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Хабаровск 2007




Хабаровск 2012

Печатается по решению
редакционно-издательского совета
Дальневосточного государственного
гуманитарного университета

Ильиных Г.С.
“I STUDY IN KHABAROVSK”. Учебное пособие по английскому языку для
студентов первого курса неязыковых факультетов. Часть I.
Хабаровск: Изд-во ХК ИППК ПК, 2012. – 51 стр.

Издание второе, дополненное и переработанное.

Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов первого курса

неязыковых факультетов и рассчитано на лиц, усвоивших программу средней
школы по английскому языку. В пособие включены тексты национально-
региональной тематики. Тематические разделы содержат тексты
монологического характера с соответствующими заданиями,
предполагающими различные виды деятельности, в том числе парную и
групповую работу. В пособие включены упражнения и комментарии,
знакомящие студентов с основами перевода.
Приложение содержит материал для проведения итоговых уроков

Рецензент: Мунгалова Т.И. – кандидат филологических наук, доцент.

Дальневосточный государственный гуманитарный университет, 2012

I Study in Khabarovsk is an introductory book for university level students studying

English. The book is designed to be used over two terms, challenging the student
to constantly improve their conversational English language abilities. Starting
simply with a review of high school level language, the text flows into more
complex forms of the language – concentrating on the United States use of English.
The text presents examples of Russian literature, local and national history, and
specialized subject matter to aid the student in improving their understanding of the
English language. Throughout the text, exercises are provided to help the student
improve their abilities. “I Study in Khabarovsk” sets a high standard of English
comprehension, and will challenge even the most serious of students in the subject

Aaron Poole
Guest Lecturer



UNIT 1…………………………………………………………………………….

UNIT 2……………………………………………………………………………

UNIT 3……………………………………………………………………………

UNIT 4…………………………………………………………………………….

UNIT 5……………………………………………………………………………

UNIT 6……………………………………………………………………………

UNIT 7……………………………………………………………………………

UNIT 8……………………………………………………………………………

UNIT 9……………………………………………………………………………

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ I………………………………………………………………….

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ II………………………………………………………………….

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ III…………………………………………………………………



Congratulations! You are University students now. Welcome to the "Land of

The twenty first century needs multilingual specialists and English continues
to be the standard language in the world. We are witnessing the unprecedented
global spread of English and thus for Russian speakers English has become more
important than ever before. English is the key which opens doors to the world's
treasures and new opportunities.
This textbook will help you to master your English. You have already studied
English at school and we hope that now you will be active in class and use your
knowledge of English in life. You can learn to speak English only by doing it. As
English is not your major we know that you will have little time to devote to it.
That is why you will find that many exercises in this book direct you to talk to each
other in pairs or simultaneously in groups of three to five students.

We begin with classroom language to make the communication process

Enjoy your classes!


May I come in ? Sorry, I am late.

Take your seat. Swap places with ... (Exchange places with smb).
Go to the board. Erase the board.
Turn on/off the light. Plug in the tape recorder/ the VCR/ the TV.
Turn up the tape recorder/ the VCR (increase the volume). Turn it down.
Borrow someone's dictionary/pen/pencil.
Look up the word in the dictionary.
Write the words down.
Correct your mistakes.
Say it louder/ slower/ with more feeling. Repeat it, please.
Answer the questions.
Excuse me, may I ... ?
Shall I read/ go on/ translate ?
What is the English for ... ?
What does ... mean ?
How do you spell/ use/ pronounce it ?
What's the difference between ... and ... ?
What was the homework ?
Sorry, I haven't done my homework.
Sorry, I've left my notebook at home.
May I be excused for a moment ? (May I leave the room for a moment ?)
We are ready.
I am afraid you are wrong.
Praises: That was good. Excellent. Very well said. Correct.
Greetings and farewells: Good morning! Good afternoon! Good evening!
Hello! /Hi! How are you? Nice to meet you. Bye. See you soon. Goodnight.


Buzz groups (a form of group activity in which groups of students have a brief
discussion to answer questions, generate ideas, etc.).
Brainstorming (a group activity intended to generate a lot of ideas, every suggestion
is recorded).
Numbered Heads Together (students in each group number off and put their heads
together to share the answer; the teacher calls the number to designate which
student can answer for the team).
Work in pairs.
Roundtable (a good review activity when the teacher asks a question with many
possible answers; each team has one piece of paper that rotates around the team
where each student writes one answer on the list and passes it, the teammates may

Модуль 1


1) Do you remember the following words ?

a) Match the English nouns with their Russian equivalents:

school, examination, teacher, subject, interval, vacations, word, classmate,
exercise, textbook, library, grades, dictionary, board, noun, translation, verb,
adjective, building, gym, laboratory, lecture-hall, classroom
прилагательное, глагол, словарь, библиотека, доска, каникулы, слово,
существительное, аудитория, экзамен, лаборатория, школа, одноклассник,
перемена, спортзал, предмет, учитель, упражнение, лекционный зал, оценки,
здание, учебник, перевод,

b) Which of these English words are equivalents to the following Russian words:
племянник, тетя, свекровь, двоюродный брат, зять, дядя, сестры и братья ?
Mother, son, nephew, aunt, cousin, father-in-law, mother-in-law, daughter-in-law,
son-in-law, uncle, grandfather, siblings

c) Translate the following adjectives:

interesting, difficult, favorite, good, excellent, old, new, friendly, modern,
foreign, former, young.

d) Найдите в англо-английском словаре значения следующих слов :

Sibling, to enjoy, to graduate, to awake, a divorcee.

2) Is the following true to fact ?

You were born in the Far East of Russia.
You are seventeen years old.
Your family is large: you are seven.
Your siblings are younger than you.
You live in the dormitory.
You liked English at school.
Mathematics was your favorite subject.
You want to be a teacher.
At school you received only good grades.
Many of your classmates entered our University.
You are married to a film star.
Winter is your favorite season.
You like to play football.
You hate loud music.
Alaska is your homeland.
You can skate and ski.
Swimming is your favorite kind of sport.
You know a lot about computers.
Australians send e-mail to you every month.
English is not difficult for you.
You cook every day.
You like to go to the dentist.
Your parents are teachers.
The name of your close friend is Andrei.
You work and study now.
Your former classmates often visit you.

3) Read the text and say what you have in common with Andrei.

Andrei is a first year student at the Far Eastern State University of

Humanities. He is seventeen. He was not born in Khabarovsk. He is from
Nikolaevsk, a town on the Amur river. Now he lives in the dorm. He shares a room
with two second year students.
Andrei is from a large family. They are six: his mother and father, two sisters
and a brother, and Andrei. They are very friendly. His siblings are school students.
Andrei misses his family and often sends e-mails to them. He does not have a
computer but he can use Internet in the University computer center. He is going to
visit his family and see his former classmates during winter vacations. He has
already made some friends here.
There is a good library at the University. Andrei likes to read so he often
goes to the library. He has classes every day and has to read a lot for the lessons.
Most of his groupmates are from Khabarovsk. It is interesting to learn about the
history of this city from them.
Collecting stamps is Andrei’s hobby, and he also likes to collect CDs of
music and games. He hates to cook and prefers fast food. He seldom watches TV,
occasionally he goes to a dance or to the movies.
Andrei has a girlfriend, Jane, they started to date last year. She is also a
student. They like to walk in the park near the Amur river and watch the sunset
from the cliff. They have great hopes.

4) Complete the sentences:

1. This year Andrei entered the Far Eastern State … . 2. Andrei is young, he is
only … . 3. … live in Nikolaevsk. 4. He does not see his parents but he often … . 5.
Andrei likes to … . 6. When Andrei has free time he goes … 7. Cooking is not his
hobby, he prefers … . 8. Jane and Andrei often … .

5) Rewrite the following sentences the way it is in your life:

1. I was born in 1978.
2. I entered the Academy of Arts.
3. I don’t like to study.
4. I graduate the Academy in three years.
5. My favorite subject is Psychology.
6. My parents live in Komsomolsk.
7. My relatives live in Siberia.
8. Our apartment is on the second floor of a modern building.
9. We live near the airport.
10. I go to the Academy by bus.

6) Translate into Russian, looking up words in the dictionary; write out all the
words that characterize a person:
Sergei has two close friends: Andrei and Victor. The three of them are so different
but that makes their friendship even better. Sergei is disciplined, serious, studious,
well-mannered and reserved. Sometimes he is bashful. He is also courageous, kind
and generous. Andrei is also brave and kind, but he is cheerful, communicative and
lazy. Victor is handsome, artistic, courteous and very friendly. He is intelligent,
sentimental and sexy.
He is also trustworthy. All of them are strong, pleasant, humorous and reliable.

7) Characterize your best friend.

8)Write ten sentences about yourself and use:

to enjoy, to hate, to borrow books, to go for a walk, to go to bed, to dislike, to help,
to visit, to write letters, to send E-mails.

9) Speak about your family using the following words and expressions:
was born, hometown, left school, entered the University, parents, large,
grandparents, relatives, siblings, aunts, uncles, cousins, friendly, former classmates,

10) Answer the questions:

1. Were you born in Khabarovsk ?
2. What school did you finish and when ?
3. Do you live with your parents or rent a room ?
4. Are there any relatives in Khabarovsk ?
5. Did you leave school this year or last year ?
6. Was it difficult to enter the University ?
7. What was your favorite subject at school ?
8. Did you have good grades at school ?
9. Do you have brothers or sisters ?
10.Is English difficult for you ?
11.When did you decide to become a student of this university ?
12. Do you have a close friend ? What does your friend do ?
13.What are your parents ? Are they teachers ?
14. Are you married ? Are you going to get married soon ?
15. What is your favorite place in Khabarovsk ?
16. Where do you like to walk ?

11) Ask one of the students similar questions and write ten sentences about
him/her. (You can work in pairs)

12) Make flashcards with the following words:

Family – семья, parents - родители, grandparents – бабушка и дедушка,
grandchild - внук/внучка, relatives – родственники, siblings – братья и сестры,
cousin - двоюродный брат/двоюродная сестра, aunt - тётя, uncle - дядя , son-in-
law - зять, daughter-in-law - невестка , in-laws - родственники по супружеской
линии, nephew - племянник , niece - племянница, to be engaged -быть
помолвленным, to get married – жениться/выйти замуж, to divorce –
развестись, «гражданский муж» - partner, neighbours – соседи, a close friend -
близкий друг, to go to bed – ложиться спать, to awake - просыпаться, to get up -
вставать, classmates - одноклассники, to make friends – подружиться, grades -
оценки, classes – занятия, roommate – товарищ по комнате.

Note: *Не все слова в английском языке имеют соответствия в русском языке,
при переводе может использоваться описание: “Parenthood is not easy. –
Быть родителем не просто.”
** Одному английскому словосочетанию, слову могут соответствовать две
различные лексические единицы: to get married – жениться/выйти замуж,
spouse - супруг/супруга, parenthood – материнство/отцовство, sibling -
*** Одному слову в русском языке могут соответствовать два и больше слов
в английском: ещё – else, other, another, more, still, yet, only. Сравните:
Кто ещё придет? – Who else is coming?
Какие ещё предметы тебе нравятся? – What other subjects do you like?
Дай мне ещё чашку чая, пожалуйста. – Give me another cup of tea.
Возьми ещё одну книгу в библиотеке. – Borrow one more book in the library.
Они ещё в спортивном зале. – The are still in the gym.
Она ещё не сдала экзамены. – She has not passed her exams yet.
Ещё вчера она была абитуриенткой. – Only yesterday she was an applicant.
**** When couples live together but do not get married they call each other their

13) Выпишите из упражнения 12 все слова, которые не имеют соответствий в

русском языке. Придумайте с ними предложения.

14) Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на выделенные слова.

Nelly is their only grandchild. Tom is our eldest grandchild. I met my cousin
Olga last year when we visited my grandparents. My siblings live in California
now. Meet Julia, my wife, she is from Quebec, and all my in-laws live Canada. Her
books were about children, parenthood and family problems. They got married in
June but separated in half a year. I have a date with him next week.

15) Выберите соответствие для слова «ещё» и завершите предложения.

Else, other, another, more, still, yet, only
The students are ещё doing their homework. They haven’t translated the text ещё.
What ещё subjects are we going to study next term? She is a teacher now and ещё
two months ago she was a student. What ещё countries have you visited? We have
two ещё lessons today. I like this cake, may I have ещё one? Where ещё do they
speak English? In what ещё country do they speak Spanish?

16) Дайте русский эквивалент слову «close» в следующих сочетаниях:

a close friend, close combat, a bar close to my house, close corporation, close

17) Match each word with its definition:

Words Definitions
1. uncle A. two children born to one mother at the same
2. family time
3. sibling B. the brother of one’s mother or father; the
4. divorce husband of one’s aunt
5. to separate C. to have similar appearance
6. to propose D. your parents’ parents
7. date E. parents and children
8. relatives F. each of two or more children having one or two
9. ex-husband parents in common
10. to look like G. former husband
11. twins H. putting an end to a marriage by law
12. grandparents I. an appointment
J. to live apart remaining legally married
K. to offer marriage
L. persons connected by blood or marriage

18) Choose five flashcards, not showing them to the others. The students guess
what cards you have.

Word Families

Noun teacher Our English teacher is in London now.

Verb teach Tom teaches teenagers.
Adjective teachable Jess was a teachable student.

Noun proposal Did she accept his proposal?

Noun proposition His proposition of new strategy was discussed.
Verb propose Tom proposed his fiancée and gave her a ring.

Noun separator Use this separator to get cream.

Noun separatist All separatists wish to be independent.
Noun separation After separation she moved to a new flat.
Verb separate Though we separated we are still friends.
Adjective separate My niece had a separate room.

Noun marriage Our marriage has been successful so far.

Verb marry Marry me, Fiona.
Adjective married The hotel is recommended for married people.
Adjective marriageable There were few marriageable men at the party.

Word Family Practice

1) Choose correct word family member from the list below to complete each blank.

Ann and Boris were close friends at school and often talked about their ….. and
honey-moon. They began to live together and Ann looked forward to his …… .
Boris ….. at Christmas. When they reached ….. age they got ….. .They invited
friends and some ….. from school as there were no relatives in their city.
Ann’s parents ….. when she entered the university and after their ….. both lived
abroad and Boris was an orphan. The wedding party was great.

1. marriage marry married marriageable

2. teacher teach teachable
3. proposal proposition propose
4. separator separation separatist separate

The following prefixes give words a negative meaning:
Un- uneducated, unhappy, unemployed, unusual
In- ineffective, indifferent, inaccurate, inaction, inattentive, inability (обычно
добавляется к словам латинского происхождения)
Im- impracticable, impolite, immovable, impossible
Il- illegal, illegitimate, illiterate, illimitable
Ir- irregular, irrational, irresponsible, irreligious
Dis- dislike, disapprove, disagree, disorder, dishonest

Prefixes un- and dis- can mean “the opposite of an action”:

get undressed, unpack, disappear, unlock
Prefix re- means “do again”:
rewrite, retake an exam, reappear, reread

2) Write the opposite of these words using prefixes

…correct, …logical, …possible, …agree, …pack, …friendly, …patient

1) Read the texts without a dictionary and render them in Russian:
One Italian family really does have the key for long life. Consolata Melis
celebrated her 105th birthday Wednesday, and eight of her siblings, between the
ages of 99 and 78 – were around to watch her blow out the candles.
In fact, the Melis family has been named the longest-living family in the
world by Guinness World Records.The nine siblings – six girls and three boys –
have a combined age of 818 years.
The family comes from a village in a mountainous region of Sardinia, known
for the long and healthy lives of its residents. Consolata has 14 children, 24
grandchildren and 25 great-grandchildren. She is still active and and witty.
The Melis family says a simple Mediterranean diet, physical activity, hard
work and being surrounded by loved ones is essential for longevity.


His name was Fleming, and he was a poor Scottish farmer. One day, while
trying to make a living for his family, he heard a cry for help coming from a nearby
bog. He dropped his tools and ran to the bog. There, mired to his waist, was a
terrified boy, screaming and struggling to free himself. Farmer Fleming saved the
lad from a slow and terrifying death.
The next day, a fancy carriage pulled up to the Scotsman’s farm. An
elegantly dressed nobleman stepped out and introduced himself as the father of the
boy Farmer Fleming had saved.
“I want to repay you,” said the nobleman. “You saved my son’s life.”
“No, I can’t accept payment for what I did,” the Scottish farmer replied,
waving off the offer.
At that moment, the farmer’s own son came to the door of the family hovel.
“Is that your son?” the nobleman asked. “Yes,” the farmer replied proudly. “ Let
me provide him with the level of education my son will enjoy. If the lad is anything
like his father, he’ll no doubt grow to be a man we both will be proud of.”
And that he did. Farmer Fleming’s son attended the very best schools and in
time, he graduated from St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London, and
became known throughout the world as the famous Sir Alexander Fleming, the
discoverer of Penicillin.
Years afterward, the same nobleman’s son who was saved from the bog fell
ill with pneumonia. What saved his life this time? Penicillin. The name of the
nobleman? Lord Randolph Churchill.
His son’s name? Sir Winston Churchill.
Someone once said: What goes around comes around.

Words and expressions:

To make a living – заработать на жизнь; bog – болото; mired to his waist – завяз
в трясине по пояс; hovel – лачуга; lad – парень; no doubt – без сомнения; to be
proud of – гордиться.
2) Read about some famous people. See Supplement 1.
Give their story.


GENERAL (требуют ответа “Yes” или “No”): Is he a teacher ? Was Tom at

school yesterday ? Have you been to Moscow ? Did you talk to my brother
yesterday ? Will they join us ?
ALTERNATIVE (предусматривают выбор): Is he a teacher or a designer ?
Was Tom at school or at the stadium yesterday ? Have you been to Moscow or to
Berlin ? Did you see my brother yesterday or two days ago ? Will they join us or
their parents ?
DISJUNCTIVE (состоит из высказывания и усиливающего его краткого
вопроса): He is a teacher, isn’t he ? Tom was at school yesterday, wasn’t he ? You
have never been to Moscow, have you ? You didn’t see my brother, did you ? They
will join us, won’t they ?
SPECIAL (начинаются с вопросительных местоимений): What is he ?
Where was Tom yesterday ? Who has been to Moscow ? When did you see my
brother ? Where are you from ? (Обратите внимание на предлог в конце
вопросов : Where are you from ? – Откуда ты ? Who do you live with ? – С кем
ты живешь ? What is the book about ? – О чем эта книга ? Who are you looking
for ? – Кого вы ищете ?)


(кроме вопросов к подлежащему)
Вопросительное Вспомогательный/ Подлежащее основной Второстепенные
местоимение модальный глагол глагол члены
When Do you go to the country ?
How Did he get here ?
Why Cannot she do this job ?
Where Have you been so long ?
Who Must I go there with ?
How much Does the hat cost in this store ?

Вопросы к подлежащему:
The doctor lives in this house. - Who lives in this beautiful house ?
A hat was in the box. - What was in this box ? The students must do it. - Who must
do it ? The Spanish language is not very difficult. - What language is not very


1) Ask four types of questions
The Orlovs’ moved to Khabarovsk from Komsomolsk.
Disjunctive: The Orlovs’ moved to Khabarovsk from Komsomolsk, didn’t they?
General: Did the Orlovs’ move to Khabarovsk from Komsomolsk ?
Alternative: Did the Orlovs’ move to Khabarovsk from Komsomolsk or Irkutsk ?
Special: Who moved to Khabarovsk from Komsomolsk ? Where did the
Orlovs’move from ?
1. Oleg is a good student. 2. They study at the Medical University in Khabarovsk.
3. Tom’s father is a world champion in wrestling. 4. The doctor will help you. 5.
Football is my favorite sport. 6. Seiko lives in Japan. 7. My cousin speaks three
foreign languages. 8. Sergei likes to watch TV at night. 9. Her friend was in Tokyo
last year.
1. Tim has lived in Khabarovsk since childhood. 2. We enjoy skating and skiing in
winter. 3. My brother is reading for his classes now. 4. Her favorite singer is Sting.
5. They bought a computer a year ago. 6. John makes many mistakes in his tests. 7.
The entrance exams to the University were rather difficult. 8. He was interested in
collecting stamps. 9. It often rains in my hometown. 10. It takes them half an hour
to get to the University. 11. She hates fast food places.

2) Ask questions to the underlined words:

1. Tom is my brother. 2. Jane’s parents live in Nikolaevsk. 3. Anton studied in
Moscow last year. (3) 4. Pete likes to read detective stories. (2)
5. His brother was born in Kiev. (2) 6. My parents will help Nina.
1. Vladimir’s in-laws arrive from Japan by boat tomorrow morning. (3)
2. They spent their vacation in Sochi last year. (3) 3. Olga has passed her final
exams very well. (2) 4. My friends are studying English in the U.S.A. now. (3) 5.
My friend misses his family. 6. His siblings often write to him from his home town.
(2) 7. Linda has made a few friends. (2)

3) Write the missing questions:

John: ……………………… ?
Mary: I am fine, thanks.
John: ……………………… ?
Mary: I am from England. ……………………… ?
John: No, I am not. I am from Australia.
Vladimir: Hello ! I am Vladimir and I am from Russia.
John: ………………………………………………… ?
Vladimir: No, I don’t. I work here.
John: …………………………………………………. ?
Vladimir: I am an engineer. ………………………….. ?
John: I am from Canada. I am a student and I also work.
Vladimir: ……………………………………………… ?
John: I came here three years ago.
Vladimir: ……………………………………………… ?
John: Yes, I do, very much.

4) Practice writing questions. Situations:

a. Your friend is in New York now. It is his first visit to the U.S.A. Write five
questions for the E-mail to him.
b. Nelly is going to get married. Write six questions to find out about her future
c. Your friend has entered one of the universities in Moscow. Write five questions
to learn more about it.
d. You made a new friend through Internet. Write six questions to get more
information about him.
e. Tim is going to Europe for his vacation. Write five questions to learn more about
his plans.

5) What questions will you ask your roommate if:

he is going out/ you cannot find your dictionary/ you want to learn the time/ he is
angry/ he is all wet/ you want to learn his plans for the week-end/ he is laughing/ he
has some paint and a brush in his hands/ he has returned from the movies/ he has a
thermometer in his hand/ he has a big box in his hands ?

6) Translate the questions:

a. How far is the airport from here ? How long does it take you to cook dinner ?
Did you get here by bus ? How much does it cost ? Do you live far from here ?
How many exams did you take last month ? Does it often rain here ? Who are you
talking with ? What are you looking at ?
b. Как вас зовут ? Сколько вам лет ? Откуда вы ? Сколько стоит этот словарь ?
Сколько времени требуется добраться до университета от вашего дома ?
Здесь снег идет часто ? Где живут твои родители ? С кем вы идете в театр ?

To what question one cannot give a positive answer ?

Итоговое задание по Модулю 1:

1) Speak about yourself and your family.
2) Bring pictures of your family or friends. Speak about them.
3) Speak about the family of any well-known person and give some facts from
his/her biography. Bring his/her picture, if you can.
4) Write one page essay about yourself.

1. Give one word for the following:
Institution for educating children - …
Member of the same group - …
Building in which students live - …
My sister’s daughter - …
Mother and father - …
My wife’s mother - …
Grandfather and grandmother - …
Agreement to marry - …
Persons living in a house near another - …
A period between the terms - …

2. Give antonyms:
To be born, to divorce, friendly, working day, young, single, different, to finish

3. Complete the word family:

Agree (v.), … (v.) , …(n.) , …(adj.) , … (adv.) .

4. Write the reverse of these actions:

To pack, to dress, to lock, to appear

5. Complete the sentences:

About Myself
My full name is … . I … born in … . Our family … large: we … … . I … school
and entered … . … major is … . My working day begins … . Our classes … at 8.30
a.m. After classes we … . My friends and I often … . In the evening I … and at …
o’clock I … to bed.

6. Ask four types of questions.

Tim was born in Nevada. Lena lives in a modern house. Steven often visited his in-

7. Put questions to the underlined words:

My niece is a girl of four. She goes to a nursery school. Her mother takes her there.
They get there by bus. It takes them fifteen minutes to get to the nursery school.

1. Give one word for the following:
My father’s sister - …
My father’s father - …
My aunt’s daughter - …
Cousins, aunts, uncles, nephews, nieces - …
Father, mother, sons and daughters - …
A person who teaches at school - …
Brothers and sisters - …
A divorced person - …
A building on the campus where students live while they study - …
Students of the same group - …
Students borrow books there and read for their classes - …

2. Give synonyms:
To receive, large, to start, to finish, to take off clothes, well-known

3. Complete the word family:

Separate(v.), …(n.) , …(adj.) , … (adv.) .

4. Begin the sentences with they or there.

Meet Tom and Ann. … are future managers. … are university students. … are only
fifty students at their department. … are from different parts of the Far East. … are
many universities in our city. … are popular among young people. … are many
famous professors there.

5. Write six sentences about your family.

6. Ask four types of questions.

Nelly lives in the dorm. She came to Khabarovsk from Pereyaslavka. Her parents
are teachers.

7. Put questions to the underlined words:

My niece is a girl of four. She goes to a nursery school. Her mother takes her there.
They get to the nursery school by bus. It takes them twenty minutes to get there.

Модуль 2

1) Remember the words you learned at school

a) Match the following English words with their Russian equivalents:
secondary school, pupils, subjects, interval, canteen, exercises, gym, lessons,
classmates, excellent, satisfactory, to take an exam, grades, primary school
отлично, сдавать экзамен, средняя школа, начальная школа, ученики,
перемена, спортзал, предметы, столовая, уроки, удовлетворительно, оценки,
одноклассники, упражнения
b) Which of these English words are equivalents to the following Russian
recite, rewrite, inattentive, uneducated, illiterate, to be sorry, to be late,
unsatisfactory, eraser, inattentive, go to the board, repeat
неудовлетворительно, невнимательный, опаздывать, идти к доске, переписать,
повторить, рассказать наизусть, ластик
c) Translate the following into Russian:
to graduate high school, to study hard, favourite subjects, homework, result

Word Families

Noun examiner The examiner asked not to use our mobile phones .
Noun examination The examination in Chemistry begins at 9.
Verb examine Professor Rogers examines students in Psychology.

Noun attention The student has attention problems.

Adjective attentive Teachers like attentive audience.
Adjective inattentive You were inattentive and made a few mistakes.
Adverb attentively They listened attentively to the teacher.

Noun graduation After graduation I go to a technical college.

Noun graduate High school graduates are invited to the city ball.
Noun post-graduate There is a reading-room for post-graduates.
Verb graduate He graduated from Oxford in biology.

Word Family Practice

1) Choose correct word family member from the above to complete each blank.
Listen to me … . If you are … you will fail your … .
After … students interested in research can take … courses.
2) Give word family members for the following nouns:
Product, biology

Life is great ! I finished school with flying colors. I passed my entrance
exams* and became a university student. To study at the university is interesting
but not easy. We have a lot of required subjects.
Our classes begin at eight thirty in the morning and finish late in the
afternoon. After the third period we have half-an-hour interval. Some of us have a
snack or just a cup of coffee, some go to the café for lunch. When the lessons are
over we do not hurry home. Many of us go to the reading room to read for classes.
It is not easy to find a vacant seat there because the university has more than four
thousand full time students and about two and a half thousand correspondence
students. One can also see faculty** and post-graduate students there.
In the evening we go home. Some students live with their parents, some rent
a room or an apartment and many live in the dorms (the British call it "hostel"). Just
a few of the students are married and have a flat of their own.
I am happy to be a student, the only thing I don't like about it is the
examination session at the end of each term. There are exams in four or five
subjects. If students attend all lectures, seminars and tutorials and work hard during
the academic year they won't fail the exams. Those who cut classes are in for some
trouble. "No pain, no gain" as the saying goes.
Being a student is great and I wouldn't miss it for anything !

Note: *Обратите внимание на наличие в тексте «интернациональной» лексики

(слова, совпадающие в различных языках по написанию или звучанию, и
имеющие одно или несколько сходных значений): “Exam, university, student”
** faculty - профессорско - преподавательский состав.
Одно из значений слова «faculty» - «преподаватели», в этом значении faculty
относится к категории «ложные друзья переводчика» или
«псевдоинтернациональная» лексика - слова, имеющие сходное написание, но
различное значение в английском и русском языках.

1) Write out five international words from the text and think of five sentences with

2) Make Flashcards with the following words:

to take exams - сдавать экзамены; to pass exams - сдать экзамены; to do home
assignment - выполнять домашнее задание; required subjects - обязательные
предметы; classes - занятия; intervals - перемены; to have a snack - перекусить;
a reading room - читальный зал; correspondence students - студенты - заочники;
full time students - студенты дневного отделения; faculty - преподаватели; post-
graduate school – аспирантура; post-graduate students - аспиранты; to rent a room
- снимать комнату; a dormitory - общежитие; a term - семестр; to attend lectures
- посещать лекции; to cut classes - пропускать занятия; an academic year -
учебный год; to fail the exams - провалиться на экзаменах; “with flying colors”
– успешно, с отличными оценками;* "No pain, no gain". - "Без труда не
вынешь рыбку из пруда". *
Note: *Устойчивые выражения с переосмысленным значением или
фразеологизмы “with flying colors”, "No pain, no gain" переводятся целиком
фразеологизмами русского языка.

3) Flashcard Games.
a) Students pair up and decide who will be the tutor and the tutee. The tutees give
their cards to the tutors who hold up one card at a time, showing the front of the
card with the English word. The tutees try to give the Russian equivalent. If the
answer is correct the tutor gives a praise and returns the flashcard. If the
response is not correct the tutor helps showing the back of the card and places
the card at the bottom of the stack of flashcards to practice again.
b) The tutor chooses four cards with verbal phrases and the tutee tries to guess
what cards.
c) The tutor shows a card and the tutee makes a sentence with it.

4) Rewrite the following sentences the way it is in your life:

I went to secondary school in Moscow.
I finished school two years ago.
I had four entrance exams.
I failed and didn’t enter the University.
My friends and I are second year students.
I live in the dorms.
I am going to work at school as a History teacher.
My major is management.
I seldom go to the library.
I love to take exams.
Examination session is my favorite time.

5) Work in pairs.
Take it in turns to ask and answer these questions:
1. What is your favorite subject ?
2. Did you study at preparatory courses ?
3. Do you pay for your education ?
4. What subject is difficult for you ?
5. How often do you go to the library ?
6. Where do you read for your classes ?
7. Do you like to prepare for your classes in the reading hall ?
8. Do you borrow books from the Territorial library ?
9. What is your major?
10. How many periods a day do you have?

6) Write the opposites:

He failed the exam.
They missed the lecture.
She did very well at the exam.
I got a very low mark in English.
He is very bad at maths.
They are late for their classes.

7) Read the text and find information to answer the following questions:
When was the University founded ?
How many departments were there then ?
What new status did the University get in 2005?
What is the main mission of the University ?
Why are exact and natural sciences taught at the University of the Humanities?
Who studies at the University ?


Our University is one of the oldest universities of Khabarovsk, it is also one

of the largest. It used to train teachers and other highly qualified professionals for
the educational system of the Russia's Far East. In 2005 it got its new status – the
former Khabarovsk State Pedagogical University became the Far - Eastern State
University of Humanities. The main mission of the university has become to study
the issues of the cycle of the Humanities. By becoming a scientific center of the
humanities in the Khabarovsk Krai we intend to develop scientific activities in
Russia as well as abroad. Besides the humanities, natural and exact sciences are
taught at the university, for the administration and the faculty believe that the
scientific truth can be found only if these different sciences interact.
The history of our university goes back to 1936, when it first opened its
doors. Only one hundred students filled the classrooms and the University had four
departments. Today there are about thirty majors to choose from. About seven
thousand students study here now. The University offers full time day and
correspondence programs. Students can get Bachelor’s degree at the end of the
programme. The course of studies lasts four or five years. Graduates interested in
research can take Master’s courses. The university has Graduate school at several
The main mission of the University is not only to give students fundamental
knowledge but also to teach them to appreciate the achievements of civilization. A
dedicated team of teachers and professors bring these goals into reality. Most of the
faculty have a "Kandidat nauk" degree or a Doctorate degree.
The University has a large campus. There are six classroom and laboratory
buildings, dormitories, a sports field and a gym. There is a library with more than
500,000 volumes. A few computer centers at the student's disposal. The University
also owns an agro-bio station.
Young people of different nationalities study here and not only from our
multinational country. Students from China, Korea, Japan, Australia and the U.S.A.
study at the School of International Education. The School was organized in 1966
to give education and to promote friendly relations.
The Far - Eastern State University of Humanities has become the largest
center of culture, science and education in the Far East. Its international contacts
are expanding. It has student and teacher exchange programs with colleges and
universities in the U.S.A., Germany, Australia, South Korea, Japan, China,
Switzerland and France.
Since the time of its foundation the University has earned an outstanding

Note: “student” – 1. a person who is studying at a college, institute or university. 2.

(esp. US) a boy or girl attending school

8) What words in the text can be replaced by the following:

was founded, were enrolled, provides, become post-graduates, dorms, ethnic
groups, was opened, faculty, has, higher educational institutions.

9) Make Flashcards with the following words:

to be founded - быть основанным; major – специальность; to enter the university
– поступить в университет; applicants – абитуриенты; preparatory courses –
подготовительные курсы; research – исследование; graduates – выпускники;
knowledge – знания; humanities – гуманитарные науки, highly qualified –
высоко квалифицированные; degree – степень; Bachelor – бакалавр, Master –
магистр, achievements – достижения; relations – отношения; science – наука; at
one's disposal – в чьём-либо распоряжении; gym – спортзал.

10) Flashcard Game.

The Teacher names a word and the students show the card with its translation. A
student - observer is appointed who reports if the answers are correct. The word and
its equivalent are pronounced in chorus. Those who made a mistake put the card
with the right answer aside. In the end they read the words on these cards.

11) Numbered Heads Together

Write on the board one word for the following:
1. University teachers and professors 2. the main field of specialization chosen by
students in a college or university 3. the grounds of a university 4. a school building
for housing a number of persons 5. one who has received a diploma 6. a room
equipped for gymnastics or sports 7. a place in which books, newspapers,
magazines are kept for reading 8. a person you share a room with.

12) Complete the sentences:

Our university was …
The first enrollment was …
We study …
My major is …
There is a good library …
If you are interested in research, …
Those who like sports …
Foreign students …
The university owns …

13) Translate the sentences into Russian, paying attention to the different meanings
of the word “student”:
We passed our exams to the university and I am a first-year student now.
Usually students of elementary school have only one teacher.
I am a student of Physics.

14) Read the text and answer the following questions:

Which is the largest School ? Where English is the major course ? Students of what
School learn Japanese and Chinese ? What Schools are the oldest ? Which is the
youngest School ? What students specialize in computers ? Whose artistic skills
are the best ? What School is proud of its World champions ? Why is there a
memorial plaque on the wall ? Students of what School spend much time at agro-
bio station ? Where is speech pathology taught ?


The School of Physics and Mathematics was founded in 1936. Now it is one
of the largest at the University. SPM has a number of physics laboratories with
modern research equipment.
There is a memorial plaque to Evgeni Dikopoltsev, a Hero of the Soviet
Union, on the wall of the University who was a student in the SPM before he went
to the front during the second World War.
The School of Russian Language and Literature opened its doors in 1938.
More than 700 hundred students study here today. Selected students are offered
opportunities to practice teaching in China.
Founded in 1938, the School of History is one of the oldest. The faculty and
the students are proud of the archeological laboratory which is at their disposal.
Most popular schools at the University are the School of Foreign Languages
and the School of Oriental Languages. They are well known not only in our country
but also abroad.
The School of Physical Training started its work in 1947. Among the School
graduates there are many celebrated sportsmen of whom many are record holders
and Olympic prize-winners.
The School of Biology and Chemistry replaced the Natural Sciences and
Geography Department in 1950. Every summer the faculty and the students take
field trips to study the flora and fauna ecosystem of the Amur region.
The School of Arts and Graphics introduced a special program on
Developing National Cultures of the Far Eastern Territory in 1991.
Psychology and Management School is very popular in Khabarovsk, the
number of students studying there is growing.

One can learn about the history of our university, its dedicated teachers and
outstanding students at the university museum.
Our students take an active part in social life of Khabarovsk, participate in
sports competitions and contribute to charity programmes. Works of art made by
our faculty and students are known not only in our territory but abroad.

15) Buzz groups. Say five statements about your English classes..

16) Name five things that you like at the university.

Name a few things that you dislike here.

17) Numbered Heads Together.

You are given a minute to speak about your university for the movie that will be
sent to American students. Prepare your presentation.

18) Design a Web-site of your department.


The monument to Pushkin near the entrance to the main building has become
the emblem of our university. People bring flowers to the monument of the great
poet. Students of the Russian Language and Literature School study his works and
learn his poems by heart.

1) Read the following text and speak about the facts you know from Pushkin’s life.

From Pushkin’s Biography

Pushkin was born in Moscow in 1799. He attended the Imperial Lyceum in

the St.Petesburg suburbs, in a town now named Pushkin. The czar set up that
lyceum for the nobility, with classes taught in French. That was the time when
everything French was in fashion among the nobility: language, literature and even
French wines. Discovering Voltaire and Rousseau in his father’s library, Pushkin
read French before Russian.
Poetry was a hobby of the nobility. Young Pushkin stood out as a prodigy,
published at age 14. He was also distinguished by his visage, dark, with protruding
jaw and curly hair. “A true ape by his face,” he said of himself.
Abram, Pushkin’s mother’s grandfather, was an Ethiopian prince captured by
the Turks according to the family legend. What is certain is that as a boy Abram
was brought from Constantinople, a gift for Peter the Great. Peter educated him,
and he became a general. The poet was proud of his dark-skinned great-
After graduating the lyceum Pushkin became a government clerk. At that
time he was gambling and pursuing actresses. Pushkin also met with liberals
(Russian nobles who were plotting to abolish serfdom and bring about a
constitutional monarchy) but he was never trusted with their secrets. But many of
them admired his poem “Liberty”, that proclaimed:

Oh, kings, you owe your crown and writ

To law, not nature’s dispersion;
While you stand high above the nation,
The changeless Law stands higher yet.

And even today “Liberty” sounds like a universal truth. For this poem Pushkin was
exiled. The 21-year-old exile was seeking attention in a bizarre way: wore strange
clothes, a red cape, insulted elders. And he was fanatically touchy about his

«царь» is translated “czar” or “tsar”;

Words and expressions:

was also distinguished by his visage – также выделялся своей внешностью
protruding jaw – выдающаяся челюсть
captured – захваченный
was gambling – играл в азартные игры
to abolish serfdom – отменить крепостное право
proclaimed – провозглашала
in a bizarre way – эксцентричным способом
touchy – повышенно чувствительный

2) Answer the questions:

1. Do you think Pushkin’s poetry should be taught at school now ?
2. Do you enjoy reading Pushkin ?
3. What made Pushkin known all over the world ?
4. When did you first read Pushkin ?

3) Give written translation of the text:



On January 27, 1837 those lines from “Eugene Onegin” sounded like a
prophecy, when a sleigh drove the greatest Russian poet homeward with a bullet in
his gut. By a frozen stream on the outskirts of St.Petesburg, he had dueled a
Frenchman. The wound was mortal.

Regimes come and go in Russia, but probably no man, neither czar nor
commissar, enjoys the enduring reverence accorded Pushkin. “In Russia a poet is
more than a poet” to borrow a line from Yevgeny Evtushenko, poets became
teachers, the beacons of the spirit.
For a century and a half he has been read for pleasure, and sometimes for
escape. Russian culture has no greater foundation stone than this man of modest
stature and slightly dark complexion who lived only thirty seven years. The fact
that he was a womanizer and a gambler spices his fame, just as those habits spiced
his works.
In the apartment where he died, Russians still weep for him, as tour guides
measure out the agony of his passing.
Pushkin was perfect in nearly every line. The Russian language sang as
never before. Gogol, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and other writers sought inspiration in
his works. His poems inspired Musorgsky, Tchaikovsky, Glinka, Rimsky-Korsakov
and Rakhmaninov. In all there are 20 Pushkin inspired operas as well as ballets and
other pieces of music.

4) Give Russian equivalent:

to sound like a prophecy, to enjoy the enduring reverence, the beacons of the spirit,
tour guides measure the agony of his passing.

5) Explain the meaning:

a prophecy, homeward, outskirts, mortal, accorded, a womanizer, to weep.

6) Answer the questions;

What was the role of poets in old Russia ? Do they still have this role ?
What was the impact of Pushkin’s works on the Russian culture ?
What Pushkin’s poems became operas ?

7) Prepare good reading of:

I loved you – and my love, I think, was stronger

Than to be quite extinct within me yet;
But let it not distress you any longer;
I would not let you feel the least regret.
I loved you bare of hope and of expression,
By turns with jealousy and shyness sore;
I loved you with such purity, such passion
As may God grant you to be loved once more.

8) Read and retell the text. Use a dictionary to find the meanings of the words you
don’t know.

The young genius wrote his first important work “Ruslan and Lyudmila” at
that time. Russians were delighted by this rhymed folktale based on ancient
The rules of exile were loose. Pushkin was writing “Onegin”, he gathered the
legends and published “The Fountain of Bakhchisaray”, he sent his verses to
friends in St.Petesburg for publishers. The censorship was strong and Pushkin in
public became very cautious.
Pushkin loved women and when he saw a pretty face, he would exclaim, “I
can’t live without her !” He once wrote that he had loved 113 women. Biographers
say this score included many momentary infatuations. Poem after poem sprang
from these encounters.
In Odessa he dared to court the wife of the local governor, Eliza Vorontsova.
She appears in numerous poems. But the idyllic time didn’t last long.

9) Work in pairs.
Find out if your partner:
likes poetry; learns poems by heart; reads poems in English: is going to participate
in reciting competition.
Tell the class what you learnt about your partner.

10) Say if these statements are true or false:

1. Poetry is for those who are in love.
2. There are no political poems.
3. Mayakovskiy wrote about love as well.
4. Some of our students write poems.
5. There are many poems about the Far East.
6. Petr Komarov expressed his love to the Amur land in his poems.

11) Read about Petr Komarov and retell the text in English:

Среди поэтов, связанных своим творчеством с Дальним Востоком,

самым известным является Петр Комаров. Его стихи отражают глубокое
понимание жизни и любовь к своей земле.
Он родился 12 июля 1911 года в деревне недалеко от Санкт-Петербурга.
Мать будущего поэта была трудолюбивой малограмотной женщиной. Отец
его работал на фабрике, это был не легкий труд. Ранней весной 1918 года он
со всей семьей переехал на Дальний Восток. Комаровы выбрали место для
своего дома у реки, рядом с лесом. Река Зея была богата рыбой, и Петр
научился ловить рыбу. Он любил смотреть на реку, она казалась ему
прекрасной и таинственной. Он вспоминал поэзию Пушкина, и чувства
переполняли его, но где найти слова, чтобы их выразить?
Мальчик много читал. Жизнь его не была легкой. Это было время, когда
Красная Армия освобождала Дальний Восток от японских интервентов.
Горящие избы, бездомные сироты, смерть… Позднее он напишет об этом.
Его первый литературный опыт начинался статьями в газетах.
В 1929 году его направили в Хабаровск в редакцию газеты “Набат
молодежи”. Работа была интересной, часто приходилось ездить по краю и
писать статьи о тружениках Приамурья, Камчатки, Сахалина…
Поразительные контрасты природы, разнообразие ландшафтов Дальнего
Востока казались Петру сказочными. Накопленные впечатления поэт
воссоздаст в стихах чарующими образами.

12) Speak about your favorite writer or poet.

Useful words and expressions:
One of the modern novelists/poets/essayists of considerable rank
The gist
The idea of the novel
A character
An episode
The author’s language is bookish/ learned/ rich in terms…
As to the vocabulary, the words chosen are emotional/ stylistically neutral…
The style is the model of clarity; the style is dry/ emotional…


There are many schools, professional schools, colleges, Institutes and

Universities in Russia. Some of them have acquired new names lately, i.e. “lycee”,
School education is compulsory. Children begin to attend school at the age of
six. Having completed ninth grade, they can either continue to study at school for
two more years, or go to a professional school, where they study not only the basic
subjects but are able to learn some profession and to become skilled workers.
At school the pupils study many subjects, such as Russian Language and
Literature, a foreign language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology,
Geography and History. They also have physical education and vocational training.
School students usually have four to six lessons five or six days a week. At the end
of the school year they must take exams. They have short vacations in autumn,
winter and spring and a three month vacation in summer.
When school students leave school, they can try to continue their education.
To do that they have to take entrance examinations to institute or university that
they choose. If they pass the exams successfully, they become students and can
study for another four, five or six years (depending on the program of the
department). Those interested in science can begin post-graduate studies after
graduation in order to obtain a degree.
Education is free of charge in Russia, but besides state educational
institutions there are independent or commercial schools, where people have to pay.
Nowadays many new institutes, universities, schools, polytechnical schools
are being founded. Great changes are taking place in the system of higher

At present the educational system in our country faces many problems
finding and providing qualified teachers, up-to-date textbooks and financial support
of the state. To solve these problems will require a great amount of time.

Note: “school” – 1. Institution for educating children: primary and

secondary schools. 2. (not with the, a or an) lessons: School begins at 8.30. 3.
Department of a university for the study of a particular subject: the School of Art,
the History School, the School of Foreign Languages.
“Compulsory” = “required”, antonym “optional”: “What I don’t like about
our university is that almost all the subjects that we are studying are required, and
only one or two are optional.”
The Russian verb “решить” can be translated “to solve” as in “to solve these
problems” and “to decide” as in “Olga decided not to become a psychologist. ”
The Russian word “кроме” can be translated “besides” as in “Besides
English I also study Japanese.” And “except” as in “All my relatives are here
except my uncle.”


1) Match the words:

compulsory образование
Chemistry школа
subject школьник
school сдавать экзамены
education сдать экзамены
Psychology химия
to take exams психология
to complete предмет
to continue обязательный
student закончить
to pass exams продолжить

2) Match the words and the definitions:

a. university A. book used to learn a subject
b. pupil B. young person at school
c. Psychology C. institution for advanced teaching
d. lesson D. study of the mind and its processes
e. degree E. period of time given for teaching
f. textbook F. academic title

3) Complete the sentences, choosing the right word.

1. My brothers study painting, (besides/except) they learn to play piano. 2. I know
everybody here (besides/except) that tall man. 3. Tom is going to help us
(decide/solve) this problem. 4. Have you (decided/solved) where to spend your

holidays? 5. Take any tie (besides/except) the brown one, father is going to wear it
tonight. (Besides/except) it does not match your shirt. 6. Andrei did well in all the
subjects at school (besides/except) Mathematics. 7. Psychology is a
(required/optional) subject at the Department of Management and Social Work.

4) Translate the sentences into Russian paying attention to the different meanings
of the word “school”:
1. A new secondary school was founded in our district.
2. He is old enough for school.
3. School age is different in different countries.
4. He left school when he was fifteen.
5. Last year school began at eight o’clock.
6. There will be no school tomorrow.
7. Our school hopes that its football team will win.
8. He entered the Management School last year.
9. The school of life taught him to be strong.
10. I am interested in the Dutch school of painting.

5) Answer the questions:

1. At what age do children begin to attend school ?
2. Is school education compulsory in Russia ?
3. Is English a required subject at school ?
4. What school did you attend ? Did you like it ?
5. What didn’t you like at school ?
6. What are the problems of our educational system ?
7. Are they easy to solve ? Why ?
8. Would you like to be a teacher at your school ? Why ?


1) Translate the texts: A – orally, B – in the written form

A) Middle school is called middle school because it’s in the middle of your
school years. Elementary school is behind you. High school and possibly college
still await you. Middle school often includes sixth, seventh, and eighth grades, but
you might go to middle school earlier or later, depending on how it’s done in your
For a kid, going to middle school is often a big change:
First, it often means moving to a new building, which takes some time to adjust to.
Second, it may mean taking a different bus, with different students.
Third, the friends you made in elementary school may end up going to different
middle schools. Other things that probably will be different are the teachers and the
work. All that can make you feel a bit scared on the first day of school.

Have you heard rumors that middle school teachers are really mean and the
homework is really, really hard? Oh, dear. We’ve heard those, too, but they’re
generally not true.
B) Congrats! You never thought the moment would arrive, but here it
is...you’ve finally graduated from elementary school! Now it’s time to move on up
to the big leagues. That’s right...you’re about to take on middle school.
The transition to middle school is different for everyone. Some kids may find
themselves at an entirely new location, while other students may only have to
switch floors or buildings. No matter what kind of middle school you’ll be
attending, one thing always remains the same about this important step-up: it’s a
chance for adventure and to start with a clean slate.
You’ll encounter new people, new school subjects, new activities, and many
more teachers than you’re used to. This may seem scary because you’re now a
small fish in a big pond, but remember: all new experiences are frightening at first.
If you have the right attitude and solid info on what to expect, you’ll be a middle
school pro in no time.

2) Read the beginning of the text and complete the story.

My School Days
Our school is not very large. As a lot of other schools it has big windows and
the classrooms are light. There is a gym and a library there. Some school students
liked to study but I cannot say that I was a hard working student. My favourite
subjects were …

3) Work in pairs.
Two of you will argue for the decision to make a school uniform a must; and two of
you against a school uniform. Prepare your arguments and share your ideas with the

4) Roundtable.
What should be changed in our education system ?


Модуль 3


In 1858 the Russian military settlement Khabarovka was founded at the point
where the Ussuri river joins the Amur. It was named in honor of Erofei Khabarov,
the Cossack explorer, who came to the Amur region in the seventeenth century.
Later this trading and military post got the rank of city. In 1884 the Far Eastern
Territories became separate from Eastern Siberia and Khabarovka became the
administrative center and the home of the governor general of the area. It was
renamed Khabarovsk in 1893.
With the construction of the railway the town quickly grew into a modern
city. It is the capital of the Khabarovsk Krai (territory), one of the most vital cities
in the Russian Far East. With its population of more than 600 000, Khabarovsk is a
large industrial, cultural and educational center. It is also a well-known center of
international tourism.
Tourists are attracted by the splendid flora and fauna, picturesque places of
interest and customs and traditions of the native people. Khabarovsk museums offer
an excellent opportunity to get familiar with the history, culture, economy and
nature of the Territory. Khabarovsk has its own Art museum with masterpieces of
many famous artists and centuries old icons. The Geological museum displays an
impressive collection of minerals and semiprecious stones. There are several
professional theaters and a Concert hall in Khabarovsk. The Far Eastern Symphony
Orchestra is famous beyond the borders of our territory.
Khabarovsk is beautiful in winter and summer, its parks and squares, old
wooden houses and the mighty Amur river make it special. The architecture is
varied, reflecting different eras in the city’s history. Much reconstruction is going
on now. New cathedrals, modern buildings and roads have appeared. A new bridge
connects the banks of the Amur.
There are over 100 industrial enterprises producing ocean vessels and
pleasure boats, gas turbines, compressors, diesels, cables, equipment for fishing
industry and many other products. There is a big oil refinery here. The Heating
Equipment factory is one of the oldest and largest enterprises in the Far East. The
transition to market economy and structural transformations connected with it
affected our industries. The manufacturing companies are establishing a new
business infrastructure and trying to find new markets.
Khabarovsk is the main traffic junction of the Far East. The railroad between
Khabarovsk and Vladivostok was opened in 1897; the Amur Railroad line, the last
section of Trans-Siberian Railroad, was finished in 1916. The Khabarovsk airport
serves both domestic and international flights. There is passenger and cargo
transportation on the Amur river. The bus terminal provides regular services
connecting Khabarovsk with different parts of the Far East.
Today Khabarovsk is a city of students. There are more than thirty different
educational institutions where young people from the Far East study. At present
students from the Pacific Rim countries come to study at the institutes of
Khabarovsk. You can meet Koreans and Americans, Japanese and Chinese and
sometimes Europeans get training here too.

Note: «Хабаровский край» is translated “The Khabarovsk Krai” or “The

Khabarovsk Territory”.

Обратите внимание на предлоги:

To extend from … to … - протянуться с … на …
To be rich in (gold/ fish) - быть богатым (золотом/рыбой)
To consist of - состоять из
To be connected with – быть связанным с

Words and expressions:

The rank of – статус
governor general – генерал губернатор
vital – полный жизни
semiprecious stones – полудрагоценные камни
equipment – оборудование
to affect something – влиять на что-то
to provide services – обеспечивать обслуживание
cargo transportation – грузоперевозки
ferrous metallurgy – черная металлургия
processing of – обработка
courageous – смелые

To extend - простираться; settlement - поселение; in honor of – в честь; an
explorer - исследователь; area – территория, площадь; borders - границы; to
attract - привлекать; the Pacific Rim – Тихоокеанский регион; well developed –
хорошо развитый; flora and fauna – флора и фауна; beyond – за пределами; oil
refinery – нефтеперерабатывающий завод; native people – коренное население;
traffic junction – транспортный узел; customs – обычаи, population – население,
mighty - мощный.

1) Read the Outline of the text in the right order:

The Capital City
The Center of Transportation
The Beauty of the City
A City of Students
Industries of Khabarovsk
History of Khabarovsk
Tourists attractions

2) Find answers in the text and read them:

1. When was Khabarovsk founded ?
2. Who was it named after ?
3. When was it renamed Khabarovsk ?
4. What kind of a city is it ?
5. What attracts tourists ?
6. What makes the city special ?
7. What are the main industries ?
8. What transport services are provided in Khabarovsk ?
9. Why is it called a city of students ?

3) In groups of four, take turns describing your favorite place in Khabarovsk not
naming it. Your listeners should guess which place you are describing.

4) Roundtable. What do you like about Khabarovsk ?

5) In groups of four, produce an itinerary for a day in Khabarovsk. Compare your

itinerary to the ones made by other groups.
“itinerary” is a route of a journey.

6) In pairs, create and ad about Khabarovsk for the Tourism Fair (для ярмарки
туристических фирм).

7) Speak about the capital city of the Territory – Khabarovsk.

Unit 6


The territory of the Khabarovsk Krai extends from south to north for 1, 780
km. from west to east for 750 km. in the widest part. Its area is about 800,000
square km. Most of the area is mountainous: Sikhote-Alin, Dzhugdzhur, Khingan
and Badzhal are the names of mountain ranges and ridges which are rather high.
More than 100, 000 rivers and 55, 000 lakes are in the territory. The Amur, the
Ussuri, the Tungusska, the Bureya and the Amgun are the largest. The major lakes
are Bolon, Udyl, Evoron and Orel. The rivers and lakes are rich in fish. More than
100 species of fish can be found in them, including sturgeons, salmons, mirror
carps, taimen, lenok, etc. There are many mineral springs that can be used for
medicinal purposes. Near Khabarovsk fresh water underground springs are located,
the water from which is widely used now for drinking and in industries.
The Khabarovsk Krai has the largest industrial production in the Russian
Federation. The major branch of the economy is heavy industry. The most
developed branches of heavy industry here are machine construction, ferrous
metallurgy and processing of the major natural resources: timber, pulp and paper,
oil and chemical processing.
The Khabarovsk Krai has high quality timber, coal, gold, tin, manganese,
tungsten and molybdenum. Our forests consist mainly of larch, spruce and fir trees.
Foreign trade is well developed in the Territory. Major export items are timber and
timber products, iron, steel and oil products and waste metal.
Two main railways cross the territory - the Trans-Siberian Railroad and the
Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM). Khabarovsk international airport is the eastern
gateway to Russia. The Amur River Steamship company ships more than thirty
million tons of cargo per year. Vanino, Nikolaevsk-on-Amur, De-Kastri, Cape
Lazarev, Okhotsk, Mago and Sovetskaya Gavan are the ports through which the
Khabrovsk Krai and Russia are connected to the world.
The climate of the Khabarovsk Krai is monsoon over much of the territory
but it varies considerably in different parts because the territory extends greatly.
The climate is continental: winters are cold with little snow and strong winds, while
summers are hot and humid. Temperatures range from -22 (-8F) in January to 21
(70F) in July. Springs and falls are sunny and the sky is high and blue when the
weather is good. It is rainy during the second half of summer.
Strong courageous people, able to survive in difficult conditions settled in the
Far East of Russia. This land attracted migrants from European part of Russia and
Central Asia. Now people of different nationalities live here: Russians and
Ukrainians, Uzbeks and Tajiks and many others. The indigenous population of the
area includes Nanays, Ulchi, Orochi, Udeges, Nivkhs and Negidals.
The population of the Khabarovsk Krai is mostly urban: over three-fourths of
its inhabitants live in the cities.

Note: «Нанайцы» is translated “Nanays” or ”Nanais”.

(- 8F), (70F) – температура по шкале Фаренгейта.
“fall” (now U.S.) – a season, British “autumn”.
“Fresh water” – “fresh” в сочетании с существительным “water” переводится

1) Make an outline of the text.

2) Buzz group. Give one word for the following:

1. a region having many mountains
2. a natural fountain of water
3. to sell abroad
4. wind system that affects large climatic regions
5. animals of a particular region
6. plants of a particular region

3) Buzz group. Give English equivalents:

1. протянуться с юга на север
2. горные хребты
3. богаты рыбой
4. обработка древесины
5. целлюлоза
6. высококачественный
7. коренное население
8. городское население

4) Translate the following, paying attention to the meaning of the word “fresh”:
1. Fresh fruit
2. Fresh butter
3. Fresh paint !
4. Fresh weather
5. A fresh chapter

5) Complete the sentences:

1. The relief of the Territory is … 2. The rivers are … 3. The mineral springs can
… 4. Different parts of the Territory are connected … 5. The climate varies because
… 6. The Amur land attracted … 7. The indigenous population includes … 8. Most
of the population … 9. The Khabarovsk Krai … .

6) Work in groups of four.

Below are some arguments for and against leaving the Far East. Read the
Divide into pairs. Two of you argue for and the other two against. Prepare you
arguments working with your partner. Use the ideas given below and your own

I think leaving is wise because I think it is good to stay, as

there are many mosquitoes; people are very good here;
winters are very cold; the nature is beautiful;
forests are on fire; many places for fishing;
……. …….

7) Read about towns and small villages of the Amur river region in Supplement 2.
Prepare presentations for the Conference “The Amur Land (towns and villages)”.
Speak about your home town.

Sister Cities

We live in the time when the period of “cold war” is over. Direct contacts
with neighboring countries are being developed. Economic and cultural cooperation
is mutually beneficial. “… We are all inhabitants of Planet Earth, and will have no
other planet to live on in the foreseeable future. We don’t want to perish in the
flames of nuclear war.” (Alexander Panchenko, former Mayor of Khabarovsk)
Sister City relationship promotes mutual understanding, enriches people and
helps to make our planet better. Given below is brief information about the Sister
Cities of Khabarovsk: Portland (U.S.A.), Niigata (Japan), and Harbin (the P.R.C.)

8) Read the texts, consult the dictionary if necessary.


The state’s largest city, Portland, is situated in northwestern Oregon on both

sides of the Willamette River. Portland got its name in 1845, it was a small
unnamed settlement then. In the following years the town developed fast as those
were the years of gold rush. It was easy to ship goods from Portland to California
and other places as it was located on the river.
Portland now is a beautiful city with parks and rose gardens. Its shopping and
theatre districts are among the most modern in the nation.

Niigata City is the capital of Niigata Prefecture. It is the largest Japanese city along
the coast of the Sea of Japan and has a population of about 530,000. Niigata is one
of Japan's most important modern international ports.
It is surrounded by water. The Shinano and Agano, two of the largest rivers in
Japan, run through the heart of Niigata. It lays on a key point along trade routes in
the Sea of Japan. International exchanges with neighboring countries such as
Russia, South Korea and China are constantly expanding. Although Niigata has
grown into an important regional center of activity, the city has preserved its
traditional culture, natural environment, and distinctive local character. When
Niigata is mentioned, many people often think immediately of the area's delicious
rice and sake or the city's beautiful sunsets, but the residents of Niigata themselves
take pride, rather, in the spirit of hospitality and community that so distinguishes
the city !


Harbin is the capital city of Heilonjiang province. It is its political, economic

and cultural center with a population of more than two and a half million people.
The climate of it is sunny in spring, charming in summer and windy in autumn. In
winter everything is blanketed with snow.
Harbin is an important communications center with railway, air and water
transportation in all directions. The topography of the city is full of ups and downs,
but the roads are wide and tidy.
This city is known for winter sports. People are very active in mass sports
here. Old and young practice boxing all year round.

Words and expressions:

Sister Cities – города побратимы
to sign an agreement – подписать соглашение
relationship - отношение
to foster/ promote friendship and mutual understanding – способствовать
развитию дружеских отношений и взаимопониманию
beneficial – полезный
hospitality – гостеприимство
exchange – обмен

8) Brainstorming. What can we do to revive Sister City relationship ?

9) Numbered Heads Together. Divide into four groups. Each group adds some
facts about one of these cities. Make presentations.


10) Translate the text:

Erofei Khabarov

Khabarov was born around 1610 in northeastern European Russia, in the
village of Dmitrievo. As a teenager, he roamed through the Tobolsk area of central
Siberia, moving mostly by river boats further and further east. In the years 1632 –
1642, he established a successful farming and salt extraction operation in the Lena
River basin. In 1649, Khabarov, together with his 70 volunteers, mounted an
expedition “for the conquest of the lands of the Amur.” In 1650, he brought back to
Irkutsk a sketch of the Daur land on the left bank of the Amur (the Daurs are the
native people), and spread the news of its riches. During the following three years
Khabarov fought successfully with the Daurs, and other local tribes. News of these
successes reached Moscow, and a nobleman, Dmitri Ivanovich Zinoviev, was sent
to reward Khabarov and his band of conquerors.
However, once on the spot, Zinoviev heard many complaints and accused
Khabarov of misuse of state funds and illegal exploitation of his men and the
natives. “Having grabbed him by the beard” Zinoviev made Khabarov a prisoner
and sent him back to Moscow.
An investigation vindicated Khabarov, restored to him his valuables, and
raised him to the status of a nobleman. His petition to continue exploration was
denied, however, and Khabarov disappeared from the historical scene.
Nevertheless, the memory of Khabarov and his deeds was not erased from
the hearts and minds of the Russians. Almost two centuries later, the capital city of
the Amur territory was named Khabarovsk.
(From “Sister Cities”, Sept., 1988)

11) Read Supplement 3 to make presentations at the conference “My Homeland.

Pages of History.”

Unit 7


The science of the mind and the mental states and processes, of human
nature is Psychology. Psychologists use a variety of well-developed techniques to
gather information and develop theoretical explanations. They try to determine why
people think and act as they do. Much of contemporary psychology was regarded as
a part of philosophy at one time. Now most psychologists believe all facts of
human experience are the object of the science of psychology.
Some students find it difficult to think of psychology as a science in the same
sense that physics and chemistry are sciences. How can the tender feelings of a first
romance, the thrill of driving a sports car at 100 miles per hour, or the agony of a
defeated football team be described in objective scientific terms ?
However, most scientists believe that scientific analysis can be applied to
various areas of human existence and it serves humanity. Scientific research is
often divided into two categories: basic and applied, which usually go hand in hand
to provide understanding.

Words and expressions:

States and processes – состояния и процессы
think and act – думать и действовать
scientific terms – научные термины
can be applied to – может быть применен
applied - прикладное
go hand in hand идут рука об руку

1) Work in pairs. Take it in turns to ask and answer these questions:

1. Do you study Psychology ?
2. Do you find this subject interesting ?
3. What is the object of the science of Psychology ?
4. Can emotions be the object of Psychological analysis ?
4. Is Psychology necessary for your future profession ?

2) Name professions where it is important to know Psychology ?

3) Read the text and give another title to it.


Psychology today is as much profession as science. It applies its findings to

every aspect of life. There are two major schools of thought in Psychology. In the
U.S.A. large numbers of psychologists belong to either behaviorist or
psychoanalytic tradition. Since the days of their founders, Watson and Freud, the

two schools stand firmly against each other in definitions of psychology and in
approaches to it.
The most recent stage of evolution in behaviorism is the Cognitive Revolution. It
formally began around 1960. Bandura's cognitive-behavioral approach has become
very popular. Of course, not all behaviorists have accepted the cognitive revolution.
There are some recent developments in psychoanalysis. The most known are the
works of Allport, Murray and Erikson.
The newest large-scale movement in psychology is humanistic psychology.
Although it opposes behaviorism and psychoanalysis it builds on the best of those
approaches. It began in 1950s and it aims to replace the other two major forces.
Maslow is called the spiritual father of humanistic psychology.
He developed a theory of personality that focuses on our motivation to grow, to
develop and to fulfill all of our potentials and capabilities.
One of the significant trends is Activity approach, introduced and developed
by Russian psychologist A. Leontiev, who based his concept on the ideas of
culture-historic theory, suggested by L. Vygotskii and A. Luria.
Being a member of society each of us is going to be affected by
psychological research. As citizens we are consumers of its results and it is in our
interests to be intelligent consumers.

4) Answer the questions:

1. What does Psychology study ?
2. What are the two major schools in Psychology ?
3. What new movement is replacing the other two principal forces ?
4. What concept is based on the ideas of culture-historical theory ?
5. Who are well-known Russian Psychologists ?

5) Match the following:

1. The founder of behaviorism 1. A. Freud
2. The author of self-actualization theory 2. John Watson
3. Theory of evolution 3. Albert Bandura
6. Socio-Behaviorism 4. A. Leontiev
7. The author of the Activity approach 5. Charles Darwin
7. Psychoanalysis 6. Abraham Maslow

6) Read the text and render it in Russian.

Erik Erikson

Erikson is a famous psychoanalyst. His books are popular with the

professionals and with the public. He was trained in the Freudian tradition. His
teacher was Freud’s daughter Anna. Erikson extended Freud’s theory: he analyzed
the stages of development and recognized the impact on personality of culture,
history and society. His concept of identity crisis’s well-known.

He experienced several personal crises of identity in his early years. The first
such crisis was connected with his name. For many years he thought that his last
name was Homburges. It was the name of his stepfather. But the young boy thought
that Homburges was his real father.
Later at school in Germany his second crisis of identity occurred: he
considered himself a German but his classmates did not want to deal with him
because he was Jewish. At the same time his Jewish classmates rejected him
because his appearance was Aryan.
The third crisis occurred after graduation from high school. He couldn’t find
his own identity so he dropped out of society and traveled in Europe looking for
himself. He spent several years seeking his identity. Finally, at the age of 25, he
reached Vienna and took a job. He became a teacher in a small school. This school
was established for the children of Freud’s patients and friends.
At that time he received training in psychoanalysis, but he never continued
his formal education beyond high school. Erikson got married and found both a
personal and a professional identity.
Though Erikson did not receive any higher education he was invited to teach
at Harvard University and he became one of the most influential modern
psychoanalysts. Many psychologists and psychiatrists use Erikson’s theory about
the stages of psycho – social development when thy deal with developmental
histories of their patients. His works are important not only for psychoanalysis but
for education and social work.
Psychohistory is another contribution of Erikson. He has applied his theory
of the human life cycle to such figures as Mahatma Gandhi, Adolf Hitler, Martin
Luther, and George Bernard Shaw.

Words and expressions:

To recognize – признавать
the impact – влияние
identity crisis – кризис самоопределения
he experienced – он испытал
to deal with – иметь дело с
rejected him – отвергли его
seeking – в поисках

Unit 8

Can you imagine life without Personal Computers ?

Personal Computers (PCs) are part and parcel of businesses, engineering, health
care, scientific work and everyday life. PCs have become an important tool because
they are effective and convenient.

How did computers come into our life ?

1930s: Before computers Punched Card Machines

The predecessors of computers were punched card machines. They were used in
1930s and made large national programs in the USA possible. The machines kept
track of names and numbers of millions of U.S. workers and senior citizens for the
Social Security Administration.

1940s: The Computer Is Born

The Whirlwind Computer was one of the first computers and was the fastest of its
day. It was created at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the 1940s to
calculate problems for the military. The first computers were huge and took up the
whole building at the Institute. To compute numbers thousands of vacuum tubes
were necessary. They created much heat. To cool them large cooling systems were
installed .

1950s: Computers For Big Businesses

After World War II the economy was booming: companies grew in size, more
goods were produced and trade was developing. Large companies needed
computers to manage their businesses. General Electric was the first company in
the United States that bought a computer. They used it to keep track of their
employees. Computers were very expensive at that time and only the government,
big companies and some universities could afford computers.

1960s: More Businesses Use Computers

Big businesses were becoming more powerful and needed computers to collect and
organize their information. Computers became vital to corporations and the
government. For many people computers were a symbol of power. In 1963 IBM
System/360 was introduced.

1970s: Minicomputers and Supercomputers
In the sixties transistors were invented. This invention led to the development of
smaller, cheaper and more efficient computers. Minicomputers were more compact
and could be installed in places were a huge computer could not.
Later chips replaced transistors and computers became even smaller.
Communication, economy and trade were becoming more international and
complex in the late seventies. Supercomputers, like the Cray – 1, were built to help
work on large and complex problems, such as designing supersonic airplanes and
studying the global environment.

1980s: Personal Computer Power

In the eighties computers became available for personal use. Most people in the
U.S.A. could afford a computer. One needn’t know programming to be able to use
a computer. Computers became popular in homes, schools and offices. The IBM
PC was widely used in businesses. The Apple Macintosh first made its way into
schools in the late 1980s.

1990s: Computers Are Everywhere

Computers are in homes and offices, there are computer classes at schools.
Computers are used to gather and organize information, to solve mathematical
problems and to create art. Financial operations are performed in no time with the
help of computers. Computer chips are found in cars, microwaves, VCRs and other

Y2k Problem
On the eve of 2000 the world anticipated big problems with the computers. Experts
of different countries spent much time and effort to prevent the computer disaster.
The problems were overcome and the Millenium started with minor

XXIst century …
From the time that the first IBM Personal Computer (known to us as “the PC”) was
introduced in the fall of 1981, it was clear that it was going to be a very important
tool. The PC became the standard for serious desktop computers. From the original
PC a whole family of computers – a family with many branches – has evolved.
Each member of the family differs in its details and characteristics from its
After years and years of costly and time-consuming process computers open up a
whole new world of telecommunications for us, provide the opportunity to publish
the electronic word, sound, image and motion segment.

Words and expressions:

Part and parcel – неотъемлемая часть
predecessors – предшественники
to keep track – следить
could afford computers - могли позволить себе приобрести компьютер
vital – жизненно необходимый
to evolve - развиваться

1) Work in groups
Write a list of things you can do using a personal computer. Compare this list with
the one given at the end of the Unit. Have you missed anything ? What other things
you could do with a PC not mentioned there ?

2) Translate the text:

Review of Educational Computer Use in American Schools and in Other

Developed Countries

Computers have been used in education since the 1950s in the United States,
Japan, England, Germany and other highly industrialized countries. Today every
school has some sort of computer system for administrative and educational
In a large university there may be several high-speed mainframe computers
used for library data bases and for scientific research. The administrative
departments will make use of networked mini-computer work stations for purposes
of accounting, personnel and student record keeping, publications, and scheduling
of students, teachers, classes and classrooms. There is an Internet Server for the
University. Some departments have computer laboratories with networks of PC’s
(personal computers) for the purpose of student education in their specific fields.
And finally the teachers and students themselves have their own PC’s.
Even in smaller schools such as a local primary school, there will often be a
number of networked PC’s for administrative purposes. Often there will be a
computer laboratory where students learn basic computer skills. And it’s not
uncommon that several classrooms will have a stand-alone PC for use in delivering
lessons. The teachers very often have their own computer and students even as
young as 6 or 7 either have used a computer before, have one in the family, or have
one for their own personal use.
Different computer programs are provided for educational purposes:
Teaching, Testing, Drawing Programs, different Specialized Programs (for
mathematics, chemistry, physics, etc.) and the Computer-administered exam. There
is also language teaching software that can give a student individualized instruction
in a foreign language. (After Frank Jur)

3) Read the extract from the article “The Lifestyles of the Not-So-Rich” by L.
Zagalsky (published in “Popular Science”, a Times Mirror Magazine. August 1994)
and comment on it.

“Personal computers were alien objects until the end of the 1980s, when
Mikhail Gorbachev passed a decree ordering “total computerization of the
country”. Every high school in the country was required to create “computer
classes,” where the kids could learn how to operate PCs.
Of course, the computers came from abroad. Russian PCs, as people joked, were
only good for cracking nuts.
Many people today have not enough money for computers. In the last couple
of years, though, some individuals have started buying PCs. Some are successful
writers who can afford to spend $1,500 – the equivalent of two years’ salary for the
average Russian. Others are the rapidly growing class of young wheeler-dealers,
who prefer laptops. They are mostly for show; I doubt that these young guys know
how to get much use out of them.”

The author describes the situation in 1994. Has it changed since then ? Do you
agree with all the statements in the article ? Find out how many students in your
group have a PC. Do you have a PC ? Do you have an access to Internet ? Do you
send and receive E-mail ? Do you enjoy using a PC ? Can you perform many
operations ?

Things you can do with a PC:

Learn languages Get up-to-date news

Find information about different things Learn weather forecast
Do shopping Do research in many fields
Transfer money Play a game of chess
Read newspapers and even books Send and receive pictures
And many other useful things …

Unit 9


Russia, or officially Russian Federation, stretches over a vast expanse of

Eastern Europe and northern Asia. Once the largest republic of the U.S.S.R., Russia
has been an independent state since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in
December 1991. Moscow is the capital and the largest city
The country borders on Norway and Finland in the northwest; Estonia,
Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; on Georgia and Azerbaidjan in the
southwest: and on Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China in the south. The Kaliningrad
region is an exclave on the Baltic Sea..
The world’s largest country by land area, Russia ranks sixth in terms of
population. There are at least 60 different ethnic groups in it. The majority of the
population are Russians (83%). There are also Ukrainians and such non-Slavic
linguistic and ethnic groups as Tatars, Bashkirs, Chuvash, Mordovians, Jews,
Germans, Armenians and numerous groups in the Far North and in the Caucasus.
Administratively Russia is divided into territories or regions, republics,
autonomous regions (oblasts) and autonomous areas (okrugs). In 2000 the
administrative units of Russia were grouped into seven regional districts: Northwest
(St. Petesburg), Central (Moscow), Volga (Nizhny Novgorod), North Caucasus
(Rostov-na-Donu), Ural (Yekaterinburg), Siberia (Novosibirsk), and Far East
Russia’s dominant relief features are (from west to east) the East European
plain, the Urals, the West Siberian lowland, and the central Siberian plateau. Mt.
Elbrus in the Caucasus is the highest peak in the country. There are many long and
powerful rivers in Russia, among them the Don, the Volga, the Ob, the Lena, the
Yenisei, and the Amur. The most famous lake is in Siberia – Lake Baikal, the
world’s largest fresh water reservoir.
The climate of Russia, generally continental, varies from extreme cold in the
North and Siberia (where Verkhoyansk, the coldest settled place on earth, is
situated) to subtropical along the Black sea shore. The vegetation zones include the
tundra and taiga belts, steppes and deserts and subtropical zones.
The majority of Russia’s population has no religious affiliation. Since the end
of Soviet rule the number of believers is growing rapidly.

Note: “an exclave” - a portion of a country geographically separated from the main
part by surrounding alien territory.


1) Find English equivalents in the text

1. огромные пространства
2. распад Советского Союза
3. граничит с
4. занимает шестое место
5. населенный пункт
6. зоны растительности
7. степи и пустыни

2) Complete the sentences matching A and B:


The Russian Federation became by land area.

Russia borders generally continental.
Russians are in the North.
Russia is the largest an independent state in 1991.
The climate of Russia is on Norway in the northwest.
It’s extremely cold the majority of population.

3) Find synonyms:
a. to extend, to inhabit, huge, powerful, different, famous, rapidly, feature, country,
large, border.
b. quickly, vast, well-known, great, to live in, mighty, element, to stretch, frontier,
state, various.

4) Work in pairs. Take it in turns to ask and answer these questions:

1. Was the dissolution of the Soviet Union a positive event ? Why ?
2. Do you think Russia should unite with some former Soviet republics ?
3. With what republics might Russia unite in the nearest future ?
4. What positive changes did Gorbachev bring to Russia ?
5. What part of Russia has the best climate ?
6. Where in Russia would you like to live ? Why ?

5) Read the texts about the government structure and economy of Russia. Render
the texts in English.


The Russian Federation is a republic whose government has separate and

independent branches of power: legislative, executive and judicial. The head of
state is a popularly elected president. The Legislative branch is represented by
Federal Assembly and is divided into an upper house, the Federation Council, and a
lower house, the State Duma. The Federation Council has 178 members, consisting
of two representatives from the governments of each republic, territory, region, and
area. There are 450 members in the State Duma. Half of them are elected from
districts; the rest of the seats are distribute among those parties whose national vote
exceeds 5%. The president appoints the prime-minister with the approval of the
legislature. If his choice for this post is not approved three times, the president can
dissolve the Federal Assembly.
Economy: General Information

The Russian Federation inherited a Marxist-Leninist command economy

from the USSR. All enterprises were owned by the state and farmland was also
state-owned or collectivized. All economic planning was done by government
officials based in Moscow. Market forces played no part in their decision making.
During the Gorbachev era many of the basic elements of the Soviet command
economy were weakened. The policies of glasnost and perestroika loosened social
controls. Limited private ownership of businesses and land was granted, and prices
were allowed to rise in accordance with market forces.
After the failed August Coup in 1991 a new era of a market-based economy
started. In 1992, the Russian government promised to give citizens shares in many
industries, and in 1996, the people got the right to sell and buy land for the first
time since the Bolshevik revolution in 1917. The rapid transition from a severely
controlled system to the beginnings of a market economy created chaotic
conditions. Few Russians profited greatly, but most suffered economic hardship.
Inflation grew. But in 1999, however, the Russian economy began to improve.

5) Make Flashcards:
Independent - независимый, to border on - граничить, ethnic - этнический, relief
- рельеф, legislative - , executive - , judicial - юридический, to elect - избирать,
representatives - представители, to appoint - назначать, to approve of - одобрять,
private - частный.

6) Translate the text:

Post-Soviet Russia

After more than seven decades of Soviet rule, the regime of President
Gorbachev marked the end of repressive political controls and permitted nationalist
movements to arise in the constituent republics of the USSR. In 1990, Boris Yeltsin
and other reformers were elected to the Russian parliament. Yeltsin became
Russian president. Under Yeltsin, Russia declared its sovereignty (but not its
independence) and began to challenge the central government’s authority. In 1991,
Yeltsin was reelected in the first election for president in the history of the Russian
Following the coup attempt, the U.S.S.R disintegrated. With Ukraine and
Belarus, Russia established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
The current constitution of the Russian Federation was approved in
December, 1993. It strengthened presidential power and established a mixed
presidential-parliamentary system.
Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia has had to confront
separatist movements in several areas. In the mid- and late 1990s, Russia took steps
towards closer relations with some of the former Soviet republics.

Under Putin, Russia revived its ties with many former Soviet states and more
independent-minded former Soviet republics.

Note: “decade” - десятилетие

7). Numbered Heads Together

Read the text and prepare a minute presentation of our country at the Tourism Fair:

Welcome to the New Russia

One of the most notable features of present day Russia is a renewed

celebration of the wealth of its past and its potential for the future. Throwing off the
blanket of communist uniformity, Russia today is a nation of enormous diversity
and tremendous vitality. Ancient cathedrals are being rebuilt and restored, colorful
markets hum with activity once again and literature and the arts are becoming
creative as it was decades ago. A new Russia is in full bloom.
For most westerners, Russia is associated with Moscow and St. Petersburg.
This is the heartland of Russia. Many tourists visit them every year. However there
is much more to see in Russia, a country that has eleven time zones and stretches
over Europe and Asia, ending less than 50 miles from North America. You can visit
here the largest freshwater lake, rivers and forests rich in fish and wildlife.
Volcanoes and towering mountains will amaze you.
Russia is the largest country on earth that has opened its picturesque parts to
foreign travelers only in the last few years.

(From The Official Guide to Russia)

8) Buzz group. Write an outline for an essay “My Motherland.” Discuss it in class.

9) Write a two-page essay “My Motherland.”

Supplement 1
Sergei Kapitsa (14 February 1928 – 14 August 2012)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sergei Petrovich Kapitsa was a Russian physicist and demographer. He was

best known as host of the popular and long-running Russian scientific TV show
“Evident, but Incredible”. His father was the Nobel laureate (Soviet-era) physicist
Pyotr Kapitsa, and his brother, Andrey Kapitsa, was a geographer and Antarctic
Kapitsa was born in Cambridge, England, the son of Anna Alekseevna
(Krylova) and Pyotr Kapitsa. His maternal grandfather was Aleksey Nikolaevich
Krylov, naval engineer, applied mathematician and memoirist. Kapitsa graduated
from the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1949.
Kapitsa's contributions to physics were in the areas of applied
electrodynamics and accelerator physics; he is known, in particular, for his work on
the microtron. Later his research focus was on historical demography, where he
developed a number of mathematical models of the World System population
Kapitsa was vice president of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Russia
and president of the Eurasian Physical Society. He was an advocate of planetary
exploration and served on the advisory council of the Planetary Society. Kapitsa
was a pioneer of scuba diving in the Soviet Union, he shot the first underwater film
about the Sea of Japan, which was shown at international film festivals, in Cannes,
where it was second only to the film by Jacques Cousteau.
Kapitsa got a number of awards for his activities in science popularization
including the first gold medal of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Thomas Cruise
Mini biography

Thomas Cruise is considered one of the top 100 movie stars of all time. He
is one of the highest paid and most sought after actors in screen history. He was
born in 1962 in Syracuse. The only son (among four children) of nomadic parents
young Tom spent his boyhood moving from place to place, and by the time he was
14 he had attended 15 different schools in the US and Canada. He finally settled in
New Jersey, with his mother and her new husband. While in high school, he
developed an interest in acting, dropped out of school, and at age 18 headed for
New York and a possible acting career.
The next 15 years of his life are the stuff of legends. Tom Cruise is one of the
best liked members of the movie community. He was married to actress Nicole
Kidman until 2001. She and Cruise adopted two children: Isabella Jane (born in

1993) and Connor Antony (born 1995). Despite their rock-solid image, the couple
announced in early 2001 that they were separating due to career conflicts.

Biography of
Nicole Kidman

Elegant redhead Nicole Kidman was born in Honolulu, Hawaii to Anthony (a

biochemist and clinical psychologist) and Janelle (a nursing instructor) Kidman.
The family moved almost immediately to Washington, D.C
Young Nicole's first love was ballet, but she took up mime and drama as well
(her first stage role was a bleating sheep in an elementary school Christmas
performance). In her adolescent years she worked regularly at the Philip Street
Kidman eventually dropped out of high school to be able to act full-
time. She broke into movies at age 16.
Family life has always been a priority for Kidman. When her mother was
diagnosed with breast cancer, 17-year-old Nicole stopped working and took a
massage course so that she could provide physical therapy (her mom eventually
beat the cancer). Nicole and Cruise made an impression of a solid family with their
two adopted children, but in early 2001 they separated.


Joseph Brodsky

Joseph Brodsky is a native of Leningrad, now St. Petersburg. He has lived in the
United States since 1972, when he was exiled from the Soviet Union. His poetry
has been published in twelve languages. Joseph Brodsky received the Nobel Prize
for Literature in 1987. He was chosen by the Library of Congress to serve as Poet
Laureate of the United States in 1992. Joseph Brodsky is Professor of Literature at
Mount Holyoke College, and resided in New York. The famous poet died in 1996.

Andrei Sakharov, (1921 - 1989)

Andrei Sakharov is often called the "father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb," but most
people know him as one of the twentieth century's most active fighter for human
rights and freedoms. The Nobel Committee awarded him the Peace Prize in 1975.
The Soviet authorities denied him permission to go to Norway to receive his award.
He was considered a dissident in the Soviet time.
Sakharov was born on May 21, 1921, the son of a physics teacher, in Vitebsk,
Belorussia. He remembers: "From childhood, I lived in an atmosphere of decency,
mutual help and tact, respect for work, and for the mastery of one's profession." In

1938 he enrolled in the physics department of Moscow University where he was an
outstanding student.
Sakharov began to work on the Soviet nuclear weapons program in June 1948.
Later he wrote, "no one asked whether or not I wanted to take part in such work. I
had no real choice.” In a few months, the young physics graduate student came up
with a totally new idea for an H-bomb design.
He wrote about the horrors that the bomb would bring, about the necessity to stop
testing and began to attack the Soviet political system. Sakharov was fired from the
weapons program. He became an advocate of human rights. The Soviet authorities
sent him to exile in Gorkii in January 1980. His years of isolation ended in
December 1986, when Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev invited Sakharov to return
to Moscow.
Sakharov worked tirelessly to promote democracy in the Soviet Union until the
very last day of his life. He was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies and
appointed a member of the commission responsible for drafting a new Soviet
constitution. On the day he died, December 14, 1989, he spoke before the Soviet
Congress about the importance of political pluralism and market economy. Later
that evening his wife Elena Bonner found him dead in his study.

Zhores I. Alferov
(From his Autobiography)

Life goes on surprisingly fast. I have recently marked the 70th birthday.
My parents, Ivan Karpovich, and Anna Vladimirovna, were born and raised in
Byelorussia. At the age of eighteen my father arrived in St. Petersburg, in the year
1912. He got a job as a worker at a plant.
During World War I, he was a brave hussar. In September 1917, my father joined
the Bolshevik party and believed in the socialist and communist principles to the
end of his life.
Mother headed a public organization of housewives; worked as a librarian and
always remained our close friend. Learning was easy to me.
I was lucky in having an excellent physics teacher. After school I entered a
celebrated Ul'yanov Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad.
Being a third-year student, I began to work in a laboratory. In December 1952, I
graduated from the Institute and began to work at the Physico-Technical Institute,
founded by Ioffe.
I am proud of what we had accomplished. We comprised a team of very young
people. Under the guidance of V.M. Tuchkevich we succeeded in working out
principles of transistor electronics. In May 1953, the first Soviet transistor receivers
were shown to the "top authorities".
Many discoveries were made later…
All that had been made by human beings and due to Science. And if our country's
choice is to be a Great Power, Russia will be the great power not because of the
nuclear potential, not because of faith in God or president, or western investments
but thanks to the labor of the nation, faith in Knowledge and Science and thanks to
the maintenance and development of scientific potential and education.
When I was a little boy of ten, I read a wonderful book "Two Captains" (by V.
Kaverin). In my life I have been following the principle of the main character of
that book: "One should make efforts and search for. And having obtained whatever
the purpose, to make efforts again".
Of great importance here is to know what you are struggling for.

(From HYPERLINK http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/lesprix.html)

Supplement 2
(towns and villages)


Bogorodskoye is about 500 miles from Khabarovsk. It was founded on a high

bank of the Amur river. A Nivkhi Nomad site was there a century ago, called
“Gencha,” meaning “those who live behind the high mountain”.
At present, this town is the center of the Ulchi region, which has more than
thirty towns and villages. The population of Bogorodskoye is about 6,000 people.
They are hunters and fishermen, some work in timber industry and some are
employed in fish processing and gold mining.
They have their own publishing house where their local newspaper is
published. A very interesting ethnographical museum showing the history, culture
and traditions of the natives.


Bulava was set up at the site of the former nomad camp. The name Bulava
came from an old Ulchi word “Bulau” which means Shaman’s walking stick.
The Ulchi people resemble the Japanese: they have broad faces and small
figure. The Ulchi region was established in 1922. In pre-revolutionary times, the
population of the town was only 66 residents, and there were less than twenty
buildings. At present Bulava spreads for two miles along the river side.
The local museum complex shows the regional lifestyles. The Ulchi people
do not have a written language of their own. Their education system is based on the
Russian and Nanai languages. The Ulchi are proud of their local but well-known
writer, Petr Dechuli. The first national Ulchi ballet “Nine Daughters of the Amur”
was staged in Bulava.
The residents of Bulava are engaged in lumbering, fishing and fish


Komsomolsk is a young city. It was founded in 1930s. Many young people

took part in its construction. The city stretches for 10 miles along the left bank of
the Amur River. It is the second biggest town in this area. Its population is over
300,000 people. Komsomolsk is an industrial city with steel mills, shipbuilding and
aircraft building plants.


Nikolaevsk-On-Amur was founded in 1850 by Admiral Nevelskoy, a famous

explorer of these lands. Nikolaevsk began as a port. By 1865, it became the center
of the region, the home of the governor general. Many of the early expeditions into
the region began here. As the time passed, Khabarovsk became dominant in the
region and the capital was transferred there. During the civil war in the Far East
(1918 - 1922), Nikolaevsk was completely burnt down and destroyed by the
Japanese military. Only a small number of the 19th century red brick buildings
There is a monument to Admiral Nevelskoy in one of the city parks. The
population of Nikolaevsk is more than 30,000 people. Gold mining, fishing and fish
processing are the main industries.


Troiyskoye is the center of the Nanai region. Some people think that it is
named after Ivan Troitskyi, a Russian settler. About 22,000 people reside here. The
local museum shows the lifestyle of the Nanai people. There are schools,
kindergartens and a movie theatre there.
The Nanai literary language is based on Amur dialect, they use the Russian
alphabet in writing.
People are employed in fish processing, lumbering, hunting, bee-keeping and
harvesting medicinal and edible plants.

Supplement 3

The forward movement of the Russians to the East to discover new lands was
mainly based on their initiative, enthusiasm and devotion to the exploration spirit.
Long trips to explore the East started from Yakutsk which became the gateway for
the Far East in the XVII century. I. Moskvitin, V. Poyarkov and E. Khabarov
prepared for their expeditions there, their detachments started from Yakutsk and
returned there with reports about their achievements. Russian Pacific epoch began
in late thirties, XVIIth century.
I. Moskvitin and his friends knew about the river Amur. They tried to
reach it from the sea and perhaps they visited the estuary of it.
Geographic and ethnographic information, collected by Ivan
Moskvitin, caused preparations for the new expeditions to the East.
First of all – to the river Amur. Rumors about a great river spread over
Siberia by 1636. It was known that the forest there was full of sable,
and that Daurians lived along the river banks.
II. People from Eniseysk, Maxim Perfiliev’s detachment of 36 Cossacks,
started their way to the South-East in 1638. They wanted to find the
great river and to learn about local inhabitants and wealth. Perfiliev
didn’t reach the river, but he did collect many stories about the area.
It means that two attempts to reach the Amur were made at the same time from two
directions: by Moskvitin and Perfiliev. It was not a competition, both Moskvitin
and Perfiliev’s primary concern was for Russia, but they also didn’t forget about
their personal interest but it just wasn’t their main interest.
III. The river Amur was discovered for Russia by Vasiliy Poyarkov some
years later. Poyarkov was a very intelligent man, well educated and
with wide range of interests. His detachment of 112 service men and
15 volunteers started its way from Yakutsk. Their goal was to reach
the river Amur.
Poyarkov himself was on the first boat. Their trip was difficult. They
passed the Lena, Aldan and many small rivers and built the first
winter quarters when they reached Stanovoy ridge. Part of the
detachment continued to the land of the Daurians to spend winter
there. Poyarkov and his people gathered information.
In spring they went down the Zeya river and came to the Amur. They
became the first Russian people who observed the Priamurskiy region
with their own eyes. They discovered it for the whole of Europe. The
way to the Amur river was now open to everybody.

In the autumn of 1644, Poyarkov’s friends stopped near the Ussury river which is
the outskirts of Khabarovsk. Thus Poyarkov and his friends may be called the first
citizens of the future city.
Erofei Khabarov started on his way with his detachment in the spring
of 1649. He didn’t want to repeat Poyarkov’s way and chose another
route. They came to the river Amur by the river Urka. The builders of
Transsiberian railway memorialized him by naming the station located
at the crossing of the railway and the river Urka: “Erofei Pavlovich”.
Khabarov’s travel along the Amur was not easy or fast. He made a
draft of the Amur, with its tributaries, wrote reports, described the
indigenous population to the Moscow government and established its
right to the land.
Vasiliy Poyarkov was discoverer, but Khabarov’s travel was the real development
of the Amur territory, defining prospective businesses and lands appropriate for

Words and Expressions

to explore - исследовать, изучать

detachments - отряды
estuary - устье реки
caused preparations for - обусловила приготовления к …
to make an attempt - предпринять попытку
outskirts - окрестности
draft - чертеж, план
tributaries - притоки
indigenous - местный
appropriate for - подходящий для


Discover Portland the City of Roses. Smith-Western Inc. Portland, OR. U.S.A.

Encyclopedia Britannica Article. Russia. http://www.britannica.com

Jur, Frank. The Practicality of Using Computers on Language Education in Russia.

Proceedings of the International Conference “Teaching Englishes: Preparing for the
XXIst century”. Khabarovsk, 22 – 24 Sept., 1988

Kantowitz B.H., Roediger III, Elmes D.G. Experimental Psychology. Seventh

Edition. Wadsworth. 2001

Khabarovsk territory. “Utro Rossii” Publishing House. Vladivostok, 1996

Popular Science. August 1994. Special Issue

Sister Cities. September, 1988. Vol.I, No. 1

The Land of Khabarovsk.” Priamurskiye Vedomosti” Publishing House Ltd., 1998

Travel Agents Manual. Intour – Khabarovsk

Об авторе
Ильиных Галина Семеновна – кандидат филологических наук, доцент,
заведующая кафедрой иностранных языков Хабаровского государственного
педагогического университета, член Союза переводчиков России.




Хабаровский краевой институт переподготовки

и повышения квалификации педагогических кадров

680011, г. Хабаровск, ул. Забайкальская, 10

Тел.: (4212) 34 – 01 - 16