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2010-2011 Name______________________

Walsh, Skony, Rauen, Smith, Garrison


Quarter 2 Unit 2 Review Sheets

Covalent Bonding
1. Name the following compounds and circle whether each is ionic or covalent.

a. sulfur dichloride SCl2 Ionic Covalent

b. calcium carbonate CaCO3 Ionic Covalent

c. dichlorine heptoxide Cl2O7 Ionic Covalent

d. dinitrogen monoxide N2O Ionic Covalent

e. aluminum choride AlCl3 Ionic Covalent

2. Give the formula for each of the following compounds and circle whether each is
ionic or covalent.

a. N2O4 dinitrogen tetroxide Ionic Covalent

b. SF6 sulfur hexafluoride Ionic Covalent

c. FeO iron (III) oxide Ionic Covalent

d. Mg3(PO4)2 magnesium phosphate Ionic Covalent

e. S2Cl2 disulfur dichloride Ionic Covalent

3. How many valence electrons does each of the following atoms have?

2 Mg 1K 6S 5P 8 Ne

4. Which of the atoms in #3 is inert? Ne

5. What kind of elements are present in a covalent bond?

Metals only Non-metals only Metal and a non-metal

6. How many electrons do most atoms want to become stable? 8


2010-2011 Name______________________
Walsh, Skony, Rauen, Smith, Garrison
7. How is a covalent bond formed?

Exchange of electrons Sharing of electrons Formation of ions

8. For each of the following compounds, list whether they will dissolve in water.
CH3OH C6H5CH3 CH3CH2OH

Soluble Yes No Yes No Yes No

9. Draw Lewis Dot structures for each of the following covalent compounds.

NI3 HCCH SBr2

I S F
H C C H F
I N I

H O
10. Circle all of the substances here that will form H-bonds.
H H C
N
O h C
H H O
F F F H H H
11. For each of the following pairs, describe the bond as: non-polar covalent, polar h
covalent, or ionic.

a. Se- I non-polar covalent polar covalent ionic

b. Rb- S non-polar covalent polar covalent ionic

c. C- O non-polar covalent polar covalent ionic

12. What does it mean to be “polar” for a compound?

Uneven distribution of electrons

13. The compound P2O3 is diphosphorous trioxide but the compound Al2O3 is called
only aluminum oxide. Why don’t we use the prefixes for Al2O3?

It is ionic. You don’t use prefixes for ionic compounds.


2010-2011 Name______________________
Walsh, Skony, Rauen, Smith, Garrison
14. Rank the following covalent compounds in order of increasing boiling points and
rates of evaporation. Each substance should have only one number next to it with 1
being the lowest value and 5 being the highest value. Thus, for boiling points, the “1” is
the substance with the lowest boiling point and for rates of evaporation, the “1” is the
substance that evaporates the slowest.

1 CH4 5

5 C3H5(OH)3 1

4 H2 O 2

3 CH3OH 3

2 C6H12 4

Boiling Points Rates of Evaporation

15. Explain why the first molecule, ether, has a boiling point of -25 oC while the second
molecule, ethanol, has a boiling point of 79 oC even though both molecules have 2
carbons, 6 hydrogens, and 1 oxygen atom apiece. H
H H Left molecule has dipole forces H H H
H C
C C H while right molecule has H- C O
O bonds. H-bonds are stronger H
H H H
and has more IMFs.
16. Tell whether each molecule below would be polar or non-polar. IF THE
MOLECULE IS POLAR, SHOW THE - CHARGE.

a) b)
P S C S

Cl Cl Cl Polar Non-polar

Polar Non-polar

d)

c) S I

C I Si I

F F I
Polar Non-polar
Polar Non-polar
2010-2011 Name______________________
Walsh, Skony, Rauen, Smith, Garrison
17. For each of the following substances, circle whether each would dissolve better in
water or cyclohexane.
Cyclohexane
water
H H
H O H H
H H C C H
C C
H
H C C
H H
H H

H Dissolves better in…….

Methanol H C O Water cyclcohexane


H
H

H
H
H C C H
Toluene C C Water Cyclohexane
C C
H
C H
H
H

H H
Ethylene glycol Water Cyclohexane
O C C O
H H
H H

18. Compound X is non-polar and more dense than H2O. Label the diagram below with
the proper placement of layers of X and H2O if the two are mixed and allowed to stand:

H2O
X
19. Be able to define: covalent bond, ionic bond, intermolecular force, octet rule, polar,
non-polar, London forces, Hydrogen bond, lone pair, Lewis Dot Structure, valence
electron.