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 Interna3onal  Energy  
Conserva3on  Code  

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Comparing  IECC  2009  &  

 ASHRAE  90.1-­‐2007  
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Your  Instructors:  
Ken  Baker  -­‐  K  energy  
Sharon  PaJerson  -­‐  Eco  Edge  
The  following  were  either  financial  or  content  contributors  to  this  training:  
The  following  were  either  financial  or  content  contributors  to  this  training:  
•  Utah  State  Energy  Program  
•  Questar  Gas  Company  
•  Rocky  Mountain  Power  Company  
•  Northwest  Energy  Efficiency  Alliance  (NEEA)  
•  Eric  Makela  –  BriJMakela  Group  
•  Pacific  Northwest  Labs  
•  Department  of  Energy  (DOE)  
•  Washington  State  University  &  Rich  Prill    
•  Building  Codes  Assistance  Project  
•  Maryland  Department  of  Housing  and  Community  Development  
•  Mike  DeWein,  BCAP/Alliance  to  Save  Energy  
•  K  energy  
•  Eco  Edge    
Overview  of  Key  Differences  

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New  ASHRAE  Standard  
ASHRAE/IESNA  Standard  90.1-­‐2007  

  Slight  changes  to  ligh3ng  

  More  stringent  ves3bule  
  Performance  approach  
Key  Differences  –  ASHRAE  vs.  IECC  
•  Defini3on  of  “residen3al”  building  
•  Semi-­‐heated  space  designa3on  (3.4  Btu/h/h2  to  15  or  20)  
•  Glazing  within  15  to  30  degrees  of  ver3cal  &  skylight  maximums  
•  Window-­‐to-­‐Wall-­‐Ra3o  (WWR)  
•  Provisions  for  above-­‐  and  below-­‐grade  walls  
•  Thermal  requirements  for  opaque  and  non-­‐opaque  assemblies  
•  Allowable  maximum  U-­‐factor  
•  Allowable  damper  leakage  rates  
•  HVAC  equipment  oversizing  
•  Opera3on  and  Maintenance  (O&M)  Manuals  
•  Certain  HVAC  equipment  systems    
•  Space-­‐by-­‐Space  method  to  ligh3ng  power  density  limits  
•  Ligh3ng  controls,  allowances,  excep3ons  and  exterior  LPDs  
Comparison of Standard 90.1-07 and the 2009 IECC
Helpful  Informa3on  
with Respect to Commercial Buildings
Prepared by the Pacific Northwest National
Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Building
Energy Codes Program
December 2009
Defini3on  of  “residen3al”  building  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Spaces in buildings used primarily Includes R-3 buildings, as well as

for living and sleeping. Residential R-2 and R-4 buildings three stories
spaces include dwelling units, or less in height above grade. (not
hotel/motel guest rooms, R-1, hotels and motels) All else is
dormitories, nursing homes, patient considered commercial.
rooms in hospitals, lodging houses,
fraternity/sorority houses, hostels,
prisons, and fire stations.

Result:    In  some  instances,  a  building  built  to  the  2009  IECC  would  
have  less  rigorous  thermal  envelope  provisions  than  if  built  to  
ASHRAE  90.1-­‐07.  
Scope  &  Applica3on  

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501.1  Scope  
Pick  Only  One  Compliance  Approach  


But  Not  Both  

Code  Compliance  Process  
Must  the  Project  
Comply  with  the  

Comply with the Comply with the Comply with the

Envelope Mechanical/SWH Power & Lighting
Requirements Requirements Requirements

Sections 503 and

Section 502 90.1 Section 5 90.1 Section 6 Section 505 90.1 Section 9

Compliance with
the IECC

Plan Review

Commercial  Envelope  Requirements  

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What  is  the  Building  Thermal  Envelope?  

Roof/Ceiling  Assembly  
Wall  Assembly  
Ver3cal  Fenestra3on  and  Skylights  
Floor  Assembly  
Slab  Edge  
Below  Grade  Wall  Assembly  
Semi-­‐heated  space  designa3on  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Has a specific designation of semi- No such provision for semi-heated;

heated space (3.4 Btu/h/ft2 up to 15 only conditioned or unconditioned.
or 20 for climate zone 5 or 6) and (Table 502.2(1))
comparable thermal envelope
provisions that are less rigorous
than those for heated spaces.
(Tables 5.5-1 through 5.5-8 for the
appropriate climate zone)

Result:    Semi-­‐heated  spaces  under  Standard  90.1-­‐07  generally  have  

more  rigorous  thermal  envelope  requirements  under  2009  IECC.  
Climate  Zones  –  2009  IECC  
IECC  Table  502.2(1)  –  Climate  Zone  5  
ASHRAE  Table  5.5-­‐5  
IECC  Table  502.3  
ASHRAE  Table  5.5-­‐5  
IECC  Tables  303.1.3(1)  and  (2)    
Default  U-­‐Factors  
TABLE 303.1.3(1)

TABLE 303.1.3(2)

Labeling  of  Fenestra3on  Products    

All  manufactured  fenestra/on  products  shall  
have  a  permanent  nameplate  .  .  .    

When  the  fenestra3on  product  does  not  
have  such  nameplate,  the  installer  or  supplier  
of  such  fenestra3on  shall  provide  a  signed  
and  dated  cer3fica3on  for  the  installed  
fenestra3on  lis3ng  the  U-­‐factor,  SHGC,  and  
the  air  leakage  rate.  
Glazing  within  15  to  30˚  of  ver3cal  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Considers glazing less than 60 Considers glazing 15 degrees or

degrees from the horizontal plane less from vertical as skylights.
as skylights. (Glazing over 15 degrees from
vertical is part of the wall.)

Result:    Glazing  in  the  15  to  30-­‐degree  range  under  ASHRAE  90.1-­‐07  
would  be  considered  skylights  rather  than  ver3cal  fenestra3on  and,  
as  such,  could  have  lesser  thermal  requirements  than  under  IECC  
IECC  Vs.  ASHRAE  Skylights  and  

IECC 15 + degrees = Skylight ASHRAE 31 + degrees = Skylight

Roof/Skylight Area Roof/Skylight Area

Skylight  Maximum  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

The total skylight area shall be less The total skylight area shall not
than 5% of the gross roof area. exceed 3% of the gross roof area.

Result:    IECC  2009  allows  less  skylight  area.  

Window-­‐to-­‐Wall-­‐Ra3o  (WWR)  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

A WWR of less than 40% allows Glazing beyond the 40% maximum
using a provision parallel to 2009 WWR requires a building to be
IECC. evaluated under ASHRAE
ASHRAE allows you to exceed
40% window to wall area.

Result:    The  WWR  could  be  calculated  differently  under  each  op3on  
and  cause  confusion  over  which  provisions  to  follow.      Determining  
the  %  can  also  vary  because  of  the  difference  in  skylight  defini3ons.  
Provisions  for  above-­‐  &  below-­‐grade  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Portions of walls above grade are Any wall that is <15% above grade
treated as above grade and and 85% or more below grade is
portions of the same walls that are considered entirely a below-grade
below grade are treated as below wall. Similarly, a wall >15% above
grade. grade would be considered entirely
an above-grade wall.

Result:    Provisions  for  below-­‐grade  walls  are  generally  less  stringent  

than  above-­‐grade  walls,  and  since  a  rela3vely  small  frac3on  (15%)  
above  grade  pushes  the  en3re  wall  toward  more  rigorous  above-­‐
grade  criteria  under  the  2009  IECC,  then  IECC  may  be  more  
stringent  on  average.  
Opaque  and  non-­‐opaque  assemblies  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Doors that are more than one-half Opaque doors are doors having
glass are considered fenestration. less than 50% glass area and
should b e considered as part of
the gross area of above-grade
walls that are part of the building

Result:    The  thermal  requirements  for  opaque  and  non-­‐opaque  

assemblies  are  not  always  iden3cal  between  the  two  documents,  
and  in  some  instances  ASHRAE  90.1-­‐07  is  more  stringent  and  in  
others  IECC  2009  is  more  stringent.    For  example,  in  climate  zone  5,  
swinging  opaque  doors  have  an  assembly  maximum  o  U-­‐0.500  in  
ASHRAE  (residen3al)  but  U-­‐0.70  in  IECC  2009  Group  R.  
502.2.7  Opaque  Doors  
Doors  having  <  50%  glass  area  

Swinging  doors  
  Meet  U-­‐factor  requirement  

Roll-­‐up  of  sliding  doors  

  Climate  Zones  1  –  3:  U-­‐1.45  
  Climate  Zones  4  including  
Marine  –  8:  U-­‐0.50  
502.4.7  Mandatory  Requirements  –  
Ves3bules  now  in  ASHRAE    

ASHRAE allows climate

Zone 1, 2, and 3
exemptions to

IECC allows climate

Zone 1 and 2 exemptions
Loading  Dock  Weatherseals  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Required in Climate Zones 4 – 8 Required if space is conditioned.


Result:    In  some  cases,  the  allowable  damper  leakage  rate  in  
ASHRAE  are  higher  than  those  in  the  IECC.    Thus,  in  some  cases,  
IECC  is  more  stringent.      
Allowable  maximum  U-­‐factor  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Allows for an increase in the This allowance is not provided in

allowable maximum U-factor the 2009 IECC.
(reduction in required R-value) for
certain roof/ceiling assemblies if
the roof meets certain reflectance
(high albedo) and emissivity

Result:    In  climate  zones  1-­‐3,  insula3on  requirements  may  be  less  
under  ASHRAE  90.1-­‐07.  
ASHRAE  Table  
Commercial  Mechanical  Requirements  

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Shutoff  Damper  Controls  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Non-motorized dampers Non-motorized dampers

acceptable in Zones 1, 2 and 3. acceptable in buildings under 3
stories and for buildings of any
Many more requirements. height in Zones 1, 2, and 3.
HVAC  equipment  oversizing  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Does not limit HVAC equipment Limits HVAC equipment oversizing

oversizing. (Section 503.2.2). Heating and
cooling equipment and systems
shall not exceed the loads
calculated in accordance with
section 503.2.1 (references
ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 183.)

Result:    In  some  cases,  the  2009  IECC  would  result  in  equipment  
that  operates  more  efficiently  on  a  seasonal  basis.  
Certain  HVAC  equipment  and  systems  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Tends to be more rigorous and, in Some of the HVAC equipment not

some cases (e.g., fume hoods, listed in the IECC may be included
cooling towers, dehumidification, in the IMC because it is a family of
and kitchen exhaust hoods), has codes.
requirements that are not in the
IECC 2009.

Result:    The  subtle  differences  between  the  two  in  this  area  could  
have  an  impact  on  the  aggregate,  in  par3cular  that  ASHRAE  
requirements  tend  to  be  more  rigorous.  
Opera3ons  &  Maintenance  Manuals  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Requires the delivery of Operation Requires that an operating and

and Maintenance (O&M) manuals maintenance manual be provided
for the building systems. (Sections to the building owner by the and 8.7.2) mechanical contractor. (Section

Result:    The  requirements  in  ASHRAE  are  more  detailed  than  IECC.    
For  example,  ASHRAE  requires  that  rou3ne  maintenance  ac3ons  
shall  be  clearly  iden3fied  and  requires  the  name  and  address  of  at  
least  one  qualified  service  agency.      
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Commercial  Ligh3ng  Requirements  

Space-­‐by-­‐Space  method  to  LPD  limits  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Contains a Space-by-Space The interior lighting power is the

method as an alternative to the by- floor area for each building area
building-type prescriptive tables for type listed in Table 505.5.2 times
lighting power limits (Section 9.6.1 the value from Table 505.5.2 for
and Table 9.6.1) that area. Each building area shall
be treated as a separate area.

Result:    A  building  complying  via  the  Space-­‐by-­‐Space  method  may  

be  subject  to  more  or  less  rigorous  requirements  depending  on  the  
specifics  of  space  types  contained  within  the  building.  
Ligh3ng  controls  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

ASHRAE requires automatic IECC also has requirements for

lighting shutoff and has similar light reduction controls, holiday
requirements for overriding scheduling and daylight zone
automatic shutoff (e.g. 2 hours vs. control that are not included in
4 hours) and for sleeping unit ASHRAE.
controls as IECC.

Result:    IECC  has  somewhat  more  detailed  and  rigorous  ligh3ng  

control  requirements,  in  par3cular  IECC  has  a  sec3on  on  daylight  
zone  control.  
Interior  retail  ligh3ng  allowances  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

(Retail Area 1 x 1.0 W/ft2) (Retail Area 1 x 0.6 W/ft2)

(Retail Area 2 x 1.7 W/ft2) (Retail Area 2 x 0.6 W/ft2)
(Retail Area 3 x 2.6 W/ft2) (Retail Area 3 x 1.4 W/ft2)
(Retail Area 4 x 4.2 W/ft2) (Retail Area 4 x 2.5 W/ft2)

Result:    ASHRAE  has  higher  addi3onal  retail  ligh3ng  allowances,  i.e.  

IECC  is  more  stringent.  
Exterior  ligh3ng  power  densi3es  
ASHRAE 90.1-2007 IECC 2009

Table 9.4.5 lists LPDs for tradable Table 505.6.2(1) lists lighting zones
vs. nontradable surfaces, but and Table 505.6.2(2) lists LPDs for
lighting zones are not designated. each of 4 lighting zones and for
tradable and nontradable surfaces.

Result:    In  general,  some  of  the  exterior  LPDs  in  IECC  are  lower  
(more  restric3ve),  but  it  varies  by  ligh3ng  zone.  
Ques3ons  &  Answers  

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Thank  You  for  AJending!  

Your  Instructors:  
Ken  Baker  -­‐  K  energy  
Sharon  PaJerson  -­‐  Eco  Edge