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Base scan on the vocational skill requirement for shop

floor level jobs in Bangalore

Prakruthi
Introduction
Labour market situation

India’s labour force reached 375 million in 2002 and will continue to expand over
the

next two decades. Some projections suggest that the labour force increase will
amount to

7.0-8.5 million a year. However, to a large extent, the GDP growth of 6.7 per cent
(2000)

has been achieved in India with the employment growth being around only 1 per
cent.

Many large enterprises have been shedding labour while the capacity of agriculture
to

absorb workers is minimal.

As a result of the above developments there are around 27 million persons without

jobs. In addition, a significant number of people are underemployed. The


unemployment

rates among youth are higher reaching in certain states as much as 35 per cent
against the

national average of 13 per cent. There is an urgent need to generate around 10.0
million of

new jobs each year.

The need to focus on the skills for

non-organized economy

The largest share of new jobs in India is supposed to come from the unorganized

sector that employs up to 92 per cent of the national workforce and produces 60
per cent of
GDP. This sector has seven times greater labour intensity per unit as compared to
the

organized economy and is some five times less capital intensive, while the role of
the

organized sector in job creation is expected to be very modest. Since small and
micro

enterprises are supposed to play a central role in the national employment creation

strategy, they should be assisted in development of skills.

Recent Developments

It is clear that the dominant growing segment of the workforce will be the knowledge
technologist in computers, manufacturing, and education.

Employers do not have much information about the potential employee’s quality; they use
markets to judge quality: a diploma qualification is treated as an indicator of ability. These
concepts, not being identical, fail to establish any hard and fast correlation between training and
employment. As a result there is a gap between the supply of employee skill acquired from the
training and the kind of work demand from the job markets.

As per National Sample Survey on employment and unemployment (1993-94), only 10.1 percent
of male workers and 6.3 percent of female workers possessed specific marketable skills. The
percentages were marginally higher in urban areas.
Only 5 percent of the Indian labour force in the age group 20-24 had vocational training
compared to 96 percent in Korea and varying between 60-80 percent in industrial countries.
This points out to the fact that education system in India is excessively oriented towards general
academic education with little or no vocational orientation.

As per NSSO 56th round and the Annual Survey of Industries, while in the year 2000-01 the
gross value added by the organized sector is 75.24 percent, it employed only 13.85 percent of the
workforce.
Therefore it clearly shows that there is a gap between the course provided to the students in
comparison to the skill required for the job.

The aim of the Base scan is to identify the gaps in the system to create a new syllabus which
caters to the need of the industry.

The statement of problem –


The gap between the employee pool skilled and market demand.

Research design – explorative design


Exploratory research has been chosen for this purpose as it provides insights into and
comprehension of an issue. Exploratory research helps determine the best research design, data
collection method and selection of subjects. This has been specially chosen due to non
availability of secondary data .

Sampling design –random sampling method


Since we will be talking various firms and getting their specific requirement for the training
programme the best research work design suitable for this purpose will be Random sampling
method.

Universe
• The various companies in Bangalore either corporate or medium sized in the following
sectors. - IT/ITES, Automobile, hospitality/retailing, Garment, construction companies.

• The students who are 10th pass or failed or between the age group of 14- 17 years of age
who are looking for jobs in shop- floor (skilled/unskilled -blue collared or white collared
jobs)
Objective of the study
• To identify the gap between the employee pool skill in comparison to market demand
• To identify the market skill requirements in IT/ITES, Automobile industry, garment
industry, Hospitality & Construction industry
• To identify the vocational training centers currently existing and its relevance to market
demand.
• To study and understand the aspirations of the prospective employees.

Multi stake holders group


1. Students - youth
2. Companies – Big and Medium
3. Recruiters
4. Community and family
5. Vocational training centers – Private and Public (Formal and informal)

Sectors
• IT / ITES sector
• Garment sector
• Automobile industry
• Hospitality Industry
• Recruitment companies
• Construction companies

Time frame – 3 months


Budget – kindly quote your budget

Research group – input


• Survey instrument for employers and prospective employees
• Field testing of the instrument and fine tuning
• Data collection
• Analyzing data
• Preparation of the report
• Finalization of the report
Prakruthi input
• Concept preparation.
• Technical Input (coordination to support the researchers)
• Finances
• Printing and disseminating the final product for public domain.
Towards an Action Plan of Prakruthi

Attract Assess / Identify


talent

Employ Action
Training
Plan
Assess / Identify Talent

Certify

Selection of candidates for the course shall be through an entrance test followed by personal
interview, as appropriate.

Training

The course syllabus shall be jointly developed and designed by the parties, broadly covering the
subjects specified and mapping with the requirements of the job-profiles. The following skills
framework is employed to ascertain the complexity and the involvement of the course.

The programme is highly sensitive to market demand and takes up only those employable trades
that are in demand in the local market. The training curriculum is also designed in consultation
with the local business establishments and enterprises. This not only ensures a match between
the market or industry expectations and the skills of the trainees but also helps them get entry
level jobs easily.
Certification
Prakruthi will make sure that all the students get valid certificates on successful completion of
their course.
Employment
Students will be employed in various private firms in all the five sectors

Our project objective-


• It aims at identifying the demand for labour in various sectors.
• It also aims to get opinions from the companies on the type of skill required by the
employee pool.
• To create a skilled labour pool to cater to the labour market.
• In order to provide employment to the blue collared workers
• To increase employment opportunity for the youth.