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G3 1-10-17

Deanne Gabrielle D. Algenio 7-Pascal

Common Filipinisms
Filipinisms, as defined in the net, are words or phrases that are ususally grammatically
incorrect or are almost always results of transliteration.
1) Open the light/TV/computer.
This transliteration comes from the Filipino sentence 'Buksan mo yung
ilaw/TV/kompyuter.' which when translated to English is the said filipinism. Buksan means
open; thus, the translation 'open'. You can't really open the light, TV or the computer, so the
correct English phrase for this would be:
Turn on/switch on the light/TV/computer.
2) Close the light/TV/computer.
The explanation for this is almost the same for the first one. Since buksan is open, naturally,
the opposite is close. The correct form is:
Turn off/switch off the light/TV/computer.
3) Fill up the form.
The correct form would be:
Fill out the form.
4) No parking on both sides.
In reality, you can't really expect one car to be able to park on two sides, so the correct form is:
No parking on either side.
5) I slept late.
This transliteration came from 'Late ako natulog.' wherein ako is I, and natulog is sleep. When
translated to English, it's 'I slept late', but 'I slept late' actually means 'I slept until late' or 'I woke
up late'. What 'Late ako natulog' actually means is the person went to sleep late, so the correct
form would be:
I fell asleep late, or I went to bed late.
6) I'm not coming to the party.
Coming is used when someone from afar is coming to where you are, while going is used
when you are going to a far place. Since in this case, you're invited to a party, you're going to
the party, so the correct form is:
I'm not going to the party.
7) Hey! Time first, I need to drink.
This is usually used when playing games, especially those involving running. 'Time' here is
supposed to be 'time out', so the correct form is:
Hey! Time out first, I need to drink. (Or maybe you can omit 'first', but I'm not so sure.)
8) It will be traffic.
Traffic is a noun, so you can't use it as an adjective. It's like saying 'It will be beauty.' or 'It will
be easiness.'. It's supposed to be:
Traffic is bad.
9) This is the long cut, not the shortcut.
Since it's already long, you can't put 'cut' after it. That would be...weird. It's like it's long, then
you cut it or something, so it's supposed to be:
This is the long way, not the shortcut.
10) He salvaged the man.
In some tabloids, 'salvaged' is misused in a way that it's used to say 'killed'.
Ex.: Sinalvage yung tao. (Sinalvage - Salvaged; yung - the; tao - person)
What they mean: The person was killed.
What it really means: The person was saved.
I have no idea how this came to be, but yeah... It's wrong.
There is no correct form as this is just a misuse of the word.
11) It's taken cared of.
It's taken care of.
12) I'll repeat again.
Repeat is already the act of doing something again, so saying 'I'll repeat again' is redundant.
It's supposed to be:
I'll repeat.
13) Brown out
Brown out is used to pertain to loss of electricity. I don't know why it's termed 'brown out' here,
but I grew up using 'brown out' as well. Anyway, it's supposed to be:
Blackout
14) Malling
Malling... I don't know. Since it contained the word mall, I assumed that it meant they went to
the mall. I guess it's become a Filipino jargon, but the correct form is still:
Window shopping
15) Carnapper
The term 'carnapper' most probably came from the word kidnapper. Since in this case, a car
was stolen... Ta-da! Carnapper. Anyway, the correct term is:
Car thief
16) Ocular inspection
Ocular and inspection are actually synonyms, so the term 'ocular inspection' is redundant.
In this case, since they are synonyms, just use one of the words.
17) Get a free gift!
This statement can usually be seen in malls wherein when you buy something, you can get a
'free gift'. Now, what's wrong with this statement? Gifts are free, so you can't tell the people to
get a free gift when gifts are already free.
There is no correct way of saying this...I think.
18) Guess what?
'Guess what' is actually an imperative sentence where you command someone to guess
something, so it's supposed to be:
Guess what.
19) It is the most unique painting I've seen.
The painting, being unique, will be the only one out there, meaning there's not going to be a
more unique painting than that.
Simply using 'unique' will do.
20) She xeroxed the book.
Xerox, being a famous brand of a photocopy machine, is mistakenly used as the term for
photocopying. Another similar case is for Colgate, a famous brand of toothpaste. You would
sometimes hear people say, "Can you please buy me Colgate that's Close-up?". Anyway, the
correct one would be:
She photocopied the book.
21) Cope up
Cope with
22) Next next week
The phrase 'next next week' pertains to the week after the next. It makes sense for me, I mean
I use it too, but it's wrong. The correct way of saying it is:
The week after the next
23) Last September 8, 2005
'Last' is used to pertain to the nearest day (or month or year or others). For example, last
September would pertain to last year's September. Since there are many Septembers, you
should use last to clarify which September you're pertaining to. But since there is only one
September 8, 2005, you shouldn't use last anymore.
Last September or simply September 8, 2005
24) Fats, homeworks, stuffs, foods
These words do not have plural forms (except for fats); it's only fat, homework, stuff and food.
In the case of fats, it can be used to replace the word 'oils' in ingredients, but if you're
pertaining to having so much fat in your body, it's only 'fat'.
I have so much (fat/homework/stuff/food).
25) With regards to
With regards or With regard to
26) I'm currently in the States now.
Currently and now are synonyms, so just use one.
I'm in the States now, or I'm currently in the States.
27) I'll go ahead.
'I'll go ahead' is used to say 'I'll leave first.', but it actually means 'to proceed'. For example, I'll
go ahead and make dinner. So it's supposed to be:
I'll go ahead and leave.
28) Tell me the real truth.
Okay, the truth is always real. There is no 'real truth'.
Tell me the truth.
29) Due to the fact that/inspite of the fact that/despite the fact that
Sometimes, we think that the longer our sentences are, we are/we sound smarter, but the truth
is saying the phrases mentioned actually make us sound weird. Good writing and speaking
should be short and simple.
Due to/inspite of the/despite
30) I can't help but fall in love with you.
I can't help falling in love with you.

Kinds of Phrases
A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb. For
example, He is laughing at the joker.
A phrase functions as a noun, verb, adverb, adjective or preposition in a sentence. The
function of a phrase depends on its construction (words it contains). On the basis of their
functions and constructions, phrases are divided into various types i.e. noun phrase, verb
phrase, adverb phrase, adjective phrase, appositive phrase, infinite phrase, participle
phrase and gerund phrase.
 
Noun Phrase
      A noun phrase consists of a noun and other related words (usually modifiers and
determiners) which modify the noun. It functions like a noun in a sentence.

A noun phrase consists of a noun as the head word and other words (usually modifiers and
determiners) which come after or before the noun. The whole phrase works as a noun in a
sentence. 
Noun Phrase = noun + modifiers        (the modifiers can be after or before noun)
Examples.
            He is wearing a nice red shirt.                      (as noun/object)
            She brought a glass full of water.                (as noun/object)
            The boy with brown hair is laughing.           (as noun/subject)
            A man on the roof was shouting.                  (as noun/subject)
A sentence can also contain more noun phrases. 
For example. The girl with blue eyes bought a beautiful chair.
 
Prepositional phrase.
      A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, object of preposition(noun or pronoun)
and may also consist of other modifiers.
e.g. on a table, near a wall, in the room, at the door, under a tree

A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and mostly ends with a noun or pronoun.
Whatever prepositional phrase ends with is called object of preposition. A prepositional phrase
functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence.
Examples.
              A boy on the roof is singing a song.              (As adjective)
              The man in the room is our teacher.             (As adjective)
              She is shouting in a loud voice.                    (As adverb)
               He always behaves in a good manner.        (As adverb)
 
Adjective Phrase.
   An adjective phrase is a group of words that functions like an adjective in a sentence. It
consists of adjectives, modifier and any word that modifies a noun or pronoun.
An adjective phrase functions like an adjective to modify (or tell about) a noun or a pronoun in
a sentence.

Examples.
              He is wearing a nice red shirt.                     (modifies shirt)
              The girl with brown hair is singing a song.  (modifies girl)
              He gave me a glass full of water.                (modifies glass)
              A boy from America won the race.               (modifies boy)
Prepositional phrases and participle phrases also function as adjectives so we can also call
them adjective phrases when they function as adjective. In the above sentence “The girl with
brown hair is singing a song”, the phrase “with brown hair” is a prepositional phrase but it
functions as an adjective.
 
Adverb Phrase
An adverb phrase is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence. It consists of
adverbs or other words (preposition, noun, verb, modifiers) that make a group with works like
an adverb in a sentence.
An adverb phrase functions like an adverb to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

Examples
            He always behaves in a good manner.         (modifies verb behave)
            They were shouting in a loud voice.             (modifies verb shout)
            She always drives with care.                        (modifies verb drive)
            He sat in a corner of the room.                    (modifies verb sit)
            He returned in a short while.                        (modifies verb return)
A prepositional phrase can also act as an adverb phrase. For example in above sentence “He
always behaves in a good manner”, the phrase “in a good manner” is a prepositional phrase
but it acts as adverb phrase here.
 
Verb Phrase
     A verb phrase is a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a
sentence.
Examples.
             He is eating an apple.
             She has finished her work.
             You should study for the exam.
             She has been sleeping for two hours.

According to generative grammar, a verb phrase can consist of main verb, its auxiliaries, its
complements and other modifiers. Hence it can refer to the whole predicate of a sentence.
Example. You should study for the exam.
 
Infinitive Phrase
An infinitive phrase consist of an infinitive(to + simple form of verb) and modifiers or other
words associated to the infinitive. An infinitive phrase always functions as
an adjective, adverb or a noun in a sentence.

Examples.
            He likes to read books.                             (As noun/object)
            To earn money is a desire of everyone.    (As noun/subject)
            He shouted to inform people about fire.  (As adverb, modifies verb shout)
            He made a plan to buy a car.                    (As adjective, modifies noun plan)
 
Gerund Phrase
A gerund phrase consists of a gerund(verb + ing) and modifiers or other words associated with
the gerund. A gerund phrase acts as a noun in a sentence.

Examples
              I like writing good essays.                                 (As noun/object)
              She started thinking about the problem.           (As noun/object)
              Sleeping late in night is not a good habit.         (As noun/subject)
              Weeping of a baby woke him up.                       (As noun/subject)
 
Participle Phrase
A participle phrase consists of a present participle (verb + ing), a past participle (verb ending
in -ed or other form in case of irregular verbs) and modifiers or other associate words. A
participle phrase is separated by commas. It always acts as an adjective in a sentence.

Examples
             The kids, making a noise, need food.                      (modifies kids)
             I received a letter, mentioning about my exam.     (modifies letter)
             The table, made of steel, is too expensive.             (modifies table)
             We saw a car, damaged in an accident.                  (modifies car)
 
Absolute Phrase
Absolute phrase (also called nominative phrase) is a group of words including a noun or
pronoun and a participle as well as any associated modifiers. Absolute phrase modifies (give
information about) the entire sentence. It resembles a clause but it lack a true finite verb. It is
separated by a comma or pairs of commas from the rest sentence.

Examples
             He looks sad, his face expressing worry.
             She was waiting for her friend, her eyes on the clock.
             John is painting a wall, his shirt dirty with paint.