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World Navies Today:

Russian Surface Combatants


Revised 25 March 2002
Version 1.13
Compiled and Maintained by: Andrew Toppan
World Navies Today Main Page: http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/
This list includes all major surface combatants, including aircraft carriers.

Ships not yet commissioned, or in long-term overhaul/conversion, are listed in italics.


Navigation and surface-search radars are not listed. All classifications are purely
unofficial and are based on an attempt to use standard classifications throughout all
navies; they may or may not correspond to "official" designations.

State of the Russian Fleet: Due to continued political, economic and societal chaos in
Russia, the Fleet is in a badly deteriorated state. Even those ships that remain in
commission and theoretically operational are generally unable to deploy, due to lack of
trained crews and lack of funds to buy fuel and stores. In general maintenance is minimal
or nonexistent, and there are no funds to conduct much-needed overhauls, even for major
fleet units. Many ships have been abandoned when repairs or refits came due.

This list identifies those units believed to remain operational, but most of these units are
unable to deploy for the reasons cited above. Ships in refit are listed only when there is a
reasonable chance of them returning to service. Ships laid up pending refit generally are
listed, as they could return to service if funding became available.

Many ships, especially auxiliaries, have been operating in commercial or charter freight
or passenger service to raise operating funds. These are listed as active units, as they
could rapidly return to naval roles if required.

Fleets: The following abbreviations are used to indicate fleet assignements:


NOR: Northern Fleet, headquarters at Severomorsk.
PAC: Pacific Fleet, headquarters at Vladivostok.
BLK: Black Sea Fleet, headquarters at Sevastopol.
BALT: Baltic Sea Fleet, headquarters at Kaliningrad.
CASP: Caspian Flotilla.
RIV: Units assigned to service on inland rivers.

Aircraft Carrier
Large Cruisers
Cruisers
Destroyers
Frigates
Aircraft Carrier
Kuznetsov multirole aircraft carrier (1 ship)
(Project 1143.5,Orel)
Displacement: 67,000 tons full load
Dimensions: 270 x 35.41 x 9.14 meters/885.8 x 116.2 x 30 feet
Extreme Dimensions: 306.45 x 72.3 x 10 meters/1005.4 x 237.2 x 32.8 feet
Propulsion: Steam turbines, 8 boilers, 4 shafts, 200,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 1960 + 626 air group + 40 flag
Radar: MR-710 Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search, 2 MR-320M Topaz/Strut Pair 2-D
air search, Fly Trap aircraft landing control
Sonar: Zvezda-2 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke hull mounted LF
Fire Control: 4 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SA-N-9 SAM control, 8 3P37/Hot Flash
SA-N-11 SAM control
EW: Sozbezie-BR suite with Wine Glass intercept, Flat Track, Bell Push intercept, Bell
Nip, Cross Loop D/F, 2 PK-2 decoy RL, 10 PK-10 decoy RL
Aviation: full angled flight deck with skijump, 153 x 26 x 7.2 meter hangar, 2 elevators,
no catapults; 52 aircraft maximum
Armament: 12 VLS P-500/SS-N-19 Granit/Shipwreck SSM, 24 Kinzhal VLS systems
(192 9M-330/SA-N-9 Gauntlet SAM), 8 CADS-N-1/Kortik CIWS systems (256 9M-
311/SA-N-11 Grison SAM; 1 dual 30 mm CIWS per mount (8 CIWS guns total)), 6 30
mm AA, 2 RPK-5/UDAV-1 Liven anti-torpedo RL

Concept/Program: The first true aircraft carrier designed and built by the Soviet Union.
Intended to operate navalized versions of several standard Soviet tactical aircraft, using a
skijump instead of catapults. In addition to a heavy SSM battery she carries the largest
self-defense SAM suite ever fitted in a ship. Machinery is essentially the same as the Kiev
class, and has a proven record of unreliability. The Mars-Passat/Sky Watch phased array
air search radars were a failure and are believed to be inoperable.

Made delivery voyage from Black Sea to Northern Fleet in 1991, although her electronics
and combat systems were not yet complete at the time. Spent 1992-1994 in trials and
flight training; major overhaul 1995 and made a brief Mediterranean deployment 12/95 to
3/96. Was inactive awaiting overhaul until November 1998. Russia has no facilities with
which to carry out major repairs on this ship, as the building yard is in the Ukraine.

Classification: Tyazholiy Avionosnyy Kreyser (TAKR); heavy aviation cruiser.

Builders: Nosenko SY 444, Nikolayev, Ukraine.

Disposals/Reserve: Incomplete sister Varyag was abandoned in 1992 and sold to


Chinese interests, finally departing the Black Sea 1 November 2001.
Name Year FLT Homeport Notes
Kuznetsov 1991 NOR Kolskiy Ostrov

Reserve Classes: The modified Kiev class aviation (VSTOL) cruiser Gorshkov is in
shipyard hands, pending possible conversion to a STOVL carrier for India, or a helicopter
carrier for Russia. However, due to financial realities, it seems unlikely that either plan
will come to fruition.

Discarded Classes: The three Kiev class aviation cruisers were inoperable by 1990; all
have been stricken and sold for scrapping. Minsk has been resold to interests in mainland
China for conversion to an entertainment complex and casino. Both Moskva class
helicopter cruisers were inoperable by 1990; both have been scrapped.
Large Cruisers
Kirov/Ushakov class multirole large cruisers (1+1 ships)
(Project 1144.2, Orlan)
Displacement: 25,860-26,396 tons full load
Dimensions: 251.2 x 28.5 x 10.33 meters/824.1 x 93.5 x 33.9 feet
Propulsion: CONAS: 2 KN-3 cruise reactors, steam turbines, approx. 24 knots; 2 boilers,
boost steam turbines; 4 shafts, 140,000 shp, 32 knots
Crew: 710 + 15 flag
Radar: MR-800 Voshkod/Top Pair 3-D long range air search, 1 MR-710 Fregat-
MA/Tope Plate-B 3-D air search
Sonar: Polinom suite with Orion/Horse Jaw bow mounted LF, Platina/Horse Tail LF
VDS
Fire Control: 2 Volna/Top Dome SA-N-6 SAM control (1 in Velikiy, 2 MPZ-301
Baza/Pop Group SA-N-4 SAM control in Nakhimov only, 2 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword
SA-N-9 SAM control in Velikiy only, 6 3P37/Hot Flash SA-N-11 SAM control
EW: Kantata-M suite with Foot Ball, Bell Bash, Bell Nip, Bell Thumb (all intercept
and/or jammers), Bell Push intercept, 2 PK-2 decoy RL, 12 PK-10 decoy RL in Velikiy
only.
Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangars for 3 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopters
Armament: 20 VLS P-500/SS-N-19 Granit/Shipwreck SSM, 12 B-303A VLS systems
(96 S-300MPU/SA-N-6 Fort/Grumble SAM), 2 Osa-MA SAM systems (40 4K-33/SA-
N-4 Gecko SAM) in Nakhimov only, 16 Kinzhal SAM systems (128 9M-330/SA-N-9
Gopher SAM) in Velikiy only, 6 Kortik/CADS-N-1 CIWS systems (192 9M-311/SA-N-
11 Grison SAM; 1 dual 30 mm CIWS per mount (6 CIWS guns total)), 2 dual
130mm/70cal DP, 10 21 inch torpedo tubes (20 torpedoes and/or RPK-6/SS-N-16
Vodopod/Stallion ASROC), 1 RPK-5/UDAV-1 Liven ASW RL, 2 RBU-1000 anti-
torpedo RL

Concept/Program: Extremely large cruisers, often identified as battlecruisers. Intended


to act as primary carrier escorts or independent offensive surface units. There are
considerable variations in electronics and weaponry in these two units, and in the earlier
(now inactive) units of the class. Fitted with very luxurious officers' accommodations.
The later units carry a particularly massive self-defense SAM and gun battery. All units
renamed in 1992. Velikiy was completed in 1995 but funds to complete trials and final
outfitting were lacking; she remained inactive until commissioned in the Northern Fleet
4/1998. She has been seen at sea during 2001. Nakhimov was refitted in 1994.

Classification: Raketnyy Kreyser (RK); missile cruiser.

Builders: Bal'tiyske Ob'yedineniye, St. Petersburg, Russia.


Disposals/Reserve: The first two units of the class are in reserve: Admiral Ushakov (ex-
Kirov) inactive but nominally in commission in the Northern Fleet since suffering a
nuclear accident in 1990. She entered a shipyard for overhaul in 1999, but funds are
lacking; it is very unlikely that she will return to service. Admiral Lazarev (ex-Frunze)
has been inoperable in the Pacific Fleet since the early 1990's; the Navy is reportedly
asking for donations to fund her repair, but she is unlikely to see further service.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Admiral Nakhimov 1988 NOR In Overhaul; ex-Kalinin
Petr Velikiy 1998 NOR ex-Yuri Andropov
Cruisers
Slava/Moskva class multirole cruisers (2+1 ships)
(Project 1164)
Displacement: 11,500 tons full load
Dimensions: 186 x 20.8 x 9.3 meters/610.2 x 68.2 x 30.5 feet
Propulsion: COGOG: 2 M70 cruise gas turbines, 20,000 shp, plus 2 exhaust gas boilers,
2 cruise steam turbines; 4 M8KF boost gas turbines, 4 shafts, 110,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 454 + 51 flag
Radar: MR-800 Voshkod/Top Pair 3-D long range air search, MR-700 Fregat/Top Steer
(first two) or MR-710 Fregat-MA/Top Plate (second two) 3-D air search
Sonar: MG-332 Tigan-2T/Bull Nose hull mounted LF, Platina/Horse Tail MF VDS
Fire Control: Volna/Top Dome SA-N-6 SAM control, MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SA-
N-4 SAM control, Argument/Front Door-C SSM control
EW: Kol'cho suite with Gurzhor-A&B/Side Globe intercept, MR-404/Rum Tub
jammers, Bell Crown intercept, Bell Push intercept 2 PK-2 decoy RL, 12 PK-10 decoy
RL in last two units only
Aviation: Aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopter
Armament: 16 P-500/SS-N-12 Bazalt/Sandbox SSM, 8 B-303A VLS systems (64 S-
300MPU/SA-N-6 Fort/Grumble SAM), 2 Osa-MA SAM systems (40 4K-33/SA-N-4
Gecko SAM), 1 dual 130mm/70cal DP, 6 30 mm AA, 10 21 inch torpedo tubes, 2 RBU-
6000 ASW RL

Concept/Program: A smaller contemporary to the Kirov class design; it has been


speculated that this class was intended as a smaller, cheaper back-up to the larger ships.
These are primarily surface strike ships but are well equipped for AAW and have some
ASW capability. Generally thought to be deficient in damage control, but are fitted with
very luxurious officers' accommodations.

Classification: Raketnyy Kreyser (RK); missile cruiser.

Builders: 61 Kommunara SY 445, Nikolayev, Ukraine.

Disposals/Reserve: Ukraine intended to completed the final ship, formerly Lobov, for its
own fleet, but has now offered to sell the ship back to Russia.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Moskva 1983 BLK ex-Slava
Marshal Ustinov 1986 NOR ex-Lobov
Varyag 1989 PAC Reduced Manning; ex-Chervona Ukraina
Note: The 'Kynda' (Project 58) class surface warfare cruiser Admiral Golovko was
recommissioned from reserve in 1995 to serve as the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet. In
this role her P-35/SS-N-3B (Progress-M/Shaddock) anti-ship missiles were almost
certainly inoperable, and her SA-N-3 Volna-M SAM systems may also have been
inoperable. The ship was, however, capable of getting underway; she was seen underway
7/1996. The ship is now laid up permanently.

Discarded Classes: All 'Kresta-I' class surface warfare cruisers and 'Kresta-II' class
ASW cruisers have been stricken, the last by 1994. Most have been sold to foreign
shipbreakers. Of the 'Kynda' class surface warfare cruisers, all were stricken 1991-1993,
except for Admiral Golovko, discussed above.
Destroyers
Admiral Chabanenko ('Udaloy-II' class) large multirole
destroyer (1 ship)
(Project 1155.1, Fregat)
Displacement: 8,900 tons full load
Dimensions: 163 x 19.3 x 8 meters/534.8 x 63.3 x 26.2 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 15,000 shp; 2 M8KF boost gas
turbines, 45,000 shp; 2 shafts, 60,000 shp, 29.5 knots
Crew: 296
Radar: MR-700 Fregat-A/Top Plate 3-D air search, MR-320M Topaz-V/Strut Pair
air/surf. search
Sonar: Zvezda-2 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke bow mounted LF, Ox Tail LF
VDS
Fire Control: 2 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SA-N-9 SAM control, 2 3P37/Hot Flash
SA-N-11 SAM control, Garpun-BAL SSM targeting
EW: Start-series suite with Wine Glass intercept, Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat
jammer, 2 PK-2 decoy RL, 10 PK-10 decoy RL
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 2 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopters
Armament: 8 3M-80/SS-N-22 Moskit/Sunburn SSM, 8 Kinzhal VLS systems (64 9M-
330/SA-N-9 Gauntlet SAM), 2 CADS-N-1/Kortik CIWS systems (64 9M-311/SA-N-11
Grison SAM; 1 dual 30 mm CIWS per mount (2 CIWS guns total)), 1 dual 130mm/70cal
DP, 8 21 inch torpedo tubes, 2 RPK-5/UDAV-1 Liven anti-torpedo RL

Concept/Program: A modified version of the Udaloy class ASW destroyer. The major
change is substitution of SS-N-22 for SS-N-14; this represents a significant improvement
in anti-ship capabilities and a decrease in emphasis on ASW. Self defense is greatly
improved by addition of the gun/SAM CIWS systems. It has been reported that this class
was intended for the Maritme Border Guard, but the major upgrades in armament make
this seem unlikely. This ship was completed late in 1993 or early in 1994, but remained
inactive until commissioned 1/1999.

Classification: unknown.

Builders: Yantar Zavod 820, Kaliningrad, Russia.

Disposals/Reserve: Second unit of the class cancelled and scrapped incomplete; third
unit never laid down.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Admiral Chabanenko 1999 NOR Severomorsk
Sovremennyy class large surface warfare destroyers (9
ships)
(Project 956/956A, Sarych)
Displacement: 8,480 tons full load
Dimensions: 156.37 x 17.19 x 7.85 meters/513 x 56.4 x 25.7 feet
Propulsion: Steam turbines, 4 boilers, 2 shafts, 99,500 shp, 32.7 knots
Crew: 296 (368 maximum)
Radar: MR-750 Fregat-M/Top Steer or MR-750 Fregat-M/Plate Steer or MR-750MA
Fregat-MA/Top Plate-B 3-D air search
Sonar: MG-335 Platina-S/Bull Horn bow mounted MF
Fire Control: Sapfir-U combat system, 6 MR-90 Orekh/Front Dome SA-N-7 SAM
control, 1 Mineral/Band Stand SSM targeting
EW: MP-405M Start-2 suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, Foot Ball-B,
2 PK-2 decoy RL, 8 PK-10 decoy RL in later units
Aviation: midships helicopter deck with telescoping hangar for 1 Ka-25/26/27 series
helicopter
Armament: 8 3M-80/SS-N-22 Moskit/Sunburn SSM (3M-82/SS-N-22 in last 3 units), 2
9K-90/Uragan SAM system (48 9M-38/38MI/SA-N-7 Smerch/Gadfly SAM; possibly 24
9M-38E-1/SA-N-12 Yozh/Grizzly in last 3 units), 2 dual 130mm/54cal DP, 4 30 mm AA,
2 dual 21 inch torpedo tubes, 2 RBU-1000 ASW RL, 40 mines

Concept/Program: A derivation of the 'Kresta' series designs; intended primarily for


surface warfare, i.e. antiship strike, shore bombardment, limited AAW defense. ASW for
self defense only. Last three units listed below, plus several cancelled and sold units, are
an improved verion, Project 956A.

Classification: Eskhadrennyy Minonsets (EM); Destroyer.

Builders: Severnaya Verf 190, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Disposals/Reserve: Vnushitel'nyy hulked incomplete as a storage barge, Buynyy, Vechniy


and one other cancelled prior to start of construction. Vazhniy and Aleksandr Nevskiy
were sold to China. Several units have been stricken: Sovremenyy, Otlichnyy,
Otchayannyy, Okrylennyy. Bezuprechnyy is derelict, Stoykiy sank in reserve,
Osmotritel'nyy is derelict pending scrapping, Bystryy is unservicable in reserve.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Boyevoy 1986 PAC
Burnyy 1988 PAC
Gremyashchiy 1988 NOR
Rastoropnyy 1989 NOR
Bezboyaznennyy 1990 PAC
Bezuderzhanyy 1991 NOR
Bespokoynyy 1991 BALT Bal'tiysk
Nastoychibyy 1993 BALT Bal'tiysk
Besstrashnyy 1994 NOR

Udaloy class large ASW destroyers (7 ships)


(Project 1155/1155R, Fregat)
Displacement: 8,200-8,404 tons full load
Dimensions: 163.5 x 19 x 7.8 meters/536.4 x 62.3 x 25.6 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 15,000 shp; 2 M8KF boost gas
turbines, 45,000 shp; 2 shafts, 60,000 shp, 29 knots
Crew: 220
Radar: MR-760MA Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search, MR-320M Topaz-V/Strut Pair
air/surf seach in most units
Sonar: Polinom suite with Orion/Horse Jaw bow mounted LF, Platina/Horse Tail LF
VDS
Fire Control: Lesorub-5 combat system, 2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MR-360
Podkat/Cross Sword SAM control (not in Vasil'yevskiy)
EW: Start-2/Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, Bell Crown intercept, 2 PK-2
decoy RL, 10 PK-10 decoy RL in later ships
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 2 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopters
Armament: 8 URK-5/SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles, 8 Kinzhal VLS
systems (64 9M-330/SA-N-9 Gauntlet SAM) (not in Vasil'yevskiy), 1 dual 100mm/70cal
DP, 4 30 mm AA, 2 RBU-6000 ASW RL, 8 21 inch torpedo tubes

Concept/Program: Large ASW-oriented destroyer; Soviet equivalent of the US


Spruance class. Have an extremely large bow-mounted sonar dome. There are several
variations in SAM and air search radar outfit; the first 4 units of the class (3 now out of
service) have no SAMs. The improved 'Udaloy-II' class is listed separately.

Classification: Bol'shoy Protivolodochnyy Korabl' (BPK); Large Antisubmarine Ship.

Builders: Yantar Zavod 820, Kaliningrad, Russia, and Severnaya Verf Zavod 190, St.
Petersburg, Russia.

Disposals/Reserve: Admiral Zakharov burned in 1992 and scrapped, Vitse-Admiral


Kulakov in overhaul since 1990 and unlikely to return to service, Admiral Tributus
burned in 1991 and in 1995 and will not return to service, Udaloy and Admiral
Spiridonov both stricken.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Marshal Vasil'yevskiy 1983 NOR
Marshal Shaposhnikov 1985 PAC
Severomorsk 1987 NOR
Admiral Lechenko 1988 NOR
Admiral Vinogradov 1988 PAC
Admiral Kharlamov 1989 NOR
Admiral Panteleyev 1991 PAC

Kerch' (Nikolayev/'Kara' class) large ASW destroyer (1


ship)
(Project 1134B, Berkut-B)
Displacement: 8,825 tons full load
Dimensions: 173.4 x 18.5 x 6.4 meters/568.9 x 60.7 x 21 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 3 M-62/GTZA cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 18 knots; 4
M8E/GTU-12A boost gas turbines, 80,000 shp; 2 shafts, 92,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 400
Radar: MR-700 Pobderezovik/Flat Screen 3-D air search, MR-310U Angara-M/Head
Net-C 3-D air search
Sonar: MG-332 Titan-2T/Bull Nose hull mounted MF, MG-325 Vega/Mare Tail MF
VDS
Fire Control: 1 Top Dome SA-N-6 SAM control, 1 Grom/Head Lights-C SA-N-3/SS-N-
14 SAM/SSM control, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SA-N-4 SAM control
EW: Kol'cho suite with MR-410 Gurzhor-A&B/Side Globe intercept, Rum Tub
jammers, 2 PK-2 decoy RL
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopter
Armament: 8 URK-5/SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles, 2 Shtorm SAM
system (80 V-611/SA-N-3 Goblet SAM), 2 Osa-M SAM systems (40 4M-33/SA-N-4
Gecko SAM), 2 dual 76.2mm/59cal DP, 4 30 mm AA, 10 21 inch torpedo tubes, 2 RBU-
6000 ASW RL, 2 RBU-1000 ASW RL

Concept/Program: Last survivor of six standard 'Kara' class ships. The 'Kara' design
was the first new, large Soviet surface warship in many years, and was evidently intended
to boost blue-water ASW capabilities. Although often grouped with cruisers, these ships
are destroyers by role. Kerch' is the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet. May not be capable
of getting underway.

Classification: Bol'shoy Protivolodochnyy Korabl' (BPK); Large Antisubmarine Ship.

Builders: 61 Kommunara Zavod, Nikolayev, Ukraine.

Disposals/Reserve: Petropavlovsk in reserve in the Pacific; Vladivostok in reserve in the


Black Sea; neither will return to service. Nikolayev and Tashkent began overhauls in the
late 1980's but were sold for scrapping in 1994. Azov decommissioned and stripped.
Ochakov suffered a fire while being overhauled in 1993 and has not returned to service.
Name Year FLT Homeport Notes
Kerch' 1974 BLK Sevastopol

Smetlivyy (Modernized 'Kashin' class) class surface


warfare destroyer (1 ship)
(Modernized Project 61M)
Displacement: approx. 4,500-4,600 tons full load
Dimensions: 146.2 x 15.8 x 4.84 meters/479.6 x 51.8 x 15.8 feet
Propulsion: 4 M8E gas turbines, 2 shafts, 72,000 shp, 32 knots
Crew: 330
Radar: MR-500 Kliver/Big Net 2-D early warning air search, MR-310U Angara-
M/Head Net-C 3-D air search
Sonar: MG-332 Titan-2 bow mounted, MG-325 Vega VDS
Fire Control: 2 Yatagan/Peel Group SAM control
EW: Start-1/Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 2 PK-10
decoy RL
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar; no helicopter normally assigned
Armament: provision for 8 Kh-35/SS-N-25 Uran/Switchblade SSM, 2 Volna-M SAM
systems (32 V-601/SA-N-1 Goa SAM), 1 dual 76.2mm/59cal DP, 5 21 inch torpedo
tubes, 2 RBU-6000 ASW RL

Concept/Program: Probably the last active unit of the original 'Kashin' class, this unit
underwent an extensive upgrading during a 1987-1996 overhaul. This was not the
standard 'Mod Kashin' upgrade. Major improvements included fitting of new sonar, new
EW systems, and a new and modern SSM outfit. Although probably laid up in caretaker
status, this ship likely could return to service in the future, and probably is in much better
condition than many other ships.

Classification: Bol'shoy Protivolodochnyy Korabl' (BPK); Large Antisubmarine Ship.

Builders: 61 Kommunara SY 445, Nikolayev, Ukraine.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Smetlivyy 1969/96 BLK Sevastopol Reduced Operating Status

Discarded Classes: All 'Kashin' class ships have been stricken; most sold for scrapping
abroad.
Frigates
Neustrashimyy ('Yastreb') multirole frigate (1 ship)
(Project 1154.0)
Displacement: 4,250 tons full load
Dimensions: 129.63 x 15.6 x 8.09 meters/425.3 x 51.2 x 26.5 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M70 cruise gas turbines, 20,000 shp, 2 M90 boost gas turbines,
37,000 shp; 2 shafts, 57,000 shp, 30+ knots
Crew: 210
Radar: MR-760 Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search
Sonar: Zvezda-1 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke hull mounted LF, Ox Tail LF
VDS
Fire Control: MR-352 Pozitiv/Cross Dome SSM targeting, MR-360 Podkat/Cross
Sword SAM control
EW: Vympel-R2 suite with Foot Ball intercept, Half Hat-B intercept, Cage Flask
intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 2 PK-16 decoy RL, 8 PK-10 decoy RK
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-26/26/27 series helicopter
Armament: provision for 8 Kh-35/SS-N-25 Uran/Switchblade SSM, 4 Kinzhal VLS
systems (32 9M-330/SA-N-9 Gauntlet SAM), 1 100mm/70cal DP, 2 CADS-N-1/Kortik
CIWS systems (64 9M-311/SA-N-11 Grison SAM; 1 dual 30 mm CIWS per mount (4
CIWS guns total)), 6 21 inch torpedo tubes (12 torpedoes and/or RPK-6/SS-N-16
Vodopod/Stallion ASROC)

Concept/Program: A new, modern, relatively heavily armed multirole frigate design.


Primarily intended as an ASW ship, but provision for modern SSMs allows ASuW role;
the SSMs, however, were not fitted at completion, probably due to funding problems.
Design incorporates some stealth features. Completed 1989 but not commissioned until
1993. Originally meant as a successor to the much smaller (1000 ton) 'Grisha' class, but
the design grew and they have essentially become successors to the 'Krivak' line. Only
one unit completed; two others started but scrapped incomplete.

Classification: Probably Storozkevoy Korabl' (SKR); Patrol Ship.

Builders: Yantar Zavod 820, Kaliningrad, Russia.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Neustrashimyy 1993 BALT

Note: Although a new modification of the 'Krivak' design has been proposed, it is
intended solely for the export market, primarily for India. There is no indication that
Russia is interested in the ship.
Note: The 'Krivak-III' class frigates are operated by the Maritime Border Guard, and are
listed with that organization.

Note: The Novik class frigate project has been cancelled.

Legkiy (Modernized 'Krivak-I') class multirole frigates


(2 ships)
(Modernized Project 1135.2, Burevestnik)
Displacement: 3,675 tons full load
Dimensions: 126 x 14.2 x 8 meters/413.4 x 46.6 x 26.3 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 2 M8K boost gas turbines,
36,000 shp; 2 shafts, 48,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 120
Radar: 1 MR-755 Fregat-M/Half Plate air/surf search
Sonar: Zvezda-2 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke bow mounted LF, Ox Tail LF
VDS
Fire Control: Purga ASW combat system, 2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MPZ-
301 Baza/Pop Group SAM control
EW: Start suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 8 PK-
10 decoy RL, 2 towed decoys
Armament: 4 URK-5/SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles, provision for 8 Kh-
35/SS-N-25 Uran/Switchblade SSM, 2 Osa-MA SAM systems (40 4K-33/SA-N-4 Gecko
SAM), 2 dual 76.2mm/59cal DP, 8 21 inch torpedo tubes (4 each SET-65, 53-65
torpedoes), 12-16 mines

Concept/Program: Modernized 'Krivak-I' class frigates. Major changes include new


SSM in place of old ASW RL, improved electronics and sonars.

Classification: Storozkevoy Korabl' (SKR); Patrol Ship.

Builders: Severnaya Verf 190, St. Petersburg, Russia; modernizations by Severnaya Verf
and Yantar Zavod 820, Kaliningrad, respectively.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Legkiy 1977/90 NOR
Pylkiy 1978/94 BALT
Bessmennyy ('Krivak-II') class ASW frigates (4 ships)
(Project 1135M, Burevestnik-M)
Displacement: 3,505 tons full load
Dimensions: 123.1 x 14.2 x 7.3 meters/403.9 x 46.6 x 24 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 2 M8K boost gas turbines,
36,000 shp; 2 shafts, 48,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 181 + 13 transients
Radar: MR-310U Angara-M/Head Net-C 3-D air search
Sonar: MGK-332MC Titan-2/Bull Nose hull mounted MF, MG-325 Vega/Mare Tail MF
VDS
Fire Control: Planshet-35 combat system, Purga ASW combat system 2 Drakon/Eye
Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SAM control
EW: Smerch suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 4
PK-10 decoy RL in some, 2 towed decoy
Armament: 4 URK-5/SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles, 2 Osa-MA SAM
systems (40 4K-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM), 2 single 100mm/59cal DP, 2 RBU-6000 ASW
RL, 8 21 inch torpedo tubes (4 each SET-65, 53-65 torpedoes), 12-16 mines

Concept/Program: Improved version of the 'Krivak-I'; main difference is substitution of


2 single 100 mm guns for 2 dual 76.2 mm.

Classification: Storozkevoy Korabl' (SKR); Patrol Ship.

Builders: Yantar Zavod 820, Kaliningrad, Russia.

Disposals/Reserve: Ships stricken as follows: Gordelivyy in 1995, Grozyashchiy, Rezkiy


and Bessmennyy in 1996, Gromkiy and R'yanyy in 1998

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Rezvyy 1975 NOR
Neukrotimyy 1978 BALT
Revnostnyy 1980 PAC
Pytlivyy 1982 BLK

Bditel'nyy ('Krivak-I') class ASW frigates (6 ships)


(Project 1135, Burevestnik)
Displacement: 3,420 tons full load
Dimensions: 123.1 x 14.2 x 7.3 meters/403.9 x 46.6 x 24 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 2 M8K boost gas turbines,
36,000 shp; 2 shafts, 48,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 181 + 13 transients
Radar: MR-310U Angara-M/Head Net-C 3-D air search
Sonar: MGK-332MC Titan-2/Bull Nose hull mounted MF, MG-325 Vega/Mare Tail MF
VDS
Fire Control: Planshet-35 combat system, Purga ASW combat system 2 Drakon/Eye
Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SAM control
EW: Smerch suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL,
(no PK-16, 8 PK-10 decoy RL in one), 2 towed decoy
Armament: 4 URK-5/SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles, 2 Osa-MA SAM
systems (40 4K-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM), 2 dual 76.2mm/59 cal DP, 2 RBU-6000 ASW
RL, 8 21 inch torpedo tubes (4 each SET-65, 53-65 torpedoes), 12-16 mines

Concept/Program: Was a compeletely new design, apparently intended primarily as a


defensive ASW ship. Originally classified as ASW destroyers (BPK), and believed by the
west to be offensive surface warfare units; this was not the case.

Classification: Storozkevoy Korabl' (SKR); Patrol Ship.

Builders: Severnaya Verf 190, St. Petersburg, Russia, Yantar Zavod 820, Kaliningrad,
Russia, and Zalin Zavod 532, Kerch', Ukraine.

Disposals/Reserve: Ships discarded as follows: Razyashchiy and Dolbestnyy stricken


1992 and sold, Dostoynyy stricken 1993, Sil'nyy and Svirepyy sold 1994, Poryvistyy
museum 1995, Deyatel'nyy stricken 1995, Retivyy, Bodryy, Bezzavetnyy and Bditel'nyy
stricken 1996, Bezukoriznennyy to Ukraine 1997, Razumnyy stricken by 1998.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Storozhevoy 1973 PAC
Zharkiy 1975 NOR
Druzhnyy 1975 BALT
Letuchiy 1978 PAC
Zadrnyy 1979 BALT
Ladnyy 1980 BLK

Tartarstan/Gepard class light multirole frigates (0+3


ships)
(Project 1166.1)
Displacement: 1,930 tons full load
Dimensions: 102.14 x 13.09 x 5.3 meters/335.1 x 43 x 17.4 feet
Propulsion: CODOG: 1 cruise diesel, 8,000 bhp, 20 knots; 2 gas turbines, 59,600 shp; 2
shafts, 28 knots
Crew: 109 (131 maximum)
Radar: MR-352 Pozitiv/Cross Dome air/surf search
Sonar: Zarnitsa suite with hull mounted MF, MF VDS
Fire Control: MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SAM control, Monolit/Band Stand SSM
targeting
EW: Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammers, 4 PK-16 decoy RL
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 helicopter in second unit only
Armament: 8 Kh-35/SS-N-25 Uran/Switchblade SSM, 1 Osa-MA SAM systems (20
4K-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM), 1 76.2mm/59cal DP, 2 30 mm AA, 4 21 inch torpedo
tubes, 1 RBU-6000 ASW RL, 12-20 mines

Concept/Program: New small frigate, apparently intended primarily for the export
market. Offered in several versions; the first unit is built to the basic design, the second is
optimized for patrol. The first unit was nearly complete by 1995 but was not
commissioned for lack of funds. These ships are effectively the successors to the smaller
(corvette-sized) 'Koni', 'Parchim' and 'Grisha' designs.

Classification: Probably Malyy Protivolodochnyy Korabl' (MPK); Small Antisubmarine


Ship.

Builders: Zelondol'sk Zavod, Tatarstan, Russia.

Name Year FLT Homeport Notes


Tatarstan Suspended - Fitting Out
Albatros Suspended - 67% Complete
Burevestnik Suspended - 40% Complete
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