Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 72

© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.

ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 -1

BU 3116
ABB BA ATAP

MCB´s
Products
Modular DIN-rail
MCB’s - Technical information
„ International abbreviations
-2

„ Standards and regulations


„ Breaking capacities - comparison
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

„ Short circuit breaking capacity


„ Principle of MCB operation
„ MCB rated currents In
„ MCB Tripping characteristics
„ Protection coordination – discrimination
„ Protection coordination – back-up prot.
„ Selectivity
„ MCB Selectivity classes
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information International abbreviations
LV Products – international abbreviations
-3
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

MCB = Miniature Circuit Breaker

MCCB = Molded Case Circuit Breaker

ACB = Air Circuit Breaker


© ABB BA ATAP
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 -4

a Overload
a Short-circuit
a Earth Leakage
Types of Fault
Effects of Overload & Shortcircuit
-5

Insulation of Cables deteriorate.


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Results in leakage.
Increase in Electricity bills.
Sustained overload can result in Shortcircuit.
Which can cause extensive damage to installation.
Can result in huge monetory / personal loss.
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information Breaking capacities - comparison

Which value has priority, Icu or Ics ?


-6

Icu is the ultimate short circuit breaking capacity, usually injected


during testing and maintenance while the system is not in
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

service and the MCB can trip from a non-service condition.

Ics is the rated short circuit capacity under service-conditions,


while the system is energized and the MCB may trip from a
loaded warm-state.
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information Short-circuit breaking capacity

Why different breaking capacities of MCB’s


-7

Distance
about > 500 m from Xmer
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

>500 m Fault levels at customer


Transformer unit = 1500 A (approx.)
station
1500KVA

20 - 30 m from Xmer
Distance fault level may be as
only high as 6 kA to 9 kA
20…30 m
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation

Construction of a typical MCB


-8

„ Housing or casing
„ Switching mechanism
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

„ Bi-metal overload trip


„ Electromagnetic short-circuit trip
„ Contacts
„ Arc extinguishing system
(arc chamber)
„ Terminals
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation

min sec
Current – time characteristic
The bi-metal overload trip
-9

of thermal trip
t
Current
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Current Wire

Medium
Slider tripping
curve

Lower and upper limits


of tolerance band
© ABB BA ATAP

I
IN
MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation

min sec
- 10

The electromagnetic short- Current – time characteristic


of electromagnetic trip
circuit trip t
Medium
Trip free tripping curve
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

linkage Lever

Lower and upper limits


Bi-metal of tolerance band

Movable
armature
Hammer Spring
trip
Coil
Moving Fixed iron core
contact Fixed
contact
© ABB BA ATAP

I
IN
MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation
120

60
Tripping characteristic
- 11

40

20 „ Combination of thermal and


10 electromagnetic tripping units
6
result in the well known tripping
minutes

4
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

2
characteristics
1
40 „ Adjustment of the bimetal and
20 spring force of the
10 electromagnetic trip allows
seconds

6
4
differentiation of the
2 characteristics
1
0,6
Tripping time

0,4

0,2 C
0,1
0,06
0,04

0,02
© ABB BA ATAP

0,01
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30

Multiple of rated current


MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation
Difference between ZPE (Zero Point Extinguishing and CL
- 12

(Current Limiting) MCB’s

Un Un
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Un = Mains voltage
or returning voltage
UB = Arc voltage
UB
Un Ik = Actual short-circuit
UB Un current
Ip = Prospective
Ip short-circuit current
Ip

Ik Ik

MCB ZPE Type MCB CL Type


© ABB BA ATAP

Type A Type B
MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation
Difference between ZPE (Zero Point Extinguishing and CL
- 13

(Current Limiting) MCB’s


As the arc voltage UB and the mains voltage Un are working against each other,
the short circuit is cut when the arc voltage UB > Un (is higher than the mains
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

voltage). Therefore it is important to create a high arc voltage very fast. This is
achieved by forced opening of the contacts and the arc blown into the arc
chambers by magnetic force. The number of gaps in the arc chamber and the
special design are responsible for creating the arc voltage (one gap app. 30 V)
UB

Un
UB Un

Ip
Ip

Ik Ik
© ABB BA ATAP

MCB ZPE Type MCB CL Type


Type A Type B
MCB’s – Techn.
information Principle of MCB operation

Advantages of CL (Current Limiting) MCB’s


- 14

„ Fast acting breaking of short-circuit due to forced separation of


contacts (“hammer trip” – an ABB invention) and high arc voltage
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

lead to extremely short cut-off times of 3…4 ms


„ Drastically reduction of let-through energy
„ Welding of contacts avoided
„ Bi-metal trip protected and not overheated (change of characteristic)
„ Low arc energy at fault point, no or very little damage
„ Protection of fault creator
„ Reduction of fire risk
„ Better selectivity up to very high short circuit currents
„ Optimized usage of installation
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information Short-circuit breaking capacity
Diagram of the let-through
- 15

value i2t
Let-through energy i2t / A2s

MCB’s 10kA range


(S 270)
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19
© ABB BA ATAP

Prospective short-circuit current iP / A


© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 16

information
MCB’s – Techn.
MCB rated currents In
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB rated currents In

How to choose the right MCB acc. to the standards


- 17

in a most practicable way


You need to consider:
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

„ The ratings shall be selected as low as possible


„ The influence of the ambient temperature to the MCB tripping
„ The mutual thermal influence due to other MCB´s
„ The tripping characteristic must ensure
max. tripping time t ≤ (k x S/I)²
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB rated currents In

Energy limitation by S270 C10


- 18

I2t (A2s)

at a short-circuit level of icc: 10kA


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

let-through energy i²t of the


unlimited
1.000.000 A2s short circuit current Icc: 10 kA

limited let-through energy i²t


by using a current limiting
MCB like S270
29.000 A2s (for details see MCB technical
data sheets)
© ABB BA ATAP

10 ms
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB rated currents In
120

60
I I MCB tripping characteristics
- 19

40 1 40 2

20

10
6
Basics:
4
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Min.

2 General: Time / current relation


1
40
1. Thermal tripping
20

10
2. Electromagnetic tripping
Sec.

6
4

2 I
40 1
- Thermal non-tripping current rsp.
Low test current (< 1h rsp. < 2h)
Tripping - time

1
0,6
0,4 I
40 2
- Thermal tripping current rsp.
0,2
High test current (> 1h rsp. > 2h)
0,1
- Electromagnetic non-tripping current
0,06
I3 I4 I3
0,04 rsp. test current: hold surges of I3
0,02
I4 - Electromagnetic tripping current
0,01
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30
rsp. test current: trip at least at I4
© ABB BA ATAP

See also separate sector


MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB rated currents In
In detail: MCB´s tripping correction factors as a function of the
- 20

ambient temperature; here: B, C and D-characteristic


1.5
Thermal
non- 1.4 B,C,D
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

tripping Thermal non-tripping current


current 1.3 I resp. Low test current at
Correction factor Kd = I/In

40 1
reference temp.for B,C,D: 30° C
(x In)
1.2 (non tripping if In x 1,13: > 1h)
if < 1h
1.1 1,07
Rated current
.........8A
1.0 40...63A
13...32A
0.9 10A

0.8

-25° -10° 0° 10° 20° 30° 40° 55°


Ambient temperature δu
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB rated currents In

The influence of the ambient temperature to the MCB


- 21

tripping
(i.e: using C characteristic)
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

The “B” thermal non-tripping current is 1,13 * In at 30°C.


At other ambient temperatures, “B” thermal non-tripping current will trip
at 5% lower values for each 10° C difference.

For example:
Assumed average interior temperature in a panel board 40°C.
Thus influences tripping by 5%.
Therefore: Ib max shall be ≤ 0,95 x In
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB rated currents In
Derating factors considering mutual thermal influence in the case
- 22

of simultaneous and continuous load


Example for:
- MCB´s mounted in a row, side by side -
Current carrying factor Kn(=I/In)

Type B 16
dR = 40° C
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

N = 8
1.0
Equation:
ABB ABB ABB ABB ABB ABB ABB ABB ABB

0.9 I= 0,95 x Kd x KN
I = 0,95 x (16 x 1,07) x 0,77 = 12,52 A

0.8 0,77

0.7

0.6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Number of units N, distance = 0
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Tripping characteristics - basics
120

60
40 1 I I General: Time / current relation
40 2
- 23

20 1. Thermal tripping
10
6
minutes

4
2. Electromagnetic tripping
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

1
40 - Thermal non-tripping current resp.
I
40 1
20 Low test current
seconds

10
- Thermal tripping current resp.
40 I2
6
4 High test current
2
- Electromagnetic non-tripping current
I3
Tripping time

1
0,6 resp. test current: hold surges of I3
0,4

0,2
I4 - Electromagnetic tripping current
0,1 resp. test current: trip at least at I4
0,06
0,04 I3 I4
© ABB BA ATAP

0,02

0,01
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30
Multiple of rated current
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Tripping characteristics
120

60
I I “B”-characteristic
- 24

40 1
40 40 2

20
acc. EN 60898 resp. IEC 898:
10
Standard for MCB‘s to be used in
6 residential or similar applications
minutes
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

1
40
I
40 1 Thermal non tripping: 1,13 x In
20
I
40 2 Thermal tripping: 1,45 x In
seconds

10
6
I3 Magnet. non tripping: 3 x In
4

2
I4 Magnet. tripping: 5 x In
1
Tripping time

0,6
0,4
Applications:
0,2 B low duty applications without
0,1
0,06 starting or inrush currents
0,04
© ABB BA ATAP

0,02

0,01 I3 I4
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30
Multiple of rated current
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Tripping characteristics
120

60
40
“C“-characteristic
- 25

20 acc. EN 60898 resp. IEC 898:


10 Standard for MCB’s to be used in
6
residential or similar applications
minutes

4
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

1 I
40 1 Thermal non tripping: 1,13 x In
40

20 I
40 2 Thermal tripping: 1,45 x In
seconds

10
6 I3 Magnet. non tripping: 5 x In
4

2 I4 Magnet. tripping: 10 x In
1
Tripping time

0,6
0,4 Applications:
0,2 C low duty applications with medium
0,1 starting or inrush currents and low
0,06
0,04
loop impedance
© ABB BA ATAP

0,02

0,01
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30
Multiple of rated current
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Tripping characteristics
120

60 “D”-characteristic
- 26

40

20
acc. EN 60898 resp. IEC 898:
10
Standard for MCB’s to be used in
6 residential or similar applications
minutes

4
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

1 I
40 1 Thermal non tripping: 1,13 x In
40

20 I
40 2 Thermal tripping: 1,45 x In
seconds

10
6
I3 Magnet. non tripping: 10 x In
4

2
I4 Magnet. tripping: 20 x In
1
Tripping time

0,6
0,4 Applications:
0,2 D high duty applications with very high
0,1 starting or inrush currents but low
0,06
0,04
loop impedance
© ABB BA ATAP

0,02

0,01
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30
Multiple of rated current
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Tripping characteristics
120

60
40 “K”-characteristic
- 27

20 acc. EN 60947-2 resp. IEC 947-2:


10 Standard for industrial switchgear
6
4 40 I1 Thermal non tripping: 1,05 x In
minutes
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

40 I2 Thermal tripping: 1,2 x In


2

1
40
I3 Magnet. non tripping S270: 8 x In
I4 Magnet. tripping S270: 12 x In
20
I3 Magnet. non tripping S280: 10 x In
seconds

10
6 I4 Magnet. tripping S280: 14 x In
4

2 The right choice for high duty application


1 with high starting or inrush currents:
K
Tripping time

0,6 „ Power supply units: i.e 24V DC supply


0,4

0,2 BC D for intelligent building automation systems


„ Extra low voltage lamps, high
0,1
0,06
performance tools, electronic ballasts
0,04 „ Charging sets; i.e for electrical
© ABB BA ATAP

0,02 forklift trucks


0,01 „ Motors, fan sets
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30
„ Welding- and control power transformer
Multiple of rated current
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Tripping characteristics
120

60
40 “Z”-characteristic
- 28

20 acc. EN 60947-2 resp. IEC 947-2:


10 Standard for industrial switchgear
6
minutes

4
I
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

2
40 1 Thermal non tripping: 1,05 x In
1 I
40 2 Thermal tripping: 1,2 x In
40

20 I3 Magnet. non tripping: 2 x In


Magnet. tripping: 3 x In
seconds

10
I4
6
4

2 A sensitive characteristic to protect


1 highly sensitive equipment such as:
Tripping time

0,6
0,4
Z „ 0,14mm2 cable sets
0,2 BC D „ applications with limit switches
0,1 „ reed contacts in burglar alarm systems
0,06 „ sensor technology
0,04
„ actuators in bus systems
© ABB BA ATAP

0,02
„ printed boards with its
0,01
1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30 semiconductors
Multiple of rated current
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Selectivity classes
Table 1, I2 t values (let through energy) allowed for MCB´s up to 16 A
- 29

DIN VDE 0641-11, EN 60898, IEC 60898


Energy limiting class / Selectivity class
Rated 1 2 3
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

rupturing I2 t max. I2 t max. I2 t max.


capacity A2 s A2 s A2 s
A Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic
B and C B C B C
3000 31000 37000 15000 18000
4500 No limits 60000 75000 25000 30000
6000 fixed 100000 120000 35000 42000
10000 240000 290000 70000 84000
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information MCB Selectivity classes
Table 1, I2 t values (let through energy) allowed for MCB´s 16 to 32 A
- 30

DIN VDE 0641-11, EN 60898, IEC 60898


Energy limiting class / Selectivity class
Rated 1 2 3
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

rupturing I2 t max. I2 t max. I2 t max.


capacity A2 s A2 s A2 s
A Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic
B and C B C B C
3000 40000 50000 18000 22000
4500 No limits 80000 100000 32000 39000
6000 fixed 130000 160000 45000 55000
10000 310000 370000 90000 110000
MCB marking
B32
_____________
230/400
6000
3
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview Front printing
Front printing on ABB standard MCB´s
- 31

MCB marking
S271
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

C16
~230/400
10000
3
Original printing is black only

S271 = Type-designation of MCB


C16 = Characteristic, In
~230/400 = Nominal voltage 1-pole/multipole
acc. to IEC 60898, +10%.
10000 = Rated rupturing capacity ICU
3 = Selectivity class acc. to IEC 60898
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview Side printing
Side printing on ABB standard MCB´s
- 32

Left side MCB marking


IS 8828
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

ISI

IEC 947-2
ICU 10 kA Made in India
© ABB BA ATAP
IS 8828 of 1996 - Basic Features
- 33

• Supercedes IS 8828 of 1978


• Identical to IEC - 60898 of 1985
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

• Contains details relating to test requirements


• Contains methods of testing
• Contains all requirements necessary for ensuring compliance
of products by type tests.
© ABB BA ATAP
Terminology - IS 8828 of 1996
- 34

• Rating
Current which a MCB should carry without tripping
• Breaking Capacity
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Maximum current which a MCB can carry and break.


• Characterestic
Current vs tripping time relationship
Differentiated on the basis of instantaneous tripping range
© ABB BA ATAP
t Characteristics
Chara Range In
- 35

1h
B 03 - 05 In
C 05 - 10 In
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

D 10 - 20 In

0.01 S
xIn
1.13 1.45 3 5 10 20
B C D
© ABB BA ATAP
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 36

D
C
Application as per Curve

Chara Resistive Inductive Highly Inductive


IS 8828 of 1996 - Basic Features
Preferred Values as per standard
- 37

• Voltage - SPN System - 230 V, TPN System - 415 V


• Ratings - 6,8,10,13,16,20,25,32,40,50,63,80,100 & 125
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

• Frequency - 50 / 60 Hz
• Chara - B,C,D
• Breaking Capacity - 1500 A,3000 A,4500 A, 6000 A
10000 A, 25000A
• Ambient Air Temperature - 30 0 C
© ABB BA ATAP
Routine Tests
) Thermal testing at 2.55 x In (Rated Current)
- 38

) Magnetic Trip Testing


1.
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

For B Curve at 3In & 5In


2. For C Curve at 5In & 10In
3. For D Curve at 10In & 20In
© ABB BA ATAP
Type Tests
) Indelibility of marking
- 39

) Reliability of screws, current carrying parts & connections


) Reliability of terminals for external conductors
) Protection against electric shock
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

) Dielectric properties
) Temperature rise
) 28-day test
) Tripping Characteristic
) Mechanical & Electrical endurance
) Short Circuit
) Resistance to Mechanical shock & impact
) Resistance to heat
) Resistance to abnormal heat and to fire
)
© ABB BA ATAP

Resistance to rusting
•Protection against electrical shock
Test with test finger of 4mm Dia i.e IP 20 terminals
- 40

•Temperature Rise test &


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

•Measurement of Power Loss


Test to be conducted at rated current and at convenient voltage. Power loss
is measured at rated current and 30 O/C voltage.
Parts Temperature Rise K
Terminals for External connection 60
External parts liable to be touched during 40
manual operation of MCB
External metallic parts of operating means 25
Other external parts, including that face of 60
MCB in direct contact with mounting surface
© ABB BA ATAP
•Mechanical & Electrical Endurance
• Subjected to 4000 operating cycles ( Make & Break)
- 41

• At rated current, rated voltage and PF 0.85 to 9 Lag


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

•28 day Test


MCB subjected to 28 cycles
Each cycle - 21 hrs at rated current, 3 hrs without current
MCB shall not trip. During 28th Cycle Temp. Rise
test shall be conducted at rated current, Temperature rise
should not exceed defined values.
Immediately after measurement of temperature Current
shall be increased to tripping value
MCB shall trip within defined time limits.
© ABB BA ATAP
Tripping Chara
All the tests are conducted at convenient voltage, Thermal tests are conducted at controlled temp.
- 42

Test Type Test Current Initial Time limits Result


Condition of to be
tripping or obtained
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

nontripping
a B,C,D 1.13 In Cold t > or = 1 Hr ( for In < or = 63 A) No tripping
t > or = 2 Hr ( for In > 63 A)
b B,C,D 1.45 In Immediately following t < 1 Hr ( for In < or = 63 A) Tripping
test a t < 2 Hr ( for In > 63 A)
c B,C,D 2.55 In Cold 1s<t<60s ( for In < or = 32 A) Tripping
1s<t<20s ( for In > 32 A)
d B 3 In Cold t > or = 1 s No tripping
C 5 In Cold
D 10 In Cold
e B 5 In Cold t < 0.1s Tripping
C 10 In Cold
D 50 In Cold
© ABB BA ATAP
Short Circuit Test
•Performance at reduced short circuit current : Test to be conducted
- 43

On 3 Samples After Electrical & Mechanical Endurance Test. Test at rated Voltage.

Test Sequence for test at 500 A or 10 In whichever is


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

higher
O - t - O - t - O - t - O - t - O - t - O - t - CO - t - CO - t - CO

•Performance at 1500A short circuit current : Test to be conducted


On 3 Samples After Mechanical shock and Impact test, Test at rated Voltage.

Test sequence
O - t - O - t - O - t - O - t - O - t - O - t - CO - t - CO - t - CO
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Techn.
information
Short Circuit Test
•Performance at Service short short circuit current : Test to be
- 44

conducted On 3 fresh Samples, at rated voltage.

For 3- and 4-pole breakers


Testing sequence Ics : O - pause
t - CO - pause
t - CO
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Rated short circuit current Capacity under Service conditions Open close close
3 min open 3 min open

For 1- and 2-pole breakers


O -pause
Open
t-O - t - CO
open pause close
3 min 3 min open

For all breakers


Testing sequence Icu : O -pause
t - CO
Ultimate short-circuit breaking Capacity Open close
3 min open
Icu is the value printed on MCB´s as rated short circuit capacity

Icu (A) Factor k Ics (A)

≤ 6.000 1 ≤ 6.000
> 6.000 0,75 min. 6.000
© ABB BA ATAP

≤ 10.000 0,75 ≤ 7.500


> 10.000 0,5 min. 7.500
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 45

Current Limiting MCB on short circuit

0.5 ms
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 46

Current Limiting MCB on short circuit

1.0 ms
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 47

Current Limiting MCB on short circuit

1.5 ms
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 48

Current Limiting MCB on short circuit

2.0 ms
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 49

Current Limiting MCB on short circuit

2.5 ms
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 50

Current Limiting MCB on short circuit

3.0 ms
MCB’s – Techn.
information Standards and regulations

For breakers up to 690 V AC, 50-60 Hz; Industrial low-voltage breakers,


- 51

MCB´s with tripping characteristics K, Z, and for industrial applications


Tests will be carried out, using 1 set of samples !

IEC 947-2 testing sequence Ics : O - t - CO - t - CO


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Open pause close pause close


Rated short circuit current Capacity under Service conditions 3 min open 3 min open

IEC 947-2 testing sequence Icu : O -pause


t - CO
Open close
Ultimate short-circuit breaking Capacity 3 min open
Icu is the value printed on MCB´s as rated short circuit capacity

Recommended values for Ics in percentage of Icu values:


Category A Category B
Category A: % of Icu % of Icu Category B:
Non-selective short- 25 - Selective, time-delayed
circuit short-circuit tripping-
tripping-devices
50 50
devices,
75 75 adjustable or non-
© ABB BA ATAP

100 100 adjustable.


MCB’s – Techn.
information Standards and regulations

IEC 60947-2 testing sequence


- 52

IEC 947-2 for MCB´s category A, minimum requirements

Relation between Test Sequence Samples Category Valid for Tests


Ics and Icu Sequence Explanation required
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Ics not equal to Icu I Denoting attributes 1 A all MC(C)B´s Ultimate trip-current (Icu) and denoting attributes
of general behaviour Insulation attibutes
Voltage: Ue max. Mech.operation, 8.500x power off, 1.500x power on
Overload behaviour
Verification of insulation resistance (2 kV, 1 min)
Verification of temperature rise limit
Verification of overload-tripping values
Ics not equal to Icu II Rated short circuit 2-4 A all MC(C)B´s Rated short circuit current capacity (Ics)
current under Verification of insulation resistance (2 kV, 1 min)
Voltage: Ue max. service-conditions Verification of temperature rise limit
Verification of overload-tripping values
Ics not equal to Icu III Ultimate 1-4 A all MC(C)B´s Verification of overload tripping values
short circuit Ultimate short circuit breaking capacity (Icu)
Voltage: Ue max. breaking capacity Verification of insulation resistance (2 kV, 1 min)
Verification of overload-tripping values

Test sequence III not neccessary if Ics = Icu Tests have to be performed in order as above
Each test sequence requires a new set of samples
Ue max.= Maximum Service voltage of the unit (DESTO MCB´s = 230/400 V + 10%) unless different specified by the manufacturer.
© ABB BA ATAP
Low watt losses in ABB MCB type S270
Rating Amp ABB S270 As Per IS/IEC
0.5 1.40 3
- 53

1 1.40 3
1.6 1.60 3
2 1.80 3
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

3 1.30 3
4 1.70 3
6 1.80 3
8 1.70 3
10 1.30 3
13 2.00 3.5
16 1.80 3.5
20 2.00 4.5
25 2.30 4.5
32 2.90 6
40 4.30 7.5
50 4.40 9
63 5.40 13
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s – Product overview
„ S190
- 54

„ S230
„ S240
„ S250, S250S, S260
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

„ S270
„ S280
„ S290
„ S500
„ S700
„ S220
„ Supplementary devices
„ Short guide of type designations
„ Short guide of characteristics
„ Front printing
© ABB BA ATAP

„ Side printing
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB range S270

Breaking capacity: B, C: 10 kA
- 55

IEC 60898, 230/400 VAC +10%


IEC 60947-2, 230/400 VAC +10%
K, Z: 6 kA
UL/CSA, multipole 480 VAC
Nominal current: B: 6 - 63 A
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

C, K, Z,: 0.5 - 63 A

Poles: 1, 2, 3, 4
1+NA, 3+NA

Tripping characteristic: B, C, K, Z
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB range S280

280 Z,K,D
- 56

Breaking capacity: 0.2 - 2 A: >25kA


IEC 60898, 230/400 VAC +10% 3 - 8 A: 10 kA
IEC 60947-2, 230/400 VAC +10% 10 - 25 A: 25 kA
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

UL/CSA, multipole 480 VAC 32 - 40 A: 15 kA


50 - 63 A: 10 kA
Nominal current: K: 0.2 - 63 A
D, Z: 0.5 - 63 A

Poles: 1, 2, 3, 4
1+NA, 3+NA

Tripping characteristic: Z, K, D
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB range S280

S 280 UC, universal current


- 57

Breaking capacity: 0.2 - 2 A: >25kA


IEC 60947-2, 230/400 V AC +10% 3 - 32 A: 10 kA
220/440 V DC
40 - 63 A: 6 kA
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

UL/CSA, multipole 480 VAC


Nominal current: B: 6 - 25 A
K: 0.2 - 63 A
Z: 0.5 - 63 A
Poles: 1, 2, 3, 4

Tripping characteristic: B, K, Z
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB range S280

S 280 B,C – 80…100 A


- 58

Breaking capacity: 6 kA
IEC 60898, 230/400 VAC +10%
UL/CSA, multipole 480 VAC
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Nominal current:
80, 100 A

Poles: 1, 2, 3

Tripping characteristic: B, C
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB range S290

Breaking capacity: 10 kA
- 59

IEC 60898, 230/400 V AC +10%

Nominal current: C: 80 - 125 A


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

K: 80 - 100 A

Poles: 1, 2, 3, 4

Tripping characteristic: C, K
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB range S500

S 500 B,C,D
- 60

Breaking capacity: 50 kA
IEC 60898, 230/400 VAC +10% (30/14 kA)
UL/CSA, multipole 480 VAC
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Nominal current: B, C: 6 - 63 A
D: 13 - 63 A

Poles: 1, 2, 3, 4

Tripping characteristic: B, C, D
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview MCB - Isolators

E240 & E270


- 61

Conditional S/C 10 kA-E240


capacity:IEC 947-3, IS-13947-3 25kA-E270
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Nominal current: 16 A to 125 A

Poles: 1, 2, 3, 4

Utilisation catagory
AC22 & AC23
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview Supplementary devices
- 62

Auxiliary contacts
Signal contacts
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

Signal contact / Aux. Contact


Shunt trips
Undervoltage releases
Rotary drive
© ABB BA ATAP
Feature of MCB
- 63

Auxiliary Contact

ƒ Supplied with 2 potential free contact


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

ƒ The switching position depends on


the position of the MCB (on/off)
ƒ Screw or Plug in version available
© ABB BA ATAP
Feature of MCB
- 64

Auxiliary & Signal Contact

ƒ Signals the tripping caused by over


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

current and short circuit


ƒ The switching position depends on
the position of the MCB (on/off)
ƒ Red handle allows resetting
© ABB BA ATAP
Feature of MCB
- 65

Undervoltage releases S2-UA


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

ƒ Remote tripping of the MCB if the supply


voltage is to be interrupted or switched off.
ƒ MCB is only allows to switch on with
substained voltage.
© ABB BA ATAP
Feature of MCB
- 66

Shunt trips S2-A


BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

ƒ Remote tripping of the MCB by


applying a control voltage.
© ABB BA ATAP
Feature of MCB
- 67

Mechanical interlocks
S2-BP
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

ƒ Mechanical connection to the


switching mechanism of MCB
ƒ Trips the MCB at the opening of
the door or cover
© ABB BA ATAP
Must Feature of a MCB – By functionality
Integrated in to S270 range of MCB’s
- 68

„ Mechanical Life
„ 20,000 operations
„ Long Electrical Life
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

„ 20,000 operations ( In < 32 A)


„ 10,000 operations ( In >32 A)
„ Reliability of Switching Mechanism
„ Tropicalized to ensure trouble free operation for
many years in highly humid environment. ( As per
IEC 68.2, DIN 50016 )
„ Completely self supporting mechanical assembly.
„ No effect of thermal distortion of the housing.
© ABB BA ATAP
Must Feature of a MCB – By functionality
S270 range of MCB
- 69

„ Flexibility while selecting the right type


„ 17 different Ratings ( 0.5, 1, 1.6, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8,
10, 13, 16, 20, 25, 32, 40, 50, 63 Amps).
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

„ B, C, D, K & Z – right curve for your


application.
„ Pole configuration : SP, SPN, DP, TP, TPN &
FP
„ Housing material - Self Extinguishing Degree
(V0) with 1.6 mm Thickness non-toxicity non
opaque smoke.
„ As required by Standards of Cables &
Specifications of Railways & Under Grounds.
„ Reversibility of Connections.
© ABB BA ATAP
MCB’s - Product
overview Short guide of type designations

Example S271 C16: Example S282 UC K 16:


- 70

MCB (in German: MCB (in German:


S S
Sicherungs-Automat) Sicherungs-Automat)
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

2 2
Series 260 Series 280
8
7
2 2-pole
1 1-pole
U Universal Current AC/DC
C Characteristic B C
1 K Characteristic K
Nominal current 16 A
6 1 Nominal current 16 A
6
© ABB BA ATAP
TECHNICAL COMPARISON OF MINIATURE CIRCUIT BREAKERS

Features \/ ABB Legrand MG Hager Siemens Protec

Rating for C Curve 0.5 - 63A 6 - 63A 1 - 63A 0.5 - 63A 0.5 - 63A (3kA) 0.5 - 63A

0.5 - 50A (10kA)


- 71

Standard Ratings 17 15 14 14 13 (3kA) 12 15


(10kA)
Types 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P, 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P, 1P, 2P, 3P,4P 1P, 2P, 3P,4P 1P, 2P, 3P,4P 1P, 2P, 3P, 4P,
BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19

1P+N, 3P+N 1P+N, 3P+N 1P+N, 3P+N


Tripping Curves B, C, D, K, Z C - 6 - 63 A, D - B - 6 - 63 A, C - C - 0.5 - 63 A, D -C - 0.5-63(3kA) C B - 6 - 63 A, C
1 - 63 A, D - 1 -
0.5 - 4 A 63 A 0.5 - 63 A -0.5-50(10kA) - 0.5 -63 A
DC Range Full UCK range 6KA 10KA Not Available Not Available 6KA
at 10KA
Calibration Temp. 30 Degrees 30 Degrees 30 Degrees 40 Degrees 40 Degrees 30 Degrees

Contacts Tip Silver Graphite AgCdo Silver Alloy Silver Alloy Silver Alloy Silver Alloy

Housings Material Thermoset V0 Moulded Self ThermoPlastic DNA Thermoset Thermoset


Grade
Working temp. -25 to +55 -25 to +50 DNA DNA -25 to +45 -5 to +55
Degrees Degrees Degrees Degrees
Elect. Endurance 20000 10000 10000 20000 10000 10000
Operation
Both side
© ABB BA ATAP

termination Possible Possible One side One side One side One side
Switching Tropicalized and Pastic parts are Pastic parts are Pastic parts are Pastic parts are Pastic parts
used for used for used for used for are used for
Mechanism fully metallic. Movement Movement Movement Movement Movement
© ABB BA ATAP BU 3116 MCBs – Techn Info & Prod overview 0402.ppt, RH/kfn 2004-02-19 - 72

ABB