Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7
BIOM, MOCK, Q-B4 HCIIBITATEAER IIPHPORL Oi, PEON. 2000. T. 75, Bout. YUK $5135.061 (262.81) TEHESAC XBAJIBIHCKHX (MIMEHCTOUEH) WOKOJAIHBIX FIHH CEBEPHOTO [[PHKACTIUA LUT Gadoneon Voyiente ucropnit pasurrua Kacnwicxoro Gacceftne, WB waeTHocTH Ceneporo Kacrua, nesosMoao Ges Gbpanieuns K ROMpOCY TeHesKea wWosoyasueN vbit (AI), SEHNAIOUNIX 37e0, SAERORETERET RIe NOTA WATARATONICHKeR OUTUMINEMIOH 1 NApARTEDHO! ariel paxnexnamtcce ms omroxertt, PaccanpinaeTen cOBOK/IHCCTL cobisrail, rpimemnn x ofpaxccanmo UIT, vc. TeRDeTCH OLENA CNet HA cueLywIMe RONPOCEE. TO Taxoe ILT, orxyaa vocryiacr ciaraouctt wo MaTepHAn, Cle pACKTPOCTpAN Pacripocrpantes, TIpercrannexia © cbopMyporaEna moKonaxHun umm (UIT), @ TacKe 06 yenODHax Hx HaKoneHna AEIMOTeR 10 CHY Top Mpemwerom mMcKyecMH, B ACTA Alice BPeMA CYWeCTAyIOT Tp TOK OpEHHE HA MpeSre- My TeHeatca oTix OMMoxeHHi: L) mlOKGNARADIe TAKE — WO oTmocimemmo rnydoKonomtan «biuna, cTaeen Wasea H nepuyi MaKCHMAMHyIO TparicrpecsmmHyIo CTa- mio panHexpaAmMeKoro Gaccemia [12. 13, 20], xorma spores Mopa soeTwran oTwerex. SD a a6e., a ray6anaa Gaccefia B CepspHom JIpHkacnuy B NOHUKEHMNX 4a PAHHCXBAMBICKAK scTyspHeA Npemmuuana 7G m9; 2) LOT saasores daumelt orxpurrora merkonsaHare Mopa W ornaranvch BO BPM CEMOCTOATEMEHOH CpenHENRAI RM cKOP tpawcrpeccHH, Tak Hashmaemoti GyitaKcKol, 20- sommpuuell 0 25 M ae. acon [3, 4], 3) 3a LIT ue mpHsiaetea MopeKoro mpevcxoxnenna. Tax, H.IT.Tepa- cuMon [7] carraer HX cBoeeHPARTANT o3epHO-AIMORH- STRMIM ocasmeaNet, edpopMiPORAMUIAMUECS B PAHHERUA- seINcKOe BpeMs. CorsacHo mpeacrauaznitam B.M,Ce- yaitmaa (21]. LT tacke He sunsiorcs MopcxasMa OmoReRNEM, 3 npexcramitor coGolt AMakHO-40p- 2ROHWWIX. B MOHIKCHHSX Ha Mexaypeube pex CopBKolt Bor. Yoens otaaramice OST, 8 10 BpeMst Kak Ha OTHOCH TeRbHO NOBBIUCHHER yuACTKAX — 2yIleCH H eyTMUEnCH Meaay boa, ¢ Man. Yoonsan LIT tucke paspema HOBCRMECTHO, YACTO ON JaNeLKOICH CyCCHNH | TkeKaMn ¢ TipecHoRoaHO dayHoii. B 3aorace omc EMME OTAOKCKHA PACTIpOCTpAHeHN be HH3O3BAX Pel Epycraria Topcyila, Te WMecTca LiMpoK Teppa 1 mucore IR—75 wo aGe., cnowenmas wna.” Cynd mk OreyieTBHEG MOpCKOM ayHBL B MpocnosK cymecH | Tecks mio HAIHNHO cregos uonopoctel B LUT TOCHeIHNe OTAOKMIMCH B ONPECHERHOM. MenKORAHLHON éacceline. B venom nisoittats pacnpoctpaseawa TNT 1 cenepHon uscTH Tipaxacliia (ia HCKMONEHHEM sCTYE peo Boar, Ypata n yeryra Epreneli, re om qocty raor mucorh 40—40 w aGc.) olpaHMYena wa0rMCo! 20—25 M, ‘110 MosuOAAcT NpeMTOIOxATL ypoHCH Bac celinia Ha onvervax 30—35 M, Mia gHe KoToparS HIDE SVTHA Wa NAKALIMBAINCE ONKCABIEMEIE OTTO KERHA, B saniagsoit sacra FpukacniicKoit auweHtHocn LOU pacnpoctpantern: muon: ao Eprenvit, om caarac FUMUTEIMBIC TLIOWAL) MexOypCHt M MpEyporer: THABHBIM OGPAIOM x NCHIOXCHRAM AOAWAIRINCKOTO Pe sworha, Tip nepexone or acnpecotit x nomnsria woumocn IT yéewpuiaercs, WHorda EMAGTs AC Bis KJMNKEGHHA, NPHIEM STO BLKLMHEBANKE NpOUCTONH sacro over GueTps. Hanpumep, a patione Kpscne Taapreficka TMHABI Ha pores 500 4 coKpAMLEUOTS BMOUNOOTH Gores HEM ROBE — ¢ 3.1¢ 1 M, santetasc CIOVETHU CYMMHKAMH © LUMWHEHIDnA ToHOUDE Tpociomm TanivEne IIT [6]. B CapnaticKxoi x0x6u He TaMHbl BCKPABAIOTGH MOK TPexMeTPORAM oes AIMOUIA, HEIpeKUUTE OEM B Yeprerx semnax, Horail Beak Speen 3 beara Paiow Bxtswura memane u Eanna Konacyre se, B=. CAs Es Palen ose Conese faa 6s 9 65 toKM ei Puc, 1, Crenaraveceart -eoaormueciart mpodans eye RonopummeT Boat w Xaxa-DmsToweworo mporsa (nc MLA. Byasotod £3). PArHeRmanusleime oTroxcewer: 1 — nen Aocrarouno sacto LUT otaaratmes R Menocpenet- permod SawooTH or Geperon paNHexBATEMICK.OFO MOpH Tax, B YCTMOBEK "acTaX GANOK BOCTOYHOrO CKHOKA Epreneit, uv METpeCCHOMHX iALHBAX, OTTOPOXCHHLK pace Soperomavmt Gapanu, ricpcesecTHo motpeuZioTes IWF, caararoume teppacy Ha pbicore 45—50 m ate, Moxno yroMmiyr: paiiow ycrbes pox Epycnaia a Topiyna, upnOpearnic teppwtoputt y nomownn Cup- Toporo yeryna (a some Box. Yaexs yc, KySanxa), caxae palton cenepee yori Bos. Mprasa [15]. Fm. ReTPELHUOTER HIM HeTlOcpemcTHeHHO Now LuesNHAaN HIM eyrMUnTceN, HIE fo, ARMORNATAEKIMH, 2 TAKE ovepkn ortoxenaawn, Bo Deex 9TH cAy¥anx OBI JANCTAIOT HELTOCPeACTEEHHO [11 OIepHO-LTTOBMEIDHO- eMTORAN cTAOKeHIRAN AHEO He cySaspamsmur CyMMIIL xax. [Ipacyretune IT 9 nepudeprcinott acm Gacceti- Ha CO BCei CNCBHAHOCTHO TOKAILIBAeET, YO 3iech cYURCTIONAIH MEMKOBOIABe YOAOBAR, Tae mpacruyes- KH He Gxivo akrHvHOA YHUpomMHaMMuecKOH obcTaHoN- iH, Mpensrensyowmell OTIOREENNO MeKosepHHCTOIO Maremma. Mourocrs rma u Cesepitom [pmmacmic canna BPM pyeT, GaICTpO aSMeHWICL MO TIPOCTHPEHND, oT OM He Gouse mosuuueHMA yuournax go 15-20 4 a nowoxenm goxzamxckoro peabedba (Kpactoap- welicx, Yurakoka, paiior 03. Saeron x ap.), B cpeaHem coctanmer 3-4 M. ACCOTIOTING OTMETIH nomonM cmoxenii TaKKe pesen MeHOTEA, TO OTMENAETCA BOON HecnemosaTersMat, HB pesy:ibTare LIT oKxastna- OTE RIGHCHELMH B ccborMMponaHHUi patiee pombe. Bo mironex paspesax, 6 YacTHOSTH paapesax npanobe- pexon Bor (Konatiosxa, Cacrati Sip), HaGmozaetes saentenne Tio sarepara UIT necusuaMa 4 cyrecta- HBIMH OcamKamn €¢3 MOMCHCHM MLICOTHLAX OTMeTOK Kak NODOUEDI, TAK 4 KpoRTH. TMA TOHKHMY cnomKa- Mat DHeIpmOTeA D TOMMY MecKa, aGycnoamMst CHOMS- TOCT, & NO Mepe YUAIEKW UD MpoLTAjaniaK uF KowTaKTa ¢ TecHaaun MuTepmutom (Te, or Gepera) TepeXONaT K TEKERNIM W THoTEmM pasnocta [13] Sabeplad KpaTKOe OMcaHe pacnpoctpaneHAy M4 ummononmeckore oGamca IIT, sano eltte pas nomepx- HYMs, WO ATA STEX OTMOKeHMM XapaKTepHA. nectpas ANTONOTHACCKAR HOMCHMMBOCTE, TEHTOTHAT CRONCTOCTS, amoo%paaioe aMIeTOHHe © peskams moncrmninasraeN MJUWMHBIM JAMCIUCHHeM OcfeNbHEIX Navex. UIT Mert acto KOLTOMOpAYIO CTPYKTYPY, PAsBHTHe KCTOPOlt 2 eymech; 3 = eyramimx; 4— weKetamrae cu epieTemetayer, Kk cuBTaeT C.K Ap6ysoaa {1}, 06 SeoTMM RW NfipasnRARMM KONTTONTHEIX npoueccos, Tpovicxomsuan Ha CIRM Bvaredeae W STMTeHeTa aid- TABWURK TeNeH TAHAUICTOTO BeMIeeTBA, OMHAKO ERMEZe— We Teng ManGoxee AKTHRHO Tipemmaneres 3 sone, eMeMIeHMa pewLX H MOPCKAX ROR M TIpHypoHeHO x ABCHILETETAM POR; GAENOBATEMBHO, 9TOT TIpoures He Mor OMMODpEMETITIG SoxDATMATS TOR, OSMMYHEIE TH OMA aksaTopH Mops, Keke cefivac sacar JLT va Teppatopaw CenepHoro Mpuxacous. Camo nasanne LET yrasumact na xepaxrepHyio OPUCAY BTHX CTROKCHIM, KOTORYIO, HO MHEHHIO MHO- Tux uccnenowatene (6, 8, 11, 19], mpHnaet wv HAnHHHE Gomuuoro KanMHeCTBa THIPOOKAZNO’ xKenesa, MpueyT- eTRne TOcKeMIAY TOROPHT B TIORESY MeNKOBOAHOCTA Gaccediva, te GxaronApA KOpoIel HACMALIEHHOCTH eTO XHCHOpOHOM P UIETONHOH Cpee rocuOMcTHORAN OKC~ suisse Mpoutees, Vowrewnengy puwocy xemeaa cnocobcrmomin, BePOSTHO, BIAKELI H XonoNHuit KIM- Mat, TIPHREQUIETE K LIMpOKONY PUSBNTHIO NOMBOTTHCTEIK How D DooebopnIx Gacsetimax Bonra # Ypana. Tentoumit xapartep UIP yrassnaet a cyutectB0- BaHHe MepurMUAAIbHX YeTORKIE F Tepvog UX o110- 2xeHa, OntaKo OYCHD BA2KHO OTMETATH, TO B HOp- MamLHOl CONHOM Bole PITMHTHOTO OTIOREHHE TMT He mponexonwr [:6], Tak Kak & wO2CKOM Bone, TIPEH- CraOMOMIGH COGUH ateKIpuUrT, stsueMerMS “ae ONL TAMHe! OcemaIOT BMECTE & Soree KpynHEMH Boe xronbes, B mpecHoh wm conowopaToncaxci pene 1 TPMOX CHASHOCO RECCHHE-=NCTHETO CTOKA ROK! Tponc- XoaWT Suietpoe ocaxgemre Gane rpyBosepHucTETO Ma- ‘Tepmarta, a TIA MeLIeHHO OCeLACT B HVS OTHEAMALIX MACTHIL TMUID Noche 1aMep9a}iN BOLOeNA, KOTIA TKHA- MICHIOCTL nox Maman. To A.H.Mooxemery (141, Buimagerme TIT casaaro c sxsKnMn TesreparypaMit s Sombiuo# mrerHocrs mprbpexmix nog, OpunocuMbie PeRUMM MYTRING “Tae BOTB JETRO pacTeKATHch To Gonee TeNTBIN W NIIOTHUM COTOHOMITHIM BONAN, OCOK- fai SWOTY OIMAAKOBOTO AMMA TwWHBI, HO KK WE CAyHae © OCaKMEHMeM ren Ha CpABHATOMHO HECONE- TMX TIOLIAKOX, PACIEKARME TIPeCHNY HOA TIA TOREp- HCCTE MOPCKHX OTpaHiHeHO nO THOMA M He MOrTO OXBATMSTS AKEATOpUIO BoeTo CeepHoro Kacnma. Tlonmepynenen cyukectnosaHis xonogHOrO EW- Mara CAYAGT WM ABHHNG CROPO-NTBEOBOO AHA ofpaanon ria wa paliovon cen. Beaxuni Bamexnelt Konammain (o6a Ha niexHeit Bon-e), 03. Backyuya a T. Anexcatiapou-TsH. Conmacuo [6], winKHad ach TOpASOHTA NAPAKTEPMGVETeT BRICOKIDG cOmepKAIAMEM apeneceix rropoa (65-85%), epesta KoTopHX Apeob.a- ACL MULL ea, SLL 1 eHMpCKOTO Keapa. Crops cocrayuor 30%, Tlomo6ani coctar enopono-nyunue- wotv enekTpa NOKaseRAeT, "Oy TepECH noncunHe parnicxsamnoKOrO ACK Ha TeppuTopHNX, MpMierate- won x Ceaepromy Kacmino, rocrogcrowyt pict TemHoCTs TaexHOrO Tana, B opemeii W pepxstels HaCTHK ronum LUI xomeucetue apebecuoft mansiH IoHiKacT- cf 20 540%. Tommno xpodimure sepeuben nowwaxeT- ca Miia Gepeser H omex4, HOSpacTazT OMA MIMD spananvctim picreiuif, vro roapcasier cumrTanh, WO aTo: TepHon 0 Hise [lowonxue cy iecTuoMaan Oct POBALIE XoOHMe A MeAKOAKCTUEHRUNE acca ¢ OOH BUN TpAMANNE 1H MOXORLIN DEKPOROM. Apso ocobexmocrsio TIT amnserea wx acto AMRDOOHpAIHOC JANTAMC ¢ PEIKH! BUKTIUNTBANVEM HL HRUNMHNIM AAMEILICHHEA OTMEAKHBIX TAK, a TUKHE UHeApEHME 1s SAMHBI CMETENE MPOCAMOCE H RUHG Tec aHO- ro MatepHaia, TIo 9THN CBOMCTSM OHH He TOXONM Ha TUMKYHEIe MOPCKHe OcUK, KOTOpHE GhiBalOT sHauH- Teme Goce omHOObpaIHEEA Hi TocTORHHEEAN To COCTABY Kilk 110 MpocTHpAbilid, TaK HM & pagpea. Kpone Tore. com cormacuTsca. wre HID spumotes riy6oKo- uowiol cbauneli, Tpyawo ofkacMNIT, oeeMecTHce UDHCYTCTEME BMX TONME NpOCIOeH Mo AHHY NecKA (nozmene uy oxo: o¥epeA conepseAT pukOBMANL Marepuna), Tak Kak OCMIK MeCHAHOH PAsMepuocT uC MOIVT NpOHAKaTe Ha GONBLIMe TAYSUHL, LAREKO HAIKO- Jul 3a ripeness apayaersri. Te Gonee Bane OTIEm- HUN MOTOKOR, BHEAPAOWIKCA H TAMSHCTLAL NATE DHA. Hosnovenves. uoxayl, Morys Gur my mbedote Ute AV TROUBOUMBIX KAHOHOB, OMHAKO TOHATHO, HTO AAR namore pernos 10 ncisoss0KIIO. Paspoistbic rete HMA, xapAKTEpHHIC JU MpGpeAHOK some, Tac He MpoHKOY Kak Ha TaKHe CAYOHKM, TAK WHA TAKE Gomme paccrouias or Gepera. Euie Gouce saranoy- AOBOR MbACHAADET MpOCACH 1 ADMKBE PAKOBHEHELOTO are Para n necdanbix oTnoxeHitsa, ueapesmatix B LL. Opva va xapaxrepaina uepr LOT, a xoropylo He OSpiuuatoT TOEKHOTO EHUMANIA, HO