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общественно-политическая и
экономическая сферы
курс 3 семестр V

Данилкиной Надежды

1 Объясните, что означают следующие акронимы и дайте их

эквиваленты на английском языке:

1. ЮНЕСКО – (англ. UNESCO; United Nations Educational, Scientific and

Cultural Organization)Организация Объединённых Наций по вопросам
образования, науки и культуры.
2. ООН – (англ. UN; The United Nations) Организация Объединённых Наций.
3. ВТО – (англ. WTO; World Trade Organization) – Всемирная торговая
4. ВОЗ – (англ. WHO; World Health Organisation) Всемирная Организация
5. ИНТЕРПОЛ – (англ. ICPO;Criminal Police Organization)
Международная организация уголовной полиции.
6. МТП – (англ. ICC; International Chamber of Commerce) Международная
торговая палата.
7. ЕC – (англ. EU; European Union) Европейский Союз.
8. МБРР – (англ. IBRD; International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development)Международный банк реконструкции и развития.
9. МОК – (англ. IOC; International Olympic Committee) Международный
олимпийский комитет.
10. ИКАО – (англ. ICAO;International Civil Aviation
Organization)Международная организация гражданской авиации.
11. НАТО – (англ. NATO; North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Организация
Североатлантического договора, Североатлантический Альянс.
12. ЕЭС – (англ. EEC; European Economic Community) Европейское
экономическое сообщество.
13. МВФ – (англ. IMF; International Monetary Fund) Международный
валютный фонд.

2 Подготовьте краткую информацию (около 50 слов) о следующих

организациях. Подберите им эквиваленты на русском языке.

1. Commonwealth of Independent States Executive Committee (рус.

Исполнительный Комитет СНГ) is an executive of the Commonwealth of
Independent States, that, in turn, is a regional intergovernmental organisation of
nine (originally ten) members, plus two founding non-member, post-Soviet
republics in Eurasia. It was formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in
1991. The CIS encourages cooperation in economic, political and military affairs
and has certain powers relating to the coordination of trade, finance, lawmaking,
and security. It has also promoted cooperation on cross-border crime prevention.

2. Council for Asia-Europe Cooperation (CAEC) (рус. Совет по Азиатско-

европейскомуСотрудничеству в рамках Форума «Азия-Европа»)comprises 12
research institutes in Asia and Europe committed to the development of better
relations among Europeans and Asians. In keeping with the track-two philosophy
of involving specialists and officials (in their private capacities), CAEC is designed
to help shape an effective agenda for the Asia-Europe Summit (ASEM)
process.CAEC produces studies that focus on areas of common interest to Asiaand
Europe, particularly in areas where gaps in writings on Asia-Europe relations have
been identified. These studies are submitted to ASEM governments. The Asian
part in CAEC is coordinated by the Japan Center for International Exchange.

3. Council of the Baltic Sea States (рус. Совет Государств Балтийского моря) is
an inter-governmental political forum for cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region.
Consisting of 11 Member States (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland,
Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia & Sweden), as well as the European
Union, the CBSS supports a global perspective on regional problems. These
include politically and practically translating the UN Sustainable Development
Goals, the Paris Climate Agreement, the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk
Reduction, the Palermo Protocol and the UN Convention on the Rights of the
Child, into regional actions on the ground. The CBSS functions as a coordinator of
a multitude of regional actors in the areas of its three long-term priorities: Regional
Identity, Sustainable & Prosperous Region, Safe & Secure Region.

4. Council of Europe (рус. Совет Европы) advocates freedom of expression and

of the media, freedom of assembly, equality, and the protection of minorities. It
has launched campaigns on issues such as child protection, online hate speech, and
the rights of the Roma, Europe's largest minority. The Council of Europe helps
member states fight corruption and terrorism and undertake necessary judicial
reforms. Its group of constitutional experts, known as the Venice Commission,
offers legal advice to countries throughout the world.The Council of Europe
promotes human rights through international conventions, such as the Convention
on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence
and the Convention on Cybercrime. It monitors member states' progress in these
areas and makes recommendations through independent expert monitoring bodies.
Council of Europe member states no longer apply the death penalty.
5. Council of Europe Directorate General for Human Rights (рус. Генеральный
Директорат Совета Европы по Правам человека) has overall responsibility for
the development and implementation of the human rights and rule of law standards
of the Council of Europe, including the promotion of democracy through law, the
operation of relevant treaties and related monitoring mechanisms and the
development and implementation of cooperation activities in these fields.The
Directorate General puts into practice the Council of Europe's unique strategic
triangle of standard-setting, monitoring and cooperation. Standards may be legally
binding - such as conventions, or not - such as recommendations. Independent,
expert bodies evaluate how the standards are implemented in the member States
and make constructive recommendations how to improve. Where measures need to
be taken in order for the standards to be met, targeted co-operation activities may
be agreed with the member States.

6. Development Assistance Committee (DAC) (рус. Комитет Содействия

развитию) is a forum to discuss issues surrounding aid, development and poverty
reduction in developing countries. It describes itself as being the «venue and
voice» of the world's major donor countries.There are 30 members of DAC,
including the European Union which acts as a full member of the Соmmittee.The
work of the Сommittee concentrates on: how international development
cooperation contributes to the capacity of developing countries to participate in the
global economy; and the capacity of people to overcome poverty and participate
fully in their societies.

7. European Court of Human Rights (рус. Европейский Суд по Правам

человека), also known as the Strasbourg Court, is a supranational or international
court established by the European Convention on Human Rights. The court hears
applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the
human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the
convention and its protocols.An application can be lodged by an individual, a
group of individuals, or one or more of the other contracting states. Aside from
judgments, the court can also issue advisory opinions. The convention was adopted
within the context of the Council of Europe, and all of its 47 member states are
contracting parties to the convention.The court is based in Strasbourg, France near
the European Parliament.The ECtHR is widely acceptedas the most effective
international human rights court in the world.

8. European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (рус. Европейская Ассоциация

Свободной торговли) is the intergovernmental organisation of Iceland,
Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. It was set up in 1960for the promotion of
free trade and economic integration between itsfour Member States – Iceland,
Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland – and the benefit of their trading partners
around the globe.The four EFTA States are all open, competitive economies
committed to the progressive liberalization of trade in the multinational arena as
well as in free trade agreements.

9. International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) (рус.

Международный центр Научно-технической информации) is a specialized
interstate organization established on the basis of the Intergovernmental
Agreement on the Establishment of the ICSTI (International Centre for Scientific
and Technical Information) dated February 27, 1969 for the solution of tasks of
ensuring the international exchange of scientific and technical information.The
ICSTI supreme governing body is the Committee of Plenipotentiary
Representatives (CPR), formed by Plenipotentiary Representatives of specialized
state government bodies or national academies appointed by the government of the
member states. The headquarters of the Centre is located in Moscow and has the
status of a diplomatic mission.

10. International Organization for Migration (IOM) (рус. Международная

Организация по Миграции), is the leading inter-governmental organization in the
field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and
non-governmental partners.With 173 member states, a further 8 states holding
observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting
humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing
services and advice to governments and migrants. IOM works to help ensure the
orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international
cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to
migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need,
including refugees and internally displaced people.

11. Inter-Parliamentary Union (рус. Межпарламентский Союз), is the global

organization of national parliaments. What began in 1889 as a small group of
parliamentarians, dedicated to promoting peace through parliamentary diplomacy
and dialogue, has since grown into a truly global organization of national
parliaments. Today the membership inches ever closer to being universal, with 179
Member Parliaments, 13 Associate Members, and increasing numbers of
parliamentarians from all over the world involved in their work. They promote
democratic governance, institutions and values, working with parliaments and
parliamentarians to articulate and respond to the needs and aspirations of the
12. Joint Institute Nuclear Research (рус. Объединенный Институт Ядерных
исследований) is an international intergovernmental organization, a world famous
scientific centre that is a unique example of integration of fundamental theoretical
and experimental research with development and application of the cutting edge
technology and university education. The rating of JINR in the world scientific
community is very high.JINR has at present 18 Member States: Armenia,
Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cuba, the Czech Republic, Georgia, Kazakhstan, D.
P. Republic of Korea, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam.

13. NATO Parliamentary Assembly (рус. Парламентская Ассамблея НАТО),

serves as the consultative interparliamentary organisation for the North Atlantic
Alliance. The NATO Parliamentary Assembly has provided a unique specialised
forum for members of parliament from across the Atlantic Alliance to discuss and
influence decisions on Alliance security. Through its work and activities, the
Assembly facilitates parliamentary awareness and understanding of the key issues
affecting the security of the Euro-Atlantic area, and supports national
parliamentary oversight over defence and security. Crucially, it helps to strengthen
the transatlantic relationship and the values which underpin the Alliance. The
Assembly is institutionally separate from NATO, but serves as an essential link
between NATO and the parliaments of the NATO nations. It provides greater
transparency of NATO policies, and fosters better understanding of the Alliance’s
objectives and missions among legislators and citizens of the Alliance.

14. Organization for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (рус. Организация по

Запрещению Химического оружия) is an intergovernmental organisation and the
implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into
force on 29 April 1997. The OPCW, with its 193 member states, has its seat in The
Hague, Netherlands, and oversees the global endeavour for the permanent and
verifiable elimination of chemical weapons.The organisation promotes and verifies
the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention, which prohibits the use of
chemical weapons and requires their destruction. Verification consists both of
evaluation of declarations by member states and onsite inspections.

15. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (рус.

Организация Экономического сотрудничества и развития) is an
intergovernmental economic organisation with 37 member countries, founded in
1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. It is a forum of countries
describing themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy,
providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seek answers to common
problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic and international
policies of its members. Generally, OECD members are high-income economies
with a very high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed

16. Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) (рус.

Организация Стран-экспортеров Нефти) is an intergovernmental organization of
13 nations. Founded on 14 September 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members
(Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), it has since 1965 been
headquartered in Vienna, Austria, although Austria is not an OPEC member
state.The mission of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
(OPEC) is to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its Member Countries
and ensure the stabilization of oil markets in order to secure an efficient, economic
and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers and a
fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry.