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VERB TENSES
Часть 1

Практикум
Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации
Уральский федеральный университет
имени первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина

VERB TENSES
Часть 1

Практикум

Рекомендовано методическим советом УрФУ


для студентов всех направлений подготовки

Екатеринбург
Издательство Уральского университета
2016
УДК 81'366.58:811.111(075.8)
ББК 81.052.1я73+81.432.1я73
V31
Составители: Т. М. Бабанина, Д. П. Ефремова, Н. Ю. Невраева,
Ю. А. Паздникова
Рецензенты:
д‑р пед. наук, проф. А. А.  Евтюгина (зав. кафедрой русского
и иностранных языков РГППУ);
канд. пед. наук, доц. кафедры германской филологии РГППУ
М. В.  Фоминых
Научный редактор — канд. филол. наук, доц. каф. ин. яз.
и перевода УрФУ О. В.  Томберг

VERB TENSES : практикум : в 3 ч. / Сост. Т. М. Бабанина,


V31 Д. П. Ефремова,  Н. Ю. Невраева, Ю. А. Паздникова. —
Екатеринбург : Изд-во Урал. ун-та, 2016. — Ч. 1. — 228 с.
ISBN 978-5-7996-1707-3 (ч. 1)
ISBN 978-5-7996-1706-6
Данный практикум разработан для студентов и магистрантов всех
направлений подготовки УрФУ, имеющих в учебных планах дисци‑
плины «Иностранный язык», «Иностранный язык специальности»
и «Иностранный язык для научных целей».
Практикум содержит упражнения для отработки видовременных
форм глаголов английского языка. Тематические разделы имеют три
уровня сложности заданий: низкий, средний, сложный. Практикум
содержит приложения с дополнительными материалами и ответами,
что позволяет использовать его для самостоятельной работы.
УДК 81'366.58:811.111(075.8)
ББК 81.052.1я73+81.432.1я73

ISBN 978-5-7996-1707-3 (ч. 1) © Уральский федеральный


ISBN 978-5-7996-1706-6 университет, 2016
ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

Современные выпускники вузов должны иметь опреде‑


ленные профессиональные и общекультурные компетенции.
Иностранный язык имеет в этом перечне свое значение.
Для достижения необходимого уровня владения иностран‑
ным языком сегодня на рынке присутствует большое раз‑
нообразие учебно-методических комплексов. Особое место
занимают учебные издания по грамматике. Не всегда просто
выбрать нужное, учитывая их высокую стоимость. Данный
практикум поможет решить эту проблему.
Учебный практикум «Verb tenses» предназначено для от‑
работки употребления различных видовременных форм гла‑
голов английского языка. Практикум состоит из трех частей
и объединяет 8 разделов, включающих практические задания
различного уровня сложности: низкого, среднего и повышен‑
ного. Каждый уровень сложности имеет свое обозначение: А,
В, С соответственно. Это поможет преподавателю и студен‑
там правильно подобрать практические задания. Задания вну‑
три каждого раздела и уровня сложности также представлены
от простых к сложным, что позволяет постепенно наращивать
практические навыки.
Практикум «Verb tenses» включает в себя также приложения
со справочными материалами и ответами к практическим зада‑
ниям. Это обеспечивает возможность использования пособия
для самостоятельной работы и самообучения.
Практикум составлен на основе публикаций британских
и американских изданий последних лет.
В целом, практикум направлен на развитие различных ви‑
дов речевой деятельности студентов и магистрантов.
3
Present Tenses 1.
Be, Have & Have Got

1A. Write the short form with got (we’ve got / he hasn’t got etc.).
1. We have got (1) … 3. They have got (3) … 5. It has got (5) …
2. He has got (2) … 4. She has not got (4) … 6. I have not got (6) …

2A.
A. Read the questions to Mark and his answers. Then write sen-
tences about Mark.
1. ‘Have you got a car?’ — ‘No.’ (1) … .
2. ‘Have you got a computer?’ — ‘Yes.’ (2) … .
3. ‘Have you got a dog?’ — ‘No.’ (3) … .
4. ‘Have you got a mobile phone?’ — ‘No.’ (4) … .
5. ‘Have you got a watch?’ — ‘Yes.’ (5) … .
6. ‘Have you got any brothers or sisters?’ — ‘Yes, two brothers
and a sister’ (6) … .
B. What about you? Write sentences with I’ve got or I haven’t got.
7. (a computer) (7) … .
8. (a dog) (8) … .
9. (a bike) (9) … .
10. (brothers / sisters) (10) … .
3A.Write these sentences with got (I’ve got / have you got etc.). The
meaning is the same.
1. They have two children. (1) … .
2. She doesn’t have a key. (2) … .
1
Materials refer to [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 20, 22, 27, 28, 38, 41] in
References.
4
Present Tenses . Be, Have & Have Got

3. He has a new job. (3) … .


4. They don’t have much money. (4) … .
5. Do you have an umbrella? (5) … .
6. We have a lot of work to do. (6) … .
7. I don’t have your phone number. (7) … .
8. Does your father have a car? (8) … .
9. How much money do we have? (9) … .
4A. Write have got / ’ve got, has got / ’s got, haven’t got / hasn’t got.
1. Sarah (1) … a car. She goes everywhere by bicycle.
2. They like animals. They (2) … three dogs and two cats.
3. Charles isn’t happy. He (3) … a lot of problems.
4. They don’t read much. They (4) … many books.
5. ‘What’s wrong?’ — ‘I (5) … something in my eye.’
6. ‘Where’s my pen?’ — ‘I don’t know. I (6) … it.’
7. Julia wants to go to the concert, but she (7) … a ticket.
5A. Complete the questions. Use a form of have got and a word from
the box. Then match the questions and answers.
a spider Bill Gates James Bond London Juliette Binoche you

1. How many legs (1) …? (2) … . A. He’s got five billion dollars.
2. How many airports (3) …? (4) … . B. I’ve got a Nokia.
3. How much money (5) …? (6) … . C. It’s got eight.
4. What colour hair (7) …? (8) … . D. It’s got five.
5. What kind of car (9) …? (10) … . E. He’s got an Aston Martin.
6. What kind of phone (11) …? (12) … . F. She’s got dark hair.

6A. Use the words below to write questions. Then write true short
answers.
1. you, mobile phone? (1) …? (2) … .
2. you, any brothers or sisters? (3) …? (4) … .
3. your parents, jobs? (5) …? (6) … .

5
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. your teacher, a Rolls Royce? (7) …? (8) … .


5. your best friend, any pets? (9) …? (10) … .
6. you, a headache? (11) …? (12) … .
7. your mother, dark hair? (13) …? (14) … .
7A. Complete the conversation with the words from below.
do (x3) does doesn’t don’t has (x2) have (x2) you
Officer: (1) … you have your tickets?
Steven: I think my wife (2) … them.
Jackie: Here they are.
Officer: Thank you. (3) … you (4) … any metal objects in your luggage?
Steven: No, we (5) … .
Officer: Are you sure, Sir? Do (6) … have a mobile phone or a laptop?
Jackie: He (7) … a mobile phone.
Steven: Oh, yes. I forgot about that.
Officer: Put it in the tray please, Sir. (8) … it have a battery?
Steven: No, it (9) … .
Officer: (10) … you have anything else with metal?
Steven: No. Oh, I (11) … some coins in my pockets.
Officer: OK. Please put those in the tray as well, Sir.

8A. Complete the sentences with a form of have and a word or phrase


from the box. Use short forms. Some sentences need a negative verb.
a headache fun a king
a driving licence any brothers or sisters a temperature
lunch any mountains a cup of coffee

1. I (1) …, I’m my parents’ only child.


2. I think she (2) … — she’s very hot.
3. Holland is very flat — it (3) … .
4. This is a great party! We (4) …!
5. When I (5) …, I go and lie down.
6. Clare can’t drive because she (6) … .

6
Present Tenses . Be, Have & Have Got

7. I always (7) … and a biscuit at eleven o’clock in the morning.


8. France has a president, so it (8) … or queen.
9. The office is very busy today, so I (9) … at my desk — just a
sandwich.
9B. Write negative sentences with have.
1. I can’t get into the house. (1) … a key.
2. I couldn’t read the letter. (2) … my glasses.
3. I can’t get onto the roof. I (3) … a ladder.
4. We couldn’t visit the museum. We (4) … enough time.
5. He couldn’t find his way to our house. (5) … a map.
6. She can’t pay her bills. (6) … any money.
7. I can’t go swimming today. (7) … enough energy.
8. They couldn’t take any pictures. (8) … a camera.
10B. Which alternatives are correct? Sometimes two alternatives
are possible, sometimes only one.
1. Excuse me, (1) … a pen I could borrow?
a. have you got b. are you having c. do you have
2. (2) … time to go to the bank yesterday?
a. Had you got b. Did you have c. Had you
3. I need a stamp for this letter. (3) … one?
a. Do you have b. Are you having c. Have you got
4. What does Jack do? (4) … a job?
a. Does he have b. is he having c. Has he got
5. (5) … a lot of friends when you were a child?
a. Did you have b. Were you having c. Had you
6. When you worked in your last job, (6) … your own office?
a. had you b. have you got c. did you have

11B. Are the underlined verbs OK? Change them where necessary.


1. Is there anything you want to ask? Do you have any questions? (1) …
2. Lisa had got long hair when she was a child. (2) …

7
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3. Tom couldn’t contact us because he hadn’t our number. (3) …


4. ‘Are you feeling OK?’ — ‘No, I’m having a toothache.’ (4) …
5. Are you enjoying yourself? Are you having a good time? (5) …
6. It started to rain. I got wet because I hadn’t an umbrella. (6) …
7. Will can’t drive. He doesn’t have a driving licence. (7) …
8. Did your trip go OK? Had you any problems? (8) …
9. My friend called me when I was having breakfast. (9) …
12B. Complete the sentences. Use an expression from the list with
have in the correct form.
have a have a have a chat have trouble have a good
baby break flight
have a have lunch have a have a have a nice time
look party shower

1. I don’t eat much during the day. I never (1) … .


2. David starts work at 8 o’clock and (2) … at 10.30.
3. We (3) … last week. It was great — we invited lots of people.
4. Excuse me, can I (4) … at your newspaper, please?
5. Jim is away on holiday at the moment. I hope he (5) … .
6. I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and (6) … .
7. ‘ (7) … finding the book you wanted?’ — ‘No, I found it OK.’
8. Suzanne (8) … a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.
9. ‘Why didn’t you answer the phone?’ — ‘I (9) … .’
10. You meet your friend Sally at the airport. She has just arrived.
You say: ‘Hi, Sally. How are you? (10) …?’

8
Present Tenses
Present Simple

1A. Write the short form (she’s / we aren’t etc.).


1. She is (1) … 3. It is not (3) … 5. I am not (5) …
2. They are (2) … 4. That is (4) … 6. You are not (6) …

2A. Write am, is or are.


1. The weather (1) … nice today.
2. I (2) … not rich.
3. This bag (3) … heavy.
4. These bags (4) … heavy.
5. Look! There (5) …Carol.
6. My brother and I (6) … good tennis players.
7. Emily (7) … at home. Her children (8) … at school.
8. I (9) … a taxi driver. My sister (10) … a nurse.
3A. Complete the sentences.
1. Steve is ill. (1) … in bed.
2. I’m not hungry, but (2) … thirsty.
3. Mr. Thomas is a very old man. (3) … 98.
4. These chairs aren’t beautiful, but (4) … comfortable.
5. The weather is nice today. (5) … warm and sunny.
6. ‘ (6) … late.’ — ‘No, I’m not. I’m early!’
7. Catherine isn’t at home. (7) … at work.
8. ‘ (8) … your coat.’ — ‘Oh, thank you very much.’

9
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4A. Write sentences for the pictures. Use:


afraid angry cold hot hungry thirsty

1. She (1) … . 3. He (3) … . 5. (5) … .


2. They (2) … . 4. (4) … . 6. (6) … .

5A. Write sentences with forms of be. Use the words below.
1. Angela not a student (1) … .
2. My brother married (2) … .
3. Our house near the bus stop (3) … .
4. I very hungry (4) … .
5. We not Canadian (5) … .
6. The bank close to the station (6) … .
7. I not an English teacher (7) … .
8. It time for lunch now (8) … .
9. Those magazines not very interesting (9) … .
6A. Find the right answers for the questions.
1. Where’s the camera? (1) … A. London.
2. Is your car blue? (2) … B. No, I’m not.
3. Is Linda from London? (3) … C. Yes, you are.
4. Am I late? (4) … D. My sister.
5. Where’s Ann from? (5) … E. Black.
6. What colour is your bag? (6) … F. No, it’s black.
7. Are you hungry? (7) … G. In your bag.
8. How is George? (8) … H. No, she’s American.
9. Who’s that woman? (9) … I. Very well.

10
Present Tenses.Present Simple

7A. Write questions. Use the words below.


1. you, English, or, Scottish (1) …?
2. where, your, house (2) …?
3. Maria, a, student (3) …?
4. your, brothers, married (4) …?
5. where, the, post office (5) …?
6. I, early (6) …?
7. who, your, teacher (7) …?
8. the, station, near, here (8) …?
8A. Complete the questions. Use What … / Who … / Where … / How … .
1. (1) … your parents? — They’re very well.
2. (2) … the bus stop? — At the end of the street.
3. (3) … your children? — Five, six and ten.
4. (4) … these oranges? — £1.50 a kilo.
5. (5) … your favourite sport? — Skiing.
6. (6) … the man in this photograph? — That’s my father.
7. (7) … your new shoes? — Black.
9A. Complete the conversation with forms of be.
A: What a lovely family photo. (1) … they your children?
B: No, they (2) … . They (3) … my sister’s children.
A: The girl (4) … pretty. How old (5) … she?
B: She (6) … four.
A: (7) … she at school?
B: No, she (8) … . She (9) … very young!
A: Who (10) … the two people at the back?
B: They (11) … my parents.

10A. Write true short answers.


1. Are you American? (1) … .
2. Are you a student? (2) … .
3. Are you Polish? (3) … .

11
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. Are you married? (4) … .


5. Are your parents teachers? (5) … .
6. Is your house in a town? (6) … .
7. Is Eminem Australian? (7) … .
8. Are Mercedes cars German? (8) … .
9. Is it winter now? (9) … .
11A. Complete the questions and give true answers. Write complete
sentences.
1. What (1) … your surname? (2) … .
2. What nationality (3) … you? (4) … .
3. How old (5) … your brother / sister? (6) … .
4. Where (7) … your parents at the moment? (8) … .
5. What (9) … the name of your home town? (10) … .
6. Who (11) … your favourite singer? (12) … .
12A. Write the he / she / it form of these verbs below.
carry enjoy fly go hurry know live relax take try wash watch
+ -s + -es (-y) + -ies
(1) … (5) … (9) …
(2) … (6) … (10) …
(3) … (7) … (11) …
(4) … (8) … (12) …

13A.Write these verbs with -s or -es.


1. She (1) … (read) 3. It (3) … (fly) 5. She (5) … (have)
2. He (2) … (think) 4. He (4) … (dance) 6. It (6) … (finish)

14A. Complete the sentences. Use the words given:


boil close cost (x2) like (x2) meet open speak teach wash
1. Maria (1) … four languages.
2. The shops in the city centre usually (2) … at 9 o’clock in the
morning.

12
Present Tenses.Present Simple

3. The City Museum (3) … at 5 o’clock in the evening.


4. Tina is a teacher. She (4) … mathematics to young children.
5. My job is very interesting. I (5) … a lot of people.
6. Peter’s car is always dirty. He never (6) … it.
7. Food is expensive. It (7) … a lot of money.
8. Shoes are expensive. They (8) … a lot of money.
9. Water (9) … at 100 degrees Celsius.
10. Julia and I are good friends. I (10) … her and she (11) … me.
15A. Write sentences from these words. Use the right form of
the verbs.
1. always, early, Sue, arrive. (1) … .
2. to the cinema, never, I, go. (2) … .
3. work, Martina, hard, always. (3) … .
4. like, chocolate, children, usually. (4) … .
5. Julia, parties, enjoy, always. (5) … .
6. often, people’s names, I, forget. (6) … .
7. television, Tim, watch, never. (7) … .
8. usually, dinner, we, have, at 7.30. (8) … .
9. Jenny, always, nice clothes, wear. (9) … .
16A.  Write sentences about yourself. Use always / never / of-
ten / usually / sometimes.
1. watch TV, in the evening. (1) … .
2. read, in bed. (2) … .
3. get up, before 7 o’clock. (3) … .
4. go to work, school, by bus. (4) … .
5. drink coffee, in the morning. (5) … .
17A. Write the negative.
1. I play the piano very well. I (1) … .
2. Jane plays the piano very well. Jane (2) … .
3. They know my phone number. They (3) … .
4. We work very hard. (4) … .

13
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

5. He has a bath every day. (5) … .


6. You do the same thing every day. (6) … .
18A.  Write about yourself. Use the words given and:
I never… or I often … or I don’t … very often.
1. (1) … . (watch TV)
2. (2) … . (go to the theatre)
3. (3) … . (ride a bicycle)
4. (4) … . (eat in restaurants)
5. (5) … . (travel by train)
19A. Complete the sentences. All of them are negative. Use
don’t / doesn’t + the verbs given:
cost go know read see use wear
1. I buy a newspaper every day, but sometimes I (1) … it.
2. Paul has a car, but he (2) … it very often.
3. Paul and his friends like films, but they (3) … to the cinema very
often.
4. Amanda is married, but she (4) … a ring.
5. I (5) … much about politics. I’m not interested in it.
6. The Regent Hotel isn’t expensive. It (6) … much to stay there.
7. Brian lives very near us, but we (7) … him very often.
20A. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative.
1. Margaret (1) … (speak) four languages — English, French,
German and Spanish.
2. I (2) … (like) my job. It’s very boring.
3. ‘Where’s Martin?’ — ‘I’m sorry. I (3) … (know).’
4. Sue is a very quiet person. She (4) … (talk) very much.
5. Andy (5) … (drink) a lot of tea. It’s his favourite drink.
6. It’s not true! I (6) … (believe) it!
7. That’s a very beautiful picture. I (7) … (like) it very much.
8. Mark is a vegetarian. He (8) … (eat) meat.

14
Present Tenses.Present Simple

21A. Complete the sentences about famous people. Use the verbs in


brackets and short forms.
1. The actor Colin Farrell is Irish but he (1)… (not work) in Ire‑
land; he (2) … (work) in Hollywood.
2. Film star Alicia Silverstone (3) … (not eat) meat; she’s a vegetarian.
3. Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie (4) … (work) in Hollywood but
they (5) … (not live) there.
4. Phil Collins is a famous musician but he (6) … (prefer) painting
and acting.
5. The actor Russell Crowe also (7) … (sing) and (8) … (play) the
guitar in an Australian band.
6. Nicole Kidman (9) … (love) fruit but she (10) … (not eat) strawberries.
7. Catherine Zeta-Jones (11) … (not like) chocolate or sweets.
8. Antonio Banderas (12) … (come) from Spain but he (13) … (not
make) films in Europe these days.
9. Businessman Bill Gates is a very rich man but he (14) … (not
give) his children a lot of money.
22A.Write questions with Do …? or Does …?
1. I like chocolate. How about you? (1) …?
2. I play tennis. How about you? (2) …?
3. You live near here. How about Lucy? (3) …?
4. Tom plays tennis. How about his friends? (4) …?
5. You speak English. How about your brother? (5) …?
6. I do yoga every morning. How about you? (6) …?
7. Sue often goes away. How about Paul? (7) …?
8. I want to be famous. Plow about you? (8) …?
9. You work hard. How about Anna? (9) …?
23A. Make questions from these words + do / does. Put the words in
the right order.
1. where, live, your parents (1)…?
2. you, early, always, get up (2) …?
3. how often, TV, you, watch (3) …?

15
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. you, want, what, for dinner (4) …?


5. like, you, football (5) …?
6. your brother, like, football (6) …?
7. what, you, do, in your free time (7) …?
8. your sister, work, where (8) …?
9. to the cinema, often, you, go (9) …?
10. what, mean, this word (10) …?
11. often, snow, it, here (11) …?
12. go, usually, to bed, what time, you (12) …?
13. how much, to phone New York, it, cost (13) …?
14. you, for breakfast, have, usually, what (14) …?
24A. Write short answers (Yes, he does / No, I don’t, etc.).
1. Do you watch TV a lot? (1) … .
2. Do you live in a big city? (2) … .
3. Do you often ride a bicycle? (3) … .
4. Does it rain a lot where you live? (4) … .
5. Do you play the piano? (5) … .
25A. Complete the conversation with the correct words from the box.
do (x3) does  doesn’t  don’t  like   likes   never  sometimes watch
A Do you (1) …TV during the day?
B No, I (2) …; I work during the day.
A What about the evenings? Do you watch TV then?
B Yes, I (3) … .
A What programmes (4) … you like?
B I (5) … films and comedy shows best. But I (6) … watch the news — it’s boring.
A (7) … you watch TV on your own or with members of your family?
B Well, I (8) … watch TV with my sister, but not very often. She (9) …
dramas and music programmes.
A (10) … she watch the news?
B No, she (11) … .

16
Present Tenses.Present Simple

26A. Use the verbs below to write questions. Then write true an-


swers.
1. what time, you, get up (1) …? (2) … .
2.you, work, in an office (3) …? (4) … .
3. what, you, have, for breakfast (5) …? (6) … .
4. how often, you, watch TV (7) …? (8) … .
5. you, visit, friends, at the weekend (9) …? (10) … .
6. your family, go to the beach, in summer (11) …? (12) … .
7. you, often, go to bed, late (13) …? (14) … .
8. how often, your best friend, phone you (15) …? (16) … .
27B. Complete the sentences using the following verbs:
cause (s)  connect (s)  drink (s)   live (s)  open (s)  speak (s)   take (s)
1. Tanya (1) …German very well.
2. I don’t often (2) … coffee.
3. The swimming pool (3) … at 7.30 every morning.
4. Bad driving (4) … many accidents.
5. My parents (5) … in a very small flat.
6. The Olympic Games (6) … place every four years.
7. The Panama Canal (7) … the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
28B. Put the verb into the correct form.
1. Julie (1) … (not, drink) tea very often.
2. What time … (the banks, close) here?
3. I’ve got a car, but I (3) … (not, use) it much.
4. ‘Where (4) … (Ricardo, come) from?’ ‘From Cuba.’
5. ‘What (5) … (you, do)?’ ‘I’m an electrician.’
6. It (6) … (take) me an hour to get to work. How long (7) … (it,
take) you?
7. Look at this sentence. What (8) … (this word, mean)?
8. David isn’t very fit. He (9) … (not, do) any sport.

17
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

29B. Use the following verbs to complete the sentences. Sometimes


you need the negative:
believe eat flow go grow make rise tell translate
1. The Earth (1) … round the Sun. 7. An interpreter (7) … from one
2. Rice (2) … in Britain. language into another.
3. The sun (3) … in the east. 8 Liars are people who (8) … the truth.
4. Bees (4) … honey. 9 The River Amazon into the At‑
5. Vegetarians (5) … meat. lantic Ocean.
6. An atheist (6) … in God.

30B. Complete using the following:


I apologise  I insist  I promise  I recommend  I suggest
1. Mr. Evans is not in the office today. (1) … you try calling him
tomorrow.
2. I won’t tell anybody what you said. (2) … .
3. (in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal. (3) … .
4. (4) … for what I did. It won’t happen again.
5. The new restaurant in Hill Street is very good. (5) … it.
31B. Complete the text with the present simple form of the verbs.
What is an eclipse?
A solar eclipse (1) … (happen) when the moon (2) … (pass) in
front of the sun. This only (3) … (take) place when there is a new
moon. It (4) … (last) for up to 7.5 minutes.
During a solar eclipse, it is dark. The birds (5) … (not, sing), and
animals (6) … (keep) still and quiet. A solar eclipse (7) … (not hap‑
pen) very often, and most people (8) … (enjoy) seeing one. However,
it’s important not to look straight at the sun. If you (9) … (not, re‑
member) this, you can damage your eyes.
A lunar eclipse (10) … (occur) when the earth’s shadow (11) …
(fall) on the moon. The moon (12) … (look) dim until it (13) …
(come) out from the shadow.

18
Present Tenses.Present Simple

32C. Classify the stative verbs into the following categories: senses,


possession, thinking, emotional states, appearance, and others. Then
add other examples to each of the categories.
believe involve contain depend on doubt
dislike own belong to mean mind
smell seem regard taste
1. Senses (1) …, (2) …;
2. Possession (3) …, (4) …, (5) …;
3. Thinking (6) …, (7) …, (8) …;
4. Emotional states (9) …, (10) …;
5. Appearance (11) …;
6. Others (12) …, (13) …, (14) …, (15) …, (16) …, (17) …, (18) …,
(19) …, (20) … .

19
Present Tenses
Present Continuous

1A. Write the continuous form of these verbs below.


live happen make run sit sleep stop swim take use visit wait
+ -ing n→nn, t→tt, etc. e→ing
(1) … (5) … (9) …
(2) … (6) … (10) …
(3) … (7) … (11) …
(4) … (8) … (12) …

2A. How do you spell it? Write the continuous form (-ing) of


these verbs in the correct list.
arrive begin come cry dance decide die dig forget
have help laugh listen lie live make play put rob start
stop swim tie wear win work write
+ -ing n→nn, t→tt, etc. e→ing ie→ying
(1) … (9) … (17) … (25) …
(2) … (10) … (18) … (26) …
(3) … (11) … (19) … (27) …
(4) … (12) … (20) …
(5) … (13) … (21) …
(6) … (14) … (22) …
(7) … (15) … (23) …
(8) … (16) … (24) …

20
Present Tenses. Present Continuous

3A. Complete the sentences. Use these verbs:


build cook go have stand stay swim work
1. Please be quiet. I (1) … .
2. ‘Where’s John?’ — ‘He’s in the kitchen. He (2) … .
3. ‘You (3) … on my foot.’ — ‘Oh, I’m sorry.’
4. Look! Somebody (4) … in the river.
5. We’re here on holiday. We (5) … at the Central Hotel.
6. ‘Where’s Sue?’ — ‘She (6) … a shower.’
7. They (7) … a new hotel in the city centre at the moment.
8. I (8) … now. Goodbye.
4A. Look at the picture and write sentences about Jane. Use She’s
-ing or She isn’t -ing.
1. Jane (1) … (have dinner).
2. She (2) … (watch television).
3. She (3) … (sit on the floor).
4. She (4) … (read a book).
5. She (5) … (play the piano).
6. She (6) … (laugh).
7. She (7) … (wear a hat).
8. She (8) … (write a letter).

5A. What’s happening now? Write true sentences.


1. I, wash, my hair. (1) … .
2. it, snow. (2) … .
3. I, sit, on a chair. (3) … .
4. I, eat. (4) … .
5. it, rain. (5) … .
6. I, learn, English. (6) … .
7. I, listen, to music. (7) … .

21
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

8. the sun, shine. (8) … .


9. I, wear, shoes. (9) … .
10 I, read, a newspaper. (10) … .
6A. Complete the sentences. Use forms of the phrases below.
play in the garden not have a lunch eat in a restaurant
break today
wear a pullover have a shower not go to work today
computer not work taxi wait outside not dance
at the moment

1. Fernando can’t come to the phone because he (1) … .


2. It’s cold today so I (2) … .
3. Jane’s cooker isn’t working so she (3) … .
4. The weather is nice today so the children (4) … .
5. Dave can’t send you an email because his (5) … .
6. Carla has hurt her leg so she (6) … .
7. Hurry up! It’s time to leave. The (7) … .
8. We have a lot of work in the office today so we (8) … .
9. It’s a bank holiday so most people (9) … .
7A.
A. Complete the text. Use the present continuous forms of the verbs
in brackets.
It’s a lovely summer afternoon in the park. Robert and Mick (1) …
(play) football. Miranda (2) … (listen) to some music and Carlos (3)
… (run). My friends Isabel and Rashid (4) … (have) a picnic — Isabel
(5) … (eat) a sandwich and Rashid (6) … (drink) a cola. Over there I
can see my neighbours, Mr. and Mrs. Berenson — they (7) … (take)
their dog for a walk.

22
Present Tenses. Present Continuous

B. Now put the correct names by the letters in the picture.

8. A (8) … .
9. B (9) … .
10. C (10) … .
11. D (11) … .
12. E (12) … .
13. F (13) … .
8A. Complete these questions and answers about the picture in Ex-
ercise 7A.
1. (1) …Miranda (2)… to music? Yes, she (3) … .
2. (4) …Robert and Mick (5) … tennis? No, they (6) … .
3. (7) …Carlos (8) …? No, he (9) … walking, he’s (10) … .
4. What (11) …Isabel (12) …? She (13) … a sandwich.
5. What (14) …Mr. and Mrs. Berenson (15) …? They (16) … their
dog for a walk.
6. (17) …Rashid (18) … a burger? No, he (19) … .
9A. Make questions from these words. Put the words in the right
order.
1. is, working, Paul, today? (1) …?
2. what, the children, are, doing? (2) …?
3. you, are, listening, to me? (3) …?
4. where, your friends, are, going? (4) …?
5. are, watching, your parents, television? (5) …?

23
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6. what, Jessica, is, cooking? (6) …?


7. why, you, are, looking, at me? (7) …?
8. is, coming, the bus? (8) …?
10A. Write the questions and short answers.
1. it, rain, today? (1) …? / No, (2) … .
2. you, do, your homework? (3) …? / Yes, (4) … .
3. Steven, cook lunch? (5) …? / No, (6) … .
4. the, children watch TV? (7) …? / Yes, (8) … .
5. we, wait, for somebody? (9) …? / No, (10) … .
6. Elizabeth, stay, with her grandparents, this week? (11) …? / 
Yes, (12) … .
11B. The sentences on the right follow those on the left. Which sen-
tence goes with which?
1. Please don’t make so much noise. (1) … A. It’s getting late.
2. I need to eat something soon. (2) … B. They’re lying.
3. I don’t have anywhere to live right now. (3) … C. It’s starting to rain.
4. We need to leave soon. (4) … D. They’re trying to sell it.
5. They don’t need their car any more. (5) … E. I’m getting hungry.
6. Things are not so good at work. (6) … F. I’m trying to work.
7. It isn’t true what they said. (7) … G. I’m looking for an
apartment.
8. We’re going to get wet. (8) … H. The company is losing
money.

12B. Complete the sentences with the present continuous form of


the verbs.
1.
Wendy: Hi, Janice.
Janice: Hello, Wendy! (1) … (you / wait) for the London train?
Wendy: No, I (2) … (meet) my mother off the train from Bristol.

24
Present Tenses. Present Continuous

2.
Mandy: (3) … (my radio / disturb) you?
James: No, not at all. I (4) … (enjoy) the music.
3.
Nina: Why (5) … (those people / shout)
Graham: They (6) … (demonstrate) against low wages.

13B. Complete the description with the present continuous form of


suitable verbs. Use the negative where necessary.
Mr. and Mrs. Clark
and Percy by David
Hockney, 1970

Mr. and Mrs. Clark and Percy by David Hockney, 1970


This is a painting of two people and their cat. Mr. Clark (1) … (sit)
on a chair. Mrs. Clark (2) … near him. They (3) … at each other, but
at the viewer. Mrs. Clark (4) … a long dress. Mr. Clark’s got trousers
and a jumper, but he (5) … shoes. Percy is on Mr. Clark’s lap and
he (6) … something in the garden. The sun (7) … outside, but the
room is a bit dark. We can see part of a picture which (8) … on the
wall behind Mrs. Clark. There’s a vase of lilies on the table, and a
book (9) … beside it.
14B. Choose a picture or photograph you like and describe what is
happening in it.

25
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

15B. Complete the conversations.


1.
A: I saw Brian a few days ago.
B: Oh, did you? (1) (what / he / do) these days?
A: He’s at university.
B: (2) … (what / he / study)?
A: Psychology.
B: (3) (he / enjoy) it?
A: Yes, he says it’s a very good course.
2.
A: Hi, Nicola. How (4) … (your new job / go)?
B: Not bad. It wasn’t so good at first, but (5) … (it / get) better
now.
A: What about Daniel? Is he OK?
B: Yes, but (6) … (he / not / enjoy) his work right now. He’s
been in the same job for a long time and (7) … (he / begin) to
get bored with it.
16B. Put the verb into the correct form, positive (I’m doing, etc.) or
negative (I’m not doing, etc.).
1. Please don’t make so much noise. (1) … (I / try) to work.
2. Let’s go out now. (2) … (it / rain) any more.
3. You can turn off the radio. (3) … (I / listen) to it.
4. Kate phoned me last night. She’s on holiday in France. (4) …
(she / have) a great time and doesn’t want to come back.
5. I want to lose weight, so this week (5) … (I / eat) lunch.
6. Andrew has just started evening classes. (6) … (he / learn) Japanese.
7. Paul and Sally have had an argument. (7) … (they / speak) to
each other.
8. (8) … (I / get) tired. I need a rest.
9. Tim (9) … (work) today. He’s taken the day off.
10. (10) … (I / look) for Sophie. Do you know where she is?

26
Present Tenses. Present Continuous

17B. Complete the sentences using the following verbs:


start get increase change rise
1. The population of the world (1) … very fast.
2. The world (2) … . Things never stay the same.
3. The situation is already bad and it (3) … worse.
4. The cost of living (4) … . Every year things are more expensive.
5. The weather (5) … to improve. The rain has stopped, and the
wind isn’t as strong.
18B. Finish B’s sentences. Use always -ing.
1. ‘I’ve lost my phone again.’ — ‘Not again! (1) … .’.
2. ‘The car has broken down again.’ — ‘That car is useless. It
(2) … .’
3. ‘Look! You’ve made the same mistake again.’ — ‘Oh no, not
again! I (3) … .’
4. ‘Oh, I’ve forgotten my glasses again.’ — ‘Typical! (4) … .’
19C. Expand one of the sets of notes below to complete each dia-
logue.
continually, change, mind forever, moan, work
forever, ask me, money constantly, criticize, driving
always, complain, handwriting

1. A: I can’t read this. B: You’re (1) … .


2. A: Can I borrow €10? B: You’re (2) … .
3. A: That was a dangerous thing to do. B: You’re (3) … .
4. A: I think I’ll stay here after all. B: You’re (4) … .
5. A: I had a bad day at the office again. B: You’re (5) … .

27
Present Tenses
Present Simple & Present Continuous

1A. Put the expressions in the correct places.


every day  just now  nearly always  now  on Fridays  these days
this afternoon  today  very often  when I’m tired
Present simple (I work, etc.) Present continuous (I’m working, etc.)
1. … 6. …
2. … 7. …
3… 8. …
4. … 9. …
5. … 10. …

2A. Match the two parts of the sentences.


1. Davina’s computer isn’t working A. she visits clients once a week.
so (1) …
2. Caroline misses her family so (2) … B. she stays with her grandparents.
3. Lucy likes to be clean so (3) … C. she’s staying at home today.
4. I’m afraid Maria can’t speak to D. she’s sending her emails from an
you right now (4) … Internet cafe.
5. Melissa isn’t in the office today; (5) … E. she’s having a bath.
6. As part of Anne’s job (6) … F. she’s visiting some clients.
7. When Judy goes to the sea (7) … G. she sends them emails every day.
8. Stephanie has a headache so (8) … H. she has a bath every day.

3A. Which is right?


1. ‘(1) … (Are you speaking / Do you speak) English?’ — ‘Yes, a little.’
28
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

2. Sometimes (2) … (we’re going / we go) away at weekends.


3. It’s a nice day today. The sun (3) … (is shining / shines).
4. (You meet Kate in the street.) Hello, Kate. Where (4) … (are you
going / do you go)?
5. How often (5) … (are you going / do you go) on holiday?
6. Emily is a writer. (6) … (She’s writing / She writes) books for children.
7. (7) … (I’m never reading / I never read) newspapers.
8. ‘Where are Michael and Jane?’ — ‘(8) … (They’re watch‑
ing / They watch) TV in the living room.’
9. Helen is in her office. (9) … (She’s talking / She talks) to somebody.
10. What time (10) … (are you usually having / do you usually
have) dinner?
11. John isn’t at home at the moment. (11) … (He’s visit‑
ing / He visits) some friends.
12. ‘Would you like some tea?’ — ‘No, thank you. (12) … (I’m not
drinking / I don’t drink) tea.’
4A. Which is right?
From: Maggie Tait
To: Stefan Richter
Subject: I’m bored
Hi, Stefan
(1) … (It rains / It’s raining), so (2) … (I write / I’m writing) to
you. (3) … (I’m hating / I hate) rain!
(4) … (Do you remember / Are you remembering) Lorenzo, my
cat? At the moment, (5) … (he lies / he’s lying) on the floor and (6)
… (keeps / keeping) my feet warm. He’s really old now, and every day
(7) … (he’s sleeping / he sleeps) for hours. One good thing, (8) … (he
doesn’t catch / he isn’t catching) birds any more — he’s too slow.
My mum and dad (9) … (watch / are watching) an old black and
white film on TV. (10) … (They’re liking / They like) the old Buster
Keaton comedies. (11) … (They don’t laugh / They aren’t laughing)
very much, so maybe this one isn’t funny.

29
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Oh, big surprise! I’ve got a job. Every Saturday (12) … (I work / I’m
working) from 9 o’clock to 5 o’clock in a supermarket. It’s an OK
job, but (13) … (I don’t want / I’m not wanting) to stay there for ever.
What (14) … (do you do / are you doing) at the moment? I think
(15) … (you sit / you’re sitting) in your garden and (16) … (the sun
shines / the sun’s shining) and … tell me.
Love,
Maggie
5A. Choose the correct option.
Bruce Laurence (1) … (is / is being) a young actor. He is very ex‑
cited because right now he (2) … (acts / is acting) in a professional
show for the first time. He (3) … (loves / is loving) the theatre and
this is his first proper job. It’s 7.15 and he (4) … (waits / ’s waiting) in
his dressing room. His assistant (5) … (puts / ’s putting) on his make-
up and Bruce (6) … (practises / is practising) his words.
Tonight’s show is at the Theatre Royal in Edinburgh. Bruce (7)
… (lives / is living) in London but while he is in the show he (8) …
(stays / is staying) at a small hotel in Edinburgh. It isn’t very comfort‑
able but single rooms (9) … (don’t cost / aren’t costing) very much
and two other actors (10) … (stay / are staying) at the same place.
Bruce (11) … (thinks / is thinking) the show will be a big success.
6A. Complete the sentences with am / is / are or do / don’t / does / doesn’t.
1. Excuse me, (1) … you speak English?
2. ‘Where’s Kate?’ — ‘I (2) … know.’
3. What’s funny? Why (3) … you laughing?
4. ‘What (4) … your sister do?’ — ‘She’s a dentist.’
5. It (5) … raining. I (6) … want to go out in the rain.
6. ‘Where (7) … you come from?’ — ‘Canada.’
7. How much (8) … it cost to send a letter to Canada?
8. Steve is a good tennis player, but he (9) … play very often.

30
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

7A. Put the verb in the Present Continuous (I am doing) or The


present Simple (I do).
1. Excuse me, (1) … (you / speak) English?
2. ‘Where’s Tom?’ — ‘ (2) … (he / have) a shower.’
3. (3) … (I / not / watch) television very often.
4. Listen! Somebody (4) … (sing).
5. Sandra is tired. (5) … (she / want) to go home now.
6. How often (6) … (you / read) a newspaper?
7. ‘Excuse me, but (7) … (you / sit) in my place.’ — ‘Oh, I’m sorry.’
8. I’m sorry, (8) … (I / not / understand). Can you speak more slowly?
9. It’s late (9) … (I / go) home now. (10) … (you / come) with me?
10. What time (11) … (your father / finish) work every day?
11. You can turn off the radio. (12) … (I / not / listen) to it.
12. ‘Where’s Paul?’ — ‘In the kitchen. (13) … (he / cook) something.’
13. Martin (14) … (not / usually / drive) to work. He (15) … (usually / walk).
14. Sue (16) … (not / like) coffee. (17) … (she / prefer) tea.
8A. Complete the conversation. Use forms of the words in brackets
and short forms.
Clara: Hi, Josie. How are things?
Josie: Busy. We moved into our new flat last week.
Clara: That’s great. Where is it?
Josie: (1) … (you remember) the garage on Old Street? It’s next to that.
Clara: Oh, yes. I (2) … (know) that place. It’s quite old, isn’t it?
Josie: Yes. So we’re in the middle of painting it at the moment.
Clara: (3) … (you use) professional painters?
Josie: No, they (4) … (cost) too much. We (5) … (do) it all ourselves.
Clara: It’s very hard work!
Josie: Well, I (6) … (not do) much at the moment. Would you like me to help?
Clara: That’s kind of you but we (7) … (not need) any help really.
Josie: OK. How’s your little baby?
Oh, she (8) … (be) fine. My mother (9) … (look after) her today.

31
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

9A. Match the two parts of the sentences.


1. We always have A. often listen to the radio.
2. Sally is having B. stay with their grandparents in August.
3. I think I’ve C. English magazines?
4. This week the children D. got flu.
5. The children usually E. a party again. It’s really noisy.
6. Be quiet. I F. are staying with their grandparents.
7. On Sunday mornings I G. am listening to the radio.
8. Are you reading H. fun at Miranda’s parties.
9. How often do you read I. a good book at the moment?

10A. Choose the correct option in the telephone conversation.


А: Good morning. University Accommodation Office.
В: Hi. I’d like to use the accommodation service.
А: OK. (1) … (Are / Be) you a full-time student here?
В: Yes, (2) … (I’m / I am).
А: What (3)… (name have you / is your name)?
В: Jason Brien.
А: Jason Brien. OK. And what course (4) … (do you study / are
you studying) this year?
В: History and politics.
А: Do you (5) … (have / have got) your student number?
В: No, I’m afraid not.
А: Mmm. Let me check on the computer… Yes. Here it is: 67567.
OK. Now, (6) … (do / are) you want accommodation for this year or
for next year?
В: Next year.
А: And (7) … (are / is) you in student accommodation now?
В: Yes, (8) … (I live / I’m living) in the flats in George Street at the
moment.
А: OK. (9) … (Have you / Do you have) got a mobile phone?
В: Yes, but it (10) … (doesn’t / isn’t) working.

32
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

А: Well, (11) … (got you / have you got) an email address?


В: Yes, of course.
11A. Correct or not?
1. Look! It rains! (1) … 7. I do not want to see that film.
2. I’m geting tired. (2) … (7) …
3. I’m watching TV every evening. 8. Where do she works? (8) …
(3) … 9. Where does she works? (9) …
4. ‘What are you doing?’ — ‘I’m read‑ 10. Where does your sister live?
ing.’ (10) …
(4) … 11. Where do the manager and
5. Andy always drive too fast. (5) … his wife live? (11) …
6. John flys to New York every Mon‑ 12. What you are doing? (12) …
day. 13. I’m not knowing her ad‑
(6) … dress. (13) …

12A. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form of the Present


Simple or Present Continuous.
Dear molly,
I (1) … (write) from the gorgeous island of Jamaica! Jim and I (2) …
(stay) in a five-star hotel by the sea. Right now, I (3) … (sit) on the bal‑
cony and I (4) … (drink) a delicious fruit punch. Jim (5) … (walk) along
the beach. He (6) … (collect) shells and rocks to bring back home.
The weather (7) … (be) hot and sunny. We (8) … (spend) most of
the day relaxing and reading under the beautiful palm trees. Tonight,
we (9) … (go) to a reggae festival and on Tuesday we (10) … (leave)
for Barbados.
The Jamaican people (11) … (make) you feel happy as they (12) …
(be) cheerful and kind. I (13) … (love) it here so much that I (14) …
(not, want) to leave!
See you soon,
Cindy

33
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

13A. Choose the correct item.


1. Peter (1) … spending money.
a. hate b. hating c. hates
2. She (2) … like cold weather.
a. doesn’t b. don’t c. hasn’t
3. How many students (3) … there in your class?
a. is b. are c. have
4. Tara’s (4) … a friendly smile.
a. has b. got c. have
5. ‘What (5) …Laura do?’ — ‘She’s a dancer.’
a. does b. can c. has
6. Sarah and I (6) … from Italy.
a. haven’t b. isn’t c. aren’t
7. Where (7) …Sue from?
a. is b. do c. are
8. (8) …Ann like eating spaghetti?
a. Do b. Does c. Is

14A. Choose the correct answer, a, b or c.


1. My friend (1) …American.
a. not is b. are not c. isn’t
2. The women in my family (2) … very tall.
a. have b. are c. am
3. (3) … hungry?
a. Have you b. Are you c. Do you have
4. What time (4) … it?
a. is b. are c. has
5. Maria (5) … the answer to that question.
a. know b. knows c. is know
6. Jane is a nurse; she (6) … in a hospital.
a. works b. work c. working

34
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

7. Laptop computers (7) … batteries.


a. are using b. uses c. use
8. My uncle (8) … near here.
a. not lives b. doesn’t lives c. doesn’t live
9. (9) … coffee in the mornings?
a. Do you drink b. Does you drinks c. Drink you
10. I (10) … a big breakfast.
a. am having always b. always have c. have always
11. I’m afraid the baby (11) … very well.
a. isn’t sleeping b. not sleeps c. is sleeping not
12. My mobile isn’t working so I (12) … my sister’s phone.
a. using b. ‘m using c. use
13. What (13) … right now?
a. do you do b. are doing you c. are you doing
14. Carol usually (14) … to work but this week she is taking the bus.
a. is driving b. drives c. isn’t driving
15. You are wrong. I (15) … with you.
a. don’t agree b. ‘m not agreeing c. ‘m not agree
16. (16) … the tickets and passports?
a. Got you b. Have you got c. Do you have got
17. Dave isn’t very well; he (17) … a bad cold.
a. is having b. ‘s got c. ‘ve got
18. My parents (18) … a car.
a. don’t have b. do have not c. have not
19. Isabel (19) … dark hair and brown eyes.
a. is b. has c. is having
20. Every morning I (20) … before breakfast.
a. make shower b. am showering c. have a shower

15B. Complete the sentences with the correct verb forms.


1. ‘(1) … (you, smoke)’ — ‘No, never.’
2. ‘What (2) … (you, eat)’ — ‘A cheese sandwich.’
35
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3. ‘Where (3) … (she, work) these days?’ — ‘In a garage.’


4. ‘ (4) … (it, rain) here in summer?’ — ‘Not very often.’
5. ‘Bonjour.’ — ‘Sorry, I (5) … (not, speak) French.’
6. ‘Your English (6) … (get) better.’ — ‘Oh, thank you.’
7. ‘ (7) … (you, play) golf?’ — ‘Yes, but not very well.’
8. ‘Who (8) … (you, write) to?’ — ‘My boyfriend.’
9. ‘Where’s Susan?’ — ‘ (9) … (she, come) now.’
10. Well, goodnight. (10) … (I, go) to bed.
11. Water (11) … (boil) at 100 °C.
12. ‘ (12) … (that water, boil)?’ — ‘Not yet.’
16B. Put in the correct verb forms.
1. ‘I (1) … (think) you’re crazy.’ — ‘I (2) … (see).’
2. ‘What (3) … (you, think) about?’ — ‘Life.’
3. Why (4) … (that woman, look) at me?
4. She (5) … (look, like) your sister.
5. I (6) … (feel) that she doesn’t like me.
17B. Are the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where
necessary.
1. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. (1) …
2. The water boils. Can you turn it off? (2) …
3. Look! That man tries to open the door of your car. (3) …
4. Can you hear those people? What do they talk about? (4) …
5. The moon goes round the earth in about 27 days. (5) …
6. I must go now. It gets late. (6) …
7. I usually go to work by car. (7) …
8. ‘Hurry up! It’s time to leave.’ — ‘OK, I come.’ (8) …
9. I hear you’ve got a new job. How do you get on? (9) …
10. Paul is never late. He’s always getting to work on time. (10) …
11. They don’t get on well. They’re always arguing. (11) …
18B. Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or pres-
ent simple.
1. Let’s go out. (1) … (it, not, rain) now.

36
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

2. Julia is very good at languages. (2) … (she, speak) four languag‑


es very well.
3. Hurry up! (3) … (everybody, wait) for you.
4. ‘ (4) … (you, listen) to the radio?’ — ‘No, you can turn it off.’
5. ‘ (5) … (you, listen) to the radio every day?’ — ‘No, just oc‑
casionally.’
6. The River Nile (6) … (flow) into the Mediterranean.
7. The river (7) … (flow) very fast today — much faster than usual.
8. (8) … (we, usually, grow) vegetables in our garden, but this year
(9) … (we, not, grow) any.
9. ‘How’s your English?’ — ‘Not bad. I think (10) … (it, improve)
slowly.’
10. Rachel is in New York right now. (11) … (she, stay) at the Park
Hotel. (12) … (she, always, stay) there when she’s in New York.
11. Can we stop walking soon? (13) … (I, start) to feel tired.
12. ‘Can you drive?’ — ‘ (14) … (I, learn). My father (15) … (teach) me.’
13. Normally (16) … (I, finish) work at five, but this week (17) …
(I, work) until six to earn a little more money.
14. My parents (18) … (live) in Manchester. They were born there
and have never lived anywhere else. Where (19) … (your parents, live)?
15. Sonia (20) … (look) for a place to live. (21) … (she, stay) with
her sister until she finds somewhere.
16. ‘What (22) … (your brother, do)?’ — ‘He’s an architect, but
(23) … (he, not, work) at the moment.’
17. (at a party) (24) … (I, usually enjoy) parties, but (25) … (I, not,
enjoy) this one very much.
19B. Put the verbs into the correct form: Present Continuous or
Present Simple.
Tony Hunt, a journalist, is interviewing Leila Markham, an environmen‑
tal scientist.
Tony: So tell me, Leila, why is it important to save the rainforests?

37
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Leila: There are a number of reasons. One is that many plants which
could be useful in medicine (1) … (grow) in the rainforest. We
(2) … (not, know) all the plants, but there are thousands and
thousands of them. Researchers (3) … (try) to discover their
secrets before they are destroyed.
Tony: I see. What other reasons are there?
Leila: Well, have you heard that the world (4) … (get) warmer?
Tony: Do you mean what scientists call ‘global warming’?
Leila: That’s right. The rainforests have always had an important in‑
fluence on our weather. They (5) … (disappear) at a terrifying
rate and people (6) … (not, do) enough to save them.
Tony: But I (7) … (enjoy) warm sunshine. Is global warming really
such a problem?
Leila: You know that the polar regions (8) … (consist) of millions of tons
of ice. If they (9) … (melt), the level of the sea will rise and cause
terrible floods. Many scientists (10) … (believe) that temperatures
(11) … (already, rise). We must do everything we can to prevent
global warming, and that includes preserving the rainforests!
Tony: Thank you, Leila, and good luck in your campaign.
Leila: Thank you.

20B. Tick (v) the sentences which are correct. In some pairs, one
sentence is correct. In other pairs, both sentences are correct.
1.
What do you think of my hair? (1) …
What are you thinking of my hair? (2) …
2.
You look great today! (3) …
You’re looking great today! (4) …

38
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

3.
Do you enjoy your meal? (5) …
Are you enjoying your meal? (6) …
4.
I think of selling my car. (7) …
I’m thinking of selling my car. (8) …
5.
Where do you live? (9) …
Where are you living? (10) …
6.
I don’t believe his story. (11) …
I’m not believing his story. (12) …
7.
The students seem tired today. (13) …
The students are seeming tired today. (14) …
8.
He weighs 80 kilos. (15) …
He’s weighing 80 kilos. (16) …
9.
How often do you play tennis? (17) …
How often are you playing tennis? (18) …
10.
My brother looks for a new job. (19) …
My brother is looking for a new job. (20) …

21B. Put the verb into the correct form, Present Continuous or


Present Simple.
1. Are you hungry? (1) … (you, want) something to eat?
2. Don’t put the dictionary away. (2) … (I, use) it.
3. Don’t put the dictionary away. (3) … (I, need) it.

39
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. Who is that man? What (4) … (he, want)?


5. Who is that man? Why (5) … (he, look) at us?
6. Alan says he’s 80 years old, but nobody (6) … (believe) him.
7. She told me her name, but (7) … (I, not, remember) it now.
8. (8) … (I, think) of selling my car. Would you be interested in
buying it?
9. (9) … (I, think) you should sell your car. (10) … (you, not, use)
it very often.
10. Air (11) … (consist) mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.
22B. Are the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where
necessary.
1. Nicky is thinking of giving up her job. (1) …
2. Are you believing in God? (2) …
3. I’m feeling hungry. Is there anything to eat? (3) …
4. This sauce is great. It’s tasting really good. (4) …
5. I’m thinking this is your key. Am I right? (5) …
23B. Complete the sentences using the most suitable form of be.
Use am / is / are being (Continuous) where possible; otherwise use
am / is / are (Simple).
1. I can’t understand why (1) … so selfish. He isn’t usually like that.
2. Sarah (2) … very nice to me at the moment. I wonder why.
3. You’ll like Sophie when you meet her. She (3) … very nice.
4. You’re usually very patient, so why (4) … so unreasonable about
waiting ten more minutes?
5. Why isn’t Steve at work today? (5) … ill?
24C. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in
brackets. Where you think more than one form is correct, write both
forms.
1. ‘Are you OK? You don’t look very well.’ — ‘I (1) … (feel) fine.’
2. It seems to me that you (2) … (be) too simplistic in your at‑
tempt to describe what black holes are.

40
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

3. You can tell your IT department that you have somehow man‑
aged to import a virus into your computer, but I (3) … (not, imagine)
they will be all that sympathetic.
4. According to research, there (4) … (appear) to be a strong link be‑
tween an asteroid hitting the Earth and the extinction of the dinosaurs.
5. ‘ (5) … (you / need) the computer tonight?’ — ‘I’ve got a report
to write.’
6. At first I found physics very difficult, but now I (6) … (like) it
more and more.
7. I used to know lots of formulas by heart when I was studying
maths, but as I get older I find I (7) … (remember) fewer and fewer.
25C. Complete each pair of sentences using the same verb (in a ques-
tion form or negative if necessary) below. Use the Present Continuous;
if this is not possible, use the Present Simple. You may need to add some
words outside the gap. Use contracted forms where appropriate.
attract consist of doubt feel fit
have like look measure sound
1.
a. I hear you’re having your house repainted. How it (1) …?
b. I bought this new dress today. How it (2) …?
2.
a. ‘What are you doing with that ruler?’ — ‘I (3) … the area of the
kitchen.’
b. The garden (4) … 12 by 20 metres.
3.
a. I (5) … whether I’ll get another chance to retake the exam.
b. I suppose she might be at home tonight, but I (6) … it.
4.
a. The new science museum currently (7) … 10,000 visitors a month.
b. Flowers (8) … bees with their brightly-coloured petals.

41
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

5.
a. Carlos won’t work at the top of the 20‑storey building because
he (9) … heights.
b. ‘How’s the new job?’ — ‘Well, at the moment, I (10) … it at
all.’
6.
a. My car’s in the garage today. They (11) … new brakes.
b. I bought this jumper for Anna, but it (12) … her so I’ll have to
take it back.
7.
a. What’s your shirt made from? It (13) … like silk.
b. I won’t be coming to work today. I (14) … very well.
8.
a. The roof of the house (15) … only plastic sheets nailed down in
a few places.
b. Their school uniform (16) … black trousers and a dark green
jumper.
9.
a. Simon’s new song (17) … quite good, but he doesn’t think he’s
ready yet to perform it in public.
b. ‘What’s that noise?’ — ‘It (18) … like a bird stuck in the chim‑
ney.
10.
a. Poulson (19) … treatment for a knee injury, but should be fit to
play on Saturday.
b. My sister (20) … long blonde hair. You’re bound to recognise
her.

42
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

26C. Cross out any improbable answers.


Dear Aunt Mara,
Thanks for your message. I (1) … (apologise / ’m apologizing) for
not getting back to you sooner, but I’ve been incredibly busy. When I
went into nursing, you warned me that it would be really hard work,
but I (2) … (admit / ’m admitting) that I didn’t really believe you.
Don’t get me wrong — I (3) … (don’t suggest / ’m not suggesting)
that I’m not enjoying it. It’s incredibly rewarding, but I (4) … (now
realise / ’m now realizing) how hard the job is. When I get home I
just eat not very well, I (5) … (confess / ’m confessing) and go straight
to bed. It doesn’t help that the bus journey to the hospital is so slow.
I (6) … (consider / ’m considering) buying a car, which will make
things easier, I hope.
And what about you? How (7) … (do you find / are you finding)
living in a village after so many years in the city? I (8) … (know / ’m
knowing) how difficult it is for you to travel such a long way, but it
would be lovely if you could come and stay with me for a weekend.
I’ve got plenty of room in my flat. I (9) … (don’t guarantee / ’m not
guaranteeing) to cook as well as you do, but I (10) … (promise / ’m
promising) to find time to show you around this lovely old town.
Hope to see you soon. Keep in touch.
Love,
Martina
27C. Complete these sentences using the verbs in brackets. Use the
Present Simple or Present Continuous.
1. Rodriguez (1) … (pass) to Messi who (2) … (shoot) just over the
bar. Barcelona (3) … (attack) much more in this half…
2. A man (4) … (arrive) home late one night after the office Christ‑
mas party. His wife (5) … (wait) for him, and she (6) … (say) to him…
3. I went to a concert yesterday in the Town Hall. In the middle
of it, while the orchestra (7) … (play) this man suddenly (8) … (stand)
on his seat and (9) … (start) to conduct them.

43
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

28C. Complete each pair of sentences using the same verb (in nega-


tive form if necessary). Use the Present Continuous or the Present
Simple. You may need to add some words outside the gap.
1.
a. A: Shall I phone at six? B: No, we usually (1) … dinner at that time.
b. I (2) … lamb, thanks. I’m a vegetarian.
2.
a. Gielman (3) …Henry V in the latest production at the Royal Theatre.
b. They constantly (4) … loud music until the early hours of the morning.
3.
a. I normally (5) … the children to school at 8:30. Perhaps we could
meet at 9:00.
b. In his 2007 book, Wall (6) … a controversial view of Britain’s role in
the war.

29C. Complete the sentences using the verbs below. Use the


same verb in each pair of sentences. Use the Present Simple or Pres-
ent Continuous.
appear attract expect think
look measure see
1.
a. I (1) … about taking a gap year before I go to university and going
travelling around South America.
b. A: Why’s Terry having a party? B: I (2) … it’s his birthday.
2.
a. A: How did the cat get up into the tree? B: I (3) … he was chasing a
bird.
b. A: Let me know when the post arrives. B: Why, (4) … you … some‑
thing important?

44
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

3.
a. This month’s special exhibition of South African art (5) … over 5000 vis‑
itors a day to the museum, whereas we normally only get about 2000.
b. As the home of William Shakespeare, Stratford (6) … tourists from
all over the world.
4.
a. (7) … you … that big house over there? It’s my uncle’s.
b. I’m going to split up with Alex. I’ve found out that he (8) … someone else.
5.
a. A: What are you doing? B: I (9) … the window for some new curtains.
b. I was given this pedometer for my birthday. You just hook it on your
belt and it (10) … how far you walk during the day.
6.
a. A: What on earth are you doing down there? B: I (11) … for one of my
earrings — it fell off and rolled under the bed.
b. A: Which course are you going to apply to? B: Well, this one on an‑
thropology (12) … interesting.
7.
a. Our neighbour’s cat (13) … at our door every morning, demanding
to be fed.
b. Chris is incredibly busy. At the moment he (14) … in Hamlet at the
Crescent Theatre.

30C. Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence.


1. I haven’t decided yet about whether to buy a new car or a sec‑
ond-hand one. But (1) … (I think about it / I’m thinking about it).
2. All right, you try to fix the television! But (2) … (I hope / I’m
hoping) you know what you’re doing.
3. Every year (3) … (I visit / I’m visiting) Britain to improve my
English.

45
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. It’s time we turned on the central heating. (4) … (It gets / It’s


getting) colder every day.
5. Of course, you’re Mary, aren’t you! (5) … (I recognise / I am
recognising) you now.
6. The film of ‘War and Peace’ is very long. (6) … (It lasts / It is
lasting) over four hours.
7. I can see from what you say that your mornings are very busy!
But what (7) … (do you do / are you doing) in the afternoons?
8. I’m going to buy a new swimming costume. My old one (8) …
(doesn’t fit / isn’t fitting) any more.
9. That must be the end of the first part of the performance. What
(9) … (happens / is happening) now?
10. What’s the matter? Why (10) … (do you look / are you looking)
at me like that?
31C. Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence.
1. I work in this office (1) … (all this year / all the time).
2. Emerson is (2) … (currently / for long) top of the driver’s league.
3. I am not making much money (3) … (these days / so far this
year).
4. The food tastes even worse (4) … (now / presently). You’ve put
too much salt in.
5. (5) … (Normally / previously) we get in touch with customers by
post.
6. Pete was ill but he is getting over his illness (6) … (soon / now).
7. I’m feeling rather run down (7) … (lately / at present), doctor.
8. I always stay on duty (8) … (since / until) six o’clock.
9. I’m (9) … (often / forever) picking your hairs out of the bath!
10. Fortunately the baby (10) … (now / recently) sleeps all night.
32C. Put each verb in brackets into the Present Simple or Present
Continuous.
1. (1) … (hear) that you have been promoted. Congratulations!
2. British people (2) … (drink) more and more wine, apparently.

46
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

3. I hope Sarah will be here soon. I (3) … (depend) on her.


4. Please be quiet, David. You (4) … (forever, interrupt).
5. Hey, you! What (5) … (you / think) you’re doing?
6. Could you come here please? I (6) … (want) to talk to you now.
7. Jane is away on holiday so Linda (7) … (handle) her work.
8. To be honest, I (8) … (doubt) whether Jim will be here next
week.
9. You’ve only just started the job, haven’t you? How (9) …
(you / get on)?
10. Pay no attention to Graham. He (10) … (just / be) sarcastic.
33C. Put each verb in brackets into the present simple or present
continuous.
I work in a large office with about thirty other people, most of
whom I (1) … (know) quite well. We (2) … (spend) most of the day
together, so we have all become friends. In fact, most of my colleagues
are so interesting, that I (3) … (think) of writing a book about them!
(4) … (take) Helen Watson, for example. Helen (5) … (run) the
accounts department. At the moment she (6) … (go out) withKeith
Ballantine, one of the sales representatives, and they (7) … (seem)
very happy together. But everyone — except Helen apparently — (8)
… (know) that Keith (9) … (fancy) Susan Porter. But I (10) … (hap‑
pen) to know that Susan (11) … (dislike) Keith. ‘I can’t stand people
who never (12) … (stop) apologising all the time!’ she told me. ‘And
besides, I know he (13) … (deceive) poor Helen. He (14) … (see)
Betty Wills from the overseas department.’
And plenty of other interesting things (15) … (currently, go on).
For instance, every week we (16) … (experience) more and more
problems with theft — personal belongings and even money have
been stolen. When you (17) … (realise) that someone in your office is
a thief, it (18) … (upset) you at first. But I (19) … (also, try) to catch
whoever it is before the police are called in. I’m not going to tell you
who I (20) … (suspect). Well, not yet anyway!

47
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

34C. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning


to the first sentence, using one of the words given.
1. Charles and his father are exactly alike in appearance.
Charles (1) … (looks / looking) his father.
2. Take all your possessions and walk slowly to the exit.
Take everything (2) … (belongs / belonging) and walk slowly to the exit.
3. I’m finding it really enjoyable to work here.
I (3) … (enjoy / enjoying) here.
4. I take work home regularly because of my new responsibility at work.
My new responsibility at work (4) … (means / meaning) work
home regularly.
5. In my cycling group there’s George, Tom, Harry and me.
My (5) … (consists / consisting) George, Tom, Harry and me.
6. In your opinion, who’s going to win the Cup?
Who do (6) … (think / thinking) win the Cup?
7. I’m seeing how wide the door is.
I (7) … (measure / measuring) the door.
8. Neil always forgets his wife’s birthday.
Neil (8) … (remembers / remembering) his wife’s birthday.
9. Its ability to catch fish is the key to the polar bear’s survival.
The polar bear’s (9) … (depends / depending) to catch fish.
10. What’s on your mind at the moment?
What (10) … (think / thinking) at the moment?
35C. Most of these sentences contain an error. Where there is an
error, rewrite the sentence correctly. Or put Ok.
1. I’m depending on you, so don’t make any mistakes! (1) …
2. Is this total including the new students? (2) …
3. Excuse me, but do you wait for somebody? (3) …
4. These potatoes are tasting a bit funny. (4) …
5. How are you feeling today? (5) …
6. I look forward to hearing from you. (6) …
7. I have a feeling that something goes wrong. (7) …
8. What’s that you’re eating? (8) …
48
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

9. Are you hearing anything from Wendy these days? (9) …


10. I think you’re being rather mean about this. (10) …
36C. Complete the expressions using the words from below..
coming making trying  asking taking shooting talking listening
1. I’m (1) … to concentrate.
2. Are you (2) … off now, or can we talk?
3. Go on, I’m (3) … .
4. I think we’re (4) … at cross purposes.
5. You’re (5) … for trouble.
6. It’s (6) … along nicely.
7. You don’t seem to be (7) … much interest.
8. You’re (8) … a fuss about nothing.
37C. Which expression from the previous exercise means one of the
following?
1. Are you in a hurry to leave? (1) … .
2. We’re talking about different things without realising it. (2) … .
3. If you say or do this you will get into difficulties. (3) … .
38C. Choose the correct form.
1. Some kinds of fish (1) … (contain / are containing) high levels
of dangerous metals.
2. Scientists nowadays (2) … (slowly begin / are slowly beginning)
to understand more about how the brain works
3. What (3) … (do you think / are you thinking) of Kate’s new
hairstyle? It’s unusual, isn’t it?
4. Loud music can be really annoying. Some people (4) … (don’t
realise / aren’t realising) what a nuisance it can be.
5.  You can’t really have seen a UFO! You (5) … (imagine / are imag‑
ining) things!
6. Technicians report that they (6) … (have / are having) difficul‑
ty installing the new computer system.

49
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

7. No wine for me! I (7) … (take / I’m taking) antibiotics for an


ear infection.
8. In career terms, having a good degree (8) … (appears / is ap‑
pearing) to make little difference.
9. The National Theatre (9) … (considers / is considering) putting
on a new production of Uncle Vanya.
10. (10) … (Does this wallet belong / Is this wallet belonging) to
you?
39C. Complete the text with the present simple or present continu-
ous form of the verb in brackets.
European traffic accident rates fail to meet targets
Although the number of deaths caused in traffic accidents in the
EU (1) … (go down), experts (2) … (still, try) to find ways of reducing
the number throughout the EU to around 25,000 fatalities per year by
2010. Traffic safety (3) … (improve) but experts (4) … (believe) that
achieving the 2010 goal will prove difficult. Recent statistics (5) …
(show) that in 2005 in the EU 41,600 people were killed in road acci‑
dents. Although progress has been made, most experts (6) … (agree)
that this figure will have fallen to only around 32,000 by 2010, which
(7) … (means) that the EU target will be missed by about 7,000. On
the other hand, as the amount of traffic (8) … (increase), it is pos‑
sible to argue that the situation is not really as bad as it (9) … (look).
However one (10) … (interpret) the statistics, it (11) … (remain) true
that as time goes on, it (12) … (become) harder and harder to re‑
duce the figures, especially since accident-reduction schemes (13) …
(cost) a lot of money. Many countries have tried and failed to reduce
the number of accidents, and in the EU as a whole, only Sweden
(14) … (pursue) the goal of zero accidents. Accident reduction is
more difficult for newer EU members who (15) … (currently face)
very rapid growth in traffic and (16) … (have) difficulty in building
new roads and in introducing safety measures at a fast enough rate.
To complicate matters, most new members (17) … (have) very little
experience in dealing with the demands of heavy traffic. Experts (18)
50
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

… (suggest) that any safety programme must also set about chang‑
ing the way drivers (19) … (behave). Despite what people often (20)
… (say) it (21) … (seem) to be the younger generation that (22) …
(cause) most accidents. In line with this research, many countries
(23) … (introduce) tougher driving tests, and (24) … (concentrate)
on the main causes of accidents: speed, reckless overtaking, alcohol,
and over-confidence.
40C. Choose the correct verb form. Tick (v) the sentence if both
forms are possible.
1. I can’t walk any more. My knee (1) … (is really hurting / really
hurts).
2. This cheese (2) … (is smelling / smells) terrible!
3. Thanks for your e‑mail. (3) … (I’m hoping / I hope) to get back
to you very soon.
4. ‘What (4) … (are you doing / do you do)’ ‘I’m a musician.’
5. We’re having our house completely redecorated. (5) … (It’s
costing / It costs) a lot.
6. In this country, more than a million people (6) … (are liv‑
ing / live) in poverty,
7. Can you stop the car? (7) … (I’m feeling / I feel) a bit sick,
8. ‘What’s the answer?’ ‘Wait a moment, (8) … (I’m thinking / I think).’
9. I think (9) … (we’re beginning / we begin) to understand this
problem,
10. Nice to see you again! (10) … (You’re looking / You look) re‑
ally great!
41C. Put the verb in brackets into present simple or present con-
tinuous.
1. Somebody (1) … (knock) at the door. Can you see who it is?
2. First you (2) … (cook) the onions in a little oil until they are
golden brown.
3. Carlos (3) … (forever, lose) his temper with people! He must
learn to calm down.

51
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. Here (4) … (come) the bus! You’d better hurry!


5. ‘Where’s Jack? ‘ ‘He (5) … (read) the paper in the kitchen.’
6. Whenever I put up my hand, Harry (6) … (kick) me under the desk.
7. I’m sorry, but I (7) … (not, understand) you.
8. Maria (8) … (leave) now, so could you get her coat?
9. Come and eat your dinner. It (9) … (get) cold.
10. I (10) … (hear) you did really well in your exams. Well done!
42C. Complete each sentence with the Present Simple or Present
Continuous form of the verb in brackets.
1. (1) … (you, do) anything at the moment? I need some help
with the computer.
2. This product (2) … (contain) no added chemicals of any kind.
3. Nobody (3) … (visit) Rome without going to see the ruins of
the Roman Forum.
4. Sarah (4) … (begin) to regret not taking the job in France she
was offered.
5. Martin (5) … (see) Tina at the moment. They’ve been going
out together for the past month.
6. I’m sorry, but I (6) … (not, know) where George is at the mo‑
ment.
7. ‘Is Helen ready yet?’ ‘She (7) … (take) her time, but she says
she’ll be ready soon.’
8. The larger of the two rooms (8) … (measure) 8 m by 4 m.
9. What (9) … (happen) in the street now? I can’t see anything
from here.
10. There’s nobody else to do the job, so I (10) … (suppose) I’ll
have to do it.
43C. Complete the two texts with the present simple or present con-
tinuous form of the verb in brackets. If both forms are possible, write both.
1. Doctors express concern over heavy school bags
Every year thousands of children (1) … (go) to the doctor because
of back pain, and in fact, this kind of problem (2) … (rapidly, be‑

52
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

come) one of the most common childhood complaints. And what


exactly (3) … (cause) this outbreak of back strain and muscle fatigue?
It (4) … (seem) that even quite young children (5) … (take) more and
more to school — not just books, but also clothes and games play‑
ers — and their backpacks (6) … (simply, weigh) too much. ‘Some
kids (7) … (carry) more than 25 % of their bodyweight in a bag that
has a nice cartoon character on the bag, but which (8) … (actually,
give) them serious backache,’ reported Dr Elaine Sachs, a GP in
North London. ‘Most parents (9) … (simply, not, realise) what (10)
… (happen) to their children.’
2. Investigators to report on train crash
Accident investigators (11) … (still, examine) the wreckage of the
high-speed train which left the rails and overturned in northwest Eng‑
land last week. According to reports, they (12) … (not, believe) the
accident (13) … (involve) driver error. ‘We (14) … (expect) to publish
a inquiry into this accident quite soon,’ a spokesman announced yes‑
terday. ‘Engineers (15) … (work) round the clock to replace the track,
and we (16) … (hope) to restore a normal service within two weeks. We
(17) … (realise) that people (18) … (depend) on the railway, and we (19)
… (understand) how much everyone has been shocked by this accident.
However, we (20) … (check) thousands of sections of track all over the
country to make sure that nothing like this can ever happen again.
44C. Rewrite the sentence so that it contains a word from the list
and has same meaning.
belong contain cost look matter see seem
smell think weigh
1. Is this car yours, sir? (1) …?
2. This perfume has a nice smell. (2) … .
3. I think there’s a mistake. (3) … .
4. I don’t understand what you mean. (4) … .
5. What’s your opinion? (5) …?
6. At birth a baby elephant is about 90 kg in weight. (6) … .

53
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

7. Is the price important? (7) …?


8. What’s the price of this model? (8) …?
9. This book could be interesting. (9) … .
10. What’s in the box? (10) …?
45C. Write a new sentence with the same meaning containing a
form of the word in capitals.
1. Apparently, Harry is a very good card player. SAY
2. This maths problem is incomprehensible to me! UNDER‑
STAND
3. I have the same opinion as you. AGREE
4. ‘Where’s Anna?’ ‘At work in the garden.’ WORK
5. Stop shouting, the teacher’s in the corridor. COME
6. Somebody is at the door. KNOCK
7. According to some people, UFOs have landed on Earth. BE‑
LIEVE
8. It’s hotter all the time in here. GET
9. Skiing is my favourite sport. LOVE
10. Peter keeps losing his homework! ALWAYS
46C. Complete the text with the Present Simple or Present Con-
tinuous form of the verb in brackets.
Big Brother’s watching you!
A burglar (1) … (try) to break into a big house in the country. He
(2) … (walk) very quietly across the garden when he (3) … (hear)
a voice: ‘Big Brother (4) … (watch) you!’ He (5) … (turn) around, but
he (6) … (not, see) anything. So he (7) … (creep) nearer to the house.
Suddenly he (8) … (hear) the voice again and he (9) … (see) a cage
hanging from a tree. A parrot (10) … (sit) in the cage. The burglar
(11) … (ask) the parrot, ‘Did you say that stuff about Big Brother?’
The parrot (12) … (answer) ‘Yes I did.’ ‘Is that your name then?’
The parrot (13) … (say) ‘No, my name’s Montmorency.’ The bur‑
glar (14) … (laugh) ‘What kind of stupid idiot would name his par‑
rot Montmorency?’ The parrot (15) … (reply) ‘The same stupid idiot

54
Present Tenses.Present Simple & Present Continuous

who named his Rottweiler ‘Big Brother’ — that’s the guard dog that
(16) … (stand) right behind you!’
47C. Complete the text with the Present Simple or Present Contin-
uous form of the verb in brackets. Where both are possible, write both.
Students now taking longer to finish studies
In the USA some university students nowadays (1) … (spend)
more and more time in university before graduating. In American
universities, many students (2) … (pay) their own fees, and this (3)
… (mean) more time working and less studying. Alan Chester is a
25‑year-old journalism student from Ohio who (4) … (take) six years
to complete his undergraduate degree. In order to pay tuition fees
and other expenses he (5) … (work) four days a week in the university
kitchen, while in the university holidays he (6) … (do) a full-time
job. ‘I (7) … (find) it difficult at the moment to study and pay my bills
at the same time,’ he (8) … (admit) ‘But I (9) … (try) my best and I
(10) … (manage) to keep the wolf from the door.’ Alan’s parents (11)
… (understand) his decision to take longer to graduate. ‘They (12)
… (know) what I (13) … (go) through, and they (14) … (help) me as
much as they can. It’s hard, but I (15) … (learn) to look after myself,
and I (16) … (experience) stuff that might be useful one day when I’m
a journalist.’ He (17) … (point out) that some students (18) … (take)
more time to graduate because they (19) … (not, really, know) what
they (20) … (want) to study. ‘New courses of study (21) … (develop)
all the time, new subjects (22) … (appear) on the curriculum. Some
students (23) … (spend) time experimenting with different courses
before choosing their major. So it’s not all about money. I (34) …
(think) universities (25) … (go) through a period of change like ev‑
erything else, and students have to adapt to this changing situation.’

55
Past Tenses 2
Past Simple

1A. Choose the appropriate word in each sentence: was or were.


1. Tom was / were in Spain last weekend.
2. Frank and Jim was / were at the party last night.
3. Who was / were at the cinema last Monday?
4. The children was / were quiet when their parents came home.
5. She was / were a nice person.
6. He was / were usually not at home at the weekend.
7. They was / were good at English.
8. We was / were in Lower Austria last summer.
9. My brother was / were in China some weeks ago.
10. I was / were in Copenhagen when my friends went there.
11. She was / were ill last week.
12.He was / were happy to meet his friends.
13. Mother was / were angry with me.
14. My parents was / were in the cinema when I was / were at home.
15. Mary was / were very happy because the weather was / were
sunny.
2 А. Complete the story, adding was and were.
It (1) … a beautiful day. The sun (2) … hot and the sky (3) … blue.
James and Wendy (4) … on the beach. They (5) … with their three
children. The children (6) … in the sea. The sea (7) … a bit cold but
the children (8) … very happy. There (9) … lots of other children in
the sea too: some of them (10) … in the water with their parents.
2
Materials refer to [2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 30, 33,
36, 39] in References.
56
Past Tenses . Past Simple

Wendy and James (11) … on the sand and James (12) … asleep with
a book on his face. But suddenly there (13) … grey clouds all over the
sky and the sun (14) … not hot any more. The beautiful weather (15)
… finished and there (16) … wet picnics and wet people everywhere.
A British summer holiday!
3 А. Write questions and answers about the story above, using was
or were.
1. The weather nice?
2. Where / James and Wendy
3.  Where / their children?
4. Other children in the sea?
5. James and Wendy in the sea?
6. James awake?
7. What / on James’ face?
8. Sunny all day?
9. The holidaymakers wet in the end?
10.  Where / this beach?
4A. Write ten questions about a friend’s trip to London, using the
table below. Then choose a short answer for each question.
the underground trains warm?
the weather comfortable?
the streets beautiful? Yes, it was.
the people friendly? No, it wasn’t.
Was the parks busy?
Were the airport clean? Yes, they were.
the museums expensive? No, they weren’t.
the shops good?
the hotel last?
the food interesting?

57
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

5A. Write Past Simple to the following verbs.


1. watch 14. play
2. clean 15. study
3. stop 16. love
4. arrive 17. open
5. return 18. start
6. cook 19. water
7. walk 20. climb
8. visit 21. stay
9. work 22. call
10. look 23. kiss
11. like 12. tidy
13. iron 24. wash

6A. Put the verbs into Past Simple.


Yesterday my family and I visited (visit) my grandparents. My mother
(1) … (help) my grandmother in the garden. My father (2) … (clean) the
windows outside. My brother and I (3) … (watch) cartoons on television
with my grandfather. Later we (4) … (play) outside in the garden. We (5)
… (climb) the tree to our tree-house. We (6) … (stay) there all afternoon.
Then our mother (7) … (call) us because it was time to go home. Our
grandparents (8) … (kiss) us goodbye and we (9) … (return) home. We
(10) … (arrive) home at 8 o’clock. Father (11) … (look) for the key, (12)
(open) our front door and we all (13) … (walk) inside.
7A. Fill in with Past Simple.
Yesterday my brother and I (1) … (help)our mother in the house.
First we (2) … (clean) our rooms and then we (3) … (wash) our
clothes. After that we (4) … (cook) some spaghetti. The spaghetti
(5) … (not / be) very nice, but our mother (6) … (be) happy to eat it.
Then I (7) … (have) a bath and my brother and I (8) … (watch) TV.

58
Past Tenses . Past Simple

8A. Ask questions and answer them using Past Simple.


1. Mike / watch TV? — Yes.
2. Simon / clean the floor? — No.
3. Simon / water the flowers? — No.
4. Simon / play football? — Yes.
5. Mr and Mrs Hill / wash the dishes? — No.
6. Mr and Mrs Hill / listen to the radio? — Yes.
7. Mr and Mrs Hill / sing their favourite songs? — No.
9A. Fill in the blanks (irregular verbs).
1. is / are …, 2. break …, 3. cut …, 4. cost …, 5. drink …, 6. drive …,
7. eat …, 8. have …, 9. go …, 10. lose …, 11. make …, 12. meet …, 13.
put …, 14. buy …, 15. come …, 16. read…, 17. ride …, 18. run …, 19.
see …, 20. sit …, 21. swim …, 22. spend …, 23. take…, 24. tell…, 25.
write…, 26. get … .
10A. Fill in the blanks with the Past Simple of the verbs in brackets.
Last Saturday my father (1) … (take) my friends and me to the
circus. We (2) … (see) lots of things. My father (3) … (buy) us some
popcorn and orange juice. We (4) … (eat) the popcorn and (5) …
(drink) the orange juice. We (6)… (laugh) at the funny clowns. There
(7) … (be) a lion-tamer. The lions (8) … (do) tricks; they (9) … (jump)
through hoops. A girl (10) … (ride) an elephant around the ring. We
all (11)… (have) a wonderful time.
11A. Choose the right verb, put it in Past Simple and fill in the
blanks.
write drive drink be do tell see come
buy take sit cost meet go
Yesterday morning we (1) … to the market. We (2) … ur shopping
baskets.
Father (3) … us there in the car. At the market, we (4) … some
fruit andvegetables. I (5) … some birds that I wanted to buy. They (6)
… a lot ofmoney. Mother (7) … me they (8) … too expensive. Then

59
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

we (9) … somefriends and we all (10) … to a cafe. We (11) … at a table


outside and (12) … orange juice. Then Mother and I (13) … home.
In theafternoon I (14) … my homework and (15) … a letter to my
grandmother.
12A. Make questions and answer them.
1.  Jane / meet / friends / yesterday?  — No.
2. Kate / cut the grass / yesterday? — Yes.
3. Peter / write a letter / yesterday? — Yes.
4. Vova / meet his friends / yesterday? — No.
5. Pam and Ben / write a story / yesterday? — No.
6.  Rose / read / a book / yesterday?  — Yes.
7.  Ann / draw / a picture / yesterday?  — No.
8.  You / ride a bike / yesterday?
9.  You / get a letter / yesterday?
10.  You / build a house / yesterday?
13A. Choose the right form of the verb.
1. Yesterday my cat … a little grey mouse.
A. caught B. catch C. to catch
2. … she … her friends in the yard yesterday evening?
A. do she meet B. Did she met C. did she meet
3. I … a nice picture a month ago.
A. draw B. drew C. to draw
4. We … and … songs last week.
A. played, sang B. play, sing C. play, sang
5. … your friend in the park last Monday?
A. be B. was C. were
6. She … stories to her friends 2 hours ago.
A. tell B. tells C. told
7. The day before yesterday my friend … his grandmother.
A. to visit B. visits C. visited

60
Past Tenses . Past Simple

8. …Kate and Lena go to the theatre a week ago?


A. do B. did C. were
9. Last summer my friends and I … a lot of stories.
A. write B. writes C. wrote
10. My mum … a big cake last Sunday.
A. make B. made C. makes
11. … your brother drink much water last night?
A. do B. did C. was
12. Where … you … with your mother yesterday?
A. did you go B. do you go C. did you went
13. The children … in the park 10 minutes ago.
A. come B. came C. comes
14. Ann … and … in the sea 5 months ago.
A. sunbathe B. sunbathed, swim C. sunbathed, swam
15. … my father in Spain in his childhood?
A. did B. was C. were

14A. Choose the right form of the verb.


1. What … last night?
A. did you do B. you did C. did you
2. The fight lasted … .
A. three hours for B. for three hours C. from three hours
3. Was your father in America …?
A. next year B. last year C. soon
4. I … hello to Matt this morning.
A. sayed B. said C. sayd
5. I … in Germany last year.
A. was B. weren’t C. were
6. David … to China in 2009.
A. go B. goed C. went

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

7. We arrived at school at 8.00 a.m and … the exam at 8.10 a. m.


A. took B. did take C. take
8. A few years ago computers … really big, but now they are smaller.
A. are B. was C. were
9. Zara’s parents … at home last night.
A. wasn’t B. weren’t C. did
10. Carol … dinner for everyone last night.
A. bought B. buy C. buyed
11. Where did your dad …?
A. went B. goes C. go
12. When he … his job, he stopped going to the café every day.
A. start B. starts C. started
13. Did you see Liam? Yes, I … .
A. did B. do C. saw
14. My father … born in 1959.
A. were B. was C. is
15. I …Bea yesterday, but I …Violeta.
A. see, didn’t see B. saw, didn’t see C. saw, don’t see
16. We … all our exams yesterday morning.
A. finished B. finishd C. finish
17. Home cinemas … when my dad was a child.
A. existed not B. didn’t exist C. didn’t existed
18. Some of the student visited England and then … to France.
A. went B. goed C. go
19. Sami … my suitcase for me.
A. carry B. carries C. carried
20. Did your friends … yesterday?
A. arrive B. arrives C. arrived

15A. Open the brackets. Put the verbs into Past Simple.


1. Father (1) … (to come) late from work yesterday.
2. Alice (2)… (to like) that film.
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Past Tenses . Past Simple

3. We (3) … (to listen) to the teacher very attentively at the last


lesson.
4. I (4) … (to want) to be a doctor when I was five.
5. During the holidays John (5) … (to play) football, (6)… (to ride)
a bicycle and (7) … (to swim) in the river.
6. I (8) … (to finish) my work 10 minutes ago.
7. George (9) … (to visit) his grandmother last Sunday.
8. The boys (10) … (to plant) trees last week.
9. My mother (11) … (to buy) me a new dress yesterday.
10. They (12) … (to go) to the cinema on Sunday.
11. We (13) … (to see) a very interesting film 2 weeks ago.
12. Yesterday my dog (14) … (to run) very quickly.
13. The Greens (15) … (to arrive) here in 2005.
14. They (16) … (to go) to Greece last summer.
15. She (17) … (to drink) a glass of juice for lunch yesterday.
16A. Open the brackets. Put the verbs into Past Simple.
1. The girl … (to skip) yesterday afternoon.
2. You … (to watch) TV last month.
3. I … (not to have) supper yesterday afternoon.
4. We … (not to go) for a walk last Tuesday.
5. Liz … (to wash) her hands ten times yesterday.
6. Robert … (to have) coffee for breakfast the day before yesterday.
7. Grandson … (to write) a letter to his grandmother last week.
8. My cousin … (not to do) his homework yesterday.
9. I … (to come) home at twelve o’clock last week.
10. We … (to eat) sour cream for breakfast last year.
11. Her parents … (not to visit) their relatives yesterday afternoon.
12. She … (not to be) at home yesterday morning.
13. Charlie and Roy … (to read) books yesterday evening.
14. Her little niece … (not to go) to bed at nine o’clock last sum‑
mer.
15. Colin … (to celebrate) his birthday last Monday.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

17A. Find and correct the mistakes.


1. It were cold last winter.
2. Yesterday we sit under the tree.
3. When did you got presents?
4. Last week they live on the farm.
5. Did you be at school last week?
6. My sister like to walked her dog.
7. The boy give his dog some meat.
8. What he repair yesterday evening?
9. Some days ago we need your help.
10. Last winter we like to skate in the garden.
11. Did she got a nice present last birthday?
12. My kite flyed high in the sky.
13. Why does Mike get up early last night?
14. We want to visit you 2 days ago.
15. When did he bought apples?
18A. Find and correct the mistakes.
1. When do you came home yesterday?
2. They was at home when I did come.
3. Had Mark a car two years ago?
4. What were difficult?
5. She leaved her baby in hospital.
6. Did they called you the day before yesterday?
7. Was Ann and Pete late for the meeting?
8. Why does he fall ill last week?
9. You wasn’t make you bed.
10. What time you had lunch yesterday?
11. This woman teached you English, didn’t she?
12. He got up, had his breakfast and did go to the bathroom.
13. She lets her son go to the party last week.
14. The cat ate a mouse, wasn’t it?

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Past Tenses . Past Simple

19B. Change the verbs into Past Simple, keeping them as positives,


negatives, or questions.
1. I don’t like the film.
2. She hates the hotel.
3. We don’t live there.
4. Does he play the piano?
5. I love Paris.
6. He doesn’t work very hard.
7. She travels a lot.
8. He walks everywhere.
9. I don’t study English.
10. Do you drive to school?
11. I don’t like him.
12. Do you miss your parents?
13. We love Spain.
14. John studies music.
15. Where do you live?
16. What does he study?
17. Where does she work?
18. We don’t like London.
19. They hate waiting.
20. They work in a factory.
20B. Write these sentences putting the verbs into Past Simple. Re-
member that the infinitive is used for questions and negatives.
1. I … (buy) some new clothes last week.
2. What time … (they come) last night?
3. I … (not understand) his question.
4. I … (think) he was wrong.
5. … (you eat) a lot at the party?
6. I … (not catch) the bus this morning.
7. I … (forget) my keys yesterday.
8. … (they tell) you about the meeting?
9. Peter … (do) the washing-up last night.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

10. They … (not drink) anything at the disco.


11. … (put) your suitcase in your bedroom.
12. We … (not know) it was your birthday.
13. … (you go) to the office yesterday?
14. They … (give) her a present when she left.
15. We … (read) their letters.
21B. Open the brackets. Put the verbs into Past Simple.
1. There isn’t a cloud in the sky, but it … (be) cloudy in the morning.
2. Mrs. Clay usually finishes her work at half past three, but she …
(finish) it later yesterday afternoon.
3. I very day I help Mom about the house, but last week I was very
busy with my exam. So I … (not / help) her much.
4. Tom isn’t playing tennis tomorrow afternoon, he … (not / play)
tennis yesterday.
5. We generally have lunch at 12.30, but yesterday we … (have
lunch) later.
6. Now my brother smokes a lot, but he … (not / smoke) before.
7. The Frasers live in a four-room apartment, but last year they …
(live) in a small house in the country.
8. I don’t eat meat at all, but the other day I … (visit) my friends
and … (eat) pork there.
9. My Dad always goes to work by car, but last week he … (go) to
work on foot.
10. The weather is nice today, but it … (be) bad yesterday.
11. We rarely watch television, but last week we … (watch) a lot
of interesting programmes.
12. ‘Do you often see Tom?’ — ‘Not often, but I … (see) him at
the party the other day’.
13. I … (get) to the market myself last time, but now I don’t re‑
member how to get there.
14. I sleep well, but last night I … (not / sleep) at all.
15. I usually come home from school at 2.00 p. m., but last week I
… (be) on duty and … (come) home a little later.
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Past Tenses . Past Simple

22B. Open the brackets. Put the verbs into Past Simple.


1. It seemed impossible for him to win, but he … (win).
2. I … (walk) quickly because I … (feel) cold yesterday.
3. It … (take) him two hours to get to London.
4. Helen … (prefer) tea to coffee.
5. My husband … (speak) to his boss last week.
6. Five years ago my Dad … (sell) his farm and … (buy) a busi‑
ness in a small town.
7. He … (meet) Mary and … (fall) in love with her at first sight.
8. As soon as the bus … (stop), Jill … (get off).
9. Three weeks later I … (leave) for Moscow.
10. How you … (cut) your finger?
11. Jack … (try) to remember what he had done last April.
12. Yesterday Mr. Watson … (drink) too much at the party.
13. Looking through the paper, the teacher … (find) several mis‑
takes.
14. Julius Caesar … (found) the Tower of London.
15. Ten minutes ago I … (hear) a strange noise.
16. Edward … (make) up his mind to escape from prison.
17. When you … (write) to your parents last time?
23B. Complete the newspaper story about a fire. Put in the Past
Simple forms of the verbs.
Two people (1) … (die) in a fire in Ellis Street, Oldport yesterday
morning. They (2) … (be) Herbert and Molly Paynter, a couple in
their seventies. The fire (3) … (start) at 3.20 am. A neighbour, Mr
Aziz, (4) … (see) the flames and (5) … (call) the fire brigade. He
also (6) … (try) to get into the house and rescue his neighbours, but
the heat (7) … (be) too great. The fire brigade (8) … (arrive) in five
minutes. Twenty fire-fighters (9) … (fight) the fire and finally (10) …
(bring)it under control. Two fire-fighters (11) … (enter) the burning
building but (12) … (find) the couple dead.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

24B. Complete the conversation. Put in the Past Simple negatives


and questions.
Claire: (1) … (you / have) a nice weekend in Paris?
Mark: Yes, thanks. It was good. We looked around and then we saw
a show. (2) … (we / not / try) to do too much.
Claire: What sights (3) … (you / see)?
Mark: We had a look round the Louvre. (4) … (I / not / know) there
was so much in there.
Claire: And what show (5) … (you / go) to?
Mark: Oh, a musical. I forget the name. (6)… (I / not / like) it.
Claire: Oh, dear. And (7) … (Sarah / enjoy) it?
Mark: No, not really. But we enjoyed the weekend. Sarah did some
shopping, too, but (8) … (I / not / want) to go shopping.
25B. Rewrite the text in Past Simple.
On Tuesday I get up at half past six. I go to the bathroom and
wash my hands and face and clean my teeth. Then I dress, go to the
kitchen and cook breakfast for my family. At half past seven my son
gets up and has breakfast. I have breakfast with my son. My son eats
a sandwich and drinks a cup of tea. I don’t drink tea. I drink coffee.
After Breakfast my son leaves home for school. I don’t leave home
with my son. On Tuesday I don’t work in the morning. I work in the
afternoon. In the evening I am at home. My husband and my son
are at home, too. We rest in the evening. My son watches TV, my
husband reads newspapers and I do some work about the house. At
about eleven o’clock we go to bed.
26B. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple.
Pamala: What (1) … (you / do) last weekend?
Tony: I (2) … (go) to my cousin’s house.
Pamala: (3) … (be) it far?
Tony: No, it only (4) … (take) us 30 minutes.
Pamala: (5) … (you / stay) there long?

68
Past Tenses . Past Simple

Tony: We (6) … (stay) only for the weekend. What (7) … (you / do)
last weekend?
Pamala: My family and I (8) … (take) the dog and we (9) … (have) a
picnic on the beach.
Tony: (10) … (be) it sunny?
Pamala: Yes, the sun (11) … (shine) all day.
27B. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple.
Bryan Adams comes from Canada. He (1) … leave) school at six‑
teen and (2) … (work) as a gardener. He (3) … (start) his career as a
singer at the age of eighteen. He (4) … (work) hard then. He only (5)
… (become) famous in 1987 when he (6) … (make) his first album
which he (7) … (call) ‘Reckless’. After ‘Reckless’ no one (8) … (hear)
about him for a while, until 1991 when he (9) … (sing) ‘Everything I
Do, I Do It for You’ which (10) … (be) a great success. After that he
(11) … (go) on a world tour. Today, Bryan Adams is back in Canada
enjoying his success.
28B. Choose a verb from the list and complete the text using Past
Simple.
decide get 
into drive find take start tell pack move begin
see run away can be have get out mend arrive go

Last Sunday the Smiths (1) … to go on a picnic, so they all (2) …


the car and (3) … to the country. They (4) … a nice place in a field and
(5) … the food out of the basket. As soon as they (6) … to eat an angry
farmer (7) … them to get off his land. They (8) … everything up again
and (9) … to another field. The moment they (10) … to eat, they (11)
… a bull runningtowards them. They (12) … as fast as they (13) … . It
(14) … raining very hard so they (15) … the car to go home. They (16)
… not even half-way home when they (17) … a puncture. They (18) …
of the car and (19) … it. When they (20) … home, they (21) … wet and
miserable. They (22) … a cup of tea and (23) … to bed.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

29B. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative.


1. We went for a stroll down ‘Alphabet Street’ to Ginger Street.
2. In the 1950s, television cut deeply into the movie-going audi‑
ence.
3. He did a tremendous amount of work.
4. They carried out a huge survey.
5. There were a lot of disasters in the 20th century.
6. The actress gave a bravura performance in the Aldwych in Lon‑
don.
7. He failed to appear before the magistrate.
8. Hobbs was a founding partner in the Atlantic Financial Markets.
9. They could get out of the place.
10. When they saw me, they shut up.
11. She began the examination on time.
12. My friend taught English for twenty-five years.
30B. Fill the gaps in this model answer with the verbs from the list in
Past Simple.
allow be bebe invent increase lay mean own
receive replace ride take walk
The pace of change in the world technology is amazing. It (1) …
long ago that the postal service (2) … our only way to communicate
over any distance. It (3) … days and sometimes weeks to receive let‑
ters from within the same country. As a result, the news in the letters
(4) … already out of date when people (5) … them. In the workplace,
this (6) … that business was mostly conducted locally, over relatively
short distances.
When Alexander Graham Bell (7) … the telephone in 1376 it (8)
… the foundation for the communication systems we have today. The
telephone (9) … two people to communicate instantly across a great
distance. Eventually computers (10) … typewriters and dramatically
(11) … the speed of our daily work life. Nowadays the Internet is an
essential part of every business.

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Past Tenses . Past Simple

However it is not just communications that have changed. Only


50 years ago most people (12) … (not) a car. People (13) … to work
or (14) … bicycles. Changes intravel as well as theincreased speed of
communication have led to the global business world that we have
today.
31B. Fill in the gaps with the Past Simple of the verbs from the list.
be begin come drink eat explain feed  find  find  get
give go have know learn meet read seem
speak spread tie write
The mystery of Caspar Hauser (1) … in Nuremburg, Germany,
about 200 years ago. One morning, the people of the town (2) … a
young man standing alone in the square. He was holding a piece of
paper in his hand. The paper (3) … only that he (4) … the son of a
soldier. Caspar (5) … how to say a few words and when given a pa‑
per and pencil he (6) … his name, but he (7) … completely ignorant
about everyday life. At first he (8) … only bread and (9) … only water,
but he gradually (10) … used to ordinary meals. He also (11) … to talk
properly.
No one ever (12) … out the real truth about his birth, but it is
probable that his father kept him in one small room for the whole
of his early life. He (13) … him on bread and (14) … him water to
drink. He (15) …Caspar up and Caspar never (16) … out, he never
(17) … to anyone or (18) … other children. In spite of this extraor‑
dinary childhood, Caspar was not stupid. He (19) … books and (20)
… discussions with teachers and philosophers. News about Caspar
(21) … through Europe and visitors (22) … from abroad to meet him.
Unfortunately, he lived only a few years, but his strange life story still
fascinates many people.

71
Past Tenses
Past Simple and Past Continuous

1А. Complete the sentences using did, was or were.


1. ‘(1) … you working when I rang?’ — ‘No, I (2) … n’t’
2. ‘(3) … you see me on television?’ — ‘Yes, I (4) …’
3. ‘What (5) … you doing when they arrived?’ — ‘I (6) … the paper.’
4. ‘(7) … they working hard?’ — ‘No, they (8) … n’t.’
5. ‘(9) … she crying when you saw her?’ — ‘Yes, she (10) … .’
6. ‘(11) … they speak to you when you met?’ — ‘No, they (12) … n’t.’
7. Peter (13) … still lying in bed so he (14) … n’t hear the doorbell.
8. ‘(15) … the police find the man?’ — ‘No, they (16) … n’t.
He (17) … hiding in an empty building.’
9. We (18) … shouting to. You (19) … n’t you hear us?
10. I (20) … looking for some photos when you rang but I (21) …
n’t find them.
2A. Complete the sentences, putting the verbs in Past Simple or
Past Continuous.
1. They (1) … (wait) for me when I (2) … at the station. (wait / ar‑
rive)
2. She (3) … in the sea when I (4) … her. (swim / see)
3. (5) … they tennis when it (6) … raining? (play / start)
4. She (7) … when she (8) … the news. (cry / hear)
5. We (9) … home from the theatre when the police (10) … us.
(drive / stop)
6. Everyone (11) … quiet when the concert (12) … . (go / begin)
7. When she (13) … him, he (14) … quite ill. (leave / become)
8. You (15) … in a restaurant when I first (16) you. (work / meet)
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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

9. I (17) … very angry when I (18) … the letter. (feel / read)


10. It (19) … when I (20) … (rain / get up).
3А. Make sentences. Put the verbs into Past Simple or Past Con-
tinuous.
1.  It / rain / when / I / get / up this morning.
2.  When / I / get / up, / I / have / a shower.
3.  We / go / home / when / we / see / the accident.
4.  When / we / see / the accident, we / phone / the police.
5.  John / ride / on his bike / when / he / fall / off.
6.  He / break / his leg / when / lie / fall / off
7.  I / get / undressed / when / I / hear / a strange noise outside my
bedroom window.
8.  When / I / hear / the noise, / I / go / over to the window
and / look / outside.
4A. Someone is asking you questions. Write the short answers.
1. ‘Were you sitting here yesterday?’ No, (1) …
2. ‘Did she see the accident?’ Yes, (2) …
3. ‘Did you leave the hotel last night?’ No, (3) …
4. ‘Was he working when you arrived?’ Yes, (4) …
5. ‘Were they eating when you phoned?’ Yes, (5) …
6. ‘Did your father buy another car?’ No, (6) …
7. ‘Did you see that letter for you?’ Yes, (7) …
8. ‘Were your brothers sleeping when you left?’ Yes, (8) …
9. ‘You didn’t see the accident, then?’ No, (9) …
10. ‘Weren’t they waiting for you?’ No, (10) …
11. ‘Did you like the present?’ Yes, (11) …
12. ‘Did the children have a good time?’ Yes, (12) …
13. ‘Was Susan driving when you saw her?’ No, (13) …
14. ‘Did he speak to you?’ Yes, (14) …

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

15. ‘Did you do the washing-up?’ Yes, (15) …


16. ‘Were you doing your home work when I phoned?’ Yes, (16) …
17. ‘Was your father washing the car?’ Yes, (17) …
18. ‘Did you understand what he was saying?’ No, (18) …
19. ‘Was she leaving when you got there?’ Yes, (19) …
20. ‘Did your sister lose her purse yesterday?’ Yes, (20) …

5A. Choose the correct word from A or B.


1. I (1) … (talk) over the phone when they brought me the letter.
A. talked B. was talking
2. I visited Brazil in April. I (2) … (stay) at a nice hotel for a foet‑
night.
A. stayed B. was staying
3. They (3) … (sit) in the room when the taxi arrived.
A. sat B. were sitting
4. I saw a light in your window as I (4) … (pass) by.
A. passed B. was passing
5. Yesterday as I was walking down Cherry Lane, I (5) … (meet)
Thomas, an old friend of mine.
A. met B. was meeting
6. Liz’s elder brother said that he (6) … (go) to enter Leeds Uni‑
versity.
A. went B. was going
7. While my son (7) … (wait) for my call, somebody knocked at
the door.
A. waited B. was waiting
8. We (8) … (just / talk) about him when suddenly (9) … (come) in.
A. just talked B. came in
A. were just talking B. was coming in

74
Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

9. Yesterday while Dave (10) … (shave)? He (11) … (cut) himself


slightly.
A. shaved B. cut
A. was shaving B. was cutting
10. They (12) … (quarrel) while they (13) … (wash) their car.
A. quarreled B. washed
A. were quarreling B. was washing

6A. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.


Which is the longer action in each sentence?
1. As I (1) … (do) the washing-up, I (2) … (break) a glass.
2. We (3) … (walk} in the woods when the storm (4) … (begin).
3. John (5) … (repair) motor bike when his mother (6) … (arrive).
4. I (7) … (eat) my lunch, when the phone (8) … (ring).
5. He (9) … (ride) his bicycle to school when he (10) … (drop) his
bag.
6. We (11) … (see) a bad accident, as we (12) … (drive) to the air‑
port.
7. Tom (13) … (watch) the match, when the TV (14) … (break
down).
8. We (15) … (talk) when she (16) … (come) into the room.
7A. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Continuous or Past Simple.
1. We (1) … (go) swimming every week when we were young.
2. Simon (2) … (dance) when he fell and hurt his leg.
3. Why (3) … (you / laugh)all through your history lesson yesterday?
4. I (4) … (drink) a glass of milk every day when I was a child.
5. Todd often (5) … (ride) horses when he was a boy.
6. Bill (6) … (write) a letter when his mother came home.
7. It (7) … (rain) while I was waiting for the bus.
8. I (8) … (play) the guitar when I was young, but I don’t any more.
9. Debbie (9) … (sing) in the school choir many years ago.
10. Liz (10) … (clean) the windows when I saw her.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

8A. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Continuous or Past Simple.


A. Steve (1) … (have) an accident yesterday. He (2) … (drive) his
car when a bird (3) … (fly) into the windscreen. He (4) … (try) to Stop
quickly but he (5) … (crash)into a wall. Luckily, he (6) … (not / be)
hurt.
В. Last week, I (7) … (go) to a talk by a famous writer. He (8) …
(talk) about his new hook when I (9) … (arrive). He (10) … (give)
such an interesting talk that I (11) … (be) disappointed when it (12)
… (end).
С. Julie (13) … (tidy) her bedroom last weekend. While she (14) …
(tidy) it, she (15) … (find) some of the toys she (16) … (have) when
she was a child. She (17) … (not / want) to throw them away, so she
(18) … (put) them ina box and (19) … (store) them in the attic.
9A. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Continuous or Past Simple.
It (1) … (be) a beautiful spring morning when Emma and her fa‑
ther (2) … (decide) to visit Seaton Castle The sun (3) … (shine) and
the birds (4) … (sing). Emma (5) … (feel) very excited. The castle
(6) … (be) very old and made of stone They (7) … (climb) the steps
to the top of the tower. While they (8) … (admire) the view, they (9)
… (hear) some noises. They (10) … (took) around but they (11) …
(not / see) anybody. ‘That’s funny,’ said Emma. ‘I (12) … (think) I
(13) … (see) someone standing over there.’ After a while they (14) …
(decide) to visit the cellar of the castle. Emma (15) … (examine) an
old barrel when she (16) … (hear) the door of the cellar close behind
them. ‘Dad’, she (17) … (say), don’t close the door!’ ‘But I (18) …
(not / close) it,’ dear, her father said. Emma (19) … (turn) around and
(20) … (see) a shadow on the wall. She (21) … (know) then that the
ghost of Seaton Castle (22) … (watch) them!
10A. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
Dear Rick,
I’m writing to you from my hotel in Switzerland. I’m having a
lovely time here but you can’t imagine what (1) … (happen) to me

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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

yesterday. I (2) … (be) on the mountain with my friends and we (3)


… (have) a lovely time because the snow (4) … (be) perfect for ski‑
ing. Unfortunately the sun (5) … (shine) on the snow, so it (6) … (be)
difficult to see. Suddenly, I (7) … (hit) a rock and I (8) … (fall) over.
Luckily I (9) … (not / be) seriously hurt — I just (10) … (get) a few
bruises. Now I’m trying to be more careful!
I’ll see you when I get back.
Best wishes,
Kevin
11A. Use Past Simple and Past Continuous to make sentences from
the words in brackets.
1.  The police / arrive / while / l / have / breakfast
2.  The storm / start / while / they / drive / home
3.  I / see / an accident / while / I / wait / for the bus
4.  Mary / go / to several concerts / while / she / stay / in London
5.  I / have / breakfast / when / the police / arrive
6.  My father / cook / the dinner / when / he / burn / his fingers
7.  The soldiers / prepare / to leave / when / the bomb / explode
12A. Correct the mistakes.
1. Philip was washing the car while the fire started.
2. Weil was studying when his sister was listening to music.
2. Harriet was opening the door and walked into the house.
4. We were having lunch at a lovely restaurant every day when we
were on holiday.
5. Brian drank tea at five o’clock yesterday afternoon.
6. Dad was repairing the TV while Mum cooked dinner.
7. I was going to the cinema last Saturday.
8. I was buying a new dress for my party yesterday.
9. While Joff built the garden shed, he hurt himself.
10. While the teacher were speaking, the students were listening
to him.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

13A. Complete these texts using Past Simple or Past Continuous of


the verbs in brackets.
1. Last Saturday Tom wanted to make two salads. He (1) … (make)
the first one in five minutes. He (2) … (make) the second one when
his guests (3) … (arrive), and they (4) … (help) him to finish it.
2. The artist Gaudi (5) … (design) several houses in Barcelona,
Spain. Later he (6) … (start) work on a church. He (7) … (work) on
the church when he (8) … (die).
3. Last month a bank robber (9) … (escape) while the police (10)
… (take) him to prison. Later they (11) … (catch) him again, and this
time they (12) … (lock) him up without any problem.
4. Philip’s football team were lucky last Saturday. After twenty
minutes they (13) … (lose), but in the end they (14) … (win) the game
by four goals to two.
5. John Lennon (15) … (sing) and (16) … (play) on many records
with the Beatles. After that he (17) … (record) several songs without
the Beatles. He (18) … (prepare) a new record when Mark Chapman
(19) … (shoot) him.
6. The evening was getting darker; the street lights (20) … (come)
on. People (21) … (hurry) home after work. I (22) … (stand) in a
queue at the bus stop. Suddenly somebody (23) … (grab) my bag.
14A. A policewoman is interviewing Mary Croft about last Friday
evening.
Use the Past Simple or the Past Continuous of the words in brackets.
Policewoman: What time (1) … (you / get) home from work?
Mary: At about six o’clock.
Policewoman: And what (2) … (you / do) after you got home?
Mary: I read the newspaper.
Policewoman: Did anything happen while (3) … (read) the paper?
Mary: Yes, the phone (4) … (ring).
Policewoman: What (5) … (you / do) when your husband came home?

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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

Mary: I was watching TV, and I (6) … (drink) a cup of coffee.


Policewoman: Did you and your husband stay at home?
Mary: No, I (7) … (drink) my coffee. Then I put on my rain‑
coat, and we (8) … (go) out at seven o’clock.
Policewoman: Why (9) … (you / put) your raincoat on?
Mary: Because it (10) … (rain), of course

15A. Look at the pictures. Put the verbs in the correct form, Past


Continuous or Past Simple.

1. Lucy (1) … (break) her arm last week. It (2) … (happen) when
she (3) … (paint) her room. She (4) … (fall) off the ladder.

2. The train (5) … (arrive) at the station and Paula (6) … (get) off.
Two friends of hers, Jon and Rachel, (7) … (wait) to meet her.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3. Yesterday Sue (8) … (walk) along the road when she (9) …
(meet) James. He (10) … go to the station to catch a train and he (11)
… (carry) a bag. They (12) … (stop) to talk for a few minutes.
16A. Put the verb into Past Continuous or Past Simple.
1. A: What (1) … (you / do) when the phone (2) … (ring)?
В: I (3) … (watch) television.
2. A: Was Jane busy when you went to see her?
B: Yes, she (4) … (study).
3. A: What time (5) … (the post / arrive) this morning?
B: It (6) … (come) while I (7) … (have) breakfast.
4. A: Was Tracey at work today?
B: No, she (8) … (not / go) to work. She was ill.
5. A: How fast (9) … (you / drive) when the police (10) … (stop)
you?
B: I’m not sure, but I (11) … (not / drive) very fast.
6. A: (12) … (your team / win) the football match yesterday?
B: The weather was very bad, so we (13) … (not / play).
7. A: How (14) … (you / break) the window?
B: We (15) … (play) football, I (16) … (kick) the ball and it (17) …
(hit) the window.
8. A: (18) … (you / see) Jenny last night?
B: Yes, she (19) … (wear) a very nice jacket.
9. A: What (20) … (you / do) at 2 o’clock this morning?
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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

B: I was asleep
10. A: I (21) … (lose) my key last night.
B: How (22) … (you / get) into your room?
A: (23) … (climb) in through a window.
17B. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
Which was the longer action in each sentence?
1. They (1) … (clean) the windows when it (2) … (start) to rain.
2. As he (3) … (drive) to work, he (4) … (remember) that his brief‑
case was still at home.
3. Melanie (5) … (cook) dinner when her husband (6) … (come)
home.
4. I (7) … (hear) a loud crash as I (8) … (sit) in the garden.
5. She (9) … (type) a letter when her boss (10) … (arrive).
6. While the dog (11) … (dig) in the garden, it (12) … (find) a bone.
7. Mary (13) … (ride) her bicycle when she (14) … (notice) the tiny
kitten.
8. While I (15) … (do) my homework, the phone (16) … (ring).
18B. A policeman is asking Mrs. Hutchinson about a car accident
she happened to see yesterday. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Sim-
ple or Past Continuous.
Policeman: What (1) … (you / do) when you (2) … (see) the ac‑
cident, madam?
Mrs. Hutchinson: I (3) … (walk) down the street.
Policeman: What exactly (4) … (you / see)?
Mrs. Hutchinson: Well, the driver of the car (5) … (drive) down
the road when suddenly the
old man just (6) … (step) in front of him! It (7) … (be) terrible!
Policeman: (8) … (the driver / speed)?
Mrs. Hutchininson: No, not really, but the old man (9) …
(not / look) both ways before he
(10) … (try) to cross the road.
Policeman: (11) … (anyone else / see) the accident?

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Mrs. Hutchinson: Yes, the lady in the post office.


Policeman: Thank you very much.
19B. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
A. As soon as Margaret (1) … (get) off the train, she (2) … (pull)
her coat around her. Rain (3) … (fall) heavily and a cold wind (4) …
(blow) across the platform. She (5) … (look) around, but no one (6)
… (wait) to meet her. She (7) … (turn) to leave when she (8) … (hear)
footsteps. A man (9) … (walk) towards her. He (10) … (smile) at her,
then he (11) … (say), ‘You’re finally here.’
В. George (1) … (pick) up his bag then, (2) … (throw) it over his
shoulder. It (3) … (get) dark and he (4) … (have) a long way to go. He
wished that he had let someone know that he was coming. It (5) …
(start) to rain and he was feeling cold and tired from the long journey.
Suddenly, he (6) … (hear) a noise, then he (7) … (see) two bright
lights on the road ahead. A car (8) … (head) towards him. It slowed
down and finally (9) … (stop) beside him. A man (10) … (sit) at the
wheel. He (11) … (open) the door quickly and (12) … (say) ‘Get in,
George.’
С. Andy (1) … (step) into the house and (2) … (close) the door
behind him. Everything (3) … (be) quiet. His heart (4) … (beat) fast
and his hands (5) … (shake) as he crept silently into the empty house,
but he was trying not to panic. He soon (6) … (find) what he (7) …
(look) for. He smiled with relief as he put on the clothes. The men
who (8) … (follow) him would never recognise him now.
20B. Choose the correct alternative.
It is sometimes said that there is nothing new in the world of
fashion. Annabetle was a well-known model during the seventies.
When her children were in their early teens, they (1) were enjoy‑
ing / used to enjoy looking at her old photo albums. They (2) were
finding / found it hard to believe that she (3) was wearing / used to
wear such strange clothes. (4) Did people really use to think / Were
people really thinking flared trousers looked good? And those ugly

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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

platform shoes! Annabelle (5) was admitting / admitted that people


(6) were often falling / often used to fall over because their heels were
so high. When her children grew up, however, Annabelle noticed to
her amusement that seventies styles (7) were / used to be in fashion
again. ‘I (8) planned / was planning to throw all my old clothes away,’
she said, ‘but my daughter went to a party last week, and guess what
she (9) used to wear / was wearing — that’s right, some of my old
clothes!’
21B. David is always having accidents. His girlfriend Melanie is
talking about some of the accidents. Write her sentences from these
notes. Each sentence has one verb in Past Continuous and one in Past
Simple.
1.  When / he / carry / a suitcase / he / drop / it / on his foot
2.  he / break / his leg / when / he / ski
3.  he / sit down / on a chair / while / I / paint / it
4.  as / he / run / for a bus / he / collide / with a lamppost
5.  his hair / catch / fire / when / he / cook / chips
6.  when / he / hold / a beautiful / vase / he / suddenly / drop / it
7.  he / sit / in the garden / when / a wasp / sting / him / on the nose
22B. Put in the correct form of the verb.
Rita: I hear the lights (1) … (go) out in your flats last night.
Emma: Yes, (2) … (I / watch) a documentary on TV when sud‑
denly (3) … (we / lose) all the power. But (4) … (it / come) on again
after about ten minutes.
Vicky: Rachel (5) … (come) down the stairs when the lights (6)
… (go) out. She almost (7) … (fall) over.
Daniel: Matthew and I (8) … (play) table tennis at the time.
Andrew: (9) … (I / work) on the computer. (10) … (I / lose) a
whole hour’s work. But this morning (11) … (I / get) up early and
(12) … (do) it again.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

23B. Find the second part of each sentence. Put each verb into the


correct form.
1. Vicky (have) a beautiful dream A. when she (touch) the wire.
2. When Andrew (see) the question B. when I (find) a £ 10 note in it.
3. The train (wait) C. when the alarm clock (ring).
4. I (read) a library book D. the crowd (rash) in.
5. Sarah (have) an electric shock E. he (know) the answer immediately.
6. When the doors (open), F. they (see) that the sun (shine).
7. When the campers (wake), G. when we (arrive) at the station.

24B. Loma Bright is a long-distance walker. Look at this part of


her diary describing a morning’s walk along the coast. Write the miss-
ing words. Use one word only in each space.
It was a fine day (1) …I started out on the last part of my walk
around the coast of Britain. The sun was (2) …, and a light wind (3)
… blowing from the southwest. I was pleased that it (4) … raining. I
knew by now that I (5) … like rain. In fact I (6) … it.
I (7) … along the cliff top and then down into the lovely little fish‑
ing village of
Wellburn, past a cafe where people (8) … having morning coffee. Three
miles past Wellburn I (9) … down for five minutes and (10) … a drink.
Now it (11) … getting warmer, so I (12) … off one of my sweaters. I
(13)… stop for long because I (14) … to reach Seabury by lunch-time.
(15) …I finally got there, it (16) … just after half past twelve.
25B. Complete the sentences. Put in the correct form of each verb.
Use Past Continuous or Past Simple.
1. I (1) … (lie) in the bath when the phone (2) … (ring). It (3) …
(stop) after a few rings.
2. It (4) … (be) cold when we (5) … (leave) the house that day, and
a light snow (6) … (fall).
3. Your friend who (7) … (come) here the other day (8) … (seem)
very nice. I (9) … (enjoy) meeting her.

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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

4. When I (10) … (see) the man, he (11) … (stand) outside the


bank. He (12) … (have) a black baseball cap on.
5. When I (13) … (open) the cupboard door, a pile of books (14)
… (fall) out.
6. I (15) … (walk) along the street when I suddenly (16) … (feel)
something hit me in the back. I (17) … (not / know) what it was.
7. We (18) … (go) to London yesterday, but on the way. We (19)
… (hear) about a bomb scare in Oxford Street. So we (20) … (drive)
back home straightaway.
8. Something very strange (21) … (happen) to me on my way home
from work yesterday afternoon. I (22) … (drive) along the bypass at
the time. Suddenly I (23) … (see) my mother in the seat beside me.
But she died three years ago.
26B. Complete these sentences by putting the verbs into Past Sim-
ple or Past Continuous.
1. Do you like this picture? My uncle (1) … (paint).
2. We (2) … (have) lunch when we heard the news.
3. He broke his arm when he (3) … (play) rugby.
4. Kylie (4) … (make) her first film when she was 21.
5. (5) … (you see) the football match yesterday?
6. I (6) … (work) on the computer when the earthquake happened.
7. Who was that man you (7) … (talk) to when I came in?
8. She was so tired that she (8) … (sleep) for twelve hours.
9. The fire (9) … (destroy) the old church completely.
10. I (10) … (wait) in the queue when the robber came in.
11. I (11) … (have) a bath when she phoned.
12. They (12) … (knock) on the door, then they went in.
13. Mark and Theresa (13) … (live) in Poland for many years.
14. The police (14) … (ask) them lots of questions before they re‑
leased them.
15. We (15) … (have) tea when they arrived.
16. What … (you, do) when the alarm sounded?
17. The factory (17) … (make) six thousand cars last year.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

18. She (18) … (not, say) anything to my parents.


19. James (19) … (walk) through the forest when the storm started.
27B. Open the brackets and use either Past Simple or Past Con-
tinuous.
1. We (1) … (walk) in silence when he suddenly (2) … (ask) me to
help him.
2. I just (3) … (have) breakfast when the telephone (4) … (ring).
When I came back to my coffee, it (5) … (be) cold.
3. When I (6) … (finish) my letter in the hall, a tall beautiful wom‑
an with red hair (7) … (enter). A dog (8) … (follow) her.
4. Ann (9) … (drop) two cups while she (10) … (wash up) last
night, but neither of the cups (11) … (break).
5. I (12) … (walk) along the street watching what (13) … (go on)
around me. Fast cars (14) … (rush) in both directions and it (15) …
(be) impossible to cross the street.
6. The old man who (16) … (sit) on the bench beside me (17) …
(keep) silence. Then suddenly he (18) … (turn round) to me and (19) …
(begin) to speak.
7. I (20) … (stand) near the fence when suddenly I (21) … (hear)
the voices.
8. He well (22) … (remember) the day when he first (23) … (go)
to school.
9. We (24) … (talk) about Jim when he (25) … (run) into the room.
10. The day was marvelous: the sun (26) … (shine), the birds (27) …
(sing) so we (28) … (decide) to go for a walk.
11. Miss Brown’s telephone (29) … (ring) when she (30) … (dress).
12. I (31) … (light) my pipe and (32) … (nod) to him to show that I
(33) … (listen).
13. When he (34) … (come) into the office the secretary (35) …
(do) a crosswords puzzle.
14. Why you (36) … (not listen) to me while I (37) … (speak)?
15. He (38) … (wait) for her, but she never (39) … (come).

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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

28B. Choose the correct word or phrase


1. I saw / was seeing Maria for the first time at Ray’s birthday party.
2. Richard watched / was watching TV when the phone rang.
3. When we were on holiday, we went / were going to the cafe al‑
most every day.
4. Denise practised / was practising the song every day until she
could sing it perfectly.
5. The phone was engaged when I called. Who did you talk / were
you talking to?
6. Mr. Connors owned / was owning two houses and a villa in the
south of France.
7. I did / was doing my homework as soon as I got home from
school.
8. A car came round the corner and I jumped / was jumping out
of the way.
9. When my dad met my mum, he worked / was working as a bus
driver.
10. I got / was getting up at six o’clock every morning last week!
11. My cousin and I played / were playing on the computer when
there was a power cut.
12. No, that’s not right. I did pass / was passing the test. I got a B.
29B. Complete using the correct form of the verb in brackets.
1. Where (1) … (you / go) when I saw you on the bus last night?
2. (2) … (you / enjoy) the film?
3. When we shared a room, Zoe (3) … (always / take) my things. It
was so annoying!
4. When I went to get the tickets, I realised I (4) … (not / have) any
money.
5. When I was young, we (5) … (go) to France every year on holi‑
day.
6. Elvis (6) … (become) famous for the song Blue Suede Shoes.
7. When you rang last night, I (7) … (work) in the garden so I
didn’t hear the phone.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

8. I (8) … (hear) from Davina last night. She says hello,
9. The old man (9) … (appear) to be very tired and he slowly sat
down.
10. We (10) … (throw) a surprise party for my brother last Saturday.
30B. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
A. The sun (1) … (shine) and the birds (2) … (sing) as Mike (3)
… (drive) down the country lane. He (4) … (smile) because he (5)
… (look forward) to the journey ahead. Mike (6) … (enjoy) driving,
especially when he (7) … (go) somewhere new. Then suddenly, the
engine (8) … (begin) to make a strange noise and the car (9) … (stop)
dead in the middle of the road. Mike (10) … (try) to start it, but noth‑
ing (11) … (happen). He (12) … (sigh), then (13) … (get out) of the
car. As he (14) … (push) the car to the side of the road. Mike (15) …
(start) to wish he had stayed at home.
B. John (1) … (enter) his flat and (2) … (close) the door. He (3) …
(hang up) his coat when he (4) … (hear) a strange noise. A tap (5) …
(run) in the kitchen. He (6) … (walk) into the kitchen and (7) … (turn)
it off. Then he (8) … (freeze). Someone (9) … (stand) behind him. He
(10) … (take) a deep breath and (11) … (turn) around. His flatmate
Steve (12) … (lean) in the doorway. ‘You (13) … (give) me a fright!’
John exclaimed. Steve (14) … (laugh) at him. John (15) … (start) to
laugh, too. ‘I (16) … (think) you had gone to London today,’ he said.
No.’ ‘ (17) … (reply) Steve. Unfortunately, I (18) … (miss) the train.’
31B. Complete using the correct Past Simple or Past Continuous
form of the verbs in the box.
answer be continue get go have open practice
put ring say shine sing wake

Amber’s Big Match


One morning, Amber (1) … up early. The sun (2) … and the birds
(3) …Amber (4) … very excited because it was the day of the big ten‑
nis match.
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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

Amber (5) … downstairs and into the kitchen, where her father


(6) … breakfast. ‘Morning, Amber. Today’s the day!’ he (7) …Amber
smiled nervously. ‘Don’t worry!’ he (8) … ‘You’ll be fine.’
Amber (9) … some toast into the toaster and (10) … the fridge. Just
as she (11) … the butter out, the phone (12) … .
Her father (13) … it. After a few minutes, he put the phone down.
‘Bad news, I’m afraid. The other player (14) … yesterday when she
had an accident. The match is off.’
Amber ate her toast slowly. She was surprised she didn’t feel disappointed.
32B. Choose a verb from the list and complete the text using Past
Simple or Past Continuous.
be drive shine stop look seem hear fly can
feel wonder go think get  into talk
It (1) … 10 o’clock on a dark winter night. Mr. Trindle (2) … home
alone on a small country road. The stars (3) … and it (4) … very quiet.
Suddenly his car (5) … . Mr. Trindle (6) … under the bonnet but every‑
thing (7) … to be normal. Then, as he (8) … at the engine, he (9) … a
strange noise. A UFO (10) … above him! He (11) … (not) believe his
eyes. A bright light (12) … on him and he (13) … very strange. He (14) …
what to do when suddenly everything (15) quiet. Mr. Trindle (16) … he
had imagined the UFO, but as he 17) … the car, the newsreader on the
radio (18) … about a UFO that people had seen the previous night. ‘The
previous night?’ Mr. Trindle (19) … at his watch. It (20) … 7 o’clock in
the morning!
33C. Fill in the gaps with the Past Simple or Past Continuous of
the verbs in brackets.
1. My parents (1) … (get) to know each other when they (2) …
(study) at university.
2. Doctor Fisher (3) … (travel) widely as a young man and (4) …
(always keep) a diary.
3. I (5) … (see) my brother and his girlfriend when I (6) … (wait)
for the bus, but they (7) … (not see) me.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. Lily (8) … (fill) in the application form and (9) … (give) it to the
receptionist.
5. While I (10) … (work) in Rome, I (11) … (meet) a girl who (12)
… (look) just like your sister.
6. Simon (13) … (finish) with his girlfriend because she (14) …
(always cancel) dates at the last moment.
7. Anna’s feeling depressed because she (15) … (hope) for a pay
rise last week, but she (16) … (not get) one.
34C. Complete the sentences using these pairs of verbs. Use Past
Simple in one space and Past Continuous in the other.
arrive / get  go / get  meet / work  look / slip  wait order  ski / break
1. Just as I (1) … into the bath the fire alarm (2) … off.
2. Helen (3) … her leg while she (4) … in Switzerland.
3. We (5) … when I (6) … in a music shop.
4. When his mother (7) … in the other direction Steve (8) … away quietly.
5. I (9) … a drink while I (10) … for Pam to arrive.
6. Our guests were early. They (11) … as I (12) … changed.
This time, use the same tense in both spaces.
close / sit  come / put  not concentrate / think
shut / start  take / place  write / drive

7. She (13) … the door and (14) … down quickly.


8. I (15) … the windows as soon as it (16) … to rain.
9. I’m sorry, I (17) …I (18) … about Jim.
10. It was an amazing coincidence. Just as I (19) … to Anne, she
(20) … to my house to come and see me.
11. When the taxi (21) …I (22) … my suitcase on the back seat.
12. He (23) … the cake out of the oven and (24) … it carefully on
the table.
35C. Complete the sentences with one of these verbs: be, enjoy,
have, live. Use the same verb for each sentence in the pair. In one, you
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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

can use only Past Simple; in the other you can use either Past Simple
or Past Continuous.
1. a) It was now getting late, and my eyes (1) … trouble focusing
on the birds in the disappearing light. b) I (2) … trouble with that car
the whole of the time I owned it.
2. a) As a historian, I’m interested in how people (3) … in the past.
b) During that hard winter, people (4) … by selling what few remain‑
ing possessions they had.
3. a) She (5) … very good at talking to children in a way that kept
them entertained. b) Before the party, the children got very excited
and (6)… naughty.
4. a) He (7) … learning Japanese until the class had a new teacher.
b) Even when he was young, Jonathan (8) … learning languages.
36C. Correct the sentences if necessary or put a tick.
1. Whenever I called in on Sam, he talked on the phone.
2. When I lived in Paris, I was spending three hours a day travel‑
ling to and from work.
3. Peterson was winning the tournament four times before he re‑
tired.
4. We were having to play netball twice a week when I went to
school.
5. The weather was so good last summer that we went to the beach
most weekends.
37C. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
Here he (1) … (be), Davey Stark, the big rock star. It (2) … (be) the
end of an exhausting two-hour concert. The fans (3) … (scream) and
(4) … (shout). They (5) … (want) Davey, their hero. His face (6) …
(pour) with sweat, his hair (7) … (drip) and his heart (8) … (thump)
violently. But he (9) … (love) these moments at the end of a concert.
He always (10) … (feel) powerful and in control. He (11) … (decide)
to do one more song for the crowd: one of his most popular. When he
(12) … (start) singing, the crowd (13) … (go) wild. By the end of the

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

song, they (14) … (all / dance) and (15) … (clap) their hands. When
Davey (16) … (leave) the stage, he (17) … (be) exhausted but exhila‑
rated. But when he (18) … (get back) to the dressing room, he (19) …
(open) the door and (20) … (see) that two men (21) … (wait) for him.
They (22) … (lock) the door behind Davey. He (23) … (shout) for his
bodyguard Bernard, but no-one (24) … (come). The two men (25) …
(tie) his hands behind his back (26) … (blindfold) and (27) … (gag)
him. Davey (28) … (can hear) Bernard in the next room. Bernard
(29) … (talk) to someone and he (30) … (say) terrible things about
Davey. He (31) … (say) that Davey (32) … (deserve) it. (33) … (De‑
serve) what? What (34) … (he / mean)? What (35) … (go on)? Why
(36) … (not someone tell) him what (37) … (happen)?
38C. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple or Past Continuous.
1. It (1) … (happen) in June 1985. It (2) … (be) summer and we
(3) … (all / lie out) in the garden. My mother (4) … (read) and my un‑
cle (5) … (just / doze) in the sun. We children (6) … (look for) worms
and insects. And then he (7) … (arrive). He (8) … (be) a tall, hand‑
some man with piercing blue eyes and he (9) … (look) straight at my
mother. Her face (10) … (go) pale and her eyes (11) … (open) wide
with shock. ‘Arthur, I (12) … (think) you (13) … (be) dead,’ she (14)
… (say) in a kind of whisper.
2. A: I (15) … (phone) you at about 9 o’clock this morning but you
(16) … (not answer). What (17) … (you / do)?
B: Well, I (18) … (hear) the phone but I (19) … (have) a shower and I (20)
… (can not) get out in time to answer it. Anyway, what (21) … (you / want)?
A: Well, last night I (22) … (clear out) that old desk you (23) …
(give) me when I (24) … (come across) a pile of old letters with a red
ribbon round them. B: My letters?
A: Yes, they (25) … (be addressed) to you. And they (26) …
(all / smell) of perfume, a man’s perfume.
3. Last night Jake (27) … (wake up) at about 3 a. m. As soon as
he (28) … (wake up), he (29) … (listen out) for strange noises but he
30 (not hear) any. His father (31) … (snore) in the next room, some
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Past Tenses. Past Simple and Past Continuous

central heating pipes (32) … (make) a bit of a noise and a tap (33) …
(drip) in the bathroom. It was all as usual. Jake (34) … (open) the
window and (35) … (look) outside. The moon (36) … (be) full and it
(37) … (shine) brightly. Jake (39) … (think) he (39) … (see) an owl in
one of the trees. He (40) … (can certainly hear) one.
But then he (41) … (see) something different. A man — no, it (42)
… (be) a woman. She (43) … (wear) white and she (44) … (hide) be‑
hind a tree. Suddenly she (45) … (run) towards the house.
39C. Find the mistakes if any. Use the proper tense.
1. When I came, he was having breakfast.
2. When she worked there, she often made mistakes.
3. When he was phoning, she had a bath.
4. While I was ironing, he read a newspaper.
5. I cooked supper when I heard this news.
6. He was working in this company in 1997.
7. I could not answer your call, I worked in the garden then.
8. They wished to stay because they enjoyed themselves / 
9. Were you quarreling all evening?
10. The train was approaching the city when it was raining heavily.
11. The secretary still typed when the boss came in and was put‑
ting some documents on the table.
12. When he came up to the square, he saw a lot of people: they
sang, danced and shouted. They were celebrating New Year.
13. Just as I was coming into the room, the students discussed the
first report.
14. All the time I was writing, he was annoying me with silly ques‑
tions.
15. The children played while the mother put the room in order.
40C. Write the verb in brackets in the correct form, Past Simple or
Past Continuous, in each gap. You may have to use the passive form.
1. When the explosion happened, hundreds of people (1) … (pass)
through the airport.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

2. When I heard the phone ring, I (2) … (stop) writing to answer it.


3. Amy (3) … (read), so she didn’t see me walking past.
4. I (4) … (have) piano lessons every week from the age of six on‑
wards.
5. We decided to leave the beach because it (5) … (get) dark and
we wanted to get home while there was still some light.
6. Jessica already (6) … (think) of leaving university before she
failed her first year exams?
7. Since the hotel had a pool, you (7) … (swim) every day?
8. The Industrial Revolution (8) … (attract) many people from the
country to the city.
9. The Hubble Space Telescope (9) … (put) into orbit around the
Earth in 1990.
10. Sorry I couldn’t come on Friday, but I (10) … (work) on my
project.
11. By the time we (11) … (arrive), the party was almost over.
12. The national park (12) … (create) to protect local wildlife.

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Past Tenses
Used to / Would

1A. Look at this table of people who have changed what they eat or
drink.
name in the past now
Ann Pam meat tap water fish bottled water
Tom Mary coffee tinned fruit tea fresh fruit
Robert Susan white bread margarine brown bread butter
1. Robert white bread, but now brown bread.
2. Pam tap water, but now bottled water.
3. Mary fresh fruit now, but tinned fruit
4. Susan butter now, but margarine.
2A. Cross out all the sentences which are incorrect.
1. I didn’t use to watch TV much, but I do now.
2. When he was a teenager, my father used to buy all the Beatles’
records.
3. Paul used to go the cinema almost every weekend.
4. Did Pamela used to go to the concert last night?
5. Paul used to be really fit when he played a lot of volleyball.
6. John use to spend a lot of money on that new jacket he bought
last week.
7. Kate didn’t use to come to school yesterday because she was sick.
8. Jane used to play tennis a lot, but she doesn’t have time now.
9. Did you use to go to the seaside for holidays when you were a
child?
10. We used to live in Canada before we came here.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3A. Complete the sentences to say what these people used to do and


what they do now.
1.  Dan / play / violin / now / guitar
2.  Anna / be / best friends / Angela / now / Cathy
3.  Susan / have / dancing lessons / now / riding lessons
4.  I / buy cassettes / now / CDs
5.  John and Jean / live / London / now / Cardiff
6.  David / drive / Fiesta / now / Jaguar
4A. Rewrite each person’s comment using used to or didn’t use to.
1. Sally — ‘I don’t walk to work any more.’
2. Gordon — ‘I’ve got a dog now.’
3. Lisa — ‘I don’t eat junk food any more.’
4. Jane — ‘I go to the gym every night now.’
5. Paul — ‘I’m not shy any more.’
6. Edward — ‘I live in a big house now.’
7. Helen — ‘I haven’t got long hair any more.’
8. Frank — ‘I eat lots of vegetables.’
5A. Choose the correct answer.
1. ‘I find it hard to get up early.’ — ‘You … to getting up early once
you start working.’
A. are used B. will get used C. were used
2. ‘Do you often exercise now?’ — ‘No, but I to exercise a lot
when I was atschool’
A. used B. will get used C. am used
3. ‘Aren’t you bothered by all that noise?’ — ‘No, we … to noise.
We live in the city centre.’
A. were used B. will get used C. are used
4. ‘Does your sister travel a lot?’ — ‘No, but she … to before she
got married.’
A. didn’t use B. used C. wasn’t used

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Past Tenses. Used to / Would

5. ‘I don’t like wearing a suit every day.’ — ‘Don’t worry, you to


… it very soon.’
A. are used B. will get used C. were used
6. ‘Sandra … to using a computer, but now she enjoys it.’ — ‘It’s a
lot easier for her now.’
A. isn’t used B. will get used C wasn’t used
7. ‘Do you remember the things we … to do when we were kids?’
‘Of course I do. How could I forget what fun we had!’
A. used B. were used C. got used
8. ‘Do you like living in the city?’ — ‘Well, I … to it yet, but it’s okay.’
A. am not used B. wasn’t used C. am used

6A. Fill in the gaps with one of the verbs from the list in the correct
form. Use each verb twice.
wash walk play work
1. I used to… in a shop, but now I work in an office.
2. I can’t concentrate. I’m not used to … in such a noisy office.
3. Tom lived in the country for years. He used to … miles every
day.
4. I’m exhausted. I’m not used to … such long distances.
5. Mary used to … her clothes by hand, but now she uses a wash‑
ing machine.
6. We haven’t got a washing machine, so we’re used to … our
clothes by hand.
7. The children are bored with the bad weather. They’re used to
… outside.
8. When we were younger, we used to … cowboys and Indians.
7A. Write these sentences, putting one verb into the correct form of
used to and the other into Past Simple.
1. I (smoke), but I (give it up) last year.
2. I (not like) him, but then I (change) my mind.
3. He (live) in London before he (go) abroad.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. I (earn) a lot of money, but then I (lose) my job.


5. I’m surprised that they (join) the tennis club. They (not like)
tennis.
6. (you travel) a lot before you (get) this job?
7. I (work) in a factory before I (become) a teacher.
8. She (drive) a lot before she (have) the accident.
9. That old radio (work) before I (drop) it.
10. We (see) them every week, but then we (have) an argument.
11. I (work) in a restaurant before I (go) to college.
12. She (play) a lot of tennis before she (break) her leg.
13. We (have) a garden, but then we (move) to a different house.
14. She (live) in Wales, but then she (move) back to Scotland.
15. I (drive) a lorry before I (start) this business.
8A. Make complete sentences with used to or didn’t use to.
1. (I / have / long hair) … but now it’s short.
2. (I / not like / olives) … but I do now.
3. (you / play any sports) … at school?
4. (we / be friends) … we’re not now.
5. A: (they / live together) …?
B: No, they didn’t.
6. (Paul / work for me) … but now he’s my boss.
7. (Zuza / not be interested in fashion) … but now she loves it.
9A. Use the prompts below to make sentences about Thomas.
20 YEARS AGO NOW
Do a lot of sports Not do any sport
Have a lot of hair Not have much hair
Be quite slim Be overweight
Not have a girlfriend Be married
Have a bicycle Have a car
Not have much money Get a good salary

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Past Tenses. Used to / Would

10A.
A. Write Yes / No questions using used to and the prompts.
1. watch / a lot of TV. (1)…?
2. go abroad / for your holidays. (2) …?
3. cook / for your parents. (3) …?
4. help your mother / around the house. (4) …?
5. do / a lot of exercise. (5) …?
B.
A. Yes, I always washed the dishes
B. No, I hated sport
C. Yes, I went to Jamaica, India …
D. No. My father used to make the dinner
E. Yes, four hours every day
11A. Correct the sentences by adding or crossing out one word.
1. Did you use work here?
2. I used always to eat junk food.
3. Didn’t she to be a singer?
4. She didn’t to be smoke so much.
5. Did use to get on well with your grandparents?
6. We were used to have to work all the time.
7. I didn’t use listen to the radio.
8. We used then to have a house on the beach.
12A. Choose the correct form of used to or be used to.
1. I’m used to / I used to live in London, but I moved.
2. They’re used to / They used to cooking for themselves when
they get home from school.
3. Do you remember how we used to / we’re used to listen to mu‑
sic all the time?
4. Were you used to / Did you use to spend hours in front of the
mirror when you were young?
5. I’m not used to / I didn’t use to eating this sort of food.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6. This is used to / This used to be an industrial area.


7. I’m used to / I used to earn more when I was a teenager than I
do now.
8. The children didn’t use to / aren’t used to going to bed so late.
9. I’m not used to / I didn’t use to driving on the left.
10. I used to / I’m used to walk to work when I was younger.
11. I didn’t use to / I wasn’t used to like classical music.
12. I’m not used to / I didn’t use to getting up so early.
13. I didn’t use to / I wasn’t used to having so much exercise.
14. They used to / They were used to take the children to school
for us before their car broke down.
15. We’re used to / We used to see each other every day.
13A. Read the information. Then complete the answers below.

1. What about cameras? Cameras …


2. What about phones? Phones …
3. How is transport different? People …
4. Do people work in the same places as in the past? No, most
people …
5. What about schools? Children …
6. Do people live in the same places as in the past? No, most people …
7. What about entertainment? People …
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Past Tenses. Used to / Would

14A. Find the mistakes in the sentences and correct them.


1.Were people use to smoke inside cinemas in the 1950s?
2. Films didn’t used to have sound but now they do.
3. Did use to be cameras very expensive?
4. Harrison Ford used to being a carpenter before he became a
film star.
5. Glenda Jackson use to be a film actress but now she is a politician.
6. Did Bruce Willis used to have a lot of hair?
7. It wasn’t use to be expensive to go to the cinema but now it is.
15A. Choose the correct variant.
THE POLITICIAN WHO USED TO BE A FILM STAR
Arnold Schwarzenegger’s life is very different today. He (1)
use / used to be an actor but now he is a politician. These days he
lives in California but he (2) didn’t live / didn’t use to live there, he
used to (3) live / living in Austria. He (4) had / use to have an Aus‑
trian passport for many years but he (5) got / used to get an American
passport in 1983 when he (6) became / used to become a US citizen.
When he was young he (7) wasn’t use to be / didn’t use to be inter‑
ested in politics — his main interest was exercise and he (8) used to
spend / I used spend hours in the gym every day, building his muscles.
He was very successful and he (9) won / used to win the Mr. Universe
competition five times.
16B. Complete the dialogue with used to or didn’t use to.
Mrs. Barnes: Do you want a cup of tea, Jenny?
Jenny: No thanks, mum. Have you got any coffee instead?
Mrs. Barnes: But you (1) … like coffee. You (2) … drink tea.
Jenny: Yes, but I like it now. Could you put some sugar in it?
Mrs. Barnes: You (3) … take sugar. You (4) … say it would make
you put on weight.
Do you want some cornflakes?
Jenny: Haven’t you got any croissants? I (5) … like cornflakes
but I don’t now.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

17B. Mary has found a new job. How is her life different? Use used
to or didn’t use to.
BEFORE NOW
She worked in a cafe. She works as an air-hostess.
She stayed in England. She travels all the time.
She didn’t earn much money. She earns a lot of money.
She walked to work. She drives to work.
She didn’t get up early She gets up early.

18B. Write sentences about Gordon using used to.


1. live with parents / married
2. no children / a daughter
3. have a skateboard / a car
4. play the guitar / play golf
5. not wear glasses / were glasses
19B. Complete the sentences using the correct form of used to.
1. I (1) … live in Spain when I was a child.
2. That time (2) … (you) go to bed when you were five?
3. I (3) … hate olives, but now I quite like them.
4. What (4) … (you) like doing when you were a teenager?
5. He (5) … (not) go out much, but now he’s never at home!
6. (6) … (you) have short hair?
7. We (7) … have a piano, but we sold it.
20B. Rewrite the sentences so that they have the same meaning.
Use the correct form of used to and the verb in brackets.
1. This time last year he smoked three packets a day. Now he
doesn’t smoke at all. (1) … (smoke)
2. At school I hated sport. Now I’m addicted to it. (2) … (hate)
3. He went to Italy every year when he was a child. (3) … (go)
4. She never goes skiing now. Did she go skiing a lot before? (4)
… (go skiing)

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5. He didn’t like computers. Now he’s always on the Net. (5) …
(not like)
6. She doesn’t bite her nails now. Did she bite them as a child? (6)
… (bite)
7. I walked our dog every afternoon when I was younger. (7) … (walk)
21B. Write 5 sentences to describe ‘naughty’ or ‘funny’ things you
used to do when you were younger.
22B. Complete using the correct form of used to. You may have to
use some negative forms.
1. When I was younger, I … eat pizza almost every day!
2. … there … be a supermarket on the corner?
3. Bradley is a teacher, but he … want to be a train driver.
4. I … like eating cabbage, but now I love it!
5. Rick … have blond hair when he was a little boy?
6. I know Lily … cook much, but now I think she makes dinner every day.
23B. Complete the sentences with use (d) to + a suitable verb.
1. Nicola doesn’t travel much now. She … a lot, but she prefers to
stay at home these days.
2. Sophie … a motorbike, but last year she sold it and bought car.
3. We moved to Spain a few years ago. We … in Paris.
4. I rarely eat ice-cream now, but I … it when I was a child.
5. Jackie … my best friend, but we aren’t good friends any more.
6. It only takes me about 40 minutes to get to work now that the
new road is open. It … more than an hour.
7. There … a hotel near the airport, but it closed a long time ago.
8. When you lived in New York, … to the theatre very often?
24B. Write sentences about yourself. Begin I used to … (I used to
be / work / like / play / read etc.).
1. I used to …
2. I used to …
3. I used to …
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. I used to …
5. I used to …
Now begin with I didn’t use to…
6. I didn’t use to …
7. I didn’t …

25B. Fill in: used to or would.


I (1)… live in a small house in the country when I was a little girl.
I (2) … get up every day at 7 o’clock and get ready for school. My
mother (3) … get our breakfast ready and then she (4) … walk to the
bus stop with us and wait for the school bus to pick us up. The bus
(5) … be on time. We stayed at school until 3.00 pm and then we (6)
… catch the bus home again. In the afternoon we (7) … walk home
alone because Mother didn’t pick us up. She (8) … work in an office,
but she stopped working last year and now she stays at home.
26B. Fill in: was going to, would or used to.
Last week I (1) … visit an old house where we (2) … play as chil‑
dren, but I didn’t have the time. We (3) … go there every weekend and
play cowboys and Indians. We (4) … love it! My friend (5) … buy it
and turn it into a hotel or so he (6) … say, but of course he didn’t.
27B. Choose the correct answer.
1. When you rang, I … my bike.
A. cleaned С. used to clean
В. was cleaning D. clean
2. At my last basketball club, we … every Saturday for three hours.
A. were training С. train
В. training D. used to train
3. I really … the meal we had at your house last Tuesday.
A. was liking С. like
В. liked D. am liking

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Past Tenses. Used to / Would

4. We … to the beach every day when we were on holiday.


A. went С. go
В. were going D. used to going
5. I broke my leg when Tony and I … for the school sports day.
A. practiced С. werepractising
В. used to practise D. are practising
6. Leon never … about it, but he was once a world champion skier.
A. talks С. was talking
В. is talking D. talk
7. I … like golf, but now I really like it.
A. don’t use to С. didn’t used to
В. don’t used to D. didn’t use to
8. Denise … at the stadium until she finds a better job.
A. works С. used to work
В. is working D. was working

13B. Choose the correct answer.


1. ‘Sharon looks different now, doesn’t she?’ — ‘Yes. She … to
have long dark hair, didn’t she?’
A. is used B. used C. would
2. ‘I have never driven an automatic car before.’ — ‘You will soon
… to it.’
A. get used B. be used C. used
3. ‘How is Sarah?’ — ‘She’s fine. She … to life in the countryside.’
A. got used B. used C. is getting used
4. ‘Have you always worked as a nurse?’ — ‘No. I … a childminder.’
A. was used to being B. used to be C. am used to being
5. ‘Do you remember when we were little?’ — ‘Yes. Dad always
read us a bedtime story.’
A. was used to B. would C. got used to

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6. ‘Aren’t you tired?’ — ‘No. I … to walking long distances.’


A. am used B. got used C. used
7. ‘Jane had trouble with her job at first.’ — ‘Yes. She to working
on her own.’
A. used B. got used C. wasn’t used
8. ‘Did you find your degree course difficult?’ — ‘Yes. but I soon
… to it.’
A. used B. got used C. was used
9. ‘Do you remember Uncle Danny?’ — ‘Yes. He always bring us
presents.’
A. would B. was used C. used
10. ‘Have you ever lived in a flat before?’ — ‘No. but I will …
to it.’
A. be used B. get used C. used
11. ‘Why are you so tired?’ — ‘Because I … to getting up early in
the morning.’
A. am used B. used C. am not used
12. ‘Do you know that man?’ — ‘Yes. He … to work for me.’
A. was used B. used C. is used

29B. Put the verbs into Past Continuous, Past Simple, was / were


going to or used to form.
Policeman: What 1) … (you / do) at 9 o’clock last night?
Witness: I (2) … (watch) TV while my wife (3) … (make) dinner.
We (4) … (have) dinner at a restaurant but we (5) … (not / have)
enough money. We (6) … (go) out a lot but we can’t afford to now.
Policeman: What (7) … (happen) then?
Witness: I (8) … (think) I (9) … (hear) a gunshot from outside. I
(10) … (go) outside but I (11) … (not / see) anything unusual. Then I
(12) … (realise) what the noise was. Our neighbours (13) … (have)
a party and they (14) (set off) fireworks in their garden. It (15) …
(not / be) a gunshot after all, officer.

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Past Tenses. Used to / Would

30C. Fill in: used to, be used to, would or was going to.


Although my friend Tom has lived in the city for three years he
still (1) … it. He (2) … live in the country so he (3) … living in a more
peaceful environment. His first few daysin the city were so unpleas‑
ant that he 4) … move straight Pack home, but he found a job and
decided to stay. That’s when I met him. He (5) … come into my of‑
fice with thecoffee every morning and he (6) … often stop and talk for
awhile about what his life
(7) … be like m the country His family (8) … have their own veg‑
etable gardenand his mother (9) … prepare wonderful meals. In au‑
tumn they (10) … go for a long walks and they (11) … collect wild
mushrooms and fruit. Tom made it sound so wonderful that, at one
point last year. I (12) … quit my job and leave townforever. But I
didn’t. I (13) … too … the noise and excitement of the city to ever feel
at home in the country.
31C. Underline the correct form of the verbs.
MAKING CHANGES
Ada Atkins, 93, explains why she has come to live in town
Years ago, nobody in my village (1) would lock / was locking their
front doors. We (2) used to feel / would feel safe in those days. Last
month, I (3) met / was meeting my neighbour in the street when I
(4) was walking / would walk home from the shops and she (5)
told / was telling me some bad news. Thieves (6) were breaking / used
to break into people’s houses while they (7) were sitting / would sit in
their back gardens. I (8) realised / was realizing that I (9) wasn’t
wanting / didn’t want to live there anymore. So last week I (10) was
moving / moved to this little flat. I (11) am not used / didn’t use to
being in die town yet, but people are more friendly than I (12) was
thinking / thought they might be, and I feel much happier and safer.
32C. Fill in the gaps with a suitable form of be / get used to.
1. Rita’s very tired this morning. She … (not) going to bed late.
2. Don’t worry about the children, they … going to school by bus.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3. My new boss … giving orders, not receiving them.


4. She … (not) drinking wine and it made her ill.
5. … (you) our climate or do you miss the sunshine?
6. I had never stayed in such an expensive hotel before, but I soon
… it.
33C. Complete these sentences using your own ideas.
1. When our neighbours went to Italy, they …
2. I was hoping to finish my homework by eight o’clock last night, but …
3. The film star shouted at the director, then she …
4. As a small child, I would sometimes …
5. We were coming out of the cafe when …
6. A hundred years ago people … but now they go by car.
7. While you were lying on a beach, I …
8. When my father was young, he was always …
34C. Circle the correct word or phrase.
1. When she was a girl, my mum would / used to live in a village.
2. I really can’t be / get used to having a new baby brother.
3. People would / are used to die of diseases in the past that we can
cure today.
4. There would / used to be a cinema on this corner, but they
knocked it down.
5. It was strange at first, but I’m used to play / playing the bagpipes
now.
6. Didn’t you use to / be used to have blonde hair?
7. Christopher was being / getting used to the idea of joining the army.
8. People never would / used to be so worried about crime in this area.
35C. Complete each second sentence using the word given, so that it
has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five
words in each gap.
1. People walked more fifty years ago than they do now. (would)
Fifty years ago … than they do now.

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Past Tenses. Used to / Would

2. My parents wouldn’t let me stay out late when I was young.
(used)
My parents … let me stay out late when I was young.
3. Did you know that Carol played basketball for her country? (to)
Did you know that Carol … basketball for her country?
4. Sending messages around the world instantly is no longer un‑
usual. (got)
We … messages around the world instantly.
5. When he was a teacher, my dad often used to get home quite
late. (would)
When he was a teacher, my dad … quite late.
6. Do you think you could learn to live without your mobile
phone? (used)
Do you think you could … without your mobile phone?
7. In the past, people wouldn’t go as far away on holiday as they
do today. (use)
In the past, people … as far away on holiday as they do today.
8. This town has a lot more cinemas than it had in the past. (used)
This town … so many cinemas
36C. Find the extra word in each line.
CHILDHOOD
(1) Childhood would used to be quite different from what it is to‑
day Young
(2) people didn’t use not to have so much leisure time. Today’s
children may
(3) complain about their schoolwork, but our great-grandpa rents
would to go
(4) out to work at a very young age. They had often been left
school by
(5) the time they were fourteen and were found a job. This meant
that they
(6) have had little free time for hobbies or leisure activities, espe‑
cially when
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

(7) they had been working hard all day. Of course, they got them‑
selves used
(8) to working long hours eventually, but it would meant that they
had to
(9) grow up very quickly. Today, we are got used to having some
free time to
(10) do things we enjoy, a luxury people in the past rarely were
had.
37C. Complete the sentences with would or used to. Where either
form is possible, write them both. Where there is a word in brackets,
put it in the correct position.
1. I… lots of free time before I started working here.
2. In the long summer holidays, we … go out somewhere with a
picnic every day.
3. When I was a newly-trained teacher, I … work till late every
night preparing lessons.
4. They … be happy together but they’re not now.
5. When they came to London, they … (never) travel anywhere on
the tube.
6. When I had a car, I … drive everywhere, but now I’m much fit‑
ter because I always walk or cycle.
7. During my last year at university, I … go to the library to start
work at 9 o’clock every morning.
8. When we shared a flat together, we … (often) stay up talking
late into the night.
9. When Amy was a baby, people … (often) come up to me and tell
me how beautiful she was.
10. He … be very overweight but he’s much slimmer now.
11. When I was at school, I … (never) do my weekend homework
until Sunday evening.
12. I … work in the same department as your sister.
13. When I was a teenager, I … (often) spend the whole evening
just listening to music.
110
Past Tenses. Used to / Would

14. She … have a lot of boyfriends when she was younger.


15. He … go for a run every day.
38C. Fill in the gaps with the past simple or past continuous form of
the verbs in brackets. In which gaps could you use used to?
I (1) … (have) a wonderful biology teacher, Mrs. Hughes. She (2)
… (make) us excited about the subject because she was so interested
herself. I remember one lesson in particular; we (3) … (study) differ‑
ent types of plants, and Mrs. Hughes (4) … (describe) the different
parts of the flower. She (5) … (pick up) a purple flower, I can’t re‑
member exactly what it was, and then suddenly we (6) … (notice) that
she (7) … (cry)! She (8) … (apobgise) and (9) … (say) that sometimes
nature was so beautiful it just made her cry! We (10) … (not / know)
hat to do at first, but it certainly (11) … (make) us think. Something
similar (12) … (happen) while she (13) … (show) us how to work the
microscope. She (14) … (examine) a slide of some plant tissue and
she (15) … (smile) all over her face. She suddenly (16) … (get) all
excited and (17) … (say), ‘Isn’t it wonderful?’ Some students (18) …
(laugh) at her when she (19) … (not / look) but I didn’t. Somehow her
enthusiasm (20) … (inspire) me, and I (21) … (start) to like biology.
39C. A teacher and student are talking about local customs. Fill in
the gaps with the verbs in brackets in the correct form. Use would or
used to where possible.
Teacher: What sort of things (1) … (you / do) as a child?
Yoko: Oh, when I was a child growing up in Japan there were
many customs that we (2) … (follow). For example, I remember we
(3) … (move) house when I was seven and we (4) … (visit) our new
neighbours with gifts. At that time the tradition was that people (5)
… (give) gifts of Japanese noodles, but it is different now and people
tend to give things like soap or towels or nothing at all.
Teacher: (6) … (have) one tradition that you particularly remember?
Yoko: Yes, one tradition that I (7) … (really / like) was in the spring
when the cherry blossoms were out. As a family we (8) … (go) into

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

the countryside and we (9) … (spend) the day eating, drinking and
singing. One year my father (10) … (take) a lovely photo of me and
my sisters and I still keep that picture on my wall today.
Teacher: And (11) … (you / have to) do anything you didn’t like?
Yoko: Yes. I remember how we (12) … (have to) clean the house
thoroughly. This ceremony is called Osoji and my sisters and I (13) …
(not / look forward to) it very much!
40C. Read the test task and a student’s response. Tick the under-
lined verbs if they are right, and correct them if they are wrong.
Describe an unforgettable trip you once made. You should say:
where you went why you went there what happened and explain why
you remember it so well.
I remember a trip I once (1) … made to my grandmother’s house. She
(2) … would live about 30 kilometres away from us and we (3) … used to
going there quite often with our mother. On this occasion we (4) … set off
to my grandmother’s after school on a cold winter’s day. When we were
about to leave we (5) … were noticing that some snow was beginning to
fall, and as we (6) … were driving along we (7) … were realizing that it
(8) … snowed more and more heavily. Suddenly we had to brake hard
as the car in front stopped suddenly. We (9) … were skidding and (10) …
went off the road into a ditch! It was pretty scary, but we were lucky and
none of us were hurt. We got out of the car, and my mother (11) … was
phoning for help on her mobile phone. While we (12) … were waiting
for help it (13) … was stopping snowing and we (14) … sang lots of songs
to keep ourselves cheerful. Eventually the truck (15) … was coming and
pulled our car out of the ditch. The car wasn’t badly damaged, but we
(16) … decided to turn round and go home. We didn’t manage to see our
grandmother that day, but it was so frightening that I will never forget it.
41C. Find eight mistakes with past forms and correct them. Tick
() the correct sentences.
1. Lady Jane Grey used to be Queen of England for only nine
days in 1553.

112
Past Tenses. Used to / Would

2. What were the children doing while their mother was visiting


her sister in the hospital?
3. The huge liners doing the journey from Europe to the United
States would be extremely comfortable for the first class passengers
but those travelling in steerage suffered appalling conditions.
4. The victim was talking on her mobile phone while her attacker
struck from behind.
5. Mary didn’t join us yesterday evening because she expected a
phone call from her son in Australia.
6. Before printing and literacy became widespread, people would
get news from the town crier, who would shout out anything news‑
worthy for the whole town to hear.
7. I’m sure that children didn’t use to being so undisciplined when
we were at school!
8. The fox cubs were coming into our garden several times during
the spring to try to get our chickens.
9. Gerald wasn’t used to having such dark hair — do you think
he’s coloured it?
10. Sorry I’m late. I was expecting to catch the early train but I got
held up in traffic on the way to the station.
11. Would your mother work when you were a child or did she stay
at home?
12. I found it really difficult when I got the job on the early news
programme as I really wasn’t used to getting up at five o’clock in the
morning!
42C. In each sentence decide whether one, or both, of the alterna-
tive verb forms given are appropriate. Write O for one or B for both.
1. In those days, I always used to get up / got up early in the morn‑
ing.
2. When I got to the cinema Jack had been waiting / was waiting
for me.
3. We would always have / were always having breakfast in bed on
Sundays.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. Mary was always falling / always fell ill before important exami‑


nations.
5. My sister used to own / would own a motorcycle and sidecar.
6. Pay no attention to Dave’s remarks. He wasn’t meaning / didn’t
mean it.
7. I felt awful after lunch. I ate / had eaten too much.
8. Brenda left / had left before I had time to talk to her.
9. The explanation was simple. In 1781 HMS Sovereign, on her
way back from India, had sighted / sighted an empty boat drifting off
the African coast.
10. Pauline has changed a lot. She didn’t always use to look / wasn’t
always looking like that.
43C. Complete the text by writing one word in each space.
When I was a young man I spent a year in France, studying French
at the University of Grenoble. Every Friday I (1) … eat at the Alps
cafe. I didn’t (2) … to spend much money, as I (3) … not afford it,
but it was a little tradition of mine to eat there. Anyway, I’m going to
tell you a true story which happened on one occasion when I (4) …
eating there. I remember I was having a pasta dish at (5) … time. A
beautiful girl came up to me and said, ‘I was (6) … if you wanted to
walk with me in the park?’ I had never seen her (7) …, so I was rather
taken aback. I was (8) … to go with her when I noticed a tough-look‑
ing man was watching our every movement. (9) … my discomfort,
the girl whispered to me, in English, ‘Park — five minutes!’, and then
disappeared. Well, my bill (10) … ages to arrive, and by the time I
(11) … to the park, there was no sign of the girl. I asked an old lady
(12) … was sitting there if she (13) seen a young girl waiting around. I
described the girl to her. The old lady said that the girl (14) … had to
rush to the railway station, and that I (15) … to follow her there ur‑
gently. She had also left me a note. It said, ‘I will explain everything.
Meet me on platform 6.’

114
Past Continuous 3
Was / were +ing

1A. Write the -ing form of the following verbs.


Be -… .; Run-… .; Dig-… .; Have-… .; Stop-… .; Swim-… ..; Take-
… .; Become-… .; Buy-……; Cut-… .; Do-… .; Sing-… .; Help-…
.; Break-… .; Say-… .; Type-… .; Learn-… .; Wear-… .; Come-… .;
Die-… .
2A. Choose was or were.
1. Yesterday in the evening we … (was / were) playing Football.
2. We … (was / were) not discussing the store at our lesson.
3. What … (was / were) you doing yesterday from 3 till 5.
4. … (Was / were) you having English yesterday.
5. He … (was / were) watching TV 3 day ago at that time.
6. We … (was / were) walking in the Park yesterday.
7. Yesterday in the evening I … (was / were) watching film.
3A. Choose the correct form of the verb.
1. We … were having / have breakfast yesterday at 8 a. m.
2. I … was telling / told a funny story to my niece when her parents
came.
3. Your brother … was working / worked in the garage the whole
Sunday.
4. Were you … playing / played football or soccer?
5. I … translate / was translating articles from English into Russian
the whole day yesterday.
3
Materials refer to [4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 22, 23, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 41] in Refer‑
ences.
115
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6. We … weren’t skating / skated the whole Saturday last week.


7. He … was passing / passed his exam two days ago from 9 till
12  a. m.
4A. Make negative sentences.
1. I… (was / were) feeling bad myself four days ago.
2. … (Was / were) you going to the theater yesterday at six o’clock?
3. Three days ago we … (was / were) having English.
4. Yesterday I … (was / were) going to University at 8.30.
5. What … (was / were) he doing yesterday from 6 till 9?
6. Seven days ago I … (was / were) reading a scientific literature in
the library at that time.
7. A year ago I … (was / were) preparing for Japan exam at this period.
5A. Make questions to the following sentences using Past Continuous.
1. You (to drink) tea at seven o’clock.
2. They (to write) the test at this time yesterday.
3. He (to work) in the garden from two till five on Sunday.
4. We (to watch) television the whole evening.
5. You (to play) volleyball at six o’clock on Monday.
6. He (to draw) from three till four o’clock a couple of days ago.
7. Who (to listen) to the radio at this time yesterday.
6A. Connect the parts of the proposal of the right and left columns
of the table.

1. What were you doing at 2 o’clock? a) in the library from three till
five.
2. I was working b) I was living in Brazil.
3. He was writing c) we were looking through the
periodicals.
4. When Tom arrived d) a composition the whole morning.
5. This time last year e) we were having dinner.

116
Past Continuous . Was / were +ing

7A. Choose the correct answer.


1. All that summer I … Spanish.
A. were learning B. learnt C. was learning
2. When we finally entered she … the guitar.
A. was playing B. playing C. play
3. While I was … they were … with each other.
A. danced / flirted B. dancing / flirting C. not danced / flirting
4. What was she … from 9 to 10 am? Was she working?
A. done B. doing C. did
5. At 8 o’clock yesterday our team … soccer (football) on the field.
A. was playing B. is playing C. played

8A. Open the brackets paying attention to Past Continuous.


1. I … (repair) the computer yesterday in the morning.
2. I … (play) computer games at five o’clock yesterday.
3. He … (look) through new photos from two till three yesterday.
4. We … (discuss) plans for summer the whole evening yesterday.
5. What Nick … (do) when you came to his place?
6. What you … (do) when I rang you up?
7. I … (not / sleep) at nine o’clock yesterday.
9A. Choose the right verb.
1. ‘What… was / has he telling you about it yesterday in the after‑
noon?’ — ‘Nothing of interest.’
2. I … didn’t / wasn’t see a light in the window when I was …
go / going past their house.
3. ‘Yesterday in the evening you weren’t with us. What..were / did
you doing?’ — ‘I … been / was meeting my college.’
4. ‘Why … were / did you … do / doing homeworkyesterday in the
afternoon?’ — ‘It will be a grammar test soon.’
5. ‘Was it … happened / happening yesterday in the evening or
yesterday at night?’ — ‘I’m not sure, but I think it … be / was at night.’

117
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6.  ‘Was / Has / Did she … preparing / prepared / prepare for


exam in the afternoon two days ago?’ ‘I think she was.’
7. ‘Who … was / has / did fixing / fix your car yesterday in the after‑
noon?’ — ‘It was my uncle.’
10A. Choose the correct variant.
1. When I arrived, Tom … (lie) on the sofa and … (speak) over the
phone.
A. lied, spoke B. was lying, speaking C. was lying, was speaking
2. The police caught Dan when he… (rob) a shop.
A. has robbed B. was robbing C. robbed
3. He couldn’t speak because he… (die) of laugh.
A. had died B. were dying C. was dying
4. ‘What you (do) between one and two? I phoned you several
times.’ — ‘I … (play) the piano and heard nothing’.
A. were you do‑ B. will you do, C. was you doing,
ing, was playing ‘ll play was playing
5. When I got up that morning, the sun… (shine) brightly and the
birds… (sing).
A. were shining, B. will be shining, C. was shining, were singing
was singing will be singing
6. When you rang me yesterday, I (have) a bath.
A. had had B. was having C. had
7. Somebody stole the money from Dad’s pocket while he (sleep).
A. slept B. was sleeping C. has been sleeping

11A. Ask questions to the sentences, using the words and phrases in


brackets.
1. When I went into the yard, the boys were playing (football).
2. When we were playing, Bob was shouting (loudly).
3. I met Victor in the street. He was running quickly (street).
4. The weather was fine; the sun was shining in the sky (brightly).
5. Nick was looking after his little sister in the (garden).
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Past Continuous . Was / were +ing

6. His sister was helping him to pack his things when I came (care‑
fully).
7. They were cooking dinner at that time (with grandma).
12A. Make sentences using correct word order.
1.  dancing / the whole evening / They / yesterday / were.
2.  was / the / Why / crying / child?
3.  were / exam / We / yesterday / in the morning / not / having.
4.  What / on Tuesday / you / at that time / doing / were?
5.  I / a new magazine / the reading / the whole evening / was.
13A. Open the brackets choosing Past Simple or Past Continuous.
1. When we (walk) in the park yesterday, we (meet) our friends.
2. When I (read) a book 6 days ago in the evening, somebody
(knock) at the door.
3. Yesterday when we (go) to the cinema we (eat) ice-creams.
4. Yesterday I (not / spend) time at the university library as I (pre‑
pare) for the tests at home.
5. What were you (do) 3 day ago from 2 till 4?
6. We were not (discuss) the store yesterday, we (discuss) the story
2 day ago.
7. Were you (watch) TV yesterday at that moment?
14A. Open the brackets using Past Tenses.
1. This morning was really beautiful. The sun (shine), the birds
(sing) and everyone in the street (smile) and (say) hello to each other.
2. Ms. Patrick looked beautiful last night. She (wear) a lovely eve‑
ning dress.
3. When we arrived, she (make) some coffee.
4. While I (have) a bath the telephone rang.
5. While we (walk) in the park it began to rain.
6. The wind (blow) and the rain (beat) down. John (stand) at the
bus stop shivering. Finally he saw the lights of the bus which (ap‑
proach) from the distance.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

7. At 3 o’clock yesterday a geometry lesson (go) on. The teacher


(draw) diagrams on the blackboard but I (look) through the win‑
dow and heard nothing. I (think) about the coming of a New Year’s
party.
15A. Open the brackets.
1. It … (happen) yesterday from five to seven o’clock.
A. happened    B. was happening   C. has happened
2. ‘Did you see that film the day before yesterday?’ — ‘No, but I
… (see) it yesterday at night’.
A. was seeing   B. saw       C. have you seen
3. Yesterday almost all night from 1 to 5 a. m. he … (play) ‘Clash of Clans’.
A. was playing   B. played     C. playing
4. They … . (help / not) us last Saturday in the evening, because
they were busy.
A. weren’t helping  B. haven’t helped   C. didn’t help
5. ‘Where … (they / go) day before yesterday in the morning?’ –
‘I have no idea’.
A. did they go   B. were they going C. was they went
6. Three days ago from dusk till dawn he… (prepare) to exam, but
he failed it.
A. has prepared   B. was preparing   C. preparing
7. … (you / think) about it yesterday in the evening? — Yes, but
new ideas didn’t visit me.
A. did you think  B. were you thinking C. have you think

16B. Form the -ing form of the verb:


Run-…; Study-….; Swim-…; Listen-…; Write-…; Ski-…; Bring-…;
Sit-…; Do-… ; Draw-…; Ask-…; Lie-…; Say-…; Dig-…;
17B. Choose the right form of the verb.
1. Who … was / has telling you about it yesterday in the morn‑
ing? — It was my uncle.

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Past Continuous . Was / were +ing

2. I … didn’t / wasn’t see a light in the office when I was …


go / going past.
3. ‘Yesterday in the evening you … didn’t / were’t nottaking part in dis‑
cussion with us. What … were / did you doing?’ — ‘I … been / was busy’.
4. ‘Why … were / did you writing something yesterday at night?’ —
‘I … was / did preparing for a grammar test’.
5. ‘Was it … happened / happening yesterday in the evening or
yesterday at night?’ — ‘I’m not sure, but I think it … be / wasat night’.
6.  ‘…Was / Has / Did she … preparing / prepared / prepare for
exam in the afternoon two days ago?’ — ‘I think she was’.
7.  ‘Who was / has / did looking / looked after the baby yesterday in
the evening’. — ‘My mum was / is’.
18B. Make the sentences by using all words.
1.  in the evening / He / was / it / making / yesterday.
2.  She / was / writing / in the afternoon / this task / yesterday?
3.  doing / yesterday / from 5  till 7  o’clock / We / weren’t / it.
4.  was / wasn’t / He / with / taking part / be‑
cause / in / this / he / project / ill.
5.  a wonderful / rainbow / while / we / walking / were / we / see / in
the sky.
6. wasn’t / yesterday / This / classes / group / having / in the morning.
7.  day / you / in / the / working / Were / library / the whole?
19B. Open the brackets using the correct form of the verb. Use
Present Continuous, Past Continuous or Past Simple.
1. They (write) an English exercise now.
2. My friends and I (go) to the cinema yesterday.
3. We (go) to the cinema yesterday at 4 o’clock.
4. ‘What they (do) at the moment?’ — ‘They (work) in the library’.
5. ‘What they (do) yesterday in the evening?’ — ‘They (watch) TV’.
6. We (discuss) this problem from 2 till 5 two days ago.
7. ‘You (see) them yesterday?’ — ‘Yes, I (see) them. They (go) to
the park’.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

20B. Open brackets using the correct form of the verb: Past Simple


or Past Continuous?
1.When we … (come) home our baby … (sleep).
2. The cat … (sit) on the table when I … (open) the door.
3. What you … (do) on Monday at 6 o’clock? — Firstly we checked
our e‑mail and then we … (read) e‑books.
4. We … (meet) her at a bus stop. She … (wait) for the bus.
5. While I … (copy) the exercise, my friends … (describe) a pic‑
ture.
6. When we … (come) in the children … (clean) their desks.
7. The girls … (feed) the birds in the garden while the boys …
(make) a bird-house.
21B. Write the sentences using the idea of previous sentence.
1. When someone broke the window dad… .
2. When mum heard the crash she … .
3. The cousins didn’t hear the noise because they… .
4. The dogs … when the noise woke them up.
5. At 7 o’clock Nick …
22B. Rewrite the verbs in Past Tenses.
1. On Monday we have six lessons.
2. The first lesson is Economics.
3. At that lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises.
4. Nick goes to the blackboard.
5. He answers some questions.
6. Other students write the translation of the text.
23B. Write suitable verbs in Past Continuous.
play swim feed sleep laugh go

1. Yesterday we (1) … to the zoo saw there a lot of animals. First


we went to see the white bears. They (2)… Then we went to the cage
with monkeys. There were a lot of children in front of the cage. They

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Past Continuous . Was / were +ing

(3) … because a monkey in the cage (4)… After that we went to see
the elephant. There was a man there. He (5)… the elephant. Then we
(6) … see a few lions. They (7) … .
24B. Underline the verbs in Past Continuous and answer the ques-
tion: Who broke the window?
At 7 o’clock the match started on TV, so dad was still watching it
at 7.30. Mum was sitting in the kitchen. She was quietly reading a
woman’s magazine. Rosie was trying on her mum’s clothes in her
room. Nick’s cousins were listening to rock music. It was very loud so
they didn’t hear the crash. At 7.30 the dogs were lying in front of the
fire and they were sleeping. Nick went to the garden with his friend to
play football. So at 7.30 he was still there.
25B. Underline the correct form of the verb.
1. Yesterday he washes / was washing / washed his face at a quarter
past 7.
2. I work / was working / worked at school three years ago.
3. We studied / were studying / study at university in 2014.
4. My friend translates / was translating / translated the article the
whole day.
5. I live / was living / lived in Great Britain several years ago.
6. Where were you going / did you go / went yesterday when we
met you?
7. We moved / were moving / move to a new flat from 11 till 3 o’clock.
26B. Open the brackets using the verbs in one of the following tens-
es: Past Simple, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Present Continu-
ous.
1. ‘You (skate) last Sunday?’ — ‘Yes, we (skate) the whole day’.
2. At 2 o’clock yesterday we (listen) to a very interesting lecture.
3. We just (have) a difficult examination. It (be) really very difficult.
4. ‘What you (do) now?’ — ‘We (continue) to discuss the prob‑
lem. You may join us’.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

5. I (not; go) to University yesterday.


6. I (meet) them when I (go) to the bus stop.
7. Today we (not; see) them yet.
27B. Use the verbs in the form of Past Continuous.
1. When we arrived, she (try) a new dress on.
2. While I (have) a bath someone knocked the door.
3. It began to snow while we (walk) in the park.
4. The dentist’s waiting room was full of people. Some (read)
magazines, others just (turn) over the pages. A woman (knit), a child
(play) with a toy car. Everybody (wait) for the nurse to say: ‘Next,
please.’
5. She promised me not to report the police but ten minutes later I
saw that she (talk) with a policeman and from the expression on his
face I understood that she (tell) him about me.
6. At 3 o’clock yesterday a geometry lesson (go) on. The teacher
(draw) diagrams on the blackboard but I (look) through the window
and heard nothing.
7. I lit the fire at 6.00 and it (burn) brightly when Jane came in.
28B. Mark the right answer
1. a) It was rained yesterday when I left the office.
b) It had raining yesterday when I left the office.
c) It was raining yesterday when I left the office.
2. a) When she entering the room, I was writing an essay.
b) When she was entering the room, I had writing an essay.
c) When she entered the room, I was writing an essay.
3. a) I was reading an article, while my wife was watching a mov‑
ie in English.
b) I was read an article, while my wife was watching a movie in
English.
c) I was being reading an article, while my wife watched a mov‑
ie in English.
4. a) Were she cleaning her room the whole evening? — No, she wasn’t.

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Past Continuous . Was / were +ing

b) ‘Was she cleaning her room the whole evening?’ — ‘Yes, she was’.
c) ‘She was cleaning her room the whole evening?’ — ‘No, she
wasn’t’.
5. a) ‘Were the children dancing at that moment?’ — ‘Yes, they were’.
b) ‘Were the children being dancing at that moment?’ — ‘Yes,
they were’.
c) ‘Was the children dancing at that moment?’ — ‘Yes, they were’.
6. a) ‘Kate and her father were walking in the park?’ — ‘No, they wasn’t’.
b) ‘Was Kate and her father walking in the park?’ — ‘No, they weren’t’.
c) ‘Were Kate and her father walking in the park?’ — ‘No, they
weren’t’.
7. a) What were your friend doing yesterday at 5 p. m.?
b) What was your friend doing yesterday at 5 p. m.?
c) What your friend was doing yesterday at 5 p. m.?
29B.  Insert the necessary words: was / were / when / while.
1. I … working with the documents it started raining.
2. What the kittens … doing … the girl found them?
3. We … testing this product … they … dealing with the complaints.
4. It … snowing all night.
5. …Mary working on the project yesterday after her work?
6. Mark’s friend … watching TV at eight o’clock last night.
7. Where the student … studying … his friends … doing nothing?
30B. Using all words write sentences in positive (if necessary —
negative) forms. (Use Past Continuous or Past Simple).
1. She to fall asleep when she to watch a video.
2. While I to create a Power Point presentation my computer sud‑
denly to go off.
3. It rain when he to get up.
4. They to see an accident when they to wait for the bus.
5. Kate to make a phone call at 9 o’clock morning.
6. You to study not when I to call.
7. I listen to the radio so I to hear not the alarm.

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Past Perfect4
Forms and use

1A. Write sentences about what these people had already done or


had never done before. Use Past Perfect, and already or never.
1. Last summer Mary won a gold medal for the third time.
She (1) … before that.
2. Last year Ken visited Scotland for the first time.
He (2)… before that.
3. Last weekend Tom rode a horse for the first time.
He (3) … before that.
4. Last summer Jeff ran in a marathon for the sixth time.
He (4) … before that.
5. Last week Susan wrote a poem for the first time.
She (5) … before that.
6. Last week Ann appeared on TV for the first time.
She (6) … before that.
7. Last summer Tony played tennis at Wimbledon for the fifth time.
He (7) … before that.
8. Last year Jean wrote her third novel.
She (8) … before that.
2A. In each case you have two events in the order in which they took
place. Write the information in one sentence using the words in brackets.
1. A: The driver started the car. B: Lady James appeared.
(When Lady James / appear / , the driver / already / start / the car)
2. A: We put the fire out. B: The firemen arrived.
4
Materials refer to [4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14, 16, 20, 22, 23, 24, 31, 32, 41] in
References.
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Past Perfect. Forms and use

(When the firemen / arrive / , we / already / put / the fire out)


3. A: Jim finished the work. B: The manager came back.
(When the manager / come / back, Jim / already / finish / the work)
4. A: I went to bed. B: Philip telephoned.
(When Philip / telephone / , I / already / go / to bed)
5. A: Alice and Jack had lunch. B: Their children came home.
(When their children / come / home, Alice and Jack / al‑
ready / have / lunch)
6. A: Ian prepared the supper. B: His wife got home from work.
(When his wife / get / home from work, Ian / already / prepare / the supper)
7. A: The thieves spent the money. B: The police caught them.
(The thieves / already / spend / the money, when the po‑
lice / catch / them)
3A. Use Past Perfect to complete the sentences.
1. Last summer Pam said, ‘I’ve always wanted to fly in a helicopter.’
Pam said that she (1) … .
2. Fred said, ‘Jack has just gone out.’
Fred told us that Jack (2) … .
3. Robert said to Jill, ‘Have you been to Cambridge?’
Robert asked Jill if she (3) … .
4. When the boys came home, Mrs Brock said, ‘I’ve made some
sandwiches.’
Mrs Brock told the boys that she (4) … .
5. ‘I know your cousin,’ said Tom. ‘I met her in Amsterdam.’
Tom said he knew my cousin because he (5) … .
6. Bob was talking to Jean, and he said, ‘Have you ever been to Japan?’
Bob asked Jean if she (6) … .
4A. Sara is talking to her husband. They’ve been married for forty
years. Six Past Simple verb forms should be Past Perfect. Find six mis-
takes, cross them out and rewrite them.
Sara: We first met in 1960, didn’t we, at the cinema?
Brian: Yes. When we arrived, the film already began.

127
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Sara: I saw it before anyway.


Brian: Really? You didn’t tell me that.
Sara: No. I wanted you to take me to the cinema the following week!
Brian: So you already decided you liked me!
Sara: And then you took me to your favourite restaurant, but it
closed a week before!
Brian: Oh dear. What did we do next?
Sara: We went to a pub to meet your friends, but it was empty. Ev‑
eryone went home, because England was playing Germany at Wembley.
Brian: What an evening!
Sara: That’s not all! When I got home I couldn’t open the front
door because I left my keys at the pub.
5A. Look at the picture, ask and answer questions.
It’s the day after Christmas. Last night the Dicksons had a party at their
house. Ask what they had done and what they hadn’t done before they
went to bed? Then answer the questions.
1. (they / open / all presents)

2. (they / drink / lemonade)

3. (they / eat / all the cake)

4. (they / let / cat  in)

5. (they / eat / turkey)

6. (they / tidy / the room)

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

6A. Put the verbs in brackets in Past Perfect. Pay attention to the


position of the adverb in your sentence.
1. Nobody believed him because he (1) … (often lie) before.
2. They weren’t surprised at all. They (2) … (hear) the news earlier?
3. John wasn’t there when I came. He (3) … (yet not arrive).
4. I first met her at a party. I (4) … (never see) her before.
5. We arrived at the theatre late. The play (5) … (already begin).
6. She was very hungry; she (6) … (not eat) breakfast or lunch.
7. There were black flags in front of the government building last
week. Anyone (7) … (die)?
7A. Complete the questions in Past Perfect.
1. … (what / Bob / do) that he was kept in after school?
2. … (you / eat) anything before you went to the theatre?
3. … (he / live) in London before he moved to Glasgow?
4. … (she / find) a new job by that time?
5. … (they / book) a room before they went to Dublin?
6. … (how often / you / ring) the bell before he answered the door?
7. … (why / they / have) dinner before they came to the party?
8. … (Carly / wash) the dishes when her mum came home?
9. … (you / read) the contract before you signed it?
10. … (who / live) in the house before we moved in?
8A. Read the situations and write sentences from the words in brackets.
1. You went to Sue’s house, but she wasn’t there. (she / go / out)
2. You went back to your home town after many years. lt wasn’t
the same as before.
(it / change / a lot)
3. I invited Rachel to the party, but she couldn’t come.
(she / arrange / to do something else)
4. You went to the cinema last night. You got to the cinema late.
(the film / already / start)
5. lt was nice to see Daniel again after such a long time.
(I / not / see / him for five years)

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6. I offered Sue something to eat, but she wasn’t hungry.


(she / just / have / breakfast)
9A. For each situation, write a sentence ending with ‘never … be-
fore’. Use the verb in brackets.
1. The man sitting next to you on the plane was very nervous. lt
was his first flight.
He (1) … (fly) before.
2. Somebody sang a song. I didn’t know it.
I (2) … (hear) before.
3. Sam played tennis yesterday. He wasn’t very good at it be‑
cause it was his first game.
He (3) … (play) before.
4. Last year we went to Mexico. It was our first time there.
We (4) … (be there) before.
10A. Use Past Perfect of the verbs in the box to complete the sen-
tences.
leave go die see live fly
1. I didn’t read the text in class because I (1) … my book at home.
2. The children didn’t want to go to the cinema because they (2)
… already … the film.
3. Kate wasn’t at home last week because she (3) … to visit her
uncle.
4. Linda never knew her father because he (4) … before she was
born.
5. I was excited when the plane took off because I (5) … never …
before.
6. My grandfather was always afraid of animals because he (6) …
never … in the country.
11A. Put the verbs into the correct form (Past Perfect).
1. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (1) … (build).
2. He (2) … (be) to Cape Town before 1997.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

3. When she went out to play, she (3) … (already, do) her home‑
work.
4. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (4) … (make).
5. The doctor took off the plaster that he (5) … (put on) six weeks
before.
6. The waiter brought a drink that I (6) … (not, order).
7. I could not remember the poem we (7) … (learn) the week be‑
fore.
8. The children collected the chestnuts that (8) … (fall) from the
tree.
9. (9) … (phone) Angie before he went to see her in London?
10. She (10) … (not, ride) a horse before that day.
12A. Match the parts of the sentences
1. They were tired. They had just A. already done it.
2. She was very brown. She had just B. had lunch.
3. I was scared. I had never C. prepared for it very well.
4. I didn’t do it because Pete said he had D. been in a small plane before.
5. I had always lived in the same house until E. eaten too much at lunchtime.
6. He was hungry. He hadn’t F. I got married.
7. He did very badly in his test because G. come back from the Baha‑
he hadn’t mas.
8. I felt terrible all afternoon because I had H. driven non-stop for six hours.

13A. Write the verbs in Past Perfect.


1. The pupils talked about the film they (1) … (watch).
2. I was late for work because I (2) … (miss) the bus.
3. We lived in the house that my father (3) … (build).
4. We admired the picture that Lucy (4) … (paint).
5. They watered the trees that they (5) … (plant).
6. The teacher corrected the tests that the pupils (6) … (write).
7. I received a good mark in my test because I (7) … (practise) on
exam.com.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

8. The mail order house did not send me the shirt that I (8) …
(order).
9. I had to clean the floor because my cats (9) … (knock) over the
flower pots.
10. My friend was in hospital because she (10) … (slip) on a ba‑
nana skin.
14B. Insert the verbs in Past Perfect.
1. Jill was afraid she (1) … (forget) her key at home, but she
found it in her handbag.
2. Dad wasn’t at home when I came back. He (2) … (go) out twen‑
ty minutes before.
3. I wasn’t hungry because I (3) … (just, have) breakfast.
4. Peter saw an urgent message on his table. Somebody (4) …
(leave) it the day before.
5. I apologized I (5) … (not, phone) her.
6. He told me that he (6) … (come back) a fortnight before.
7. I knew him at once though I (7) … (meet) him many years be‑
fore.
8. We spent the night in Klin, a town we (8) … (often, hear of) but
(9) … (never, see).
9. They couldn’t believe he (10) … (give up) his job in the bank.
He (11) … (make) a good living there.
10. Mr. Jackson said that he (12) … (already, buy) everything for lunch.
11. Alice asked her brother where he (13) … (arrange) to meet his
friends.
12. We had no car at that time because we (14) … (sell) our old one.
13. They (15) … (finish) painting the ceiling by two o’clock.
15B. Say what action was done before. Combine the two sentenc-
es into one using ‘before’.
1. The rain stopped. I went for a walk.
2. I did my homework. My mother returned home.
3. We met in the street. We went to the park.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

4. They packed their things. Then they started.


5. I had dinner. I switched on the TV set.
6. He returned home. The guests left.
7. We came to the cinema. The film began.
8. I read the book. I saw the play.
9. They lived here. They moved to another place.
10. We played а game of tennis. We went to my place.
16B. Connect each pair of sentences with the conjunctions before,
as soon as, after.
1. He had finished school. He went to a camp.
2. She had phoned her friend. She went to meet her.
3. I read the book. I had seen the film.
4. I had cleaned my room. I invited my friends to my home.
5. He entered the university. He had finished school.
6. Не told me about his impressions. He had returned from his
journey.
7. He was unhappy. He had got bad news.
8. I had finished the text. I handed in my exercise-book.
9. They had lived in the country. They moved to the city.
17B. Complete the sentences with the correct words.
had (x5) had had drive had snowed given forgotten
had arranged  never only
When I got up this morning, there was ten inches of snow on the
ground. It (1) … heavily overnight. At the airport, we rented a car to
drive up to Yorkshire. I was rather worried about it because I (2) …
never (3) … in England before.
I felt very scared. There were two hundred people in the audito‑
rium and I (4) … (5) … (6) … a presentation to so many people before.
This is my first real job. Before I started working here, I (6) … (7)
… (8) … student jobs.
Last night we went to a Japanese restaurant. It was the first time I
(9) …Japanese food.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

I was so embarrassed. Peter called me to ask me where I was. I (10)


… completely (11) … that I (12) … to meet him at the pub!
18B. Put the verbs into the correct form (Past Perfect).
1. My little brother ate all of the cake that I (1) … (make).
2. The waitress brought a dish that we (2) … (not / order).
3. Last night I couldn’t get in because I (3) … (forget) my keys.
4. When we arrived at the station, the train (4) … (go).
5. They didn’t have any money because they (5) … (pay) all the
bills.
6. We had a big party because we (6) … (pass) all our exams.
7. I got to the cinema at 6.30 but fortunately the film (7) …
(not / start).
8. I was exhausted because I (8) … (study) too much.
19B. Use Past Perfect in the following sentences.
1. He wanted her to believe that before he returned things (1) …
(change).
2. She knew that he (2) … (hear) about it before they reached their
house.
3. She took her manicure set and began to do her nails, waiting till
he (3) … (finish) eating.
4. He decided to read nothing but the dictionary until he (4) …
(master) every word of it.
5. And then came the great idea — he would write. He would be‑
gin as soon as he got back. It would be slowly succeeding at first.
He would go on studying. And then after some time, when he (5) …
(prepare) himself he would write great things.
6. She asked if Grant would wait until the doctor (6) … (see) the
patient.
7. She told him not to come back, until he (7) … (talk) to her on
the telephone first.
8. He would have to make a decision sooner or later, but he wanted it
to be as late as possible, when the other problems (8) … (be) solved.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

9. I said we’d better leave this little chat until I (9) … (make) coffee.
10. He did not sign the contract until he (10) … (drag) a formal
approval out of me.
11. When he (11) … (find) the photo, I took the album back to the
shelf.
20B. Use the required Past Perfect forms in the following sentences.
1. Grant just (1) … (change) into some dry things and was waiting
for dinner to be announced when there was a knock at the door.
2. Then we realized that Richard (2) … (come) in through the gar‑
den and was standing in the room listening.
3. Outside on the square it (3) … (stop) raining and the moon was
trying to get through the clouds.
4. Saturday lunch was over. Mary was still sitting at the table
smoking. Kate and John (4) … (retire) to the sofa and were talking in
low voices. Paula and the twins (5) … (go) out on to the lawn where
the twins now were playing. Barbara was sitting on the window-seat
reading ‘Country Life’.
5. When Roger returned into the room, the girl (6) … (stop) crying
but was shivering from head to foot.
6. Then she saw her father. He (7) … (lay) his fishing rod and was
taking something from his pocket.
7. Bernard (8) … (take) off his hat and was carrying it in his hand.
8. When the telephone rang Wolfe (9) … (finish) his egg and was
drinking coffee.
9. It was dark by the time I reached London. The black-out (10)
… (begin) and it was raining heavily.
10. Pierce was towing the boat quite fast now. The dog, who (11)
… (swim) out after him, was accompanying the boat.
21B. Use the required Past Perfect forms in the following complex
sentences.
1. When Jimmy got to the cafe a little late, Christine (1) … (not,
arrive) yet.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

2. When Ted turned to thank the doctor, he already (2) … (walk) away.
3. We (3) … (not, walk) a hundred yards towards the cottage when
the inspector suddenly went down on his knees.
4. One afternoon I went to play tennis with some neighbours and
when I returned my mother (4) … (disappear).
5. After she (5) … (smile), she began to look friendly and simple.
6. After I (6) … (walk) down to Hugh’s room I sat at his table and
started reading a small book.
7. When Paula (7) … (tidy) up she went out of doors.
8. I met her on the beach after I (8) … (have) my early walk.
9. He (9) … (finish) speaking before everyone started clapping.
22B. Use Past Perfect in the following sentences.
1. I (1) … (have) a good sleep before I got back yesterday.
2. The play (2) … (be) in progress for about twenty minutes when
Grant found his seat at the back of the dress circle.
3. ‘How do you like that?’ he asked her when he (3) … (finish) painting.
4. Before she left home, she (4) … (eat) some sandwiches.
5. I (5) … (not, go) very far from the turn-off when I noticed there
was a car behind me.
6. When they (6) … (go) I went to the woods.
7. She (7) … (not, talk) to me two minutes when she suddenly felt faint.
8. When they (8) … (show) him round and (9) … (feed) him on
their best, they eagerly demanded news.
23B. Use the required Past Perfect forms in the following complex
sentences.
1. She did not speak until the steps (1) … (move) on.
2. Savina said nothing until they (2) … (order) but Eric knew she
was waiting.
3. She waited motionlessly until he (3) … (finish) his speech.
4. So I went on searching until I (4) … (select) a dozen books
that I wanted to read.
5. She waited until he (5) … (shave) and (6) … (finish) dressing.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

6. Nicole waited silently till he (7) … (pass), then she went away.
7. He hoped to delay my going until he (8) … (come) to some decision.
8. He drove very slowly and when he met another car, he usually
stopped until it (9) … (pass).
24B. Choose the correct answer.
1. When I got to Mary’s, George had gone.
A. George left after I arrived.
B. George left before I arrived.
2. The children had got up when their father arrived.
A. The children were already up before the father arrived.
B. The children got up after the father arrived.
3. The children got up when their father arrived.
A. The children were up before their father arrived.
B. The children got up after their father arrived.
4. When they heard the news, Rob and Chris had left.
A. Rob and Chris heard the news and then left.
B. The news came after Rob and Chris left.
5. Gary entered the room. They had told him to wait outside.
A. He entered the room first.
B. He was told to wait outside first.
6. Pat had failed his exam. She became sick.
A. Pat was sick before the exam.
B. Pat was sick after the exam.
7. Pat failed her exam. She had been sick.
A. Pat was sick before the exam.
B. Pat was sick after the exam.
8. The storm damaged the bridge but the man had crossed it.
A. The man crossed it before the storm damaged it.
B. The man crossed it after the storm damaged it.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

25B. Choose the best answer for each question.


1. She … the ocean before she moved to Vancouver.
A. had never seen B. never seen C. have never seen D. had never saw
2. The teacher … out when I arrived in the classroom.
A. had went B. have gone C. gone D. had gone
3. I … my document before the power went out in the computer
lab.
A. had save B. have saved C. had saved D. save
4. When they arrived we … the test.
A. had already B. have already C. already had D. already start‑
started started started ing
5. George … his furniture before he moved to Japan.
A. have sold B. had sold C. had sell D. sells
6. Larry … his homework already by the time Roy came over.
A. have finish B. finishes C. had finish D. had finished
7. I … a little Spanish before I went to Mexico
A. had studyed B. had studied C. had study D. have studied
8. Ruth … an Australian until she met John.
A. had never met B. have never met C. never met D. never have met
9. I … such majestic mountains before I went to Banff.
A. never seen B. had never C. never have D. had never
seen seen saw
10. … visited Toronto before your trip last summer?
A. have you ever B. you had C. had ever you D. had you ever

26B. Use Past Perfect in the following sentences.


1. Tonya (1) … (work) as a decorator before she opened her shop.
2. My daughter and I (2) … (enjoy) the ballet so much that we
wanted to see it again.
3. The power supply (3) … (fail) during the night, so the house
got cold.
4. You (4) … (call) earlier in the day, so we knew you were on your way.
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Past Perfect. Forms and use

5. The cat (5) … (scratch) a hole in the sofa before its owner noticed.
6. John and Nikki (6) … (start) their bakery long before the big
one came to town.
7. The alligators at the edge of the pond (7)… (scare) us until we
realized they were behind a fence.
8. The defense attorney (8) … (argue) before Judge Sanchez prior
to last June’s trial.
9. The trumpet player (9) … (finish) his solo before the trombonist
stood up.
10. Mark (10) … (behave) well at the playground, so his mother
bought him a treat.
11. Vikings (11) … (invade) England long before the Angles and
Saxons arrived.
27B. Use Past Perfect in the following sentences.
1. He (1) … (write) had written a book about bass fishing before he
began the one on fishing boats.
2. You (2) … (know) about conditions in the Middle East long
before you made that trip.
3. Robert (3) … (begin) to research his family history a year before
he visited Ireland.
4. The Kowalsky family (4) … (eat) organic vegetables even before
they planted their garden.
5. Before the treasure hunt started, Ryan’s mother (5) … (hide)
clues in the yard.
6. Jenna (6) … (ride) her bike 12 miles; now she was sore.
7. The geese (7) … (fly) from Michigan to Florida before the first
snow fell.
8. Mrs. Hughes (8) … (fall) several times in the past, so she de‑
cided to get a walker.
9. The choir (9)… (sing) together many times before its tour of
Europe last month.
10. Bill (10) … (write) three cookbooks before his book on baking
with chocolate was released.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

11. Olga was amused when Seventies styles returned; she (11) …


(wear) them since high school!
28B. Use Past Perfect to make negative sentences.
1. We (1) … (not, stand) in the rain long before the gates were
opened.
2. Russ and Becca (2) … (not, have) much experience with build‑
ing before they started their deck.
3. The Wilsons (3) … (not, save) enough money to pay their taxes
before the deadline arrived.
4. He and Carlos (4)… (not, work) for six months, then the com‑
pany rehired them.
5. The batter (5) … (not, swing) at any pitches before he was hit
by the ball.
6. Ivan (6) … (not, take) a coat with him; now the temperature was
dropping fast.
7. Carl (7) … (not, sleep) long enough when his mother woke
him up.
8. The mechanic (8) … (not, fix) the engine yet when we called
him last Saturday.
9. Tyler (9) … (not, surf) until he visited his brother in San Diego.
10. The city employees (10) … (not, expect) to get a raise in last
year’s budget.
29C. Use Past Perfect in the following sentences.
1. He decided to get a present for his children before he (1) …
(leave) Rome.
2. Не began apologizing before I (2) … (pay) the driver.
3. The noise of their footsteps (3) … (become) distant before my
father spoke again.
4. He (4) … (knock) and (5) … (ring) for some time before he
made himself heard.
5. They (6) … (not, go) four miles before Tony got the impression
that the children liked driving with him.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

6. I realized before you (7) … (be) here a fortnight that you never
were cut out for this life.
7. Miss Able (8) … (hunt) everywhere for the box before she found it.
8. Almost before I (9) … (shut) my eyes, I (10) … (feel) a nudge in my side.
30C. Use the required Past Perfect forms in the following sentences.
1. The next morning Hudson came into my room before I (1) …
(finish) breakfast.
2. He (2) … (hang) around the theatre for seven years before he
had any recognition at all.
3. He (3) … (not, be) there for two days before he said that the
wish to see her had been the reason for his coming.
4. She went, unwillingly, at the end of the week. Before she (4) …
(be) gone twenty-four hours he found his mistake.
5. He (5) … (know) before he said this that it would annoy her.
6. On the beach they found a suitable place for lunch before they
(6) … (go) very far.
7. Thank God I (7) … (find) it out before I made more of a fool
of myself.
8. The bus began to move before he (8) … (reach) it.
31C. Use Past Perfect in the following sentences.
1. She hardly (1) … (sit) down when a very stout gentleman wear‑
ing a very small hat (2) … (flop) into the chair opposite hers.
2. He hardly (3) … (reach) the door of his office when he encoun‑
tered two young men.
3. He emerged from the theatre with the first of the crowd; but he
scarcely (4) … (take) his position on the edge of the sidewalk when
the girls appeared.
4. He barely (5) … (disappear) when Dennis came sliding down
the stairs.
5. No sooner, however, they (6) … (establish) themselves in their
new house than he perceived to his dismay a return of her absorbed
and brooding manner.

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6. He barely (7) … (arrive) in Rome when he got a telegram from


home that his father was seriously ill.
7. No sooner the curtain (8) … (fall) than he rose to go.
8. Hardly he (9) … (ask) his questions when she answered them.
9. He scarcely (10) … (take) his coat off when he began to read the
letter.
10. The band barely (11) … (begin) to play when he went away.
11. The rain nearly (12) … (stop) when he reached his hotel.
12. They barely (13) … (come) out of the house when a sudden
shouting arose.
32C. Complete this text with these verbs in Past Perfect.
be break catch have live make plan take worry
The telephone call from the police was a shock, but not a complete
surprise. Molly (1) … constantly about the old house lying empty
during the two months since her mother went into hospital. She (2)
… to go round and check the empty place, but she (3) … extra busy
at work recently. According to the police, a homeless man (4) … into
the house. They (5) … him one morning as he was leaving the build‑
ing with one of her mother’s large paintings. When Molly walked into
the house, it was obvious that the man (6) … there for quite a while.
He had been removing food from the cupboards and throwing empty
tins and packages all over the floor. He (7) … quite a mess. He (8) …
also several paintings from the walls. Molly decided not to tell her
mother because she (9) … already enough pain in recent weeks and
really didn’t need any more bad news.
33C. Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using Past Perfect.
1. By the time we got to the cinema the film (1) … (start), so we
missed the first five minutes.
2. When I rang the bell there was no answer. The neighbour told
me that they (2) … (go) about half an hour ago.
3. I saw New York for the first time last night. I (3) … (not, see) it
before.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

4. There was so much to see in London. I (4) … (plan) to see a lot


of things but there wasn’t enough time. I’ll have to come back.
5. If she (5) … (take) my advice, it wouldn’t have happened.
6. We wouldn’t have had an argument, if they (6) … (not, men‑
tion) politics.
7. If you (7) … (not, park) there, you wouldn’t have got a parking
fine.
8. John told me he (8) … (buy) a new car.
9. When we arrived in Ireland, the airline company (9) … (lose)
our luggage,
so we had to wait two days to get it back. Fortunately they deliv‑
ered it to the hotel.
34C. Look at the list of events in each example. Then finish the sin-
gle sentence to explain the situation.
1. Jane studied a lot. Jane had an important Biology exam. Jane
passed the exam, getting 92 %.
Jane passed her Biology exam because (1) … .
2. Harry looked at the black clouds and took an umbrella. It start‑
ed raining heavily. Harry stayed perfectly dry.
Harry didn’t get wet when it rained because (2) … with him.
3. I met a friend and we spoke for ten minutes. The train left at
9am. I arrived at the station at 9.05am. I missed the train yesterday
because (3) … (meet).
4. Tim had a big black beard. He shaved it off two days ago. I met
Tim today.
I didn’t recognize Tim at all this morning because (4) … off.
5. I went to see ‘Alien 9’ at the cinema. I went to see ‘Alien 9’ at the
cinema again a month later. Graham asked me to go and see ‘Alien 9’
at the cinema last night.
I told Graham I didn’t want to go to the cinema because (5) …
film twice already.
6. We went on holiday to Kenya. The water pipes broke in our
house. Water went all over the house.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

The kitchen was flooded when we returned from Nairobi because


(6) … .
7. John insulted Kathy at a party. John wrote to Kathy to apolo‑
gize. Kathy refused to open the letter.
Kathy refused to open John’s letter because (7) … .
35C. Choose the best answer for each question.
1. Which one happens first?
A. After she left B. Marie went C. where she’d
Korea, back to Japan been born.
2. Which one happens first?
A. The house B. This had C. after it had
was demol‑ been ordered by been badly dam‑
ished in June. the local govern‑ aged in a storm.
ment
3. Which one happens first?
A. Christine had B. When they C. she was dev‑
been going out broke up, astated.
with Mark for
six months.
4. Which one happens first?
A. He’d known B. Kim had hid‑ C. But with the D. But with the
the gun was in den it there. police waiting police waiting
the drawer of the outside, outside,
desk.
5. Which one happens first?
A. It began rain‑ B. everything C. when they D. They’d
ing early in the was wet woke. pitched the tent
morning and near the bottom
of a hill.

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

6. Which one happens first?


A. Alicia signed B. She’d en‑ C. but now she
her first contract joyed her child‑ began her jour‑
at the young age hood, ney to fame and
of 16. wealth.
7. Which one happens first?
A. The truck, B. didn’t C. and hit the D. The driver
which had been brake in time wall. was badly in‑
overloaded, jured.
8. Which one happens first?
A. Even though B. she never C. He signed a D. that his fans
his mother had expected him few more auto‑ had requested.
predicted great to become so graphs
things for her son, famous.

36C. Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using Past Perfect.


1. They (1) … (eat) before he arrived.
2. (2) … (you / finish) the report before he asked for it?
3. Jennifer (3) … (buy) the house before the market crashed.
4. What (4) … (she / do) that upset him so much?
5. Our boss (5) … (not / make) the decision yet when management
changed their mind.
6. The students (6) … (write) the report, but the teacher made
them do it again.
7. Mark (7) … (want) to go to New York, but his wife changed his mind.
8. (8) … (they / invest) in that stock before the market improved?
9. Alex (9) … (not / do) the gardening before it started raining.
10. Their decision (10) … (make — passive voice) before condi‑
tions changed.
37C. Use the required Past Perfect forms in the following sentences.
1. We (1) … (eat / already) so we weren’t hungry.
2. (2) … (Tom / choose) the color for his room before he was asked
to paint it black?
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3. (3) …Sarah (drive) three hundred miles by the time she ar‑
rived in Tacoma.
4. Few people (4) … (understand) the news when the consequenc‑
es began to appear.
5. The reporter (5) … (not / tell) the cameraman to get ready when
the president walked into the room.
6. Bob (6) … (purchase) the first generation iPad two weeks before
the second generation was introduced.
7. I (7) … (print) the report before he gave me the updates.
8. (8) … (Henry / come) home before the called the police?
9. She (9) … (not / complete) the article when the news changed
everything.
10. The coach (10) … (reserve) rooms for everybody so there
weren’t any problems.
38C. Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using adverbs and Past
Perfect correctly.
1. You (1) … (already / ring) the bell before it was time for class.
2. Christy (2) … (already / adopt) several dogs before she adopted Molly.
3. Seth (3) … (seldom / play) soccer before he tried out for his
school’s team.
4. That species of elephant (4) … (recently / disappear) from the
area, so we were not able to see it.
5. It was a good year for Melissa; she (5) … (quickly / sell) her quo‑
ta of houses and was rewarded with a vacation.
6. Edward (6) … (never / forgive) Elise; now he was leaving her.
7. The company (7)… (seriously / consider) moving its plant
to Iowa, but chose Oregon instead.
8. Lucia (8) … (frequently / think) about returning to her home in
Costa Rica before she found a job in New York.
9. The history class members (9) … (usually / watch) a movie the
day before a test.
10. The new citizens (10) … (solemnly / swear) their loyalty to the
country when they took the oath.
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Past Perfect. Forms and use

11. The car (11) … (still / cost) Jamie $15,000, even after the price
was reduced.
39C. Fill the gaps in the following sentences with the correct form of
the verb in Past Perfect.
throw ride see bite sell give forget find forgive speak
catch leave break write try go set run pay come
When he arrived at work that morning, Inspector Coderre re‑
viewed the arrest sheet for the last 12 hours. It informed him about
all the previous night’s incidents, with the names of the people the
police had arrested as well as the crimes these people had committed.
‘Someone named John Davies had become very aggressive in a
bar and attacked another customer. This John Davies had (1) … a
glass at the mirror behind the bar. He had (2) … the mirror as well as
a lot of bottles on the shelves nearby. The police had (3) … quickly,
but not before he had caused a lot of damage. Seeing the police enter
the bar, he had (4) … to run away. The police had quickly (5) … him.
He had (6) … for the damages he had caused in the bar, but they had
still arrested him. In another incident a young woman had (7) … fire
to her ex-boyfriend’s house. Apparently, she had not (8) … him for
leaving her. He had (9) … her because she had always been a jealous
and possessive lover. Before the break-up he had (10) … to her about
the problem several times, but she had refused to listen. The police
had (11) … her in the street watching the house burn down and had
arrested her. There was also a drunk driving incident. A man had (12)
… over a dog and then knocked over a cyclist. A passer-by had (13)
… the incident and reported it to the police. Fortunately, the witness
had (14) … down the registration number of the car. The police had
(15) … to the driver’s home and arrested him. A young man had been
arrested for attempting to steal a car. He had told the police officer it
was his car and that he had (16) … his key. A cyclist had (17) … his
bike through a local park at over 100 kilometers an hour. A man had
(18) … a dog that had been barking at him. A group of militant stu‑

147
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

dents had occupied the Parliament building for several hours. At the
end of the evening they had (19) … themselves up to the police. A
notorious scam artist had (20) …Toronto’s most famous building to
a U. S. tourist.’
40С. Choose the correct time or quantity expression used with Past
Perfect.
1. How (1) … (much / long) had you known Peter before he pro‑
posed?
2. They had (2) … (yet / already) eaten by the time he arrived.
3. Cathy hadn’t finished the report (3) … (when / by) the time he
asked for it.
4. Phillip had requested all the forms (4) … (as soon as / before) he
began the application process.
5. How (5) … (much / long) wine had they drunk before they were
asked to stop?
6. She had made the decision long (6) … (after / before) he asked
her to marry him.
7. They had always wanted to visit Amsterdam (7) … (so / as) they
went!
8. Jackson hadn’t been able to read the book (8) … (when / as) the
teacher asked him to quote from it.
9. Susan had (9) … (yet / already) printed the report before her
boss requested it.
10. Had they (10) … (yet / already) heard the news or were they
surprised?
41 С. Finish each second sentence so that it would have the same
meaning as the first one. Use the words in brackets and your own words.
1. Barry was very excited because it was his first time on television.
(never)
Barry (1) … before, so he was very excited.
2. The children ran over the bridge to see the fire engine, but it was
no longer there. (had)

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Past Perfect. Forms and use

The fire engine (2) … when the children ran over the bridge.
3. He looked familiar to me, but in fact he was a complete strang‑
er. (met)
Although he looked familiar to me, I (3) … before.
4. After they had had the contract read by a lawyer, they signed it.
(before)
They had the contract read by a lawyer (4) … it.
5. Staying in a five-star hotel was a new experience for us. (stayed)
We (5) … in a five-star hotel before.
6. They arrived at the cinema just in time to see ‘The End’ come
up on the screen.
(just)
The film (6) … by the time they arrived at the cinema.
7. He had to write over fifty letters to get an interview. (had)
He got an interview only after (7) … over fifty letters.
8. She left the office after turning off all the lights. (turned)
After (8) … all the lights, she left the office.
9. I checked that I had my passport with me before I left for the
airport. (after)
I left for the airport (9) … that I had my passport with me.
42C. Finish these sentences using your own ideas and Past Perfect.
1. When I arrived home, I was starving because I had … .
2. Tom was furious with Alice because she … .
3. James inherited a small fortune from his father, but a year later
he didn’t have a penny. … .
4. She was fined $ 200 because she … .
5. When I saw him, he was pale and shaking like a leaf. … .
6. He was two hours late for the wedding because … .
7. I didn’t know her name, but the face was familiar. I was sure … .
8. I couldn’t answer any of the exam questions, although … .
9. James was very proud of his eighteen-year-old son, who … .

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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

43C. Fill the gaps. Use Past Perfect.


talk empty see dictate start ask (x2) open turn off
be able point out arrive find stop make examine sign
have (x2) notice answer phone

MANAGER`S WORKING DAY


Mr Price stood at the window of his office. He (1) … working at
last. The building was empty. Everyone has gone home by half past
five. Now it was half past six and the street below (2) … .
What a busy day he (3) …! He (4) … at the office well before nine
o’clock. Before nine o’clock he (5) … two telephone calls! The other
offices were still empty when he (6) …, so of course nobody (7) … the
telephone. Poor Mr. Price!
But then he (8) … all the correspondence. By ten o’clock he (9)…
replies to nearly all the letters. When Miss King left the room he (10)
… to make telephone calls again. By the time the Acting Manager sent
for him he (11) … to three of the buyers. When the Acting Manager
(12) … him for information about Stocks he (13) … to give the infor‑
mation from memory. He was sure the Acting Manager (14) … that!
By one o’clock he (15) … the figures from the production sheets
and he (16) … a dozen letters for Miss King. By two o’clock he (17) …
his lunch. By three o’clock he (18) … two mistakes in the figures! By
four o’clock he (19) … both the Production Manager and the Fore‑
man. He (20) … them for an explanation. He (21) … that the explana‑
tion was urgent. By ten o’clock tomorrow the corrected figures must
be on his desk. Mr. Price sighed. What a load of responsibility he had!
Mr Price sighed again. Tomorrow he must make more telephone
calls; he must dictate more letters; he must try again to speak to the
Acting Assistant Manager. But now he must go home, He put on his
coat and his hat. He picked up his attaché case and his umbrella and
went to the door. He locked the door and walked towards the lift.
Then he stopped. He (22) … the electric fire near his desk. It was a
quarter to seven. Really he worked too hard!
150
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous

1B. Make correct sentences using Past Perfect Continuous.


1. The boy was delighted with his new bike. He (1) … (dream)
about it for a long time.
2. Before he told her the news, he (2) … (try) to contact her for
some time.
3. The car worked, but the mechanic (3) … (repair) it for a few
hours.
4. The door was still wet. My father (4) … (paint) them.
5. George was tired. He (5) … (work) in the garden very hard.
6. When the factory changed its owner, I (6) … (work) there for
6 months.
7. When the doctor told him he was seriously ill, he (7) … (smoke)
cigarettes for a long time.
8. He (8) … (think) about finding a new job for about a year before
he finally gave up his old job.
9. My child (9) … (eat) too much chocolate, that is why he was
so ill.
10. They (10) … (build) the house for many years before they took
a loan.
2B. In your notebook, rewrite the following passage, making all the
necessary tense changes.
It’s 10 o’clock at night. The offices of The Daily News’ are buzz‑
ing with excitement. The deadline for the paper is in half an hour
and they are frantically trying to finish the front page. Everyone
151
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

has been working all evening without a break. Some of the journal‑
ists have been at the office since early morning. They have all been
trying to get an exclusive story, to find out something that no other
journalist has discovered. The main story is a big one. The Prime
Minister has resigned. Everyone knows that his government has had
lots of problems in the last year but his resignation is nonetheless
a big surprise. Rumours have been going round all day about the
real reasons for the announcement. Some say that he has been in‑
volved in some financial scandal. Others say that he has been seeing
another woman. All the papers have been working all day to get the
best story. And they’ve been doing their best to find out what the
other papers have said. The whole day has been very tense. Sud‑
denly the editor asks everyone to be quiet. There is a telephone call
from the Prime Minister’s office.
3B. Make correct sentences using Past Perfect Continuous.
1. Sally (1) … (type) this text for 3 hours before Mark came.
2. Anthony (2) … (wait) for his airplane for 3 hours when its delay
was announced.
3. I saw many huge puddles. (3) … it… (rain) hard?
4. Sam did not even realize what a hard time Molly (4) … (have).
5. Rita (5) … (train) for a year and she was very fit when her ex-
boyfriend met her.
6. Rachel’s husband (6) … (fix) the car since early morning.
7. Paul and Molly (7) … (talk) on the phone for an hour when the
line broke.
8. How long (8) … you … (watch) TV before you decided to go to
bed?
9. Steven felt tired as he (9) … (sail) for several hours.
10. Zoe (10) … (try) to find her mother for years but she failed.
4B. Make correct sentences using Past Perfect Continuous.
1. Dylan (1) … chess for several years before he (2) … (study / en‑
ter) his first tournament.

152
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

2. Before I (3) … to work here, who (4) … (start / manage) the cli‑


ent’s account?
3. Although they (5) … the house for two years, it still (6) …
(build / not be) ready.
4. Mario (7) … (not / feel) well before the exam.
5. At last we (8) … the movie that everyone (9) … (see / talk) about.
6. The students (10) … (solve) math problems when one of them
fainted.
7. How long (11) … he (12) … before the accident … (drive / oc‑
cur)?
8. Paula and Terry (13) … tennis when it (14) … (play / begin)to
rain.
9. (15) … you … a long time when you (16) … (jog / faint)?
10. Our forces (17) … (not / fight) in that area until two weeks be‑
fore then.
5B. Translate these sentences using Past Perfect Continuous.
1. Ее сын спал полчаса до того, как позвонили в дверь.
2. Наконец-то пришел официант — мы его ждали двадцать
минут!
3. Генри ехал на автомобиле два часа до того, как полиция
остановила его.
4. Подростки играли в теннис около часа, когда начал идти
сильный дождь.
5. Джеймс был истощен, потому что он играл на гитаре
несколько часов.
6. Бен запыхался, потому что бежал целый час? — Да.
7. Комната была в беспорядке, потому что мальчики дра‑
лись.
8. Семья жила в деревне две недели, когда началась война.
9. Я уже работал некоторое время, когда позвонила личный
секретарь.
10. Мы были разочарованы, потому что ждали с нетерпени‑
ем этой вечеринки целую неделю.
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VERB TENSES. Часть 1

6B. Match the sentences.


1. The ground was wet A. She had been shopping.
2. She was carrying lots of bags B. Somebody had been smoking.
3. They were dirty C. It had been raining.
4. She had red eyes D. He had been working on it for
years.
5. He got sacked E. They’d been playing football in
the mud.
6. The kitchen was a terrible mess F. She had been crying again.
7. They were very tired when they G. The children had been cook‑
arrived ing.
8. It smelled of cigarettes H. He hadn’t been working at all.
9. He was happy when it was fin‑ I. They had been driving for ten
ished hours.

7B. Match the sentences.


1. I had been trying to call him all A. she had been working too hard
morning
2. We had been working on the B. when it was canceled,
project for months
3. She had red eyes because she C. when he called me.
had been peeling onions.
4. I hadn’t been walking for very D. She hadn’t been crying.
long before
5. The snow was very deep E. It had been snowing all night.
6. When he asked me that question, F. when they decided to move
I realized again.
7. They hadn’t been living G. I hadn’t been paying any atten‑
there very long tion to him.

154
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

8. She was ill because H. for a few minutes but I think it


might have been longer.
9. They said they had only been I. someone offered me a lift.
waiting

8B. Match the sentences.


1. I’d only been sleeping for a few A. nothing was ready when we ar‑
minutes when rived.
2. I’d been training for the mara‑ B. and now he’s been sacked.
thon for a few months when
3. She’d been driving for nearly C. he found one.
twenty
years before
4. He’d been practicing for ages D. a loud noise woke me up.
before
the concert but
5. He’d only been looking for a job E. she got the opportunity.
for a couple of days before
6. I’d been thinking about chang‑ F. as a teacher very long.
ing jobs
when
7. They’d been watching TV instead G. he still made some mistakes.
of making dinner so
8. She’d been wanting to do it for H. I hurt my leg and had to stop.
years
and at last,
9. He asked me if I’d been working I. she had her first accident.
10. I told you he hadn’t been work‑ J. they offered me this promotion.
ing very hard

155
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

9B. Complete the sentences in Past Perfect Continuous.


1. We (1) … (sleep) for 12 hours when he woke us up.
2. They (2) … (wait) at the station for 90 minutes when the train
finally arrived.
3. We (3) … (look for) her ring for two hours and then we found it in
the bathroom.
4. I (4) … (not / walk) for a long time, when it suddenly began to
rain.
5. How long (5) … (learn / she) English before she went to London?
6. Frank Sinatra caught the flu because he (6) … . (sing) in the rain
too long.
7. He (7) … (drive) less than an hour when he ran out of petrol.
8. They were very tired in the evening because they (8) … (help)
on the farm all day.
9. I (9) … (not / work) all day; so I wasn’t tired and went to the
disco at night.
10. They (10) … (cycle) all day so their legs were sore in the eve‑
ning.
10B. Complete the sentences in Past Perfect Continuous.
1. Laura needed a break because she (1) … (study) all morning.
2. Lorraine (2) … (learn) English for 12 years before she moved to
England.
3. I did not go out last night because I (3)… (work) all day.
4. Orla felt fit for the marathon because she (4) … (train) a lot.
5. When I went to see Ms Winter, her secretary told me that she
(5) … (speak) on the phone for two hours.
6. You got sick because you (6) … (eat) the whole time.
7. The musician (7) … (live) in this town for ten years when he
became director of the opera house.
8. We (8) … (go) out with each other for two years before I met
his family.
9. The passengers (9) … (wait) for four hours before the ground
staff could finally give them information on the delay of their flight.
156
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

10. I (10) … (drive) in the wrong direction for an hour before I


noticed my mistake.
11B. Answer these questions using Past Perfect Continuous.
HOW LOHG HAD:
1. … it been snowing when you left the old house? (for 4 hours)
2. …Eton been working before he retired? (for 20 years)
3. …Mike been living there when Janet moved in? (for a fortnight)
4. … they been studying German before they finally went to Ber‑
lin? (for 5 years)
5. … the authors been working on the novel before they sent it to a
publisher? (for 2 years).
6. …Pele been playing football before he took part in that cham‑
pionship? (for 6 years)
7. … the students been listening attentively to the dialog before
they could understand the basic meaning? (for an hour)
8. … the children been walking before the granny called them? (for
2 hours)
12B. Put the two activities together in one sentence by using Past
Perfect Continuous. Make sure you use the time information. You may
add words, such as because or after. There may be more than one an-
swer.
1. First: It snowed all morning.
Second: The kids went outside to make a snowman.
2. First: She loved him for a year.
Second: They had their first date.
3. First: I studied French for 2 years.
Second: I visited France.
4. First: Trudy drove for 12 straight hours.
Second: She had an accident.
5. First: The doctor was trained for 4 years.
Second: He opened his own office.
6. First: I believed you.

157
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Second: Sam told me the truth.


7. First: Diane watched TV all afternoon.
Second: Her eyes were itchy.
8. First: Columbus sailed for more than 2 months.
Second: He and his 90 sailors saw North America.
9. First: It rained a long time.
Second: Robin›s clothes were wet.
10. First: Raw meat was on the table for a week.
Second: The house stunk.
13B. Fill the gaps with the correct words in Past Perfect Continu-
ous or Past Perfect.
try give miss go wait pick have be arrange wait
I’m sorry I left without you last night, but I told you to meet me early be‑
cause the show started at 8:00. I (1) … to get tickets for that play for months,
and I didn’t want to miss it. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where
we were supposed to meet, I (2) … five cups of coffee and I (3) … over an
hour. I had to leave because I (4) … to meet Kathy in front of the theater.
When I arrived at the theater, Kathy (5) … already … up the tickets and
she was waiting for us near the entrance. She was really angry because
she (6) … for more than half an hour. She said she (7) … almost… up
and (8) … into the theater without us. Kathy told me you (9) … late
several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you
again in the future. She mentioned that she (10) … several movies be‑
cause of your late arrivals. I think you owe her an apology. And in the
future, I suggest you be on time!
14B. Read the situations and make sentences from the words in
brackets.
1. I was very tired when I arrived home.
(I / work / hard all day) … .
2. The two boys came into the house. They had a football and they
were both very tired.
(they / play / football) … .

158
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

3. I was disappointed when I had to cancel my holiday.


(I / look  I forward to it) … .
4. Ann woke up in the middle of the night. She was frightened and
didn’t know where she was.
(she I dream) … .
5. When I got home, Mark was sitting in front of the TV. He had
just turned it off.
(he I watch I a film) … .
15B. Put the verbs into the correct form.
exercise snow write sleep swim sit do smoke walk
1 Ann was exhausted because she (1) … all morning.
2. I (2) … for ten minutes before I started sunbathing.
3. Susan (3) … various sports for a long time so she was very fit.
4. I felt dizzy because I (4) … in the sun for too long.
5. Jim (5) … a letter for some time before he sent it.
6. They (6) … all afternoon when Bill suddenly fell down.
7. The ground was all white so it (7) … at night.
8. I could smell cigarettes in my room so someone (8) … there.
9. She wasn’t tired at all because she (9) … all day.
16C. Read the situations and complete the sentences.
1. We played tennis yesterday. Half an hour after we began play‑
ing, it started to rain.
We (1) … .
2. I had arranged to meet Tom in a restaurant. I arrived and waited
for him. After 20 minutes I realised that I was in the wrong restaurant.
I (2) … for 20 minutes when I (3) … the wrong restaurant.
3. Sarah got a job in factory. Five years later the factory closed
down.
At the time the factory (4) …Sarah (5) … there for five years.
4. I went to a concert last week. The orchestra began playing. After
about ten minutes a man in the audience suddenly started shouting.
The orchestra (6) … when (7) … .

159
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

This time make your own sentence:


I began walking along the road. I (8) … when (9) … .
17C. Choose the correct answer.
1. We … when somebody … at the door.
A.were talk‑ B. had C.were talk‑ D. had been
ing / was knock‑ been talk‑ ing / knocked talking / had
ing ing / knocked knocked
2. Ian … at the factory long when he … a manager.
A. was work‑ B. had been C. had been D. had
ing / had been working / was working / made worked / made
made made
3. Sally … for two years when she … the race.
A. trained / en‑ B. was train‑ C. had D. had been
tered ing / was enter‑ trained / had training / en‑
ing entered tered
4. It … and the ground … white.
A. had been B. was snow‑ C. had D. had been
snowing / was ing / had been snowed / was snowing / was
being
5. By his death, the composer … .
A. had written B. was writing C. had been D. wrote
writing
6. Jimmy … out of breath because he … .
A. had B. was / was run‑ C. was / had D. had
been / was run‑ ning been running been / had been
ning running

160
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

18C. Put the verb into the most suitable form, Past Continuous,


Past Perfect or Past Perfect Continuous.
1. It was very noisy next door. Our neighbours (1) … (have) a party.
2. We were good friends. (2)… (we / know) each other for years.
3. John and I went for a walk. I had difficulty keeping up with him
because (3) … (he / walk) so fast.
4. Sue was sitting on the ground. She was out of breath. (4) …
(she / run).
5. When I arrived everybody was sitting round the table with their
mouths full (5) … (they / eat).
6. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table and talk‑
ing. Their mouths were empty, but their stomachs were full. (6) …
(they / eat).
7. James was on his hands and knees on the floor. (7) … (he / look)
for his contact lens.
8. When I arrived, Kate (8) … (wait) for me. She was annoyed
because I was late and (9) … (she / wait) for a long time.
9. I was sad when I sold my car. (10) … (I / have) it for a very long time.
10. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. (11) …
(we / travel) for more than 24 hours.
19C. Fill in the spaces with the correct form of the verb in parenthe-
ses in Past Perfect.
1. She (1) … (watch) the fish in the aquarium before w the giant
turtle appeared.
2. Before I bought my new boat, I (2) … (go) to the boat show
every day to see the newest models.
3. You (3) … (talk) to Whitney before the show began.
4. We (4) … (think) about buying an electric car even before the
price of gas went up.
5. They (5) … (race) cars at that track for twenty years before it closed.
6. He (6) … (drive) too fast all afternoon before the accident happened.
7. After she died, it was discovered that she (7) … (make) secret
donations to the shelter for years.
161
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

8. We (8) … (grow) grapes for twelve years before we decided to


open a winery.
20C. Fill in the spaces with the correct form of the verb in parenthe-
ses in Past Perfect Continuous.
1. Tony’s knee (1) … (ache) until the coach bandaged it.
2. Sean and Melinda (2) … (not / keep) good financial records be‑
fore they got an accountant to help them.
3. The owner of the cookie shop (3) … (plan) to add two more
ovens before the building burned.
4. My family and I (4) … (live) in the Florida Keys before we de‑
cided to move to the northern part of the state.
5. The peaches (5) … (not / hang) on the trees for long before the
birds ate them.
6. The lake (6) … (supply) water for the town since 1902. Now it
was too polluted.
7. Crystal (7) … (paint) the walls before she ran out of paint.
8. The colony’s independent farmers (8) … (feel) resentful about
English rule and taxation long before the Revolution.
9. Mrs. Esposito (9) … (not / cook) very much until Vincent ar‑
rived and asked for his favorite dishes.
10. Until Nigel joined a fraternity, he (10) … (call) his father every
Saturday.
11. The forest (11) … (burn) for a week before the fire was put out.
12. The firefighters (12) … (not / sleep) at all until more help ar‑
rived.
21C. Fill in the spaces with the correct form of the verb in parenthe-
ses in Past Perfect Continuous.
1. The villagers (1) … (normally / carry) water for miles before the
new well was dug.
2. The gymnastics team (2) … (still / practice) hard at nine o’clock p. m.
3. When Mrs. Stein awoke at six o’clock, her husband (3) … (al‑
ready / milk) the cows for an hour.

162
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

4. The cat (4) … (always / scratch) holes in the furniture before


Jody bought him a scratching board.
5. Natalie (5) … (often / find) small shells on the beach, which she
was using to make jewelry.
6. The children (6) … (seldom / read) books before the nanny be‑
gan taking them to the library.
7. Trina (7) … (never / ski) before her family moved to the moun‑
tains.
8. John and Carrie (8) … (happily / prepare) a room for a baby boy
before they discovered that they would have a girl.
9. Our mail carrier (9) … (faithfully / bring) our mail for over
30 years before he retired.
10. The dog next door (10) … (persistently / bark) each night that
summer, keeping us awake.
11. Before the horse broke his leg, he (11) … (usually / race) two
races each month.
22C. Put the verbs in the correct form.
Julie (1) … (walk) for hours when she suddenly noticed that the
sun was sinking in the sky. She (2) … (lose) track of time because
she (3) … (think) about the most important decision she’d ever had
to make in her life. Things (4) … (not be) the same between Julie
and her fiancé, David, since he accepted a job in Paris. They (5)
… (know) each other for almost five years, and in that time, they
had never argued much. Lately, though, their relationship (6) …
(become) stormy. They seemed to be finding fault with each other
and disagreeing about everything. For the first time, she was start‑
ing to wonder if she was ready for marriage. And with the wed‑
ding only twenty days away, she needed to make up her mind soon.
Everything in Julie’s life (7) … (go) well until her world fell apart just
a month before. A large company (8) … (offer) David an important
position that would require him to move to France. As his wife, Julie
would have to go, too. Why hadn’t he discussed his decision with her?
Although Julie (9) … (always want) to live abroad she felt very con‑
163
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

fused. Was she ready to move halfway across the world, leaving be‑
hind her friends and family and the only home she had ever known?
If the answer was no, was she ready to say goodbye to the only man
she (10) … (ever love)?
23C. Fill each gap in this text with one suitable word.
About seventy years ago, a Dutch ship was (1) … near the North
Pole; it (2) … heading for Blacklead Island. On the ship was a sci‑
entist, Edgar Greenhead, who (3) … worked on the island for many
years; he had (4) … conducting research into the life of the local in‑
habitants, who were Eskimos (Inuits). Greenhead had (5) … away for
a long holiday and now he was (6) … back to the island to continue
his work. At about midnight, Greenhead felt very tired as he had (7)
… writing his journal all day. After he had (8) … good-night to the
captain, he (9) … down to his cabin. Outside there (10) … a strong
wind, and the waves (11) … crashing onto the side of the ship. Green‑
head was just (12) … ready to climb into his bunk when he suddenly
(13) … a great crash. He dashed up on deck and although it was dark
he (14) … see that the ship (15) … run into an iceberg.
24C. Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using Past Perfect Con-
tinuous or Past Perfect.
1. When the student revolution came, I (1) … (work) there for
6 months.
2. Before Jim finally decided to go to Thailand, he (2) … (think)
about it for months.
3. They (3) … (eat) all the chocolate cake by the time Michael got
to the party.
4. I (4) … (met) Scarlett Johansson on three previous occasions.
Lucky me!
5. The forensic evidence shows that he (5) … (pick) his nose just
before he was murdered.
6. When the doctor told him his liver was seriously bad, he (6) …
(eat) hamburgers for a month.

164
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

7. Prior to the explosion, the fat man (7) … (eat) seven large choc‑
olate cakes.
8. When they cancelled the flight to Alicante, the storm (8) …
(rage) all afternoon with no sign of abating.
25C. Choose the best answer.
1. I have been reading a book … .
A. and I’m enjoying it B. from cover to cover
2. She has been tidying up her office, hasn’t she?
A. Yes, she has tidied it up already B. Yes, she has
3. Who has been eating my chocolate bar?
A. Soon I will have none left. B. There are none left.
4. The ballon has been soaring 100 meters above us for 2 hours.
A. Why can’t they land at last? B. But they have landed 2 minutes ago
5. I have been trying to contact him … .
A. but to no avail B. fortunately he picked up the
phone.
6. Steve has been driving for 6 hours.
A. But he’s having a barbeque at B. In 2 hours he’s going to
the moment reach Vermont.

26C. Complete the conversation. Put in Past Perfect Continuous.


wait worry deal read look work
Rachel: How was your job interview?
Vicky: Awful. I felt terribly nervous. I (1) … about it all week.
And I was tired because I (2) … on my project the night before. I (3)
… forward to the interview at all.
Rachel: So what happened?
Vicky: The woman interviewing me was half an hour late because
she (4) … with an unexpected problem, she said. I (5) … ages, and I’d
got even more nervous.

165
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Rachel: How did the interview go?


Vicky: Well, I tried to sound confident. I (6) … a book that said
that’s what you have to do in job interviews. But I don’t know if I gave
the right answers.
27C. Translate into English.
1. Дорога была пустой. Ни машин, ни указателей. Он ехал
уже полчаса, но еще не увидел той церкви, о которой ему гово‑
рила Лиз.
2. Брайан читал письмо. Он читал его уже целых 15 минут,
но почерк был такой неразборчивый, что читать было очень
тяжело.
3. Джоан рассматривала альбом со старыми фотографиями
Хилари. Она всегда любила смотреть на старые фотографии,
в них было что-то завораживающее. Но этот альбом был осо‑
бенно хорош. Она рассматривала эти лица уже целый час, ког‑
да голос Хилари напомнил ей, что пора уходить.
4. Пит был недоволен. Он занимался этим делом с января,
поговорил со множеством людей; но и теперь он знал не боль‑
ше, чем тогда, когда взялся за него.
5. Вся семья работала в саду. Только Кэрол осталась дома,
и теперь сидела в гостиной и слушала радио. Потом она задре‑
мала… Она спала уже час или полтора, когда пришел брат и на‑
чал ругать её за то, что она не пошла с ними.
6. Они пытались перевести статью уже полчаса, прежде чем
пришла Кэтрин и помогла им. Она когда-то изучала немецкий
и ещё не забыла его.
7. Марджи повесила трубку, вздохнула и приступила к ра‑
боте. Она не проработала и пяти минут, как телефон зазвонил
снова.
8. Итен чинил машину уже три часа, когда Мэри позвала его
обедать. Он пошёл в дом, вымыл руки и сел за стол. Мэри при‑
готовила отличный обед — просто превосходный.

166
Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous

28C. Translate into English.
1. Тони сел за стол и начал читать. Он читал целый час,
но прочёл всего двадцать страниц — книга была сложная —
когда пришло время позвонить Майклу.
2. Она думала целый час, но ничего не придумала, и, когда
пришло время отвечать, не знала что сказать.
3. Кейт села в машину и поехала домой. Всю дорогу она ду‑
мала о письме, которое получила накануне.
4.  — С кем ты вчера разговаривал, когда я встретил тебя?
— С приятелем. Он два дня назад вернулся из Бостона. Мы
говорили уже минут десять, когда ты нас увидел.
5.  — Что ты делал вчера в это время?
— Точно не помню. Я готовился к экзамену. Я занимался
уже часа два, когда мне позвонила Джейн и напомнила о том,
что мы договорились пойти в театр.
6.  Почему ты вчера не ждал меня в кафе, как мы договори‑
лись?
— Но я пришел туда в пять. Тебя там не было. Я ждал пол‑
часа…
— Нет, это я прождала полчаса, прежде чем решила уйти.
Мы же договорились встретиться в четыре!
7. Когда она вошла в квартиру, то сразу поняла, что в ней по‑
бывали взломщики, так как дверь была открыта и все вещи ле‑
жали не на своих местах. Кроме того, они сломали шкаф, в ко‑
тором она всегда хранила ценности… Точнее, хранила раньше.
8. Когда Вы вошли, я как раз рассказывала Джулии, что мы
отлично провели отпуск.
29C. Choose the best answer and give yours.
1. Sally was sitting on the bed resting. She was tired because …
very hard.
A. she was working B. she ‘d being working C. she’d been working

167
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

2. I was very tired, when I arrived home. …


A. I’d been working B. I was been working C. I am working hard
hard all day. hard all day. all day.
3. Laura was sitting on the bench. She was out of breath. She …
through the park.
A. was running B. has run C. had been running
4. We were totally exhausted at the end of the trip. We … for
more than 5 hours.
A. had been walking B. were walking C. had been walked
5. She… from depression in the lead up to her suicide.
A. suffers B. is suffering C. had been suffering
6. I … (sleep) for 12 hours when my mother woke me up.
7. We … (look) for my wallet for 4 hours before I found it in my
car.
8. How long … (she / learning) French before she went to Paris?
9. She … (drive) less than 20 minutes before she ran out of petrol.
10. The … (ski) all day, so their legs were tired.

30C. Find funny pictures. Why are they funny, in your opinion? De-
scribe them using the past simple and past perfect.

168
KEYS

Present Tenses 8.  I’ve got / I have / I 4A.


Be, Have & Have Got haven’t got / I don’t 1. hasn’t
have a dog got / doesn’t have
1A. 9.  I’ve got / I 2. ’ve got / have (got)
1. we’ve got have / haven’t got / I 3. ’s got / has (got)
2. he’s got don’t have a bike 4.  haven’t got / don’t
3. they’ve got 10. I’ve got a brother have
4. she hasn’t got and a sister 5. ’ve got / have (got)
5. it’s got 3A. 6.  haven’t got / don’t
6. I haven’t got 1. They’ve got two have
2A. children. 7. hasn’t
1. He hasn’t got / He 2. She hasn’t got a got / doesn’t have
doesn’t have a car key. 5A.
2. He’s got / He has 3. He’s got a new 1. has a spider got
a computer job. 2. C
3. He hasn’t got / He 4. They haven’t got 3. has London got
doesn’t have a dog much money. 4. D
4. He hasn’t got / He 5. Have you got an 5. has Bill Gates got
doesn’t have a mo‑ umbrella? 6. A
bile phone 6. We’ve got a lot of 7. has Penelope Cruz got
5. He’s got / He has work to do. 8. F
a watch 7. I haven’t got your 9. has James Bond got
6. He’s got / He has two phone number. 10. E
brothers and a sister 8. Has your father 11. have you got
7.  I’ve got / I have / I got a car? 12. B
haven’t got / don’t 9. How much money 6A.
have a computer have we got? 1. Have you got a
mobile phone?
169
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

2. Yes, I have. brothers or sisters 2. B


3. Have you got any 2. has a temperature, 3. A or C
brothers or sisters? 3. doesn’t have any 4. A or C
4. Yes, I have. mountains 5. A
5. Have your parents 4. ‘re having fun 6. C
got jobs? 5. have a headache 11B.
6.Yes, they have. 6. doesn’t have a 1. OK
7. Has your teacher driving licence 2. Lisa had long hair
got a Rolls Royce? 7. have a cup of cof‑ 3. he didn’t have
8. No, she hasn’t. fee 4. I have or I’ve got
9. Has your best 8. doesn’t have a 5. OK
friend got any pets? king 6. I didn’t have
10. Yes, she’s got a cat. 9. ‘m having lunch 7. OK (or He hasn’t
11. Have you got a 9B. got)
headache? 1. I haven’t got a key. 8. Did you have
12. No, I haven’t. 2. I didn’t have my 9. OK
13. Has your mother glasses. 12B.
got dark hair? 3. I don’t have / I 1. have lunch
14. Yes, she has. haven’t got a ladder. 2. has a break
7A. 4. We didn’t have 3. had a party
1. Do enough time. 4. have a look
2. has 5. He didn’t have a 5. ’s / is having a nice
3. Do map. time
4. have 6. She doesn’t 6. had a chat
5. don’t have / She hasn’t got 7. Did you have
6. you any money. trouble
7. has 7. I don’t have / I 8. had a baby
8. Does haven’t got enough 9. was having a
9. doesn’t energy. shower
10. Do 8. They didn’t have 10. Did you have a
11. have a camera. good flight?
8A. 10B.
1. I don’t have any 1. A or C

170
KEYS

Present Tenses 2.  ’re / are cold. 4. C


Present Simple 3.  ’s / is hot. 5. A
4.  He’s / He  is afraid. 6. E
1A. 5.  They’re / They are 7. B
1. she’s hungry. 8. I
2. they’re 6.  She’s / She  is 9. D
3. it isn’t / it’s not angry. 7A.
4. that’s 5A. 1. Are you English
5. I’m not 1. Angela isn’t a or Scottish?
6.  you aren’t / you’re student. 2. Where is your
not 2.  My brother  is / My house?
2A. brother’s married. 3. Is Maria a stu‑
1. is 3. Our house is near dent?
2.  ’m / am the bus stop. 4. Are your brothers
3. is 4. I’m / I am very married?
4. are hungry. 5.  Where  is / Where’s
5.  ’s / is 5. We are not / We the post office?
6. are aren’t Canadian. 6. Am I early?
7. is 6. The bank is / The 7.  Who  is / Who’s
8. are bank’s close to the your teacher?
9.  ’m / am station. 8. Is the station near
10. is 7. I’m not / I am not here?
3A. an English teacher. 8A.
1.  He’s / He  is 8. It’s / It is time for 1. How are
2.  I’m / I am lunch now. 2.  Where’s / Where  is
3.  He’s / He  is 9. Those maga‑ 3. How old are
4.  they’re / they are zines are 4. How much are
5.  It’s / It  is not / aren’t  very  in‑ 5.  What’s / What  is
6.  You’re / You are teresting. 6.  Who’s / Who  is
7.  She’s / She  is 6A. 7. What colour are
8.  Here’s / Here  is 1. G 9A.
4A. 2. F 1. Are
1.  ’s / is thirsty 3. H 2. aren’t

171
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3. are my home town is 7. costs


4.is Madrid. 8. cost
5. is 11.  is / ’s 9. boils
6.is 12. My favourite 10. like
7. Is singer is Johnny 11. likes
8. isn’t Cash. 15A.
9. is 12A. 1. Sue always arrives
10. are 1. lives early.
11. are 2. takes 2. I never go to the
10A. 3. enjoys cinema.
1. No, I’m not. 4. knows 3. Martina always
2. Yes, I am. 5. watches works hard.
3. No, I’m not. 6. goes 4. Children usually
4. No, I’m not. 7. washes like chocolate.
5. No, they aren’t. 8. relaxes 5. Julia always en‑
6. Yes, it is. 9. carries joys parties.
7. No, he isn’t. He’s 10. tries 6. I often forget
American. 11. flies people’s names.
8. Yes, they are. 12. hurries 7. Tim never watches
9. No, it isn’t. 13A. television.
11A. 1. reads 8. We usually have
1. is 2. thinks dinner at 7.30.
2. My surname is 3. flies 9. Jenny always
Lopez. 4. dances wears nice clothes.
3. are 5. has 16A.
4. I’m Spanish. 6. finishes 1. I usually watch
5.  is / ’s 14A. TV in the evening.
6. He / She is eigh‑ 1. speaks 2. I sometimes
teen. 2. open read in bed.
7. are 3. closes 3. I often get up
8. They’re at work. 4. teaches before 7 o’clock.
9.  is / ’s 5. meet 4. I never go to work
10. The name of 6. washes by bus.

172
KEYS

5. I usually drink 5. don’t know friends play tennis


two cups of coffee in 6. doesn’t cost 4.  Does he / your
the morning. 7. don’t see brother speak Eng‑
17A. 20A. lish
1. I don’t play the 1. speaks 5. Do you do yoga
piano very well. 2. don’t like every morning
2. Jane doesn’t play 3. don’t know 6.  Does he / Paul
the piano very well. 4. doesn’t talk often go away
3. They don’t know 5. drinks 7. Do you want to be
my phone number. 6. don’t believe famous
4. We don’t 7. like 8.  Does she / Anna
work very hard. 8. doesn’t eat work hard
5. He doesn’t have a 21A. 23A.
bath every day. 1. doesn’t work 1. Where do your
6. You don’t do the 2. works parents live?
same thing every 3. doesn’t eat 2. Do you always get
day. 4. work up early?
18A. 5. don’t live 3. How often do you
1. I don’t watch 6. prefers watch TV?
TV very often. 7. sings 4. What do you want
2. I never go to the 8. plays for dinner?
theatre. 9. loves 5. Do you like foot‑
3. I don’t ride a 10. doesn’t eat ball?
bicycle very often. 11. doesn’t like 6. Does your brother
4. I never eat in 12. comes like football?
restaurants. 13. doesn’t make 7. What do you do in
5. I often travel by 14. doesn’t give your free time?
train. 22A. 8. Where does your
19A. 1. Do you play ten‑ sister work?
1. don’t read nis 9. Do you often go
2. doesn’t use 2. Does Lucy live to the cinema?
3. don’t go near here 10. What does this
4. doesn’t wear 3.  Do they / Tom’s word mean?

173
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

11. Does it often 11. doesn’t week.


snow here? 26A. 27B.
12. What time do 1. What time do you 1. speaks
you usually go to get up? 2. drink
bed? 2. I usually get up at 3. opens
13. How much 7:30. 4. causes
does it cost to phone 3. Do you work in 5. live
New York? an office? 6. take
14. What do you 4. No, I’m a student. 7. connects
usually have for 5. What do you have 28B.
breakfast? for breakfast? 1. doesn’t drink
24A. 6. I usually have 2. do the banks close
1. Yes, I do / No, I toast. 3. don’t use
don’t. 7. How often do you 4. does Ricardo
2. Yes, I do / No, I watch TV? come
don’t. 8. I watch TV every 5. do you do
3. Yes, I do / No, I evening. 6. takes … does it
don’t. 9. Do you visit take
4. Yes, it does / No, friends at the week‑ 7. does this word
it doesn’t. end? mean
5. Yes, I do / No, I 10. Yes, I do. 8. doesn’t do
don’t. 11. Does your family 29B.
25A. go to the beach in 1. goes
1. watch summer? 2. doesn’t grow
2. don’t 12. Yes, we do. 3. rises
3. do 13. Do you often go 4. make
4. do to bed late? 5. don’t eat
5. like 14. No, I don’t. 6. doesn’t believe
6. never 15. How often does 7. translates
7. Do your best friend 8. don’t tell
8. sometimes phone you? 9. flows
9. likes 16. She phones 30B.
10. Does me once or twice a 1. I suggest

174
KEYS

2. I promise 15. involve 8. sitting


3. I insist 16. matter 9. living
4. I apologise 17. measure 10. making
5. I recommend 18. mean 11. taking
31B. 19. promise 12. using
1. happens 20. weigh 2A.
2. passes Other examples to 1. crying
3. takes each of the catego‑ 2. helping
4. lasts ries: 3. laughing
5. don’t sing senses: hear, sound, 4. listening
6. keep see 5. playing
7. doesn’t happen possession: consist, 6. starting
8. enjoy have, include 7. wearing
9. don’t remember thinking: imag‑ 8. working
10. occurs ine, know, realize, 9. beginning
11. falls remember, suppose, 10. digging
12. looks understand 11. forgetting
13. comes emotional states: 12. putting
32C. hate, prefer, want 13. robbing
1.smell appearance: appear, 14. stopping
2. taste be, exist 15. swimming
3. contain 16. winning
4. own Present Tenses 17. arriving
5. belong to 18. coming
Present Continuous
6. believe 19. dancing
7. doubt 20. deciding
1A.
8. regard 21. having
1. happening
9. dislike 22. living
2. visiting
10. mind 23. making
3. sleeping
11. seem 24. writing
4. waiting
12. depend on 25. dying
5. stopping
13. deserve 26. lying
6. running
14. fit 27. tying
7. swimming

175
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

3A. 6. I’m learning 4. are having


1. ’m working English. 5.  is / ’s eating
2.  ’s / is cooking 7. I’m (not) listening 6.  is / ’s drinking
3.  ’re / are standing to music 7.  are / ’re taking
4.  ’s / is swimming 8. The sun is (not) b
5.  ’re / are staying shining 8. Isabel
6.  ’s / is having 9. I’m (not) wearing 9. Mr and Mrs Be‑
7.  ’re / are building shoes renson
8.  ’m / am going 10. I’m not reading a 10. Carlos
4A. newspaper 11. Robert and Mick
1. isn’t / ’s not hav‑ 6A. 12. Miranda
ing dinner 1. ’s having a shower 13. Rashid
2.  ’s / is watching 2. ‘m / am wearing a 8A.
television pullover 1. Is
3. ’s / is sitting on the 3. ‘s / is eating in a 2. listening
floor. restaurant today 3. is
4. She isn’t / ’s not 4. are playing in the 4. Are
reading a book. garden 5. playing
5. She isn’t / ’s not 5.  computer  isn’t / is 6. aren’t
playing the piano. not working 7. Is
6.  She’s / is laughing. 6. isn’t / is not danc‑ 8. walking
7.  She’s / is wearing ing at the moment 9. isn’t
a hat. 7. taxi is / taxi’s wait‑ 10. running
8. She isn’t / ’s not ing outside 11. is
writing a letter. 8.  aren’t / are not 12.  eating / doing
5A. having a lunch break 13. ‘s eating
1. I’m not washing 9. aren’t / are not go‑ 14. are
my hair ing to work today 15. doing
2. It’s (not) snowing 7A. 16.  are / ’re taking
3. I’m (not) sitting a 17. Is
on a chair 1 are playing 18. eating
4. I’m (not) eating 2.  is / ’s listening 19. ‘s drinking a cola
5. It’s (not) raining 3.  is / ’s running

176
KEYS

9A. ing with her grand‑ 9.  ’s / is lying


1. Is Paul working parents this week? 14B.
today? 12. she is Students’ own an-
2. What are the chil‑ 11B. swers. See Exercise
dren doing? 1. F 3 for model answer.
3. Are you listening 2. E 15B.
to me? 3. G 1.  What’s / What  is
4. Where are your 4. A he doing
friends going? 5. D 2.  What’s / What  is
5. Are your parents 6. H he studying
watching television? 7. B 3. Is he enjoying
6. What is Jessica 8. C 4. ’s / is your new job
cooking? 12B. going
7. Why are you look‑ 1. Are you waiting 5. it’s / it is getting
ing at me? 2.  ’m / am meeting 6. he isn’t / he’s not
8. Is the bus com‑ 3. Is my radio dis‑ enjoying
ing? turbing 7. he’s / he is begin‑
10A. 4.  ’m / am enjoying ning
1. Is it raining today? 5. are those people 16B.
2. it isn’t shouting 1. I’m / I am trying
3. Are you doing 6.  ’re / are demon‑ 2.  It  isn’t / It’s
your homework? strating not / It is not raining
4. I am 13B. 3. I’m / I am not
5. Is Steven cooking 1. is sitting listening
lunch? 2.  ’s / is standing 4. She’s / She is hav‑
6. he isn’t 3.  aren’t / are not ing
7. Are the children looking 5. I’m / I am not
watching TV? 4.  ’s / is wearing eating
8. they are 5. isn’t / is not wear‑ 6. He’s / He is learn‑
9. Are we waiting for ing ing
somebody? 6.  ’s / is watching 7. They aren’t /
10. we aren’t 7.  ’s / is shining They’re / They are
11. Is Elizabeth stay‑ 8. is hanging not speaking

177
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

8. I’m / I am getting Present Tenses 9. She’s talking


9. isn’t / ’s not work‑ Present Simple & 10. do you usually
ing / is not working have
Past Continuous
10. I’m / I am looking 11. He’s visiting
17B. 12. I don’t drink
1A.
1. is increasing 4A.
1. every day
2. is changing 1. It’s raining
2. nearly always
3.  ’s / is getting 2. I’m writing
3. on Fridays
4. is rising 3. I hate
4. very often
5. is starting 4. Do you remember
5. when I’m tied
18B. 5. he’s lying
6. now
1. You’re always los‑ 6. keeping
7. just now
ing your phone. 7. he sleeps
8. these days
2. It’s always break‑ 8. he doesn’t catch
9. this afternoon
ing down. 9. are watching
10. today
3. I’m always mak‑ 10. They like
2A.
ing the same / that 11. They aren’t
1. D
mistake. laughing
2. G
4. You’re always for‑ 12. I work
3. H
getting your glasses 13. I don’t want
4. E
19C. 14. are you doing
5. F
1. You’re always 15. you’re sitting
6. A
complaining about 16. the sun’s shining
7. B
my handwriting. 5A.
8. C
2. You’re forever ask‑ 1. is
3A.
ing me for money. 2. is acting
1. Do you speak
3. You’re constantly 3. loves
2. we go
criticising my driving. 4. ‘s waiting
3. is shining
4. You’re continually 5. ‘s putting
4. are you going
changing your mind. 6. is practising
5. do you go
5. You’re for‑ 7. lives
6. She writes
ever moaning about 8. is staying
7. I never read
(your) work 9. don’t cost
8. They’re watching

178
KEYS

10. are staying 17. She prefers 11A.


11. thinks 8A. 1. X
6A. 1. Do you remember 2. X
1. do 2. know 3. X
2. don’t 3. Are you using 4. V
3. are 4. cost 5. X
4. does 5. ‘re doing 6. X
5.  ’s / is 6. ‘m not doing 7. V
6. don’t 7. don’t need 8. X
7. do 8. ‘s 9. X
8. does 9. ‘s looking after 10. V
9. doesn’t 9A. 11. V
7A. 1. H 12. X
1. do you speak 2. E 13. X
2. He’s having 3. D 12A
3. I don’t watch 4. F 1. am writing
4. is singing 5. B 2. are staying
5. She wants 6. G 3. am sitting
6. do you read 7. A 4. am drinking
7. you’re sitting 8. I 5. is walking
8. I don’t under‑ 9. C 6. is collecting
stand 10A. 7. is
9. I’m going 1. Are 8. spend
10. Are you coming 2. I am 9. are going
11. does your father 3. is your name 10. are leaving
finish 4. are you studying 11. make
12. I’m not listening 5. have 12. are
13.  He’s / He  is 6. do 13. love
cooking 7. are 14. don’t want
14. doesn’t usually 8. I’m living 13A.
drive 9. Have you 1. C
15. usually walks 10. isn’t 2. A
16. doesn’t like 11. have you got 3. B

179
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. B 7. Do you play 5. Do you listen


5. A 8. are you writing 6. flows
6. C 9. She’s coming 7.  ’s / is flowing
7. A 10. I’m going 8. We usually grow
8. B 11. boils 9.  we aren’t / we’re
14A. 12. Is that water not / we are not
1. C boiling growing
2. B 16B. 10. it’s / it is improv‑
3. B 1. think ing
4. A 2. see 11.  She’s / She  is
5. B 3. are you thinking staying
6. A 4. is that woman 12. She always stays
7. C looking 13. I’m / I am start‑
8. C 5. looks like ing
9. A 6. feel 14. I’m / I am learn‑
10. B 17B. ing
11. A 1. Ok 15.  ’s / is teaching
12. B 2. is boiling 16. I finish
13. C 3. is trying 17. I’m / I am work‑
14. B 4. are they talking ing
15. A 5. OK 18. live
16. B 6. It’s / It is getting 19. do your parents
17. B 7. OK live
18. A 8. I’m / I am coming 20.  ’s / is looking
19. B 9. are you getting 21.  She’s / She  is
20. C 10. He always gets staying
15B. 11. OK 22. does your
1. Do you smoke 18B. brother do
2. are you eating 1. It isn’t raining 23. he isn’t / he’s
3. is she working 2. She speaks not / he is not working
4. Does it rain 3.  Everybody’s / Ev‑ 24. I usually enjoy
5. don’t speak erybody is waiting 25. I’m not / I am
6. is getting 4. Are you listening not enjoying

180
KEYS

19B. 21B. 3. do


1. grow 1. Do you want not / don’t  imagine
2. don’t know 2. I’m / I am using 4. appears
3. are trying 3. I need 5. Do you need OR
4. is getting 4. does he want Will you be needing
5. are disappearing 5. is he looking 6. like OR am / ’m
6. aren’t doing 6. believes liking
7. enjoy 7. I don’t / I do 7. remember OR
8. consist not / I can’t remem‑ am / ’m remember‑
9. melt ber ing
10. believe 8. I’m / I am think‑ 25C.
20B. ing 1. How is it looking?
1. V 9. I think OR How does it look?
2. X 10. You don’t use 2. How does it look?
3. V 11. consists 3.  ’m / am measuring
4. V 22B. 4. measures
5. X 1. Ok 5. doubt
6. V 2. Do you believe 6. doubt
7. X 3. OK (I feel is also 7. is currently at‑
8. V correct) tracting OR attracts
9. V 4. It tastes 8. attract
10. V 5. I think 9. doesn’t like
11. V 23B. 10. ’m / am not lik‑
12. X 1. he’s being ing OR don’t like
13. V 2.  ’s / is being 11.  ’re / are fitting
14. X 3.  ’s / is 12. doesn’t fit
15. V 4. are you being 13. feels
16. X 5. Is he 14. ’m / am not feel‑
17. V 24C. ing OR don’t feel
18. X 1. feel OR am / ’m 15. consists (only) of
19. X feeling 16. consists of
20. V 2.  are / ’re be‑ 17.  ’s / is sounding
ing / have been OR sounds

181
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

18. sounds 28C. 10. measures


19.  ’s / is having The most likely verbs 11.  ’m / am look‑
20. has are given: ing OR was looking
26C. 1.  we’re / are usually (similar meaning,
1. apologise eating OR we usu‑ although the past
2. admit ally eat continuous is more
3.  don’t suggest / ’m 2. don’t eat tentative, suggesting
not suggesting (both 3. plays OR is play‑ less chance of suc-
possible) ing cess)
4.  now realise / ’m 4.  ‘re / are constantly 12. looks
now realising (both- playing OR con‑ 13. appears OR is
possible) stantly play appearing (suggests
5. confess 5. I’m normally that this is unusual or
6. ’m considering taking OR I nor‑ temporary behaviour)
7. do you find / are mally take (It would 14.’s / is appearing
you finding (both suggest, however, that 30C.
possible) this is the time they 1. I’m thinking
8. know leave home. Present about it.
9. don’t guaran‑ continuous suggests 2. I hope
tee / ’m not guaran‑ that they are on the 3. I visit
teeing (both possible) way to school at 4. It’s getting
10. promise 8:30). 5. I recognise
27C. 6. takes 6. It lasts
1. passes 29C. 7. do you do
2. shoots 1.  ’m / am thinking 8. doesn’t fit
3. are attacking 2. think 9. happens
4. arrives 3. expect 10. are you looking
5. is waiting 4. are … expecting 31C.
6. says 5. is attracting 1. all the time
7. is playing 6. attracts 2. currently
8. stands 7. Do … see 3. these days
9. starts 8. is seeing 4. now
9.  ’m / am measuring 5. Normally

182
KEYS

6. now ing on 6. OK


7. at present 16. are experiencing 7.  is going / is
8. until 17. realise 8. OK
9. forever 18. upsets 9. Do you hear
10. now 19. am also trying 10. OK
32C. 20. suspect 36C.
1. hear 34C. 1. trying
2. are drinking 1.  looks just / exactly 2. shooting
3. am depending like 3. listening
4. are forever inter‑ 2. that belongs to 4. talking
rupting you 5. asking
5. do you think 3. am really enjoying 6. coming
6. want working 7. taking
7. is handling 4. means I take 8. making
8. doubt 5. cycling group 37C.
9. are you getting on consists of 1. 2
10. is just being 6. you think is going 2. 4
33C. to 3. 5
1. know 7. I am measuring 38C.
2. spend (the width of) 1. contain
3. am thinking 8. never remembers 2. are slowly begin‑
4. Take 9. survival depends ning to understand
5. runs on its ability 3. do you think
6. is going out 10. are you thinking 4. don’t realise
7. seem about 5. are imagining
8. knows 35C. 6. are having
9 fancies 1. Ok 7. I’m taking
10. happen 2. Does this to‑ 8. appeals
11. dislikes tal include the new 9. is considering
12. stop students? 10. Does this wallet
13. is deceiving 3. are you waiting belong
14. is seeing 4. taste 39C.
15. are currently go‑ 5. OK 1. is going down

183
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

2. are still trying 8. I’m thinking 7. carry


3. is Improving 9. we’re beginnng 8. actually gives
4. believe 10. V (7. and 8. could
5. show 41C. be: are carrying / is
6. agree 1. is knocking usually giving, to
7. means 2. cook emphasise that this is
8. is increasing 3. is forever losing a current trend)
9. looks 4. comes 9. simply don’t real‑
10. interprets 5. is reading ize
11. remains 6. kicks 10. is happening
12. is becoming 7. don’t understand 11. are still examin‑
13. cost 8. is leaving ing
14. is pursuing 9. is getting 12. do not believe
15. are currently 10. hear 13. involves
facing 42C. 14. expect
16. are having 1. Are you doing 15. are working
17. have 2. contains 16. hope
18. suggest 3. visits (15. and 16. could be:
19. behave 4. is beginning are expecting / are
20. say 5. is seeing hoping, to emphasize
21. seems 6. don’t know current activity)
22. cause 7. is taking 17. realise
23. are introducing 8. measures 18. depend
24. are concentrat‑ 9. Is happening 19. understand
ing 10. suppose 20. are checking
40C. 43C. 44C.
1. V 1. go 1. Does this car be‑
2. smells 2. is rapidly becom‑ long to you, sir?
3. V ing 2. This perfume
4. do you do 3. causes smells nice.
5. It’s costing 4. seems 3. There seems to be
6. V 5. are taking a mistake.
7. V 6. simply weigh 4. I don’t see what

184
KEYS

you mean. 8. It’s getting hot‑ 10. am managing


5. What do you ter in here. 11. understand
think? 9. I love skiing. 12. know
6. At birth a baby el‑ 10. Peter is always 13. am going
ephant weighs about losing his home‑ 14.  are helping / help
90 kg. work. 15. am learning
7. Does the price 46C. 16. am experiencing
matter? 1. tries 17. points out
8. How much does 2. is walking 18. are taking
this model cost? 3. hears 19. do not really
9. This book 4. is watching know
looks interesting. 5. turns 20. want
10. What does the 6. doesn’t see 21. are developing
box contain? 7. creeps 22. are appearing
45C. 8. hears 23. are spending
1. They say Harry is 9. sees 24. think
a very good card 10. is sitting 25. are going
player. 11. asks
2. I don’t under‑ 12. answers Past Tenses
stand this maths 13. says
Past Simple
problem. 14. laughs
3. I agree with you. 15. replies
1A.
4. She’s working in 16. is standing
1. was
the garden. 47C.
2. were
5. Stop shouting, the 1. are spending
3. was
teacher’s coming. 2. pay
4. were
6. Somebody is 3. means
5. was
knocking at the 4. is taking
6. was
door. 5. works
7. were
7. Some people be‑ 6. docs
8. were
lieve [that] I UFOs 7. am finding
9. was
have landed on 8. admits
10. was
Earth. 9. am trying
11. was

185
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

12. was ‘Yes, there were.’ 5. ‘Were the parks


13. was 5. ‘Were James and beautiful?’ ‘Yes,
14. were, was Wendy in the sea?’ they were.’ / ‘No,
15. was, was ‘No, they weren’t.’ they weren’t.’
2A. 6. ‘Was James awake?’ 6. ‘Was the air‑
1. was ‘No, he wasn’t.’ port busy?’ ‘Yes, it
2. was 7. ‘What was on James was.’ / ‘No, it wasn’t.’
3. was face?’ ‘There was a 7. ‘Were the muse‑
4. were book on his face.’ ums interesting?’ ‘Yes,
5. were 8. ‘Was it sunny all they were.’ / ‘No, they
6. were day?’ ‘No, it wasn’t.’ weren’t.’
7. was 9. ‘Were the holi‑ 8. ‘Were the shops
8. were daymakers wet in the expensive?’ ‘No,
9. were end?’ ‘Yes, they were.’ they weren’t’ / ‘Yes,
10. were 10. ‘Where was this they were’
11. were beach?’ ‘It was in 9. ‘Was the hotel
12. was Britain.’ comfortable?’ ‘Yes, it
13. were 4A. was.’ / ‘No, it wasn’t.’
14. was 1. ‘Were the under‑ 10. ‘Was the food
15. was ground trains fast?’ good?’ ‘No, it
16. were ‘Yes, they were.’ / ‘No, wasn’t’ / ‘Yes, it was.’
3A. they weren’t.’ 5A.
1. ‘Was the weather 2 ‘Was the weather 1. watched 13. played
nice?’ ‘Yes, it was a warm?’ ‘No, it 2. cleaned 14. studied
beautiful day’ wasn’t.’ / ‘Yes, it was.’ 3. stopped 15. loved
2. ‘Where were James 3. ‘Were the streets 4. arrived 16. opened
and Wendy?’ ‘They clean?’ ‘No, they 5. returned 17. started
were on the beach.’ weren’t.’ / ‘Yes, they 6. cooked 18. watered
7. walked 19. climbed
3. ‘Where were their were.’
8. visited 20. stayed
children?’ ‘They 4. ‘Were the people
9. worked 21. called
were in the sea.’ friendly?’ ‘No, they 10. looked 22. kissed
4. ‘Were there other weren’t.’ / ‘Yes, they 11. liked 23. tidied
children in the sea?’ were.’ 12. ironed 24. washed

186
KEYS

6A. 4. Did Simon play 17. Rode


1. helped football yester‑ 18. Ran
2. cleaned day? — Yes, he did. 19. Saw
3. watched 5. Did Mr. and Mrs. 20. Sat
4. played Hill wash the dishes 21. Swam
5. climbed yesterday? — No, 22. Spent
6. stayed they didn’t. 23. Took
7. called 6. Did Mr. and Mrs. 24. Told
8. kissed Hill listen to the 25. Wrote
9. returned radio yesterday? — 26. Got
10. arrived Yes, they did. 10A.
11. looked 7. Did Mr. and 1. took
12. opened Mrs. Hill sing their 2. saw
13. walked favourite songs yes‑ 3. bought
7A. terday? — No, they 4. ate
1. helped didn’t. 5. drank
2. cleaned 9A. 6. laughed
3. washed 1.  Was / were 7. was
4. cooked 2. Broke 8. did
5. wasn’t 3. Bought 9. jumped
6. was 4. Came 10. rode
7. had 5. Cut 11. had
8. watched 6. Cost 11A.
8A. 7. Drank 1. went
1. Did Mike watch 8. Drove 2. took
TV yesterday? — 9. Ate 3. drove
Yes, he did. 10. Had 4. bought
2. Did Simon clean 11. Went 5. saw
the floor yesterday? — 12. Lost 6. cost
No, he didn’t. 13. Made 7. told
3. Did Simon water 14. Met 8. were
the flowers? — No, 15. Put 9. met
he didn’t. 16. Read 10. went

187
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

11. sat 10. Did you build a 15. B


12. drank house yesterday? 16. A
13. came 13A. 17. B
14. did 1. A 18. A
15. wrote 2. C 19. C
12A. 3. B 20. C
1. Did Jane meet 4. A 15A.
friends yesterday? — 5. B 1. came
No, she didn’t. 6. C 2. liked
2. Did Kate cut the 7. C 3. listened
grass yesterday? — 8. B 4. wanted
Yes, she did. 9. C 5. played
3. Did Peter write a 10. B 6. rode
letter yesterday? — 11. B 7. swam
Yes, he did. 12. A 8. finished
4. Did Vova meet his 13. B 9. visited
friends yesterday? — 14. C 10. planted
No, he didn’t. 15. B 11. bought
5. Did Pam and Ben 14A. 12. went
write a story yes‑ 1. A 13. saw
terday? — No, they 2. B 14. ran
didn’t. 3. B 15. arrived
6. Did Rose read a 4. B 16. went
book yesterday? — 5. A 17. drank
Yes, she did. 6. C 16A.
7. Did Ann draw a 7. A 1. skipped
picture yesterday? — 8. C 2. watched
No, she didn’t. 9. B 3. didn’t have
8. Did you ride a 10. A 4. didn’t go
bike yesterday? 11. C 5. washed
9. Did you get a let‑ 12. C 6. had
ter yesterday? 13. A 7. wrote
14. B 8. didn’t do

188
KEYS

9. came high in the sky. 11. This woman


10. ate 13. Why did Mike taught you English,
11. didn’t visit get up early last didn’t she?
12. wasn’t night? 12. He got up, had his
13. read 14. We wanted to vis‑ breakfast and went to
14. didn’t go it you 2 days ago. the bathroom.
15. celebrated 15. When did he buy 13. She allowed
17A. apples? her son to go to the
1. It was cold last 18A. party last week.
winter. 1. When did you 14. The cat ate a
2. Yesterday we sat come home yester‑ mouse, didn’t it?
under the tree. day? 19B.
3. When did you get 2. They were at 1. I didn’t like the
presents? home when I came. film.
4. Last week they 3. Did Mark have a 2. She hated the
lived on the farm. car two years ago? hotel.
5. Were you at 4. What was diffi‑ 3. We didn’t live
school last week? cult? there.
6. My sister liked to 5. She left her 4. Did he play the
walked her dog. baby in hospital. piano?
7. The boy gave his 6. Did they call you 5. I loved Paris.
dog some meat. the day before yes‑ 6. He didn’t
8. What did he repair terday? work very hard.
yesterday evening? 7. Were Ann and 7. She travelled a lot.
9. Some days ago we Pete late for the 8. He walked every‑
needed your help. meeting? where.
10. Last winter we 8. Why did he fall ill 9. I didn’t study
liked to skate in the last week? English.
garden. 9. You didn’t make 10. Did you drive to
11. Did she get a your bed. school?
nice present last 10. What time did 11. I didn’t like him.
birthday? you have lunch yes‑ 12. Did you miss
12. My kite flew terday? your parents?

189
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

13. We loved Spain. 4. didn’t play 2. were


14. John studied 5. had lunch 3. started
music. 6. didn’t smoke 4. saw
15. Where did you 7. lived 5. called
live? 8. visited, ate 6. tried
16. What did he study? 9. went 7. was
17. Where did she work? 10. was 8. arrived
18. We didn’t like 11. watched 9. fought
London. 12. saw 10. brought
19. They hated wait‑ 13. got 11. entered
ing. 14. didn’t sleep 12. found
20. They worked in a 15. was, came 24B.
factory. 22B. 1. Did you have
20B. 1. won 2. We didn’t try
1. bought 2. walked, felt 3. did you see
2. did they come 3. took 4. I didn’t know
3. didn’t understand 4. preferred 5. did you go
4. thought 5. spoke 6. I didn’t like
5. Did you eat 6. sold, bought 7. did Sarah enjoy
6. didn’t catch 7. met, fell 8. I didn’t want
7. forgot 8. stopped, got off 25B.
8. Did they tell 9. left On Tuesday I got
9. did 10. How did you cut up at half past six.
10. didn’t drink 11. tried I went to the bath‑
11. put 12. drank room and washed my
12. didn’t know 13. found hands and face and
13. Did you go 14. founded cleaned my teeth.
14. gave 15. heard Then I dressed,
15. read 16. made went to the kitchen
21B. 17. When did you and cooked break‑
1. was write fast for my family.
2. finished 23B. At half past seven
3. didn’t help 1. died my son got up and

190
KEYS

had breakfast. I had 7. did you do 16. were


breakfast with my 8. took 17. had
son. My son ate a 9. had 18. got out
sandwich and drank 10. was 19. mended
a cup of tea. I didn’t 11. shone 20. arrived
drink tea. I drank 27B. 21. were
coffee. After Break‑ 1. left 22. had
fast my son left home 2. worked 23. went
for school. I didn’t 3. started 29B.
leave home with my 4. worked 1. Did we go for a
son. On Tuesday I 5. became stroll down ‘Alpha‑
didn’t work in the 6. made bet Street’ to Ginger
morning. I worked in 7. called Street? We didn’t
the afternoon. In 8. heard go for a stroll down
the evening I was at 9. sang ‘Alphabet Street’ to
home. My husband 10. was Ginger Street.
and my son were 11. went 2. Did television
at home, too. We 28B. cut deeply into the
rested in the evening. 1. decided movie-going audi‑
My son watched TV, 2. got into ence in the 1950s? In
my husband read 3. drove the 1950s, television
newspapers and I 4. found didn’t cut deeply into
did some work about 5. took the movie-going
the house. At about 6. started audience.
eleven o’clock we 7. told 3. Did he do a
went to bed. 8. packed tremendous amount
26B. 9. moved of work? He didn’t
1. Did you do 10. began do a tremendous
2. went 11. saw amount of work.
3. was 12. ran away 4. Did they carry out
4. took 13. could a huge survey? They
5. Did you stay 14. started didn’t carry out a
6. stayed 15. got into huge survey.

191
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

5. Were there a lot they didn’t shut up. 6. wrote


of disasters in the 11. Did she begin 7. seemed
20th century? There the examination on 8. ate
weren’t a lot of time? She didn’t 9. drank
disasters in the 20th begin the examina‑ 10. got
century. tion on time. 11.  learnt / learned
6. Did the actress 12. Did my friends 12. found
give a bravura teach English for 13. fed
performance in the twenty-five years? 14. gave
Aldwych in Lon‑ My friend didn’t 15. tied
don? The actress teach English for 16. went
didn’t give a bravura twenty-five years. 17. spoke
performance in the 30B. 18. met
Aldwych in London. 1. Wasn’t 19. read
7. Did he fail to ap‑ 2. was 20. had
pear before the mag‑ 3. took 21. spread
istrate? He didn’t 4. was 22. came
fail to appear before 5. received
the magistrate. 6. meant Past Tenses
8. Was Hobbs a 7. invented
Past Simple and Past
founding partner in 8. laid
the Atlantic Finan‑ 9. allowed Continuous
cial Markets? Hobbs 10. replaced
wasn’t a found‑ 11. created 1A.
ing partner in the 12. didn’t own 1. were
Atlantic Financial 13. walked 2. was
Markets. 14. rode 3. did
9. Could they get out 31B. 4. did
of the place? They 1. began 5. were
couldn’t get out of 2. found 6. was
the place. 3. explained 7. were
10. Did they shut up? 4. was 8. were
When they saw me, 5. knew 9. was
10. was
192
KEYS

11. did 3A. 9. No, I didn’t.


12. did 1. It was raining when I 10. No, they weren’t.
13. was got up this morning. 11. Yes, I did.
14. did 2. When I got up, I 12. Yes, they did.
15. did had shower. 13. No, she wasn’t.
16. did 3. We were doing 14. Yes, he didn’t.
17. was home when we saw 15. Yes, I didn’t.
18. were the accident. 16. Yes, I wasn’t.
19. were 4. When we saw the 17. Yes, he was.
20. was accident we phoned 18. No, I didn’t.
21. did the police. 19. Yes, she was.
2A. 5. John was riding 20. Yes, she did.
1. were waiting on his bike when he 5A.
2. arrived fell off. 1. B
3. was swimming 6. He broke his leg 2. A
4. saw when he fell off. 3. B
5. were playing 7. I was getting un‑ 4. B
6. started dressed when I heard 5. A
7. cried a strange noise outside 6. B
8. heard my bedroom window. 7. B
9. were driving 8. When I heard the 8. B
10. stopped noise, I went over 9. A
11. went to the window and 10. B
12. began looked outside. 11. A
13. left 4A. 12. B
14. became 1. No, I wasn’t 13. B
15. were working 2. Yes, she did. 6A.
16. met 3. No, I didn’t. 1. was doing
17. felt 4. Yes, he was. 2. broke
18. read 5. Yes, they were. 3. were walking
19. was raining 6. No, he didn’t. 4. began
20. got up 7. Yes, I did. 5. was repairing
8. Yes, they were. 6. arrived

193
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

7. was eating 12. ended 10A.


8. rang 13. tidied 1. happened
9. was riding 14. was tidying 2.was
10. dropped 15. 1ound 3. were having
11. saw 16. had 4. was
12. were driving 17.  did not / didn’t 5.was shining
13. was watching want 6. was
14. broke down 18. put 7. hit
15. were talking 19. stored 8. fell
16. came 9A. 9.wasn’t
7A. 1. was 10. got
1. went 2. decided 11A.
2. was dancing 3. was shining 1. The police arrived
3. were you laughing 4. were singing while I was having
4. drank 5. felt breakfast.
5. rode 6. was 2. The storm started
6. was writing 7. climbed while they were driv‑
7. was raining 8. were admiring… ing home.
8. played 9. heard 3. I saw an accident
9. sang 10. looked while I was waiting
10. was cleaning 11.  did not / didn’t for the bus.
8A. see 4. Mary went to sev‑
1. had 12. thought… eral concerts while
2. was driving 13. saw she was staying in
3. flew 14. decided London.
4. tried 15. was examining 5. I was having
5. crashed 16. heard breakfast when the
6.  was not / wasn’t 17. said police arrived.
7. went 18. did not / didn’t close 6. My father was
8. was talking 19. turned cooking the dinner
9. arrived 20. saw when he burnt his
10. gave 21. knew fingers.
11. was 22. was watching

194
7. The soldiers were den shed, he hurt 3. you were reading
preparing to leave himself. 4. rang
when the bomb 10. White the teach‑ 5. were you doing
exploded. er was speaking, the 6. was drinking
12A. students were listen‑ 7. drank
1. Philip was wash‑ ing to him. 8. went
ing the car when the 13A. 9. did you put
fire started. 1. made 10. was raining
2. Neil was studying 2. was making 15A.
while his sister was 3. arrived 1. broke
listening to music. 4. helped 2. happened
3. Harriet opened 5. designed 3. was painting
the door and 6. started 4. fell
walked into the 7. was working 5. arrived
house. 8. died 6. got
4. We had lunch at 9. escaped 7. were waiting
a lovely restaurant 10. were taking 8. was walking
every day when we 11. caught 9. met
were on holiday. 12.locked 10. was going
5. Brian was drink‑ 13.were losing 11. was carrying
ing tea at five 14. won 12. stopped
o’clock yesterday 15. sang 16A.
afternoon. 16. played 1. were you doing
6. Dad was repairing 17. recorded 2. rang
the TV while Mum 18. was preparing 3. was watching
was cooking dinner. 19. shot 4. was studying
7. I went to the cin‑ 20. were coming 5. did the post arrive
ema last Saturday. 21. were hurrying 6. came
8. I bought a new 22. was standing 7. was having
dress for my party 23. grabbed 8. didn’t go
yesterday. 14A. 9. were you driving
9. While Jeff was 1. did you get 10. stopped
building the gar‑ 2. did you do 11. wasn’t driving

195
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

12. Did your team 3. was walking 9. stopped


win 4. did you see 10. was sitting
13. didn’t play 5. was driving 11. opened
14. did you break 6. stepped 12. said
15. were playing 7. was C.
16. kicked 8. was the driver 1. stepped
17. hit speeding 2. closed
18. Did you see 9. look 3. was
19. was wearing 10. tried 4. was beating
20. were you doing 11. did anyone else 5. were shaking
21. lost see 6. found
22. did you get 19B. 7. was looking
23. climbed A. 8. were following
17B. 1. got 20B.
1. were cleaning 2. pulled 1. used to enjoy
2. started 3. was falling 2. found
3. was driving 4. was blowing 3. used to wear
4. remembered 5. looked 4. Did people really
5. was cooking 6. was waiting use to think
6. came 7. was turning 5. admitted
7. heard 8. heard 6. often used to fall
8. was sitting 9. was walking 7. were
9. was typing 10. smiled 8. was planning
10. arrived 11. said 9. was wearing
11. was digging B. 21B.
12. found 1. picked 1. When he was car‑
13. was riding 2. threw rying a suitcase, he
14. noticed 3. was getting dropped it on his foot.
15. was doing 4. had 2. He broke his leg
16. rang 5. started when he was skiing.
18B. 6. heard 3. He sat down on
1. were doing 7. saw a chair while I was
2. saw 8. was heading painting it.

196
KEYS

4. As he was running knew the answer im‑ 14.want‑


for a bus, he collided mediately. ed / hoped / had / 
with a lamppost. 3. The train was intended
5. His hair caught waiting when we ar‑ 15. When
fire when he was rived at the station. 16. was
cooking chips. 4. I was read‑ 25B.
6. When he was ing a library book 1 was lying
holding a beauti‑ when I found a 2. rang
ful vase, he suddenly £10 note in it. 3. stopped
dropped it. 5. Sarah had an 4. was
7. He was sitting in the electric shock when 5. left
garden when a wasp she touched the 6. was falling
stung him on the nose. wire. 7. came
22B. 6. When the doors 8. seemed
1. went opened, the crowd 9. enjoyed
2. was watching rushed in. 10. saw
3. We lost 7. When the campers 11. was standing
4. it came woke, they saw that 12. had
5. was coming the sun was shining. 13. opened
6. went 24B. 14. fell
7. fell 1. when 15. was walking
8. were playing 2. shining 16. felt
9. I was working 3. was 17. didn’t know
10. I lost 4. wasn’t 18. were going
11. I got 5. didn’t 19. heard
12. I did 6.  hated / detested 20. drove
23B. 7.  walked / went 21. happened
1. Vicky was having 8. were 22. was driving
a beautiful dream 9. sat 23. saw
when the alarm 10. had 26B.
clock rang. 11. was 1. painted
2. When Andrew 12. took 2. were having
saw the question, he 13. didn’t 3. was playing

197
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. made 17. kept 9. was working


5. Did you see 18. turned round 10. got
6. was working 19. began 11. were playing
7. were talking 20. was standing 12. did pass
8. slept 21. heard 29B.
9. destroyed 22. remembered 1. were you going
10. was waiting 23. went 2. Did you enjoy
11. was having 24. were talking 3. was always taking
12. knocked 25. ran 4.  did not / didn’t
13. were living 26. was shining have
14. asked 27. were singing 5. went
15. were having 28. decided 6. became
16. were you doing 29. rang 7. was working
17. made 30. was dressing 8. heard
18. didn’t say 31. lit 9. appeared
19. was walking 32. nodded 10. threw
27B. 33. was listening 30B.
1. were walking 34. came A.
2. asked 35. was doing 1. was shining
3. was having 36. were … not lis‑ 2. were singing
4. rang tening 3. was driving
5. was 37. was speaking 4. was smiling
6. was finishing 38. was waiting 5. was looking
7. entered 39. came forward / looked
8. was following 28B. forward
9. dropped 1. saw 6. enjoyed
10. washing up 2. was watching 7.  was going / went
11. broke 3. went 8. began
12. was walking 4. practised 9. stopped
13. was going on 5. were you talking 10. tried
14. were rushing 6. owned 11. happened
15. was 7. did 12. sighed
16. was sitting 8. jumped 13. got out

198
KEYS

14.  pushed / was 11. was getting 11. arrived


pushing 12. rang 12. was getting
15. started 13. answered 13. closed
B. 14. was practicing 14. sat
1. entered 32C. 15. shut
2. closed 1. got 16. started
3. was hanging up 2. were studying 17. wasn’t concen‑
4. heard 3. travelled trating
5. was running 4. always kept 18. was thinking
6. walked 5. saw 19. was writing
7. turned 6. was waiting 20. was driving
8. froze 7. did not / didn’t see 21. came
9. was standing 8. filled 22. put
10. took 9. gave 23. took
11. turned 10. was working 24. place
12. was leaning 11. met 34C.
13. gave 12. looked 1. were having or
14. laughed 13. finished had
15. started 14. was always can‑ 2. had
16. thought celling 3. lived
17. replied 15. was hoping 4. were living or
18. missed 16. didn’t get lived
31B. 33C. 5. was
1. woke 1. was getting 6. were being or were
2. was shining 2. went 7. was enjoying or
3. were singing 3. broke enjoyed
4. was 4. was skiing 8. enjoyed
5. went 5. met 35C.
6. was having 6. was working 1. was talking
7. said 7. was looking 2.  correct / I spent
8. continued 8. slipped 3. won
9. put 9. ordered 4. had to
10. opened 10. was waiting

199
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

5.  correct / were go‑ 31. was saying 25. were addressed


ing to the beach 32. deserved 26. all smelt
36C. 33. Deserved 27. woke up
1. was 34. did he mean 28. woke up
2. was 35. was going on 29. listened out
3. were screaming 36. didn’t someone 30. didn’t hear
4. shouting tell 31. was snoring
5. wanted 37. was happening 32. were making
6. was pouring 37C. 33. was dripping
7. was dripping 1. happened 34. opened
8. was thumping 2. was 35. looked
9. loved 3. were all lying out 36. was
10. felt 4. was reading 37. was shining
11. decided 5. was just dozing 38. thought
12. started 6. were looking for 39. saw
13. went 7. arrived 40. could certainly
14. were all dancing 8. was hear
15. clapping 9. looked 41. saw
16. left 10. went 42. was
17. was 11. opened 43. was wearing
18. got back 12. thought 44. was hiding
19. opened 13. were 45. ran
20. saw 14. said 38C.
21. were waiting 15. phoned 1. correct
22. locked 16. didn’t answer 2. correct
23. shouted 17. were you doing 3. When he phoned,
24. came 18. heard she was having a bath.
25. tied 19. was having 4. While I was iron‑
26. blindfolded 20. couldn’t ing, he was reading a
27. gagged 21. did you want newspaper.
28. could hear 22. was clearing out 5. I was cooking
29. was talking 23. gave supper when I heard
30. was saying 24. came across this news.

200
KEYS

6. correct 15. The children were 7. Did Pamela use to


7. I could not answer playing while the drink?
your call. I was mother was putting 8. didn’t use to eat
working in the gar‑ the room in order. 9. didn’t use to eat
den then. 39C. 10 didn’t use to
8. They wished to 1. were passing drink
stay because they 2. stopped 2A.
were enjoying them‑ 3. was reading 1. correct
selves. 4. had 2. correct
9. correct 5. was getting 3. correct
10. The train was 6. Was thinking 4. Did Pamela used
approaching the 7. did swim to go to the concert
city when it rained 8. attracted last night?
heavily. 9. was put 5. correct
11. The secretary was 10. was working 6. John use to spend
still typing when the 11. arrived a lot of money on
boss came in and 12. was created that new jacket he
put some documents bought last week.
on the table. Past Tenses 7. Kate didn’t use
12. When he came to come to school
Used to / Would
up to the square, yesterday because
he saw a lot of she was sick.
1A.
people: they were 8. correct
1. usedto eat, he eats
singing, dancing 9. correct
2. used to drink, she
and shouting. They 10. correct
drinks
were celebrating 3A.
3. eats, she used to
New Year. 1. Dan used to play
eat
13. Just as I the violin, but now
4. eats, she used to
came into the room, he plays the guitar.
eat
the students were 2. Anna used to be
5. Did Robert use to
discussing the first best friends with
eat?
report. Angela, but now
6. Did Mary use to
14. correct she’s / she  is best
eat?

201
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

friends with Cathy. 5A. 9. used to work …


3. Susan used to 1. B dropped
have dancing les‑ 2. A 10. used to see … had
sons, but now she 3. C 11. used to work …
has riding lessons. 4. B went
4. I used to buy cas‑ 5. B 12. used to play …
settes, but now I buy 6. C broke
CDs. 7. A 13. used to have …
5. John and lean 8. A moved
used to live in Lon‑ 6A. 14. used to live …
don, but now they 1. work moved
live in Cardiff. 2. working 15. used to drive …
6. David used to drive 3. walk started
a Fiesta, but now he 4. walking 8A.
drives a Jaguar. 5. wash 1. I used to have long
4A. 6. washing hair but now it’s short.
1. I used to walk to 7. playing 2. I didn’t use to like
work. 8. play olives but I do now.
2. I didn’t use to 7A. 3. Did you use to
have a dog. 1. used to smoke … play any sports at
3. I used to eat junk gave it up school?
food. 2. didn’t use to like 4. We used to be
4. I didn’t use to go him … changed friends we’re not
to the gym every 3. used to live … went now.
night. 4. used to earn … lost 5. Did they use to
5. I used to be shy. 5. joined … didn’t live together?
6. I didn’t use to use to like 6. Paul used to work
live in a big 6. Did you use to for me but now he’s
7. I used to have travel … got my boss.
long hair 7. used to work … 7. Zuza didn’t use
8. I didn’t use to eat became to be interested in
lots of vegetables 8. used to drive … fashion but now she
had loves it.

202
KEYS

9A. help your mother 5. I’m not used to


1. Thomas used to do around the house? 6. This used to
a lot of sports. Now 5. Did you use to do 7. I used to
he doesn’t do any. a lot of exercise? 8. aren’t used to
2. Thomas used to B. 9. I’m not used to
have a lot of hair. 1. E 10. I used to
Now he doesn’t 2. C 11.I didn’t use to
have much. 3. D 12. I’m not used to
3. Thomas used to 4. A 13. I wasn’t used to
be quite slim. Now 5. B 14. They used to
he is overweight. 11A. 15. We used to
4. Thomas didn’t 1. Did you use to 13A.
use to have a girl‑ work here? 1. Cameras used to
friend. Now he is 2. I used to eat junk be big and heavy but
married food. now they are small
5. Thomas used to 3. Didn’t she use to and light.
have a bicycle. Now be a singer? 2. Phones used to be
he has a car. 4. She didn’t use to attached to wires but
6. Thomas didn’t smoke so much. now they are mobile.
use to have much 5. Did you use to get 3. People used to
money. Now he gets on well with your ride horses but now
a good salary. grandparents? they drive cars.
10A. 6. We used to have 4. No, most people
A. to work all the time. used to work on
1. Did you use to 7. I didn’t use to farms but now they
watch a lot of TV? listen to the radio. work in factories and
2. Did you use to 8. We used to have a offices.
go abroad for your house on the beach. 5. Children used
holidays? 12A. to finish school at
3. Did you use to 1. I used to 12 but now they fin‑
cook for your par‑ 2. They’re used to ish school at 16.
ents? 3. we used to 6. No, most people
4. Did you use to 4. Did you use to used to live in the

203
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

country but now 3. live 18B.


they live in towns. 4. had 1. He used to live
7. People used to go 5. got with parents, but
to the cinema more 6. became now he is married.
but now they watch 7. didn’t use to be 2. He didn’t use to
TV and DVDs. 8. used to spend have children, but now
14A. 9. won he has a daughter.
1. Did people use to 16B. 3. He used to have a
smoke inside cin‑ 1. didn’t use to skateboard, but now
emas in the 1950s? 2. used to he has a car.
2. Films didn’t use 3. didn’t use to 4. He used to play
to have sound but 4. used to the guitar, but now
now they do. 5. used to he plays golf.
3. Did cameras use 6. didn’t use to 5. He didn’t use to
to be very expensive? 17B. wear glasses, but now
4. Harrison Ford 1. Mary used to he wears glasses.
used to be a carpen‑ work in a café but 19B.
ter before he became now she works as an 1. used to
a film star. air-hostess. 2. did you use to
5. Glenda Jackson 2. She used to stay in 3. used to
used to be a film ac‑ England but now 4. did you use to
tress but now she is a she travels all the 5. didn’t use to
politician. time. 6. Did you use to
6. Did Bruce Willis 3. She didn’t use to 7. used to
use to have a lot of earn much money, 20B.
hair? but now she earns a 1. He used to smoke
7. It didn’t use to lot of money. three packets a day.
be expensive to go 4. She used to walk 2. I used to hate sport
to the cinema but to work but now she when I was at school.
now it is. drives to work. 3. He used to go
15A. 5. She didn’t use to to Italy every year
1. used to get up early but now when he was a child.
2. didn’t use to live she gets up early. 4. Did she use to go

204
KEYS

skiing a lot before? 1. I used to live in cause it’s a state)


5. He didn’t use to a small village, but 26B.
like computers. now I live in London. 1. was going to
6. Did she use to bite 2. I used to play ten‑ 2.  used to / would
the nails as a child? nis a lot, but now I 3.  used to / would
7. I used to walk our don’t play anymore. 4. used to (love is a
dog every afternoon 3. I used to be a veg‑ stative verb)
when I was younger. etarian, but now I 5. was going to
21B. eat meat sometimes. 6. used to
I used to knock on 4. I used to watch 27B.
people’s doors then TV a lot, but I don’t 1. B
run away. watch it much now. 2. D
22B. 5. I used to hate 3. B
1. used to getting up early, but 4. A
2.  Did / use to now it’s no problem. 5. C
3. used to 6. I didn’t use to 6. A
4. Didn’t use drink coffee, but I 7. D
to / never used to drink it every day 8. B
5.  Did / use to now. 28B.
6. didn’t use 7. I didn’t use to 1.B
to / never used to like hot weather, but 2. A
23B. now I love it. 3. C
1. used to travel 25B. 4. B
2. used to have / ride 1. used to 5. B
3. used to live 2.  would / used to 6. A
4. used to 3.  would / used to 7. C
eat / like / love 4.  used to / would 8. B
5. used to be 5. used to 9. A
6. used to take (stative verb can’t be 10. B
7. used to be used would) 11. C
8. did you use to go 6.  used to / would 12. B
24B. 7.  used to / would 29B.
Example answers: 8. used to (be- 1. were you doing

205
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

2. was watching 4. was walking 6. travelled by


3. was making 5. told train / used to travel
4. were going to have 6. were breaking by train / would
5. didn’t have 7. were sitting travel by train.
6. used to go 8. realised 7. was revising for
7. happened 9. didn’t want my exams.
8. thought 10. moved 8. borrowing his
9. heard 11. am not used brother’s car.
10. went 12. thought 34C.
11. didn’t see 32C. 1.used to
12. realised 1. isn’t used to 2. get
13. were having 2. are used to 3. would
14. were setting off 3. is used to 4. used to
15. wasn’t 4. isn’t used 5. playing
30C. to / wasn’t used to 6. use to
1. isn’t used to 5. Are you getting 7. getting
2. used to used to / Have you 8. used to
3. is used to got used to / Are you 35C.
4. was going to used to 1. people would walk
5.  used to / would 6. got used to more
6.  used to / would 33C. 2. never used
7. used to Sample answers to / used not to
8. used to 1. saw some wonder‑ 3. used to play
9.  used to / would ful paintings. 4. have got used to
10.  used to / would 2. I didn’t finish till sending
11.  used to / would ten. 5. would often get
12. was going to 3. rail out of the home
13. was / am … used room. 6. get used to living
to 4. spend a whole 7.  did not / didn’t
31C. morning climbing use to go
1. would lock trees. 8. never used to
2. used to feel 5. we saw a teacher have / used not to
3. met from our school. have

206
KEYS

36C. 38C. 7. really used to


1. would 1. had like / used to really
2. not 2. made like (would is not
3. to 3. were studying used with state verbs)
4. been 4. was describing 8. used to / would go
5. were 5. pricked up 9.  used to / would
6. have 6. noticed spend
7. themselves 7. was crying 10. took
8. would 8. apologised 11. did you use to
9. got 9. said have to (would is not
10. were 10. didn’t know used in questions)
37C. 11. made 12. used to have to
1. used to 12. happened (would is not used
2.  used to / would 13. was showing with state verbs)
3.  used to / would 14. was examining 13. didn’t use to look
4. used to 15. was smiling forward to (would is
5. never used 16. got not generally used
to / would never 17. said with negatives)
6.  used to / would 18. laughed 40C.
7.  used to / would 19. wasn’t looking 1. 
8. often used 20. inspired 2. used to live / lived
to / would often 21. started 3. used to go
9. often used 39C. 4. 
to / would often 1. did you use to do 5. noticed
10. used to 2.  would / used to 6. 
11. never used follow 7. realised
to / would never 3. moved 8. was snowing
12. used to 4. visited 9. skidded
13. often used 5. would / used to give 10. 
to / would often 6. Did you use to 11. phoned
14. used to have (would is not 12.  (background
15. used to used with state verbs scene)
or in questions) 13. stopped (event)

207
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

14.  context. breaking; saying; typ‑


15. came 8. both ing; learning; wear‑
16  9. both ing; coming; dying.
41C. 10. didn’t always use 2A.
1. used to be was to look 1. Were
2. 43C. 2. Were
3. would be were 1. would 3. Were
4. while when 2. use 4. Were
5. expected was 3. could 5. Was
expecting 4. was 6. Were
6.  5. the 7. was
7.didn’t use to being 6. wondering 3A.
didn’t use (used) to 7. before 1. were having
be 8. about 2. was telling
8.were coming came 9.  Seeing / Noticing 3. was working
9. wasn’t used to 10. took 4. were you playing
having didn’t use 11. got 5. was translating
(used) to have 12. who 6. weren’t skating
10.  13. had 7. was passing
11. Would your 14. had 4A.
mother work Did 15. was 1. wasn’t feeling
your mother use 2. weren’t you going
(used) to work The Past Continuous 3. weren’t having
12. 4. wasn’t going
Tense
42C. 5. wasn’t he doing
1. both Was / were +ing 6. wasn’t reading
2. was waiting 7. wasn’t preparing
3. would always have 1A. 5A.
4. both Being; running; dig‑ 1.Were you drinking
5. used to own ging; having; stop‑ 2.Were they writing
6. didn’t mean ping; swimming; 3.Was he working
7. both, but ate is taking; becoming; 4.Were we watching
colloquial in this buying; cutting; do‑ 5.Were you playing
ing; singing; helping;
208
KEYS

6.Was he drawing 2. B was robbing 12A.


7.Who was listening 3. C was dying 1. They were danc‑
6A. 4. C was you doing, ing yesterday the
1C was playing whole evening.
2A 5. C was shining, 2. Why was the child
3D were singing crying?
4E 6. B was having 3. We weren’t having
5B 7. B was sleeping exam yesterday in
7A. 11A. the morning.
1. C was learning 1. When I went into 4. What you were
2. A was playing the yard, the boys doing on Tuesday at
3.  B dancing / flirting were playing football. that time?
4. B doing 2. When we were 5. I was reading a
5. A was playing playing, Bob was new magazine the
8A. shouting loudly. whole evening.
1. was repairing 3. I met Victor in the 13A.
2. was playing street. He was run‑ 1.were walking; met
3. was looking ning quickly along 2. was reading;
4.were discussing the street. knocked
5. was Nick doing 4. The weather was 3. were going; were
6. were you doing fine; the sun was eating
7. wasn’t sleeping brightly shining in 4. didn’t spend; was
9A. the sky. preparing
1. was 5. Nick was look‑ 5. doing
2. didn’t; going ing after his little 6. discussing; dis‑
3. were; was sister in the garden. cussed
4. were; doing 6. His sister was 7. watching
5. happening; was helping him to pack 14A.
6. was preparing his things carefully 1. was shining; were
7. was fixing when I came. singing; was smiling;
10A. 7. They were cook‑ saying
1. B was lying, ing dinner at that 2. was wearing
speaking time with grandma. 3. was making

209
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

4. was having 18B. 20B.


5. were walking 1. He was making it yes‑ 1. came; was sleep‑
6. was blowing; was terday in the evening. ing
beating; was stand‑ 2. Was she writing 2. was sitting;
ing; approached this task yesterday in opened
7. was going; was the afternoon? 3. were doing; read
drawing; was look‑ 3. We weren’t do‑ 4. met; was waiting
ing; was thinking ing it yesterday from 5. was copying; were
15A. 5 till 7 o’clock. describing
1. B was happening 4. He wasn’t taking 6. came; were clean‑
2. A was seeing part in this project ing
3. A was playing because he was ill. 7. were feeding; were
4. A weren’t helping 5. While we were making
5. B were they going walking we saw a 21B. Model answers
6. B was preparing wonderful rain‑ When someone
7. B were you think‑ bow in the sky. broke the window
ing 6. This group wasn’t dad was reading a
16B. having classes in the paper.
Running; studying; morning. When mum heard the
swimming; listen‑ 7. Were you work‑ crash she was tiding
ing; writing; skiing; ing in the library the the room.
bringing; sitting; do‑ whole day? The cousins didn’t
ing; drawing; asking; 19B. hear the noise because
lying; saying; digging 1. are writing they were playing the
17B. 2. went computer games in
1. was 3. were going the earphones.
2. didn’t; going 4. are doing; are The dogs were sleep‑
3. weren’t; were; was working ing when the noise
4. were; was 5. were doing; were woke them up.
5. happening; was watching At 7 o’clock Nick
6. was preparing 6. were discussing was writing some
7. was looking; was 7. did … see; saw; exercises.
were going

210
KEYS

22B. 26B. 2. were; when


1. had 1. Did… skate; were 3. were testing;
2. Was skating while; were
3. Were writing … 2. were listening 4. was
doing 3. have just had; was 5. Was
4. Went 4. are..doing; are 6. was
5. Was answering continuing 7. were; while were
6. Were writing 5. didn’t go 30B.
23B. 6. met; was going 1. She fell asleep
1. went 7. haven’t seen when she was watch‑
2.were swimming 27B. ing a video.
3. were laughing 1. was trying 2. While I was creat‑
4. were playing 2. was having ing a Power Point
5. was feeding 3. were walking presentation my
6. saw 4. were reading; computer suddenly
7. were sleeping were turning; was went off.
24B. knitting; was play‑ 3. It was raining
1.Was watching ing; was waiting when he got up.
2. was sitting 5. was talking; was 4. They saw an acci‑
3. was reading telling dent when they were
4. was trying on 6. was going on; was waiting for the bus.
5. were listening drawing; was look‑ 5. Kate was mak‑
6. were lying ing; was burning ing a phone call
7. were sleeping 28B. at 9 o’clock in the
25B. 1. C morning.
1. was washing 2. C 6. You weren’t study‑
2. was working 3. A ing when I called.
3. was studying 4.B 7. I was listening to
4. was translating 5. A the radio so I didn’t
5. were living 6. C hear the alarm.
6.were you going 7. B
7. were moving 29B.
1. was

211
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

Past Perfect telephoned, I had 3. So you already


already gone to bed. decided you liked
1A. 5. When their chil‑ me! / So you had
1. had already won dren came home, already decided you
2 gold medals Alice and Jack had liked me!
2. had never visited already had lunch. 4. but it dosed a week
Scotland 6. When his wife got before! / but it had
3. had never ridden home from work, closed a week before!
a horse Ian had already 5. Everyone went-
4. had already run in made dinner. home Everyone had
five marathons 7. The thieves had gone home
5. had never written already spent the 6. because I left my
a poem money when the keys because I had
6. had never ap‑ police caught them. left my keys
peared on TV 3A. 5A.
7. had already played 1. had always wanted 1. Had they opened
tennis at Wimbledon to fly in a helicopter all the presents? Yes,
four times 2. had just gone out. they had.
8. Had already writ‑ 3. had been to Cam‑ 2. Had they drunk
ten two novels bridge. lemonade? Yes, they
2A. 4. had made some had.
1. When Lady James sandwiches. 3. Had they eaten all
appeared, the driver 5. had met her in the cake? No, they
had already started Amsterdam. hadn’t.
the car. 6. had ever been to 4. Had they let the
2. When the firemen Japan. cat in? No, they
arrived, we had al‑ 4A. hadn’t.
ready put the fire out. 1. the film already 5. Had they eaten
3. When the man‑ began / the film had turkey? Yes, they
ager came back, Jim already begun had.
had already finished 2. I saw it before 6. Had they tidied
the work. anyway. I had seen it the room? No, they
4. When Philip before anyway hadn’t.

212
KEYS

6A. 9A. 6. b


1. Had often lied 1. He had never 7. c
2. Had heard flown before 8. e
3. Hadn’t arrived yet 2. I’d never heard it 13A.
4. Had never seen before. 1. Had watched
5. Had already 3. He’d never played 2. Had missed
begun (tennis) before. 3. Had built
6. Hadn’t eaten 4. We’d never been 4. Had painted
7. Had anyone died there before. 5. Had planted
7A. 10A. 6. Had written
1. What had Bob done 1. had left 7. Had practised
2. Had you eaten 2. had already seen 8. Had ordered
3. Had he lived 3. had gone 9. Had knocked
4. Had she found 4. had died 10. Had slipped
5. Had they booked 5. had never flown 14B.
6. How often had 6. had never lived 1. The rain had
you rung 11A. stopped before I
7. Why had they had 1. had built went for a walk.
8. Had Carly washed 2. had not been 2. I had done my
9. Had you read 3. had already done homework before my
10. Who had lived 4. had made mother returned home.
8A. 5. had put on 3. We had met in the
1. She had gone out. 6. had not ordered street before we went
2. lt had changed a 7. had learned to the park.
lot. 8. had fallen 4. They had packed
3. She’d arranged to 9. Had he phoned their things before
do something else. 10. had not ridden they started.
4. The film had 12A. 5. I had had dinner
already started. 1. h before I switched on
5. I hadn’t seen him 2. g the TV set.
for five years. 3. d 6. Before he re‑
6. She’d just had 4. a turned home the
breakfast. 5. f guests had left.

213
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

7. Before we came to 16B. 17B.


the cinema the film 1. After he had 1. Had snowed
had begun. finished school, he 2. Had
8. I had read the went to a camp. 3. Driven
book before I saw 2. As soon as she 4. Had given
the play. had phoned her 5. Never
9. They had lived friend, she went to 6. Had
here before they meet her. 7. Had
moved to another 3. I read the book af‑ 8. Only
place. ter I had seen the film. 9. Had had
10. We had played 4. I had cleaned 10. Had
а game of tennis my room before I 11. Forgotten
before we went to invited my friends 12. Had arranged
my place. home. 18B.
15B. 5. He entered the 1. Had made
1. had forgotten university after he 2. Had not ordered
2. had gone had finished school. 3. Had forgotten
3. had just had 6. Не told me about 4. Had gone
4. had left his impressions after 5. Had played
5. had not phoned he had returned 6. Had passed
6. had come back from his journey. 7. Had not started
7. had met 7. He was unhappy 8. Had studied
8. had often after he had got bad 19B.
heard / had never news. 1. had changed
seen 8. After I had 2. had heard
9. had given up / had finished the text, 3. had finished
made I handed in my 4. had mastered
exercise-book. 5. had prepared
10. had already
6. had seen
bought 9. They had lived in
7. had talked
11. had arranged the country before
8. had been
12. had sold they moved to the
9. had made
13. had finished city.
10. had dragged
11. had found

214
KEYS

20B. 23B. 3. Had failed


1. had … changed 1. had moved 4. Had called
2. had come 2. had ordered 5. Had scratched
3. had stopped 3. had finished 6. Had started
4. had retired 4. had selected 7. Had scared
5. had gone 5. had shaved 8. Had argued
6. had stopped 6. had finished 9. Had finished
7. had laid 7. had passed 10. Had behaved
8. had taken 8. had come 11. Had invaded
9. had finished 9. had passed 27B.
10. had begun 24B. 1. Had written
11. had swum 1. b 2. Had known
21B. 2. a 3. Had begun
1. hadn’t arrived 3. b 4. Had eaten
2. had walked 4. b 5. Had hidden
3. had not walked 5. b 6. Had ridden
4. had disappeared 6. b 7. Had flown
5. had smiled 7. a 8. Had fallen
6. had walked 8. b 9. Had sung
7. had tidied 25B. 10. Had written
8. had had 1. a 11. Had worn
9. had finished 2. d 28B.
22B. 3. c 1. Had not stood
1. had had 4. a 2. Had not had
2. had been 5. b 3. Had not saved
3. had finished 6. d 4. Had not worked
4. had eaten 7. b 5. Had not swung
5. hadn’t gone 8. a 6. Had not taken
6. had gone 9. b 7. Had not slept
7. hadn’t talked 10. d 8. Had not fixed
8. had shown 26B. 9. Had not surfed
9. had fed 1. Had worked 10. Had not ex‑
2. Had enjoyed pected

215
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

29C. 12. had … stopped 6. the water pipes


1. had left 13. had … come had broken.
2. had paid 32C. 7. he had insulted
3. had become 1. had worried her at a party.
4. had knocked 2. had planned 35C.
5. had rung 3. had been 1. where she’d been
6. had not gone 4. had broken born.
7. had been 5. had caught 2. after it had been
8. had hunted 6. had lived badly damaged in a
9. had shut 7. had made storm.
10. felt 8. had … removed 3. Christine had
30C. (or taken) been going out with
1. had finished 9. had … had Mark for six months.
2. had hung 33C. 4. Kim had hidden it
3. had not been 1. Had started there.
4. had been 2. Had gone 5. They’d pitched
5. had known 3. Had not seen the tent near the
6. had gone 4. Had planned bottom of a hill.
7. had found 5. Had taken 6. She’d enjoyed her
8. had reached 6. Had not men‑ childhood.
31C. tioned 7. The truck, which
1. had … sat 7. Had not parked had been overload‑
2. flopped 8. Had bought ed.
3. had … reached 9. Had lost 8. Even though his
4. had … taken 34C. mother had pre‑
5. had … disap‑ 1. she had studied a dicted great things
peared lot. for her son.
6. had … established 2. he had taken an 36C.
7. had … arrived umbrella. 1. had eaten
8. had … fallen 3. I had met a friend. 2. Had you finished
9. had … asked 4. he had shaved his 3. had bought
10. had … taken beard. 4. had she done
11. had … begun 5. I had seen the. 5. hadn’t made

216
KEYS

6. had written 10. Had solemnly 9. Already


7. had wanted sworn 10. Already
8. Had they invested 11. Had still cost 41C.
9. hadn’t done 39C. 1. had never been on
10. had been made 1. Thrown TV
37C. 2. Broken 2. had no longer
1. had already eaten 3. Come been there
2. Had Tom chosen 4. Tried 3. had never met him
3. had driven 5. Caught 4. they had signed
4. had understood 6. Paid 5. had never stayed
5. hadn’t told 7. Set 6. had just begun
6. had purchased 8. Forgiven 7. he had written
7. had printed 9. Left 8. she had turned
8. Had Henry come 10. Spoken 9. after I had
9. hadn’t completed 11. Found checked
10. had reserved 12. Run 42C.
38C. 13. Seen Students` own an-
1. Had already rung 14. Written swers
2. Had already ad‑ 15. Gone 43C.
opted 16. Forgotten 1. had stopped
3. Had seldom 17. Ridden 2. had emptied
played 18. Bitten 3. had had
4. Had recently dis‑ 19. Given 4. had arrived
appeared 20. Sold 5. had made
5. Had quickly sold 40C. 6. had phoned
6. Had never for‑ 1. Long 7. had answered
given 2. Already 8. had opened
7. Had seriously 3. By 9. had dictated
considered 4. Before 10. had started
8. Had frequently 5. Much 11. had talked
thought 6. Before 12. had asked
9. Had usually 7. So 13.had been able
watched 8. When 14. had noticed

217
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

15. had examined frantically trying to dal. Others said that


16. had signed finish the front page. he had been seeing
17. had had Everyone had been another woman. All
18. had found working all evening the papers had been
19. had seen without a break. working all day to
20. had asked Some of the journal‑ get the best story.
21. had pointed out ists had been at the And they had been
22. had turned off office since early in doing their best to
the morning. They find out what the
Past Perfect had all been trying other papers had
to get an exclusive said. The whole day
Continuous
story, to find out had been very tense.
something that Suddenly the editor
1B.
no other journal‑ asked everyone to be
1. had been dream‑
ist had discovered. quiet. There was a
ing
The main story telephone call from
2. had been trying
was a big one. The the Prime Minister’s
3. had been repairing
Prime Minister had office.
4. had been painting
resigned. Every‑ 3B.
5. had been working
one knew that his 1. had been typing
6. had been working
government had had 2. had been waiting
7. had been smoking
lots of problems in 3. had it been rain‑
8. had been thinking
the last year but ing
9. had been eating
his resignation was 4. had been having
10. had been building
nonetheless a big 5. had been training
2B.
surprise. Rumours 6. had been fixing
It was 10 o’clock at
had been going 7. had been talking
night. The offices of
round all day about 8. had you been
‘The Daily News’
the real reasons for watching
were buzzing with
the announcement. 9. had been sailing
excitement. The
Some said that he 10. had been trying
deadline for the
had been involved in 4B.
paper was in half an
some financial scan‑ 1. had been studying
hour and they were

218
KEYS

2. entered for about an hour 3. D


3. started when it started rain‑ 4. I
4. managed ing heavily. 5. E
5. had been building 5. Was Ben out of 6. G
6. wasn’t breath because he 7. F
7. hadn’t been feel‑ had been jogging for 8. A
ing an hour. — Yes, he 9. H
8. saw was. 8B.
9. had been talking 6. The room was 1. D
10. had been solving untidy as the boys 2. H
11. had been driving had been fighting. 3. I
12. occurred 7. I had been work‑ 4. G
13. had been playing ing for some time 5. C
14. began when my PA called 6. J
15. had been jogging me. 7. A
16. fainted 8. We were disap‑ 8. E
17. hadn’t been pointed because we 9. F
fighting had been looking 10. B
5B. forward to the party 9B.
1. Her son had been for a week. 1. had been sleeping
sleeping for half an 6B. 2. had been waiting
hour when the door‑ 1. C 3. had been looking
bell rang. 2. A for
2. At last the waiter 3. E 4. had not been
came — we had been 4. F walking
waiting for him for 5. H 5. had she been
twenty minutes! 6. G learning
3. Henry had been 7. I 6. had been singing
driving for two hours 8. B 7. had been driving
when a policeman 9. D 8. had been helping
stopped him. 7B. 9. had not been
4. Teenagers had 1. C working
been playing tennis 2. B 10. had been cycling

219
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

10B. 8. the children had afternoon.


1. had been studying been walking for 8. Columbus had
2. had been learning 2 hours. been sailing for
3. had been working 12B. more than 2 months
4. had been training 1. Before the kids before he and his
5. had been speaking went outside, it had 90 sailors saw North
6. had been eating been snowing all America.
7. had been living morning. 9. Robin’s clothes
8. had been going 2. She had loved were wet. It had
9. had been waiting him for a year before been raining a long
10. had been driving they had their first time.
11B. date. (Love is a 10. The house stunk
1. it had been snow‑ stative verb.) because raw meat
ing for 4 hours. 3. I finally visited had been on the
2. he had been France. I had been table for a week.
working there for studying French for (Be is a stative verb.)
20 years. 2 years. 13B.
3. Mike had been 4. Trudy had an ac‑ 1. had been trying
living there for a cident because she 2. had had
fortnight. had been driving for 3. had been waiting
4. they had been 12 straight hours. 4. had arranged
studying German for 5. The doctor had 5. had already
5 years been training for picked
5. the authors had 4 years before he 6. had been waiting
been working on the opened his own of‑ 7. had almost given
novel for 2 years. fice. 8. had gone
6. Pele had been 6. I had believed you 9. had been
playing football for until Sam told me 10. had missed
6 years. the truth. (Believe is 14B.
7. the students had a stative verb.) 1. I had been work‑
been listening atten‑ 7. Diane’s eyes ing …
tively to the dialog were itchy. She had 2. They had been
for an hour. been watching TV all playing …

220
KEYS

3. I had been look‑ 5. Sarah had been 8. was waiting


ing forward … working there for 9. she had been
4. She had been five years. waiting
dreaming. 6. The orchestra 10. I had had
5. He had been had been playing for 11. We had been
watching … about ten minutes travelling
15B. 7. when a man in 19C.
1. had been exercis‑ the audience started 1. had been watching
ing shouting. 2. had been going
2. had been swim‑ 8, 9. Example 3. had been talking
ming answer: I’d been 4. had been thinking
3. had been doing walking along the 5. had been racing
4. had been sitting road for about ten 6. had been driving
5. had been writing minutes when a car 7. had been making
6. had been walking suddenly stopped 8. had been growing
7. had been snowing just behind me. 20C.
8. had been smoking 17C. 1. had been aching
9. had been sleeping 1. C 2. had not been
16C. 2. B keeping
1. We had been play‑ 3. D 3. had been planning
ing for half an hour, 4. A 4. had been living
when it started to 5. A 5. had not been
rain. 6.. C hanging
2. I’d been waiting 18C. 6. had been supply‑
for 20 minutes when 1. were having ing
3. I realised that I 2. we had known 7. had been painting
was in the wrong 3. he was walking 8. had been feeling
restaurant. OR … 4. She had been run‑ 9. had not been
that I had come to ning cooking
the wrong restau‑ 5. They were eating 10. had been calling
rant. 6. They had been 11. had been burning
4. At the time the eating 12. had not been
factory closed down 7. He was looking sleeping

221
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

21C. 10.was he had been eating


1. had normally been 11. were hamburgers for a
carrying 12. about (OR get‑ month.
2. had still been ting) 7. Prior to the explo‑
practicing 13. heard sion, the fat man
3. had already been 14. could had eaten seven
milking 15. had large chocolate
4. had always been 24C. cakes.
scratching 1. When the student 8. When they can‑
5. had often been revolution came, I celled the flight to
finding had been working Alicante, the storm
6. had seldom been there for 6 months. had been raging all
reading 2. Before Jim afternoon with no
7. had never been finally decided to sign of abating.
skiing go to Thailand, he 25C.
8. had been happily had been thinking 1. A
preparing about it for months. 2. B
9. had been faith‑ 3. They had eaten all 3. A
fully bringing the chocolate cake 4. A
10. had been persis‑ by the time Michael 5. A
tently barking got to the party. 6. B
11. had usually been 4. I had met Scarlett 26C.
running Johansson on three 1. had been worrying
23C. previous occasions. 2. had been working
1. sailing Lucky me! 3. had been looking
2. was 5. The forensic evi‑ 4. had been dealing
3. had dence shows that he 5. had been waiting
4. been had been picking his 6. had been reading
5. been nose just before he 27C.
6. coming was murdered. Students` own an-
7. been 6. When the doctor swers
8. said told him his liver
9. went was seriously bad,

222
KEYS

28C.
Students` own an-
swers
29C.
1. C
2. A
3. C
4. A
5. C
6. had been sleeping
7. had been looking
8. had she been
learning
9. had been driving
10. had been skiing
30C.
Students` own an-
swers

223
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в английском языке: методические указания. Оренбург:
ГОУВПО ОГУ, 2003. 50 с.
2. Alexander L. G. Longman English Grammar Practice for In‑
termediate Students. LONGMAN, 1998. 301 р.
3. Coe N., Harrison M., Paterson K. Oxford Practice Grammar
(Basic). OXFORD University Press, 2008. 347 р.
4. Halley C., Hill J. Elementary English Grammar. Heinemann
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5. Crace A., Wileman R. Language to go Intermediate. Longman,
2002. 128 p.
6. Crace A., Ackam R. Total English Pre-Intermediate. Long‑
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7. Dignen S., Viney B., Walker E., Elsworth S. Grammar Practice
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8. Dooley J. Evans V. Grammarway 3. Express Publishing, 1999.
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10. Eastwood J. Oxford Practice Grammar . OXFORD University
Press, 1999. 433 p.
11. Evens V. English Grammar Book Round Up 3. Longman,
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12. Evens V. English Grammar Book Round Up 4 . Longman,
2000. 189 p.
13. Evens V. English Grammar Book Round Up 5. Longman,
2000. 209 p.

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14. Evens V. English Grammar Book Round Up 6. Longman,


2000. 268 p.
15. Foley M., Hall D. My GrammarLab Elementary A1 / A2:
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16. Gude K., Duckworth M. Cambridge English: Proficiency
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17. Harrison M. Grammar Spectrum 2 English rules and Practice
Pre-Intermediate. Oxford University Press, 2003. 121 p.
18. Hashemi L., Thomas B. Grammar for FCE. Cambridge,
2006. 260 p.
19. Hashemi L., Murphy R. English Grammar in Use — Supple‑
mentary Exercises. Cambridge University Press, 2004. 136 p.
20. Hewings M. Advanced Grammar in Use. CAMBRIDGE
UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2013. 304 p.
21. Hewings M. Cambridge Grammar for CAE and Proficiency
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22. Hopkins D., Cullen P. Grammar for IELTS. Cullen. Cam‑
bridge, 2008. 258 p.
23. Mann M., Taylore-Knowles S. Destination B1 Grammar &
Vocabulary. Macmillan, 2008. 255 p.
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Vocabulary. Macmillan, 2008. 254 p.
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Vocabulary. Macmillan, 2008. 321 p.
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225
VERB TENSES. Часть 1

29. Powell D., Walker E., Elsworth S. Grammar Practice for Up‑


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226
Оглавление

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ .................................................................. 3
PRESENT TENSES . Be, Have & Have Got............................ 4
PRESENT TENSES. Present Simple....................................... 9
PRESENT TENSES. Present Continuous............................... 20
PRESENT TENSES. Present Simple & Present Continuous.... 28
PAST TENSES . Past Simple.................................................... 56
PAST TENSES. Past Simple and Past Continuous................... 72
PAST TENSES. Used to / Would ............................................ 95
PAST CONTINUOUS . Was / were +ing.................................. 115
PAST PERFECT. Forms and use............................................. 126
PAST PERFECT. Past Perfect Continuous.............................. 151
KEYS....................................................................................... 169

REFERENCES....................................................................... 224

227
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VERB TENSES

Часть 1

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VERB TENSES
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