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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

Министерство образования РФ УДК 802.0


ББК Ш 143.21-923
Омский государственный университет У 91

Рекомендовано к изданию
учебно-методическим советом ОмГУ 24.12.2003 г.,
протокол №4

Рецензенты:
ст. преподаватель каф. англ. яз. ОмГПУ И.В Бердникова,
ст. преподаватель каф. романо-герм. филологии ОмГУ Н.В. Бегун

У 91 Учебно-методическое пособие по работе с книгой «Девять


УЧЕБНО-МЕТОДИЧЕСКОЕ ПОСОБИЕ рассказов» Дж. Д. Сэлинджера (для студентов языковых специаль-
ностей, изучающих английский язык) / Сост.: Н.Р. Афанасьева,
ПО РАБОТЕ С КНИГОЙ О.А. Никитина. – Омск: Омск. гос. ун-т, 2003. – 66 с.
«ДЕВЯТЬ РАССКАЗОВ» ДЖ.Д. СЭЛИНДЖЕРА ISBN 5-7779-0439-4
Содержит упражнения для самостоятельной и аудиторной ра-
(для студентов языковых специальностей, боты с книгой «Девять рассказов» Дж.Д. Сэлинджера по курсу
изучающих английский язык) «Домашнее чтение».
Для студентов языковых специальностей, изучающих англий-
ский язык.
УДК 802.0
ББК Ш 143.21-923

ISBN 5-7779-0439-4 © Афанасьева Н.Р., Никитина О.А,


составление, 2004
© Омский госуниверситет, 2004
Издание ОмГУ Омск 2004
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ PREREQUISITES
Учебно-методическое пособие по работе с книгой «Девять расска- The book you are about to read is a complex unity composed of
зов» Дж. Д. Сэлинджера адресовано студентам гуманитарных факульте- nine stories separate in plot though connected with each other through
тов для занятий по курсу «Домашнее чтение» и рассчитано на разный the sequence of poetic moods (rasa) as they are defined in Sanskrit
уровень языковой подготовки (средний и продвинутый). poetics. To understand the book to the fullest you are strongly advised
Целью пособия является расширение лексического запаса студен- to study the stories in connection with the commentaries in the book
тов, развитие и совершенствование навыков свободного говорения. itself (pp. 216-239), the Appendices, and the books by Galinskaya
Рассказы Сэлинджера, которые по праву считаются одними из
«Загадки известных книг» and «Философские и эстетические
лучших образцов американской прозы, предоставляют богатый материал
для углубленного изучения лексики и развития навыков свободного го-
основы поэтики Сэлинджера».
ворения. 1. Read the information about J.D. Salinger given in your books and
Задания и упражнения к каждому рассказу включают: in Appendices 1 and 2 of this booklet. Prepare some questions for
- коммуникативные упражнения, направленные на активизацию discussion in class. Find some additional information about the
языкового материала (Pre-Reading Tasks); author, i.e. about:
- речевые задания, совершенствующие умения и навыки моно- • topics covered in his books;
логической и диалогической речи (General Comprehension; • philosophy underlying his creative activity; influence of
Points for Discussion); Zen on the philosophy of Salinger’s stories and novels;
- лексические упражнения, способствующие усвоению и закре-
плению ключевой лексики (Word Study);
• approaches to conveying the messages of the stories,
- задания, развивающие умения и навыки письменной речи manner of writing;
(Additional Tasks). • the unity and coherence of the nine stories in terms of their
Большое внимание уделяется специфическим трудностям англий- ideas, artistic and philosophic value;
ского языка, изучению идиоматики, не совпадающих в английском и • the place and role of the Nine Stories in the creative
русском языках значений слов и конструкций служебной лексики. activity of the author and how this book relates to his other
creations.
You may find some useful information and hints at
http://www.salinger.org/ . For philosophic and artistic analysis you
may refer to the book by Galinskaya «Загадки известных книг».
2. Prepare a 5-minute report on the interesting information you have
found. (You should revise your report to make sure that it helps
your group mates to better understand the stories.)

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Lesson 1 • While reading the story identify the sentences from the exercise
A Perfect Day for Bananafish above in the text and put them in the right order.
In groups of 4-5, discuss the peculiarities of Salinger’s style and GENERAL COMPREHENSION
the points that are essential for understanding his stories. Make up an
outline of the items you have come up with to share with the other 1. Describe your immediate reaction after having read the story.
groups. 2. When and where is the first scene laid?
PRE-READING TASKS 3. Who is involved in the scene?
• What kind of associations do you have with the words 4. How would you characterize Muriel as she is described in the part
"Banana"? "Bananafish"? before the telephone conversation? Use the text to back up your
opinion.
5. What details concerning the emotional state of both the
bananafish interlocutors in the telephone talk can you comment on?
banana 6. What can we infer about
¾ Muriel ¾ her father
• What does the title suggest about the possible content of the story? ¾ her mother ¾ Seymour?
• Here are some sentences from the story. They are not in the order Discuss it in groups and get ready to give your account to the
they appear in it. Use them as a clue to predict the content of the whole class.
text. 7. How old is Sybil? How does the author hint at her age?
8. How is her appearance described? ( see p.13)
A. "Mother," said the girl, "you talk about him as though he were 9. How would you define the essence of the conversation between
a raving maniac –" Sybil and Seymour?
B. "You just keep your eyes open for any bananafish. This is a 10. Did Sybil believe the story about bananafish? Prove it.
perfect day for bananafish." 11. Comment on the following sentence of Seymour’s "This is a
C. "I see you are looking at my feet", he said to her when the car perfect day for bananafish." (p.19). What might he mean?
was in motion. "I beg your pardon. I happened to be looking at 12. What continuation of the story from the spot of Seymour’s and
the floor," said the woman, and faced the doors of the car. Sybil’s parting would you make if you were a writer? Explain your
D. Sybil stopped walking and yanked her hand away from him. choice. Discuss in groups of 3 or 4 how it would affect the message
E. He plodded alone through the soft, hot sand toward the hotel. of the story, and prepare a speech to convince your listeners that
F. He cocked the piece. your ending would be better than the author’s. (Bear in mind that
G. He glanced at the girl lying asleep on one of the twin beds. you must find good reasons and use good wording to sound
H. Set loose, Sybil immediately ran down to the flat part of the convincing.)
beach and began to walk in the direction of Fisherman’s 13. How, in your opinion, did Muriel and Seymour happen to marry?
Pavilion. Can such marriages be considered happy from your point of view?
I. She stopped short when she reached the place where a young (Any examples are welcome). What kind of marriages can?
man was lying on his back. (marriage of convenience? love? both combined?)
Using the sentences, make up a story, which you think, will resemble 14. You are to write an epitaph to Seymour’s tombstone (verses or
the original one. Share your stories in class. prose) as to reflect the most important information about him.

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Some of you are to do it on Muriel’s behalf, the others – on 3. You know – those German poems. What did I do with it? I've been
Muriel’s parents’. You are to mind both your attitude to the racking my … (p. 8)
character you are writing about and the limits of the genre. (You 4. Those horrible things he said to Granny about her plans for passing
may start with the words: "Here lies…") away. (p. 8)
You may find it interesting to read the tombstone epitaph of a 5. …he'd more than willing to pay for it if you'd go away someplace
famous English-American novelist Henry James:
by yourself.
Henry James 6. She walked for about a quarter of a mile and then suddenly broke
into an oblique run… (p. 14)
City of Cambridge Cemetery, Massachusetts 7. He turned over on his stomach… and squinted up at Sybil. (p. 14)
8. I've been expecting him hourly. (p. 14)
9. Sybil immediately stooped and began to dig in the sand. (p. 16)
Henry James, O.M.
Novelist-Citizen 10. Sybil stopped walking and yanked her hand away from him. (p. 17)
of Two Countries 11. He edged the float and its passenger a foot closer to the horizon.
Interpreter of his (p. 19)
Generation on both 12. We'll snub it. (p. 19)
Sides of the Sea.
III. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words
New York April 15, 1843 and phrases from the text.
London February 28, 1916 1. With her dry hand, she picked up an overfilled ashtray from the
window seat… (p. 5)
WORD STUDY 2. Mother, darling, don't shout at me. (p. 6)
3. And don't worry. (p. 7)
I. Find in the text the English equivalents and consult 4. I was surprised. (p. 7)
a dictionary for pronunciation. 5. Muriel, you promised me… (p. 7)
Работники рекламных агентств; переполненная пепельница;
6. Muriel, don't be rude, please. (p. 9)
хихикать; выдыхать дым; психотерапевт; шляпный салон; взды-
хать; мокрый песок; с силой, энергично; с подчеркнутым интере- 7. Your father wanted to send you a telegram last night… (p. 9)
сом; крошечный; особенно; странный, необычный; калибр; пуля. 8. The one you said you'd have to have a very, very small… (p. 10)
9. Terrible. But extraordinary. (p. 11)
II. Paraphrase or explain in your own words the following phrases. 10. It's making Mommy absolutely insane. (p. 13)
1. The girl in 507 had to wait from noon till almost two-thirty to get 11. Don't move, please. (p. 13)
her call through. (p. 5) 12. She stopped abruptly when she reached the place… (p. 14)
2. "Thank you," said the girl, and made the room on the night table 13. I am thinking it over, Sybil, … (p. 15)
for the ashtray. (p. 6) 14. I made myself believe she was you. (p. 16)
15. She… jumped on one leg two or three times. (p. 17)

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IV. Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs where V. Match the pairs with the opposite meaning.
necessary. 1. mean a. dry
1. … the girl in 507 had to wait ___ noon ___almost two-thirty to get 2. peculiar b. to cry
her call through. 3. to ignore c. huge
2. … he said – that Seymour may completely lose control ___ 4. cumbersome d. kind
5. soggy e. to run
himself.
6. vigorously f. to notice
3. I didn't go ___details very much. 7. elaborate g. ordinary
4. They look as if they drove ___ in a truck. 8. to plod h. weakly
5. … he'd be more than willing to pay___ it if you'd go ___some 9. tiny i. light
place ___yourself and think things ___. 10. to giggle j. careless
6. "Mother," said the girl, "we'd better hang ___".
VI. Give Russian equivalents to the following expressions.
7. "My goodness, he needs ___ the sun". Use them in the translation below.
8. He turned ___ ___ his stomach … and squinted ___ ___ Sybil.
to fit through to nod vigorously
9. He let go ___ her ankles, drew ___ his hands, and laid the side of to let smb into (out of) smth to let go of smth
his face ___ his right forearm. to stop short to get one’s call through
10. "Whirly Wood, Connecticut," she said, and resumed ___ walking, to make the room for smb (smth) to be fresh
stomach ___. to get (be) excited to go into details
to give one’s word to hang up
11. Naturally, after that they are so fat that they can't ___ ___ the hole
to rack one’s brains to hold still
again. Can't fit ___ the door.
12. The float nosed ___ the top of the wave. 1. Освободи место на столе для папок с документами.
13. The young man put __ his robe , closed the lapels ___, and jammed 2. Ну неужели тебе надо все время дерзить!
his towel ___ his pocket. 3. Что толку вдаваться в подробности того, что случилось! Ниче-
го уже не изменить!
14. "Let me ___ ___ here, please, " the woman said quickly to the girl
4. Если бы только она смогла дозвониться раньше! Все могло бы
operating ___ the car. быть по-другому.
15. He got __ at the fifth floor, walked ___ the hall, and let himself___ 5. Этот стол не достаточно узкий, чтобы пройти через дверь.
507. 6. Она торопилась, и, не дождавшись ответа, повесила трубку.
7. «Не шевелись, я могу уколоть тебя», – сказал портной угрюмо.
8. Она резко остановилась и оглянулась. Никого. Наверное, ей
показалось.
9. Вот ты где! А я-то голову ломаю, куда ты подевался!
10. Не волнуйся, я обещаю, что не буду напоминать тебе об этом
разговоре.

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11. Слуга впустил его и тут же исчез. ADDITIONAL TASKS


12. Она отпустила свой шелковый шарф, и он плавно полетел
Prepare the following passage for back translation.
вниз.
– Он вдруг вскочил на ноги, взглянул на океан. – Слушай,
POINTS FOR DISCUSSION Сибиллочка, знаешь, что мы сейчас сделаем. Попробуем поймать
рыбку-бананку.
1. How would you define the theme of the story? Give episodes, ex-
– Кого?
tracts or merely sentences to support your point.
– Рыбку-бананку, – сказал он и развязал полы халата. Он
2. In what parts would you divide the story? Are these parts different
снял халат. Плечи у него были белые, узкие, плавки – ярко-синие.
form one another? Is there anything similar between them? What is
Он сложил халат сначала пополам, в длину, потом свернул втрое.
your general impression of the composition of the story?
Развернув полотенце, которым перед тем закрывал себе глаза, он
3. Is this kind of composition characteristic of any other genre? If so,
разостлал его на песке и положил на него свернутый халат. На-
which genre?
гнувшись, он поднял надувной матрасик и засунул его под мышку.
4. How can you interpret the title of the story? Were you right in your
Свободной левой рукой он взял Сибиллу за руку.
predictions about the title and possible content of the story?
Они пошли к океану.
5. Now see Appendix 3, it might be of help to you in interpreting the
– Ты-то уж наверняка не раз видела рыбок-бананок? – спро-
title of the story.
сил он.
6. In Indian poetics blue lotus is an attribute of Kama – the God of
Сибилла покачала головой.
Love. Are there any blue things in the story? How can you interpret
– Не может быть! Да где же ты живешь?
their use? How is it connected with the main feeling (Rasa ) of the
– Не знаю! – сказала Сибилла.
story?
– Как это не знаешь? Не может быть! Шэрон Липшюц и то
7. How would you interpret Seymour’s behavior, his story about the
знает, где она живет, а ей всего три с половиной!
bananafish, and the message of the whole story if you were:
Сибилла остановилась и выдернула руку. Потом подняла
¾ an average reader
ничем не приметную ракушку и стала рассматривать с подчеркну-
¾ a psychoanalyst (Mr.Rieser for example)
тым интересом. Потом бросила ее.
¾ a Zen-Buddhist?
– Сосновый лес, Коннектикут, – сказала она и пошла даль-
Choose any viewpoint and prepare a presentation of your observa-
ше, выпятив животик.
tions. Consult Appendix 3 for hints to assist you.
– Сосновый лес, Коннектикут, – повторил ее спутник. – А
Which of the interpretations seems most probable to you?
это случайно не около Соснового леса, в Коннектикуте?
8. What is the sound of one hand clapping? Is there such a sound in
Сибилла посмотрела на него.
the story?
– Я там живу! – сказала она нетерпеливо. – Я живу, Сосно-
вый лес, Коннектикут. – Она пробежала несколько шажков, под-
хватила левую ступню левой рукой и запрыгала на одной ножке.
– Ты даже не представляешь, до чего ты все хорошо объяс-
нила, – сказал ее спутник.
Сибилла выпустила ступню.
– Ты читал «Негритенок Самбо»? – спросила она.

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– Как странно, что ты меня об этом спросила, – сказал ее – А я их не вижу, – сказала девочка.
спутник. – Так случилось, что только вчера вечером я его дочитал. – Вполне понятно. Это очень странные рыбки. Очень стран-
– Он нагнулся, взял ручонку Сибиллы. – Тебе понравилось? – ные. – Он толкал матрасик вперед. Вода еще не дошла ему до гру-
спросил он. ди. – И жизнь у них грустная, – сказал он. – Знаешь, что они дела-
– А тигры бегали вокруг дерева? ют, Сибиллочка?
– Да-а, я даже подумал: когда же они остановятся? В жизни Девочка покачала головой.
не видел столько тигров. – Понимаешь, они заплывают в пещеру, а там – куча бана-
– Их всего шесть, – сказала Сибилла. нов. Посмотреть на них, когда они туда заплывают: рыбы как ры-
– Всего? – переспросил он. – По-твоему, это мало? бы. Но там они ведут себя просто по-свински. Одна такая рыбка-
– Ты любишь воск? – спросила Сибилла. бананка заплыла в банановую пещеру и съела там семьдесят во-
– Что? – переспросил он. семь бананов. – Он подтолкнул плотик с пассажиркой еще ближе
– Ну, воск. к горизонту. – И конечно, они от этого так раздуваются, что им
– Очень люблю. А ты? никак не выплыть из пещеры. В двери не пролезают.
Сибилла кивнула. – Дальше не надо, – сказала Сибилла. – А после что?
– Ты любишь оливки? – спросила она. – Когда после? О чем ты?
– Оливки? Ну, еще бы! Оливки с воском. Я без них ни шагу! – О рыбках-бананках.
– Ты любишь Шэрон Липшюц? – спросила девочка. – Ах, ты хочешь сказать: после того как они так наедаются
– Да. Да, конечно, – сказал ее спутник. – И особенно я ее бананов, что не могут выбраться из банановой пещеры?
люблю за то, что она никогда не обижает маленьких собачек у нас – Да, – сказала девочка.
в холле, в гостинице. Например, карликового бульдожку той да- – Грустно мне об этом говорить, Сибиллочка. Умирают они.
мы, из Канады. Ты, может быть, не поверишь, но есть такие де- – Почему? – спросила Сибилла.
вочки, которые любят тыкать этого бульдожку палками. А вот – Заболевают банановой лихорадкой. Страшная болезнь.
Шэрон – никогда. Никого она не обижает, не дразнит. За это я ее – Смотри, волна идет, – сказала Сибилла с тревогой.
люблю. – Давай ее не замечать, – сказал он, – давай презирать ее.
Сибилла помолчала. Мы с тобой два гордеца. – Он взял в руки Сибиллины щиколотки
– А я люблю жевать свечки, – сказала она наконец. и нажал вниз. Плотик подняло на гребень волны. Вода залила
– Это все любят, – сказал ее спутник, пробуя воду ногой. – светлые волосики Сибиллы, но в ее визге слышался только вос-
Ух, холодная! – Он опустил надувной матрасик на воду. – Нет, торг.
погоди, Сибиллочка. Давай пройдем подальше. Когда плотик выпрямился, она отвела со лба прилипшую
Они пошли вброд, пока вода не дошла Сибилле до пояса. мокрую прядку и заявила:
Тогда юноша поднял ее на руки и положил на матрасик. – А я ее видела!
– А ты никогда не носишь купальной шапочки, не закрыва- – Кого, радость моя?
ешь головку? – спросил он. – Рыбку-бананку.
– Не отпускай меня! – приказала девочка. – Держи крепче! – Не может быть! – сказал ее спутник. – А у нее были во рту
– Простите, мисс Карпентер. Я свое дело знаю, – сказал ее бананы?
спутник. – А ты лучше смотри в воду, карауль рыбку-бананку. Се- – Да, – сказала Сибилла. – Шесть.
годня отлично ловится рыбка-бананка.

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Юноша вдруг схватил мокрую ножку Сибиллы – она свеси-


GENERAL COMPREHENSION
ла ее с плотика – и поцеловал пятку.
– Эй! – сказала она. 1. What is Mary Jane’s job? Does she seem to be satisfied with it?
– Сама ты «Эй!» Поехали назад! Хватит с тебя? 2. What does Eloise do?
– Нет! 3. How long have they known each other?
– Жаль, жаль! – сказал он и подтолкнул плотик к берегу, где 4. What is their educational background? When did they drop out of
Сибилла спрыгнула на песок. Он взял матрасик под мышку и по- college? Why?
нес на берег. 5. What classes did they both attend? Why does the author mention
– Прощай! – крикнула Сибилла и без малейшего сожаления it? Do you think it has influenced their views on life in general?
побежала к гостинице. 6. Comment on the author’s words: "They had an even stronger bond
Молодой человек надел халат, плотнее запахнул отвороты и between them…" (p. 23). What can we infer from the sentence?
сунул полотенце в карман. Он поднял мокрый, скользкий, неудоб- What attitude does the author express?
ный матрасик и взял его под мышку. Потом пошел один по горя- 7. How would you define the type of conversation the girls are hav-
чему, мягкому песку к гостинице. ing?
Note. You may reproduce the dialogue as it is or dramatize it. 8. What do we get to know about Walt? about Lew? Whose opinion
is it that we see the men through? Is this opinion reliable? Why?
9. Compare the way both the men are spoken about. What else can we
Lesson 2 infer about them and about Eloise’s attitude to both of them?
Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut 10. Why, in your opinion, is Eloise so reluctant to tell her husband
about Walt?
11. Comment on the following words of Eloise’s:
PRE-READING TASKS
"What I need is a cocker spaniel or something," she said. "Some-
• Before reading the story at home, in class read the first passage of body that looks like me." (p. 28).
the story and answer the following questions. What do they corroborate? Find other extracts that imply the same
1. Where is the scene going to be laid? What is the setting? idea.
2. Who does the story seem to be about? 12. Comment on the way Mary Jane behaves with Ramona. Does the
3. What is your first impression of the girls’ characters? Which sen- girl seem to respond the same way?
tences prompted it? 13. What is the mother’s part in the conversation with the child? What
4. What does the headline suggest to you? can you feel in her words?
5. What, do you think, the author is going to narrate about? 14. Pay attention to Ramona’s description of her friend Jimmy. What
6. What kind of variations of the theme (imaginative development of seems peculiar in it?
the starting point) would you suggest? Make up gist of the story 15. Is there any evidence of Eloise’s ironic attitude to Mary? How does
you could invent (about 10 sentences) and tell it in class. The the latter respond to it?
group is to decide which story is most unusual and interesting. 16. What happens in the last part of the story (pp. 39-42)? Make up a
• While reading the story, try to figure out what kind of relations the flow chart of it. Who are Eloise’s interlocutors? Comment on the
girls have. Note down the episodes that seem illustrative at this is- way she talks to them. How does this part contribute to our under-
sue. standing of her character?

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17. Dwell upon the final words Eloise utters. What does Eloise seem to 7. "You remember that night – our last year – when that crazy
miss? Louise Hermanson broke in the room…"
8. He said when he'd get to be a general, he'd be completely naked.
WORD STUDY
9. He doesn't even have enough courage to come right out and say
I. Find in the text the following expressions. he liked it because…
1. … но Мэри Джейн что-то невнятно простонала насчёт 10. Eloise put away her handkerchief and lifted herself up to a sitting
салфеток и бросилась к своей машине. position.
2. Элоиза подняла воротник верблюжьего пальто, поверну-
лась спиной к ветру и осталась ждать. III. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the sentences.
3. – Тиррингер, – подсказала Мэри Джейн. Translate the sentences into Russian.
4. … она мне, наверно, завещает свои старые щипцы для 1. They had an even stronger bond between them; neither of them
льда, да ещё с монограммой! had graduated.
5. В глазах близорукой Рамоны за толстыми стёклами очков 2. … who had spent two or three months Mary Jane had been
не отразилось ни тени восторга… married to him in jail for stabbing an M.P.
6. Мэри Джейн приветливо наклонилась к Рамоне: 3. "Just sort of. Little ole private? Terribly unattractive?"
7. Здравствуй, Джимми! – сказала она. 4. With little or no wherewithal for being left alone in a room, Mary
8. Мы ехали поездом из Трентона в Нью-Йорк – его только Jane stood up and walked over to the window.
что призвали. 5. "Eloise, you're getting hard as nails."
9. Стоит только поверить, что они умные, у тебя не жизнь 6. "She won't tell anybody. She's lousy with secrets."
будет, а сущий ад. 7. "Oh, God! Her beau. Goes where she goes. Does what she does.
10. Да тогда будет в тысячу раз хуже! Он из меня кровь вы- All very hoopla."
пьет. 8. "Nuts to you."
11. Сейчас он только и знает, что я дружила с каким-то Уол- 9. Then he took his hands away and told the conductor to throw his
том – с каким-то остряком-солдатиком. shoulders back.
10. If you don't, they hit you over the head with the poor boy every
II. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words time they get a chance.
and phrases from the text. 11. Ramona ran as flat-footed as possible, trying to get the maximum
1. Eloise had left college being a second-year student… noise out of her open galoshes.
2. Mary Jane had left… to marry an aviation cadet stationed in 12. Ramona slowly giant-stepped her way out of the room.
Jacksonville, Florida, a lean boy who was keen on aircraft.
3. "Marcia Louise. I ran into her once, too. She talked you to death, IV. Consulting the text, fill in the blanks with the suitable
didn't she?" prepositions.
4. "I don't understand," Mary Jane said to Eloise, who was finishing 1. She was stretched ___ on the couch, her thin but very pretty legs
her drink. crossed ___ the ankles.
5. "Oh, I see. Jimmy's just an imaginary little boy. Marvelous." 2. She searched ___ her handbag.
6. Eloise rushed suddenly to her feet. "Gimme your glass," she said. 3. I dropped two brand-new cartons ___ her nose about an hour
ago.

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4. You're gonna stick ___ till I'm sick of you. 5. How can you explain the meaning of the title? (Note: Connecticut
5. She drew ___ the curtain and leaned her wrist ___ one of the is the smallest state, and is sometimes associated with some poky
crosspieces between panes… hole of a place.)
6. "Really?" said Mary Jane enthusiastically. She leaned ___. "Do 6. In your books it is stated that the main feeling (or Rasa) of this
you have a beau, Ramona?" story is that of humor (laughter). Try to find evidence to support
7. Her drink was on the floor, ___ reach. this point (You may also need to find symbolic interpretations of
8. I used to wait for him at the bus stop, right outside the PX, and the colors mentioned.)
he showed ___ late once, just as the bus was pulling ___. 7. Choose one of the characters and compile a list of words and
9. "What happened to Jimmy?" Eloise said to her. "He got runned phrases from the text that refer to him/her and are illustrative (in
___ and killed…" your opinion) to reflect their inner essence. Compare your findings.
10. She stooped ___, losing her balance, and began to tuck ___ the 8. Choose a paragraph, which in your opinion is vital for disclosing
blankets of Ramona's bed. the message of the story. Explain your choice. Make a written
translation of it. In class, compare the passages you have chosen
V. Match the words with their definitions. and the translations you have made.
1. to wail a. small particles of stone/sand/dust. ADDITIONAL TASKS
2. fouled b. a woman who is a member of a religious order living
in a separate community. 1. Prepare an oral report on the issue of friendship comparing the two
3. grit c. lazily. girls. What unites them and what seems incompatible? You may
4. slush d. to make a high-pitched mournful cry. employ all your observations made while reading the story.
5. a nun e. to try to change someone's mind by asking again and 2. Eloise seems to reject the world around her. Which is better: to
again. disregard everything, to take pains to change things and people
6. junk f. made dirty. around you or to change your attitude to them? Which is easier?
7. languidly g. half-melted snow. Prepare a speech expressing your opinion. Think over the system
8. to plead h. useless articles/rubbish. of reasons, the examples and wording you are going to employ. In
class, exchange your opinions and try to come to a unanimous
POINTS FOR DISCUSSION conclusion.
3. Make a back translation of the following extracts:
1. Who is a stronger person – Mary or Eloise? Pick out sentences
a)
and/or situations to back you opinion.
Когда Мэри Джейн стало скучно сидеть одной в комнате,
2. Once more read the passage "With little or no wherewithal for
она встала и подошла к окну. Откинув занавеску, она взялась было
being left alone…" (p. 25). What can we infer about Mary Jane
рукой за раму, но вымазала пальцы угольной пылью, вытерла их о
from the description?
другую ладонь и отодвинулась от окна. Подмерзало, слякоть на
3. How has Eloise changed since studying at college? What does she
say? What can you add? дворе постепенно переходила в гололед. Мэри Джейн опустила
4. Comment on the possible correspondence between Eloise’s занавеску и пошла к своему синему креслу, мимо двух набитых до
reminiscences about Walt and Ramona’s play. Which one is more отказа книжных шкафов, даже не взглянув на заглавия книжек.
positive? Prove you opinion. Усевшись в кресло, она открыла сумочку и стала рассматривать в
зеркальце свои зубы. Потом сжала губы, крепко провела языком
по верхней десне и снова посмотрела в зеркальце.

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b) 4. Comment on the way Selena behaves in taxi; then at home. Is it


– Я тебе вот что скажу, деловая барышня. Если ты еще раз easy to put her off?
выйдешь замуж, никогда ничего мужу не рассказывай. Поняла? 5. Why was Selena so reluctant to pay back money to Ginnie? Why
– А почему? – спросила Мэри Джейн. did she give up?
– Потому. Ты меня слушай, – сказала Элоиза. – Им хочется 6. Ginnie: how do you perceive her personality?
думать, что у тебя от каждого знакомого мальчишки всю жизнь с 7. What is her attitude to Selena at the very beginning of the story? Is
души воротило. Я не шучу, понятно? Да, конечно, можешь им it a just one? What impelled her to go the whole length of getting
рассказывать что угодно. Но правду – никогда, ни за что! Понима- money from Selena?
ешь, правду – ни за что! Скажешь, что была знакома с красивым 8. Describe Franklin’s appearance and your first impression of him.
мальчиком, обязательно добавь, что красота у него была какая-то 9. What facts do we know about Franklin?
слащавая. Скажешь, что знала остроумного парня, непременно тут 10. Whose point is it that we perceive Franklin from? Give examples.
же объясни, что он был трепло и задавака. А не скажешь, так он 11. How do we get to know about Franklin’s feeling toward Ginnie’s
тебе будет колоть глаза этим мальчиком при всяком удобном слу- sister? Is it mentioned directly or hinted at? Give proofs.
чае... Да, конечно, он тебя выслушает очень разумно, как полага- 12. What is Selena’s attitude toward her brother?
ется. И физиономия у него будет умная до черта. А ты не подда- 13. How is Ginnie’s opinion about Franklin developing throughout
вайся. Ты меня слушай. Стоит только поверить, что они умные, у their conversation? Read out passages revealing it.
тебя не жизнь будет, а сущий ад. 14. What is Eric’s role in the story?
15. What seems peculiar in the way his appearance is described? What
do you think his occupation is? What prompted you to think so?
Lesson 3 16. How does Ginnie respond to his eloquence? Why?
Just Before the War with Eskimos 17. Was Selena surprised to see the change in Ginnie’s attitude? How
does Ginnie explain this change? Are there any grounds for us not
PRE-READING TASKS to trust these explanations? Point out passages supporting your
• Look at the title: what associations does it evoke in you: opinion. What explanation can you provide?
a) historical,
b) hysterical, WORD STUDY
c) other:________(specify).
I. Find in the text the following words and expressions.
• Read the first passage of the story. Have you ever had a similar Враждебный, искусственный, поза/осанка, взъерошенные
experience? How did you behave? Why? What response did your волосы, глупый, переливание, коситься/щуриться, хладнокров-
behavior cause in the other person? но/бесстрастно, йод, гадкие манеры, апломб.
GENERAL COMPREHENSION
II. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words
1. What factual information do we know about Selena and Ginnie?
and phrases from the text.
How would you define the type of relations between the girls?
1. … a school ostensibly full of fair-sized drips…
2. What do we know about Selena?
2. "No," said Ginnie decidedly.
3. Pick out passages that are most illustrative for revealing her
3. I don't wanna be mean, but I'm actually existing on four-fifty a
character, and observe what we can infer from them.
week.

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4. Looking bored, she searched in the pockets of her coat. 6. Ginnie was, in fact, slightly put off by this information, whatever
5. In her opinion, it was an altogether terribly ugly room – expensive its degree of truth, but not to the point of sentimentality.
but cheesy. 7. … the door was drawn in and left ajar – by a colored maid with
6. "Goddam if I know," he said, his inflection implying that the whom Selena didn't seem to be on speaking terms.
answer to that question was hopelessly vague. 8. Ginnie briefly held her fire. Very briefly. "What were you doing in
7. He started again picking at his own first-aid work. Ohio?" she asked.
8. He turned to her in a tired way. "Listen. I wrote to her eight 9. "But I shall never again consider myself even the remotest judge of
goddam letters." human nature."
9. Ginnie was much too involved now to feel insulted. 10. "I'm to tired," Ginnie said. She bent over and picked up her
paraphernalia.
III. Find in the text the following expressions:
1. Джинни не скрывала, что считает Селину самой жуткой туск- V. Consulting the text, fill in the blanks with prepositions if
лячкой во всей школе… necessary:
2. Тон Селины убивал всякое желание пойти ей навстречу. 1. But this business of dropping Selena ___ at her house ___ tennis
3. Небрежно прикрыв дверцу, она с величаво рассеянным видом and then getting stuck – every single time – for the whole cab fare
заезжей голливудской знаменитости быстро вошла в дом. was getting ___ Ginnie's nerves.
4. – Ладно, – сказала Джинни и плюхнулась на диван. 2. On the fifth Saturday however, as the cab started ___ north in York
5. – В жизни бы не подумала, что ты такая мелочная, – сказала Avenue, Ginnie suddenly spoke ___.
Селина. 3. Ginnie was, in fact, slightly put ___ by this information, whatever
6. Джинни ненадолго умолкла. Очень ненадолго. its degree of truth, but not ___ the point of sentimentality.
7. Вот тип, правда? 4. … the door was drawn ___ and left ajar – ___ a colored maid with
whom Selena didn't seem to be ___ speaking terms.
IV. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the sentences. 5. Let him clutter ___ the whole apartment ___ his horrible manuscript
Translate the sentences into Russian. papers…
1. At dinner one night, for the edification of the entire Mannox 6. "…And ___ top of it all –", The young man broke ___.
family, Ginnie had conjured up a vision of dinner over at the 7. "I don't want the money anyway," Ginnie said, keeping her voice
Grafts'. ___ so that she was heard only ___ Selena.
2. But this business of dropping Selena off at her house after tennis POINTS FOR DISCUSSION
and then getting stuck – every single time – for the whole cab fare
was getting on Ginnie's nerves. 1. What parts can you divide the story into? How is their emotional
3. Ginnie decided to come right out with it. charge changing throughout the story? (Try to figure out some
4. "All right, all right," Selena said loudly and with finality enough to pattern of it). What is the main emotion of the whole story? What
give herself the upper hand. prompts it in terms of wording? In terms of other means?
5. At fifteen, Ginnie was about five feet nine in her 9-B tennis shoes, 2. How is Franklin’s behavior described? Is this description realistic?
and as she entered the lobby, her self-conscious rubber-soled Exaggerated? Prove it by the text. What features are stressed in his
awkwardness lent her a dangerous amateur quality. description? Make your assumptions concerning the reasons of it.
3. In the story find passages showing Franklin’s attitude to himself.
Comment on them.

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4. What does the name "Selena" mean? How is it connected with the • While reading the text write out words and sentences to complete
message of the story? the following information profiles:
5. How does Eric’s story about his roommate fit into the whole
atmosphere? Points John Mary
6. Comment on the last sentence of the story. What feeling did it Haircut/hairdo

Appearance
evoke in you? What is remarkable about its syntax? Eyes
7. What does the title mean to you? How do Franklin’s words (see Build
p. 53) contribute to its understanding? Usual clothing
8. What do you think happened later that evening? Would Ginnie call Good looks
Selena? Why and why not? Education
ADDITIONAL TASKS Background
Free time/hobby
1. There are several lines of relations in the story. Which are Social status/level
subordinate and which – cardinal? Which one seems most of society
important to you? Prove it. Personality
2. Give the summary of the talk between Franklin and Ginnie.
3. Write a reflective essay on the title of the story summing up what Analyze the information you have got. What conclusions can you come
you have come up with in class, and coming to a conclusion. to?
4. Give your interpretation of the ending (i.e. the last paragraph of the
story). In class present your interpretations. How different are GENERAL COMPREHENSION
they? 1. When did the events take place? When are they narrated? Provide
After presentations are made, decide who: your explanations of the author’s choice of the settings and the
a) made the most interesting one; speaker.
b) presented his/her ideas in the most comprehensible and clear 2. Give a concise description of John (both physical and personal).
way. 3. What is the children’s attitude to John? Is it different from what an
5. Can you answer the question about what happened just before the outsider might think of him?
war with Eskimos? 4. Is John a good narrator? In you opinion, how does his story about
the laughing man reveal his personality? (Exchange your views).
5. What is the first time that Mary appears in the story? Was it in a
Lesson 4 direct or in an indirect way?
The Laughing man 6. What is children’s opinion about Mary? Prove it with the text. Was
she beautiful? How does the narrator put it?
PRE-READING TASKS 7. Comment on the passages displaying John’s emotional state in
Mary’s presence. Is his attitude to her obvious?
• Look at the title: what work of art is it an allusion to? What is its 8. How long did the relations between Mary and John last?
content? How do you think this story will differ from / resemble 9. What level of society does Mary belong to? From which sentences
the original one? have you inferred it?

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10. Do you think she loves John? What made you think so? II. Find in the text the following expressions.
11. From which episodes can we infer that something wrong is going 1. Теснясь и толкаясь, мы забирались в маленький «пикап» Вож-
on between them? дя…
12. What kind of names does the author use for his main characters? 2. …Вождь с утра забирал нас по квартирам и в своём доживав-
What might it imply? шем век «пикапе» вывозил из Манхэттена…
13. Make up a flow chart of events in the inner story about the 3. …где были настоящие спортивные площадки, и не грозила
laughing man. опасность встретить в качестве противника детскую коляску
14. Prepare a narration of the story about The Laughing Man in a или разъярённую старую даму с палкой.
nutshell. In class, make it a chain retelling. (As every next speaker 4. Возможно, он даже был построен по классическим канонам.
is selected at random, you should be able to adjust your variant to 5. При виде страшного лица Человека, который смеялся, непри-
the previous extract narrated.) вычные люди с ходу падали в обморок.
15. Why did John decide to stop narrating his story? 6. Эта его нелепая жалостливость бесила меня до чёртиков.
16. Can you explain why The Laughing Man decided to pull his mask 7. В том, 1928 году я был вовсе не сыном своих родителей, но
off? Account for the figurative meaning of this action in дьявольски хитрым самозванцем.
correlation with the outer story. 8. Иногда она трещала в машине без умолку…
17. Describe the children’s emotional state after the story is finished. 9. Когда Дюфарж, всё ещё закрывавший ладонью глаза, чтобы не
Can you provide a reasonable explanation of the aim John pursued видеть глаза Человека, услыхал, как оттуда, куда он целил, до-
when he finished his story this way? носятся предсмертные стоны, он возликовал.
18. What does the red tissue paper in the final passage signify? Why is 10. И вот однажды охрипшим, но задушевным голосом он воззвал
it said: "It looked like someone’s poppy-petal mask". к лесным зверям, прося их помочь ему.
19. What information would you include into the summary of the
whole story? III. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words
and phrases from the text.
WORD STUDY
1. … in the Chief all the most photogenic features of Buck Jones, Ken
I. Find in the text the English equivalents and consult Maynard, and Tom Mix had been smoothly mixed.
a dictionary for pronunciation. 2. Acquaintances tried not to meet him.
навскидку он был не очень-то высокого мнения о 3. There he made friends with any number and species of animals:
настроены на что-то около, примерно в… годy dogs, white mice…
я не терял головы прознать о чем-то 4. For sheer sport, the Laughing Man usually went halfway with
достоинство ворчливый them, then disappeared…
просто упомяну, что просто из интереса 5. He lived exclusively on rice and eagles' blood…
но правда была в том, что фиктивный, фальшивый 6. He answered unwillingly, "Mary Hudson."
выкуп спросил напрямую 7. …he looked at the Comanches near his seat and signalled the row
от него разило замяться, засомневаться to make enough room for her.
прокрадываться добыча 8. In the best faith in the world, the Laughing Man agreed to these
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9. It was the kind of whole certainty, however independent of the sum 3. The Chief nodded again but gave ___.
of its facts, that can make walking backwards more than normally 4. When my astonishment worn ___, and then my awe, and then my
risky, and I ran right into a baby carriage. delight, I looked ___ at the Chief.
10. The influence of this feat on the Dufarges was so acute that their 5. Properly infuriated, the Laughing Man pushed ___ his mask ___
hearts literally burst… his tongue and confronted the Dufarges with his naked face ___
moonlight.
IV. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the sentences. Translate the
sentences into Russian. VI. Match the pairs of words with the opposite meaning.
1. I remember getting lost one Saturday somewhere … I kept my 1. dwarf a. loosely
head though. 2. ancestor b. distinguished
2. He was an impartial and unexcitable umpire at all our bedlam 3. mediocre c. safe
sporting events, a master fire builder and extinguisher, and an 4. distinctly d. giant
expert, uncontemptuous first-aid man. 5. tightly e. to conceal
3. Soon his ingenious criminal methods, coupled with his singular 6. to loath f. descendant
love of fair play, found him a warm place in the nation's heart. 7. perilous g. merry
4. It seemed to me that a girl's picture clashed with the general men- 8. to reveal h. vaguely
only decor of the bus, and I bluntly asked the Chief who she was. 9. mirthless i. to adore
5. And to really top things off, when another Comanche and I were
flipping a coin to decide which team would take the field first, VII. Paraphrase the following sentences and expressions conveying
Mary Hudson wistfully expressed a desire to join the game. the shades of meaning implied in them.
6. Where before we Comanches had simply stared at her femaleness, A. If we had straight athletics in our minds…
we now glared at it. B. I opened my lunchbox for business …
7. When my astonishment worn off, and then my awe, and then my C. If wishes were inches, all of us Comanches would have had him a
delight, I looked over at the Chief. giant in no time.
8. A flux of circumstances delivered the Laughing Man's best friend, D. He got more and more high-handed with his installments.
his timber wolf, Black Wing, into a physical and intellectual trap E. The Laughing Man was the one for keeping an ear to the ground.
set by the Dufrages. F. … awaiting their slightest blunder as an excuse to move in … to
9. Mlle. Dufarge responded by passing out cold. assert my true identity
10. His black heart beating wildly, he rushed over to his unconscious G. But the main thing I had to do was watch my step. Play along with
daughter and brought her to. the farce.
H. … he simply got into his story-telling position and swung
V. Consulting the text, fill in the blanks with the suitable prematurely into a fresh installment of a Laughing Man. (p. 68)
prepositions. I. We gave her all the room in the world.
1. You could always take it home with you and reflect ___ it while J. …sandwiched between two nursemaids…
sitting, say, ___the out-going water in the bathtub. K. It was not yet dark out, but a five-fifteen dimness had set in.
2. Curiously enough, though, the bandits let him hang ___ their L. It also kept them sensible of his whereabouts.
headquarters… M. They tried leading the Laughing Man up the garden path.

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N. Four blindly loyal confederates lived with him. 2. Pick out sentences or phrases that seem to express simple things or
O. The picture had been more or less planted on him. ideas in a highly intricate way. Can you find any simpler ways of
P. It gradually took on the unarresting personality of a speedometer. putting it? Why do you think the author preferred not to?
Q. The Chief’s reflexes were geared high that day. 3. Prepare a report expressing your opinion on the endings of both the
R. … there was on every Comanche’s face a some-girls-just-don’t- inner and the outer stories.
know-when-to-go-home look. 4. Write a letter John could write to Mary explaining his viewpoint on
S. For poise, … the relationship between them and how it can develop if it can.
T. He didn’t so much seem to be standing behind the pitcher as
floating over him.
Lesson 5
VIII. Translate the following passage in writing trying to keep up Down at the Dinghy
with the style and mood of the original.
"When the Laughing Man’s…… …was to pull off his mask" PRE-READING TASKS
(p. 79).
Have you encountered any difficulties? Did you have to make a 1. Read only the first passages on page 80. The maid is obviously
lot of changes to preserve the original atmosphere? Discuss your worried about something. Which words of the author show that
translations. something worries her? What might it be?
POINTS FOR DISCUSSION 2. Further in the text there is Mrs. Snell’s remark: "Either he tells her
or he don’t". Who might "he" and "her" be? What can he tell
1. Who narrates the outer story – a man or a boy? Prove it. What does about? Discuss your predictions. Whose one seems more probable?
it contribute to the story? More extraordinary? Whilst reading check your predictions.
2. What is the structure of the story? How many parts can you
distinguish? GENERAL COMPREHENSION
3. What levels of narration can you point out? (How many narrations
and narratives can you distinguish?) How are they interrelated? 1. Describe the setting of the story.
4. How do the inner and the outer stories relate to each other in terms 2. What details are in your opinion important for describing:
of time, genre, plot development, structure correlations? ¾ Sandra ¾ Mrs. Snell
5. Find ironical utterances. Toward whom are they most often What do these details prompt about the characters?
expressed? 3. How does Sandra behave with Mrs. Tannenbaum?
6. Scan the inner story about Laughing man once again and pick out 4. What can you say about the child – any facts from the past; the
things that seem to you strange, unreal or obviously fictitious. maid’s attitude to him?
What do they add to the whole story? What genre is it inherent in? 5. What is the record of his previous runaways? What is the reason of
Make suppositions on the author’s goal in using this technique. his present escape? How does it characterize the boy?
ADDITIONAL TASKS 6. What is the boy’s attitude to his father? Which lines reveal it?
7. What first impression does Boo Boo make? What suggests this
1. Pick out unconventional word combinations (consult a dictionary of impression in the episode of her talk with the maids?
collocations). What do they serve for? Illustrate it with some 8. How does the boy behave in the dingy? Did he pay attention to his
examples. mother’s approach? What attitude is he striving to show?

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9. Is Lionel’s behavior natural for a 4-year old boy? What does his III. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the following sentences.
name imply? Translate them into Russian.
10. How is Boo Boo trying to figure out the boy’s mood and its cause? 1. It was the same interesting, black felt headpiece she had worn, not
What is her main aim here? just all summer, but for the past three summers – through record
11. What tricks does she have to use to approach the boy? Why doesn’t heat waves, through change of life, over scores of ironing boards,
she try out a direct order? over the helms of dozens of vacuum cleaners.
12. How does she react to his words about Sandra’s statement? How 2. "I mean ya gotta weigh every word ya say around him", Sandra
would you react in a similar situation? said.
13. What did the author mean to say by the last paragraph? What 3. Only, it drives ya loony, the way that kid goes pussyfootin’ all
atmosphere does it create? around the house.
14. How would you sketch the final scene? What would compose the 4. "What would you do if you were in my shoes?"
foreground? The background? Explain your opinion. 5. He’s been hitting the road regularly since he was two.
6. Half-frozen to death and looking –
WORD STUDY 7. "Just because I don’t shoot my mouth off about it".
I. Find in the text the English equivalents and consult a dictionary 8. I’d be drummed out of the bloomin’ service.
for pronunciation. 9. "It’s mine", he said on a diminishing note of justice.
Ментоловые сигареты; недовольно; злобно/с ненавистью; пи- 10. Boo Boo got to her feet, gingerly, like someone whose foot has
кули; убежище/укрытие; шорты цвета хаки; торжественно; важно; gone to sleep in theatre, and lowered herself into the dinghy.
вызов (открытое неповиновение); урожденная; присесть на кор- 11. Lionel worked his head up and down, emphatically.
точки. 12. At any rate, he waited till the hiccupping aftermath of his tears had
subsided a little.
II. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with words and
phrases from the text. IV. Find in the text the following words and expressions. Use them
1. …Sandra, the maid, had come away from the lake-front window in in the sentences of your own.
the kitchen with her lips set firmly. Бабье лето; фыркать; враждебный; незабываемый; воль-
2. "I’m not worryin’ about it", Sandra replied. ный/раскованный; выманить из лодки; презрительно; курс судна;
3. Only, it makes you insane, the way that kid goes pussyfootin’ all фальшивый; заслонить лицо от солнца; сорваться на крик; бро-
around the house. сить; отчаянно заревел; укачивать; её передёрнуло/она вздрогнула;
4. She was dressed in knee-length jeans, a black turtleneck pullover, странная смесь; уличный грабитель; с высоты своего положения.
and socks and a kind of moccasins.
5. …she suddenly got to her feet …and sounded something like a call V. Match the pairs of adverbs with similar meaning.
in a military trumpet. 1. oppressedly a. bitterly/hatefully
6. "We talked about it, and you told me you finished with it. You 2. malcontentedly b. strangely
promised me." 3. rancorously c. watchfully/carefully
7. As she looked into it, with her legs apart and her hands on her 4. alertly d. in a dissatisfied manner
knees… 5. sociably e. gloomily
8. Just muggers, I guess, and all kinds of wandering madmen. 6. queerly f. friendly

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POINTS FOR DISCUSSION Lesion 6


1. Who is in your opinion the main character of the story? Why? For Esmé – with Love and Squalor
2. How could you answer Sandra’s question "What was he running
away about?" GENERAL COMPREHENSION
3. Dwell upon the child’s feelings while in the dingy. Why do you 1. Give account of your immediate impression of the story after
think he chose a dingy for running away? Can the dingy have a having read it.
figurative (or symbolic) meaning? 2. How many narratives are there in "For Esmé – with Love and
4. Can you explain his motive of throwing out the goggles and the Squalor"? How are they connected?
key chain into the lake? 3. What is the setting of the first inside story?
5. How do you assume Boo Boo will treat Sandra? (Do you remember 4. How does the narrator describe the group of his fellows? How
Mrs. Snell’s words "What I’d do, I’d look around for another – ?" would you put it more transparently and succinctly?
(see p. 82)) What would you choose to do? Give your reasons. 5. What made the man go to the church?
6. The main feeling of the story is that of courage. Indicate any for- 6. Why do you think he noticed this very girl in the choir?
mal or figurative signs of it. Describe the girl’s appearance.
7. It is very often stated that (in accordance with the principles of 7. How did he feel when the girl came up to him in the cafe?
Sanskrit poetics) in Salinger’s stories the main idea or most impor- Prove your opinion by citations from the text.
tant message is delivered with the least number of words or hints. 8. Comment on the girl’s behavior. What is peculiar in it?
What might be the main message in this story? Amalgamation of what does it seem to be? Give examples.
ADDITIONAL TASKS 9. What is the girl’s attitude toward her parents, particularly to
her father? Prove your words by citations.
1. Retell the whole story on behalf of Sandra. 10. How does the man perceive the little boy? What seems striking
2. Write the next chapter of the story, outlining the main events that in the boy’s behavior?
followed. 11. Comment on the way the characters part.
3. Turn this story into a whodunit. Prior to this, in class discuss how 12. What does the man mean by saying: "It was a strangely
you have to change the structure of the text, the plot development, emotional moment for me" (see p. 110)? Why was it strangely
the facts mentioned first; what the opening and the final scenes of emotional?
the story will be. 13. Where is the beginning of the second inner story? What are
• Prepare the dramatization of the dialogue between Sandra the formal signs of it? What is its setting? To what extent does
and Mrs. Snell and Boo Boo (pp. 80-86). it differ from the previous one?
14. Who are the characters of this narration?
15. Who is the speaker? Why do you think the author decided to
change the speaker? What interpretation of it can you give?
How does this point of view influence our perception of the
events? Would the narration be different if it were from a first-
person perspective? If so, in what way?
16. Who do you think X might be? Is it obvious?

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17. Who is Corporal Z converted into later in the text? Why do you III. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the sentences; translate the
think X is not converted into anybody with a name? sentences into Russian.
18. What has happened to X by the time we meet him in the story? 1. I thought it might just be possible for me to make the trip abroad,
19. What can you infer about X’s state – both emotional and by plane, expenses be hanged.
physical? 2. I don't think I'm a type that doesn't even lift a finger to prevent a
20. Is there anything in common between Z and X? At what points wedding from flatting.
are they different? 3. … we were fairly unique, the sixty of us, in that there wasn't one
21. What is peculiar about Esme’s letter? What impact did it have good mixer in the bunch…
on X? 4. We were all essentially letter-writing types…
22. Elaborate more on the message expressed in the last sentence. 5. I ignored the flashes of lightning all around me. They either had
your number on them or they didn't.
WORD STUDY
6. She was about thirteen, with straight ash-blond hair of ear-lobe
I. Find in the text the English equivalents and consult length, an exquisite forehead, blasé eyes that, I thought, might very
a dictionary for pronunciation. possibly have counted the house.
Живописные окрестности; пехотные и воздушно-десантные 7. The governess, keeping her voice down, gave him two or three
дивизии; сверить часы; хор; для секунды; штурманский хроно- orders to sit down and, in effect, stop that monkey business…
граф; чувственный/страстный; потомство; страстный любитель 8. "Yes, quite," said my guest, in the clear, unmistakable voice of a
чтения; нервное расстройство. small-talk detester.
9. "Really," she said, "I wasn't quite born yesterday, you know."
II. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words 10. Ignoring me, he addressed his sister in a piercing treble: "Miss
and phrases from the text. Megley said you must come and finish your tea!"
1. I've since discussed the matter rather extensively with my wife, an 11. …he closed his eyes, sleepily, angelically, then stuck out his
extremely sensible girl… tongue…and gave out what in my country would have been a
2. I thought Americans feel content for tea. glorious tribute to a myopic baseball umpire.
3. "You were at choir practice," she said in a businesslike manner. "I 12. He said: "I was unequipped to meet life because I have no sense of
saw you." humor."
4. "You go to that secret Intelligence school on the hill, don't you?" 13. This was a statement of faith, not a contradiction, and I quickly
she asked calmly. switched horses.
5. To tell the truth, Father really needed more of an intellectual 14. "Yeah. She's interested as hell in all that stuff. She's majoring in
companion than Mother was. psychology."
6. Charles opened his enormous eyes, as sign that he'd heard his
sister's threat, but otherwise he didn't show any sign of IV. Consulting the text, fill in the blanks with the suitable
promptitude. prepositions.
7. My mother had an inclination to spoil him. 1. …after three years in the Army, I'd become addicted ___ reading
8. "Yeah, I had a letter from her yesterday. Down in my room. Show bulletin boards.
it to ya later," Clay said, apathetically. 2. On the rostrum …were about twenty children, mostly girls, ranging
___ age ___ about seven ___thirteen.

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3. The young lady, however, seemed slightly bored ___ her own 3. What would you like to change in the story? Why?
singing ability… 4. Rewrite Esme’s letter so that it is written in a simple straightforward
4. It was a ladylike yawn, a closed-mouth yawn, but you couldn't miss narrative style. Exchange your letters with one another. Now restore
it; her nostril wings gave her ___. the original variant as close as possible (either in writing or orally).
5. …he methodically went ___ annoying his governess ___ pushing
ADDITIONAL TASKS
___ and pulling ___ his chair several times, watching her face.
6. She blushed ___ automatically conferring ___ me the social poise 1. You are the lieutenant. You changed your mind and decided to go to
I'd been missing. the wedding. Prepare the speech you are going to make there.
7. I said I'd thought that most people could figure that ___ for 2. Pick out at least ten most bookish or sophisticated words and
themselves. expressions in Esme’s vocabulary. Make up a poem using them.
8. Since the death of my mother, she's done everything ___ her power (You may prefer any style – blank, free or rhythmic verse, classical
to make Charles and me feel adjusted. poems, etc.)

V. Match the words with their definitions.


1. imperceptibly a. fond of company, sociable Lesson 7
2. opaque b. pestering, bothering Pretty Mouth and Green My Eyes
3. spell c. merciful, pitying
4. presumably d. scarcely noticeably GENERAL COMPREHENSION
5. gregarious e. horribly ugly, frightful
6. compassionate f. words having magic power 1. What impression have you got of Arthur? In which episodes is it
7. to baffle g. dark, not allowing light to pass through rooted? What additional information (not directly related to the
8. wistfully h. probably, as you would expect events of narrative) have you inferred?
9. importunate i. to die 2. Comment on Lee’s gestures and expressions on his face at the
10. prolific j. to puzzle beginning of the conversation. What attitude did he try to reveal?
11. squalor k. wretchedness, poverty and dirt How did it change in the last scene?
12. hideous l. showing an unsatisfied desire or longing 3. Do we know a lot about the girl? Who is she? Is there any
13. to perish m. fertile, very productive corroborative evidence of it?
4. What do you think Arthur’s intention was when he made the first
POINTS FOR DISCUSSION call? The second call? What reactions did he produce in his
interlocutor?
1. In the introduction the main character says that his aim in writing
the letter to the groom is to "edify, to instruct". What did he mean WORD STUDY
by saying so? What is your opinion about his motives of writing
this letter? I. Find in the text the following expressions.
2. How often does the word squalor (and its conjugates) appear in the 1. А по-твоему, у неё так мало вкуса да и ума, если уж на то
story? What meanings can it express? Can you account for the пошло…
variety of its possible meanings in this story? Which meaning is 2. – Артур. Ради всего святого. Этот наш разговор совершенно
more likely to be referred to in the title? Explain your choice. ни к чему.

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3. Я ещё на вечере хотел тебе рассказать. Только не успел в этой 7. I'd like to beat some sense into that head of yours, boy, that's what
суматохе. I'd like to do…
4. Чёртов псих Витторио с самого начала травил меня как зайца. 8. I'm not going to hang up on you, Arthur. I'd like to help you…
5. Седовласый опять повернулся к женщине – может быть, хотел
показать, как терпеливо, даже стоически он всё это выслуши- IV. Find and translate into Russian the sentences containing the
вает. following words.
6. Мы не пара, вот и всё. 1. deference 6. attorney
7. – Нет, нет. Я как раз… нет, нет, – сказал седовласый, всё ещё 2. disarrangement 7. oblivion
заслоняя глаза рукой, и откашлялся. 3. speculative 8. traits
8. …и Боб упросил Джоанну поехать с ними ещё куда-нибудь 4. inspire 9. neurotics
выпить, пока всё не утрясётся. 5. hilarious 10. undermine

II. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the sentences. Translate the ADDITIONAL TASKS
sentences into Russian.
1. Every bloody one of these foreign guys keep an open for a little Group project. You are going to dramatize the story. Prior to this,
free legal advice. discuss the following points:
2. For all you know, you're making – I honestly think you're making a 1. How do the people in the story relate to each other?
mountain – … 2. Into how many scenes would you divide the story?
3. "I don't think he'll necessarily hit the ceiling, Arthur," he said 3. How can you define the atmosphere of each part?
quietly. 4. For each scene describe the following:
4. I should've gone through with it last summer, when I really had the
Scene Character Emotion The way The way Attitude to
ball rolling – you know that?
al state s/he s/he the other
5. That's the whole thing in a nutshell. speaks behaves characters
6. Every time I get all set to put my foot down, we have dinner out,
for some reason…
7. Anyway, so she's home. What a rat race. Analyze the information you have got. What changes throughout the
8. …we'd be goddam stupid not to at least have a go at it. story have you noticed?
9. You mind if we cut this short?
Group work. Now transfer this story into a play. You are free to edit it
III. Explain the following colloquial expressions in your own a little – to add or to eliminate some details. Discuss your changes.
words. Dramatize it. (Make sure that you pool your ideas, efforts, activity and
1. You know her when she gets all tanked up and rarin' to go. performance on equal scale.)
2. I'm through beating my brains out.
3. All three of 'em'll probably barge in on you any minute…
4. Nightcap! I'm so plastered now I can hardly –…
5. Is it going to do any good to sit around and stew?
6. You go out of your way – I mean this, now –…

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Lesson 8 18. Read the first letter to Sister Irma. What does the character say
De Daumier-Smith’s Blue Period directly? What feelings does he communicate?
19. "I am comparatively speechless in English owing to my varied and
GENERAL COMPREHENSION largely insensible upbringing." (p.168) How do you understand the
utterance? Can you agree that he is speechless?
1. How does the character evaluate his stay in New York? What 20. Comment on the episode with a girl in the display window. What
circumstances might have aggravated the situation? does the boy express and imply about life? Do you share such
2. What episodes does he provide as illustration of his feelings while views?
being in NYC? 21. What prompted him to write the expelling letters to his students?
3. Describe the relations between the young man and his stepfather. How does he explain his action?
Citations will help you illustrate your words. 22. Why do you think he did not send the second letter to Sister Irma?
4. What does he mean by saying: "I used our stateroom mirror to note Would you? Why?
my uncanny physical resemblance to El Greco" (p.143). 23. What does he decide to do after his Experience? How does his
5. Why do you think the young man decided to go to the art school to overall mood and attitude change after it, as far as we can judge
teach? from his actions and the way his opinions are expressed?
6. Where is the school located? Which words add to the unpleasant
impression of its environs? WORD STUDY
7. Does the interior of the school look different?
8. What attracted the boy’s attention in the room? I. Find in the text and translate the sentences containing the
9. What does the word inscrutable mean? When does the boy use it? following words.
Does he imply any additional shades of meaning in it? To dedicate elated, uncanny, capricious, vivacious, inscrutable,
10. Do you think you would like the school? What attitude does the non-committally, flair, frantically, retarded, to delude, incipient genius,
boy show when he arrives? Give examples. Can you explain the obnoxious, magnanimous.
reasons of such behavior?
11. What emotions does he reveal by saying: "To me, they [envelopes] II. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words
had an almost freshly brushed-and-combed look, like new pupils." and phrases from the text.
Where else does he express the same idea? 1. … I feel it's a vital matter to get them in here.
12. Was M. Yoshoto a good artist and teacher? Prove your opinion. 2. A few weeks later, early in 1930, all three of us moved from New
13. Did the boy’s mood change thereafter? York to Paris…
14. Where in the story does the tone of the boy’s words change to 3. At length, with a red light in his favor, the exhausted man swung
express his real feelings? around in his seat and looked up at me.
15. How does he describe his first two students? What details are 4. He addressed me in a lowered, an almost cautious tone of voice.
especially characteristic of them as students of art? 5. I drew laughing, high-breasted girls, living absolutely carelessly…
16. What do we know about Sister Irma and what is left blank? 6. The next few days I spent waiting impatiently…
17. As for the artistic talents of the third student, how were they 7. … and since he sensed in me the true vocationary spirit, he hoped I
different from those of Bambi Kramer’s and Ridgefield’s? What wouldn't be upset much.
peculiar detail is mentioned?

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8. At length, in effect to get rid of these unpleasant resemblances… 11. Incidentally, if you have a command of the French language, I
I swung over to the subject of my parents' oldest and dearest friend: hope you will let me know…
Pablo Picasso. 12. …an American from Bangor, Maine, who said in his questionnaire,
9. It was not, need I add, that he was consciously or unconsciously with wordy, Honest-John integrity, that he was his own favorite
hiding his talent, or deliberately saved it, but that it simply wasn't artist.
his to give away. 13. …I decided to let my reservation at the Hotel Windsor go by the
10. Then, while I stood stunned and incessantly nodding… board.
11. She said she only hoped that she could some day paint as well as or 14. They'll be something to see, if she hasn't lost her touch.
even better than they.
12. There were no other serious defects in the picture. IV. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following words.
13. You will see that I have drawn them rather rapidly and they are by Мольберт; автопортрет; эскиз; экспонировать (картины);
no means perfect and even can't be praiseworthy. псевдоним; оттенок; передний план; обнажённая фигура (в живо-
14. I wondered, in a real panic, how I would manage not to go crazy писи, скульптуре); картина, написанная маслом; акварель(2); по-
through the next thirteen days … лотно; тонкая, искусная работа.

III. Paraphrase the underlined parts of the sentences. Translate the V. Think of the definitions for the following words.
sentences into Russian.
1. "Oh, darling, don't be a horrible wet blanket," Mrs. X said to him. to pray a nun
2. My opening paragraph ran some three pages, and very nearly depravity to tempt
smoked. chaste a convent
3. I stood up to meet him – head on, if necessary – with a fresh little perverse impious
Picasso story, but, to my horror, by the time he reached me I was a monk a halo
minus the plot.
4. After he'd returned to his own desk, it took me several minutes to POINTS FOR DISCUSSION
pull myself together.
1. What is the general tone of the story? What are the passages where
5. …who said that his wife had been after him for years to branch
the narrator becomes very serious? Why?
over into the painting racket.
2. Do you think the young man was a talented artist? Explain and
6. …when I was nineteen, my funny bone invariably had the
prove your point of view.
distinction of being the very first part of my body to assume partial
3. What is the young man’s pseudonym supposed to mean? How does
or complete paralysis.
it sound?
7. She said the only reason she was teaching it was that Sister
4. How old do you think sister Irma is? Describe how you see her.
somebody had passed on and…
5. What might be the reason that she was not allowed to correspond
8. Her favorite painter was Douglas Bunting. (A name, I don't mind
with the art school?
saying, I've tracked down to many a blind alley, over the years.)
6. Consider the passage at the top of page 169. Give your understand-
9. She wore no part of her grief, so to speak, on her sleeve…
ing and interpretation of it.
10. I asked her (and I knew what long shot it was) if she had ever seen
any reproductions of paintings by Antonello da Messina.

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7. How do you understand the following words: "… the most singular вершение всего у месье Йошото оказался на редкость неразборчи-
difference between happiness and joy is that happiness is a solid вый почерк. И когда настала пора идти завтракать, я решительно
and joy a liquid." Do you agree? Give your examples. отверг приглашение четы Йошото. Я сказал, что мне надо на поч-
8. What does the boy mean by saying: "Everybody is a nun"? ту. Сбежав по лестнице, я наугад углубился в путаницу незнако-
9. Why do you think the young man decided to dedicate this story to мых, запущенных улочек. Увидав закусочную, я забежал туда,
his stepfather? проглотил четыре «с пылу, с жару» кони-айлендские колбаски и
выпил три чашки мутного кофе.
ADDITIONAL TASKS
1. Write the letters the teacher wrote to his students to expel and Все три ученика писали нам по-английски. Первый конверт
to reinstate them. (You may write a personal or a general one.) прислала двадцатитрехлетняя домохозяйка из Торонто – она вы-
2. You are Sister Irma. Tell the story of your correspondence with брала себе псевдоним Бэмби Кремер, – так ей и надлежало адресо-
the art school teacher. вать письма. Все вновь поступающие на курсы «Любители вели-
3. You are to contribute an article to a newspaper. In your article ких мастеров» должны были заполнить анкету и приложить свою
you may campaign against or for something. You must use the фотографию. Мисс Кремер приложила большую глянцевую фото-
content of the story as factual source of your reasons and ar- карточку, восемь на девять дюймов, где она была изображена с
gumentation. браслетом на щиколотке, в купальном костюме без бретелек и в
4. Prepare the back translation of the following passage: белой морской бескозырке. В анкете она сообщила, что ее люби-
Как и многие другие, по-настоящему хорошие художники, мые художники – Рембрандт и Уолт Дисней. Она писала, что на-
месье Йошото как преподаватель стоял ничуть не выше любого деется когда-нибудь достичь их славы. Образцы рисунков были
посредственного живописца с кое-какими педагогическими спо- несколько пренебрежительно подколоты снизу к ее портрету. Все
собностями. Его практические поправки, то есть его рисунки, на- они вызывали удивление. Но один был незабываемым. Это неза-
несенные на кальку поверх рисунков учащихся, вместе с письмен- бываемое произведение было выполнено яркими акварельными
ными замечаниями на обороте рисунков вполне могли показать красками, с подписью, гласившей: «И прости им прегрешения их».
мало-мальски способному ученику, как похоже изобразить сви- Оно изображало трех мальчуганов, ловивших рыбу в каком-то
нью или даже как живописно изобразить свинью в живописном странном водоеме, причем чья-то курточка висела на доске с объ-
хлеву. Но никогда в жизни он не сумел бы научить кого-нибудь явлением: «Ловля рыбы воспрещается». У самого высокого маль-
отлично написать свинью и так же отлично хлев, а ведь передачи, чишки на переднем плане одна нога была поражена рахитом, дру-
к тому же заочной, именно этого небольшого секрета мастерства и гая – слоновой болезнью – очевидно, мисс Кремер таким способом
добивались от него так жадно наиболее способные ученики. И не в старалась показать, что он стоит, слегка расставив ноги.
том, разумеется, было дело, что он сознательно или бессознатель- Вторым моим учеником оказался пятидесятишестилетний
но скрывал свой талант или не расточал его из-за скупости, он «светский фотограф», по имени Р. Говард Риджфилд, из города
просто не умел его передать. Сначала эта жестокая правда как-то Уиндзор, штат Онтарио. Он писал, что его жена годами не дает
не затронула и не поразила меня. Но представьте себе мое поло- ему покоя, требуя, чтобы он тоже «втерся в это выгодное дельце»
жение, когда доказательства его беспомощности все накаплива- – стал художником. Его любимые художники – Рембрандт, Сард-
лись и накапливались. Ко второму завтраку я дошел до такого со- жент и «Тицян», но он благоразумно добавлял, что сам он в их
стояния, что должен был соблюдать величайшую осторожность, духе работать не собирается. Он писал, что интересуется скорее
чтобы не размазать строчку перевода потными ладонями. В до- сатирической стороной живописи, чем художественной. В под-

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держку своего кредо он приложил изрядное количество ориги- Lesson 9


нальных произведений – масло и карандаш. Одна из его картин – Teddy
по-моему, главный его шедевр – навеки врезалась мне в память:
так привязываются слова популярных песенок. Это была сатира на PRE-READING TASKS
всем знакомую будничную трагедию невинной девицы, с длин-
ными белокурыми локонами и вымеобразной грудью, которую While reading the story, make up a flowchart of episodes.
преступно соблазнял в церкви, так сказать прямо под сенью алта-
ря, ее духовник. Художник графически подчеркнул живописный GENERAL COMPREHENSION
беспорядок в одежде своих персонажей. Но гораздо больше, чем 1. What does the boy look like? What details about his appearance are
обличительный сатирический сюжет, меня потрясли стиль работы subtly mentioned several times?
и характер выполнения. Если бы я не знал, что Риджфилд и Бэмби 2. What is Teddy’s reaction to his father’s threats in the opening
Кремер живут на расстоянии сотен миль друг от друга, я поклялся conversation? Does the boy intentionally ignore his father’s words,
бы, что именно Бемби Кремер помогала Риджфилду с чисто тех- or is it something different?
нической стороны. 3. What is the man’s attitude to his son? Support your opinion by
Не считая исключительных случаев, у меня в девятнадцать citations.
лет чувство юмора было самым уязвимым местом и при первых 4. Reread the episode of Teddy’s encounter with the girl at the
же неприятностях отмирало иногда частично, а иногда полностью. Purser’s desk. Why does the boy behave that way? What does he
Риджфилд и мисс Кремер вызвали во мне множество чувств, но не intend to demonstrate?
рассмешили ни на йоту. И когда я просматривал их работы, меня 5. Is Teddy willing to talk to Mr. Nicholson? Who is more interested
не раз так и подмывало вскочить и обратиться с официальным in the conversation? What does Nicholson want to discuss? Do the
протестом к месье Йошото. Но я не совсем представлял себе, в interlocutors understand each other? Why?
какой форме выразился бы этот протест. Должно быть, я боялся, 6. In his diary Teddy wrote: "It will either happen today or February
что, подойдя к его столу, я закричу срывающимся голосом: «У 14, 1958 when I am sixteen. It’s ridiculous to mention even." What
меня мать умерла, приходится жить у ее милейшего мужа, и в does he mean by it?
Нью-Йорке никто не говорит по-французски, а в комнате вашего 7. What made Nicholson hurry to the pool?
сына даже стульев нет! Как же вы хотите, чтобы я учил этих двух 8. What happened there?
идиотов рисовать?»
Но я так и не встал с места – настолько я приучил себя WORD STUDY
сдерживать приступы отчаяния и не метаться зря. И я открыл тре-
тий конверт. I. Find in the text and translate the sentences containing the
following words/
A new-looking cow-hide Gladstone; singularly; narcissistically;
precocious; perfunctorily; affinity; reincarnation; single-mindedness;
condolence letter; sacrilege.

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II. Replace the underlined parts of the sentences with the words V. Think of the definitions for the following words and phrases.
and phrases from the text. to loll around to cast a shadow pawn
1. Teddy was not leaning out of the porthole quite so far or so pre- cunning proviso ambiguously
cariously as small boys are prone to lean out of open portholes – … uninhibitedly to squint up at the sun reverberating
2. "You’re so goddam funny it isn’t even funny," Mr. McArdle said,
lying languidly on his back again. VI. Find synonyms to the following words and phrases.
3. "Someone just threw a whole garbage can of orange peels out the debilitated-looking body to gallivant eyesore
window." precariously demeanor brusquely
4. Below the Sports Deck, on the board, after end of the Sun Deck, in oblique kittenish
the open air, were some seventy-five or more deck chairs… to meander all around regimentals
5. Only one or two of the reclining passengers spoke to him – that is,
POINTS FOR DISCUSSION
made any of the ordinary jokes adults are sometimes prone to make
a ten-year-old boy… 1. "Each of his phrasings was rather like a little ancient island, inun-
6. Teddy seemed to have forgotten the fact that someone was stand- dated by a miniature sea of whiskey." How do you interpret this
ing at the foot of his chair… simile? (p. 183)
7. It was, of course, a normal, adult-size deck chair, and he looked 2. "That’s a very nice, perfect example of the way –". Give your con-
distinctly small in it, but at the same time, he looked perfectly re- tinuation of the sentence. (p. 186)
laxed, even tranquil. 3. "His youngness and single-mindedness were obvious enough, but
8. "Isn’t that your strong point, so to speak?" perhaps his general demeanor altogether lacked, or had too little
9. "You’re just being logical," Teddy said to him calmly. of, that sort of cute solemnity that many adults readily speak up, of
10. I could fracture my skull and die at once. down, to." (p. 193) How do you understand this statement?
4. To what extent do you share the following statements of Teddy’s:
III. Explain in your own words the meaning of the following a) "Life is a gift horse";
phrases. b) "…to love sentimentally is too unreliable" (p. 203);
1. "I’d like to kick your goddam head open." c) "They [parents] love their reasons for loving us almost as
2. "Life is a gift horse in my opinion." much as they love us, and most of the time more".
3. "From what Al told me, you all had quite a little lethal bull ses- 5. What does the boy mean by saying: "I never saw such a bunch of
sion late one night – the same night you made this tape, I be- apple-eaters"?
lieve." ADDITIONAL TASKS
4. "I never saw such a bunch of apple-eaters," he said.
Group work. Dramatize the dialogue between Teddy and his parents in
IV. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following words the opening scene of the story. Before doing so, in class discuss the
(mind your pronunciation). attitudes you are going to express, intonational peculiarities you might
Монета в десять центов; оценивающе; противоречивый; employ, words that will be under stress, etc.
нефрит; мириады; трое, группа из трёх; рисунок «в ёлочку»; боже- Note. Ascribe attitude to each of the phrases. For this purpose, look up
ственный; педант; благословение. the necessary adjectives and phrases (e.g. menacing, amiable, seeking
revenge, with guilty conscience etc).

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Individual tasks. Write an essay on one of the topics below. You are 3. How do you understand the following words of John Updike (a
supposed to show your ability to analyze and understand the stories, to famous American writer of the second half of the 20th century)
develop ideas using the clues from the text and your knowledge of the about J.D. Salinger:
peculiarities of the author’s style.
1. What is mystical in this story and what is quite real? Few writers since Joyce would risk such a wealth of words
2. Teddy and his parents. upon events that are purely internal and deeds that are
3. Teddy and his sister. purely talk.
4. Teddy’s diary. Support it or argue with this characterization giving examples and/or
5. The conversation between Teddy and Prof. Nicholson citations from the text. In class, compare your findings.
6. The ending of the story: What happened there and what might In your opinion, is it a weak or a strong point of Salinger’s writing?
it mean? 4. Choose any episode you like most of all. Sketch it. In class,
7. What kind of spirituality and/or philosophic views does Teddy verbalize your sketch, highlighting the background, the fore-
express? ground, the people and their pose, expression on their faces etc.
8. The statement of Teddy’s that I most agree/disagree with. (You marking the details. But: don’t mention names – your group
may use any of the introductory phrases, such as mates are supposed to guess what story it is from and who is
I could not agree more… depicted on your sketch.
The controversial point here is… 5. Write a reflective essay on one of the following topics:
It might be true but… i. Your first impressions of the stories and how your per-
There is no way that I can agree… ception of them changed (if it did) after reading the book
Under no circumstances can I agree that… up.
In no case can I support the statement… ii. Your impressions of the author’s manner of writing and
My firm belief is… or any other) your acceptance or reluctance to accept it.
iii. Any character of any story whom you understand or
9. The story of Teddy as it might appear in a newspaper. You may sympathize most with. (You are to explain what attracts
choose any type of articles – editorials, brief news items, etc. you in the personage and why.)
Make an oral presentation of your essay in class. Note. You are strongly encouraged to use the vocabulary you have
learnt through reading. (Wording is a most important constituent of any
piece of writing!)
Lesson 10 6. What questions would you ask J.D. Salinger as to his writings
Summing up and philosophy? Make up a list of questions. In groups, role-
play an interview with the author. (One member of the group
1. Can you recite the punch line of every story? How do they cor- will be Salinger, and the rest – interviewers. Swap your roles.)
relate with the rasa (poetic mood) of each story?
2. Dwell on the overall ideas of the stories and the ways they are
conveyed by the writer. Attempt to explain them as a reflection
of his philosophic views.

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APPENDIX 1. When he was eighteen and nineteen, Salinger spent five months
in Europe in 1937. From 1937 to 1938 he studied at Ursinus College
General information about the author and critics of his writing. and New York University.
Jerome David Salinger
In 1939 Salinger took a class in short story writing at Columbia
American novelist and short story writer, Salinger published one University under Whit Burnett, founder-editor of the Story Magazine.
novel and several short story collections between 1948–59. His best- During World War II he was drafted into the infantry and was involved
known work is "The Catcher in the Rye" (1951), a story about a re- in the invasion of Normandy. In his celebrated story "For Esme –
bellious teenage schoolboy and his quixotic experiences in New York. With Love and Squalor" Salinger depicted a fatigued American sol-
What really knocks me out is a book that, when you're all dier. He starts correspondence with a thirteen-year-old British girl,
done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terri- which helps him to get a grip of life again. Salinger himself was hospi-
fic friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone talized for stress according to his biographer Ian Hamilton.
whenever you felt like it. That doesn't happen much, though. After serving in the Army Signal Corps and Counter-Intelligence Corps
(Holden Caulfield in "The Catcher in the Rye") from 1942 to 1946, he devoted himself to writing. In 1945 Salinger
However, had Holden called his celebrated but reclusive creator married a French woman named Sylvia. They were divorced and in
J.D. Salinger, the odds are he would have hung up on him. Mind you, 1955 Salinger married Claire Douglas, the daughter of the British art
that's certainly the author’s prerogative. He is not obliged to chat with critic Robert Langton Douglas. The marriage ended in divorce in 1967.
his many admirers or reporters from newsweeklies or gabby talk-show
hosts or even to sit still for serious biographers, however well inten- Salinger's early short stories appeared in 1940. In 1948 appeared
tioned. "A Perfect Day for Bananafish", which introduced Seymour Glass,
The other thing he can not stand is giving autographs. Once who commits suicide. It was the earliest reference to the Glass family,
asked about the reasons he said he didn't believe in giving autographs. whose stories would go on to form the main corpus of his writing.
It is a meaningless gesture. It is alright for actors and actresses to sign The "Glass cycle" continued in the collections "Franny and Zoey"
their names, because all they had to give are their faces and names. But (1961), "Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters" (1963) and "Sey-
it is different with writers. They have their work to give. Therefore, it is mour: an Introduction" (1963). Several of the stories are narrated by
cheap to give autographs. He said, "Don't you ever do it! No self re- Buddy Glass. "Hapworth 16, 1924" is written in the form of a letter
specting writer should ever do it." from summer camp, in which the seven-year-old Seymour draws a por-
trait of him and his younger brother Buddy.
In spite of his hating to speak of himself the bald facts about
J.D. Salinger are known & run as follows: When I look back, listen back, over the half-dozen or slightly
J.D. Salinger was born into New York affluence of a sort on more original poets we've had in America, as well as the
January 1, 1919. He grew up in the fashionable apartment district of numerous talented eccentric poets and – in modern times,
Manhattan. The will-be writer was the son of a prosperous Jewish im- especially – the many gifted style deviates, I feel something
porter of Kosher cheese and his Scotch-Irish wife. After restless studies close to a conviction that we have only three or four very
in prep schools, he was sent to Valley Forge Military Academy (1934– nearly nonexpendable poets, and I think Seymour will even-
36), which he attended briefly. tually stand with those few.
(From "Seymour, An Introduction")

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Twenty stories published in between 1941 and 1948 appeared in Rumors spread from time to time, that Salinger will publish an-
a pirated edition in 1974, "The Complete Uncollected Stories of other novel, but from late 60's he has successfully avoided publicity.
J.D. Salinger" (2 vols.) Many of them reflect Salinger's own service in "There is a marvelous peace in not publishing. It's peaceful. Still. Pub-
the army. Later Salinger adopted Hindu-Buddhist influences. He be- lishing is a terrible invasion of my privacy. I like to write. I love to
came an ardent devotee of "The Gospels of Sri Ramakrishna", a study write. But I write just for myself and my own pleasure," said Salinger
of Hindu mysticism, which was translated into English by Swami in 1974 to a New York Times correspondent. However, according to
Nikhilananda and Joseph Campbell. Joyce Maynard, who was close to the author for a long time from the
1970s, Salinger still writes, but nobody is allowed to see the work.
Salinger's first novel, "The Catcher in the Rye", became im- Ian Hamilton's unauthorized biography of Salinger was rewritten, when
mediately a Book-of-the-Month Club selection and gained a huge in- the author did not accept extensive quoting of his personal letters. The
ternational success. It sells still some 250 000 copies annually. Salinger new version, "In Search of J D. Salinger", appeared in 1988. In 1992 a
did not do much to help publicity, and asked that his photograph be not fire broke out in Salinger's Cornish house, but he managed to flee from
used in connection with the book. the reporters who saw an opportunity to interview him. Since the late
Yet a real artist, I've noticed, will survive anything. (Even 80s Salinger has been married to Colleen O'Neill. Maynard's story of
praise, I happily suspect.) her relationship with Salinger, "At Home in the World", appeared in
(From "Seymour, An Introduction", 1963) October 1998.

First reviews of the work were mixed, although most critics con-
sidered it brilliant. The novel took its title from a line by Robert Burns,
in which the protagonist Holden Caulfield misquoting it sees himself as
a "catcher in the rye" who must keep the world's children from falling
off "some crazy cliff". The story is written in a monologue and in lively
slang. It is a study of a troubled adolescent boy. When asked if it was
in any way autobiographical, Mr. Salinger said: "Sort of, I was much
relieved when I finished it. My boyhood was very much the same as
that of the boy in the book, and it was a great relief telling people about
it."
A 16-year old restless Caulfield runs away from school during
his Christmas break to New York to find himself and lose his virginity.
He spends an evening going to nightclubs, and meets next day an old
girlfriend. After getting drunk he sneaks home. He meets his sister to
tell her that he is leaving home and has a nervous breakdown. The hu-
mor of the novel places it in the tradition of Mark Twain's classical
works, "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of
Tom Sawyer", but its worldview is more disillusioned.
Holden describes everything as "phony", is constantly in search
of sincerity and represented the early hero of adolescent angst.

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The Themes of His Writings There are a lot of minor details proving the religion influence.
Here are some examples:
Nonconformism in the Works of J.D. Salinger Like Buddha, Holden receives his flash of enlightenment after "medi-
A recurring theme in J. D. Salinger's stories concerns people who tating" amongst wild animals (at the Zoo). He receives it not at a river,
don't fit in with the traditional American culture. Salinger's most suc- but in the rain, water being a baptismal symbol in many religions. He
cessful tales are of those who cannot adjust to the real world. His main says,
characters are super-intelligent humans who must choose between the
phony real world (American culture) and a morally pure, "nice" world. My hunting hat really did give me a lot of protection, in a
Salinger's "misfit hero(es)" (Levine Paul. "J.D. Salinger: The Develop- way, but I got soaked anyway. I didn't care, though. I felt so
ment of the Misfit Hero."), unlike the rest of society, are caught in the damn happy all of a sudden, the way old Phoebe kept going
struggle between a superficial world and a conscious morality. around and around.
In the aftermath of World War II, America was desperate for a Holden says it at the conclusion of the second last chapter, as he wit-
homogenous society. Different was definitely not better. "The 50s were nesses his sister who he has worried about being exposed to the harsh-
a period of supreme disillusionment" (Warren French. "The Age of ness of adult life and change, sitting happily on the carousel – itself a
Salinger. Fifties"). Those who did not fit the mold were shunned, "cycle".
treated as pariahs in the land of opportunity.
The same enlightenment makes the famous Glasses' family be
Zen Buddhism unlike the rest of the world as they were religiously enlightened by
That's why the writer-nonconformist is seeking for the light of their two oldest brothers, Seymour and Buddy: "We're freaks, that's all.
Verity in religion. Religious symbols and references are abounding in Those two bastards got us early and made us into freaks with freakish
his writing. Often the first thing a reader of Salinger's writings will ask standards, that's all. We're the Tattooed Lady, and we're never going to
him – or herself after reading one of his stories is "What did that mean? have a minute's peace, the rest of our lives, till everybody else is tat-
What was the point behind my journey?". As one critic puts it "Salin- tooed, too" (Franny 139). As Zooey says, "the only thing that counts in
ger's mode of Zen Buddhism offers for this uneasy and unresolved con- the religious life is detachment" (Franny 198).
flict". Salinger applies to Zen Buddhism not only for ideas but also
uses the religion techniques of writings in his own writings. Often, as
The teacher/student relationship is integral to Zen Buddhism. Of- stated before, his stories are koans, which the reader is beseeched to
ten Salinger's characters will play the part of the teacher, while we – solve. But he has also been quoted as saying in relation to his writing
that of the student, and/or another character will receive from them (and before "Catcher" was published) "I'm a dash man, not a miler. I
(and their author) a koan to solve and thus reach our next stage of will probably never write a novel." He is more content with short story
enlightenment. One of the main ways Salinger uses this student/teacher writing -a method of writing characterized by its compactness of narra-
relationship to express his spirituality is to equate his characters to tion and message. And one important aspect of Zen is to "convey the
various real religious figures and principles, in a way updating their message in as few words as possible ".
teachings to educate a modem audience who, like Holden in The One of the Four Statements of Zen is "no dependence on words
Catcher in the Rye, do not realize until after the journey how much and letters", and Salinger's message always comes across in the most
they have learned.

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indirect way possible and always with the feeling that the rationality of dead brother through a thorough description of his life and philoso-
words can never wholly describe his message as one critic puts it phies.
Salinger writes that we can't live without love.
When the gesture aspires to pure religious expression, lan- In Salinger's writings, only children and adults influenced by
guage reaches into silence. children are capable of loving; those who can't love are prostitutes and
The attraction of the koan (and the Japanese haiku poem, another phonies (Heiserman, Arthur and James E. Miller, Jr. "J.D. Salinger:
of Salinger's fixations which is named after the great koan writer Ha- Some Crazy Cliff").
kuin Ose) is its compactness, its emotional detachment yet quiet pas-
sion -qualities best characterized by the term "moksha". Moksha is a NINE STORIES
state of impersonal compassion, an attempt to avoid worldliness and By J. D. Salinger.
replace it with an effortless and continuous love.

And this is the main aim of nearly all of Salinger's characters. Threads of Innocence
One book puts it as "a condition of being without losing our identity, at
one with the universe, and it requires... a certain harmony between our By EUDORA WELTY
imaginative and spiritual responsiveness to all things." This is an al- J.D. Salinger's writing is original, first rate, serious and beautiful.
most perfect description of the aims of Salinger as a writer and his Here are nine of his stories, and one further reason that they are so in-
characters as people. They crave oneness and sense from the nonsense- teresting, and so powerful seen all together, is that they are paradoxes.
koan that is the world, but instead are hindered by the human egos of From the outside, they are often very funny: inside, they are about
themselves and those around them. This is the spiritual search Salinger heartbreak, and convey it; they can do this because they are pure. The
expresses in his writing. whole nine have an enchanting ease about them, a deceptively loose-
appearing texture, a freshness and liveliness which might bid fair to
disarm the reader, as he begins, say, the remarkable "For Esme with
Writer Love and Squalor." Nothing could be further from what Mr. Salinger is
One of the problems posed for a nonconformist artist is whether about to do to him.
he should be a sellout and please the public for easy money or pass it The stories concern children a good deal of the time, but they are
up and work for his own sake (Salinger 57). This is the main issue in God's children. Mr. Salinger's work deals with innocence, and starts
"The Varioni Brothers", the story in which the misfit hero first ap- with innocence: from there it can penetrate a full range of relationships,
peared. This was also a problem for Holden's older brother D.B., who follow the spirit's private adventure, inquire into grave problems
"used to be just a regular writer", but is now "out in Hollywood, D.B., gravely – into life and death and human vulnerability and into the occa-
being a prostitute" ("Catcher in the Rye"). sional mystical experience where age does not, after a point, any longer
Writing is the common method of communication for Salinger's apply. Mr. Salinger's world urban, suburban, family, mostly of the
heroes. Joe Varioni is a writer, Raymond Ford is a poet, and Seymour Eastern seaboard is never a clue to the way he will treat it: he seems to
and Teddy keep diaries. Writing is a symbol of the artist's honesty and write without preconception of shackling things.
creativity, while the spoken word is not trustworthy. In the case of Sey- He has the equipment of a born writer to begin with – his sensi-
mour, his brother Buddy, as narrator of Raise High the Roof Beam, tive eye, his incredibly good ear, and something I can think of no word
Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction, attempts to resurrect his for but grace. There is not a trace of sentimentality about his work, al-

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though it is full of children that are bound to be adored. He pronounces APPENDIX 2.


no judgements, he is simply gifted with having them, and with having
them passionately. It is well known that Salinger’s writing is influenced by Buddhism. His
The material of these stories is quite different, again, from his works are written in accordance with art of Zen and Sanskrit poetics.
subject. Death, war, the flaws in human relationships, the crazy inabil- Among their principles are:
ity to make plain to others what is most transparent and plain to our- 1. The principle of equal creating activity of the writer and the reader
selves and nearest our hearts; the lack or loss of a way to offer our pas- as the creator and the one who accepts the aesthetic object respec-
sionate feeling belief, in their full generosity; the ruthless cruelty of tively. The ability to see and decipher the message is as important
conventional social judgements and behavior; the persistent longing – as to create it. (It results in a lot of ambiguities and absence of di-
reaching sometimes to fantasy – to return to some state of purity and rect explanations made by the author.)
grace; these subjects lie somewhere near the core of J.D. Salinger's 2. The principle of inexhaustibility and eternity of the world. It
work. causes inevitable gap between the object one wants to depict and
They all pertain to the lack of something in the world, and it the depicted result. The writers depict the complicated through
might he said that what Mr. Salinger has written about so far is the ab- simple things, which must reveal unexpected depth.
sence of love. Owing to that absence comes the spoilation of inno-
cence, or else the triumph in death of innocence over the outrage and Besides, a real work of art is supposed to have two layers - explicit and
corruption that lie in wait for it. suggested (implicit). The more the author’s views are veiled, the better.
The feeling may arise from these warm, uneven stories (no The essence of art is to evoke images with the help of faint hints and
writer worth his salt is even, or can be) that Mr. Salinger has never, reminiscences. You must pay attention not to what is said, but to what
here, directly touched upon what he has the most to say about: love. is implied.
Love averts itself in pity, laughter, or a gesture or vision of finality The hidden message is understood only by those selected few who
possibly too easy or simple in stories that are neither easy nor simple in have supersensuous ability and in whose souls there are reminiscences
any degree. about the previous incarnations.
Mr. Salinger is a very serious artist, and it is likely that what he According to the theory of Dhvani (the revealing, implicit meaning)
has to say will find many forms as time goes by – interesting forms, this hidden message may be:
too. His novel, "The Catcher in the Rye," was good and extremely • a simple idea
moving, although – for this reader – all its virtues can be had in a short • a figure of speech
story by the same author, where they are somehow more at home. • a certain poetic mood (Rasa)
What this reader loves about Mr. Salinger's stories is that they The latter is considered the main aim of literature. (You can find the
honor what is unique and precious in each person on earth. Their au- types of Rasa on page 217 of your book.)
thor has the courage – it is more like the earned right and privilege – to (If you want to learn more about principles of Sanskrit poetics and
experiment at the risk of not being understood. Best of all, he has a lov- aesthetics, go to http://ignca.nic.in/ps_03008.htm)
ing heart.

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APPENDIX 3. CONTENTS
A Perfect Day for Banana-fish Preface ................................................................................................ 3
™ Bananafish is a kind of herring.
But Banana Prerequisites ....................................................................................... 4
1) in Indian mythology is connected with love; Lesson 1. A Perfect Day for Bananafish ............................................ 5
2) is considered a symbol of weakness, because the banana tree
has no wood trunk, it is made of leaves. Lesson 2. Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut .......................................... 15
™ In psychoanalysis feet are considered connected with carnal Lesson 3. Just Before the War with Eskimos ................................... 21
desires.
™ Seymour’s name is pronounced as ['si:mə] Lesson 4. The Laughing man ........................................................... 25
™ Number 6 is connected in Zen-Buddhism with the number of Lesson 5. Down at the Dinghy ......................................................... 32
evil passions – love, hate, pride, ignorance, doubts and false
views. They are believed to cause zest for life – the main cause Lesion 6. For Esmé – with Love and Squalor .................................. 36
of sufferings. Lesson 7. Pretty Mouth and Green My Eyes .................................... 40
Lesson 8. De Daumier-Smith’s Blue Period ..................................... 43
Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut
™ Hoopla = here: how people are. Lesson 9. Teddy ................................................................................ 50
Lesson 10. Summing up .................................................................. 53
Appendix 1 ........................................................................................ 55
Appendix 2 ........................................................................................ 64
Appendix 3 ........................................................................................ 65

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