equipment; Navigation Aids/radio
navigation in order to save b) Undertake capacity building for end-users of Communications
lives and property on equipment; and
waterways c) Construct Light Houses and Navigation Aids.
4 To facilitate efficient and a) Secure land; and Establish Inland Dry ports,
effective clearing of goods b) Encourage PPP in the development and Sea Port, Dry Port and
at major ports in order to management of the facility. terminal Port Facilities
decongest the border posts
5 To facilitate the efficient a) Secure financial resources; and Procurement of Dredging
and effective means of b) Build capacity of end users dredging equipment. Equipment
construction of canals and (Suction dredgers, Bucket
waterways Dredgers,
Multi-purpose Dredgers,
Earth Moving Equipment,
and
13 Service Boats)
6 To provide transport to a) Secure financial resources; and Procurement of vessels
communities for social b) Encourage private participation in water transport i. Lake Tanganyika
economic sustenance service provision. ii. Lake Kariba
iii. Lake Mweru
Maritime Organization (WMO).
3 To enhance safety of a) Secure financial resources and procure equipment; Navigation Aids/radio
navigation in order to save b) Undertake capacity building for end-users of Communications
lives and property on equipment; and
waterways c) Construct Light Houses and Navigation Aids.
4 To facilitate efficient and a) Secure land; and Establish Inland Dry ports,
effective clearing of goods b) Encourage PPP in the development and Sea Port, Dry Port and
No. at majorObjectives
ports in order to management of the Strategies
facility. terminalProgrammes
Port Facilities
decongest the border posts
51 To facilitate
bring the the
coreefficient
canal a) Secure
Developfinancial resources;
a rehabilitation andand
maintenance plan for Procurement
Canals of Dredging
and Waterways
and effective
network means of
to navigable b) Build
canals;capacity of end users dredging equipment. Equipment
Rehabilitation and
construction of canals
condition in order to and b) Secure financial resources for labour based (Suction dredgers,
Maintenance in all Bucket
waterways
improve water transport methods; and Dredgers,
Provinces
facilities c) Procure dredging equipment. Multi-purpose Dredgers,
2 To build capacity in the a) Develop a training school master plan; Earth Moving
Establish Equipment,
Marine Training
sector and produce b) Secure financial resources; and
Schools
qualified and skilled c) Encourage PPP in maritime training; Service Boats)
6 To provide transport to
personnel. a)
d) Secure financial
Collaborate withresources; and offering maritime
other countries Procurement of vessels
communities for social b) Encourage private
training courses participation
e.g. in water transport
(Malawi, Tanzania); and i. Lake Tanganyika
economic sustenance service technical
e) Secure provision.assistance from the World ii. Lake Kariba
Maritime Organization (WMO). iii. Lake Mweru
3 To enhance safety of a) Secure financial resources and procure equipment; iv.
NavigationLake Bangweulu
Aids/radio
navigation in order to save b) Undertake capacity building for end-users of Communications
Table 12:lives and property
Objectives, on
Strategies equipment; and
and Programmes - Air Transport
No. waterways
Objectives c) Construct Light Houses and Navigation Aids.
Strategies Programme
4 To facilitate efficient and a) Secure land; and Establish Inland Dry ports,
1 effective
To clearing
improve of goods a)
air transport b) Improve
Encourage thePPP in the
landing anddevelopment and
take-off of aircraft and Sea Port,and
Airport DryAerodrome
Port and
at major ports in order to
infrastructure management
shelter of the facility.
to passengers; terminal Port Facilities
Infrastructure Improvement
decongest the border posts b) Increase the capacity to airports to handle additional
5 To facilitate the efficient a) traffic;
Secure financial resources; and Procurement of Dredging
and effective means of c)
b) Construct Fire Station
Build capacity of end at airports
users and aerodromes
dredging equipment.in Equipment
construction of canals and order to increase safety; (Suction dredgers, Bucket
waterways d) Improve the safety of navigation and fire prevention Dredgers,
and management; Multi-purpose Dredgers,
e) Install radar equipment at International Airports in Earth Moving Equipment,
order to increase navigation; and
f) Install Doppler VORs at Kasama, Solwezi and Service Boats)
Livingstone airports; and
6 To provide transport to a) Secure financial resources; and Procurement of vessels
g) Install linked computer systems at all Provincial
communities for social b) Encourage private participation in water transport i. Lake Tanganyika
Airports in order to improve communication.
economic sustenance service provision. ii. Lake Kariba
iii. Lake Mweru
iv. Lake Bangweulu
2.2 Energy

A viable energy sector is key to achieving sustainable economic development in the country as it is a
critical input into all sectors of the economy. The Vision of the Energy sector is “universal access to
clean, reliable and affordable energy at the lowest total economic, financial, social and environmental
cost consistent with national development goals by 2030”. Its goal is “to ensure that the following are
attained to guarantee availability and accessibility to adequate and reliable supply of energy at the
lowest economic, social and environmental cost; an increase of at least 1,000 Mw (50 percent) to the
2010 electricity generation capacity of 1,900 Mw; an increase of rural access to electricity from 3.5
percent to at least 15 percent and national access from 22 percent to 40 percent and an increase of over
100 per cent in the existing petroleum bulk storage facilities in order to achieve 30 days petroleum
strategic stock”. In this regard, the main thrust of the energy sector during the SNDP period, will be to
expand electricity generation and transmission capacities and enhance cost-effectiveness in fuel supply.
The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 13: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Energy


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

Electricity
1 To increase electricity a) Expand and Improve infrastructure for electricity Electricity Generation
generation capacity by at least generation, transmission and distribution; and Transmission
1,000 Mw and build appropriate b) Establish an open and non-discriminatory Line Development
transmission lines. transmission access regime in the electricity
industry;
c) Implement a Cost-Reflective Electricity Tariff
Regime; and
d) Adopt the Electricity Grid Code.
2 To increase electrification levels Implement the Rural Electrification Master Plan Rural Electrification
in the Rural Areas of Zambia to (REMP).
15.0 percent
Petroleum
3 To ensure security of supply of a) 14 legislation for development of an
Develop requisite Strategic Petroleum
petroleum products in the institutional and operational framework for Reserves
country by increasing storage management of strategic petroleum reserves;
capacity by more than 100 b) Develop storage infrastructure for the reserves; and
percent to achieve 30 days c) Put in place an efficient mechanism for procuring
Electricity
1 To increase electricity a) Expand and Improve infrastructure for electricity Electricity Generation
generation capacity by at least generation, transmission and distribution; and Transmission
1,000 Mw and build appropriate b) Establish an open and non-discriminatory Line Development
transmission lines. transmission access regime in the electricity
industry;
c) Implement a Cost-Reflective Electricity Tariff
No. Objectives Regime; and Strategies Programmes
d) Adopt the Electricity Grid Code.
2 To increase electrification levels Implement the Rural Electrification Master Plan
Electricity Rural Electrification
1 in
Tothe Rural electricity
increase Areas of Zambia to (REMP).
a) Expand and Improve infrastructure for electricity Electricity Generation
15.0 percentcapacity by at least
generation generation, transmission and distribution; and Transmission
Petroleum
1,000 Mw and build appropriate b) Establish an open and non-discriminatory Line Development
3 To ensure security
transmission lines. of supply of a) Develop requisite
transmission accesslegislation
regime infor thedevelopment
electricity of an Strategic Petroleum
petroleum products in the institutional
industry; and operational framework for Reserves
country by increasing storage c) management of strategic petroleum
Implement a Cost-Reflective reserves;
Electricity Tariff
capacity by more than 100 b) Develop
Regime; storage
and infrastructure for the reserves; and
percent to achieve 30 days c)
d) Put
Adoptin place an efficient
the Electricity mechanism
Grid Code. for procuring
2 strategic
To increasestock petroleum
electrification levels Implement strategic
the Rural stocks.
Electrification Master Plan Rural Electrification
4 Tothe
in create an Areas
Rural enabling
of Zambia to a) Promote efficiency and effectiveness in the existing
(REMP). Petroleum Supply and
environment
15.0 percent for stable, efficient fuel delivery systems; Management
and cost effective supply of
Petroleum b) Develop mechanism for promoting the setting up of
3 petroleum productsof supply of
To ensure security a) petroleum. businesses
Develop requisite in ruralfor
legislation areas;
development of an Strategic Petroleum
petroleum products in the c) Introduce
institutionaluniform petroleumframework
and operational prices; andfor Reserves
country by increasing storage d) Promote
management Publicof Private
strategicPartnerships projects in the
petroleum reserves;
capacity by more than 100 b) exploration
Develop storageand development
infrastructureoffor energy resources.
the reserves; and
Renewable Energy,
percent to achieve 30Alternative
days Energy
c) Put andinBiomass
place an efficient mechanism for procuring
5 To expand
strategic the use of renewable
stock a) Promote
petroleumthe development
strategic stocks.and use of solar Renewable and
4 and alternative
To create energy in the
an enabling a) technology systems;and effectiveness in the existing
Promote efficiency Alternative Energyand
Petroleum Supply
country’s
environment energy mix. efficient
for stable, b) Introduce
fuel deliveryan appropriate
systems; cost-effective renewable Development
Management
and cost effective supply of b) energy
Developfeed-in tariff; for promoting the setting up of
mechanism
petroleum products c) Promote
petroleum. thebusinesses
productioninofrural
electricity
areas; from
c) geothermal energy;petroleum prices; and
Introduce uniform
d) Promote Public
the usePrivate
of bio-gas for cooking,
Partnerships lighting
projects in the
and electricity
exploration andgeneration;
development andof energy resources.
Renewable Energy, Alternative Energy e) Promote the use of radioactive energy minerals for
and Biomass
5 To expand the use of renewable a) long-term
Promote the energy production.
development and use of solar Renewable and
6 To
andincrease
alternativethe energy
use of bio-fuels
in the a) Promote
technology thesystems;
use of bio-fuel switches for all Bio-fuels
Alternative Energy
as a substitute
country’s energyto mineral
mix. fuel by b) stationary
Introduce an engines;
appropriate cost-effective renewable Development
10% and 5%, for Bio-ethanol b) Establish bio-fuels
energy feed-in blending ratios;
tariff;
and Bio-diesel respectively. c) Develop
Promote innovative
the production financing mechanisms;
of electricity from and
d) Promote
geothermal theenergy;
manufacturing of oil extraction
d) technology.
Promote the use of bio-gas for cooking, lighting
7 To develop a rational and a) Develop a Bio-mass
and electricity Energy
generation; Strategy; and
and Bio-mass
implementable approach to b)
e) Promote bio-mass
the use ofgasification
radioactive electricity
energy minerals for Management
improve sustainability of bio- generation and co-generation.
long-term energy production.
6 mass energythe
To increase supply and
use of raise
bio-fuels a) Promote the use of bio-fuel switches for all Bio-fuels
end-user efficiencies
as a substitute to mineral fuel by stationary engines; Development
Energy
10% andEfficiency and Management
5%, for Bio-ethanol b) Establish bio-fuels blending ratios;
8 To
andensure that major
Bio-diesel industrial
respectively. a) Develop
c) Develop innovative
and implement an Energy
financing Efficiency
mechanisms; and Energy Efficiency and
sectors, public institutions and Strategy.the manufacturing of oil extraction
d) Promote Conservation
households bring their energy technology.
7 intensities
To developina line withand
rational a) Develop a Bio-mass Energy Strategy; and Bio-mass
internationally
implementable acceptable
approach to b) Promote bio-mass gasification electricity Management
standards and best practices
improve sustainability of bio- generation and co-generation.
9 To
massimprove
energystandards
supply and in raise
all a) Develop engineering capacity relevant for all fields Human Resource
fields
end-userof engineering
efficiencies of engineering. Development
Cross-Cutting
Energy Efficiency Issues
and Management
10
8 To reduce greenhouse
ensure that gas
major industrial a)
a) Develop
Develop Incentive Framework
and implement for investing
an Energy Efficiency in Climate Change and
Energy Efficiency
emissions frominstitutions
sectors, public the energy and
sector environmentally
Strategy. friendly technologies for Adaptation
Conservationand
and strengthen
households bringadaptation and
their energy electricity, lighting, heating and agriculture; and Mitigation
resilience
intensitiesto inclimate
line withchange b) Develop Energy Sector Vulnerability Assessments
related stresses acceptable
internationally and Risk Management Plan and Mitigation Action
standards and best practices Plan.
9 To improve standards in all a) Develop engineering capacity relevant for all fields Human Resource
fields of engineering of engineering. Development
Cross-Cutting Issues
10 To reduce greenhouse gas a) Develop Incentive Framework for investing in Climate Change
emissions from the energy sector environmentally friendly technologies for Adaptation and
and strengthen adaptation and electricity, lighting, heating and agriculture; and Mitigation
resilience to climate change b) Develop Energy Sector Vulnerability Assessments
related stresses and Risk Management Plan and Mitigation Action
Plan.

15
2.3 Housing

The lopsided pattern of development between rural and urban areas has resulted in very high rural-urban
migration without a corresponding effort to provide appropriate housing in the expanding urban regions.
The Vision for the Housing sector is “planned settlements with adequate, affordable and quality housing
by 2030.” The sector goal is “to facilitate the construction of adequate and affordable housing, increase
the existing housing stock and enhance quality”. During the SNDP period, the strategic focus will be to
increase the housing stock, improve the living environment in settlements and leverage the role of Public
Private Partnerships. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 14: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Housing


No. Objective Strategies Programmes

1 To increase the housing stock a) Construct 150,000 housing units every National Housing Development
in districts for both home year (100,000 low-cost, 40,000 Programme
ownership and rental medium-cost and 10,000 high-cost
houses) in ten districts;
b) Carry out housing needs assessment
for each district;
c) Encourage Home Ownership and
Rental Housing Schemes;
d) Provide serviced land for private
housing development
e) Mobilize cheap long-term finance
from the capital market for housing
development;
f) Review the National Housing Policy;
and
g) Implement the Public Service Housing
Scheme.
2 To provide municipal services a) Foster housing areas that are healthy, Upgrading of Unplanned
in settlements functional, environmentally friendly Settlements
and aesthetically pleasant
b) Provide basic services such as water
and sanitation, roads, drainages and
other social amenities;
c) Streamline building standards,
regulations and other controls;
d) Provide solid waste management
systems;
e) Relocate families living in areas
earmarked for other development in
approved Structure Plans;
f) Mobilize concessional long-term
financing; and
g) Provide municipal infrastructure and
support services in harmony with other
sectors.
3 To promote use of local a) Research in improving the quality of Research and Development
building materials and local material to extend the life span;
technology development b) Encourage private sector
manufacturing of affordable building
materials;
c) Develop training programmes for use
of local materials; and
d) Disseminate and demonstrate
programmes to popularize the use of
local building materials.
4 To renew urban settlements a) Rehabilitate municipal infrastructure National Urban Renewal
and housing; and
b) Enhance spatial planning
5 To capture new and existing a) Develop a strategy for data collection Development of Housing
housing statistics in order to and surveys; Management Information System
measure the share of growth b) Develop housing management
of the sector information system and coordination
mechanisms in the sector;
c) Conduct inventory of existing
16the sector; and
stakeholders in
d) Conduct inventory of existing housing
units and type.
6 To create serviced plots for Demarcate and allocate plots for site Site and Services Programme
individuals and private sector and services.
materials;
c) Develop training programmes for use
of local materials; and
d) Disseminate and demonstrate
programmes to popularize the use of
local building materials.
4 To renew urban settlements a) Rehabilitate municipal infrastructure National Urban Renewal
No. Objective and housing;Strategies
and Programmes
b) Enhance spatial planning
51 To capture
increasenew
the housing stock a) Construct
and existing Develop a 150,000
strategy housing
for data units every National
collection Housing
Development Development
of Housing
in districts
housing for both
statistics inhome
order to year (100,000 low-cost, 40,000
and surveys; Programme
Management Information System
ownership
measure theand rental
share of growth b) medium-cost
Develop housing and management
10,000 high-cost
of the sector houses)
informationin ten districts;
system and coordination
b) Carry out housing
mechanisms in theneeds
sector;assessment
c) for each district;
Conduct inventory of existing
c) Encourage
stakeholdersHome in theOwnership
sector; andand
d) Rental
Conduct Housing
inventory Schemes;
of existing housing
d) Provide
units andserviced
type. land for private
6 To create serviced plots for housing
Demarcate development
and allocate plots for site Site and Services Programme
individuals and private sector e) Mobilize
and services.cheap long-term finance
to build from the capital market for housing
development;
f) Review the National Housing Policy;
2.4 Health and
g) Implement the Public Service Housing
Recognizing that a healthy population isScheme. critical to improved production and productivity, Government
2 To provide municipal services a) Foster housing areas that are healthy, Upgrading of Unplanned
will continue investing in the health sector
in settlements in order
functional, to bring health
environmentally care as Settlements
friendly close to the people as possible
and also to ensure sustainability of the and nation’s human
aesthetically capital base required for sustainable economic
pleasant
growth. The Vision for the Health b)sector Provide basic servicesaccess
is “equitable such as to water
quality health care by all by 2030”.
and sanitation, roads, drainages and
Its goal is “to improve the health statusother of people in
social amenities; Zambia in order to contribute to socio-economic
development”. The strategic focusc)of the sectorbuilding
Streamline duringstandards,
the Plan period will be to provide equitable
access to quality health services. In order to ensure
regulations and other provision
controls; of quality health care, the sector will
d) Provide solid waste management
strengthen the monitoring and regulating function of health services at all levels. The SNDP objectives,
systems;
strategies and programmes for the sector are asfamilies
e) Relocate follows: living in areas
earmarked for other development in
Table 15: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes approved– Health
Structure Plans;
No. Objectives f) Mobilize concessional long-term
Key Strategies Programmes
financing; and
1 To provide cost-effective, a)g) Expand
Provideaccess
municipal infrastructure
to Maternal, Newbornand and Child Primary Health Care
quality and gender support
Health services service
(MNCH) in harmony with other
including immunization, Services
responsive primary health sectors.
safe delivery and Basic Emergency Obstetric
3 care
To services
promote foruseall
of local a) Care
Research
(EMoC) in improving
with special thefocus
quality Research and Development
onofunder-served
building materials and localand
areas material to extend the
the vulnerable life span;
population;
technology development b)b) Increase
Encourage the private
provision sector
of outreach services
manufacturing
including primary of Mobile
affordable building
Hospital Services;
materials;
c) Expand malaria prevention and control
c) interventions;
Develop training programmes for use
of local materials; and
d) Expand access to TB Control and Prevention
d) Disseminate and demonstrate
programmes including multi-drug resistant TB
programmes to popularize the use of
with focus on high risk groups;
local building materials.
e) Promote Health Education in the prevention and
4 To renew urban settlements a) Rehabilitate municipal infrastructure National Urban Renewal
control of diseases;
and housing; and
f)b) Expand
Enhance access
spatialtoplanning
HIV prevention and treatment
5 To capture new and existing
services including STIs and blood safety; Development of Housing
a) Develop a strategy for data collection
housing statistics in order to g) Expand access to Environmental Health and
and surveys; Management Information System
measure the share of growth b) Food Safety
Develop services;
housing management
of the sector h) Promote the assessment
information system and of climate change on
coordination
human health in
mechanisms adaptation
the sector; to climate change;
i)c) Expand
Conduct ART services;
inventory of existing
j) Expand nutrition
stakeholders services;
in the sector; and
k)d) Improve
Conductlaboratory
inventory services;
of existingand housing
l) Enhance
units andthe capacity of DRM in the sector.
type.
26 ToToincrease access toplots
create serviced quality
for a) Promote
Demarcate Outreach programmes
and allocate plots forfrom
site tertiary Hospital
Site and Services Referral
Programme
specialized
individualsreferral medical
and private sector hospitals to districts;
and services. Services
care services for all
to build b) Provision of mobile referral hospital services and
capacity building to lower levels;
c) Enhancement of capacity building in Hospital
Management;
d) Promote Public Private Partnerships in the
provision of specialized health care;
e) Improve existing facilities and develop
communication and transport systems; and
f) Expand and improve services of non-
communicable17 diseases.
3 To improve the availability a) Expand training of health workers; Human Resource
and distribution of qualified b) Improve the retention of health workers; Development and
health workers in the country c) Improvement of Human Resource management; Management
and
services including STIs and blood safety;
g) Expand access to Environmental Health and
Food Safety services;
h) Promote the assessment of climate change on
human health adaptation to climate change;
i) Expand ART services;
j) Expand nutrition services;
No. Objectives k) Improve laboratory services; and
Key Strategies Programmes
l) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the sector.
21 To increase access to quality
provide cost-effective, a) Expand
Promoteaccess
Outreach programmes
to Maternal, from tertiary
Newborn and Child Hospital Health
Primary Referral
Care
specialized
quality and referral
gender medical hospitals
Health to districts;
(MNCH) service including immunization, Services
care services
responsive for all health
primary b) safe
Provision of mobile
delivery and Basic referral hospitalObstetric
Emergency services and
care services for all capacity
Care building
(EMoC) withtospecial
lower levels;
focus on under-served
c) areas
Enhancement of capacitypopulation;
and the vulnerable building in Hospital
Management;
b) Increase the provision of outreach services
d) including
Promote Public
primary Private
Mobile Partnerships in the
Hospital Services;
provisionmalaria
c) Expand of specialized
prevention health
andcare;
control
e) interventions;
Improve existing facilities and develop
communication
d) Expand access toand TBtransport
Control andsystems; and
Prevention
f) programmes
Expand and improve
includingservices of non-
multi-drug resistant TB
communicable
with focus on high diseases.
risk groups;
3 To improve the availability a)
e) Expand
Promotetraining of health workers;
Health Education in the prevention and Human Resource
and distribution of qualified b) Improve
control ofthe retention of health workers;
diseases; Development and
health workers in the country c)
f) Improvement
Expand accessofto Human Resourceand
HIV prevention management;
treatment Management
and
services including STIs and blood safety;
d)
g) Provision
Expand accessof appropriate incentives
to Environmental and training
Health and
to community
Food health workers.
Safety services;
4 To ensure availability and a)
h) Improve
Promote the drug logistics management
assessment at all levels;
of climate change on Drugs and Logistics
access to essential drugs and b) Develop mechanisms
human health adaptation for to
financing
climate the
change; Systems
medical supplies i) procurement
Expand ARTof essential drugs and medical
services;
j) supplies; and
Expand nutrition services;
c)
k) Promote rational useservices;
Improve laboratory of commodities
and and
l) services.
Enhance the capacity of DRM in the sector.
52 To provide
increaseinfrastructure,
access to quality a) Complete the construction
Promote Outreach programmes of allfrom
on-going
tertiary Infrastructure
Hospital and
Referral
conducive
specializedfor the delivery
referral medicalof infrastructure projects carried over during the
hospitals to districts; Equipment
Services
quality healthfor
care services services
all b) FNDP
Provisionperiod;
of mobile referral hospital services and
b) Modernisation
capacity building andtofacelift of University
lower levels;
c) Teaching
Enhancement Hospital and other
of capacity hospitals
building in Hospital
c) Establish
Management; at least 400 new health posts country
d) wide;
Promote Public Private Partnerships in the
d) Expansion
provision ofofspecialized
Kasama, Lewanika
health care;and Mansa
e) General
Improve Hospitals;
existing facilities and develop
e) Complete
communicationhospitals
andin Chama,systems;
transport Samfya, and
f) Shangombo, Lufwanyama,
Expand and improve services Chiengi,
of non-Mpulungu,
Nakonde,
communicable Serenje, Isoka, Choma, Masaiti,
diseases.
3 To improve the availability Namwala,
a) Expand Luangwa,
training Lundazi,
of health Mongu, Milenge,
workers; Human Resource
and distribution of qualified Mwense,the
b) Improve Chavuma
retention andofMkushi;
health workers; Development and
health workers in the country f) Improvement
c) Establish Hospitals
of Humanin 6 Districts;
Resource management; Management
No. Objectives g) and
Improve and expand Key Strategies
at least 250 existing health Programmes
centres; of appropriate incentives and training
d) Provision
h) to
Establish
communityone training school for clinical officers
health workers.
4 To ensure availability and i) Improve
a) Establish drug
two nursing
logisticsschools
management at all levels; Drugs and Logistics
access to essential drugs and j) Develop
b) Establishmechanisms
one Medicalfor andfinancing
Dental school
the Systems
medical supplies k) procurement
Construct a National Drug
of essential Quality
drugs and Control
medical
Laboratory,
supplies; andLaboratories and Drug storage
facilities;
c) Promote rational use of commodities and
l) services.
TDRC infrastructure development;
5 To provide infrastructure, m) Equip hospitals,healthposts
a) Complete the construction ofand allhealth
on-goingcentres; Infrastructure and
conducive for the delivery of and
infrastructure projects carried over during the Equipment
quality health services n) FNDP
Ensureperiod;
integrated planning for the construction
of health facilities.
b) Modernisation and facelift of University
Teaching Hospital and other hospitals
c) Establish at least 400 new health posts country
6 To ensure the availability of a) wide;
Improve infrastructure database management;
adequate, appropriate and d)
b) Expansion of Kasama,and
Improve management Lewanika and Mansa
maintenance of
well-maintained medical General Hospitals;
medical equipment;
equipment and accessories in e)
c) Complete
Strengthenhospitals
capacityin forChama,
transportSamfya,
management at
accordance with the Basic Shangombo, Lufwanyama,
all levels of health care; andChiengi, Mpulungu,
Health Care Package d) Nakonde,
Improve ICT Serenje, Isoka, Choma, Masaiti,
capacity.
7 To promote access to quality Namwala, Luangwa,
a) Finalize the development Lundazi,
and Mongu, Milenge,of
implementation Social Health Insurance
health care services through Mwense, Chavuma and Mkushi;
the Health Care Financing Policy; and
alternative ways of health f)
b) Establish
Develop and Hospitals in 6 Districts;
enact relevant legal and institutional
care financing g) Improve
framework andforexpand at least 250 existing
the establishment, managementhealth
centres;
and administration of a National Social Health
Insurance Scheme.
18
facilities;
l) TDRC infrastructure development;
m) Equip hospitals,healthposts and health centres;
and
n) Ensure integrated planning for the construction
of health facilities.
No. Objectives Key Strategies Programmes

6 To ensure the availability of a)


h) Improve
Establishinfrastructure database
one training school formanagement;
clinical officers
adequate, appropriate and b)
i) Improve
Establishmanagement and maintenance of
two nursing schools
well-maintained medical j) medical
Establishequipment;
one Medical and Dental school
equipment and accessories in c)
k) Strengthenacapacity
Construct Nationalfor transport
Drug Qualitymanagement
Control at
accordance with the Basic all levels of health
Laboratory, care; and
Laboratories and Drug storage
Health Care Package d) facilities;
Improve ICT capacity.
7 To promote access to quality l)
a) TDRC
Finalizeinfrastructure
the development development;
and implementation of Social Health Insurance
health care services through m) Equip hospitals,healthposts
the Health and health
Care Financing Policy; and centres;
alternative ways of health b) and
Develop and enact relevant legal and institutional
care financing n) Ensure
frameworkintegrated
for theplanning for themanagement
establishment, construction
of
andhealth facilities. of a National Social Health
administration
Insurance Scheme.

2.5
6 Education and Skills
To ensure the availability of a) Development
Improve infrastructure database management;
adequate, appropriate and b) Improve management and maintenance of
well-maintained medical medical equipment;
Education and Skills
equipment Development
and accessories in c) sector playscapacity
Strengthen a critical role in management
for transport the socio-economic
at development. It
provides opportunities
accordance with thefor growth, poverty
Basic reduction,
all levels employment,
of health care; and productivity and human development.
The Vision
Healthof thePackage
Care Education sector d) is Improve
“innovative and productive life-long education and training for
ICT capacity.
all7by 2030”.
To promote accessistotoquality
Its goal a) equitable
“increase Finalize the development
access to qualityand education
implementation
andofskills
Social HealthtoInsurance
training enhance
health care services through the Health Care Financing Policy; and
humanalternative
capacity ways
for sustainable
of health national
b) Developdevelopment”. During
and enact relevant theand
legal SNDP period, the strategic focus of
institutional
the sector
careis on expanding access to high
financing schoolfor
framework and
thetertiary education.
establishment, Further, efforts will be made to
management
improve the quality of education at alland levels so that appropriate
administration of a Nationalskills,
Social knowledge,
Health attitudes and values
Insurance Scheme.
required for social and economic development are imparted to the learners. The SNDP objectives,
strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 16: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Education and Skills Development
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To increase access, a) Promote an investment framework for private ECCDE and Basic Education
efficiency and equity to sector to establish ECCDE and basic schools;
quality ECCDE and Basic b) Strengthen Continuous Professional Development
Education (CPD) for teachers;
c) Upgrade teacher qualifications from certificate to
diplomas;
d) Strengthen teacher support systems;
e) Improve school governance, teacher supervision
and quality assurance systems;
f) Recapitalise Zambia Education Publishing House
in order to increase production of low-cost local
teaching/learning materials;
g) Introduce ICT as a teaching and learning tool;
h) Increase support to community schools to provide
quality education;
i) Recruit and deploy teachers especially in rural
areas;
j) Promote participation and improve facilities for
LSEN;
k) Create gender responsive school environment;
l) Expand school feeding programme;
m) Make schools more accountable to the community
through operationalization of DIP; and
n) Improve school management through capacity
building of school managers.
2 To increase access, a) Introduce and expand alternative modes of High School Education
efficiency and equity to education including ICT;
quality High School b) Strengthen Continuous Professional Development
education (CPD) for teachers;
c) Upgrade teacher qualifications especially from
diplomas to degrees;
d) Recruit and deploy teachers especially in rural
areas;
e) Provide adequate and timely teaching and learning
materials;
f) Promote participation and improve facilities for
LSEN; 19
g) Create gender responsive school environment;
h) Make schools more accountable to the
community; and
i) Improve school management through capacity
areas;
j) Promote participation and improve facilities for
LSEN;
k) Create gender responsive school environment;
l) Expand school feeding programme;
m) Make schools more accountable to the community
through operationalization of DIP; and
No. Objectives n) Improve school management
Strategies through capacity Programmes
building of school managers.
12 To increase access, a) Introduce
Promote anand expand alternative
investment frameworkmodes of
for private High
ECCDESchool Education
and Basic Education
efficiency and equity to education includingECCDE
sector to establish ICT; and basic schools;
quality High
ECCDESchool
and Basic b) Strengthen Continuous Professional Development
education
Education (CPD) for teachers;
c) Upgrade teacher qualifications especially from to
from certificate
diplomas
diplomas;to degrees;
d) Recruit
Strengthenandteacher
deploy support
teacherssystems;
especially in rural
e) areas;
Improve school governance, teacher supervision
e) Provide adequate
and quality assuranceand systems;
timely teaching and learning
f) materials;
Recapitalise Zambia Education Publishing House
f) Promote
in order toparticipation and improve
increase production facilitieslocal
of low-cost for
LSEN;
teaching/learning materials;
g) Create
Introducegender
ICT responsive
as a teaching school environment;
and learning tool;
h) Make schools
Increase support more accountableschools
to community to the to provide
community; and
quality education;
i) Improve
Recruit andschool management
deploy through capacity
teachers especially in rural
building
areas; of school managers.
3 To increase the number of j) Expand
a) Promotealternative
participation and of
modes improve
teacherfacilities
education;for Teacher Education
qualified and competent LSEN; facilities for LSEN;
b) Improve
teachers in schools k) Increase
c) Create gender
trainingresponsive school
opportunities forenvironment;
teachers at all
l) levels
Expandand school
morefeeding
especiallyprogramme;
in various subjects
m) especially
Make schools more accountable
mathematics, science and to the community
technology;
through operationalization
d) Finalise the transformation of of DIP;
Nkrumahand Teachers’
n) College
Improveand school management
COSETCO through capacity
into universities; and
building bursaries
e) Increase of school for managers.
female student teachers.
2
4 To increase access, Introduceprivate
a) Promote and expand
sector alternative
participation modes of
at university High School
University Education
Education
efficiency andand
participation equity to in
equity education including ICT;
level;
quality
the High School
provision of quality Strengthena Continuous
b) Establish mechanism for Professional
regulatingDevelopment
university
education education
university (CPD) for especially
education teachers; in terms of quality assurance;
c) Provide
Upgradealternative
teacher qualifications especiallyeducation
modes of university from
diplomasincluding
delivery to degrees; ICT;
Recruit and
d) Enhance deploy
quality teachers especially
of university educationinand rural
its
areas;
relevance to needs of the economy;
Provide adequate
e) Establish student loanand timely
schemeteaching
system;and andlearning
No. Objectives f) materials;
Increase participation Strategies
and improve facilities for Programmes
f) LSEN.
Promote participation and improve facilities for
5 To increase efficiency and a) LSEN;
Provide alternative modes of basic skills and Basic Skills and TEVET
equitable access to quality g) Create
TEVETgender
delivery responsive
includingschool
ICT; environment;
Basic Skills and TEVET h)
b) Make
Promoteschools more accountable
the participation to the training
of non-public
community;
providers in the anddelivery of TEVET;
i)
c) Improve
Promote school management
participation of women through capacity
especially in
building
technicalof school managers.
programmes;
3 To increase the number of d) Promotealternative
a) Expand participation of LSEN
modes in vocational
of teacher education; skills Teacher Education
qualified and competent training; facilities for LSEN;
b) Improve
teachers in schools e) Integratetraining
c) Increase Entrepreneurship
opportunities and for
Medium,
teachersSmall
at all
and Micro
levels Enterprise
and more Development
especially in various(MSME)
subjectsinto
basic skillsmathematics,
especially and TEVET;science and and technology;
f) Promote the
d) Finalise collaboration
transformationwith of private
NkrumahsectorTeachers’
as a way
of improving
College link between
and COSETCO intotraining and labour
universities; and
market requirements.
e) Increase bursaries for female student teachers.
64 Adult Literacy
To increase access, a) Establish and increase
Promote private sector participation
participation in at Adult
university Adult Literacy
University Education
levels
participation and equity in Literacy
level; centres;
the provision of quality b) Enhance
Establishaccess and quality
a mechanism assurance;university
for regulating
university education c) Link adultespecially
education literacy programmes
in terms of to higherassurance;
quality
c) education and skillsmodes
Provide alternative development programmes;
of university education
and
delivery including ICT;
d) Build
Enhancecapacity
qualityofofadult literacyeducation
university providersand at all
its
levels.
relevance to needs of the economy;
7 To expand and improve e) Establish student
a) loan scheme
and rehabilitate system; and
infrastructure in Infrastructure Development
infrastructure f) educational
Increase participation
institutions;and improve facilities for
LSEN.
b) Re-introduce the school preventive maintenance
programme;
c) Improve facilities for LSEN;
d) Provide safe learning environment for all learners
by re-introducing boarding facilities including
weekly boarding facilities;
e) Provide school furniture and equipment; and
f) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the sector.
8 To review the curriculum Review curriculum,20 teaching and learning Curriculum Development
at all levels to make it materials in formal and informal curricula.
relevant and responsive to
national aspirations and
education needs
market requirements.
6 To increase Adult Literacy a)Establish and increase participation in Adult Adult Literacy
levels Literacy centres;
b) Enhance access and quality assurance;
c) Link adult literacy programmes to higher
education and skills development programmes;
and
No. Objectives d) Build capacity of Strategies
adult literacy providers at all Programmes
levels.
57 To expand
increaseand improveand a) Establish
efficiency and rehabilitate
Provide alternative modesinfrastructure
of basic skillsinand Infrastructure Development
Basic Skills and TEVET
infrastructure
equitable access to quality educational
TEVET delivery institutions;
including ICT;
Basic Skills and TEVET b) Re-introduce the school preventive
Promote the participation maintenance
of non-public training
programme;
providers in the delivery of TEVET;
c) Improve
Promote facilities
participationfor LSEN;
of women especially in
d) Provide
technicalsafe learning environment for all learners
programmes;
d) by re-introducing
Promote participationboarding
of LSENfacilities includingskills
in vocational
weekly
training;boarding facilities;
e) Provide
Integrateschool furniture and
Entrepreneurship equipment;
and Medium, and Small
f) Enhance
and Microthe capacity Development
Enterprise of DRM in the(MSME)sector. into
8 To review the curriculum basic skills
Review and TEVET;
curriculum, and and learning
teaching Curriculum Development
at all levels to make it f) Promote
materialscollaboration
in formal andwith private
informal sector as a way
curricula.
relevant and responsive to of improving link between training and labour
national aspirations and market requirements.
6 education
To increaseneeds
Adult Literacy a) Establish and increase participation in Adult Adult Literacy
levels Literacy centres;
b) Enhance access and quality assurance;
2.6 Water and Sanitation c) Link adult literacy programmes to higher
education and skills development programmes;
and
All sectors, amongst others, agriculture, mining,ofindustry,
d) Build capacity housing
adult literacy providersandat energy
all require access to adequate
water and sanitation services for their levels.development. Water and Sanitation sector Vision is “a Zambia
where
7 allexpand
To usersand have access toa) water
improve andand
Establish sanitation
rehabilitateand utilise them
infrastructure in in an Infrastructure
efficient and sustainable
Development
infrastructure educational institutions;
manner for wealth creation andb)improved livelihood by 2030”. The sector goal is “to achieve 75 percent
Re-introduce the school preventive maintenance
accessibility to reliable safe waterprogramme;
and 60 percent adequate sanitation by 2015 in order to enhance
economic growth and improve c)the Improve quality facilities
of life”.forInLSEN;
order to achieve the SNDP objective of promoting
d) Provideand
sustainable water resources development safesanitation,
learning environment for all focus
the strategic learnersof the sector will be to provide
by re-introducing boarding facilities including
water and sanitation infrastructureweekly and develop skills to ensure effective water resource management
boarding facilities;
and the efficient provision of e)reliable Provideand safefurniture
school water andandequipment;
sanitation and services. The SNDP objectives,
strategies and programmes for f)the sectorEnhanceare the as
capacity of DRM in the sector.
follows:
8 To review the curriculum Review curriculum, teaching and learning Curriculum Development
at all levels to make it materials in formal and informal curricula.
Table 17: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Water Resources Management and Development
relevant and responsive to
No. national aspirations
Objectives
and Strategies Programmes
education needs
1 To achieve sustainable water a) Conduct feasibility studies for the Water Resources Infrastructure
resource development for social development of water resources Development
and economic development infrastructure for priority projects for
agriculture farm blocks, irrigation dams,
large multi-purpose dams; hydro-power
dams, springs and ground water
development; and
b) Strengthen infrastructure development
programmes to cater for increase in
water demand in all the key economic
sectors (agriculture, water for strategic
institutions and disaster mitigation,
hydro-power etc.)
2 To strengthen capacity for a) Develop pilot projects for improvement Climate Change Adaptation and
disaster risk management, of water conservation infrastructure Mitigation
mitigation and adaptation to against climatic variability including
effects of climate change. reduction of flooding;
b) Implement climate change adaptation
projects country-wide; and
c) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the
sector
3 To develop innovative a) Conduct applied research in water Research and Development
approaches and appropriate management and development to
technologies for the effective enhance socio-economic advancement;
management of the nation’s b) Conduct demand driven surveys;
water resources c) Strengthen the national hydrological
network for water resource survey and
institutional capacity for hydro-
meteorological and ground water
monitoring; and
d) Conduct applied research in water
resources management and development
21 adaptation and the
for climate change
enhancement of socio-economic
development.
4 To ensure effective water a) Provide and implement an appropriate Integrated Water Resources
resources management at policy, legal and institutional framework Management
large multi-purpose dams; hydro-power
dams, springs and ground water
development; and
b) Strengthen infrastructure development
programmes to cater for increase in
water demand in all the key economic
sectors (agriculture, water for strategic
No. Objectives institutions and disaster mitigation,
Strategies Programmes
hydro-power etc.)
12 strengthen
To achieve capacity for
sustainable water a) Develop
Conduct pilot projects
feasibility for improvement
studies for the Climate Change Adaptation
Water Resources and
Infrastructure
disaster
resourcerisk management,
development for social of water conservation
development of water infrastructure
resources Mitigation
Development
mitigation
and economicand development
adaptation to against climatic
infrastructure forvariability including
priority projects for
effects of climate change. reduction
agricultureoffarm
flooding;
blocks, irrigation dams,
b) Implement climate change
large multi-purpose adaptation
dams; hydro-power
projects country-wide;
dams, springs and ground andwater
c) Enhance the capacity
development; and of DRM in the
b) sector
Strengthen infrastructure development
3 To develop innovative a) Conduct
programmes applied research
to cater in waterin
for increase Research and Development
approaches and appropriate management
water demandand development
in all the key economicto
technologies for the effective enhance socio-economic
sectors (agriculture, wateradvancement;
for strategic
management of the nation’s b) Conduct demand
institutions driven mitigation,
and disaster surveys;
water resources c) Strengthen
hydro-power theetc.)
national hydrological
2 To strengthen capacity for a) network
Develop for water
pilot resource
projects survey and
for improvement Climate Change Adaptation and
disaster risk management, institutional capacity for
of water conservation hydro-
infrastructure Mitigation
mitigation and adaptation to meteorological
against climaticand ground including
variability water
effects of climate change. monitoring;
reduction of and
flooding;
d)
b) Conduct
Implement applied
climate research
changeinadaptation
water
resources management and
projects country-wide; and development
c) for climate
Enhance thechange
capacity adaptation
of DRMand the
in the
enhancement
sector of socio-economic
3 To develop innovative a) development.
Conduct applied research in water Research and Development
4 To ensure effective
approaches water
and appropriate a) Provide
managementand implement
and developmentan appropriate
to Integrated Water Resources
resources management
technologies at
for the effective policy,
enhancelegal and institutional
socio-economic framework
advancement; Management
catchment,
management regional and national b) for
of the nation’s integrated
Conduct demand water resources
driven surveys;
levels
water resources c) management;
Strengthen theand national hydrological
b) Develop
network forskills at river
water catchment,
resource surveybasin,
and
regional and capacity
institutional national forlevels.
hydro-
meteorological and ground water
monitoring; and
Table 18: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes
d) Conduct- Water
applied Supply
researchandinSanitation
water
No. Objectives Key Strategies
resources management and development Programmes
for climate change adaptation and the
1 To provide adequate, safe and a) Enhance
enhancementthe implementation
of socio-economic of the National Rural Water Supply
cost effective water supply and Water Sector Master Plans;
development. and Sanitation Programme
4 sanitation
To ensure services
effectivewith
waterdue b)
a) Infrastructure development
Provide and implement for
an appropriate (NRWSSP)
Integrated Water Resources
regard to environmental
resources management atissues sustainable
policy, legalRWSS service delivery
and institutional and
framework Management
catchment, regional and national protection of the environment;
for integrated water resources
levels c) Enhance
management;capacity
and in effective planning,
b) implementation
Develop skills atand rivermonitoring
catchment, ofbasin,
programmes for RWSS
regional and national service delivery;
levels.
d) Develop and provide sustainable water
supply services in urban and peri-urban National Urban Water Supply
areas; and Sanitation Programme
e) Strengthen human, technical and (NUWSSP)
financial capacity of institutions for
improved water supply and sanitation
service delivery in the urban and peri-
urban areas;
f) Enhance Solid Waste Management and
Institutional Management Systems; and
g) Enhance institutional capacity of
Councils in the implementation of Storm
Water Drainage Infrastructure
Development.

22
2.7 Child, Youth and Sports Development
The Youth, Child and Sports Development sector has great potential to contribute effectively to poverty
reduction and economic growth through skills development and promotion of sport for the youth.
The sector Vision is “enhanced youth and child survival, development and protection through a well-
coordinated and multi-sectoral approach by 2030”. Its goal is “to achieve increased empowerment and
participation of children and youth in all areas affecting their well-being and livelihood and enhance
observance and protection of their rights in order to build a sound human resource base”. The strategic
focus for the sector during the Plan period will be on the development of Youth and Sports Infrastructure
for skills training in order to enhance human development. The SNDP objectives, strategies and
programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 19: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Child, Youth and Sports Development
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To build and rehabilitate a) Encourage Private sector and community Infrastructure Development
youth and sports participation in the construction and
infrastructure rehabilitation of infrastructure;
b) Transform Zambia National Service and
Refugee camps into skills development and
recreation centres; and
c) Mobilise resources for public infrastructure
development.
2 To provide appropriate a) Facilitate access to credit, business Skills Development and
empowerment and training development skills training, mentorship Empowerment
in skills development opportunities and information on market
opportunities;
b) Establish youth business incubators in
Lusaka and Chambishi;
c) Facilitate the mainstreaming of
entrepreneurship training in the school
curricula; and
d) Enhance entrepreneurship training in
vocational and life skills curricula.

2.8 Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries


Agriculture is one of the priority sectors in achieving sustainable economic growth and reducing poverty
in Zambia. The Vision for the sector is “an efficient, competitive, sustainable and export-led agriculture
sector that assures food security and increased income by 2030”. Its goal is “to increase and diversify
agriculture production and productivity so as to raise the share of its contribution to 20 percent of GDP”.
During the Plan period, the strategic focus under crop production sub-sector will be to develop irrigation
and farm blocks, enhance research and extension services and promote utilization of improved seed
varieties. Under livestock sub-sector, the focus will be to increase livestock numbers through the creation
of a Disease Free Zone (DFZ), infrastructure development and rehabilitation, enhance livestock disease
control, surveillance and research, developing livestock standards and grades and processing of livestock
and livestock products. For fisheries sub-sector, the strategic focus will be aquaculture development and
improvement of infrastructure for fisheries research and marketing. The SNDP objectives, strategies and
programmes for the sector are as follows:

23
Table 20: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Crops
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To diversify and attain a) Promote high yielding seed materials; Crop Production and
national and household b) Promote soil improvement practices; Productivity Improvement
food security c) Improve farm management practices; Programme:
d) Enhance control of crop pests and diseases;  Extension Services
e) Promote and strengthen community Enhancement Sub-
participation in improving productivity through programme
cooperatives and farmer organizations;  Farm Block Development
f) Promote agricultural mechanization (through Sub-programme
appropriate technology);  Seed Development Sub-
g) Support the generation and dissemination of programme
early warning data and agricultural statistics;  Research Development
h) Promote crop diversification; Sub-programme
i) Support farm block development;  Gender Welfare Sub-
j) Promote and strengthen equal participation of programme
male and female farmers in improving
production through out-grower schemes;
k) Promote equitable and reliable access to
agricultural land;
l) Establish mechanisms for regular stakeholder
consultations in research and extension;
m) Promote PPPs in research, infrastructure
development and programmes;
n) Promote participation of farming communities
in the uptake of proven agricultural practices
such as conservation farming through enhanced
extension services; and
o) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the sector.
2 To promote soil a) Mainstream climate change adaptation and Sustainable Land and Water
management for develop mitigation action plan and measures Management Programme:
sustainable agricultural including vulnerability assessment and risk  Irrigation Development
production and growth management; Sub-programme
b) Promote appropriate conservation farming  Conservation Agriculture
methods; and Agro-forestry
c) Promote and strengthen participatory land use Promotion Sub-programme
planning and management;  Agriculture Land
d) Promote sustainable utilization of wetlands and Information System Sub-
dambos; programme
e) Promote efficient water utilization for
sustainable agricultural growth;
f) Promote water harvesting technologies such as
dams and weirs; and
g) Upgrade skills of technical and professional
staff in research and extension services training.
3 To promote the a) Strengthen the collection, analysis, Agricultural Marketing
development of dissemination and use of agricultural marketing Development and Investment
competitive, efficient and information systems; Promotion
transparent public and b) Promote private sector participation in
private sector driven agriculture marketing;
marketing system for c) Promote structured markets and transparency in
agricultural commodities the pricing system;
and inputs d) Facilitate the development of market
infrastructure such as feeder roads, storage and
market facilities;
e) Promote improved agricultural commodity
processing, marketing, distribution and storage;
f) Promote PPPs in agricultural marketing
infrastructure development; and
g) Facilitate access to credit ,particularly for small
and medium-scale farmers.

24
Table 21: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Livestock and Fisheries
No. Objectives Strategies Programme

1 To increase a) Enhance supply of breeding stock to farmers for Livestock Production and Productivity
quality increased small ruminants, pigs, poultry and cattle; Improvement Programme:
livestock b) Promote transfer of technology in artificial insemination  Livestock Production Sub-
numbers and embryo transfer; programme
c) Develop and rehabilitate livestock infrastructure; and
d) Conduct national livestock census.
a) Promote animal primary health care;  Livestock Disease Control
b) Enhance the emergency disease control fund; and and Surveillance Sub-
c) Control Trans-boundary Animal Diseases (TADs) such programme
as CBPP and FMD.
a) Facilitate vector control in collaboration with the private
sector
b) Establish livestock genetic research centre for various
livestock species
 Develop efficient and sustainable diagnostic
techniques in livestock disease
c)  Livestock Research Sub-
d) Develop effective and efficient disease control strategies programme
e) Develop capacity for local vaccine production and
quality control
f) Conserve and develop livestock breeds.

a) Mainstream climate change adaptation and mitigation  Pasture Improvement and


measures; Grazing Management Sub-
b) Promote small-holder pasture irrigation schemes; programme
c) Promote appropriate grazing practices;
d) Promote in-situ rain water harvesting;
e) Promote sustainable utilization of land and water
resources for livestock; and
f) Develop mitigation action, vulnerability assessment and
risk management plans.
2 To expand both a) Establish Disease Free Zones (DFZs); Livestock standards and Marketing
domestic and b) Facilitate development of market infrastructure; Development Programme
international c) Develop livestock identity and traceability system;
market access d) Develop commodity standards; and
e) Promote PPPs in livestock marketing.
3 To promote a) Promote improved fish processing, marketing, Fisheries Marketing Development and
fish trade and distribution and storage; and Investment Promotion Programme
marketing b) Promote value addition to fish and fisheries products.
4 To promote a) Support to community-based fingerling production Fisheries Development Programme:
sustainable centres.
exploitation of b) Support to sustainable aquaculture development in high  Aquaculture Development
fisheries potential zones; Sub- programme
resources and c) Facilitate improved extension services and networking;
increased fish d) Facilitate improved knowledge and skills in aqua-
production businesses;
e) Facilitate the implementation of the Aquaculture
Development Plan;
f) Enhance management of aquaculture statistics; and
g) Develop a Vulnerability Assessment and Risk
Management Plan.
a) Develop and strengthen fisheries collaborative  Capture Fisheries Sub-
management institutions; programme
b) Undertake fisheries value chain analysis;
c) Provide improved extension services;
d) Develop and operationalise the fisheries policy;
e) Strengthen management of trans-boundary water bodies;
f) Regulate and control the exploitation, movement and
marketing of exotic; endangered and ornamental fish
species; and

25
No. Objectives Strategies Programme

g) Enhance management of capture fisheries statistics.


5 To provide a) Develop improved strains of fish culture; Fisheries Research Sub-programme
technical b) Conduct research in the status of fish in all natural water
information bodies;
required for c) Develop and disseminate technology;
sustainable d) Promote PPPs in fisheries research and development;
exploitation e) Harmonise climate change with all fisheries activities
and production through research;
of fish f) Enhance surveillance and monitoring of fish health for
effective disease control system; and
g) Enhance monitoring, control and surveillance.

2.9 Mining
The mining sector remains the major contributor to Zambia’s economic growth with its average share
being 9.1 percent between 2006 and 2009. Further, the sector’s contribution to foreign exchange earnings
and the country’s formal employment levels is at 70.3 percent and 8.5 percent respectively. There is,
therefore, high potential for the sector to contribute to poverty reduction and wealth creation in the
country. The Vision for the sector is “well organized private sector led mineral resource exploration
and exploitation that contributes to sustainable social economic development by 2030” and the goal is
“to raise the sector’s contribution to GDP to at least 20 percent”. During the SNDP period, the mining
sector will focus on increasing exploration projects, sustainable production and management of mineral
resources and increase productivity so as to maximize economic benefits from the sector. Furthermore,
the sector will focus on increasing value addition, expanding formal employment levels and its overall
contribution to GDP. In addition the sector will focus on human development to increase efficiency and
safety of mining operations. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as
follows:

Table 22: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Mining


No. Objective Strategies Programmes

1 To increase production a) Ensure a stable regulatory framework; Development of Mines


and productivity in the b) Facilitate access to capital and equipment;
mines c) Increase extension services to small-scale miners;
d) Provide incentives to small-scale miners particularly
gemstone miners;
e) Enhance skills training of miners in production, value
addition and marketing;
f) Improve availability of geological and mining
information;
g) Mitigate environmental impact of mining;
h) Develop mining safety and environmental impact
mitigation training; and
i) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the sector.
2 To promote a) Establish the Hydrocarbon Unit; Exploitation of Energy
sustainable b) Formulate relevant policies and legislation for energy Minerals
exploitation and minerals; and
management of energy c) Mitigate environmental impact of mining.
minerals
3 To include water a) Include possible water scarcity considerations in the Adaptation to Climate
variability designing of mining projects and tailing systems; and Change
considerations b) Include possible flooding conditions during design of
tailing and effluent discharge systems.
4 To promote value a) Facilitate access to capital and equipment; Value addition
addition b) Promote the establishment of value addition industries;
c) Enhance skills training in value addition and
marketing; and
d) Promote the use of finished products from local
minerals.

26
2.10 Tourism
Tourism, including Arts and Culture, is one of the priority sectors for development in Zambia and has the
potential to be a major contributor to socio-economic development of the country. The sector Vision is
“Zambia as a major tourism destination of choice with unique features, and a thriving national cultural
heritage and creative industries which contribute to sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction
by 2030”. The sector goal is “to increase tourism direct earnings from US $200 million in 2009 to
US $449 million in 2015 and to provide an enabling environment for safeguarding and promoting
Zambia’s cultural heritage and to ensure the development of economically viable creative industries.
During the SNDP period, the sector will focus on infrastructure development in three priority areas
namely Greater Livingstone area, Kafue National Park and Northern circuit. The other focus areas will
be tourism promotion and marketing, product development and human skills development. Further, Arts
and Culture will focus on the provision of requisite infrastructure and skills for the promotion of creative
industries for socio-economic development and preservation of Zambia’s cultural heritage. The SNDP
objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 23: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes - Tourism


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To make Zambia a a) Develop greater marketing presence in tourist Tourism Promotion and
preferred tourist source market; Marketing.
destination. b) Enhance the promotion of domestic tourism;
c) Extend market reach through the use of ICTs ;
d) Re-launch the Visit Zambia Campaign; and
e) Encourage private marketing initiatives.
a) Diversify tourism product range beyond being Tourism Product Development
Wildlife –based to include sport, cultural, and Research
adventure and eco-tourism and meetings,
incentives, conventions and exhibitions
(MICE);
b) Strengthen regulation and standards for the
tourism industry; and
c) Create tourism market research and statistics
synergies with relevant institutions.
a) Improve accessibility to key tourist destination Tourism Infrastructure
areas; Development and Investment.
b) Package and promote the establishment of
tourism investment sites in tourism priority
areas;
c) Facilitate Public Private Partnership in tourism
investment; and
d) Construct and rehabilitate tourist facilities in
priority areas, HTTI, National Museums and
national heritage sites.
2 To improve standards in the a) Develop institutional and human resource Tourism Sector Capacity
tourism sector. capacity; Building
b) Re-skill and up-skill of human resource in
various fields;
c) Develop skills for operators and higher level
training in tourism; and
d) Develop and provide adequate learning
facilities at HTTI.
3 To provide infrastructure a) Complete the construction of 7 provincial Arts and Culture Infrastructure
for preservation of cultural Multi-purpose Cultural Villages; Development
heritage and promotion of b) Construct a National Cultural Centre ;
creative industries c) Construct, renovate and upgrade theatres,
museums, heritage sites and handicraft centres;
and
d) Promote PPPs in the development of arts and
culture infrastructure.
4 To promote creative a) Facilitate access to training, and business Creative Industries
industries development resources and services; and
b) Strengthen quality control mechanisms.
5 To preserve and promote a) Provide support to cultural institutions, Tangible and Intangible
Zambia’s cultural heritage individuals and associations; Heritage
practices and expressions b) Recognize and support traditional ceremonies
for posterity
27
and other positive cultural practices; and
c) Promote indigenous knowledge systems.
6 To integrate climate change a) Develop response plans for water supply and Adaptation to climate change
concerns in the flood management in tourist destinations;
heritage and promotion of b) Construct a National Cultural Centre ;
creative industries c) Construct, renovate and upgrade theatres,
museums, heritage sites and handicraft centres;
and
d) Promote PPPs in the development of arts and
culture infrastructure.
4 To promote creative a) Facilitate access to training, and business Creative Industries
No. industriesObjectives development resourcesStrategiesand services; and Programmes
b) Strengthen quality control mechanisms.
15 preserve
To make and promote
Zambia a a) Provide
Developsupport
greater to cultural institutions,
marketing presence in tourist Tangible and Intangible
Tourism Promotion and
Zambia’s cultural heritage
preferred tourist individuals
source market; and associations; Heritage
Marketing.
practices and expressions
destination. b) Recognize
Enhance theand support traditional
promotion of domestic ceremonies
tourism;
for posterity c) and other
Extend positive
market cultural
reach throughpractices;
the use and
of ICTs ;
c)
d) Promote
Re-launchindigenous knowledge
the Visit Zambia systems.and
Campaign;
6 To integrate climate change a) e) Develop
Encourage private marketing
response plans for waterinitiatives.
supply and Adaptation to climate change
concerns in the flood management
a) Diversify in tourist
tourism product destinations;
range beyond being Tourism Product Development
development of the tourism b) WildlifeSinking of boreholes
–based and damming
to include of water
sport, cultural, and Research
industry courses to and
adventure increase volume and
eco-tourism of available
meetings,water
to animals; conventions
incentives, and and exhibitions
c) (MICE);
Construct/improve tracks to act as firebreaks in
parks.
b) Strengthen regulation and standards for the
tourism industry; and
c) Create tourism market research and statistics
2.11 Manufacturing synergies with relevant institutions.
a) Improve accessibility to key tourist destination Tourism Infrastructure
areas; Development and Investment.
The manufacturing sector is a pivot b) of economic
Package development
and promote throughofits backward and forward linkages
the establishment
to economic growth, exports and employment tourism investment creation.
sites inIttourism
provides a market for primary products and
priority
areas;
sets the basis for exports with employment generation capacity. The Vision for the Manufacturing sector
c) Facilitate Public Private Partnership in tourism
is “technology-based and export-focused manufacturing
investment; and sector, which is dynamic and competitive with
effective entities that add value to d) Construct and rehabilitate touristresources
the locally abundant natural facilities inby 2030”. Its goal is “to develop
a diversified and competitive export led value adding manufacturingand
priority areas, HTTI, National Museums sector which will contribute 12.5
national heritage sites.
percent to GDP”. During the SNDP period, the strategic focus will be to strengthen and widen the
2 To improve standards in the a) Develop institutional and human resource Tourism Sector Capacity
country’s manufacturing
tourism sector. base withcapacity;
emphasis on backward and forward linkages Building given the country’s
wide resource base. This will require intensifying
b) Re-skill the of
and up-skill development
human resource of inthe resource-based industries, with
the aim to optimise and add value to various fields;
the country’s natural resources. The SNDP objectives, strategies
c) Develop skills for operators and higher level
and programmes for the sector are as follows:
training in tourism; and
d) Develop and provide adequate learning
Table 24: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes
facilities at- HTTI.
Manufacturing
No.
3 Objectives
To provide infrastructure a) Complete the construction Strategiesof 7 provincial Programmes
Arts and Culture Infrastructure
for preservation of cultural Multi-purpose Cultural Villages; Development
1 To expand
heritage thepromotion
and industrial base
of b)a) Construct
Facilitate athe development
National Culturalof Centre
Multi-Facility
; Development of Multi-Facility
and increase
creative value addition
industries Economic renovate
c) Construct, Zones /Industrial
and upgrade Parks;
theatres, Economic Zones and
b) Promote joint ventures between foreign and local Industrial Parks
museums, heritage sites and handicraft centres;
investors;
and
c) Promote and facilitate Private Public Partnership
d) Promote PPPs in the development of arts and
(PPP) projects; and
culture infrastructure.
d) Enhance the capacity of DRM.
24 To facilitate
To promote private
creativesector a)a) Facilitate access to training,
Promote investment and business
in infrastructure in order to Creative Industries
Investment Promotion
industries
development development resources
stimulate private investment; and services; and
b)b) Strengthen
Develop the quality control
National mechanisms.
Investment Promotion
5 To preserve and promote a) Provide
Strategy;support to cultural institutions, Tangible and Intangible
Zambia’s cultural heritage c) individuals and associations;
Undertake investment missions to Capital and Heritage
practices and expressions b) Recognize
Technology and support Nations
Exporting traditional
andceremonies
within the
for posterity and other positive
domestic economy; cultural practices; and
c)d) Promote
Provide indigenous
incentives toknowledge systems.
facilitate technological
6 To integrate climate change a) Develop transfer;response plans for water supply and Adaptation to climate change
concerns in the e) flood management
Establish in tourist
a more cohesive destinations;
policy and supportive
development of the tourism b) Sinking regulatory and institutional
of boreholes framework
and damming for
of water
industry investment;
courses to increase volume of available water
f) toEncourage
animals; and industries to adopt cleaner and
environmentally friendly
c) Construct/improve tracks technologies and in
to act as firebreaks
practices; and
parks.
g) Promote private sector driven Research and
Development activities.
3 To promote the growth of a) Increase participation of indigenous Zambians in MSME Development
MSMEs the manufacturing sector;
b) Promote entrepreneurship training and
development at all levels of the education system;
c) Encourage innovation and technological skills
development and on-farm agro-processing
training;
d) Facilitate access to market opportunities and
business development services;
e) Facilitate the establishment of business incubation
centres and linking them to industrial parks;
28
f) Facilitate the establishment of business industrial
clusters;
g) Facilitate business linkages between MSMEs and
multinational corporations;
h) Create the Trade and Investment Fund targeted at
d)
Provide incentives to facilitate technological
transfer;
e) Establish a more cohesive policy and supportive
regulatory and institutional framework for
investment;
f) Encourage industries to adopt cleaner and
environmentally friendly technologies and
practices; and
No. Objectives g) Promote private sector Strategies
driven Research and Programmes
Development activities.
13 To expand
promotethetheindustrial
growth ofbase Facilitateparticipation
a) Increase the development of Multi-Facility
of indigenous Zambians in Development
MSME of Multi-Facility
Development
and increase value addition
MSMEs Economic
the Zones /Industrial
manufacturing sector; Parks; Economic Zones and
joint ventures between
b) Promote entrepreneurship trainingforeign
and and local Industrial Parks
investors;
development at all levels of the education system;
Promote and
c) Encourage facilitate and
innovation Private Public Partnership
technological skills
(PPP) projects;
development andandon-farm agro-processing
d) training;
Enhance the capacity of DRM.
2 To facilitate private sector a) Facilitate
d) Promote investment in infrastructure
access to market opportunitiesin order
and to Investment Promotion
development stimulatedevelopment
business private investment;
services;
b) Facilitate
e) Develop the theNational Investment
establishment Promotion
of business incubation
Strategy;
centres and linking them to industrial parks;
c) Facilitate
f) Undertakethe investment missions
establishment to Capital
of business and
industrial
Technology Exporting Nations and within the
clusters;
domestic economy;
g) Facilitate business linkages between MSMEs and
d) multinational
Provide incentives to facilitate technological
corporations;
transfer;the Trade and Investment Fund targeted at
h) Create
e) MSMEs;
Establish a more cohesive policy and supportive
regulatorythe
i) Facilitate andestablishment
institutional framework for
of Small Aggregation
investment;
Initiative joint ventures among MSMEs;
f) Strengthen
j) Encourage industries
the testing,tocalibration,
adopt cleaner and
inspection,
environmentally
certification, andfriendly technologies
accreditation systemsand and
practices; and
procedures;
g) Promote and
k) private sectorthe
facilitate driven Research of
participation andwomen
Development
and youths; activities.
3 To promote the growth of a) Mainstream
l) Increase participation of indigenous
cross-cutting issues; andZambians in MSME Development
MSMEs the manufacturing
m) Promote sector; to enhance total factor
use of technology
b) productivity
Promote entrepreneurship trainingthrough
and competitiveness and the
development atofall
establishment levels of technical
sub-sector the education system;
centres.
4 To develop rural based c) Promote
a) Encourage and innovation
facilitate and technologicalofskills
the development Rural Industrialisation
industrial enterprises developmentinfrastructure;
appropriate and on-farm agro-processing
training; and implement a rural industrialisation
b) Develop
d) strategy;
Facilitate access to market opportunities and
business the
c) Promote development services;and renewable
use of alternative
e) sources
Facilitateofthe establishment of business incubation
energy;
centres andon-site
d) Encourage linkingagro-processing
them to industrial parks;
in agricultural
f) farm
Facilitate
blocks;the and
establishment of business industrial
clusters; linkages between agricultural farming
e) Establish
g) blocks,
Facilitate businessestates
industrial linkagesandbetween
out-growerMSMEs and
schemes.
multinational corporations;
h) Create the Trade and Investment Fund targeted at
2.12 Commerce and Trade MSMEs;
i) Facilitate the establishment of Small Aggregation
The Commerce and Trade sectorj) is Initiative
a majorjoint ventures among MSMEs;
contributor to export-led growth for the country. In this
Strengthen the testing, calibration, inspection,
regard, Government has continued to pursue aandliberal
certification, tradesystems
accreditation policyandat both regional and international
levels. The Vision of the sector is procedures;
“to become an export driven, competitive and viable Commerce
k) Promote and facilitate the participation of women
sector by 2030” and its goal is “to increase
and youths;
the contribution of exports to GDP from 35 percent to 40
percent”. The strategic focus of l)the Mainstream
sector during the SNDP
cross-cutting issues;period
and will be on value addition to locally
produced goods for increased domestic and use
m) Promote foreign markettoearnings,
of technology enhance total development
factor of both hard and soft
infrastructure, including raising the productivity
quality of and competitiveness through the
human capital,
establishment of sub-sector technical centres.
research and development capability as
well as strengthening management systems. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the
sector are as follows:

Table 25: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Commerce and Trade


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To increase the volume of a) Promote trade of NTEs; Export Promotion,


exports in regional and b) Promote exports of the targeted growth areas in the Trade Expansion and
international markets manufacturing and services sector; Diversification
c) Provide effective financial assistance to enhance
exports through the empowerment fund and other
interventions;
d) Facilitate the implementation of the Enhanced
Integrated Framework Phase II;
e) Facilitate the Implementation of the National Export
Strategy;
f) Facilitate the establishment of Multi-Facility
Economic Zones (MFEZs) at border posts;
g) 29 Quality Infrastructure and
Strengthen the National
technical regulation system;
h) Establish One-Stop Border Post at major border towns;
and
i) Strengthen and expand institutional support for the
1 To increase the volume of a)
Promote trade of NTEs; Export Promotion,
exports in regional and b)
Promote exports of the targeted growth areas in the Trade Expansion and
international markets manufacturing and services sector; Diversification
c) Provide effective financial assistance to enhance
exports through the empowerment fund and other
interventions;
No. Objectives d) Facilitate the implementation
Strategiesof the Enhanced Programmes
Integrated Framework Phase II;
1 To increase the volume of e)
a) Facilitate the Implementation
Promote trade of NTEs; of the National Export Export Promotion,
exports in regional and b) Strategy;
Promote exports of the targeted growth areas in the Trade Expansion and
international markets f) Facilitate the establishment
manufacturing and services of Multi-Facility
sector; Diversification
c) Economic Zones (MFEZs)
Provide effective at border posts;
financial assistance to enhance
g) Strengthen the National
exports through Quality Infrastructure
the empowerment fund and otherand
technical regulation system;
interventions;
h)
d) Establish
Facilitate One-Stop Border Post
the implementation of at
themajor border towns;
Enhanced
and
Integrated Framework Phase II;
i)
e) Strengthen
Facilitate theand expand institutional
Implementation of the support
Nationalfor the
Export
exporting
Strategy; community.
2 To stimulate the growth of a)
f) Promote
Facilitatethe
theconsumption
establishmentofofquality locally produced
Multi-Facility Domestic Trade
domestic trading sector goods and Zones
Economic services;
(MFEZs) at border posts; and Competition
and increase trade in b)
g) Promote
Strengthenformalisation
the NationalofQuality
the domestic trading and
Infrastructure sector;
services c) Implement the business
technical regulation licensing reforms;
system;
d)
h) Implement measuresBorder
Establish One-Stop to strengthen and enhance
Post at major border towns;
Competition
and and Consumer Protection;
e)
i) Develop
Strengthenand implement
and measures onsupport
expand institutional trade remedies;
for the
f) Strengthen monitoring and evaluation mechanism for
exporting community.
2 To stimulate the growth of a) domestic
Promote thetrade;
consumption of quality locally produced Domestic Trade
domestic trading sector g) Develop
goods andand implement services trade strategies; and
services; and Competition
and increase trade in h)
b) Establish one-stop shopoffor
Promote formalisation thebusiness
domestic licensing
trading and
sector;
services c) registration
Implement the in each province.
business licensing reforms;
3 To secure and facilitate a)
d) Identify
Implement andmeasures
promote to thestrengthen
development andofenhance
new products Market Access for
improved for export markets;
Competition and Consumer Protection; Zambian Products and
market access for locally b)
e) Facilitate
Develop andinvestment
implement in trade related
measures oninfrastructure;
trade remedies; Services
produced goods and c)
f) Facilitate
Strengthencapacity building
monitoring programmes
and evaluation for privatefor
mechanism
services sector on trade;
domestic trade related matters; and
d)
g) Strengthen
Develop and compliance
implementtoservices
international standards and
trade strategies;
h) promote
Establishadaptation
one-stop shop of international
for businessbest practices
licensing andin
product/service
registration in eachquality and standardisation.
province.
3 To secure and facilitate a) Identify and promote the development of new products Market Access for
improved for export markets; Zambian Products and
2.13 market
Science,
access forTechnology
locally andinvestment
b) Facilitate Innovation in trade related infrastructure; Services
produced goods and c) Facilitate capacity building programmes for private
services sector on trade related matters; and
Economic advancement of any d)country depends
Strengthen on innovation,
compliance science
to international andand
standards technological advancement
of its people. The Vision for the promote
Science, Technology
adaptation and Innovation
of international best practicessector
in is “a nation in which
Science, Technology and Innovations are the driving
product/service quality andforces in national development and competes
standardisation.
globally by 2030”. Its goal during the Plan period is “to establish an effective and efficient National
Science, Technology and Innovation System for increased productivity and competitiveness”. During
the Plan period the strategic focus will be to enhance linkage between research and industry, increase
human resource capacity in Research and Development institutions and improve the infrastructure and
equipment. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

Table 26: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Science, Technology and Innovation
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To develop medical, agricultural, a) Develop medicines, remedies, Research, Development and


manufacturing, energy and vaccines and technologies for Innovation
pharmaceutical technologies addressing priority diseases and
conditions;
b) Develop processing technologies for
agro produce and wild foods; and
c) Preserve genetic resources for
Indigenous Knowledge System
(IKS).
2 To promote the commercialisation a) Establish technology demonstration Infrastructure and Equipment
of innovations and Research and and piloting facilities. Improvement
Development (R & D) results
3 To improve and develop a) Rehabilitate and develop well
infrastructure capacity for R & D equipped infrastructure for research
and development; and
b) Establish specialised mini-pilot
pharmaceutical plant.
4 To strengthen human resource a) Facilitate training programmes for Human Development
capacity researchers in identified priority
areas of R 30
& D; and
b) Enhance exchange programmes and
joint research with scientific experts.
(IKS).
2 To promote the commercialisation a) Establish technology demonstration Infrastructure and Equipment
of innovations and Research and and piloting facilities. Improvement
Development (R & D) results
3 To improve and develop a)
Rehabilitate and develop well
infrastructure capacity for R & D equipped infrastructure for research
and development; and
No. Objectives b) Establish specialised
Strategiesmini-pilot Programmes
pharmaceutical plant.
14 To strengthen humanagricultural,
develop medical, resource a) Facilitate training programmes
Develop medicines, remedies, for Human
Research,Development
Development and
capacity
manufacturing, energy and researchers
vaccines andintechnologies
identified priority
for Innovation
pharmaceutical technologies areas of R &
addressing D; anddiseases and
priority
b) Enhance
conditions;exchange programmes and
b) joint research
Develop with scientific
processing experts.
technologies for
agro produce and wild foods; and
c) Preserve genetic resources for
2.14 Information and Communications Indigenous Knowledge Technology
System
(IKS).
Information
2 andthe
To promote Communications
commercialisation Technology
a) Establish(ICT) and demonstration
technology Meteorology play a vital role
Infrastructure in the socio-
and Equipment
of innovations and Research and and piloting facilities. Improvement
economic development of a country. Growth of ICT is a precursor to wealth creation and attainment
Development (R & D) results
of3a well informed
To improve and and knowledgeable
develop a) society.
RehabilitateTheandsector
developVision
well is “an information and knowledge
based infrastructure
society by capacity
2030.” forThe
R & goal
D for the sector
equipped is “to increase
infrastructure coverage, access and efficiency in
for research
the provision of Information and Communications and development; and
Technology and meteorological services in order to
b) Establish specialised mini-pilot
contribute to sustainable national economicpharmaceutical
growth”. During plant. the SNDP period, the sector focus will be to
enhance
4 Toaccess to human
strengthen information
resourcefor development,
a) FacilitateICT, andprogrammes
training meteorological
for services through infrastructure
Human Development
and human
capacitydevelopment to ensure a well-informed citizenry.
researchers in identified The SNDP objectives, strategies and
priority
programmes for the sector are as follows:areas of R & D; and
b) Enhance exchange programmes and
joint research with scientific experts.
Table 27: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Information and Communication Technology
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To develop and maintain ICT a) Develop a national infrastructure Infrastructure Development


and Meteorology infrastructure development policy on ICT; with Climate Change
b) Promote PPP in the provision and Consideration
maintenance of infrastructure;
c) Expand National fibre optic networks and
Met stations;
d) Establish ICT and climate change research
centres; and
e) Roll-out ICT incubation centres to all
MFEZ areas.
2 To establish an integrated e- a) Develop guidelines on e-governance and E-Government and ICT
governance platform implementation process; Application
b) Develop the integration of government
management information systems; and
c) Promote the creation of multi-purpose
community centres (banks, post offices,
tele-centres, parks and kiosks).
3 To transform terrestrial a) Develop a TV broadcasting policy and Digital Migration
television from analogue to standards; and
digital and enhance broadcast b) Establish Digital Terrestrial Television
media in rural areas Migration (DTTM) infrastructure

2.15 Natural Resources


Zambia is endowed with vast and diverse natural resources that form the basis for economic activity.
These include land, wildlife, forest, minerals, natural heritage and wetlands. Effective and efficient
management of these natural resources can significantly contribute to national development through
foreign exchange earnings and employment creation. In addition, various natural resource products and
ecosystem services are important sources of livelihood and energy. The sector Vision is “a productive
environment and well-conserved natural resources for sustainable socio-economic development by
2030” and its goal is “to reduce the rate of deforestation, wildlife depletion and degradation of heritage
sites, land and wetlands. The focus of the sector during the Plan Period will, therefore, be to reverse
deforestation, wildlife depletion, heritage sites degradation and land degradation. Further, the sector will
enhance collaboration among players in natural resources management in order to ensure sustainable
exploitation of natural resources. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as
follows:

31
Table 28: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Natural Resources
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To reduce the rate of wildlife a) Improve policy and legal framework Protected Wildlife Area
depletion through sustainable including regulations; Management
management of wildlife and b) Re-organize ZAWA and strengthen its
habitat in protected wildlife and capacity in wildlife management and
forest areas extension services;
c) Up-scale leadership and management skills
training at all levels;
d) Strengthen cooperation with natural
resources management to agriculture,
livestock and fisheries, energy, water and
mining;
e) Enhance community and private sector
participation in wildlife management in
public wildlife estate as well as on
community & private wildlife estates;
f) Develop Management Plans, including Land
Use Plans, for protected wildlife areas;
g) Enhance research capacity;
h) Promote awareness on wildlife conservation;
and
i) Implement the relevant sections of the
National Climate Change Response Strategy.
2 To promote sustainable forest a) Strengthen human resource capacity in Forestry Management
and land management forestry management and extension services;
practices b) Expand options for effective forest
management by enhancing community and
private sector participation in forest
management, including plantations. through
various forms of partnerships such as PPPs;
and
c) Develop mechanism for, and establish,
sustainable natural forest industries.
a) Establish and expand exotic and indigenous Reforestation and
plantations; and Afforestation
b) Promote village and school nurseries and
establish woodlots.
a) Promote sustainable land management Sustainable Land Management
practices including erosion control, water
management and soil fertility management;
b) Develop an investment frameworks for
sustainable land management;
c) Formulate an integrated financing strategy
for sustainable land management; and
d) Promote the use of agronomic soil
conservation measures.
3 To reverse degradation of a) Enhance community and private sector Heritage Sites Management
heritage sites participation in heritage sites management;
b) Conduct heritage sites inventories;
c) Demarcate clear boundaries around heritage
sites areas; and
d) Promote awareness on heritage resources.

32
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

4 To promote conservation and a) Improve regional and international Wetlands Management


sustainable utilization of collaboration on wetlands management;
wetlands resources b) Strengthen institutional coordination of
wetlands management;
c) Increase awareness on wetland values and
functions;
d) Promote community participation on
wetlands management; and
e) Promote commercial activities and value
addition for wetland resources.

5 To strengthen policy and a) Review the National Bio-diversity Strategy Development and Review of
legislation framework for bio- and Action Plan (NBSAP); Strategies, Policies and
diversity conservation b) Enact legislation on access to genetic Legislation
resources and the fair and equitable sharing
of benefits arising from the utilization of
genetic resources; and
c) Improve policy and legal framework
including regulations for wildlife and
forestry sectors.
6 To improve and develop a) Construct and rehabilitate training Infrastructure Development
infrastructure that will ensure infrastructure at Zambia Forestry College
effective forest and wildlife and ZAWA training institutions;
management b) Construct and rehabilitate provincial and
district Forestry offices, staff houses and
Satellite camps;
c) Improve staff housing, offices, gates, access
and secondary road, water crossings and
airstrips in protected wildlife areas;
d) Rehabilitate beeswax and honey processing
factories; and
e) Rehabilitate forest nurseries.

2.16 Local Government and Decentralisation


Local Government is an element of a public administration system at a local level that seeks to effectively
and efficiently deliver public services. Therefore, the National Decentralization Policy (NDP) seeks
to improve the functioning of the local government system by increasing responsibilities of the local
authorities through devolution of power with matching resources and embodying democratic principles.
The sector Vision is “a country with a fully decentralised and democratically elected system of governance
by 2030”. Its goal is “to improve service delivery by councils in line with the National Decentralisation
Policy (DIP)”. During the Plan period, the sector will focus on full implementation of the DIP with
special emphasis on devolution of functions, fiscal decentralization, reforming the local development
planning system, institutional and human capacity development and completion of updating valuation
rolls. Further, efforts will be intensified to enhance collaborations with Traditional Authorities on issues
of land for development. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

33
Table 29: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Local Government and Decentralisation
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To increase stakeholders’ awareness, Conduct nation-wide sensitisation on Sensitization and Civic


and ownership of the decentralization National Decentralization Policy and Education
process. DIP.
2 To develop a comprehensive legal and Review and align the current legal Legal and Regulatory
regulatory framework and regulatory framework to the Reforms.
National Decentralization Policy.
3 To create and strengthen human, a) Develop and implement a Institutional and Human
institutional and technical capacities in comprehensive Capacity Resource Capacity
councils and key institutions Development Programme for Local Development
Government;
b) Operationalise the Local
Government Service Commission;
c) Implement Institutional
Restructuring Programme for
Councils;
d) Undertake Local Development
Planning and Budgetary Reforms;
e) Undertake Financial Management
and Accounting Reforms;
f) Undertake Fiscal Decentralization
and Revenue Mobilization Reforms;
g) Develop a framework for
monitoring the implementation of the
National; and
h) Decentralization Policy and the
operations of Councils.
4 To widen the Financial Base for a) Update valuation rolls; and
Councils b) Introduce new levies depending on
the area the council is situated.
5 To achieve timely and effective a) Develop a consolidated Sector Sector Devolution
devolution of designated functions Devolution Plan;
from sector Ministries to Councils b) Devolve Sector functions to
Councils; and
c) Enhance the capacity of DRM in the
districts.
6 To create an environment that is a) Develop and implement capacity Traditional Customary
conducive to investment under building programmes for conflict Matters
customary land tenure system resolution at chiefdom level;
b) Develop guidelines on resolution of
succession and boundary disputes;
c) Interpret and reinforce Chiefs’
boundary maps of 1958; and
d) Finalisation of the Chiefs’ policy and
Review of the Act.
7 To ensure climate change, risk a) Assess risks and vulnerability in the Climate Change Adaptation
management, mitigation and districts; and and Mitigation
adaptation issues are integrated in b) Develop risk management and
district plans mitigation and adaptation plans.

2.17 Social Protection


Social protection is a poverty reduction strategy that promotes human development, social equity and
human rights. The high levels of extreme poverty and vulnerability, coupled with multiple effects of
HIV and AIDS and unemployment provide a strong justification for the need for social protection. The
Vision for the Social Protection sector is “a nation with capacity to promote and provide sustainable
security against constant or periodic critical levels of deprivation and extreme vulnerability by 2030”.
The sector goal is “to empower low capacity households and provide social assistance to incapacitated
households and support to vulnerable people to live decent lives”. During the SNDP period, the focus
of the sector will be to effectively coordinate and provide social protection through empowering low
capacity households, providing social assistance to incapacitated households and supporting various
vulnerable groups. The SNDP objectives, strategies and programmes for the sector are as follows:

34
Table 30: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Social Protection
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes

1 To empower Low Capacity a) Provide access to finance, agricultural Empowerment of Low Capacity
Households inputs and training to vulnerable Households
(LCHs). groups; and
b) Expand social security coverage to
formal and informal sectors.
2 To provide Social Assistance a) Provide regular, predictable transfers Social Assistance to Incapacitated
to Incapacitated Households. to the chronically poor to support basic Households
needs and human development; and
b) Provide discrete transfers in response
to shocks to people at risk of rapid
deterioration in economic and social
wellbeing and security;
3 To provide care and support a) Provide places of safety, vocational Support for Vulnerable Children and
to vulnerable children and and life skills training to vulnerable Youth
youth. children and youth; and
b) Support school attendance of
vulnerable children and youth.
4 To ensure the protection a) Establish one stop centres and places Enhancement of Access to Justice for
of human rights and of safety in all the Provincial centers; Vulnerable Groups
provision of services to and
vulnerable groups b) Provide empowerment for survivors of
violence & human trafficking through
the provision of livelihood services.

35
3. Regional Development

Regional development is aimed at promoting balanced development, coordinated through a decentralized


and coherent process that ensures that the economic gains of the country impact all the regions
proportionately. The Vision for Regional Development is “sustainable and equitable socio-economic
development through sectoral and regional inter-linkages by 2030”. Its goal is “to reduce the proportion
of people living in poverty”. In order to achieve economic and social development and to also bridge
the inter and intra-regional disparities, focus of the sector during the SNDP period will be on improving
productivity in the regions based on comparative advantage and socio-economic needs. Given the
different comparative advantages and needs of the provinces, the priority areas for investments in each
province are highlighted below.

3.1 Central Province

Central Province has comparative advantage in agriculture with regard to maize, soya beans, sweet
potatoes and wheat production. The goal of the Province is poverty reduction through economic
diversification and increased investment in agriculture. The main focus for the Province during the
SNDP period will be on the provision of relevant infrastructure for agriculture in order to tap its huge
agriculture potential. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for Central Province
during the SNDP period:

Table 31: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Central Province


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads; and Infrastructure
services b) Rehabilitate railway lines. Development
2 To increase electrification levels in the Connect rural areas to electricity power supply. Rural Electrification
Rural Areas

3 To increase electricity generation Expand and Improve infrastructure for electricity Electricity Generation
capacity and build appropriate generation, transmission and distribution. and Transmission Line
transmission lines Development
4 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for relevant fields Human Resource
engineering of engineering. Development
5 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure. Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting Infrastructure
meteorological communication b) Provide professional development for ICT; Human Development
and
c) Provide equipment. Meteorological
Equipment
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for Crop Production and
crop diversification; Productivity
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services;
c) Establish storage facilities.
d) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
infrastructure. Development
2 To promote the strengthening of Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
farmer groups enterprises development. Development
3 To increase livestock production and a) Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
livestock breeding development facilities; and Development
b) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure.
4 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries
Development
5 To improve agriculture research To improve agriculture research Research
infrastructure. Development
6 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of Skills Human Resource
of technical and professional staff in Development
research
36and extension services.
7 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services. Resettlement Schemes
resettlement Development
Tourism
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism a) Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism Infrastructure
3 To increase livestock production and a) Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
livestock breeding development facilities; and Development
b) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure.
4 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries
Development
5 To improve agriculture research To improve agriculture research Research
No. Objectives infrastructure. Strategies Development
Programmes
6 To improve human resource skills
Infrastructure Training to support the upgrading of Skills Human Resource
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) of technical
Establish andand professional
rehabilitate staffroads;
feeder in and Development
Infrastructure
services b) research and railway
Rehabilitate extension services.
lines. Development
72 To develop
increase and identify areas
electrification for in the
levels Provide
Connect ruralinfrastructure and social
areas to electricity power services.
supply. Resettlement
Rural Schemes
Electrification
resettlement
Rural Areas Development
Tourism
13 To
To develop
increase and rehabilitate
electricity tourism
generation a) Establish
Expand and rehabilitate
and Improve tourism
infrastructure for support
electricity Tourism Infrastructure
Electricity Generation
support infrastructure
capacity and build appropriate infrastructure; and
generation, transmission and distribution. Development
and Transmission Line
transmission lines b) Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
Development
4 To improve standards in all fields of levelengineering
Develop training in tourism.
capacity for relevant fields Development
Human Resource
Miningengineering of engineering. Development
15 To
To increase productivity
ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Facilitate
a) access
Establish and to capitalinfrastructure.
rehabilitate and equipment; Development
Meteorologicalof
reliable weather forecasting b) Increase extension services to small-scale Mines
Infrastructure
meteorological communication b) miners;
Provide professional development for ICT; Human Development
c) Provide
and incentives to small-scale miners
particularly those in the gemstone sector;
c) Provide equipment. Meteorological
and
Equipment
d) Mitigate environmental impact of mining.
Agriculture
2 To improve human resource skills Develop mining safety and environmental Human Resource
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for Crop Production and
impact mitigation training. Development
crop diversification; Productivity
Education
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish,
agriculturalrehabilitate
extension and upgrade
services; Infrastructure
No. education Objectives education Strategies
facilities. Programmes
Development
c) Establish storage facilities.
2 To improve standard of education a) Provide professional development for early Human Resource
d) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
service delivery for early childhood childhood and basic education; and Development
infrastructure. Development
and basic education b) Provide equipment.
2 To promote the strengthening of Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
farmer groups enterprises development. Development
3 To increase livestock production and a) Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
livestock breeding development facilities; and Development
b) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure.
4 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries
Development
5 To improve agriculture research To improve agriculture research Research
infrastructure. Development
6 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of Skills Human Resource
Health of technical and professional staff in Development
research and extension services.
1 To provide infrastructure conducive Establish, expand and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
7 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services. Resettlement Schemes
for the delivery of quality health infrastructure. Development
resettlement Development
services
Tourism
2 To improve the quality of health Provide professional development for heath Human Resource
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism a) Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism Infrastructure
service delivery personnel. Development
support infrastructure infrastructure; and Development
3 To ensure the availability of medical Provide medical equipment. Medical Equipment
b) Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
equipment in health care facilities Provision
level training in tourism. Development
Water and Sanitation
Mining
1 To provide water for productive use Provide productive rural water supply Rural Water Supply
1 To increase productivity a) Facilitate access to capital and equipment; Development of
infrastructure (dams, weirs and irrigation and Sanitation
b) Increase extension services to small-scale Mines
schemes).
miners;
2 To provide sustainable access to safe Develop and rehabilitate water points and
c) Provide incentives to small-scale miners
water supply and sanitation facilities sanitation facilities.
particularly those in the gemstone sector;
to all communities
and
Natural Resources d) Mitigate environmental impact of mining.
12 To
To promote
improve reforestation
human resourceof depleted
skills Establishmining
Develop and expand
safetynurseries and replant
and environmental Reforestation
Human Resource
indigenous forests depletedmitigation
impact forests. training. Development
2 To promote environmentally friendly
Education a) Provide equipment for beekeeping Enterprise
technologies for income generation promotion; and Development
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
education b) Develop professional
education facilities. expertise in Human Development
Development
beekeeping.

37
3.2 Copperbelt Province

The comparative advantage of Copperbelt Province is in mining and wood and wood products and it
has a well-developed infrastructure and proximity of the districts within the Province. The collapse of
the manufacturing industry led to loss of productivity and industrial base. The goal of the Province is to
diversify the economic base from mining to agriculture, forestry and manufacturing. The focus of the
Province during the SNDP period will be on economic diversification. The following are the objectives,
strategies and programmes for Copperbelt Province during the SNDP period:

Table 32: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Copperbeltl Province


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads; Infrastructure
services Development
b) Rehabilitate railway lines; and

c) Establish railway line.


2 To provide adequate housing and Establish and rehabilitate institutional
office accommodation for improved housing units and office blocks.
service delivery
3 To increase electricity generation a) Establish heavy fuel Oil Power Plant; and Electricity Generation
capacity and build appropriate b) Expand and Improve infrastructure for and Transmission Line
transmission lines electricity generation, transmission and Development
distribution.
4 To increase electrification levels in Connect rural areas to electricity power Rural Electrification
the Rural Areas supply
5 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for relevant Human Resource
engineering fields of engineering. Development
6 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure; Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting and Infrastructure
meteorological communication Development
b) Provide equipment. Meteorological
Equipment
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for Crop Production and
crop diversification; Productivity
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services;
c) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure;
d) Establish storage facilities; and
e) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation Development
infrastructure.
2 To promote the strengthening of Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
farmer groups enterprises development. Development
3 To increase livestock production and Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock Development
livestock breeding development facilities.
4 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries Development
5 To improve agriculture research To improve agriculture research Research Development
infrastructure.
6 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of skills Human Resource
of technical and professional staff in Development
research and extension services.
7 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services. Resettlement Schemes
resettlement Development
Tourism
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism Infrastructure
support infrastructure infrastructure. Development
2 To improve human resource skills Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
level training in tourism. Development
Manufacturing
1 To expand the industrial base and a) Facilitate the development of Multi-Facility Multi-Facility
increase value addition Economic Zones; and Economic Zone
Development
b) Facilitate the development of an Industrial Industrial Park
Park. Development
2 To improve human resource skills Develop entrepreneurship training at all Human Resource
38
levels of education and on-farm agro- Development
processing training.
Mining
1 To increase productivity a) Facilitate access to capital and equipment; Development of Mines
research and extension services.
7 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services. Resettlement Schemes
resettlement Development
Tourism
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism Infrastructure
support infrastructure infrastructure. Development
2 To improve human resource skills Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
No. Objectives level training Strategies
in tourism. Programmes
Development
Infrastructure
Manufacturing
1 enhancethe
To expand movement
industrialofbase
goods
andand a) Establish and
Facilitate rehabilitate feeder
the development roads;
of Multi-Facility Infrastructure
Multi-Facility
services value addition
increase Economic Zones; and Development
Economic Zone
b) Rehabilitate railway lines; and Development
b) Facilitate the development of an Industrial Industrial Park
c) Establish
Park. railway line. Development
2 To improve
provide adequate housingskills
human resource and Establishentrepreneurship
Develop and rehabilitate institutional
training at all Human Resource
office accommodation for improved housing
levels of units and office
education blocks. agro-
and on-farm Development
service delivery processing training.
3
MiningTo increase electricity generation a) Establish heavy fuel Oil Power Plant; and Electricity Generation
1 capacity andproductivity
To increase build appropriate b)
a) Expand
Facilitateand Improve
access infrastructure
to capital for
and equipment; and Transmission
Development Line
of Mines
transmission lines b) electricity generation,
Increase extension transmission
services and
to small-scale Development
distribution.
miners;
4 To increase electrification levels in c) Connect rural areastotosmall-scale
Provide incentives electricity power
miners Rural Electrification
No. Objectives
the Rural Areas supply Strategies
particularly those in the gemstone sector Programmes
5 To improve standards in all fields of and;
Develop engineering capacity for relevant Human Resource
engineering d) Mitigate
fields environmental impact of mining.
of engineering. Development
6 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure; Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting and Infrastructure
2 To improve human resource skills Develop mining safety and environmental Human Resource
meteorological communication Development
impact mitigation training. Development
b) Provide equipment. Meteorological
Education
Equipment
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
Agriculture
education education facilities Development
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for Crop Production and
2 To improve standard of education a) Provide professional development for early Human Resource
crop diversification; Productivity
service delivery for early childhood childhood and basic education; and Development
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
and basic education b) Provide equipment.
agricultural extension services;
Health
c) Establish farm power and mechanization
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure Establish, expand and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
infrastructure;
conducive for the delivery of quality infrastructure. Development
d) Establish storage facilities; and
health services
e) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation Development
2 To improve the quality of health a) Provide professional development for heath Human Resource
infrastructure.
service delivery personnel; and Development
2 To promote the strengthening of Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
To ensure
farmer the availability of medical
groups b) Provide medical
enterprises equipment.
development. Medical Equipment
Development
3 equipment
To increaseinlivestock
health care facilitiesand
production Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Provision Development
Livestock
Water and Sanitation
livestock breeding development facilities.
41 To increase
To provide water for productive use
fish production Provide
Developrural waterinfrastructure.
fisheries supply infrastructure Rural Water
Fisheries Supply
Development
5 To improve agriculture research (dams, weirsagriculture
To improve and irrigation schemes).
research and Sanitation
Research Development
2 To provide sustainable access to safe Develop and rehabilitate
infrastructure. water points and
6 water
To supplyhuman
improve and sanitation
resourcefacilities
skills sanitation
Training tofacilities.
support the upgrading of skills Human Resource
to all communities of technical and professional staff in Development
Natural Resources research and extension services.
71 To develop
To replant and
andexpand
identifyplantations
areas for of Establishinfrastructure
Provide nurseries andand
plantations.
social services. Plantation Expansion
Resettlement Schemes
exotic tree
resettlement species and Maintenance
Development
2 To promote reforestation of depleted
Tourism Establish and expand nurseries and replant Reforestation
1 indigenous
To develop forests
and rehabilitate tourism depleted forests.
Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism Infrastructure
3 To promote
support environmentally friendly
infrastructure a) Provide equipment for beekeeping
infrastructure. Enterprise
Development
2 technologies
To for income
improve human generation
resource skills promotion; andfor operators and higher
Develop skills Development
Human Resource
b) Develop professional expertise in
level training in tourism. Human Development
Development
Manufacturing beekeeping.
1 To expand the industrial base and a) Facilitate the development of Multi-Facility
Multi-Facility
3.3 increase
Eastern Province
value addition Economic Zones; and Economic Zone
Development
b) Facilitate the development of an Industrial Industrial Park
The importance of Eastern Province to the country Park. lies in its high agricultural production Development
as well as its
2 To improve human resource skills Develop entrepreneurship training at all Human Resource
connectivity to the countries on the eastern side of country through the Nacala
levels of education and on-farm agro-
Corridor. Its
Development
comparative
advantage is in groundnuts, tobacco and sunflower production.
processing training. The goal of the Province is to improve
agricultural
Mining productivity and promote tourism. The main focus for the Province during the SNDP period
1 be To
will on increase productivity
the provision a) Facilitate
of relevant infrastructure access to capital
for agriculture and equipment;
production and its Development
linkages to of Mines
trade and
b) Increase extension services to small-scale
industry. The following are the objectives, strategies
miners; and programmes for Eastern Province during the
SNDP period: c) Provide incentives to small-scale miners
particularly those in the gemstone sector

39
Table 33: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Copperbelt Province
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and services Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads Infrastructure
2 To provide adequate housing and office Establish and rehabilitate institutional Development
accommodation for improved service delivery housing units and office blocks
3 To increase electrification levels in the Rural Connect rural areas to electricity power Rural
Areas supply Electrification
4 To expand the use of renewable and a) Promote the development and use of Renewable and
alternative energy solar technology systems; and Alternative
b) Promote the use of bio-gas for cooking, Energy
lighting and electricity generation. Development
5 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for Human Resource
engineering relevant fields of engineering Development
6 To provide sustainable infrastructure and Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure Meteorological
equipment conducive for the delivery of Infrastructure
quality meteorological services Development
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials Crop Production
for crop diversification; and Productivity
b) Establish storage facilities;
c) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
infrastructure; Infrastructure
Development
d) Provide infrastructure for agricultural Agriculture
extension services; and Infrastructure
Development
e) Provide equipment for agricultural Agriculture
extension services Equipment
2 To promote the strengthening of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
groups enterprises development Development
3 To increase livestock production and livestock Establish, rehabilitate and equip Livestock
breeding livestock development facilities Production and
Productivity
4 To improve crops, fisheries and livestock Improve research development Research
research Development
5 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of Human Resource
skills of technical and professional staff Development
in research and extension services
6 To develop and identify areas for resettlement Provide infrastructure and social Resettlement
services Schemes
Development
Tourism
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism support a) Establish and rehabilitate tourism Tourism
infrastructure support infrastructure; and Infrastructure
Development
b) Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
level training in tourism Development
Education
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
education education facilities Development
2 To improve standard of education service a) Provide professional development for Human Resource
delivery for early childhood and basic early childhood and basic education; and Development
education b) Provide equipment.
Health
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure Establish, expand and rehabilitate Infrastructure
conducive for the delivery of quality health health infrastructure Development
services
2 To improve the quality of health service Provide professional development for Human resource
delivery health personnel Development
3 To ensure the availability of medical Provide medical equipment. Medical
equipment in health care facilities Equipment
Provision
Water and Sanitation
1 To provide water for productive use Provide productive rural water supply Rural Water
infrastructure (dams, weirs and Supply and

40
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
irrigation schemes) Sanitation
2 To provide sustainable access to safe water Develop and rehabilitate water points
supply and sanitation facilities to all and sanitation facilities
communities
Natural Resources
1 To promote reforestation of depleted Establish and expand nurseries and Reforestation
indigenous forests replant depleted indigenous forests
2 To promote environmentally friendly a) Provide equipment for beekeeping Enterprise
technologies for income generation promotion; and Development
b) Develop professional expertise in Human
beekeeping. Development

3.4 Luapula Province

Luapula Province has a comparative advantage in fish, rubber, palm oil and tea production. It has
abundant water resources, arable land, favourable rain for agriculture production and mineral deposits.
The goal of the Province is to increase agricultural productivity and expand energy output. The main
focus for the Province during the SNDP period will be on the provision of relevant infrastructure for
production of high value crops. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for Luapula
Province during the SNDP period:

Table 34: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Luapula Province


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads. Infrastructure
services Development
2 To provide adequate housing and office Establish and rehabilitate institutional
accommodation for improved service housing units and office blocks.
delivery
3 To improve access to electricity a) Expand Musonda power station; and Energy Infrastructure
b) Construct new hydro power stations at Development
Kalungwishi, Mombututa and
Mambilima.
4 To increase electrification levels in the Connect rural areas to electricity Rural Electrification
Rural Areas power supply. Programme
5 To expand the use of renewable and a) Promote the development and use of Renewable and
alternative energy solar technology systems; and Alternative Energy
b) Promote the use of biogas for Development
cooking, lighting and electricity
generation.
6 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for Human Resource
engineering relevant fields of engineering. Development
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials Crop Production and
for crop diversification; Productivity
b) Establish storage facilities;
c) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation Infrastructure
infrastructure; Development
d) Provide infrastructure for Agriculture Infrastructure
agricultural extension services; and Development
e) Provide equipment for agricultural Agriculture Equipment
extension services.
2 To promote the strengthening of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer Farmer Group
groups group enterprises development. Development
3 To increase fish production Develop fisherie s infrastructure. Fisheries Infrastructure
Development
4 To improve crops, fisheries and livestock Improve research development. Research Development
research
5 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of Human Resource
Skills of technical and professional Development
staff in research and extension
services.
6 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social Resettlement Schemes
resettlement services Development
7 To promote crop diversification Procure and distribute Palm Oil Agricultural Production
41 to the valley districts.
seedlings and Productivity
Improvement Programme
8 To improve the marketing of and a) Facilitate the establishment of a Agricultural Marketing
investment into agricultural products and processing plant for palm oil in the Development and
inputs valley; and Investment Promotion
3 To increase fish production Develop fisherie s infrastructure. Fisheries Infrastructure
Development
4 To improve crops, fisheries and livestock Improve research development. Research Development
research
5 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of Human Resource
Skills of technical and professional Development
staff in research and extension
No. Objectives services. Strategies Programmes
6 To develop and identify areas for
Infrastructure Provide infrastructure and social Resettlement Schemes
1 resettlement
To enhance movement of goods and services and rehabilitate feeder roads.
Establish Development
Infrastructure
7 To promote crop diversification
services Procure and distribute Palm Oil Agricultural
DevelopmentProduction
2 To provide adequate housing and office seedlings and
Establish to the valley districts.
rehabilitate institutional and Productivity
accommodation for improved service housing units and office blocks. Improvement Programme
8 To improve the marketing of and
delivery a) Facilitate the establishment of a Agricultural Marketing
3 investment
To improveinto agricultural
access products and
to electricity a) processing
Expand Musondaplant for palmstation;
power oil in the
and Development and
Energy Infrastructure
inputs b) valley;
Constructandnew hydro power stations at Investment
Development Promotion
b) Establish
Kalungwishi,storage facilities.and
Mombututa
Tourism Mambilima.
14 To promote tourism
increase electrification levels in the a) Develop
Connect Northern
rural areas circuit
to electricity Tourism Infrastructure
Rural Electrification
Rural Areas infrastructure;
power supply.And Development
Programme
5 To expand the use of renewable and b)
a) Develop
Promoteskills for operatorsand
the development anduse
higher
of Human Resource
Renewable and
alternative energy level
solartraining
technologyin tourism.
systems; and Development
Alternative Energy
Manufacturing b) Promote the use of biogas for Development
1 To develop rural-based industrial Promote
cooking, and facilitate
lighting the
and electricity Rural Industrialisation
enterprises development
generation. of appropriate
6 To improve standards in all fields of infrastructure.
Develop engineering capacity for Human Resource
2 To improve human resource skills
engineering Develop entrepreneurship
relevant fields training at
of engineering. Human Resource
Development
Agriculture all levels of education and on-farm Development
1 To increase crop productivity a) agro-processing
Provide high yieldingtraining.
seed materials Crop Production and
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish,
for rehabilitate and upgrade
crop diversification; Infrastructure
Productivity
education b) educationstorage
Establish facilities.
facilities; Development
2 To improve standard of education service a)c) Provide professional
Establish and rehabilitatedevelopment
irrigationfor Human Resource
Irrigation Infrastructure
delivery for early childhood and basic early childhood and basic education;
infrastructure; Development
No. education Objectives d) and
Provide Strategies for
infrastructure Programmes
Agriculture Infrastructure
b) Provide equipment.
agricultural extension services; and Development
e) Provide equipment for agricultural Agriculture Equipment
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure extension services.
Establish, expand and rehabilitate Infrastructure
2 To promotefor
conducive thethe
strengthening of farmer
delivery of quality Provide infrastructure for farmer
health infrastructure. Farmer Group
Development
groups
health services group enterprises development. Development
32 To
To increase
improve fish production
the quality of health service Develop fisherie s infrastructure.
Provide professional development for Fisheries Infrastructure
Human Resource
delivery health personnel. Development
Development
43 To
To improve
ensure thecrops, fisheries
availability of and livestock
medical Improvemedical
Provide researchequipment.
development. Research Development
Medical Equipment
research
equipment in health care facilities Provision
5
Water To
andimprove human resource skills
Sanitation Training to support the upgrading of Human Resource
1 To increase access to safe water and Skills of water
Develop technical
andand professional
sanitation Development
Water and Sanitation
sanitation staff in research
infrastructure. and extension
services.
Natural Resources
6 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social Resettlement Schemes
1 To replant and expand plantations of Establish nurseries and plantations.
Plantation Expansion
resettlement services Development
exotic tree species
7 To promote crop diversification Procure and distribute Palm Oil Agricultural Production
seedlings to the valley districts.and Productivity
3.5 Lusaka Province Improvement Programme
8 To improve the marketing of and a) Facilitate the establishment of a Agricultural Marketing
investment into agricultural products and processing plant for palm oil in the Development and
The comparative
inputs advantage of Lusaka Provincevalley; is in manufacturing
and and agro-processing.
InvestmentTo this effect
Promotion
it has been earmarked for the developmentb)of Establish storage facilities.
two Multi-Facility Economic Zones to promote value
Tourism
addition.
1
The goal of the Province is to improve
To promote tourism
social-economic infrastructure
a) Develop Northern circuit
and promote non-
Tourism Infrastructure
traditional exports. The main focus for the Province during
infrastructure; Andthe SNDP period will be on developing
Development
social and economic infrastructure in order to b) enhance
Develop accessibility to social
skills for operators and economic
and higher services. The
Human Resource
level training in tourism.
following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for Lusaka Province during the SNDP period:Development
Manufacturing
1 To develop rural-based industrial Promote and facilitate the Rural Industrialisation
enterprises development of appropriate
infrastructure.
2 To improve human resource skills Develop entrepreneurship training at Human Resource
all levels of education and on-farm Development
agro-processing training.
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
education education facilities. Development
2 To improve standard of education service a) Provide professional development for Human Resource
delivery for early childhood and basic early childhood and basic education; Development
education and

42
Table 35: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Lusaka Province
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads; Infrastructure
services and Development
b) Rehabilitate railway lines.
2 To increase electrification levels in the Connect rural areas to electricity power Rural Electrification
rural areas supply.
3 To ensure security of supply of Develop storage infrastructure for the Strategic Petroleum
petroleum products reserves. Reserves
4 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for Human Resource
engineering relevant fields of engineering. Development
5 To ensure safety of civil aviation and Provide equipment. Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting Equipment
meteorological communication
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for Crop Production and
crop diversification; Productivity
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services; and
c) Establish storage facilities.
2 To increase productivity and export of a) Export of horticultural products; and Horticultural Products
non-traditional export crops Development
b) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation Development
infrastructure.
3 To promote the strengthening of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
groups enterprises development Development
4 To increase livestock production and a) Establish, rehabilitate and equip Livestock
livestock breeding livestock development facilities; and Development
b) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure.
5 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries Development
6 To improve agriculture research Improve agriculture research Research Development
infrastructure.
7 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of Human Resource
skills of technical and professional staff Development
in research and extension services.
8 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social Resettlement Schemes
resettlement services. Development
Tourism
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism a) Establish and rehabilitate tourism Tourism Infrastructure
support infrastructure support infrastructure; and Development
b) Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
level training in tourism. Development
Manufacturing
1 To expand the industrial base and a) Facilitate the development of Multi- Multi-Facility
increase value addition Facility Economic Zones; and Economic Zone
Development
b) Facilitate the development of Industrial Industrial Parks
Parks. Development
2 To improve human resource skills Develop entrepreneurship training at all Human Resource
levels of education and on-farm agro- Development
processing training.
Education
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
education education facilities. Development
2 To improve standard of education a) Provide professional development for Human Resource
service delivery for early childhood and early childhood and basic education; and Development
basic education b) Provide equipment.
Health
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure Establish, expand and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
conducive for the delivery of quality infrastructure. Development
health services
2 To ensure the availability of medical Provide medical equipment. Medical Equipment
equipment in health care facilities Provision
3 To improve the quality of health service Provide professional development for Human Resource

43
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
delivery heath personnel Development
Water and Sanitation
1 To provide water for productive use Provide rural water supply infrastructure Rural Water Supply
(dams, weirs and irrigation schemes). and Sanitation
2 To provide sustainable and equitable a) Provide rural water and sanitation
access to safe water supply and infrastructure; and
sanitation facilities b) Develop and rehabilitate water points.
Natural Resources
1 To promote reforestation of depleted Establish and expand nurseries and Reforestation
indigenous forests replant depleted forests.
2 To promote environmentally friendly a) Provide equipment for beekeeping Enterprise
technologies for income generation promotion; and Development
b) Develop professional expertise in Human Development
beekeeping.

3.6 Northern Province

Northern Province is the largest in the country and has two busy routes namely, the Great North Road
and TAZARA Railway Line. The Province has a comparative advantage in agriculture production of
cassava, coffee, paddy rice, mixed beans and millet. Its goal is to achieve increased and equitable access
to quality socio-economic services in order to improve the standard of living of the people. It also
harbours the Mpulungu Port which is Zambia’s main route to the Great Lakes Region. The main focus
during the plan period will be on improvement of road and energy infrastructure to facilitate growth
in agriculture and tourism. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes for Northern
Province during the SNDP period:

Table 36: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Northern Province


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads; Infrastructure
services Development
b) Rehabilitate railway line; and
c) Establish a railway line.
2 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure; and
reliable weather forecasting meteorological b) Provide equipment.
communication
3 To facilitate the expansion of rural Establish mini-hydro power plants. Rural
electrification programme for socio- Electrification
economic development
4 To increase the generation capacity of a) Facilitate the opening of new hydro-power Infrastructure
electricity generation plants; and Development
b) Establish bio-mass-based power plant.
5 To expand the use of renewable and a) Promote the development and use of solar Renewable and
alternative energy technology systems; and Alternative
b) Promote the use of bio-gas for cooking, Energy
lighting and electricity generation. Development
6 To increase electrification levels in the Connect rural areas to electricity power Rural
rural areas supply. Electrification
Programme
7 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for relevant Human Resource
engineering fields of engineering. Development
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for crop Crop Production
diversification; and Productivity
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services;
c) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure;
d) Establish storage facilities; and
e) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
infrastructure. Development
2 To promote the strengthening of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
groups enterprises development. Development
3 To increase livestock production and Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
livestock breeding development
44 facilities. Development
4 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries
Development
5 To improve agriculture research Improve agriculture research infrastructure. Research
Development
diversification; and Productivity
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services;
c) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure;
d) Establish storage facilities; and
e) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
No. Objectives infrastructure. Strategies Programmes
Development
2 To promote the strengthening of farmer
Infrastructure Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
1 groups
To enhance movement of goods and a) enterprisesand
Establish development.
rehabilitate feeder roads; Development
Infrastructure
3 To increase livestock production and
services Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
Development
livestock breeding b) developmentrailway
Rehabilitate facilities.
line; and Development
4 To increase fish production c) Establish a railwayinfrastructure.
Develop fisheries line. Fisheries
2 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure; and Development
5 To improve
reliable agriculture
weather research
forecasting meteorological b) Improveequipment.
Provide agriculture research infrastructure. Research
communication Development
6
3 To improve
facilitate human resourceofskills
the expansion rural Training to
Establish support the
mini-hydro upgrading
power plants.of skills ofHuman Resource
Rural
electrification programme for socio- technical and professional staff in research Development
Electrification
economic development and extension services.
47 develop and
To increase identify areas
the generation for of
capacity Provide infrastructure
a) Facilitate the opening of and social
new services.
hydro-power Resettlement
Infrastructure
resettlement
electricity generation plants; and Schemes
Development
b) Establish bio-mass-based power plant. Development
5
TourismTo expand the use of renewable and a) Promote the development and use of solar Renewable and
1 alternative
To developenergy
and rehabilitate tourism technology
Establish and systems; and tourism support
rehabilitate Alternative
Tourism
support infrastructure b) Promote the use of bio-gas for cooking,
infrastructure Energy
Infrastructure
2 To promote investment in quality tourism lighting
Developand the electricity generation.
Northern Tourism Circuit. Development
63 increase electrification
To improve levels
on the marketing in the
of tourism Connect rural
a) Establish TourismareasInformation
to electricity power and
Centres; Rural
Tourism
rural
sites areas supply. Electrification
Marketing
b) Develop skills for operators and higher level Programme Human Resource
7 To improve standards in all fields of Developinengineering
training tourism. capacity for relevant Human Resource
Development
engineering
Manufacturing fields of engineering. Development
Agriculture
1 To develop rural-based industrial Promote and facilitate the development of Rural
1 To increase crop productivity
enterprises a) Provide highinfrastructure.
appropriate yielding seed materials for crop Crop Production
Industrialisation
2 To improve human resource skills diversification;
Develop entrepreneurship training at all and
HumanProductivity
Resource
b) Provide
levels ofequipment
education and infrastructure
on-farm agro- for Development
agricultural extension services;
processing training.
Education c) Establish farm power and mechanization
1 To provide equitable access to quality infrastructure;
Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade education Infrastructure
education d) Establish
facilities. storage facilities; and Development
e) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
infrastructure. Development
3.7 2 North-Western
To promote the strengtheningProvince
of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
groups enterprises development. Development
3 To increase livestock production and Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
North-Western Province has a comparative advantage
livestock breeding developmentin honey,
facilities.cassava, mixed beansDevelopmentand pineapple
4 To increase
production. fish production
The Province has been earmarked forDevelop fisheries infrastructure.
the development of one Multi-Facility Fisheries
Economic Zone
Development
to 5promote value addition. The goal is to increase
To improve agriculture research
mining and agricultural production and
Improve agriculture research infrastructure.
productivity
Research
in order to improve the standard of living of the people. The main focus for the Province during the
Development
SNDP 6 period willhuman
To improve be onresource
the provision
skills of relevantTraining
infrastructure
to support and reliableofenergy
the upgrading skills ofsources
Humanto support
Resource
agriculture production and improve competitiveness. technicalThe andfollowing
professional are
staffthe
in research
objectives,Development
strategies and
and extension services.
programmes
7 for North-Western
To develop Province during Provide
and identify areas for the SNDP period: and social services.
infrastructure Resettlement
resettlement Schemes
Table 37: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – North-Western Province Development
No.
Tourism Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism
1 support
To infrastructure
enhance movement of goods and a) infrastructure
Establish and rehabilitate feeder Infrastructure
Infrastructure
2 services
To promote investment in quality tourism roads; the Northern Tourism Circuit. Development
Develop Development
3 To improve on the marketing of tourism a) Establish Tourism Information Centres; and Tourism
sites b) Establish bridges; and Marketing
b) Develop skills for operators and higher level Human Resource
c) training
Establish
in railway
tourism.lines. Development
2 To provide adequate housing and office
Manufacturing Establish and rehabilitate institutional
1 accommodation for improved
To develop rural-based service
industrial housing and
Promote unitsfacilitate
and officetheblocks.
development of Rural
delivery
enterprises appropriate infrastructure. Industrialisation
32 To increase
improve electrification
human resource levels
skillsin the rural Connectentrepreneurship
Develop rural areas to electricity
training at all Rural Human
Electrification
Resource
areas powerofsupply.
levels education and on-farm agro- Development
4 To increase electricity generation capacity processing
Expand and training.
improve infrastructure Electricity Generation
and build appropriate transmission lines
Education for electricity generation, and Transmission Line
1 To provide equitable access to quality transmission
Establish, and distribution.
rehabilitate and upgrade education Development
Infrastructure
5 To expand the use of renewable and
education a) facilities.
Promote the development and use of Renewable and
Development
alternative energy solar technology systems; and Alternative Energy
b) Promote the use of biogas for Development
cooking, lighting and electricity
generation.
6 To improve standards in all fields of 45 engineering capacity for
Develop Human Resource
engineering relevant fields of engineering. Development
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials Crop Production and
for crop diversification; Productivity
2 To provide adequate housing and office Establish and rehabilitate institutional
accommodation for improved service housing units and office blocks.
delivery
3 To increase electrification levels in the rural Connect rural areas to electricity Rural Electrification
areas power supply.
4 To increase electricity generation capacity Expand and improve infrastructure Electricity Generation
and build appropriate transmission lines for electricity generation, and Transmission Line
No. Objectives transmissionStrategies
and distribution. Development
Programmes
5 To expand the use of renewable and
Infrastructure a) Promote the development and use of Renewable and
1 alternative
To enhanceenergy
movement of goods and a) solar technology
Establish systems;feeder
and rehabilitate and Alternative Energy
Infrastructure
services b) Promote the use of biogas for
roads; Development
cooking, lighting and electricity
b) generation.
Establish bridges; and
6 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for Human Resource
engineering c) relevant
Establishfields of engineering.
railway lines. Development
Agriculture
2 To provide adequate housing and office Establish and rehabilitate institutional
1 To increase cropfor
accommodation productivity
improved service a) Provide units
housing high yielding
and officeseed materials
blocks. Crop Production and
delivery for crop diversification; Productivity
3 To increase electrification levels in the rural b) Provide equipment
Connect rural areas and infrastructure
to electricity Rural Electrification
areas for agricultural
power supply. extension services;
4 To increase electricity generation capacity Expand and improve infrastructure Electricity Generation
and build appropriate transmission lines c) Establish
for farmgeneration,
electricity power and and Transmission Line
mechanization
transmission infrastructure;
and distribution. Development
5 To expand the use of renewable and d)
a) Establishthe
Promote storage facilities;and use of
development Renewable and
alternative energy e) Establish
solar and rehabilitate
technology systems;irrigation
and Irrigation Development
Alternative Energy
b) infrastructure;
Promote the useand
of biogas for Development
f) Establish lighting
cooking, farmingandblocks.
electricity Farm Block
generation. Development
62 To improve
promote standards
the strengthening of farmer
in all fields of Provide infrastructure
Develop for farmer
engineering capacity for Farmer Group
Human Resource
groups
engineering group enterprises
relevant development.
fields of engineering. Development
3 To improve agriculture research
Agriculture To improve agriculture research Research Development
1 To increase crop productivity a) infrastructure.
Provide high yielding seed materials Crop Production and
4 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of
for crop diversification; Human Resource
Productivity
b) skills
Provideof technical
equipmentand andprofessional
infrastructure Development
staff in researchextension
for agricultural and extension
services;
services.
5 To develop and identify areas for c) Provide
Establishinfrastructure
farm power and and Resettlement Schemes
resettlement social services. infrastructure;
mechanization Development
Tourism d) Establish storage facilities;
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism support a)
e) tourism
Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Tourism Infrastructure
Irrigation Development
infrastructure support infrastructure;
infrastructure; and and Development
b)
f) Develop skills
Establish for blocks.
farming operators and Human
Farm Resource
Block
higher level training in tourism. Development
Mining
2 To promote the strengthening of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer Farmer Group
1 To increase productivity
groups a) Facilitate
group access todevelopment.
enterprises capital and Development of Mines
3 To improve agriculture research equipment;
To improve andagriculture research Research Development
b) Mitigate environmental impact of
infrastructure.
4 To improve human resource skills mining. to support the upgrading of
Training Human Resource
2 To improve human resource skills Develop
skills mining safety
of technical and
and professional Human Resource
Development
environmental
staff in researchimpact mitigation
and extension Development
training.
services.
Manufacturing
5 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and Resettlement Schemes
1 To expand the industrial base and increase
resettlement Facilitate
social the development of Multi-
services. Multi-Facility
Development
value addition
Tourism Facility Economic Zones. Economic Zone
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism support a) Establish and rehabilitate tourism Development
Tourism Infrastructure
2 To develop rural-based industrial enterprises
infrastructure Promote and facilitate the
support infrastructure; and Rural Industrialisation
Development
b) development
Develop skillsofforappropriate
operators and Human Resource
infrastructure.
higher level training in tourism. Development
Mining
1 To increase productivity a)
Facilitate access to capital and Development of Mines
3.8 Southern Province equipment; and
b) Mitigate environmental impact of
mining.
The2 comparative advantage
To improve human resourceofskills
Southern ProvinceDevelop
is in cattle
miningrearing, sorghum production,
safety and tourism and
Human Resource
environmental impact mitigation Development
energy generation. It is endowed with mineral deposits as well as tourist attractions which include the
training.
renowned Victoria Falls, museums and cultural villages. The goal of the Province is to diversify the
Manufacturing
local
1 economy
To expandand revive agriculture.
the industrial The main focus
base and increase forthe
Facilitate thedevelopment
Province of during
Multi- the SNDP period will be
Multi-Facility
on the provision of infrastructure for the promotion of energy generation and irrigation, tourism,
value addition Facility Economic Zones. Economic Zone skills
Development
development and livestock disease control. The following are the objectives, strategies and programmes
2 To develop rural-based industrial enterprises Promote and facilitate the Rural Industrialisation
for Southern Province during the SNDP period: development of appropriate
infrastructure.

46
Table 38: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Southern Province
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads; and Infrastructure
services Development
b) Rehabilitate railway lines.
2 To provide adequate housing and office Establish and rehabilitate institutional
accommodation for improved service housing units and office blocks.
delivery
3 To increase electrification levels in the rural Connect rural areas to electricity power Rural
areas supply. Electrification
4 To ensure security of supply of petroleum Develop storage infrastructure for the Strategic Petroleum
products reserves Reserves
5 To increase electricity generation capacity Expand and improve infrastructure for Electricity
and build appropriate transmission lines electricity generation, transmission and Generation and
distribution. Transmission Line
Development
6 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for relevant Human Resource
engineering fields of engineering. Development
7 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure; Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting meteorological and Infrastructure
communication b) Provide equipment. Meteorological
Equipment
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Provide high yielding seed materials for Crop Production
crop diversification; and Productivity
b) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services;
c) Establish farm power and mechanization
infrastructure;
d) Establish storage facilities; and
e) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
infrastructure. Development
2 To promote the strengthening of farmer Provide infrastructure for farmer group Farmer Group
groups enterprises development. Development
3 To increase livestock production a) Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock Livestock
development facilities; and Development
b) Livestock restocking.
4 To increase fish production Develop fisheries infrastructure. Fisheries
Development
5 To improve agriculture research Improve agriculture research Research
infrastructure. Development
6 To improve human resource skills Training to support the upgrading of skills Human Resource
of technical and professional staff in Development
research and extension services.
7 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services. Resettlement
resettlement Schemes
Development
Tourism
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism support a) Establish and rehabilitate tourism support Tourism
infrastructure infrastructure; and Infrastructure
Development
b) Develop skills for operators and higher Human Resource
level training in tourism. Development
Manufacturing
1 To improve human resource skills Develop entrepreneurship training at all Human Resource
levels of education and on-farm agro- Development
processing training.
Mining
1 To increase production and productivity in a) Facilitate access to capital and equipment; Development of
the mines b) Increase extension services to small-scale Mines
miners;
c) Provide incentives to small-scale miners
particularly those in the gemstone sector;
d) Enhance skills training of miners in
production, value addition and marketing;
and

47
No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
e) Mitigate environmental impact of mining.

No. Objectives Strategies Programmes


e) Mitigate environmental impact of mining.
2 To improve human resource skills Develop mining safety and environmental Human Resource
impact mitigation training. Development
Education
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
education education facilities. Development
2 To improve standard of education service a) Provide professional development for Human Resource
delivery for early childhood and basic early childhood and basic education; and Development
2 To improve human resource skills Develop mining safety and environmental Human Resource
education b) Provide equipment.
impact mitigation training. Development
Health
Education
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure Establish, expand and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
1 To provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
conducive for the delivery of quality health infrastructure. Development
education education facilities. Development
services
2 To improve standard of education service a) Provide professional development for Human Resource
2 To ensure the availability of medical Provide medical equipment. Medical Equipment
delivery for early childhood and basic early childhood and basic education; and Development
equipment in health care facilities Provision
education b) Provide equipment.
3 To improve the standard of health service Provide skilled human resource. Human Resource
Health
delivery Development
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure Establish, expand and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
Water and Sanitation
conducive for the delivery of quality health infrastructure. Development
1 To provide water for productive use Provide rural water supply infrastructure Rural Water Supply
services
(dams, weirs and irrigation schemes). and Sanitation
2 To ensure the availability of medical Provide medical equipment. Medical Equipment
2 To provide sustainable and equitable access Develop and rehabilitate water points and
equipment in health care facilities Provision
to safe water supply and sanitation facilities sanitation facilities.
3 To improve the standard of health service Provide skilled human resource. Human Resource
Natural Resources
delivery Development
1 To promote reforestation of depleted Establish and expand nurseries and replant Reforestation
Water and Sanitation
indigenous forests depleted forests.
1 To provide water for productive use Provide rural water supply infrastructure Rural Water Supply
2 To promote environmentally friendly a) Provide equipment for beekeeping Enterprise
(dams, weirs and irrigation schemes). and Sanitation
technologies for income generation promotion; and Development
2 To provide sustainable and equitable access Develop and rehabilitate water points and
b) Develop professional expertise in Human
to safe water supply and sanitation facilities sanitation facilities.
beekeeping Development
Natural Resources
1 To promote reforestation of depleted Establish and expand nurseries and replant Reforestation
3.9 indigenous
Western forestsProvince depleted forests.
2 To promote environmentally friendlya) Provide equipment for beekeeping Enterprise
technologies for income generation promotion; and Development
Western Province is endowed with arable land
b) and pasture,
Develop waterexpertise
professional resources,
in mineralHuman
deposits, ethno-
beekeeping Development
tourism and forests. Its comparative advantage is in citrus fruits, fish and timber. The goal for the
Province during the SNDP period is to revive agricultural production and productivity and improve
transport infrastructure. The main focus for the Province during the SNDP period will be on the provision
of relevant infrastructure for water management and livestock disease control. The following are the
objectives, strategies and programmes for Western Province during the SNDP period:

Table 39: Objectives, Strategies and Programmes – Western Province


No. Objectives Strategies Programmes
Infrastructure
1 To enhance movement of goods and a) Establish and rehabilitate feeder roads; Infrastructure
services Development
b) Construct railway line; and

c) Rehabilitate railway lines.


2 To provide adequate housing and Establish and rehabilitate institutional
office accommodation for improved housing units and office blocks.
service delivery
3 To ensure safety of civil aviation and a) Establish and rehabilitate infrastructure; and Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting Infrastructure
meteorological communication b) Provide equipment. Meteorological
Equipment
4 To ensure security of supply of Develop storage infrastructure for the Strategic Petroleum
petroleum products reserves. Reserves
5 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for relevant Human Resource
engineering fields of engineering. Development
6 To develop rural-based industrial Promote and facilitate the development of Rural Industrialisation
enterprises appropriate infrastructure.
7 To improve access to electricity Connect districts to the National Grid. Rural Electrification
Agriculture
1 To increase crop productivity a) Establish Farming Blocks. Farm Block
Development
b) Provide48high yielding seed materials for Crop Production and
crop diversification; Productivity
c) Provide equipment and infrastructure for
agricultural extension services;
d) Establish farm power and mechanization
Equipment
4 To ensure security of supply of Develop storage infrastructure for the Strategic Petroleum
petroleum products reserves. Reserves
5 To improve standards in all fields of Develop engineering capacity for relevant Human Resource
engineering fields of engineering. Development
6 To develop rural-based industrial Promote and facilitate the development of Rural Industrialisation
enterprises appropriate infrastructure.
No.
7 Objectives
To improve access to electricity Strategies
Connect districts to the National Grid. RuralProgrammes
Electrification
Infrastructure
Agriculture
1 To enhance
increase movement of goods and
crop productivity a) Establish Farming
and rehabilitate
Blocks.feeder roads; Infrastructure
Farm Block
services Development
Construct
b) Provide railway
high line;seed
yielding and materials for Crop Production and
crop diversification; Productivity
Rehabilitate
c) Provide railwayand
equipment lines.
infrastructure for
2 To provide adequate housing and Establish and
agricultural rehabilitate
extension institutional
services;
office accommodation for improved housing units
d) Establish farmand office
power andblocks.
mechanization
service delivery infrastructure;
3 To ensure safety of civil aviation and e)
a) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation infrastructure; and Meteorological
reliable weather forecasting infrastructure; Infrastructure
meteorological communication f)
b) Establish storage facilities; and
Provide equipment. Meteorological
g) Establish and rehabilitate irrigation Irrigation
EquipmentDevelopment
4 To ensure security of supply of infrastructure.
Develop storage infrastructure for the Strategic Petroleum
2 To promoteproducts
petroleum the strengthening of farmer Provide
reserves.infrastructure for farmer group Farmer
ReservesGroup
5 groups
To improve standards in all fields of enterprises development.
Develop engineering capacity for relevant Development
Human Resource
3 To increase livestock production and
engineering a) Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock
fields of engineering. Livestock
Development
6 livestock
To develop breeding
rural-based industrial development
Promote and facilities; anddevelopment of
facilitate the Development
Rural Industrialisation
enterprises b ) Eradicate
appropriate livestock diseases.
infrastructure.
4
7 To increase
improve fish
accessproduction
to electricity Developdistricts
Connect fisheriesto infrastructure.
the National Grid. Fisheries Development
Rural Electrification
5 To improve agriculture research
Agriculture Improve agriculture research infrastructure. Research Development
61 To improve human
increase crop resource skills
productivity Training to
a) Establish supportBlocks.
Farming the upgrading of skills Human Resource
Farm Block
of technical and professional staff in Development
b) research and extension
Provide high yielding seedservices.
materials for Crop Production and
7 To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services.
crop diversification; Resettlement Schemes
Productivity
resettlement c) Provide equipment and infrastructure for Development
Tourism agricultural extension services;
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism a) Establish
d) Establish and
farmrehabilitate
power andtourismmechanization
support Tourism Infrastructure
support infrastructure infrastructure; and Development
e)b ) Develop
Establishskills
and rehabilitate
for operators irrigation
and higher level Human Resource
infrastructure;
training in tourism. Development
Education f) Establish storage facilities; and
1 To provide equitable access to quality g) Establish
Establish,and rehabilitate
rehabilitate and irrigation
upgrade Irrigation Development
Infrastructure
education infrastructure.
education facilities. Development
2 To promote
improve the strengthening
standard of farmer a) Provide
of education Provideinfrastructure
professional for farmer group
development for early Farmer Group
Human Resource
groups delivery for early childhood
service enterprises
childhood development.
and basic education; and Development
3 To increase
and livestock production and
basic education b)) Establish, rehabilitate and equip livestock
Provide equipment. Livestock
Health livestock breeding development facilities; and Development
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure ) Eradicate
Establish,livestock
expand diseases.
and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
4 To increasefor
conducive fish
theproduction
delivery of quality Develop fisheries infrastructure.
infrastructure. Fisheries
DevelopmentDevelopment
5 To improve
health agriculture research
services Improve agriculture research infrastructure. Research Development
26 To improve
ensure thehuman resource
availability skills
of medical Training
Provide to supportequipment.
medical the upgrading of skills Human Resource
Medical Equipment
equipment in health care facilities of technical and professional staff in Development
Provision
No.
3 To improve theObjectives
standard of health research
Provideandskilled Strategies
extension
humanservices.
resource. Human Programmes
Resource
7 service delivery
To develop and identify areas for Provide infrastructure and social services. Development
Resettlement Schemes
Water resettlement
and Sanitation Development
Tourism
1 To provide water for productive use Provide productive rural water supply Rural Water Supply
1 To develop and rehabilitate tourism infrastructure
) Establish (dams, weirs
and rehabilitate and irrigation
tourism support and Sanitation
Tourism Infrastructure
support infrastructure schemes). and
infrastructure; Development
2 To provide sustainable and equitable Developskills
) Develop and rehabilitate
for operatorswater points and
and higher level Human Resource
access to safe water supply and sanitation
training facilities.
in tourism. Development
sanitation facilities
Education
Natural
1 ToResources
provide equitable access to quality Establish, rehabilitate and upgrade Infrastructure
1 To promote reforestation of depleted
education Establish
educationand expand nurseries and replant
facilities. Reforestation
Development
2 indigenous
To improveforests
standard of education a) depleted forests.
Provide professional development for early Human Resource
2 To promote
service environmentally
delivery friendly
for early childhood a) Provide
childhood equipment
and basicfor beekeeping
education; and Enterprise
Development
technologies for income generation
and basic education b) promotion; and
Provide equipment. Development
Health b) Develop professional expertise in Human Development
1 To provide sustainable infrastructure beekeeping.
Establish, expand and rehabilitate health Infrastructure
conducive for the delivery of quality infrastructure. Development
health services
2 To ensure the availability of medical Provide medical equipment. Medical Equipment
equipment in health care facilities Provision
3 To improve the standard of health Provide skilled human resource. Human Resource

49
4. Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Institutional
Arrangement

For the Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP), the focus will be on improving coordination of
Monitoring and Evaluation (M & E) systems at national, provincial and district levels. Cabinet Office
will ensure that the Plan M & E Framework is adhered to by the various implementing institutions. There
will be need for an appropriate legal framework to support the operationalization of the implementation,
monitoring and evaluation institutional arrangement.

In addition to the roles being played by the various developmental and advisory Committees and in
order to enhance the monitoring and evaluation of the Plans, all stakeholders will need to take up their
roles and responsibilities for data collection, analysis and reporting. More specifically Parliament,
Auditor General’s Office, Ministry of Local Government and Housing and District Councils have been
incorporated into the Plan M & E Institutional Framework. Non-state actors will also play an important
complimentary role in monitoring and evaluation of Government programmes.

During the SNDP period, a Capacity Building Programme will be established to enhance smooth
implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes. A cadre of M & E professionals with
relevant skills will effectively monitor and evaluate development programmes. The Ministry of Finance
and National Planning (MoFNP) will coordinate implementation, monitoring and evaluation processes
and ensure that remedial measures by Cabinet are effected on programmes that are not on course.

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